Philippines - ReliefWeb News
China - Taiwan Province: China, Taiwan, Philippines - Tropical cyclone MATMO (ECHO Daily Flash - 24 July 2014)
MATMO made landfall along the coastal area of Fuqing, near Putian (Fujian Province, China) in the morning of 23 July (UTC), as a Severe Tropical Storm (China Meteorological Administration - CMA); then it moved inland, over northern Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, weakening. On 24 July at 0.00 UTC it was a Tropical Storm and its center was located near Shangrao (Jiangxi province).
On 23 July strong winds, heavy rains and storm surge affected several areas of Fujian and Zhejiang. On 23 July approx. 150 mm of rain in 24 h were observed in Funzhou and 240 mm in Luoyuan (Fujian). In the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north, weakening. On 24-25 July heavy rains may still affect several areas of the Chinese provinces of Fujian and Zhejiang, as well as Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shanghai and Shandong. As of 24 July morning, an Orange Warning for Rainstorm and a Yellow Warning for Typhoon are in effect (CMA).
In Taiwan, as of 24 July, media reported 17 people injured and power outages for more than 460 000 households, during the passage of MATMO. Media reported also a plane crash in Taiwan's Penghu islands (south-western Taiwan) on 23 July. 48 people died in the incident and another 10 were injured.
In the Philippines, MATMO (locally known as HENRY) enhanced the Southwest Monsoon, bringing moderate to heavy rain over parts of Luzon and Visayas. According to NDRMMC (as of 24 July), 683 people were affected in five municipalities of the provinces of Occidental Mindoro (Region IV-B) and Negros Occidental (Region VI).
A: AFFECTED POPULATION
a total of 152 families/ 683 persons were affected in 24 baranganya in 5 municipalities in the provinces of Occidental Mindoro - Region IV-B and Negros Occidental Region VI
Of the total number of the affected population, 10 families / 32 persons were affected in Brgy, Sablayan, Occidental Mindolo and were evacuated to Alag elementary school
Update on countries experiencing a large increase in Dengue cases
Currently there are reports of dengue cases occurring in the Pacific including New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Solomon Islands and Fiji.
No update available
The number of laboratory confirmed Dengue cases continues to increase while there is a decrease in Dengue-like syndromes seen in consultation by a doctor participating in sentinel surveillance.
Nauru continues to experience a decrease in the weekly number of cases reported.
Cumulative suspect cases tested by IgM ELIZA or RDT (NS1/IgM): 242
Cumulative suspect cases tested positive: 87
Cases reported in the latest reporting period (30 Jun - 6 July 2014): 1 Samples have been sent to Institut Loius Malarde, French Polynesia for confirmatory serotyping.
No update available
In Tuvalu the number of cases reported per week is decreasing.
From March to 7 July 2014 suspect cases tested by RDT (NS1/IgM): 406
From March to 7 July 2014 suspect cases tested positive: 195
Suspected cases reported in the latest reporting period (30 Jun - 6 July 2014): 26
RDT positive cases reported in the latest reporting period (30 Jun - 6 July 2014): 14
From the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Teresita Quintos Deles said that people are feeling the consequences of “reforms that are now happening in most difficult areas,” such as conflict-affected and vulnerable communities.
Deles cited the reforms being undertaken in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), where the regional government, under the administration of Regional Governor Mujiv Hataman, has been pushing long-awaited reforms as it had been historically lagging behind the rest of the country in terms of peace and progress.
“Maraming pagbabagong nangyayari sa ARMM,” Deles said during Monday’s general assembly of employees and staff of the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP), adding that said “reforms are very important for the region.”
Hataman, who was a guest during the general assembly noted that reforms in the ARMM include validating licensed teachers to weed out ghost teachers; capacity-building programs for ARMM agencies particularly the Department of Public Works and Highways, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, and the Department of Education towards the goal of having ISO (International Organization for Standardization) certification for these offices, which used to be very susceptible to corruption, as well as ensuring quality road infrastructures in the region.
Hataman conveyed that the ARMM regional government aims to attain positive results and benchmarks before their elected officials step down once the Bangsamoro region is created with the ratification of the Bangsamoro Basic Law. “Kaya nga ngayon bago kami bumaba (That is why before we step down), we will set a good standard for the new government of the Bangsamoro.”
The regional governor added that the signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) also helped boost investments in ARMM this year. “In 2014, the target investment was 2.5 billion. After the CAB was signed, we reached P2.7 billion by early June.” ARMM is one of the biggest recipients of the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP), which has been used to support the reforms and development initiatives in the region.
DAP in support of the Philippine peace process
In terms of the peace process, Deles, noted that as a result of DAP funding, there are those who feel the consequences of the reforms of “pagtigil ng ‘dating-kagawian’ or ‘business as usual’ or what they were formerly doing.”
OPAPP received additional allotment from the DAP amounting to P1.819 billion in 2011 and P248 million in 2012, to support its crucial work on achieving negotiated political settlement of armed conflicts and peace and development initiatives as a complementary track under the Payapa at Masaganang Pamayanan (PAMANA) program.
“The funds were utilized for priority development projects for communities nationwide affected by and vulnerable to armed conflict as well as areas covered by existing peace agreements,” Deles said.
The funds were also utilized for the provision of immediate and livelihood assistance to former rebels; for consultation and capacity-building interventions in support of addressing women’s issues in situations of armed conflict through the “Localization of the National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security”; and for the conduct of information, communication, and monitoring activities in line with the peace process.
“As OPAPP is not an implementing agency, the funds were transferred to line agencies and local government units who signed memoranda of agreements with OPAPP, for the implementation of the projects,” the peace adviser noted.
Deles said that these programs benefited the people in the desire for inclusive peace and progress.
By Rosemarie Francisco
MANILA, July 24 (Reuters) - Nearly 100 people were killed in the Philippines last week when Typhoon Rammasun roared through, raising doubts about efforts to end the heavy tolls from storms that are only expected to get more intense as the global climate changes.
JULY 23, 2014 | 3:30 PM
SPRINGFIELD, MO.Convoy of Hope’s Disaster Services team, which landed in the Philippines Sunday night, has distributed more than 30,000 meals, as well as hygiene kits and tarps to survivors of Typhoon Rammasun (Glenda). The team met with the coordinator of the Women’s Empowerment Program in Lucena, where they delivered food and construction supplies for the participants in the program, a few of whom lost everything in the storm.
The death toll from Typhoon Rammasun has risen to 98 in the Philippines. Additionally, the latest figures show that between 7,000-28,000 homes were destroyed by the storm and 19,000-35,000 homes were damaged. Flooding and landslides have been a major problem caused by the typhoon.
To ensure life-saving medicines are available in the right places and at the right times in the crucial early hours of emergencies, the best route is to have materials on hand before events take place.
That’s why Direct Relief delivers carefully packaged modules of essential medicines and supplies to communities at risk of hurricanes (or typhoons, in the case of the Philippines) at the beginning of the season. This model is known as “pre-positioning” and it’s an effective form of disaster preparedness in the health systems of vulnerable regions around the world.
But material goods aren’t the only things needed when disaster strikes.
To be adaptive and responsive as international actors, remaining attuned to the expressed needs of local communities also requires a rich information infrastructure. As complex situations change in rapid and unpredictable ways, having access to the right information often can mean the difference between life and death.
Yet information systems cannot be constructed easily, if at all, in the midst of chaos. To have access to critical disaster response information means getting the right systems in place before events happen. Effective disaster response means extending the concepts of pre-positioning and preparedness from the world of material goods and supplies to the worlds of data, information, and analysis.
Last week in the Philippines, I worked alongside my colleague Justin Richmond from Palantir Technologies on the creation of just such a “data preparedness” network in the Philippines. In collaboration with key partners from around the country – the Philippine non-governmental organization Gawad Kalinga, the local health department of Tacloban City, the community health outreach organizations IPI and Health Futures Foundation, Inc., among others – we trained field teams in effective data collection, linking them into Palantir for integrated, real-time analytics, and working through scenarios for putting better information to use during emergencies.
From this work, we expect to have much better baseline insight into the needs of communities and health facilities throughout the country. Gawad Kalinga alone, for instance, has built nearly 800 communities across the Philippines for people living on $2 USD/day or less. Their regional teams will now have much better, more routine and shareable insight into what the needs of these communities are and how they are changing.
We also expect to have systems in place to help our partners move quickly when disasters happen to get rapid feedback from across sectors and from critical health facilities to guide humanitarian assistance more accurately and with strategic insight. The trainings lay a foundation for data preparedness which will be evolving over the years to come, both in the Philippines and elsewhere.
• Typhoon MATMO made landfall in the afternoon of 22 July (UTC) in eastern Taiwan's Taitung County. A few hours before landfall, at 12.00 UTC, it had max. sustained winds of 158 km/h. After landfall it crossed Taiwan, weakening, and moved into the Taiwan Strait, towards eastern mainland China.
• In the morning of 23 July (UTC) it made landfall in the coastal area of Fuqing, near Putian, in Fujian Province (China) as a “Severe Tropical Storm” (China Meteorological Administration - CMA); then it moved inland weakening.
• Strong winds and heavy rains affected the landfall area. JRC calculations indicated a storm surge of the order of 1 m in the coastal area near Fuzhou on 23 July morning (UTC).
• In the next 24 h MATMO is forecast to continue moving roughly north, passing over Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, weakaning. On 23-24 July heavy rains and winds may affect several areas of the Chinese provinces of Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu and Shanghai, as well as parts of Taiwan. As of 23 July morning (CMA), an Orange Warning for Rainstorm and an Orange Warning for Typhoon are in effect. In Taiwan, "Torrential rain“ and “Extremely heavy rain” Advisories are still in effect (as of 23 July 11.30 UTC, Central Weather Bureau - CWB).
• In Taiwan, during its passage strong winds and very heavy rainfall affected several areas (see map). As of 23 July, media reported one person killed, five injured and power outages for approx. 31 000 houses. Media reported also a plane crash in Taiwan's Penghu islands; at least 45 people are feared dead.
• In the Philippines, MATMO (locally known as HENRY) enhanced the Southwest Monsoon, bringing moderate to heavy rain over parts of Luzon and Visayas. According to NDRMMC (as of 23 July), approx. 90 people were affected due to damaged houses in two municipalities of Negros Occidental.
This bulletin is being issued for information only and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The Philippine Red Cross has placed its disaster response teams on standby for rapid deployment and preparedness stocks ready for dispatch, as required.
A week after Typhoon Rammasun (locally known as Glenda) lashed the island of Luzon, the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) continues to provide relief and deliver disease prevention messages to affected families. As the response continues, a new weather system, Typhoon Matmo (locally known as Henry), has exacerbated the southwest monsoon bringing rains in areas that were already affected by Rammasun.
Latest figures from the national disaster agency, National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), as of 23 July, report that 1.6 million people were affected by Typhoon Rammasun, with 97 killed and 460 injured. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), although many families have since returned to their homes, some 5,700 families remain in 110 evacuation centres as Rammasun left significant damage on shelter, destroying 29,000 houses and damaging 90,000 others.
PRC has been active since Typhoon Rammasun was sighted. Emergency teams were put on standby and immediately dispatched when the situation warranted. To date, the National Society has mobilized 1,400 staff and volunteers to provide relief assistance, disease prevention education, psychosocial support, and distribute water, assisting at least 5,400 families. Equipped with some 20 vehicles, PRC was able to rescue and transport people to safety in the National Capital Region and in some areas in Visayas that were previously affected by Typhoon Haiyan.
As soon as access to the most affected areas was allowed, PRC deployed two teams in Quezon Province – which was most affected by Typhoon Rammasun – and Bicol region to conduct assessments that will help to determine who needs what and where. The assessments are still ongoing, and will define whether PRC will scale up its response in aid of those affected by Typhoon Rammasun. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) deployed one technical delegate to support the ongoing assessments in Laguna and Batangas provinces which were badly hit as well. Initial results were shared with the National Society and will consolidate with other areas currently being assessed.
Although the southwest monsoon fuelled by Typhoon Matmo has brought rains in some of the areas that were affected by Typhoon Rammasun, the effects are not expected to be significant.
By Kate Marshall, IFRC
The Tagbanwa villagers on the island of Banuang Daan gather excitedly as Philippine Red Cross staff and volunteers arrive by traditional bangka outrigger from the main island of Coron, Palawan, two hours away by boat.
They greet the visitors with “Mupia ong-koi, ong-koi, [welcome friend],” as they disembark and make their way to the outdoor meeting hall where Philippine Red Cross is scheduled to conduct a recruitment drive for 30 community volunteers and the barangay (village) recovery committee.
Later in the day, a staff member will present a session on building back safer illustrated with eight simple shelter messages.
Ancestors of Palawan’s various tribal nations, including the Tagbanwa and Palawano, date back at least 24,000 years. Exact numbers are hard to come by but their descendants make up about 30 per cent of the 800,000 residents of Palawan, the westernmost island of the Philippines prized by tourists for its pristine waters and spectacular natural attractions.
For many years, Philippine Red Cross has been conducting regular outreach programs to remote communities in the Calamian Islands, which can only be reached by boat or by foot. Just days after Typhoon Haiyan struck the Visayas and northern Palawan last November, Philippine Red Cross was the first aid organisation to deliver food and relief supplies to three island municipalities: Coron, Cullion and Busuanga. With the support of the Swiss Red Cross and the IFRC, this was followed by cash, non food items, shelter repair kits, tools and CGI distributions to 2000 of the neediest households.
The Swiss Red Cross has committed a minimum 2 million Swiss Francs (USD2.2 million) for recovery, which will be boosted by the Irish Red Cross. This will be used for shelter assistance, water and sanitation projects and improvements to schools and health facilities. A separate livelihoods assessment is underway, including training for carpenters.
Barangay official Jaime Aguilar says: “Philippine Red Cross has established a good relationship with us and has been visible in the community. They were the only ones who delivered food to us after Yolanda [Haiyan].”
Banuang Daan might look idyllic, with its turquoise waters, coconut trees and thatched homes, but life is far from easy for the few hundred scattered inhabitants. Nearly all are fishermen or seaweed farmers. A handful of the younger ones find work in Coron town as waiters and cleaners. Some of the men supplement their meagre income in the dry season by making a treacherous climb up the limestone cliffs to collect swiftlets’ nests from cracks in the rock. These are destined for Chinese wedding banquets, for which buyers will pay up to $10,000 US dollars a kilo to make the highly prized delicacy bird’s nest soup.
Longstanding Philippine Red Cross volunteers Isabelita ‘Belet’ and Felix Pamor, who regularly visit the islands and speak the tribal language, explain that the inhabitants face a constant struggle to survive and that their way of life is under threat by dynamiting of fishing grounds. Unscrupulous collectors use cyanide to stun sea creatures and make them easier to trap. They can fetch a lot of money on the black market.
“Here in Palawan the only source of income for the Tagbanwa is fish, tambalang and hagar hagar [the tasty local seaweeds],” Belet explains. “Before Yolanda [Typhoon Haiyan] they were suffering, and when the storm came they experienced trauma and their suffering worsened because they lost seaweed, clothes, blankets, everything.”
The local seaweeds are susceptible to wind damage, and much of the crop was wiped out by Haiyan. “When the wind is blowing the children and the elderly will start wailing ‘’Oh no! Not Yolanda again!’’,” Belet says.
Water, or lack of it, is also a problem, especially in the dry season. In order to have enough for their needs and to water crops, the islanders will resort to deliveries from the mainland. Although there are springs further inland, the two wells in the village usually dry up before the rainy season starts. Past attempts by Spanish Red Cross to fix the problem with a series of pipes have failed through lack of maintenance and replacement parts. Although some homes harvest rainwater, the practice is not widespread because of the cost of installing drums and downpipes.
“There’s not enough water in the dry season,” says Aguilar. “We need help to install pipes from the source to the community.”
But what Banuang Daan needs most of all, says Aguilar, is alternative livelihoods, so that Tagbanwa people can learn new ways of making a living while they wait for the seaweed to grow back.
BANGKOK, 23 juillet 2014 (IRIN) - En préparation du Sommet mondial sur l'aide humanitaire, des gouvernements, universitaires, acteurs humanitaires, responsables militaires et activistes de toute la région Asie-Pacifique se réunissent à Tokyo aujourd'hui, le 23 juillet, pour tirer des enseignements de l'expertise de la région en matière de réponse aux crises humanitaires.
« Ce que j'attends de ce sommet, ce sont des conseils capables de changer la donne - pas les conseils habituels », a dit Oliver Lacey-Hall, le responsable de l'antenne régionale du Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires des Nations Unies (OCHA) pour l'Asie et le Pacifique, à IRIN. « Je souhaite que les acteurs humanitaires écoutent réellement les personnes qui n'ont pas l'habitude d'exprimer leurs besoins - les personnes affectées, les universitaires, le secteur privé, les gouvernements locaux - ces personnes qui n'ont habituellement pas voix au chapitre. »
L'Asie est la région du monde la plus exposée aux catastrophes. De 1975 à 2011, l'Asie a enregistré le plus grand nombre de décès en lien avec une catastrophe naturelle au monde, soit 1,5 million. Des études ont également révélé que plus de 130 millions d'habitants de la région étaient affectés par des conflits sous-nationaux. À l'échelle de la planète, 89 pour cent de l'ensemble des personnes affectées par une situation d'urgence se trouvent en Asie.
Le Sommet mondial sur l'aide humanitaire organisé par les Nations Unies, qui se tiendra à Istanbul en 2016, est précédé de 8 sessions consultatives visant à recueillir des informations et des points de vue sur l'action humanitaire à travers le monde. Il intervient dans un contexte marqué par une hausse des dépenses et une multiplication des besoins en assistance humanitaire travers le monde.
« Nous peinons à trouver la définition exacte de ce qu'est une action humanitaire efficace », a dit M. Lacey-Hall. « Les gouvernements ont des conceptions très différentes de ce que représente une intervention humanitaire efficace. Les anciens mécanismes et l'époque où l'aide humanitaire n'était qu'une affaire de logistique - l'affrètement d'avions pour distribuer de la nourriture et des fournitures, par exemple - seront bientôt révolus. »
Les participants à la session consultative de Tokyo sont très enthousiastes à l'idée d'inspirer les pratiques humanitaires mondiales avec leurs expériences locales.
Victoria Lanting est membre du conseil d'administration de la Croix-Rouge philippine qui participe à l'intervention mise en place à la suite du typhon Haiyan en novembre 2013. « Les Philippines sont souvent citées comme le pays du monde le plus exposé aux catastrophes. Cela signifie, entre autres choses, que les Philippins connaissent l'aide humanitaire sous toutes ses formes. »
Mais « les catastrophes de la magnitude du typhon Haiyan ne devraient pas devenir quelque chose d'habituel, contrairement aux interventions humanitaires rapides, efficaces et transparentes. Doter la population de certaines compétences apparaît aujourd'hui plus pertinent que jamais », a ajouté Mme Lanting.
Le sommet se concentre sur quatre domaines thématiques : « L'efficacité humanitaire », « Réduction de la vulnérabilité et gestion des risques », « La transformation par l'innovation » et « Assister les personnes affectées par les conflits ».
Rina Meutia, qui coordonnera une session sur les besoins en situation de conflit, a dit à IRIN qu'elle était très impatiente de partager les leçons tirées de l'expérience d'Aceh et ainsi d'apporter son concours au système humanitaire mondial.
« Aceh fut l'une des plus vastes opérations humanitaires à l'époque, lorsque tout le monde commença à affluer après le tsunami », a dit Mme Meutia en faisant référence au séisme et au tsunami de 2004 qui balayèrent maisons, immeubles et routes sur leur passage et firent plus de 167 000 victimes dans la province d'Aceh, au nord de l'Indonésie. Plus de 7 milliards de dollars US de dons et de fonds publics furent destinés à Aceh, une région déjà éprouvée par trois décennies de guerre civile.
« Lorsque les acteurs humanitaires sont arrivés pour prodiguer des secours, nombre d'entre eux n'avaient pas la moindre idée du conflit en cours. Lorsqu'ils ont appris par la suite à quel point la situation était complexe, ils ont été surpris de réaliser que les populations qu'ils aidaient à se relever d'une catastrophe naturelle étaient affectées de si longue date par un conflit et que le monde humanitaire les avait délaissés durant tout ce temps. »
« Parfois, les intervenants humanitaires qui débarquent avec un mandat précis pour prodiguer de prétendus secours peuvent ne faire qu'embrouiller les idées des populations, et même faire plus de tort que de bien », a-t-elle indiqué. « Il est controversé et très complexe ne serait-ce que de suggérer que les interventions humanitaires devraient se mêler des réalités politiques sur le terrain, mais c'est une question qui mérite d'être débattue à l'occasion de cet échange international si nous souhaitons améliorer l'efficacité des futures interventions. »
Les spécialistes s'accordent à dire que les débats portant sur l'engagement en situation de conflit seront un facteur clé d'amélioration du système mondial - y compris les considérations sur la manière dont sont financées les activités dans les zones de conflit.
« La question de l'action humanitaire en situation de conflit me préoccupe. Nous devons prendre le temps de débattre ouvertement de la question de savoir si une organisation dont l'essentiel des financements provient d'une même source peut toujours être considérée comme étant neutre », a dit M. Lacey-Hall.
Selon le Centre de surveillance des déplacements internes (IDMC), basé à Genève, 33,3 millions de personnes à travers le monde étaient déplacées par des conflits à la date de janvier 2014 - « le plus grand nombre jamais recensé de personnes déplacées en raison des conflits et de la violence ».
« Nous devons nous pencher sur nos principes fondamentaux - humanité, impartialité, neutralité et indépendance - pour voir si nous réussissons à nous y tenir à la lumière des appels de fonds », a dit M. Lacey-Hall.
Travailler en situation de conflit requiert de faire des compromis, a-t-il dit, en évoquant les complexités du travail humanitaire là où « les civils ont désespérément besoin d'aide [mais] où nous devons être vigilants au message que nous véhiculons - les sensibilités contextuelles - et trouver l'équilibre vis-à-vis de notre engagement envers les principes humanitaires »
DATE: 23 July 2014, 6:00pm
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW (Severe Weather Bulletin No. 16)
Typhoon "HENRY" has slowed down as it continues to move farther away from the country.
The typhoon season in the Philippines returned with a vengeance on 16 July when Typhoon Rammasun (locally known as Glenda) swept through the north of the country leaving 94 people dead, more than 300 injured, and tens of thousands homeless.
ShelterBox response team members John Cordell (US) and Toby Ash (UK) arrived in the Bicol region, where the typhoon first hit land, on 19 June to carry out a damage assessment. 'Once again we have seen how the destructive power of these violent storms singles out the poorest and most vulnerable. We found a mother and her seven children eeking out an existence in the ruins of their former home. We found another family sheltering in a bus shelter after the roof of their house was blown away,' says Ash.
The local government estimates that about 7,000 homes in Bicol were totally destroyed by Rammasun, which packed winds of up to 185 km an hour. 'We have travelled extensively in and around the city of Legazpi in Albay province, often to quite remote areas,' adds Ash. 'The monsoon rains are pouring and we have found families with little or nothing to protect themselves from the elements'.
ShelterBox aims to transport tents and other vitally needed equipment from prepositioned stock in the country to the worst affected areas. A ShelterBox response team led by Owen Smith (NZ) will hopefully travel to Legazpi to coordinate aid distribution. ShelterBox is being assisted in Albay by the Rotary Club of Legazpi, who are providing logistics, warehousing and manpower support.
World: Global terrorism fatalities up 30%, risk of attacks increase most in China, Egypt, Kenya, and Libya
Over the last 12 months, global fatalities from acts of terrorism have risen 30% compared to the previous five year average, according to a new security monitoring service from global risk analytics company Maplecroft, which also identifies China, Egypt, Kenya and Libya as seeing the most significant increases in the risk of terrorist attacks.
The Maplecroft Terrorism and Security Dashboard (MTSD) is a new interactive mapping platform, which logs, analyses and plots all reported incidents of terrorism, piracy, political violence and human rights abuses by security forces down to 100m² worldwide. It also draws on Maplecroft’s seven years of global data to reveal terrorism and security trends across 197 countries.
Globally, the MTSD recorded 18,668 fatalities in the 12 months prior to July 1st, up 29.3% from an annual average of 14,433 for the previous five years. Over the same period the MTSD recorded 9,471 attacks at an average of 26 a day, down from a five year average of 10,468, revealing that terrorist methods have become increasingly deadly over the last year.
The MTSD classifies 12 countries as ‘extreme risk,’ many of which are blighted by high levels of instability and weak governance. These include: Iraq (most at risk), Afghanistan (2nd), Pakistan (3rd), Somalia (4th), Yemen (6th), Syria (7th), Lebanon (9th) and Libya (10th). However, of particular concern for investors, the important growth economies of Nigeria (5th), the Philippines (8th), Colombia (11th) and Kenya (12th) also feature in the category.
Rising risks and economic costs in China, Egypt, Kenya and Libya
“Libya, Kenya and Egypt are among a handful of countries to witness a significant increase in risk in the MTSD and investor confidence in key sectors, including tourism and oil and gas, has been hurt,” states Jordan Perry, a Principal Political Risk Analyst at Maplecroft. “When faced with rising security costs and decreasing safety for their personnel, companies can, and do, reconsider their country-level commitments.”
With terrorism incidents in Libya (10th) doubling in the last year, militia violence is having a toxic impact on the country’s economy, especially its crucial oil sector which has all but ground to a halt following blockades of the country’s main oil ports by rebel militias and divestment by multinational hydrocarbon companies. The flow of militants and weapons from Libya has also increased the risk of terrorism in Egypt (17th and ‘high risk’). Attacks in the Sinai Peninsula and Cairo reduced tourist numbers by 20% in May compared to the same month last year, while frequent bombings of the gas pipeline in North Sinai have impacted exports and government revenues.
Tourism in Kenya (12th), which accounts for roughly 12.5% of GDP, has also been hard hit, due to the increasing frequency and intensity of terrorism attacks by Somali based Islamic militant group al Shabaab. June 2014 represented the bloodiest month since the Westgate shopping mall attack on 21 September 2013, with 69 fatalities and at least 7 wounded. A single al Shabaab attack on Mpeketoni village, in Lamu County on 15 June was responsible for 48 of these deaths. Despite the deteriorating security situation, Kenya’s strong showing at its US$2 billion debut Eurobond in June 2014 highlights continued investor interest in the country.
The MTSD also reveals that attacks are on the rise in China (32nd and ‘medium risk’), many of which have targeted transportation hubs. Fatalities in 2014 have reached 76, compared to 16 over the first six months of 2013. The economic impacts of terrorism are so far negligible, but as China pushes for unconventional hydrocarbon development, foreign companies are likely to be involved in shale gas/oil exploration in the restive hydrocarbon rich western Xinjiang province, the frontline of Han-Uyghur tension. Increased repression in the region means the security situation is likely to worsen.
Terrorism in Nigeria is world’s deadliest, Iraq endures most attacks
Iraq, rated as the highest risk country in the MTSD, recorded more than 3 times as many acts of terrorism as Pakistan (which had the second highest number of incidents) - with 3,158 acts of terrorism, resulting in 5,929 fatalities, an increase of 2,188 deaths on the previous year. The deteriorating security situation in Iraq underscores the government’s inability to combat the militant group Islamic State – formerly known as ISIS, which now controls vital oil and gas infrastructure, while threatening other key assets across northern Iraq.
An intensifying campaign of violence by Islamic militant group Boko Haram has seen Nigeria (5th) record by far the highest number of fatalities per attack, reflecting the intensity of the violence there. The country has been host to 146 reported attacks in the period 01 July 2013 to 30 June 2014, resulting in 3,477 killed – an average of 24 people killed per attack, compared to 2 deaths per attack in Iraq. The increased capacity of Boko Haram – as illustrated by attacks on the key centres of Abuja and Lagos in June 2014 – is likely to lead to a further loss of investor confidence in Nigeria’s ability to respond to security risks in the country.
“The dynamic nature of terrorism means individual events are impossible to predict” states Maplecroft CEO Alyson Warhurst. “However, up-to-date global intelligence on the intensity, frequency, precise location and type of attacks can help organisations to make informed decisions relating to market entry, security measures for in-country operations, duty of care obligations, supply chain continuity and risk pricing.”
• On 22 July, 6.00 UTC, Typhoon MATMO had max. sust. winds of 158 km/h and its centre was located over the Philippine Sea, approx. 150 km north-east of Itbayat island (Batanes, Philippines) and 180 km south-east of Taitung (Taiwan).
• In the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west, making landfall in the area between Taitung and Hualien (eastern Taiwan) on 22 July afternoon (UTC), then cross Taiwan, slightly weakening, and reach the coast of the Chinese province of Fujian, near Fuzhou, in the morning of 23 July (UTC).
• During its passage heavy rains and strong winds may affect Batanes Islands (Philippines), most of Taiwan, as well as Fujian and Zhejiang Provinces (China).
JRC calculations indicate a possible storm surge of the order of 2 m in the coastal areas near Fuzhou (Fujian province, China) on 23 July morning (UTC).
• In the Philippines, MATMO (locally known as HENRY) will enhance the Southwest Monsoon, bringing moderate to heavy rain over parts of Luzon. Public Storm Warning Signal (PSWS) #2 and #1 are in effect, as of 22 July morning (see map).
• In Taiwan, Sea and Land Typhoon Warnings, as well as "Extremely Torrential Rain" and "Torrential Rain" advisories, are in effect for most of Taiwan.
An Orange Warning for Typhoon is in effect for parts of eastern mainland China (as of 22 July morning, UTC)
Snapshot 16–22 July
oPT: 583 have been reported killed and over 100,000 displaced since Operation Protective Edge began on 8 July. There are urgent needs for essential drugs, shelter, water, and food assistance in the Gaza Strip, requiring greater humanitarian space.
Syria: The recent UN Security Council resolution authorising UN cross-border and cross-line humanitarian aid is expected to enable assistance to reach 2.9 million more people. Currently, Al Hasakeh governorate remains inaccessible as internal displacement is ongoing and Iraqi refugees continue to arrive.
Iraq: Minority groups are being targeted, with Islamic State reportedly giving Christian residents of Mosul 24 hours to leave the city. Insecurity and population movements are leading to the breakdown of procurement and distribution systems, impacting on the provision of essential goods and services.
Philippines: Over 1.6 million people have been affected by Typhoon Rammasun, which hit the Philippines over 15-16 July, leaving 97 dead and 460 injured. Over 111,000 houses have been damaged and 518,700 people are staying in 1,264 evacuation centres.
BANGKOK, 22 July 2014 (IRIN) - Governments, academics, humanitarians, military leaders, and activists from across the Asia-Pacific region will gather in Tokyo tomorrow to glean expertise on responses to humanitarian crises across the region in the lead-up to the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit.
“What I am expecting of this summit are game-changing recommendations - not the usual ones,” Oliver Lacey-Hall, head of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, told IRIN. “I want the humanitarian actors to really listen to those who are not used to articulating their needs - affected people, academics, the private sector, local governments - people who don’t usually have a voice.”
Asia is the most disaster-prone region in the world. From 1975 to 2011, Asia had the world’s highest number of fatalities from natural disasters - 1.5 million. Research has also shown that more than 130 million people in the region are affected by sub-national conflicts. In global terms, 89 percent of all people affected by emergencies live in Asia.
The World Humanitarian Summit, which will be hosted by the UN in Istanbul in 2016, is preceded by eight regional consultations to gather information and perspectives on humanitarian responses around the world. It is taking place amid both increasing spending and increasing need for humanitarian responses around the world.
“We are struggling to find an answer to what exactly constitutes effective humanitarian action,” said Lacey-Hall. “Governments have very different views of an effective humanitarian response. Old mechanisms and the days when humanitarian assistance was simply logistical - such as planes being flown to deliver food and supplies - are close to being over.”
Participants in the Tokyo session are eager to share local experiences to inform global response practices.
Victoria Lanting, a board member of the Philippines Red Cross who is working in the ongoing response to the devastation wrought by Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013, explained: “The Philippines is routinely called the most disaster-risky country in the world. Among many other things, this means, Filipinos have experience of response in all forms.”
But, Lanting argued, “disasters of Haiyan magnitude should not be a way of life - fast, effective and transparent humanitarian response should be. Equipping the citizenry with skills… is more relevant now than ever.”
The Aceh experience
Rina Meutia, who will coordinate a session on conflict needs, told IRIN she was eager to bring her experiences from the response in Aceh to bear on the global humanitarian system.
“Aceh was one of the largest humanitarian operations at the time when everyone started arriving after the tsunami, Meutia said, referring to the 2004 earthquake and tsunami that wiped out homes, buildings and roads, and claimed over 167,000 lives in the northern Indonesian province of Aceh. More than US$7 billion in donations and government funds poured into the province, which had experienced three decades of civil war.
“When humanitarians arrived to provide relief, many of them had no idea about the ongoing conflict, and when they learned later how complicated it was, they were surprised to know that the people they were helping recover from a natural disaster had been affected by conflict for so long, and neglected by humanitarians during that time.”
“Sometimes internationals arriving with a particular mandate to give so-called help can actually just confuse people, and even do more harm than good,” she argued. “It’s controversial and messy to even suggest that humanitarian responses should engage with political realities on the ground, but it needs to be part of this global discussion if we want future responses to be more effective.”
Experts agree that the discussions around conflict-time engagement will be a crucial component of improving the global system - including considerations about how operations in conflict areas are funded.
“I am concerned about the question of humanitarian action in conflict settings. We need to sit down and have an honest conversation whether an organization getting the majority of its funds from one single source can still be neutral,” said Lacey-Hall.
According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre in Geneva, there were 33.3 million people displaced by conflicts around the world as of January 2014 - “the highest ever number of people displaced as a consequence of conflict and violence.”
“We need to look at our core principles - humanity, impartiality, neutrality and operational independence - to see if we manage to uphold them in light of fundraising demands,” said Lacey-Hall.
Working in conflicts involves trade-offs, he said, pointing to the complexities of humanitarian work where “civilians are in desperate need of assistance… [but] we have to be careful about the message we give - the contextual sensibilities - and balance our commitment to humanitarian principles.”
07/22/2014 03:38 GMT
COTABATO, July 22, 2014 (AFP) - An escalation of fighting between the Philippine army and a breakaway Muslim rebel group in the country's south killed 18 people in a single day of violence, the military said Tuesday.
Seventeen members of the rebel Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) and one soldier were slain in the day-long violence Monday in the strife-torn southern island of Mindanao, Brigadier General Eduardo Pangilinan, the area's military commander, said.
"One of our soldiers was killed during the (initial) attack. The 17 enemies were killed when our troops fired back and during the subsequent encounters," the general told reporters.
There was a lull in fighting on Tuesday but the military remained on alert, with helicopter gunships flying overhead and armoured vehicles parked on the streets of Cotabato City, a trading centre in the area.
"There have been no additional encounters but we are continuing our operations on the ground," Pangilinan added.
Fighting began in the early hours of Monday morning as BIFF guerrillas attacked military outposts in the violence-scarred province of Maguindanao.
The violence later spread to the neighbouring province of North Cotabato before the rebels pulled back, Pangilinan said.
BIFF spokesman Abu Misry Mama disputed the military's version of events, saying only four of his fighters had been killed.
"Only four have died. We would never lie about our casualties because it is an honour to die as a mujahedeen," he said.
He said the BIFF had launched the attacks in retaliation for the military's abduction of a Muslim father and son on July 3.
The military has previously denied his accusation, branding this as propaganda.
Regional social welfare agencies said that at least nine civilians were wounded and over 300 families had been forced to flee due to the new fighting.
The BIFF split from the main Muslim rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), in 2008.
The 10,000-strong MILF has entered into a ceasefire and peace talks with the government for the creation of an autonomous region for Muslim-dominated areas in the south of this largely Christian nation.
However the BIFF, which is believed to have just a few hundred fighters, has rejected the negotiations and still demands a separate Islamic state in the southern Philippines.
It has previously launched attacks in Mindanao in efforts to disrupt the peace efforts.
Various Muslim armed groups including the MILF have waged a rebellion in the southern Philippines since the 1970s aimed at winning independence or autonomy for the country's Muslim minority in Mindanao, which they regard as their ancestral homeland.
About 150,000 people are estimated to have died in the conflict.
© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse
Funding announced to promote skills development and improve access to markets for farmers
July 21, 2014 – Manila, Philippines – Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada
The Honourable Ed Fast, Minister of International Trade, on behalf of the Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, today announced Canadian support for a project that will help farmers enhance their business management skills and financial literacy, and access better farming practices and markets for their products.
The Agribusiness development project, to be implemented by the International Finance Corporation, will deliver financial products and services that meet farmers’ needs, facilitate partnerships between the government and the private sector, and design policies, regulations and procedures that will improve the investment climate.
“It is essential to help small farmers grow their businesses and generate profits so that they become important engines of economic growth in their communities”, said Minister Fast. “Canada is proud to help advance the economic opportunities of women and men in the Philippines.”
“In order to raise people out of poverty and put them on the road to prosperity, we must leverage private sector involvement, and foster good governance,” said Minister Paradis. “The private sector is the driving force behind economic growth and is essential to achieving meaningful development outcomes.”
- In 2014, the Philippines was confirmed as a country of focus for Canada’s international development efforts.
- The goal of Canada's international development assistance program in the Philippines is to support sustainable economic growth by improving the investment climate and advancing economic opportunities.
- When Typhoon Haiyan slammed into the Philippines on November 8, 2013, Canada was already putting in place the pieces that allowed a rapid, life-saving, whole-of-government response in support of the government of the Philippines
- Backgrounder: Project: Agribusiness Development in the Philippines
- Canada’s response to Typhoon Haiyan (http://www.international.gc.ca/development-developpement/humanitarian_response-situations_crises/haiyan/haiyan_results-resultats_haiyan.aspx?lang=eng)
- Canada’s development assistance to the Philippines (http://www.international.gc.ca/development-developpement/countries-pays/philippines.aspx?lang=eng)
- Project profile: Agribusiness Development (http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/cidaweb/cpo.nsf/vWebCSAZEn/DAEDC93A1636BC3C85257B2D0035AAD2)
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