Niger - ReliefWeb News
By Obi Anyadike
Editor-at-Large and Africa Editor
NAIROBI, 20 January 2017
Africa, the world’s poorest continent, faces many security challenges. But its leaders are not slow to intervene in crises when they can, as Yahya Jammeh in the Gambia is now discovering.
Read more on IRIN.
Nigeria: Security Council, Concerned about Violent Extremism Plaguing West Africa, Strongly Condemns Boko Haram Terrorist Attacks in Lake Chad Basin - Presidential Statement S/PRST/2017/2
7868TH MEETING* (AM)
Presidential Statement Welcomes Decisions on Gambia, Other Political Developments
Expressing its concerns over the prevalence of violent extremism that could be conducive to terrorism, the Security Council strongly condemned all terrorist attacks in West Africa, notably those carried out by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin.
In a presidential statement (document S/PRST/2017/2) read out by Olof Skoog (Sweden), its President for January, the Council stressed the need to combat all forms and manifestations of terrorism, including by addressing the conditions conducive to its spread. It expressed particular concern about attacks on civilians, the primary victims of terrorist violence.
Welcoming subregional, regional and international efforts to mitigate the security, humanitarian and development consequences of Boko Haram’s operations, the Council reaffirmed that Member States must ensure that any counter-terrorism measures must be in compliance with all obligations under international law, particularly international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law.
The Council urged Members States participating in the Multinational Joint Task Force to further enhance regional military cooperation and coordination, deny safe haven to Boko Haram, and secure the conditions necessary to enable humanitarian access and facilitate the restoration of civilian security and the rule of law in areas liberated from the group. “The Security Council reiterates deep concern over the dire humanitarian situation resulting from Boko Haram activities in the Lake Chad Basin region,” the statement said.
“In this regard,” it continued, “the Security Council calls upon the international community to immediately support the provision of urgent humanitarian assistance for the people most affected by the crisis in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, including by fulfilling the United Nations appeal for the Lake Chad Basin region.” The Council urged Governments in the region to facilitate access for humanitarian organizations, and to work with the United Nations and international partners to develop viable options for delivering aid.
Expressing deep regret over the tragic incident in Rann, north-eastern Nigeria, on 17 January, which had resulted in the deaths of numerous civilians, including internally displaced persons and humanitarian workers, the Council urged the Government of Nigeria to investigate the incident swiftly.
According to the statement, the Council was encouraged by the decision by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) authority on the political situation in the Gambia, as well as decisions by the African Union Peace and Security Council that the regional bloc would cease to recognize outgoing President Yahya Jammeh as the legitimate President of the Gambia. In that regard, it requested that the Secretary-General’s Special Representative continue to facilitate, through his good offices, interactions and negotiations aimed at ensuring a peaceful transfer of power to President Adama Barrow.
The Council went on to welcome recent positive political developments in several West African countries, in particular the holding of free and peaceful elections in Cabo Verde and Ghana, and the outcome of the political dialogue in Guinea. It also welcomed the steps taken to develop and institute political, institutional and constitutional reforms in Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
“The Security Council encourages UNOWAS [United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel] to support peacebuilding and sustain peace efforts in other countries in West Africa where democratic gains remain fragile, following the comprehensive UN inter-agency approach in Burkina Faso.” It encouraged further progress towards implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel, including through support for the Group of 5 for the Sahel, and reaffirmed its continued commitment to addressing security and political challenges to the Sahel’s stability and development.
The meeting began at 11 a.m. and ended at 11:15 a.m.
The full text of presidential statement S/PRST/2017/2 reads as follows:
“The Security Council takes note of the report (S/2016/1072) of the Secretary General on the United Nations Office in West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) and welcomes the briefing on 13 January 2017 by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel, Mohamed ibn Chambas.
“The Security Council welcomes the letter of the President of the Security Council dated 29 December 2016 and its annex concerning the extension of the mandate of the UNOWAS for a further period of three years, from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2019.
“The Security Council expresses full support to the Special Representative and looks forward to efforts to enhance ongoing activities undertaken by UNOWAS in the areas of conflict prevention, mediation and good offices, subregional and regional cooperation to address cross-border and cross-cutting threats to peace and security, the implementation of the United Nations integrated strategy for the Sahel, as well as the promotion of good governance, respect for the rule of law and human rights, and gender mainstreaming.
“The Security Council welcomes the recent positive political developments in several West African countries, in particular the holding of free and peaceful elections in Cabo Verde and Ghana, and the outcome of the political dialogue in Guinea. The Security Council welcomes the steps taken to develop and institute political, institutional and constitutional reforms in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
“The Security Council takes note of the steps taken by the United Nations system, in partnership with the authorities of Burkina Faso, to pilot a new approach to peacebuilding and sustaining peace efforts in the country, including the development of a strategic framework to help consolidate stability in the post-transition period. The Security Council encourages UNOWAS to support peacebuilding and sustain peace efforts in other countries in West Africa where democratic gains remain fragile, following the comprehensive UN inter-agency approach in Burkina Faso.
“The Security Council welcomes the ongoing work of UNOWAS to promote women’s participation in political, peace and security processes and, in this regard, welcomes positive developments in Liberia and Nigeria.
“The Security Council recalls its press statement (SC/12616), its presidential statement (S/PRST/2016/19) and its resolution (S/RES/2337), welcomes and is encouraged by the decision on political situation in The Gambia of the fiftieth Ordinary Session of the ECOWAS Authority held in Abuja on 17 December 2016, and welcomes the decisions of the AU Peace and Security Council, at its 644th meeting held on 12 December 2016, as well as its declaration at its 647th meeting held on 13 January 2017 that as of 19 January 2017, outgoing President, Yahya Jammeh, will cease to be recognized by the AU as legitimate President of the Republic of the Gambia. In this regard, the Security Council requests the Special Representative, through his good offices, to continue facilitating interactions and negotiations aimed at ensuring a peaceful transfer of power from outgoing President, Yahya Jammeh, to the President Adama Barrow.
“The Security Council expresses its concerns over the prevalence of violent extremism, which can be conducive to terrorism, and terrorist threats in the region and their linkages to transnational organized crime. In this regard, the Security Council strongly condemns all terrorist attacks carried out in the region, in particular in the Lake Chad Basin region, notably by Boko Haram. The Security Council stresses the need to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including by addressing the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism. The Security Council expresses particular concern about attacks on civilians, who are the primary victims of these terrorist violence.
“The Security Council welcomes the subregional, regional and international efforts to mitigate the security, humanitarian and development consequences of Boko Haram’s operations. The Security Council takes note of the progress made in the operationalization of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF). The Security Council urges the Members States participating in the MNJTF to further enhance regional military cooperation and coordination, deny haven to Boko Haram, secure the conditions to enable humanitarian access and facilitate the restoration of civilian security and the rule of law in liberated areas. The Security Council reaffirms that Member States must ensure that any measures taken to counter terrorism comply with all their obligations under international law, in particular, international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law.
“The Security Council encourages Member States and multilateral partners to lend their support to the MNJTF to ensure its full operationalization, including the provision of modalities to increase the timely and effective exchange of intelligence to further the region’s collective efforts to combat Boko Haram, whenever possible and appropriate. The Security Council underscores the importance of a holistic approach to degrade and defeat Boko Haram that includes coordinated security operations, conducted in accordance with applicable international law, as well as enhanced civilian efforts to improve governance and promote economic growth in the affected areas. In this regard, the Security Council deeply regrets the tragic incident in Rann, north-east Nigeria, on 17 January 2017, resulted in the deaths of numerous civilians including Internally Displaced Persons and humanitarian workers. The Security Council urges the Government of Nigeria to swiftly investigate the incident and recalls the obligation of all parties to armed conflict to comply strictly with the obligations applicable to them under international humanitarian, human right and refugee law.
“The Security Council reiterates deep concern over the dire humanitarian situation caused by the activities of Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin region. In this regard, the Security Council calls international community to immediately support the provision of urgent humanitarian assistance for the people most affected by the crisis in Cameroun, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, including by fulfilling the United Nations appeal for the Lake Chad Basin region. It also urges regional Governments to facilitate access for humanitarian organizations and to work with the United Nations and international partners to develop viable options for delivering aid.
“The Security Council expresses continued concern about piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, as well as the trafficking of drugs and other illicit goods, the smuggling of migrants and human trafficking and stresses the need to strengthen the fight against illicit activities in the subregion.
“The Security Council welcomes the leadership demonstrated by countries in West Africa and the Sahel in spearheading initiatives to address security challenges in the region and encourages further collaboration among Member States, regional and subregional organizations, relevant United Nations entities and with other relevant stakeholders to enhance social cohesion and to address challenges to good governance.
“The Security Council commends the engagement of UNOWAS with subregional and regional organizations, in particular, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the G-5 Sahel, the Lake Chad Basin Commission and the Mano River Union, in order to promote peace and stability in West Africa and the Sahel. The Security Council remains committed to working closely with these organizations through UNOWAS to strengthen subregional and regional cooperation to address cross-border security threats and prevent the spread of terrorism. In that respect, they welcome the assistance of UNOWAS to the efforts of ECOWAS Commission to implement its Regional Framework for Security Sector Reform and Governance and to promote a coordinated security-sector-reform approach in the region.
“The Security Council notes the collaboration undertaken between UNOWAS and the Peacebuilding Commission and encourages continued close and effective cooperation in support of sustainable peace in the region.
“The Security Council commends the efforts of the African Union and ECOWAS, as well as of Member States in West Africa and the Sahel to strengthen border security and regional cooperation, including through the G5 Sahel and the Nouakchott process on the enhancement of the security cooperation and the operationalization of the African Peace and Security Architecture in the Sahel and Sahara region.
“The Security Council encourages further progress by the United Nations system and its partners towards the implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel (UNISS), including through support to the Group of 5 for the Sahel (G5), in order to assist in addressing the security and political challenges to the stability and development of the Sahel region and reaffirms its continued commitment to address such challenges, which are interrelated with humanitarian and development issues, as well as the adverse effects of climate and ecological changes, and, in this regards, highlights the need for adequate risk assessments and risk management strategies relating to climate change impacts.
“The Security Council welcomes the conclusion of the independent evaluation of the UNISS. In this regard, the Security Council requests UNOWAS to coordinate with States in the Sahel and all other stakeholders to provide strategic leadership, guidance and direction to the UN system for the effective implementation of the UNISS, including its thematic focus, coordination arrangements, partnerships and distribution of responsibilities among United Nations entities in the field and at Headquarters.
“The Security Council request UNOWAS to contribute to efforts aimed at sustaining international engagement by reenergizing the commitments and initiatives of all relevant stakeholders, including countries of the region, the various regional mechanisms, United Nations, the African Union, the European Union, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, emphasizes, in this regard, the importance of the convening role of the Peacebuilding Commission in peacebuilding efforts, and thus, in collaboration with UNOWAS, in mobilizing deeper commitment and partnership between the UN system, the countries of the Sahel and other international and regional partners with the view to advancing the implementation of the Strategy, in collaboration with UNOWAS and to adapting the Strategy to the evolving needs of the region.
“The Security Council further requests UNOWAS to provide the necessary support to the Ministerial Coordination Platform for the Sahel and its Technical Secretariat, as well as to the G-5 Sahel.
“The Security Council expresses its intention to periodically monitor progress made, and in this regard requests the Secretary-General to provide in the upcoming regular report due in July 2017 information on UNOWAS efforts with respect to the following aspects of its UNISS related mandate: a) coherence in the political and programmatic aspects of UNISS; b) streamlining and coordination of initiatives by international, regional actors in the Sahel region, with a view to ensuring that they meet the emerging challenges in the region; c) guidance and leadership of the overall engagement of the UN system and partners with a view to serving the overall objective of the Strategy; and d) advancing the implementation of the nine flagship projects of UNISS and the assessment of their impact; e) ensuring attention to all UNISS pillars, and funding gaps.”
- The 7867th Meeting was closed.
For information media. Not an official record.
Monthly regional mixed migration summary for December 2016 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region.
In December, 8,428 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy by sea via the central Mediterranean route.
Nationals from Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea accounted for the largest number of arrivals in December.
In December, an estimated 383 people died or went missing while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea. In 2016, 5,082 people had died or gone missing in while crossing the Mediterranean, surpassing the 3,777 people who lost their lives in 2015.
MHub is undertaking field surveys with migrants, refugees and asylum seekers along key migratory routes to build up a body of data over time and to map country and regional level mixed migration trends.
This snapshot presents early survey findings of the profiles, intentions and experiences of those moving in mixed migration flows who have recently arrived in Italy in the last year.
Though these findings cannot be considered statistically representative of the migration population, they do provide key insights into the migration process.
Findings are based on 341 interviews conducted between 3 March and 22 December in Asti, Bologna, Castellammare del Golfo, Milan, Modena, Palermo, Rome, Trapani, and Turin.
85% of respondents (91% of female and 83% of male) began their migration journey without feeling fully aware of the risks and conditions on their chosen route. For those from West Africa, this represented 90% of male and 97% of female respondents. For those from East Africa, this decreased to 43% for males and 74% for females.
The majority of respondents from Cameroon (100%), Guinea (100%), Senegal (96%), Nigeria (96%), Cote d'Ivoire (88%) and Gambia (83%) reported not having enough information on the risks and conditions present on their journey. Nigerian respondents mainly came from Edo State (59%).
Available data indicates a strong inverse relationship between awareness of potential difficulties and risk factors and the number of abuses actually experienced by respondents.
57% of all respondents felt regret about their journey due to conditions encountered en route. 45% reported that they would not have travelled at all, and 12% would have taken a different route.
The journey through Libya was reported to be the most dangerous segment for respondents traveling from and through North Africa to Italy with 78% of all abuses recorded as occurring in Libya. This is followed by abuses reported as occurring in the Sahara Desert (10%), Niger and Sudan (2%).
Respondents that travelled through Libya reported forced labour (95%), arbitrary detention (88%), physical abuse (83%) and sexual abuse (76%) as the most frequent abuses witnessed or experienced.
The majority of sexual abuses reported happened in Libya (76%), followed by the Sahara Desert (15%), Niger (3%), Sudan (2%) and other transit countries such as Burkina Faso, Algeria, Egypt and Togo (4%).
65% of sexual abuse cases reported in the Sahara Desert were perpetrated by the smugglers or those affiliated to the smugglers such as drivers. Some respondents claimed that smugglers often offered migrants to their drivers for rape as part payment. The remainder were perpetrated by rebels (11%), desert tribes (8%), bandits (8%) and militia/soldiers/police (8%).
Humanitarian needs in Niger continue to be immense as a result of lasting food insecurity, high global malnutrition of children under age five and the displacement of people fleeing the conflicts in neighbouring Mali* and Nigeria*. Successive food crises, extreme poverty, displacement and rapid population growth continue to erode people’s resilience. Even in good agricultural years, between 4 and 5 million Nigeriens experience food shortages.
The situation further deteriorated in 2015, with the spill-over of the conflict in Nigeria leading to increasing numbers of displaced and refugee populations in the Diffa region.
Furthermore, the presence of mines and the disruption of markets have contributed to the deterioration of the situation. The European Commission’s humanitarian funding in 2016 was of €47.5 million.
Access to the population in need in Diffa, especially those living out of camps in the vicinity of Lake Chad, remains a challenge due to security constraints and the limitations entailed by the declaration of state of emergency.
The European Commission is among the largest donors providing life-saving and emergency aid. In 2016, it supported the treatment of over 265 000 children under five years old suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition. EU funding covers 66% of the national caseload.
GoN airstrike mistakenly hits IDP site, resulting in at least 70 civilian deaths in Borno
UN identifies critical humanitarian needs among more than 35,000 IDPs sheltering in Borno’s Rann town
WFP plans to reach 2 million beneficiaries in northeastern Nigeria per month by December 2017
On January 17, a Government of Nigeria (GoN) military aircraft mistakenly conducted an airstrike on a site sheltering internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Borno State’s Rann town, resulting in at least 70 deaths and more than 120 injuries among civilians and relief personnel, international media reported. The GoN continues to coordinate medical evacuations of critically injured civilians, including providing helicopter support to transport critically injured people to hospitals in Borno’s Maiduguri city. UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator (RC/HC) Edward Kallon has pledged UN support to deliver emergency assistance to affected populations. The UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) is also conducting emergency airlifts of medical supplies and other air operations to assist people affected by the airstrike. USAID’s Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) in Nigeria is coordinating with USAID partners to respond.
An early January UN assessment in Rann identified critical humanitarian needs, including food, health, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs, among the more than 35,000 IDPs sheltering in the town. Food insecurity is in part the result of delays in assistance stemming from Boko Haram-related insecurity and logistical challenges. Relief organizations plan to conduct additional assessments in the coming months while continuing to deliver emergency food assistance to conflict-affected people in the town.
Relief actors continue to scale up assistance activities to reach more people in northeastern Nigeria, including expanding into newly accessible areas. In late 2016, UN agencies conducted rapid response mechanism (RRM) assessments to identify critical needs among populations in these hard-to-reach areas. By December 2017, the UN World Food Program (WFP) plans to reach approximately 2 million beneficiaries per month, many of whom previously resided in inaccessible locations.
Bruxelles, le 19 janvier 2017
La Commission européenne a annoncé une aide humanitaire supplémentaire de 40 millions d'euros en faveur des populations du bassin du lac Tchad. La crise s'aggrave dans cette région et les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement.
La Commission européenne a débloqué une aide humanitaire supplémentaire de 40 millions d'euros en faveur des populations de la région du lac Tchad en Afrique. Cette enveloppe porte l'aide humanitaire totale de l'UE à cette région à plus de 116 millions depuis le début de 2016 jusqu'à ce jour. Ce financement contribuera à renforcer les mesures d'aide et à répondre aux besoins humanitaires les plus urgents, notamment en matière d'alimentation, de nutrition, d'eau et d'assainissement, de santé et de protection.
«L'UE apporte une aide humanitaire considérable aux populations les plus vulnérables au Nigeria, au Cameroun, au Niger et au Tchad. Dans cette région fragilisée, la situation humanitaire devient extrêmement préoccupante. La capacité d'intervention des organisations humanitaires est fortement entravée par un contexte difficile sur le plan de la sécurité et des difficultés à accéder à certaines zones. J'annonce aujourd'hui l'octroi d'une nouvelle aide par l'UE, qui permetttra de répondre en urgence aux besoins de plus en plus pressants. Tout doit être mis en œuvre pour que nos partenaires humanitaires puissent apporter rapidement et en toute sécurité une aide vitale à ceux qui en ont cruellement besoin», a déclaré le commissaire chargé de l'aide humanitaire et de la gestion des crises, M. Christos Stylianides.
Le Nigeria, qui compte près de 2 millions de personnes déplacées à l'intérieur du pays et qui doit faire face à une crise économique persistante, est le pays le plus touché et sera le principal bénéficiaire de l'aide (22 millions d'euros). Le Cameroun (7 millions d'euros), le Niger (6 millions d'euros) et le Tchad (5 millions d'euros) profiteront également du programme d'aide d'urgence.
La Commission européenne contribue à la fourniture d'une aide humanitaire aux populations locales, aux communautés d'accueil et aux personnes déplacées dans la région pour répondre aux besoins les plus urgents.
La crise dans la région du lac Tchad s'intensifie. Les actes de violence perpétrés par l'organisation terroriste Boko Haram, originaire du nord du Nigeria, ont déstabilisé toute la région et provoqué des déplacements massifs de population. Une grave pénurie alimentaire sévit dans la région et l'accès aux services de base est très limité. Le risque d'épidémies lié au manque d'eau, d'installations sanitaires, d'abris et de services de santé est extrêmement élevé.
La crise qui frappe le bassin du lac Tchad, notamment le Nigeria, le Cameroun, le Tchad et le Niger, s'est considérablement aggravée ces deux dernières années. La région compte près de 2,6 millions de personnes déplacées et 169 000 personnes ont cherché refuge dans les pays voisins. Tant les communautés d'accueil que les populations locales sont fortement tributaires de l'aide humanitaire. Les ménages les plus vulnérables peinent à trouver de quoi se nourrir.
Pour en savoir plus:
Fiche d'information sur le Tchad
Fiche d'information sur le Cameroun
Fiche d'information sur le Niger
Fiche d'information sur le Nigeria
Personnes de contact pour la presse:
- Carlos MARTIN RUIZ DE GORDEJUELA (+32 2 296 53 22)
- Daniel PUGLISI (+32 2 296 91 40)
Renseignements au public: Europe Direct par téléphone au 00 800 67 89 10 11 ou par courriel
Throughout 2016, Boko Haram insurgents continued to commit grave human rights violations and carry out attacks against civilians including suicide bombings, widespread sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), kidnapping and forced recruitment, in north-eastern Nigeria and in the Lake Chad Basin.
As of October 2016, about 170,000 Nigerian refugees were hosted in Cameroon, Chad and Niger. The conflict had also internally displaced about 460,000 persons in Cameroon’s Far North, and in the Lake and Diffa regions of Chad and Niger, respectively.
In a part of the continent already facing extreme poverty, harsh climatic conditions, and epidemic outbreaks combined with poor infrastructure and limited access to basic services, continued protection and assistance for refugees, IDPs and other affected communities are required all the more in 2017. The needs of Nigerian refugees, as well as IDPs and returning Niger nationals remain significant. RRRP partners will continue to work together with concerned governments, in line with the Abuja Action Statement, with a view to enhancing civil-military coordination, thus enabling humanitarian actors to reach people in remote areas, in need of assistance, and to ensure that appropriate distinctions between the roles of humanitarian actors and security forces are made. In tandem with implementing a regional protection strategy, RRRP partners aim to concentrate their e orts on providing humanitarian assistance, basic services, environmental protection and encouraging self-reliance. The primary responsibility to assist and protect refugees rests with the host Governments of Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
In cooperation with these Governments and within the framework of the Refugee Coordination Model (RCM), the Regional Refugee Coordinator for the Nigeria situation leads and coordinates the 2017 Nigeria RRRP. The elaboration and implementation process is undertaken by 36 organizations (UN agencies and NGOs). This process takes the different coordination structures that are in place in all three countries into account.
The European Commission has released €40 million in additional humanitarian aid to support the populations in the Lake Chad region in Africa. The new funding brings the overall EU humanitarian aid package for the region to over €116 million since the beginning of 2016.
It will help scale up operations and respond to urgent humanitarian needs in the areas of food, nutrition, water and sanitation, health and protection.
"The EU is making a strong humanitarian contribution for the most vulnerable in Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad. The humanitarian situation in this fragile region is reaching extremely worrying proportions. The difficult security situation and lack of access to certain areas severely hamper the capacity of relief organisations to assist. Today I am announcing new EU support to urgently address the increasingly pressing needs. Everything must be done so that our humanitarian partners can deliver lifesaving assistance safely and rapidly to those in dire need," said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides.
Nigeria, which is struggling with an ongoing economic crisis in addition to hosting nearly 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) will receive €22 million, the biggest part of the assistance. Cameroon (€7 million), Niger (€6 million) and Chad (€5 million) will also benefit from the emergency aid package.
The crisis in the Lake Chad has been escalating. Violence inflicted by the terrorist group Boko Haram from northern Nigeria has destabilised the entire region and caused large scale displacements of people. There is a high scarcity of food in the region and access to basic services is severely limited. The risk of epidemics due to the lack of water, sanitation, shelter and health services is extremely high.
The crisis affecting the Lake Chad basin, including Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger has greatly escalated over the past two years. Some 2.6 million people in the region are currently internally displaced, while 169 000 have sought refuge in neighbouring countries. Both host and local communities are highly dependent on humanitarian assistance. The most vulnerable households are struggling to find food.
The European Commission has been providing humanitarian aid to local, host and displaced populations in the region helping to cover the most urgent needs.
Le contexte de déplacement au Mali reste complexe et fluide. Des mouvements de personnes déplacées résidant actuellement dans les régions du sud vers les régions du nord continuent d'être signalés. Alors que certains ont indiqué être retournés définitivement, d'autres déplacés expliquent faire des allers-retours entre le lieu de déplacement et le lieu d'origine.
Afin de répondre aux besoins des populations déplacées internes, rapatriées et retournées, la Commission Mouvement de Populations (CMP) recueille et analyse les informations sur les mouvements de populations à l’intérieur du Mali, afin de fournir un état complet des mouvements de populations et à la demande de ses partenaires. Les membres de la Commission sont : la Direction Générale de la Protection Civile (Ministère de la sécurité intérieur), UNHCR, OCHA, PAM, UNICEF, ACTED, NRC, DRC, Handicap International, Solidarités International, CRS, OIM, et DNDS. Plusieurs autres entités participent régulièrement aux rencontres de la Commission.
Résumé: A la date du 31 Décembre 2016, les partenaires de la CMP ont comptabilisé 56 594 rapatriés, ce qui correspond à une augmentation de 1055 personnes par rapport aux données du mois d’octobre 2016 (55 539 Rapatriés1). Par ailleurs, aucun mouvement de personnes déplacées internes ni de retournés n’a été enregistré durant la période2. La CMP comptabilise donc 36 690 PDIs et 474 231 personnes retournées.
De 2011 à 2016, plus de 1,6 milliard de dollars ont été mobilisés sur un total de 2 milliards de dollars requis à travers des projets des plans de réponse humanitaire pour le Niger.
Environ 485 millions de dollars ont été alloués à des projets humanitaires non inclus dans les plans de 2011 à 2016.
Pour les six années considérées, la moyenne des taux de financement tourne autour de 60 pour cent.
En 2016, seuls 54 pour cent des fonds recherchés ont été mobilisés.
Tendance du financement des plans de réponse humanitaire
De 2011 à 2016, les financements ont connu des variations selon les besoins des populations. La plus forte requête annuelle pour cette période s’élève à 490 millions de dollars et a été lancée en 2012. Cependant, le taux de financement le plus élevé, soit 81 pour cent, a été enregistré en 2013, année marquée, entre autres, par l’ampleur des besoins liés à la crise des réfugiés maliens et la gestion des conséquences des inondations de 2012 qui avaient touché plus de 500 000 personnes.
Financement global : Plans de réponse et hors plans de réponse
De 2011 à 2016, les organisations humanitaires ont pu mobiliser environ 2 milliards de dollars pour la réponse humanitaire au Niger. Ce total inclut 1,6 milliard de dollars pour les projets soumis à travers les plans de réponse Humanitaire et 485 millions de dollars pour d’autres projets humanitaires ne faisant pas partie de ces plans.
- The local purchases programme in Maradi region was officially launched on 7 December.
- WFP prepares for the beginning of the new protracted relief and recovery project (PRRO), which will start in January 2017.
- WFP met with the food security working group to plan food assistance within the emergency response in the Diffa region for 2017.
- Over the next 6 months, with the beginning of the new resilience project, USD 55.3 million need to be found for the implementation of activities.
WFP supports the Government in implementing a multi-sectoral, integrated community-based approach to building household and community resilience, supporting the same vulnerable people through a flexible combination of unconditional and conditional food assistance over a pluri-annual programme. The approach aims to reduce the impact of seasonal stresses and prevent a peak in acute malnutrition and mortality. The innovative integrated response includes food assistance for asset (through food and cash), nutrition specific and - sensitive activities, school meals and related programmes (such as school gardens and local milling and processing initiatives), local purchases from smallholder farmers, as well as unconditional food assistance during the lean season. This integrated safety net package is geographically concentrated in the most vulnerable areas allowing it to strengthen the core capacities and skills of key institutions and communities and those left behind. A special attention is put on gender.
Activities are implemented in the pre and post-harvest period to assist rural communities in revitalizing infrastructure, improving agricultural production and diversifying rural incomes. They are linked to the promotion of local production and purchases. The resilience programme relies on a participatory process amongst others through the three-pronged approach (national, subnational and community levels) relying on the seasonal livelihood programming and community-based participatory planning.
The regional emergency operation catering to the needs of the Malian refugees ended in December 2015. The entire caseload was integrated under the existing PRRO. Unconditional food assistance along with nutritional supplementation for children 6-23 months is provided to Malian refugees in all camps and hosting sites.
The Food Security Cluster has been active since 2010. WFP co-leads the Cluster with FAO and continues coordination activities with the Government and other humanitarian partners.
The Regional Emergency Operation provides flexible assistance through unconditional and conditional food distributions, and nutritional supplementation for children aged 6-23 months as well as emergency school meals. The assistance is provided to an increasing number of refugees in and out of camps, returnees, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host populations affected by the insecurity in northern Nigeria.
The United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) provides safe, efficient and effective air transport to UN agencies, NGOs and donors. This enables implementation and oversight of humanitarian activities in areas affected by insecurity and poor road infrastructure.
In 2016, the operational fleet consisted of two 19-seater (Beechcraft 1900) operating out of Niamey with the ability to respond to air travel needs to the field. UNHAS remained the only key player in enabling up to 110 organizations to reach at least six destinations in Niger.
Burkina Faso: La Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise et le Ministère des Affaires étrangères signent un accord-cadre pour un programme d’habitation résiliente dans six pays
Luxembourg, 18.01.2017 – La signature d’un accord-cadre sur trois ans entre le département international de la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise et la Direction de la coopération au développement du ministère des Affaires étrangères permettra d’améliorer l’habitat de communautés dont le cadre de vie et le milieu sont menacés et de réduire l’impact des aléas naturels et socio-économiques.
Le programme habitation résiliente sera conduit dans six pays dans lesquels la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise déploie ses actions humanitaires depuis des années : le Burkina Faso, le Burundi, le Mali, le Niger, le Sénégal et le Népal. L’objectif est de renforcer à long terme les capacités de résistance locales aux catastrophes et autres aléas naturels et socio-économiques des populations, particulièrement exposées, par une sensibilisation aux risques existants et potentiels, une amélioration des pratiques de construction et par l’identification de solutions durables dans le domaine de l’habitat.
Ce programme sur trois ans sera financé à hauteur de 1 200 000 euros par an grâce à l’accord-cadre et à hauteur de 300 000 euros par an par des dons à la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise. La Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise se réjouit de ce soutien précieux et de la confiance témoignée par le Gouvernement luxembourgeois dans la conduite de ses actions humanitaires.
Les individus les plus vulnérables tels que les femmes, les enfants et les jeunes, les personnes handicapées, les personnes âgées, voire les migrants sont ciblés en priorité. « Chacun des bénéficiaires détient un savoir-faire et une expérience uniques pouvant contribuer positivement aux actions mises en place. », explique le Dr Christian Huvelle, directeur du département international de la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise. « Dans une approche participative et d’autonomisation, nous inclurons et améliorerons les techniques de construction autochtones pour valoriser ce savoir-faire local et impliquer dès le début les membres des différentes communautés au processus. Grâce à leurs expériences en matière des risques et des événements passés, ils seront à même d’identifier des solutions potentielles et de choisir celles qu’ils jugeront les plus appropriées. »
La Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise
La mission de la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise est « d’améliorer les conditions d’existence des personnes vulnérables ». Ses milliers de bénévoles et ses plus de 1900 professionnels en font un acteur majeur dans les domaines de la Santé, du Social, de la Jeunesse et de l’Humanitaire.
La Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise est ainsi engagée dans des activités aussi diverses que l’aide humanitaire internationale d’urgence, les soins à domicile, la transfusion sanguine, la convalescence, l’accueil de personnes âgées ou dépendantes en centres de jour ou intégrés, l’assistance sociale, l’accueil des migrants et réfugiés, l’aide individuelle aux personnes en difficulté, les maisons relais et les maisons de jeunes ou encore les services thérapeutiques socio- familiaux.
In 2016, the HRP estimates that 4.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance of whom 1.5 million are targeted to receive assistance, which highlights the acute vulnerability in the country.
Chad continues to feel the impact of the Nigerian crisis in the Lac region as well as conflicts in neighboring countries (Libya, Sudan and CAR). The country hosts 391,745 refugees, including 311,470 Sudanese refugees who have been in the country for over 10 years, 70,310 refugees from CAR and 8,598 Nigerian refugees. The Lac region, affected by the Nigerian crisis, currently hosts 121,720 displaced people including 108,476 internally displaced, 12,920 Chadian returnees and 324 third country nationals. In addition, the country hosts 101,724 Chadian returnees from CAR settled mainly in the Southern regions and in N'Djamena, in several sites or host villages.
Food insecurity and malnutrition remain a chronic problem in the country, particularly in the Sahel belt. Food insecurity affects about 2.9 million people (21% of the total population), of whom approximatly 500,000 are severely food insecure (source: Harmonized Framework Nov 2016, current situation Nov-Dec 2016), to whom are also added refugees and returnees (not included in the Harmonized Framework). The nutrition situation is also of concern, with global acute malnutrition rates above 15% (emergency threshold) in 6 regions out of 23 and severe acute malnutrition rates above 2% (emergency threshold) in 11 regions.
The high prevalence of epidemic diseases such as cholera and measles, as well as malaria, combined with a weak health system, are causes of high morbidity and mortality among the population, especially among children under five. Chad ranks 185th according to the human development index (HDI 2015), with some of the most alarming social indicators (life expectancy of 51 years, maternal mortality rate of 860 deaths per 100,000 births, report EDS-MICS-2014-2015).
Le Niger a enregistré un déficit fourrager global de l’ordre de 12,2 millions tonnes de matières sèches (TMS) soit environ 48 pour cent des besoins. Sur des besoins globaux théoriques de l'ordre de 25,6 millions TMS, le disponible fourrager est de l'ordre de 13,3 millions TMS.
L’écart entre le disponible fourrager et les besoins réels de consommation montre que ce déficit est plus accentué dans les régions de Diffa, Tahoua, Tillabéry et Zinder. Selon les autorités du Niger, la situation pastorale de cette année nécessite une attention particulière.
Boko Haram-related conflict has led to a severe humanitarian emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region and potential famine in inaccessible areas of northeastern Nigeria. At least 7 million people in the region are in need of food assistance. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) and trapped populations are at greater risk due to insecurity and poor or degraded infrastructure which impede aid delivery. There are currently 2.6 million people displaced across the region. The 2017 UN humanitarian appeal for Nigeria and regions of Niger, Cameroon, and Chad in the Lake Chad Basin is approximately $1.5 billion dollars.
Central African Republic: Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre: Aperçu humanitaire hebdomadaire (10 – 16 janvier 2017)
PLUS DE 70 000 DEPLACES PAR DE NOUVEAUX TROUBLES Le 12 janvier, le président Touadéra a déclaré que plus de 70 000 personnes ont été déplacées depuis la résurgence de la violence dans certaines parties du pays en septembre 2016. Les attaques et les combats entre les groupes armés ont causé une nouvelle dévastation aux populations déjà frappées par des conflits récurrents, entravant également l'accès humanitaire. Le président a également exprimé sa préoccupation face à l'insuffisance des fonds qui risquent d'interrompre l'aide alimentaire du PAM d'ici la fin du mois. Plus de 400 000 personnes, dont 140 000 déplacés et 9 900 réfugiés, risquent d'être affectées par le manque de fonds du budget de 21,5 millions de dollars de l'agence. Plusieurs des 70 000 personnes ont été déplacées à plusieurs reprises.
DES MILLIERS DE PERSONNES RETOURNENT CHEZ ELLES APRES LES VIOLENCES Environ 3 000 des 15 000 personnes ayant trouvé refuge dans la base de la mission de maintien de la paix de l'ONU, la MINUSMA, dans la ville de Kaga-Bandoro, au nord, sont rentrées chez elles. Elles ont été forcées de fuir pour leur sécurité après la violence armée qui a secoué la région en octobre 2016. Les organisations humanitaires fournissent des services d'abris, d'eau, de santé et d'assainissement aux retournés. Des efforts de cohésion sociale et de dialogue communautaire sont également en cours.
BAISSE DU NOMBRE DE MIGRANTS D’AFRIQUE DE L’OUEST Depuis juillet 2016, les points de contrôle de l'OIM enregistrent une tendance à la baisse des migrants de la région de l'Afrique de l‘Ouest, y compris du Niger, passant par la région d'Agadez, dans le nord. Le nombre de migrants enregistrés aux frontières avec la Libye et l'Algérie en juillet, est passé de 48 000 à 1 525 en novembre. Selon l’OIM, cette baisse pourrait être attribuée à la mise en œuvre des mesures prises par le gouvernement pour empêcher le passage aux frontières de personnes dépourvues de documents de voyage valables.
*VISITE DU CR/COH DANS LES ETATS DE BORNO ET YOBE *
Du 12 au 18 janvier, le Coordonnateur résident et Coordonnateur de l’action humanitaire, Edward Kallon, se rend dans les états d'Adamawa, de Borno et de Yobe. À Maiduguri, il a rencontré le gouverneur de Borno, Kashim Shettima, qui a remercié la communauté humanitaire pour son travail.
M. Kallon a souligné que même si les besoins humanitaires immédiats de la population étaient satisfaits, des efforts devaient être déployés pour aider les populations et les communautés à se rétablir et à se reconstruire sur le long terme. Il a également expliqué que la région faisait face à une crise de protection et de sécurité alimentaire aggravée par l'épuisement des possibilités de subsistance et la destruction et la dévastation des infrastructures économiques dans la région.
LA MEDIATION ECHOUE A CONVAINCRE LE PRESIDENT DE DEMISSIONNER
Les derniers efforts déployés par la CEDEAO le 13 janvier pour convaincre le président Yahya Jammeh de démissionner n'ont pas abouti. Après avoir assisté au sommet Afrique-France à Bamako, le président élu Barrow est arrivé à Dakar le 15 janvier.
L'Union africaine a déclaré qu'elle cesserait de reconnaître Jammeh comme le président légitime à compter du 19 janvier, date à laquelle la passation de pouvoirs doit avoir lieu. De nombreux civils auraient quitté la région de Banjul pour des villages dans le pays, et le HCR a signalé que plusieurs milliers de personnes, principalement des enfants, traversaient la frontière vers le Sénégal voisin. Les écoles du pays restent fermées.
Central African Republic: West and Central Africa: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (10 - 16 January 2017)
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
OVER 70,000 DISPLACED BY FRESH UNREST More than 70,000 people have been displaced since the resurgence of violence in parts of the country in September 2016, President Faustin-Archange Touadéra said on 12 January. The attacks and fighting between armed groups have caused further devastation to people already struck by recurrent conflict, which also impede humanitarian access. The president also voiced concern over insufficient funding that risks halting WFP’s food assistance by the end of this month. More than 400,000 people, including 140,000 displaced and 9,900 refugees, are likely to be affected by the shortfall to the agency’s US$21.5 million budget. Many of the 70,000 were displaced several times.
THOUSANDS RETURNING HOME AFTER VIOLENCE Around 3,000 of the 15,000 people who sought refuge at the base of the UN peacekeeping mission, MINUSMA, in the northern Kaga-Bandoro town have returned home. They had been forced to flee for safety following armed violence that rocked the area in October 2016. Humanitarian organizations are providing shelter, water, health and sanitation services to the returnees. Social cohesion and community dialogue efforts are also underway.
DECREASE IN MIGRATION FROM WEST AFRICA Since July 2016, IOM monitoring points registered a decreasing trend of migrants from the West Africa region including Niger passing through the northern region of Agadez. From 48,000 migrants registered at the borders with Libya and Algeria in July, the number dropped to 1,525 in November.
According to IOM, the decrease could be attributed to the implementation of measures taken by the Government to prevent the passage of the borders by people without valid travel documents.
VISIT OF RC/HC TO BORNO AND YOBE STATES
From 12 to 18 January, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Edward Kallon is visiting Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states. In Maiduguri, he met with Borno Governor Kashim Shettima who thanked the humanitarian community for its work. RC Kallon stressed that while the immediate humanitarian needs of the people were being met, efforts had to be made to provide support to people and communities to recover and rebuild in the long term. He also explained that the region was grappling with a protection and food security crisis compounded by the depletion of livelihood opportunities and destruction and devastation of economic infrastructure in the region.
MEDIATION FAILS TO CONVINCE PRESIDENT TO STEP DOWN
The latest efforts from ECOWAS on 13 January by West African leaders to convince President Yahya Jammeh to step down bore no fruit. After attending the France-Africa summit in Bamako, President-elect Barrow arrived in Dakar on 15 January. The African Union said it will cease to recognize Jammeh as the legitimate President as of 19 January, the date he is due to hand over power. Many civilians have reportedly moved from the greater Banjul area to villages up-country, and UNHCR reports several thousands of people, mainly children, crossing into neighbouring Senegal. Schools throughout the country remain closed.