Myanmar - ReliefWeb News
Myanmar: Landslide Risk Map Livelihood Sector - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Landslide Risk Map Infrastructure Sector - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map Production Sector - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map Population Sector - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map Livelihood Sector - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map Infrastructure Sector - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map (Short Return Period) - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map (Long Return Period) - Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map (100 Year Return Period) Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Myanmar: Flood Hazard Map (10 Year Return Period) Multi Hazard Risk Assessment in the Rakhine State of Myanmar
Papua New Guinea - Authorities in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are conducting a search and rescue operation in Western Province waters after an IOM assessment found a group of mariners from a trawler at risk of being trafficked.
On Monday, PNG immigration officials boarded a vessel in response to an Associated Press (AP) report claiming fishing vessels linked to a high profile human trafficking case in neighboring Indonesia in March were operating in remote PNG fishing ground known as “the dog leg.”
“We were able to determine that eight sailors from Cambodia and Myanmar were at risk of being trafficked,” said IOM PNG Chief of Mission George Gigauri.
“While it may be too early to say that this particular vessel is definitely connected to the case in Indonesia, it’s looking increasingly likely that it is, based on the profile of the fishermen we have intercepted,” he added.
In March AP reported on the plight of hundreds of trafficked fishermen associated with the Benjina fisheries weight station in eastern Indonesia. Over the next two months IOM repatriated 620 of the victims to Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos.
It is believed that dozens of vessels fled Indonesian waters ahead of a government crackdown, and it is the plight of sailors aboard those ships that spurred the PNG government to act.
For more information please contact George Gigauri at IOM Port Moresby. Email: email@example.com, Tel. +675 732 00136.
MANDALAY — Burma’s flood-ravaged northern regions are bracing for another deluge, after the Department of Meteorology warned of possible heavy rains due to a storm in the Bay of Bengal.
The announcement, issued by the department on Monday, warned that the storm was gaining strength and was expected to lead to torrential rain in several locations across the country.
“Within 24 hours, the upper Sagaing region, Pegu, Rangoon and Irrawaddy divisions, and Shan, Chin, Arakan, Mon and Karen states will receive heavy rain for about three days,” the department said. “Locals living in mountainous and low-lying areas should beware of possible landslides and sudden rises in the water levels of rivers and streams.”
Though water levels have dramatically receded in many areas hit by flooding last week, locals remain displaced from their homes and in need of relief.
“What we need now is clean water, foods and medicine,” said Tin Tun, a resident of Kawlin in Sagaing Division. “We currently still stranded at the monastery as our homes are still underwater, while some other homes have been washed away.”
Locals said that government and private volunteers had been attempting to provide relief, but some villages in Sagaing still remain out of reach. Much of the area in the upper part of the division is still inundated, and thousands have taken refuge in monasteries and schools after evacuating their homes.
According to the locals, tens of thousands of crop fields have been flooded in Sagaing Division. Dams and dykes located in the region are reportedly still overflowing, while roads remain blocked and a length of the Mandalay-Myitkyina rail line has washed away.
“Recently, the Thaphanseik Dam in Kantbalu Township overflowed so the authorities opened all the gates to reduce the water. The rain keeps pouring. We who live in low-lying areas are worrying and some have even left,” said Kyaw Khin, a resident of Khin-U Township.
In Mandalay’s Thabeikkyin Township, a creek broke its banks and washed out some homes, killing at least eight locals with five still missing.
A bridge in the Shan State town of Hsipaw collapsed under the weight of a strong current on Saturday, killing three, wounding two and leaving three others missing. Further south in Namsang, a Sunday landslide destroyed at least 10 homes and displaced dozens of locals.
To the west, dozens of homes were inundated in Kalaw, and volunteers have been distributing food and medicine to those displaced by the rains.
Flooding was also reported in Kachin State townships of Hpakant and Moekaung, as well as the Mandalay towns of Mogok and Tagaung.
World: Irregular Maritime Migration in the Bay of Bengal: The Challenges of Protection, Management, and Cooperation
By Kathleen Newland
In recent decades, maritime migration in Asia has become increasingly contentious, as refugees and irregular migrants traversing the region by sea complicate the attempts of governments in the Asia-Pacific region to control their borders, regulate immigration, and fulfill their obligations under international law. In the spring of 2015, irregular maritime migration across the Bay of Bengal to Southeast Asia entered a period of crisis as a wave of migrants and refugees crossed or attempted to cross the Bay of Bengal to reach Southeast Asia. The discovery in April and May 2015 of smuggler camps on both sides of the Thailand-Malaysia border showed the critical dangers that attend the journey.
At the center of the migration crisis is the exodus of stateless Muslims from western Myanmar (and in some cases, Bangladesh), mingled with Bangladeshi migrants seeking work opportunities in the wealthier countries of the region. Members of the Muslim minority, known as the Rohingya, have suffered extreme poverty and discrimination since the end of British colonial rule and establishment of the modern state of Myanmar. Communal violence between the Rohingya and Buddhists in Myanmar’s Rakhine state flared in 2012, resulting in the flight of Rohingya to neighboring Bangladesh, where at least 200,000 remain. Tens of thousands of others embarked on irregular maritime journeys from Bay of Bengal ports in Myanmar and Bangladesh.
This MPI-International Organization for Migration (IOM) Issue in Brief attempts to put the crisis of 2015 into context, providing an overview of the routes and patterns of migration, the development of migration out of Myanmar’s Rakhine state over the past few years and how policy responses to it have assigned priority to the protection of migrants and refugees, to the management of the maritime flows and to cooperation on migration with countries in the region and beyond. The brief concludes with several recommendations, and a consideration of what recent history has to teach us about responses to maritime migration crises.
Table of Contents
II. Irregular Maritime Movements in the Context of Asian Migration
III. Migrants and Asylum Seekers Cross the Bay of Bengal
IV. The International Legal and Institutional Framework in the Region
V. International and Regional Responses and Recommendations
• As of 27 July (NDMA), due to the recent floods, there were: 69 death, 36 people injured and over 290,000 people affected.
• Over the next 48 h, widespread rains (locally heavy) are forecast for most of the country, maintaining the risk of further flash flooding in the already affected areas. As of 28 July (PMD), significant flood is forecast for river Indus at Taunsa on 30-31 July.
• Heavy rains affected central and western India over the past few days, causing floods.
• In Rajasthan: five dead and hundreds of people displaced. In Madhya Pradesh: two dead in Rajgarh district.
• Over the next 48h heavy rains may affect western India (IMD Red/Orange Warnings).
• Heavy rains are still affecting southern Bangladesh, causing floods and landslides.
• In Cox's Bazaar two people died on 27 July and another seven in Chittagong on 19 July.
• Over the next 24 h, more heavy heavy rains may still affect southern Bangladesh.
MYANMAR / BURMA
• Heavy rains continued affecting Myanmar / Burma, causing floods in the northern areas.
• Over ten people died in Mandalay Region and in Shan State since 24 July. Another seven people died over 17-19 July, in Sagaing, where over 70,000 people were affected.
• Over the next 48 h, heavy rains may still affect several areas of Myanmar / Burma, especially Rakhine and Chin States.
• Heavy rainfall affected northern Vietnam, causing floods and landslides.
• In Quang Ninh: five dead and several houses damaged. In Son La: 30 houses damaged.
• Over the next 24 h heavy rains and winds may affect northern and central Vietnam.
• Heavy rains, winds, floods affected eastern and southern China over the last week.
• In Anhui: five dead, 136 000 people displaced. In Fujian: 12 dead, 170,000 people displaced. In Guangxi: four dead.
• Heavy rains are still forecast for southeastern China over 28-29 July.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
DRC: Measles has broken out in Maniema, with 415 cases recorded so far. 2,115 cases have been reported in Orientale this year, and 15,000 in Katanga. One reason for the rise in cases is lack of vaccination. Dungu, in Haut-Uele, Orientale, has seen a significant fall in WASH coverage and routine vaccination.
South Sudan: The cholera outbreak continues, with 1,375 cases recorded since 18 May, most in Juba county. At 3.2%, the case fatality rate is double the global average. In Unity state, the government has prevented food aid reaching Malakal.
Updated: 28/07/2015. Next update 04/08/2015.
Kawlin, 27 July — Sagaing Region Minister for Transport U Aung Zaw Oo and officials at the weekend provided food, purified drinking water and clothes to flood victims in Inbintha village-tract, Kawlin Township.
The village-tract had inundated by floodwaters caused by heavy rain on 16 July. While meeting with flood victims in Kathitkon village, the minister called for farmlands to be ploughed when flooding recedes.
Township medical officer Dr Khin Maung Than spoke about common diseases in rainy season and treatment for snake-bite patients.
Nay Pyi Taw, 27 July — Heavy rains and flooding inundated thousands of farm fields, and damaged hundreds of acres across the country in nearly two months.
Severe floods hit Kachin, Rakhine and Shan States, Sagaing, Bago, Yangon and Mandalay Regions. More than 13,000 acres of cultivation farms were destroyed, with the highest damaging toll of 11,452 acres in Sagaing region, according to official figure of Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation on Monday.
Yangon, 27 July — Ministry of Information and DW Akademie are jointly holding a workshop on electoral reporting as a preparation to cover the news in line with rules and regulations of the Union Election Commission and the Myanmar Press Council (Interim).
Deputy Minister for Information U Pike Htway made opening remark on the two-day workshop started on Monday, with saying the journalists are to observe media ethics during their electoral reporting.
DW Akademie is Germany’s leading organization for international media development, and it is working in 50 countries around the world.
A total of 29 representatives from state-owned media, its partner news agencies, radio stations and media trainees attend the workshop, with the discussions of officials from UEC and senior journalists from MPC, Mizzima, ABC, BBC Media Action, IMS and Internews.
U Maung Maung Su from Myanma Radio said, “The workshop provides us the knowledge how to cover the news during election period transparently.”
Myat Thandar Maung