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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Rapport de situation Fièvre jaune en RD Congo, Sitrep du 18 août 2016

19 August 2016 - 2:47pm
Source: World Health Organization Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

1. RESUME

 Kinshasa, le 16 Août 2016 : Lancement officiel par le Ministre de la santé Publique de la Campagne de vaccination préventive contre la fièvre jaune ciblant 10.5 Millions de personne dans 47 zones de santé dont 32 à Kinshasa et 15 frontalières avec l’Angola, la campagne va durer 10 jours

 Suite aux contraintes logistiques (disponibilité réduite de vol pour le transport des outils de gestion), le démarrage proprement dit de la campagne de vaccination préventive contre la fièvre jaune interviendra avec un décalage dans les provinces de Kwango, Kasaï central et Lualaba ;

 Présence à Kinshasa des directeurs des urgences de l’OMS Genève et Afro pour appuyer les efforts de bureau OMS-RDC dans la coordination des activités de la campagne Fièvre jaune

 Jusqu’en date du 18 Aout 2016, selon le comité de validation et classification des données de l’épidémie de la fièvre jaune en RDC : 73cas de fièvre Jaune sont confirmés avec 16 décès (Létalité : 21,91%) ; 9 cas sont en instance de classification finale ; Un total de 1956 prélèvements analysés (82,3%) sur les 2357 cas suspects notifiés ;

 Jusqu’en date du 18 Aout : J42 sans nouveaux-cas confirmés de fièvre Jaune prélevés à Kinshasa (dernier cas confirmé remonte au 08 juillet 2016 dans la zone de santé de Ngiri-Ngiri ;

 La Commande de l’OMS pour une couverture de 3 mois supplémentaires en réactifs de laboratoire fièvre jaune est attendue avant la fin du mois d’Aout 2016 à Kinshasa

 Une nouvelle requête est en cours d’être envoyée à l’ICG pour les coûts opérationnels et les vaccins antiamarils en vue de la campagne de vaccination dans la zone de santé de Feshi (Province de Kwango)

 Le plan de réponse générale à l’épidémie de la fièvre jaune en RDC par l’OMS est financé en ce jour à hauteur de 84,7%, le Gap actuel est estimé à 3 705 764 USD

 Le déploiement sur terrain des experts pour appuyer la campagne préventive contre la fièvre Jaune à Kinshasa et dans les zones transfrontalière avec l’Angola se poursuit (déploiement déjà couvert à 89%)

 100% des fonds destinés aux couts opérationnels de l’actuelle campagne de vaccination préventive contre la fièvre jaune sont bien disponibles au niveau des provinces

Democratic Republic of the Congo: RD Congo: Note pour les Médias N° 025-065-016 - L’intervention sanitaire de l’OMS et des autres partenaires se renforce dans l’Equateur, l’une des provinces les plus touchées par le choléra

19 August 2016 - 1:31pm
Source: World Health Organization Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

MBANDAKA (EQUATEUR) 19 août 2016. Face à la progression de l’épidémie de choléra dans les provinces situées le long du fleuve Congo et dans celles endémiques de l’Est de la RDC, l’OMS a déployé dans la province de l’Equateur une équipe composée de trois experts épidémiologistes, 3 experts en Eau, Hygiène et Assainissement et de quatre experts en communication du risque, mobilisation sociale, et engagement communautaire pour renforcer l’appui technique sur place et parvenir à interrompre la chaîne de transmission de la maladie.

Après la visite au Bureau provincial de l’OMS/Equateur à Mbandaka, dont les points essentiels des échanges ont tourné autour des ressources disponibles pour permettre l’accélération de la mise en œuvre des activités de lutte contre le choléra sur le terrain, les experts ont eu une séance de travail avec les responsables de la Division Provinciale de la santé (DPS), avant d’être reçus par M. Alain Ngwela Bokwele, le ministre Provincial de la Santé, des Affaires Sociales, de la Jeunesse, du Sport et de l’Action Humanitaire, qui a loué ‘‘les effort et l’appui de l’OMS et des autres partenaires dans la gestion de l’épidémie de choléra dans la province de l’Equateur’’.

Il a cependant exprimé sa préoccupation quant à la persistance de l’épidémie de choléra dans les zones de santé situées en amont de l’Equateur, à savoir Tshopo et Mongala qui constituent, selon lui ‘‘le point de départ de toutes les épidémies dans la province de l’Equateur’’.

‘‘Les conséquences des épidémies de choléra en amont doivent retenir l’attention du gouvernement national de la RDC et de tous nos partenaires,’’ a indiqué M. Ngwela Bokwele, avant d’ajouter qu’il appréciait à sa juste valeur l’intervention sanitaire de l’OMS et des autres partenaires. ‘‘C’est un grand signal d’accompagnement dans la lutte contre le choléra dans notre province,’’ s’est-il félicité.

Il a par ailleurs espéré, grâce à l’équipe de la mobilisation sociale et d’engagement communautaire arrivée sur place, ‘‘un vrai changement des mentalités et de comportement des riverains dans les zones telles que Mankanza, Lolanga-Mampoko etc. afin de réduire au maximum les facteurs de risque potentiels qui accentuent l’épidémie en cours’’.

Il a également appelé à des ‘‘interventions durables et consistantes dans les zones les plus touchées pour interrompre la chaine de transmission du choléra dans l’Equateur’’.

Les besoins urgents identifiés sur le terrain se résument entre autres à:

  • Elaborer un plan de travail avec la Division provinciale de la santé (DPS) pour la réalisation des activités en tenant compte de leur plan opérationnel actualisé ;

  • Rendre disponibles les ressources additionnelles nécessaires à la gestion de l’épidémie dans les zones touchées jusqu’au contrôle de l’épidémie ;

  • Renforcer le plaidoyer pour mobiliser plus des partenaires dans la lutte contre l’épidémie

  • Intensifier la lutte contre le choléra dans les provinces en amont de l’Equateur (Tshopo, Mongala)

  • Rendre disponible des intrants et outils de prévention contre le choléra dans toutes les zones de santé les plus touchées par cette épidémie ;

  • Organiser les missions intégrées des équipes surveillance épidémiologique, WASH et communication.

Pour palper du doigt la réalité du terrain, l’équipe conjointe OMS-Ministère de la Santé Publique a visité deux marchés locaux et six petits ports privés de la ville de Mbandaka ainsi que le Centre de Traitement du choléra (CTC) de Wangata qui prend en charge les malades, afin de sensibiliser davantage la population sur les mesures de prévention contre le choléra.

Il y a lieu noter qu’en cette période aiguë de l’épidémie, le manque d’eau potable, l’absence des mesures d’hygiène ciblant les ports et embarcations (les bateaux et pirogues), les puits d’eau non entretenus font partie des facteurs de risque majeurs qui favorisent la propagation de la maladie dans cette zone à forte hydrographie.

Contacts techniques :

Dr Yokouidé Allarangar, Représentant de l’OMS en RDC, allarangaryo@who.int

Dr Dossou Vincent Sodjinou, Incident Manager Choléra en RDC, sodjinouv@who.int

Dr Valentin Mukinda, épidémiologiste des Urgences, OMS RDC, mukindabinkapala@who.int

Relations Médias :

Eugène Kabambi, Communications, Plaidoyer & Médias, kabambie@who.int

Hélène Komerwa, Consultante en communication, à Mbandaka, helenekomerwa@gmail.com

Central African Republic: Emergency actions: making humanitarian aid accessible

19 August 2016 - 12:18pm
Source: Handicap International Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, World

In an emergency, many of those already most vulnerable to the effects of disasters are unable to access crucial aid. For World Humanitarian Day, Handicap International reaffirms its commitment to making humanitarian aid accessible to every affected person without distinction.

Ecuador, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nepal, Yemen, Ukraine, the Middle East, Sierra Leone, Libya, the Philippines— millions around the globe are currently affected by crises ranging from epidemics to wars. In these situations, persons with disabilities, elderly persons, and isolated persons are among the most disadvantaged. 75% of people with disabilities do not have sufficient access to humanitarian aid.

In 2015 alone, our association supported 740,000 people in 24 countries facing emergencies; almost half of them Syrian refugees living in Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq. Whether it is providing technical support to hospitals, essential rehabilitation care to people with serious injuries or disabilities, or psychosocial support to those coping with trauma, Handicap International is committed to repairing the lives of those impacted by humanitarian crises.

No person should be denied the help they need due to geographical isolation. Handicap International logistics experts work to extend the reach of other humanitarian actors. To surmount obstacles of geography, the organization has created logistics platforms and multi-organizational partnerships to ensure that aid gets where it needs to go, no matter how remote. Handicap International currently runs two logistics platform in North Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) and in the Central African Republic, through which networks of truckers allow international organizations to efficiently reach the most isolated people.

World: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Ukraine, DR Congo – in all these countries the help of People in Need would not be possible without local humanitarian workers

19 August 2016 - 12:03pm
Source: People in Need Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Nepal, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World

At the occasion of the World Humanitarian Day on the 19th of August we commemorate all the humanitarian workers who, doing their work, often risk their lives. According to the data from The Aid Worker Security database, only within the last year 283 humanitarian workers were killed, kidnapped or injured. Of these people who were facing such danger in their work during the past years 90 % were local employees. In 2015, only 7 from the total of 109 people who lost their life were from foreign countries. The organisation People in Need (PIN) that secures humanitarian and development aid in more than 22 countries in the world could not do without the work of the local employees either. “People often do not realize that it is not a bunch of adventurers doing the job abroad but most of all the local people,” Jan Mrkvicka, the director of the Humanitarian and Development Section of PIN explains. “From our more than 1.500 employees who directly participate on the running of our missions there is always a ratio of approximately eight foreign workers including ones from the Czech Republic to one hundred local colleagues. In addition to this we cooperate with more than a hundred local organisations,” he notes.

The death of nine Afghan colleagues

This year PIN commemorated the greatest tragedy in its history when there were nine local colleagues killed in an attack on the office in Afghanistan in June last year. “At the beginning of June the team members from the Afghan mission met to pay tribute to the memory of their colleagues who were brutally murdered on the 2nd of June last year in the Balkh Province. The relatives and friends of the victims as well as employees of other non-profit organisations and representatives of the civil service and local administrations attended the remembrance ceremony,” Wail Khazal, the director of the PIN mission in Afghanistan, describes the situation.

The murder of the local colleagues was a great blow to everybody and left its marks on how the work is being done here since. “In the past twelve months several passive points of security in all local offices have been significantly strengthened. Preventive measures have been increased, too, aiming at minimalizing the risk of the tragedy being repeated. After these precautions we successfully relaunched our programs supporting the poor farmers, women and youth in the poor districts, students of agriculture and other groups of population endangered by poverty, and we are determined to continue to participate on the development of Afghanistan and support their citizens’ efforts,” Wail Khazal adds.

The Ukrainians, Syrians and Iraqis are helping in their war-devastated homelands

Because of the long war conflict and on-going fights millions of civilians in Ukraine, Syria and Iraq depend on humanitarian help. According to the data from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) of the United Nations 13.5 millions of people in Syria, 3.1 millions in Ukraine and 10 millions of people in Iraq need humanitarian aid. “Through our field humanitarian work we are exposed – every now and then – to many dangerous accidents such as the regime airstrikes on civil neighbourhoods as well as to some problems with armed groups sometimes. This is really annoying and frightening, but, gradually, our feeling of fear started to be less important than the feeling of our ability to help the needy through our work. This has really become a motivation for going on and forward in our humanitarian work,” he observes.

During the sniper fire in the civilian quarters in the south of Aleppo in 2014 three local PIN employees died. The help in the country continues, however. Besides the material and financial support and the distribution of food PIN focuses on the educational support as well as on helping the farmers to preserve their agricultural production.

The fights in the eastern Ukraine do not cease either. Despite the truce that has been negotiated the number of the civilian casualties keeps rising. PIN is helping the most vulnerable people on the both sides of the Ukrainian front since 2014. “The work in PIN is my calling. Sometimes it is challenging and it always hurts the most to see innocent people suffering,” Sergey Saenko confesses. He fled from Donetsk and later became a volunteer, working for various organisations, helping to evacuate people living near the front. For PIN he has been working since September 2014. “Last year PIN was funding evacuation of Avdeevka residents, in time when the town was severely shelled. I remember shells failing right behind my back. I feared for my life, but I feared the most for lives of people that we took responsibility for. But I knew that I had to be there and nowhere else. And this is exactly why I am with PIN. I know that I have to be here doing what I am doing."

The knowledge of the local language and culture is important

The humanitarian crisis in the world led to a strong migration wave, the strongest since the end of the World War II. According to the numbers provided by the UN only within the area of Iraq there are 3.3 millions of internally displaced people waiting to be able to return to their homes. That is the group of people on whom PIN focuses – they flee predominantly from the areas ruled over by the so called Islamic State. This would not be possible without the help of the local humanitarian workers.

“In Iraq our local employees are truly essential. With their knowledge of the local language and culture they help us to find our feet in this relatively complicated situation in a country torn by a yearlong ethnic-religious conflict,” Nada Aliova, the coordinator of the PIN programmes in Syria and Iraq says. “These people work for us because they are not indifferent to what is happening in their country. Without their determination to help we could hardly react quickly enough to any worsening of the humanitarian situation that we expect as a cause of the planned offensive at Mosul.”

Overcoming the traumatizing experiences

The work of the humanitarian workers is very important in the regions damaged by natural disasters as well. In April 2015 a devastating earthquake hit Nepal and left 9.000 people dead and 22.000 injured. PIN immediately sent there an emergency team. The complete reconstruction and restoration of the country is going slowly, however. That is why the PIN activities in Nepal continue and move from the distribution of the humanitarian help on to new directions. “What attracted me to working for PIN were their projects in the rural parts of Nepal, in Sindhupalchok and Gorkha District, where they were working with women and adolescent girls who are often victims of violence in the times of emergency,” Vilaya Pun describes her beginnings. She herself now manages the programs aimed to protect the most vulnerable groups like women and children. “PIN has provided us the platform where we can share our knowledge with the people of our own country who are a bit behindhand and really needs our help. Hence, I can say that the works of protection we have been doing in rural areas on behalf of PIN have provided me enormous satisfaction and motivation to do more social works in future.”

“While working on our projects we see a lot of cases of gender based violence. We are helping the rape victims, the victims of sexual assaults, discrimination or psychical abuse. Most of these people are afraid to talk about these problems. That’s why we inform them about their rights, we work with them in special groups and help to rebuild their confidence,” a colleague Jenisha Twanabasu who works with PIN since September 2015 shares her experience. “I chose this work because it makes sense. Often I have a feeling that I’m helping my own sisters and brothers to overcome a difficult times, to face traumatic experience and to overcome it.”

The determination and motivation

Poverty, illiteracy, acute undernourishment, lack of drinking water – that is all just a part of the problems that Africa has been dealing with for a long time. With the help of the local employees, PIN is helping in Angola, Ethiopia, South Sudan and DR Congo. “In DR Congo we managed to put together a team of responsible and well-motivated Congolese humanitarian workers who, despite many obstacles that they had to face, remain positive and determined. I have already seen several different teams and always found common ground with them. I sincerely respect all my colleagues because you can learn something from each and one of them,” Karolina Sklebena, the head of the PIN mission in DR Congo, managing a team of three foreign and 37 local employees, describes their situation. “From my position as the head of the mission I am also responsible for the safety of my colleagues. If I made a mistake I could endanger someone’s health or life. Fortunately I have a great team of people with me with whom I can talk before making any essential decision.” You can read the whole interview with Karolina Sklebena here.

Bomb attack in Baghdad in 2003

The World Humanitarian Day was designated by the UN on the 19th of August after 22 humanitarian workers, including the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Sergio Vieira de Mello, died in a bomb attack in Baghdad in 2003. This day is dedicated to all humanitarian workers who risk their lives in their work and more and more often become targets of attack. PIN is no exception – every year on the 19th of August the organisation shows its respect to everybody who help others in dangerous regions, and pays homage to all who lost their life at it.

The humanitarian and developing aid is only possible thanks to the institutional support and the support of the Czech public – these all are contributing through the PIN Club of Friends, Real Gift and the fund-raising Real Help. People in Need sincerely thanks to all donors for their support.

For more information please contact:

Jan Mrkvicka, the director of the Humanitarian and Development Section of PIN, +420 777 787 961

Jan.Mrkvicka@clovekvtisni.cz  

Tomas Kocian, the coordinator of the humanitarian help in PIN, +420 777 787 970

Tomas.Kocian@peopleinneed.cz

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Après le déplacement, une foire pour acquérir les articles essentiels

19 August 2016 - 11:35am
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Djaounsede Madjiangar

À Mangina au Nord Kivu, populations déplacées et locales se réjouissent des foires aux articles ménagers essentiels : l’occasion d’acquérir ce dont elles ont vraiment besoin.

Aziza Masika ne cache pas sa satisfaction à la sortie des foires aux articles ménagers essentiels organisées par l’UNICEF et le Conseil norvégien pour les réfugiés (NRC) au profit des personnes déplacées internes et leurs familles d’accueil à Mangina, localité située à environ 30 km au nord-ouest de la ville de Beni dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC).

Dignité retrouvée pour ceux qui ont tout perdu

« Ce soir, je ne dormirai plus sur les feuilles de bananier » lance-t-elle d’un air joyeux, trainant derrière elle un matelas qu’elle vient d’acheter à la foire.

Mariée et mère de six enfants, Masika fait partie de quelques 8 000 personnes qui ont été forcées de fuir leurs villages entre avril et mai 2016 à cause des exactions commises par des bandits armés ou encore des affrontements opposant les forces gouvernementales aux groupes rebelles dans les provinces de l’Ituri et du Nord Kivu.

Les foires aux articles ménagers essentiels, $75 pour se reconstruire

Au premier jour de ces foires, qui se sont déroulées du 18 au 21 juillet 2016, Masika ayant reçu un coupon de 75$, n’a pas tourné en rond. En un temps record, elle a réuni tous les articles dont elle avait le plus besoin pour sa survie : un matelas, un jet de casseroles pour la cuisine, deux bidons, un pagne, des chaussures, des tôles ondulées et surtout un panneau solaire. « Désormais je vais respirer du bon air », a-t-elle déclaré. « Ce panneau solaire va nous éclairer la nuit et nous n’aurons plus à utiliser des bougies artisanales qui polluent la maison.»

A l’origine des déplacements, les violences

Il n’y a pas longtemps, Masika et ses enfants vivaient des travaux champêtres dans leur village natal, Biakato, en province Orientale. Un beau matin du mois de mai, ils ont été réveillés par des cris et des coups de feu. Des bandits armés sont entrés dans le village. Dans la panique, ils ont quitté le village, abandonnant derrière eux tous leurs biens. Après une journée de voyage, ils ont atteint la commune de Mangina, en province du Nord Kivu.

Accueillie par une connaissance et installée dans un abri de fortune, la famille Masika, qui n’a rien emporté dans sa fuite, dormait sur des feuilles de bananiers étalées à même le sol. À défaut d’une lampe tempête, elle utilisait des bougies artisanales qui produisaient beaucoup de fumée les empêchant parfois de dormir. Pour joindre les deux bouts, elle et son mari travaillaient dans les champs des autochtones pour un revenu moyen de 2000 francs congolais par jour -à peine suffisant pour nourrir une famille de six personnes.

L’expérience de Masika est similaire à celles qu’ont vécu plus de 80% des déplacés internes vivant dans des familles d’accueil à Mangina.

Répondre à l’urgence

Maintenant, cette situation a changé. Grâce au soutien financier de bailleurs de fonds comme la Commission Européenne (ECHO), les Etats-Unis d’Amérique (OFDA), le Pooled Fund, le Canada, le Japon, la Grande Bretagne et la Suède, l’UNICEF et ses partenaires œuvrant dans le cadre du mécanisme de Réponse Rapide aux Mouvements de Population (RRMP), ont pu organiser des foires commerciales au cours desquelles les déplacés internes et leurs familles d’accueil se sont procuré des articles ménagers essentiels pour mener une vie digne et responsable.

« Nous remercions l’UNICEF et NRC pour cette assistance qui va beaucoup améliorer les conditions de vie des familles vulnérables, » a déclaré Kasereka Kandondo, fonctionnaire délégué de la commune de Mangina. « À travers ces foires, c’est toute la communauté de Mangina qui est touchée car le marché se fait avec nos commerçants et l’argent circule et reste dans notre communauté. »

En attendant le retour de la paix dans son village, Masika, qui a aussi acheté des tôles, envisage de reconstruire la toiture de sa cabane afin de protéger sa famille contre les intempéries de la saison pluvieuse.

World: Aid in Danger - Aid workers reported assaulted or injured - between January 2015 and June 2016 (As of 16 August 2016)

19 August 2016 - 10:05am
Source: Insecurity Insight Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, Zambia

In 2015, open sources reported 207 aid workers as assaulted or injured in 95 severe incidents. - During the first six months of 2016, 43 severe incidents reported 97 aid workers as assaulted or injured.
- 2 aid workers raped in South Sudan and Tanzania.
- 1 aid worker sexually assaulted in Zambia.

These data has been prepared by the Aid in Danger project by Insecurity Insight using the Security in Numbers Database. Reported events based on open source reporting between January 2015-June 2016, as of 16 August 2016. Data collection is ongoing and these numbers may change as new information is made available. More information www.insecurityinsight.ordaidindanger/

World: Aid in Danger: Aid workers reported killed, kidnapped, injured or assaulted between January 2015 and June 2016 (as of 16 August 2016)

19 August 2016 - 9:57am
Source: Insecurity Insight Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Malaysia, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia

816 aid workers reported killed, kidnapped, injured or assaulted between January 2015 and June 2016

In 2015, open sources reported 515 aid workers killed (179), kidnapped (129) and assaulted or injured (207) in 234 severe incidents. During the first six months of 2016, open sources reported 301 aid workers killed (129), kidnapped (75) and assaulted or injured (97) in 122 severe incidents.

World: Aid in Danger: Aid workers reported kidnapped between January 2015 and June 2016 (As of 16 August 2016)

19 August 2016 - 9:48am
Source: Insecurity Insight Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen
  • During the first six months of 2016, 25 severe incidents reported 75 aid workers kidnapped.
  • 76% of kidnapped aid workers were released (155).
  • 23% aid workers were released following community-led mediation in Afghanistan (23) and Somalia (12).
  • 3 aid workers were released after an undisclosed ransom payment in Somali.
  • Ransom demands reported in DRC and Nigeria.
  • 2 aid workers rescued by police (Afghanistan and Kenya).
  • 81 Afghanistan 48 DRC 18 Somalia 17 Sudan 15 Mali 5 Nigeria 4 Yemen 3 CAR 3 Libya 2 Burkina Faso 2 Kenya ft' 2 South Sudan Syria 2 Ukraine

Reported events based on open source reporting between January 2015-June 2016, as of 16 August 2016. Data collection is ongoing and these numbers may change as new information is made available. More information www.insecurityinsight.org/aidindanger/

World: Aid in Danger: Aid workers reported killed between January 2015 and June 2016 (as of 16 August 2016)

19 August 2016 - 9:47am
Source: Insecurity Insight Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Malaysia, Mali, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World, Yemen

308 aid workers reported killed between January 2015 and June 2016

In 2015, open sources reported 179 aid workers killed in 101 severe incidents. During the first six months of 2016, 61 severe incidents reported 129 aid workers killed.

  • 134 aid workers killed in incidents attributed to Non-State Actors.
  • 82 aid workers killed in incidents attributed to State Actors.
  • For the remainder, no further information is currently available.
  • 14 aid workers were reported killed following their abduction in Afghanistan (7), South Sudan (3), Honduras, Kenya and Syria (1 each).

World: Aid in Danger - Infrastructure (January 2015 - June 2016) as of 16 August 2016

19 August 2016 - 9:37am
Source: Insecurity Insight Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Greece, Guinea, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Open sources reported damage to, loss of or the destruction of a wide range of humanitarian infrastructure on 160 occasions between January 2015 and June 2016.

In 2015, open sources reported damage to, loss of or the destruction of 114 aid infrastructure in 108 incidents. During the first six months of 2016, open sources reported damage to, loss of or the destruction of 61 aid infrastructures in 52 incidents. Infrastructure events report damage to, loss of or the destruction of assets, property or buildings of an aid agency through burglary, looting, raids, robbery, theft and military operations.

  • Ambulances and other Emergency Vehicles Compounds and Offices Convoys, Motorcycles and Vehicles
  • Equipment (computers, laptops, mobile phones, hard drives) and Warehouses
  • Fuel Barges Guesthouses and Residences
  • Health Clinics and Hospitals Loss of Supplies in Transit
  • Project Sites and Protection Sites

Democratic Republic of the Congo: RDC : les autorités annoncent la libération de "prisonniers politiques et d'opinion"

19 August 2016 - 9:13am
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kinshasa, RD Congo | AFP | vendredi 19/08/2016 - 16:59 GMT

Les autorités congolaises ont annoncé vendredi la libération d'une vingtaine de "prisonniers politiques et d'opinion" parmi lesquels deux militants pro-démocratie arrêtés le 15 mars 2015 à Kinshasa lors d'une rencontre internationale sur la bonne gouvernance en Afrique.

Les noms de Fred Bauma et Yves Makwambala, respectivement membres des mouvements citoyens Lucha (Lutte pour le changement) et Filimbi ("Coup de sifflet" en swahili) font partie des 24 "personnes qui doivent recouvrer la liberté ou la liberté provisoire", selon une liste signée par le ministre de la Justice congolais, Alexis Thambwe Mwamba.

M. Bauma est l'un des animateurs du mouvement des jeunes indignés Lucha, basé à Goma dans la province du Nord-Kivu (est de la RDC), tandis que M. Makwambala est le webmestre du site internet de Filimbi, qui se présente comme un collectif de mouvements d'éducation à la citoyenneté.

Poursuivis par la justice congolaise pour complot contre le président Joseph Kabila, les deux jeunes hommes sont détenus à la prison de Makala à Kinshasa. Leur procès était dans l'impasse depuis plusieurs semaines.

Jeudi à Goma, en recevant les militants de la Lucha qui lui demandaient l'ouverture de l'espace politique, M. Kabila avait promis de donner sa réponse sous 48 heures.

La libération des prisonniers politiques et d'opinion est un des préalables posés par certains opposants congolais pour la "décrispation du climat politique" en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) avant la tenue du "dialogue national inclusif", censée ouvrir la voie à des élections apaisées dans le pays, a déclaré M. Thambwe vendredi devant la presse à Kinshasa.

Le militant des droits de l'Homme Christopher Ngoy, en détention depuis les émeutes anti-pouvoir de janvier 2015, nées à la suite d'une tentative de révision de la loi électorale, est également concerné par la mesure gouvernementale.

Les noms des bénéficiaires de cette décision figurent sur une liste transmise au gouvernement par la représentation de l'Union européenne en RDC le 4 août, a détaillé M. Thambwe, à l'exception de deux personnes poursuivies l'une pour viol, l'autre pour escroquerie.

Le ministre faisait successivement allusion au député Eugène Diomi Ndongala, arrêté en 2014, et à Jean-Claude Muyambo (chef d'une petite formation politique d'opposition arrêté lors des manifestations de janvier 2015).

Joseph Kabila préside la RDC depuis 2001. La fin de son mandat est fixée au 20 décembre. Alors que la Constitution lui interdit de briguer un nouveau mandat, l'opposition craint qu'il ne tente de s'accrocher au pouvoir.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: RD Congo: libération de manifestants arrêtés mercredi à Beni

19 August 2016 - 9:13am
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Beni, RD Congo | AFP | vendredi 19/08/2016 - 12:59 GMT |

Des personnes arrêtées lors des manifestations antigouvernementales à Beni au lendemain d'un massacre de 51 civils dans cette ville de l'est de la République démocratique du Congo ont été relâchées, ont annoncé vendredi les autorités locales.

"Nous venons de les relâcher, ils sont désormais libres", a déclaré à l'AFP le maire de Beni, Edmond Masumbuko Nyonyi.

Dans la cour de l'état-major de la police congolaise, un journaliste de l'AFP a vu une soixantaine de ces anciens détenus en train de récupérer leurs pièces d'identité.

Selon la police, 108 personnes, parmi lesquelles quatre mineurs (dont trois adolescentes), étaient incarcérées dans ses locaux.

Elles avaient été arrêtées mercredi au troisième et dernier jour du deuil national décrété par les autorités après le massacre du week-end, lors des manifestations antigouvernementales violemment réprimées par les forces de l'ordre.

Les manifestants dénonçaient l'inaction des autorités face aux violences qui, selon l'ONU, ont causé la mort de plus de 700 personnes depuis octobre 2014. Trois personnes, dont un policier, avaient été tuées lors des manifestations.

Un peu plus tôt vendredi, alors que les commerces restaient, comme la veille, fermés, des manifestants réclamant la libération des personnes arrêtées mercredi avaient envahi les abords de l’état-major de la police, tandis que des taxi-motos klaxonnaient à tue-tête le long de la grande artère de la ville.

M. Masumbuko Nyonyi a refusé de donner les raisons qui ont conduit à la libération de toutes ces personnes.

La ville et le territoire de Beni ont été endeuillés par une série des massacres, et la dernière tuerie d'envergure remonte à la nuit de samedi à dimanche qui a vu 51 civils tués, selon un bilan de la société civile de Beni. Le gouvernement a évalué le total des morts à 42 et l'ONU a fait état "d'au moins 50 civils tués".

Le gouvernement congolais et la Mission de l'ONU en RDC (Monusco) attribuent ces tueries aux rebelles ougandais des Forces démocratiques alliées (ADF). Une version partiellement remise en cause par des experts qui imputent également une part de responsabilité à des soldats de l'armée régulière.

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© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

World: The African Public Health Emergency Fund: The Way Forward (AFR/RC66/15)

19 August 2016 - 7:56am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Background

  1. The African Public Health Emergency Fund (APHEF or the Fund) was established by the Regional Committee in 2012 with the aim of providing catalytic resources for initiating timely responses to public health emergencies. Ever since, commitments have been made at every subsequent Regional Committee session to improve the functionality of this solidarity fund.

  2. Despite all the commitments made, actual contributions to APHEF have remained very low.
    Between 2012 and June 2016, only 13 countries had ever contributed to the Fund.1 Total contributions stand at US$ 3 619 438. This constitutes about 1.5% of the expected amount. Of the 13 countries that have contributed so far, Eritrea has done so three times, Rwanda twice and the rest have contributed once (Annex 2).

  3. APHEF has contributed to the management of public health emergencies in the Region (Annex 3). The Fund has so far disbursed a total of US$ 2.73 million to support life-saving interventions in 13 countries.2 Only four of the countries that have received APHEF support have ever contributed to the Fund.3 None of the requested amounts for each of the emergencies could be fully allocated, mainly owing to inadequate funds. US$ 473 897 was the average requested amount, while the average allocation was US$ 210 257 (Annex 3). For 12 of the 13 requests received from 2014 to 2016, funds were made available within two working days as stipulated in the APHEF operations manual.

  4. In 2016, APHEF has supported responses to the yellow fever outbreak in Angola and the El Niño crisis in Ethiopia. In 2014 and 2015, the Fund supported the provision of emergency health care to internally-displaced populations in the Central African Republic and South Sudan; refugees in Cameroon and flood victims in Burundi, Malawi and Zimbabwe. In addition, APHEF supported the responses to the outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis in Niger and Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The disbursements from APHEF complement resources from other funding initiatives such as the newly established Contingency Fund for Emergencies (CFE),4 which supports WHO deployments.

  5. Considering the crucial role of APHEF, the Sixty-fifth session of the Regional Committee reiterated the importance of strengthening its functionality. The ministers of health deliberated on possible demotivating factors that could explain the inadequate contributions. These included significant variations in the amounts of countries’ contributions and the limited involvement of the ministries of finance. The Committee adopted a report, AFR/RC65/R5, that called for the revision of the APHEF framework.

  6. The above report requested the Secretariat to establish a multidisciplinary expert group to review the current APHEF framework and undertake an assessment to understand the reasons why countries are not making their contributions. Furthermore, it requested the Regional Director to facilitate consultations between ministers of health and finance, and other relevant sectors.

  7. WHO convened a meeting of the multidisciplinary group of experts from the ministries of health and finance in June 2016. The key questions the experts deliberated upon included whether APHEF was needed, why it was not functioning optimally and how its functionality could be improved. The experts unanimously acknowledged the usefulness of APHEF and highlighted the critical challenges to be addressed. They reviewed the APHEF formula for contributions and made recommendations for consideration by the Regional Committee (Annex 1a). In addition, WHO conducted an assessment using a structured questionnaire filled by the countries, to understand the difficulties they face in honouring their contributions.

  8. This paper highlights the key issues and challenges affecting the optimal functioning of APHEF. It takes into account recommendations from the multidisciplinary expert group and proposes actions for improved performance.

Rwanda: Rwanda: Factsheet, July 2016

19 August 2016 - 7:25am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda

HIGHLIGHTS:

The youngest ever Nobel laureate, Malala Yousafzai, made her first trip to Rwanda to visit Burundian refugees in Mahama camp. UNHCR and the Government accompanied Malala to the camp on July 14 where she met with young female students and listened to their testimonies of fleeing violence in Burundi. Malala publicly called for children and adolescents, and girls in particular, to have access and attend school, and for the international community and donors to support UNHCR’s operation. Before the camp visit, Malala met with His Excellency President Paul Kagame and the First Lady to advocate for the continued support of the Government for protection of refugees in Rwanda. Continued at www.unhcr.org/rw

South Sudan: South Sudan UNHCR Operational Update 15/2016, 1 – 15 August 2016

19 August 2016 - 12:54am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Armed group seizes 15 tons of food supplies en route to Lasu settlement - UNHCR and partners were unable to deliver food to the refugees in Lasu settlement after armed men stopped a humanitarian convoy on 11 August at Mitika, some 26 km south of Yei, and seized 15 tons of sorghum. Staff from UNHCR, ACROSS, Action Africa Help International and South Sudan’s Commission for Refugee Affairs were held hostage for nearly five hours before being released and instructed to return to Yei. Whilst continuing to engage with the local authorities regarding guarantees of safety for humanitarian workers and goods, UNHCR is concerned that malnutrition levels may rise among Lasu refugees, given that the last general food distribution in Lasu took place in late June.

  • UNHCR joins headcount of IDPs in Juba Protection of Civilians (POC) sites -­ In Juba, UNHCR and other agencies joined an IOM/ACTED-­‐led headcount of IDPs in the POC sites 1 and 3 on 13 August, with UNHCR contributing 12 staff and wristbands. Preliminary results put the number of IDPs to 37,247 (including 8,661 in POC 1 and 28,586 in POC 3), compared to a previous estimate of 54,000 people. Registration and food distribution are expected to begin shortly. The headcount will help ensuring inclusion of all IDPs in existing assistance programmes and services.

  • UNHCR concludes protection assessment of IDPs in urban Juba -­ In Juba, UNHCR and partners concluded a 5-­‐day protection assessment on 10 August, aimed at gathering and analyzing information on the protection needs of urban IDPs, including on Sexual and Gender-­‐Based Violence. The assessment team recorded numerous accounts of looting of property, sexual and physical violence, separation and abduction of children, targeted killing of civilians, theft and mass movement of people towards villages and refugee camps in Uganda. This assessment is part of UNHCR’s increased response to SGBV in coordination with UNFPA.

  • UNHCR registers 385 displaced families for assistance in Upper Nile - In Maban, UNHCR led an inter-­‐agency assessment mission to Dengaij on 13 August to follow up on reports of thousands of civilians displaced from the clashes between government and opposition forces at Liang on 3 August.
    As a result, 385 IDP families currently sheltering in a school were registered for assistance. Distribution of food and non-­‐food items will follow shortly.

  • UNHCR reaches out to 800 vulnerable returnees in Jonglei -­ In Akobo, UNHCR partner INTERSOS provided non-­‐food items to 183 extremely vulnerable returnee families (810 individuals).

  • UNHCR assists more than 1,000 displaced families in Western Equatoria -­ In Yambio, UNHCR and World Vision International distributed food and non-­‐food items on 9-­‐13 August to 1,009 IDP families from Lii Rangu, with UNHCR contributing plastic sheeting (800), buckets (456), sleeping mats (1,000) and mosquito nets (1,000).

Democratic Republic of the Congo: The DRC Takes Action Towards Better Weapons and Ammunition Management

18 August 2016 - 11:31pm
Source: Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, UN Institute for Disarmament Research, UN Mine Action Service, UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

The illicit proliferation, excessive accumulation and misuse of weapons and ammunition pose a persistent problem for peace and security at the international, national and regional level causing the violent death of half a million people every year, with 70,000 people dying during armed conflict.

In order to reduce the negative impact on peace and security and to promote sustainable development, governments must address inadequate or obsolete regulation of weapons and ammunition as well as a poor control of licit or illicit stockpiles.

In response to this threat and seeking to improve the weapons and ammunition management (WAM) capacity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the National Commission for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control and Reduction of Armed Violence (CNC-ALPC) of the Government of the DRC (GoDRC) requested the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) to conduct a comprehensive national baseline assessment of actors and capacities in the DRC in line with international voluntary guidelines and standards. The assessment took place in Kinshasa during a series of seminars organized from 2-5 August 2016, facilitated in collaboration with MONUSCO Security Sector Reform and the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS), and with participation of experts from the Congolese Armed Forces, National Police and the Nature Conservation Institute as well as international partners, including Embassies and international NGOs.

After four days of workshops and consultations, an initial set of options and recommendations were produced by the CNC-ALPC and UNIDIR and shared with national experts, the GoDRC and the international community. The results of the assessment are considered the first step towards the development of a roadmap to strengthen the national WAM framework and pave the way to reinforce national policies as well as future WAM programmes and procedures to bring the DRC closer to international standards. This will also support and inform the upcoming revision of the National Action Plan 2012-2016 to ensure an inclusive development of the national strategy on weapons and ammunition management and control as well as a feasible and clear action plan. Progress will require permanent commitment from the GoDRC (political and financial), important work from the CNC-ALPC experts and other national stakeholders, as well as continuous support from the International Community.

Through its leadership in this assessment of national capacity, the Government of the DRC has shown its commitment to build professional and accountable institutions able to manage and control national stockpiles. To demonstrate the progress made by the CNC and to mobilize the required resources to maintain its efforts to improve weapons and ammunition management in the DRC, the Government may consider sharing the findings and progress together with UNIDIR in relevant international fora, including the Review Conference of the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms in 2018.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Curfew slapped on eastern Congo towns after deadly clashes

18 August 2016 - 8:04pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Beni, DR Congo | AFP | Thursday 8/18/2016 - 14:03 GMT

by Albert Kambale

Authorities slapped a dawn-to-dusk curfew on two northeast Congo towns Thursday, following deadly clashes over the government's failure to prevent repeated civilian massacres.

Interior Minister Evariste Boshab announced the 7:00 pm to 6:00 am curfew on Butembo as well as Beni were he flew into following the massacre of 51 civilians in the town last weekend.

The slaying in which victims were the latest in a string of massacres that has left more than 700 dead since 2014.

The gruesome Saturday night killings prompted an angry march by hundreds of people from Butembo to Beni on Wednesday, which ended in tear gas, gunfire and clashes, leaving a policeman and a protester dead.

In a separate incident, a woman was beaten to death with stones and sticks and her body set alight on suspicion of being a member of the rebel group believed to be behind the civilian massacres.

- 'What did he come for?' -

The violence added to the existing tension in Democratic Republic of Congo, where fears are mounting that President Joseph Kabila plans to hold on to power after his second mandate expires in December.

The United States has warned of the threat of more violence in the mineral-rich nation of 70 million people.

In Beni on Wednesday, an effigy of Kabila was burned in the town's main market, as were flags of Kabila's ruling People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD).

The deadly protests came a day after Prime Minister Augustin Matata was booed by hundreds outside Beni's town hall, after he visited the massacre site.

"What did he come for? We don't need humanitarian aid, but peace," said Germain Katembo, a survivor of the massacre who lost three members of his family.

The killings have been blamed by the government on the rebel Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a partly Islamist armed group of Ugandan origin.

The group has been present in DR Congo for more than two decades and is accused of a litany of human rights abuses.

The ADF, opposed to Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, is thought to be heavily involved with criminal networks funded by kidnappings, smuggling and logging.

But a report published in March by the Congo Research Group at New York University, which probed the massacres around Beni, claimed that soldiers from the regular army had also participated in the killings.

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© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Democratic Republic of the Congo: West and Central Africa: Violence against aid workers (2000 - 2016)

18 August 2016 - 7:35pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Aid workers carry out life-saving often in dangerous and difficult circumstances. Over the past 16 years, 427 aid workers were killed, wounded or kidnapped in West and Central Africa. The number of victims follows a worrying upward trend with spikes in attacks recorded in recent years. Countries with the highest number of victims are the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Chad and Mali. The majority of victims were national staff, who account for the bulk of humanitarian workers and are often the most exposed to risks

Yemen: 2016 Urgences sous-financées : Guichet interventions d’urgences sous-financées: deuxième allocation de 2106

18 August 2016 - 6:16pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen

Le coordonnateur des secours d’urgence a décidé d’allouer 50 millions de dollars du Fonds central pour les interventions d’urgence (CERF) afin d’aider deux millions de personnes vivant dans six pays victimes de crises oubliées. Les fonds alloués permettront de maintenir des secours d’urgence essentiels là où les besoins sont critiques et les ressources insuffisantes :

  • Au Yémen où sévit une grave crise humanitaire, et où plus de personnes sont dans le besoin que partout ailleurs (13 millions de personnes).

  • En Afrique centrale en proie à des crises prolongées, résultat de conflit, d’instabilité politique, et de violations des droits de l’homme, et que les épidémies et le manque de nourriture n’ont fait qu’aggraver avec des allocations à la République centrafricaine (9 millions de dollars), au Tchad (10 millions de dollars) et à la République démocratique du Congo (RDC - 11 millions de dollars). Un financement aidera les réfugiés burundais qui ont trouvé refuge en DRC et au Rwanda (5 millions de dollars).

  • Et un autre financera des programmes sous-financés en Erythrée (2 millions de dollars).

World: Organizations worldwide receive training in emergency preparedness

18 August 2016 - 5:07pm
Source: Interchurch Organisation for Development Co-operation Country: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Myanmar, Nepal, South Sudan, World

This week trainings of the project “ACT for Humanitarian Capacity Development” take place at the global office of ICCO in Utrecht, the Netherlands. From 16th till 19th of August, 20 humanitarians from disaster prone countries receive training in how to deal with disasters and emergencies. In this way, communities will be better prepared to cope with disasters like the drought in Ethiopia, floods in Bangladesh and the earthquake in Nepal.

Better prepared for drought, floods and earthquakes

The project’s overall aim is to build humanitarian capacity and to increase leadership of local organizations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal and Bangladesh. These are disaster prone countries. In the project, humanitarians from these countries are being educated in disaster risk reduction and emergency preparedness. After this week, they will at their turn give trainings in their home country to local people. With this approach, many people are reached and communities get better prepared to cope with disasters like the drought in Ethiopia, floods in Bangladesh and the earthquake in Nepal. Jeroen Jurriëns, Emergency Response Coordinator ICCO: “Lives can be saved if people in local communities know what to do before, during and after a disaster”.

Innovative approach: blended and online learning The project uses an innovative approach with blended and online learning. An online learning platform is the central entry point for all learning materials. Furthermore, the platform is used for sharing experiences and for peer learning processes. With eLearning Modules, developed by Wageningen University, the participants were able to prepare the training. Also, the 72 in-country trainings will be completely followed online. In this way the trainers from different countries can learn from each other.

Funding by EU Aid Volunteers Initiative The ACT for Humanitarian Capacity Development Project is funded by the EU Aid Volunteers Initiative from the European Commission. This initiative brings together volunteers and organizations from different countries. The project ACT for Humanitarian Capacity Development is implemented by a consortium consisting of 10 ACT Alliance members and 3 higher learning institutions in 2016 and 2017.