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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Kikwit: inauguration d’un forage d’eau à Kazamba

23 April 2015 - 2:23pm
Source: Radio Okapi Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Près de 100 000 habitants du quartier du 30 Juin dans la commune de Kazamba à Kikwit vont désormais être desservis en eau potable grâce un forage inauguré mercredi 22 avril devant des dizaines de milliers d’habitants de cette ville du Bandundu.

Ce quartier a été longtemps privé d’eau potable, étant donné que le centre de la Regideso de Kikwit éprouve d’énormes difficultés de fonctionnement pour desservir tous les quartiers de la ville.

Selon la bourgmestre de la Commune de Kazamba, ce forage d’eau potable, dont les travaux ont été financés par le gouvernement provincial, vient soulager la population locale, qui recourait souvent aux sources d’eau parfois non aménagées.

A ce jour, dix bornes fontaines sont disponibles pour desservir cette commune, qui compte près de 413 000 habitants sur une superficie de 36 Km2 repartis en trois quartiers.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Provinciales: inquiétudes de l’UCL sur les contentieux électoraux

23 April 2015 - 2:22pm
Source: Radio Okapi Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

L’Union congolaise pour la liberté (UCL) de Henri-Thomas Lokondo, a retiré mercredi 22 avril au Bureau de réception et de traitement de candidatures (BRTC) de Mbandaka (Equateur), les formulaires de candidatures pour les prochaines élections provinciales. A cette occasion, le président provincial de l’UCL, Janvier Bita, a exprimé ses inquiétudes notamment sur le traitement des contentieux électoraux étant donné que les juridictions compétentes n’existent pas dans les nouvelles provinces issues du découpage électoral.

Janvier Bita estime que la lenteur du découpage territorial pourrait compliquer le processus électoral:

«Notre inquiétude se justifie au niveau du pouvoir judiciaire. Comme l’a dit la loi de programmation, au mois de juin 2015, on doit avoir de nouveaux gouverneurs de province. La Ceni [Commission électorale nationale indépendante] publie les résultats provisoires [des élections]. La cour d’appel avec le parquet confirme ces résultats là. Il s’avère que dans deux mois, il y aura de nouveaux gouverneurs, dont la Ceni va publier les noms. Mais qu’en sera-t-il des contentieux électoraux qui doivent être jugés par la cour d’appel ? La cour d’appel aujourd’hui, pour le grand Equateur, devient incompétent.»

Selon lui, il devra y avoir des cours d’appel dans toutes les quatre provincettes issues du démembrement de la province de l’Equateur actuel. Elles seront installées à Gemena (pour le Sud-Ubangi), à Lisala (Mongala), à Boende (Tshuapa), à Gbadolite (Nord-Ubangi), en dehors de celle qui existe déjà à Mbandaka (Equateur).

Maître Janvier Bita exprime son inquiétude à ce sujet:

«Il s’avère qu’il n’y a pas ces cours d’appel là, il n’y a pas de parquets généraux, qui doivent connaître de litiges électoraux. Aujourd’hui, il n’y a qu’une cour d’appel pour le grand Equateur. Les quatre autres [futures] provinces n’ont pas de cours d’appel. C’est ça l’inquiétude !»

Lors du lancement des travaux des commissions chargées de l’installation de nouvelles provinces de la RDC samedi 18 avril à Kinshasa, le secrétaire général du gouvernement a annoncé que c’est à partir du 30 juin que les nouvelles provinces entreraient effectivement en fonction, avec de nouveaux gouverneurs élus par les actuels députés provinciaux arrivés fin mandat.

Il s’agit d’une disposition provisoire, a-t-il indiqué, en attendant les élections des gouverneurs des vingt-six provinces, prévues au mois de février 2016 sur le calendrier de la Ceni.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: RDC : l’incursion de l’armée rwandaise est une affaire sérieuse, selon le député Munobo

23 April 2015 - 2:20pm
Source: Radio Okapi Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda

Le gouvernement congolais doit prendre au sérieux l’affaire de l’incursion de l’armée rwandaise sur le sol congolais, affirme le député national Juvénal Munobo, au cours d’un entretien jeudi 23 avril à Radio Okapi. Des troupes de Rwanda defense force (RDF) sont entrés sur le sol congolais depuis dimanche dernier. Selon le gouverneur Julien Paluku. Elles sont dans la localité de Kasizi, en territoire de Nyirangongo au Nord-Kivu.

Pour Juvénal Munobo, l’élu de Walikale, « nous devons ouvrir l’œil par rapport à cette situation et en tout cas ne pas la minimiser ».

« Au moment où nous nous préparons à organiser les élections au Congo, il y a une incursion des éléments rwandais, des éléments armés rwandais sur le sol congolais et bien nous devons prendre ça au sérieux », déclare-t-il.

Le député Munobo craint une éventuelle perturbation du cycle électoral.

« Et si cette présence se confirme, il va falloir que le ministre de la Défense, je parle comme député, soit auditionné devant la commission de défense et sécurité et que toutes les mesures idoines soient prises pour prévenir un climat électoral apaisé. Il faut tout faire pour éviter à ce que l’insécurité hypothèque le processus électoral de 2015-2016 », poursuit-il.

Juvénal Munobo dit attendre la suite du Mécanisme conjoint de vérification des frontières parce que ce mécanisme a été saisi par le gouverneur du Nord-Kivu qui a livré l’information.

Si ces allégations sont confirmées, le gouverneur du Nord-Kivu souhaite que ces soldats rwandais regagnent leur territoire et qu’ils arrêtent les provocations.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Progress Report: Women’s Rights and Literacy in eastern Congo

23 April 2015 - 11:02am
Source: War Child International Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Recently War Child undertook a project to reach girls and mothers in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in need of basic literacy classes, as well as communities that would benefit most from increased awareness about child and women's rights.

For a young girl growing up in the DRC, a proper education can seem like a fantasy. Half of all women there are illiterate. The list of obstacles blocking their way is a long one – early and forced marriage, child labour, recruitment by armed groups and severe poverty are just a small sampling. Of the girls that do attend primary school, only 46% move on to secondary.

Working in this particular region of the DRC is never easy. Years of fighting have had a devastating impact on women and children, both in terms of sexual violence and rights violations. On top of this, many mothers are carrying a tremendous economic burden, often acting as the sole provider for the family when men are killed, severely injured or otherwise absent.

Yet – this project offered hope. In just 6 months we can proudly report:

  • Eight safe learning spaces established for women and girls.
  • 75% of women graduated with new reading and writing skills.
  • Over 5,300 reached with large-scale woman’s rights promotion.
  • Nearly 600 participated in small-scale community dialogues.
  • 160 local leaders report that programs were valuable to the community.

In the words of the participants –

“We learned a lot of things and are now convinced that the world cannot develop without the woman.” - Literacy training participant, level III, South Kivu.

“We were illiterate, but now we’ve started to read and write. We know that we have the same rights as men.” – Literacy training participant, level I, South Kivu

Democratic Republic of the Congo: DR Congo - mVAM Bulletin 7, February 2015

23 April 2015 - 9:42am
Source: World Food Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

POST HARVEST IMPROVEMENT IN HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY HALTS

Key messages

  • In February, nearly one third of the interviewed households was found to be severely food insecure.

  • The food security situation has worsened compared to January, when the positive effects of the harvest — increased labor opportunities and reduced food prices - were reflected on households’ food consumption and use of negative coping strategies.

Central African Republic: UNHCR Regional Update #54 - Central African Republic Situation, 4 -17 April 2015

23 April 2015 - 9:31am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

HIGHLIGHTS

  • On 14 April, the Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), Babacar Gaye, appealed to the UN Security Council to increase their financial contributions to the humanitarian and reconstruction efforts in the Central African Republic (CAR). Mr. Gaye noted that the country’s political transition had reached a “critical stage” as those concerned attempt to organize credible elections by August 2015.

  • On 14 April, former CAR Presidents Bozize and Djotodia signed a cessation of hostilities agreement in Nairobi under the auspices of the Kenyan presidency. According to the Kenyan presidency’s office, the agreement supports the Brazzaville agreement of July 2014 and mentions their willingness to participate in the Bangui Forum. The CAR transitional government did not take part in these discussions in Nairobi. In February 2015, an agreement was also signed in Nairobi by representatives of the ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka-leaders.

  • IDPs in Yaloke enclave in CAR continued to depart on their own accord. A total 133 Peuhl IDPs left the enclave in between 31 March and 4 April, for Cameroon on board of commercial trucks. UNHCR, with a MINUSCA escort, has assisted in the family reunification of 20 IDPs from Yaloke to Cameroon (on 4 March and 3 April). As of 17 April, there were an estimated 330 Peuhl IDPs in Yaloke.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 07/15, (23/04/2015)

23 April 2015 - 9:12am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Plus de 2 700 réfugiés burundais sont arrivés à Uvira fuyant les tensions politiques liées aux prochaines élections

  • Les catastrophes naturelles nécessitent une réponse durable Kalehe : plus de 3 800 familles déplacées assistées en rations alimentaires.

Aperçu de la situation

Au 21 avril, 2 740 réfugiés burundais sont arrivés dans les territoire de Fizi et Uvira fuyant les tensions politiques liées aux élections présidentielles de juin prochain. Ces réfugiés sont principalement hebergés dans des familles d’autres réfugiés burundais arrivés précédemment dans les territoires d’Uvira et de Fizi qui comptent déjà 8 000 réfugiés enregistrés. Aussi, 325 congolais anciennement réfugiés au Burundi sont retournés spontanément à Uvira. Environ 50 000 réfugiés congolais vivent dans des camps au Burundi. Actuellement, le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) suit quotidiennement les mouvements des réfugiés entre les deux frontières et a préparé un plan de contingence pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires qui pourraient en résulter.

South Sudan: Lord’s Resistance Army Update (23 April 2015)

23 April 2015 - 6:04am
Source: Small Arms Survey Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda

In early March 2015 the Ugandan army exhumed and returned to Uganda the remains of top LRA commander Okot Odhiambo. According to unofficial sources, DNA samples from the remains matched samples from known members of Odhiambo’s family living in Uganda. Believed to have been killed in a battle with Ugandan soldiers in the Central African Republic (CAR) in late 2013, Odhiambo’s remains were found after reliable testimony from former LRA combatants who recently defected. Odhiambo was a high-ranking LRA officer widely believed to have been a deputy to Joseph Kony, the founder and leader of the group. In that role, Odhiambo replaced Vincent Otti, who was executed for alleged treason, on Kony’s orders, in October 2007.

Odhiambo and Otti were indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in July 2005 for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Another top commander indicted by the ICC, Raska Lukwiya, was killed by the Ugandan Army in August 2005, while a fourth indictee, Dominic Ongwen, surrendered to American and Ugandan troops in CAR in early 2015. The trial of Ongwen, who is now detained in The Hague, will likely commence in early 2016. Of the five LRA commanders indicted by the ICC, only Kony remains free.

On 27 March 2015, a spokesperson from the United Nations Refugee Organization (UNHCR) stated that there had been an increase in LRA attacks on the border between CAR and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) following Ongwen’s defection. Referring to numbers provided by Catholic Relief Services, the spokesperson stated that there had been 25 LRA attacks in the vicinity of Zemio, a border town in CAR, in February 2015. Home to more than 3,000 Congolese refugees escaping LRA violence in neighboring DRC, the LRA has repeatedly targeted Zemio over the last six years.

The latest LRA attack near Zemio took place on 21 March 2015, targeting Congolese refugees returning to the refugee camp from tending to their lands on the DRC side of the border, in northern Ango territory. An LRA group reportedly abducted 15 Congolese refugees, later releasing 13 of them. At least one of the 13 was beaten severely and a young woman was raped, according to UNHCR.

There was reported LRA activity in and around Mboki, CAR, at the end of March and beginning of April 2015. Local sources reported sightings of LRA forces, likely coming from DRC and possibly involved in the abduction of Congolese refugees in nearby Zemio, on 31 March and 1 April. At least one person is believed to have been killed by the LRA on 30 March 2015 north of Mboki alongside river Kere. On 2 April, local sources reported that a member of the nomadic cattle herder groups, often known as Mbororo, was found severely beaten in the vicinity of Mboki. The man was believed to have been tortured by an LRA group intent of finding information regarding the security presence in Mboki.

A series of attacks against civilians in southeastern CAR were reported throughout March 2015 in and around Derbissaka and Djemah. On 15 March 2015, for instance, a group of men reportedly speaking Arabic raped two women 20 kilometers south of Derbissaka. Initially believed to be LRA fighters, there are doubts among the community members that the assailants might be Sudanese poachers roaming southeastern CAR in search of animal hides and ivory.

LRA violence in DRC was also reported throughout March and early April 2015. As in the past, the attacks in DRC are carried out by small LRA groups of 10–12 fighters each, involving looting and targeting of food stores in small villages in Province Orientale’s Ueles. LRA groups have frequently attacked many of these places in the past, including Kpaikpa, near Duru, which was attacked twice in March, as well as a few small villages near Diagbe and Bangadi, also attacked in mid-March and early April 2015.

Of particular concern has been recent LRA activity on the DRC and South Sudan border in the vicinity of Ezo and Source Yubu in Western Equatoria state. On 2 March 2014, a relatively large LRA group attacked the small hamlet of Doranzi on the DRC side of the border, abducting 10 people. The LRA group moved to attack Nabiapai in South Sudan and, on their return, attacked Doranzi again on 6 March, abducting four more people. It is unclear why the LRA has resumed activities in these locations, which had been relatively peaceful for the last three years. As in other attacks in DRC, the group attacking Doranzi was focused on looting food and other necessities. As a result of the LRA violence, the majority of the population of Ndoranzi, about 400 people, were displaced to Bitima.

The attacks of early March 2015 in Gangura payam, Yambio county, have brought back the fear of LRA for local residents who had lived free of LRA harassment since 2012. According to a local source, the LRA attacked on 3 March 2015 at 5 pm, looting food and abducting 11 people, four of whom were later released and returned home on 8 March. The returnees stated that the LRA group consisted of 11 armed men and two young women. A local group of self-defense fighters gave pursuit to the LRA group and in a subsequent fire exchange one of the Nabiapai locals was shot dead. A unit of the local national army based in Yambio arrived the next day. On 19 March 2015, two Ugandan men reportedly working in the timber sector in Gangura were found dead. It is unclear if they were attacked by the LRA or if they were revenge killings for the LRA attacks given that the majority of LRA fighters are of Ugandan origin.

Finally, US official sources revealed in early April 2015 that the US Special Forces deployed to Central Africa to assist the Ugandan army counter the LRA are using music as a way to encourage defections. A State Department official told ABC News that the US troops broadcast music by Ugandan pop star Joseph Mayanja, a.k.a. Jose Chameleone. Blasted from helicopter-mounted loudspeakers over areas thought to be frequented by the LRA, Chameleone’s songs were recorded purposefully for LRA fighters who are believed to like his music. One of the songs titled ‘Come Home’ encourages fighters to leave the bush and return home where they will be safe as part of an amnesty deal applicable to most LRA fighters.

But a recent ruling from the Ugandan Supreme Court regarding the case of Thomas Kwoyelo may give potential defectors second thoughts. A former low level commander, Kwoyelo is the only LRA member prosecuted in the Ugandan courts. A special court of the Ugandan High Court ruled in late 2011 that Kwoyelo was eligible for amnesty and should have been released from custody.

Updated 23 April 2015

Democratic Republic of the Congo: République Démocratique du Congo : Province du Katanga - Rapport hebdomadaire du 22 avril 2015

23 April 2015 - 5:57am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Katanga : Plus de 8 500 incidents de protection rapportés au premier trimestre

  • US$ 2 millions à mobiliser pour prendre en charge les survivantes de violences sexuelles et sexistes (SGBV).

Aperçu de la situation

Plus de 8 500 incidents de protection ont été rapportés au cours du premier trimestre 2015 dans les territoires de Kalemie, Malemba Nkulu, Manono, Mitwaba, Nyunzu et Pweto. Selon le Haut-commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), près de 70% de ces incidents ont été enregistrés dans trois territoires : Kalemie, Manono et Nyunzu, dans le District de Tanganyika.. Les violences intercommunautaires depuis janvier entre les Twa et les Luba seraient à la base de la hausse du nombre d’incidents de protection.

Dans ces trois territoires, plus de 1 400 maisons et cases ont été incendiées au cours d’une vingtaine d’attaques liées au conflit communautaire ; de nombreuses personnes ont été assassinées et plusieurs autres exactions ont été commises.
D’une manière générale, les violations enregistrées dans ces six territoires sont attribuées à toutes les parties en conflits : Mayi-Mayi, éléments de l’armée congolaise et de la police, bandits armés et des civils membres des groupes d’auto-défense. Dans ce rapport, le HCR fait mention des viols, tortures, traitements inhumains, mariages forcés, extorsion des biens commis à l’endroit des civils dans des zones en conflits. En 2014, le Katanga avait notifié plus 14 000 incidents de protection.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale N°11, 21 avril 2015

23 April 2015 - 5:53am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • La communauté humanitaire continue d’apporter l’assistance aux personnes vulnérables dans le Sud Irumu, malgré la situation sécuritaire préoccupante.

  • Le choléra continue dans la zone de santé de Geti ; la réponse se poursuit avec l’appui de la communauté humanitaire.

Aperçu de la situation

La situation demeure préoccupante dans le sud du Territoire d’Irumu. Les populations civiles subissent des représailles (viols collectifs, tortures, pillages voire tueries, etc.) perpétrées par des présumés éléments de la Force de résistance patriotique de l’Ituri (FRPI).

Dans la localité de Kinyomubhaya (située à 12 km au nord de Geti, groupement zadhu, chefferie des Walendu Bindi, en territoire d’Irumu), une femme retournée a été attaquée et violée le 19 avril dans la nuit par quatre présumés membres de la FRPI. La victime est actuellement prise en charge à l’hôpital général de référence de Geti-mission. La même nuit, dans la localité de Musana, située à 7 km à l’est de Geti, une femme qui s’opposait au viol de sa fille a été tuée (apparemment) par le même groupe.

Des discussions sont en cours avec les autorités civile et militaire pour une prise en compte de la protection et la sécurité des civils. On estime à plus de 200 000 le nombre de personnes vulnérables, actuellement en déplacement dans le Sud Irumu, depuis août 2013, à cause des affrontements entre l’armée nationale et les groupes armés illégaux.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Maniema N°09 du 21 avril 2015

23 April 2015 - 5:49am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Plus de 3 000 hectares des cultures du riz ravagées par une mouche blanche dans le Territoire de Kibombo.

  • Plus de 300 cas de diarrhée sanglante dont six décès ont été enregistrés dans la zone de santé de Kabambare.

Aperçu de la situation

Une dizaine d’abris des personnes déplacées internes (PDI) ont été incendiés dans le camp de Mutupeke par des inconnus, selon une source locale. Ces personnes déplacées sont récemment arrivées dans le Territoire de Kabambare, en provenance du Territoire de Fizi au Sud-Kivu. Selon la Caritas Kasongo, au moins 140 abris de PDI avaient déjà été incendiés à Lukolo (Territoire de Kabambare) en juillet 2014 par des personnes inconnues. L’affluence de PDI dans cette zone où existerait une tension permanente entre les Babuyu (communauté locale) et les Babembe (déplacés venus du Sud-Kivu) risque d’aggraver la situation socioéconomique.

Aussi, plusieurs cas de diarrhées sont identifiés dans le camp de Mutupeke et les personnes malades sont sans assistance, rapporte la même source.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Resettlement an Option for Displaced People in DRC

23 April 2015 - 2:18am
Source: Voice of America Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Nick Long

GOMA, DRC— Aid agencies say more than 60,000 people have fled their homes amid renewed fighting in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) province of North Kivu in the past month. But the number of displaced people in the province is falling, and the government plans to close down several of their resettlement camps around the provincial capital Goma.

Like thousands of other people, Justin Masudi, 62, and his family have been living in a tent at the Mugunga 3 camp outside Goma since 2008.

“Me and my family, we don’t yet have a place to go back to,” he told VOA. “My fields in Walikale, where I came from, have been occupied. There are enemies there and if I go back there I shall be killed, so I’m staying here with the U.N. refugee agency [UNHCR].”

But, Masudi says, nearly 60 percent of people in the camp now want to go home, and others including himself would be willing to go elsewhere, to another town besides Goma, for example.
When it closed down camps in the past, the government offered residents only two options, either to return home, or integrate in the community around the camp.

'Reinstallation' or 'regrouping'

But in recent months a third option is increasingly talked about — going somewhere else that is not where the displaced person came from. This is known as reinstallation or regrouping, and it’s been endorsed by DRC President Joseph Kabila, who has said it should help to modernize living conditions for people in rural areas.

It’s an option that the U.N. refugee agency supports. The agency has been asking the 17,000 displaced people around Goma where they want to go when the camps close.

“Fifty percent,” said Patrice Ahouansou, a field officer for UNHCR, “want to be reinstalled elsewhere, including only 2 percent who want to be reinstalled in Goma, and 46 percent want to go home.”

Ahouansou showed VOA a map indicating where displaced people want to be resettled. A large majority preferred towns close to Goma.

VOA informally polled about a dozen people at Mugunga 3 camp. About half said they could go home, and most of the others said they could reinstall, if certain conditions were met.

"If I can just have a bit of help I could reinstall," says this man, Andre Hangi. And asked what type of assistance he was looking for, he says help to build a little house.

Justin Masudi says he has signed up to be reinstalled, but he’ll need transport, and some rations for a while, and he has no house where he’s going.

But he says if the refugee agency gives him a kit, including a tent, he can manage to build his own house. He warns however, that in the past, some displaced people who left the camps did not receive those kits.

For others reinstallation will be more difficult.

Government to decide

This man is saying he can reinstall if his father agrees. His father is in poor health, he says, and cannot walk up the hills in this mountainous area.

The authorities will have the last word on where people can go, says official, Chantal Kambibi.

"It’s for the government to decide where there is sufficient infrastructure, schools, health centers and so on for people to be reinstalled," she said.

Aid workers warn that proper planning and funding for reinstallation, or returns to the villages, still needs to be guaranteed, especially for the many elderly and vulnerable people currently living in camps.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: La distribution de biens essentiels en RDC : Une affaire qui roule !

22 April 2015 - 9:48pm
Source: Solidarités International Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

En République Démocratique du Congo, les équipes de SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL ont trouvé une solution innovante pour porter secours aux populations déplacées de la zone enclavée d’Opienge, en Province Orientale : le vélo ! Encore une manière d’aider plus loin.

Le projet RRMP - Réponse Rapide aux Mouvements des Populations - est le plus gros projet que met en place SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC). Financé par l’UNICEF*, il s’étend sur plusieurs zones de l’Est de la RDC et va bientôt rentrer dans sa sixième phase.

"L’objectif global du projet RRMP est d’améliorer les conditions de vie des familles déplacées afin de contribuer à la réduction de la mortalité et de la morbidité," explique Noémie Juricic, coordinatrice du projet. "De fait de la nature du conflit, les exodes sont multiples, et les populations peuvent se déplacer assez régulièrement. En général, lorsqu’elles prennent la fuite, elles ne partent qu’avec un minimum d’affaires - et bien trop souvent, rien du tout. Il y a deux cas de figure : soit le déplacement est préventif et les familles partent avec quelques biens de première nécessité, soit il s’agit d’un mouvement soudain, auquel cas elles n’ont pas le temps de s’organiser avant de partir. Dans les deux cas, en arrivant dans une nouvelle zone, ces familles se trouvent dans une situation de vulnérabilité aiguë, où tout est à reconstruire."

Une activité habituelle : une mise en place hors norme

"La zone d’Opienge est particulièrement enclavée, et se situe en zone rurale à 345 kilomètres de Kisangani, la capitale de la Province Orientale," explique Noémie. "L’aide humanitaire peine à y accéder, surtout qu’il n’y a pas de routes à proprement parler mais un chemin de terre où il est impossible pour les voitures de passer. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL y a déjà effectué des interventions d’urgence dans le passé, mais nous devons à chaque fois chercher une solution innovatrice pour faire face aux contraintes logistiques.

Cette fois-ci, nous avons fait appel à une association de cyclistes, qui a mobilisé plus de 350 adeptes du vélo pour acheminer 1877 kits de biens non alimentaires essentiels vers des familles déplacées."

Aller plus loin pour accéder aux populations vulnérables

"Chaque kit contient des bidons pour stocker l’eau potable ("jerrycan"), des bâches pour les abris, du savon, des couvertures, des tapis tissés, des ustensiles de cuisine et des habits pour tous les membres de la famille. C’est typiquement le genre d’articles que ces familles ne peuvent pas prendre avec elles lorsqu’elles prennent la fuite. Des articles qui leur permettent pourtant de subvenir à leurs besoins vitaux, le temps qu’elles trouvent une solution plus durable.

Les articles ne sont pas spécialement lourds, mais ils sont encombrants. C’était donc un vrai défi pour les cyclistes de garder l’équilibre avec 5 kits complets par transport, notamment sur des chemins aussi boueux. Ils ont mis trois jours à atteindre leur destination. C’est un bel exemple de comment nos équipes cherchent toujours à aller plus loin pour accéder aux populations vulnérabilisées par le conflit."

*UNICEF est financé par d’autres bailleurs :

European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO)

Coopération coréenne

Coopération japonaise

Pooled Fund RDC

Sida (Coopération suédoise)

UK AID (Coopération britannique)

United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)

US AID (Coopération des Etats-Unis)

Pour en savoir plus :

Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Brighter Future in Walikale

22 April 2015 - 8:59pm
Source: Pact Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Written by: Yves Bawa

After five years of hard work and patience, artisanal miners are on the job in Walikale – free from fear and violence, with access to legal markets for the tin, tantalum and tungsten that go into our smartphones, tablets and other devices.

Walikale, a territory in North Kivu province in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is among Pact’s biggest achievements.

The conditions that exist there today are nothing like they were before Pact and the iTSCi project, the ITRI Tin Supply Chain Initiative, which is the region’s only due diligence and mineral traceability system in place for conflict-free mining.

In the past, many of the mines in Walikale were controlled by military groups, including brigades of the Congolese army. Soldiers were said to be standing watch at mine sites and collecting payments from miners and traders at roadblocks along transport routes. The situation was one of the main drivers behind conflict-free mineral campaigns in the early 2000s.

Because of its importance in the region, Walikale was selected to be among the first iTSCi pilots in June 2010, when Pact and its partners began implementing the due-diligence and mineral traceability system at mines in the DRC and neighboring countries. Pact is the only international NGO in the region doing such work.

Unfortunately, the suspension of all artisanal mining in the region by the DRC government and security conditions at the time did not allow for the system to be put into place. Undeterred, Pact worked with the government, local communities and stakeholders to develop the local economy and bring stability to the area. And now, the region has changed.

On April 7, 2015, after years of hard work, the tagging of 3T minerals – tin, tantalum and tungsten – began. The governor of North Kivu province, Julian Paluku, put the first tag on a 53kg bag of tin ore.

It marked a new chapter in North Kivu’s story, Governor Paluku said. After years of insecurity, he said, the time for socio-economic development finally has come.

To support the launch of the iTSCi project, the governor pledged $250,000 in provincial government funding for the rehabilitation of the road between Walikale and Goma, which will be used for the secure transport of minerals to processors and exporters.

Pact has helped establish conflict-free supply chains at nearly 1,300 mines in Africa’s Great Lakes region. It’s a huge achievement – but it isn’t enough.

We’ll continue to grow our conflict-free mining work in the region, because all mining families deserve a brighter future, just like those in Walikale.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Digging for Transparency

22 April 2015 - 7:13pm
Source: Amnesty, Global Witness Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

How U.S. companies are only scratching the surface of conflict minerals reporting.

Nearly 80 per cent of U.S. public companies analyzed by human rights groups are failing to adequately check and disclose whether their products contain conflict minerals from Central Africa, reveals a new report by Global Witness and Amnesty International.

The report, Digging for Transparency, analyzes 100 conflict minerals reports filed by companies including Apple, Boeing and Tiffany & Co under the 2010 Dodd Frank Act (Section 1502), known as the conflict minerals law. The findings point to alarming gaps in U.S. corporate transparency.

Under the law, more than one thousand U.S.-listed companies that believe they may source minerals from Central Africa submitted reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in 2014, the first year they were required to do so. The law is designed to reduce the risk that the purchase of minerals from Central Africa contributes to conflict or human rights abuses.

zim diamondsThe Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo) is an important source of minerals - including gold, tin, tungsten and tantalum - for global businesses. These minerals are essential for electronic devices, such as smartphones and laptops. For over fifteen years armed groups in eastern Congo have preyed on the mining sector to finance their operations with devastating impact, committing gross human rights abuses in the process.

The report’s key findings include:

  • 79 of the 100 companies analyzed failed to meet the minimum requirements of the U.S. conflict minerals law.
  • Most companies in the sample are not doing enough to map out the supply chain of the minerals they purchase. Only 16 per cent go beyond their direct suppliers to contact, or attempt to contact, the smelters or refiners that process the minerals.
  • More than half of companies sampled do not even report to senior management when they identify a risk in their supply chain.

Global Witness and Amnesty International’s analysis also shows that one in five surveyed companies did comply with the law’s requirements. This dismantles the argument put forward that implementation is too difficult and too expensive - there is no excuse for companies failing to properly investigate their supply chains.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Le PNUD s'implique dans le secteur agro-alimentaire [Vidéo]

22 April 2015 - 1:47pm
Source: UN Development Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

L'Agribusiness est extrêmement porteur pour l'économie, en particulier en RDC où 80% de la population travaillent dans l’agriculture, l’agro-alimentaire et l’agro-industrie. Le pays dispose de 80 millions d’hectares de zones arables. Donc en investissant dans cette filière et ses dérivés, le PNUD et tous les autres intervenants privés et publics participeront directement au développement du pays.

Ainsi, la RDC pourrait nourrir 3 milliards des 9 milliards que comptera la population mondiale en 2030, si les conditions se trouvent réunies.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Campagne de sensibilisation des jeunes leaders d’Uvira sur les infractions de droit commun

22 April 2015 - 1:43pm
Source: UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Uvira, le 21 avril 2015 – Une campagne de sensibilisation des jeunes leaders locaux sur les infractions pénales s’est achevée mardi 21 avril 2015 à Uvira, dans la province du Sud-Kivu.

Cette campagne, qui s’est déroulée sur cinq séances, a été organisée par le Bureau Conjoint des Nations Unies aux Droits de l'Homme (BCNUDH), en partenariat avec le Parquet près le Tribunal de grande instance d'Uvira et le Conseil Territorial de la Jeunesse (CTJ) d'Uvira, avec l’appui financier de la section de l’Information publique de la MONUSCO-Uvira.

La dernière séance qui s’est tenue dans la Salle de réception de l’Eglise Méthodiste a réuni 47 jeunes et leaders locaux (dont trois femmes). Les participants ont eu droit à une série d’exposés portant sur les infractions de droit de commun, la notion de droits de l'homme, mais également le rôle et les activités du BCNUDH.

Le Substitut du Procureur de la République d'Uvira était l’un des orateurs du jour. Il a d’abord expliqué dans son exposé le concept d’infraction. Puis, à l’aide d’exemples concrets, il a abordé le principe de la légalité des délits et des peines, tel qu'énoncé par le Code Pénal congolais. Il a ensuite évoqué et expliqué les principes selon lesquels : « Nul n'est au-dessus de la loi » et « Nul ne peut se rendre justice » à soi-même, en s'appuyant sur l'article 12 de la Constitution qui dispose que : « Tous les Congolais sont égaux devant la loi et ont droit à une égale protection des lois ». Le Substitut du Procureur a enfin terminé son exposé en donnant quelques exemples d'infractions pénales et les peines correspondantes : meurtre, viol, attentat à la pudeur, vol, escroquerie, abus de confiance (et la différence avec la dette), coups et blessures, injures publiques, arrestation arbitraires, détention illégale, etc. ​

La parole est ensuite revenue au représentant du Bureau Conjoint des Nations Unies aux Droits de l’Homme (BCNUDH). John Kiza a d’abord expliqué la notion de droits de l'homme, leurs sources et caractères. John Kiza a ensuite évoqué le mandat du BCNUDH, qui consiste essentiellement à surveiller la situation des droits de l'homme. Puis, à l'aide de cas pratiques, il a fait part de différentes activités menées sur le terrain dans le cadre de l'exécution dudit mandat. A savoir : la surveillance et la communication d’informations concernant les violations des droits de l'homme, le renforcement de capacités des acteurs étatiques et de la Société civile, la lutte contre l'impunité des auteurs de violations des droits de l'homme (missions conjointes d'investigation avec l'Auditorat militaire de garnison d'Uvira, appui à la tenue des chambres foraines par le Tribunal militaire de garnison d'Uvira...), ou encore la protection des civils.

Les participants ont jugé cette sensibilisation forte utile, estimant qu’elle a répondu pleinement à leurs attentes. En effet, il s’est avéré qu’à peine 10% d’entre eux connaissaient la définition du concept de droits de l'homme avant cette séance. Les participants ont dès lors remercié les organisateurs ainsi que les communicateurs qui ont éclairé leur lanterne sur ces questions. A eux maintenant de répercuter auprès de leurs Communautés les enseignements reçus au cours de cette campagne de sensibilisation.

Signalons que des séances de sensibilisation similaires avaient déjà été organisées à Luvungi, Kiliba et Uvira.

Jean-Tobie Okala/MONUSCO

Central African Republic: Situation en République centrafricaine : Réponse régionale en faveur des réfugiés (RRRP) Janvier - Décembre 2015

22 April 2015 - 12:56pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

10 priorités dans le cadre de la crise en République centrafricaine

Aperçu de la réponse régionale en faveur des réfugiés

Un an après le début du conflit en République centrafricaine (RCA), plus de 850 000 personnes – un cinquième de la population totale du pays – ont été déplacés en RCA et dans les pays environnants. La stratégie de protection du HCR a pour objectif d’assurer le respect des droits humains des réfugiés, ainsi que d’identifier et de mettre en oeuvre des solutions durables en leur faveur, y compris par un soutien à l’intégration sur place et au retour volontaire en RCA.

South Africa: South Africa: MSF teams respond to health needs of displaced people in South Africa following xenophobic violence targeting foreign nationals

22 April 2015 - 12:49pm
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe

Johannesburg – A medical team from Médecins Sans Frontières, (MSF) has been responding to the health needs of displaced people for nearly a week now since violent xenophobic attacks in the KwaZulu Natal (KZN) province. The team provides basic medical care following needs assessments at three displacement camps, housing more than 5,000 people around the coastal city of Durban. A second team will soon conduct similar assessments in the Ekurhuleni region near Johannesburg.

The team of six in KZN started work on Tuesday, 14 April. They are focused on immediately providing for the unmet medical and humanitarian needs of fearful migrants and refugees who have fled their homes during the violence. People in the camps are predominantly from Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The MSF team is actively providing medical and water sanitation services to three camps (Isipingo, Chatsworth and Phoenix) coordinating closely with the provincial Department of Health (DoH) to ensure regular mobile clinics twice weekly for consultations and treatment, ensuring referrals to hospitals and providing medication for chronic conditions like HIV and TB. The team’s objective is to provide support where gaps in the response are identified for medical care, water and sanitation services and help for survivors of sexual and gender-based violence, while supporting elements of improved camp management.

“We have seen children with diarrhea, fever, skin diseases and a case of pneumonia. We have also treated men who had been badly injured in the violence but had not tried to get care because they were too scared to go hospital or leave the camps with assistance,” says Dr Gemma Arellano, MSF emergency team leader in KwaZulu Natal.

“In Chatsworth Camp, one man suffered fractured ribs in an attack 14 days ago, but he was too scared to seek help. Despite the pain, even today, he does not want to go a hospital for fear of being targeted again,” says Arellano. “In Phoenix Camp, we treated a man who had multiple arm fractures. Only three hours earlier, he had been severely beaten by a mob of 15 men. They threw him into the river after the attack, but he managed to survive. We have seen pockets of violence targeting individuals,” says Arellano.

The number of displaced people in each camp is based on estimates by our team since camp managers were not able to do routine population registrations initially. The MSF team reports that buses have started to arrive to repatriate people back to Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

Phoenix Camp (situated about 26km north of Durban)

Phoenix Camp is growing rapidly – and currently hosts an estimated 2,500 people, including 600 people who have been moved from other camps.

MSF is assisting by providing water and sanitation management, installing a 1,500 litre water tank to increase the clean water supply from only two shared taps. The team is also determining the medical needs of camp residents based on medical profiling when people are registered. The team is focusing on preventing risk of waterborne disease by supplying soap and water as well as buckets for washing. They are also focused on the needs of pregnant women, and children under five years-old. Medical needs for people with HIV and TB are also being monitored and the DoH will be reestablishing access to ARV medication inside the camp.

Chatsworth Camp (situated about 20km north of Durban)

There are currently an estimated 3,500 people in Chatsworth camp which is filled to capacity. Around 20% of the camp population consists of children under five-years-old who are particularly vulnerable.

MSF will be supplying mobile clinic services in the camp supplementing the DoH services. The MSF medical team will also coordinate closely regarding nutritional screenings and since many of the children may not have been vaccinated against measles, an immunization campaign will be done soon.

Isipingo Camp (situation about 21km south of Durban)

Isipingo Camp was the first camp established and is home to approximately 400 people. The primary problems identified in the initial assessment were related to access to primary healthcare and psychosocial needs.

MSF urges reintegration – don’t protract camps

MSF is does not support a protracted situation of displacement camps for foreign nationals.

“MSF urges that community reconciliation between the displaced and South Africans should commence immediately to de-escalate the tensions and reduce fears. This could allow displaced people to safely return to their homes, if they wish, and ensure that reintegration back into South African society can begin. The South African authorities have the capacity to respond to the current emergency but reconciliation and reintegration efforts must not fall by wayside,” says Andrew Mews, MSF head of mission for South Africa and Lesotho.

Additional responses

MSF remains concerned about rising tensions and our teams in other South African cities (Johannesburg, Rustenburg and Cape Town) are monitoring the situation and collaborating with civil society groups and communities to denounce the violence and reconciliation activities.

In Johannesburg MSF is assembling a second team tasked with conducting medical assessments in the coming days in Ekurhuleni and elsewhere where displaced people have sought safety.

MSF commends the courage with which the majority of South Africans are standing up against xenophobia through the actions of faith-based organisations, civil society groups and individuals mobilizing support to stop the violence and show solidarity with displaced foreign nationals.

In Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, three of the six southern African countries where MSF currently runs routine HIV and TB projects, our teams there are on stand-by in case local governments express a need for support as some of their nationals start arriving after repatriation actions.

Central African Republic: Central African Republic Situation: Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) January - December 2015

22 April 2015 - 12:48pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

TOP 10 priorities in the CAR crisis

REGIONAL REFUGEE RESPONSE AT A GLANCE

One year on from the start of the conflict in the Central African Republic, more than 850,000 people, one-fifth of the country’s population has been displaced both within CAR and in neighboring countries. UNHCR’s protection and response strategy seeks to ensure the respect of the human rights of refugees and identify and implement durable solutions including support to local integration and voluntary return to the Central Africa Republic.