TyphoonHaiyan - RW Updates

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Updated: 4 hours 17 min ago

Philippines: Influencing in Emergencies: A Joint After Action Review

27 May 2016 - 9:01am
Source: ActionAid, Christian Aid, Oxfam, Save the Children, World Vision Country: Philippines

Nearly two years since typhoon Haiyan made landfall in the Philippines, advocacy teams from ActionAid, Christian Aid, Oxfam, Save the Children and World Vision take a step back to evaluate their respective advocacy engagements. This report puts together what different agencies saw as strengths and successes in their respective advocacy work. It looks at gains in achieving both formal policy changes and behavior changes of relevant sectors or communities. It also reflects on key challenges encountered, key lessons learned at different levels that were engaged (national and local), and the various implementation mechanisms utilized (direct, through partners, through consortia).

This report makes a strong case for advocacy in humanitarian work in the Philippines by highlighting how it has become instrumental in pushing for key reforms after Haiyan. Effective advocacy is critical in bridging reforms that should cut across both the humanitarian and development phases. It is likewise significant in hastening recovery and building resilience. Moreover, this report also highlights that there is much more that needs to be done. Best practices and areas for improvement are appropriate cues for moving forward, and are significant for forming the future agenda not just for the agencies involved in this study, but for all key stakeholders as well.

Philippines: WFP Philippines Country Brief, April 2016

24 May 2016 - 3:52pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Philippines

Highlights

  • The Government of the Philippines and WFP inaugurated the Visayas Disaster Response Center, which aims to enhance the emergency response capacity in the Philippines.

  • WFP released the initial results of its Emergency Food Security Assessment to determine the impact of El Niño on households in Mindanao and their livelihoods.

  • It is anticipated that with the upcoming elections in May, this period could be potentially turbulent and affect WFP operations.

Philippines: Leaving the Philippines after having “Built Back Better”

22 May 2016 - 5:07pm
Source: Medair Country: Philippines

Lausanne/London, 23 May 2016 - In November 2013, the most powerful typhoon to make landfall in recorded history, Haiyan, struck the Philippines killing 6,000 people, and leaving four million people in need of shelter.

Within 48 hours, Medair had sent its emergency team to assess the damage and start a reconstruction project in communities which were completely destroyed around Dulag, on the island of Leyte, eastern Visayas.

Through its Build Back Better project, Medair gave 1,680 families new homes which are stronger, more durable and more resilient than their previous ones. Over 10,000 people were trained in Disaster Risk Reduction techniques, and many of the lessons were seen being used by the wider community to strengthen their homes and businesses against future typhoons.

Kaoruko Seki, from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said: “It was our pleasure to assist Medair in support of its shelter project - a very timely and well-planned initiative that no doubt provides a vital support to the people of Dulag.”

In August 2015, to respond to the sanitation crisis caused by the typhoon, Medair hired local contractors and construction teams to rebuild new and stronger latrines for 1,250 families who had lost access to a useable latrine.

With the help of a local charity, Medair was also able to give wheelchairs to people in the community who needed this assistance. Some homes were even built with special designs to include wheelchair ramps to give disabled people a greater degree of mobility.

Now, two and a half years later and having reached its objectives, Medair is leaving the country confident that the communities are equipped to face future natural catastrophes.

Alberto Livoni, Medair’s Head of programme for the Philippines in Lausanne says: “It has been a privilege to help rebuild rural communities on Leyte Island and restore hope for those whose lives were devastated by the Typhoon. Our commitment to our beneficiaries was not to simply restore what had been damaged or destroyed, but to make sure affected families are better prepared to endure any future disaster. Having fulfilled this objective and achieved our mandate, we believe now is the right time for us to leave the Philippines.”

Medair’s humanitarian response to the Philippines was supported by All We Can (UK), Swiss Solidarity, EO Metterdaad (NL), ERICKS Development Partner (SE), Transform Aid International (AU), Tearfund (BE), Tearfund (UK), and generous private donors.

Media

For more information, please contact Nath Fauveau, Press Relations Officer (French, English, German) nathalie.fauveau@medair.org +41 (0)78 635 30 95.

MEDAIR
Nath Fauveau
Press Relations
Chemin du Croset 9 - 1024 Ecublens - Switzerland
Tel +41 (0)21 694 84 72 - Mob +41 (0)78 635 30 95
​Skype: nathfau
Twitter @MedairPress

Philippines: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons on his mission to the Philippines (A/HRC/32/35/Add.3)

18 May 2016 - 5:37pm
Source: UN Human Rights Council Country: Philippines

Note by the Secretariat

The Secretariat has the honour to transmit to the Human Rights Council the report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Chaloka Beyani, on his mission to the Philippines from 21 to 31 July 2015.

Typhoon Haiyan (known locally as “Yolanda”) made landfall in November 2013, killing thousands and displacing more than 4 million people from their homes. The Government must be commended for its reconstruction efforts to date and its initial responses to the massive internal displacement challenges. Given the extent of the devastation, significant progress has been made in providing transitional and permanent homes and restoring infrastructure. Progressive policies seek to mitigate the impact of future events, recognizing that the Philippines is on the front line of climate change-related extreme weather events.

Full recovery will take time following a disaster of such magnitude. However, two years on, attention and resources allocated to internally displaced persons, their housing and livelihoods, appear to be waning before durable solutions have been achieved for them. Many thousands lack adequate housing and the provision of basic services, including water, sanitation and electricity. Some have fallen entirely through the protection net and require urgent assistance. Following a decade of deliberation, the law on the rights of internally displaced persons should finally be adopted to provide essential legal protection to them.

In Mindanao, over the last four decades, multiple displacements due to conflict and disaster have become the common pattern in some localities. Intensified efforts are required to achieve lasting peace and to provide durable solutions to the many internally displaced persons who face relative neglect. Armed conflict and extractive and logging activities on indigenous ancestral territories have a devastating impact on indigenous peoples (Lumads), displacing them and subjecting them to gross violation of their rights and to conditions that threaten their unique communities, cultures and lifestyles.

I. Introduction

  1. In accordance with his mandate under Human Rights Council resolution 23/8 and at the invitation of the Government of the Philippines, the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Chaloka Beyani, conducted an official visit to the Philippines from 21 to 31 July 2015.

  2. The Special Rapporteur thanks the Government for its cooperation with his mandate. He consulted numerous national and local government officials and thanks them for their time and information. He looks forward to maintaining a constructive engagement with the Government ahead.

  3. He met many internally displaced persons and others, including indigenous peoples, at risk of displacement in different regions. He thanks the Office of the Resident Coordinator, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), among other United Nations agencies, for facilitating his visit and meetings. He is grateful to the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines and many civil society organizations that provided information and assistance. The present report reflects on numerous causes and situations of internal displacement and provides an independent and impartial assessment.

World: Increasing the resilience of agricultural livelihoods - A summary

17 May 2016 - 9:55am
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Madagascar, Nicaragua, Panama, Philippines, South Sudan, World

Due to the growing world population, it is estimated that global food production will need to increase by 60 percent to feed over 9.5 billion people by 2050. Worldwide, the livelihood of 2.5 billion people depend on agriculture. These small-scale farmers, herders, fishers and forest-dependent communities generate more than half of the global agricultural production and are particularly at risk from disasters that destroy or damage harvests, equipment, supplies, livestock, seeds, crops and stored food.

Disasters and crises don’t just have immediate, short-term effects – they undermine livelihoods and national development gains that have taken years to build. As the magnitude and impact of crises and disasters increases – aggravated by the overexploitation of natural resources – more and more households, communities and governments of developing countries are less able to absorb, recover and adapt, making them more vulnerable to future shocks.

Philippines: Stories of Impact: Supporting Reforms Towards Disaster Resilience in the Philippines

17 May 2016 - 7:52am
Source: GFDRR Country: Philippines

Since 1990, the Philippines has been affected by 565 natural disaster events, which have claimed the lives of nearly 70,000 Filipinos and caused an estimated $23 billion in damages, making it one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Typhoons account for 74% of these fatalities and 70% of agricultural damage. Since 2009, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and the World Bank have supported the government of the Philippines in mainstreaming disaster resilience through technical assistance, which strengthens pre-disaster planning and risk reduction interventions.

The government has also worked to implement a comprehensive disaster risk financing strategy. This ongoing engagement has benefited from strong coordination with the government of Japan, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and the GFDRR-supported World Bank Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Hub, Tokyo.

Philippines: UMCOR Partners in Response, Recovery, and Reducing Risk

16 May 2016 - 11:43pm
Source: United Methodist Committee on Relief Country: Philippines

By Christie R. House

May 12, 2016, PORTLAND, Ore. — Even in the bleakest of times, God can forge a path to bring people out of their deep despair into a resilient future of hope and promise. In the aftermath of a disaster, the path is most often cut by many hands together, and in some communities, the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) becomes a valuable partner for sorting out immediate relief needs, planning long-term recovery goals, and assessing better ways to predict and prepare for the next disaster before it strikes.

Bishop Hee Soo Jung, president of UMCOR, and the Rev. Jack Amick, senior director of UMCOR International and U.S. Disaster Relief, teamed up in the Global Ministries exhibit area today during the 2016 General Conference to celebrate and thank some of the partners that make UMCOR’s work possible — United Methodists who believe in UMCOR’s mission and give, in a variety of ways, to further its ministry.

Face Storms Together

Bishop Jung described a recent trip he and Amick took to Tacloban, Philippines, to dedicate 143 rebuilt houses and five community storm shelters, fruits of an UMCOR building partnership in Leyte Province. The shelters will protect the communities, in the event of a typhoon or storm surge and in the meanwhile, will serve them as schools and multipurpose halls. The homes had been destroyed by Super Typhoon Haiyan (known in the Philippines as Yolanda) in November 2013.

Amick said he and Jung met some of the indigenous leaders who had been trained to respond to future emergencies. He recalled that one of them said, “There will be problems, and we will face storms, but we will face them together.”

The Tacloban community lost many lives, homes, and livelihoods to Haiyan. One of the reasons the casualties were so high was because people didn’t understand the warnings they received. They were told to expect a storm surge, but they had never heard that term. Amick said the people assured him: “If they had told us, ‘tsunami,’ we would have run!”

Bishop Jung said he was amazed “at how the villagers welcomed us. Many shook our hands and said, ‘Because of you, we have a second life. Because of you, we can see a future that we can believe in together.’”

Amick added that one of the unique things about UMCOR is that while it can move money quickly during a disaster, it also works with partner organizations to help them improve their operations. “We help them live into the best practices for humanitarian assistance in this day and age,” he said. “We try to build up the capacity of these partners.”

16,000 Trained to Serve

In addition, Amick reminded the audience that, working with annual conferences, UMCOR also conducts training in the United States. Currently, there are about 16,000 U.S. volunteers trained to respond when there is a disaster in their region. Part of that training includes various mitigation projects, such as early warning systems.

“For 75 years UMCOR has been committed to this idea that we will alleviate suffering, regardless of race or creed,” Amick said. “And in today’s age, we talk about that in terms of impartiality, the right to assistance with dignity, and a very Wesleyan concept—first do no harm.”

Christie R. House is the editor of New World Outlook magazine.

What to Do When You Want to Help

  1. When you see a disaster covered in the media — pray.
  2. When you see a problem in the world or a disaster strikes — do something locally. Find a way to help in your own community.
  3. Support UMCOR — become a partner that reaches out to people around the world and to other partners everywhere to help them do good well.

World: End the neglect: a study of humanitarian financing for older people

16 May 2016 - 8:01pm
Source: HelpAge International Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Philippines, Senegal, World

Humanitarian aid must overcome its blind spot on ageing, says HelpAge International

HelpAge International is calling for a more targeted humanitarian response for older people in conflicts and emergencies, after finding that less than one percent of recent humanitarian financing goes towards older people.

A new report, which looked at more than 16,000 proposed humanitarian projects between 2010 and 2014, found that only 154 had any activity specifically targeting older people, most of which weren’t funded.

“The findings paint a clear picture of the challenges older people face”, said Marcus Skinner, Humanitarian Policy Manager at HelpAge International. “Of the few humanitarian projects that do target older people, over a third were submitted by HelpAge, showing the sector has a way to go to overcome its blind spot on ageing”.

The report, End the Neglect: a study of humanitarian financing for older people, shows that five UN Consolidated Country Appeals in 2013 and 2014 didn’t include any projects that targeted older people, while only two donors consistently provided funding to projects addressing older people’s needs.

“Last year, with the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, 193 countries committed to ‘ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’”, said Toby Porter, Chief Executive of HelpAge International. “To make this commitment a reality we need a humanitarian system that doesn’t deliver a ‘one size fits all’ response but one that reacts to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of people affected in different ways, including older people”.

The world’s ageing population means that older people constitute a growing number of those affected by humanitarian crises. In a few years’ time, the number of older people will surpass one billion and adults aged 65 and over will outnumber children under five. Two thirds of the world’s older people live in low and middle income countries where disasters are more likely to occur and the human impact is greater.

“The humanitarian system must substantially improve the way it includes older people in humanitarian responses if it is to call itself principled, impartial and fit for the future,” said Frances Stevenson, Head of the Humanitarian Team at HelpAge International.

The report concludes with a series of recommendations to humanitarian organisations and donors to play their part in delivering change for older people and other vulnerable groups.

Ahead of the World Humanitarian Summit, HelpAge has joined with other leading humanitarian agencies to produce an Inclusion Charter that sets out the core commitments needed to ensure humanitarian assistance reaches the most vulnerable. The Charter calls for funding that is commensurate with the scale of needs and is allocated impartially according to need, recognising the needs of different groups.

The following agencies have signed up to the Inclusion Charter: Plan International, World Vision, The Sphere Project, Christian Aid, Islamic Relief, MERCY Malaysia, SOS Children’s Villages, CAFOD, War Child UK, HelpAge International, Center for Community Advancement and Family Empowerment (CECAFE), Ageing with a Smile Initiative and Age International.

www.inclusioncharter.org

www.helpage.org

ENDS

Notes to editors:

The report, End the Neglect: a study of humanitarian financing for older people, can be found here

Methodology

Data from the UN Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) forms the basis of the analysis. The primary data collection tool was the Financial Tracking Service (FTS) managed by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA).

The FTS project sheets were analysed to identify projects that included at least one activity specifically targeting older people, and projects that included activities that mentioned older people alongside other vulnerable groups. The FTS captures all information on projects in the appeals; however, reporting on whether a specific project is funded is done on a voluntary basis by the donor, the recipient, or both. It is recognised that donor funding is not limited to the contributions to UN appeals, and hence the study does not provide a full picture. Nevertheless, it is considered a sufficient proxy indicator for the levels of assistance provided to older people.

Recent reforms of humanitarian financing mechanisms and the shift from UN CAP to Strategic Response Plans (SRPs) have impacted on the methodology for this study. Where countries have made the transition from the CAP to the SRP, the original methodology outlined above could not be applied due to the lack of individual project sheets in the SRP process. The phased introduction of the SRPs across the study period means we have been able to undertake a near complete analysis of country responses in 2013 and 2014, and while in 2015 the sample size is reduced,[i] the findings indicate a continuation of the trends found in previous years. For the purposes of this study, the 2015 data are excluded from the analysis due to the limited sample size, and baseline data are taken from the 2010 analysis. A full list of the countries included in the study can be found in Annex 1 of the report. An overview of the main findings is presented in Annex 2.

For further information please contact:

International Media Contacts: Sarah Gillam, Media Relations Manager, in London on Tel: +44 (0) 20 7148 7623. Mobile: + 44 (0) 7713 567 624 Email: sarah.gillam@helpage.org skype: sarah.gillam.hai or

Ed Knight, Media Intern, on Tel: + 44 (0) 20 7148 7606. Email: edward.knight@helpage.org skype: edward.knight.hai

About HelpAge International

HelpAge International helps older people claim their rights, challenge discrimination and overcome poverty, so that they can lead dignified, secure, active and healthy lives. Our work is strengthened through our global network of like-minded organisations - the only one of its kind in the world.

[i] In 2013, 18 of the 19 appeal documents were analysed; in 2014, 19 of 28 were analysed; and in 2015, 12 of 23 were analysed.

World: Act Now or Pay Later: Protecting a billion people in climate-threatened coastal cities

15 May 2016 - 7:01pm
Source: Christian Aid Country: Bangladesh, China, El Salvador, India, Nigeria, Philippines, World

NEW REPORT: CITIES IN POLLUTING COUNTRIES MOST AT RISK FROM CLIMATE INDUCED COASTAL FLOODING

  • Miami and Kolkata ranked as most vulnerable coastal cities exposed to flooding
  • Cities in carbon polluters USA, China and India most at risk
  • UK ranks in the top 25 for most exposed future coastline
  • Next week’s World Humanitarian Summit offers hope to tackle problem

To mark the start of Christian Aid Week, a new report by the charity highlights the world cities most at risk from future coastal flooding.

Act Now Or Pay Later: Protecting a billion people in climate-threatened coastal cities, shows that more than a billion people are set to be exposed to coastal flooding by 2060 through a combination of sea level rise, storm surges and extreme weather.

Published today, the report reveals that it is people living in three of the biggest carbon polluting countries that will be most at risk: the USA, China and India.

According to projections for the year 2070, supported by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, India’s Kolkata and Mumbai top the list of cities whose populations are most exposed to coastal flooding, with 14 million and 11.4 million respectively. The first seven cities on the list are from Asia, followed by Miami at number eight.

Miami is also forecast to suffer the brunt of the financial losses from coastal flooding by 2070, topping a separate list with an eye-watering $3.5 trillion of exposed assets. The USA is likely to pay a hefty price for its world-leading per capita carbon emissions, as New York also comes in third with $2.1 trillion. China’s Guangzhou splits the two American cities with exposed assets of $3.4 trillion. In total, of the top 20 most financially vulnerable cities, half are from either of these two countries: four from the US, six from China.

Report author Dr Alison Doig, Christian Aid’s Principal Climate Change Advisor, said the figures should be a wakeup call ahead of next week’s World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul (May 23-24). “We are facing a head on collision between the growth of coastal urban areas and climate change which makes coastal flooding more likely,” she said. “This perfect storm is likely to bring about a heavy human and financial toll unless we do something about it.

“Cruelly, it will be the poor that will suffer the most. Although the financial cost to cities in rich countries will be crippling, wealthier people will at least have options to relocate and receive insurance protection. Evidence shows that from New Orleans to Dhaka, it is the poorest who are most vulnerable because they have the worst infrastructure and no social or financial safety nets to help them recover.”

Dr Doig added: “There is a chance this horrifying vision of the future can be avoided. It is striking that the cities facing the most severe impacts are in countries with high contributions of carbon emissions. The first thing we can do is speed up the global transition away from dirty fossil fuels to the clean, renewably energy of the future.

“We can also do more to prepare for such occurrences. Spending money now on reducing the risk of disasters will save money and lives later. Such investment is a no brainer.”

Ahead of next week’s World Humanitarian Summit, UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon has called for the percentage of global aid spent on disaster risk reduction to be doubled to 1%. This would bring the figure to $1 billion. Christian Aid is calling for a rise to 5%. Dr Doig said: “This billion dollars would go some way to help protect people in these cities now, and alleviate the threat for the billion vulnerable people at risk from coastal flooding by 2060.”

In another ranking the report lists which nations will have the most people living in exposed coastlines by 2060. China tops the list, followed by India and Bangladesh. The UK comes in 22nd. Dr Doig said: “In the UK we’ve experienced in recent years the winter flooding that has left large parts of the country deluged. But these figures show that it’s not just more rainfall we need to be wary of. The people living along our coastlines will become vulnerable to rising tides unless we do something about climate change.”

The report goes on to examine how men and women are affected differently by climate related disasters, with women on the whole suffering more acutely. It also shows examples of where Christian Aid is providing practical assistance to help the most vulnerable deal with the climate impacts they are already facing.

Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change and ranked 142nd out of 187 nations on the UN’s Human Development Index. But donations to Christian Aid are helping lift people away from the floodwaters. Feroza Begum and her family are on the front line of climate change; their home was flooded multiple times and at one point was under water for 18 days. Thanks to help from Christian Aid partner organisation GUK their home and surrounding land was raised onto a sturdy plinth. Feroza was also given livestock and climate resistant seeds so that she can diversify her income and become more resilient. She said: “Because of this plinth, I feel better. Now I have been able to make a small plantation and grow some vegetables. I am doing much better and feel much safer.”

“70% of C40 cities are already experiencing the effects of climate change and it is coastal and delta cities that are the most at risk from the impact of a rapidly warming planet. Mayors are already acting to protect citizens from climate related floods and storms and they are learning from those cities that have pioneered efforts to adapt, such as Rotterdam and Ho Chi Minh City. Now is the moment to invest and adapt our cities to protect the billion vulnerable people and trillions of dollars in assets.” - Mark Watts, Executive Director, C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group

The full report can be accessed here: http://www.christianaid.org.uk/Images/act-now-pay-later-climate-report-may-2016.pdf
For more information contact Joe Ware at jware@christian-aid.org or on +44(0)7870944485. The 24-hour Christian Aid press duty phone is 07850 242950. Notes to Editors:

World: Disaster-Resilient Microfinance: Learning from Communities Affected by Typhoon Haiyan

4 May 2016 - 11:08pm
Source: Asian Development Bank Country: Philippines, World

This analysis of the economic recovery of households in the Philippines badly affected by typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) explores how microfinance can improve its role before and after such disasters hit.

Microfinance is now an embedded feature of almost all low and middle income countries inextricably linked to the development of local markets and economies. These countries are often the most exposed to extreme climate events.

The report sets out the experience, analysis and conclusions of VisionFund International and their Philippine microfinance operation Community Economic Ventures Incorporated (CEVI). This analysis follows the economic recovery of over 4,000 client households badly affected by typhoon Haiyan over the 18 months following the calamity and seeks to derive recommendations for future financial disaster risk management solutions. The work was funded by the Integrated Disaster Risk Management Fund of the Asian Development Bank with financial support from the Government of Canada.

Contents

  • Introduction

    • Overview: A Layered View of Risks and Financial Safety Nets
    • A Case Study: Typhoon Haiyan
    • The Benefits of 'Before the Event' Funding
    • Implications and a Way Forward

World: A case for cash: crisis and disaster-affected populations’ perspective

4 May 2016 - 8:41am
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies, Cash Learning Partnership Country: Lebanon, Philippines, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Summary

As the number, scale and duration of humanitarian crises increase, the provision of cash to affected people and communities presents a number of opportunities for more effective and efficient programming. The means by which such opportunities can be maximised is a source of ongoing debate involving a wide range of traditional and non-traditional actors. This short paper considers the perspectives of those directly affected by crises – the recipients of cash transfers in humanitarian settings. At a time of broad consultation around cash transfers, canvassing the perspectives of affected persons as those pioneering the use and effectiveness of cash in crises situations can only strengthen the effective evolution of cash transfer programming.

When faced with a disaster of any sort the needs of people and their communities can be great and are always diverse. They rapidly evolve over time and can vary considerably across regions. Failure to meet urgent or priority needs can trigger the use of negative coping mechanisms that may produce longer term consequences. Cash can provide the flexibility and capacity to choose and consequently is highly valued by beneficiaries in most contexts, who appreciate the possibility to allocate cash according to current priorities at the household level.

Whilst preference for cash is commonly reported, preferences are never similar within an affected area or population, and factors such as fear of inflation, distance to markets, perceived protection risks or cultural barriers to access can nuance those preferences. This paper outlines some of the existing evidence and a follow-up report will be developed which will summarise a more open dialogue with recipient households in three currently ongoing humanitarian contexts. By asking open questions the report will aim to identify principal concerns, ideas and perspectives in order to strengthen the discussions underway regarding the future of cash transfer programming.

Philippines: Restoring resilience and dignity – Philippine Red Cross Typhoon Haiyan shelter recovery programme nears completion

4 May 2016 - 7:39am
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Philippines

By MJ Evalarosa, IFRC

As it nears the end of its three-year operation to help communities to recover from Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Visayas region of central Philippines, the Red Cross has helped build or repair more than 72,000 homes.

In April ceremonies attended by representatives from the Philippine Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the International Committee of the Red Cross, Spanish Red Cross, Qatar Red Crescent Society, and American Red Cross were held in three different venues in the province of Leyte to mark the handover of more than 5,600 homes, three health centres and seven educational facilities.

Various approaches have been used by Red Cross partners to help families rebuild. The IFRC’s shelter programme consists of shelter repair assistance, which provides people with the equivalent of 220.00 US dollars or 195.00 euros in cash and building materials. In some ‘core shelters’ have been constructed for some families who lost their houses and training has been provided which has allowed families to complete the construction process themselves.

Crisencio Auris, a 42-year-old carpenter, is one of those who directly benefited from the build back better approach. He has been working for the Red Cross as a skilled labourer since 2014 and was able to help build typhoon-resistant homes for his community in Pastrana, Leyte.

"See those tiles? I worked hard to earn the money to buy them," says Crisencio. "I placed all the tiles myself. I have six kids so the concrete floor would always get dirty. Instead of letting my wife spend hours and hours each day to keep it clean, I decided to save the money I earned to buy new tiles for my house which are easier to clean."

To ensure that each identified household will have a secure site for the next 10 to 15 years, the Red Cross is coordinating closely with local government units, volunteers and project staff.

“Identified households in communities are given an orientation and information on safe sites. We then assess the household’s proposed location for potential hazards and risks and if we find them unsafe, we present alternative solutions, such as guidance on mitigation works or advising them to secure a safer site,” says IFRC shelter delegate Colin Price.

Each core shelter’s design was kept simple so that it focused on what the people needed, but at the same time, giving people the freedom to customize their homes.

The Palamos siblings, Alex and Elena, from District-IV, have both received core shelters from the Red Cross. Alex, 40, set up a makeshift barbershop on the site of his sister’s former home, while Elena, 37, busies herself with a direct-selling business.

"Our family felt so lost after Haiyan happened,” says 37 year-old Elena. “We saw all the hard work Red Cross staff and volunteers went through to make this happen, so thank you from the bottom of my heart."

“Together with the wider humanitarian community, our Red Cross Red Crescent family, through the strong leadership and initiative shown by the Philippine Red Cross, will continue to work towards recovery and renewal in the Visayas,” says IFRC Program Coordinator Ramsey Raysis. “This way, we can ensure our communities are stronger, better informed, and more resilient to future disasters.”

The Philippine Red Cross recovery operation is spread over nine provinces. Its shelter programme, which aims to support the rebuilding of 80,000 homes by the end of the year is supported by the IFRC, 17 Red Cross and Red Crescent national societies as well as private donors including Air Asia, HSBC, Citibank and Singapore-based CUBE.

•See inside Crisencio Auris’ core shelter here: https://www.facebook.com/mjevalarosa/videos/10153777317542758/

•See inside Elena Gallaron’s new home here: https://www.facebook.com/mjevalarosa/videos/10153777115547758/

Philippines: Philippines: Evaluation of DFID’s Humanitarian Response to Typhoon Haiyan

3 May 2016 - 2:05pm
Source: Department for International Development Country: Philippines

The evaluation focuses on both the initial response in the first 3 to 4 months, which constituted largely relief, and the transition to recovery during 2014. It addresses 3 evaluation objectives, with a particular focus on cross-cutting issues such as:

  • value for money (VfM)
  • accountability
  • violence against women and girls (VAWG) and protection

Philippines: Red Cross turns over completed shelter in Cebu’s Bantayan Island

2 May 2016 - 11:52am
Source: Philippine National Red Cross Country: Philippines

More than 1,900 completed shelters made for typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) affected families in Bantayan Island in Cebu were formally turned over to the beneficiaries by the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) on May 1, 2016.

The shelter project in Bantayan Island, particularly in the municipalities of Madridejos and Bantayan, were done by the PRC in partnership with German Red Cross and was done under PRC’s Typhoon Haiyan Recovery Program. More than 500 houses are still to be built in Bantayan Island for those who lost their homes to typhoon Yolanda in November 2013.

“Bantayan Island was one of the worst hit islands in the province of Cebu when typhoon Yolanda came. The typhoon left the island completely isolated in its wake, left several dead and thousands homeless,” said Richard Gordon, chairman of the PRC.

Typhoon Yolanda made its fourth landfall in Bantayan Island in Cebu, which left around 30 percent of the island’s residents completely without homes, while 90 percent of the houses that were left standing had the roofs torn off.

“With this housing project for the residents of Bantayan Island, the PRC and German Red Cross were able to provide not just a place to live for the families that have been affected by typhoon Yolanda, but more importantly, we were able to give them back their dignity and helped them start anew after their horrifying ordeal,” Gordon added.

For the whole province of Cebu, PRC in partnership with other national societies in the Red Cross Movement and some private donors, have already built a total of 7,772 houses as of April 22, 2016. More than 600 houses are still to be built to complete the target number of houses for identified shelter beneficiaries in the province.

As of date, a total of 73,361 houses have already been built by the Red Cross and partners in nine provinces that have been severely affected by typhoon Yolanda. The nine provinces are: Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Cebu, Iloilo, Leyte, Palawan, Eastern Samar, and Western Samar.

Aside from shelter, PRC’s Typhoon Haiyan Recovery Program also supported 8,354 households in Cebu with livelihood assistance, rehabilitated and reconstructed five health facilities, and rehabilitated and constructed water and sanitation facilities in seven schools in the province.

During the emergency phase of the disaster, 16,293 families in Cebu received food items, while 39,726 families received non-food items from the PRC such as plastic mats, blankets, mosquito nets, jerry cans, tarpaulins, tents, kitchen sets, hygiene kits, and shelter repair kits.

Around PhP 5 million emergency cash relief assistance were also given to the affected individuals and families in the province of Cebu in the aftermath of the typhoon.