OCHA is the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

OCHA coordinates global humanitarian efforts.

Take a look at some of the crises and issues that defined our work in 2014 and how we helped save lives.

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Mingkamam, South Sudan

An aerial view of Mingkamam village from a United Nations helicopter in South Sudan. The village hosts tens of thousands of people displaced by conflict in neighbouring Jonglei State. White Nile River is in the background.

Photo: WFP/Giulio d'Adamo

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JANUARY

PHILIPPINES – SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN

As the year began, OCHA and its partners were still responding to the devastation wrought by Super Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the central Philippines in November 2013. An estimated 14 million people were affected by this crisis.

MOUSE-OVER TO SEE OCHA'S ACHIEVEMENTS

75

staff deployed to coordinate
1,700

aid workers

COORDINATION

Daily

reports and regular press briefings

ADVOCACY

300

maps produced in the first

three

months

INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

$25M

from the UN Central Emergency Response

Fund

FUNDING

Evaluated

the global emergency response

HUMANITARIAN POLICY

Sources: ReliefWeb, 2013 OCHA Annual report, CERF

FEBRUARY

This video is as of Dec 2014

SOUTH SUDAN

Violence and displacement in South Sudan escalated during the first weeks of 2014. In February, the worsening humanitarian situation was classified as a Level 3 Emergency – the worst level of humanitarian crisis. Over 800,000 people had fled their homes.

In March, with the country facing possible famine, the humanitarian community issued an appeal to provide 4 million South Sudanese with life-saving aid.

   NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO FLED THEIR HOME (IDPs + refugees)

Source: OCHA

Photo: OCHA/Jacob Zocherman

MARCH

MYANMAR

Over 100,000 people were displaced in the north of Myanmar by March, due to fighting between Government forces and the Kachin Independence Army. Up to 50,000 people were living in displacement camps beyond Government control. Local NGOs were struggling to meet their needs.

Conflict and travel restrictions prevented international organizations from delivering emergency relief supplies, food, shelter and medicine.

APRIL

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)

By April, more than 2.5 million people – over half of CAR’s population – needed humanitarian assistance. A total of 600,000 people were displaced inside the country, and 350,000 more had escaped to neighbouring countries.

2015 will be the thirteenth consecutive year that OCHA has coordinated a humanitarian appeal for CAR.

   FUNDING REQUIREMENTS IN MILLION US$

Photo Journey

Story of more than 100,000 people who took refuge at the airport in Bangui

Photo: OCHA/Gemma Cortes

MAY

WORLD HUMANITARIAN SUMMIT

The world is changing. So must humanitarian action. The first World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul in 2016 will bring the global community together to look for better ways to meet the needs of millions of people affected by conflicts or disasters.

An initiative of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and facilitated by OCHA, WHS kicked off a two-year consultation process in May 2014.

What issues will be discussed?

Four themes will guide the conversations:

JUNE

IRAQ

Hundreds of thousands of people were displaced in Anbar Governorate in 2014 following fighting in December 2013 between Government forces and armed opposition groups. By the end of the year over 2 million people were displaced.

OCHA responded immediately, sending humanitarian experts to assess and prioritize humanitarian needs and opening a country office. OCHA also managed the allocation of US$500 million provided by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, enabling aid groups to rapidly scale up efforts to reach over 1.5 million people with food, water, shelter, health care and supplies.

This video is as of Dec 2014

Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis

JULY

GAZA - OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY

   NUMBER OF PALESTINIAN FATALITIES (JUL - SEP 2014)

Photo: UN Photo/Rick Bajornas

Source: Protection and Shelter clusters in oPt

Assessments are ongoing

‘‘

This is the third major military confrontation in Gaza in six years, and civilians have borne the brunt each time. They are paying the price for a collective failure to break the cycle of violence and reach a lasting political solution.

 

Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator

AUGUST

WORLD HUMANITARIAN DAY

World Humanitarian Day – 19 August – marks the day in 2003 when 22 aid workers were killed in a bombing at the UN headquarters in Baghdad.

This year’s World Humanitarian Day campaign focused on humanitarian workers. Their passion. Their achievements. Their sacrifices. In 2013, more aid workers were reported killed than in any previous year. This global campaign created a community of online advocates, celebrated the work of humanitarian workers and provided a platform for people to express their support for humanitarians worldwide.

Attacks against humanitarian workers are on the rise. Enough is enough. #HumanitarianHeroes must be protected

Number of aid worker victims

Source: Humanitarian Outcomes

66,000

tweets shared

 

103 million people reached

Tens of millions

more people reached through media and pro bono advertising

More than

60

events held around the world

SEPTEMBER

SYRIA

More than three years into the Syria conflict, 11 million people required urgent humanitarian assistance by September 2014. Over 6.4 million people were internally displaced.

Following the adoption of Security Council resolution 2165, OCHA coordinated humanitarian actors working within Syria and across borders to improve the response to people in need. More locations and people were reached, but violence continued at an unrelenting pace, worsening the plight of people in Syria, particularly the 241,000 people besieged by Government or opposition forces.

By year’s end, the number of people in need had escalated to 12.2 million, with 7.6 million people displaced.

 

 

   NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO NEED HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

Source: OCHA

Arcal, Lebanon:

Thousands of Syrian refugees brave freezing conditions to escape fighting in Syria and cross the border into Lebanon.

Photo: UNHCR/M. Hofer

OCTOBER

WEST AFRICA - EBOLA

In 2014, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone confronted the worst Ebola outbreak in history. By October, more than 10,000 people had been infected.

The overall response was led by Governments, with support from the UN mission set up to combat the outbreak, WHO and UN Resident Coordinators. OCHA’s role is to help them analyse and map the spread of the outbreak and help ensure the delivery of basic services to affected communities.

  CUMULATIVE NUMBER OF EBOLA CASES

Source: WHO

NOVEMBER

UNDERFUNDED EMERGENCIES

OCHA manages the $500 million Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). This resource provides funding to the world’s most high-profile emergencies and its most neglected crises. Twice a year, CERF grants are given to emergencies that have not attracted, or are unlikely to attract, sufficient funding.

$170 MILLION

allocated to neglected crises

IN 2014

countries received funding, most of them in the Sahel and Horn of Africa regions

22

OVER $2 BILLION

allocated to neglected crises

SINCE 2006

DECEMBER

GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN APPEAL

Every year, OCHA launches a global humanitarian appeal on behalf of United Nations humanitarian agencies and NGOs. This appeal sets out the needs of the world’s most vulnerable people. Needs reached a record high in 2014 and are likely to increase in 2015.

   2014 RESPONSE PLANS (as of 30 Nov 2014)

$17.9 BILLION

total requirements

52 MILLION

 people received aid

31

countries

Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis

funded

OCHA’s mission is to save lives and reduce human suffering. We do this by coordinating humanitarian assistance and helping national and international partners to work together more effectively during emergencies. We manage and analyse data and information so that humanitarian action is informed and targeted. We advocate for people affected by conflicts and disasters. We raise funds and distribute funding to agencies on the ground. And we develop humanitarian policy.

In 2014, more than 2,100 OCHA staff working in over 50 countries supported the global humanitarian effort.

To learn more about our work, go to www.unocha.org

The designations employed and the presentation of material on this site do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.