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Colombia: Colombia – Desplazamiento masivo comunidades indígenas del resguardo Chagpien Tordó del Litoral de San Juan (Chocó) Flash No. 1 (22/03/2017)

Colombia - Chad - 24 March 2017 - 3:34pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Este informe fue elaborado por OCHA con apoyo de UMAIC y con información de la Defensoría, y organizaciones del Comité Interinstitucional Humanitario Buenaventura-ELC Valle del Cauca

Flash Update No. 1: Desplazamiento masivo comunidades indígenas del resguardo Chagpien Tordó,
Litoral de San Juan (Chocó)

Entre el 20 y 21 de marzo, cerca de 134 personas (28 familias) del resguardo Chagpien Tordó4 , ubicado en El Litoral de San Juan (Chocó) se desplazaron hacía al casco urbano de Buenaventura, como medida de protección ante la presencia de actores armados sin identificar en cercanías a la comunidad. Es de resaltar que los desplazamientos de familias de este resguardo se vienen presentando desde el 21 de febrero (ver Flash Update No. 1). Desde entonces, la comunidad ha advertido en múltiples ocasiones que los riesgos de desplazamiento persisten.

Este nuevo grupo de familias llegó al mismo lugar (CAIJU) en el que actualmente se encuentran albergadas las 106 personas que llegaron en febrero, razón por cual la capacidad del sitio se encuentra desbordada.

Hasta el momento, la Alcaldía además de proveer el sitio de albergue, entregó, el 21 de marzo, mercados para dos días con alimentos perecederos y no perecederos. El 22 de marzo, la Defensoría tomó declaración a las 28 familias y el ICBF hizo la caracterización de niños, niñas y adolescentes para la gestión y posterior entrega de refrigerios.

Se identifican necesidades en los sectores de allbergue y bienes no alimentarios: colchones, toldillos, ropa y zapatos; en seguridad alimentaria, kits de alimentos teniendo en cuenta el enfoque diferencial, incluyendo leche para bebes, kits de cocina; en salud, kits de aseo y pañales, la realización de jornadas de salud para NNA y adultos, fumigación y tratamiento de aguas residuales. Igualmente, se evidencia la necesidad de un albergue con capadidad para recibir a todas las familias.

El 22 de marzo se llevó a cabo un Subcomité de Prevención en el cual la Alcaldía de Buenaventura hizo un balance sobre la asistencia proporcionada a las familias y se acordó una misión humanitaria a dos comunidades del río San Juan, incluyendo el resguardo de Chagpien Tordó, encabezada por las las Alcaldías de Litoral de San Juan y Buenaventura, con la participación de secretarías y entidades territoriales.

Se confirmó la realización de un Comité de Justicia Transicional ampliado entre las gobernaciones de Valle del Cauca y Chocó, el próximo 18 de abril. De igual manera la administración distrital se comprometió con la entrega de 50 colchonetas en los próximos días.

En cuanto a la respuesta internacional ACNUR ha incidido con la institucionalidad ante las necesidades de protección identificadas y ha brindado acompañamiento a las comunidades. PNUD ha acompañado a las comunidades y en los próximos días entregará alimentos perecederos por tres días, a todas las familias en el albergue. El 23 de marzo CICR entregó tres estufas con sus correspondientes pipetas de gas, y entregará elementos para la elaboración de artesanías (chaquiras) a todas las familias en el sitio de albergue.

El Equipo Local de Coordinación (ELC) Valle del Cauca y el Comité Interinstitucional Humanitario de Buenaventura (CIH) continúan monitoreando la emergencia y haciendo incidencia, en coordinación con las autoridades locales.

Peru: Perú: Emergencia por temporada de lluvias - Ayuda humanitaria bilateral recibida por el Gobierno, al 24 de marzo de 2017

Colombia - Chad - 24 March 2017 - 2:43pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

World: Agricultural Production Amid Conflict: Separating the Effects of Conflict into Shocks and Uncertainty

Colombia - Chad - 24 March 2017 - 11:30am
Source: Institute of Development Studies Country: Colombia, World

Households in Conflict Network

HiCN Working Paper 245

Abstract:

This paper examines the effect of conflict on agricultural production of small farmers. First, an inter-temporal model of agricultural production is developed in which the impact of conflict is transmitted through violent shocks and uncertainty brought about by conflict. We test the model using a unique household survey applied to 4,800 households in four micro-regions of Colombia.
Our findings suggest households learn to live amid conflict, albeit at a lower income trajectory.
When presence of non-state armed actors prolongs, farmers shift to activities with short-term yields and lower profitability from activities that require high investments. If violence intensifies in regions with presence of non-state armed actors, farmers concentrate on subsistence activities.

Colombia: En Risaralda las víctimas continúan siendo prioridad

Colombia - Chad - 24 March 2017 - 11:09am
Source: Government of Colombia Country: Colombia

El departamento de Risaralda desarrolló en la jornada de hoy Comités Territoriales de Justicia Transicional, al igual que Subcomité de Información en cuatro de sus municipios, con el fin de tocar temas inherentes a la población víctima que habita en sus zonas de influencia.

APÍA

Los municipios de Dosquebradas, Apía, Balboa y Pueblo Rico en el departamento de Risaralda, desarrollaron a través de sus respectivas administraciones municipales Comités Territoriales de Justicia Transicional y Subcomité de Información, definiendo temas puntuales para el beneficio de la población víctima.

En Dosquebradas se concluyó que tanto la Alcaldía Municipal como la Gobernación de Risaralda participarán activamente, el próximo viernes 7 de abril de la campaña “El Día en que Colombia se detuvo por la Reconciliación”, jornada enlazada a la conmemoración del 9 de abril, Día Nacional de la Memoria y la Solidaridad con las víctimas el conflicto armado.

La actividad se desarrollará en el conjunto habitacional El Ensueño, en donde se espera participen por los menos 600 víctimas, siguiendo las directrices dadas por la Unidad para las Víctimas, desde el nivel central.

“Contamos con toda la voluntad del mandatario local y esperamos vincular a la Gobernación para que nos acompañen en este evento, cuyo único objetivo es brindar un sencillo, pero sentido homenaje a las personas que han padecido los vejámenes de la guerra, ojalá la actividad se repita en la mayoría de los municipios de nuestro Eje Cafetero”, aseguró Genny Pérez, profesional del componente de Nación Territorio.

De igual manera se hizo la socialización del plan de mejoramiento al Reporte Unificado del sistema de Información, Coordinación y Seguimiento Territorial de la Política Pública de Víctimas del Conflicto Armado Interno (Rusicst) y así mismo se avanzó en el informe de diligenciamiento del Tablero PAT, examinando necesidades y compromisos para la población víctima.

En cuanto al Subcomité llevado a cabo en el municipio de Pueblo Rico, el tema principal fue el retorno de las familias embera que se espera poder realizar durante el primer semestre del año en curso; por una parte 120 núcleos familiares que habitan en Bogotá regresarán a sus territorios ancestrales ubicados en Bagadó y el Alto Andágueda en Chocó, haciendo tránsito por Risaralda y de otro lado 19 familias que se encuentran en la Perla del Otún también harán lo propio para retornar a sus resguardos de origen en Pueblo Rico.

El concepto de seguridad del municipio será evaluado en un Comité de Justicia Transicional que se cumplirá el próximo martes 28 de marzo, con la presencia de las principales autoridades locales y desde luego funcionarios de la Unidad.

Finalmente en los Comités de Apía y Balboa también se evaluó el concepto de seguridad del territorio garantizando las buenas condiciones para la convivencia de las víctimas y los representantes de las mesas solicitaron a la Unidad capacitaciones y refuerzos en campañas como inscripciones para elección de Mesas de Participación y formulación proyectos productivos.

Somalia: Somalia: Operational Presence (3W) February 2017

Somalia - Maps - 24 March 2017 - 8:51am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Somalia

Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Operation March 2016

CAR - Maps - 24 March 2017 - 5:57am
Source: World Food Programme, Emergency Telecommunications Cluster Country: Central African Republic

Mexico: Mixed migration routes: Americas (as of 1 March 2017)

Colombia - Chad - 23 March 2017 - 10:43pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Brazil: Epidemiological Update - Yellow Fever - 23 March 2017

Colombia - Chad - 23 March 2017 - 9:49pm
Source: World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Suriname

Situation summary in the Americas

Since epidemiological week (EW) 1 to EW 11 of 2017, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and Suriname have reported suspected and confirmed yellow fever cases.

Following is a summary of the situation in Brazil and Peru.

In Brazil, since the beginning of the outbreak in December 2016 to 17 March of 2017, there were 1,561 cases of yellow fever reported, of which 28.7% were laboratory-confirmed (n=448),

16.9% were discarded (n=263), and 54.8% (n=850) remain under investigation as suspected cases, including 264 deaths (144 confirmed, 10 discarded, and 110 under investigation). The case fatality rate (CFR) is 32% among confirmed cases.

According to the probable site of infection, the cases were reported in 188 municipalities, of which 49.4% are in the state of Minas Gerais. This state, furthermore, accounts for the majority of suspected and confirmed cases (1,016), followed by Espírito Santo (243), São Paulo (15),
Bahia (8), Tocantins (6), Goías (3), and Rio de Janeiro (3). 1 The confirmed cases are distributed in four states: Minas Gerais (349), Espírito Santo (93), São Paulo (4), and Rio de Janeiro (2).
The cases reported in the state of Rio de Janeiro are three2 men that reside in the rural area of the municipality of Casimiro de Abreu and have no history of travel to states with confirmed circulation of the yellow fever virus.

In the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, the downward trend in reported cases observed in the last five weeks continues (Figures 1 and 2). Figure 1 illustrates the trend of reported cases in the four regional health units which account for 96% of the cases reported in Minas Gerais.
There is possibility of a change in the yellow fever transmission cycle in this current outbreak, however, to date Aedes aegypti has not been reported to have a role in transmission.

Confirmed cases have been reported in municipalities near large urban areas in the states of Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais; this combined with the confirmation of epizootics and notification of suspected cases in the municipality of Vitoria, Espírito Santo, represent a high risk for a change in the transmission cycle.

With regard to the confirmed fatal cases and their probable site of infection, 118 were in the state of Minas Gerais, 3 in the state of São Paulo, 22 in the state of Espírito Santo, and one in Rio de Janeiro. In decreasing order, the CFR among suspected and confirmed cases by state is 75% in São Paulo, 34% in Minas Gerais, 33% in Rio de Janeiro, and 24% in Espírito Santo.

The thematic maps presented in Figure 3 incorporate in superimposed layers the following elements: in red, the municipalities where human cases have been confirmed, and in red hatched pattern (with red lines), the municipalities where epizootics have been confirmed. In the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, the overlap of the two layers can be observed.

On the other hand, in blue, the municipalities with suspected human cases under investigation, and in blue hatched pattern (with blue lines), epizootics under investigation. It is observed that the states of Alagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Santa Catarina, and Sergipe, have only reported epizootics under investigation and no human cases.

Since the last yellow fever Epidemiological Update3 up to 17 March 2017, 21 new epizootics were reported in nonhuman primates (NHP). Since the beginning of the outbreak up to 17 March 2017, a total of 1,249 NHP epizootics were reported, of which 389 were yellow fever confirmed, 382 remain under investigation, and 12 were discarded.

Epizootics in NHP were reported in the Federal District and in the states of Alagoas, Bahia,
Goiás, Espírito Santo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco,
Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe, and Tocantins.

Reports of epizootics are currently under investigation in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul (bordering Bolivia and Paraguay), Santa Catarina (bordering Argentina), Rio Grande do Sul (bordering Uruguay and Argentina), Rondônia (bordering Bolivia), Pará (bodering Guyana and Suriname), and Paraná (bordering Argentina and Paraguay), this represents a risk of spread of the virus to the bordering countries, especially in areas with similar ecosystems.

In Peru, as of EW 10 of 2017, a total of 14 cases of yellow fever were reported, of which three were confirmed, 5 remain classified as probable, and 6 were discarded; including two deaths.
The confirmed cases were reported by the department of Ayacucho and the 5 probable cases by the department of Amazonas (2), San Martin (1), Madre de Dios (1), and Pasco (1).

Peru: Humanity Road – Peru Flooding, Regional Situation Report No. 3, 23 March 2017

Colombia - Chad - 23 March 2017 - 6:46pm
Source: Humanity Road Country: Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru

Highlights

Intense rains have caused severe flooding and landslides in 24 of Peru’s 25 regions. 12 regions have been declared in a state of emergency source. It is the worst flooding in two decades, and more storms are expected.

According to INDECI, as of 23 March, 111,283 people are flood victims, 85 have died, 270 have been injured, and 20 are missing source. Peru’s National Emergency Operations Center (COEN) estimates that over 1,000 kilometers of roads have been destroyed and 159 bridges have collapsed source. The Amazon River is almost at flooding point. Water levels are expected to rise in the coming days leading to possible flooding in Maynas province, in the Loreto region source.

More rain is expected over the next 15 days. The regional health directorate in Piura has put its hospitals and clinics on red alert due to the rains, high temperatures, and collapse of basic sanitation. Some areas remain isolated due to washed out roads and bridges, but the government is working to airlift more humanitarian aid to rural areas. MapAction

This Regional Situation Report No 3 is based on reports from social media and includes highlights of the situation, situation reports and maps, social media accounts, and highlights from some of the regions most impacted. New additions since Report No. 2 are in dark blue text and are bilingual (Spanish and English).

Colombia: UN Environment will support environmental recovery and peacebuilding for post-conflict development in Colombia

Colombia - Chad - 23 March 2017 - 2:10pm
Source: UN Environment Programme Country: Colombia
  • Invited by the Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, a UN Environment multi-disciplinary team of experts completed a 12-day mission

  • The team focused on the environmental impacts from illegal extraction of minerals, deforestation and mercury pollution

21 March 2017 – UN Environment will assist Colombia with overcoming the environmental degradation legacy of the internal conflict which lasted for more than 50 years, especially in remote rural areas.

By invitation of the Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, a UN Environment multi-disciplinary team of experts concluded last Friday 17 March a 12-day mission. The mission aimed to identify priority actions towards mitigating the health and livelihood risks from the environmental damage in priority areas for post-conflict development.

“Environment is at the heart of post-conflict development in Colombia. The country has a unique historic opportunity to promote sustainable livelihoods and resilient territories in which nature provides the foundations for long-lasting peace and prosperity. UN Environment will unwaveringly stand by Colombia during the post-conflict phase”, said Leo Heileman, UN Environment Regional Director.

“We thank UN Environment for its support in the consolidation of strategies for peacebuilding through the active participation of our communities and the sustainable use of our resources," said Luis G. Murillo, Minister of Environment of Colombia.

“We cannot lose hope, we have to give communities the assurance that peace will come at last," Murillo stated.

In the last decades, different rebel groups and criminal gangs ended up controlling large swaths of Colombian territory. These groups exploited natural resources or taxed extraction and trade as a way to generate revenue to finance their operations. This led to major environmental destruction from illegal extraction of minerals and other natural resources, illicit crops, deforestation and the unregulated use of hazardous chemicals such as mercury.

The UN Environment team conducted field visits to various sites in the Chocó and Antioquia departments, with an emphasis on mining. A helicopter flight over the Quito and Atrato rivers offered the team a broad perspective of the environmental challenges faced by large scale and mechanized illegal operations.

The environmental destruction in the Quito river basin is significant in terms of scope and magnitude, due to a combination of illegal mining and deforestation. Mercury is used in mining and part of it is also released to the environment, which has the potential to reach the community through air, water and food chain.

The UN Environment team also held a series of meetings with approximately 150 stakeholders, including the Government (at national, departmental and municipal level), UN and other international agencies, non-governmental organizations, private sector and women’s groups. The Government of Colombia has emphasized the importance of strengthening the environmental dividends of peace and fostering green growth as pillars for sustainable development. The Sustainable Colombia Fund is one of the mechanisms established by the Government to promote sustainable livelihoods and integral rural development, including environmental recovery in degraded areas.

Initial support proposed by UN Environment includes technical recommendations and training for the effective implementation of environmental peace-building projects; strategic environmental assessment of key post-conflict interventions; advice on measures to improve social, economic and environmental conditions for the extractive sector and to remediate damage caused by illegal operations; and strengthening of the institutional and technical capacities for the Participatory Territorial Planning and Monitoring, including improving public access to environmental information.

MEDIA CONTACTS
María Amparo Lasso
UN Environment Latin America-Caribbean
+507 685 233459
noticias@pnuma.org

Colombia: Arrancó segunda fase de atención en el Huila por parte de UNGRD luego de avenidas torrenciales en 3 municipios de ese departamento

Colombia - Chad - 23 March 2017 - 12:36pm
Source: Government of Colombia Country: Colombia

Seis mesas de trabajo conjunto conformaron hoy el Plan de Acción Específica (PAE) para atender a los municipios de Campoalegre, Algeciras y Rivera, Huila, luego de las lluvias atípicas que produjeron avenidas torrenciales en dichos municipios.​

​Hace exactamente un mes se inició por parte de la UNGRD el trabajo de atención a las familias damnificadas por la emergencia y junto a la Gobernación del Huila se implementaron acciones para una efectiva respuesta a los gobiernos locales.

Con la presencia del presidente del Banco Agrario, Luis Enrique Dussán y representantes de los ministerios de Vivienda, Agricultura y Ambiente se desarrollaron sesiones alternas de trabajo con las autoridades locales de cada municipio.

Mantenimiento de operaciones del banco de maquinaria, consolidación de la información de las afectaciones, nuevos planes de vivienda, entre ellos 88 subsidios para casas rurales, reparación de puentes afectados, congelamiento de intereses y créditos agrarios, fueron algunas de las conclusiones de la primera sesión del PAE en el Huila.

El director de la UNGRD indicó que las propuestas de estas mesas se convierten en un documento legal, un derrotero, para avanzar en la consolidación de la atención en este departamento. "Antes del próximo 12 de abril debemos tener el plan específico aterrizado para emprender la fase de recuperación y su desarrollo" afirmó el director de la UNGRD, Carlos Iván Márquez Pérez.

El próximo 7 de abril se desarrollará una nueva reunión de seguimiento a estos compromisos en la ciudad de Neiva.

Iraq: Iraq: Operational context map - IDP Temporary Settlements and populations - 23 Mar 2017

Iraq - Maps - 23 March 2017 - 12:08pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster Country: Iraq

Yemen: Mixed Migration in the Horn of Africa & Yemen Region, February 2017

Yemen - Maps - 23 March 2017 - 8:45am
Source: Danish Refugee Council, Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Country: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Yemen: Mixed Migration in the Horn of Africa & Yemen Region, February 2017

Uganda - Maps - 23 March 2017 - 8:45am
Source: Danish Refugee Council, Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Country: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen
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