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World: CrisisWatch N°140, 1 April 2015

Colombia - Chad - 1 April 2015 - 6:39pm
Source: International Crisis Group Country: Burundi, Colombia, Guinea-Bissau, Myanmar, Nigeria, South Sudan, World, Yemen

March saw significant improvements in resolving longstanding conflicts, particularly in Myanmar and Colombia. However, Yemen’s political crisis tipped into all-out war, and fighting increased again in South Sudan following suspension of the peace talks. In Africa, election-related tensions worsened ahead of Burundi’s June presidential elections, while renewed international support to Guinea-Bissau gave a lift to political stability and reform. In a significant development for West Africa and beyond, Nigeria witnessed, for the first time in its history, the ousting of a ruling party through national elections, with Muhammadu Buhari’s victory in the 28 March presidential elections.

Yemen is at war. On 26 March, Saudi Arabia and ten other (mostly Arab) states launched an air campaign against the Huthis and allied military units loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, with the aim of restoring President Hadi’s government. Since his escape from house arrest in February, Hadi had been cobbling together an anti-Huthi alliance in the southern city of Aden. Clashes are fragmenting the country and could spread, while the regional military intervention is augmenting sectarian divides and diminishing the possibility of a negotiated political solution. In our latest report, we call for a UN Security Council brokered and monitored ceasefire, followed by UN-led peace talks with backing from Western and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) allies. In South Sudan, the conflict also worsened. Fighting increased following the early March suspension of peace talks between the warring parties. On 24 March, the UN Security Council threatened sanctions against “senior individuals” responsible for violence.

On a positive note, Myanmar’s government and ethnic armed group negotiators agreed on the text of an historic Nationwide Ceasefire Accord on 31 March, a significant step in bringing an end to six decades of armed conflict. The text now has to be ratified by the armed group leaders. Several contentious political and military issues have been left for a subsequent political dialogue process, including the shape of future armed forces; there is little time to address these issues before elections scheduled for later this year. The agreement followed a hiatus of almost six months in the talks, and comes despite ongoing serious clashes in the Kokang region between the military and Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army. In Colombia, the 33rd round of peace talks between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) ended on 7 March with an unprecedented agreement on a joint humanitarian demining effort. On 10 March, President Santos temporarily suspended bombardments on guerrilla camps in a bold move that reinforces the message of conflict de-escalation and helps stabilise FARC’s three-month-old ceasefire.

Elsewhere in Africa, political tensions over President Pierre Nkurunziza’s potential third term and social discontent rose in Burundi ahead of June presidential elections. Ruling CNDD-FDD party hardliners announced they would use “any means” to secure Nkurunziza’s candidacy, and reportedly launched a terror campaign against those who oppose it. Intimidation and repression of the opposition continued: on 15 March, the wife of opposition leader Agathon Rwasa survived an assassination attempt. In a significant step forward, Nigeria’s 28 March presidential elections resulted in a peaceful transfer of power. Opposition All Progressives Congress (APC) candidate Muhammadu Buhari defeated incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan, in a historic victory that saw the first ousting of a ruling party in a national election in Nigeria’s history. Electoral violence rose as the polls drew closer, but pressure from the international community and President Jonathan’s early acceptance of defeat significantly reduced post-election tensions. The international community together with national leaders will now need to keep stressing that any incitement to post-election violence will not be tolerated.

In Guinea-Bissau the highly-anticipated 25 March donor conference yielded positive results, as international partners pledged some €1.15 billion in aid over ten years. This influx of financial support prompted renewed optimism regarding the country’s long-needed wide-ranging reforms and economic development (see our new report on security sector reform in Guinea-Bissau).

Guinea: Guinea - Kindia Region - Logistics and Health Facilities Overview 13 February 2015

Guinea - Maps - 1 April 2015 - 3:02pm
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Guinea

Angola: Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook April 2 – April 8, 2015

Uganda - Maps - 1 April 2015 - 1:09pm
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Country: Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Widespread, favorable rains observed over Southern Africa during the past week.
  • Below-average rainfall persists in central Ethiopia.

1) Since late December, an unseasonable distribution of monsoonal rainfall has resulted in anomalous dryness across a broad portion of southern Africa. Low seasonal precipitation totals and untimely dry spells has negatively affected ground conditions and is likely to lead crop reductions for several local areas in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa.

2) Below-average rainfall over the past several weeks has increased rainfall deficits, which have already impacted crop conditions across the bimodal region of northern Tanzania. An increase in precipitation is expected across Tanzania and neighboring countries during the next week.

3) Extended dry spells since January have led to large rainfall deficits in northeastern Namibia. The continued below-average rain has degraded vegetation conditions further. With the rainy season approaching to an end, recovery is unlikely.

4) Despite an increase in rainfall during the last week, below-average moisture conditions remain across several local areas of southwestern and east-central Ethiopia. Moderate to heavy rains are forecast in southern and western Ethiopia, while suppressed rains are expected in the central portions of the country during the next week.

Angola: Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook April 2 – April 8, 2015

Zimbabwe - Maps - 1 April 2015 - 1:09pm
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Country: Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Widespread, favorable rains observed over Southern Africa during the past week.
  • Below-average rainfall persists in central Ethiopia.

1) Since late December, an unseasonable distribution of monsoonal rainfall has resulted in anomalous dryness across a broad portion of southern Africa. Low seasonal precipitation totals and untimely dry spells has negatively affected ground conditions and is likely to lead crop reductions for several local areas in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa.

2) Below-average rainfall over the past several weeks has increased rainfall deficits, which have already impacted crop conditions across the bimodal region of northern Tanzania. An increase in precipitation is expected across Tanzania and neighboring countries during the next week.

3) Extended dry spells since January have led to large rainfall deficits in northeastern Namibia. The continued below-average rain has degraded vegetation conditions further. With the rainy season approaching to an end, recovery is unlikely.

4) Despite an increase in rainfall during the last week, below-average moisture conditions remain across several local areas of southwestern and east-central Ethiopia. Moderate to heavy rains are forecast in southern and western Ethiopia, while suppressed rains are expected in the central portions of the country during the next week.

Angola: Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook April 2 – April 8, 2015

Ethiopia - Maps - 1 April 2015 - 1:09pm
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Country: Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Widespread, favorable rains observed over Southern Africa during the past week.
  • Below-average rainfall persists in central Ethiopia.

1) Since late December, an unseasonable distribution of monsoonal rainfall has resulted in anomalous dryness across a broad portion of southern Africa. Low seasonal precipitation totals and untimely dry spells has negatively affected ground conditions and is likely to lead crop reductions for several local areas in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa.

2) Below-average rainfall over the past several weeks has increased rainfall deficits, which have already impacted crop conditions across the bimodal region of northern Tanzania. An increase in precipitation is expected across Tanzania and neighboring countries during the next week.

3) Extended dry spells since January have led to large rainfall deficits in northeastern Namibia. The continued below-average rain has degraded vegetation conditions further. With the rainy season approaching to an end, recovery is unlikely.

4) Despite an increase in rainfall during the last week, below-average moisture conditions remain across several local areas of southwestern and east-central Ethiopia. Moderate to heavy rains are forecast in southern and western Ethiopia, while suppressed rains are expected in the central portions of the country during the next week.

Micronesia (Federated States of): Philippines, Federated States of Micronesia – Tropical Cyclone MAYSAK (ECHO Daily Map | 1/4/2015)

Philippines - Maps - 1 April 2015 - 11:07am
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department Country: Micronesia (Federated States of), Philippines

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

• TC MAYSAK's centre passed north of Fais, Ulithi and Yap Island (Micronesia) on 31 March. Strong winds and heavy rainfall affected the Yap Islands with 91mm measured in 24h. Media report nearly total destruction of the infrastructure on Fais and Ulithi atolls, including contamination of drinking water on Fais, and damage also on Yap, as of 1 April.

• The location of MAYSAK's centre was approximately 250 km north-west of Yap Island on 1 April, at 06.00 UTC. It was a Super Typhoon, with 241 km/h maximum sustained winds, and it was moving northwest. Over the next few hours, it was forecast to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility and continue on its north-western track, intensifying further. MAYSAK may approach central/northern Philippines on 4 April.

• As of 1 April, there are no Warnings or Watches in effect for the islands of Micronesia. NDRRMC has issued a weather advisory.

PHILIPPINES

• TC MAYSAK (its local name is Chedeng) is forecast to continue moving further west, north-west towards the northern Philippines, slightly weakening, but still remaining a Typhoon. According to the data of 1 April 06.00 UTC, it may reach Luzon over 4 - 5 April with max. sust. winds of between 150 - 170 km/h. However, the uncertainty on the forecast track and intensity is still high.

• NDRRMC has issued a weather advisory

Colombia: Colombia - Informe Flash MIRA Asentamiento Nukak Municipio San José del Guaviare- Vereda Charras 21/03/2015

Colombia - Chad - 1 April 2015 - 10:54am
Source: UN Country Team in Colombia, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Históricamente las etnias indígenas más vulnerables del país han luchado por su derecho a tener un territorio propio; la continua puja por lograr el saneamiento de sus resguardos antes los obstáculos recurrentes que impone la sociedad y su espíritu de lucha por no sentirse desarraigados hacen que hoy en día se encuentren aún comunidades como la Nukak, ubicada en el asentamiento de la vereda Charras. Hay que recordar que esta etnia fue declarada por la Corte Constitucional como uno de los 33 pueblos indígenas en riesgo de extinción en el país Las 18 familias Nukak pertenecientes al grupo Meo Muno ubicadas a 12 kilómetros de la vereda Charras (colonos), son el reflejo de la historia que empezaría con la persecución que sufrió este pueblo durante la “fiebre del Caucho” a comienzos del siglo XX. En el año 1965 se produce de nuevo contacto con esta etnia cuando en la región de Charras, Guanapalo y Charrasquera en las sabanas del Guaviare ocurren encuentros violentos con colonos que reclamaban la destrucción de algunos de sus cultivos.

En la actualidad, ocupan un asentamiento en tierras no propias, con grandes carencias en sectores identificados en la evaluación de necesidades y con la preocupación de poder mantener ante todo su cultura de vida y costumbres. El último desplazamiento sufrido por estas familias se presentó en 2013 cuando debido situaciones de orden público debieron desplazarse a la capital del Guaviare.

Según los resultados de las entrevistas MIRA- Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment- realizadas en la vereda Charras, asentamiento Nukak el 21 de marzo de 2015 con el fin de evidenciar las necesidades humanitarias más críticas, los sectores identificados con mayor afectación son: i) Albergue de emergencia / vivienda: el pésimo estado de las viviendas actualmente no permite que la comunidad esté protegida de los embates del tiempo en las sabanas donde están ubicadas. A pesar de su condición nómada y viajera, las circunstancias y el contexto territorial han obligado a permanecer por largos tiempos en asentamientos como el visitado. ii) Agua y Saneamiento Básico: la única intervención visible es una bomba manual instalada dentro del Plan departamental de aguas, y que está fuera de servicio y en condiciones que la hacen inutilizable. La comunidad debe caminar hasta dos horas para poder acceder a agua apta para consumo humano. La dificultad para conseguir agua en época de verano hace que las enfermedades relacionadas se presentan con mayor magnitud. iii) Educación en emergencias: los 22 niños y niñas Nukak están obligados a desplazarse 12 kilómetros hasta la escuela ubicada en la vereda Charras , donde son internos, pero viven actualmente en condiciones no dignas y carecen de recibir una educación con enfoque diferencial.

Intervenciones claves recomendadas:

I. Albergue de emergencia/ vivienda: mejoramiento de las 6 viviendas que albergan a los cerca de 120 Nukak asentados. Garantizar estructuras resistentes a los cambios de tiempo típicos de la sabana.

II. Agua y Saneamiento Básico: Abogar ante el Gobierno Departamental por soluciones serias y sostenibles para solucionar el problema de agua para la comunidad. Apoyar con entrega de kits de aseo e higiene con enfoque diferencial y educación en higiene.

III. Educación en emergencias: Asegurar que los Nukak que reciben clases en la vereda Charras tengan la posibilidad de contar con un profesor que enseñe en lengua Nukak, que garantice una educación con enfoque diferencial y ayude a preservar y fortalecer su cultura. Incidir para que los Nukak puedan recibir las clases en su asentamiento, pero mientras esto puede llegar a ser realidad, garantizar un alojamiento digno en la vereda donde se encuentran actualmente recibiendo las clases.

Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Maysak (Chedeng) as of 01 April 2015

Philippines - Maps - 1 April 2015 - 6:49am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

Micronesia (Federated States of): Tropical Cyclone Maysak - Estimated Impacts Warning 19, 31 March 2015 1500 UTC

Philippines - Maps - 31 March 2015 - 6:55pm
Source: Pacific Disaster Center Country: Micronesia (Federated States of), Philippines

Sierra Leone: USG Response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa (Last updated 03/31/2015)

Guinea - Maps - 31 March 2015 - 6:47pm
Source: US Agency for International Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Country: Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone

West Africa - Ebola Outbreak, Fact Sheet #27, Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 (as of March 31, 2015)

Colombia: Colombia: After 50 years of war, cleaning up landmines key to peace

Colombia - Chad - 31 March 2015 - 3:30pm
Source: Christian Science Monitor Country: Colombia

Colombia's civil conflict has turned large swaths of the country into minefields. Now, there's an effort to try to clean up the mess, and current and former guerrillas could play a leading role.

By Jim Wyss, McClatchy

MARCH 31, 2015

SONSON, COLOMBIA — As a child soldier for Colombia's largest guerrilla group, Jairo watched his fellow fighters seed trails and pastures with anti-personnel mines designed to kill and maim.

Read the full report on the Christian Science Monitor.

Syrian Arab Republic: Syria - IDPs and refugees – ECHO Daily Map | 31/03/2015

Iraq - Maps - 31 March 2015 - 2:27pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department Country: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

Colombia: ONG reclama "negociaciones formales" entre Gobierno y ELN

Colombia - Chad - 31 March 2015 - 11:06am
Source: El Espectador Country: Colombia

El objetivo es que ambas partes aceleren así el fin del conflicto armado en Colombia.

Por: Agencia EFE

La Oficina Internacional de los Derechos Humanos Acción Colombia (Oidhaco) respaldó la petición de parlamentarios europeos para que el Gobierno de Colombia "inicie negociaciones formales" con el ELN.

"En caso contrario, Colombia no estará en el camino hacia el final del conflicto armado y seguiremos viendo las dinámicas de la guerra con su alto número de víctimas", advirtió en un comunicado la presidenta de Oidhaco, Christiane Schwarz.

Esta red de organizaciones europeas con sede en Bruselas manifestó su apoyo al reciente llamamiento de un grupo de parlamentarios europeos para que el Gobierno colombiano y el ELN establezcan "un diálogo formal".

El objetivo es que ambas partes aceleren así el fin del conflicto armado en Colombia.

En la petición participaron eurodiputados de los liberales europeos (ALDE), la Izquierda Unitaria Europea (GUE/NGL), los Verdes (GREEN/ALE), los Socialistas y Demócratas (S&D) y el grupo eurófobo conservador EFDD.

Los parlamentarios europeos enviaron este miércoles una carta por la que instaron al presidente Juan Manuel Santos, y a los comandantes de la guerrilla del ELN a "instalar una mesa oficial de diálogo" lo antes posible.

Según Oidhaco, en la misiva también se aplauden los avances en el proceso de paz en La Habana entre el Gobierno colombiano y la guerrilla de las Farc, así como "los gestos humanitarios en favor del desescalonamiento del conflicto armado".

Syrian Arab Republic: Ongoing USG Humanitarian Assistance Syria - Complex Emergency (as of 31 March 2015)

Iraq - Maps - 31 March 2015 - 10:28am
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

Syria ‑ Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2015

Iraq: Iraq: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Services 31 March 2015

Iraq - Maps - 31 March 2015 - 10:11am
Source: World Food Programme, Emergency Telecommunications Cluster Country: Iraq
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