TyphoonHaiyan - Latest Reports RW
Natural Disasters in Asia-Pacific 2013
Regional Humanitarian Partnerships Forum 2013
Partnering with Regional Organizations
NATURAL DISASTERS IN ASIA-PACIFIC 2013
In an intense year the largest natural disasters in 2013 were heavily concentrated in Asia and the Pacific. The year was marked by 137 natural disasters in the region, compared with 93 separate events in 2012. The number of people killed by disasters was almost six times higher in 2013 than in 2012. The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters recorded a total of 18,375 people killed and 82 million affected. China and the Philippines experienced the greatest number of disasters in 2013.
The increase in the number of deaths is mainly due to Super Typhoon Haiyan (called Yolanda in the Philippines), which was the deadliest event of 2013, killing more than 6,000 people and leaving 14 million affected. However, the number of people affected by natural disasters in 2013 was only slightly higher than the number in 2012. The South-East Asia floods from June to October 2013 affected more than 3.9 million people in four countries (Cambodia, Viet Nam, Lao PDR and Thailand). China and India were also heavily affected by floods. Other notable events during the year in the region included the Bohol Earthquake (the Philippines), Super Typhoon Utor (China and the Philippines), Tropical Storm Trami (China and the Philippines), Typhoon Nari (the Philippines and Viet Nam) and Typhoon Mahasen (Bangladesh and Sri Lanka). Major political and religious conflicts continued in Mindanao in the Philippines, and in Kachin and Rakhine States in Myanmar.
The most frequently occurring hazards in the region were floods, which accounted for 40 per cent of the region’s disasters, while 35 per cent were storms. Together, these two types of disasters were responsible for almost 90 per cent of people affected or killed. Of the 29 disasters that prompted the deployment of international humanitarian tools and services (e.g. Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC), and OCHA Situation Reports), 10 were tropical cyclones and eight were floods. Flooding and storms were the most common and destructive disasters in the Asia-Pacific region between 2000 and 2013, with the exceptions being those years when large seismic events, such as the Indian Ocean tsunami, the Wenchuan earthquake and the Japan tsunami, caused large numbers of deaths.
The overall economic losses from natural disasters in Asia-Pacific during 2013 were nearly double those registered in 2012. The three costliest events of the year in Asia-Pacific, which each caused more than US$10 billion in losses, occurred in China (a 6.6 magnitude earthquake in Sichuan Province and severe drought across central and eastern China) and the Philippines (Typhoon Haiyan).
Humanitarian partners issue first Typhoon Haiyan Periodic Monitoring Report.
Public information materials developed to strengthen transparency and accountability to affected people.
Regular UNHAS operations have ended for the Haiyan response; some 82 organizations benefitted from the common service.
Five months since the Zamboanga Crisis in September 2013, about 76,000 people are still displaced in evacuation centres and host communities.
Typhoon Haiyan swept through the central Philippines on 8 November 2013, destroying half a million homes, killing more than 6,000 people, and displacing over four million.
The Health Cluster aims to prevent deaths, reduce harm from injury, reduce transmission of infectious disease, and provide efficient treatment as appropriate. Health services need to be fully re-established, health facilities rebuilt, and health systems improved.
Three months into the response, the activities currently focus on:
1) Provision for immediate healthcare needs, including obstetric and neonatal care, infectious diseases, and mental health needs;
2) Strengthening surveillance and outbreak prevention and response; and
3) Continued support to primary and secondary healthcare activities and access to tertiary referral services.
Philippines: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster: Response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), 14 February 2014
Typhoon Haiyan swept through the central Philippines on 8 November, killing over 6,000 people, displacing some four million (including 789,000 children), and destroying national telecommunications in the affected area. With no confirmed timeframe on the restoration of these services by national operators, the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) was activated to provide security communications, Internet connectivity and coordination services to the humanitarian community.
With WFP as the lead agency, ETC partners, including emergency.lu, Ericsson Response, MSB, IrishAid, Save the Children, Plan International, OCHA, GSMA, Global VSAT Forum and NetHope (and their partner BT), are supporting the provision of shared communications services with personnel, equipment, information and operating space. ETC activities are expected to continue into Q2 2014, after which, it is hoped, the national telecommunications infrastructure will be restored.
Typhoon Haiyan swept through the central Philippines on 8 November, killing over 6,000 people, displacing some four million, and causing extensive damage to schools and the loss of school equipment and learning materials.
The official start of the school term, 6 January 2014, saw the launch of the Back-to-Learning campaign. The opening of day-care centres was on 27 January 2014. Under the leadership of the Department of Education (DepEd), the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and concerned Local Government Units, Education Cluster partners are working together to ensure children in areas affected by Typhoon Yolanda return to learning.
Philippines: Communications with Communities: Response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), 14 February 2014
Being able to effectively communicate with the affected communities about available services and aid is now recognized by humanitarian partners as a cornerstone of an effective emergency response. The Philippines is the first country in which the humanitarian community has staff dedicated to communicating with affected communities.
The damage caused by Haiyan made it extremely difficult for affected people to provide and receive critical life-saving information. In the absence of reliable information, rumours create unnecessary stress. It is essential that communication is a two-way process, including the capacity to listen, respond and engage in dialogue, rather than simply one-way message delivery.
Philippines: Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster: Response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), 14 February 2014
The findings of the joint IOM-DSWD Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) show a significant decrease in the number of open evacuation centres (ECs) as well as the number of people living in them.
The CCCM Cluster tracks and monitors displacement flows in all displacement sites in order to define caseloads, identify vulnerable groups, monitor and coordinate service provision and advocate durable solutions for IDPs.
The CCCM Cluster, led by DSWD and IOM, has been working closely with Government units at the national and municipal level, and with clusters and local and global private sector partners, to ensure that multi-sectorial needs of the displaced are met in an adequate and timely manner.
Over 600,000 people expected to benefit from recovery programme in Cebu.
Housing, Land and Property Working Group established to ensure housing and property rights of affected communities are respected.
Humanitarian partners provide psychosocial support to Haiyan survivors.
Foreign military partners continue to provide rehabilitation support in Leyte.