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Updated: 11 min 41 sec ago

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of Salcedo - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 20 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of Quinapondan - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 21 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of Mercedes - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 24 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of Lawaan - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 27 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of Guian - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 32 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of General McArthur- Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 34 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Municipality of Balangiga - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 37 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Philippines: Eastern Samar - Zero Open Defecation Certified Barangays (as of 10 Sep 2014)

4 hours 42 min ago
Source: Government of the Philippines, UN Children's Fund Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Rushed evacuations as Philippine volcano spews lava

9 hours 25 min ago
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Philippines

09/17/2014 05:52 GMT

LEGAZPI, September 17, 2014 (AFP) - Lava cascaded down the Philippines' most active volcano on Wednesday as authorities rushed to evacuate thousands ahead of a possible deadly eruption.

Mostly women, children and the elderly carrying bags of clothes were hauled out of farming villages near Mayon volcano's slopes on board army trucks and minibuses.

Soldiers went from house to house asking residents to evacuate, after authorities on Monday raised the third highest alert in a five-step scale, meaning a full-scale eruption is possible "within weeks".

Before dawn Wednesday, Mayon's crater glowed red as molten rocks flowed as far as halfway down its slopes.

The volcano's world-renowned perfect cone appeared to have been deformed, swollen with lava that had risen from the Earth's core.

At least 8,000 of the target 50,000 people had been moved to temporary shelters, with the operation expected to run for three days, regional civil defence director Bernardo Alejandro told AFP.

However he said the evacuation operation was sapping precious disaster-relief funds and manpower in Albay province, which is regularly battered by typhoons at this time of year.

"The province can sustain them (in evacuation centres) for not more than a month... we cannot exhaust all our disaster funds on Mayon," Alejandro said.

The deadliest and most powerful of the roughly 20 typhoons that batter the Philippines every year happen towards the end of the year, bringing floods, landslides and storm surges to eastern provinces such as Albay that face the Pacific Ocean.

State volcanology agency director Renato Solidum said more magma was moving up the crater each day, although for the time being the alert level would remain at three. Level five means an eruption is occurring.

The 2,640-metre (8,070-foot) Mayon, located about 330 kilometres (200 miles) southwest of Manila, is a draw for local and foreign tourists but an enduring danger for anyone getting too close.

Four foreign tourists and their local tour guide were killed when Mayon last erupted, in May 2013.

In December 2006, 1,000 people died as a strong typhoon hit near Mayon, unleashing an avalanche of volcanic mud from an eruption four months earlier.

In 1814, more than 1,200 people were killed when lava flows buried the town of Cagsawa.

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© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse

World: Cómo desarrollar programas eficaces de recuperación tras desastres: Lecciones de países vulnerables

9 hours 57 min ago
Source: World Bank Country: Bangladesh, Haiti, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Mozambique, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, World, Yemen

TITULARES DE ARTÍCULOS

  • Una mejor reconstrucción después de un desastre natural tiene relación con la calidad de las nuevas estructuras y también con la participación de las comunidades, especialmente los pobres y vulnerables.

  • Formular planes de restauración antes de que ocurra una catástrofe puede ayudar a las personas y las comunidades a recuperarse más rápido y proteger los avances en materia de desarrollo.

  • Los países se pueden beneficiar del intercambio de conocimientos sobre qué medidas han dado resultados y cuáles no han sido efectivas durante desastres sucedidos previamente.

En octubre de 2008, una gran tormenta tropical se transformó en uno de los peores desastres naturales que ha afectado a Yemen en más de una década. Miles de familias huyeron de sus hogares, y casi 7000 personas fallecieron. La tormenta destruyó infraestructura esencial y detuvo la actividad económica. Los daños fueron estimados en US$1600 millones, o 6 % del producto interno bruto (PIB) del país. El tumultuoso ambiente político complicó más la situación, y la puesta en práctica de programas de recuperación y reconstrucción acordes a la magnitud del desastre constituyó un gran desafío.

Los momentos después de una catástrofe son críticos, ya que las políticas y las decisiones del Gobierno pueden determinar la rapidez de la recuperación de un país y sus habitantes.

Para ayudar a naciones como Yemen a crear capacidad para diseñar e implementar programas integrales de recuperación y reconstrucción, el Fondo Mundial para la Reducción de los Desastres y la Recuperación (GFDRR, por sus siglas en inglés) del Banco Mundial y el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD), junto con los Gobiernos de los países, han desarrollado una serie de nueve estudios de caso. Estos ofrecen lecciones concretas y buenas prácticas respecto de la implementación de programas de recuperación posterior a desastres en Bangladesh, Haití, Indonesia, la República Democrática Popular Lao, Mozambique, Pakistán, Filipinas, Senegal y Yemen.

Tras la tormenta tropical en Yemen, el Gobierno estableció un Fondo de Reconstrucción y Recuperación para financiar y coordinar los esfuerzos en estas materias en las regiones de Hadramaut y al-Mahra, afectadas por dicho desastre. Para evitar demoras innecesarias durante el delicado proceso de recuperación y reconstrucción es importante clarificar las responsabilidades y la rendición de cuentas.

“La experiencia de Yemen después de las inundaciones de 2008 destaca la importancia de aprender de las mejores prácticas relativas a los programas de recuperación y reconstrucción”, dijo el primer viceministro del Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Carreteras de Yemen, Abdulmalek Al-Jolahy. “En Yemen, planeamos institucionalizar estas lecciones estableciendo una unidad central que coordine de manera permanente la gestión del riesgo de desastres y que promueva la capacidad de adaptación a estos fenómenos y, a su vez, el desarrollo sostenible a nivel nacional”.

![Open Quotes] Los desastres naturales de gran magnitud, especialmente en los países frágiles y en desarrollo, pueden significar un retroceso en los logros obtenidos en materia de desarrollo durante años. Aunque no podemos eliminar totalmente las catástrofes en el futuro, podemos aprender de cada evento de modo que cuando reconstruyamos, reduzcamos las vulnerabilidades ya identificadas [Close Quotes]!

Francis Ghesquiere director de la Secretaría del GFDRR

Los estudios de caso (i) complementan las evaluaciones sobre los daños, pérdidas y necesidades para la recuperación y reconstrucción posterior a un desastre y las orientaciones para la recuperación después de una catástrofe, que están siendo lanzadas esta semana por el GFDRR y el PNUD durante la Segunda Conferencia Mundial sobre Reconstrucción (WRC 2). (i) Estos documentos contienen recomendaciones sobre cómo determinar los daños tras un desastre y ayudar a los países a planificar, diseñar e implementar mejor los programas de recuperación y reconstrucción.

“Los desastres naturales de gran magnitud, especialmente en los países frágiles y en desarrollo, pueden significar un retroceso en los logros obtenidos en materia de desarrollo durante años. Aunque no podemos eliminar totalmente las catástrofes en el futuro, podemos aprender de cada evento de modo que cuando reconstruyamos, reduzcamos las vulnerabilidades ya identificadas”, dijo Francis Ghesquiere, director de la Secretaría del GFDRR.

Pero la resiliencia no tiene que ver solamente con el resultado final —los nuevos edificios y la infraestructura—, sino que también con cómo se lleva cabo el proceso. Si se involucra a los gobiernos locales y a las comunidades afectadas, la reconstrucción puede fortalecer el capital social y las capacidades comunitarias, así como dar lugar a la innovación y mejorar las prestaciones y la eficacia del sector público.

Esto quedó claro después del terremoto de 2005 en Cachemira. El Gobierno de Pakistán lanzó un programa de subsidios públicos para la reconstrucción de viviendas que permitió entregar apoyo técnico y financiero a los hogares. Al participar directamente en la rehabilitación o reconstrucción de sus casas, las familias afectadas se aseguraron de que las nuevas viviendas fueran a prueba de terremotos. Más de 400 000 casas fueron reconstruidas y el 90 % de ellas cumplió con los nuevos códigos antisísmicos, lo cual ayudó a preparar mejor a la región para futuros eventos de este tipo.

El fortalecimiento de la resiliencia y de los programas de recuperación y reconstrucción debe también considerar las vulnerabilidades específicas de los segmentos más pobres de la sociedad, es decir los hogares e individuos que no tienen acceso a ahorros o no son propietarios y que, por tanto, están en enorme riesgo de sumirse aún más en la pobreza.

En Bangladesh, por ejemplo, el ciclón tropical Sidr dañó más de 1 millón de hogares en 2007, desencadenando el mayor programa de reconstrucción de viviendas en la historia del país. Sin embargo, durante la fase de recuperación y reconstrucción, el Gobierno enfrentó un gran desafío: más de la mitad de los hogares no tenía derechos legales sobre sus tierras.

Para los hogares pobres, las soluciones específicas que tienen como objetivo abordar vulnerabilidades determinadas pueden inclinar la balanza hacia un futuro más resiliente y próspero. Mediante la recopilación de los mejores conocimientos y experiencias en todo el mundo, se puede ayudar a que los países propensos a los desastres aprendan de otros que enfrentaron retos similares en el pasado.

Además de buenas prácticas, los estudios de caso también presentan ideas sobre lo que los países podrían haber hecho mejor.

“Los desastres ocurren porque el desarrollo no funcionó. Cuando sucede una catástrofe, tenemos una oportunidad de adoptar medidas diferentes que en última instancia conducirán a mejores resultados en materia de desarrollo sostenible y reducción de la pobreza", dijo Jo Scheuer, coordinador del equipo de reducción del riesgo de desastres y recuperación del PNUD. “Hemos recorrido un camino muy largo. Cada proceso de recuperación es diferente y tenemos que continuar aprendiendo, haciendo ajustes y colaborando con las asociaciones internacionales que hemos establecido”.

Los nueve estudios de caso serán presentados durante la Segunda Conferencia Mundial sobre Reconstrucción con el fin de fomentar el aprendizaje y el intercambio de conocimientos entre las regiones, los países y los sectores del desarrollo. Estos se pueden descargar en: www.gfdrr.org. (i)

World: Global Estimates 2014 - People displaced by disasters

11 hours 6 min ago
Source: Norwegian Refugee Council, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Country: Chad, Niger, Philippines, Sudan, World, South Sudan preview

22 million people displaced by disasters in 2013, global trends on the rise

Latest report from IDMC shows that 22 million people were displaced in 2013 by disasters brought on by natural hazard events – almost three times more than by conflict in the same year.

NEW YORK, 17 September 2014: Four decades of data show that twice as many people are being displaced today than in the 1970s. A new report by the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, launched today at the UN in New York, reveals this is largely due to the growth and concentration of urban populations, particularly in vulnerable countries.

“This increasing trend will continue as more and more people live and work in hazard-prone areas. It is expected to be aggravated in the future by the impacts of climate change”, said Jan Egeland, the Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council.

Displacement caused by disasters is a global phenomenon that is growing in scale, frequency and complexity. “More people today are exposed and vulnerable. Our report shows that much more can be done to prepare for and prevent displacement caused by disasters”, said Jan Egeland.

According to the report, no region of the world is immune to disasters, but as in previous years the worst affected was Asia, where 19 million people, or 87.1 per cent of the global total, were displaced. Both wealthy and poorer countries are affected, although developing countries bear the brunt, accounting for more than 85 per cent of displacement.

Major disasters drive the global trend. In the Philippines, typhoon Haiyan alone displaced 4.1 million people, a million more than in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Oceania combined.

Viewed relative to population size, seasonal floods also caused significant displacement in sub-Saharan Africa, most notably in Niger, Chad, Sudan and South Sudan – countries with highly vulnerable populations who are also affected by conflict and drought. Given that Africa’s population is predicted to double by 2050, displacement risk is expected to increase faster than in any other region in coming decades.

The extent to which populations in the most developed countries are exposed to hazards also led to some of the world’s largest displacements. Typhoon

Man-yi in Japan displaced 260,000 people and tornadoes in the US state of Oklahoma 218,500.

“Most disasters are as much man-made as they are natural,” said IDMC’s director, Alfredo Zamudio. “Better urban planning, flood defences and building standards could mitigate much of their impact”.

As world leaders prepare to gather for the UN Secretary General Ban Ki- moon's Global Climate Change Summit, this evidence calls for action to be taken to reduce disaster risk and to help communities adapt to changing and more unpredictable weather patterns, without which much more displacement will occur in the future.

END

The full report, highlights document, and graphics are available to download here

Notes to the editor:

IDMC considers that ‘natural’ hazards are events or conditions originating in the natural environment that may affect people and critical assets located in exposed areas. They include climate- and weather-related events as well as geo-physical events such as earthquakes. The impact of these hazards is often strongly influenced by human actions that contribute to disaster risk and long-term changes in the global climate; therefore, the causes of these hazards and disasters related to them are often less than ‘natural’.

It is widely agreed that the vast majority of people displaced by disasters are internally displaced (defined by the 1998 Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement), which is the focus of displacement situations highlighted by the Global Estimates report. A smaller number are displaced across borders, but this has not been quantified globally.

The global figures relate to cases of new displacement each year. They do not include people who have remained displaced for prolonged periods of time following disasters in preceding years. This is a global information blind spot that should be of concern to governments, given that the risks faced by displaced people tend to increase the longer that they are displaced.

For more information, please contact:

Tuva Bogsnes, Norwegian Refugee Council E-Mail: Tuva.Bogsnes@nrc.no Mobile: +(47) 932 31 883

Ane Høyem, Norwegian Refugee Council E-mail: Ane.hoyem@nrc.no Mobile phone: +(47) 975 65 108

Erik Abild , Norwegian Refugee Council E-mail: erik.abild@nrc.no Mobile phone: +(47) 474 19 946

World: Comment mettre au point des programmes de reconstruction efficaces après une catastrophe ? En s’inspirant de l’expérience d’autres pays vulnérables

16 September 2014 - 11:34pm
Source: World Bank Country: Bangladesh, Haiti, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Mozambique, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, World, Yemen

LES POINTS MARQUANTS

  • Après une catastrophe, l’enjeu est de construire mieux, ce qui signifie bâtir des structures plus solides mais aussi faire participer les collectivités concernées, en particulier les populations pauvres et vulnérables.

  • La mise en place de plans d’action avant qu’une catastrophe ne survienne permet aux populations et aux collectivités de rebondir ensuite plus rapidement et de préserver les progrès accomplis sur le plan du développement.

  • Les pays peuvent bénéficier de l’expérience et du savoir acquis lors de précédentes catastrophes et connaître ainsi les mesures qui se sont révélées efficaces et celles qui ne l’ont pas été.

En octobre 2008, le Yémen a été frappé par une violente tempête tropicale, l’une des pires catastrophes naturelles que le pays ait connues en dix ans. Près de 7 000 personnes ont trouvé la mort, et des milliers de familles ont dû fuir et quitter leur logement. La tempête a détruit des infrastructures vitales et interrompu l’activité économique. Les pertes ont été évaluées à 1,6 milliard de dollars, soit 6 % du produit intérieur brut (PIB). La situation politique agitée a compliqué un peu plus la tâche et le lancement d’un programme de relèvement et de reconstruction adapté à l’ampleur de la catastrophe est apparu comme une difficulté majeure.

La période qui suit une catastrophe est un moment critique. Les politiques et les choix des pouvoirs publics sont alors plus importants que jamais. Ce sont eux qui détermineront en effet la rapidité avec laquelle le pays et ses citoyens pourront rebondir.

Afin d’aider des pays comme le Yémen à renforcer leurs capacités de conception et de mise en œuvre de programmes complets de relèvement et de reconstruction, neuf études de cas ont été récemment réalisées sous l’égide de la Banque mondiale — par le biais de la Facilité mondiale pour la prévention des risques de catastrophes et le relèvement (GFDRR) — et du Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD), en collaboration avec les gouvernements partenaires. Ces études, qui portent sur le Bangladesh, Haïti, l’Indonésie, le Laos, le Mozambique, le Pakistan, les Philippines, le Sénégal et le Yémen, présentent les enseignements que l’on peut tirer des programmes de reconstruction post-catastrophe conduits dans ces pays et s’attachent à mettre en lumière les bonnes pratiques en la matière.

Après la tempête, les autorités yéménites ont par exemple mis en place un fond de reconstruction et de relèvement afin de financer et de coordonner les efforts à mener dans les régions touchées par la tempête (l’Hadramout et le Mahra). Afin d’éviter des retards inutiles durant la période délicate du relèvement et de la reconstruction, il est en effet important de clarifier les rôles et les responsabilités.

« L’expérience du Yémen après les inondations de 2008 rappelle qu’il faut tirer les enseignements des programmes de relèvement et de reconstruction et en dégager les bonnes pratiques », affirme Abdulmalek Al-Jolahy, premier vice-ministre yéménite des Travaux publics et de la Voirie. « Au Yémen, nous avons l’intention d’institutionnaliser ces enseignements à travers la mise en place d’une unité permanente de coordination centrale de gestion du risque de catastrophe, ce qui favorisera un relèvement solide qui à son tour mènera à un développement durable au niveau national », poursuit-il.

Les études de cas (a) viennent s’ajouter aux autres éléments qui seront présentés cette semaine par la GFDRR et le PNUD à l’occasion de la deuxième Conférence mondiale pour la reconstruction (a), à savoir différents guides pour l’évaluation des besoins post-catastrophe et pour l’établissement d’un cadre de reconstruction. Ces guides fournissent des conseils pour l’évaluation des pertes causées par une catastrophe et permettent d’aider les pays à planifier, concevoir et mettre en œuvre des programmes de reconstruction et de relèvement.

Open Quotes Les grandes catastrophes naturelles, tout particulièrement dans les pays fragiles et en développement, peuvent faire perdre des années de progrès. S’il est impossible de prévenir toutes les catastrophes, nous pouvons au moins en tirer des leçons pour que, lors de la reconstruction, nous puissions réduire les vulnérabilités mises au jour Close Quotes

Francis Ghesquiere
directeur du secrétariat du GFDRR

« Les grandes catastrophes naturelles, tout particulièrement dans les pays fragiles et en développement, peuvent faire perdre des années de progrès. S’il est impossible de prévenir toutes les catastrophes, nous pouvons au moins en tirer des leçons pour que, lors de la reconstruction, nous puissions réduire les vulnérabilités mises au jour », affirme Francis Ghesquiere, directeur du secrétariat du GFDRR.

Cependant la résilience ne réside pas seulement dans le résultat final – nouveaux bâtiments et infrastructures – mais également dans la manière dont le processus est conduit. Un processus de reconstruction qui mobilise les autorités locales et les populations concernées renforcera le capital social et les capacités de la collectivité tout en favorisant l’innovation et les améliorations sur le plan de la réactivité et de l’efficacité du secteur public.

C’est l’un des enseignements évidents du séisme qui a frappé le Cachemire en 2005. Le gouvernement pakistanais a mis en place un programme de subventions publiques pour la reconstruction des logements, fournissant une aide à la fois technique et financière. Les ménages touchés ont tout de suite vu l’intérêt de faire reconstruire leur logement selon les normes antisismiques. Sur les 400 000 maisons reconstruites, 90 % l’ont été selon ces nouvelles normes. La région est ainsi désormais mieux préparée pour affronter de futurs tremblements de terre.

Dans un souci de résilience, les programmes de relèvement et de reconstruction doivent aussi tenir compte des vulnérabilités particulières que présentent les catégories les plus pauvres de la population. Pour les ménages et les personnes qui ne disposent pas des filets de sécurité que sont l’épargne ou la propriété, le risque est en effet plus grand de plonger dans une pauvreté encore plus profonde après une catastrophe.

Au Bangladesh par exemple, le cyclone tropical Sidr a endommagé plus d’un million d’habitations en 2007, ce qui a donné lieu au plus grand programme de reconstruction de logements de l’histoire du pays. Mais le gouvernement s’est retrouvé confronté à un défi de taille : plus de la moitié des ménages n’étaient pas légalement propriétaires de leur terre.

La conception de solutions ciblées pour les ménages pauvres, c’est-à-dire qui prennent en compte leurs fragilités particulières, est un enjeu lourd de conséquences car c’est ce qui les fera basculer, ou pas, vers un avenir plus résilient et plus prospère.

En compilant l’expérience et le savoir acquis de par le monde, on peut aider les pays les plus exposés aux catastrophes à tirer les leçons de ce qui s’est produit et a été fait ailleurs.

De fait, outre la présentation des bonnes pratiques, les études de cas apportent également des éclairages sur ce que les pays auraient pu mieux faire.

« Les catastrophes sont le signe que le développement n’allait pas dans la bonne direction. Aussi une catastrophe doit-elle être l’occasion de repenser cette trajectoire pour qu’elle conduise en définitive à des résultats durables et à la réduction de la pauvreté », souligne Jo Scheuer, coordinateur de l’équipe Réduction des risques de catastrophe et reconstruction au PNUD. « Nous avons fait énormément de chemin. Mais chaque situation est différente, et nous devons continuer à apprendre, à nous adapter et à poursuivre la collaboration dans le cadre de nos partenariats internationaux. »

Les neuf études de cas seront présentées lors de la deuxième Conférence mondiale pour la reconstruction, en vue de favoriser les échanges de connaissances entre régions et pays du monde et entre les divers secteurs du développement. Elles sont disponibles en téléchargement sur www.gfdrr.org (a).

Philippines: Preserved Packed Rice Distributed in Iloilo, Philippines

16 September 2014 - 10:50pm
Source: Association of Medical Doctors of Asia Country: Philippines

The part of Iloilo province in Panay Island was badly hit by typhoon Haiyan, and AMDA, in collaboration with Iloilo City Lions Club, conducted medical mission in the affected areas during emergency relief, and Iloilo City Lions Club has been supporting people in the affected areas continuously.

On August 16th, 2014 Iloilo City Lions Club with support from AMDA distributed preserved packed rice to 104 families at Barangay Poblacion llaya, Passi City. After giving the instruction on preparing the packed rice, the Lions Club official oriented the families to put the rice in their emergency pack containing one liter of water, canned sardines, biscuits, dry clothing, medicines, candles, flashlight, matches, and photocopy of important documents, which were given from the other organization. Then, on September 1st, another 30 families received the preserved packed rice at barangay Dungon A, Iloilo City where is usually affected by floods when they have heavy rains. Each family received 3 packs of rice and they were very grateful to receive them for emergencies.

Philippines: Philippines: Estimated Economic Impact - Typhoon Kalmaegi (Luis), 17 September 2014

16 September 2014 - 9:04pm
Source: Pacific Disaster Center Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: NDDRMC Update SitRep No.10 re Effects of Typhoon "Luis" (Kalmaegi) and Other Incidents

16 September 2014 - 8:36pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

Typhoon "LUIS" entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility on 12 September 2013 and exited on 15 September 2014.

I. EFFECTS OF TY LUIS

  1. Suspension of Class for 17 September 2014
    Mangin Elementary School in Dagupan City

  2. Affected Population (Tab A) (As of 4:00 AM, 17 September 2014)
    A total of 85,336 families / 371,394 persons were affected and displaced inside 51 evacuation centers in Regions I, II, III, IV-A, VI, CAR and NCR

  3. Incident Monitored (Tab B) (As of 6:00 AM, 17 September 2014)
    A total of eleven (11) incidents were reported in Regions 1, III and IV-B

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 1 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

16 September 2014 - 11:42am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

Alert Level 3 remains in effect as of 8:00 AM, 16 September 2014, which means that magma has most likely intruded at depth and that current conditions could eventually lead to a larger eruption.

World: Global emergency overview Snapshot 10–16 September

16 September 2014 - 8:37am
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, South Sudan preview

Ebola in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea: Transmission remains high, and case numbers doubled between the last week of August and the first of September in Liberia; in Sierra Leone 150 cases were reported for each of the last two weeks. Fewer cases have been reported in Guinea – 49 between 5 and 7 September – but the case fatality rate has been extremely high, at 65%. Currently, the secondary impact of the epidemic will potentially leave 500,000 in dire need of humanitarian assistance in Sierra Leone, while WFP has targeted 449,000 people for food assistance in Liberia.

Pakistan: Monsoon rains have affected almost 2.5 million people in Azad Kashmir, Punjab, and Gilgit Baltistan. 140,330 evacuations had been made. In Sialkot, Punjab, waterborne diseases have been recorded in Bajwat, Head Marala, Chaprar, and Pasrur (DAWN, 11/09/2014). The flood waters are now moving towards Sindh province, with warnings for Guddu and Sukkur.

Updated: 16/09/2014. Next update: 23/09/2014

Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

Philippines: An early warning gave time to prepare for the super typhoon - Case Study

16 September 2014 - 7:55am
Source: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center Country: Philippines preview

February 2014

Iloilo, Philippines – The road to Sara District Hospital in the countryside of the central part of the Philippines is bordered by verdant trees and lively communities.

Children play on school yards and adults go about their daily routines. On the surface, the lives seem to go on normally.

A closer look however reveals the vestiges of the devastation caused by the super typhoon Haiyan that hit the province just three months earlier, in November 2013.

Cut off branches lay scattered on the ground here and there next to uprooted trees. Houses and community buildings lack large pieces of their roofs that were flown away by the strong wind.
In Iloilo, more than two hundered people lost their lives during Typhoon Haiyan. The total number of fatalities in the Philippines exceeded six thousand, and more than 3.9 million people were forced to leave their homes.

The Sara District Hospital, located 95 kilometers north from Iloilo City, was one of the many health facilities severely damaged by the storm. At the mercy of the winds, the building lost a large portion of its roof, while being occupied with a number of patients. Thanks to the experienced staff who had attended ADPC’s Hospital Preparedness for Emergencies (HOPE) training, the hospital was able to mitigate the impacts of the devastating disaster. The facility also benefitted from the early warning about the arriving storm a few days prior to the forecasted landfall of Haiyan. “It took us those two days to get everything ready. One day before the storm we were fully prepared with all supplies and flashlights,” says Ms. Jennifer W. Salcedo, emergency room nurse and graduate from the HOPE training.

Dr. Jeremiah E. Obantana, Chief of the hospital, is proud that the hospital staff managed to keep all patients safe during the storm. “Nobody was hurt in our hospital. We had a total of sixty patients as well as families and staff at the facility. We moved all our patients in the new building prior to the storm to make sure they are safe,” Dr. Obantana states.

Philippines: Thousands evacuated as Philippine volcano threatens to erupt

16 September 2014 - 4:02am
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Philippines

09/16/2014 06:58 GMT

by Charism Sayat

LEGAZPI, September 16, 2014 (AFP) - Thousands of people living near the Philippines' most active volcano began leaving their homes on Tuesday as lava trickled down its slopes and authorities warned of a dangerous eruption.

Mayon, a volcano famed in equal parts for its near-perfect cone and brutal volatility, had begun to stir again with magma rising to the top and small earthquakes rattling deep inside, authorities said.

"A hazardous eruption is possible within weeks," the director of the state volcanology agency, Renato Solidum, told AFP.

Residents within an eight-kilometre (five-mile) radius will be forcibly evacuated, said regional civil defence director Bernardo Alejandro.

He said authorities expect to evacuate almost all of the 50,000 people in the danger zone -- a picturesque coconut farming area near the Pacific coast -- within three days.

"We'll have no problems with the 99 percent who will evacuate but there are some who will be hard-headed," Alejandro said, citing the response to a similar evacuation call in 2009 when some farmers refused to move out.

"They don't want to leave their houses and their livelihood.... these are coconut and orchid farmers with chickens, pigs and carabaos (water buffalo)."

Locals involved in the tourist industry were expecting Mayon's latest burst to be a mini-boom.

The area, about 330 kilometres (200 miles) southeast of Manila, is already a draw for visitors who want to see Mayon's cone, sample the region's spicy cuisine and visit its beautiful beaches.

"This will boost local tourism.... it's like a party, people are out at night watching," said Marti Calleja, who runs all-terrain vehicle tours near the volcano for as many as 100 tourists per week.

"It's dramatic, like a fireworks show.... when there's nothing happening (in the volcano) it's all dark around here, but now it's picture-perfect," Calleja told AFP.

Calleja said that when Mayon became active in the past, his clients often requested night tours to see the glowing crater.

Aljon Banares, who works for a backpackers' inn 12 kilometres (7.5 miles) from the volcano, was also preparing for more visitors.

"We have more guests in situations like this. Tourists want to see the lava flows," Banares said.

Four foreign tourists and their local tour guide were killed when Mayon last erupted, in May 2013.

However they were on the volcano's slopes at the time, and Banares said tourists would not be in danger if they acted sensibly.

"We tell our clients that it's safe as long as they follow the government's warnings," he said.

The 2,460-metre (8,070-foot) Mayon has a long history of deadly eruptions.

In 1814 more than 1,200 people were killed when lava flows buried the town of Cagsawa.

An explosion in August 2006 did not cause direct deaths, but four months later a passing typhoon unleashed an avalanche of volcanic mud from Mayon's slopes that killed 1,000 people.

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© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse

China: Typhoon hits China's Hainan after shutting down Hong Kong

15 September 2014 - 10:40pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: China, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), Philippines

09/16/2014 09:39 GMT

by Neil CONNOR

BEIJING, September 16, 2014 (AFP) - A powerful typhoon slammed into southern China Tuesday, swamping ships, grounding flights and forcing thousands -- many of them still recovering from a previous storm -- to leave home.

Typhoon Kalmaegi made landfall on the east coast of Hainan island packing winds of 144 kilometres (89 miles) an hour, the China Meteorological Administration said.

More than 20,000 residents have been resettled in 24 camps in Hainan since Monday, state media said, following earlier reports which said 90,000 people were evacuated.

Kalmaegi follows Typhoon Rammasun in July, the strongest storm to hit China in four decades, which killed 62 and left swathes of devastation in the south of the country.

Survivors of Rammasun told state news agency Xinhua that while Kalmaegi appears weaker, they still feared for their livelihoods.

"Our new house has yet to be completed and we suffer again," Xinhua quoted Gao Yuanfu, who has been living in a tent since Rammasun destroyed his house, as saying.

"It is only half a month away from the harvest," he added.

Gao, from Hainan's Wengtian Township, badly injured his leg in the previous typhoon, the report said.

Images of the havoc caused by Kalmaegi showed scores of downed trees, urban streets flooded in knee-deep water and torrential rain.

More than 170 flights on Hainan were cancelled as of 9am on Tuesday, while 4,300 fishing boats in one county were called back, Xinhua said, following reports late Monday that 30,000 vessels had returned to harbour.

Rescuers in a helicopter plucked 12 Chinese sailors from a sinking cargo vessel as the storm approached the Chinese coast, Xinhua said.

But no casualties had been reported from the typhoon as of noon, the news agency added.

Local governments in China were told to prepare for "disaster-relief operations", while ferry services between Hainan and the mainland across the 30 kilometre (18 mile) Qiongzhou Strait were suspended, it said.

The China Meteorological Administration had an "orange" alert in place, the second-most severe in the nation's four-tier weather warning system.

An earlier statement, which carried the most severe "red" alert, said that up to 400 centimetres (157 inches) of rain was expected in some coastal areas.

  • Hong Kong buffeted -

Kalmaegi hit China after sweeping past Hong Kong, where it disrupted flights and forced the closure of the stock market and container port.

It buffeted the city with gusts of up to 159 kilometres (98 miles) per hour as it barrelled west, injuring some 29 people, felling scores of trees and causing floods and a landslide.

The Hong Kong Observatory hoisted a number-eight cyclone warning late Monday, triggering the closure of schools and businesses. It was lowered to a number-three strong wind signal late Tuesday morning, allowing the stock market to reopen.

The storm had crossed the southern tip of Guangdong province and was over the Beibu Gulf and heading for northern Vietnam, the Observatory's website showed Tuesday afternoon.

Authorities in Hong Kong city were hauling away debris and clearing a backlog of hundreds of delayed or cancelled flights.

Television news footage showed uprooted trees, overturned bus stop signs and damaged bamboo construction scaffolding that had been torn down by the strong winds.

Typhoon Kalmaegi swept out of the Philippines on Monday after causing chest-deep floods in some rural areas but leaving the storm-prone country largely unscathed.

Six people were killed after a passenger ferry sank in the central Philippines on Saturday amid rough weather as the storm approached, the navy said.

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