Iraq - Maps
The REACH Initiative and IOM, in support of the CCCM Cluster, recently completed the second of two Spontaneous Site Assessments in May 2015. Two sweeps of spontaneous collective sites were conducted in the Kurdistan Republic of Iraq (KR-I) and disputed areas of northern Iraq in October and November 2014, and in the southern governorates between February and May 2015. Partners identified, geo-referenced and collected key data on informal settlements containing five or more families, including on demographics, shelter conditions, legal status, access to services and intentions.
Spontaneous sites take the form of informal settlements, collective centers, religious or public buildings and unfinished or abandoned buildings in use as shelters. Most of the sites have substandard services in terms of access, site planning, WASH and winterization, and residents are highly vulnerable to changing weather conditions. Shelter in many sites is ad-hoc, with limited protection provided by plastic sheeting and other basic materials.
From the beginning of January 2014 through 02 July 2015 the DTM identified 3,112,914 internally displaced individuals (518,819 families) dispersed across 3,349 distinct locations in Iraq.
The ETC was activated in Syria on 14 January 2013 to provide common telecommunications services to the humanitarian community responding to the crisis both within Syria, and in surrounding countries. Lack of access, escalating insecurity and restrictions on movement complicate these efforts and have at times led to missions being cancelled. However, preparedness plans allow for the immediate expansion of operations once access improves.