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Myanmar: UNICEF Myanmar Humanitarian Situation Report 8, 24 September 2015

25 September 2015 - 1:57pm
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Myanmar


  • Sporadic flooding continues to displace populations, with increasing risk of displacement in October and November – the months with highest likelihood of cyclones in Myanmar.

  • UNICEF is supporting government leadership of the WASH and education Post Floods and Landslide Needs Assessment

  • In response to government request UNICEF taking the lead on developing operational guidelines for cash transfers for flood recovery

  • UNICEF Myanmar’s total 2015 Humanitarian Action for Children appeal of $46.6 million includes US$23.3 million for protracted emergencies in Rakhine and Kachin, and US$23.3 million for the flood response.

  • To date only 17 per cent of the required funds for urgent humanitarian assistance for children have been raised.

Myanmar: Flood Bulletin (Issued at 13:00 hr M.S.T on 25-9-2015)

25 September 2015 - 6:20am
Source: Government of Myanmar Country: Myanmar

(1) Falling condition below danger level

According to the (12:30) hr M.S.T observation today, the water level has exceeded by about (1) foot at Ngathaing Chaung of Ngawun River above its danger level and it may fall below its danger level during the next (3)days.

Hydrography for Ngawun River at Ngathaing Chaung

Myanmar: Kayin State - Myanmar (as of 6 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 5:37am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Kachin State - Myanmar (as of 6 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 5:35am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Chin State - Myanmar (as of 3 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 5:34am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Sagaing Region - Myanmar (as of 6 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 5:32am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

World: Let’s end rabies together

25 September 2015 - 5:19am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste, World

Media statement by Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, WHO Regional Director for South-East Asia on the occasion of World Rabies Day, 28 September 2015

25 September 2015: Rabies kills nearly 25 000 people every year in the WHO South-East Asia Region which accounts for 45% of global deaths caused by the disease. Over 1.5 billion people in the Region are at risk of rabies infection.

Every year an estimated 4 million people take rabies preventive vaccines, mostly after dog bites. About 40% people exposed to dog bites are children in the age group of 5 to 15 years.

As of today, rabies has no cure. Eliminating rabies is an important public health goal.

National strategies are needed for rabies elimination with the focus on increasing public awareness and making cost effective post-exposure vaccination available to all. Ensuring post-exposure rabies vaccination is available to all in an equitable manner, should be a key element of rabies elimination efforts.

Communities have an important role to play in rabies elimination. Simple but important measures such as vaccinating pet dogs and cats against rabies, thoroughly washing dog bite wounds with soap and water, and taking rabies vaccination when exposed to bite of a rabid or suspected animal, will strengthen rabies elimination efforts.

WHO is working together with Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Organization for Animal Health and animal welfare organizations to implement a comprehensive rabies elimination programme in rabies endemic countries.

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Thailand are already witnessing a decline in human rabies death after implementing mass dog vaccination campaigns in combination with dog population management and improving accessibility to post-exposure vaccination. The World Rabies Day this year focuses on making the elimination goal, set for 2020 in the WHO South-East Asia Region, a reality.

For more information please visit:

WHO’s South-East Asia Region comprises the following 11 Member States: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste.

Media Contacts

Ms Vismita Gupta-Smith Public Information and Advocacy Officer WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia E-mail: Mobile: +91 98713 29861 Tel: +91 11 2337 0804, Extn: 26401

Ms Shamila Sharma Communication Officer WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia E-mail: Mobile: +91 98182 87256 Tel: +91 11 23370804, Extn: 26575

Myanmar: Rakhine State - Myanmar (as of 4 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 5:12am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Magway Region - Myanmar (as of 6 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 4:22am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Ayeyarwady Region - Myanmar (as of 3 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 4:09am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Bago Region - Myanmar (as of 3 July 2015)

25 September 2015 - 4:06am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar

Myanmar: Post-flood recovery plans discussed

25 September 2015 - 1:14am
Source: New Light of Myanmar Country: Myanmar

NAY PYI TAW — A needs assessment workshop on post floods and landslide needs assessment framework in Myanmar took place in Yangon on Thursday.

Vice President U Nyan Tun oversaw the workshop in his capacity as the chairman of Myanmar’s National Natural Disaster Management Committee.

“The main objective of the meeting is to carry out next stage of recovery efforts by inviting development partners to contribute to a post-floods and landslides needs assessment to inform the national framework. This will guide both ongoing recovery efforts and longterm recovery plans.”

Participants discussed the key functions of establishing the recovery framework, the approximation of damage, organisational structures, data collection system and the tasks to be prioritised for rehabilitation.

The floods caused damage in 12 out of 14 states and regions and directly affected 1.6 million people, with knock-off effects felt by millions more.

U Nyan Tun said that the long-term economic and social consequences are yet to be fully understood and that the recovery task is one of the most challenging in recent times. He emphasised the need for prevention to play a large role in ongoing recovery efforts.

He said that every level of government, as well as civil society groups, have striven to respond to the needs of those affected as swiftly as possible.—MNA

Myanmar: Chinese traders donate to Myanmar flood victims

25 September 2015 - 1:09am
Source: New Light of Myanmar Country: Myanmar

Muse — Guangzhou Industrial Trade Association donated packets of instant noodles and bottled water for Myanmar flood victims on Wednesday.

The donation worth nearly K30 million was made at the Nandaw Gate in Muse, the border town with China. After the donation ceremony the items were transferred to Lashio. —L Soe

Myanmar: Myanmar Floods Spark Concerns About Deforestation

25 September 2015 - 12:41am
Source: Voice of America Country: Myanmar

Ron Corben

BANGKOK— This year's monsoon floods in Myanmar, the most severe in a decade, affected an estimated 1.6 million people and killed more than 100. Almost 400,000 hectares of farmland, largely rice paddies, along with fish ponds and farm animals, were lost. A tropical cyclone followed the devastation wrought by monsoon storms, sweeping away homes, roads and bridges.

Peter Brimble, an Asian Development Bank specialist in Myanmar, said deforestation was a factor.

“You look at the floods, and clearly the deforestation, at least in the mountains or the hills or in the deforested areas, led to some exacerbated impact of the floods," he said. "It seems pretty obvious.”

The U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization said Myanmar faces a crisis because an average of more than 540,000 hectares of forest cover have been lost each year since 2010.

Richard Casagrande, Myanmar flood operations manager for the International Federation of Red Cross, said that as communities slowly recover, the focus is turning to deforestation’s impact.

“There’s a lot of talk that deforestation, particularly in the hill areas, must have contributed to the floods being more violent — the flash flood element — and it seems intuitive that’s true," he said. "I have to admit I haven’t actually seen any hard evidence, but we suspect that is true, particularly parts where we know deforestation is happening.”

The London-based Environmental Investigation Agency said the illegal timber trade from northern Myanmar to China had reached levels near 900,000 cubic meters a year, close to levels not seen in a decade and despite an official trade ban.

While the United Nations warns that deforestation raises Myanmar’s vulnerability to climate change and disasters, one FAO scientist in Thailand said research raised doubts about a direct link between deforestation and flooding.

The FAO says national forests play a key role in combating rural poverty, ensuring food security and livelihoods, as well as conserving vital biodiversity.

Thailand: Rohingya refugees await new lives in US

24 September 2015 - 10:51pm
Source: Bangkok Post Country: Myanmar, Thailand, United States of America

24 trafficking victims about to depart as 540 refugees still languish in detention centres nationwide.

At 46 years old, Basamai, an ethnic Rohingya Muslim man, will for the first time obtain identity documents that will allow him to resettle in the United States next week, along with 23 other trafficking victims.

The 24 to be resettled follow four who left Thailand earlier this month, in a humanitarian programme that has resettled 13,000 Muslims from Myanmar since 2002, according to the US Department of State Refugee Processing Centre.

Mr Basami, who is being split from his wife and eight daughters, was abducted by a group of men -- including Myanmar soldiers -- from his home in Maungdaw township of Myanmar's Rakhine state while he was cutting wood in the forest to sell at the market.

He was beaten and forced by his captors to board a ship, likely headed towards Malaysia, when it was intercepted by police in Thai waters after weeks at sea.

He was held at the Immigration Bureau's detention facility in Ranong for months before he was identified as a trafficking victim and placed in a shelter under the custody of the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, also in Ranong.

Last week, Mr Basamai was transferred to another shelter in Pathum Thani to await his US departure.

"Soon, I will finally receive documents proving my identity and will be able to carry out daily activities without fear," he told the Bangkok Post Thursday.

The United States will become his home, he said, adding he intends to start a new life.

Though an agricultural labourer back in Myanmar, Mr Basamai says he is eager to develop new skills and will seize any opportunity given to him after he relocates.

Following their arrival in the US -- the exact location remains unknown -- the Rohingya group will undergo Cultural Orientation Training before they can be resettled, said a source from the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security.

They will be provided English language lessons, as well as sufficient time and space to adapt physically, psychologically and culturally, said the source.

"It will be a fresh start for them, and they need to be ready."

Meanwhile, a total of 560 Rohingya continue to languish in immigration detention facilities and shelters nationwide.

Their resettlement process can take years, though its duration varies based on their willingness to depart, their health conditions and the progress of their legal case against their traffickers.

The procedure is handled jointly by several state agencies, including the Foreign Ministry, the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security and the Immigration Bureau, as well as international organisations such as the United Nations Refugees Agency (UNHCR) and the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).

UNHCR officers regularly interview trafficking victims in the shelters, and the agency holds English classes for inmates once a month, though Mr Basamai says it is not enough, as he cannot remember any of the vocabulary. The IOM also carries out medical checkups and makes the travel arrangements for those who are to be resettled.

The legal cases of the group of 24 awaiting departure are nearly complete, the source said. The victims have provided testimony to police, and prosecutors now have enough evidence to file a complaint with the court, he said.

A few members of the group suffer from health problems due to the violence and abuse inflicted on them by the human traffickers, which has led to delays in court procedures, the source added.

Mr Basamai said he feels fortunate compared to other trafficking victims. He hopes that one day his wife and eight daughters will be able to join him in the United States.

He says they continue to face persecution in Myanmar and do not dare leave their homes, which means they cannot work there. "Today, they don't know if I'm alive or dead," he said, adding he had no way to contact them to tell them of his resettlement to the United States.

*'Republished with permission. © Post Publishing Plc.'. *

World: Informe mundial sobre desastres 2015: Agentes locales, clave para la efectividad de la acción humanitaria (Resumen)

24 September 2015 - 2:39pm
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Vanuatu, World

El nuevo informe de la Federación solicita un mayor reconocimiento y apoyo a los actores humanitarios locales

Publicado: 24 septiembre 2015 Los actores locales muchas veces son los más eficaces en la ejecución de operaciones humanitarias. No obstante, a pesar de desempeñar un papel crítico, deben luchar por atraer los fondos y el apoyo que precisan.

El Informe mundial sobre desastres 2015 –lanzado hoy por la Federación Internacional de Sociedades de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja (Federación)– examina los factores de complejidad y los retos que afrontan los actores locales en la ampliación y consolidación de su respuesta humanitaria.

Aunque ampliamente reconocida, la efectividad de las organizaciones humanitarias locales o nacionales no se refleja en las tendencias del financiamiento humanitario. Según el Informe mundial sobre desastres, por ejemplo, sólo el 1,6 por ciento del total de fondos proporcionado a ONG internacionales, regionales, nacionales y locales entre 2010 y 2014 se canalizó directamente a organizaciones consideradas ONG nacionales y locales.

El Informe solicita a la comunidad humanitaria que trabaje junta para asegurar asociaciones más equitativas con los actores locales así como flujos de financiación eficientes, también a nivel comunitario, pues en él las necesidades humanitarias son más grandes y los efectos del desarrollo se sienten más.

El Informe defiende la necesidad de un cambio hacia la “localización” de la ayuda y una cooperación más equitativa entre los actores internacionales y locales.

“Los actores locales siempre responden los primeros. En 2015 hemos visto a los habitantes y las organizaciones locales en el centro de las operaciones para rescatar a miles de personas atrapadas entre los escombros tras el terremoto en Nepal, estableciendo centros de evacuación después del ciclón Pam en Vanuatu, así como en primera línea del prolongado conflicto en Siria”, observó Elhadj As Sy, secretario general de la Federación.

“Pero la efectividad de los actores locales no sólo se debe a su proximidad. Los grupos locales, incluidas las Sociedades Nacionales de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja, son eficaces por la perspectiva que aportan, por su comprensión del idioma y las normas culturales, y por estar permanentemente presentes en las comunidades y poder acompañarlas para gestionar el riesgo de desastres antes de que estos ocurran.”

La Federación solicita más recursos y apoyo para los actores humanitarios locales y nacionales.

“La responsabilidad de responder a desastres en gran escala no debe, sin embargo, transferirse completamente a los actores locales. Es preciso encontrar un equilibrio más adecuado”, comentó el Sr. Sy. “Los asociados internacionales siguen teniendo que desempeñar un papel esencial, incluida la provisión de recursos y conocimientos especializados, así como de capacidades complementarias cuando los recursos locales están desbordados. Pero este apoyo debe aportarse con humildad, confianza y respeto, y con el compromiso de desarrollar la capacidad local.”

Anteriormente, también este año, la Federación anunció la Coalición de mil millones para la resiliencia, una nueva asociación destinada a sacar para 2025 a mil millones de personas de situaciones de riesgo y vulnerabilidad y a hacerlas más resistentes frente a desastres y otras situaciones de crisis. Esto sólo puede alcanzarse mediante la cooperación con, y un mayor apoyo a, actores locales.

Contexto: El Informe

El Informe mundial sobre desastres es una publicación anual independiente encargada por la Federación, que aporta investigaciones basadas en datos sobre retos, tendencias e innovaciones en la reducción del riesgo de desastres y la gestión de crisis. El Informe es un texto de investigación importante y se basa en los debates de la Conferencia Mundial de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres de 2015, celebrada en Sendai, así como en la adopción de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. Realiza una contribución directa a la Cumbre Mundial Humanitaria del próximo año, en la cual la localización de la ayuda será una de las áreas temáticas clave de atención.

Contexto: datos sobre desastres en 2014

➢ En 2014 se registraron 317 desastres naturales en todo el mundo, que afectaron a 94 países, según el Centro de Investigación sobre la Epidemiología de los Desastres (CRED). El número de desastres naturales fue el más bajo de la década, un 17 por ciento por debajo de la media.[1]

➢ Se estima que en 2014 resultaron afectadas por desastres cerca de 107 millones de personas, más que el año anterior. Hay pocas dudas respecto de que el cambio climático conducirá a un aumento de la frecuencia y la gravedad de los peligros y de las personas expuestas a ellos.

➢ En 2014, los desastres causaron 8.186 muertes en el mundo entero. El nivel de mortalidad fue casi un 90 por ciento inferior a la media de la década. 2014 también fue el año con la menor tasa de mortalidad desde 1986 (7.303 muertos). Por otro lado, el número de muertos por la epidemia de ébola en África occidental (8.600) es más alto que la tasa de mortalidad total por desastres naturales en 2014.

➢ El 48 por ciento de los desastres de 2014 ocurrió en Asia, donde también se registró más del 85 por ciento de los muertos y el 86 por ciento de los afectados a nivel mundial. El mayor número de muertes atribuido a Asia se produjo en un año en el que en América disminuyó la tasa de mortalidad. En este continente se produjo el 8 por ciento de las muertes, siendo la media un 25 por ciento.

➢ China fue el país más afectado por desastres. Las sequías, tormentas e inundaciones afectaron a más de 58 millones de personas. En agosto de 2014, un terremoto se cobró la vida de 731 personas. Así, la tasa de mortalidad más alta de 2014 para un desastre natural en un país corresponde a China.

➢ En 2014, el 87 por ciento de los desastres estuvo relacionado con el clima. Con ello se mantiene una tendencia de 20 años en la que los desastres relacionados con el clima superan a aquellos de origen geofísico en los 10 países más afectados por desastres del mundo.

➢ El 49 por ciento de todos los desastres naturales de 2014 fueron inundaciones y deslizamientos de tierras, que causaron el 63 por ciento del número total de muertes relacionadas con desastres y el 34 por ciento del número total de afectados. Entre los desastres más graves se contaron las inundaciones en India, Pakistán y los Balcanes. La sequía fue la causa del 39 por ciento del total de personas afectadas por desastres.

➢ 5.884 personas murieron por desastres de origen tecnológico. El evento que ocasionó un mayor número de muertos (304) fue el hundimiento del ferry Sewol, en la República de Corea. Otros nueve desastres de origen tecnológico causaron más de 100 muertos cada uno, ascendiendo el total a 1.537. El 74 por ciento de las muertes debidas a desastres de origen tecnológico se debe a accidentes de transporte.

➢ Se estima que en 2014 las pérdidas económicas ascendieron a 99.200 millones de dólares americanos, muy por debajo de la media anual de los últimos diez años (147.000 millones de dólares). Las inundaciones en Jammu y Cachemira, además del ciclón Hududh en India, fueron los eventos más costosos, con 16.000 millones de dólares americanos respectivamente. Por primera vez desde 1980, el mundo ha experimentado a lo largo de los últimos tres años una disminución consecutiva de las pérdidas económicas.

Para más información o concertar entrevistas, diríjase a:

En Ginebra:

Benoit Carpentier, jefe de equipo, comunicaciones públicas, Federación

E-mail: ¦ Twitter: @BenoistC ¦ Móvil: +41 79 213 2413

[1] Datos obtenidos de la base de datos EM-DAT del CRED: The International Disaster Database (

World: Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde 2015 : Les acteurs locaux, clés de l’efficacité humanitaire (Résumé)

24 September 2015 - 2:36pm
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Vanuatu, World

Le nouveau Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde publié par la FICR plaide pour une meilleure reconnaissance et un soutien accru des acteurs humanitaires locaux

Publié: 24 septembre 2015

Les acteurs locaux sont souvent les plus performants dans la conduite des opérations humanitaires. Pourtant, en dépit de leur rôle crucial, ils peinent à obtenir les fonds et le soutien nécessaires.

Le Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde 2015, lancé aujourd’hui par la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (FICR), passe en revue les difficultés et les défis auxquels se heurtent ces intervenants dans leurs efforts pour étendre et consolider leur action humanitaire.

Quoique largement reconnue, l’efficacité des organisations humanitaires locales ou nationales n’est pas reflétée dans les structures de financement et de coordination. Les auteurs du rapport observent, par exemple, qu’entre 2010 et 2014, 1,6% seulement du total des fonds alloués à des ONG internationales, régionales, nationales et locales est échu directement aux deux dernières catégories.

Partant de ce constat, le rapport appelle la communauté humanitaire à mettre en place des partenariats plus équilibrés entre acteurs internationaux et locaux et des procédures plus efficaces de canalisation des ressources financières, notamment au niveau communautaire où les besoins sont les plus aigus et où l’impact du développement se fait le plus fortement sentir. En bref, il plaide pour la « localisation » de l’assistance.

«Les acteurs locaux sont toujours les premiers à intervenir. En 2015, nous avons vu les communautés et les institutions locales au coeur des opérations de sauvetage en faveur des sinistrés emprisonnés dans les décombres à la suite du tremblement de terre au Népal, nous les avons vues mettre en place des centres d’hébergement d’urgence après le passage dévastateur du cyclone Pam à Vanuatu, ou encore en première ligne des secours aux victimes du conflit en Syrie», souligne Elhadj As Sy, secrétaire général de la FICR.

«Mais leur efficacité ne tient pas seulement à leur proximité. Les groupes locaux, au nombre desquels les Sociétés nationales de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, sont efficaces en raison des perspectives qu’ils ouvrent, de leur connaissance de la langue et de la culture, et parce qu’ils sont présents en permanence au sein des communautés et en mesure de les aider à limiter les risques avant que les catastrophes ne se produisent.»

La FICR appelle à dégager davantage de ressources en soutien aux acteurs humanitaires locaux et nationaux.

«La responsabilité de la réponse à des catastrophes majeures ne doit pas être transmise en totalité aux acteurs locaux, mais la répartition des tâches et des compétences doit être rééquilibrée», poursuit le secrétaire général. «Les partenaires internationaux ont un rôle crucial à assumer, notamment dans la mise à disposition de soutiens spécialisés et dans la mobilisation de ressources complémentaires lorsque les capacités locales sont dépassées. Toutefois, cet appui doit être apporté dans un esprit d’humilité, de confiance et de respect, et avec la volonté affirmée de contribuer au développement des capacités locales.»

Au début de l’année, la FICR avait annoncé le lancement de la ‘Coalition du milliard pour la résilience’, une initiative visant à réduire radicalement d’ici 2025 les risques et vulnérabilités au bénéfice d’un milliard d’habitants de la planète et à les rendre plus résilients face aux catastrophes et autres situations de crise. Un tel objectif ne pourra être atteint sans un partenariat étroit avec les acteurs locaux et un soutien renforcé en leur faveur.

A propos du Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde

Le Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde est une publication annuelle indépendante produite pour le compte de la FICR qui offre des informations et des analyses factuelles sur les défis, tendances et innovations en matière de réduction des risques et de gestion des crises. Il apporte une contribution majeure à la recherche en relation avec les discussions tenues en 2015 à Sendai dans le cadre de la Conférence mondiale des Nations unies sur la réduction des risques liés aux catastrophes ainsi qu’avec les Objectifs du développement durable. Il offre également un précieux éclairage dans la perspective du Sommet humanitaire mondial de l’année prochaine lors duquel la localisation de l’assistance figurera parmi les principaux points à l’ordre du jour.

Les catastrophes en 2014

➢ 317 catastrophes naturelles ont été recensées en 2014 dans 94 pays, selon le Centre de recherche sur l’épidémiologie des catastrophes (CRED). C’est le chiffre le plus bas de la décennie (17% sous la moyenne). [1]

➢ Près de 107 millions de personnes ont été affectées par des catastrophes en 2014, un chiffre en augmentation par rapport à l’année précédente. Il ne fait guère de doute que le changement climatique entraînera une augmentation de la fréquence et de la gravité des catastrophes et du nombre de personnes affectées.

➢ En 2014, les catastrophes ont fait 8186 morts à travers le monde, ce qui représente une mortalité inférieure de près de 90% à la moyenne de la décennie. 2014 a aussi été l’année affichant la plus faible mortalité depuis 1986 (7303). Toutefois, le bilan en vies humaines de l’épidémie d’Ebola en Afrique de l’Ouest (8600) est nettement supérieur à celui de l’ensemble des catastrophes naturelles pour 2014.

➢ En 2014, 48% des catastrophes se sont produites en Asie, où on a également enregistré plus de 85% du total des morts et 86% du total des personnes affectées. Cette hausse de la mortalité en Asie coïncide avec une baisse de la mortalité dans les Amériques (8% du total contre 25% en moyenne).

➢ La Chine a été le pays le plus durement touché, sécheresse, tempêtes et inondations ayant affecté plus de 58 millions d’habitants au total. En août 2014, un tremblement de terre a fait 731 morts, le bilan le plus dramatique de l’année pour une seule catastrophe naturelle.

➢ En 2014, 87% des catastrophes ont été liées au climat. Cela confirme une tendance sur deux décennies qui voit le nombre des catastrophes liées au climat excéder celui des catastrophes géophysiques dans les dix pays du monde les plus touchés.

➢ Inondations et glissements de terrain ont représenté 49% des catastrophes en 2014 et compté pour 63% du total des morts et 34% des personnes affectées, les inondations en Inde, au Pakistan et dans les Balkans figurant parmi les plus dramatiques. La sécheresse a compté pour 39% du nombre total des personnes affectées par des catastrophes.

➢ 5884 personnes ont péri dans des accidents technologique en 2014. Le plus grave d’entre eux, avec 304 morts, a été le naufrage du ferry Sewol, en République de Corée. Neuf autres accidents ont fait plus de 100 morts chacun, pour un total de 1537. Les accidents de transport ont compté pour 74% de la mortalité due aux accidents technologiques.

➢ En 2014, les pertes économiques ont été estimées à 99,2 milliards de dollars des Etats-Unis, un bilan nettement inférieur à la moyenne de 147 milliards sur les dix dernières années. Les inondations dans le Jammu-et-Cachemire et le cyclone Hududh en Inde ont été les catastrophes les plus coûteuses, à hauteur de 16 milliards de dollars des Etats-Unis chacune. Pour la première fois depuis 1980, on a toutefois enregistré une baisse consécutive sur trois ans des pertes économiques liées aux catastrophes.

Pour plus d’informations et pour organiser des interviews, prière de s’adresser à:

A Genève:

Benoit Carpentier, communication publique, FICR

Mobile: +41 79 213 24 13, courriel:

[1] CRED’s EM-DAT: International Disasters Database (

Myanmar: Relief promised to homeless in Hakha

24 September 2015 - 12:43pm
Source: Democratic Voice of Burma Country: Myanmar

President Thein Sein visited Chin State’s capital Hakha on Wednesday to pledge support for locals left homeless by recent floods and landslides.

The Burmese leader stressed his government’s commitment to resettle locals whose homes were damaged or destroyed by landslides triggered by the cyclonic wind and rains that struck western Burma between June and August this year.

At least five or six neighbourhoods in Hakha face total relocation due to extensive damage to homes during the landslides. Some 500 to 1,000 persons are currently being provided shelter while seismic teams inspect two new locations outside the city.

Thein Sein said he is aware that time is running out to provide adequate resettlement solutions ahead of the approaching winter season.

“The president gave us words of encouragement and pledged to provide us with new homes before the winter comes,” said resident Za Aung, adding that Thein Sein promised to ensure suitable living standards for the locals in their new locations, with access to water, electricity, education and health care.

However the scale of the devastation caused to Hakha suggests the relocation project will be a lengthy one.

“We have chosen spots for new homes but as of now, work has yet to began – the area is yet to be cleared,” Za Aung said.

According to the government, over 1,100 homes were destroyed by landslides in seven Chin state towns including Hakha, Tedim, Tonzan and Paletwa. Subsequent studies revealed many homes in the region were lying on unsteady ground and needed to be relocated.

Around 1,800 homes are now set for relocation, including 580 in Paletwa, 340 in Hakha and over 370 in Tedim.

Large swathes of Chin State were devastated during the monsoonal disaster, which claimed the lives of over 117 people, forced 1.6 million from their homes and destroyed some 800,000 acres of farmland, according to the Burmese government.

Chin State is regarded as Burma’s poorest and least developed region, making restoration efforts particularly difficult.

Myanmar: One dead, scores injured as mine accident floods village

24 September 2015 - 12:40pm
Source: Democratic Voice of Burma Country: Myanmar


A 12-year-old child was killed and several elderly residents were injured on Wednesday when the embankment of a tailing pond at a mine site collapsed, triggering a landslide and flooding in the nearby village of Kanbauk, Tenasserim Division, some 77 kilometres north of the region’s capital Dawei.

The mine site is operated by Burma-based mining firm Delco Mining.

The mother said her child was trapped under the wreckage of their home.

“My child drowned, buried underneath the rubble of our house. Another child and I were also swept away in the water– we only survived because we landed on the bridge,” the mother said.

A local reported the flooding to a site official after evacuating endangered residents, but representatives of operators Delco Mining informed him that the flooding would stop ‘when the water runs out’.

“We evacuated everyone who lives by the creek’s bank – men and women, then I came back around and informed the site security about it. He said he had contacted the operators and after that I came back to the villagers, telling them to stay clear as the current is becoming stronger.

“At the time, many people still remained in the bridge. Then I came back to the site again and told the security to get the operators fast. He said he’s already done that and that the manager told him ‘it will stop when the water in the pond runs out,’” the villager said.

Kanbuak resident Aung Lwin told DVB that the landslide destroyed 11 homes, and some 40 more had to be abandoned as they were within the danger-zone, leaving 90 locals homeless. The village monastery is currently sheltering those displaced.

“Young men in the village are furious [about the incident]. They gathered at the village’s monument and called for action against the company’s manager, and to stop operations,” said Aung Lwin.

The Tenasserim regional police chief arrived at the village to assist in mediation between the villagers and Delco Mining representatives. The company has agreed to conditions set by the locals: to detain the site manager and other relevant officials; to cease mining operations in the area until the case is settled; for the company to take responsibility for damages suffered by the villagers and to arrange a meeting with town leaders to discuss the permanent closure of the company’s operations in the area.

Kyaw Soe Win, a spokesperson from the Public Health Department, said their staff arrived to find the villagers ‘in an uproar’.

“After the incident last night, the villagers were in an uproar and that’s when the health department staff arrived there and investigated how it started. Then we provided medical assistance to villagers suffering injuries or shock – there were 22 of them. One [the young child] died later at hospital,” he said.

Locals reported that they had reached out the company as early as last year to express their concerns that a potential collapse of the tailing pond would trigger landslides. Delco Mining allegedly made no moves to assuage their concerns.

Delco Mining began mining tin and tungsten in the region in 2010, the company has not yet made an official statement regarding Wednesday’s accident.

Myanmar: Myanmar: Mon State (as of 06 July 2015)

24 September 2015 - 7:47am
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit Country: Myanmar