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Central African Republic: CAR: Shelter Cluster Factsheet - April 2016

CAR - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 14 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Shelter Cluster Country: Central African Republic

NEED ANALYSIS

  • The smooth electoral process and the appointment of a new government in CAR early this year have brought relative calm to parts of the country. Some IDPs on sites or in host families have stated to return in safer and secure neighborhoods and villages. However, these returning IDPs are in need of shelter assistance as most of their houses were destroyed or damaged during the crisis. In recent surveys conducted by UNHCR and IOM on IDP sites, shelter assistance remains one of the most critical needs second to protection that has been reported by IDPs in order to facilitate their return.

  • An assessment has just been completed by UNHCR and Cluster partners in Bangui, pending the release of the final figures, it has already become clear that an extensive number of houses have been damaged, destroyed and looted. This exercise will be extended to the provinces, but the findings clearly indicate the dire need for long-term shelter solutions for returnees. With most of the houses burnt or looted, returnees are also in need of basic domestic items. NFIs have been distributed to returnees and newly displaced people in some volatile parts of the country but these items are still pressing needs in CAR.

  • Repeated fire incidents on IDP sites at the beginning of the year saw an increased need for emergency shelter assistance. However, the gap still exists. The Cluster is also focusing on meeting the emergency shelter needs of 30,000 IDPs on sites in Ouham, Ouaka, Nana Grizibi, Ombella Mpoko and Bangui prefectures as the rainy season approaches.

RESPONSE

  • 9,476 IDPs and returnees households were provided with NFIs assistance.

  • 1,746-IDPs households received emergency shelter assistance following a series of fire incidents on sites

  • Joint shelter and protection needs assessment has been completed in Bangui and its surroundings. As of date, only 31 households have benefited from long term shelter support.

GAPS / CHALLENGES

  • Resource mobilization for shelter assistance is a challenge and shelter partners have limited funds for long term shelter support.

  • Insecurity is restricting interventions in some return areas that would support shelter self-recovery.

  • Limited resources and weak capacity of shelter partners to conduct large scale shelter needs assessment in” the potential return areas across the country.

Bangladesh: WFP Bangladesh Country Brief, April 2016

Myanmar - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 21 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Bangladesh, Myanmar

Highlights

  • A donation by Saudi Arabia of 790 mt of dates was received mid-April and is being distributed to nearly 400,000 children and their families through the World Food Programme’s (WFP) school feeding programme.

  • WFP Bangladesh is developing a new Country Strategic Plan 2017 – 2020, to be approved by WFP’s Executive Board in February 2017.

  • WFP’s Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific visited Bangladesh from 2 – 9 April. Following meetings with government officials, development partners and staff he visited field activities in Cox’s Bazar, Bandarban and a Dhaka urban slum.

Central African Republic: République Centrafricaine : 3W Cluster Abris / Non-Vivres / CCCM (18/03/2016)

CAR - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 23 min ago
Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Central African Republic

Central African Republic: République Centrafricaine : 3W Cluster Abris / Non-Vivres / CCCM (18/03/2016)

CAR - Maps - 5 hours 23 min ago
Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Central African Republic

occupied Palestinian territory: WFP Palestine Country Brief, April 2016

oPt - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 41 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Highlights

  • Funding shortfalls expected in July will force WFP to suspend in-kind food assistance through the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) in Gaza, affecting 89,000 people, of whom three-quarters are women and children. In April, WFP assisted 480,000 financially insecure non-refugees in Gaza and the West Bank through cash-based transfers (CBTs) and in-kind food assistance. Women and children accounted for 70 percent.

  • In the second quarter of 2016, WFP and the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) plan to scale up CBT voucher assistance to 90,000 refugees in the West Bank.

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Market Price Monitoring Bulletin - 1-30 April 2016

Uganda - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 20 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Market Highlights

  • The US$/SSP exchange rates exhibited daily fluctuations for the better part of April 2016. The local currency gained slight ground against the USD in the intervening period of signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in the last two weeks of April, only to resume loosing trends thereafter and was exchanging at SSP 36-39/1$ in third week of May in the black market. The persistent shortage of dollars continued to dis-incentivize imports into the country during the reporting month.

  • The fuel crisis, characterized by shortages, hoarding and informal sale on road sides at inflated costs, continued for the fifth straight month in 2016, disrupting road movements and trade. In the black market, diesel costed as high as SSP 150/litre in Bentiu, Bor and Malakal but was slightly lower in Juba (SSP 70-100).

  • The nominal prices of sorghum, maize, beans, cooking oil and wheat flour continued rising trends in most markets and are significantly higher than their levels a year ago and the long-term mean. The prices of white sorghum, for instance were highest in Wau and Kuajok, going for as much as SSP 88 and 95/malwa, respectively during the reporting month.

  • In the May-July period, prices of staple foods are expected to continue rising to peak in July while purchasing power will be reduced for many households in line with lean seasonal trends. The dollar and fuel crisis is likely to persist as most areas become inaccessible during the rainy season, further limiting trader’s stocking capacity. The formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) signals positive prospects for recovery of livelihoods, trade and market infrastructure but the economic gains are unlikely to be instant. The high food prices will limit household’s access to food and as a consequence heighten seasonal vulnerability to food insecurity among market-dependent populations especially the urban poor and those with huge consumption gaps in rural areas.

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Market Price Monitoring Bulletin - 1-30 April 2016

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 20 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Market Highlights

  • The US$/SSP exchange rates exhibited daily fluctuations for the better part of April 2016. The local currency gained slight ground against the USD in the intervening period of signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in the last two weeks of April, only to resume loosing trends thereafter and was exchanging at SSP 36-39/1$ in third week of May in the black market. The persistent shortage of dollars continued to dis-incentivize imports into the country during the reporting month.

  • The fuel crisis, characterized by shortages, hoarding and informal sale on road sides at inflated costs, continued for the fifth straight month in 2016, disrupting road movements and trade. In the black market, diesel costed as high as SSP 150/litre in Bentiu, Bor and Malakal but was slightly lower in Juba (SSP 70-100).

  • The nominal prices of sorghum, maize, beans, cooking oil and wheat flour continued rising trends in most markets and are significantly higher than their levels a year ago and the long-term mean. The prices of white sorghum, for instance were highest in Wau and Kuajok, going for as much as SSP 88 and 95/malwa, respectively during the reporting month.

  • In the May-July period, prices of staple foods are expected to continue rising to peak in July while purchasing power will be reduced for many households in line with lean seasonal trends. The dollar and fuel crisis is likely to persist as most areas become inaccessible during the rainy season, further limiting trader’s stocking capacity. The formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) signals positive prospects for recovery of livelihoods, trade and market infrastructure but the economic gains are unlikely to be instant. The high food prices will limit household’s access to food and as a consequence heighten seasonal vulnerability to food insecurity among market-dependent populations especially the urban poor and those with huge consumption gaps in rural areas.

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Market Price Monitoring Bulletin - 1-30 April 2016

Kenya - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 20 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Market Highlights

  • The US$/SSP exchange rates exhibited daily fluctuations for the better part of April 2016. The local currency gained slight ground against the USD in the intervening period of signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in the last two weeks of April, only to resume loosing trends thereafter and was exchanging at SSP 36-39/1$ in third week of May in the black market. The persistent shortage of dollars continued to dis-incentivize imports into the country during the reporting month.

  • The fuel crisis, characterized by shortages, hoarding and informal sale on road sides at inflated costs, continued for the fifth straight month in 2016, disrupting road movements and trade. In the black market, diesel costed as high as SSP 150/litre in Bentiu, Bor and Malakal but was slightly lower in Juba (SSP 70-100).

  • The nominal prices of sorghum, maize, beans, cooking oil and wheat flour continued rising trends in most markets and are significantly higher than their levels a year ago and the long-term mean. The prices of white sorghum, for instance were highest in Wau and Kuajok, going for as much as SSP 88 and 95/malwa, respectively during the reporting month.

  • In the May-July period, prices of staple foods are expected to continue rising to peak in July while purchasing power will be reduced for many households in line with lean seasonal trends. The dollar and fuel crisis is likely to persist as most areas become inaccessible during the rainy season, further limiting trader’s stocking capacity. The formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) signals positive prospects for recovery of livelihoods, trade and market infrastructure but the economic gains are unlikely to be instant. The high food prices will limit household’s access to food and as a consequence heighten seasonal vulnerability to food insecurity among market-dependent populations especially the urban poor and those with huge consumption gaps in rural areas.

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Market Price Monitoring Bulletin - 1-30 April 2016

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 20 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Market Highlights

  • The US$/SSP exchange rates exhibited daily fluctuations for the better part of April 2016. The local currency gained slight ground against the USD in the intervening period of signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in the last two weeks of April, only to resume loosing trends thereafter and was exchanging at SSP 36-39/1$ in third week of May in the black market. The persistent shortage of dollars continued to dis-incentivize imports into the country during the reporting month.

  • The fuel crisis, characterized by shortages, hoarding and informal sale on road sides at inflated costs, continued for the fifth straight month in 2016, disrupting road movements and trade. In the black market, diesel costed as high as SSP 150/litre in Bentiu, Bor and Malakal but was slightly lower in Juba (SSP 70-100).

  • The nominal prices of sorghum, maize, beans, cooking oil and wheat flour continued rising trends in most markets and are significantly higher than their levels a year ago and the long-term mean. The prices of white sorghum, for instance were highest in Wau and Kuajok, going for as much as SSP 88 and 95/malwa, respectively during the reporting month.

  • In the May-July period, prices of staple foods are expected to continue rising to peak in July while purchasing power will be reduced for many households in line with lean seasonal trends. The dollar and fuel crisis is likely to persist as most areas become inaccessible during the rainy season, further limiting trader’s stocking capacity. The formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) signals positive prospects for recovery of livelihoods, trade and market infrastructure but the economic gains are unlikely to be instant. The high food prices will limit household’s access to food and as a consequence heighten seasonal vulnerability to food insecurity among market-dependent populations especially the urban poor and those with huge consumption gaps in rural areas.

Philippines: Dispatches: Filipino Children Promised Better Disaster Relief

Philippines - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 28 min ago
Source: Human Rights Watch Country: Philippines

Carlos H. Conde
Researcher, Asia Division

Last week, outgoing President Benigno Aquino III approved a law that makes children’s needs and welfare a top priority during disaster relief operations. The Children’s Emergency Relief and Protection Act tasks the Department of Social Welfare and Development to come up with a plan to “be used as the basis for handling disasters and other emergency situations to protect children, pregnant and lactating mothers, and support their immediate recovery.”

The law directs the department to integrate the program into disaster planning and responses of local government units (LGUs), which are often the first-responders in a crisis. Under the new law, responders are required to plan for the provision of evacuation centers, transitional shelters and the immediate delivery of services for orphaned, separated, and unaccompanied children, and pregnant and lactating mothers.

The law is urgently needed for one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction rates the Philippines as one of the 10 countries worst affected by weather-related emergencies. Children often suffer the most in these disasters, such as in the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan in 2013. Children are also highly vulnerable in humanitarian crises created by armed conflict, such as the displacement of tens of thousands of residents in Zamboanga City in 2013 and Surigao del Sur province in 2015.

Signing this law, however, needn't be President Aquino's last effort on behalf of protecting the Philippines' children. He still has time to have the Philippines join the Safe Schools Declaration, which marks its one year anniversary this weekend. The Declaration outlines concrete measures all governments can take to better protect students, teachers, and schools from attack during armed conflict.

The disaster relief law’s passage is a good first step toward ensuring that the most vulnerable in Philippine society get the necessary resources to mitigate the dangers and disruption of natural and man-made disasters. The ball is now in the government’s court to ensure that the relevant agencies implement the law. More and more children are affected by disasters in the Philippines. They need all the help they can get.

Sudan: Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Situation Overview (April - July 2016)

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 33 min ago
Source: Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Country: Sudan

Key Outcomes for the Worst affected Area

Food consumption: South Kordofan: Most people meet their food needs by using some coping strategies such as reducing meals. Over 50% of the internally displaced people (IDPs) are receiving food aid.

North Kordofan: poor food consumption due to Poor production resulted from poor rains this year and the weak purchasing power, 41% of the population have poor access to food.

Central Darfur: 28% of the population suffer from food consumption shortage due to poor production.

North Darfur: 25 % of the population face poor food consumption due to poor staple food production.

Livelihood change: South Kordofan: As a result of the insecurity conditions and high cost of production farmers in affected areas shifted from agricultural production to marginal professions, such as bricks making, timber cutting and trade.

North Kordofan: The reduction in income from sale of crop by 65% due to poor production has resulted in significant change in livelihood towards selling of livestock and earlier than usual migration for labor.

Central Darfur: The increase in displacement ratio is a major change.

North Darfur: most of population in rain-fed agriculture and winter cultivation areas increased dependency on collection and sale of firewood, charcoal and traditional gold mining.

Nutritional status: South Kordofan: GAM rate; reached 14.17 %

North Kordofan: GAM rate was ranged between 2.6 - 15.5 %( according to localities).

Central Darfur: GAM ranged from 5.5 % - 25.3,

North Darfur: No Data available

Costa Rica: REDLAC Nota Semanal sobre Emergencias - América Latina y el Caribe - Año 9 - Volumen 453

ReliefWeb - OCHA Situation Reports - 6 hours 33 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Costa Rica, Ecuador

Destacados

  • CUMBRE MUNDIAL HUMANITARIA: La Cumbre inició hoy en Turquía. El Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas apela a invertir más en la humanidad. La cumbre concluirá mañana, 24 de mayo, con una propuesta para la nueva agenda humanitaria mundial.

  • ACTIVIDAD VOLCÁNICA: Las autoridades de Costa Rica monitorean el volcán Turrialba. Se ha restringido el acceso a las comunidades cercanas y se registra afectación en el centro del país debido a las cenizas.

  • AH1N1: El Ministerio de Salud Pública de Ecuador reportó 51 muertes por AH1N1 en lo que va de 2016. Pichincha continúa siendo la provincia con mayor número de muertes, con 24 casos.

Categories: RSS feeds

Costa Rica: REDLAC Weekly Note on Emergencies Latin America & The Caribbean - Year 9 - Volume 453

ReliefWeb - OCHA Situation Reports - 6 hours 35 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Costa Rica, Ecuador

Highlights

  • WORLD HUMANITARIAN SUMMIT: The summit began today in Turkey. The Secretary General of the United Nations appeals to invest more in humanity. The summit will conclude tomorrow, 24 May, with a proposal for the new global humanitarian agenda.

  • VOLCANIC ACTIVITY: Costa Rican authorities monitor the Turrialba volcano.
    It has restricted access to nearby communities. The center of the country is affected by ashes from the volcano.

  • AH1N1: The Ministry of Health in Ecuador reported 51 deaths from H1N1. So far Pichincha remains the province with the highest number of deaths, with 24 cases.

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Cameroon: UNICEF Cameroon Humanitarian Situation Report March-April 2016

CAR - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 36 min ago
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

Highlights

  • Within the Lake Chad Basin crisis, Cameroon is the second country most affected by displacement after Nigeria. In the last month an increase of 20,000 IDPs in the Far North has been reported bringing the number to 190,591 people.

  • Since the beginning of 2016, 1,361 refugee children under 5 and 9,952 Cameroonian children <5 with SAM have been admitted to therapeutic care.

  • 505 children (out of 4,650 expected children) unaccompanied and separated as a result of the CAR refugee crisis and the Nigeria crisis have been either placed in interim care and/or are receiving appropriate follow-up through UNICEF support.

  • The funding situation remains worrisome and is hampering the implementation of lifesaving activities: Child protection, education, WASH and health remain the most underfunded sectors and globally, only 5% of UNICEF appeal has been funded.

Sudan: Food Security technical Secretariat - FSTS: Early Warning for Food Security - EWFS, Issue April 2016

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 43 min ago
Source: Government of Sudan Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Highlights:

  • Estimated areas to be cultivated for season 2016/ 2017 is 42.1 million feddans .

  • The lean period for this season began in March, unusually due to the impact of El Nino .

  • Cereal prices curve was higher by 25 per cent compared to the same period of the previous year, while the prices of animals decreased by 20%.

  • The growing influx of refugees from South Sudan, their number reached 221.322

  • Nutrition situation: high incidence of malnutrition in some States.

  • An increasing pressure on the provision of humanitarian aid in a timely manner as a result of the influx of refugees from South Sudan.

Sudan: Mission Report: Return monitoring mission to Kornoi Locality, North Darfur, 9th - 12th May 2016

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 22 min ago
Source: Government of Sudan, COOPI - Cooperazione Internazionale, International Organization for Migration, UN Development Programme, World Food Programme, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Chad, Sudan

Background

Kornoi is one of the three localities of Dar Zaghawa (Um Buru, Tina and Kornoi). Kornoi locality identified as the main return area and to assess the situation of the returnees, several return monitoring missions conducted during 2015 to the area and mission reports shared with all stakeholders, which helped a lot in planning of many interventions in Kornoi locality,

This mission came as recommendation of the previous missions to visit the remaining areas in the locality in special those can be reach from Um Buru.

In general, the area affected by Darfur conflict erupted in 2003, which drove the majority of the population to flight to other areas in Sudan or to cross the boarders to Chad.

The mission took place during the period from 9th -12th May 2016 under UNHCR lead.

The mission composed of WFP, UNHCR, IOM, UNDP, COOPI and NOHS

Mission objectives:

UNHCR El Fasher FO led return monitoring mission to four locations in Kornoi locality,(Boba, Forawia, Haramba and Miski) with objectives

  1. To visit the remaining reported return areas in Kornoi locality, assess the nature of the return in the reported return villages, assess the humanitarian situation, needs and gap for the returnees, and host communities.

  2. To better understanding the area and potential areas for intervention to sustain the return of refugees.

Sudan: Mission Report: Return monitoring mission to Kornoi Locality, North Darfur, 9th - 12th May 2016

Chad - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 22 min ago
Source: Government of Sudan, COOPI - Cooperazione Internazionale, International Organization for Migration, UN Development Programme, World Food Programme, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Chad, Sudan

Background

Kornoi is one of the three localities of Dar Zaghawa (Um Buru, Tina and Kornoi). Kornoi locality identified as the main return area and to assess the situation of the returnees, several return monitoring missions conducted during 2015 to the area and mission reports shared with all stakeholders, which helped a lot in planning of many interventions in Kornoi locality,

This mission came as recommendation of the previous missions to visit the remaining areas in the locality in special those can be reach from Um Buru.

In general, the area affected by Darfur conflict erupted in 2003, which drove the majority of the population to flight to other areas in Sudan or to cross the boarders to Chad.

The mission took place during the period from 9th -12th May 2016 under UNHCR lead.

The mission composed of WFP, UNHCR, IOM, UNDP, COOPI and NOHS

Mission objectives:

UNHCR El Fasher FO led return monitoring mission to four locations in Kornoi locality,(Boba, Forawia, Haramba and Miski) with objectives

  1. To visit the remaining reported return areas in Kornoi locality, assess the nature of the return in the reported return villages, assess the humanitarian situation, needs and gap for the returnees, and host communities.

  2. To better understanding the area and potential areas for intervention to sustain the return of refugees.

Myanmar: WFP Myanmar Country Brief, April 2016

Myanmar - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 29 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Japan, Myanmar

Highlights

  • In April, WFP reached more than 205,500 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Kachin, northern Shan and Rakhine States and flood-affected areas with cash or food assistance.

  • Over 3,000 people, recently displaced by disasters or conflict, in Kachin and Rakhine States and Mandalay Region received WFP’s life-saving food assistance.

Philippines: WFP Philippines Country Brief, April 2016

TyphoonHaiyan - RW Updates - 7 hours 32 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Philippines

Highlights

  • The Government of the Philippines and WFP inaugurated the Visayas Disaster Response Center, which aims to enhance the emergency response capacity in the Philippines.

  • WFP released the initial results of its Emergency Food Security Assessment to determine the impact of El Niño on households in Mindanao and their livelihoods.

  • It is anticipated that with the upcoming elections in May, this period could be potentially turbulent and affect WFP operations.

Philippines: WFP Philippines Country Brief, April 2016

Philippines - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 32 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Philippines

Highlights

  • The Government of the Philippines and WFP inaugurated the Visayas Disaster Response Center, which aims to enhance the emergency response capacity in the Philippines.

  • WFP released the initial results of its Emergency Food Security Assessment to determine the impact of El Niño on households in Mindanao and their livelihoods.

  • It is anticipated that with the upcoming elections in May, this period could be potentially turbulent and affect WFP operations.

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