TyphoonHaiyan - RW Updates
On 8 November 2013, Tacloban city was devastated by typhoon Haiyan, the strongest typhoon on record to make landfall. Despite crippling damage, the local government strove to coordinate recovery efforts towards a better, more resilient city. This paper describes the experience, challenges, successes and lessons of the Tacloban city government as the city transitioned from the humanitarian response to the recovery and development phases following the disaster.
It elaborates on the institutional mechanisms that the city government set up (and related national government and humanitarian mechanisms) to coordinate the humanitarian response, and how these transitioned into mechanisms to coordinate early recovery and longerterm development.
Philippines: Update: Tzu Chi’s continuing relief aid to the survivors after Typhoon Haiyan in Philippines
Tzu Chi’s humanitarian aid to the survivors after typhoon Haiyan (known as Yolanda in Philippines) has lasted for over 3 years from 2013 until now. Relief projects includes food distributions, cash for relief, housing projects, vocational training programs, rebuilding projects, environmental projects, medical services, volunteer training programs, etc. Though Tacloban city, the most damaged area in the typhoon, is far away form Manila, there is no distance too far that it cannot be reached to a loving heart.
As the Tzu Chi Philippines will conduct a rice distribution from Taiwan to the survivors in Tacloban in Dec this year, volunteers were divided into groups for home visitations for a better understanding of the local residents’ living conditions. They have visited more than 2000 families within the 5-day trip, in which 1700 of the families were qualified to receive the rice. With the rice distribution beginning soon, Tzu Chi volunteers continue visiting each family and record their living conditions.
The weather there is unsettled, sometimes sunny but rainy mostly. After a great damage brought by Typhoon Haiyan, residents nearby the sea region had to rebuild their homes with planks or sheet metals. Jasmine and her 3 children survive on her husband’s meager income. He works 3 days a week. They don’t have their own bedroom or bathroom.
After understanding the living condition after the typhoon in Tacloban, Tzu Chi decides to distribute the rice to those in need in December.
World: Partenariat humanitaire FAO - Belgique : Fonds spécial pour les activités d’urgence et de réhabilitation – Capacité de réponse en intrants agricoles
Lorsqu’une communauté est frappée par une catastrophe ou lorsqu’une crise survient, il faut réagir vite a fin de protéger ses moyens d’existence. Quand ceux-ci sont principalement agricoles, ce qui est le cas de 70 à 80 pour cent des personnes dans les pays en développement, c’est alors la survie même des populations qui est en jeu.
Les catastrophes et les crises n’ont pas seulement des effets à court-terme – elles érodent aussi les moyens d’existence et menacent les gains de développement accumulés des pays affectés. Avec l’augmentation de l’ampleur, de la fréquence et de l’impact des crises et des catastrophes, aggravée par le changement climatique et la surexploitation des ressources naturelles, les familles, communautés et gouvernements des pays en voie de développement ont de plus en plus de difficulté à absorber ces chocs, puis à récupérer et à s’adapter, ce qui entraine un cercle vicieux de pauvreté et de vulnérabilité accrue face aux menaces futures.
Les moyens d’existence de près de 2.5 milliards de personnes dépendent de l’agriculture. Ces petits agriculteurs, éleveurs, pêcheurs et les communautés tributaires des forêts génèrent plus de la moitié de la production agricole mondiale et sont particulièrement vulnérables aux catastrophes, bouleversements climatiques, conflits et autres crises de la chaine alimentaire, car ils sont dépendants de ressources naturelles fragiles, dif cilement renouvelables et difficilement transportables. Ils se trouvent donc souvent démunis faces à ces chocs qui détruisent ou endommagent les cultures, le bétail, les arbres, les équipements, les infrastructures, les provisions de semences, et les réserves alimentaires. Dans ces circonstances, reprendre immédiatement les activités agricoles productrices de nourriture et génératrices de revenus est une question de survie à moyen terme.
Pourtant, ces petits agriculteurs, s’ils sont adéquatement épaulés, peuvent en quelques semaines replanter leurs champs et espérer une récolte salvatrice en trois ou quatre mois, selon les cultures et les régions du globe. Il est donc essentiel de leur apporter un appui rapide, adapté et efficace pour protéger et restaurer leurs moyens d’existence, éviter une dépendance vis-à-vis de l’aide extérieure et retrouver leur autonomie et leur bien-être dans la dignité.
Philippines: Drones in Humanitarian Action Case Study No.9: Using Drone Imagery for real-time information after Typhoon Haiyan in The Philippines
In late 2013, Danoffice IT used its Huginn X1 quadcopter drone during the emergency response to the worst ever Typhoon to hit The Philippines. This initiative — a pilot project conducted in partnership with humanitarian response teams on the ground — provided useful insights into the type of operational infrastructure needed to deploy drones effectively in emergencies. The drones were deployed later than anticipated, which limited the impact of the use of drones in decision-making or planning.
Typhoon Haiyan (known locally as Yolanda) affected The Philippines in early November 2013.
With a death toll of over 6,300 and 14 million people affected, it was the most severe typhoon on record for the Southeast Asian island state. The city of Tacloban, in Leyte province, was one of the worst affected areas and was at the epicenter of the emergency response. Widespread flooding and destruction blocked and destroyed roadways, making it challenging or impossible to reach some communities and presented significant logistical challenges to delivering supplies to those in need.
To help support the response, Danoffice IT, a private company and distributor of the Huginn X1 Quadcopter, sent an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and one of their UAV experts to Tacloban.
Danoffice IT partnered with the American search and rescue NGO Team Rubicon and assisted several other NGOs and organizations over a 2-½ week stay in The Philippines.
Philippines: Drones in Humanitarian Action Case Study No.5: Testing the Utility of Mapping Drones for Early Recovery in the Philippines
A project employing drones in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan explored how aerial imagery might support recovery and reconstruction activities. Ultimately, the imagery captured by drones became useful in both a tactical and strategic sense during the retrofitting of shelters, and helped not only to identify and verify the shelter sites, but also to help determine the placement of latrines. The mission provided a rich learning experience on the operational use of aerial robotics in a disaster recovery context.
In November 2013, the Philippines experienced one of the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclones ever recorded. Typhoon Haiyan resulted in well over 6 000 deaths and devastated the city of Tacloban along with the islands of Leyte and Panaon, among other regions. The Category 5 super typhoon also displaced more than 6 million people and left almost 2 million more homeless. One of the first international humanitarian organizations to respond was Medair. They arrived in country just 48 hours after the typhoon to conduct their initial disaster damage and needs assessments, but their efforts were hampered by the lack of accurate and up-to-date maps of the region. In fact, in many instances Medair teams had to rely on hand drawn maps or outdated imagery provided by Google.
This lack of accurate geographic data explains why Medair teamed up with the Swissbased Drone Adventures group in March 2014. Medair was keen to explore what role aerial imagery could play in providing better maps and believed that this imagery could also potentially support shelter construction and more specifically an element of disaster risk reduction (DRR) within shelter construction. To this end, over the course of six days, Drone Adventures used fixed-wing UAVs called eBees to carry out aerial surveys of Tacloban,
Dulag and Julita municipalities and of the east coast of Leyte to assess the disaster damage and to support shelter reconstruction activities. The use of drones did not take place within the emergency phase but was rather carried out to explore how aerial imagery might support the recovery and reconstruction activities.
Completion of renovation and reconstruction of 96 classrooms in 9 schools
The reconstruction aid project of the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS), which has supported the central Philippines 3 years ago, where there was huge damage by ‘Haiyan’; the super typhoon in November will be completed by the end of this year. 96 classrooms in 9 schools have been renovated and reconstruction on Leyte Island was completed this July. Lessons have started in new school buildings. An overall reconstruction aid project is making a final push toward urban development in 5 villages of the northern area of Cebu Island.
A move towards safety and health management
Many people were killed and houses and public complexes were destroyed by fierce rainstorms and the tidal wave of the No. 30 Typhoon in 2013. JRCS has promoted reconstruction aid projects with 3-year-planned cooperation with the Philippine Red Cross.
The target for renovation and reconstruction of school facilities was Tacloban city and surrounding areas on Leyte Island where many schools and buildings were destroyed by rainstorms and flooding. Making good use of relief funds of about 200 million yen collected in Japan, 20 classrooms which had been completely destroyed have been reconstructed and 76 classrooms whose roofs and pillars were broken have been restored.
JRCS assigned building engineer, Minoru Fujii, who gave technical advice to firms responsible for construction and negotiated and coordinated with the schools. Fujii says, ‘Construction has been completed with no accidents and students are able to learn again. I’m happy if the workers make use of this knowledge of safety and health management at the next construction site.’
Students who had been having their lessons in the temporary classrooms were able to begin lessons in their original classrooms for the first time in 3 years.
Rebuilding for a better life
On Cebu island, which prospers from tourism, many inhabitants of the northern farming villages which were destroyed by the typhoon were of lower income and the daily life infrastructure was poor. With the current overall reconstruction aid project, JRCS has tackled 5 fields: housing, health, sanitation, Disaster Risk Reduction and livelihood. The project is underway with the inhabitant volunteers, endeavoring to, not only ‘return to the previous way of life,’ but also to try to keep damage to a minimum in the region in the event of another future disaster.
This April in Daanbantayan County on the northern tip of Cebu Island JRCS was responsible for the reconstruction of 135 houses and renovation of 778 houses of the disaster victims. Tapel, whose house was completely destroyed in the typhoon, delivered his appreciation message with tears over and over again, ‘Now we can live with our children in this house. This makes us very happy, thank you. ’ Also, an assessment was carried out at the 5 afflicted villages concerning sewage water, disposal of waste, and unclean water being the outbreak of infectious diseases. Workshops will be held with the inhabitants regarding these problems. Creation of a disaster prevention map was also recommended. The JRCS reconstruction project enters its final phase trying to make the local area an attractive, comfortable, and safe place to live.
Philippines: Documentation and Review of RapidFTR in the Philippines following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)
Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) hit the Philippines on 8 November 2013 affecting 16 million people, causing some 6,300 deaths, displacing 4.1 million people and damaging or destroying 1.1 million houses. Early reports indicated there were significant numbers of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). Such children are particularly at risk of violence, exploitation, abuse and trafficking. National police records show that the provinces of Leyte and Eastern Samar and other areas, which were badly affected by the typhoon, are known hot spots for the trafficking of women and children and other forms of gender-based violence. There was thus a real potential for unaccompanied children to leave their affected areas through a number of unpatrolled exit routes.
Actions to prevent further separations and respond to unaccompanied and separated children are a priority in all emergencies. The decision to implement Rapid Family Tracing and Reunification (RapidFTR) in selected municipalities of the affected areas was taken in view of UNICEF’s commitment to prevent and address family separation and global experience in this effort. Experience shows that many children – particularly those recently and accidentally separated – can be rapidly reunited, and further separations can be prevented if urgent action is taken. RapidFTR was originally designed for this kind of rapid-onset emergency; however, it had only been used in refugee situations before Typhoon Haiyan. RapidFTR was deemed an appropriate tool and Haiyan allowed it the first opportunity to be piloted in such a situation.
Nine months after RapidFTR was implemented in Haiyan-affected areas, a Real Time Evaluation was conducted and achievements in its implementation were noted. The evaluation, however, also commented that “proper follow up of cases and case management in general suffered from the limited capacities of social workers in the municipalities.”
In the last quarter of 2014, it was decided that a documentation and review of the deployment and implementation of RapidFTR as part of the Haiyan emergency response is recommended in order to explore the potential for continued use of RapidFTR in future emergencies, including as part of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The documentation will include a systematic review of RapidFTR implementation in the Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) emergency, thus ensuring the most appropriate application of RapidFTR in the future .
2. Objectives of the documentation and review
Based on the terms of reference, the following were the objectives of the documentation and review:
• To document the implementation and experience of the RapidFTR technology in the emergency response in Regions VI, VII and VIII3, including how this approach was effective in reaching and documenting unaccompanied and separated children and supporting necessary follow-up.
• To document and understand the acceptance and application of RapidFTR by government partners and communities, including community perceptions and understanding of the utility and importance of RapidFTR.
• To consider the possible impact of RapidFTR in strengthening child protection systems that existed in communities prior to the emergency, including through training and capacity building on RapidFTR use.
• To document and analyse the effectiveness of the process of adapting RapidFTR in the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan, thus providing guidance for future emergencies on how to deploy RapidFTR, including to ensure sustainability and necessary follow-up procedures are established, particularly to reach the most vulnerable and isolated communities.
• To review and follow up on issues raised from initial RapidFTR mission report, including:
attention to previously existing UASC cases;
older unaccompanied children who fled the area in search of employment, noting the risk of migration and trafficking; and
- need for greater community understanding around the concept of ‘unaccompanied or separated’; or ‘children who have lost both parents and may need support’.
• To document and assess RapidFTR implementation in the Philippines against global and national minimum standards.
• To provide recommendations for RapidFTR training/capacity building in DRR.
• To explore prospects for greater ownership and involvement with RapidFTR by government partners. (See Appendix E for terms of reference for the consultancy.)
Philippines: Strengthening Child Protection Systems in the Philippines: Child Protection in Emergencies
The Philippines is a growing socio-economic presence in South-East Asia. It has an annual growth rate of more than 7 per cent, and is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The well-being and successful growth and development of children in the Philippines are vital to the achievement of national development goals and targets. The centrality of children to the national agenda is clearly reflected in Philippine Government strategies and development policies.
In November 2013 Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda struck the Visayan Islands. It had a devastating impact on the Philippines, and highlighted the risks posed to this nation of 7,000 islands by the growing threat of climate change. The particular threats to children in this situation (including separation from family and parents, displacement from home/shelter/schools, exposure to violence and abuse, and a lack of safe spaces where they could access basic services and psychosocial care and support), demonstrated that the existing Child Protection (CP) Systems had been severely disrupted and were in most cases not functional. In the immediate aftermath, systems were unable to cope with the protection needs of thousands of displaced and highly vulnerable children.
The UNICEF Philippines Child Protection section has made efforts in recent years to prioritize CP Systems Building as a strategy for development, in contrast to previous programmes and projects that targeted specific groups of children. However, limited programme resources did not encourage extensive work in this area. Then, the emergency resources generated in the global response to Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda suddenly provided a critical opportunity to direct response and relief efforts towards CP Systems strengthening, in an effort to ‘build back better’ and address the damage to the system resulting from the emergency. It also afforded an opportunity to address pre-existing weaknesses in the CP System.
This report reviews and analyses how the CP work implemented during Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda provided an opportunity to tackle the problem of CP Systems building while responding to the immediate need for relief and recovery during the emergency and its aftermath* .
The Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda emergency generated a huge, multi-level humanitarian response by a range of national and international actors, which worked very well in many respects. Specifically, UNICEF Child Protection recognized the demand for support to CP Systems as part of longer-term response and recovery, and worked with the Government, local communities and partners to strengthen CP Systems and identify key child protection needs.
UNICEF initiatives to support CP Systems strengthening during the emergency response and recovery included Project Cooperation Agreements (PCAs) with civil society organisations to strengthen Local Councils for the Protection of Children (LCPC), and support for priority Local Government Units (LGUs). A unique feature of the emergency response in an effort to channel resources more directly to community-based systems and institutions was the provision of funds directly to LGUs. This facilitated targeted work planning by each sector to design the best response. Substantial progress on CP Systems building was achieved, primarily through LCPC strengthening in the 40 Haiyan/Yolanda-affected priority LGUs. A report, ‘Documentation of Child Protection Systems Strengthening Initiatives in Typhoon Haiyan Areas’, captures this work.
UNICEF established partnerships through PCAs with nine agencies, all of which emphasized elements of CP Systems building, targeting CP priorities including strengthening social work, and establishing national guidelines for Child-Friendly Spaces (CFS) and psychosocial support (PSS).
A key initiative was UNICEF’s partnership with the Development Academy of the Philippines to enhance the Child-Friendly Local Governance Course to incorporate Child Protection in Emergencies (CPiE), and thereby strengthen the capacity of LGUs nationwide to better prepare and respond.
UNICEF also funded social workers in target Haiyan/Yolanda-affected municipalities to follow up on outstanding cases, especially those concerning children separated from caregivers and families during the emergency.
In addition, UNICEF is working with a local non-governmental organization (NGO) to replace civil registration documentation including birth certificates to some 80,000 people, using mobile outreach services to reach poor women and children from the most affected areas.
Despite these significant achievements, numerous challenges remain in the emergency response and efforts to address CP Systems Building as an integral component of the Haiyan/Yolanda strategic response. These include maintaining momentum for a sustainable recovery, and strengthening national and local CP systems in the process.
The primary purpose of this report is to explore the extent to which the emergency response has contributed to strengthening the national CP system in the Philippines, and how it might continue to do so.
This report finds clear evidence that considerable progress has been made against system strengthening indicators, as a result of international and national collaboration after Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda, and through CP efforts in ongoing conflict regions. CP and family welfare are established on the agendas of both the Government and, importantly, community organisations, including barangay councils.1 The work of international agencies in initiating and supporting disaster relief and recovery efforts has added significantly to the arsenal of national child protective priorities and mechanisms in the Philippines. Learning and innovation introduced during the response to the ongoing conflict in parts of the country also provide valuable lessons that might be expanded to national level.
However, despite these achievements, challenges still face some aspects of CP systems strengthening work.
Philippines: First batch of Tacloban Yolanda victims ready to transfer to permanent resettlement sites on Monday
MANILA, Nov. 27 – Around 280 families are scheduled to join the first batch of Tacloban Yolanda victims who will move to their permanent resettlement sites on Monday, November 28, 2016.
Presidential Assistant for the Visayas Michael Dino said this came about 18 days after President Duterte ordered the OPAV to effect resettlement.
To recall, during his visit to Tacloban on November 8, the President gave a directive to Presidential Assistant for the Visayas to effect the transfer of Typhoon Yolanda victims to their permanent resettlement sites in Tacloban-North before December.
On Monday, military trucks from the Philippine Army, the Philippine National Police, Office of the Civil Defense, local government units, and the private entities will be mobilized to ferry the typhoon victims to their permanent resettlement centers.
Starting Saturday, November 26, members of these families have been visiting their new homes in North Hill Arbours relocation site at Barangay Sto. Niño (Suhi) in Tacloban City to clean up so that, on Monday, their homes will be ready for occupancy.
“I’m very happy to hear the report from our men and women of the Task Force Bulig that the people are already excited to start a new life in their new homes,” PA Dino said.
Task Force Bulig was formed through the Office of the Presidential Assistant for the Visayas after President Duterte publicly ordered PA Dino in front of Taclobanons to lead the completion of all Yolanda resettlement sites in Leyte so that the families hit by typhoon three years ago can transfer before Christmas.
The Presidential Assistant for the Visayas acknowledged the collaborative effort among the national government agencies, local government of Tacloban, the Philippine Army, Philippine National Police, private sector, and the typhoon victims themselves in making the permanent resettlement happen.
PA Dino assured the beneficiaries that the resettlement centers will be equipped with amenities like water and electricity before the transfer, while the task force has already charted long-term solutions to livelihood, education, transportation, among others.
The task force is expecting a daily mobilization of the settlers, until the last family beneficiary will be in their new home by end of December. Around 8,000 family beneficiaries shall be transferred to permanent houses in 17 relocation sites north of Tacloban.
“The problem besetting the Yolanda resettlement in three years is solved in just 18 days after Pres. Duterte’s tapang and malasakit to the Yolanda victims made him issue presidential directives to finish it without delay,” PA Dino said.
Philippines: Philippines: Annex I: Cluster Operational Delivery Plans - National Child Protection Working Group (NCPWG)
Response & Operational Capacity
The Child Protection Working Group (CPWG), a sub-cluster within the Protection Cluster, provides coordination support to government offices from the national to municipal levels in ensuring prevention of and response to child protection concerns in humanitarian settings. The group brings together NGOs, UN agencies, academics and others under the shared objective of ensuring more predictable, accountable and effective child protection responses in emergencies. In the humanitarian system, we constitute ‘an area of responsibility’ within the Global Protection Cluster.The efficient management or functioning of National CPWG is the joint responsibility of the cluster lead agencies (CWC and UNICEF), and all cluster members at the national level. Sub-national CPWGs were established on the basis of Regional SubCommittee on the Welfare of Children (RSCWC)’s expanded function to include CPWG coordination.
As of August 2016 cluster resource mapping, The National Child Protection Working Group (NCPWG) has presence in the all five of the five affected regions, specifically in 10 of the 17 affected provinces. Supportive of strategic objective 5 for “Affected people quickly regain access to community and local government services, including basic education and a strengthened protective environment”, the sub-cluster is ready to provide:
Facilitate the identification, documentation, family tracing and reunification (FTR) of missing, separated and unaccompanied children;
Psychosocial support to affected children and families; including setting up of Child Friendly Spaces, Community Based Child Protection Networks (CBCPN), and other forms of community based interventions;
Scale up advocacy, communications and awareness raising activities around prevention and response to abuse, exploitation, violence and neglect, including gender based violence (GBV) in the areas affected by the emergency; and
Provide a snapshot of urgent child protection related needs among the affected population within the immediate aftermath of the emergency as a stepping-stone for a more comprehensive process of assessing the impacts of the emergency on children, as well as situation monitoring, through the use of the Child Protection Rapid Assessment (CPRA).