ReliefWeb Latest Reports for Country Office

Chad: Tchad: Présence physique des partenaires (01 juillet 2016 ) 3W - Qui a un bureau où?

Chad - ReliefWeb News - 3 hours 37 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Chad

Eritrea: GIEWS Country Brief: Eritrea 22-July-2016

Eritrea - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 13 min ago
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Eritrea

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Good prospects for yields of 2016 main “kiremti” season crops due to timely start of rainy season and favourable rainfall forecasts

Good prospects for yields of 2016 main “kiremti” season crops

The 2016 “kiremt” rains (June to September) started on time in Debud, Anseba and Gash-Barka regions, favouring land preparation and planting operations. As shown by satellite imagery, crops and pasture in most inland areas are currently in good conditions due to abundant and well‑distributed precipitation. By contrast, vegetation health in some areas in northern Anseba and southern Gash-Barka regions has been negatively impacted by soil moisture deficits In most coastal pastoral areas, pasture conditions have gradually deteriorated due to seasonal dry weather since mid‑May.

Latest meteorological forecasts for the period from June to September 2016 indicate an increased likelihood of above normal rainfall amounts over most of the country, with expected positive effects on crop yields.

Sri Lanka: Living with uncertainty: Needs of the families of missing persons in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka - ReliefWeb News - 4 hours 56 min ago
Source: International Committee of the Red Cross Country: Sri Lanka

What happened to my relative? Answering this question is the top priority for familes of missing persons, according to a new ICRC report on the families of people who went missing during decades of armed conflict in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka missing persons report

The years that have passed since Sri Lanka's armed conflict ended in 2009 have brought little solace to the families of over 16,000 people whom ICRC records still show as "missing".

According to the ICRC report Living with uncertainty: Needs of the families of missing persons in Sri Lanka, knowing what has happened to a missing relative is the most important of the many needs these families have. Until they know the fate of their relative, a family faces a range of emotional, economic, legal and administrative difficulties.

Between October 2014 and November 2015, the ICRC conducted an assessment in all regions of Sri Lanka, meeting 395 families of missing persons, including those of missing security forces and police personnel, along with the authorities and organizations who are helping the families.

The aim of the assessment was to understand the needs of families of people who went missing during Sri Lanka's armed conflict, and to see how best to support them. However, we hope that the report's findings and recommendations will help missing persons' families everywhere as they continue to suffer in silence.

occupied Palestinian territory: UNRWA launches 2016 Summer Fun Weeks in Gaza

oPt - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 1 min ago
Source: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Providing safe and fun spaces for refugee children and job opportunities for youth

Under the slogan, ‘Let the Fun Begin, a Light of Hope amid Despair’, UNRWA celebrated the opening ceremony of its Summer Fun Weeks (SFWs) for 2016. The ceremony on Saturday, 23 July, at Al-Zaitoun Preparatory Girls’ School (B), was attended by the Director of UNRWA Operations in Gaza, Bo Schack; a number of UNRWA senior staff; representatives from local community organizations; UN sister agencies; and non-governmental organizations working in Gaza.

For three weeks, from 23 July to 11 August, more than 165,000 registered refugee children will participate in the SFWs, which will take place over three cycles covering 120 locations across the Gaza Strip. The events cover 108 schools, 9 special needs locations and 3 local staff union locations.

From football to handicrafts to free drawing activities, children will have the chance to play, learn and express themselves in an effort to promote the social values of leadership, respect and cooperation.

The SFWs do not only provide Palestine refugee children with a chance to alleviate life stress and pressures, but they also offer a number of Gaza youth temporary work opportunities. The 2016 SFWs project offers about 2,200 short-term job opportunities with UNRWA to registered refugees through its Job Creation Programme.

The SFWs are one of the Agency’s responses and interventions to help alleviate the psychological effects of frequent conflict and the hard living conditions resulting from the blockade, which is now in its tenth year.
It is also a chance to contribute positively to physical and mental health, supplementing the Agency’s Community Mental Health Programme interventions, allowing for a free and equal playing environment for boys and girls, and helping them develop positive coping mechanisms to stress.

“The effects of the last conflict still affect so many children in Gaza. This means that we have to work even harder to change the lives of these children for the better in Gaza – to change the nightmares many still suffer from into hopes and dreams of a brighter future,” commented the Director of UNRWA Operations in Gaza, Bo Schack, in his remarks at the event.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

UNRWA is confronted with an increased demand for services resulting from a growth in the number of registered Palestine refugees, the extent of their vulnerability and their deepening poverty. UNRWA is funded almost entirely by voluntary contributions and financial support has been outpaced by the growth in needs. As a result, the UNRWA Programme Budget, which supports the delivery of core essential services, operates with a large shortfall, projected for 2016 to stand at US$ 74 million. UNRWA emergency programmes and key projects, also operating with large shortfalls, are funded through separate funding portals.

UNRWA is a United Nations agency established by the General Assembly in 1949 and mandated to provide assistance and protection to some 5 million registered Palestine refugees. Its mission is to help Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank and the Gaza Strip achieve their full human development potential, pending a just and lasting solution to their plight. UNRWA services encompass education, health care, relief and social services, camp infrastructure and improvement, protection and microfinance .

For more information, please contact:

Christopher Gunness Spokesperson, Director of Advocacy & Strategic Communications Mobile: +972 (0)54 240 2659 Office: +972 (0)2 589 0267 c.gunness@unrwa.org

Sami Mshasha Chief of Communications, Arabic Language Spokesperson Mobile: +972 (0)54 216 8295 Office: +972 (0)2 589 0724 s.mshasha@unrwa.org

Najwa Sheikh Ahmad Acting Public Information Officer - Gaza Field Office Mobile: +972 597 920 542 Office: +972 8 2887 488 n.sheikh-ahmad@unrwa.org

Iraq: The number of displaced families from Shirqat has reached 4,224 and the Red Crescent teams mobilize their efforts to relieve the families

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 14 min ago
Source: Iraqi Red Crescent Society Country: Iraq

The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has announced the displacement of (4224) families from Hajaj to Shirqat area in Salahluddin. Since the start of Shirqat liberalization operations till now, the number of displaced people has reached approximately 21,000 dispersed that distributed at public places, some of the buildings and structures, meanwhile some of them have refuge with their relatives inside the city of Tikret, but others have moved to Baghdad and Kirkuk.

The Iraqi Red Crescent teams have also distributed food and relief in two phases, the first is in Hajaj camp while the second is inside the city of Tikret.

The Red Crescent teams have distributed food to 10,000 displaced people, as well as provided drinking water to more than 19 thousand displaced people, as the Red Crescent has also distributed baby milk for more than 500 children, and distributed bread for more than 17,000 displaced people, adding to that, the IRCS has strengthened its assistance and have send relief aid convoy that had 50 tons of food materials.

The Red Crescents’ volunteers provided first aid services and treatment for patients in the field, adding to provide psychosocial support and awareness of Communicable Diseases for more than 28,000 displaced people.

Iraq: Iraq - Ninewa Governorate - Sheikhan, WASH Facilities - May 2016

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 16 min ago
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, REACH Initiative Country: Iraq

Somalia: QRCS Serves More than 175,000 Beneficiaries in Somalia [EN/AR]

Somalia - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 27 min ago
Source: Qatar Red Crescent Society Country: Somalia

July 25th, 2016 ― Doha: In one year of the agreement between Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) and its Somali counterpart, numerous relief and development projects were implemented for the benefit of victims of drought, amid deteriorated economic, security, and living conditions.

In total, these projects helped more than 175,000 direct beneficiaries, let alone hundreds of thousands of indirect beneficiaries from local communities.

In the medical arena, QRCS rehabilitated the medical nutrition therapy center at the Badbaado refugee camp and provided it with medications, equipment, and staff. During 2015, the center received 632 malnourished children, treated 715 children with severe respiratory inflammation and malaria, vaccinated 104 children against communicable diseases, distributed supplementary food rations to 632 mothers, and held 10 informative courses for 641 women on how to deal with malnutrition.

QRCS also rehabilitated and operated the MultiDrugResistant Tuberculosis (MDRTB)
Center at Forlanini Hospital, Mogadishu, serving 74 patients so far, with a target of 1,640 patients.
At Afgooye Hospital, the destroyed building was rebuilt, enlarged, and equipped, and 60 medical and administrative personnel were hired to provide 24/7 health care for Lower Shebelle and Banaadir regions.

Receiving 120 patients and 15 emergency cases a day on average, the hospital treated more than 32,800 patients and 4,498 emergency cases over a year. Also, 2,071 children were vaccinated, 220 surgeries were performed, and 16,866 laboratory examinations were conducted.

The hospital contracted three surgeons from abroad and set up a surgical camp to treat serious cases for free. They examined 220 patients and performed 78 general and orthopedic surgeries.

QRCS opened the Awdheegle Health Center after construction, furnishing, equipment, and staffing. During 2015, it received 8,353 cases, offered maternal & child health services to 700 beneficiaries, held medical training courses for staff, and vaccinated children in Awdheegle and neighboring towns.

To reduce morbidity and mortality rates in Mareerey and nearby towns, QRCS established and furnished a health center, which received over one year 18,829 patients, vaccinated 598 kids, performed 270 natural deliveries, and hospitalized 125 stays.

The Balad Health Center was rehabilitated for the benefit of 66 patients a day, or 22,820 a year. Maternal & child health services were provided for 12,726 cases, 7,254 laboratory examinations were conducted, 526 short stays were accommodated, and a town garbage collection system was set up.

QRCS manages two integrated care facilities in Yagoori and Kismaayo districts, including maintenance, water & power supply, installation of solar panels, and procurement of an ambulance. Together, the centers received 9,492 cases, offered obstetric services to 4,579 women, and treated 2,676 malnourished children.

END

About Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS)
Established in 1978, Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) is a humanitarian charitable organization that aims to assist and empower vulnerable individuals and communities without partiality or discrimination.

QRCS is a member of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, which consists of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in Geneva, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and 190 National Societies. QRCS is also a member of several Gulf, Arab, and Islamic assemblies, such as: the Islamic Committee of International Crescent and the SecretariatGeneral of the Arab Organization of Red Crescent and Red Cross. In this legally recognized capacity, QRCS has access to disaster and conflict zones, thus serving as an auxiliary to the State of Qatar in its humanitarian efforts, a role that distinguishes it from other local charitable or philanthropic organizations.

QRCS operates both locally and internationally and has ongoing international relief and development projects in a number of countries throughout the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Europe. QRCS's humanitarian actions include providing support in disaster preparedness, disaster response, risk reduction, and disaster recovery. To mitigate the impact of disasters and improve the livelihoods of affected populations, QRCS provides medical services, healthcare and social development to local communities. It is also active at the humanitarian advocacy front. With the help of a vast network of trained, committed staff and volunteers, QRCS aspires to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. As a reflection of its longstanding accomplishments and credibility, QRCS's Chairman, Dr. Mohammed AlMaadheed, is former VicePresident of the IFRC.

Qatar Red Crescent works under the umbrella of the seven international humanitarian principles:
Humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity, and universality.
For more information about Qatar Red Crescent, please contact Mr. Fareed Adnan, Head of Media Affairs, Communication Department, Tel.: +974 5583 7338, email: fareed@qrcs.org.qa.
Or you can visit our website: www.qrcs.org.qa, or like and follow our social media pages:
Facebook: www.facebook.com/QatarRedCrescent Twitter/ Instgram: @QRCS LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/qatarredcrescent

China: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (19 - 25 July 2016)

Philippines - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 45 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: China, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Timor-Leste

CHINA

Since 18 July, continuous heavy rainfall affected several areas of northern, central and eastern China triggering floods and landslides. As of 21 July, around 10.5 million people were affected in eight provinces (including Shanxi, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shandong, Henan, and Inner Mongolia). An estimated 337,000 people were temporarily relocated due to floods.

As of 24 July, the national state media reported that Hebei was the worst affected and recorded the highest number of casualties, with over 100 people dead and over 100 people missing. The National Committee for Disaster Reduction and the Ministry of Civil Affairs activated a level IV national disaster response to support local authorities. To date, no international assistance has been requested.

10.5 million people affected

INDIA

As of 23 July, nearly 291,000 people have been affected by flooding across nine districts of Assam State. Bongigain, Golaghat, Jorhat and Dhemaji districts are the worst affected. A total of 27 relief camps and seven distribution centres were opened in Bongaigaon, Golaghat, Jorhat and Sivsagar hosting some 12,400 people. The army was also deployed to conduct rescue operations in the affected areas. It is anticipated that tarpaulins for temporary shelter, emergency food aid for temporary shelters and relief camps and candles will be needed. No international support has been requested.

291,000 people affected

INDONESIA

During the past week, torrential rains continued to affect several parts of Indonesia. On 19 July, at least 100 houses were inundated in Sorong city, West Papua province as flash floods swept through the area. Around 200 houses were also flooded in southern Jakarta on 22 and 23 July.
There were no reported casualties. Local authorities provided assistance to the affected communities.

According to the natural weather bureau (BMKG), a low intensity La Niña event is expected from July until January 2017. Above average rainfall is forecasted for most parts of the country which could cause more flooding.

PHILIPPINES

As of 18 July, about 570 families (2,800 people) remain in five evacuation centres, due to a long-standing land conflict between families associated with various armed groups in Matalam municipality,
Cotabato province. At least 100 families have resided in the evacuation centres since December 2015. A local NGO reported concerns on access to water, food, sanitation, health care and protection in the centres.

TIMOR-LESTE

According to FAO, the average annual cereal production dropped to 70,080 tonnes in 2016 with a projected deficit of 188,000 tonnes this year to meet annual cereal needs. Over 400,000 people are affected by El Niño-induced drought across Covalima, Lautem, Viqueque, Baucau and Administrative Region of Oecusse, with 120,000 people severely at risk. The Humanitarian Country Team has submitted a CERF Concept Note to request for additional funding to meet the immediate food and nutritional needs of over 40,000 people in areas suffering from extreme food shortages.

China: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (19 - 25 July 2016)

Indonesia - ReliefWeb News - 5 hours 45 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: China, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Timor-Leste

CHINA

Since 18 July, continuous heavy rainfall affected several areas of northern, central and eastern China triggering floods and landslides. As of 21 July, around 10.5 million people were affected in eight provinces (including Shanxi, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shandong, Henan, and Inner Mongolia). An estimated 337,000 people were temporarily relocated due to floods.

As of 24 July, the national state media reported that Hebei was the worst affected and recorded the highest number of casualties, with over 100 people dead and over 100 people missing. The National Committee for Disaster Reduction and the Ministry of Civil Affairs activated a level IV national disaster response to support local authorities. To date, no international assistance has been requested.

10.5 million people affected

INDIA

As of 23 July, nearly 291,000 people have been affected by flooding across nine districts of Assam State. Bongigain, Golaghat, Jorhat and Dhemaji districts are the worst affected. A total of 27 relief camps and seven distribution centres were opened in Bongaigaon, Golaghat, Jorhat and Sivsagar hosting some 12,400 people. The army was also deployed to conduct rescue operations in the affected areas. It is anticipated that tarpaulins for temporary shelter, emergency food aid for temporary shelters and relief camps and candles will be needed. No international support has been requested.

291,000 people affected

INDONESIA

During the past week, torrential rains continued to affect several parts of Indonesia. On 19 July, at least 100 houses were inundated in Sorong city, West Papua province as flash floods swept through the area. Around 200 houses were also flooded in southern Jakarta on 22 and 23 July.
There were no reported casualties. Local authorities provided assistance to the affected communities.

According to the natural weather bureau (BMKG), a low intensity La Niña event is expected from July until January 2017. Above average rainfall is forecasted for most parts of the country which could cause more flooding.

PHILIPPINES

As of 18 July, about 570 families (2,800 people) remain in five evacuation centres, due to a long-standing land conflict between families associated with various armed groups in Matalam municipality,
Cotabato province. At least 100 families have resided in the evacuation centres since December 2015. A local NGO reported concerns on access to water, food, sanitation, health care and protection in the centres.

TIMOR-LESTE

According to FAO, the average annual cereal production dropped to 70,080 tonnes in 2016 with a projected deficit of 188,000 tonnes this year to meet annual cereal needs. Over 400,000 people are affected by El Niño-induced drought across Covalima, Lautem, Viqueque, Baucau and Administrative Region of Oecusse, with 120,000 people severely at risk. The Humanitarian Country Team has submitted a CERF Concept Note to request for additional funding to meet the immediate food and nutritional needs of over 40,000 people in areas suffering from extreme food shortages.

Iraq: Suicide bomber kills 12 at checkpoint north of Baghdad

Iraq - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 15 min ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Iraq

Baquba, Iraq | AFP | Monday 7/25/2016 - 10:09 GMT |

A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-rigged vehicle near a crowded checkpoint north of Baghdad on Monday, killing 12 people, security and medical officials said.

The blast at the entrance to the town of Khales also wounded 37, according to Diyala province police spokesman Colonel Ghalib al-Attiyah and health department spokesman Faris al-Azzawi.

Attiyah said the checkpoint was crowded with cars, and that a number of them were burned in the blast.

There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack, but the Islamic State jihadist group carries out frequent suicide bombings in Iraq.

The blast came a day after a suicide bombing claimed by IS killed at least 15 people in Baghdad's Kadhimiyah neighbourhood.

IS overran large areas north and west of Baghdad in 2014, but Iraqi forces have since regained significant ground and are conducting operations to set the stage for the battle to recapture Mosul, the last IS-held city in the country.

The jihadists have responded to the battlefield setbacks by striking civilians, and experts have warned there may be more such attacks as the jihadists continue to lose ground.

str-sf/wd/pg

© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Central African Republic: La MINUSCA salue la libération des otages de Baboua

CAR - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 17 min ago
Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic Country: Central African Republic

La Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en République centrafricaine (MINUSCA) se réjouit de la libération samedi, du maire, du sous-préfet et du prêtre de Baboua (ouest de la Centrafrique) par le Front Démocratique pour le Peuple Centrafricain (FDPC). Les otages étaient en détention depuis le 16 juillet 2015 et ont été remis aux autorités préfectorales de la Nana Mambéré.

La MINUSCA réitère son appel à tous les groupes armés à renoncer à la violence d’une manière inconditionnelle et à s’insérer dans le processus de dialogue sur le DDR, initié par le Gouvernement centrafricain pour le renforcement de la sécurité et l’établissement d’une paix durable en RCA.

Djibouti: WFP Djibouti Country Brief, June 2016

Yemen - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 48 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Djibouti, Yemen

Highlights

  • WFP requires additional resources before the end of July to provide school meals to 18,000 school children attending schools in the rural and suburban areas near of Djibouti-city. The new school year begins in September. Without additional funding at the start of the school year, in September, school attendance will most likely be affected.

Operational Updates

  • According to UNHCR, as of 15 June, a total of 35,562 people of mixed nationalities from Yemen had arrived in Djibouti since the crisis in March 2015. Of those, 19,636 persons (56 percent) are Yemeni nationals; 13,962 (38 percent) are transiting migrants and 1,964 persons (6 percent) are Djiboutian returnees.

  • WFP continues to provide monthly rations to refugees settled in the camps, the urban poor and vulnerable drought-affected populations. In addition to the rations, WFP continues to support nutrition interventions aimed at treating moderate acute malnutrition and preventing moderate acute malnutrition and chronic malnutrition for children under five years, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers. Nutrition support has also been extended for people living with HIV/AIDS and TB clients, as well as support to their families.

  • According to FEWSNET, the Diraac/Sugum (March to May) rains, which were above average in most parts of the country, partially restored pastures and water reserves. However, water shortages due to El Nino related dryness continue to be experienced in northwest pastoral, southeast pastoral border zone, and areas of Obock, Ali Sabieh and Dikhil regions.
    Most households in these regions are in stressed (IPC Phase 2) or crisis (IPC Phase 3). The forecasted Karan/Karma (July to September) rains are expected to be average to slightly above average in terms of cumulative rainfall, which will further help improve food security outcomes.

Somalia: WFP Somalia Country Brief, June 2016

Somalia - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 53 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Kenya, Somalia

Highlights

  • Due to resource shortfalls, WFP is prioritizing relief and curative nutrition programming for IDPs and recovery for drought affected communities. However, this means that WFP may be forced to significantly reduce seasonal safety programmes in the forthcoming lean season, risking an increase in the number of people classified in Stressed and Crisis status (IPC Phase 2&3) by the end of the year.

  • WFP requires USD 86 million in order to continue providing life-saving humanitarian and livelihood support assistance for the next six months.

Operational Updates

  • Gu 2016 and the prospect of La Nina: The Gu rainy season was below normal in large parts of Somalia. As a result, the Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Assessment Unit (FSNAU) projects that the Gu cereal harvest in southern Somalia - which is the country’s bread basket, is likely to be between 30-50 percent below the ten year average (1995-2015). In addition, there is a 75 percent probability of a La Niña event developing within the next few months (FSNAU). The La Niña would bring drier than average conditions in central and southern Somalia which could lead to a drought within the next twelve months. In the north, the Gu rains have alleviated drought conditions in many parts of Somaliland and Puntland. However, affected communities remain vulnerable and require livelihood assistance to enable recovery and to avert a deterioration of the situation.

  • The announced closure of Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya and the anticipated influx of returnees in the next six months is also likely to increase the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance especially in the areas of southern Somalia affected by floods, poor Gu rains, drought, and trade disruptions due to insecurity. Currently, 953,000 people throughout Somalia are facing acute food insecurity (IPC Crisis and Emergency) requiring immediate assistance. In order to meet the new needs, WFP will require additional funding.

  • Throughout 2016, WFP has prioritized the provision of emergency relief assistance to drought-affected populations and internally displaced people (IDPs) as well as targeted supplementary feeding programmes (TSFP) for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition for children under five and pregnant and nursing women. This means that WFP has greatly reduced programming for seasonal safety net programmes including prevention of malnutrition through seasonal blanket supplementary feeding, school meals and livelihood activities and is not able to meet the needs of the populations in crisis.

  • Due to funding constraints and prioritization of relief over resilience and recovery activities, WFP is concerned that without these safety net programmes, many households will slip into severe food insecurity. The poor 2016 Gu rainfall and extremely dry conditions expected in central and southern Somalia due to the anticipated La Niña means that WFP’s ability to respond to shocks and sudden onset emergencies will be significantly limited.

Somalia: WFP Somalia Country Brief, June 2016

Kenya - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 53 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Kenya, Somalia

Highlights

  • Due to resource shortfalls, WFP is prioritizing relief and curative nutrition programming for IDPs and recovery for drought affected communities. However, this means that WFP may be forced to significantly reduce seasonal safety programmes in the forthcoming lean season, risking an increase in the number of people classified in Stressed and Crisis status (IPC Phase 2&3) by the end of the year.

  • WFP requires USD 86 million in order to continue providing life-saving humanitarian and livelihood support assistance for the next six months.

Operational Updates

  • Gu 2016 and the prospect of La Nina: The Gu rainy season was below normal in large parts of Somalia. As a result, the Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Assessment Unit (FSNAU) projects that the Gu cereal harvest in southern Somalia - which is the country’s bread basket, is likely to be between 30-50 percent below the ten year average (1995-2015). In addition, there is a 75 percent probability of a La Niña event developing within the next few months (FSNAU). The La Niña would bring drier than average conditions in central and southern Somalia which could lead to a drought within the next twelve months. In the north, the Gu rains have alleviated drought conditions in many parts of Somaliland and Puntland. However, affected communities remain vulnerable and require livelihood assistance to enable recovery and to avert a deterioration of the situation.

  • The announced closure of Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya and the anticipated influx of returnees in the next six months is also likely to increase the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance especially in the areas of southern Somalia affected by floods, poor Gu rains, drought, and trade disruptions due to insecurity. Currently, 953,000 people throughout Somalia are facing acute food insecurity (IPC Crisis and Emergency) requiring immediate assistance. In order to meet the new needs, WFP will require additional funding.

  • Throughout 2016, WFP has prioritized the provision of emergency relief assistance to drought-affected populations and internally displaced people (IDPs) as well as targeted supplementary feeding programmes (TSFP) for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition for children under five and pregnant and nursing women. This means that WFP has greatly reduced programming for seasonal safety net programmes including prevention of malnutrition through seasonal blanket supplementary feeding, school meals and livelihood activities and is not able to meet the needs of the populations in crisis.

  • Due to funding constraints and prioritization of relief over resilience and recovery activities, WFP is concerned that without these safety net programmes, many households will slip into severe food insecurity. The poor 2016 Gu rainfall and extremely dry conditions expected in central and southern Somalia due to the anticipated La Niña means that WFP’s ability to respond to shocks and sudden onset emergencies will be significantly limited.

Rwanda: WFP Rwanda Country Brief, June 2016

DRC - ReliefWeb News - 6 hours 59 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda

Highlights

  • WFP’s main priority is to provide food assistance to refugees, safety net assistance to the most vulnerable and build national capacity to design and manage home-grown hunger solutions.

  • Sufficient resources are needed to provide food assistance to the growing number of refugees in camps and to treat and prevent malnutrition among children, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers.

  • School feeding in camps and in food insecure districts ensures children are getting meals, maintaining attendance and reduces dropouts.

Operational Updates

  • In June, WFP provided food assistance to 153,098 people including refugees, school children, malnourished children, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers in camps and vulnerable households in food insecure areas.

  • WFP food assistance through cash based transfers to Congolese refugees continues in Gihembe,
    Nyabiheke, and Kigeme camps. In June, WFP transferred USD 367,830 to 45,778 refugees in the three camps (Nyabiheke, Gihembe and Kigeme).

  • The influx of Burundian refugees fleeing to Rwanda continued at a reduced rate. The total number of registered Burundian refugees stands at 79,343 as of 30 June 2016. Of these, 49,451 are hosted at Mahama camp and 982 at reception centres. In addition to the 74,000 Congolese refugees residing in 5 camps, WFP has integrated support to 7,500 Congolese asylum seekers into the existing refugee operation.

  • According to the 2015 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA), stunting levels have decreased significantly, from 43 percent in 2012 to 36.7 percent in 2015. The report further indicates that the western and northern provinces have the highest stunting levels at 46 percent and 39 percent respectively.

Afghanistan: Afghanistan Midyear Report 2016 Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict

Afghanistan - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 27 min ago
Source: UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan Country: Afghanistan
Afghanistan: Record level of civilian casualties sustained in first half of 2016 — UN report

KABUL, 25 July 2016 - A UN report on Afghanistan published Monday shows a record number of civilian casualties since counting began in 2009, with 5,166 civilians recorded killed or maimed in just the first six months of this year, of whom almost one-third were children. The total civilian casualty figure recorded by the UN between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2016 has risen to 63,934, including 22,941 deaths and 40,993 injured.

Between January and June this year, the Human Rights team of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) documented 1,601 civilian deaths and 3,565 injured civilians. This represents an increase of four percent in the total number of casualties compared to the first six months of 2015 – and is the highest half-year total since 2009.

This year’s casualties include 1,509 children (388 dead and 1,121 injured) – a figure the UN Human Rights Chief described as “alarming and shameful,” particularly as it represents the highest numbers of children killed or wounded in a six-month period since counting began in 2009.

There were also 507 women casualties (130 killed and 377 injured). The figures are conservative – almost certainly underestimates – given the strict methodology employed in their documentation and in determining the civilian status of those affected.

The Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan and head of UNAMA Tadamichi Yamamoto stressed that the report must serve as a call to action by parties to the conflict “to do all they can to spare civilians from the horrors of war.”

“Every single casualty documented in this report – people killed while praying, working, studying, fetching water, recovering in hospitals – every civilian casualty represents a failure of commitment and should be a call to action for parties to the conflict to take meaningful, concrete steps to reduce civilians’ suffering and increase protection,” Yamamoto said. “Platitudes not backed by meaningful action ring hollow over time. History and the collective memory of the Afghan people will judge leaders of all parties to this conflict by their actual conduct.”

“The testimony of victims and their families brings into agonizing focus the tragedy of each one of the 63,934 people killed or maimed by this protracted conflict since 2009,” said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein.

“The family that lost a breadwinner, forcing the children to leave school and struggle to make ends meet; the driver who lost his limbs, depriving him of his livelihood; the man who went to the bazaar to shop for his children only to return home to find them dead; the broken back and leg that has never been treated because the family cannot afford the cost of treatment; the parents who collected their son’s remains in a plastic bag… In just the past six months, there have been at least 5,166 such stories – of which one-third involve the killing or maiming of children, which is particularly alarming and shameful.”

“The violations laid bare in this report set in motion a cascade of potential human rights abuses that stretch from Afghanistan to the Mediterranean and beyond, as so many Afghans are driven to seek refuge abroad, taking enormous risks,” Zeid added. “Parties to the conflict must cease the deliberate targeting of civilians and the use of heavy weaponry in civilian-populated areas. There must be an end to the prevailing impunity enjoyed by those responsible for civilian casualties – no matter who they are.”

While anti-Government elements remain responsible for the majority – 60 percent – of civilian casualties, there was an increase in the number of civilians killed and injured by pro-Government forces between January and June this year. During this period, UNAMA documented 1,180 civilian casualties attributable to pro-Government forces, which is 23 percent of the total so far this year, but a 47 percent increase compared to the same period last year, primarily as a result of ground engagements.

Ground engagements continue to cause the highest number of civilian casualties, followed by complex and suicide attacks and improved explosive devices (IEDs). Explosive remnants of war disproportionately impacted children who comprised 85 per cent of the casualties caused by such devices. The report contains several accounts of children killed or maimed while playing with such objects. In one case on 13 April, documented in the report, “the children had tossed the mortar round onto a paved road after unsuccessfully trying to exchange it for ice cream.”

During the period covered by the report, 157,987 Afghans were newly displaced – a 10 percent increase over the same period last year. This brings the estimated total number of conflict-induced internally displaced Afghans to 1.2 million.

The report also documents other serious human rights violations and abuses, including the deliberate targeting of women in the public sphere, use of children in armed conflict, sexual violence against boys and girls, attacks on educational and health facilities, abductions and summary executions. Human rights defenders, journalists, lawyers and judges have also been targeted, in some cases being labeled by the Taliban as “military targets”. In one suicide attack against the media, on 20 January, seven Tolo TV staff members were among eight civilians killed and 30 injured.

The report also notes the results of an investigation into the bombing of a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital in October last year, stressing that there remains a need for “a fully independent, impartial, transparent and effective investigation” with a view to assessing possible criminal liability.

The report highlights the need for accountability and justice for all human rights violations and abuses, underlining that victims and family members must not be required to submit written complaints for the authorities to initiate investigations, particularly in view of the low literacy rates in the country.

Yamamoto and Zeid emphasized that the casualties only provide part of the picture of suffering, failing to capture the full extent of the harm and limitations imposed on the Afghan people by the armed conflict.

“The protracted conflict has meant that access to education and healthcare, to livelihood and shelter, to the freedom of movement and to a whole host of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights has been severely curtailed for millions of Afghans for far too long,” Yamamoto said.

See the full report.

Philippines: Philippines: Typhoons and Floods - Emergency Appeal Operation Update n°2 (MDRPH020)

Philippines - ReliefWeb News - 7 hours 52 min ago
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Philippines

The situation

On 14 December 2015, Typhoon Melor struck Northern Samar, moved westward across Luzon island, exiting through Occidental Mindoro and finally dissipated over the sea west of the Philippines on 19 December 2015. Melor caused 42 fatalities, destroyed more than 98,000 houses and damaged over 180,000 others. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 2,372 classrooms in 420 schools and 39 health facilities were damaged. In addition to damage to infrastructure, agricultural assets were also affected amounting to PHP 4.3 billion (CHF 89 million). Melor left a trail of devastation with the worst damages felt in the provinces of Northern Samar, Sorsogon and Oriental Mindoro.

Furthermore, as Melor moved northwest it enhanced the northeast monsoon, causing more rains over Luzon. Families in most of the areas affected by the heavy rains were also recovering from Typhoon Koppu, which made landfall in Aurora province in October 2015. Koppu brought extensive flooding over Northern and Central Luzon and in response, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a disaster relief emergency fund (DREF) operation to support 5,000 families over 4 months (October 2015 to February 2016). Click here for the final report of the DREF Typhoon Koppu operation.

Melor was followed by Tropical Depression (TD) Twenty Three, which made landfall over Davao Oriental, eastern Mindanao on 18 December. Typhoon Melor, TD Twenty Three and the northeast monsoon caused heavy rainfall throughout much of the Philippines. Together, almost 800,000 families were affected by the combined effects of the 3 weather systems.

Financial situation

On 22 December 2015, an emergency appeal was launched for CHF 3.7 million. This was subsequently revised on 4 March 2016 to CHF 2.07 million. As of June 2016, contributions to the revised appeal have amounted to CHF 1,693,514 (including allocation from the DREF), covering 81 per cent of the appeal. The operation has so far spent CHF 647,071 or 38 per cent of the contributions.

On behalf of the Philippine Red Cross (PRC), IFRC extends its gratitude to all the donors.

Red Cross and Red Crescent action

During the immediate search and rescue phase, PRC supported the pre-emptive evacuation efforts of local authorities and conducted rescue operations together with providing first aid and restoring family links. PRC brought more than 16 persons to safety, provided first aid to 19 people and assisted 24 people in restoring links with their families. PRC also supported pre-emptive evacuations conducted by local officials.

PRC set up 31 welfare desks where PRC also served ready-to-eat meals to some 11,620 persons in evacuation centres while its social workers provided psychosocial support (PSS) to 1,091 people and referral services to persons in evacuation centres.

During the emergency relief phase, PRC deployed five rapid assessment teams. The National Society overall response distributed food packs (comprising 5 kilograms of rice, 4 cans of sardines or meat loaf, and 4 packets of noodles) to 17,270 households. Furthermore, PRC provided households with a combination of non-food items (NFIs) including water storage containers (20-litre jerry cans), sleeping materials (blankets, sleeping mats and mosquito nets), hygiene kits and tarpaulins to up to 12,159 families. PRC also conducted basic hygiene promotion linked to relief distributions, reaching 1,290 people.

For early recovery, the National Society sent three detailed assessment teams to the hardest-hit areas – Northern Samar, Oriental Mindoro and Sorsogon. ICRC also supported detailed assessments in Northern Samar. The detailed assessments supported the revision of the appeal, which focuses on sectors for early recovery of shelter, livelihoods, and water and sanitation. To support PRC in monitoring distributions, assessments and planning for early recovery, the IFRC Philippine Country Office deployed a field delegate. The early recovery operations are now also well underway.

Sudan: Bill allows Saudi Arabia to cultivate Sudan lands

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 8 hours 12 min ago
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

The Sudanese parliament approved a bill that allows Saudi Arabia to reform and cultivate more than a million acres of land in eastern Sudan. The agreement has sparked criticism from the Nubian society in Sudan.

Sudan will lease the one million feddan* in the north-eastern area of the Upper Atbara and Setit dams to Saudi Arabia for a period of 99 years. (*One feddan is equivalent to 1.038 acres or 0.42 hectares). The decision follows the National Assembly's approval of the framework agreement with Saudi Arabia.

According to the bill approved on Monday, Saudi Arabia would invest $10 billion in the first 10-year phase to build the infrastructure before moving to the next phase that involves land reformation. For this the investors have the right to use the dams' water to irrigate the land.

The Nubian Association against Dams has criticised the parliament’s decision, describing the investment law as a colonial one.

On Monday, the head of the association told Radio Dabanga that they do not oppose the investment. “But we are against the investment that amounts up to the stage of colonialism and against the disregard of the local communities’ rights.”

The head of the association, speaking on the term of anonymity, further said that the Saudi-Sudanese framework agreement was “intended to finance the Dal, Kajbar, and El Shireig dams by farming a million acres in the Upper Atbara River and El Siteit.

“However, the protests and memoranda we launched against this deal forced them to stop investment in these areas.”

He explained that Saudi Arabia's agricultural investment focuses on the cultivation of forage area, “without doing real cultivation in the interest of the Sudanese communities”. He pointed to the risk of a shortage of water resources in the coming years following the increased cultivation.

Upper Atbara and Seteet dams are funded by financial institutions in the Gulf. The combined generation capacity of the two new dams will be 320 megawatts, and provide irrigation water sufficient to cultivate one million feddan.

Sudan: Children die of malnutrition in Lobe, South Darfur

Sudan - ReliefWeb News - 8 hours 15 min ago
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

Two children died of malnutrition on Thursday and many more are in danger among the displaced people taking refuge in the Lobe area, eight kilometres west of Deribat in East Jebel Marra.

About 2,500 people who fled from government attacks on Sorong, Rofta, and Boly in February, are reportedly suffering from difficult humanitarian conditions, with a lack of food and tents. Many of the children are malnourished.

Activists told Radio Dabanga that Hanan Babiker Eisa (8) and Ibrahim Hamid Jaafar (5) are the latest casualties.

The activists said that the displaced people in Lobe area are living in the open with no shelter from the rain. They have received no aid since their displacement in February.

They appealed to humanitarian organisations to speed up the provision of relief to these displaced people.

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