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World: Zika virus, Microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome Situation Report, 28 July 2016

5 hours 20 min ago
Source: World Health Organization Country: American Samoa, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), Brazil, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominica, Dominican Republic, Easter Island (Chile), Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana (France), French Polynesia (France), Gabon, Grenada, Guadeloupe (France), Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Martinique (France), Mexico, New Caledonia (France), Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (France), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Solomon Islands, Suriname, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States of America, United States Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World

 As of 27 July 2016, 67 countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007 (64 of these countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2015):

 50 countries and territories with a first reported outbreak from 2015 onwards.

 Four countries are classified as having possible endemic transmission or have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in 2016.

 13 countries and territories have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in or before 2015, but without documentation of cases in 2016, or with the outbreak terminated.

 One country and one territory have reported mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission for the first time in the week to 27 July 2016, Antigua and Barbuda; and Turks and Caicos (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland).

 Since February 2016, 11 countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route.

 One case of Zika virus infection, whose mode of transmission is currently being investigated, was recently reported in Utah, United States of America (USA). The case is a family contact of an individual who died in June. The blood samples of the deceased case were found to have high levels of Zika virus, more than 100 000 times higher than what has been found in samples from other infected persons. Result of the investigation on the mode of transmission is pending.

 Two non travel-related Zika infections are currently being investigated in Florida, United States of America.

 As of 27 July 2016, 14 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection or suggestive of congenital infection. Paraguay is the latest country to report microcephaly with two cases of microcephaly associated with laboratory confirmed Zika virus infection recently documented. Three of the 14 total countries reported microcephaly cases born from mothers in countries with no endemic Zika virus transmission but who reported recent travel history to Zika-affected countries in the WHO Region of the Americas.

 In Spain, the first baby with microcephaly linked with in-utero Zika infection was born.
This microcephaly case was first reported at the end of May.

 As of 27 July 2016, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US-CDC) reported 12 live-born infants with birth defects and six pregnancy losses with birth defects with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection.

 As of 27 July 2016, 15 countries and territories worldwide have reported an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and/or laboratory confirmation of a Zika virus infection among GBS cases.

 Based on research to date, there is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and GBS.

 In Guinea-Bissau, on 29 June 2016, Institute Pasteur Dakar (IPD) confirmed that three of 12 samples tested positive for Zika by PC-R. All 12 samples tested negative against IgM Zika. One additional sample from a recent case also tested positive for Zika virus infection. All four samples were sent to IPD on 1 July for gene sequencing and the results are pending. Twenty-two additional samples were collected and sent for testing; the results are still pending. The government of Guinea-Bissau with support from the WHO Country Office (WCO) is demonstrating strong leadership in response to these findings. A national Zika-inter-ministerial committee which is chaired by the Prime Minister and vicechaired by the Minister of Health was established. The joint mission to Guinea-Bissau has arrived in the country to support the Ministry of Health’s response and to conduct an indepth investigation of the situation. Technical material and financial support are also being provided by partners including US-CDC, Portuguese cooperation, IPD and UNICEF.

 A roster of WHO technical experts will be available to answer media queries during the Olympics.

 The global Strategic Response Framework launched by WHO in February 2016 encompasses surveillance, response activities and research. An interim report describing some of the key activities being undertaken jointly by WHO and international, regional and national partners in response to this public health emergency was published on 27 May 2016. A revised strategy for the period of July 2016 to December 2017 was published on 17 June.

 WHO has developed advice and information on diverse topics in the context of Zika virus. WHO’s latest information materials, news and resources to support corporate and programmatic risk communication and community engagement are available online

Philippines: Philippines: Kalinga restores SSB radio system for calamities

27 July 2016 - 11:24pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

TABUK CITY, Kalinga, July 27 (PIA) - - In a bid to boost communication system especially during disasters in the province, Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction & Management (PDRRM) Council moves to restore the single side band (SSB) radio system.

PDRRM Officer Richard Anniban informed this stemmed from the recent disaster council meeting when the problem on poor telecommunication signal in certain areas of the province was raised.

We see the crucial role of communication in making accurate assessments on affected areas and therefore we should establish reliable system, Anniban said. Through the SSB, problem in feeding of reports and information from these sites especially in times of calamities could be lessened if not addressed, he elaborated.

In line with this, the province will get initial two SSB units from the Office of Civil Defense as part of its disaster preparedness move.

One will be based in the municipality of Tanudan and the other at the Provincial Action Center (PAC) at the PDRRMO. Based on specifications, the OCD SSB units could access direct connection with the NDRRMC.

Under this project, recipient LGU will provide the cost for the antennae as counterpart.

To cover wider reach, the SSB radio based at the PAC shall be tuned with the radio band of municipal police stations and other private volunteer communication groups. (JDP/LL-PIA CAR, Kalinga)

Philippines: Philippines: Taguiwalo calls on El Nino, La Nina-affected farmers to coordinate with DSWD Offices regarding release of rice subsidies

27 July 2016 - 11:16pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

QUEZON CITY, July 28 - DSWD Secretary Judy M. Taguiwalo called on farmers who are or have been affected by El Nino and La Nina to closely coordinate with DSWD offices regarding the release of rice subsidies.

“We want to be able to respond immediately to our farmers’ requests for assistance. We urge farmers and their organizations to coordinate closely with our field offices and inform us in advance regarding their requests for rice subsidies and other forms of assistance so we can prepare and take action as required,” she said.

Secretary Taguiwalo announced that DSWD Field Office X has already responded to the call of farmers from Bukidnon for rice subsidies.

According to media reports, thousands of farmers from Bukidnon immediately proceeded to the DSWD Region X office in Cagayan de Oro to demand three sacks of rice each for their families. This was after they joined mass actions in support of Pres. Rodrigo Duterte’s first State of the Nation Address (SONA).

DSWD Regional Director for FO X Nestor Ramos sent a report to Sec. Taguiwalo and said that the FO was able to come up with an agreement with KASAMA Bukidnon, the farmers’ group, and provided the farmers with 4,000 sacks of rice for more or less 16,000 individuals. The rice was stored at the National Food Authority (NFA) warehouse in Valencia City.

As agreed, the representatives of the farmers’ group will submit to the DSWD FO X a list of the 16,000 beneficiaries from the municipality of Quezon and nearby cities in Bukidnon on July 28, 2016. This is to ensure that the rice subsidies will reach the correct beneficiaries who are in most need of the assistance. The rice assistance is equivalent to 25 kilos per family.

Sec. Taguiwalo said that the department aims to provide rice subsidies as well as other forms of assistance to the poorest of the poor and the neediest in the farmers’ sector, including those severely affected by El Nino and La Nina.

“We want to improve our system of distribution, and we ask the cooperation of our farmers so we can facilitate the release of rice subsidies and other assistance in the most efficient and fastest way possible,” she said (DSWD)

Philippines: NDRRMC Update - Earthquake Information No. 03 in Sison, Surigao del Norte, 27 July 2016

27 July 2016 - 1:54am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. Background:

Date/Time: 26 July 2016 - 10:29:08 PM
Location: 09.66°N, 125.50°E - 003 km North 83° West of Sison, Surigao del Norte
Depth of Focus (Km): 007 Origin: Tectonic
Magnitude: MS 4.7

Reported Intensities:
Intensity VI - Placer, Surigao del Norte
Intensity V - Surigao City
Intensity IV - San Jose, Dinagat Islands
Intensity Ill - San Francisco and Limasawa, Southern Leyte
Intensity II - Butuan City
Intensity I - Gingoog City, Misamis Oriental

Instrumental Intensities:
Intensity V - Surigao City
Intensity II - Cebu City

Expecting Damage: Yes
Expecting Aftershocks: Yes

II. ACTIONS TAKEN:

  • NDRRMC Advisory on the earthquake information was disseminated to **OCD Regional Offices VII, VIII, X, and CARAGA* through facsimile, SMS, and website for further dissemination to their respective Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (LDRRMCs) from the provincial down to the municipal levels.

  • DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring the situation and any new significant development will be immediately relayed to all concerned .

Philippines: NDRRMC Update - Earthquake Information No. 02 in Sison, Surigao del Norte, 26 July 2016

27 July 2016 - 1:50am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. Background:

Date/Time: 26 July 2016 - 10:29:08 PM
Location: 09.66°N, 125.51°E - 003 km North 88° West of Sison, Surigao del Norte
Depth of Focus (Km): 006
Origin: Tectonic
Magnitude: MS 4.7

Reported Intensities:
Intensity V - Surigao City
Intensity Ill- San Francisco and Limasawa, Southern Leyte
Instrumental Intensities:
Intensity V - Surigao City
Intensity II - Cebu City

Expecting Damage: No
Expecting Aftershocks: Yes

II. ACTIONS TAKEN:

  • NDRRMC Advisory on the earthquake information was disseminated to **OCD Regional Offices VII, VIII, and CARAGA* through facsimile, SMS, and website for further dissemination to their respective Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (LDRRMCs) from the provincial down to the municipal levels.

  • DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring the situation and any new significant development will be immediately relayed to all concerned .

Philippines: Philippines - Mindanao crisis - July 2016 - ECHO Daily Map | 26/07/2016

26 July 2016 - 10:51pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Philippines

1) ZAMBOANGA
118 000 people were displaced in September 2013 by armed confrontation between the Armed Forces of the Philippines and a splinter group of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF); 17 000 remain displaced to date, mostly from the indigenous Tausug and Badjao populations. The lack of durable solutions for the remaining IDPs worsens the need for sustainable livelihoods, access to safe water supply and other basic services.

2) CENTRAL MINDANAO
At least 125 000 people were displaced by the Spring 2015 offensive by the Armed Forces of the Philippines against the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), during which people fled from the area to avoid being caught in the gunfire, aerial bombing, shelling and mortar fire. Most of the originally displaced have returned, but they continue to be affected by outbreaks of violence. Recent clashes in 2016 have caused renewed displacement and currently 72 500 are displaced and in need of humanitarian assistance. The severe drought caused by El Nino has further exacerbated the humanitarian situation in this area.

3) NORTH EAST MINDANAO
Hundreds of families belonging to the indigenous peoples, Manobo and Higaonon (Lumad, as known locally) in north-eastern Mindanao, fled following attacks by a paramilitary group in September 2015. The Philippine Government Commission on Human Rights cites the incident as a clear violation of IHL. Presently 3 900 continue to live in evacuation centres, the biggest of which in Tandag with 2 275 IDPs.

4) BASILAN AND SULU
The armed confrontation between government troops and the Abu Sayyaf Group continues to cause displacement. It is estimated that 11 000 are displaced, but due to the high insecurity no humanitarian actors are present.

Philippines: UNICEF Philippines Humanitarian Situation Report – July 2016

26 July 2016 - 3:44pm
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines
Highlights
  • UNICEF and partners continue to meet on-going humanitarian needs, respond to small, localised emergencies and to prepare for the impact of the upcoming Typhoon season. UNICEF and partners have reached more adults and children in the first half of 2016 than planned for providing access to safe water, learning materials, safe spaces for learning, Vitamin A supplementation and deworming. Reports of Grave Child Rights Violations have been identified, verified and responded to.
  • While funds available to the Philippine Country Office show a balance to the UNICEF Appeal, it should be noted that the majority of these funds are already committed against final activities under UNICEF’s Typhoon Haiyan recovery efforts and are not available for use in current humanitarian action.
  • The Government is taking more independent responsibility for leading and responding to humanitarian needs, and the humanitarian community is being encouraged to invest in building national systems and capacities for humanitarian preparedness, response and resilience.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Large parts of Mindanao remained unstable in the first half of 2016 with more than 142,854 people displaced during this period. Causes of displacement have included conflict, chronic insecurity in the Sulu Archipelago and clan feuding. The recruitment of children by armed groups and the use of child soldiers is of particular concern. The recent El Niño episode was one of the strongest on record, threatening food security, sustainable agriculture and the availability of clean drinking water. In the coming months, the country is bracing itself for the onset of the rainy season, aggravated by La Niña.

Philippines: WFP Philippines Country Brief, June 2016

26 July 2016 - 9:53am
Source: World Food Programme Country: Philippines

Highlights

  • A budget revision of the Special Operation 200706 has been approved for extension from July 2016 through June 2018.

  • WFP’s school meals programme in Mindanao has resumed since the opening of classes in June.

  • Benigno Aguino III ended his six-year term as Philippine president. Rodrigo Duterte was sworn in as the country’s 16th president in a turnover rite last 30 June.

WFP Assistance

Through the PRRO, WFP assists half a million people affected by the protracted conflict in Central Mindanao as well as typhoon-affected communities in Visayas and Mindanao. The assistance is tailored to reach the most vulnerable in areas where poverty, nutrition and basic education indicators remain well below the national averages. WFP supports internally displaced people and returnees through market-sensitive food assistance-forassets options, school meals, and stunting prevention programmes for children under two years of age and pregnant and nursing women.

Through the Disaster Preparedness and Response Programme under this PRRO, WFP supports local government units, academic institutions, civil society and NGOs in strengthening disaster preparedness and risk reduction mechanisms though initiatives such as capacity development trainings, installation of early warning systems, and community-based risk mitigation activities.

This operation also features capacity augmentation and policy development components to optimise the disaster response structures and policy frameworks of the Government of the Philippines in support of the Philippine Development Plan (2011–2016).

This Special Operation (SO) aims to enhance the Government’s disaster response capabilities in areas of logistics and supply chain management. It also aims to ensure that WFP is ready to activate emergency response options at-scale, in a timely manner, and in alignment with government’s relief mechanisms. Building on the key learnings from the Typhoon Haiyan emergency in 2013/2014, the operation aims to mitigate potential operational bottlenecks and challenges as identified during the large-scale humanitarian response.

Key to this operation is the establishment of a network of disaster response facilities in Luzon,
Visayas and Mindanao, in support of an improved and decentralised emergency response network. WFP also provides technical assistance and trainings for government counterparts on practical, operational and strategic logistics.

World: IDMC Annual report 2016

26 July 2016 - 9:26am
Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Maldives, Mali, Mexico, Nepal, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Message from the Director

Last year was another significant year for internal displacement caused by armed conflict, generalised violence and weather-related disasters across the world. New displacement by conflict and disaster was recorded in every region of the world, with staggeringly high numbers of people displaced in Yemen, Syria, Iraq, India, China and the Philippines. As the result of new and protracted displacement caused by long-running internal conflicts, the total number of conflict IDPs reached 38 million in 2014. Hundreds of thousands more lived in protracted displace ment following disasters for periods ranging between one and 26 years.

2015 marked a new turning point for IDMC. We expanded the scope of our monitoring beyond conflicts and disasters to cover the impacts of organised criminal violence and development projects such as dam construction, resource extraction, urban renewal and mega sporting events. With this expansion we aim to provide a more comprehensive picture of internal displacement, of the overlaps between different drivers and of the many data and knowledge gaps that remain. Identifying and quantifying the scale of these phenomena will no doubt reveal an ever growing and complex picture of displacement.

Raising awareness of the nature and dynamics of internal displacement in all its forms is key to helping poli cy-makers and practitioners target limited resources to where they are most needed. It is particularly important to provide insights into displacement as a multi-dimensional and cross-cutting issue of direct relevance to other global challenges, from humanitarian action and peace building, to disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and sustainable development.

IDMC’s policy work continues to contribute to a wider acknowledgement of displacement as a cross-cutting chal lenge, and promotes the recognition that internal displace ment is rarely the outcome of a single factor or event, but comes about from multiple and overlapping factors that need to be understood for appropriate and durable solutions to be found.

Working with key partners such as the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), we were proud to influence the key displacement-related decisions that came out of 2015’s landmark policy events. These included the UN Sustainable Development Summit, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Nansen Initiative’s global consultations on the protection of people displaced across borders, and the COP21 climate change summit.

These policy frameworks provide important entry points for addressing internal displacement in a more comprehen sive and joined-up way. For this to happen, a solid global baseline and frequently updated quantitative and qualita tive data are needed to inform and monitor these processes each step of the way. This includes building a better knowl edge base on IDPs’ profiles, locations and movements, the conditions in which they live, and the vulnerabilities they may have as a result of their displacement.

Several significant steps were taken in this direction in 2015, including a plan for the development of an online database which will facilitate IDMC’s users’ access to displacement data and analysis and will provide the most up-to-date country-level estimates on internal displace ment, disaggregated by location and profile.

We are happy to present our Annual Report 2015 which looks back to our achievements and successes but also considers some of the strategic tasks ahead for IDMC. We would like to thank you all for the support you have given us over the years, and for your encouragement at this crucial time for displacement, migration and refugee issues globally.

Alexandra Bilak,
Director of IDMC

Philippines: DSWD holds dialogue with Bukidnon farmers’ affected by El Niño; signs agreement to expedite rice aid

26 July 2016 - 5:51am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

The Department of Social Welfare and Development-Field Office X (DSWD-FO X) met with an estimated 4,000 El Nino-affected farmers from Bukidnon to discuss their request for rice assistance following loss of their livelihood due to the prolonged dry spell.

The meeting ended peacefully with both parties signing an agreement that outlines the provision of rice assistance.

During the dialogue, however, the farmers raised several issues such as the differing amount of assistance with some families receiving one sack of rice,​ while others only received five or ten kilos and the presence of tarpaulins of politicians during rice distribution. They also asked about the status of the calamity funds of local government units (LGUs).

The Field Office explained that DSWD has no mandate over LGUs. It also emphasized that it distributed 25-kilo packs of rice exclusively for indigenous peoples. Some 2,791 IP-families received the 25-kilo rice packs. The Field Office added that the provision of assistance to affected families is still on-going. Many IP-farmers who participated in the dialogue said that they were not part of the list of recipients of the 25-kilo rice packs. The Field Office assured the IP members that it will conduct a validation of the list.

As agreed, the farmers group will submit the names of the 16,000 families affected by the dry spell for validation and matching with the list of beneficiaries of the DSWD.

Once the list of beneficiaries is received and validated, the Field Office will resume the distribution of sacks of rice in coordination with Ugion Bukidnon and the Dioces of Balay-Balay to ensure that the assistance will not be politicized.

Further, the DSWD committed to provide 4,000 sacks of rice for the farmers from the municipality of Quezon and other affected towns in Bukidnon.

DSWD Secretary Judy M. Taguiwalo said that the Department will expedite the distribution of assistance to the affected farmers. However, she asked the farmers to cooperate with DSWD and submit the needed list of beneficiaries on the agreed date of submission.

The Secretary also assured the farmers group that DSWD’s communication lines are open for any inquiry, complaint, or request for assistance. ###

Philippines: GIEWS Country Brief: Philippines 25-July-2016

26 July 2016 - 4:15am
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Philippines

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Cereal production in 2016 forecast to recover from last year’s reduced level
  • Wheat imports in 2016/17 marketing year (July/June) to remain high
  • Prices of rice stable in recent months

Cereal production in 2016 forecast to recover from last year’s reduced level

Planting of the 2016 main paddy crop, which accounts for about 55 percent of the annual production, is ongoing. Despite some delays, monsoon rains improved over most of the country from late May, benefiting planting activities and early crop development. Assuming normal growing conditions prevail, FAO forecasts the aggregate 2016 paddy production (including the ongoing main and the forthcoming secondary crops) at 18.7 million tonnes, implying a 7 percent recovery from the 2015 weather‑reduced level and close to the 2014 record. Similarly, assuming normal weather, FAO anticipates the 2016 maize output at 7.6 million tonnes, 9 percent above last year’s reduced output.

The 2015/16 El Niño anomaly has dissipated. Atmospheric conditions now point to a 55‑60 percent likelihood of a La Niña episode towards the end of 2016 (which would correspond with the planting period of the secondary paddy crop). The phenomenon is historically associated with heavier rainfall. Depending on its intensity, it could benefit 2016 main and secondary season crops, although excessive rains could also raise the potential for flooding.

Cereal production declined in 2015 mainly due to dry weather

Latest official estimates put the 2015 aggregate paddy output at 17.4 million tonnes, 8 percent below the 2014 record output. The decrease resulted from smaller main and secondary season harvests that were negatively affected by a combination of poor rains, insufficient water supplies for irrigation and the passage of typhoons. Similarly, the 2015 maize output is officially estimated to have dropped by 9 percent to 7 million tonnes, because of the prolonged dry weather during the cropping season.

Philippines: PAGASA says Caraga region is vulnerable to La Niña

26 July 2016 - 12:20am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

Nora C. Lanuza Molde

BUTUAN CITY, July 25 (PIA) –Caraga region is the most vulnerable region in terms of La Niña event, state weather forecaster said.

In a press conference held during the celebration of the National Science and Technology Week (NSTW), assistant weather services chief Anthony Joseph R. Lucero of Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Regional Service Division said the region belongs to Climate Type 2 which means that the region does not experience dry season but experiences rain all year round and will likely experience the La Niña event.“

Caraga has only wet and very wet climate, and La Niña condition is possible at the end of September and the La Niña event may occur at the end of December," Lucero added.

Meanwhile, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) advised the public in advance on the possible consequences of the La Niña phenomenon and urging the public to be ready for the possible effects like flooding and landslides.

La Niña is associated with wet and above average rainfall and might bring to more than 600 mm of rain in a month. (NCLM/PIA-Caraga)

World: Rapport Annuel 2014

25 July 2016 - 1:41pm
Source: World Vision Country: Armenia, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Ethiopia, Mali, Mongolia, Myanmar, Philippines, Senegal, Viet Nam, World

En 2014, plus de 527 400 personnes ont pu être aidées dans nos 14 programmes de développement.

Autant de vies changées, comme celle d’Aye qui a pu retrouver le chemin de l’école au Myanmar. Elle bénéficie des cours du soir mis en place par Vision du Monde, pour les enfants qui travaillent la journée afin d’aider leurs parents. Ce programme est une véritable opportunité pour Aye. Elle apprend à écrire, lire, compter, et peut maintenant espérer un avenir meilleur.

Chaque année, grâce à vos dons, vous redonnez espoir à des milliers d’enfants. Découvrez dans notre rapport annuel les actions menées en 2014 ainsi que les témoignages des enfants qui, chaque jour, voient leur destin changer grâce à vous.

China: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (19 - 25 July 2016)

25 July 2016 - 4:28am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: China, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Timor-Leste

CHINA

Since 18 July, continuous heavy rainfall affected several areas of northern, central and eastern China triggering floods and landslides. As of 21 July, around 10.5 million people were affected in eight provinces (including Shanxi, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shandong, Henan, and Inner Mongolia). An estimated 337,000 people were temporarily relocated due to floods.

As of 24 July, the national state media reported that Hebei was the worst affected and recorded the highest number of casualties, with over 100 people dead and over 100 people missing. The National Committee for Disaster Reduction and the Ministry of Civil Affairs activated a level IV national disaster response to support local authorities. To date, no international assistance has been requested.

10.5 million people affected

INDIA

As of 23 July, nearly 291,000 people have been affected by flooding across nine districts of Assam State. Bongigain, Golaghat, Jorhat and Dhemaji districts are the worst affected. A total of 27 relief camps and seven distribution centres were opened in Bongaigaon, Golaghat, Jorhat and Sivsagar hosting some 12,400 people. The army was also deployed to conduct rescue operations in the affected areas. It is anticipated that tarpaulins for temporary shelter, emergency food aid for temporary shelters and relief camps and candles will be needed. No international support has been requested.

291,000 people affected

INDONESIA

During the past week, torrential rains continued to affect several parts of Indonesia. On 19 July, at least 100 houses were inundated in Sorong city, West Papua province as flash floods swept through the area. Around 200 houses were also flooded in southern Jakarta on 22 and 23 July.
There were no reported casualties. Local authorities provided assistance to the affected communities.

According to the natural weather bureau (BMKG), a low intensity La Niña event is expected from July until January 2017. Above average rainfall is forecasted for most parts of the country which could cause more flooding.

PHILIPPINES

As of 18 July, about 570 families (2,800 people) remain in five evacuation centres, due to a long-standing land conflict between families associated with various armed groups in Matalam municipality,
Cotabato province. At least 100 families have resided in the evacuation centres since December 2015. A local NGO reported concerns on access to water, food, sanitation, health care and protection in the centres.

TIMOR-LESTE

According to FAO, the average annual cereal production dropped to 70,080 tonnes in 2016 with a projected deficit of 188,000 tonnes this year to meet annual cereal needs. Over 400,000 people are affected by El Niño-induced drought across Covalima, Lautem, Viqueque, Baucau and Administrative Region of Oecusse, with 120,000 people severely at risk. The Humanitarian Country Team has submitted a CERF Concept Note to request for additional funding to meet the immediate food and nutritional needs of over 40,000 people in areas suffering from extreme food shortages.

Philippines: Philippines: Typhoons and Floods - Emergency Appeal Operation Update n°2 (MDRPH020)

25 July 2016 - 2:21am
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Philippines

The situation

On 14 December 2015, Typhoon Melor struck Northern Samar, moved westward across Luzon island, exiting through Occidental Mindoro and finally dissipated over the sea west of the Philippines on 19 December 2015. Melor caused 42 fatalities, destroyed more than 98,000 houses and damaged over 180,000 others. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 2,372 classrooms in 420 schools and 39 health facilities were damaged. In addition to damage to infrastructure, agricultural assets were also affected amounting to PHP 4.3 billion (CHF 89 million). Melor left a trail of devastation with the worst damages felt in the provinces of Northern Samar, Sorsogon and Oriental Mindoro.

Furthermore, as Melor moved northwest it enhanced the northeast monsoon, causing more rains over Luzon. Families in most of the areas affected by the heavy rains were also recovering from Typhoon Koppu, which made landfall in Aurora province in October 2015. Koppu brought extensive flooding over Northern and Central Luzon and in response, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a disaster relief emergency fund (DREF) operation to support 5,000 families over 4 months (October 2015 to February 2016). Click here for the final report of the DREF Typhoon Koppu operation.

Melor was followed by Tropical Depression (TD) Twenty Three, which made landfall over Davao Oriental, eastern Mindanao on 18 December. Typhoon Melor, TD Twenty Three and the northeast monsoon caused heavy rainfall throughout much of the Philippines. Together, almost 800,000 families were affected by the combined effects of the 3 weather systems.

Financial situation

On 22 December 2015, an emergency appeal was launched for CHF 3.7 million. This was subsequently revised on 4 March 2016 to CHF 2.07 million. As of June 2016, contributions to the revised appeal have amounted to CHF 1,693,514 (including allocation from the DREF), covering 81 per cent of the appeal. The operation has so far spent CHF 647,071 or 38 per cent of the contributions.

On behalf of the Philippine Red Cross (PRC), IFRC extends its gratitude to all the donors.

Red Cross and Red Crescent action

During the immediate search and rescue phase, PRC supported the pre-emptive evacuation efforts of local authorities and conducted rescue operations together with providing first aid and restoring family links. PRC brought more than 16 persons to safety, provided first aid to 19 people and assisted 24 people in restoring links with their families. PRC also supported pre-emptive evacuations conducted by local officials.

PRC set up 31 welfare desks where PRC also served ready-to-eat meals to some 11,620 persons in evacuation centres while its social workers provided psychosocial support (PSS) to 1,091 people and referral services to persons in evacuation centres.

During the emergency relief phase, PRC deployed five rapid assessment teams. The National Society overall response distributed food packs (comprising 5 kilograms of rice, 4 cans of sardines or meat loaf, and 4 packets of noodles) to 17,270 households. Furthermore, PRC provided households with a combination of non-food items (NFIs) including water storage containers (20-litre jerry cans), sleeping materials (blankets, sleeping mats and mosquito nets), hygiene kits and tarpaulins to up to 12,159 families. PRC also conducted basic hygiene promotion linked to relief distributions, reaching 1,290 people.

For early recovery, the National Society sent three detailed assessment teams to the hardest-hit areas – Northern Samar, Oriental Mindoro and Sorsogon. ICRC also supported detailed assessments in Northern Samar. The detailed assessments supported the revision of the appeal, which focuses on sectors for early recovery of shelter, livelihoods, and water and sanitation. To support PRC in monitoring distributions, assessments and planning for early recovery, the IFRC Philippine Country Office deployed a field delegate. The early recovery operations are now also well underway.

Philippines: GSIS earmarks Php564M in emergency loan for 9 more Mindanao areas

22 July 2016 - 8:55pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

QUEZON CITY, July 23 - The Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) set aside a total of Php563.6 million in emergency loan for its active members and old-age pensioners in nine more areas in Mindanao that were affected by El Niño.

Eligible to apply for the loan until July 31, 2016 are qualified members and pensioners in Iligan City in Lanao del Norte; Claveria in Misamis Oriental; Tudela and Bonifacio in Misamis Occidental; Kabasalan and Alicia in Zamboanga Sibugay; and Guipos and Kumalarang in Zamboanga del Sur. Those in El Salvador City in Misamis Oriental may avail of the loan until August 9, 2016.

A total of 17,597 active members are eligible to apply if they are working or residing in the calamity-declared areas, are not on leave of absence without pay, and have no arrears in paying premium contributions in the last six months.

First-time borrowers may apply for a Php20,000 emergency loan. Those who have an existing emergency loan are entitled to Php40,000, from which their outstanding loan balance will be deducted.

A total of 2,731 old-age pensioners residing in the said areas may borrow Php20,000. If they are also active members for having been reemployed in the government service, they may borrow only once.

The loan is payable in 36 equal monthly instalments at 6 percent interest rate per annum computed in advance. It is covered by a loan redemption insurance, which deems the loan fully paid in case of the borrower's demise, provided that loan repayment is up to date.

Active members may apply through any GSIS Wireless Automated Processing System (GWAPS) kiosk located in all GSIS branch and extension offices; provincial capitols; city halls; selected municipal offices; large government agencies such as the Department of Education; Robinsons Malls; and selected SM City branches in North Edsa, Manila, Pampanga, Cebu, and SM Aura in Taguig.

Active old-age pensioners must personally submit to the GSIS a fully accomplished emergency loan application form to apply for the loan.

Loan proceeds are electronically credited to the borrowers' GSIS electronic card (ecard) or Unified Multipurpose Identification (UMID) card.

For more information, call the GSIS Contact Center at 847-4747; visit the GSIS website, www.gsis.gov.ph; or email gsiscares@gsis.gov.ph. (GSIS)

World: Communicable Disease Threats Report, 17-23 July 2016, Week 29

22 July 2016 - 10:05am
Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Country: American Samoa, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Chad, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, French Polynesia (France), Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Netherlands, New Caledonia (France), Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, World

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 17 - 23 July 2016 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, Zika virus, yellow fever, West Nile fever, influenzas A(H5N1) and A(H7N9) and Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea.

World: ETC Activities January | June 2016

22 July 2016 - 9:27am
Source: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster Country: Central African Republic, Fiji, Iraq, Nepal, Philippines, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

World: Zika virus, Microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome Situation Report, 21 July 2016

22 July 2016 - 4:35am
Source: World Health Organization Country: American Samoa, Anguilla, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), Brazil, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominica, Dominican Republic, Easter Island (Chile), Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana (France), French Polynesia (France), Gabon, Grenada, Guadeloupe (France), Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Martinique (France), Mexico, New Caledonia (France), Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (France), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Solomon Islands, Suriname, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, United States Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and partners established a definition of what constitutes an outbreak, endemic transmission, and the interruption of mosquito-borne transmission in order to better characterize the level of transmission of Zika virus infection (Table 1, Fig. 2). This classification system was put into use as of the situation report of 7 July 2016.

  • As of 20 July 2016, 65 countries and territories (Fig. 1, Table 1) have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007 (62 of these countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2015):

    • 48 countries and territories with a first reported outbreak from 2015 onwards (Table 1).
    • Four countries are classified as having possible endemic transmission or have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in 2016.
    • 3 countries and territories have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in or before 2015, but without documentation of cases in 2016, or with the outbreak terminated.
  • No new country or territory has reported mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission in the week to 20 July 2016.

  • Eleven countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route (Table 2).

  • One case of Zika virus infection, whose mode of transmission is currently being investigated, was recently reported in the United States of America. The case is a family contact of an individual who died in June. The blood samples of the deceased case were found to have high amounts of Zika virus, more than 100 000 times higher than what has been found in other samples of infected people.

  • The first documented case of female-to-male sexual transmission of Zika virus infection was reported in the United States of America on 15 July 2016.

  • As of 20 July 2016, 13 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection or suggestive of congenital infection. Three of those countries reported microcephaly cases born from mothers with a recent travel history to Zika-affected countries in the WHO Region of the Americas (Table 3).

  • As of 20 July 2016, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US-CDC) reported nine live-born infants with birth defects and six pregnancy losses with birth defects with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection.

  • As of 20 July 2016, 15 countries and territories worldwide have reported an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and/or laboratory confirmation of a Zika virus infection among GBS cases (Table 4).

  • Based on research to date, there is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and GBS.

  • In Guinea-Bissau, on 29 June 2016, Institute Pasteur Dakar (IPD) confirmed that four of 12 samples tested positive for Zika by PCR. All 12 samples tested negative against IgM Zika. Four additional samples were sent to IPD on 1 July for gene sequencing and the results are still pending.

  • The government of Guinea-Bissau with support from the WHO Country Office (WCO) is demonstrating strong leadership in response to these findings. The WCO has availed funds to support the logistical needs of the response activities. A multidisciplinary assessment mission to Guinea-Bissau is planned for the last week of July and will support the investigation of the outbreak and assess the level of preparedness in Guinea-Bissau.

  • The global Strategic Response Framework launched by WHO in February 2016 encompasses surveillance, response activities and research. An interim report4 describing some of the key activities being undertaken jointly by WHO and international, regional and national partners in response to this public health emergency was published on 27 May 2016. A revised strategy for the period of July 2016 to December 2017 was published on 17 June.

  • WHO has developed advice and information on diverse topics in the context of Zika virus. 6 WHO’s latest information materials, news and resources to support corporate and programmatic risk communication and community engagement are available online.

World: Climate extremes and resilient poverty reduction

21 July 2016 - 1:43pm
Source: Overseas Development Institute Country: India, Mali, Philippines, World

The global climate is warming and there is growing evidence that climate variability is increasing in many places; extremes are becoming more frequent and intense in some parts of the world.

Three detailed case studies – on drought risk in Mali, heatwaves in India and typhoons in Philippines – illustrate the relationship between climate change, climate extremes, disasters and poverty impacts.

Read the full report