ReliefWeb Maps & Graphics for Country Office

Nepal: Nepal: Location of landslide blocking Kaligandaki Mustang Myagdi Baglung River (24 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 3 hours 56 min ago
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows approximate location of landslide blockage of the Kaligandaki River in Myadgdi District near Baisari Settlement at 24 May. River at this location completely blocked by a dam 200m high forming a lake over 1km long. Map also depicts the 7 districts placed on High Alert by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment as a result of this landslide blockage. Districts placed on high alert from this landslide blockage are Myadgdi, Parbat, Baglung, Gulmi, Palpa, Syangja and Navalparasi

Nepal: Nepal EQ - Population Targets vs Achieved by FSC Partners (20 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 23 May 2015 - 10:55pm
Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food Security Cluster Country: Nepal

Colombia: Colombia's Santos presses for peace as FARC death toll climbs

Colombia - Chad - 23 May 2015 - 5:24pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Colombia

Bogota, Colombia | AFP | Saturday 5/24/2015 - 01:28 GMT

The president of Colombia called Saturday for accelerated peace negotiations with FARC guerrillas, just as eight rebels were killed in an escalating government offensive.

Juan Manuel Santos made the announcement amid a push by the Colombian army that began Thursday with a government air strike killing 26 guerrillas in the southwestern Cauca department.

Saturday's deaths brought the offensive's total fatalities to 34 in two days.

The operation against the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in the northern municipality of Segovia also wounded two more fighters, the military said.

Yet Santos said he wanted an end to the bloodshed.

"We have to make decisions to stop this war as soon as possible and I'm ready to accelerate negotiations to reach a final and definitive bilateral ceasefire as quickly as possible," he said, a day after the FARC suspended their six-month unilateral ceasefire.

Government talks under way with the FARC in Havana have carried on for a full year "without any substantial advance," he warned.

"People want to see that we can move forward so that they can have faith that we can achieve peace."

The peace talks between the government and the FARC, which began in 2012, have been continually derailed by attacks from both sides.

In December, the FARC announced a ceasefire, raising hopes that the negotiations were approaching a breakthrough, but tensions have only spiraled since.

On Friday, the FARC suspended their ceasefire in response to the deadly air strike, while calling for continued dialogue with the government and for both sides to lay down their arms.

The Colombian conflict has killed some 220,000 people and uprooted five million since the Marxist-inspired FARC was founded in 1964.

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© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse

Colombia: Con pocas esperanzas buscan víctimas de avalancha en Colombia

Colombia - Chad - 23 May 2015 - 6:31am
Source: Redhum Country: Colombia

Colombia, 22 de Mayo 2015
Fuente: Prensa Latina

Equipos de socorristas prosiguen hoy las tareas de búsqueda y rescate con pocas esperanzas ya de hallar sobrevivientes tras la descomunal avalancha de agua, piedra y lodo que devastó al municipio colombiano de Salgar.(PLRadio)

Debido al tiempo transcurrido y a la magnitud del fenómeno, es poco probable que encontremos personas con vida entre los escombros o a la deriva en el río, manifestó a la prensa el director de la Unidad Nacional de Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres, Carlos Iván Márquez.

Adicionalmente -dijo- lo abrupto del terreno y los destrozos dejados por la inusitada crecida de La Liboriana, dificultan las labores de los grupos especializados.

Pese a los obstáculos, bomberos, integrantes de la Cruz Roja y otras fuerzas siguen en esa localidad para rastrear a los pobladores cuya suerte resulta desconocida, cuatro días después de la tragedia.

Junto con la exploración de la zona para hurgar entre el lodo y las ruinas, los lugareños organizan el sepelio colectivo de una treintena de personas, en su mayoría arrastradas por la corriente.

Según el último parte de las autoridades territoriales, fueron rescatados 84 cadáveres, familias completas sucumbieron ante la furia de la naturaleza.

Especialistas de Medicina Legal identificaron a la mayoría de los muertos, aunque en algunos casos fue preciso realizar cotejos de ADN debido al mal estado en que los hallaron.

Esta madrugada otro deslizamiento de tierra provocó el pánico entre los residentes en Salgar, donde la defensa civil registró más de 700 damnificados.

Dos albergues provisionales acogen a quienes perdieron sus casas como resultado del desastre sin precedentes en la historia de ese territorio, perteneciente al departamento de Antioquia.

De recorrido por la zona el ministro de vivienda, Luis Felipe Henao, aseguró que comenzará la construcción de más de un centenar de hogares en otro sitio, donde sus moradores no correrán peligro.

De acuerdo con detalles revelados por medios de prensa, existía conocimiento del riesgo al que estaban expuestos los salgareños frente a intensas lluvias y avenidas.

Muchos caseríos de la demarcación están ubicados en espacios proclives a inundaciones, realidad consignada en los planes de desarrollo de la municipalidad, donde faltaron acciones preventivas, denunció el Canal Capital.

Presente también en Salgar el Defensor del Pueblo, Jorge Armando Otálora, confirmó que se iniciará una investigación para determinar la posible responsabilidad de los funcionarios locales en la catástrofe, y que esa institución supervisará el cumplimiento de las promesas realizadas por el Gobierno para atender la emergencia.

Nepal: Nepal Earthquake Who, What, Where - WASH cluster activities by District (as of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 23 May 2015 - 12:22am
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows the number of activities and an agency list within a Village Development Committee (VDC) area. Each agency may perform mulitiple activities within a VDC and so there will be fewer agencies than activity numbers.

Important Note: The OCHA 4W spreadsheet does not always indicate which VDC the activity is within. These activities are included in the district total but not shown on the map.

Nepal: Nepal Earthquake Who, What, Where - CCCM cluster activities by District (as of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 23 May 2015 - 12:18am
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows the number of activities and an agency list within a Village Development Committee (VDC) area. Each agency may perform mulitiple activities within a VDC and so there will be fewer agencies than activity numbers.

Important Note: The OCHA 4W spreadsheet does not always indicate which VDC the activity is within. These activities are included in the district total but not shown on the map.

Nepal: Nepal Earthquake Who, What, Where - Health cluster activities by District (as of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 23 May 2015 - 12:12am
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows the number of activities and an agency list within a Village Development Committee (VDC) area. Each agency may perform mulitiple activities within a VDC and so there will be fewer agencies than activity numbers.

Important Note: The OCHA 4W spreadsheet does not always indicate which VDC the activity is within. These activities are included in the district total but not shown on the map.

Nepal: Nepal Earthquake Who, What, Where - Nutrition cluster activities by District (as of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 23 May 2015 - 12:05am
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows the number of activities and an agency list within a Village Development Committee (VDC) area. Each agency may perform mulitiple activities within a VDC and so there will be fewer agencies than activity numbers.

Important Note: The OCHA 4W spreadsheet does not always indicate which VDC the activity is within. These activities are included in the district total but not shown on the map.

Nepal: Nepal Earthquake Who, What, Where - Education cluster activities by District (as of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 23 May 2015 - 12:03am
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows the number of activities and an agency list within a Village Development Committee (VDC) area. Each agency may perform mulitiple activities within a VDC and so there will be fewer agencies than activity numbers.

Important Note: The OCHA 4W spreadsheet does not always indicate which VDC the activity is within. These activities are included in the district total but not shown on the map.

Nepal: Nepal Earthquake Who, What, Where - Food Security cluster activities by District (as of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 22 May 2015 - 11:59pm
Source: MapAction Country: Nepal

Map shows the number of activities and an agency list within a Village Development Committee (VDC) area. Each agency may perform mulitiple activities within a VDC and so there will be fewer agencies than activity numbers.

Important Note: The OCHA 4W spreadsheet does not always indicate which VDC the activity is within. These activities are included in the district total but not shown on the map.

Nepal: Nepal General Logistics Planning Map - Dhading District - May 2015 (As of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 22 May 2015 - 2:18pm
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Nepal

Nepal: Nepal General Logistiics Planning Map - Dhading District - May 2015 (As of 15 May 2015)

Nepal - Maps - 22 May 2015 - 2:18pm
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Nepal

Nepal: Nepal: Dhading Remote Areas Field Assessment, 20 May 2015

Nepal - Maps - 22 May 2015 - 2:12pm
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Nepal

Colombia: Colombia: Chikungunya - the disease that doubles you over

Colombia - Chad - 22 May 2015 - 1:59pm
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières Country: Colombia

We walked across a narrow bridge made of old boards corroded by time and salt water, surrounded by humble, austere houses. This is Tumaco, a city in the south-west of the Colombian department of Nariño, where the general state of abandonment is plainly seen.

People receive us with interest, wanting to know about this Chikungunya disease, whose exotic name comes from the African language Makonde – it was first detected in Tanzania in 1952 – and means ‘bent over with pain’, in reference to sufferers’ stooped appearance because of the joint pain it causes.

This little-known virus causes high fever and severe pain in joints after being bitten by an infected mosquito. In Colombia, it has already affected 208,044 people so far this year, according to the National Institutes of Health. The first cases were recorded in September last year.

The team from MSF and the Nariño Departmental Institute of Health continue their tour of this impoverished neighbourhood to raise awareness of the disease among inhabitants. They go from house to house, instructing them to cover food and drinking water and clear away items that might suffer some type of damage when they leave their houses for at least half an hour so that they can be sprayed.

In a humble abode, an elderly lady who is lying in bed, alone, distressed, looking both sad and in pain tells us that she has been suffering for a month: “Since last month I have been dragging my feet when I walk around the house, as if they were made of iron, and every day I wake up with a new and intense pain. In all this time there has not been a day when I don’t have a fever, my head doesn’t hurt or I don’t wake up with swollen hands and ankles0. I also suffer from sore shoulders, knees and neck, and itching all over my body. But what makes me panic most is the flaking I have on the soles of my feet and my elbows, as if I was a fish.” These are the symptoms of Chikungunya, which has now accumulated 930 cases in Nariño since 2014, although the number is probably much higher since most sufferers are not diagnosed, as they do not take the specific test.

Manual spraying for vector control in the most vulnerable neighbourhoods, where the houses are built on stilts over water, has been carried out in 10,000 homes, protecting about 50,000 people. In addition to the spraying, MSF has trained emergency medical personnel in several hospitals in clinical diagnosis, treatment and epidemiological reports. The MSF team has also explained to pharmacists the complications of mismanagement and the need to refer the sick to health centres.

In Colombian culture, the pharmacist plays a key role, as it is the person that patients feel close to and that they can call on because they trust them, whereas the doctor is perceived as being an unapproachable and distant figure. This situation is more pronounced in Tumaco, partly because of the difficulties in getting healthcare. In local pharmacies, people find an immediate and effective response to a large percentage of their minor ailments.

With the epidemic of Chikungunya, people have felt that the long waits in the emergency department only to return home with a dose of acetaminophen (paracetamol) do not justify the sacrifice of going through this ordeal, and they are looking for alternative pharmaceutical remedies to their severe pains. Unfortunately, in this case there is little knowledge of the disease as it is a new disease in our country for pharmacists and health workers. And also for most of the population who attribute the pains to “air pollution” or “the water,” “God punishing us,” or “the seven plagues,” among others.

This disease creates a high social impact because of the large number of cases, the sometimes long-term inability to work, the consequences of adverse effects from inappropriate medicines and the consequences of not getting an accurate diagnosis. Therefore, another element of the organisation’s response has been the donation 600 tests to help diagnose this emergent disease and help sufferers get the proper treatment.

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.

Joint pain is often debilitating and can vary in duration. Most patients recover fully, but in some cases joint pain may persist for several months, or even years.

The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common.

There is no specific antiviral drug treatment for Chikungunya. Treatment is directed primarily at relieving the symptoms. There is no commercial Chikungunya vaccine.

The proximity of mosquito breeding sites to human habitation is a significant risk factor for Chikungunya.

Chikungunya has been identified in over 60 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas.

The disease occurs in Africa, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. In recent decades, mosquito vectors of Chikungunya have spread to Europe and the Americas. In 2007, disease transmission was reported for the first time in a localised outbreak in north-eastern Italy. Outbreaks have since been recorded in France and Croatia.

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