Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Haima (Lawin) Affected and Displaced Population (as of 21 October 2016)
Typhoon Haima (Lawin) made landfall at 11:00 pm, 19 October 2016 in Peñablanca, Cagayan. Initial assessments and response are ongoing in different parts of the affected areas. As of 3:00 pm, 21 October 2016, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) released its initial figures on the affected and displaced population through their Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center (DROMIC).
Eight confirmed deaths so far from landslides. Two people are missing.
Over 53,000 people are displaced in Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) and Regions I, II, III in northern Luzon, and Regions IV-A and V in southern Luzon.
Power remains out in all of CAR and in 60 municipalities across Regions I and VI-A.
Cellular, internet and landline services are intermittent in Regions I, II and CAR. The slow restoration of communications and electricity has been an operational constraint for coordination and communicating updates.
There are currently 42 roads and 4 bridges, mostly in CAR, closed to traffic due to flooding, debris damage or soil collapses.
Eight deaths, all males, including two minors and an infant, have so far been attributed to this storm. These deaths all occurred from landslides in CAR. Additionally, there are two people reported missing. A total of 53,433 people were displaced in CAR and Regions I, II, III, IV-A and V, according to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). Of those, 40,515 people are currently staying in 331 evacuation centres, while nearly 11,000 more are staying with friends or relatives.
While damage assessments continue across the affected regions, so far, 113 houses were reported damaged or destroyed in CAR by the regional Office of Civil Defense (OCD). Flooding up to 3 feet above ground level has also been reported in parts of Pangasinan and Pampanga provinces. Partner organizations have also reported temporary flooding in the provinces of Cagayan, Isabela, La Union, Ilocos Sur, Tarlac and Bataan.
There are currently 42 roads and 4 bridges, mostly in CAR, closed to traffic due to flooding, damage from debris or soil collapses, according to the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). DPWH has released equipment and deployed maintenance crews for debris clearing operations and is monitoring road conditions across the affected areas. In Regions IV-A and V, 98 passengers remain stranded in 3 seaports.
Power remains out in all of CAR and in 60 municipalities across Regions I and VI-A. Cellular communications have been restored in Region I, but internet and landline services remain down. Communication in CAR and Region II remains intermittent. The slow restoration of communications and electricity has been an operational constraint for coordination and communicating updates.
In CAR, over PhP26 million (US$557,000) in damages was reported by the regional OCD. Rice crops were hardest hit, followed by corn and other high-value crops. Partners are also reporting missing livestock.
Philippines: Form 2-Situation Update No.1: Typhoon Haima (Lawin), Friday, 21 October 2016 16:00 hrs (UTC+7)
- Super Typhoon Haima made its landfall in Penablanca, Cagayan on 20 October 2016 at 11:00 PM with maximum sustained winds up to 225 kph and wind gusts up to 315 kph. Extremely strong winds in combination with torrential are experienced across the northern Luzon region along with the risk of major flooding, mudslides and storm surges. At 10:00 PM on 20 October 2016, Typhoon Haima exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) and all Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal are lifted.
- The Government of the Philippines, through the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), has triggered various preparedness measures, including pre-emptive evacuation to more than 90,000 persons in Regions I, II, III, Calabarzon, V and CAR. The NDRRMC also activated Disaster Response Clusters and deployed advance team to support preparedness measures.
- The AHA Centre has deployed two staffs to Manila, Philippines to liaise and coordinate with the NDRRMC and two National ASEAN-ERAT members.
World: Zika virus, Microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome Situation Report, 20 October 2016 (Data as of 19 October 2016)
Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week: o None
Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week: o Grenada
Countries and territories reporting Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) cases associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week: o None
The Ministry of Health of Viet Nam has reported a case of microcephaly, for which testing is underway to determine the cause.
- Overall, the global risk assessment has not changed.
73 countries and territories (Fig. 1, Table 1) have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007 (67 with reports from 2015 onwards), of which:
56 with a reported outbreak from 2015 onwards (Fig. 2, Table 1).
Eight with having possible endemic transmission or evidence of local mosquitoborne Zika infections in 2016.
Solomon Islands was previously listed in category 3, however, a Zika virus infection in a returning traveller was reported by Australia. Solomon Islands has therefore been reclassified into category 2.
Nine with evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in or before 2015, but without documentation of cases in 2016, or with the outbreak terminated.
Solomon Islands has been removed from this category.
Since February 2016, 12 countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus (Table 2).
23 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other CNS malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection or suggestive of congenital infection . Grenada is the latest country to report Zika-associated microcephaly.
19 countries and territories have reported an increased incidence of GBS and/or laboratory confirmation of a Zika virus infection among GBS cases (Table 4). Puerto Rico, which has previously reported GBS cases with confirmed Zika virus infections, has reported an increase in incidence of GBS cases in the last week.
On 17 October 2016, the Ministry of Health of Viet Nam reported a 4-month-old child with microcephaly. Blood specimens were collected and testing is being conducted to determine the potential cause of this microcephaly.
On 7 October 2016, the Grenada health authorities reported the first confirmed case of congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection. The case was laboratoryconfirmed by PCR.
In Guinea-Bissau, the investigation of five reported cases of microcephaly is ongoing.
Relief International teams are headed to one of the Philippines’ hardest hit provinces to assess damage and offer first line care after the strongest storm since Typhoon Haiyan touched down yesterday.
Super Typhoon Haima, known locally as Lawin, landed in Cagayan province late on October 19th packing winds up to 240km/150 miles per hour that knocked out water and electricity and caused severe flooding. Mobile networks are down in 80 percent of the cities in Northern and Central Luzon, roughly 500km/300 miles from where the storm made landfall. More than 2.7 million people have been seriously affected, according to estimates by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Relief International teams are on their way to Cagayan province with water treatment kits that will provide clean, safe water for 2,500 people – roughly 500 families — for one month. Clean water presents one of the most pressing needs in disaster situations, where damage to water and sanitation facilities can promote diseases such as cholera. The team, which has expertise in water, sanitation and hygiene as well as other disciplines, will assess damage to these facilities, housing and the livelihoods of the area’s inhabitants. More than half of all the region’s residents depend on farming for income.
Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines in 2013, killing more than 7,000 people and leaving more than 16 million people without essential services such as electricity, healthcare, sanitation facilities and clean water. Relief International delivered immediate aid across nine municipalities in Leyte province after the storm, and expanded relief and development efforts that continue today.
To help typhoon survivors and other families in crisis, give now.
For more information or for interviews with Relief International teams on the ground, contact Michele Kayal at Michele.Kayal@ri.org, 202-503-1244.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has adequate funds and family food packs to augment the resources of the Local Government Units (LGUs) of areas hit by super typhoon Lawin in Regions I, II, III, CAR, CALABARZON, and V.
To date, a total of 24,669 families or 104,242 persons in 461 barangays in the said regions are affected by ‘Lawin’.
Of the total affected, the DSWD recorded 13,828 families or 53,433 persons being displaced. Some 10,606 families or 40,515 persons are currently staying in 331 evacuation centers.
The remaining 2,691 families displaced are said to be staying with their relatives and friends.
As of October 21, 12AM, the DSWD Field Office 1 DREAMU (Disaster Response and Management Unit) continues to monitor the situation in coordination with the Regional/Provincial/City/Municipal DRRMCs and the SWADs/QUARTs (Social welfare desks and Quick Action Response teams).
The DSWD FO II is sending social workers from the SWAD and DSWD Central Office to provide technical assistance to social workers of affected LGUs to manage existing evacuation centers. It is also conducting rapid assessment simultaneously in Cagayan and Isabela.
FO II has also put up desks for donors, volunteers, and media desks – all to help in the relief distribution at the municipal level and to help in the documentation work at the provincial level.
DSWD-FO Calabarzon has not received yet any report on casualties, partially and totally damaged houses in the region. Barangay Muzon in Taytay, Rizal conducted a pre-emptive evacuation even before Typhoon Karen hit last October 15, but they have not left the evacuation centers up to now because their houses are located in danger zones.
The DSWD has a total of P745,729,683.18 standby funds available at the Central Office and Field Offices. Moreover, the Department has 270,514 family food packs amounting to P101,172,696.17 ready to be distributed as needed.
In addition the food packs, DSWD also has stockpile of non-food items amounting to P246,474,063.47, like blankets, mats, etc.
Before the super typhoon made a landfall, the DSWD, through its Field Offices, prepositioned family food packs in strategic locations in all identified regions within the path of ‘Lawin’.
DSWD is now assessing the damage wrought by super typhoon “Lawin” in collaboration with the respective LGUs. Further, the Quick Response Teams of the DSWD Central Office have been deployed to Region II and other affected areas to assist in the disaster operations.
Show Compassion and Solidarity for those affected
Secretary Judy M. Taguiwalo has already mobilized the DSWD staff to ensure that immediate assistance will be provided to the affected LGUs seeking augmentation. This is to ensure that the basic needs of the affected families will be responded to.
“We keep reporting figures and numbers because we really want to emphasize the urgency of the situation. Many of our brothers and sisters are experiencing extreme difficulties because of the typhoons and they lives will be altered drastically when all this is over. We want to assure them that the national government will work with LGUs to help them and address their immediate needs at this time; but also we will do what we can to help after the typhoon.”
“We appeal to the rest of the Filipino people to volunteer their time and available resources to help our kababayans affected by Karen and Lawin. The needs of the affected families in times of disaster are urgent, thus, our response must also be immediate. True to our thrust of “Maagap at may Kalingang Serbisyo”, we will do our best and exhaust all means in DSWD to expedite the delivery of our service,” Sec. Taguiwalo added.
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
18 October 2016
Typhoon "LAWIN" has intensified further while traversing the Philippine Sea with maximum sustained winds of up to 185 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 230 kph. It is forecasted to move West Northwest at 24 kph.
Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS) No. 1 is hoisted over Cagayan, Isabela, Catanduanes and Northern Aurora.
19 October 2016
Super Typhoon "LAWIN" continues to pose a serious threat over Cagayan — Isabela Area with a maximum sustained winds of up to 225 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 315 kph moving West Northwest at 25 kph.
TCWS No. 5 is raised over Cagayan, Isabela, Kalinga, and Apayao. TCWS No. 4 in !locos Node, Abra, Ilocos Sur, Mt. Province, Ifugao, and Calayan Group of Islands. TCWS No. 3 in La Union, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and Northern Aurora. TOWS No, 2 in Batanes Group of Islands, Pangasinan, Rest of Aurora, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Northern Zambales, and Northern Quezon including Polillo Islands. TCWS No. 1 in Rest of Zambales, Bulacan, Bataan, Pampanga, Rizal, Rest of Quezon, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines Node, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Albay and Metro Manila
Super Typhoon "LAWN" made landfall in Periablanca, Cagayan on 20 October 2016, 11:00 PM
20 October 2016
Super Typhoon "LAWIN" has slightly weakened while traversing Apayao province with maximum sustained winds of 185 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 230 kph moving West Northwest at 22 kph.
TCWS No. 3 is raised in [locos Norte, Cagayan, Isabela, Apayao, Kalinga, Mt. Province, lfugao, Abra, Ilocos Sur and Calayan Group of Islands. TCWS No. 2 in Batanes Group of Islands, La Union, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Pangasinan, Aurora, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija and Northern Zambales and TCWS No. 1 in Rest of Zambales, Bulacan, Bataan and Pampanga
At 10:00 AM, the eye of TY "LAWIN" was located at 100 km West Northwest of Laoag City, Ilocos Norte with maximum sustained winds of up to 150 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 185 kph.
TCWS No. 2 is hoisted over !locos Provinces, Apayao, Abra and Calayan Group of Islands while TCWS No. 1 over Batanes Group of Islands, Cagayan, Kalinga, Isabela, Quirino, Northern Aurora, Mountain Province, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Benguet, La Union, Pangasinan and Northern Zambales. TCWS elsewhere were already lifted.
At 9:00 PM it was located at 390 km West Northwest of Laoag City, !locos Norte or outside the PAR with maximum sustained winds of up to 120 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 150 kph.
At 10:00 PM, TY "LAWIN" exited the PAR. All Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS) were already lifted.
China: China, Vietnam, Philippines - Tropical Cyclone SARIKA - UPDATE (GDACS, CMA, NDRRMC, National Authorities, Local media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 20 October 2016)
Tropical Cyclone SARIKA made landfall close to Fangchenggang city (Guangxi province, China) on 19 morning UTC, as a Tropical Storm. It then continued moving north north-east over Guangxi, dissipating.
According to National Authorities, as of 20 October early morning (UTC), in China over 47 000 people have been evacuated and over 2 500 houses have been partially or fully damaged in Hainan.
Over the next 24 h, heavy rain could still affect the southern provinces of China (Hainan, Guangdong, Yunann, Guizhou and Guangxi) and northern Vietnam.
In the Philippines, due to the passage of SARIKA (locally named KAREN), according to official reports, there are still over 7 180 people in 80 evacuation centres and more than 12 770 houses have been damaged, mostly in Aurora Province.
Tropical Cyclone HAIMA (locally named LAWIN) made landfall in Penablanca (Cagayan province) on 19 October at 15.00 UTC, as a very intense Typhoon, with max. sustained winds of 200-220 km/h. After the landfall it continued moving over the provinces of Apayao and Ilocos Norte, slightly weakening, and it reached the South China Sea late on 19 October. On 20 October at 6.00 UTC its center was located over the South China Sea and it had max. sustained winds of 167 km/h (Typhoon). During its passage, strong winds, heavy rain and storm surge affected northern Luzon. A storm surge peak of about 20 cm was measured in Currimao, on the west side of North Philippines. This measurement was not in the area of largest impact. The peak was correctly predicted by the JRC calculation system.
Over the next 24 h it is forecast to move out from the Philippine Area of Responsibility, weakening, and it may approach the coasts of Guangdong (China) and Hong Kong on 21 October morning (UTC), possibly as a Typhoon. Strong winds, heavy rainfall and storm surge could affect Guangdong and Hong Kong. JRC calculations estimate a max. storm surge of the order of 2.1 m in Jiesheng (Guangdong, China) on 21 October at 5.00 UTC. As of 20 October, China Meteorological Department has issued an Orange Warning for Typhoon in the southern provinces of the country.
Local media, as of 20 October, reported four people have been killed (of which two in Benguet and two more in Ifugao), over 90 600 people have been evacuated in Ilocos, Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, CALABARZON, Bicol Region and CAR. They also reported damages in several houses damaged and one evacuation center, power outages and blocked roads due to landslides in northern Luzon, especially in Cagayan province.
Sources: GDACS, JTWC, PAGASA, NDRRMC, JMA, NOAA , Local media
Philippines: Typhoon Haima tears through Philippines leaving homes damaged, roofs ripped off school buildings and trees uprooted
Save the Children to Provide Education Support for Children in Most Affected Areas
Negin Janati 203.212.0044 (M)
FAIRFIELD, Conn. (October 20, 2016) – Hundreds of thousands of people have been affected by Typhoon Haima which tore through the Philippines overnight, with reports of widespread devastation including flattened homes, damaged schools and toppled trees.
With winds gusting at up to 200 miles per hour, Haima was the most powerful storm to enter the Philippines’ territory since Super Typhoon Haiyan in 2013, which killed more than 7,000 people. However, thankfully Typhoon Haima weakened from a category 5 storm to category 4 just before making landfall, and is now tracking west towards Hong Kong and mainland China.
"Certainly tens of thousands of homes have been damaged," said Ned Olney, Save the Children Country Director in the Philippines. "Families have been displaced and we are concerned about the safety and protection of children during this time. Children are always most vulnerable during a crisis like this. We are working with the local and national authorities to identify the families and areas with the greatest needs."
More than 90,000 people in Luzon were evacuated before the storm struck, and at least seven regions suspended all school classes. Currently, 92 schools are being used as evacuation centers, and there have been reports of widespread power outages and impassable roads.
Save the Children teams are en route to the worst affected areas to assess the damage, and will provide whatever assistance is required.
"We need to be on the lookout for secondary impacts. With dams releasing water, we anticipate flooding not only in areas centrally hit by the typhoon, but also in low-lying areas of northern and central Luzon," Mr. Olney said.
"At this stage it looks like the government will be able to meet the immediate needs of those impacted by the typhoon, and so it’s likely we will provide vital education support to help children get back to school as quickly as possible.
"The classroom is commonly the best place for children after experiencing a distressing event like a typhoon as it’s a safe space to see their friends and teachers and to regain a sense of normality. The sooner children can get back to class the better."
Save the Children has a long history responding to disasters in the Philippines, including typhoons Koppu in 2015, Hagupit in 2014 and Haiyan in 2013.
Save the Children gives children in the United States and around the world a healthy start, the opportunity to learn and protection from harm. We invest in childhood — every day, in times of crisis and for our future. Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
IN 2015, ACTION AGAINST HUNGER’S GLOBAL NETWORK SERVED 14.9 MILLION PEOPLE IN 47 COUNTRIES.
AFGHANISTAN. BANGLADESH. BOLIVIA. BURKINA FASO. CAMBODIA. CAMEROON. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC. CHAD. COLOMBIA. CÔTE D’IVOIRE. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. DJIBOUTI. EGYPT. ETHIOPIA. GEORGIA. GUATEMALA. GUINEA. HAITI. INDIA. INDONESIA. JORDAN. KENYA. KURDISTAN REGION OF IRAQ. LEBANON. LIBERIA. MADAGASCAR. MALI. MAURITANIA. MONGOLIA. MYANMAR. NEPAL. NICARAGUA. NIGER. NIGERIA. OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES. PAKISTAN. PERU. PHILIPPINES. SENEGAL. SIERRA LEONE. SOMALIA. SOUTH SUDAN. SYRIA. UGANDA. UKRAINE. YEMEN. ZIMBABWE.
20 October 2016, Manila - As Red Cross volunteers and staff members provide immediate assistance in areas affected by Super Typhoon Haima, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is releasing a Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) allocation of 48,600 Swiss Francs (49,000 US dollars) to support the emergency operation.
Typhoon Haima made landfall last night at 11:00pm local time in Central Luzon, packing strong winds of up to 225 kph near its centre and gusts of up to 315kph. The super typhoon is considered to be a serious threat as it is expected to bring torrential rains and damaging winds, triggering flash floods and mudslides in some areas. It is estimated that there are 1 million households within the 100-kilometre radius of the typhoon’s track.
Philippine Red Cross volunteers and staff in affected areas have started to assess the extent of the damage in the communities. They are also serving hot meals and providing welfare services to people in evacuation centres, where tens of thousands of people are now staying after being evacuated pre-emptively to get them out of harm’s way.
“There have been three devastating typhoons [Meranti, Sarika and Haima] that have struck Northern Luzon one after the other,” says Richard Gordon, Chairman of the Philippine Red Cross. “Mercifully, the effects of the typhoons were not as severe as with Typhoon Haiyan. We have averted a humanitarian crisis, but it is still a humanitarian challenge nonetheless. We need to give priority to those who have lost their homes, livelihoods, and stocks.”
Earlier in the week, the Philippine Red Cross activated 40 of its chapters in Luzon to undertake preparedness measures, with Water Search and Rescue Teams, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Health units, chapter staff and community (Red Cross 143) volunteers and other personnel on standby for possible deployment with rescue boats, amphibious vehicles and ambulances. Additional technical teams were deployed from the national headquarters prior to the typhoon’s landfall, and are now heading to the most affected areas to support Philippine Red Cross chapters in assessments and delivering immediate assistance.
Two teams split up today to conduct rapid assessments of Isabela and Cagayan, two hard-hit areas of Northern Luzon. Haima made landfall in the municipality of Penablanca in the province of Cagayan. The teams will have a better idea of the long-term needs of communities once the assessments are complete.
A humanitarian caravan loaded with assets, equipment, and relief items including supplies and portable power generators will be sent to the affected areas once the conditions permit.
The DREF allocation will be used to replenish the relief items distributed from pre-existing stocks earlier in the week, which included shelter kits, jerry cans, blankets, sleeping mats, hygiene kits and mosquito nets for at least 20,000 families.
For interviews and media inquiries, contact:
Richard Gordon, Chairman, Philippine Red Cross Phone: +63 (0) 917 899 7898; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Oscar Palabyab; Secretary General, Philippine Red Cross Phone: +63 (0) 917 819 2995; Email: email@example.com
Kari Isomaa, Head of Country Office, IFRC Philippine Country Office
Phone: +63 (0) 928 559 7170; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ramsey Rayyis, Acting Operations Manager, IFRC Philippine Country Office
Phone: +63 (0) 998 960 6289; Email: email@example.com
Mary Joy Evalarosa, Communications Officer, IFRC Philippine Country Office
Phone: +63 (0) 998 960 6291; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
• Typhoon Haima made landfall in Peñablanca in Cagayan province on 19 October as a Category 4 storm.
• Approximately 90,000 people were pre-emptively evacuated in Regions I, II, II, IV-A, V and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), according to the information available from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).
• There are 230 evacuation centres operating.
• NDRRMC is validating eight casualties of the typhoon across four provinces in the affected area.
• Rapid damage assessments and needs analyses are ongoing.
• The Government has not called for international humanitarian assistance so far.
Typhoon Haima (locally named Lawin) made landfall in Peñablanca, Cagayan province, at 11 p.m. on 19 October as a Category 4 typhoon with sustained winds of 225 km/h and gusts of up to 315 km/h. After landfall, it quickly downgraded to a Category 3 typhoon, leaving a broad path of debris, damage to homes and buildings, flooding and landslides.
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), as of 5:00 p.m., 20 October, Typhoon Haima was located 260 km west-northwest of Laoag City, Ilocos Norte province, with maximum sustained winds up to 130 km/h near the centre and gusts up to 160 km/h. It continues to weaken as it moves away from the country and will exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility tonight.
Estimated rainfall amounts are from moderate to heavy within the 700 km diameter of the typhoon. Sea travel is risky over the northern and eastern seaboards of northern Luzon. Tropical cyclone warning signal (TCWS) number 1 (30-60 km/h winds expected in 24 hours) is in effect for the provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union and Abra. All other tropical cyclone warning signals have been lifted.
NDRRMC is validating eight reported casualties in Ifugao, Isabela, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan provinces. It reports a total of 230 evacuation centres operating in the affected areas, but is confirming the number of people displaced.
There are 37 roads in Cagayan and Isabela that are not passable.
The initial observation is that Tuguegarao City, where the regional government offices are located, does not have major humanitarian issues at this time. Houses made of concrete have suffered roof damage, but houses made of light materials have been destroyed.
The Government of the Philippines undertook considerable preparedness activities to mitigate the effects of the typhoon as it approached the country. Local authorities are now leading the relief and debris clearing operations.
NDRRMC has requested support from Philippine Red Cross (PRC) and Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF), a network of Filipino businesses, to gather more data over the next two days in the most affected areas and to mobilize additional logistic support to transport humanitarian aid. PRC will deploy various vehicles to support debris removal, search and rescue and delivery of relief items. Two PRC assessment and chapter support teams are also on standby at headquarters for dispatch to travel to Abra, Ilocos Norte, and Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya and Aurora provinces. PDRF, in partnership with NDRRMC, distributed the relief items, including solar lamps, relief bags, mats, sacks of clothing and towels and bottled water.
Far East Broadcasting Company-First Response Radio (FRR-FEBC), through its local radio network partner DZMR 1143 AM, is working with the Santiago City government in Isabela, the Region II office of the Philippine Information Agency, local non-government organizations (NGO) and affected communities in a series of humanitarian radio programming. Its broadcast coverage reaches the provinces of Isabela and Aurora, as well as parts of CAR. The radio programme reports on weather updates, ongoing response of the local government and local NGOs on WASH, food distribution, child protection and restoration of communication lines in Isabela and Cagayan.
The Humanitarian Coordinator has made a written offer of assistance to the Government on 19 October. While the Government has not called for international support at this time, it has made a targeted request for logistical support to WFP using in-country resources to transport food items.
Typhoon Haima is the twelfth cyclone to affect the Philippines this year. It followed Typhoon Sarika, which struck central Luzon four days ago. There are approximately 5 million people residing in the 100 km radius of Typhoon Haima’s path. Of those, about 175,500 households are living below the poverty line.
Late Wednesday 19th October 2016, Super Typhoon Haima (also called Lawin) in the Philippines wrought havoc into the north-eastern Philippine coast with ferocious winds and rain that rekindled fears and memories from the catastrophe wrought by Typhoon Haiyan in 2013. Typhoon Haima, which has sustained winds of 225 km/h and gusts of up to 315 km/h, had its landfall in Penablanca town in Cagayan province shortly before midnight. Many villages lost power and intense winds tore roofs off houses.
On 20th October 2016 before dawn, Typhoon Haima was downgraded from a super typhoon into a typhoon. In its bulletin issued at 5 am on October 20, Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) reported that Typhoon Haima slightly weakened as it crossed Apayao, another province that was in the Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS No.5). It now has maximum winds of up to 205 km/h and gustiness of up to 285 km/h. However, the state weather bureau, PAGASA, warned that it remains destructive. Based on the profile created by UNOCHA, 100km radius of the typhoon track covers 13 provinces (185 cities/municipalities).
Various transmission lines in Northern Luzon have been cut due to Typhoon Haima, affecting La Union, Isabela, Cagayan, Abra, Benguet, Mountain Province, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino, according to the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines. Communication lines remain down and landslides in the national highway in Nueva Ecija rendered the roads impassable. The focus of local authorities as reported is on clearing the roads and restoring basic services.
Early on 20 October 2016, typhoon Haima/Lawin is due to hit the Philippines. Winds up to 185 km/h are expected, and rainfall of 100-200 mm throughout the next two days with local amounts over 300 mm, thus exacerbating the risk of mudslides, especially in higher elevations.
11.6 million people could be affected, mostly in northern Luzon – including 2.8 million in the Cagayun and Isabela provinces, where it will hit the hardest.
Philippines: Form 2-Situation Update No.1: Typhoon Haima (Lawin), Thursday, 20 October 2016 16:00 hrs (UTC+7)
- Super Typhoon ‘Haima’ made its landfall in Penablanca, Cagayan on 20 October 2016 at around 11:00 PM with maximum sustained winds up to 225 kph and wind gusts up to 315 kph. Extremely strong winds in combination with torrential rains were experienced across the northern Luzon region.
- The Government of the Philippines, through the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), has been in the highest alert status which triggered various preparedness measures, including pre-emptive evacuation to more than 90,000 persons in Regions I, II, III, Calabarzon, V and CAR. The NDRRMC has also activated Disaster Response Cluster and deployed advance teams headed by the Office of Civil Defense Deputy Administrator for Operations to Cagayan Province to support preparedness measures.
- The AHA Centre has deployed two staff and one National ASEAN-ERAT member to Manila, Philippines to be on stand-by and also to liaise and coordinate with the NDRRMC on possible support from ASEAN. In addition, the Disaster Emergency Logistics System for ASEAN (DELSA) and the ASEAN Emergency Response and Assessment Team (ASEAN-ERAT) is on stand-by should the Government of the Philippines need additional resources.
Typhoon Haima (Lawin) made landfall at 11pm, 19 October 2016 in Peñablanca, Cagayan, and continues to weaken. Rains will still be moderate to heavy while possibly exiting the Philippine Area of Responsiblity (PAR) tonight. Humanitarian presence in affected areas is currently being tracked. Initial feedback from the field reported interrupted access to water, cellular communications and electricity especially in directly affected areas
Within the span of a week, powerful back-to-back typhoons pummeled the Philippines in October. First, Typhoon Sarika made landfall over Luzon on October 15, 2016. Then Typhoon Haima hit the island four days later.
Both storms are visible in this image, acquired October 18, 2016, with the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite. The image is comprised of two natural-color scenes, acquired about 40 minutes apart, that have been stitched together to form a seamless image. At the time, Haima was a category 4 super typhoon with top sustained winds of about 240 kilometers (150 miles) per hour. The storm was about 900 kilometers (600 miles) from Luzon and approaching from the east.
Before Haima made landfall in northern Luzon, soils were already saturated by the deluge previously delivered by Typhoon Sarika. This map illustrates the scenario, depicting satellite-based measurements of rainfall from October 14-17, 2016. Sarika’s storm track is overlaid on the map. The rainfall totals are regional, remotely-sensed estimates, and local amounts can be significantly higher when measured from the ground. According to news reports, some towns saw about 550 millimeters (22 inches) of rain on October 14 and 15.
“It’s likely that Haima will cause slides in both the Philippines and China,” said Thomas Stanley, a geoscientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center who catalogs rainfall-triggered landslides. He points out that a number of landslides, presumably due to Sarika, have already been reported, including a deadly event in southwestern Luzon.
Haima strengthened into a category 5 storm and then weakened slightly as it started to interact with Luzon’s mountainous terrain on October 19. According to relief agencies, food supplies could be threatened as central Luzon is where most of the country’s rice is grown. More immediately, thousands of families have been displaced.
References and Related Reading
- Reliefweb (2016, October 19) Singapore Red Cross’ humanitarian response to typhoons in Philippines and Vietnam. Accessed October 19, 2016.
- Unisys Weather (2016, October 19) Typhoon-4 SARIKA. Accessed October 19, 2016.
- Unisys Weather (2016, October 19) Typhoon-5 HAIMA. Accessed October 19, 2016.
- The Weather Channel (2016, October 19) Typhoon Haima (Lawin) Makes Landfall in the Northern Philippines With 140 MPH Winds. Accessed October 19, 2016.
- Weather Underground’s WunderBlog (2016, October 18) Sarika Weakens to a Tropical Storm, Poses Flood Threat to China and Vietnam. Accessed October 19, 2016.
NASA Earth Observatory images by Joshua Stevens and Jesse Allen, using IMERG data provided courtesy of the Global Precipitation Mission (GPM) Science Team’s Precipitation Processing System (PPS) and VIIRS data from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership. Suomi NPP is the result of a partnership between NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the Department of Defense. Caption by Kathryn Hansen.
TRMM - VIRS