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Iraq: Fallen to the IS: Iraqi and Syrian towns

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 2 hours 54 sec ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic

Baghdad, Iraq | AFP | Monday 3/2/2015 - 20:33 GMT

Below are the main towns and cities in Iraq and Syria which have fallen into the hands of the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group:

IRAQ:

  • Mosul: IS overran Iraq's second largest city on June 10, two weeks before declaring a "caliphate" in the swathes of territory it controls in Iraq and Syria.

Located 350 kilometres (217 miles) from Baghdad, and on the right bank of the Tigris river, it had about 1.5 million mainly-Sunni inhabitants prior to the IS offensive. The city has been all but emptied of its minorities.

Kurds backed by US warplanes have retaken Iraq's largest dam from the jihadists and have tightened the noose around Mosul, where US officials have expressed hopes the Iraqi army will launch an offensive soon.

  • Tikrit: On June 11, IS seized the mainly Sunni-populated capital of Salaheddin province, 160 kilometres (100 miles) north of Baghdad on the road to Mosul.

On Monday, government forces pounded IS positions in and around Tikrit in the biggest offensive yet to retake the city involving around 30,000 troops and militia.

The city has symbolic importance because it was the birthplace of Salaheddin, the Muslim warlord of the same name who seized Jerusalem in 1187. It was the hometown of dictator Saddam Hussein, who was ousted in the 2003 US-led invasion before being executed.

  • Tal Afar: The Shiite-majority town in the northern province of Nineveh and its airport fell into IS hands on June 23, after days of heavy fighting.

Some 380 kilometres (236 miles) north of Baghdad, it is strategically located between Mosul and the Syrian border.

Kurdish forces said in January 2014 they had managed to cut off the road linking Tal Afar and Mosul under a large-scale anti-IS offensive backed by the international coalition.

  • Fallujah: the restive city in the western province of Anbar fell out of government control even before a major IS push inside Iraq in June last year.

It was seized on January 2, 2014. The army has regularly bombarded the city, which is some 60 kilometres (37 miles) west of Baghdad, and has tried several ground operations in surrounding areas.

Fallujah is a symbol of the jihadist insurrection which inflicted heavy losses on occupying US forces between 2003 and 2006.

SYRIA:

  • Raqa: the de facto capital of IS, located less than 200 kilometres (124 miles) from the Iraqi border in the Euphrates valley. It counted 250,000 inhabitants before the start of the Syria conflict in 2011 and is the only provincial capital held by IS and the only one to escape the total control of the Damascus regime.

The jihadists, which impose their harsh interpretation of Islamic law, also currently controls most of the oil province of Deir Ezzor in the east, but government forces still hold the provincial capital.

IS has also taken several oil and gas fields in the province of Hasakeh in the northeast and near to Iraq and Turkey.

Since late 2014, IS has lost territory.

In Iraq, it lost the northern town of Baiji in November and then parts of the eastern province of Diyala in January. But on February 13 the jihadists took over large parts of Al-Baghdadi, putting it close to an airbase where US troops are training Iraqi forces.

In Syria, faced with Kurdish fighters backed by the international coalition, IS lost the battle for the northern town of Kobane, in its biggest setback since it surfaced in the civil war there in 2013.

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© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse

Iraq: Iraq: CCCM Camp Status Map (as of 2 March 2015)

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 2 hours 16 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster Country: Iraq

Iraq: Iraq: CCCM Camp Status Map (as of 2 March 2015)

Iraq - Maps - 2 hours 16 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster Country: Iraq

Myanmar: WHO and UNICEF call for the prompt resumption of immunisation in Laukai, Kokaung Self-Administered Zone

Myanmar - ReliefWeb News - 3 hours 33 min ago
Source: World Health Organization, UN Children's Fund Country: Myanmar

Yangon, 02 March 2015 - UNICEF and WHO applaud current results of the national immunisation campaign, aimed at protecting some 17 million children across Myanmar against measles and rubella, under the leadership of the Ministry of Health with support from WHO, the global vaccine alliance GAVI and UNICEF. Country-wide, the exceptional mobilisation of nurses, teachers and countless community leaders has resulted in an excellent coverage that is currently estimated at approximately 95% nation-wide. Even in areas of conflict and intercommunal tensions such as Rakhine and Kachin States, unprecedented mobilisation of health and education workers and community leaders has helped reach levels comparable to the national average.

The motivation from nurses, educators and communities in Kokaung Self-Administered Zone, has been equally exceptional resulting in 123 villages out of 134, and 2 out of 3 urban wards covered before the conflict erupted. Eleven villages remain to be covered.

WHO and UNICEF call for a resumption of immunisation activities, to make sure the remaining 35% of children aged between nine months and 15 years in Kokaung Self-Administered Zone are protected from the risk of contracting measles or rubella, as soon as possible and once safe conditions are met.

The recent violence, which has forced thousands of people from their homes, forced schools and health centres to close down, and put children at additional risks of separation from their families, has also impeded the movement of supplies and health personnel essential to the immunisation campaign.

“The exceptional commitment by the Myanmar society over the last weeks to protect children from debilitating diseases such as measles and rubella is leading to exceptional results. Yet, we must reach to every child to declare victory and halt the transmission of the viruses,” said Dr Jorge Luna, WHO Representative to Myanmar.

In many parts of the world, temporary truces have been agreed between fighting parties at the time of immunisation campaigns.

“Viruses do not know borders and do not discriminate. Conditions must be re-established for immunisation teams in Laukkai to resume their work as soon as possible. It requires effort from all parties. Every child in Myanmar, regardless of his or her race, location or social status, can and should benefit from the life-long protection provided by immunisation from measles and rubella.” said Bertrand Bainvel, UNICEF’s Representative in Myanmar

For more information, please contact:

Ms Ohnmar Myint, WHO Myanmar, myinto@who.int
Mariana Palavra, Communication Specialist, Advocacy, Partnerships and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar, mpalavra@unicef.org
Ye Lwin Oo, Communication Officer, Advocacy, Partnerships and Communication Section UNICEF Myanmar, Tel: +95-1-230 5960-69, ylwinoo@unicef.org

Kenya: UNHCR Kenya Kakuma operational update 20 - 27 February 2015

Kenya - ReliefWeb News - 3 hours 45 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Kenya, South Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • As at 27 February 2015, Kakuma had received 45,222 asylum seekers from South Sudan. As at 28 February, 180,674 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49.8% of the registered population.

  • On 23 February 2015, Vodafone Foundation’s Director visited Kakuma; this comes after two earlier missions by Vodafone and Safaricom on the set-up of Instant Networked Schools (INS). The foundation piloted the project in several schools in Dadaab last year where it has taken off well. The same will be replicated in Kakuma, where the Director witnessed first-hand the congestion in schools and insufficient learning materials. He believes the INS project, which aims to enhance the learning and teaching experience by using innovative technology through internet connectivity and tablets, will help to alleviate the situation significantly.

  • UNHCR facilitated the annual technical review workshop from 23 – 24 February 2015 in Kakuma. The workshop drew 38 participants from UNHCR Kenya, IRC, NRC, UNFPA, Handicap International, NCCK, Africa Inland Church (AIC), WFP and Turkana West Sub-County. The technical unit is comprised of health, HIV/AIDS/Reproductive health, nutrition, water, sanitation, hygiene, shelter, environment and site planning sectors. The objectives of the workshop ranged from reviewing 2014 implementation, paving the way for 2015 implementation, promoting teamwork and reinforcement of efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery.

  • UNHCR Kenya Representative, Raouf Mazou visited Kakuma on 27 February 2015. He visited the site for the proposed new camp, accompanied by UNHCR Kakuma Head of sub-office and the Site Planner. He also saw some of the major developments in Kakuma 4 such as the new hospital under construction and the recently finished police post. He witnessed the general distribution of Non-Food Items in the camp, handed over newly constructed classrooms in Unity Primary School, funded by the Education Above All initiative, saw construction developments in the UNHCR compound and inaugurated newly constructed staff houses. The Representative also met with the staff where he was updated on some of the strides achieved towards promoting staff welfare. He lauded the entire team for the great collaboration shown especially in 2014 during the South Sudan emergency and requested for the same effort in 2015.

KEY FIGURES

45,222 Asylum seekers received since influx began in December 2013.

2,753 UAMS in Kakuma Camp.

8 Child friendly spaces in the camp

17.6 Litres of water provided per person per day in Kakuma.

6,306 Number of roofed durable shelters in Kakuma 4.

FUNDING

USD 36.5 MILLION Requested for the operation

PRIORITIES

  • Monitor trends of daily new arrivals and their unhindered access to asylum.

  • Finalizing with partners 2014 year end reports

  • Participatory assessment for 2016 planning

  • General distribution of NFIs to residents in Kakuma 1 and 4

Chad: Republic of Chad: Reference map with Administrative Borders (02 Mar 2015)

Chad - Maps - 3 hours 57 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Chad

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Sange: les déplacés exigent le rétablissement de la sécurité avant de rentrer à Mutarule

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 2 min ago
Source: Radio Okapi Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Plus de 5 000 déplacés de Mutarule vivant à Sange (Sud-Kivu) exigent le désarmement forcé des groupes armés actifs dans la plaine de la Ruzizi et à Mutarule avant de rentrer dans leurs localités. Ils l’ont déclaré dimanche 1er mars à Sange à la délégation de la Banque mondiale, en visite dans la région pour s’enquérir de la situation des déplacés.

Ces déplacés ont fait état de plusieurs cas d’insécurité qui sont encore signalés à Mutarule et dans les environs.

La chef de délégation de la Banque mondiale, Maourissia Toron, dit comprendre la préoccupation de ces déplacés.

« Je pense qu’ils sont les plus à même de savoir et d’identifier les problèmes de sécurité », a-t-elle indiqué, affirmant que si une solution à l’insécurité était trouvée, ces déplacés pouvaient rentrer chez eux.

« Une fois qu’ils rentrent, a-t-elle ajouté, je pense qu’il faudra les aider à réhabiliter les infrastructures qui ont été endommagées surtout celles de toute la communauté ».

Pour Maourissia Toron, ces déplacés devraient également être aidés à reprendre leur vie et à gagner des moyens économiques.

Ces déplacés se trouvent à Sange depuis juin 2014. Ils avaient fui leurs localités à la suite de l’assassinat d’une trentaine de personnes par de hommes armés à Mutarule.

A (re)Lire: Massacre de Mutarule: le ministre de l’Intérieur se dit « scandalisé » par les atrocités

Avant d’arriver à Sange, la délégation de la Banque mondiale a visité un camp de déplacés à Goma. « Il y a une partie de l’équipe qui est à Bunia et nous allons continuer vers Kalemie. Nous voulons prendre la température de partout », a fait savoir la chef de la délégation.​

Pakistan: Crisis Response Bulletin, March 2, 2015 - Volume: 1, Issue: 7

Pakistan - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 2 min ago
Source: Alhasan Systems Country: Pakistan

Highlights

Mild, Severe Earthquake may also Occur in Future as Well: ERRA
Pakistan to Attend Disaster Risk Reduction Moot
ERRA to Launch Campaign for Building Code Adoption
More Rains Predicted in the Country During Sunday to Tuesday
Pakistani, Foreign Universities Ink 70 MoUs To Explore Avenues of Mutual Cooperation
7 Pakistani security men among 10 held for jailbreak
Implementing NAP: No funds to register Afghan refugees, says SAFRON ministry
Commitment reiterated: Victory only option in fight against terrorism, Chief Minister Punjab
400 foreign students studying in Punjab seminaries to be deported
Four sentenced to death for Lahore prison attack
Turkish surgeon inaugurates work on SIUT children hospital
Need for greater anti-polio efforts in some districts stressed
600 Pakistani students to return from Cuba as doctors
International arbitration begins in $573m claim against Pakistan

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Katanga: plusieurs cas suspects de rougeole enregistrés à Kisengo

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 4 min ago
Source: Radio Okapi Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Des dizaines de cas suspects de rougeole sont enregistrés dans le site minier de Kisengo au Nord de la province du Katanga. La plupart des malades sont des enfants âgés de moins de 5 ans.

Les autorités sanitaires de district disent attendre la confirmation de ces cas après des examens au laboratoire pour apporter une solution médicale appropriée. Entre-temps, la prise en charge des malades est assurée dans un centre de santé local.

Environ 15 750 personnes vivent dans le site minier de Kisengo. Une population composée en majorité des creuseurs.

occupied Palestinian territory: Middle East: UN envoy says resolution of Gaza crisis key to achieving regional peace

oPt - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 4 min ago
Source: UN News Service Country: occupied Palestinian territory

2 March 2015 – Peace in the Middle East hinges on resolving the ongoing crisis in Gaza, where reconstruction efforts are faltering and the blockade continues, the United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Process, Robert Serry, said today during his final visit to the war-ravaged enclave.

In a statement issued earlier this morning, Mr. Serry, whose seven-year mandate is set to expire shortly, said he was encouraged that “some progress” towards the reconstruction of Gaza was being made but still lamented the “overall slow pace” of rebuilding.

According to a recent UN assessment, as it stands now, over 100,000 homes were damaged or destroyed in Gaza during last summer’s 51-day conflict between Israel and local militants. The destruction affected more than 600,000 people and many still lack access to the municipal water network. Meanwhile, blackouts of up to 18 hours per day are common.

In addition, the violence killed more than 2,100 Palestinians and more than 70 Israelis.

“I fully understand the frustration of people in Gaza,” the Special Coordinator declared. “Many of those who now have access to building materials lack the money to buy them or to carry out the works.”

He noted that the UN had been forced to suspend cash payments to refugee families due to a lack of donor support, observing that only a small percentage of the $5.4 billion pledged at the Cairo Reconstruction Conference last October had been disbursed.

“This is, frankly, unacceptable,” he added.

Moreover, Mr. Serry continued, the ongoing blockade of the Gaza Strip had rendered the area “more isolated than ever” due to the many restrictions still in place at Israeli crossings and with the Rafah crossing “practically closed.”

“We, in the UN, have always been in the forefront in calling for an end to the blockade as a prerequisite for a stable, functioning economy in Gaza. You also cannot have a stable, functioning economy without a more durable ceasefire and a recognized, legitimate and inclusive Government leading Gaza’s recovery.”

He explained that the rehabilitation of Gaza would “take years,” particularly as not enough progress was being made to address the enclave’s “underlying issues.”

“Gaza is a political problem which must be addressed as part of ending the occupation and achieving a two-state solution,” Mr. Serry’s statement concluded. “I am convinced that there can be no peace without addressing Gaza’s needs first.”

Last month, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Nickolay Mladenov of Bulgaria as Mr. Serry’s replacement.

Uganda: Uganda UNHCR operational update for the South Sudanese emergency (12 - 25 February 2015)

Uganda - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 32 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: South Sudan, Uganda

HIGHLIGHTS

  • A total of 143,806 South Sudanese refugees have been assisted in Uganda since the influx began in mid-December 2013, including 90,3431 in Adjumani, 12,728 in Arua, 33,229 in Kiryandongo and 7,506 in Kampala. There were 1,203 new arrivals during the reporting period.

  • The new DFID regional humanitarian coordinator visited Kiryandongo, Adjumani and Arua on a familiarisation visit and to assess ongoing needs and gaps in the South Sudan emergency response prior to a submission to the UK government for funding of the regional appeal.

  • In Adjumani OPM, UNHCR and partners have relocated a total of 2,387 individuals to both Maaji and Ayilo I refugee settlements, within three days of transfers, thus significantly reducing the pressure on Nyumanzi Reception Centre, which now accommodates around 1,250 individuals.

Pakistan: Pakistan wastes $3.7 million worth of donated vaccine, official says

Pakistan - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 1 min ago
Source: Reuters - AlertNet Country: Pakistan

By Syed Raza Hassan

ISLAMABAD, March 2 (Reuters) - Pakistan has wasted $3.7 million worth of vaccines donated to protect children from deadly diseases because officials failed to store them properly, a senior health official told Reuters on Monday.

Read the full article

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Procès Lubanga : La Chambre d’appel de la CPI devrait intégrer une approche intégrale des réparations en faveur des victimes

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 9 min ago
Source: Fédération Internationale des Ligues des Droits de I'Homme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Le 3 mars 2015, la Chambre d’appel de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) rendra sa décision concernant les réparations aux victimes dans la procédure contre Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, reconnu coupable du crime de guerre d’enrôlement et de conscription d’enfants de moins de 15 ans et de l’utilisation de ces enfants pour participer activement aux hostilités.

Cette décision déterminera de manière définitive l’étendue et la procédure de réparation dans le présent cas, permettant aux victimes des crimes commis par Lubanga en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) d’obtenir enfin réparation.

La FIDH et ses organisations membres en RDC, l’ASADHO, le Groupe Lotus et la Ligue des électeurs demandent à la Chambre d’Appel de la CPI de confirmer des principes de réparation permettant aux victimes d’obtenir une véritable réparation, et demandent à ce que ces principes soient mis en œuvre de façon non discriminatoire et inclusive.

Dismas Kitenge, Vice-Président de la FIDH et Président du Groupe Lotus a déclaré : « La Chambre d’Appel est maintenant en mesure de consacrer une approche intégrale en matière de réparation, une approche qui aille au-delà des seules indemnisations financières et qui tienne compte plus largement des souffrances infligées tant aux victimes directes qu’aux victimes indirectes des crimes internationaux ».

Telle que l’avait établi la Chambre de première instance, nos organisations plaident en faveur d’une interprétation large de la notion de réparation, y compris le droit des victimes à obtenir restitution, indemnisation, réhabilitation, et toute autre forme de réparation, ce qui inclut des campagnes organisées pour limiter la stigmatisation des victimes et des programmes d’éducation. Les réparations doivent être définies non seulement en faveur des victimes directes des crimes établis, mais également en faveur des victimes indirectes, à savoir les membres de leurs familles, les personnes qui sont intervenues pour aider les victimes, les personnes et institutions (par exemple les ONG et les hôpitaux) qui ont eu à souffrir du fait de ces crimes. Nos organisation plaident en faveur d’une conception des réparations qui tienne compte de la dimension complexe des souffrances infligées aux victimes, y compris les souffrances résultant des violences sexuelles.

« Le Fonds au profit des victimes devrait entamer le processus de réparation en RDC aussi vite que possible une fois le jugement rendu, afin que les victimes puissent effectivement obtenir réparation » a déclaré Paul Nsapu, Secrétaire général de la FIDH et Président de la Ligue des électeurs, avant d’ajouter « Nous en appelons aux Etats et aux donateurs privés afin qu’ils soutiennent plus encore le Fonds qui met ainsi pour la première fois en œuvre son mandat en matière de réparation ».

Le Fonds au profit des victimes devra coopérer avec le gouvernement de la RDC et avec les représentants de la communauté internationale présents en RDC afin d’appliquer l’ordonnance de réparation.

« Le gouvernement de RDC doit saisir cette opportunité pour élaborer une politique nationale en matière de réparation. L’ordonnance de réparation de la CPI doit s’accompagner d’une réflexion à l’échelle nationale afin que les victimes des crimes commis en RDC obtiennent aussi une réparation appropriée » a déclaré Jean-Claude Katende, Président de l’ASADHO.

Contexte Le 7 août 2012, la Chambre de première instance de la CPI avait, pour la première fois, établi les principes de réparation pour les victimes de crimes dans le procès contre Thomas Lubanga qui, le 14 mars 2012, a été reconnu coupable du crime de guerre d’enrôlement et de conscription d’enfants de moins de 15 ans et de l’utilisation de ces enfants pour participer activement à des hostilités. L’accusé avait par la suite fait appel de cette décision.

La CPI est la première juridiction pénale internationale dont le mandat inclut la totale réparation pour les victimes, conformément à l’Article 75 des Statuts de la CPI. Le Fonds au profit des victimes a été créé conformément à l’Article 79 des Statuts et a été établi par l’Assemblée des Etats Parties en 2002. Il s’agit d’une institution indépendante dont le mandate est double : le Fonds doit mettre en œuvre les réparations ordonnées par la Cour et également porter assistance aux victimes, au travers en particulier d’une réhabilitation physique et psychologique. Dans le cadre de ce second mandat, le Fonds au profit des victimes a d’ores-et-déjà porté assistance à près de 80 000 victimes, notamment en Ouganda et en RDC. Cette décision sera pour le Fonds, la première occasion de remplir son mandat en matière de réparation.

Guinea: UNICEF Guinea Ebola Situation Report, 25 February 2015

Guinea - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 14 min ago
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Guinea

Highlights

· The total number of confirmed cases of Ebola went up to 2,762 in week eight, according to WHO’s Epidemiological Situation Report. The total number of confirmed, suspected and probable cases rose to 3,155. The number of deaths resulting from confirmed cases of Ebola climbed to 1,704 and the total number of deaths to 2,091.

· After the outbreak of measles in Gaoual and Koundara health districts in the Boke region, UNICEF supported a six-day immunization campaign in Gaoual. After four days of vaccinations, 17,910 children aged between 6 months and 10 years had been immunized against measles. The total vaccination target is 59,555 children.

· UNICEF launched a survey in Macenta to gauge opinions about the role the Community Transit Centre (CTCom) should play after the Ebola response is over. Staff at health facilities, members of the local community and other partners were asked to participate.

· UNICEF constructed seven new water points this week in the Faranah and N’Zérékoré regions, bringing the total number of water points built there since the start of the outbreak to 124 and the total number of people with improved access to water to more than 37,200.

· UNICEF and partners distributed 12,439 household WASH kits benefitting 87, 073 people in Ebola-affected areas. This brings the total number of household kits distributed to 128,970 and the total number of beneficiaries to 902,790.

· Social mobilizers educated more than 9,600 people nationwide this week about the Ebola virus.

· UNICEF’s partners identified 85 new cases of children who have lost one or both parents to Ebola bringing the total number of orphans registered so far to 4,429. Volunteers and social workers conducted 185 psychosocial support sessions with the participation of 3,856 children, bringing the total number of children who have benefited so far to 44,802 (or 38 per cent of the total target of 120,000).

Haiti: Des associations de femmes de Kenscoff se mobilisent pour promouvoir leurs droits et participer à la vie politique (26/02/2015)

Haiti - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 19 min ago
Source: European Union Country: Haiti

Des associations de femmes de Kenscoff se mobilisent pour promouvoir leurs droits et participer à la vie politique

Centre d’initiatives communal de Kenscoff, 27 février 2015: Le Groupe d'Action Francophone pour l’Environnement (GAFE) et l'Union européenne ont lancé aujourd'hui la 1ère journée de la Rencontre intercommunale sur les droits des femmes, dans le cadre du projet d'Appui à la mise en réseau des organisations de femmes de Kenscoff, cofinancé par l'Union européenne à hauteur de 75,000 euros et par la mairie de Salon-de-Provence (France).

Organisée par le GAFE, cette rencontre vise à sensibiliser les acteurs locaux et plus généralement, l'opinion, sur le rôle capital des femmes dans la construction d'une société véritablement démocratique, qui ne peut se concevoir sans l'inclusion et la participation active de ces dernières.

A l'occasion de cette première journée de rencontre, l'ambassadeur Javier Nino Pérez a déclaré ce qui suit: " Les multiples rôles qui incombent aujourd'hui à la femme, ainsi que son apport fondamental dans l'éducation, la production et l'économie, en font un acteur clé du développement. La présence des femmes au sein de la société civile, leur participation active à la vie publique et politique s'affirme aujourd'hui comme une nécessité de la démocratie participative, que l'Union européenne soutient avec force".

Ces journées de rencontre intercommunale permettront de consolider un réseau de sentinelles territoriales, de promouvoir des dynamiques territoriales et d’aborder la participation des femmes en politique.

  • Contexte -

Dans le cadre de cette action qui vise 34 représentantes de 17 organisations de femmes, le GAFE, soutenu par l'Union européenne, a appuyé pendant une année la mise en réseau des associations de femmes et a renforcé leurs capacités à participer au dialogue avec les hommes et les autorités communales sur la promotion de leurs droits.

Plusieurs activités ont déjà eu lieu dans le cadre de cette initiative, parmi lesquelles l'organisation de 5 débats publics dans les cinq sections communales de Kenscoff sur des thèmes tels que la sexualité, les violences faites aux femmes et aux filles, le droit de la femme et son rôle dans la sphère politique. Une foire et une marche ont également été organisées, un répertoire des organisations de femmes de Kenscoff produit et des formations dispensées aux responsables associatives en marketing politique, en communication et en droit. Une plaquette d’orientation et d’information des victimes de violence a été produite et une permanence d’accueil a été ouverte au centre d’initiatives communal de Kenscoff (CICK) afin d’accompagner les victimes de violence. -FIN-

Mali: Mali : comment changer l'attitude des hommes à l'égard des femmes ?

Niger - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 32 min ago
Source: CARE Country: Mali, Niger

Patoma, polygame, participe à la Men Engage Initiative. Dans sa communauté, les hommes sont réticents à accompagner les femmes dans leurs activités. Malgré cela, il a compris que les femmes sont un élément essentiel du développement.

Au Mali et au Niger, CARE a créé la Men Engage Initiative et changé l'attitude des hommes au sein de leur foyer : ils sont plus impliqués dans les tâches domestiques et cessent le recours à la violence ; ils soutiennent activement l'éducation des filles et renoncent au mariage précoce ; ils accompagnent leurs femmes lors des consultations obstétricales et en couvrent les dépenses ; ils les soutiennent dans le partage de l'héritage des terres.

« Je me suis rendu compte que, contrairement à ce que les hommes disent, les femmes ont de très bonnes idées qui peuvent améliorer nos conditions de vie et la cohésion de nos familles. Si les hommes discutaient de leurs problèmes avec leur femme alors ils se rendraient compte du temps perdu en les excluant de la prise des décisions », explique Patoma.

« Pendant ce processus de changement personnel, j'ai subi des pressions de ma communauté, notamment quand je commençais à accompagner mes femmes aux centres médicaux ou quand je pilais le mil pour alléger leur charge travail. Dans mon village, j'ai longtemps été perçu comme une personne anormale. Aujourd'hui, je suis très fier de moi car ma famille me fait confiance », déclare Patoma.

EN SAVOIR PLUS A l'occasion de la Journée internationale des femmes, le 8 mars, l'ONG humanitaire CARE France appelle les hommes à se mobiliser pour les droits des femmes. Vincent Cassel et Léa Seydoux sont les ambassadeurs de cette campagne : « Donne du pouvoir aux femmes, si t'es un homme ».

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Aperçu des interventions de la coopération belgo-congolaise de 2010 à 2014

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 36 min ago
Source: Belgian Technical Cooperation Country: Belgium, Democratic Republic of the Congo

INTRODUCTION

Mise en œuvre à travers la CTB, l’Agence belge de Développement, la coopération bilatérale belgo-congolaise est définie dans deux programmes indicatifs de coopération (PIC) signés respectivement en 2009 et 2014. Le premier couvrait la période 2010-2013. Le second couvre la période 2014-2015.

Le PIC 2014-2015 est un programme intermédiaire de coopération entre le PIC 2010-2013 et le programme de coopération plus conséquent après 2016, qui s’alignera sur le nouveau Document de Stratégie de Croissance et de Réduction de la Pauvreté (DSCRP) de la RDC attendu pour 2016. Les deux programmes interviennent dans les mêmes secteurs et les mêmes zones géographiques.

À cette coopération structurelle s’est ajouté en 2014 un programme d’appui aux infrastructures dans les provinces du Nord-Kivu et du Sud-Kivu (Programme d’Appui aux Infrastructures des Kivu ou PAIK). Celui-ci traduit la volonté de la Belgique d’appuyer le processus de paix et de reconstruction à l’Est de la RD Congo.

La présente brochure n’a nullement l’ambition de dresser un bilan exhaustif des activités et des résultats. Mais elle donne les grandes lignes et les orientations des programmes en mettant l’accent sur l’approche des interventions et la manière dont cette approche est traduite en actes.

Quelques premiers résultats atteints à ce stade et quelques-uns de leurs effets bénéfiques sont présentés, parfois sous forme de témoignages.

Ukraine: Ukraine: Situation report No.29 as of 27 February 2015

ReliefWeb - OCHA Situation Reports - 5 hours 36 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ukraine

Highlights
● On 24 February, the revised Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Ukraine was launched, appealing for USD 316 million for 3.2 million of the most conflict- affected people.
● People in bunkers in Donetsk lack access to potable water, sanitation facilities and hygiene supplies. Several locations in the east still do not have access to water.
● An estimated 2,000 people have returned to Debaltseve; many who remained are traumatized. The UN and humanitarian partners are providing humanitarian assistance.

1 million registered IDPs

Situation Overview

The 15 February ceasefire in eastern Ukraine remains fragile. Humanitarian partners report that many people in Debaltseve have heavily suffered from the recent intensification of fighting: many are traumatized and have had little or no access to assistance or basic services for weeks. OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) reports that almost all the buildings in the city centre were destroyed or heavily damaged. De facto authorities report that the remaining 7,000 inhabitants, including 1,000 children, and 2,000 returnees, have extremely limited access to running water, basic services or heating. 500, mostly civilian, corpses had been found in houses and cellars in Debaltseve and authorities have requested body bags from international organizations operating in the area. The pre-conflict population of the city stood at more than 25,000 people.

De facto authorities are providing food, which is estimated to be sufficient to cater for needs for the next two the cessation in hostilities has allowed for the safe delivery of humanitarian assistance, despite shelling having destroyed or damaged several access bridges. MSF and People in Need (PiN) were able to deliver humanitarian assistance inside Debaltseve. The UN (UNICEF, UNHCR, WFP) provided food and non-food items to partners for distribution.

In some locations (such as Donetsk airport and the village of Shyrokyne near Mariupol) artillery and small arms exchanges were reported. Indiscriminate shelling of populated areas - both government-controlled and those under the control of the armed groups - continued as well, but its scale and impact have dramatically decreased.

According to information from Luhansk Oblast State Administration (LOSA) people started returning to the towns and villages that were under shelling during the last two weeks (Popasna, Krymske). Local authorities are trying to rehabilitate damaged infrastructure. In the majority of towns and villages there is a shortage of food. Delivery of basic products in these areas is irregular due to continued shelling.

Along the contact line, many people continue however to flee cities and towns. As of 23 February, the government reports 1,069,809 registered IDPs across the country. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine extended the list of the security operation areas with 30 other locations which means that the residents of said areas can be granted an IDP certificate and be entitled to the respective governmental allowances.

On 16 February and 20 February, the Head of the self-proclaimed ‘Donetsk people’s republic’ signed the Order N 51 and 59, which instruct that the social payments should be commenced on 1 March 2015 for the following groups: pensioners by age, people with disabilities, to the veterans of the ‘Great Patriotic War’, and in case of the loss of a ‘bread-winner’ in the family. It was also reported that residents of Vuhlehirsk and Debaltseve had started receiving one-time financial aid and pensions. However, this information is yet to be verified. According to very conservative estimates1, the leadership of ‘Donetsk people’s republic’ will need at least UAH 710 million monthly to pay the declared pensions.

Overall, since the beginning of the conflict in mid-April 2014 and until 26 February 2015, at least 5,807 people (including 63 children) were killed and 14,735 (including 169 children) were wounded in the conflict area.2 The full account of the losses in the Debaltseve area and Donetsk airport are still pending. On top of injuries, the top most reported morbidity causes in the conflict affected area are cardio-vascular diseases, acute respiratory infections and diabetes.

On 24 February the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) launched the revised Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) appealing for USD 316 million. These funds will be used in 2015 to target 3.2 million of the most vulnerable people across Ukraine, with a wide range of life-saving activities. The launch took place simultaneously in Geneva and Kyiv, together with the Deputy Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine and included member states and various agencies. For planning purposes, four zones were created to map the severity of the humanitarian situation, and help humanitarian actors plan and prioritize accordingly. From 26-27 February, the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) held a series of meetings in Brussels with members of the European Parliament and ECHO. He appealed for cash support for the newly launched HRP and for financial and technical support for humanitarian action, early recovery and reform. The HC also encouraged European leaders to push for peaceful solutions, despite the many challenges and difficulties. He also outlined the mechanisms of coordination that are currently in place and working, in addition to briefing on what the government of Ukraine is doing to facilitate humanitarian aid and some of the impediments that the humanitarian community is facing, including bureaucratic hurdles affecting access.

On 26 February, the VII Conference of Ukrainian Philanthropist Forum “Philanthropy and Volunteering in Action: Saving, Reconciling and Building the future” took place and humanitarian themes were echoed, specifically the need to change legislation and the significant challenges of delivering humanitarian aid to the vulnerable in non- government controlled area. The ongoing difficulties faced by the local non-governmental humanitarian groups are even greater than those facing the international humanitarian community, local organizations reported.

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