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World: Pampers and UNICEF celebrate a decade together helping to save the lives of millions of children and mothers

29 September 2015 - 1:37am
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

NEW YORK, 28 September 2015 - An estimated 500,000 newborn lives have been saved and 100 million women and their newborns protected from the deadly disease, maternal and newborn tetanus, thanks to a ten-year long partnership between Pampers® and UNICEF that helped achieve this milestone.

The partners marked the tenth anniversary of their work today by celebrating the contributions of their joint effort that has helped in the elimination of maternal and newborn tetanus in 17 countries, with the success of the ‘1 Pack = 1 Vaccine’ initiative.

Celebrity mother, UNICEF Ambassador and long-standing spokesperson for the 1 Pack = 1 Vaccine campaign, Emma Bunton, united with Pampers and UNICEF during a global summit in New York to celebrate the progress for mothers and babies as a result of the partnership. At the event, Emma reflected on the decade-long initiative and invited everyone to mark the 10th anniversary by resolving to eliminate maternal and newborn tetanus entirely.

“Working with the people who have been instrumental in the success of this partnership, and meeting some of the mothers and babies who have enjoyed better, healthier lives as a result of the initiative has been an unforgettable experience”, said Emma Bunton. “I visited Madagascar to see the impact that Pampers’ funding has had on the lives of people and hearing their stories helped me see that with the support mums at home, we can stop this heart-breaking disease in more countries.”

“I am so proud that the 1 Pack = 1 Vaccine campaign has had a role in this progress, and I invite everyone who engaged in the campaign to stop, take one small minute and reflect on those mothers and children who are alive today, thanks to a simple vaccine. And let’s resolve, all of us, to keep up the good work,” she added.

The 1 Pack = 1 Vaccine campaign has combined two components that are essential to defeating a disease like maternal and newborn tetanus: Raising funds, and raising profile.

“The partnership between Pampers and UNICEF has resulted in much greater awareness of maternal and newborn tetanus and made a genuine difference in the lives of millions,” said Yoka Brandt, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director. “It will take even more commitment and investment, but we can and must accelerate elimination efforts in the remaining 21 countries where the key challenge remains universal access to life saving interventions, including maternal and newborn tetanus vaccines.”

The event also saw an informative panel-discussion between the organisations, led by Dr Holly Phillips, CBS Medical News Contributor where representatives talked about the importance of support from around the world, through the campaign that has enabled one mother to support another.

In addition, Pampers and UNICEF unveiled a powerful video to showcase the impact of the campaign through 10 milestone moments; DOWNLOAD HERE:

Although much has already been achieved, there is more work to be done, as maternal and newborn tetanus still threatens the lives of 71 million women and their newborns.

“Thanks to the collective power of UNICEF, Pampers and mums around the world, this funding has already helped to eliminate maternal and newborn tetanus in 17 countries, which is incredible”, says Sirma Umur, Pampers VP babycare E-IMEA. “However we are not stopping there, we continue to partner with UNICEF to help protect the world’s babies against this deadly disease and invite everyone to join us in our 10th anniversary wish to eliminate maternal and newborn tetanus entirely.”

Notes to editors:

Tetanus is caused by bacteria that live in soil. Newborns are often infected as a result of unhygienic birth practices, such as cutting the umbilical cord with un-sterile instruments or handling it with dirty hands. Once contracted, there is no real cure. Nearly all babies who contract tetanus die, unless they receive treatment.

The true extent of the maternal and newborn tetanus death toll is not fully known, since the population at the highest risk of contracting the disease tends to live in rural areas with little or no access to health care services or education.

Maternal and neonatal tetanus can be prevented through a simple vaccination given to pregnant women and women of a child-bearing age, to protect both the woman and her unborn child during this vulnerable period. Following administration of the tetanus vaccine to a pregnant mother, the antibodies pass across the placenta to her foetus.

World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF recommend three appropriately spaced doses of the tetanus vaccine in order to ensure long-lasting immunity. After two doses, a woman who is vaccinated before she gives birth will be protected against the disease for three years.

After three doses she will be protected for five years, and in both cases, will share her protection with her baby for the first two months of life

Since the Pampers-UNICEF partnership began in 2006, Pampers funding has already helped to eliminate MNT in 17 countries:

◾Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Lao PDR, Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritania, Myanmar, Senegal, Tanzania, Timor Leste, Sierra Leone and Uganda

Pampers funding is also supporting vaccination activities in a further 20 countries

◾Afghanistan, Angola, CAR, Chad, DRC, Ethiopia, Guinea Conakry, Haiti, Indonesia, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Republic of the Sudan, Republic of South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen

About Pampers®

Pampers® cares for the development of every baby around the world and continuously works in partnerships with NGOs, charity organizations, hospitals and healthcare professionals to help make a difference. Some of the many initiatives which demonstrate Pampers® ongoing commitment to vulnerable and disadvantaged babies around the world include education programmes for mothers and mothers-to-be, training schemes for physicians and nurses, and the donation of equipment for maternity wards and orphanages. Visit for more information:


UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. For more information about UNICEF and its work visit:

Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.

For more information, please contact: Kate Donovan, UNICEF New York, + 1 917 378 2128,

Philippines: Turnover of Japan-Funded Farm inputs to farmers and fishers of Typhoon Yolanda Affected Areas

28 September 2015 - 1:52pm
Source: Government of Japan Country: Japan, Philippines

In simple rites held at Guiuan, Eastern Samar on September 24, 2015, Embassy of Japan’s First Secretary Kenji Terada, JICA’s Senior Representative Yuko Tanaka together with Guiuan SB of Committee on Agriculture Cornelio Sison, Philippine Council for Agriculture and Fisheries Executive Director Ariel T. Cayanan, and around 500 beneficiaries, led the turnover ceremony for the “AKBay – Agrikultura: Kaagapay ng Bayang Pinoy (Agriculture: A Partner in Philippine Progress) Program Phase II” for Typhoon Yolanda-Affected Areas under the Japan Food Security Project for Underprivileged Farmers, (formerly known as the KR2 Program). Under Japan’s Official Development Assistance, the total fund support for this project is One Hundred Thirty Nine Million Nine Hundred Seventy Nine Thousand Five Hundred Pesos (P139,979,500.00).

This project aims to contribute to the Philippine Government’s recovery and rehabilitation efforts being provided to families in the agriculture and fishing communities in Typhoon Yolanda affected areas in Region VIII. It hopes to provide income-generating opportunities and help the displaced farmers and fishers re-establish their livelihood in areas where they were relocated. The Philippine Council for Agriculture and Fisheries of the Department of Agriculture is implementing this project.

Around 8,500 farmer and fisher families are the project’s target beneficiaries from four (4) badly-hit provinces namely: Leyte, Eastern Samar, Biliran and Western Samar. Grant assistance of farming plant materials or fishing boats and paraphernalia worth P15,000 per farmer/fisher household with no repayment are the project components.

Guiuan is the first landed place of Typhoon Yolanda, so serious damages all over the municipality. During the turnover, fishing boats, boat engines, seeds, farm inputs and equipment were distributed to 1,020 identified fisher folks and farm households of the area who were victims of the typhoon. Those inputs will improve the source of livelihood of the local residents, and also assist in fishing and farming activities in Typhoon Yolanda Affected Areas.

[Related Link]
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Typhoon Damage in the Central Philippines

Fiji: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (12 - 28 September 2015)

28 September 2015 - 5:24am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Nepal, Philippines, Vanuatu


Tropical Cyclone Dujuan is currently a Category 4 storm about 200km east of Taiwan province of China.
The China Meteorological Administration issued warnings for the powerful typhoon which is scheduled to make landfall on 29 Sep. Given that there are public holidays in China, the government is working to ensure the safety of tourists visiting seaside areas.
In Japan, warnings for heavy rain, flood, storm, high waves and storm surge are in place for Ishigakijima and Yonagunijima. Flights and ships to/from these islands are cancelled.


Some 11,700 households (nearly 59,000 people) remain displaced in 120 sites in 13 earthquake affected districts. While the general trend suggests that the number of sites decreased over the past months, the population in larger sites has increased. In addition, political unrest continues to affect the Terai region. The Government confirmed 44 deaths (33 protesters and 11 security forces) as a result of protest clashes over the past several weeks. Political strikes have disrupted the transportation of agricultural items to mainly high altitude areas.

59,000 people affected


Rapid assessments are now underway in drought and cyclone affected provinces of Vanuatu to determine the scale of water and food shortages associated with El Niño. Emergency food distributions will begin to target 15,000+ households, as well as schools and health facilities. At least one child died in connection with the drought and more are currently being treated for malnutrition.

15,000 HHs targeted by food distributions


Heavy rainfall on 19 and 20 September, caused by Tropical Cyclone Vamco, affected 1,300 households (around 6,300 people) in several districts in Battambang Province. The flooding pattern is similar to 2013, but water levels are lower because additional water was not released from the Thai side of the border. This is in addition to flooding that occurred in Kampot Province affecting 22,000 people after water was released from an over capacity dam, coupled with heavy rainfall from TC Vamco. The Cambodian Government and Cambodian Red Cross is providing food assistance to those affected.

28,000 people affected


The Fiji Government estimates more than 67 000 people are now affected by the country’s El Niño-related drought. Water trucking operations have now stepped-up to cover the increasing needs of people, agriculture and livestock. A total of 54 schools (12,000 students) received emergency water supplies.

67,000 displaced families


On 25 September at 00:53 local time, an earthquake measuring between 6.6 – 6.8 magnitude, struck offshore approximately 31 km northeast of Sorong City, West Papua Province. The Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency, BNPB, reported 17 people severely injured and another 45 with lesser injuries. There were no fatalities. More than 2,400 buildings were damaged. BNPB has mobilized its Rapid Response Team to support local BPDB authorities to assist those affected. The local BPBD undertook evacuations and transportation of the injured to local hospitals.

Philippines: Sizing Up: The Stunting and Child Malnutrition Problem in the Philippines

28 September 2015 - 3:04am
Source: Save the Children Country: Philippines

Filipino ‘shortness’ due to generations of ‘stunted and malnourished’ children – Save the Children report

Save the Children’s new report suggests that Filipino ‘shortness’ is not just a genetic trait but is attributed to generations of ‘stunted’ children who are too small for their age because of malnutrition. In its report ‘Sizing Up: The Stunting and Child Malnutrition Problem in the Philippines’ released today, Save the Children says that one in three Filipino children suffers from stunted growth, an indicator of chronic malnutrition. It also suggests that despite progress in reducing child deaths, slow and unequal progress in curbing child malnutrition and stunting rates is likely to undermine efforts to reduce poverty and stall economic growth.

The report cited the National Nutrition Survey 2013 which indicates that in the last 20 years, stunting rates have gone down by only 9 percent from 39% in 1993 to 30% in 2013. Moreover, the study also shows that children from poorer households in both rural and urban settings and those living in conflict and disaster-prone areas face greater risk of malnutrition, particularly stunting.

Dr. Amado Parawan, Save the Children’s Health and Nutrition advisor said: “The assumption has always been that Filipinos are just genetically short but we what we actually see now are generations of stunted and malnourished children. Because ‘shortness’ is considered a racial trait, it is not seen as a serious concern. Stunting is more than just being short, it impacts children’s future because it hinders physical and mental growth.”

The report also shows that nutrition during the first 1000 days—from a mother’s pregnancy up to child’s second birthday—is crucial in preventing stunting among children. Studies have shown that children who were not able to achieve optimum growth within their first 1,000-day window is at higher risk of impaired cognitive development, which has adverse effects on their schooling performance, labor force participation, and productivity in later life.

Ned Olney, Save the Children’s Country Director said: “Malnutrition is undermining children’s development, economic growth and people’s capacity to get their way out of poverty. By tackling child malnutrition alongside poverty and food security, we are helping save and tap full potential of millions of Filipino children.

With the upcoming electoral campaign and Philippines’ deadline to meet UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on child health, Save the Children launches today its biggest campaign yet against child malnutrition with our slogan ‘Lahat Dapat’ (No Child Left Behind) to call the government, civil society and the public to step up in its efforts in reducing child malnutrition especially in the first 1000 days of a child’s life.

We’re calling the national and local government, civil society, donors and the public to tackle the country’s malnutrition crisis especially stunting:

· Prioritize nutrition as a key development goal in the country and as the centerpiece in the upcoming electoral campaign. Ensure future local and national leaders champion and continue the fight against child malnutrition, particularly on stunting and wasting.

· Push and sustain equitable nutrition policies and programs with appropriate budgetary allocations that address the immediate, underlying and basic causes of malnutrition.

· Scale up cost-effective and affordable high-impact nutrition interventions to prevent deaths of millions of children in the Philippines such as promotion of exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding, vitamin A and iron supplementation, treatment of acute malnutrition and maternal nutrition.

· Increase LGU investments for community- and facility-based health and nutrition service providers, particularly regular and standard compensation for frontline nutrition health workers (i.e. Municipal Nutrition Action Officers and Barangay Nutrition Officers) directly involved in the implementation of nutrition programs.

· Support the “First 1000 Days Bill” to enhance the delivery of quality nutrition interventions in the first 1000 days of a child’s life to prevent stunting among children. Sign our pledge today to let our leaders know that no child should be left behind.


For High-res photos, interviews and other communication products, call April May Sumaylo, Media Manager, Save the Children at +639173011240 or To download high res photos presented in the launch, click link below:


Save the Children Philippines is part of the global Save the Children movement working in over 120 countries.

Present in the country for over three decades, Save the Children delivers programs for Filipino children which gives them a better education and easier access to healthcare, supports them during emergencies while also educating communities on disaster preparedness.

Save the Children has been advocating for policies and holistic programs and projects for mothers, children and their families. We do this by training frontline health and nutrition workers on live-saving care for newborns and their mothers, promoting exclusive breastfeeding, managing community and school-based health and nutrition programs and promoting reproductive health to adolescents. Our work also includes making families more food secure and resilient, for example to natural disaster, by working with governments and other partners to generate alternative incomes and grow nutritious food.

Lahat Dapat is Save the Children’s biggest campaign yet against hunger and malnutrition. Save the Children believes that all children have the right to fair and equal access to nutritious food. We know that the rate of stunting of 33% is largely due to inequality of access to nutritious food, long periods of hunger and a lack of nutrition during the first 1,000 days.

Why Lahat Dapat?

· Lahat Dapat – Save the Children believes no child should be left behind. All children, especially the poorest, should have access to fair and equal access to food and nutrition.

· Lahat Dapat – Although hunger and malnutrition is one of the most preventable problems, its root causes are complex. We need exhaust all means to ensure children get right nutrition they deserve.

· Lahat Dapat – Hunger and malnutrition is everyone’s business. With a strong political will and public support, we can ensure that no child suffers malnutrition’s irreversible impact.

To know more about Lahat Dapat Campaign, visit

Philippines: ‘NPA Created the Conflict in Lumad Tribes’—Office of the Army Chief

27 September 2015 - 10:56pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

CAMP EVANGELISTA, CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, Sep. 28—The New People’s Army deliberately destroyed the Lumad Tribes, it’s structure, culture, and tradition, when they deceitfully created the Rebolusyonaryong Kalihukang Lumad (Revolutionary Indigenous People Movement) among tribal communities and lured some IPs to join the Pulang Bagani (NPA IP Warriors) that eventually sparked the conflict within the Tribe (Pulang Bagani vs Traditional Bagani), according to a statement from the Office of the Army Chief.

Mr Julieto Canoy, a former NPA Guerilla Front and Finance Secretary in Agusan del Sur and has been with the Revolutionary Movement for 30 long years, is now fighting the wrong idealism of his former comrades. He said, “Kinahanglan ma kontrol sa komunista ang mga lumad kay naa sa ilang lugar ang dagkong material og pinansyal na makatabang sa pagpaasdang sa nasudnong demokratikong rebolusyon. Aron mag malampuson ang komunista, ilang ipamobilisa og gamiton ang mga Lumad aron paspas ang paglalom sa krisis sa ekonomiya, ipagawas nga inutil ang kasamtangang Goberno og kinahanglan ng mapulihan sa rebolusyonaryong kalihukan. Busa usa sa mga lakang ang pag mugna sa Rebolusyonaryong Kalihukang Lumad.” (The communists should control the Lumads because the resources that will improve their democratic revolution are in these territories. In order for the communists to be successful, they will mobilize the Lumads to create conditions for economic crisis, show that the Government is “Inutile” and it’s time to change the Government to a revolutionary government. That is why one of their steps is to organize and mobilize a Revolutionary Indigenous People Movement.)

In order for the NPAs to achieve this concept, they started with a negotiation with the IPs in 1994 at Lianga Bay, Surigao del Sur. Tribal leaders (Datus) were called by the NPA leaders namely: Ka Isko, Father Frank Navarro and Ka Maria Malaya aimed to discuss “Lumpong” or “Magdeal-lay Agreement”. This agreement was between the Tribal Leaders and the NPA leaders which gave Lumad Leaders (Datu) the authority to negotiate with the investors and contractors of any businesses within IP domain. However, in 2004, NPAs scrapped this arrangement and created another which they called “Malanday Agreement”. This time, NPA Leaders have taken the full participation in all business transactions. All Tribal Leaders including their members who opposed this agreement have been killed or were harassed/attacked by the NPAs. Because of fear and/or deceit, some of the IP members joined the Pulang Bagani Command which the NPAs can control and mobilize.

Records show that in 1998 to 2008, a total of 357 Indigenous Peoples were brutally killed by the NPAs which led to the Lumads to stand and fight for their life and preserve their culture and tradition. As a result, in Caraga alone, records show that from 2010 to 2015, a total of 18 Pulang Bagani and 13 NPAs have been killed by the Traditional Bagani (IP Warriors).

The most brutal fight between the two warring IP groups happened in July 15, 2014, when the NPAs attacked Datu Calpito Egua at Brgy St Irene, Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur. 12 NPAs died while two (2) Traditional Bagani were killed and one (1) wounded. This prompted the Traditional Bagani last October 8, 2014 to go on “MAGAHAT” a tribal term which means “To attack or act violently against…” the NPAs.

Last May 10, 2015, this traditional Bagani, who went on “Magahat” from Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur, openly declared a war against the NPAs through local radio interviews in Caraga region. This gave everyone, the LGU, PNP, AFP, Church, and other sector of society the knowledge about the on-going conflict within the tribes.

On September 1, 2015, one of this traditional Bagani group killed three persons in Diatagon, Lianga, Surigao del Sur.

“This is a clear evidence that our IP communities especially in CARAGA have been destroyed by the NPAs. This is the reason why your Army is present in the area. Our presence there is not militarization, but a peacekeeping mission. We enter IP communities because we don’t want violence to reign among the Lumads.” Said by MGen Oscar T Lactao, Commander of 4th Infantry Division.

In response to this, the Regional Peace and Order Council of Region 13 led by Hon Ferdinand Amante Jr., Mayor of Butuan City, convened the executive committee meeting last September 22, 2015 to discuss ways and means to solve the said conflict.

The council agreed upon that in order to solve the problem is to reunite first the IPs through the conduct of “Kahimunan” (Tribal Assembly) and eventually a “Tampudah” (Tribal Peace Pact) for the two warring IP group.

Mayor Amante said, “We need to bring back the integrity of our IP communities and free them from Insurgency manipulation in order for our IPs to preserve their ancestral domains, culture and tradition. We shall also focus on addressing the issues that are happening in the area. We need to deliver the programs that will improve their living conditions in order for this conflict to be fully addressed. We shall work together as one the Bayanihan way.”

Last September 21 and 23, 2015, two separate Indigenous Peoples assembly was conducted by Tribal Leaders in Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur. They signed a manifesto stating therein to free tribal domains from NPA intrusions. Tribal Leaders said, “They have no right to exist in our tribal areas and have no right to intervene in tribal matters. We seek for peace to prosper in our community that will eventually lead to our own development.” (Office of the Army Chief Public Affairs)

Philippines: Philippines: Support for thousands displaced from their homes in Surigao del Sur

26 September 2015 - 6:03am
Source: International Committee of the Red Cross Country: Philippines

After the killing of three civilians earlier this month in Surigao del Sur, approximately 3,500 people displaced from their communities took shelter at the provincial sports complex in Tandag City.

On 23 September, the ICRC and the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) distributed a month of food rations, including 50 kilograms of rice, 24 tins of sardines, 5 litres of oil, 2 litres of soy sauce, 1 kilogram of salt and 2 kilograms of sugar, to help displaced families to sustain their basic needs.

Around 48,000 litres of clean water is also supplied daily, through tap stands, tanks and bladders installed by the PRC.

The ICRC supported the Provincial Health Office and Provincial Department of Health with essential medicines, including dressing materials, for the evacuees.

Previously, 580 displaced families received household items such as blankets, sleeping mats, jerrycans, tarpaulins, as well as hygiene kits and kitchen sets from the ICRC and PRC.

Philippines: Philippines - Severe weather (NDRRMC, PAGASA, Media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 24 September 2015)

25 September 2015 - 2:51am
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Philippines

Heavy rain and strong winds occured in Pagadian city, in Zamboanga del Sur province in Zamboanga Peninsula region (western Mindanao) over 21-23 September causing floods and landslides.

As of 23 September the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reports over 1 600 people affected and over 300 homes damaged due to floods as well as one person dead due to landslides.

Philippines: Philippines – Conflict (ECHO, IOM) (ECHO Daily Flash of 24 September 2015)

25 September 2015 - 2:49am
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Philippines

2 886 individuals (572 families) are displaced in Tandag City (capital of Surigao Del Sur) sheltering temporarily in an open-air sports center. Most are Lumads, an indigenous group, who started to flee their homes and sources of livelihood in early September due to intensified conflict. Other displaced families are being housed by relatives.

IOM has conducted a needs assessment and identified the most pressing humanitarian needs as being: WASH, Emergency Shelter, Protection, Health (including psychosocial support) and Camp Coordination and Management.

World: Informe mundial sobre desastres 2015: Agentes locales, clave para la efectividad de la acción humanitaria (Resumen)

24 September 2015 - 2:39pm
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Vanuatu, World

El nuevo informe de la Federación solicita un mayor reconocimiento y apoyo a los actores humanitarios locales

Publicado: 24 septiembre 2015 Los actores locales muchas veces son los más eficaces en la ejecución de operaciones humanitarias. No obstante, a pesar de desempeñar un papel crítico, deben luchar por atraer los fondos y el apoyo que precisan.

El Informe mundial sobre desastres 2015 –lanzado hoy por la Federación Internacional de Sociedades de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja (Federación)– examina los factores de complejidad y los retos que afrontan los actores locales en la ampliación y consolidación de su respuesta humanitaria.

Aunque ampliamente reconocida, la efectividad de las organizaciones humanitarias locales o nacionales no se refleja en las tendencias del financiamiento humanitario. Según el Informe mundial sobre desastres, por ejemplo, sólo el 1,6 por ciento del total de fondos proporcionado a ONG internacionales, regionales, nacionales y locales entre 2010 y 2014 se canalizó directamente a organizaciones consideradas ONG nacionales y locales.

El Informe solicita a la comunidad humanitaria que trabaje junta para asegurar asociaciones más equitativas con los actores locales así como flujos de financiación eficientes, también a nivel comunitario, pues en él las necesidades humanitarias son más grandes y los efectos del desarrollo se sienten más.

El Informe defiende la necesidad de un cambio hacia la “localización” de la ayuda y una cooperación más equitativa entre los actores internacionales y locales.

“Los actores locales siempre responden los primeros. En 2015 hemos visto a los habitantes y las organizaciones locales en el centro de las operaciones para rescatar a miles de personas atrapadas entre los escombros tras el terremoto en Nepal, estableciendo centros de evacuación después del ciclón Pam en Vanuatu, así como en primera línea del prolongado conflicto en Siria”, observó Elhadj As Sy, secretario general de la Federación.

“Pero la efectividad de los actores locales no sólo se debe a su proximidad. Los grupos locales, incluidas las Sociedades Nacionales de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja, son eficaces por la perspectiva que aportan, por su comprensión del idioma y las normas culturales, y por estar permanentemente presentes en las comunidades y poder acompañarlas para gestionar el riesgo de desastres antes de que estos ocurran.”

La Federación solicita más recursos y apoyo para los actores humanitarios locales y nacionales.

“La responsabilidad de responder a desastres en gran escala no debe, sin embargo, transferirse completamente a los actores locales. Es preciso encontrar un equilibrio más adecuado”, comentó el Sr. Sy. “Los asociados internacionales siguen teniendo que desempeñar un papel esencial, incluida la provisión de recursos y conocimientos especializados, así como de capacidades complementarias cuando los recursos locales están desbordados. Pero este apoyo debe aportarse con humildad, confianza y respeto, y con el compromiso de desarrollar la capacidad local.”

Anteriormente, también este año, la Federación anunció la Coalición de mil millones para la resiliencia, una nueva asociación destinada a sacar para 2025 a mil millones de personas de situaciones de riesgo y vulnerabilidad y a hacerlas más resistentes frente a desastres y otras situaciones de crisis. Esto sólo puede alcanzarse mediante la cooperación con, y un mayor apoyo a, actores locales.

Contexto: El Informe

El Informe mundial sobre desastres es una publicación anual independiente encargada por la Federación, que aporta investigaciones basadas en datos sobre retos, tendencias e innovaciones en la reducción del riesgo de desastres y la gestión de crisis. El Informe es un texto de investigación importante y se basa en los debates de la Conferencia Mundial de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres de 2015, celebrada en Sendai, así como en la adopción de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. Realiza una contribución directa a la Cumbre Mundial Humanitaria del próximo año, en la cual la localización de la ayuda será una de las áreas temáticas clave de atención.

Contexto: datos sobre desastres en 2014

➢ En 2014 se registraron 317 desastres naturales en todo el mundo, que afectaron a 94 países, según el Centro de Investigación sobre la Epidemiología de los Desastres (CRED). El número de desastres naturales fue el más bajo de la década, un 17 por ciento por debajo de la media.[1]

➢ Se estima que en 2014 resultaron afectadas por desastres cerca de 107 millones de personas, más que el año anterior. Hay pocas dudas respecto de que el cambio climático conducirá a un aumento de la frecuencia y la gravedad de los peligros y de las personas expuestas a ellos.

➢ En 2014, los desastres causaron 8.186 muertes en el mundo entero. El nivel de mortalidad fue casi un 90 por ciento inferior a la media de la década. 2014 también fue el año con la menor tasa de mortalidad desde 1986 (7.303 muertos). Por otro lado, el número de muertos por la epidemia de ébola en África occidental (8.600) es más alto que la tasa de mortalidad total por desastres naturales en 2014.

➢ El 48 por ciento de los desastres de 2014 ocurrió en Asia, donde también se registró más del 85 por ciento de los muertos y el 86 por ciento de los afectados a nivel mundial. El mayor número de muertes atribuido a Asia se produjo en un año en el que en América disminuyó la tasa de mortalidad. En este continente se produjo el 8 por ciento de las muertes, siendo la media un 25 por ciento.

➢ China fue el país más afectado por desastres. Las sequías, tormentas e inundaciones afectaron a más de 58 millones de personas. En agosto de 2014, un terremoto se cobró la vida de 731 personas. Así, la tasa de mortalidad más alta de 2014 para un desastre natural en un país corresponde a China.

➢ En 2014, el 87 por ciento de los desastres estuvo relacionado con el clima. Con ello se mantiene una tendencia de 20 años en la que los desastres relacionados con el clima superan a aquellos de origen geofísico en los 10 países más afectados por desastres del mundo.

➢ El 49 por ciento de todos los desastres naturales de 2014 fueron inundaciones y deslizamientos de tierras, que causaron el 63 por ciento del número total de muertes relacionadas con desastres y el 34 por ciento del número total de afectados. Entre los desastres más graves se contaron las inundaciones en India, Pakistán y los Balcanes. La sequía fue la causa del 39 por ciento del total de personas afectadas por desastres.

➢ 5.884 personas murieron por desastres de origen tecnológico. El evento que ocasionó un mayor número de muertos (304) fue el hundimiento del ferry Sewol, en la República de Corea. Otros nueve desastres de origen tecnológico causaron más de 100 muertos cada uno, ascendiendo el total a 1.537. El 74 por ciento de las muertes debidas a desastres de origen tecnológico se debe a accidentes de transporte.

➢ Se estima que en 2014 las pérdidas económicas ascendieron a 99.200 millones de dólares americanos, muy por debajo de la media anual de los últimos diez años (147.000 millones de dólares). Las inundaciones en Jammu y Cachemira, además del ciclón Hududh en India, fueron los eventos más costosos, con 16.000 millones de dólares americanos respectivamente. Por primera vez desde 1980, el mundo ha experimentado a lo largo de los últimos tres años una disminución consecutiva de las pérdidas económicas.

Para más información o concertar entrevistas, diríjase a:

En Ginebra:

Benoit Carpentier, jefe de equipo, comunicaciones públicas, Federación

E-mail: ¦ Twitter: @BenoistC ¦ Móvil: +41 79 213 2413

[1] Datos obtenidos de la base de datos EM-DAT del CRED: The International Disaster Database (

World: Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde 2015 : Les acteurs locaux, clés de l’efficacité humanitaire (Résumé)

24 September 2015 - 2:36pm
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Vanuatu, World

Le nouveau Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde publié par la FICR plaide pour une meilleure reconnaissance et un soutien accru des acteurs humanitaires locaux

Publié: 24 septembre 2015

Les acteurs locaux sont souvent les plus performants dans la conduite des opérations humanitaires. Pourtant, en dépit de leur rôle crucial, ils peinent à obtenir les fonds et le soutien nécessaires.

Le Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde 2015, lancé aujourd’hui par la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (FICR), passe en revue les difficultés et les défis auxquels se heurtent ces intervenants dans leurs efforts pour étendre et consolider leur action humanitaire.

Quoique largement reconnue, l’efficacité des organisations humanitaires locales ou nationales n’est pas reflétée dans les structures de financement et de coordination. Les auteurs du rapport observent, par exemple, qu’entre 2010 et 2014, 1,6% seulement du total des fonds alloués à des ONG internationales, régionales, nationales et locales est échu directement aux deux dernières catégories.

Partant de ce constat, le rapport appelle la communauté humanitaire à mettre en place des partenariats plus équilibrés entre acteurs internationaux et locaux et des procédures plus efficaces de canalisation des ressources financières, notamment au niveau communautaire où les besoins sont les plus aigus et où l’impact du développement se fait le plus fortement sentir. En bref, il plaide pour la « localisation » de l’assistance.

«Les acteurs locaux sont toujours les premiers à intervenir. En 2015, nous avons vu les communautés et les institutions locales au coeur des opérations de sauvetage en faveur des sinistrés emprisonnés dans les décombres à la suite du tremblement de terre au Népal, nous les avons vues mettre en place des centres d’hébergement d’urgence après le passage dévastateur du cyclone Pam à Vanuatu, ou encore en première ligne des secours aux victimes du conflit en Syrie», souligne Elhadj As Sy, secrétaire général de la FICR.

«Mais leur efficacité ne tient pas seulement à leur proximité. Les groupes locaux, au nombre desquels les Sociétés nationales de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, sont efficaces en raison des perspectives qu’ils ouvrent, de leur connaissance de la langue et de la culture, et parce qu’ils sont présents en permanence au sein des communautés et en mesure de les aider à limiter les risques avant que les catastrophes ne se produisent.»

La FICR appelle à dégager davantage de ressources en soutien aux acteurs humanitaires locaux et nationaux.

«La responsabilité de la réponse à des catastrophes majeures ne doit pas être transmise en totalité aux acteurs locaux, mais la répartition des tâches et des compétences doit être rééquilibrée», poursuit le secrétaire général. «Les partenaires internationaux ont un rôle crucial à assumer, notamment dans la mise à disposition de soutiens spécialisés et dans la mobilisation de ressources complémentaires lorsque les capacités locales sont dépassées. Toutefois, cet appui doit être apporté dans un esprit d’humilité, de confiance et de respect, et avec la volonté affirmée de contribuer au développement des capacités locales.»

Au début de l’année, la FICR avait annoncé le lancement de la ‘Coalition du milliard pour la résilience’, une initiative visant à réduire radicalement d’ici 2025 les risques et vulnérabilités au bénéfice d’un milliard d’habitants de la planète et à les rendre plus résilients face aux catastrophes et autres situations de crise. Un tel objectif ne pourra être atteint sans un partenariat étroit avec les acteurs locaux et un soutien renforcé en leur faveur.

A propos du Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde

Le Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde est une publication annuelle indépendante produite pour le compte de la FICR qui offre des informations et des analyses factuelles sur les défis, tendances et innovations en matière de réduction des risques et de gestion des crises. Il apporte une contribution majeure à la recherche en relation avec les discussions tenues en 2015 à Sendai dans le cadre de la Conférence mondiale des Nations unies sur la réduction des risques liés aux catastrophes ainsi qu’avec les Objectifs du développement durable. Il offre également un précieux éclairage dans la perspective du Sommet humanitaire mondial de l’année prochaine lors duquel la localisation de l’assistance figurera parmi les principaux points à l’ordre du jour.

Les catastrophes en 2014

➢ 317 catastrophes naturelles ont été recensées en 2014 dans 94 pays, selon le Centre de recherche sur l’épidémiologie des catastrophes (CRED). C’est le chiffre le plus bas de la décennie (17% sous la moyenne). [1]

➢ Près de 107 millions de personnes ont été affectées par des catastrophes en 2014, un chiffre en augmentation par rapport à l’année précédente. Il ne fait guère de doute que le changement climatique entraînera une augmentation de la fréquence et de la gravité des catastrophes et du nombre de personnes affectées.

➢ En 2014, les catastrophes ont fait 8186 morts à travers le monde, ce qui représente une mortalité inférieure de près de 90% à la moyenne de la décennie. 2014 a aussi été l’année affichant la plus faible mortalité depuis 1986 (7303). Toutefois, le bilan en vies humaines de l’épidémie d’Ebola en Afrique de l’Ouest (8600) est nettement supérieur à celui de l’ensemble des catastrophes naturelles pour 2014.

➢ En 2014, 48% des catastrophes se sont produites en Asie, où on a également enregistré plus de 85% du total des morts et 86% du total des personnes affectées. Cette hausse de la mortalité en Asie coïncide avec une baisse de la mortalité dans les Amériques (8% du total contre 25% en moyenne).

➢ La Chine a été le pays le plus durement touché, sécheresse, tempêtes et inondations ayant affecté plus de 58 millions d’habitants au total. En août 2014, un tremblement de terre a fait 731 morts, le bilan le plus dramatique de l’année pour une seule catastrophe naturelle.

➢ En 2014, 87% des catastrophes ont été liées au climat. Cela confirme une tendance sur deux décennies qui voit le nombre des catastrophes liées au climat excéder celui des catastrophes géophysiques dans les dix pays du monde les plus touchés.

➢ Inondations et glissements de terrain ont représenté 49% des catastrophes en 2014 et compté pour 63% du total des morts et 34% des personnes affectées, les inondations en Inde, au Pakistan et dans les Balkans figurant parmi les plus dramatiques. La sécheresse a compté pour 39% du nombre total des personnes affectées par des catastrophes.

➢ 5884 personnes ont péri dans des accidents technologique en 2014. Le plus grave d’entre eux, avec 304 morts, a été le naufrage du ferry Sewol, en République de Corée. Neuf autres accidents ont fait plus de 100 morts chacun, pour un total de 1537. Les accidents de transport ont compté pour 74% de la mortalité due aux accidents technologiques.

➢ En 2014, les pertes économiques ont été estimées à 99,2 milliards de dollars des Etats-Unis, un bilan nettement inférieur à la moyenne de 147 milliards sur les dix dernières années. Les inondations dans le Jammu-et-Cachemire et le cyclone Hududh en Inde ont été les catastrophes les plus coûteuses, à hauteur de 16 milliards de dollars des Etats-Unis chacune. Pour la première fois depuis 1980, on a toutefois enregistré une baisse consécutive sur trois ans des pertes économiques liées aux catastrophes.

Pour plus d’informations et pour organiser des interviews, prière de s’adresser à:

A Genève:

Benoit Carpentier, communication publique, FICR

Mobile: +41 79 213 24 13, courriel:

[1] CRED’s EM-DAT: International Disasters Database (

Philippines: DSWD extends non-monetary reparations for Martial Law human rights abuse victims

24 September 2015 - 1:49pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

QUEZON CITY, Sep. 25 -- The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has been tasked, along with five other government agencies, to provide non-monetary reparation to victims of human rights abuses during the Martial Law regime.

The provision of such assistance is mandated by Republic Act No. 10368, otherwise known as “Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013.” Under this law, the government has the moral obligation to provide reparation to the victims as part of their right to obtain justice.

To operationalize the provision of the non-monetary reparation, the DSWD, Department of Health, Department of Education, Commission on Higher Education, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, and the Human Rights Victims’ Claims Board (HRVCB) signed the memorandum of agreement last September 21 at the Balay Kalinaw in UP Diliman. September 21 is the anniversary of the declaration of Martial Law in the Philippines.

Under the agreement, DSWD shall develop a comprehensive psychosocial services and rehabilitation program for victims/survivors of human rights abuses. These include counseling, livelihood, educational, and financial assistance, among others.

The Department will also initiate and coordinate community-appropriate activities with other government agencies towards community healing and reconciliation that integrates lessons from martial law such as respect for democratic processes.

“It is high time that we recognize the sacrifices of the victims of human rights abuses. They are heroes in their own right,” DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman said. (DSWD)

Philippines: APEC economies adopt Philippines’ disaster risk reduction framework

24 September 2015 - 1:43pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines, World

ILOILO CITY, Sep. 25 -- The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Senior Disaster Management Officials’ Forum (SDMOF) has adapted the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Framework introduced by the Philippines.

“We are pleased to announce that the 9th Senior Disaster Management Officials’ Forum has approved and has gotten the consensus of the approval of the APEC DRR or Disaster Risk Reduction Framework,” SDMOF Chair Alexander Pama said during a press briefing that followed the conclusion of the two-day meeting held at the Iloilo Convention Center here Wednesday.

“This is the first framework on DRR since the APEC was established,” said Pama, who is also the undersecretary of the Philippines’ National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).

He added that the forum’s adoption of the disaster risk reduction framework will lead to the creation of action plans that would hopefully make the region disaster-resilient.

The framework’s pillars are disaster prevention and mitigation, disaster preparedness, quick response, and rehabilitation and the building back better approach.

“With the advent of the new normal, the strengthening of cooperation among APEC member economies is vital in advancing disaster risk reduction advocacy and endeavors towards resiliency,” Pama noted.

The DRR Framework will be submitted to the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting (AELM) in November that concludes the APEC 2015 Summit being hosted by the Philippines. (PCOO/PNA (kc)

Philippines: International groups laud gains of Bangsamoro peace process

24 September 2015 - 1:41pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

DAVAO CITY, Sep. 25 -- Representatives of international donor countries expressed optimism that the Bangsamoro peace process between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) would succeed despite tough challenges, such as the slow progress in the establishment of the Bangsamoro political entity and sporadic violence in the area.

During the Security Summit held in Davao City on Monday, international observers noted that the peace and order situation and the economic condition of Mindanao have improved, albeit slowly, since the Philippine government and the MILF agreed on a formal ceasefire in 1997.

The Security Summit sponsored by The Asia Foundation (TAF) and Conciliation Resources was attended by Australian First Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Trade Warren Hoye; members of the Joint Normalization Committee (JNC), a body created by the GPH and MILF peace panels to coordinate the processes and mechanisms of the Normalization Program as part of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro; the ceasefire mechanisms which include the International Monitoring Team (IMT) and joint Coordinating Committee on the Cessation of Hostilities; International Decommissioning Body (IDB) which oversees the decommissioning process of the MILF; international donor agencies and civil society organizations (CSOs).

In his speech before the participants of the Security Summit, Hoye said the Australian government is satisfied with the positive impact of the peace process on the lives of Mindanaoans.

“Since the ceasefire between the government of the Philippines and the MILF has been in place, we have seen marked reduction in violent incidents, with the exception of the all-out war in 2000 and after the MOA-AD decision in 2008,” Hoye said.

“We have also seen increasing investments in the ARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao) in recent years so we have seen peace bring an improvement in security which has allowed development,” he added.

Hoye reiterated that the Australian government remains steadfast in its support to the peace process and for the development in the ARMM and the Bangsamoro.

He said that after many decades of violence and conflict in Mindanao, the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) offers the basis of a durable political settlement for the people of Mindanao and the Philippines.

“There is some uncertainty around BBL (passage) at present, but we shouldn’t let this threaten the benefits which have accrued to date through peace and security.”

He added that Australia remains a strong supporter of peace in Mindanao and would like to see lasting peace and stability in the south to allow development and prosperity to take root in the region.

Meanwhile, Kristian Herbolzheimer, programme director of Conciliation Resources for the Philippines and Colombia, said the Mindanao peace process is now the main reference beside prior major peace agreements in Nepal, Sudan and the Northern Ireland by groups and peoples whose efforts are focused on ending conflicts worldwide.

“The world is watching what happens in Mindanao,” Herbolzheimer said.

“This is to say that what you are doing now is not only important for Mindanao, for the Bangsamoro, for the Philippines, it’s a reference for the rest of the world,” he added.

Herbolzheimer explained that military officers and civil society groups in Colombia regularly request him to share developments in the Mindanao peace process, particularly on issues related to security and normalization, and the role of civil society in enforcing and implementing these important facets in a peace process.

“We do know that security is the most valued peace dividend for people who live in conflict affected areas,” he added.

Herbolzheimer urged the summit’s participants to identify "how we can play complementary roles in order for all of us to deliver our common goal which is better security, for the communities and the Bangsamoro."

Retired Maj. Gen. Leo Cresente M. Ferrer, a member of the JNC representing the Philippine government, said civil society should play an active role in enforcing the peace agreement and pressuring the government and the MILF to follow their commitments.

Ferrer noted that there are four components of the program for normalization in the Bangsamoro, namely the security aspect, which includes policing and transitional security arrangements, the decommissioning of MILF forces and weapons, redeployment of AFP units and troops, and disbandment of private armed groups (PAGs); socio-economic development; transitional justice and reconciliation; and confidence-building measures.

Atty. Naguib Sinarimbo, also a JNC member and representing the MILF, said they are open for collaboration with civil society partners, citing CSO contributions in the milestones of the Bangsamoro peace process.

The Security Summit with the JNC was spearheaded by TAF and the Conciliation Resources to provide a venue for the JNC to introduce its mandate and activities, for all organizations working on security to present their activities and plans as well as provide a platform for increased coordination and collaboration between JNC and civil society organizations working on security-related issues. (OPAPP)

World: UNFPA and Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia and the Pacific – The Most Disaster-Prone Region in the World 

24 September 2015 - 12:08pm
Source: UN Population Fund Country: India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, World

Across Asia and the Pacific, and indeed globally, women weave and mend the social fabric of our communities. When emergencies and disasters strike, women overcome immense obstacles to provide care and safety for others. But they also need care and safety for themselves on a variety of fronts, including gender-based violence, sexually transmitted infections, help with managing pregnancy and ensuring safe childbirth.

The United Nations Population Fund’s 23 country offices across the region, supported by the UNFPA Asia-Pacific Regional Office in Bangkok, assist governments and civil society partners in responding to emergencies, reducing immediate risk and preparing for future disasters -- underpinned by UNFPA’s unique mandate encompassing sexual and reproductive health, gender equality, population data and youth empowerment.

Nepal: UNFPA and Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia and the Pacific – The Most Disaster-Prone Region in the World 

24 September 2015 - 12:08pm
Source: UN Population Fund Country: India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines

Across Asia and the Pacific, and indeed globally, women weave and mend the social fabric of our communities. When emergencies and disasters strike, women overcome immense obstacles to provide care and safety for others. But they also need care and safety for themselves on a variety of fronts, including gender-based violence, sexually transmitted infections, help with managing pregnancy and ensuring safe childbirth.

The United Nations Population Fund’s 23 country offices across the region, supported by the UNFPA Asia-Pacific Regional Office in Bangkok, assist governments and civil society partners in responding to emergencies, reducing immediate risk and preparing for future disasters -- underpinned by UNFPA’s unique mandate encompassing sexual and reproductive health, gender equality, population data and youth empowerment.

Malaysia: Dengue Situation Update 474, 22 September 2015

24 September 2015 - 8:54am
Source: World Health Organization Country: American Samoa, Australia, Cambodia, China, French Polynesia (France), Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malaysia, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Viet Nam

Northern Hemisphere


As of 31 August, there were 438 cases of dengue reported in 2015 for China. From 1 to 31 August 2015, 153 dengue cases were reported. Number of cases in the month of August in 2015 has increased, however was lower than the same period of 2014 and 2013.


As of 12 September, there were 85,488 cases of dengue with 234 deaths reported in Malaysia for 2015.
This is 21.5% higher compared with the same reporting period of 2014 (n=70,337) (Figure 2). From 6 to 12 September 2015, there were 2,604 cases of dengue reported, 17% higher than the number of cases reported in the previous week (n=2,230). Weekly dengue cases has been decreasing for the eight consecutive week. In August 2015, DENV-1 has been the dominant serotype(60%).

Philippines(no update)

From 1 January to 22 August 2015, there were 65,421 suspected cases of dengue, including 193 deaths, reported in Philippines. This is 10.2% higher compared with the same reporting period in 2014 (n=59,386) (Figure 3). ). From 16 to 22 August 2015 (week 33), there were 408 suspected cases of dengue reported, 80% lower than the number of cases reported in the previous week (n=2,047). All four DENV serotypes have been detected in 2015. (NOTE: Case counts reported here do not represent the final number and will change after inclusion of delayed reports)


As of 19 September 2015, there were 7136 cases of dengue reported in Singapore for 2015. From 13 September to 19 September 2015, 303 dengue cases were reported, 85 cases more than the previous week and highest number of weekly cases thus far this year.

Cambodia (No Update)

As of 3 August 2015, there were 5,274 cases of dengue, including 16 deaths, reported in Cambodia. The number of cases has been steadily increasing; however, the total number of cases is still following seasonal trend of 2011 and 2013 (Figure 5).


As of 11 September, there were 1,183 cases of dengue and no deaths reported in Lao PDR for 2015. From 5 to 11 September 2015, 57 dengue cases were reported, the same as the previous week (Figure 6). There is no country level alert for the week ending 11 September 2015.

Viet Nam

As of 13 September 2015, there were 36,097 cases of dengue including 23 deaths reported in Viet Nam for 2015. Compared to the same reporting period in 2014, the number of cases is 85.1% higher, and number of deaths has increased by 4 cases. Compared to same reporting period for the period from 2010-2014 (average), the number of cases is 20.5% lower and the number of deaths is 44.8% lower.
The number of cases increased by 12.9% in the week ending 13 September 2015 (n=2,532) compared to the previous week (n=2,243) from 42 out of 63 provinces (Figure7)

World: World Disasters Report 2015: Focus on local actors, the key to humanitarian effectiveness [EN/AR]

24 September 2015 - 2:44am
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Vanuatu, World

New IFRC Report calls for greater recognition and support for local humanitarian actors

Local actors are often the most effective in conducting humanitarian operations. However, despite their critical role, they struggle to attract the funding and support they need.

The 2015 World Disasters Report – launched today by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) – examines the complexities and challenges local actors face in scaling-up and sustaining their humanitarian response.

Although widely recognized, the effectiveness of local or national humanitarian organizations is not reflected in humanitarian financing trends. The Report found, for example, that of the total funding given to international, regional, national and local NGOs over 2010 and 2014, only 1.6 per cent of these funds were channeled directly to what were qualified as national and local NGOs.

The report calls on the humanitarian community to work together to ensure more equal partnerships with local actors and efficient financing flows, including at the community level, where humanitarian needs are the greatest and development impacts are felt the most.

It presents the case for a shift towards the “localization” of aid and a more equal partnership between international and local actors.

“Local actors are always the first to respond. In 2015, we saw local people and organizations at the centre of operations rescuing thousands trapped in the rubble after the earthquake in Nepal, setting up evacuation centres in the wake of Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu, and on the frontline of the protracted conflict in Syria,” said Elhadj As Sy, IFRC Secretary General.

“But their effectiveness goes beyond their proximity. Local groups, including National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, are effective because of the perspective they bring, their understanding of language and cultural norms, and because they are permanently present in communities and able to accompany them to address risks before disaster strikes.”

The IFRC is calling for more resources and support for local and national humanitarian actors.

“Responsibility for responding to large-scale disasters should, however, not be transferred entirely to local actors. A better balance must be struck,” said Mr. Sy. “International partners still have a critical role to play, including in the provision of specialized resources and expertise, and surge capacity when local resources are overstretched. But such support should be brought with humility, trust and respect, and with a commitment to building local capacity.”

Earlier this year, the IFRC announced the One Billion Coalition for Resilience – a new partnership to lift, by 2025, one billion people out of situations of risk and vulnerability and to become more resilient in the face of shocks and hazards. This can only be achieved through partnership with, and greater support to, local actors.

Background: About the report

The World Disasters Report is an annual independent publication commissioned by the IFRC, contributing evidence-based research on the challenges, trends and innovations in disaster risk reduction and crisis management. The report is an important body of research, which builds on discussions at the 2015 UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, and the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals. It makes a direct contribution to next year’s World Humanitarian Summit where the localization of aid is one of the key thematic areas of focus.

Background: 2014 disaster data

➢ 317 natural disasters reported worldwide in 2014, affecting 94 countries, according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). The number of natural disasters was the lowest of the decade, 17 per cent below the average.[1]

➢ Almost 107 million people are estimated to have been affected by disasters in 2014, a relative increase on the previous year. There is little doubt that climate change will lead to an increase in the frequency and severity of hazards and the number of people exposed to them.

➢ In 2014, disasters caused 8,186 deaths worldwide. Nevertheless, the mortality level was almost 90 per cent lower than the decade average. 2014 was also the year with the lowest mortality rate since 1986 (7,303). On the other hand, the death toll of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa (8,600) is higher than the total mortality rate of all natural disasters in 2014.

➢ 48 per cent of all disasters occurred in Asia in 2014. Over 85 per cent of those killed and 86 per cent those affected globally were also in Asia. The higher attribution of deaths in Asia comes in a year, which also saw a lower mortality rate in the Americas where 8 per cent were killed compared to the 25 per cent average.

➢ China was the most disaster-affected country, with drought, storms and flooding affecting more than 58 million people. An earthquake in August 2014 killed 731, attributing the highest mortality rate for a natural disaster in any country in 2014 to China.

➢ In 2014, 87 per cent of disasters were climate-related. This continues a 20-year long trend of climate-related disasters outnumbering geophysical disasters in the ten most disaster-affected countries in the world.

➢ Floods and landslides accounted for 49 per cent of all natural disasters in 2014, causing 63 per cent of the total number of disaster related deaths and 34 per cent of the total number of people affected by disasters, floods in India, Pakistan and the Balkans were among the most severe. Drought affected 39 per cent of the total number of people affected by disasters.

➢ 5,884 people were killed by technological disasters. The event, which resulted in the highest number of deaths, 304, was the sinking of the Sewol ferry, in the Republic of Korea. Nine other technological disasters caused more than 100 deaths each, for a total of 1,537. Transport accidents accounted for 74 per cent of deaths from technological disasters.

➢ In 2014, economic losses were estimated at $99.2 billion US dollars well below the annual average of $147 billion US dollars seen in the past ten years. The floods in Jammu and Kashmir along with Cyclone Hududh in India were the most costly events at $16 billion US dollars respectively. For the first time since 1980, the world experienced a consecutive decrease in economic losses over the last three years.

For further information or to setup interviews, please contact:

In Geneva:

Benoit Carpentier, team leader public communications, IFRC

E-mail: ¦ Twitter: @BenoistC ¦ Mobile: +41 79 213 2413

Philippines: Philippines: Paramilitaries Attack Tribal Villages, Schools

23 September 2015 - 6:41pm
Source: Human Rights Watch Country: Philippines

Military Supporting Abusive Forces in Mindanao

(Manila, September 24, 2015) – The Philippine military has repeatedly stood aside while paramilitary forces have attacked indigenous villages and schools in the southern region of Mindanao, Human Rights Watch said today. These forces have committed killings, torture, forced displacement, and harassment of residents, students, and educators with impunity.

The Philippine government should urgently act to end these abuses and investigate alleged complicity by military personnel, Human Rights Watch said.

“Paramilitaries in Mindanao have been terrorizing tribal people while the military at best does nothing,” said Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “The Aquino administration should not only be cracking down on the paramilitaries, but also on the military officers supporting them.”

Residents interviewed by Human Rights Watch and government officials have linked military personnel to the two paramilitary groups involved in the attacks. Surigao del Sur’s governor, Johnny Pimentel, publicly accused the military of creating and controlling the Magahat Bagani Force (the “Magahat”) paramilitary group. “The military created a monster,” Pimentel told reporters on September 6, 2015.

Human Rights Watch received reports that elements of the military were consistently nearby when the Alamara group carried out attacks in Davao del Norte. In some instances, the troops accompanied paramilitaries as they harassed students and teachers of a tribal school in the town of Talaingod. “The soldiers stayed outside the classrooms but allowed the Alamara to go inside, fully armed, accusing us of being supporters of the NPA [the communist New People’s Army],” said one student, referring to an incident in March.

Tribal and environmental groups have accused the military of using these paramilitaries, who are tribal members and thus familiar to local residents, to help clear ancestral areas to pave the way for mining companies and other business interests. The government has designated the Caraga region, which includes Surigao del Sur, as the “mining capital of the Philippines.” Davao del Norte and Bukidnon are also known for rich mineral and natural resources that indigenous peoples claim as their ancestral domain.

On September 1, the Magahat paramilitary group allegedly attacked a tribal school in Surigao del Sur province, torturing and killing an educator and two tribal leaders. The attack caused an estimated 4,000 residents to flee their homes, mostly to an evacuation camp in Tandag City, the capital of Surigao del Sur.

A paramilitary group called the Alamara has since 2014 committed violence against villages of indigenous peoples in the provinces of Bukidnon and Davao del Norte. The group has particularly harassed students at tribal schools run by religious and nongovernmental groups, claiming that these schools are used to indoctrinate tribal children in communist ideology. School administrators respond that the government-accredited schools teach approved subjects attuned to the tribe’s culture.

These attacks have resulted in the closure of some schools and the disruption of classes. Hundreds of residents fled their villages and sought refuge at a Protestant church compound in Davao City, where children hold classes under trees and tents.

Save Our Schools Network, a Manila-based advocacy group, lists 52 attacks on schools in four Mindanao provinces from 2014 to mid-2015 by combined paramilitary and military forces. While paramilitaries have attacked public schools, most of their targets are tribal schools in far-flung villages where the NPA is also present. The Philippine government should join the Safe Schools Declaration, which was opened for endorsement in May in Oslo, Norway, and outlines concrete measures that all governments can take to better protect students, teachers, and schools from attack, Human Rights Watch said.

The Philippine armed forces has denied allegations of direct or indirect involvement in the paramilitary attacks. It has instead accused the NPA and alleged supporters of spreading what military officials call “black propaganda.” At a September 15 news conference inside the armed forces headquarters in Manila, three tribal leaders denied the military’s involvement in the violence, and accused the NPA of instigating it. However, Pimentel and other tribal groups said that two of the three leaders at the news conference were actually leaders of the Magahat and the Alamara.

“The armed forces is not involved in these alleged abuses. What is happening is a tribal war,” Maj. Gen. Cesar Lactao, chief of the 4th Infantry Division, told Human Rights Watch, noting that the Magahat and the Alamara as well as the victims themselves were all from tribal communities. He asserted that the allegations were just “propaganda” by the military’s enemies.

Lactao announced on September 17 the formation of a task force to pursue action against the paramilitaries. The police earlier recommended charges against 23 alleged members of the Magahat, including three of its leaders, but no arrests have been made. The official Commission on Human Rights announced that it will conduct an inquiry into the alleged abuses.

“The military’s claims of ‘tribal war’ and denials of complicity fall flat when soldiers do nothing to stop grievous crimes happening right nearby them,” Robertson said. “President Aquino should immediately order the Justice Department to conduct an impartial and credible investigation into these attacks, and prosecute those responsible.”

For more details on paramilitary abuses against indigenous people in Mindanao, please see below.

For more Human Rights Watch reporting on the Philippines, please visit:

Paramilitary Abuses Against Tribal People in Mindanao

In a September 16 report, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which visited Surigao del Sur and Bukidnon, concluded that “paramilitary groups known to be supported by the military are the main cause of the human rights violations against these IP [indigenous peoples] communities and the cause of their displacement.” The UN special experts on the rights of indigenous peoples and on human rights defenders, in a statement on September 22, said the “military occupation of civilian institutions and killing of civilians, particularly in places such as schools, which should remain safe havens for children from this type of violence, are unacceptable, deplorable and contrary to international human rights and international humanitarian standards.”

On September 1, dozens of armed members of the Magahat Bagani Force paramilitary group allegedly conducted a pre-dawn attack on the Alternative Learning Center for Agricultural and Livelihood Development (Alcadev) tribal school in Han-ayan, in the town of Lianga, Surigao del Sur province. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that the gunmen broke down the dormitory doors and herded students, teachers, and staff at gunpoint to the school grounds, where dozens of local residents huddled together.

The Magahat, which includes some leaders and members of the Manobo tribe as well as former NPA rebels, shot Dionel Campos, the chairman of Mapasu, the tribal group that helps run the province’s tribal schools, in the head in front of more than 200 children and local residents.

“They dragged Uncle Dionel out, pushed him to the ground, and shot him in the head,” one student told Human Rights Watch. “I saw his brains splatter out from the back of his head.” Witnesses said the armed men also killed Emerito Samarca, the executive director of Alcadev, and Juvillo Sinzo, a leader of a neighboring tribe who was in the village for family reasons.

A day before the attack, Philippines army soldiers from the 36th Infantry Battalion and the 75th Infantry Battalion arrived at the school and talked to some locals. They encamped 50 to 100 meters from the campus. When the attack occurred, none of the soldiers left their encampment to intervene, nor did they inspect the school and the village afterward, witnesses and officials said.

“It would have been impossible for them [the soldiers] not to know what was happening or at least hear the gunfire that early morning,” a village official said. “They knew the Magahat was in the area. We’ve seen soldiers and members of the Magahat in the past patrolling together or staying together in military outposts.”

Witnesses said Loloy Tejero, a Magahat member who led the attack on the Alcadev school, told the terrified crowd that their refusal to allow mining into their area was the reason for the attack. “If you only listened to us, if you only agreed to mining, this won’t happen,” a teacher quoted Tejero as shouting before killing Campos.

Father Raymond Ambray, parish priest of the town of Lingig, Surigao del Sur, who is doing post-graduate work on Alcadev schools, said that there was a “close relationship” between the army and the paramilitaries in the province, demonstrated by the Magahat’s new weapons and the army’s participation in “demonizing these indigenous peoples by accusing them of being NPA rebels.” He said that “the soldiers are seen with the Magahat all the time.” There have been attacks over the years by the Magahat on the school and community, “but no one was ever arrested for those attacks that displaced the tribe several times in the past,” he said.

In the neighboring province of Bukidnon, Alamara, the paramilitary group consisting of members of the Ata-Manobo tribe and former rebels has been implicated in numerous attacks, including nine killings in one town alone, Cabanglasan. The Alamara alleged that the victims were NPA rebels or sympathizers, which would not have justified executing people in their custody. On March 28, they killed Prenie Landasan, a shop owner. “They came to my son’s store one night, looking for him,” said Nenita Landasan, Prenie’s mother. “And when they found him inside, they shot him to death.”

On August 26, soldiers from the 8th and 23rd Infantry Battalions of the Philippine Army raided the village of White Kulaman, in Kitaotao town, Bukidnon and arrested 17 residents of the tribal village, accusing them of being NPA rebels and of running the Mindanao Interfaith School Foundation Academy on its behalf. The school was built by an Italian missionary, Father Fausto Tentorio, who was later slain. Local government and military officials had reportedly threatened to shut down the school.

In Davao del Norte province, similar attacks on schools and students have been taking place since 2012, according to the Save Our Schools Network. Ricky Balilid, 30, a teacher since 2012 at the Talaingod campus of the Mindanao Interfaith School Foundation Academy, told Human Rights Watch that soldiers would harass students and teachers. On January 5, 2015, soldiers and Alamara blocked Balilid while he was on his way to the school. “If you go through, we will chop you up and kill you,” Balilid quoted one of the Alamara as telling him. He said that soldiers and the Alamara were frequently together inside the school grounds.

Early this year, soldiers arrested a group of students on the way to get Balilid from the town center to accompany him to the school. They were released except for one student whom the military detained at their outpost for a week. The student said the soldiers tried to convince him to spy on the NPA but he refused.

Balilid said the presence of soldiers and Alamara paramilitaries had a major impact on students and teachers. Some students would not show up for days out of fear. “It takes two days of walking from the nearest town to our school,” Balilid said. “It is a very, very tough environment, so not too many teachers want to be assigned here. These soldiers and Alamara are only adding to our troubles.”

Laura, 14, a student of Misfi Academy in Kapalong town, Davao del Norte, said that soldiers and the Alamara would harass them inside their school and would accuse them of meeting with NPA rebels if they reported for school late. She said that in February Alamara members fired guns in the air as she was walking past them in their village. “They have this habit of threatening us all the time,” she said.

Dante, 13, a Grade 4 student at the Salugpungan school in Talaingod, said soldiers and paramilitaries would sleep inside their classrooms and even the teachers’ quarters, preventing them from using their kitchen. The troops would also harass them, asking them where NPA rebels were. “One time, earlier this year, the Alamara lined up all of us in class and took turns asking us about the NPA,” Dante said. “But how would we know? We were only students.”

In May, the Department of Education, allegedly on orders from the military, sought the closure of the Salugpungan and the Mindanao Interfaith School Foundation Academy schools in Davao del Norte. After families and officials objected, the department relented but suggested that the government build its own tribal schools and assign soldiers to teach. The government did not take up the proposal.

Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan Response - Shelter Report 2015

23 September 2015 - 3:42pm
Source: International Committee of the Red Cross Country: Philippines

Philippines: New and safer homes for thousands of Haiyan survivors

When Typhoon Haiyan swept through the Philippines in November 2013, it left widespread devastation in its wake. Over a million homes were destroyed.

Together with the Philippine Red Cross, the ICRC has built nearly 4,500 storm-resilient houses for vulnerable families on Samar Island. Each house is equipped with its own sanitation facilities.

To date, this is the ICRC's largest programme to provide permanent housing and is part of the wider International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement's response in the affected areas of the Visayas region, central Philippines.

Philippines: Tausug fisherfolk receive livelihood assistance

23 September 2015 - 2:15pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

The government has been providing livelihood assistance to fisherfolk of the country’s poorest provinces—among them, the Tausug community in Maimbung, Sulu.

The government, through the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, recently distributed fishing gear and seaweed-farm implements, such as payaos, fishing boats, motor engines, gillnets, and fish pots to 1,246 fishers in three Sulu municipalities. In the coastal town of Maimbung—recorded as one of the poorest municipalities of Sulu, having faced challenges brought on by decades-long insurgencies and terrorism—333 fisherfolk received new fishing gear from the livelihood caravan of the Accelerated and Sustainable Anti-Poverty Program or ASAPP.

Among them was local fisher Umban U. Intul—a 60-year-old resident of Barangay Ipil, a coastal area with a relatively lush mangrove cover, and a Tausug—who received from the BFAR new fishing gear, gillnets, fish and crab pots, a motor engine, and additional floaters and twine, and a seaweeds stilt dryer. He currently has two hectares of seaweeds farm which can produce as much as 12,000kg of dried seaweeds—equivalent to total gross revenues of PhP300,000. Umban has been engaged in fishing and seaweeds growing for almost 40 years now, and is married with seven children.

ASAPP as tool to eliminate poverty

In 2011, the government—through its Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cabinet Cluster (HDPRC)—designed the Accelerated and Sustainable Anti-Poverty Program or ASAPP, a master program that promotes inclusive growth and aids in eliminating poverty in the poorest provinces. BFAR Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Regional Director Janice D. Musali describes ASAPP as an inter-agency initiative which aims to alleviate poverty by creating sustainable employment and income-generating opportunities for the poor. The idea is to bring government and private sector together and make readily available programs and services more accessible to target beneficiaries.

In August 2015, the BFAR—through its ARMM regional office and Sulu PFO—led the Sulu Cluster of ASAPP in bringing livelihood interventions and government services closer to the people. A series of livelihood caravans by various local and national government agencies were held in three municipalities namely Maimbung, Parang and Panglima Tahil.

DA Undersecretary for Fisheries and BFAR National Director Atty. Asis G. Perez, who was present in all three caravans, explained that the national government wants the people of Sulu to directly benefit from the country’s economic growth: “The government has to reach out to the people and work with them to achieve sustainable peace and development.”

Aside from distributed gear, Perez instructed Director Musali and Sulu Fishery Officer Maciano Damih to look into possible postharvest supports that could be given to the fisherfolk of Maimbung such as market linkage and provision of chest freezers to help maintain the good quality of the fishers’ catch. This is consistent with the Bureau’s value-based production framework which advocates against unabated pressure on fishing grounds, promotes value-adding technologies to maximize market potential of every fish and fishery commodity, and fosters higher profits for the fisherfolk.

“When we already have enough catch, they next thing we should think about is where do we bring our produce. How do we bring our catch to the right market? How do we assign value to our catch? How are we going to maximize profits from our catch? We have to link the product to the market,” Perez explained in Filipino. “If we are not able to process our catch and sell it at the right price, the living conditions of our people will not improve.”

Perez vowed that livelihood interventions and technology trainings for the people of Sulu would keep coming in noting that the Aquino administration does not believe in the trickling down of benefits of economic growth.

Maimbung Sulu Mayor Samier A. Tan thanked the national government for all the support and services provided to his constituents. He praised the beauty of ASAPP program which is bringing government agencies to grassroots communities: “This is how beautiful our government is now. Support from the national government automatically comes to our people. The Municipality of Maimbung is ready to work with the national government and all our constituents are very grateful for all the support coming in.”