Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Manila, Philippines | 10:10 GMT
Children in the Philippines suffer from "sub-Saharan levels" of malnutrition that stunts growth in a people who have traditionally been considered short because of genetics, a campaign group said Thursday.
Although economic growth has surged in recent years, chronic malnutrition means the country has more stunted children than Ethiopia or the Republic of Congo, the Save the Children Fund said in a new report.
"The assumption has always been that Filipinos are just genetically short but what we actually see now are generations of stunted and malnourished children," said Amado Parawan, the group's health and nutrition adviser.
About one in three children under five years of age is suffers from stunting said the charity.
"Sometimes, the families may hide such children out of shame that they cannot feed them," Parawan told AFP.
"Because 'shortness' is considered a racial trait, it is not seen as a serious concern (but) stunting is more than just being short, it impacts children’s future because it hinders physical and mental growth," Parawan told a news conference.
Data collated by Save the Children showed Filipino men were on average five feet, three inches (1.6 metres) tall, one of the shortest in Southeast Asia, he said.
Men in the 10-member Association fo Southeast Asia bloc are, on average, an inch taller, with Singaporean and Thai males the tallest at about five feet, seven inches, Parawan said.
The global average for men is five feet six inches, he said.
International studies have showed the Philippines has the ninth largest proportion of stunted children, the group said.
India is the world's worst affected nation.
Manila's own surveys in 2014 showed one in 10 Filipino families lived in extreme poverty -- defined as earning 41 pesos (88 US cents) or less a day -- Save the Children added.
One in four Filipino children sometimes skipped meals, and as many as 1.5 million sometimes went a whole day without a single meal, the group said.
"These figures are sub-Saharan Africa levels of malnutrition," said Ned Olney, Save the Children's country director, adding little improvement has been seen in recent years.
He urged the government to implement measures to ensure children are well-fed, especially in the first 1,000 days after birth.
Failure to address malnutrition will lead to many physically and mentally impaired people, hurting economic growth, Olney warned.
Philippines: Training on Fisheries and Aquaculture Emergency Response Guidance held in the Philippines
On 10-11 June 2015, FAO conducted a Training on Fisheries and Aquaculture Emergency Response Guidance in the island municipality of Coron, Palawan, the Republic of the Philippines. The training was a direct offshoot of the Training of Trainers (ToT) on Fisheries and Aquaculture Response Guidance, held in Fiuggi, the Republic of Italy from 22 to 28 March 2015. Twelve participants, including staff from FAO Philippines and Non-governmental Organizations and representatives from three local Governments in the Calamianes group of islands, attended the training. All participants are involved in post-Haiyan rehabilitation programmes in the Calamianes Region, where coastal fishing communities were severely devastated by Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013.
The training was commissioned by the FAO Philippines project GCP /PHI/064/ITA, entitled “Strengthening resilience of vulnerable small-scale coastal fishers in Region IV-B”. Two certified graduates of the ToT utilized presentations, manuals, and case studies developed in the ToT to instruct participants on conducting disaster needs assessments and designing response activities. Training materials, including Guidelines for the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector on Damage and Needs Assessments in Emergencies and Fisheries and Aquaculture Emergency Response Guidance, were provided to each participant to supplement instruction.
In addition to presentations, the training involved extensive discussions on empirical lessons and cases from the Typhoon Haiyan experience in the Philippines. To this end, it served as a venue for interaction amongst professionals involved in emergency response in the fisheries sector, illustrating the relevance of the lessons delivered. Participants recognized the need to shape collective action to improve various critical aspects of emergency response programmes, ranging from conducting detailed post-disaster sector analyses to designing more responsive and sustainable fisheries livelihood restoration initiatives.
Overall, the training was well-appreciated, with many participants regarding the lessons as practical and relevant. Course evaluation ratings were exceedingly high, with many participants stating that the training would be very useful in future disaster response initiatives in the fisheries sector, especially with the participation of a broader mix of stakeholders.
BAYOMBONG, Nueva VizcayaAugust 28 (PIA) – The recent typhoon that hit Northern Luzon has brought damages to the town of Kayapa, prompting barangay officials to seek assistance from the provincial and municipal local governments.
Barangay Kabayo alone has already suffered damages from typhoon ‘Ineng’ such as closed roads due to landslides, swept roofing panels of school buildings and houses, damaged hanging bridges and agricultural crops.
Barangay captain Wesley Kitano said they have already submitted their post typhoon damage report to the concerned local government units for possible assistance.
“We hope that we will be able to get assistance from our municipal as well as provincial local government so that we can stand up again for our villagers,” he said. (ALM/BME/PIA 2-Nueva Vizcaya)
Philippines: Project Launch of “ Implementation of Sustainable Land Management Practices to Address Land Degradation and Mitigate Effects of Drought”
Titon Mitra, UNDP Philippines Country Director
I am very pleased to participate in the launching of this much-awaited Project of the Department of Agriculture, through the Bureau of Soils and Water Management.
I say long awaited not just because it takes some time for GEF projects to go from concept to fund flow but also because of the important need for building the capacities of local government units and farmers on sustainable land management in a more systematic and institutionalized manner.
We all know how important land is to economic development and human well-being.
It is among the most precious resources to humans because healthy land and soil means higher agricultural productivity and good ecosystems balance, factors which translate to food security and over-all wellbeing of humans and the planet.
However, the world is faced with rapid and widespread land degradation. Half of the topsoil on the planet has been lost in the last 150 years due to various reasons, including agricultural expansion and deforestation.
Closer to home, Asia is estimated to have 717 million hectares of degraded land. Estimates of total annual losses from soil degradation range from 1 to 7% of agricultural gross domestic product in South and Southeast Asia.
The Philippines, in particular, has not been spared this problem. In fact, according to the Global Assessment of Land Degradation and Improvement Study, total degraded lands in the Philippines is estimated at 132,275 square kilometers affecting 33 million Filipinos.
More specifically, 5.2 million hectares of the country’s arable land are severely eroded, while 8.5 million hectares are considered moderately eroded.
As far back as 1989, the World Bank has estimated the annual value of on-site fertility losses due to unsustainable upland agriculture in the Philippines at around US$100 million, equal to 1% of the Philippines GDP at that time.
Deforestation, which is also a chronic problem in the Philippines, is significantly contributing to land degradation through excessive soil erosion.
The country, is estimated to have 7.3 million hectares of forests which is approximately one fourth of the total land area. This is very much below the threshold for the ideal minimum forest cover based on slope – it should be 50% cover to total land area.
While the figures do not paint a good picture, efforts are being exerted to achieve this standard on forest to total land area ratio.
Reforestation efforts and reforms in forestry policies will have to be coupled with sustainable land management in the uplands. Policies relating to agriculture, forestry and land-use should be integrated and holistic.
Given the increasing pressure on land from agriculture, forestry, pasture, energy production and urbanization, urgent action is needed to halt land degradation.
I know that the Philippine government is mindful of the need to address land degradation in the country’s lowlands and the uplands, given that Agriculture and Forestry are two of its key sectors.
This is well articulated in the updated National Action Plan on Sustainable Land Management (NAP-SLM 2010-2020).
We hope that this newly approved GEF Project can contribute in the implementation of that Plan in a significant way, even with modest resources.
I should add that sustainable land management is not just the responsibility of the national government, but of everybody relying on land as a basic resource.
The national government cannot do it alone, it needs the support of the local governments and local communities, especially the farmers who directly till the land.
The Project is designed, therefore, to not only develop the capacities of local government units in mainstreaming sustainable land management in their planning instruments like the Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUPs) and Comprehensive Development Plans (CDPs), but also to enhance the knowledge and competencies of farmers, through more enhanced training modules on sustainable land management, primarily through the Farmers Field Schools.
This project is also well positioned to make a contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals which will be adopted in September. Priority is being given to combating desertification, restoring degraded land and soil, and setting the ambitious target of achieving a land-degradation neutral world by 2020.
Let me end this message by congratulating the Department of Agriculture, more specifically its Bureau of Soils and Water Management, and its key partners – the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB), in pursuing this Project.
I wish you success in its implementation and rest assured that UNDP will continue to support the Philippine Government in ensuring effective integrated ecosystem management which importantly includes sustainable land management.
Thank you and good day!
La FAO y el PNUD unen fuerzas en una iniciativa financiada por Alemania para dar prioridad a la agricultura en la planificación ante las variaciones del clima
1 de septiembre de 2015, Roma/Bangkok - Un nuevo programa de las Naciones Unidas financiado por Alemania apoyará a ocho países en desarrollo para que renueven y fortalezcan sus estrategias de adaptación frente al cambio climático.
A través del Programa de integración de la agricultura en los Planes nacionales de adaptación, la FAO y el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) trabajarán con los ministerios implicados en diversos sectores -incluidos medio ambiente y agricultura-, en Nepal, Kenya, Filipinas, Tailandia, Uganda, Uruguay, Viet Nam y Zambia para incorporar al sector agrícola en los Planes nacionales de adaptación (PNA), a fin de salvaguardar los medios de subsistencia, aumentar la producción agrícola y potenciar la seguridad alimentaria.
La iniciativa tiene como objetivo, en particular, ayudar a los países a mejorar los procesos de planificación y presupuestario a medio y largo plazo.
Durante un período de cuatro años, los países recibirán diversos tipos de apoyo. La FAO ofrecerá asesoramiento sobre políticas y apoyo técnico para garantizar que las prioridades de adaptación al cambio climático en el sector agrícola, forestal y pesquero, son incorporadas en este proceso de planificación.El PNUD, por su parte, colaborará en la gestión de los riesgos climáticos, la planificación y elaboración de presupuestos, y ayudándoles a fortalecer los sistemas de información, la formulación de proyectos, y la coordinación entre las instituciones gubernamentales.
El programa tiene el potencial inmediato para enlazar y ampliar los programas existentes en los países elegidos y mejorar sus perspectivas de acceder a los fondos globales existentes para la financiación frente al cambio climático, como el Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial y el Fondo Verde para el Clima.
Los fondos para el programa, que suman 12 millones de dólares EEUU, proceden de la Iniciativa Internacional del Clima de Ministerio Federal alemán de Medio Ambiente, Conservación de la Naturaleza, Construcción y Seguridad Nuclear (BMUB).
"Nuestra seguridad alimentaria en las próximas décadas depende de nuestra capacidad colectiva para innovar y adaptarnos al cambio climático. El sector agrícola es fundamental para todas las naciones y un elemento vital para la subsistencia. Por tanto, la FAO y el PNUD han unido fuerzas para apoyar a los países socios a integrar la agricultura en los procesos Planes nacionales de adaptación (PNA)", aseguró Adriana Dinu, Coordinadora Ejecutiva de la Unidad de Finanzas del Medio Ambiente Mundial del PNUD.
"Los ministerios de agricultura, pesca y bosques tienen que sentarse a la mesa junto a los de medio ambiente cuando los países desarrollen e implementen sus políticas nacionales para abordar el cambio climático", añadió Martin Frick, Director de la División de Clima, Energía y Tenencia de tierras de la FAO.
Soluciones a medida de las necesidades del país
El nuevo programa se basa en actividades de la FAO y el PNUD existentes en los países, ayudándoles a desarrollar respuestas adaptadas a sus necesidades. Por ejemplo:
En Nepal, es necesario aumentar la conservación de variedades de cultivos resistentes a la sequía, adoptando prácticas agrícolas de conservación de agua y promoviendo la diversificación de cultivos. Las consecuencias de los terremotos de este año destacan la importancia de reducir los riesgos para los agricultores frente al cambio climático y los desastres naturales.
En Uganda, el PNUD ayuda a establecer un sistema de alerta temprana muy necesario frente a los riesgos climáticos. El programa se vinculará a proyectos de la FAO que incluyen la educación de los campesinos en el uso de semillas, plantas y árboles resistentes a la sequía, así como aumentar las plantaciones de eucalipto para carbón.
La FAO y el PNUD ampliarán también sus esfuerzos en Filipinas para mapear la vulnerabilidad ante la inseguridad alimentaria por el cambio climático, y explorar maneras de ampliar los mecanismos de transferencia de riesgos para las comunidades agrícolas.
En Uruguay, los esfuerzos para restaurar pastizales degradados y ecosistemas costeros amenazados serán un elemento fundamental para el nuevo programa.
La FAO y el PNUD planean realizar este trabajo en otros países a medida que el programa se amplíe.
Los países en desarrollo, los más amenazados en un mundo más caliente
Tres cuartas partes de los pobres del mundo viven en zonas rurales y dependen de la agricultura para su subsistencia. Sus necesidades de adaptación al cambio climático van desde la mejora de las variedades agrícolas para hacer frente a la sequía, la salinidad y el cambio de las condiciones meteorológicas a los nuevos métodos de cultivo y los sistemas actualizados de riego y aprovechamiento del agua.
Se espera que diversos países en desarrollo sean los más afectados por las consecuencias del cambio climático en la agricultura. Los Planes nacionales de adaptación (PNA) tienen que prever cómo minimizar preventivamente el impacto de la disminución potencial de los rendimientos y las cosechas irregulares.
August 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia/Venezuela, Guatemala, Kashmir, Lebanon, Nepal, Yemen
- Improved situations
Guinea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka
September 2015 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
Colombia/Venezuela, Guatemala, Iraq, Nepal, Yemen
Conflict resolution opportunities
Snapshot 25 August–1 September 2015
Papua New Guinea: 1.8 million people have been affected by prolonged dry spell and frost in the Highlands region; 1.3 million are reported to be most at risk. Crops have been destroyed, and several chools and health facilities have been closed due to water shortages. The affected population is reported to be resorting to less reliable sources of drinking water.
Guatemala: Ongoing drought caused by El Niño had led to a deterioration of food security. Nearly one million people are facing acute food insecurity, mainly due to decreased harvest. 900,000 people have no food stocks left.
CAR: Clashes between anti-balaka and ex-Seleka in Bambari, Ouaka, have displaced at least 4,250 people. A spontaneous IDP site has been set up inside the MINUSCA compound, and conditions are dire, with no sanitation facilities and limited access to water and shelter.
Updated: 01/09/2015. Next update 08/09/2015.
World: La FAO et le PNUD aident huit pays à revoir leurs stratégies d'adaptation au changement climatique
L'initiative est financée par l'Allemagne
1er septembre 2015, Rome/Bangkok – Un nouveau programme des Nations Unies financé par l'Allemagne aidera huit pays en développement à réorganiser et à renforcer leurs stratégies d'adaptation au changement climatique.
Par le biais du Programme Intégration de l'agriculture dans les plans d'adaptation nationaux, la FAO et le PNUD travailleront aux côtés des ministères des gouvernements concernés, notamment de l'environnement et de l'agriculture, au Népal, au Kenya, aux Philippines, en Thaïlande, en Ouganda, en Uruguay, au Viet Nam et en Zambie, afin d'insérer les secteurs agricoles dans les Plans d'adaptation nationaux (NAP) et sauvegarder les moyens de subsistance, accroître la production agricole et doper la sécurité alimentaire.
En particulier, l'initiative a pour but d'aider les pays à apporter des améliorations à leurs processus de planification et de budget à moyen et long terme.
Dans le cadre de l'initiative quadriennale, les pays recevront divers types de soutien. La FAO dispensera des avis de politique et un appui technique afin de veiller à l'incorporation des priorités d'adaptation au changement climatique dans l'agriculture, la foresterie et les pêches dans ce processus de planification. Le PNUD s'engagera avec les pays à gérer les risques climatiques, en matière de planification et de budget, et les aidera à consolider les systèmes d'information, la formulation des projets et la coordination entre les institutions gouvernementales.
L'initiative a le potentiel immédiat de se relayer aux programmes existants dans les pays ciblés et de les amplifier, ainsi que d'améliorer leurs perspectives d'accès à des fonds mondiaux pour le financement du climat, tels que le Fonds pour l'environnement mondial et le Green Climate Fund.
Le financement de 12 millions de dollars est assuré par l'Initiative internationale sur le climat du Ministère fédéral allemand chargé de l'environnement, de la conservation de la nature, de la construction et de la sûreté nucléaire (BMUB).
"Notre sécurité alimentaire au cours des décennies à venir dépendra de notre capacité collective d'innover et de s'adapter au changement climatique. Le secteur agricole est fondamental pour chaque nation et assure la survie des moyens d'existence. Par conséquent, la FAO et le PNUD ont uni leurs forces pour aider les pays partenaires à intégrer l'agriculture dans les processus de planification nationale des stratégies d'adaptation", a expliqué Adriana Dinu, Coordonnatrice exécutive du Global Environment Finance Unit du PNUD.
"Les Ministres de l'agriculture, des pêches et des forêts doivent s'asseoir autour d'une table avec leurs homologues de l'environnement lorsque les pays se développent et mettent en œuvre des politiques nationales face au changement climatique", a ajouté Martin Frick, Directeur de la Division FAO du climat, de l'énergie et des régimes fonciers.
Des solutions adaptées à chaque pays
Le nouveau programme s'inscrit dans le droit fil des activités de la FAO et du PNUD opérationnels dans les pays, en les aidant à mettre au point des réponses taillées sur mesure. Citons par exemple:
- Au Népal, il faut renforcer la conservation des variétés résistant à la sécheresse en adoptant des pratiques agricoles faisant une utilisation rationnelle de l'eau et en encourageant la diversification des cultures. Les conséquences des séismes qui ont frappé le pays l'an dernier soulignent l'importance de la prévention des aléas climatiques et des catastrophes pour les agriculteurs.
- En Ouganda, le PNUD contribue à mettre en place un système d'alerte rapide en cas de risques climatiques. Le programme sera relié aux projets de la FAO intégrant l'éducation des agriculteurs à l'utilisation de semences, plantes et arbres tolérant la sécheresse, et étendant les plantations d'eucalyptus pour le charbon de bois.
- La FAO et le PNUD intensifieront également leurs efforts aux Philippines afin de cartographier la vulnérabilité à l'insécurité alimentaire due au changement climatique, et étudier des moyens de développer les mécanismes de transfert de risques pour les communautés agricoles.
- En Uruguay, les efforts de réhabilitation des pâturages dégradés et des écosystèmes côtiers à risque seront au cœur du nouveau programme.
- La FAO et le PNUD envisagent de déployer ces efforts dans d'autres pays au fur et à mesure.
Les pays en développement sont les plus à risque
Les trois quarts des pauvres du monde vivent en milieu rural et dépendent de l'agriculture pour vivre. Leurs besoins en matière d'adaptation au changement climatique sont variés – de l'amélioration des variétés culturales pour affronter la sécheresse, la salinité et les nouvelles conditions météorologiques à de nouvelles méthodes de culture et à la modernisation des systèmes d'approvisionnement en eau et des réseaux d'irrigation.
Nombre de pays en développement devraient être les premiers à faire les frais des effets du changement climatique sur l'agriculture. Les plans nationaux d'adaptation devront prévoir comment atténuer l'impact de la baisse potentielle des rendements et des récoltes irrégulières.
On this edition:
ASEAN Suports Myanmar Flood relief efforts
ACE Programme Second Batch Graduation
One ASEAN One Response Roadshow in Manila and many more
FAO and UNDP join forces under German-funded initiative to raise profile of agriculture in climate change planning
1 September 2015, Rome/Bangkok - A new UN programme funded by Germany will help eight developing countries revamp and strengthen their adaptation responses to climate change.
Through the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans programme, FAO and UNDP will work with ministries of agriculture in Nepal, Kenya, the Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Viet Nam and Zambia to incorporate agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) in order to safeguard livelihoods, raise agricultural production and boost food security.
In particular, the initiative aims to help countries make improvements in medium- to long-term planning and budgeting processes.
Under the four-year initiative, countries will receive various types of support. FAO will offer policy advice and technical support to ensure that climate change adaptation priorities in the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sectors are incorporated in this planning process. UNDP will engage with countries in managing climate risk, in planning and budgeting, and help them strengthen information systems, project formulation, and coordination between government institutions.
The initiative has immediate potential to link with and amplify existing programmes in the target countries and improve their prospects for accessing global funds for climate finance, such as the Global Environment Fund and the Green Climate Fund.
Funding for the $12 million effort is being provided by Germany's Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
"Our food security in the decades to come depends on our collective ability to innovate and adapt to climate change. The agriculture sector is critical to every nation and is a lifeline for livelihoods. Therefore, FAO and UNDP have joined forces to support partner countries to integrate agriculture into National Adaptation Planning (NAP) processes," said Adriana Dinu, Executive Coordinator UNDP Global Environment Finance Unit.
"Ministries of agriculture, fisheries and forestry need to be at the table when countries develop and implement domestic policies to address climate change," added Martin Frick, Director of FAO's Climate, Energy and Tenure Division.
Solutions tailored to country needs
The new programme builds on existing FAO and UNDP country activities, by assisting them to develop tailored responses to their needs. For instance:
In Nepal, there is a need to increase conservation of drought-resistant crop varieties by adopting water-conserving farming practices and promoting crop diversification. The consequences of last year's earthquakes highlight the importance of reducing risks for farmers due to climate and disasters. In Uganda, UNDP is helping set up a much-needed early-warning system for climate risks. The program will link to FAO projects that include educating farmers in the use of drought-tolerant seeds, plants and trees, as well as expand eucalyptus plantations for charcoal. FAO and UNDP will also expand their efforts in the Philippines to map vulnerability to food insecurity due to climate change, and explore ways to scale up risk-transfer mechanisms for farming communities. In Uruguay, efforts to restore degraded pasture lands and at-risk coastal ecosystems will be central to the new programme. FAO and UNDP plan to roll out this work in other countries as the programme expands.
Developing countries most at risk in a hotter world
Three-fourths of the world's poor live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Their climate change adaptation needs range from improving crop varieties to cope with drought, salinity and changing weather conditions to new methods of cultivation and modernized water and irrigation systems.
Many developing countries are expected to bear the brunt climate change impacts on agriculture. National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) must envision how to preemptively minimize the impact of potentially declining yields and irregular harvests.
NEIL D. LOPIDO
TACLOBAN CITY, Leyte, September 1 (PIA) – “Binagol,” “moron,” “sagmani,” and “suman balintawak,” are only some of the delicacies from the eastern part of the Visayas that will be showcased during the Bahandi 2015 Eastern Visayas Regional Trade Fair on September 2 to September 6 at SM Megamall, Megatrade Hall 2, Mandaluyong City.
This was announced by Regional Director Cynthia R. Nierras of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) during the recent Kapihan ha PIA dubbed “Panginsayod” who said that after more than a year of recovery and rehabilitation efforts, the participating Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) have started to rebuild their enterprises towards expanded economic activity.
“We are happy that we are back in Bahandi 2015 in Manila. This is also a result of the assistance that we have been giving to Yolanda-affected MSMEs for the past two years,” Director Nierras said.
The five-day trade fair is expected to generate some P13 million sales from 88 participating SMEs in the region that will showcase products such as processed food items, decors, handicrafts, furniture, furnishings, fashion accessories as well as tourism destinations.
"When you buy from Region 8, you are helping the 'Yolanda' victims recover," she said.
Nierras even made special mention to the “suman balintawak” of Naval, Biliran who told the media that no less than DTI secretary Gregory Domingo said it was the “best suman” he ever tasted during the Bahandai 2012.
With the theme, “Products crafted with hope and determination; moving forward and beyond super typhoon Yolanda,” the holding of Bahandi 2015 shows also their perseverance and hope to bring out the message that they are back into business, she said.
“This is also a venue to recognize the programs of interventions and assistance provided by the government and international and local non-government organizations to Yolanda-affected SMEs to build back better their businesses aimed also at helping not only the producers but also the people dependent in them like the suppliers of raw materials as well as the workers to get back also to their source of income.”
This year’s Bahandi, which means treasure and wealth, is supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Regional Development Council 8. (jrc/ldl/PIA-8)
Elsa S. Subong
ILOILO CITY, Sept. 1 (PIA6)—The Mines and Geosciences Bureau here has underscored the role of student writers in the education and information campaign on disaster preparedness.
Ms. Mae Magarzo, MGB geologist, said that publication staff writers have, first of all, to know the vulnerabilities and hazards that their communities face before they are able to disseminate information.
Magarzo was a resource person on geological hazards to over a thousand student writers participating in campus journalism workshops conducted in four series by the Philippine Information Agency-6 last August.
“Everybody should be involved since the vulnerability of our communities have increased,” Magarzo told the campus writers.
She added that in their hazard assessments, they have found out that some schools are right on top of areas which are at high risk to landslide and flooding, like in hilly and mountainous parts of Iloilo, Capiz, Antique and Aklan.
She noted that while schools are involved in coastal clean-up and tree planting activities regularly, they should have information and education campaign on hazards and vulnerabilities of their communities.
“As student writers, they can maximize their publications on the campaigns and they can also reach out to the communities,” Magarzo said.
The campus publications, especially in the college level, are publishing wall newspapers for the communities which are among the contest categories launched by the PIA, according to Dir. Janet Mesa.
“Some campus paper writers go into civic or public journalism to engage communities to discuss issues on disaster preparedness and document these as feature stories,” Mesa said.
These past years, the PIA has focused on climate change and disaster risk reduction as required topics for campus publications, for which writing awards have been given.
Mesa also said that it has included in the modules for campus journalism trainings this year a topic on Geological Hazards, to deepen the campus writers’ awareness on their role in disaster preparedness and mitigation.
Meanwhile, Magarzo said, the MGB has stepped up its knowledge development thrusts to heighten community participation in information and education.
These include forecasting technologies, hazard mapping, risk assessment, and vulnerability assessment modality. (JSC/ESS-PIA6 Iloilo)
Summary of the operation
After striking the Federated States of Micronesia as a Category 5 typhoon during the last week of March 2015, Typhoon Maysak (Philippine name: Chedeng) headed for the Philippines, leaving the authorities and agencies concerned about the humanitarian impact it could make if it maintained its strength at landfall. Fortunately, Maysak made landfall over Isabela province of Luzon in the northeast Philippines as a tropical depression. While the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) reported no casualties, the tropical depression caused minimal damage to houses and infrastructure.
In anticipation of a potential disaster, the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) activated their preparedness measures, with IFRC allocating CHF 119,180 from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to enable the PRC to pre-positioned response and assessment teams as well as relief supplies in areas under threat. However, considering that Maysak did not have a humanitarian impact, PRC did not have to mount a scaled up response.
Specifically, PRC carried out the following actions:
Served hot meals to 250 people affected by the tropical depression;
Pre-positioned search and rescue vehicles and equipment in nearby locations, but these eventually did not require deployment to affected areas;
Pre-positioned disaster preparedness stocks, in Nueva Ecija and Nueva Viscaya, which were not distributed and are being retained for potential distribution in the event of a new disaster.
Due to the low impact of the typhoon, only a portion of the DREF allocation was utilized – mainly to cover costs relating to pre-positioning and deployment of relief supplies, vehicles and equipment in anticipation of the typhoon. The plan of action was adjusted on 9 May 2015 in line with the situation that unfolded, with the operational budget to CHF 20,284 and timeframe adjusted for the operation to end on 31 May 2015. The operation is consequently closed, this final is being issued and the balance of CHF 3,970 will be returned to the DREF pool.
CITY OF ILAGAN, Isabela, August 28 (PIA) – The local chief executive here is seeking for interventions to President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III as the long dry spell continues to affect more farmers in the province.
In his letter to the President , Isabela Governor Faustino G. Dy III, has requested the National Food Authority (NFA) to buy local farmers’ damaged corn produce to cushion the impact of dry spell in their livelihood.
Dy recounted that in previous years, the provincial government and NFA have pooled their resources to buy the corn products of farmers who were affected then by La Nina and typhoons.
According to the provincial agricultural office, the dry spell has already affected 61,000 hectares of cornfields and might last until October this year. It also recorded a total of P705 million worth of crop damages due to dry spell.
Among the areas which suffered most from the dry spell were the towns of San Mariano, Cauayan and Ilagan City. This prompted the provincial board here to declare the province under state of calamity recently.
Dy is hopeful that his request will be given attention to enable Isabela farmers regain from their losses. (ALM/MGE/PIA-2 Isabela)
As this half centenary issue of Field Exchange contains a number of guest editorials by individuals who were involved in Field Exchange from the start, we are going to keep this one short. It is pretty much 20 years since the idea of a Field Exchange and the ENN was mooted at an inter-agency conference in Addis Ababa. A throw away comment by Helen Young at the meeting planted the seed of an idea; Helen remarked that the Addis meeting was unusually productive as it brought together field practitioners, academics and donors who could all learn from each-other and wouldn’t it be great if we could find a forum to enable this kind of ‘exchange’ to take place more regularly. The acorn tree that is now Field Exchange and the ENN grew from this one comment.
For the editors of Field Exchange, there has always been one core principle that has held sway. It is that the written word has unique value. Emerging from the ashes of the Great Lakes emergency in 1994/5 where mistakes and learning from previous decades appear not to have been heeded, Field Exchange was predicated on the realisation that institutional memory is fragile and that the written word can uniquely preserve learning. There is nothing wrong with the ‘oral tradition’ but memories are fallible in a way that the written word is not.
Over the 20 years of editing Field Exchange, we have also come to see how the process of writing up field experiences adds value. Those who put pen to paper are compelled to organize their thoughts and learning logically, to self-examine and to make only claims or recommendations that can be supported by written evidence which in turn can be scrutinised by others. Elements of learning that take place through the writing process would almost certainly not occur if simply recounted orally. The written word promotes accountability for what is said. Furthermore, it enables dissemination of learning at scale. The ENN has also learnt that even in situations where draft articles are withdrawn from publication (very othen for reasons of sensitivity and risk to programmers), the very process of writing has enabled the authors(s) and their organisation(s) to learn from the programme experience even though this learning may not be disseminated more widely.
Whether the written word appears in print or digitally is perhaps less important but is still relevant. Many of our readers only have limited or expensive online access. Furthermore, it is notable (if not a little surprising) to find in Field Exchange evaluations that our readers still have a strong attachment to the hard copy even when they have online access. Flicking through the pages of Field Exchange in a life that is dominated by ‘screen time’ for many may well be a welcome relief and a better reading (and learning) experience. We, of course, now produce Field Exchange (and its sister publication Nutrition Exchange) both in print, e-copy and online: we also plan to embrace multi-media developments, which may allow for wider and cheaper dissemination to our readership Over the years, the ENN has expanded into a range of activities including technical reviews, operational research, technical meeting facilitation, and development of guidance and training material.
Our activities are largely informed by from the privileged overview of the sector we obtain through pulling together Field Exchange. This expanded scope of work is thus a product of your work in contributing to the publication. Field Exchange has therefore been, and remains, the cornerstone of what ENN does.
On to the edition in hand; as ever, we have a wide range of articles covering innovations and challenges in programming. A special section looks at lessons and plans for delivering treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) at scale in Northern Nigeria, with three articles by UNICEF/ACF/Mark Myatt; ACF; and Results for Development (R4D) on the topics of coverage, costs, cost-effectiveness and financial sustainability of CMAM. This includes a proposed sampling based approach to estimate the number of deaths averted by the Nigerian CMAM programme which is accompanied by two ‘peer review’ postscripts.
An editorial by CIFF, a lead investor in the Northern Nigerian CMAM programming, introduces the section. Also on the theme of CMAM in Nigeria, an article by MSF documents malnutrition peaks associated with malaria peaks and highlights the fact that medical care typically does not come under CMAM funding, is implemented by different ministries and agencies and is often under resourced.
The logistical challenges of nutrition programming are reflected in an article from South Sudan by ACF, UNICEF and CDC, which describes the technical innovations that enabled nutrition surveillance in a vulnerable but quite inaccessible population. The response to flooding in Malawi in early 2015 is the topic of another article around CMAM by Concern. Whilst providing immediate support, they found lack of surge capacity and sub-standard existing SAM treatment services, despite longstanding external investment in the recent past. How to sustain long term CMAM programming once the NGOs ‘go home’, remains the 'million dollar question'.
At the other end of the spectrum, an article by Help Age International describes the burden of care and experiences of non-communicable disease (NCD) programming in Lebanon amongst older Syrian refugees and vulnerable Lebanese. It reflects there is progress but a lot yet to be done to meet NCD and associated nutrition needs in humanitarian programming. The remaining articles cover a range of topics – infant feeding support in the Philippines from the perspective of a local NGO responding to Typhoon Haiyan in 2013; experiences of the Sustainable Nutrition and Agriculture Promotion (SNAP) programme in the Ebola response in Sierra Leone authored by IMC and ACDI-VOCA; and UNICEF experiences of a combined SMARTSQUEAC survey in Chad that saved on time and costs.
We have a run on views pieces in this edition, as well as a rich mixture of research summaries.
An article by Ajay Kumar Sinha, Dolon Bhattacharyya and Raj Bhandari on the challenges of undernutrition in India provides a fascinating insight into the complexities of national and sub-national programming and highlights the need for coordinated actions. India also features in a research summary from MSF that shares great insights into community perceptions and behaviour around SAM treatment in Bihar. Resilience and nutrition is the topic of an article by Jan Eijkenaar which provides insights into the ECHO funded Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative in the Sahel. There are also some must read articles on accountability to affected populations, a topic that hasn’t featured strongly in Field Exchange in the past and to which we all too easily pay ‘lip service’. One piece describes ground breaking work in the Philippines by Margie Buchanan-Smith et al and the other is a very personal but experience based viewpoint by Andy Featherstone on progress and pitfalls around accountability over the last 20 years or so.
As a final word, we would like to thank all those authors who have written material for Field Exchange in the past and encourage those who are thinking about writing in the future to get in touch with us to discuss potential topics. We are here to support you in many different ways, from a ‘brainstorming’ conversation to review of a fledgling idea to editing. In this issue, we’ve included a guide to the process to help. Over the years, our content has become more ‘technical’ but we welcome more informal contributions too; it is great to see a few letters in this edition and we would love to receive more.
We would also like to thank our many readers for taking an interest in the publication and sincerely hope that the hard won experiences and learning that appear in Field Exchange quickly and positively continue to inform your personal practice and agency programming for the benefit of those with whom you work. So here is Field Exchange 50 – Enjoy!
Jeremy Shoham & Marie McGrath Field Exchange Co-editors
CAMP DARAPANAN, Maguindanao, Philippines – Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) Chair Al-Haj Murad Ebrahim welcomed a new collaboration on reproductive health with UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, saying it is an important step to enlighten the Bangsamoro people on family planning.
UNFPA and the Bangsamoro Development Agency (BDA), the development arm of the MILF, recently signed an agreement that aims to improve delivery of reproductive health services such as maternal and infant care and family planning to the Bangsamoro areas.
“While reproductive health is very much welcome as far as MILF is concerned, there are biases against family planning among the Muslim population because of issues that are not fairly addressed. This (partnership) is a very good move because it will enlighten and will give the right information to our people regarding reproductive health,” Murad said.
The MILF chief especially acknowledged UNFPA’s close cooperation with the Muslim Religious Leaders (MRLs) in Mindanao in southern Philippines to promote a better understanding of family planning in the context of Islam.
Murad also recognized the need for better social services in the Bangsamoro areas to alleviate poverty and promote peace and development. The region, which is besieged with more than four decades of armed conflict, has the highest poverty incidence in the Philippines at 47 per cent and the highest maternal mortality ratio at 264 deaths per 100,000 live births.
Following the signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro by the Government of the Philippines and the MILF last year, health was identified as one of the priority programmes for the region. Murad said he is pleased that the collaboration between BDA and UNFPA is well along the line of normalization process for the Bangsamoro people.
Contribution to peace building
Klaus Beck, UNFPA Country Representative, emphasized the urgency of addressing the needs of the Bangsamoro people.
“Poverty in the region has been endemic with almost half the population living below poverty line. The region also posted the poorest reproductive health indicators registering the highest maternal and neonatal mortality rates and the highest unmet need for family planning. Much of the deprivation has been caused by conflict and war,” Beck said during a meeting with Murad and other officials of the MILF and BDA at Camp Darapanan in Maguindanao.
Beck stressed that UNFPA is commited to helping achieve peace in the region, no matter how fragile it may be, and is ready to seize whatever opportunities there are to help ensure that reproductive health services are within the reach of the Bangsamoro people.
One of the priorities under the new partnership with BDA is the refurbishing and equipping of part of the existing health center at Camp Darapanan to become a birthing center for women in the community and nearby villages. Health service staff will also be trained on on Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care and family planning. The clinic will serve as a model for rolling out reproductive health services in other Bangsamoro core territories. Prenatal, postnatal and family planning services will also will be made more accessible to 10 major camps of MILF through an advocacy campaign called "Ligtas Buntis."
For almost two decades now, UNFPA has been working with national and local governments and civil society in the south on programmes that aim to improve the reproductive health of women, adolescents and men in the southern provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, North Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat.
For more information, contact:
Arlene Calaguian Alano
UNFPA Communication Officer
Tel: (63-2) 901-0306
Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 17 Preparedness Measures and Effects of Typhoon "Ineng" (I.N. Goni)
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
Typhoon "INENG" (I.N. "GONI") entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on the afternoon of 18 August 2015. It exited PAR at midnight of 23 August 2015.
At 4:00 am today, the Low Pressure Area (LPA) was estimated based on all available data at 215 km Northeast of Virac, Catanduanes (14.5°N, 126.0°E).
Cloudy skies with light to moderate rains and isolated thunderstorms will be experienced over Central Luzon and the Province of Rizal. Partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated thunderstorms will prevail over the rest of the country.
Light to moderate winds blowing from the northeast to northwest will prevail over Luzon and coming from the south to southwest over the rest of the country. The coastal waters throughout the archipelago will be slight to moderate.
Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 16 Preparedness Measures and Effects of Typhoon "Ineng" (I.N. Goni)
Typhoon "INENG'' (1.N. "GONI") entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on the afternoon of 18 August 2015. It exited PAR at midnight of 23 August 2015.
At 4:00 am today, the Low Pressure Area (LPA) was estimated based on all available data at 175 km east of Borongan, Eastern Samar (11.6QN, 127.0°E).
Cloudy skies with light to moderate rains and isolated thunderstorms will be experienced over Bicol region and the Eastern and Central Visayas. Partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated thunderstorms will prevail over Metro Manila and the rest of the country.
Light to moderate winds blowing from the east to northeast will prevail over Luzon and coming from the northwest to southwest over the rest of the country. The coastal waters throughout the archipelago will be slight to moderate.