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World: La OMS alienta a los países a actuar ahora para reducir las muertes por hepatitis víricas

26 July 2016 - 11:58am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Brazil, Egypt, Georgia, Pakistan, World

20 DE JULIO DE 2016 | GINEBRA - En vísperas del 28 de julio, Día Mundial contra la Hepatitis, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) insta a los países a actuar con presteza para mejorar el conocimiento de estas enfermedades y para aumentar el acceso a las pruebas de detección y al tratamiento. En la actualidad, solo una de cada 20 personas que han contraído una hepatitis vírica sabe que están infectadas, y solo se trata a una de cada 100 personas que la padecen.

La Dra. Margaret Chan, Directora General de la OMS, señala: «En su perjuicio, el mundo ha hecho caso omiso de las hepatitis. Es hora de activar una respuesta mundial contra estas enfermedades de una envergadura similar a la impulsada para combatir otras enfermedades transmisibles como la infección por el VIH/sida y la tuberculosis».

En el mundo hay 400 millones de personas infectadas por virus de la hepatitis B o de la hepatitis C, una cifra más de 10 veces superior a los infectados por el VIH. Se calcula que en 2013 fallecieron 1,45 millones de personas a causa de estas infecciones, frente a menos de un millón en 1990.

En la Asamblea Mundial de la Salud celebrada en mayo de 2016, 194 gobiernos aprobaron la primera Estrategia mundial del sector de la salud contra las hepatitis víricas y acordaron las primeras metas mundiales a este respecto. Una de estas metas es tratar a 8 millones de personas que sufren hepatitis B o C de aquí a 2020. El objetivo a largo plazo, partiendo de las cifras de 2016, es reducir en un 90% la incidencia de las hepatitis víricas y en un 65% la mortalidad por estas enfermedades de aquí a 2030.

La estrategia es ambiciosa, pero ya disponemos de herramientas para lograr esas metas: tenemos una vacuna y tratamientos eficaces contra la hepatitis B y, aunque todavía no se ha desarrollado una vacuna para la hepatitis C, en los últimos años se ha progresado enormemente en el tratamiento de esta infección. Gracias a la introducción del tratamiento oral con antivíricos de acción directa se podría curar a más de 90% de los pacientes en 2 o 3 meses. Sin embargo las políticas, los reglamentos y los precios de los medicamentos hacen que estos estén en muchos países fuera del alcance de la mayoría de los afectados.

En opinión del Dr. Gottfried Hirnschall, Director en la OMS del Departamento de VIH/SIDA y del Programa Mundial contra la Hepatitis, «debemos actuar ahora para evitar que las hepatitis se sigan cobrando vidas innecesariamente. Para ello, es preciso dar acceso rápidamente a esos servicios y medicamentos a todas las personas que los necesiten».

Mejoras en el tratamiento

Con todo, algunos países están encontrando maneras de ofrecer servicios a las personas que los necesitan. El descenso del precio de los medicamentos utilizados para tratar la hepatitis C lo está facilitando, sobre todo en los países en los que se han comercializado medicamentos genéricos. En un análisis preliminar se calculó que, en 2015, 300 000 personas de países de ingresos medianos y bajos habían sido tratados contra la hepatitis C con nuevos antivirales de acción directa.

En Egipto, un país cuyos ingresos se sitúan en la franja inferior dentro de los ingresos medios y que tiene una de las tasas de prevalencia de hepatitis C más elevadas, en los últimos 12 meses se trató a 200 000 personas y el precio por persona del tratamiento se redujo desde US$ 900 en 2014 a menos de US$ 200 en 2016. Otros países han intensificado la lucha contra la hepatitis C; por ejemplo, el Brasil y el Pakistán están ampliando rápidamente la cobertura de este tratamiento, y Georgia ha anunciado un plan para eliminar la enfermedad.

Prevención de las hepatitis

Los virus de las hepatitis B y C se transmiten a través de sangre contaminada, así como de agujas y jeringas contaminadas en centros sanitarios y entre consumidores de drogas inyectables. También puede haber transmisión durante el sexo sin protección y de madres infectadas a los recién nacidos.

Al 2014, 184 países vacunaban a los recién nacidos contra la hepatitis B en el marco de sus programas de vacunación, y esta vacuna se administró al 82% de los niños de esos países. Se trata de un aumento considerable con respecto a los 31 países de 1992, año en que la Asamblea Mundial de la Salud aprobó una resolución recomendando la vacunación mundial contra esta infección.

Además, la aplicación de estrategias de seguridad en las transfusiones de sangre, que incluyen el hemocribado de todas las unidades de sangre y hemoderivados procedentes de donaciones que se utilizan en las transfusiones, puede ayudar a prevenir la transmisión de las hepatitis B y C. La seguridad al administrar inyecciones, entre otras cuestiones evitando las inyecciones innecesarias y las peligrosas, puede ser una estrategia eficaz. Además, los servicios de reducción de daños para los usuarios de drogas inyectables son fundamentales para reducir las hepatitis en esta población, y las prácticas sexuales más seguras, entre ellas la disminución del número de parejas sexuales y el empleo de métodos protectores de barrera (preservativos), también protegen contra la transmisión.

Notas para los editores

En el Día Mundial contra las Hepatitis de 2016, la OMS, la Alianza Mundial contra la Hepatitis y el Gobierno de Brasil anuncian la organización de la Segunda Cumbre Mundial sobre la Hepatitis que se celebrará en Sao Paulo (Brasil) del 29 al 31 de marzo de 2017.

Para obtener más información póngase en contacto con:

Fadela Chaib Teléfono:+41 22 791 3228 Móvil: +41 79 475 5556 Correo electrónico: chaibf@who.int

Tunga Namjilsuren Teléfono:+41 22 791 1073 Móvil: +41 79 203 3176 Correo electrónico: namjilsurent@who.int

Pakistan: Pakistan’s Kalashi women supported with bathroom building project

26 July 2016 - 11:13am
Source: Islamic Relief Country: Pakistan

New facilities for Chitral community enhance safety and gender justice

Islamic Relief has been tackling gender injustice with a bathroom building scheme in a remote area of Pakistan.

In the Himalayan Bamburat Valley, in the northern district of Chitral, the Kalash indigenous group is Pakistan’s smallest religious minority, with a community of less than 5,000.

Last year, when Chitral was hit by recurring disasters (first floods, then an earthquake) homes and other infrastructure were destroyed, including washing facilities, leaving women and girls vulnerable and without shelter.

With support from UNICEF, Islamic Relief implemented a project to repair, replace and upgrade the damaged bathrooms, giving more than 500 women access to water, sanitation and hygiene facilities.

Local teams also rolled out an interactive communication campaign emphasising the risks girls and women are exposed to when relieving themselves outside or travelling long distances to fetch water.

The programme is part of Islamic Relief’s work to provide women-focused solutions to accelerate gender equality.

Read more about our work in Pakistan here.

World: IDMC Annual report 2016

26 July 2016 - 9:26am
Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Maldives, Mali, Mexico, Nepal, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Message from the Director

Last year was another significant year for internal displacement caused by armed conflict, generalised violence and weather-related disasters across the world. New displacement by conflict and disaster was recorded in every region of the world, with staggeringly high numbers of people displaced in Yemen, Syria, Iraq, India, China and the Philippines. As the result of new and protracted displacement caused by long-running internal conflicts, the total number of conflict IDPs reached 38 million in 2014. Hundreds of thousands more lived in protracted displace ment following disasters for periods ranging between one and 26 years.

2015 marked a new turning point for IDMC. We expanded the scope of our monitoring beyond conflicts and disasters to cover the impacts of organised criminal violence and development projects such as dam construction, resource extraction, urban renewal and mega sporting events. With this expansion we aim to provide a more comprehensive picture of internal displacement, of the overlaps between different drivers and of the many data and knowledge gaps that remain. Identifying and quantifying the scale of these phenomena will no doubt reveal an ever growing and complex picture of displacement.

Raising awareness of the nature and dynamics of internal displacement in all its forms is key to helping poli cy-makers and practitioners target limited resources to where they are most needed. It is particularly important to provide insights into displacement as a multi-dimensional and cross-cutting issue of direct relevance to other global challenges, from humanitarian action and peace building, to disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and sustainable development.

IDMC’s policy work continues to contribute to a wider acknowledgement of displacement as a cross-cutting chal lenge, and promotes the recognition that internal displace ment is rarely the outcome of a single factor or event, but comes about from multiple and overlapping factors that need to be understood for appropriate and durable solutions to be found.

Working with key partners such as the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), we were proud to influence the key displacement-related decisions that came out of 2015’s landmark policy events. These included the UN Sustainable Development Summit, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Nansen Initiative’s global consultations on the protection of people displaced across borders, and the COP21 climate change summit.

These policy frameworks provide important entry points for addressing internal displacement in a more comprehen sive and joined-up way. For this to happen, a solid global baseline and frequently updated quantitative and qualita tive data are needed to inform and monitor these processes each step of the way. This includes building a better knowl edge base on IDPs’ profiles, locations and movements, the conditions in which they live, and the vulnerabilities they may have as a result of their displacement.

Several significant steps were taken in this direction in 2015, including a plan for the development of an online database which will facilitate IDMC’s users’ access to displacement data and analysis and will provide the most up-to-date country-level estimates on internal displace ment, disaggregated by location and profile.

We are happy to present our Annual Report 2015 which looks back to our achievements and successes but also considers some of the strategic tasks ahead for IDMC. We would like to thank you all for the support you have given us over the years, and for your encouragement at this crucial time for displacement, migration and refugee issues globally.

Alexandra Bilak,
Director of IDMC

Pakistan: Pakistan: Three-day polio campaign kicks off in Balochistan

26 July 2016 - 8:13am
Source: DAWN Group of Newspapers Country: Pakistan

QUETTA: A three-day polio eradication campaign was launched in 137 union councils of Balochistan on Monday amid tight security to inoculate over half a million children under the age of five.

Around 1,678 mobile teams, 122 teams at fixed points and 38 at transit points were engaged in administering vaccine drops to the children.

“A strict surveillance system has been adopted at all transit points,” said the coordinator of the Emergency Operation Centre Balochistan, Dr Syed Saifur Rehman, adding that health teams were also deployed in refugee camps.

According to Dr Rehman, strict security measures were adopted for the health workers engaged in the campaign.

“Police personnel and Frontier Corps soldiers will be providing cover to polio teams,” he said.

Health teams have been frequently targeted in Balochistan by extremist groups who believe that polio vaccination is part of a western conspiracy or against Islam.

Dr Rehman explained that to combat this, religious scholars in Balochistan had assured the government of their support and assistance to convince parents to vaccinate their children.

“We have been fighting against the crippling disease and I am hopeful that Balochistan will be the first polio-free province in the country,” he said, adding that he had visited high-risk areas like Zhob, Sheerani, Chaman and Loralai to monitor the campaign preparations.

Published in Dawn, July 26th, 2016

Pakistan: Pakistan: FATA Return Weekly Snapshot (from 8 to 21 July 2016)

26 July 2016 - 5:23am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Pakistan

World: Mediterranean Update, Migration Flows Europe: Arrivals and Fatalities: 26 July 2016

26 July 2016 - 4:27am
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Eritrea, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Serbia, Slovenia, Somalia, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, World

249,854 arrivals by sea in 2016
3,034 dead/missing
published 09:00 CET 26 July
1,011,712 arrivals in 2015

Pakistan: Crisis Response Bulletin, July 25, 2016 - Volume: 2, Issue: 30

26 July 2016 - 2:33am
Source: Alhasan Systems Country: Pakistan
HIGHLIGHTS:
  • All rivers in KP in low floods: PDMA report
  • First monsoon spell floods roads, causes accidents in Capital
  • Need for more dams: Water storage capacity drops 35%
  • Flood contingency plan prepared for Islamabad
  • Directions issued for making anti-dengue campaign a success
  • Pakistan will assist Afghanistan in fighting terrorism, says PM
  • Pakistan gives shut-up call to India on Kashmir
  • Gulshan-i-Iqbal Park blast: CTD still clueless about mastermind, facilitators
  • Pakistan’s anti-terror laws: fixed and revamped many times, but never applied practically
  • US urges Pakistan to target ‘all’ terrorist groups
  • International community can benefit from Pakistan’s counter terrorism efforts
  • Rwp Women Hospital & Chest Disease Centre cries for attention
  • Solar Bibi project launched to empower women

Pakistan: Pakistan: Union Council Chachran Sharif at a Glance - Infographic

25 July 2016 - 11:30pm
Source: Alhasan Systems Country: Pakistan

Afghanistan: Expert group commends Afghanistan’s progress in polio eradication

25 July 2016 - 11:38am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Pakistan

Kabul 17 July 2016 - The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on polio eradication convened in Kabul to review Afghanistan’s progress in polio eradication, provide recommendations for intensifying efforts to stop the circulation of wild poliovirus by the end of this year and review the National Emergency Action Plan for Polio for 2016–2017. The TAG appreciated the significant progress achieved so far and highlighted major improvements in Afghanistan’s polio eradication efforts.

The second TAG meeting of 2016 brought together senior leaders from the Ministry of Public Health, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, donor agencies and national and provincial polio teams as they presented the gains and achievements of the programme in the last 6 months since the group last met.

“Afghanistan has seen significant progress in polio eradication. We acknowledge the extremely challenging situation in Afghanistan and appreciate the hard work done by all involved in the polio programme,” said TAG Chairman Jean-Marc Olive. “We commend the Government of Afghanistan and partners for strengthening programme management and coordination structures to accelerate progress.”

Minister of Public Health Dr Ferozuddin Feroz underlined the government’s commitment to stopping the circulation of wild poliovirus by the end of 2016.

Gains in a challenging environment

The TAG noted that Afghanistan has witnessed significant progress in its polio eradication programme as demonstrated by polio epidemiology, improvements in population immunity and the quality of supplementary immunization activities and vaccination campaigns.

Most of Afghanistan is now polio-free. Transmission is limited to a small geographical area in Kunar province in the East and the northern parts of Helmand and Kandahar in the south. Transmission in the east illustrates the importance of common reservoir transmission between Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA and the area bordering Afghanistan; however, Afghanistan has been able to limit the transmission to a fairly small area. No wild poliovirus has been detected in environmental samples through surveillance in 2016.

The TAG highlighted that Afghanistan has a sensitive polio surveillance system and the circulation of poliovirus is therefore unlikely to be missed.

New achievements and initiatives commended by TAG include the revision and validation of micro plans in 47 very high-risk districts, revision and implementation of a new training module for frontline health workers and a modified revisit strategy that ensures that more children are reached during vaccination campaigns.

“There have been significant improvements in coordination between Pakistan and Afghanistan on polio eradication efforts with regular exchange of information, coordination and face-to-face meetings between Emergency Operations Centres at national and local levels,” said Dr Olive.

Despite these achievements, many challenges remain on the road ahead to reaching a polio-free Afghanistan. The recent deterioration of the security and access situation, particularly in the northeast and eastern regions, is a cause for concern. The proportion of under-immunized children remains high in Helmand and Kandahar and has increased in Kunar.

The programme is actively addressing accessibility issues through for example installing permanent vaccination points around inaccessible areas, ensuring vaccination from all nearest health facilities and engaging with communities to guarantee access while maintaining strict neutrality.

“I would like to acknowledge the contributions of our brave and heroic frontline health workers who often put their lives at risk to ensure that life-saving vaccines reach everyone,” said Dr Richard Peeperkorn, WHO Country Representative. “WHO remains committed to bringing Afghanistan across the finish line for polio eradication and we will continue our efforts with partners toward that goal. We have a narrow window of opportunity to stop polio once and for all.”

Closer to the finish line

In 2015, 20 polio cases were reported, down from 28 cases in 2014. 6 cases have been reported so far this year. In the coming year, the programme will focus on consolidating the new interventions introduced this year to further improve vaccination campaign quality. Gaining access to inaccessible areas is a priority.

The TAG urged the programme to continue its strict adherence to programme neutrality and intensify efforts to reach children who cannot currently be accessed during vaccination campaigns. The Group called for sustained engagement with local influences, such as religious leaders and community elders, and efforts to explore new forums for discussions to gain access in the eastern and northeastern regions.

Recommendations were also made to further strengthen the links and coordination between the polio programme and routine immunization services. The TAG recommended that efforts continue to rapidly operationalize the full-time deployment of the Immunization Communication Network to boost ongoing social mobilization and community outreach activities. TAG members also endorsed the 2016–2017 National Emergency Action Plan for Polio which will guide the programme’s interventions in the coming year.

“We are responsible to protect our children no matter where they live in Afghanistan. We are having an all-time low of polio cases in 2016 and most of the country is free of this virus. We thank the TAG for their guidance towards achieving a polio-free Afghanistan and will implement their recommendations in full spirit,” said Dr Hedayatullah Stanekzai, Senior Advisor to the Minister of Public Health in his closing statement to the TAG.

UNICEF Representative Dr Adele Khudr highlighted that the government has UNICEF’s full support in the implementation of the National Emergency Action Plan. “We renew our commitment to accompany Afghanistan in the last few miles to eradicate polio. We will work together as one team towards our common goal,” she said.

A joint statement from donors, including the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development of Canada, Rotary International, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, JICA and USAID, provided further recommendations and acknowledged that the hard work carried out by the polio programme is paying off with visible results.

“There is ample evidence to suggest that the opportunity to interrupt poliovirus transmission this year is a very real one. Our support to polio eradication will continue until the very last case of polio is seen,” said Waqar Ajmal, Senior Programme Officer at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

About the Technical Advisory Group

The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) was established to review progress towards polio eradication in specific countries, assess implementation of previous TAG recommendations, discuss planned activities and issue recommendations to address constraints facing national programmes in achieving their targets. TAG meetings are attended by country-specific TAG members, national representatives and partner organizations, both international and regional. The TAG meets twice a year in Pakistan and Afghanistan to review progress and provide expert advice on the final road to polio eradication.

Pakistan: Monsoon 2016 Daily Situation Report No. 15 (Period Covered: 24 – 25 July 2016)

25 July 2016 - 8:53am
Source: Government of Pakistan Country: Pakistan
  1. Rivers Flow Situation Reported by Flood Forecasting Division. River Indus at Kalabagh and Guddu is in Low Flood Level. All other major rivers are flowing at normal level.

Pakistan: Monsoon 2016 Daily Situation Report No. 14 (Period Covered: 24 – 25 July 2016)

25 July 2016 - 8:53am
Source: Government of Pakistan Country: Pakistan
  1. Rivers Flow Situation Reported by Flood Forecasting Division. River Indus at Kalabagh and Guddu is in Low Flood Level. All other major rivers are flowing at normal level.

Pakistan: How the Right Vaccines and the Right People Are Protecting the Vulnerable in Pakistan

25 July 2016 - 8:29am
Source: Global Polio Eradication Initiative Country: Pakistan

In Pakistan, two vaccines and thousands of skilled workers are making a real difference by boosting the immunity of the most at-risk children to protect them against polio.

In Pakistan, and many other countries around the world, two vaccines – and the committed people delivering them - are working hand in hand to boost immunity in the most vulnerable children and to finish the poliovirus for good.

The vaccines

The oral polio vaccine (OPV), which is the vaccine that has been used to interrupt polio around the world, builds immunity in the gut, meaning children who are vaccinated actually spread immunity between them, helping to protect the wider community. The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) affords blood immunity, building protection for an individual child and is now being used to boost immunity in Pakistan’s most vulnerable children. “OPV and IPV are both safe and effective forms of vaccination against polio. Both confer immunity, but do so in different ways. One way is not better than another; using both forms of vaccine however, is a way of achieving optimal protection against polio,” said Michel Zaffran, Director of Polio Eradication at WHO.

In 2015, Pakistan introduced one dose of IPV into the routine immunization system, in preparation for the global vaccine switch from trivalent OPV to bivalent OPV. The switch, one of the most ambitious projects in the history of vaccines, has been carried out globally as the world gets closer to the worldwide eradication of all strains of poliovirus.

The vaccinators

With a second vaccine now being given to children alongside OPV, the role of vaccinators to get vaccines to every child and to answer the questions and concerns of parents is crucial. “Two women from a polio team came to our home and told me that a vaccination team is sitting in one of the hujra (a separate area in many Pakistani homes that is often used for men’s gatherings) nearby to give vaccination to our children, ” said Muhamad Ameen, a 30 year old father from Cantonment area in Peshawar. “I wanted to know why they are giving the same vaccine in syringes now after my children got them in shape of drops few days back. The polio team that came to my home explained to me that it was important for my children’s immunity, and that the two vaccines will protect my children in different ways.”

Unlike OPV campaigns, where the polio teams go door-to-door in Pakistan to reach every child, children can only be vaccinated with IPV by trained vaccinators at specific outreach centers. This means that families have to be informed and able to bring their children to healthcare centres. This can have a huge impact on the number of children that it is possible to reach with the vaccine.

In March, April and May, the parents of more than 2 million of Pakistan’s most vulnerable children lined up at hospitals, health centres, outreach sites and local hujras in parts of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Peshawar, Karachi and Quetta to ensure their children aged between 4 and 24 months received the injection. Amid the regular monthly campaigns, thousands of skilled vaccinators at hundreds of outreach sites vaccinated 2,677,256 children.

The communities

Scorching temperatures, difficult terrain and insecurity are not the only challenges facing vaccinators carrying out their task of delivering the life-saving vaccines. Vaccinators and social mobilisers also battle misconceptions and suspicion about the ongoing immunization campaigns. “Finding a place to vaccinate children is also not easy here because people are suspicious if someone asks to make a vaccination center in his hujra. But I really appreciate work of polio teams working in such harsh conditions,” Muhamad says.

The role of community based social mobilisers during an IPV campaign is critical. It is their job to increase care-givers knowledge of the campaign, to inform them where they can take their child to receive the vaccine, to address any misconceptions and to create an enabling environment where vaccination against vaccine preventable diseases is not only accepted, but expected. “I brought my child when I heard from the team coming to my house that polio injection is provided at the nearby center”, said one mother who did not want her name mentioned. Another father, Gul Hameed from Sufaid Dheri village in Peshawar, says he vaccinated his 12 month old daughter on the first day of the campaign. ”This is important for our children; I do not know why people are resistant to give this vaccine to their children. The polio teams are working very hard in the field. I have deeply observed their work.”

Pakistan: United Arab Emirates delivers 116 million units of polio vaccine in Pakistan

25 July 2016 - 8:19am
Source: Global Polio Eradication Initiative Country: Pakistan, United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates paves the way for continued progress against polio in Pakistan

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has provided more than 116 million units of polio vaccine for Pakistani children between January 2014 and the end of May 2016 through the Emirates Polio Campaign. This commitment has played an important role in the progress seen in Pakistan in recent years, as highlighted by the recent meeting of the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) Islamabad.

Support for immunisation campaigns

The Emirates Polio Campaign was launched under the directives from President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and as part of an initiative of His Highness Shaikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of UAE Armed Forces, to eradicate the disease. The UAE-Pakistan Assistance Programme (UAE-PAP), which contributed to the anti-polio drive in Pakistan, benefitted children in 66 areas in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan, Sindh and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in the first five months of this year. The effort is part of the UAE government’s 2013 financial pledge to support global efforts to put the world over the finish line for polio eradication, with a focus on Pakistan, one of the last endemic countries.

Sustained commitment

The UAE has provided essential support to immunisation efforts in Pakistan over the last decade as part of a continuing collaboration with partners of the initiative. In 2011, Shaikh Mohammad Bin Zayed and Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, announced they were working together to provide life-saving vaccinations to children in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The partnership committed a total of $100 million — $50 million from each partner — for the purchase and delivery of vital vaccines that protect Afghan and Pakistani children and prevent the disease for a lifetime. In 2014 alone, over 13 million units of vaccine were administered to Pakistani children. In the period from January to May 2016, approximately 30 million additional units were delivered to the four provinces. The UAE-PAP polio campaign harnessed its teams, health care centres and mobile units to deliver vaccines to remote villages, refugee camps and border areas.

New opportunities for joint collaboration

Earlier this month Dr Michel Thieren, WHO Pakistan Representative, visited the United Arab Emirates embassy in Islamabad and met with Mr Abdullah Khalifa Al Ghafli, Director of the United Arab Emirates Pakistan Assistance Programme (UAE/PAP), to review existing projects and discuss future initiatives. Mr Abdullah expressed satisfaction with the meeting and agreed to explore new activities and events for joint collaboration with WHO to end polio in Pakistan. The partnership would like to thank the UAE government for its continued support in fighting polio in Pakistan. It is only through maintaining and building on existing collaborations that we can continue to innovate in the face of remaining challenges in the path towards eradication, and protect vulnerable children across the globe.

Pakistan: Pakistan: Six booked for attacking anti-dengue team

25 July 2016 - 1:25am
Source: DAWN Group of Newspapers Country: Pakistan

By MOHAMMAD ASGHAR

RAWALPINDI: A day after local leaders of the ruling party and government officials held walks and seminars to observe the anti-dengue day, the police booked the chairman and vice-chairman of UC-7 and four other people on the charge of attacking an anti-dengue team on Sunday.

“The attackers thrashed me and tore my shirt. They deprived me of Rs2,000 and the CNIC and dragged me into Raja Fayyaz’s drawing room where I was detained for more than an hour and later forced into a patch-up,” Mohammad Bilal, the sanitary inspector of the health department, Rawal Town, stated in an FIR registered with the Pirwadhai police.

He said he along with Amir Mehmood, Arif Masih, Malik Idris and others was on a routine visit of the Pirwadhai area during the ongoing anti-dengue campaign.

He said during the inspection of a milk shop and a barber shop, the team members observed dengue virus and collected samples from the water tank of the building.

As the team was preserving the water samples and taking photographs, the owners of the two shops along with seven to eight other people gathered there and started quarrelling with the team members.

He said the attackers snatched the virus samples from the team.

He alleged that one of the attackers, Tashkeen Haider, the chairman UC-7, snatched a mobile phone from Hamid Mehmood.

The complainant said he was deprived of Rs2,000, his CNIC and a driving licence by the attackers.

Mr Bilal alleged that he was detained in the drawing room of Raja Fayyaz, the vice-chairman UC-7, for an hour. However, he managed to get himself freed after an hour.

The police have registered a case against the alleged attackers but so far none of the accused has been arrested.

Published in Dawn, July 25th, 2016

Pakistan: Pakistan Flood Risk Assessment 2016 (as of March 2016)

25 July 2016 - 12:18am
Source: Alhasan Systems Country: Pakistan

Pakistan: Monsoon 2016 Daily Situation Report No. 14 (Period Covered: 23 – 24 July 2016)

24 July 2016 - 10:58pm
Source: Government of Pakistan Country: Pakistan

Government of Pakistan
Ministry of Climate Change
National Disaster Management Authority
(Prime Minister’s Office) Islamabad

  1. Rivers Flow Situation Reported by Flood Forecasting Division. River Indus at Guddu is in Low Flood Level. All other major rivers are flowing below Low Flood Level.

  2. Past Meteorological Situation and Future Forecast by PMD. Annex A.

Pakistan: Monsoon 2016 Daily Situation Report No. 13 (Period Covered: 22 – 23 July 2016)

24 July 2016 - 12:24am
Source: Government of Pakistan Country: Pakistan

Government of Pakistan
Ministry of Climate Change
National Disaster Management Authority
(Prime Minister’s Office) Islamabad

  1. Rivers Flow Situation Reported by Flood Forecasting Division. River Indus at Guddu is in Low Flood Level. All other major rivers are flowing below Low Flood Level.

  2. Past Meteorological Situation and Future Forecast by PMD. Annex A

World: Communicable Disease Threats Report, 17-23 July 2016, Week 29

22 July 2016 - 10:05am
Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Country: American Samoa, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Chad, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, French Polynesia (France), Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Netherlands, New Caledonia (France), Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, World

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 17 - 23 July 2016 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, Zika virus, yellow fever, West Nile fever, influenzas A(H5N1) and A(H7N9) and Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea.