Myanmar - ReliefWeb News
Monghsat, 25 Aug — Monghsat District Department of Highways is rebuilding a bridge in Mongton Township, eastern Shan State, after it was damaged by heavy rains on 3 August.
The repaired bridge will be 80-foot-long and 18-foot-wide and located on Monghsat-Mongton-Punpakyem Road.
District’s deputy commissioner U Noe Wai inspected the construction works on 25 August and was briefed by senior engineer U Aung Nyo on the progress to date. “I’m pleased to hear that construction is on track and will be completed by the end of August,” said a bus driver from Doh Nyi Naung transport company.—District IPRD
Kawlin, 25 Aug — The flash floods that began in July caused more than 1,700 students in Kawlin Township to miss classes at basic education schools.
Sagaing Region Education Department has provided notebooks, textbooks and pencils to every each student, while the Basic Education Department distributed more than 400 desks and cash assistance to every school in the township. Departmental personnel from Nay Pyi Taw Council Area, Kawlin, Wuntho,
Pinlebu, Kyunhla, Lashio, Bago and Shwebo donated money, relief supplies and stationery to the Township Education Office.
Ko Ko Nyein (Kawlin)
Myanaung, 25 Aug — Township authorities have distributed 500 baskets of paddy seeds donated by Htoo Company to local farmers for cultivation on flood-affected farmlands in Myanaung Township.
The township administrator and officials also provided 200 baskets of paddy seeds donated by township departments to local farmers for their rehabilitation.
Department of Agriculture staff members are making field trips to rural areas in Myanaung Township to instruct local farmers on cultivation of paddy.
Heavy rains caused flooding at more than 54,000 acres of monsoon paddy in Myanaung Township in August.
Up to 23 August, local farmers have replanted 976 acres of out of more than 33,000 acres of damaged farmlands, according to the Township Farmland Management and Statistics Department.
Win Bo (Myanaung)
NyaungU, 25 Aug — While many regions and states in Myanmar have been inundated by water following flash floods in recent weeks, locals in NyaungU Township are struggling to overcome water shortages due to excess silt in nearby dams and lakes.
Chaungshay villagers have relied on the 800-foot-long, 400-foot-wide Aung Dam and another three lakes for many years now. However unless the north lake is dredged before the end of this rainy season, locals may face a water shortage next year, said Chaungshay village administrator U Aye Thar. “Last year the Township Irrigation Department dredged about 30 earthen lakes in many villages.
Our village is waiting for there to be enough budget funds to dredge the lake.”
Than Tin Aung
Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug—The Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a press release on 25 August that Myanmar officially handed over additional verified 125 Bangladesh nationals among the boat people rescued by Myanmar in May 2015. They were handed over to Bangladesh side at Myanmar and Bangladesh border after the flag meeting in Taung Pyo (Let Wè).
A team led by U Saw Naing, Deputy Director, Maungtaw District Immigration Officer from Myanmar handed over the 125 Bangladesh nationals to the Commanding Officer of No. 17 Border Guard Battalion of Cox’s Bazar and his team. Acting Police Lieutenant Colonel Kyaw Tay Za from Police Border Guard of Myanmar and Mr. Mahbubur Rahman, Consul from the Bangladesh Consulate in Sittway also observed the event. The No. 17 Border Guard Battalion of Cox’s Bazar brought the 125 persons back at 14:10 hrs to Bangladesh.
A total of verified Bangladesh nationals rescued from the two boats have been repatriated to their place of origin, Bangladesh, on five different occasions. Authorities in Bangladesh continue to verify the remaining persons from the two boats rescued. The remaining boat people will be handed over to the country of origin upon completion of the verification process.
Disaster Management Reference Handbook Series Overview
The Disaster Management Reference Handbook Series is intended to provide decision makers, planners, responders and disaster management practitioners with an overview of the disaster management structure, policies, laws, and plans for each country covered in the series.
Overviews of natural and man-made threats most likely to affect the country are discussed. The handbooks also provide basic country background information, including cultural, demographic, geographic, infrastructure and other basic country data. Endemic conditions such as poverty, water and sanitation, food security and other humanitarian issues are included. A basic overview of the health situation in the country and disease surveillance is also covered.
The handbooks include information on key national entities involved in disaster management, disaster response and preparation, and the military’s role in disaster relief is discussed.
Information on UN agencies, international NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs), major local NGOs, and key U.S. agencies and programs in the country, are also provided. The overall aim is to provide a guide that brings together important information about disaster management and response for each country in an effort to provide a basic understanding for the reader.
Information in the handbooks are compiled and based primarily on trusted, reliable, publiclyavailable sources. Much of the information used is from U.S. or other government sources, UN sources, NGO websites, scholarly references, foreign government websites, and various media sources.
Whenever further information available may be relevant, a link to the original internet source is provided. Each handbook is a working document and will be updated periodically as new, significant information becomes available. Constructive feedback is requested to further refine this document.
We hope that you find these handbooks informative, reliable and useful in understanding disaster management and response for this country.
For comments, questions or to request additional printed copies of our Disaster Managment Reference Handbooks please contact the Center for Excellence at: (808) 472-0518.
Please visit our website (http://www.cfe-dmha.org) to view the latest electronic versions available.
How much water do you need to survive? How many people don't have access to water? And what does that mean, anyway? These aren't questions we usually ask ourselves, even if magazines or tube announcements constantly remind us to 'stay hydrated'. But it's World Water Week, and everyone is talking about water. Here are four top facts you need to know about water, and how ActionAid is helping communities gain access to it.
- Access to clean water and sanitation is a human right
The UN has declared that access to clean water is a human right. But it's more than that - water is at the basis of other fundamental human rights too, like access to food and to education.
ActionAid supports communities who are fighting for their rights to clean water, such as Samda's, in India. Our partners helped Samda and her community to put pressure on their local government to provide them with running drinking water. After six months of intense lobbying, the council provided the pipes, the material and the money for wages need to hire local people to build their own water distribution system.
- One in nine people don't have access to safe water
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), everyone should have 50 to 100 litres of water per day to meet their most basic needs. But 750 million people around the world don't have safe water available to them, people like Israa.
Israa (not her real name), 13, fled from Syria to Jordan with her family. She now lives in a small prefabricated unit in the Zaatari Refugee Camp with her parents and five brothers and sisters. She says: “The sun is very hot here. The toilets are bad, the water is horrible.” ActionAid is working with some of the most vulnerable refugees in the camp, providing urgently needed items like soap, shampoo and washing powder.
- More than half of primary schools in developing countries don't have adequate water facilities
Nearly two thirds of these primary schools lack adequate sanitation. For many girls, this means missing out on school when they have their period. Actress Emilia Fox recently visited Ethiopia with ActionAid. She went to Annaso school, which currently has shared toilets and no clean water.
"A lot of the girls felt embarrassed about using the mixed loo so many of them didn't attend school," she explains, "particularly when they were menstruating. It’s estimated that one in 10 girls in Africa will miss school when they are on their period." ActionAid is helping build a new school which will have separate toilet facilities for boys and girls to improve children's privacy and hygiene.
- Diarrhoea kills an estimated 842,000 people every year
That's approximately 2,300 people every single day globally. Diarrhoea is caused by inadequate drinking water, sanitation, and hand hygiene. Daw Maw, from Myanmar, knows the danger of dirty water all too well.
She lost one of her children when he was only nine months old due to a water-borne disease, all because her village doesn't have a clean water supply. ActionAid is supporting her community to deal with these challenges. Her dream is for her three surviving children is to go to university.
Water really can be the difference between life or death. By supporting our work providing water to communities you could help families living in refugee camps; you could help a child go to school; you could help save lives.
Torrential rains since July have triggered floods and landslides across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions, affecting more than one million people. Affected communities have lost their food stocks, livestock and critical agricultural inputs and infrastructure, including irrigation and drainage canals. Damage to crops and arable land could pose a risk to long-term food security.
FAO is conducting a needs assessment to support the Government’s early recovery and rehabilitation efforts to restore agriculture-based livelihoods. This includes identifying the most pressing needs of farmers, helping them replant their fields as soon as possible and preserving remaining livestock, which are vital sources of food and income for the affected population.
Myanmar: Destroyed homes, damaged fields and lost crops; villagers in Myanmar face an uncertain future
By Johanna Lassy-Mäntyvaara, IFRC
30 July was supposed to be an important day for Min Htun Maing, 29, a farmer from Kyaukka village, 18 miles from the township of Kale in Myanmar’s Sagaing region. Mi Htun had invited local monks to visit and bless his newly built house close to the Myittha river. He was about to move into the house with his wife and four-year-old daughter, and owning their own home was a dream come true for the young family after living several years together with Min Htun’s father.
Sadly that dream was ruined by the monsoon floods that have engulfed vast areas of Myanmar in recent weeks. Just two days before the special occasion, Kyaukka experienced its worst flooding in decades, which destroyed the houses of Min Htun, his father and a hundred other villagers. In the Kale area, a valley surrounded by mountains, 6,000 homes were damaged and 1,000 were completely destroyed. Large areas of farmland were left unusable and many farmers lost their crops in the middle of the harvesting season.
“The water level rose by a foot every hour reaching up to 20 feet. It stayed high for nine days and then started to go down very slowly, just about two inches per hour,” Min Htun recalls.
His family evacuated to a nearby hillside, taking along their important documents and most of their valuable belongings. They built a temporary shelter with tarpaulins donated by the Myanmar Red Cross Society. The government has said it will help villagers to relocate their houses further from the river, but this will take time.
Fortunately Min Htun was able to harvest part of his rice crop before the flooding swept across his fields. In addition to rice he also grows beans, which together make up his family´s livelihood. The loss of part of his rice crop has dented the family’s income making them dependent on donations until the next harvesting season.
For now, Min Htun is too preoccupied to dwell on his personal losses. He is helping the Red Cross distribute tents, shelter kits, tarpaulins and water purification tablets in his community. The shelter kits – which include items such as a spade, hoe, rope and saw – are warmly welcomed by families who want to clean their houses, construct a shelter or dig the thick mud from their rice fields once the rains ease.
Chaw Su, 30, says she will store the tools in her temporary shelter, hoping to use them next year when the harvesting season arrives. She was growing beans and sunflowers on the other side of the river where floodwaters still cover the farmland. As well as losing her crop, Chaw Su also lost a major part of her food stock when her two-storey house was destroyed. She is despondent about the future. “At the moment I do not feel hopeful of being able to re-build a similar house again,” she says.
Red Cross volunteer Ma Nyein Ei Nwe lives in a village near Kyaukka. She first started volunteering in the community two years ago after seeing how a group of Red Cross volunteers were helping to respond to a fire. As an experienced volunteer she has been helping to distribute shelter kits and she spends time walking around Kyaukka advising people on water purification. She also visits the local school to teach children how to wash their hands and keep up good hygiene to prevent any outbreaks of disease.
Support from the Red Cross is badly needed, and despite the widespread destruction in the village, people are continuing with their daily lives as best they can.
“Even though I cannot personally support people with many of the material things they need, I want to support them with my energy,” says Ma Nyein.
As one of more than 500 Red Cross volunteers deployed to support flood-affected areas across Myanmar, she is playing a vital role in helping people in her community get back on their feet in the wake of this disaster.
MANILA, PHILIPPINES – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will offer $3 million assistance to Myanmar to support relief efforts following recent flooding which has caused widespread devastation across the country.
ADB will provide the grant from the Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund to meet priority needs and restore live-saving services to affected communities.
ADB will also consider mobilizing new resources and adjusting existing programs for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of damaged infrastructure and affected livelihoods. ADB’s efforts are geared to support the Government of Myanmar at both national and state/regional levels, based on damage and needs assessments and in close coordination with the development community.
“ADB is committed to assist Myanmar in these difficult times,” ADB President Takehiko Nakao said. “It is important to link the relief and early recovery phase with the longer term rehabilitation plans, and ADB will support Myanmar in this effort.”
In a letter to Myanmar’s President, U Thein Sein, earlier this month, Mr. Nakao extended his condolences to the country’s government and people for the loss of lives and livelihoods, and the destruction caused by the floods.
Heavy monsoon rains, exacerbated by Cyclone Komen in late July, caused severe flooding, landslides, and wind damage across most parts of the country. Over 1.6 million people are estimated to have been affected by the disaster, which has destroyed farmland, roads, railroads and bridges. The government has declared natural disaster zones in Chin and Rakhine states, as well as the regions of Magway and Sagaing.
ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members – 48 from the region. In 2014, ADB assistance totaled $22.9 billion, including cofinancing of $9.2 billion.
Around 150 children in Monywa have been hospitalised since an outbreak of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) hit the Sagaing Division city. To date, 15 have died this year, according to Monywa General Hospital.
Dr Nyunt Than, chief medical officer at the hospital, said on Monday that the institute’s children’s ward was only built to house 80 patients at a time, and was now struggling amid shortage of space.
“We have nearly 200 patients in the children’s ward alone, and are having difficulties with space,” he said. “However, it is important to detect the early warning signs of shock, so our patients must be kept under close watch by the hospital staff. It is uncomfortable for the children as they are all cramped in.”
The doctor said that adults were also suffering with DHF and that the number of patients between January and August this year has swollen to about four times that of the same period last year.
“In 2014, we recorded 393 patients with DHF, but this year we have had around 1,650 cases already,” he said, adding that in May, the hospital took in 121 patients with dengue; 565 in June; 880 in July; and 311 to date this month.
The Monywa doctor advised local residents to take prevention measures such as: keeping water containers sealed to prevent mosquitoes breeding; and seeking medical treatment immediately for any suspected DHF cases.
Meanwhile, he urged government authorities to spray pesticide in the outbreak areas.
We have delivered 1,000 locally-procured emergency shelter kits to Sittwe, Rakhine State with 800 arriving today (24/08). Local INGO & CSO partners will distribute them to affected communities this week;
Another delivery of 9,825 internationally procured shelter kits will arrive in Yangon on Wednesday (26/08) this week, to be distributed to affected areas of Chin, Magway, Sagaing, and Rakhine;
500 ‘family kits’ donated by DFAT/Australia were distributed in Rakhine State last week;
Preliminary Displacement Tracking Mechanisms (DTM) assessments have been completed in Kyauk Taw, Minbya, Mrauk-U in Rakhine State. The second round of DTM assessments for Maungdaw and Buthidaung in Rakhine State has finished with the report being finalised. The teams for the third round of DTM assessments for Chin State are now being mobilised and will start this week;
Proposal was submitted to ECHO for a EUR 1 million combined shelter and WASH project for Rakhine State. This was designed to complement the $1 million CERF allocation for shelter as well as the existing ECHO & OFDA DRR projects in Rakhine.
JRC scientists have supported the European Commission's Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO) with information and analysis on the flood crisis in Myanmar/Burma which followed a period of unusually heavy precipitation starting mid-July. By the beginning of August the country began to experience the most severe flooding in decades, while heavy rainfall continued during the first half of the month.
Even before the government of Myanmar/Burma requested emergency support through the European Civil Protection Mechanism (EUCPM) at the beginning of August 2015, JRC scientists provided DG ECHO’s Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) with in-depth situation reports on Myanmar and Burma as well as overview maps of the affected areas, population, and EU response actions. Rainfall and flood forecasts from the JRC’s Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS) provided useful information on where and when more rainfall and flooding was expected. This information was shared with local offices and authorities in Myanmar and was used to activate the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) on 7th August to obtain satellite-based rapid mapping of inundated areas. The first maps showing the flood extent were delivered for ten districts on 9 August 2015. The flood extent continues to be monitored, and a first update was released one week later.
The extent and severity of the event only became apparent by mid-August: 103 victims were reported, more than 1 million people were critically affected, and more than 15 000 houses were destroyed. With about 1.3 million acres of farmland inundated, and 690 000 acres damaged at the onset of the planting season, it is expected that the country will also have to cope with the consequences of the flooding in the coming months, if not longer. To date, river levels are still very high in the Ayeyarwady River, and more rainfalls are forecast.
The Copernicus EMS is coordinated by the JRC, and comprises early warning services such as the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS) and its current extension to the global scale (GloFAS), and mapping services that provide support during or immediately after a crisis (Rapid Mapping) and for recovery, disaster risk reduction, prevention and preparedness activities (Risk and Recovery Mapping).
[Hakha, Chin State] The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is working with communities in Chin State affected by landslides to help them return to a normal life. More than 1.3 million people in Myanmar have been critically affected by monsoonal rains and landslides during July and August.
As an immediate support, women and men from 500 households in Hakha will be employed through a cash-for-work scheme, where they will receive an income to clear debris from paddy fields, renovate fish ponds, farm drains, village foot paths and roads linking villages. UNDP will also provide small farm animals such as chicken and pigs; animal feed; as well as farming tools to help affected farmers get back on their feet.
UNDP is also supporting affected communities in Rakhine State through a similar initiative.
The monsoonal rains and floods during July and August have affected more than 1.3 million people in Myanmar. According to the Government, floods have inundated over 1.4 million acres of farmland, damaging over 773,884 acres of rice paddy and other crops.
Myanmar: Myanmar: Landslide and Bridge Damage Location in Falam and Hakha Townships, Chin State (20 Aug 2015)
This map shows reported locations of landslide events. Reported events occurred between 2-19 August 2015 and locations are approximate. Please send ground feedback to MIMU.
Myanmar: Myanmar: Landslide and Bridge Damage Location in Tonzang and Tedim Townships, Chin State (20 Aug 2015)
This map shows reported locations of landslide events. Reported events occurred between 2-19 August 2015 and locations are approximate. Please send ground feedback to MIMU.
Myanaung, 24 Aug— The Myanaung embankment can withstand rising waters, Staff Officer U Myo Zaw Zaw of Township Irrigation Department told media on 23 August.
After the Ayeyawady River rose to its danger point at the sluice gate near Ngabatchaung village in Myanaung Township from 24 July to 6 August, local residents and officials of the Irrigation Department participated in maintenance of the embankment.
“In accord with the guidance of the president on his inspection tour of Ayeyawady Region, Township Irrigation Department plans to improve the embankment,” a staff officer said.
During the flash flooding period in August, local residents from Shwekyin village-tract moved to Htoo village-tract. Officials opened relief camps at monasteries in Htoo village to accommodate the flood victims. Residents returned home on 7 August.
The Myanaung embankment is roughly 49 miles long, running from Taikkyi village in Kyangin Township to Lutawsu village in Ingapu Township.
Nay Win Zaw (Myanaung)
Nay Pyi Taw, 24 Aug — The damage bill from flooding across the nation has hit K139 billion (U.S. $109 million), President U Thein Sein said Monday, as he urged ministries, along with state and region governments, to do everything required to help victims repair their lives.
At a reconstruction planning meeting in Nay Pyi Taw, the president said the entire country, with the exception of one region and two states, had been affected by floods in July, with more than 5,000 buildings and 1.4 million acres of farmland damaged.
The president said it was necessary to provide food, clothing, shelter and healthcare services to flood victims, and while some problems had been solved through international assistance, private donations and government action, much remained to be done.
The reconstruction efforts will be spearheaded by the government based on data collected by state and region governments, the president added.
After the speech, Vice President U Nyan Tun, who chairs the natural disaster management committee, and chief ministers of states and regions hit by floods reported to the president on tasks being carried out for disaster relief.