Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Following the 6.5 and 7.3 magnitude earthquakes which struck Kumamoto Prefecture on 14 and 16 April, an estimated 60,000 people remain in more than 600 evacuation centres. With the resumption of basic services, the number of the evacuees has decreased from 112,100 people last week. The Government has secured apartment units for 8,350 households as temporary accommodation. On 22 April, the Republic of Korea delivered food, bottled water and blankets, by sending two military aircraft to Kumamoto Airport.
The series of earthquakes caused 48 fatalities and over 1,400 injuries.
48 people killed
As of 20 April, an estimated 733,650 families (3.5 million people) have been affected by El Niño across the Philippines. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) updated the number of affected people based on most recent available information. To date, DSWD released US$14.8 million for food assistance and cash-for-work programmes.
3.5 million people affected
Across five municipalities (Lautém, Viqueque, Baucau, Covalima and Oecusse) severely impacted by El Niño-induced drought, an estimated 120,000 people require water and sanitation, food, nutrition, health, livelihoods and education support. The Government and the Humanitarian Country Team has developed an Emergency Response Plan seeking US$25 million to respond to the urgent needs of the affected communities.
Since 19 April, strong winds, hail and heavy rains have affected over 40 townships across Mandalay and Sagaing regions and Shan, Kachin and Chin states. Over 1,100 houses were destroyed and 11,600 houses damaged. As of 25 April, authorities confirmed 14 deaths and 18 people injured due to the severe weather conditions – these figures are expected to change as more information becomes available. In Kachin, strong winds destroyed internally displaced persons (IDP) shelter and camp structures.
14 people killed
1,100 houses destroyed
On 16 and 19 April, fighting reportedly broke out between the military and an armed group identified as part of the Arakan Army in Kyautaw and Rathedaung townships, Rakhine State. Village authorities confirmed that about 80 households (380 people) were displaced. Local authorities and the military provided rice and basic health care services to the displaced people.
From 23 to 24 April, Category 2 Tropical Cyclone Amos traversed just north of Samoa, avoiding a direct hit on the island nation of 190,000 people. Heavy rains triggered landslides in Upolu Island and floods in low lying coastal areas. Electricity and water supply was temporarily disrupted across the archipelago – power outages affected 70 per cent of the country. No fatalities have been reported.
70% of the country affected by power outages
New tech allows for rapid and detailed assessments of vulnerable farmland
25 April 2016 - In a bid to stay ahead of the negative impacts of climate change, floods and typhoons on food security, the Government of the Philippines and FAO have started using unmanned aerial drones to assess where farmlands are most at risk from natural disasters and quickly assess damages after they strike.
Under a pilot phase of the still-fledgling project funded by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Philippines and the FAO, two drones have already been sent soaring over the Philippines provinces that have been affected by the current El Niño.
Some 25 FAO and government technical experts are ready to be deployed across the archipelago to support drone missions. They were recently trained over three weeks on how to fly the drones and learned a range of remote aerial assessment methods.
The drones are equipped with navigation and photogrammetric equipment that can generate detailed and data rich maps from aerial photographs including Normalized Difference Vegetation Index or NDVI, a formula used for assessing vegetation and plant health.
Data gathered can be used to see where agricultural systems are at particular risk from natural disasters -- and identify ways through which such risks can be countered, for example, through ground contouring, building retaining walls, or planting protective vegetation.
Capable of covering up to 600 hectares a day, the drones should significantly accelerate the process of risk analysis, according to Christopher Morales, Director of Field Operations for the Philippines Department of Agriculture.
"It is efficient, it saves time and we will be using a reliable source of data so that we can plan and provide appropriate interventions and responses for our farmers in times of disasters and calamities," he says.
"Additionally, imagery generated from drone flights can reveal where agricultural infrastructure projects and service facilities like irrigation or storage facilities could be sited to best serve local farmers. The technology can also potentially support in the assessment of coastal and forest areas." said Jose Luiz Fernandez, FAO Representative in the Philippines.
A new tool for countries at risk from natural disasters
The Philippines is among the world's most at-risk countries for tropical storms and other disasters.
Over the past decade, earthquakes, typhoons and floods have claimed thousands of human lives and periodically left parts of the archipelago's infrastructure and economy in tatters.
Such disasters impact heavily on farms and food systems, leaving people without food in their immediate aftermath and undermining food production capacity for years afterwards.
Approximately 20 strong typhoons affect the Philippine Area of Responsibility each year. In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan alone devastated 600 000 hectares of farmland and caused over $700 million in damage to the agriculture sector. In addition, the country is also highly vulnerable to other natural hazards such as drought, flooding and volcanic eruptions.
The vulnerability of the agriculture sector to natural hazards is evident elsewhere across the globe as well. Nearly a quarter of all damages inflicted by natural hazards such as drought, floods storms or tsunamis in the developing world are absorbed by the agriculture sector, FAO studies have shown.
Preparing for such events and taking steps to reduce risks to farmers and farming systems can greatly reduce such damages and avoid the need to build agriculture back from scratch following a disaster.
Carlo Lorenzo J. Datu
CLARK FREEPORT ZONE, April 24 (PIA) -- President Benigno S. Aquino III will grace tomorrow the launching of the Listong Pamayanan and Listong Pamilyang Pilipino initiatives of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), which seeks to bring disaster preparedness at the grassroots level.
“Listong Pamayanan involves convergence and dialogues of local stakeholders promoting community preparedness. The involvement of the youth in disaster preparedness is highlighted in this component of Operation Listo through the Wemboree: Changing the Mindset from Me to We,” DILG said in a press statement.
This year, this will be reinforced by capacity development interventions on Community Simulation Drills for Tsunami and Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Management.
“Listong Pamilyang Pilipino, on the other hand, will focus on building capacities of families on disaster preparedness through Family Development Sessions with Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program beneficiaries.
The launching program with the theme “Kahandaan at Kabayanihan” is conducted in partnership with Department of Social Welfare and Development, Department of National Defense, and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council.
It is part of Operation Listo which is an advocacy program launched in 2014 with Listong Pamahalaang Lokal that standardized disaster protocols for Mayors on early preparedness, response and monitoring through Disaster Preparedness Manuals. (CLJD-PIA 3)
TANDAG CITY, Surigao del Sur, April 22 (PIA) – The National Food Authority (NFA) here has assured the buying public of ample rice supply province-wide.
May Sara Atomar, NFA provincial manager, said that there were a total of 70,776 bags of stock inventory in all of their three warehouses in Cantilan, Tandag City and Bislig City, respectively, as of April 19, 2016.
However, she specified that a total 69,581 bags of which or equivalent to 98.31 percent were imported from Vietnam.
Atomar likewise added that the price of NFA rice had remained at P27.00 and P32.00 per kilo depending on the quality of milling.
She further said that at the moment several varieties of rice stocks were being sold at wholesale under reduced prices—ranging from P1,100 up to P1,200 per bag, citing “aged stocks.”
Moreover, the NFA provincial chief confirmed that price monitoring of commercial rice had always been part of their regular activity, indicating the modal prices at P40.00 for regular-milled; P45.00 for well-milled; and P47.00 for premium. (NGBT/Greg Tataro Jr., Radyo ng Bayan-Tandag/PIA-Surigao del Sur)
The ADB program in the Philippines has provided loans, grants and technical assistance to grow the country’s economy and improve the lives of people, particularly the poor, women, children and other vulnerable groups.
ADB has been a strong development partner of the Philippines, its host country, with average annual lending of $745 million in the last 10 years.
The Philippines is among the fastest-growing economies in Southeast Asia. To meet the large infrastructure needs of the Philippines, ADB has been supporting PPPs since 2011. Increasing use of results-based lending is expected to identify investment projects that make better use of country systems to increase implementation efficiency.
Future ADB assistance to the Philippines will be based on a holistic program-oriented approach, to increase the predictability of ADB resource allocations and government disbursements, strengthen synergy across sectors and operations, and provide financing flexibility to suit the assistance required.
Updated yearly, this ADB Fact Sheet provides social and economic indicators on the Philippines as well as concise information on ADB's operations in the country and contact information.
QUEZON CITY, April 23 (PIA) -- Officials and employees of the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) got to try out the mobile earthquake simulator on Friday as part of the agency’s efforts to raise disaster awareness and preparedness.
The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) simulator visited the PIA through the efforts of PIA-National Capital Region regional director Riza J. Baldoria, information officer Lucia F. Bronio, PIA Quick Response Team leader Frances Mae G. Macapagat, PIA Building Emergency Response Team leader Francis N. Martin, and the PIA Administrative Division.
In her letter to the MMDA, Baldoria said the earthquake machine could help allay the fear some employees felt about the 7.2-magnitude earthquake that could hit Metro Manila and nearby areas anytime soon, following the widely publicized Valley Fault System Atlas by the Philippine Volcanology and Seismology earlier.
“We thought that, by experiencing the earthquake simulations, employees would be aided to personally feel and better understand the risks involved when a massive quake occurs. Obtaining this simple familiarity would help employees conquer their anxiety as regards to earthquakes,” Baldoria said.
By 8:00 AM, MMDA technicians have put up the machine in front of the PIA Building, complete with tables and chairs arranged in a dining room setup. The simulator is capable of replicating the effects of an intensity 10 earthquake.
By 8:30 AM, PIA employees begin to line up to try the simulator and experience for themselves how to react in the event of an actual tremor.
PIA-NCR staff Alaine P. Allanigue said this is her first time to ride an earthquake simulator. She said she was still too young to recall her experiences when the 1990 earthquake hit Metro Manila and other parts of Luzon.
“Nakakatakot!” (Scary) This was her initial reaction when she was asked to describe her experience with the simulator. “Hindi siya katulad ng ibang rides.” (It is not similar to other fun rides.)
For his part, PIA Employees Association president Emver P. Cotez said the experience with the machine was also his first time. He meanwhile, reminded employees not to run in panic in case there is an earthquake.
“Hintayin muna nila na humupa ang pagyanig bago um-exit sa building in an orderly manner,” he said. (They should wait until the shaking subsides before exiting the building in an orderly manner.)
Although this is the first time the PIA had invited the earthquake simulator over, it won’t be the last.
According to Broñio, the MMDA has confirmed a repeat of the of machine’s visit complete with briefing of participants and IEC handouts.
She said other government agency employees working near and around the PIA would also be invited to try the machine out during its next visit to the agency. (RJB/JCP/PIA-NCR)
QUEZON CITY, Apr. 23 -- The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has sub-allotted anew a total of P615,376,370 to DSWD-Field Office XII for its continuing support for El Nino affected areas in the region and in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
This amount is sourced from the additional fund released to the DSWD by the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) specifically P662,500,000 additional Quick Response Fund (QRF) to the P1.32 billion QRF for 2016 and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (CCAM) Fund.
It can be recalled that the DBM has authorized the DSWD to use its QRF amounting to P1.32 billion and regular funds to respond to El Niño requirements.
Earlier, the DSWD has released P739,492,203.33, as of April 19, out of the 2016 P1.32 billion QRF fund covering the assistance for El Nino affected families nationwide. The amount includes the cost of food assistance and the implementation of Cash-for-Work (CFW).
DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman said that it may be significant to mention that ARMM has its own fund source and yet the DSWD still provided augmentation assistance to the region.
“Even with the separate funding, the DSWD provided to the DSWD-ARMM, as of April 19, a total of P389,811,605.00 since 2015 to augment their resources for El Niño. The amount was utilized for the implementation of CFW in El Niño-affected areas in the region,” Soliman said.
“Along with the rest of the government, DSWD recognizes the urgency of responding to the situation of hunger affecting the poor in many parts of the country,” Sec. Soliman emphasized. (DSWD)
The current El Niño started in Asia and the Pacific region from as early as March 2015. It reached strong levels in some countries in July 2015. In many countries the effects of the phenomenon remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2016. However, the humanitarian impacts have now become critical in many countries and humanitarian response have been ramping up.
The ongoing humanitarian impact of extreme weather events caused by El Niño will continue in many cases until the third quarter of 2016. Due to variable cycles of weather and planting, partners are looking at a window of response of at least six months, understanding that longer-term engagement, in particular on resilience and early recovery is needed in some countries.
In many countries in Asia-Pacific, extended water shortages and prolonged lean seasons due to drought, coupled with poor nutrition outcomes and widespread poverty, warrant immediate interventions in several sectors including in WASH, Food Security (incl. agriculture), Nutrition, Health and Early Recovery.
Historical records suggest that the likelihood of the current El Niño being followed by La Niña is the same as a return to neutral conditions, during the second half of 2016. Because La Niña could exacerbate the negative effects in countries that have experienced El Niño conditions, effective preparedness for potential widespread floods and related events is required.
For effective programming, the humanitarian community needs to understand existing survival coping mechanisms against El Niño and La Niña of vulnerable communities, in particular farmers and herders which are most exposed as a result of impacted livelihoods; children, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers, and the elderly whose health is likely to deteriorate as a result of reduced meals and/or poor nutrition.
El Niño is increasing vulnerabilities in some countries with limited preparedness and response capacity. More needs to be done by Governments, humanitarian and development partners alike to mitigate future risks. At the regional level humanitarian partners are coordinating to ensure effective strategic planning, including on specific issues such as population movements and gender-specific needs which may be influenced by El Niño and La Niña.
Save the Children says that Philippines is facing the worst chronic malnutrition rate among children aged 0-2 years old at 26.2% in the last 10 years, the organization cited data from the 2015 Updating of the Nutritional Status of Filipino Children by Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI).
Save the Children also pointed to the FNRI data which reveal that overall chronic malnutrition or stunting rate for children under-5 years old has significantly increased to 33.5% from 30.5 in 2013. In terms of reduction of acute malnutrition or wasting, where a child suffered starvation and illness, there has been almost no progress in the national data.
Dr. Amado Parawan, Save the Children Health and Nutrition Advisor said: “Save the Children knows that the first 2 years of life is considered the critical “window of opportunity” for a child’s optimal growth and development. Any damage caused by stunting or chronic malnutrition during this period is irreversible.”
“The latest national data also show that children born to the poorest mothers are thrice likely to suffer from stunting. This means that we need to double our efforts to ensure that nutrition-related policies and programs reach the most vulnerable.”
In response to findings of various studies, Save the Children has recently launched a Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) project in Navotas city, which aims to treat and rehabilitate children with severe and moderate acute malnutrition. This is the first ever CMAM project to be implemented in Metro Manila as previous government and multi-sector efforts were done in the Visayas and Mindanao.
Ned Olney, Country Director of Save the Children, said: “It is critical that we make malnutrition visible especially in this upcoming elections. New global health targets (World Health Assembly and Sustainable Development Goals) cannot be achieved without sustained political will and increased nutrition investments in the “First 1000 Days.”
Save the Children is renewing its call to end this unacceptable reality. We are calling future leaders of the country to tackle and commit to the issue of child hunger and malnutrition.
- Scale up cost-effective and affordable high-impact nutrition interventions to prevent child undernutrition that cripples the country, such as promotion of exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, vitamin A and iron supplementation, treatment of acute malnutrition and maternal nutrition both at national and local levels.
- Save the Children urges that maternal nutrition is prioritized in public and private health facilities. Mothers need as much health care and nutrition as the child before, during and after childbirth to ensure the health and nutrition of infants and young children.
- Once the child is delivered, the first two years of life is critical. We therefore call for the strict and sustained implementation of nutrition-specific interventions such as infant and young child feeding (IYCF), micronutrient supplementation and the Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM). This can only be done through political will and good governance.
- Protect and comply with the country’s “Milk Code” to prevent any attempts to revise and modify the “Milk Code”.
- Address the status of the community-based health and nutrition front-liners e.g. Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) and Barangay Nutrition Scholars (BNSs) by implementing policies and mechanisms that can improve the highly politicized situation, and providing proper incentives and security of tenure, training and needed equipment.
- Ensure that budget allocation for health and nutrition programs are sufficient, appropriate and prioritized.
- Support the “First 1000 Days Bill” to enhance the delivery of quality nutrition interventions in the first 1,000 days of life to prevent stunting among children.
About Save the Children
Save the Children Philippines is part of the global Save the Children movement working in over 120 countries. Present in the country for over three decades, Save the Children delivers programs for Filipino children which gives them a better education and easier access to healthcare, supports them during emergencies while also educating communities on disaster preparedness.
Save the Children has been advocating for policies and holistic programs and projects for mothers, children and their families. We do this by training frontline health and nutrition workers on live-saving care for newborns and their mothers, promoting exclusive breastfeeding, managing community and school-based health and nutrition programs and promoting reproductive health to adolescents. Our work also includes making families more food secure and resilient, for example to natural disaster, by working with governments and other partners to generate alternative incomes and grow nutritious food.
Lahat Dapat is Save the Children’s biggest campaign yet against hunger and malnutrition. Save the Children believes that all children have the right to fair and equal access to nutritious food. We know that the rate of stunting of 33% is largely due to inequality of access to nutritious food, long periods of hunger and a lack of nutrition during the first 1,000 days.
To know more about #LahatDapat Campaign, visit http://www.savethechildren.org.ph/lahatdapat
From 1 January 2007 to 20 April 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 66 countries and territories.
42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.
17 countries have reported evidence of Zika virus transmission prior to 2015, with or without ongoing transmission or have reported an outbreak since 2015 that is now over.
- Eight countries have now reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, other than mosquito-borne transmission (Argentina, Chile, France, Italy, New Zealand, Peru, Portugal and the United States of America).
In the week to 20 April, no additional countries have reported mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission. Peru and Portugal are the latest countries to report person-to-person transmission.
Microcephaly and other fetal malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection or suggestive of congenital infection have been reported in six countries (Brazil, Cabo Verde, Colombia, French Polynesia, Martinique and Panama). Two cases, each linked to a stay in Brazil, were detected in Slovenia and the United States of America. A further case, linked to a brief stay in Mexico, Guatemala and Belize, was detected in a pregnant woman in the United States of America.
In the context of Zika virus circulation, 13 countries and territories worldwide have reported an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and/or laboratory confirmation of a Zika virus infection among GBS cases.
Based on a growing body of research, there is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and GBS.
The global prevention and control strategy launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a Strategic Response Framework encompasses surveillance, response activities and research.
This situation report is organized under those headings.
Globally, millions of vulnerable people are experiencing increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. This particular occurrence is one of the most severe in a half-century and the strongest El Niño since 1997/1998 which killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion. According to the World Bank, agriculture prices are projected to decline 1.4 percent across almost all commodities groups despite fears of El Niño disruptions, though there are impacts on local commodity prices in many countries throughout Latin America and Southern Africa. The negative consequences of El Niño are foreseen to continue for months to come, particularly in Southern Africa. Food Security Cluster partners have put preparedness actions in place and have responded globally. The global Food Security Cluster is providing support to WFP, FAO, and food security partners through continual monitoring of information, and dissemination of such data to stakeholders for El Niño affected countries, ensuring that country level coordination mechanisms are well equipped to employ preparedness actions and responses, advocating for additional resources to affected countries, and support to country level clusters.
World: Semaine mondiale de la vaccination 2016 : Changer la donne en matière de vaccination doit devenir la norme dans le monde
21 AVRIL 2016 | GENÈVE – Lors de la Semaine mondiale de la vaccination 2016, organisée du 24 au 30 avril, l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) met en lumière certaines avancées récentes dans la couverture vaccinale et décrit de nouvelles mesures que les pays peuvent prendre pour _« Combler les lacunes en matière de vaccination »_ et atteindre les cibles mondiales fixées pour 2020.
« L’an dernier, la vaccination a remporté des victoires remarquables contre la poliomyélite, la rubéole et le tétanos maternel et néonatal », indique le Dr Margaret Chan, Directeur général de l’OMS. « Mais c’étaient des victoires isolées. La poliomyélite a été éliminée dans un pays, le tétanos dans trois pays et la rubéole dans une région géographique. Le défi consiste à ce que les victoires comme celles-ci deviennent la norme. »
La vaccination permet d’éviter 2 à 3 millions de décès par an, mais on pourrait sauver 1,5 million de vies supplémentaires avec une amélioration de la couverture vaccinale dans le monde. On estime aujourd’hui que 18,7 millions d’enfants, soit près d’un sur cinq dans le monde, ne bénéficient pas encore de certaines vaccinations systématiques pour des maladies évitables, comme la diphtérie, la coqueluche ou le tétanos.
En 2012, l’Assemblée mondiale de la Santé a approuvé le Plan d’action mondial pour les vaccins (GVAP), un engagement pour que personne ne passe à côté des vaccinations essentielles. Malgré les progrès de la couverture vaccinale dans certaines régions et dans certains pays l’an dernier, nous sommes toujours en retard pour atteindre les cibles mondiales de la vaccination.
Nous sommes dans les temps que pour une seule des six cibles : l’introduction de vaccins nouveaux ou sous-utilisés dans les pays à revenu faible ou intermédiaire. Au cours des cinq dernières années, 86 de ces pays ont procédé à 128 introductions des vaccins suivants : vaccin contenant le Hib, vaccin antipneumococcique conjugué, vaccin antirotavirus, vaccin contre le papillomavirus humain, vaccin contre la rubéole et vaccin antipoliomyélitique inactivé. La cible était d’au moins 90 pays à revenu faible ou intermédiaire en 2015.
Changer la donne en matière de vaccination
On a assisté à certains progrès majeurs l’an dernier.
L’Inde a rejoint le Cambodge, la Mauritanie et Madagascar pour l’élimination du tétanos maternel et néonatal. Elle a également amélioré la couverture de la vaccination par trois doses de vaccin antitétanique-antidiphtérique-anticoquelucheux (DTC3), la portant à 83 %.
Malgré les difficultés engendrées par le virus Ebola, y compris pour la couverture de la vaccination systématique, la Région africaine a fait un pas de plus vers la certification d’être exempte de poliomyélite, avec le retrait du Nigéria de la liste des pays d’endémie. En 2012 encore, on enregistrait dans ce pays la moitié des cas de poliomyélite dans le monde. Aujourd’hui, il ne reste plus que deux pays d’endémie seulement, l’Afghanistan et le Pakistan.
La Région des Amériques a été la première à éliminer la rubéole, une maladie virale contagieuse à l’origine de multiples anomalies congénitales et d’une mortalité fœtale lorsqu’elle est contractée par les femmes au cours de la grossesse.
De plus, cinq ans après l’introduction du vaccin conjugué contre le méningocoque A, la vaccination de plus de 230 millions de personnes a permis d’endiguer et de presque éliminer la méningite A, une maladie mortelle, dans la « Ceinture africaine de la méningite » qui s’étend du Sénégal à l’Éthiopie.
De nouveaux vaccins contre la dengue, le virus Ebola et le paludisme changeront potentiellement la donne dans un proche avenir. Par exemple, grâce à la stratégie de la « vaccination en anneau », le vaccin anti-Ebola est administré à quiconque a été en contact avec un sujet infecté, ainsi qu’aux contacts des contacts.
Et le nouveau schéma vaccinal contre la poliomyélite, avec le retrait du vaccin antipoliomyélitique oral de type 2 dans 155 pays ce mois-ci, constitue une étape cruciale pour arriver à un monde exempt de cette maladie.
« Bien qu’on ait assisté à des progrès de la vaccination dans le monde, la couverture vaccinale mondiale a marqué le pas ces dernières années », déplore le Dr Flavia Bustreo, Sous-Directeur général à l’OMS pour le Groupe Santé de la famille, de la femme et de l’enfants et Vice-Président du Conseil de Gavi, l’Alliance du vaccin. « Bien trop d’occasions sont manquées chaque jour pour atteindre les enfants non vaccinés et combler les lacunes en matière de vaccination. »
Réduire les occasions manquées
Pour améliorer la couverture vaccinale, l’OMS demande aux pays de couvrir davantage d’enfants qui échappent aux systèmes de vaccination systématique, en particulier ceux qui vivent dans des pays, des districts ou des zones où moins de 80 % d’entre eux reçoivent ces vaccins ou ceux qui vivent dans des pays en proie à des conflits ou affectés par des situations d’urgence.
Plus de 60 % des enfants non vaccinés vivent dans 10 pays : l’Afrique du Sud, l’Éthiopie, l’Inde, l’Indonésie, l’Iraq, le Nigéria, l’Ouganda, le Pakistan, les Philippines et la République démocratique du Congo.
De même, lorsqu’un enfant ou un adulte, qui n’est pas vacciné ou pas complètement vacciné, va dans un établissement de soins pour quelque raison que ce soit, les agents de santé doivent vérifier son dossier de vaccination et il faut alors lui administrer tous les vaccins qui lui manquent.
Or, des évaluations récentes sur le terrain dans la Région des Amériques et la Région africaine ont montré qu’entre 23 % et 96 % des enfants qui remplissent les conditions requises et sont venus dans un établissement de soins pour la vaccination ou un traitement médical, ont quitté cet établissement sans avoir reçu les doses vaccinales dont ils avaient besoin.
« Ce ne sont pas des enfants que l’on considèrerait comme étant ‘difficiles à atteindre’ ou appartenant à des populations mal desservies », reconnaît le Dr Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, Directeur, Vaccins, vaccination, et produits biologiques, OMS. « Il est facile de faire progresser la couverture vaccinale rien qu’en s’occupant des enfants venant déjà dans les établissements de santé. »
Revenir dans les temps
De nombreux succès obtenus l’an dernier ont été dus à un renforcement du leadership et de la responsabilisation à tous les niveaux, national régional et mondial.
« Lorsque les pays et les partenaires mettent en place et font respecter des systèmes clairs de responsabilisation, mesurent les résultats et corrigent le tir lorsque les résultats ne sont pas atteints, on peut combler les lacunes », ajoute le Dr Okwo-Bele.
L’an dernier, le Groupe stratégique consultatif d’experts sur la vaccination (SAGE) a défini 5 facteurs permettant d’obtenir des résultats significatifs en matière de couverture vaccinale :
- qualité et utilisation des données
- engagement des communautés
- amélioration de l’accès aux services de vaccination pour les populations marginalisées ou déplacées
- systèmes de santé solides
- accès aux vaccins partout et en permanence
Pour le renforcement de la qualité et de l’utilisation des données, l’Assemblée mondiale de la Santé a adopté une résolution l’an dernier sur le prix des vaccins, demandant aux pays de fournir à l’OMS les prix des vaccins. Actuellement, la base de données de l’OMS renferme 1600 prix pour près d’une cinquantaine de vaccins dans 42 pays, mais aussi chez les acheteurs internationaux, comme la plateforme d’achat disponible dans la Région OMS des Amériques, ou l’UNICEF, ce qui en fait la plus grande base de données internationale sur les prix des vaccins.
Comme le prix des vaccins représente une part importante des budgets nationaux pour la vaccination et comme le prix des nouveaux vaccins est plus élevé que celui des vaccins traditionnels, les coûts constituent un obstacle difficile à surmonter pour les pays voulant introduire de nouveaux vaccins.
Note aux rédactions
Le Plan d’action mondial pour les vaccins voit un monde où plus personne n’est exposé aux maladies évitables par la vaccination d’ici à 2020. Il a fixé 6 cibles à moyen terme pour 2015 :
Vaccination contre la diphtérie, le tétanos et la coqueluche (DTC3)
Cible : Couverture par trois doses vaccinales de 90 % à l’échelle nationale et de 80 % dans chaque district ou unité administrative équivalente en 2015.
Retard : 65 pays
Introduction de vaccins nouveaux ou sous-utilisés
Cible : Au moins 90 pays à revenu faible ou intermédiaire ont introduit un ou plusieurs vaccins nouveaux ou sous-utilisés en 2015.
DANS LES TEMPS
Éradication de la poliomyélite
Cible : Un monde sans poliomyélite
Retard : il reste 2 pays où la poliomyélite est endémique
Tétanos maternel et néonatal : Élimination mondiale fin 2015
Cible : Éliminer le tétanos maternel et néonatal dans 59 pays prioritaires
Retard : 21 pays
Élimination de la rougeole
Cible : Élimination dans au moins quatre Régions de l’OMS fin 2015
Retard : 15 % des enfants ne sont pas vaccinés contre la rougeole
Élimination de la rubéole
Cible : Élimination de la rubéole dans deux Régions de l’OMS fin 2015
Retard : La moitié des enfants ne sont pas vaccinés contre la rubéole
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The current El Niño episode may be among the strongest on record (Earth Institute 2015). This year again, serious localized production shortfalls have occurred or are expected, creating an urgent need for policy actions to ensure adequate food supply and food mobility from surplus to deficit regions. Although global cereal production is not expected to decline significantly, complacency is not warranted: The situation calls for careful monitoring of production and prices, promotion of transparent international and domestic trade policies, and expanded coverage of safety nets and nutrition programs for the households most severely affected, all while working toward long-term improvements in resilience and agricultural production.
As of 31 March, there were 91 cases of dengue reported in China in 2016 (28 in January, 45 in February, 18 in March). Compared with the same period of the previous three years (2012 to 2015), the number of dengue cases reported in China has increased in 2016 (Figure 1).
For the week from 10 April to 16 April, the number of dengue cases was 1,854, a decrease from 2,031 cases reported in the week prior. The number of cases was higher than that reported during the same period in 2015, and far exceeded the median for this week between 2011 and 2015. Within the same period there were two dengue-related deaths reported, bringing the total number of deaths for 2016 to 92, compared to a total of 117 deaths during the same reporting period in 2015.
Philippines (no updates)
As of 20 February 2016, there were 18,790 suspected cases of dengue reported in 2016, including 65 deaths. This is higher than that reported during the same period in 2015 (n=16,606) (Figure 3).
From 3 to 9 April 2016, 292 dengue cases were reported, a decrease from the previous week (n=377) and higher than the number reported for the same period in each of the last four years (2012-2015) (Figure 4).
Cambodia (no updates)
As of 20 February 2016, there were 663 cases of dengue (with no deaths) reported in Cambodia. The number of cases remains stable and in line with case numbers observed between 2012 and 2015. In week eight, there were 15 cases reported, compared to 75 cases reported in the week prior (Figure 5).
As of 8 April, there were 260 cases of dengue with one death reported in Lao PDR in 2016. From 26 March to 8 April 2016, 13 new dengue cases were reported, which followed the seasonal trend (2011-2015) (Figure 6).
Viet Nam (no updates)
As of 31 January 2016, there were 13,086 cases of dengue, including 2 deaths, reported in 38 of 63 provinces in Viet Nam. The cumulative number of cases reported in 2016 is higher than that reported during the same period in 2015 and higher than the median for the same reporting period between 2010 and 2014 (Figure 7). The number of cases reported in January 2016 was 23% lower than that reported in December 2015 (17,033 cases and 8 deaths).
The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has reported that El Niño is weakening. According to the agency, the condition may return to neutral levels by mid-2016—May-July season.
Notwithstanding, the Department of Agriculture is intensifying its efforts to protect farms and farmers. From January to April this year, the department has already released P310 million to counter the ill effects of El Niño. Measures came in the form of hybrid and certified seeds, fertilizers, soil ameliorants, shallow tube wells, pump equipment, biologics, cloud seeding operations, and crop insurance, among others. The department has also allocated funds for small water impounding projects and diversion dams to complement the efforts of the National Irrigation Administration under the Office of the Presidential Assistant on Food Security.
In addition, the DA has given quick response funds to the various regional field offices in the total amount of P207.57 million to rehabilitate farms from the onslaught of El Niño. This amount includes P60 million for Region 2, P9.16 million for Region 9, P21.86 million for Region 7, P14 million for Region 3, P102.4 million for Region 12. Another P31.7 million is allotted to the Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao and set to be released upon the execution of a memorandum of agreement between the DA and ARMM.
On top of the foregoing, the department has released the amount of P848 million to its regional field offices for programmed interventions against El Niño.
Agriculture Secretary Proceso J. Alcala has instructed all DA offices to heighten monitoring and validation activities to ensure speedy, timely, and efficient delivery of basic agricultural services to its constituents.
—From the Department of Agriculture
Philippines: DSWD partners with church, Lumad leaders for speedy distribution of relief in Northern Mindanao
With Bukidnon declared under a state of calamity due to El Nino, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) in Northern Mindanao has engaged the support of the Diocese of Malaybalay and Lumad leaders in augmenting DSWD social workers and local social welfare office personnel to ensure the quick distribution of relief goods to families affected by drought in the province.
In a meeting yesterday, DSWD- Field office X Director Nestor Ramos and Bishop Jose A. Cabantan agreed that the Diocese of Malaybalay will provide the venue for the distribution, considering that the religious sector is non-partisan.
Dir. Ramos also met with Bukidnon Governor Jose Maria F. Zubiri Jr. and discussed ways on how to speed up the provision of food assistance to families affected by drought.
To date, DSWD-Field Office X has provided 10,614 food packs, worth P2,536,746 to 3,717 families from the towns of San Fernando and Kibawe in Bukidnon and Claveria in Misamis Oriental.
It has initially started providing 10-kilos of rice per family in San Fernando. Starting April 17, provision was increased to 25-kilos of rice as augmentation to the local government unit.
Help for Lumads
The DSWD- Field Office also provided 2,059 sacks of rice, at 25-kilos each, to 4,118 Lumad families from San Fernando.
Aside from the direct food aid, the Field Office is also implementing the Cash- for- Work (CFW) to ease the impact of El Nino among the Lumads in Bukidnon and in the provinces of Lanao del Norte, Misamis Oriental, and Misamis Occidental. The programs are being implemented through Lumad leaders.
DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman, however, explained that the continuation of the provision of rice during the El Nino is on a case to case basis as there are families whose buying capacity is still adversely affected having no income at all.
April 19th, 2015 ― Doha: A delegation of Qatar Red Crescent Society has visited the Philippines to inaugurate a housing project, as part of a development program of the Qatar Alliance for the Relief of the Peoples of Somalia and the Philippines, at a total value of $2,256,209 (QR 8,211,020).
QRCS was represented by Mr. Rashid bin Saad Al-Mohannadi, Director, Social Development Department.
The one-year project involved building 650 housing units, seven classrooms, and a depot in northern Tacloban.
Immediately as the project had been completed, the work on another 625-unit project has been initiated.
In a ceremony with the Philippine Red Cross Society (PRCS), the housing units were handed over to the beneficiary families. The classrooms and depot were also completed.
The houses are built of wood and cement, with a separate toilet and sewerage chamber each. The 650 targeted families were selected based on case studies from among the families with totally destroyed homes; people with special needs; families whose breadwinners are children, women, or old people; and chronic patients. The beneficiaries were trained in safe shelter standards and emergency measures.
Seven classrooms were built at the central school of northern Burauen, a town of Leyte Province, at a cost of $150,000. A ready-made depot was built near the PRCS branch in Leyte.
Local workforce was hired to build these structures, as a way to provide income for the local community.
Typhoon Haiyan, which stroke the Philippines on 8 November 2013, was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded. It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon on record, killing at least 10,000 people and rendering nearly 66,000 people homeless. Overall, it affected almost 9,800,000 people in nine regions with 44 provinces and 600 towns. State and community infrastructure was badly damaged, which resulted in severe basic services breakdown and worsened living conditions.
The Qatar Alliance was formed as a result of the Qatar Day of Solidarity with the Peoples of Somalia and the Philippines, held on Tuesday 19 November 2013, in response to the noble call by H.E. Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad, Emir of Qatar.
Apart from QRCS, which was assigned to implement the executive work of the campaign, the alliance involved Qatar Charity, Sheikh Thani bin Abdullah Foundation for Humanitarian Services (RAF), Sheikh Eid bin Mohammad Al Thani Charitable Association, and Al-Asmakh Charity Foundation.
The alliance has already executed and organized many projects and events to mobilize financial and nonfinancial support for the campaign. These efforts are aimed at helping alleviate the suffering of as many victims as possible in the two countries.
Fiji: Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) South East Asia and the Pacific (ECHO/-XA/BUD/2016/91000) Last Updated: 08/03/2016 Version: 3
AMOUNT: EUR 21 400 000
- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Second modification as from 08.03.2016: Fiji - Tropical Cyclone Winston:
Tropical Cyclone Winston made landfall in Fiji on 20 February, causing loss of lives and significant damage to shelter, agriculture and infrastructure across its path. The Fiji Government estimates that close to 350 000 people living in the cyclone’s path were affected; 42 people have been confirmed dead and close to 40 000 people remain in evacuation centres.
ECHO’s and partners’ assessments indicate that multi-sector emergency humanitarian aid is needed for the most vulnerable and most affected families, with emphasis on food assistance (including support to re-launch agriculture activities), WASH and shelter. To address the needs of the most vulnerable people affected by Cyclone Winston in Fiji, EUR 1 000 000 has been added to this HIP. The response will focus on the most vulnerable people who have lost their shelter and source of income due to the extensive damage to agriculture.
First modification as from 28.01.2016: Transfer of the EUR 1 500 000 allocation foreseen under the 2015 HIP for the conflict in Mindanao (the Philippines):
The EUR 1 500 000 allocation foreseen under the 2015 HIP for the conflict in Mindanao, the Philippines, has been transferred to this HIP. Fighting between the army and nonstate armed groups1 has displaced over 495 000 people since 2012. The 2013 MNLF siege in Zamboanga displaced more than 118 800 people, the 2015 offensive against BIFF in Maguindanao displaced more than 132 000 and persisting fighting entails continuous displacement in different parts of Mindanao. Livelihoods have been destroyed as a result of conflict and displacement, in particular fishing for the indigenous Badjaos in Zamboanga and the farms and livestock in Maguindanao. While it is hoped that the peace process and the Bangsamoro Basic Law may bring sustained peace in the long term, for the moment the conflict remains active. Its humanitarian consequences have received virtually no international attention, making Mindanao a much forgotten crisis. The Government’s response to conflict-induced displacements has been much lower than to natural disaster-induced displacements2 .
Indonesia The high rainfall intensity has triggered flooding in many areas in Indonesia. In Sampang, East Java Province, flood submerged 3,000 houses. Another incident of also affecting 2,000 houses in Luwu, South Sulawesi Province. Local news agencies also reported that flood has inundated hundreds of houses in Muara Enim, South Sumatra Province and flashflood occurred in Kerinci, Jambi Province.
Philippines The El-Nino has caused drought in the Philippines. Many areas in Visayas and Mindanao are experiencing water shortage. Based on the UNOCHA report, the drought has affecting 181,700 farmers. Responding to the situation, the Government has conducted several actions that include providing food assistance, releasing cash-for-work programme and supporting the agriculture in the affected areas.
Approximately 250,000 family food packs worth P90.8 million (US$1.96 million) have been extended, as of April 15, by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) as augmentation support to local government units affected by the El Niño phenomenon.
The distribution of relief goods started in the fourth quarter of 2015.
DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman said that the provision of food aid to affected families through the local government units, or LGUs, will continue as long as there is a need for it.
Sec. Soliman added that the department, in coordination with LGUs, is fast-tracking the conduct of needs assessments of affected families to determine other appropriate assistance.
As of April 16, a total of 457,497 families, or 2,124,790 persons, from Regions NCR, I, II, III, IV-A, IV-B, VI, VII, X, XI, XII, and ARMM, have been affected by El Niño.
In Region X, the DSWD field office distributed food and rice in the affected towns of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon over the weekend. It is also scheduled to distribute rice to 13,292 families in the municipalities of Quezon and Talakag, and in Valencia City, all in Bukidnon on April 19-29.
Bukidnon is already under a state of calamity. Duly accredited civil society organizations, in close coordination with the DSWD, shall undertake the distribution.
“Along with the rest of the government, DSWD recognizes the urgency of responding to the situation of hunger affecting the poor in many parts of the country,” Sec. Soliman said.
She added that families who have not received help yet may inform the Pantawid Pamilya parent leaders in their barangays and sitios so that DSWD can send the needed assistance immediately.