ReliefWeb Latest Reports for Country Office

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Au moins 15 morts dans des affrontements entre groupes armés dans l'Est de la RDC (autorités)

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 34 min ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Goma, RD Congo | AFP | lundi 08/02/2016 - 14:04 GMT

Quinze personnes au moins ont été tuées dimanche lors d'affrontements entre groupes armés dans une zone de l'Est de la République démocratique du Congo théâtre de vives tensions ethniques depuis plusieurs semaines, a-t-on appris lundi auprès des autorités locales.

"Il y a eu des affrontements dans le village de Mukeberwa", dans la province du Nord-Kivu, "selon les informations en ma possession, entre 15 et 30 personnes ont trouvé la mort", a déclaré à l'AFP Bokele Joy, administrateur du territoire de Lubero où ont eu lieu les combats.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: At least 15 dead in clashes between armed groups in eastern DRCongo: authorities

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 35 min ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Goma, DR Congo | AFP | Monday 2/8/2016 - 14:17 GMT

At least 15 people have been killed in clashes between armed groups in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in a region that has been the scene of heightened ethnic tensions in recent weeks, local authorities said Monday.

"There have been clashes in the village of Mukeberwa", in Nord-Kivu province, Bokele Joy, the administrator of Lubero Territory, told AFP. "According to information that I have, between 15 and 30 people have been killed".

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Côte d'Ivoire: Procès Gbagbo: la CPI s'excuse pour la divulgation de l'identité de témoins

Côte d’Ivoire - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 48 min ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Côte d'Ivoire

La Haye, Pays-Bas | AFP | lundi 08/02/2016 - 13:47 GMT

La Cour pénale internationale qui juge l'ex-dirigeant ivoirien Laurent Gbagbo à La Haye a présenté lundi ses excuses pour la divulgation par erreur la semaine dernière de l'identité de plusieurs témoins dont les noms devaient rester secrets.

"Ce qui s'est produit vendredi après-midi est de la plus haute et plus inexcusable gravité et c'est pour quoi la chambre, mais je voudrais dire la CPI dans son ensemble, présente ses excuses", a déclaré le juge Cuno Tarfusser à l'occasion de la reprise du procès ouvert contre le 28 janvier contre M. Gbagbo pour crimes contre l'humanité.

Qualifiant l'incident de "vraiment incroyable", le magistrat qui préside le tribunal a ajouté que "la chambre a ordonné une enquête interne pour établir comment cela a pu se produire" et qu'elle attendait "un rapport détaillé".

Le juge Tarfusser a indiqué ignorer si "la précipitation, la superficialité (ou) la stupidité" étaient à l'origine de cet incident en refusant de "spéculer sur autre chose", comme un acte délibéré.

Le procureur Eric MacDonald avait divulgué vendredi les noms de trois témoins protégés alors que les micros retransmettant le procès sur la chaîne publique de la CPI étaient restés ouverts par erreur.

Après ces excuses et une interruption de séance, le procès de l'ex-président ivoirien âgé de 70 ans et de son co-accusé, l'ancien chef de milice Charles Blé Goudé, 44 ans, a repris avec le contre-interrogatoire par la défense d'un autre témoin protégé par le nom de code P547, mais dont l'identité avait également été dévoilée la semaine dernière par mégarde pendant les débats.

MM. Gbagbo et Blé Goudé ont plaidé non coupable des accusations concernant leur responsabilité dans les violences post-électorales qui ont fait quelque 3.000 morts en cinq mois en 2010-11.

La divulgation des identités s'est produite alors que le procureur MacDonald demandait le huis clos pour protéger trois témoins dont il a cité ensuite les noms. Ceux-ci sont clairement audibles sur la chaîne de la CPI et ils se sont rapidement retrouvés sur les réseaux sociaux.

Une quatrième identité a ensuite été dévoilée, selon des médias.

La gaffe a fait la une de la presse en Côte d'Ivoire ce weekend, même si les partisans de M. Gbagbo comme ceux de son rival, le président Alassane Ouattara, en ont minimisé la portée.

Le juge Tarfusser a appelé les parties "au calme car nous ne voulons pas enflammer les choses. Nous voulons juste faire notre travail".

Il a également souligné que tenter d'approcher ou permettre d'identifier les témoins, était un crime.

La protection des témoins aux procès devant la justice internationale est cruciale car beaucoup redoutent des représailles. La CPI, créée en 2002, tente de les protéger en cachant leur identité. A la barre, leur voix est modifiée et leur visage flouté.

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Haiti: Évolution de l’épidémie du Zika en Haiti - Semaine : 42ème 2015 – 4 ème 2016

Haiti - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 24 min ago
Source: Government of Haiti Country: Haiti

Résumé de la situation de Zika en Haïti

• Entre la 42ème semaine épidémiologique 2015 et la 4ème SE 2016,

  • 329 cas suspects de Zika ont été notifiés en Haïti.

• Stratification des cas suspects de zika par département - 100 (30,40%) dans l’Ouest, 70 (21,28%) dans le Nord, 59 (17,93%) dans l’Artibonite, 47 (14,29%) dans le Centre, 15 (4,56%) dans les Nippes, 11 (3,34%) dans le Sud Est, 11( 3,34%) dans le Sud, 6(1,82%) dans le Nord ’Est, 6 (1,82%) dans la Grand 'Anse 6 (1,82%) et 4 (1.22%)dans le Nord-Ouest.

• 4ème SE, 204 - Prédominance des cas dans trois départements:

  • l’Ouest 56 cas (27,45%), l’Artibonite: 53 (25,98%) et le Centre: 32 (15,69%).

Zimbabwe: ACT Alliance Alert: Zimbabwe - Drought Response in the Midlands, Northern and Southern Matabeleland Provinces

Zimbabwe - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 29 min ago
Source: ACT Alliance Country: Zimbabwe

Geneva, 08 February 2016

1. Brief description of the emergency and impact

Zimbabwe experienced a poor 2014/15 agricultural season characterized by dry spells in most parts of the country particularly in Masvingo and Matabeleland North and South Provinces. This has led to losses in agricultural production of an over 60% drop in cereal production as reported by the Ministry of Agriculture Mechanization and Irrigation Development (MAMID). There is also loss of household incomes due to reduced labor opportunities in the agricultural sector.

According to the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) 2015, there is a nationwide cereal deficit of over 650,000 MT while an additional 350,000 MT will be required to feed livestock. This has put 1.5 million people at risk of starvation. According to ZIMVAC acute malnutrition in children has risen to 3.3%, up from 2.3% in the previous season. Average household purchasing power in terms of maize grain dropped from 300 kilograms last season to 244 at the start of this consumption season and FEWSNET expects this trend to continue. Despite the ongoing lean-season assistance, FEWSNET reported that most Districts are currently experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes because of a lower than typical level of lean-season assistance.

2. Why is an ACT response needed?

The current response is inadequate, and will get worse post March 2016 when the current response measures/ interventions end. According to WFP, The current agricultural season is likely to be a lot worse than the 2014/5 season with 90% chance of El Nino induced drought.

The national human food requirement deficit for the country is expected to surpass the 650,000MT that the nation has struggled to meet in the current consumption season, it is in light of these that an ACT response is needed to avert the current and looming food shortages in Zimbabwe.

Iraq: Iraq: Humanitarian Snapshot (as of 6 February 2016)

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 43 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic

In the past year, the number of people in need in Iraq has doubled. The humanitarian disaster touches nearly one-third of the population – 10 million people; a fiscal collapse has resulted in widespread unemployment and impoverishment; and insecurity and violence are putting millions of Iraqis at direct risk. The humanitarian community is appealing for US$861 million in 2016 to provide some form of humanitarian assistance to 7.3 million people. With the ongoing conflict, the humanitarian crisis in Iraq is likely to deteriorate in the year ahead. Depending on the intensity of military operations, more civilians are expected to be in need, forced to seek assistance from the Government, religious foundations or humanitarian organizations. Hundreds of thousands of people are likely to remain trapped in besieged areas in desperate need of assistance; where escape is difficult, if not impossible. Thousands of families could be caught between the front lines of opposing forces.

RAMADI AND SURROUNDINGS

About 4,000 people have been displaced from Ramadi following intensified military operations in late December and are now sheltering in camps established by authorities in Habbaniyah Tourist City and Ameriyat al Falluja in Anbar Governorate. Humanitarian partners have provided emergency response to people in need such as drinking water, ready-to-eat food, hygiene kits and health assistance.
Humanitarian partners continue to provide humanitarian assistance and protection monitoring for an estimated 75,600 displaced people in Ameriyat al Falluja and about 38,600 people in Habbaniyah Tourist City. Protection concerns relating to screening and detention of men and boys have been reported, including family separation. Freedom of movement is reportedly limited.

Uganda: Ministry of Health Uganda: Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin week 4 (18th - 24th January 2016)

Uganda - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 52 min ago
Source: Government of Uganda Country: Uganda

Highlights of the week

  • Cholera outbreak in Sironko district continues

Completeness of Reporting

All the 112 districts reported with average reporting rate of 75% in week 4 2016. 47 districts (42%) achieved the national target of ≥80% of the health facilities reporting. 12 districts had all their facilities reporting. Kampala and Buvuma districts have continued to have reporting rates of less than 30%. The regional level performance as well as best districts and worst districts in week3 have been presented in Figures 1, 2 & 3. As shown in Figure 3, the number of districts with low reporting rates are on the decline whereas the number of top performing districts are significantly high.

Lebanon: Big Heart Foundation donates US$350,000 to help Syrian refugees

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 59 min ago
Source: Emirates News Agency Country: Iraq, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic

SHARJAH, 7th February, 2016 (WAM) -- The Big Heart Foundation, BHF, has pledged to donate US$350,000 towards two UNHCR projects to help displaced Syrian families and children seeking refuge in Lebanon and Iraq. The first US$250,000 will go towards UNHCR’s "Warm their Hearts" campaign that will provide winter aid to over 400,000 Syrian refugees in Lebanon, who are in desperate need of support and assistance. The second $100,000 will go towards UNHCR’s work in Iraq to help around 300,000 displaced Syrian refugee families living in Iraq and provide necessary aid to help them survive tough weather conditions.

Mariam al Hammadi, Director of Salam Ya Seghar, a TBHF initiative to improve the welfare of refugee children, said, "These two pledges will go towards helping Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Iraq to ensure they are able to live through the harsh winter conditions as well as can be expected. We at TBHF were swift in our response to the extreme winter weather conditions that have recently swept the area. In Lebanon and Iraq temperatures can go as low as minus 15 degree centigrade, and displaced Syrian refugees struggle to survive these conditions, with some forced to live in temporary accommodation that are no more than flimsy huts and makeshift shelters."

Al Hammadi went on to say that the relief winter programme will provide the necessities such as thermal blankets, stoves, kerosene and also cash assistance to those living in vulnerable socio-economic conditions, adding, " It’s very hard for refugee families and the children in particular to survive tough winter conditions. Under the patronage of Sheikha Jawaher bint Mohammed Al Qasimi, Wife of H.H. the Ruler of Sharjah, Chairperson of the Big Heart Foundation, and UNHCR Eminent Advocate for Refugee Children, The Big Heart Foundation is dedicated to helping Syrian refugees lead a life of dignity by providing them relief and sustainable support."

The UNHCR’s "Warm their Heart" campaign addresses the winter needs of approximately 463,750 refugees, which is about 39% of the Syrian refugee population in Lebanon. TBHF donation of US$250,000 will help 417 refugee families and ensure they receive all the essentials they need to survive harsh winter conditions. The campaign will first provide assistance to 100,000 of the most vulnerable refugees and includes assistance in the form of cash and shelter. It will also provide a winter survival kit that includes five blankets, three high thermal blankets, a heating stove, gas bottle and four months of gas supply. In Iraq, TBHF will donate US$100,000 to UNHCR’s programme which will help around 300 vulnerable refugee families in need of life-saving support.

The UNHCR’s winter plan in Iraq will provide winter assistance to 26,400 households or 132,000 refugees, which is approximately 53% of the Syrian refugee population living in Iraq. UNHCR’s winter assistance in Iraq will be divided into two, 60% will be provided to families and individuals living in refugee camps and it will give assistance in the form of tent insulation, deliver emergency supplies and core winter relief items such as plastic sheeting, jerry can, one stove and kerosene to each household. The rest of UNHCR’s winter assistance will be unconditional cash support to socio-economically vulnerable Syrian refugee families and individuals living outside camps.

WAM/Ahlam/Moran

Syrian Arab Republic: Despite war at home, more Syrian refugees return from Iraq

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 7 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic

PESHKABOUR, Iraq, Feb 8 (UNHCR) – Under a cold winter sun, 65-year-old Nazo Osi Ali and her two daughters pull their bulging suitcases out of the back of a blue station wagon at this town in northwest Iraq across the Tigris River from Syria.

Ten months ago Nazo fled to Iraq to escape the fighting in Syria, but now she needs to return home to her war-ravaged country for medical reasons. "I have high blood pressure and a bad tooth and I want to see my own doctor and dentist," she says. "It is too expensive to get treatment in Iraq."

She is one of a growing number of Syrian refugees ground down by the protracted exile who have made the dangerous decision to return to Syria, where five years of conflict have killed around a quarter of a million people.

Nazo and her daughters had been living with her son, a day labourer, in Erbil, in the Kurdistan region of Iraq (KRI). In Erbil, the cost of living is high, especially for refugees who live in urban areas. In Erbil, Nazo said it would cost her USD$2,000 for the treatment she needs, compared to the USD$400 she will pay her dentist in her home town of Amouda.

Nazo's son-in law, who lives in Dohuk and is also a refugee, drove the women to the border to help them load their belongings onto the boat to ferry them across the Tigris to Syria. He is unhappy about Nazo's decision to return. "We're worried about her safety," he says. "Even though her daughters are travelling with her there is no one back home to look after them. But she won't listen to us," he adds.

The decision to go back to Syria comes at a price. Nazo and her daughters were required to meet with staff with UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, to fill out departure forms and return residency and registration papers before they could leave. In doing so, they have given up their asylum seeker documentation in Iraq and may face challenges to be re-admitted if they ever need to return.

Despite the clear risks, up to 25,000 Syrian refugees left the Kurdistan region of Iraq last year. Most returned home or, from there, continued on to Europe in search of a better life – many citing hardship in exile.

"In December 2015, 86 per cent of refugees who went back to Syria were those who were living out of camps, in urban settings. Rent is high, it is difficult to find work and people are running out of money," said Mustafa El Hegagi, a UNHCR repatriation officer who works at the Iraq border.

United Nations officials estimate that many more Syrian refugees will leave Iraq for Syria, or to other countries in 2016. But, due to the security situation on the other side of the border, UNHCR maintains a non-return policy to Syria.

"We acknowledge that refugees may be leaving Iraq because of a lack of assistance," says UNHCR protection officer Ana Scattone Ferreira. "UNHCR, donors and the humanitarian community are working hard to overcome funding gaps, but the deteriorating economic situation in the KR-I has been a major push factor for Syrian returns. In light of this, it is our duty to make sure that refugees are returning voluntarily and that they are well-informed and aware of the risks and consequences."

Nazo is not sure how safe it is going to be, but she is happy to be making the journey back to Amouda. She flashes a wide smile saying, "I am looking forward it. There isn't anything more precious than your own home."

By Catherine Robinson in Peshkabour, Iraq

Ethiopia: Ethiopia: South Sudanese refugee population in Gambella (as of 5-February-2016)

Ethiopia - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 39 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan

Yemen: Yemen - Conflict (ECHO, UN, Media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 8 February 2016)

Yemen - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 42 min ago
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Yemen
  • On 5 February, the UNSG Ban Ki-moon raised strong concerns over continued Coalition airstrikes on schools, hospitals, mosques and civilian infrastructure in Yemen. He also urged States that are parties to the Arms Trade Treaty to control arms flows to actors that may use them in breach of international humanitarian law.

  • Pro-Hadi and Coalition forces are advancing in the north, taking new areas in Nihm district, Sana’a governorate. On 7 February, special forces units were reportedly brought in from Marib to capture the Naqeel bin Ghailan mountain range which would open the way to the capital. On 6 February, Coalition forces landed by sea at the port of Luhayya, in Hodeida governorate. Last week the Coalition took full control of Midi, a port town north of Luhayya.

  • AQAP militants continue to expand their dominance in the south. After taking control of Azzan town in Shabwa governorate last week, on 6 February they took the police headquarters in Zinjibar, Abyan governorate. Pro-Hadi forces reportedly fled Abyan towards Aden.

  • According to FAO, availability of food and non-food commodities in local markets significantly improved during the month of January. The price of wheat and rice remained relatively stable compared to December, with no changes in Sana’a and a slightly decreasing trend recorded in the south. Prices of diesel, petrol and cooling gas slightly decreased across the country.

Nepal: A Market Development Approach to Climate-Informed Disaster Risk Reduction

Nepal - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 43 min ago
Source: Mercy Corps Country: Nepal, Timor-Leste

Mercy Corps is demonstrating a new approach to sustainable Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) by economically incentivizing climate-informed DRR measures in Nepal and Timor Leste. This case study highlights lessons learned from the program and offers insights for the consideration of other global climate-informed DRR programs.

Problem

Most traditional DRR programs in low-income communities are effective at saving lives, but are far less effective at mitigating the economic losses suffered by poor communities. Apart from protecting lives and property, they are rarely tied to strategies that build economic security and increase incomes. Additionally, community-level DRR depends on the diligent efforts of local volunteers, whose enthusiasm diminishes with the high opportunity cost of time.

Despite their differences in climate and geography, both nations are food insecure and disaster prone. Nepal’s annual monsoon season brings flooding and landslides—with evidence that climate change is adding to the severity and frequency of these events. Through the pressures of land and resource scarcity, Nepal’s poor populations find themselves living in inherently vulnerable locations. In Timor Leste, higher temperatures and greater intensity of extreme rainfall and droughts have increased the frequency and severity of disasters. Local topography and climate make it particularly susceptible to slow onset disasters related to soil erosion, deforestation, and declining soil fertility. Timor Leste today is one of the most food insecure countries in the world with more than 80% of its population relying on agriculture for both food and income. Nepal and Timor Leste both demonstrate the shortcomings of traditional DRR approaches.

Despite the scale of the problem, many communities in Nepal and Timor Leste remain unprepared, with many DRR activities to date focusing on early response alone. In both nations, past DRR projects have benefited disaster prone communities and subdistricts. However, the sustainability of these efforts is often limited by a lack of economic incentives, links to government support and capacity across scales, and proper analysis of the root causes of vulnerability.

Pakistan: FAO helps Pakistan cope with natural disasters such as floods, quakes, droughts

Pakistan - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 51 min ago
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Pakistan

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), together with representatives from the national, provincial, and regional level Disaster Management Authorities and other relevant institutions, and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) finalized the Institutional Assessment on the integration of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) into the Agriculture Sector of Pakistan.

“This assessment is a key tool to further develop the capacity of the agriculture sector institutions to mainstream the disaster risk management, with a special focus on disaster risk reduction, in their planning and action” noted Francisco Gamarro, Deputy Representative of FAO in Pakistan speaking to the participants of the workshop, held at the FAO office in Islamabad.

Each year, Pakistan is struck by a multitude of natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, droughts, landslides or avalanches, among others. Agriculture is one of the sectors most affected by these phenomena. With a 21 percent share of the national GDP and a 45 percent share of Pakistan’s total workforce, it is crucial that the sector is able to prevent and mitigate the impact of disasters.

The study has been carried out together with the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in order to identify the areas and measures which need to be strengthened. Comprehensive interviews with all key stakeholders, including vulnerable communities, provincial, regional and district level disaster management authorities, CSOs, and all government departments responsible for the agriculture sector where carried out. It also identified the strengths and weaknesses, as well as needs of disaster risk management systems of all relevant institutions.

The process was validated through a series of workshops with key stakeholders across the country. Today’s workshop was the seventh and final discussion designed to finalize the findings and recommendations of the assessment, and obtain endorsement of all key stakeholders. “This study will open new avenues to address the gaps and integrate DRR in the agriculture sector,” said Mohammad Ashraf, Member NDMA, at the conclusion of the workshop.

The assessment will be published by FAO and, in collaboration with NDMA, distributed to all the stakeholders. The NDMA will work with them to pursue the implementation of the recommendations of the study.

Chad: Rapport Annuel Décembre 2014 - Décembre 2015

Chad - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 6 min ago
Source: Oxfam Country: Chad

Avant propos par le Directeur Pays

Depuis mon arrivée en octobre 2014 pour la première fois dans la famille Oxfam, et la première fois au Tchad, je continue à être inspiré par la manière dont cette organisation aide les personnes vivant dans la vulnérabilité à se prendre en charge et subvenir à leurs besoins.
Lors de la visite dans le Bahr El Gazal en février 2015 j’ai rencontré des groupements des femmes productrices d’Oignons dans la zone de Chadra, braves femmes qui, avec l’appui d’Oxfam ont réussi á booster leur production.

J’ai été aussi particulièrement marqué par l’émergence du leadership féminin rural très solide construit sous les auspices du collège des femmes membres du CNCPRT de Doba, un des partenaires d’Oxfam au Tchad.

Le dynamisme de ces femmes conscientes des injustices et des inégalités qu’elles subissent, disposent désormais de connaissances et des compé-tences pour provoquer des changements en ayant une bonne connaissance des voies de recours possibles. Ces femmes sont désormais outillées pour user des compétences acquises afin de briser les résistances à leur émancipation. Elles ont dé-veloppé une assurance à aborder le dialogue avec les décideurs, une certaine confiance en soi dans les débats, et même une fierté à apporter de la valeur-ajoutée dans les processus décisionnels.
Notre programme dans le cadre duquel ces femmes sont formées, combine des facteurs politiques et économiques pour garantir une durabilité des résultats obtenus avec la présence de plus en plus croissante du leadership féminin rural dans les processus décisionnels.

J´ai le même sentiment d´encouragement lorsque je converse avec les vendeuses de poissons de N’Djamena, encadrées et formées par Oxfam, ou le groupement de productrices du village de Gormolo à Mangalme, qui ne parcourent plus des dizaines de km pour moudre leurs graines. Ou lorsque Idriss assistant vétérinaire du village de Dirbeye qui a créé son troupeau et son verger qui lui rapportent en moyenne prés de 6 millions CFA par an, bien loin au dessus du seuil de pauvreté.

Pour plus d´efforts en faveur des pauvres au Tchad Le Tchad, connait ces dernières années une croissance économique soutenue; cependant comme les autres pays pétroliers africains, le Tchad reste un pays de contrastes avec des défis humanitaires majeurs.

D’importantes ressources pétrolières sont engrangées, mais le pays connait une pauvreté élevée.
Son Indice sur le Développement Humain est parmi les plus bas du monde.

Sur le chemin du changement Présent au Tchad depuis plus de 45 ans, Oxfam continue à s'adopter aux contextes constamment changeants afin de rester efficace, efficient et pertinent .C’est ainsi, que dans le cadre de ses efforts pour être une organisation véritablement mondiale d’ici 2020, Oxfam a fait des progrès importants vers une structure unifiée au Tchad.

Les deux affiliés actifs au Tchad (Oxfam Intermon et Oxfam GB) continuent de mettre en œuvre des programmes conformément à la vision stratégique.
Les changements et résultats tangibles signifient aussi que nous allons travailler pour promouvoir le partenariat avec les organisations tchadiennes tant au niveau stratégique qu’opérationnel.

En dépit de ces processus de changement, les défis externes et internes restent majeurs, notamment l’accès aux ressources financières.
Toutefois, nous continuons à produire des succès importants tel que expliqué dans le présent rapport.
Je tiens à remercier tous les employés, les partenaires, les bailleurs et les autorités pour leur soutien sans faille à Oxfam.

À travers les différentes sections de ce rapport, je vous invite à découvrir le travail d'Oxfam au Tchad, réalisé sous nos quatre programmes à savoir le Moyen d’Existence et la Sécurité Alimentaire, l’Action Humanitaire, la Bonne Gouvernance Economique et le Programme droits de femme Je vous en souhaite une bonne lecture

Mamadou Cire DIALLO
Directeur Pays Oxfam au Tchad

Chad: Tchad : le chef de l'opposition réclame la libération immédiate de manifestants arrêtés

Chad - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 31 min ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Chad

N'Djamena, Tchad | AFP | lundi 08/02/2016 - 08:29 GMT

Le chef de file de l'opposition tchadienne, Saleh Kebzabo, a dénoncé l'arrestation d'une vingtaine de manifestants samedi par la police à N'Djamena, réclamant leur "libération immédiate", dans un communiqué reçu lundi par l'AFP.

La marche pacifique, organisée par des associations en faveur de la jeunesse, "avait été préalablement annoncée, le parcours connu et les responsables identifiés. C'est donc une activité légale, qui n'a du reste connu aucun dérapage ni porté atteinte à l'ordre public", affirme M. Kebzabo, affirmant que des manifestants "auraient été brutalisés" par la police.

Le responsable d'un petit parti d'opposition, Mahamat Barh (RPR), fait également partie des 23 personnes arrêtées, dont la majorité font partie du Collectif des Associations et Mouvements de jeunes du Tchad (CAMOJET), selon le leader de l'opposition.

Le communiqué "condamne fermement ces pratiques anti-démocratiques dignes d'une république bananière et exige du gouvernement la libération immédiate de ces détenus politiques", ainsi que la "cessation de toute poursuite judiciaire à leur encontre".

"A la veille de l'élection présidentielle du 10 avril 2016, le pouvoir-MPS montre une fois encore son vrai visage despotique, qu'incarne le président Idriss Déby Itno", affirme Saleh Kebzabo.

La marche, organisée pour protester contre "la répression de toutes formes de violences dont (la jeunesse) est victime depuis 25 ans", intervenait après la dispersion violente par la police anti-émeute d'un sit-in organisé jeudi dans la capitale tchadienne par une centaine de jeunes diplômés devant le ministère de l'Education nationale.

Ils étaient venus exiger leur intégration dans la Fonction publique, alors que la loi de finances pour 2016 suspend toute intégration pour les trois ans à venir.

Selon le porte-parole de la police nationale, Paul Manga, les manifestants ont été arrêtés pour "trouble à l'ordre publique, la marche n'ayant pas été autorisée" et doivent être déférés devant la justice.

Le Tchad, dirigé depuis 25 ans par le président Idriss Deby Itno, est classé parmi les 10 pays les plus pauvres du monde malgré sa rente pétrolière, selon l'indice de développement humain (IDH) des Nations unies.

Après la découverte de gisements de pétrole en 2003, les revenus pétroliers lui ont permis de moderniser son armée, de se doter d'un meilleur réseau routier et de construire de nombreux bâtiments publics. Mais l'amélioration des conditions de vie de la population n'a pas suivi.

Les fonctionnaires, notamment les enseignants, font grève régulièrement pour percevoir leurs arriérés de salaire.

cl/sba

© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Nepal: A Report on In-season Paddy Yield Forecasting (Summer 2015) using CRAFT, December 2015

Nepal - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 54 min ago
Source: Government of Nepal, Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, World Food Programme Country: Nepal

This is a joint product of the Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD), World Food Programme (WFP), and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

The CCAFS Regional Agriculture Forecasting Toolbox (CRAFT) is being piloted as part of the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) and is a new initiative to incorporate crop yield forecasting in Nepal with technical support from CCAFS South Asia. CRAFT was used to estimate paddy production in Nepal over the 2015 season.

This report relies on information provided through different agencies, including the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Columbia University, Nepal Agriculture Research Council (NARC), Department of Agriculture, MoAD and WFP.

World: Europe refugees & migrants emergency response: Nationality of arrivals to Greece, Italy and Spain, January - December 2015

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 58 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Italy, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

World: Europe refugees & migrants emergency response: Nationality of arrivals to Greece, Italy and Spain, January - December 2015

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World: Europe refugees & migrants emergency response: Nationality of arrivals to Greece, Italy and Spain, January - December 2015

Pakistan - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 58 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Italy, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World
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