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Yemen: Yemen Access Constraints as of 26 May 2016

Yemen - Maps - 1 hour 32 min ago
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Yemen

World: Epidemiological Update Zika virus infection 26 May 2016

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 11:14pm
Source: World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization Country: Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Barbados, Belize, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana (France), Grenada, Guadeloupe (France), Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique (France), Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (France), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World

Zika virus (ZIKV) - Incidence and Trends

To date, 39 countries and territories have confirmed local, vector-borne transmission of Zika virus in the Region of the Americas since 2015 (**Figure 1**). Since the last Pan American Health Organization/ World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Zika Epidemiological Update on 19 May 2016, no additional countries or territories confirmed vector-borne autochthonous transmission of Zika virus.

A downward trend of cases of Zika virus disease in Central and South America continues to occur while in most Caribbean countries and territories the trend continues to rise.

As an example, the epidemic curve of arboviruses in Panama is highlighted below.

Panama

The first cases of autochthonous transmission of Zika virus disease in Panama were confirmed in epidemiological week (EW) 47 of 2015 on the island of Ustupu in the Alligandi district, region of Kuna Yala. From EW 47 of 2015 until EW 18 of 2016 Panama has registered 846 suspected cases of Zika virus disease of which 272 were laboratory confirmed. A majority of the cases are from the region of Kuna Yala. During the same period there were 14 laboratory confirmed chikungunya cases and 1,400 confirmed dengue cases reported. The case distribution is demonstrated in Figure 2.

Zika virus disease in pregnant women

The detection of Zika virus disease in pregnant women is being heightened in countries in the Region due to the risk of congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection. There are 21 countries and territories in the Americas reporting confirmed and suspected cases of Zika virus disease in pregnant women (**Table 1**); this number remains the same since the last PAHO/WHO Zika Epidemiological Update on 19 May 2016.

Highlighted below are the surveillance results of pregnant women with Zika virus disease in the Dominican Republic.

Dominican Republic

Between EW 1 and EW 17 of 2016, a total of 338 pregnant women suspected with Zika virus disease have been detected in the Dominican Republic. Of the suspected cases, 243 were infected during the first or second trimester of pregnancy and 95 during the third trimester. A total of 49% (34) reside in Santo Domingo, 14% (34) in Azua, and 11% (27) in the National District. See full report.

Congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection

No new countries or territories have reported cases of congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection (**Table 2**) since the last PAHO/WHO Zika Epidemiological Update on 19 May 2016.

Brazil

According to the Ministry of Health of Brazil, between 22 October 2015 and 21 May 2016, a total of 7,623 suspected cases of microcephaly and other congenital malformation of the central nervous system (CNS) have been reported as per Brazil’s Surveillance and Response Protocol[6]. Of these, the Brazil Ministry of Health confirmed 1,434 cases of microcephaly by clinical, radiological, and/or laboratory methods (208 have been confirmed by laboratory criteria). Out of the total reported cases, 2,932 cases were discarded as being due to non-infectious causes or not fitting the case definition, and 3,257 remain under investigation. The confirmed cases occurred in 517 municipalities, located in 26 out of 27 Federal Units of Brazil.

Between EW 3 and EW 20 of 2016, the greatest number of microcephaly cases were confirmed in EW 4 (134 cases). During the same period the range of cases investigated (confirmed and discarded) were between 80 (EW 12) and 381 (EW 4)(**Figure 3**).

This week when comparing the trend of reported cases of microcephaly and other congenital malformations in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, analyzed in conjunction with the reported cases of the three circulating arboviruses (chikungunya, dengue and Zika virus) the results stand out.

Since the beginning of 2015 until EW 20 of 2016, Pernambuco shows a bimodal curve of dengue cases with peaks occurring between EW 13 and 15 of 2015 and another peak in EW 7 of 2016. Around these same epidemiological weeks the peak of Zika virus cases was also registered. The first confirmed cases of microcephaly associated with the Zika virus appear 7 to 8 months after the first detection of Zika virus disease cases, reaching a peak in EW 46 of 2015 (**Figure 4**). Considering that the occurrence of cases of microcephaly may follow the same pattern observed in 2015, it may be expected that in 2016 the same increase of cases will be seen between 7 to 8 months after the increase noted in EW 7 of 2016.

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and other neurological disorders

To date, 7 countries in the Region have reported an increase in cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with at least one case laboratory confirmed for Zika virus. Paraguay continues to report an increase in GBS cases, none of which have laboratory results confirming Zika virus infection. Five other countries and territories have not recorded increases but identified Zika virus-associated cases of GBS (Table 3).

Highlighted below is information on the situation regarding neurological syndromes registered in Panama and the Dominican Republic.

Trend of Guillain-Barré syndrome in Panama

In Panama, since 2010 to date, there is an increasing trend in the rate of GBS cases ranging between 0.08 and 0.43 per 100,000 population (Figure 5). Thus far in 2016, a total of six neurological syndromes have been registered, 5 of which have a clinical picture compatible with GBS and one with cerebellitis. In 3 of the cases (2 GBS and 1 cerebillitis) prior infection with Zika virus has been confirmed by RT-PCR.

Trend of Guillain-Barré syndrome in the Dominican Republic

In the Dominican Republic, since the beginning of the intensified surveillance of Zika virus disease in EW 1 until EW 17 of 2016, there have been 100 cases of GBS detected, and are suspected of being associated with Zika virus infection. Of those, 42% reside in Santo Domingo, 25% in the National District, 10% in Barahona, and 7% in Azua. To date, there have been six fatal GBS cases suspected of Zika virus disease.

In Figure 6, a significant increase in cases of GBS starting in EW 14 of 2016 is shown; this may be related to the resolution issued by the Dominican Republic Ministry of Public Health on 14 April, establishing a mandatory notification of cases of GBS, microcephaly, and other congenital abnormalities related to the Zika virus epidemic.

World: World - Severe weather events - ECHO Daily Map | 26/05/2016

Sri Lanka - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 10:43pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, World

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
• Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country, especially the northern provinces, over the past few days, causing floods and landslides.
• As of 25 May, 1 550 people were displaced and over 520 houses were partially or fully damaged. Media also reported one dead in Santiago.
• Over the next 24 h moderate to locally heavy rain may still affect Dominican Republic, especially the areas already affected.

SRI LANKA, INDIA, BANGLADESH, MYANMAR/BURMA
• TC ROANU caused widespread damage and casualties in several countries.
• Bangladesh: 24 dead, 100 people injured, over 513 300 evacuated and 20 000 homes destroyed. Two ECHO staff are assessing the situation in Chittagong, Bhola and Barguna. Sub-districts of Sandip, Banshkhali and Anwara are seriously affected (initial information). Approx. 118 000 people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.
• Myanmar/Burma: several damaged homes, bridges and temporary IDP shelters.
• India: two dead, two injured, 2 500 people evacuated and a large number of homes were damaged.
• Sri Lanka: 102 dead, 32 people injured, 100 are still missing after a landslide as well as over 119 000 remain displaced and 4 600 homes were damaged.

NEPAL
• Heavy rain has been affecting western areas of Nepal over the past few days.
• As of 25 May, media reported two dead, seven injured and at least 50 houses damaged in Bajura district (Far-Western).
• Over the next 24 h locally heavy rain may affect central and eastern Nepal.

INDONESIA
• Heavy rain has been affecting western Indonesia over the past few days. As of 24 May, there were five dead, two people missing, eight injured and over 350 people evacuated in Subang Regency (West Java Province). Media also reported several houses damaged in Subang.
• Over the next 24 h heavy rain may still affect Java island.

World: World - Severe weather events - ECHO Daily Map | 26/05/2016

Nepal - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 10:43pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, World

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
• Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country, especially the northern provinces, over the past few days, causing floods and landslides.
• As of 25 May, 1 550 people were displaced and over 520 houses were partially or fully damaged. Media also reported one dead in Santiago.
• Over the next 24 h moderate to locally heavy rain may still affect Dominican Republic, especially the areas already affected.

SRI LANKA, INDIA, BANGLADESH, MYANMAR/BURMA
• TC ROANU caused widespread damage and casualties in several countries.
• Bangladesh: 24 dead, 100 people injured, over 513 300 evacuated and 20 000 homes destroyed. Two ECHO staff are assessing the situation in Chittagong, Bhola and Barguna. Sub-districts of Sandip, Banshkhali and Anwara are seriously affected (initial information). Approx. 118 000 people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.
• Myanmar/Burma: several damaged homes, bridges and temporary IDP shelters.
• India: two dead, two injured, 2 500 people evacuated and a large number of homes were damaged.
• Sri Lanka: 102 dead, 32 people injured, 100 are still missing after a landslide as well as over 119 000 remain displaced and 4 600 homes were damaged.

NEPAL
• Heavy rain has been affecting western areas of Nepal over the past few days.
• As of 25 May, media reported two dead, seven injured and at least 50 houses damaged in Bajura district (Far-Western).
• Over the next 24 h locally heavy rain may affect central and eastern Nepal.

INDONESIA
• Heavy rain has been affecting western Indonesia over the past few days. As of 24 May, there were five dead, two people missing, eight injured and over 350 people evacuated in Subang Regency (West Java Province). Media also reported several houses damaged in Subang.
• Over the next 24 h heavy rain may still affect Java island.

World: World - Severe weather events - ECHO Daily Map | 26/05/2016

Myanmar - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 10:43pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, World

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
• Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country, especially the northern provinces, over the past few days, causing floods and landslides.
• As of 25 May, 1 550 people were displaced and over 520 houses were partially or fully damaged. Media also reported one dead in Santiago.
• Over the next 24 h moderate to locally heavy rain may still affect Dominican Republic, especially the areas already affected.

SRI LANKA, INDIA, BANGLADESH, MYANMAR/BURMA
• TC ROANU caused widespread damage and casualties in several countries.
• Bangladesh: 24 dead, 100 people injured, over 513 300 evacuated and 20 000 homes destroyed. Two ECHO staff are assessing the situation in Chittagong, Bhola and Barguna. Sub-districts of Sandip, Banshkhali and Anwara are seriously affected (initial information). Approx. 118 000 people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.
• Myanmar/Burma: several damaged homes, bridges and temporary IDP shelters.
• India: two dead, two injured, 2 500 people evacuated and a large number of homes were damaged.
• Sri Lanka: 102 dead, 32 people injured, 100 are still missing after a landslide as well as over 119 000 remain displaced and 4 600 homes were damaged.

NEPAL
• Heavy rain has been affecting western areas of Nepal over the past few days.
• As of 25 May, media reported two dead, seven injured and at least 50 houses damaged in Bajura district (Far-Western).
• Over the next 24 h locally heavy rain may affect central and eastern Nepal.

INDONESIA
• Heavy rain has been affecting western Indonesia over the past few days. As of 24 May, there were five dead, two people missing, eight injured and over 350 people evacuated in Subang Regency (West Java Province). Media also reported several houses damaged in Subang.
• Over the next 24 h heavy rain may still affect Java island.

World: World - Severe weather events - ECHO Daily Map | 26/05/2016

Indonesia - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 10:43pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, World

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
• Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country, especially the northern provinces, over the past few days, causing floods and landslides.
• As of 25 May, 1 550 people were displaced and over 520 houses were partially or fully damaged. Media also reported one dead in Santiago.
• Over the next 24 h moderate to locally heavy rain may still affect Dominican Republic, especially the areas already affected.

SRI LANKA, INDIA, BANGLADESH, MYANMAR/BURMA
• TC ROANU caused widespread damage and casualties in several countries.
• Bangladesh: 24 dead, 100 people injured, over 513 300 evacuated and 20 000 homes destroyed. Two ECHO staff are assessing the situation in Chittagong, Bhola and Barguna. Sub-districts of Sandip, Banshkhali and Anwara are seriously affected (initial information). Approx. 118 000 people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.
• Myanmar/Burma: several damaged homes, bridges and temporary IDP shelters.
• India: two dead, two injured, 2 500 people evacuated and a large number of homes were damaged.
• Sri Lanka: 102 dead, 32 people injured, 100 are still missing after a landslide as well as over 119 000 remain displaced and 4 600 homes were damaged.

NEPAL
• Heavy rain has been affecting western areas of Nepal over the past few days.
• As of 25 May, media reported two dead, seven injured and at least 50 houses damaged in Bajura district (Far-Western).
• Over the next 24 h locally heavy rain may affect central and eastern Nepal.

INDONESIA
• Heavy rain has been affecting western Indonesia over the past few days. As of 24 May, there were five dead, two people missing, eight injured and over 350 people evacuated in Subang Regency (West Java Province). Media also reported several houses damaged in Subang.
• Over the next 24 h heavy rain may still affect Java island.

Colombia: Colombia seeks green light for peace referendum

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 6:15pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Colombia

Bogota, Colombia | AFP | Thursday 5/26/2016 - 22:03 GMT

Colombia's government Thursday urged the courts to authorize a referendum it hopes will seal a peace deal to end a half-century conflict with leftist rebels.

The European Union's top foreign relations official meanwhile visited the country to support a deal, which negotiators say could be signed within months.

President Juan Manuel Santos urged the constitutional court to pass a law approving the holding of a referendum.

The means of endorsing the peace deal is one of the last remaining hurdles in talks between Santos's government and the country's biggest rebel group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.

Santos wants to strengthen the deal by gaining popular endorsement in a referendum. To do so, he needs the constitutional judges to approve his law already passed in Congress.

"Citizens, Colombians and president are united in asking this court to declare applicable the law regulating a plebiscite on the final peace accord," he said in an address to the tribunal.

The constitutional court also heard arguments from other authorities and experts before issuing its ruling.

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said in Bogota that the bloc would contribute a new package of 575 million euros (644 million dollars) to support the transition to peace, according to a statement from the EU delegation in Colombia.

She met with Colombian officials including Santos to offer him her support, the president said on Twitter.

"European history shows us that actually you need strong leaders to do peace," Mogherini told reporters.

"I think this is what Colombia needs now: brave, courageous leaders to do peace."

Santos and the country's second-biggest rebel group, the leftist National Liberation Army (ELN), have also said they will start peace talks.

That initiative appears to have stumbled due to alleged kidnappings by the group.

Colombian Defense Minister Luis Carlos Villegas said the government was holding the ELN responsible for the disappearance of three journalists this week.

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© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

World: WHO Zika Virus, Microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrome Situation Report, 26 May 2016

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 12:51pm
Source: World Health Organization Country: American Samoa, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Barbados, Belize, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), Brazil, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, France, French Guiana (France), French Polynesia (France), Gabon, Guadeloupe (France), Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Italy, Jamaica, Malaysia, Maldives, Martinique (France), Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), New Caledonia (France), New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (France), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, United States Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World

Summary

  • As of 25 May 2016, 60 countries and territories report continuing mosquito-borne transmission of which:
    • 46 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.
    • 14 countries reported evidence of Zika virus transmission between 2007 and 2014, with ongoing transmission.
  • In addition, four countries or territories have reported evidence of Zika virus transmission between 2007 and 2014, without ongoing transmission: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, ISLA DE PASCUA – Chile and YAP (Federated States of Micronesia).
  • Ten countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route.
  • In the week to 25 May 2016, no new country reported on mosquito-borne or person-to-person Zika virus transmission.
  • As of 25 May 2016, microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection or suggestive of congenital infection, have been reported by ten countries or territories. Infection of the mothers took place in eight different countries, for one additional case the precise country in Latin America is not determined. Spain is the latest country to report a case of microcephaly associated with Zika virus in a returning pregnant traveller. 
  • Two cases of microcephaly and other neurological abnormalities are currently under verification in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and Costa Rica. 
  • In the context of Zika virus circulation, 13 countries and territories worldwide have reported an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and/or laboratory confirmation of a Zika virus infection among GBS cases. One GBS case associated with Zika virus infection in a returning traveller to the Netherlands has been reported. A case of GBS from Guadeloupe is under verification.
  • Sequencing of the virus that causes the Zika outbreak in Cabo Verde showed that the virus is of the Asian lineage and the same as the one that circulates in Brazil. The precise implication of this finding is yet to be determined.
  • Based on research to date, there is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and GBS. 
  • The global Strategic Response Framework launched by WHO in February 2016 encompasses surveillance, response activities and research. An interim report has been published on some of the key activities being undertaken jointly by WHO and international, regional and national partners in response to this public health emergency. A revised strategy for the period July 2016 to December 2017 is currently being developed with partners and will be published in mid-June.
  • WHO has developed new advice and information on diverse topics in the context of Zika virus. WHO’s latest information materials, news and resources to support corporate and programmatic risk communication, and community engagement are available online.

Colombia: Colombia - a nation on the verge of peace

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 11:10am
Source: HALO Trust Country: Colombia

By The HALO Trust | 26th May 2016 | Colombia

Colombia, one of the most mine-affected countries in the world, is a nation on the verge of reaching a peace deal following more than fifty years of conflict with non-state armed groups. In this context, humanitarian mine action becomes central to peacebuilding in order to facilitate land restitution, IDP return and sustainable rural socio-economic development.

HALO’s CEO James Cowan and senior members of its team in Colombia participated in the recent Forum of Experts for the Global Demining Initiative for Colombia, which took place earlier this month in Bogotá.

The purpose of the Forum was to familiarize prospective donors with Colombia’s mine action sector, help them better understand the scope of the challenge, and learn about the different mechanisms by which Colombia may be supported in its efforts to become landmine free. It was jointly organised by the U.S. Department of State, PM/WRA, the American Embassy in Colombia, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Embassy, the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Colombian Dirección Contra Minas (DAICMA) and the GICHD.

When HALO Country Programme Manager, Chris Ince, was asked how The HALO Trust could support Colombia in its challenge of being mine free by 2021 he said:

Last year when I took on the job of Programme Manager for HALO Colombia, General Rafael Colon, the National Mine Action Director, set me a challenge: he asked me to double our capacity by the end the year (2015) and then double it again in 2016, to help DAICMA meet its national requirements. So we set ourselves the task and over the last year we have been generating additional spare capacity - leaders, supervisors and operations officers - so that we can physically expand to meet the nation’s requirements.

As a result, over the next 9 months HALO is able to help the government meet its requirements in 11 of the 44 municipalities it has prioritized for immediate post conflict intervention. As the months progress, we will be continue to generate additional capacity to support further expansion. Training the personnel and generating the capacity is going to be critical to achieving a mine free Colombia in 5 years.

Speaking at the event, as reported by the city paper, High Commissioner for Peace, Sergio Jaramillo stressed the importance of mine clearance and the role that can be played by the army the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC):

Peace is the end of a war that has lasted 50 years. Without mine clearance we will not be able to put into place comprehensive agricultural development, nor alternative development. In the case of FARC, we can design programs of reinsertion which give support to the state’s strategy and which meet the objectives of reparations.

The HALO Trust has been clearing mines in Colombia for three years. We are currently operating in Antioquia (the department with the highest number of mine victims), Meta and Tolima.

James Cowan, HALO’s CEO said:

The HALO Trust applauds Colombia’s courage in pursuing the path to peace. The time is fast approaching when conditions will allow HALO to make a significant contribution to eradicating the threat of land-mines in Colombia. When that moment arrives, we will stand shoulder to shoulder with the Colombian people.

Colombia: NGRD Boletín No. 133 Planes de contingencia efectivos en la temporada de lluvias

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 10:09am
Source: Government of Colombia Country: Colombia

La Unidad Nacional para la Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres con el llamado que elevó desde el inicio de la temporada de lluvias a los Consejos departamentales y Municipales de Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres, ha generado una reducción del riesgo en gran parte del país. ​ Ejemplo de ello, han sido las acciones emprendidas en varias regiones del país, como en el Chocó, donde gracias al aviso oportuno de una inundación, fueron evacuadas las comunidades de varios municipios.

Las acciones de prevención en todo el país son evidentes y esto es debido al conocimiento del riesgo, que previene hechos negativos contra la ciudadanía en general por cualquier hecho en el territorio nacional.

El balance entregado por la Sala de Crisis Nacional de la Unidad Nacional para la Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres es: 137 inundaciones, 98 deslizamientos, 80 vendavales, 20 crecientes súbitas, 4 tormentas eléctricas, 4 avalanchas, 3 avenidas torrenciales y 2 granizadas para un total de 348 eventos.

Colombia: Día nacional por la dignidad de las víctimas de violencia sexual en el marco del conflicto

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 9:53am
Source: UN Women Country: Colombia

En julio de 2015, la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas adoptó una resolución que declara el 19 de junio como Día Internacional para la eliminación de la violencia sexual en los conflictos.

En Colombia ya se habían realizado pasos importantes para reconocer, prevenir y erradicar la violencia sexual en el marco del conflicto armado: en 2014, con la aprobación de la Ley 1719, una norma histórica sobre acceso a la justicia para las víctimas violencia sexual y a su atención integral, y, ese mismo año, con la promulgación por parte del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos del decreto 1480 del 2014, con el cual quedó estipulado el 25 de mayo como el Día nacional de las mujeres víctimas de la violencia sexual como consecuencia del conflicto armado. Esta fecha fue establecida como una medida de reparación simbólica a la periodista Jineth Bedoya, quien en este misma fecha en el año 2000 fue víctima de secuestro, tortura y violencia sexual.

En el marco del conflicto armado en Colombia la violencia sexual se ha perpetrado de forma sistemática contra las mujeres, marcando la vida de miles de sobrevivientes y de sus familias. Este tipo de violencia, deja huellas casi imborrables en el cuerpo y en el alma de quienes la padecen, siendo una grave violación a sus derechos humanos. La Representante Especial del Secretario General de Naciones Unidas, la Sra. Zainab Bangura, afirmó el año pasado, en su comunicado en ocasión del 25 de mayo que “la violencia contra las mujeres está enraizada en las desigualdades estructurales de género y en la discriminación” y que éstos tipos de violencias “son como ‘minas’ en la sociedad”. Es tiempo de desminar en Colombia no sólo los territorios, sino también los cuerpos de las mujeres.

La Unidad para la Atención y Reparación Integral para las Víctimas reporta 14.473 víctimas de delitos contra la integridad sexual en el marco del conflicto, desde 1985 a mayo de 2016, de las cuales el 90% son mujeres.

Según el Informe Masatugó del Instituto de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses, durante el sexenio 2009-2014 se presentaron 107.698 casos de violencia sexual contra mujeres, de los cuales el 84.8% se presentó niñas y un 38.8% en adolescentes entre los 10 y 14 años. Se estima que en promedio en cada hora se realizaron 2 exámenes medico legales por presunto delito sexual efectuados a mujeres.

La violencia sexual perpetrada en el conflicto armado, afecta los derechos fundamentales de las mujeres y las niñas, impide su desarrollo pleno como personas, impacta también a la familia de la víctima y deja daños a la comunidad. El miedo a denunciar, las dificultades para acceder a la justicia y los efectos psicológicos de la violencia sexual se constituyen en una barrera para la integración de las sobrevivientes a la vida social e institucional.

Pese al carácter atroz de este crimen, las mujeres colombianas sobrevivientes a violencia sexual son un ejemplo de dignidad y resistencia, por su búsqueda incansable de justicia.
Un escenario de esperanza se abre en Colombia: la paz está más cerca que nunca tras más de cinco décadas de conflicto armado. Es necesario construir un país donde las mujeres tengan una vida libre de violencias.

Colombia cuenta con una avanzada legislación para erradicar esta práctica y garantizar el acceso a la verdad, la justicia, la reparación y a la no repetición. Adicionalmente, en el contexto de las conversaciones de paz entre el Gobierno Nacional y las FARC-EP, se alcanzó un importante acuerdo respecto a los derechos de las victimas el pasado 15 de diciembre de 2015, en el cual se identifica la violencia sexual como un delito grave que no puede ser amnistiado.

A nivel nacional y territorial, numerosas acciones se llevan a cabo el día de hoy en el marco de esta fecha conmemorativa, impulsadas por las instituciones públicas, por organizaciones de la sociedad civil, la cooperación internacional y el Sistema de Naciones Unidas en Colombia.

ONU Mujeres en Colombia se suma a la conmemoración de este Día Nacional por la Dignidad de las Víctimas de Violencia Sexual en el marco del conflicto armado interno.
Hoy es un día para visibilizar la dignidad de las víctimas de delito que todavía sufren miles de mujeres en Colombia, pero también para comprometer a todas las instituciones y sectores de la sociedad con la efectiva erradicación de la violencia sexual como condición sine qua non para una paz estable y duradera.

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)

Yemen - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 8:03am
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)

Sudan - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 8:03am
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)

Somalia - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 8:03am
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)

Ethiopia - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 8:03am
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)

Eritrea - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 8:03am
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Democratic Republic of Congo: Concept of Operations - May 2016

DRC - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 7:57am
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

World: Attacks on Health Care: Prevent • Protect • Provide

Colombia - Chad - 26 May 2016 - 7:03am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Iraq, Liberia, Libya, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Attacks on Health Care

Attacks on health care in emergency situations disrupt the delivery of essential health services, endanger care providers, deprive people of urgently needed medical attention, and undermine our long term health development goals.

WHO collaborates closely with others to better understand the problem, bring attention to the issue, and find solutions that can prevent attacks; protect health facilities, workers, transport and supplies; and ensure the continued provision of health care despite such attacks.

WHO releases new report on attacks on health

Currently there is no publicly available source of consolidated information on attacks on health care in emergencies. This report is a first attempt to consolidate and analyse the data that is available from open sources. While the data are not comprehensive, the findings shed light on the severity and frequency of the problem.

Over the two-year period from January 2014 to December 2015, there were 594 reported attacks on health care that resulted in 959 deaths and 1561 injuries in 19 countries with emergencies. More than half of the attacks were against health care facilities and another quarter of the attacks were against health care workers. Sixty-two per cent of the attacks were reported to have intentionally targeted health care.

Read the full report

Sri Lanka: Mapping Flood Extent for Kelani Ganga River Basin and its surrounding using RISAT-1 Satellite imagery (19 May 2016)

Sri Lanka - Maps - 26 May 2016 - 1:56am
Source: International Water Management Institute Country: Sri Lanka

The recent low pressure system in Indian Ocean caused heavy rainfall across Sri Lanka since 14 May 2016 causing wide spread flooding and land slid e in as m any as 19 districts, including around Colombo. Kelani Ganga is one of the main river basin in Sri Lanka which is currently experiencing large scale flooding and subsequent d am age to property and livelihoods. Kelani basin received 350 m m of total rainfall within three days (15 to 17 May 2016). The water levels of Kelani at Hanwella Gauge was 10 ft yesterday but receded to today 9 ft. Most of the runoff contributions are from rainfall in the upstream hilly area of Sri Pada mountain range.

IWMI received satellite imagery from RISAT-1 d ate d 18 May 2016 through International Disaster Charter (IDC) provide by Indian Space Researc h Organization (ISRO). It is estimated that the maxim um inundation ob serve d for 18 May 2016 is approximately 2,343 sq . km . As mentioned earlier, most of this standing water are notice d in abandoned croplands, banana cultivations and large scale devastation in house hold are a as we ll as several road s have been disconnected restricting the movement of general population.

The current flooding event affected 172,000 people in and around Colombo, 122,000 in Gampha and 12,757 in Kegalle mainly from land slide reported on 18 May 2016. Six to ten feet of flood waters we re observe d in some house hold localities causing untold d am age to rural house hold s and gardens/croplands. Are a under banana cultivation and rub b e r plantations are also currently under standing water. The flood affected Grama Niladhari (GN) divisions includes: Kolonnawa GND - Wellampitiya, Kelanimulla, Gotatuwa, Udumulla North, and Kaduwela_GN D – Walpola, Kaduwela, Mahadeniya, Rangala, Welivita, Malabe West, Pahala Bomiriya, Ihala Bomiriya) and for the Gampaha GN divisions - Gampaha, Biyagama, Dompe , Jaela, Diulapitiya based on the reports from Disaster Management Center (DMC).

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