Niger - ReliefWeb News

Syndicate content
ReliefWeb - Updates
Updated: 3 hours 55 min ago

Niger: “Scaling-up” Niger 2015 - Prise en Charge Intégrée de la Malnutrition Aiguë: suivi des admissions hebdomadaires: Semaine 35

9 hours 8 min ago
Source: Government of Niger Country: Niger

Commentaires:

  • La complétude du reportage au cours de la semaine 35 est de 79,6% pour les CRENI/AS et de 78,2% pour les CRENAM. Les données publiées dans ce bulletin correspondent aux données reçues avant le jour de la publication et des mises à jour pourraient avoir lieu dans les prochaines publications.

  • Au cours de la semaine 35, les CREN ont admis 8 050 enfants souffrant de la malnutrition aiguë sévère (MAS) dont 1 102 avec des complications médicales et 8 805 enfants souffrant de la malnutrition aiguë modérée (MAM). Comparativement à la semaine 34, nous observons une baisse de 11% pour les CRENAS/CRENI et de 2% pour les CRENAM. Cette baisse dans les admissions pourrait s’expliquer par un taux de complétude des rapports faible au cours de cette semaine.

  • A la date du 4 septembre 2016, au total 223 545 enfants de moins de cinq ans ont été admis dans les CREN pour cas sévères (MAS) dont 24 563 MAS avec des complications médicales et 267 756 souffrant de la malnutrition aiguë modérée (MAM). Ces chiffres représentent 55,8% et 37,8% de la cible de 2016 respectivement pour la prise en charge des enfants souffrant de la MAS et de la MAM.

  • Comparativement à la semaine 35 en 2015, les admissions ont baissé de 10% (2 630 enfants) pour les CRENI et de 5% (13 139 enfants) pour les CRENAM tandis qu’elles ont légèrement augmenté de 1% (2 295 enfants) pour les CRENAS.

  • Nous observons une hausse dans les admissions au cours de ce mois d’août (CRENAS/CRENI=40 490 et CRENAM=36 716) comparativement au mois de juillet (CRENAS/CRENI=25 462 et CRENAM=28 4523).

  • Nous attirons l’attention des responsables des centres de surveillance (CSE, SPIS) sur une mise à jour continue des données afin que nous puissions avoir une appréciation plus proche de la réalité.

  • Les données sont compilées et transmises par les DRSP.

Niger: Rapport de situation de la fièvre de la Vallée de Rift Niger, 23 Septembre 2016

9 hours 37 min ago
Source: World Health Organization Country: Niger

1. Points saillants

  • Du 02 août (semaine N°31) au 22 septembre 2016 (semaine N°38), un total de 64 cas de fièvre de la vallée de Rift dont 23 décès (soit un taux de létalité de 35,9%) a été notifié au Niger.

  • Déclaration officielle de l’épidémie par les autorités sanitaires du pays a eu lieu le mardi 20 Septembre 2016 au cours d’un communiqué de Presse.

  • Lancement officiel de la cure salée (évènement regroupant plusieurs millions d’animaux) dans la ville d’Ingal, Région d’ Agadez du 23 au 25 septembre 2016.

  • Elaboration du plan de riposte à l’épidémie/épizootie intégrant les activités de riposte de la santé animale.

  • Tenue de la réunion du cluster santé pour sensibiliser les partenaires du secteur de la santé de s’inscrire dans le plan de la lutte contre l’épidémie le 22 septembre 2016

  • Organisation d’une téléconférence avec AFRO, IST/WA, HQ et Bureau Pays pour une mise à jour de la situation, identification des lacunes et proposition de solutions le 22 septembre 2016.

World: Aide aux réfugiés, aux rapatriés et aux déplacés d’Afrique - Rapport du Secrétaire général (A/71/354)

26 September 2016 - 7:48pm
Source: UN General Assembly Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Résumé

Le présent rapport est présenté en application de la résolution 70/134 de l’Assemblée générale sur l’aide aux réfugiés, aux rapatriés et aux déplacés d’Afrique. Il actualise les informations contenues dans le rapport présenté par le Secrétaire général à l’Assemblée à sa soixante-dixième session (A/70/337) et couvre la période allant du 1er juillet 2015 au 30 juin 2016. Il a été élaboré sous la coordination du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés et se fonde sur les informations reçues du Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires du Secrétariat, de l’Organisation internationale du Travail, du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme, de l’Entité des Nations Unies pour l’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation des femmes, du Programme alimentaire mondial, de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé, du Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement, du Fonds des Nations Unies pour la population et du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance, ainsi que sur des rapports rendus publics par l’Observatoire des situations de déplacement interne.

I. Introduction

  1. Des conflits nouveaux et en cours ont provoqué de nouvelles vagues de déplacement dans la région de l’Afrique1 au cours de l’année passée. La violence au Burundi, en République centrafricaine, au Nigéria et au Soudan du Sud a déplacé des centaines de milliers de personnes dans leurs propres pays et à travers les frontières, alors que la dégradation de la situation au Yémen a poussé un grand nombre de personnes à fuir à travers la mer Rouge et le Golfe d’Aden pour chercher refuge dans différents pays de la région. Entre-temps, les conflits prolongés en République démocratique du Congo, au Mali, en Somalie et au Soudan ont empêché des millions de personnes de rentrer chez elles.

  2. À la fin de 2015, environ 12millions de personnes étaient en situation de déplacement interne en Afrique2. Les nombres les plus élevés étaient concentrés au Soudan (3,2 millions), au Nigéria (2,1 millions), au Soudan du Sud (1,7 million), en République démocratique du Congo (1,5 million) et en Somalie (1,2 million). L’Afrique subsaharienne comptait le plus grand nombre de réfugiés au monde (estimé à 4,4 millions). Les réfugiés provenant de la République centrafricaine, de la République démocratique du Congo, de la Somalie, du Soudan et du Soudan du Sud représentaient 80 % de ce chiffre.

  3. La majorité des pays en Afrique ont perpétué leur longue tradition d’hospitalité et de solidarité envers les réfugiés. Cinq pays africains figuraient parmi les 10 premiers pays d’accueil des réfugiés au monde, à savoir, l’Éthiopie, le Kenya, l’Ouganda, la République démocratique du Congo et le Tchad. Malgré cette générosité, on ne saurait sous-estimer les difficultés d’ordre économique, politique et en matière de sécurité liées à l’accueil d’un grand nombre de réfugiés pendant une longue période.

  4. Le fait de ne pas s’attaquer aux causes profondes du conflit, ainsi que l’insécurité et les violations généralisées des droits de l’homme expliquent pour l’essentiel le caractère chronique des déplacements dans la région et les progrès insuffisants enregistrés dans la recherche de solutions au problème des personnes déplacées. Entre-temps, l’insécurité alimentaire a touché de nombreux réfugiés et personnes déplacées dans leurs propres pays, entraînant une augmentation des cas de malnutrition aiguë, de retards de croissance et d’anémies. Les organismes d’aide avaient du mal à accéder aux populations touchées, ce qui a aggravé la situation humanitaire dans certaines opérations. Dans certaines des zones les plus touchées, l’insécurité alimentaire a entraîné le recours à des stratégies d’adaptation néfastes, notamment la prostitution de survie. D’autres difficultés étaient liées à l’incapacité de garantir le caractère civil de l’asile et des camps de réfugiés, aux cas de violence sexuelle et sexiste et au financement insuffisant pour les opérations humanitaires.

World: Assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced persons in Africa - Report of the Secretary-General (A/71/354) [EN/AR]

26 September 2016 - 7:45pm
Source: UN General Assembly Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Summary

The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/134 on assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced persons in Africa. It updates information contained in the report of the Secretary-General submitted to the Assembly at its seventieth session (A/70/337) and covers the period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016. The report has been coordinated by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and includes information provided by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat, the International Labour Organization, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, the World Food Programme, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Children’s Fund. It also includes information drawn from publicly available reports by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.

I. Introduction

  1. New and ongoing conflicts have generated further displacement in the Africa region1 over the past year. Violence in Burundi, the Central African Republic, Nigeria and South Sudan displaced hundreds of thousands of people internally and across borders, while the deteriorating situation in Yemen caused significant numbers to flee across the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and seek safety in different countries in the region. Meanwhile, protracted conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Somalia and the Sudan prevented millions from returning home.

  2. As at the end of 2015, there were around 12 million internally displaced persons in Africa.2 Their largest numbers were concentrated in the Sudan (3.2 million), Nigeria (2.1 million), South Sudan (1.7 million), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1.5 million) and Somalia (1.2 million). Sub-Saharan Africa was home to the largest number of refugees in the world (an estimated 4.4 million). Refugees originating from the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, South Sudan and the Sudan accounted for 80 per cent of that figure.

  3. The majority of countries in Africa continued to uphold their long-standing tradition of hospitality towards and solidarity with refugees. Five African countries were among the world’s top 10 refugee-hosting countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Chad. Despite this generosity, the economic, political and security challenges associated with hosting large numbers of refugees for an extended period cannot be underestimated.

  4. The failure to address the root causes of conflict, together with insecurity and widespread human rights violations, were the main reasons behind the chronic nature of displacement in the region and the insufficient progress made with regard to the securing of solutions for displaced people. Meanwhile, food insecurity affected many refugees and internally displaced persons, with levels of acute malnutrition, stunting and anaemia on the rise. Aid agencies faced obstacles to gaining access to affected populations, which further exacerbated the humanitarian situation in some operations. In some of the most affected areas, food insecurity prompted negative coping strategies, including survival sex. Other challenges included the failure to ensure the civilian nature of asylum and of refugee camps, incidents of sexual and gender-based violence and insufficient funding for humanitarian operations.

Nigeria: Good to very good crops and pasture production expected for the 2016-2017 cropping season

26 September 2016 - 6:06pm
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, World Food Programme, Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Participants in the regional technical consultation on agricultural and food prospects in the Sahel and West Africa, held from 19 to 21 September 2016, in Lomé, Togo, draw the following conclusions:

1. As part of preparations for the agro-pastoral season, States and their partners provided support to farmers with inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides) and agricultural equipment, even if these efforts have not met the expressed needs.

2. On rainfall, the rainy season installation was early in Central and Eastern Sahel, including in Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad. However, it was late in Western Sahel (Senegal, the Gambia, Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau). Overall, starting from July, the rains have been abundant and well distributed in time and space, except in part of the agro-pastoral areas of Niger and Chad. At the Gulf of Guinea, light rainfall deficits were noted particularly in August, in the coastal area from Sierra Leone to Nigeria. In early September, seasonal rainfall totals were everywhere normal to excess, except in places along the coastline, in Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo and Nigeria where light deficits were observed. The heavy rains have caused flooding in some countries, causing damage to crops, infrastructures and loss of human lives and livestock, including in Benin, Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and the Gambia.

3. Regarding the hydrological situation, like the rainfall, river water flows and volumes are important this year and close to or even higher than those in wet years. The filling level of irrigation structures and dams is also satisfactory and favourable to off-season cropping. However, the high flood of the Niger River has caused losses of acreages for swamp rice crops in Mali.

4. On the crop situation, plantings were early in Central and Eastern Sahel, normal in coastal countries and late in Western Sahel. Due to good soil water, from July, the level of vegetative growth and development of the crops is satisfactory. This, combined with the possibility that rains continue to fall into October promises average to higher crop yields.

5. As for the phyto-sanitary situation, it is generally calm and under control, except in Burkina Faso and Benin where damage from caterpillar infestations on maize were observed. The desert locust situation remains always calm overall. However, the presence of winged individuals in small numbers is reported throughout the summer breeding areas in the northern Sahel of West Africa, Sudan and along the Indo-Pakistan border. This follows on the improvement of the ecological conditions in outbreak areas with risks of small-scale breeding especially in the west and northwest Mauritania.

6. As a result of the foregoing, good to very good harvests are expected this year in the region. Thus, for cereals, production could be between 64 and 75 million metric tonnes, i.e., increases between 0.2% and 28% compared to last year and the past five-year average. Production of roots and tubers would be between 151 and 168 million metric tonnes with increases of 3 to 22% compared to last year and the average of the past five years.

7. On the pastoral level, the situation is overall satisfactory because of the good filling level of water points, the abundance of pasture and control of animal diseases by the vetterinary services. However, low forage biomass productivity pockets can be observed in places in Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Chad.

8. Markets were generally well supplied in the region due to the fact that cross-border trade flows were maintained during the 2016 lean season and the good progress of the rainy season, which encouraged traders and farmers to market their stocks. The demand side experienced a normal seasonal increase. Prices of local cereals, tubers and cash crops are generally up compared to the five-year average. These increases are more pronounced in Nigeria, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire and in certain markets of Benin, Togo, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Senegal. In the coming months, given the good harvest prospects, commodity prices will experience a seasonal decline, except in Nigeria where they will remain above the fiveyear average. As for livestock, the situation is variable depending on the marketing basins. Prices are overall rising except in countries of the Eastern Basin where the continued depreciation of the Nigerian currency and the crisis around Lake Chad Basin have negatively affected the functioning of markets.

9. In nutritional terms, the situation remains worrying. According to UNICEF (July 2016), 9.4 million children under 5 could suffer from global acute malnutrition in the Sahel countries and the eleven States of Northern Nigeria affected by the conflict, including 3.5 million in its severe form.

10. The food situation is overall satisfactory and was reinforced by the early harvest, from August in the coastal countries, and September in the Sahel. However, conflicts in the Lake Chad Basin and Northern Mali, represent the major threat to food security in the region. Thus, in Northern Nigeria, nearly 5.8 million people need immediate food and humanitarian assistance, including 4.5 million people in the States of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.

Nigeria: Food security and humanitarian implications in West Africa and the Sahel, N°76 - August 2016

26 September 2016 - 4:36pm
Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo

Key Points

  • Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.

  • Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.

  • Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)

Since the beginning of the rainy season, a favourable rainfall has been observed in the region. Yet, deficits were observed in the extreme west of the Sahel, particularly in west-central Senegal, Mauritania, The Gambia and Liberia, the extreme south of Togo as well as the central region of Ghana.

Heavy rains caused floods in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and north east Senegal. In addition to the destruction of houses and the exposure to sanitary risks, in rural areas, these floods affected the livelihoods of households (crop destruction, loss of livestock, barrier to the commercialization of food products, etc.).

The update of the Cadre Harmonisé analysis in the three states (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe) of north east Nigeria shows that approximately 4,5 million people are food and nutrition insecure, especially returnees who are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance.

According to the WFP’s mobile survey (mVAM) conducted between June and July 2016 in the North East Nigeria, in Potiskum (Yobe) and Maiduguri / Jere (Borno) LGA, the percentage of severe food insecure households has doubled since February-March 2016.

Overall, the cereal prices in the region remain at relatively low levels compared to the five years average. Exceptions are found in Ghana and Nigeria where high inflation is being observed.

Mali: Mali: Emergency Dashboard, September 2016

26 September 2016 - 12:36pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger

Greece: Europe/Mediterranean Migration Response Situation Report, 22 September 2016

26 September 2016 - 8:02am
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Croatia, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Italy, Libya, Mali, Niger, Serbia, Slovenia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, World
Highlights
  • Greece: IOM has completed the installation of communication containers in six sites/ camps where IOM has permanent presence (three in Attica and three in Northern Greece). The containers will help facilitate on-line communication between migrants and refugees, and their family members living elsewhere.
  • Turkey: During the reporting period, IOM assisted the Turkish Coast Guard by providing food, water, and non-food items to a total of 1,018 rescued migrants and refugees.
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedona: IOM has completed work on the septic system at the Tabanovce transit centre near Kumanovo, making the system fully operational, which will greatly improve the living conditions of beneficiaries hosted at the centre.
  • Libya: On 20 September, IOM facilitated a repatriation charter flight for 159 stranded Burkinabe migrants (including 13 women, 9 children, and four infants) back to Burkina Faso.
Situation Overview

As of 21 September 2016, a total of 317,228 migrants and refugees have arrived in Europe by land and sea routes since the start of 2016.

On 19 September, a large fire swept through Moria’s hotspot in Greece, destroying tents and prefabricated homes, and prompted the evacuation of the facility’s estimated 4,000 residents. According to the Shipping and Island Policy Minister, a vessel will be sent out immediately to Lesvos to temporarily host the migrants and refugees until the hotspot becomes fully operational again.

In Serbia, an estimated 4,900 refugees and migrants remain in the country, out of which approximately 46 per cent are men, 16 per cent are women, and 38 per cent are children. The majority are coming from Afghanistan (44 per cent), Syria (21 per cent), and Iraq (nine per cent).

On 16 September, the Italian Navy rescued 654 migrants off the coast of Augusta. The majority of migrants were from Mali, Gambia and Guinea. On 21 September, a record high number of search and rescue operations took place when a shipwreck in the Channel of Sicily required Italian navy ships to rescue more than 6,000 migrants.

As of 20 September, the Turkish Coast Guard has rescued 30,866 migrants and refugees since the start of the year.

World: Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 23 September 2016, vol. 91, 38 (pp. 433–440) [EN/FR]

26 September 2016 - 4:44am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Kenya, Myanmar, Niger, United Republic of Tanzania, World

Contents

433 Cholera, 2015

Sommaire

433 Choléra, 2015

Cholera, 2015

Cholera remains a significant public health problem in many parts of the world. In 2015, 42 countries reported a total of 172454 cases including 1304 deaths, resulting in an overall case fatality ratio (CFR) of 0.8%. This represents a 9% decrease in the number of cases reported compared with 2014 (190549 cases).
Cases were reported from all regions, including 16 countries in Africa, 13 in Asia, 6 in Europe, 6 in the Americas, and 1 in Oceania.
Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Haiti, Kenya, and the United Republic of Tanzania accounted for 80% of all cases. Of cases reported globally, 41% were from Africa, 37% from Asia and 21% from Hispaniola. Imported cases were reported from 13 countries.

Choléra, 2015

Le choléra reste un problème majeur de santé publique dans de nombreuses parties du monde. En 2015, 42 pays ont notifié un total de 172454 cas de choléra, dont 1304 décès, soit un taux de létalité (TL) global de 0,8%. Cela repré-sente une baisse de 9% du nombre de cas par rapport à 2014 (190549 cas). Des cas ont été signalés dans toutes les régions, notamment dans 16 pays d’Afrique, 13 pays d’Asie, 6 pays d’Europe, 6 pays des Amériques et 1 pays d’Océanie. L’Afghanistan, Haïti, le Kenya, la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) et la République-Unie de Tanzanie ont représenté 80% du total des cas. Sur l’ensemble de ceux notifiés à l’échelle mondiale, 41% provenaient d’Afrique, 37% d’Asie et 21% de l’île d’Hispaniola.
Des cas importés ont été signalés dans 13 pays.

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma Camp Population Statistics (as of 25 September 2016)

26 September 2016 - 12:57am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Niger: Niger : Evaluation Eau, Hygiène et Assainissement, région de Diffa (août 2016)

24 September 2016 - 4:55pm
Source: WASH Cluster, REACH Initiative Country: Niger

Résumé et conclusions principales

Dans un contexte de pénuries en eau et de déplacements continus à travers la région, les données de la Direction Régionale de l’État Civil et de Réfugiés (DREC-R), publiées en mai 2016, indiquent que la région de Diffa compte 82,524 personnes réfugiées, 31,524 retournés, et 127,208 déplacés internes qui ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire. D’après les données récoltées par les organisations non-gouvernementales (ONG) et les agences de l’Organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) en juin 2016, près de 43,000 personnes à Kidjendi, près de 13,000 personnes à Gagam, 22,800 à Garin Wanzam, plus de 18,300 à Mainé Soroa, et 23,300 à Nguigmi ont été jugées dans le besoin. Face à la crise en cours, les acteurs humanitaires, sous l’impulsion du Groupe Technique Eau, Hygiène, et Assainissement (EHA) dans la région de Diffa et du Cluster EHA dans la capitale Niamey, ont mis en place une intervention d’urgence pour répondre aux besoins accrus des populations dans le secteur EHA. La réponse EHA a été élaborée en collaboration avec la Direction Régionale de l’Hydraulique et de l’Assainissement (DRHA) et les acteurs de coordination, notamment la Cellule de Coordination Humanitaire.

Dans un contexte de manque d’information sur l’étendue des besoins dans le secteur EHA, la présente évaluation a été menée dans le but de mieux comprendre la situation en termes d’infrastructures dans les zones les plus touchées par les déplacements dans la région de Diffa au Niger. Menée entre le 30 mai et le 23 juin 2016 avec l’assistance du Cluster EHA Global, elle a mis en lumière une série de particularités propres à la situation des points d’eau et des latrines dans la région de Diffa. L’évaluation a été articulée autour de deux composantes : une évaluation de l’état et de la gouvernance des infrastructures d’approvisionnement en eau destinée à la consommation humaine, suivie d’une évaluation des infrastructures de latrines communes construites dans le cadre de la réponse d’urgence aux déplacements forcés.

L’évaluation présente les conclusions s’appuyant sur les données collectées dans la région de Diffa, située dans l’Est du Niger, à la frontière avec le Nigéria et le Tchad voisins. Étant l’une des régions les moins densément peuplées du Niger, elle est composée de six départements : Bosso, Diffa, Goudoumaria, N'Guigmi, Maine-Soroa, et N'Gourti. Menée dans un contexte de forte insécurité et de déplacements continus à travers la région de Diffa et depuis le Nigéria voisin, l’évaluation EHA a notamment permis de mettre l’accent sur le rôle positif joué par les comités de gestion (CGs) dans la gestion et la maintenance des ouvrages d’eau et des latrines, de confirmer que la majorité des points d’eau évalués étaient fonctionnels en juin 2016, mais a aussi montré que des problèmes étaient présents et qu’une partie de la population était déjà engagée dans des habitudes de consommation d’eau risquées.

L’évaluation EHA présente séparément les résultats pour les points d’eau et pour les latrines communes. Deux stratégies d’échantillonnage différentes ont été utilisées, tel que détaillé dans la section méthodologie du rapport.

Si les conclusions pour les points d’eau sont généralisables à toute les zones de la région de Diffa ayant accueilli des réfugiés avec un intervalle de confiance de 96% et une marge d’erreur de 4.5%, les résultats pour les latrines sont indicatifs, et ne présentent des informations qui ne se rapportent qu’aux populations habitant près de ces installations dans la région de Diffa. Aussi bien pour les points d’eau, que pour les latrines, l’évaluation a été organisée selon deux parties comprenant trois questionnaires distincts. Le premier questionnaire était rempli par l’énumérateur lui-même sur la base de ses observations; le deuxième était adressé au CG de l’infrastructure, si existant, et le troisième aux usagers de l’infrastructure. Les résultats présentés sont donc une combinaison de ces différents questionnaires, qui ont été élaborés afin d’être complémentaires et permettre de donner une image d’ensemble. À chaque fois, le rapport mentionne comment et auprès de qui les différentes informations ont été collectées. Ci-dessous, les conclusions principales de l’évaluation EHA sont résumées.

Niger: Niger and the Lake Chad Crisis: Combating Malnutrition in a “Forgotten Emergency”

24 September 2016 - 3:43pm
Source: Helen Keller International Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

24 September 2016. Since February 2015, conflict and insecurity have spread from northeastern Nigeria to Cameroon, Niger, and Chad, affecting a total of nearly 21 million people in what is called the Lake Chad Basin. Across the four countries, at least 2.6 million have been displaced, and most of them are hosted by local communities who are themselves vulnerable. The spreading conflict has resulted in violence against civilians, displacement, and a worsening food security and nutrition crisis for millions of people.

The Diffa Region of Niger, nestled in the southeastern corner of the country over 1300 kilometers from the nation’s capital, Niamey, is particularly affected. In the best of times, Diffa’s malnutrition rates among children are high, and existing structural food security and nutrition problems have been exacerbated by the conflict. Global Acute Malnutrition in the Diffa Region now exceeds the 15 percent emergency threshold.

In recent months, new displacements in southeastern Niger are overwhelming the limited resources of communities facing the effects of climate change and recurrent droughts, particularly food insecurity and malnutrition. Internally displaced persons, returning Nigeriens fleeing conflict, and Nigerian refugees all require humanitarian assistance – The United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimates that 399,000 people in southeastern Niger qualify as “severely food insecure”. Pastoralists and farmers are constrained by insecurity and displacement, interrupting normal nomadic routes and normal economic activity, resulting in over-grazing and the risk of inter-communal conflict.

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary September 23-30, 2016

24 September 2016 - 4:43am
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, World

Following a brief period of suppressed rainfall, Guatemala registers heavy precipitation during the last week

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years through the inner Niger delta.

  2. Low and poorly distributed seasonal rainfall across parts of central Senegal have led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions.

  3. Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of the eastern Oromia and SNNP provinces of Ethiopia. Similar conditions have also begun to negatively impact ground conditions in many parts of Uganda, South Sudan, and eastern DRC.

  4. There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping activities.

Niger: West Africa Seasonal Monitor September 23, 2016

24 September 2016 - 4:32am
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest

Key Messages

  • The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.

  • From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.

  • Seasonal rainfall deficits (Figure 2) are minimal and limited to the extreme western part of the Sahel, the middle of Niger and the southern part of the Gulf of Guinea countries; these deficits are not expected to adversely affect crop development.

  • The medium-term forecast for the next two weeks (Sept 23-29 and Sept 30-Oct 6) calls for a drier agro-pastoral zone, likely signaling a normal end of the rainy season, and for moderate to heavy rains over the rest of the region where agricultural conditions will remain favorable.

  • Heavy rainfall over the past two months has caused flooding in some areas along the Niger, Benue and Senegal River basins. Based on the past two weeks’ rainfall amount and frequency as well as the next two-week forecast, the risk of flooding remains high in Senegal and Nigeria.

Update on Seasonal Progress

  • The Intertropical Front (ITF) reached its northernmost position at the end of August and started its southward retreat in early September. However, the retreat has been slower than average, leaving the ITF north of its climatological position over eastern Mauritania, Mali and Niger and at its climatological position in western Mauritania and over Chad (Figure 3).

  • The seasonal “minor dry season” in the bi-modal zone finished as usual in late August and early September.

  • Seasonal rainfall (April-September) has been average to above average over most of the region (Figures 1 and 2). Rainfall deficits are light and limited to a few areas scattered across the region including western Senegal, central Niger, and the southern part of the Gulf of Guinea countries. These deficits, however, are not expected to have an adverse impact on crop and pasture production because: the rainfall distribution over time was favorable without any long dry spells most of the previously mentioned deficit areas were wetter than average during previous month - In some places, the heavy rainfall during August resulted in flooding in low lying areas and along major rivers. Light to moderate flooding has been reported in Mali and Niger along the Niger River and in Nigeria along the Benue and Niger Rivers. Flooding has also been reported in Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Senegal over low lying areas with often poor drainage systems.

  • While rainfall subsided over most of the Niger River basin during the past two weeks, the Senegal and Benue basins have received heavy and frequent rains. Since the next two week forecast also calls for heavy rains over a large portion of these two basins, the risk of flooding remains high.

  • The mostly adequate and well-distributed seasonal rainfall across all agro-ecological zones is favorable to crop development, and an average to above-average harvest is expected as a result.

Niger: Une épidémie de fièvre hémorragique de la Vallée du Rift frappe le nord du Niger

23 September 2016 - 5:13pm
Source: ALIMA Country: Niger

Dakar/Niamey, 21 septembre 2016. Une grave épidémie de fièvre de la Vallée du Rift qui sévit depuis fin du mois d’août dans la région de Tahoua, a fait 21 morts sur 52 cas suspects recensés selon le Ministère de la santé. ALIMA (The Alliance For International Medical Action) en collaboration avec les autorités sanitaires, a ouvert en urgence un centre de traitement à Tchintabaraden.

« Nous avons eu la confirmation vendredi que les prélèvements effectués par nos équipes étaient positifs à la fièvre hémorragique de la Vallée du Rift », explique Dr Oumarou Maidadji, coordinateur médical pour ALIMA.

En collaboration avec le ministère de la Santé, ALIMA a mis en place une structure de prise en charge à Tchintabaraden, la zone la plus touchée par l’épidémie. « La priorité pour l’instant est de tout mettre en œuvre pour soigner les cas suspects et confirmés, éviter que la maladie ne se propage et que d’autres personnes ne soient contaminées », explique Dr Maidadji.

Dès le 22 août, les équipes d’ALIMA ont été alertées suite à l’apparition des premiers cas suspects de fièvre hémorragique à Ingall et Tchintabaraden alors qu’elles procuraient des soins aux populations nomades. ALIMA a hospitalisé en urgence 26 malades depuis le début de l’épidémie. Aujourd’hui, les équipes médicales tentent de localiser les personnes infectées pour leur procurer des soins d’urgence car le taux de mortalité se situe aux alentours de 50 %. Le décès survient habituellement trois à six jours après l’apparition des symptômes.

« Malheureusement, les 52 cas graves officiellement recensés à l’heure actuelle ne représenteraient que la face émergée de l’iceberg. », s’inquiète Dr Maidadji.

La fièvre de la Vallée du Rift est une maladie transmise principalement aux hommes au contact de substances animales infectées telles que le sang ou d’autres fluides ou organes. Elle se répand aussi par la consommation de lait cru, un aliment important chez les nomades de la région.

« La fièvre de la Vallée du Rift peut aussi se transmettre à la suite de piqûres de moustiques, le plus souvent des Aedes. Nous recommandons donc la destruction des gîtes de ponte de moustiques ».

Grâce à son partenariat avec l’ONG locale BEFEN (Bien Etre de la Femme et de l’Enfant au Niger), ALIMA a très rapidement mobilisé une équipe médicale expérimentée composée de 5 médecins et une douzaine de promoteurs de la santé d’origine nigérienne maîtrisant diverses langues locales. Cette équipe a mis en place une clinique mobile qui sillonne les différentes communes pour diffuser des messages de santé publique afin d’éviter la propagation de l’épidémie. « La sensibilisation est une étape essentielle pour contenir la propagation de l’épidémie. A l’approche de la fête annuelle des éleveurs, la vigilance reste cruciale ».

Niger: Outbreak of Rift Valley fever hits northern Niger

23 September 2016 - 5:11pm
Source: ALIMA Country: Niger

Dakar / Niamey, September 21, 2016 — A severe epidemic of Rift Valley fever has been raging in the Tahoua region since late August, killing 21 out of 52 suspected cases identified by the health authorities.

ALIMA (The Alliance for International Medical Action), in collaboration with local health authorities, has opened an emergency treatment center in Tchintabaraden.

“We had confirmation on Friday that the samples taken by our teams tested positive for Rift Valley haemorrhagic fever,” says Dr. Oumarou Maidadji, medical coordinator for ALIMA.

In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, ALIMA has set up a support structure in Tchintabaraden, the area most affected by the outbreak. “The priority now is to do everything possible to treat suspected and confirmed cases and prevent the disease from spreading, “ said Dr. Maidadji.

ALIMA’s teams were alerted on August 22, after the onset of suspected haemorrhagic fever in Tchintabaraden. They quickly started offering medical care to nomads in the region. ALIMA staff have needed to hospitalize 26 patients since the beginning of the epidemic.

ALIMA medical teams are urgently trying to locate infected people to provide them with emergency care due to the disease’s high mortality rate of around 50%. Most deaths from Rift Valley fever occur between three and six days following the onset of symptoms.

“Unfortunately, the 52 severe cases that are officially registered at present represent the tip of the iceberg.” worries Dr. Maidadji.

Rift Valley fever is a disease transmitted mainly to humans in contact with infected animal tissue, blood or other fluids. It is also spreads via the consumption of raw milk, an important food among the nomads of the region.

“Rift Valley fever can also be transmitted as a result of mosquito bites, most commonly the Aedes mosquito. We recommend the destruction of mosquito breeding sites.” explained Dr Maidadji.

Through its partnership with the Nigerien medical non-governmental organization BEFEN (‘Bien-être de la femme et de l’enfant au Niger’), ALIMA was quick to mobilize an experienced medical team of five doctors and a dozen home health promoters who could speak the local languages. The team has set up a mobile clinic that travels around the different municipalities to disseminate public health messages to prevent the spread of the epidemic. “Awareness is an essential step in containing the spread of the epidemic. With the approach of the annual festival of farmers, vigilance is crucial.” said Dr Maidadji.

World: Investing in Peace and the Prevention of Violence in West Africa and the Sahel-Sahara: Conversations on the Secretary General’s plan of action [EN/FR]

23 September 2016 - 5:06pm
Source: International Peace Institute Country: Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, World

West Africa and the Sahel-Sahara region are faced with peace and security challenges that weaken states and affect state-citizen relations. The emergence and proliferation of violent extremist groups aggravate the climate of fear and insecurity, and the actions of these groups affect peace efforts, sustainable development, and human rights. Faced with this reality, policymakers have recognized that preventing violence requires a multidisciplinary and multistakeholder approach. This approach needs to address the underlying conditions that lead individuals to join violent extremist groups, as well as the need to reintegrate members of these groups who wish to return to their original environment.

In the course of the last decade, efforts to solve the problem of violent extremism have consisted primarily of a series of security measures largely inspired by strategies used to fight terrorism. But experience has shown that such strategies are inadequate and at times fuel further extremism. This experience has led international organizations and states to adopt more preventive approaches, such as those detailed in the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism issued by the UN secretary-general on December 24, 2015. 1 During the presentation of this plan, the secretary-general emphasized that “many years of experience have proven that short-sighted policies, failed leadership, heavy-handed approaches, a single-minded focus only on security measures and an utter disregard for human rights have often made things worse.” It is therefore urgent to identify more effective measures and sustainable policies to prevent violent extremism.

In this context, the UN Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS), the International Peace Institute (IPI), and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs co-organized a regional seminar in Dakar, Senegal, on June 27 and 28, 2016, to explore alternative measures to address the violent extremism afflicting the region. This meeting brought together sixty participants from fourteen countries, including political leaders, members of civil society (men, women, and youth), and religious and traditional authorities, as well as representatives of the media (in their capacity as experts), the private sector, governments, and regional and international organizations.

Nigeria: Lake Chad Bassin Crisis: CERF allocation overview (2015-2016) as of 23 September 2016

23 September 2016 - 3:36pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

Over 9 million people across the Lake Chad Basin are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Since 2015, CERF has provided more than $90 million for life-saving humanitarian assistance to 3 million people affected by the conflict and deepening food crisis.

Nigeria: Humanitarian Partners Pledge Major increase in life-saving Support for Millions of People in the Lake Chad Basin

23 September 2016 - 3:25pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

Governments, regional organizations and humanitarian agencies today pledged a major increase in life-saving support to the millions of people affected by the humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Lake Chad Basin.

Heeding the call of United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, at a high-level event held on the margins of the UN General-Assembly, donors including Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States pledged over US$163 million in humanitarian support for the Lake Chad Basin, an area which straddles Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.

“I am very encouraged by the new commitments of support that have come out of today’s event”, said Stephen O’Brien, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. “We must now use these vital extra resources to accelerate our implementation and do everything possible to rapidly scale up life-saving assistance to the millions of people that urgently need our help.”

Beyond financial assistance, affected countries and humanitarian partners pledged to strengthen collaboration to meet immediate needs of affected communities, provide longer-term development assistance and to address the root causes of the crisis.

Over nine million people across the Lake Chad Basin urgently need humanitarian assistance. Some 6.3 million are food insecure and 2.6 million people, including 1.5 million children, have been forced to flee from their homes. Violence and insecurity have brought economic activity to a halt and farmers across the region have missed three successive planting seasons.

"The Lake Chad Basin crisis is one of the most acute emergencies in the world. The situation of many affected communities has deteriorated beyond alarming levels. If we do not act fast, and do more especially in areas that were previously inaccessible, thousands of people will die,” said Assistant Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer.

UN agencies and NGOs are scaling up their operations to deliver assistance to six million people, including some 800,000 people in newly-accessible areas in north-eastern Nigeria, but the response remains critically underfunded. Only $197 million (or 27 per cent) of the $739 million required for the provision of the most urgent life-saving assistance until the end of 2016 has been received, leaving a gap of $542 million prior to today’s event.

The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), managed by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), has provided over $90 million for life-saving humanitarian aid to 2.5 million people affected by the Lake Chad Basin crisis in 2015-16.

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the European Union (EU) co-organized the event with OCHA. Speakers included the President of the Republic of Chad, Idriss Déby; President of the Republic of Niger, Mahamadou Issoufou; the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari; the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation of the Republic of Cameroon, René Emmanuel Sadi; the EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides; and the Secretary General of the OIC, Iyad Ameen Madani.

Chad: Humanitarian Partners Pledge Major Increase in life-saving Support for Millions of People in the Lake Chad Basin

23 September 2016 - 3:25pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

Governments, regional organizations and humanitarian agencies today pledged a major increase in life-saving support to the millions of people affected by the humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Lake Chad Basin.

Heeding the call of United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, at a high-level event held on the margins of the UN General-Assembly, donors including Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States pledged over US$163 million in humanitarian support for the Lake Chad Basin, an area which straddles Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.

“I am very encouraged by the new commitments of support that have come out of today’s event”, said Stephen O’Brien, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. “We must now use these vital extra resources to accelerate our implementation and do everything possible to rapidly scale up life-saving assistance to the millions of people that urgently need our help.”

Beyond financial assistance, affected countries and humanitarian partners pledged to strengthen collaboration to meet immediate needs of affected communities, provide longer-term development assistance and to address the root causes of the crisis.

Over nine million people across the Lake Chad Basin urgently need humanitarian assistance. Some 6.3 million are food insecure and 2.6 million people, including 1.5 million children, have been forced to flee from their homes. Violence and insecurity have brought economic activity to a halt and farmers across the region have missed three successive planting seasons.

"The Lake Chad Basin crisis is one of the most acute emergencies in the world. The situation of many affected communities has deteriorated beyond alarming levels. If we do not act fast, and do more especially in areas that were previously inaccessible, thousands of people will die,” said Assistant Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer.

UN agencies and NGOs are scaling up their operations to deliver assistance to six million people, including some 800,000 people in newly-accessible areas in north-eastern Nigeria, but the response remains critically underfunded. Only $197 million (or 27 per cent) of the $739 million required for the provision of the most urgent life-saving assistance until the end of 2016 has been received, leaving a gap of $542 million prior to today’s event.

The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), managed by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), has provided over $90 million for life-saving humanitarian aid to 2.5 million people affected by the Lake Chad Basin crisis in 2015-16.

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the European Union (EU) co-organized the event with OCHA. Speakers included the President of the Republic of Chad, Idriss Déby; President of the Republic of Niger, Mahamadou Issoufou; the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari; the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation of the Republic of Cameroon, René Emmanuel Sadi; the EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides; and the Secretary General of the OIC, Iyad Ameen Madani.