Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Up to 6,000 people remain displaced following fighting that broke out between the Myanmar military and Shan State Army North in central Shan State in early Oct. Those displaced are staying in monasteries and IDP camps.
Continued fighting over the past week has reportedly caused both new and secondary displacement, although confirmed figures are not yet available and the situation remains fluid. An inter-agency mission was able to reach one temporary IDP site but was unable to reach other locations due to ongoing fighting. Assessments by INGOs and local CSOs identified immediate needs in shelter, hygiene kits, clothing, blankets, food, health, and water and sanitation.
INGOs and local organisations are providing assistance to those displaced, but further assistance is needed.
6,000 people displaced
On 8 Nov, clan conflict erupted in Maguindanao province, displacing 400 families (2,000 people), who are hosted in surrounding areas. The Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council distributed relief supplies to the affected families.
2,000 people displaced
Drought is affecting large parts of the country. The situation is most severe on Bellona island (pop 700). The situation there is critical, impacting on water availability and food gardens. It is estimated that 70-100 per cent of crops are damaged due to extreme heat. All three schools are closed. Other areas of concern are Rennell, Makira and Central.OCHA is supporting the NDMO with the collection, collation and analysis of assessment data.
70 - 100% of crops damaged
The WASH cluster warns of a looming water crisis in the country with 40 per cent of surveyed communities reporting that they expect to run out of drinking water within 14 days of being assessed. Immediate priorities include establishing emergency water supplies and restoring damaged water systems, promotion of household water treatment and increased public advocacy on drought mitigation strategies. OCHA is supporting the NDMO with analysis of assessment data.
40% of communities expecting water shortages
Nearly 79,000 people in 11 districts are affected by heavy rain all over the country since 13 Nov. Currently, 15,000 people are displaced in 77 welfare centers. So far flooding has caused 1 death , which occurred in Kilinochchi. A total of 63 houses were destroyed and 1,200 are reported as partially damaged.
79,000 people affected
Torrential rains over 12-16 Nov caused flooding in several locations in West Java, Central Java, West Sumatra and Jakarta. One person died in Bogor from electrocution and thousands of houses were inundated, although without significant damage. Over the same period landslides occurred in Central Java, West Java and Aceh province, causing one death, two injuries and dozens of damaged houses.
An EQ occurred off the coast of Kagoshima Prefecture (Magnitude 7.0 / Depth 10km), and it triggered a small tsunami of 30cm high around the small islands near from the epicentre. There were no reports of casualties or major damage.
Summary of WFP assistance
Since its re-establishment in the Philippines in 2006, WFP has been implementing several activities in Mindanao, including school feeding, supplementary feeding for pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under two years of age, provision of micronutrient powders, general food distribution (GFD) and food assistance for assets (FFA) and training (FFT). WFP pays particular attention to the empowerment of women across all activities, for example, FFT projects that chart income generating paths for women.
WFP provides assistance in conflict-affected areas where levels of poverty and food insecurity are high due to the combination of man-made and natural disasters. To address the latter, the WFP operation features a disaster risk reduction component. In 2014, WFP also delivered assistance to the people affected by the earthquake in Bohol, the armed conflict in Zamboanga, the unrest of Mayon Volcano in Albay and Typhoon Hagupit in Eastern Samar.
WFP launched a Special Operation in 2014 which builds on the lessons learned from the Typhoon Haiyan response. It addresses the challenges identified during the response by enhancing the disaster response capability of the Government in the areas of logistics and supply chain management.
WFP started a relief and recovery operation in 2015 to provide assistance to the most vulnerable communities affected by protracted conflict in Central Mindanao and by typhoons in Visayas and Mindanao. It supports internally displaced people and returnees through FFA, blanket and targeted supplementary feeding programmes for children and pregnant women and nursing mothers, and school meals.
Overall, WFP projects are in line with the Zero Hunger Challenge, the development goals of the Government of the Philippines, and the attainment of the UN Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7.
Philippines: IPPF’s humanitarian program: The SPRINT Initiative is providing crucial medical and sexual and reproductive (SRH) health services to #TyphoonKOPPU affected areas in Philippines
November 16, 2015: New Delhi|Kuala Lumpur: Typhoon Koppu which is being referred to by its local name Lando, made a landfall on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, on the 18th of October, inundating several parts of the Luzon area. The typhoon has wreaked havoc, causing floods, power outages, road blockages and has totally disrupted people’s lives. To address the crucial medical and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) vulnerabilities of the population, The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), through its humanitarian program, the SPRINT Initiative, is providing assistance to affected populations.
Medical and SRH assistance is being provided through the Family Planning Organisation of Philippines (FPOP), a member association of IPPF East & South East Asia and Oceania Region (IPPF ESEAOR), with funding provided by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
“Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) is a significant public health need in all communities, especially those facing emergencies. In emergency situations, there is often a lack of access to SRH services,” said Nora Murat, Regional Director, IPPF ESEAOR.
“IPPF-SPRINT implements The Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) for Reproductive Health, a standard for essential health service, in flood affected areas of Echaque Municipality in Isabela Province of Region II – Cagayan Valley, Philippines. MISP is a coordinated set of priority activities for reducing SRH-related illnesses and deaths in times of emergency” she added.
According to UN OCHA and the updates of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), dated 3rd November, 2015, more than 3,126,130 people (733,152 families) have been affected. It is estimated that at the peak of the disaster, over 70,500 people (15,604families) were in 376 evacuation centres managed by local authorities. Of the affected population, more than 780,000 are women and girls of reproductive age (15-49 years old) and an estimated 31,000 are pregnant women who require special care.
In crisis situations such as these, there is an increase in gender based violence (GBV) and access to health care becomes more difficult. Whilst the restoration of government services is in full swing, IPPF-SPRINT’s response is to prevent and manage the consequences of sexual violence, reduce the incidence of STI, including HIV, transmission and to prevent excess maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. “IPPF-SPRINT will work in close co-ordination with Reproductive Health-Maternal Child Health Working Group, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Department of Health (DOH) and Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) and FPOP. An amount of USD 35,000 has been mobilised by IPPF-SPRINT to reach out to more than 4000 people’’ said Aditi Ghosh, Director, IPPF-SPRINT. “We shall also provide clean delivery kits, emergency obstetric care services and referral, and reproductive health medical teams to attend to the poorest of poor and the most vulnerable.” The efforts are complimented by in-county prepositioned stores, released by UNFPA and funded by the Australian Government, which include reproductive health kits and dignity kits for pregnant and lactating women, and awareness raising information-education-communication (IEC) activities for the affected population.
Focal Point Contact:
Dr. Subatra Jayaraj, Regional Manager, ESEAOR, IPPF-SPRINT: firstname.lastname@example.org
Murali Kunduru, Emergency Response Manager, IPPF-SPRINT Global Hub: email@example.com
‘Clearing Operations’ Target Homeless, Poor and Street Children
(Manila, November 16, 2015) – The Philippine government should immediately release the hundreds of mostly indigent and homeless Manila residents, including more than 140 children, detained before the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit, Human Rights Watch said today. The arbitrary detentions are part of so-called “clearing operations” aimed to beautify the city ahead of the summit, which will bring world leaders to Manila from November 16 to 18, 2015.
Since November 9, local authorities have rounded up several hundred adults and children from streets and informal settlements in Manila and surrounding municipalities of Metro Manila, and detained them without charge. Many of the adults operate food carts or sell scavenged items and were told by officials who detained them that they would be able to return to the streets and resume their work after the summit. On the orders of local mayors, including Manila Mayor Joseph Estrada, police and social workers are detaining them under guard in government facilities for the homeless and orphans.
“Philippine authorities have violated the rights of hundreds of Manila residents to put a cynical veneer of ‘cleanliness’ on the city for APEC delegates,” said Phelim Kine, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “The removal and detention of homeless and impoverished residents from where they live and work without due process is a violation of their basic human rights.”
Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that police, neighborhood officials, and social workers appear on the streets where people are living and examine their tents and hovels. The people detained are then brought by truck to the Reception and Action Center (RAC), a social welfare facility run by the Manila city government. Adults and accompanied children from Manila are held at the RAC while children from Manila with no parents present are sent to Boys Town, a shelter for homeless children run by the Manila government in nearby Marikina. Many of those picked up, including people from outside Manila, are then sent to the Jose Fabella Center, a national government-run facility for the homeless in neighboring Mandaluyong City.
The national Department of Social Welfare and Development told Human Rights Watch that from November 9 to November 12 a total of 48 homeless or indigent individuals have been detained at the Jose Fabella Center, 40 from Manila, while the others are from nearby Quezon City and Pasay City. The Manila city government reported that authorities had “rescued” at least 141 street children as of November 10, dozens of whom were sent to Boys Town.
“Dario,” a scavenger arrested on a street near Roxas Boulevard, said that the development authority personnel who detained him on November 11 were “brutal.” “They were merciless,” Dario told Human Rights Watch. “They took our things or did not allow some of us to bring our belongings.” He and his wife have been held in custody at the Jose Fabella Center, where they spoke to Human Rights Watch.
Local authorities conduct the “clearing operations” in coordination with the Department of Social Welfare and Development. The department’s director for Metro Manila, Alicia Bonoan, told Human Rights Watch the “clearing operations” were part of a government policy of “rescuing” and “reaching out” to the homeless and the poor, particularly children. She said they were conducted in tandem with a modified cash transfer program launched in 2011 that provides up to 4,000 Philippine pesos (US$90) in monthly rental support payments for up to six months to 4,408 low-income families in Metro Manila.
Bonoan denied any link between the ongoing operations and the APEC summit but the accounts of people who have recently been detained, their relatives, and social workers from nongovernmental groups suggest otherwise.
“Cora,” 52, a street vendor in the Ermita district who was detained on November 11, said she pleaded with the municipal authorities to release her, but to no avail. “No matter how I pleaded, they didn’t listen,” she said. “They will only let me go after APEC, that’s what they told me.”
The Philippine government’s preparation for the APEC summit began several weeks ago with public works projects including repainting major highways, walling-off slum areas so they cannot be seen from roadways, and removing street vendors from major thoroughfares. The pre-APEC “clearing operations” have included the removal of many of the poor and homeless from major streets, including Roxas Boulevard along Manila Bay, which connects the international airport with the APEC venue at the Philippine International Convention Center.
Residents, social welfare officials, and social workers told Human Rights Watch that local authorities have also been conducting daily “clearing operations” in other Metro Manila municipalities, including Pasay City and Quezon City. Local government units are detaining people with the assistance of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, an agency directly under the office of the president.
The total number of people detained during the current “clearing operations” is uncertain, Human Rights Watch said. The Department of Social Welfare and Development reported that more than 20,000 people have been removed from the streets in recent months. The department said that an unspecified number of residents were relocated to different locations in Manila, while others were relocated far from the APEC summit venue to elsewhere in Metro Manila and to the provinces.
The Philippine government has previously attempted to hide the capital’s poor during major international events, Human Rights Watch said. In January, prior to the visit of Pope Francis, the social welfare department arrested dozens of people off the streets of Manila and transferred them to a resort in nearby Batangas province. In May 2012, during a gathering of officials from the Asian Development Bank, the government walled off sections of the highway from the airport to conceal slum communities from view.
The Philippines is a party to the core human rights treaties. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention. The Convention on the Rights of the Child provides that the detention of children shall only be “a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time.” The UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials provides that in the performance of their duty, law enforcement officials shall respect and protect human dignity and uphold the human rights of all persons.
“Abusing Manila’s homeless population shouldn’t be part of the price tag for the Philippines government to host high-profile international events,” Kine said. “APEC delegates should make it clear to their Philippine hosts that abusive ‘clearing operations’ against Manila’s most vulnerable residents only tarnish the reputations of the Philippines and APEC.”
For accounts from people affected by the operations, please see below.
For more Human Rights Watch reporting on the Philippines, please visit:
World: Supporting disabled people in emergencies: Motivation’s appropriate and affordable wheelchairs
ALNAP and ELRHA will be looking at 15 different examples of humanitarian innovation funded by ELRHA’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF) grants. Each case study will explore the dynamics of successful innovation processes, culminating in a unique and in-depth study on innovation in humanitarian action.
This case study describes how Motivation, in partnership with Handicap International (HI) and Johanniter International (JUH), developed a wheelchair and training package for use in emergency response contexts.
Was this a successful innovation process? What lessons about innovation were found? Each case study is part of a broader research that seeks to define and understand what successful innovation looks like in the humanitarian sector, and improve understanding of how undertake and support innovative programming can work in practice.
HIF-ALNAP case studies on successful innovation
This study is one in a series of 15 case studies, undertaken by ALNAP in partnership with ELRHA’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), exploring the dynamics of successful innovation processes in humanitarian action. They examine what good practice in humanitarian innovation looks like, what approaches and tools organisations have used to innovate in the humanitarian system, what the barriers to innovation are for individual organisations, and how they can be overcome.
About the case studies Case study subjects are selected from a pool of recipients of grants from the HIF, (£75,000-150,000).
The HIF awards grants for each stage of innovative practice1 : grants of up to £20,000 are available for the recognition, invention, and diffusion stages, and grants of up to £150,000 can be obtained to support the development and implementation stages. The HIF selects grantees on the basis of a variety of criteria designed to achieve a robust representation of the range of activity in humanitarian innovation.
The case study subjects are chosen to reflect innovation practice in the humanitarian system. They cover information communication technology (ICT) innovations and non-ICT innovations, and they offer a balance between innovations that have reached a diffusion stage and those that have not. They also reflect the wide geographic range of the areas where innovations are being trialled and implemented. (For more information on the methodology and criteria used to select case study subjects, see the forthcoming ‘Synthesis report’ for the case study series).
About HIF-ALNAP research on successful innovation in humanitarian action These case studies are part of a broader research partnership between ALNAP and Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance (ELRHA) that seeks to define and understand what successful innovation looks like in the humanitarian sector. The ultimate aim of this research is to improve humanitarian actors’ understanding of how to undertake and support innovative programming in practice. This research partnership builds on ALNAP’s long-running work on innovation in the humanitarian system, beginning with its 2009 study, Innovations in International Humanitarian Action, and draws on the experience of the HIF grantees, which offer a realistic picture of how inno-vation actually happens in humanitarian settings.
Innovation is a relatively new area of work in humanitarian action, yet it is one that has seen exponential growth in terms of research, funding and activity at both policy and programming levels. While the knowledge base around innovation in the humanitarian sector is increasing, there remain a number of key questions for humanitarian organisations that may be seeking to initiate or expand their innovation capacity. The HIF-ALNAP research has focused on three of these:
Primary research questions
What does successful humanitarian innovation look like?
What are the practices organisations can adopt to innovate successfully for humanitarian purposes?
Secondary research question
What are the barriers to innovation in the sector and how can they be mitigated?
The case studies will be used to produce a synthesis document that addresses these three questions. The outputs of this research are aimed at humanitarian organisations interested in using innovative practices to improve their performance, as well as organisations outside the humanitarian sector, such as academic institutions or private companies, seeking to engage in innovation in humanitarian action.
Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Koppu (Lando) Community Engagement Response and Preparedness Actions (12 November 2015)
For typhoon Koppu (Lando), the Humanitarian Country Team’s Community of Practice (HCT-CoP) on Community Engagement provided minimum response support through the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) drone for assessment, set up of emergency humanitarian radio facility to support local government units as well humanitarian agencies and affected communities in the provision of two-way communication platform, monitoring of feedback and concerns of the affected communities through the social media (Facebook & Twitter), and conduct of series of community consultations in various affected areas
Patricia Ruth Cailao
QUEZON CITY, Nov. 12 -- Developments on the construction of permanent settlements for Typhoon Yolanda survivors are underway despite the challenges.
Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) Chairman Atty. Chito M. Cruz said that more than a million houses were affected by ‘Yolanda’ but the National Housing Authority (NHA) is only mandated to provide permanent resettlements for families living in unsafe areas.
The NHA need to build 205,128 permanent housing units based on the Comprehensive Rehabilitation Recovery Plan (CRRP) approved by the President. This covers six (6) regions, 14 provinces, and 116 cities and municipalities.
Other affected families whose houses are in safe areas were provided assistance by the Department of Social Welfare and Development through the emergency shelter assistance program.
The most difficult process the NHA encountered—and that also led to a slower pace in the implementation of permanent housing project—was finding safe lands for resettlement under the build back better principle.
For the 205,128 units that have to be put up, the government has to find about 1,367 hectares, based on the required template of 150 units per hectare as stated in the CRRP.
Not only should lands be suitable for the required template, these should be titled lands and the titles should be unencumbered, that is, free from other claims and liability.
Moreover, resettlement sites should be in safe lands and with access to utilities.
“The lands should not be susceptible to flooding, landslides, tsunami, earthquake and storm surges,” Cruz said. “The (resettlement site) must have access to other infrastructures such as water, power, and road networks.”
Construction of permanent housing units was also delayed by the bidding and procurement process as required by law. This takes time along with getting development permits, licenses, and clearances.
Of the P93.7 billion fund release by DBM for the various needs of the rehabilitation program, the NHA was given P26.9 billion to produce 92,554 houses.
As of October 31, 2015, a total of 74,385 units had been bidden out or obligated. Of this number, 42,566 are in various stages of construction and 17,641 units already substantially completed, Cruz said.
The remaining 18,169 housing units to be built are now undergoing procurement. This will be obligated this month, Cruz said.
A total of 929 units were already turned over to some residents of Tanauan and in Tacloban, Leyte.
Cruz said that for December 2015, NHA said 21,455 housing units will be completed by the end of December 2015, and an additional 42,566 units by June 2016. In December 2016, the NHA targets to complete 28,533 units.
NHA is already in 919 sites covering the following provinces—Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Iloilo, Negros, Cebu, Leyte (Tacloban), Eastern Samar, Samar, Biliran, and Palawan.
Clarification on ‘unused’ funds for Yolanda victims
Meanwhile, the P923 million quick response fund (QRF) for Yolanda victims that was stated in the Commission on Audit (COA) 2014 report as ‘not utilized’, has already been obligated as of date, National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council Executive Director Alexander Pama said in a joint press briefing on Yolanda rehabilitation and recovery last November 5.
He pointed out that the COA report was prepared in 2014. “Ten months hence which is now, the totality of that amount (to be used for procurement of non-food items) has already been obligated,” Pama said.
Pama added that about P9 million was returned to the Bureau of Treasury as these were continuing funds from 2013, and will not be utilized for 2015. (VDC/RDA/PRC)
For the past two years, the American Red Cross has been on the ground in the Philippines, helping Typhoon Haiyan survivors to rebuild their communities, reclaim their livelihoods, restore infrastructure, and move forward from the strongest storm ever recorded in that country.
When Typhoon Haiyan made landfall on November 8, 2013, it damaged or destroyed more than 1 million homes, took more than 6,000 lives, and demolished agricultural land which left families without their typical sources of income. Today, thanks to generous donations, people in more than 100 barangays (towns) are recovering from the storm and rebuilding their lives. Meet a few of these resilient survivors in the slideshow . For more information, visit redcross.org/Haiyan.
About the American Red Cross:
The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and provides emotional support to victims of disasters; supplies about 40 percent of the nation's blood; teaches skills that save lives; provides international humanitarian aid; and supports military members and their families. The Red Cross is a not-for-profit organization that depends on volunteers and the generosity of the American public to perform its mission. For more information, please visit redcross.org or visit us on Twitter at @RedCross.
Tanauan, Leyte – Barely two years after Typhoon Yolanda ravaged Eastern Visayas, survivors from this 2nd class town are slowly showing signs of full recovery.
One clear sign is the building of safer communities in various relocation sites around town.
Town Mayor Pel Tecson said that as a leader of the town, he believes that recovery starts by rebuilding damaged houses. He added that having a roof over their heads offers a sense of normalcy.
One strategy he implemented was the provision of shelter assistance to the affected families through the distribution of construction materials to repair their damaged roofs.
Mayor Tecson said that he did not build bunkhouses for his constituents. Instead, he focused on building permanent homes.
“Every vacant lot in the town became a potential relocation site. We saw the need to transfer the survivors to safer homes,” Mayor Tecson said.
According to the mayor, there are four resettlement sites in the town. Around 1,800 permanent houses will be constructed in these sites with 800 units as the immediate target.
“Of the 800, we have already turned over 400 units so we are already halfway through,” Mayor Tecson said.
The mayor shared that some 181 families from the coastal villages of Bislig and Cabuynan have already transferred to the relocation site in Barangay Sacme.
“Documentation was never a problem. We made sure first that the families were safe. They can submit the requirements once they are settled,” Mayor Tecson said.
Mayor Tecson expressed that while relocations sites in other LGUs are beset with the problem of lack of water supply, in Tanauan, water is delivered to the homeowners for free.
He also made sure that relocation sites are not far from the sources of livelihood of the survivors.
“Our relocation sites are 1.5 to 2 kilometers away from the town proper to ensure that the families can continue with their livelihood,” he said.
For instance, the fishermen who used to live in Barangay San Roque are now in Barangay Pago, which is still near their original place. They can still go fishing, after which they can go home to their safer homes.
Some 225 families are now residing at the Pago Resettlement Site.
DSWD as a partner
Mayor Tecson opined that the road to recovery is long and challenging, but he attributed the town’s initial success to the help of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), which provided livelihood support through the Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP).
Under the SLP, pedicab and tricycle drivers grouped together and were provided capital assistance to start their chosen livelihood projects. Even senior citizens availed of SLP assistance, on top of the Social Pension.
A number of beneficiaries were also assisted through SLP’s Cash for Building Livelihood Assets (CBLA) where they were paid cash in exchange for restoring community facilities.
Aside from SLP, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program is also implemented in the area with 2,790 beneficiaries.
Jenny Redubla, 44, is thankful that they have transferred to Barangay Pago.
“Doon sa dati naming lugar, kapag nakakarinig kami ng tunog ng daluyong lalo na sa gabi ay bumabalik ang takot namin. Mas ligtas na kami dito (In our old place, we always hear the sound of big waves which further aggravates our trauma. We are safer here),” Jenny said.
Jenny added that she has revived her chorizo buy and sell business. She now earns P2,500 per month from this which is on top of the cash grants her family is receiving as a beneficiary of the Pantawid Pamilya.
As her way of paying back the help her family is receiving, she actively participates in various community projects like those implemented through the DSWD’s Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated delivery of Social Services (Kalahi-CIDSS).
One lesson she learned from ‘Yolanda’ is to keep the environment and the community clean.
“Ngayon pag may nagkakalat ng basura, pinagsasabihan ko (Now, when I see someone littering, I chide him or her),” she said.
Building back better
For Mayor Tecson, Tanauan is not only building back but it is building back better.
“Kita mo naman ang hitsura e ‘pag nasa eroplano ka (On a plane, you can see the difference),” Mayor Pecson proudly related. ###
MANILA, Philippines – Relief and recovery efforts are ongoing in the Philippines as floodwaters from Typhoon Koppu, known locally as Typhoon Lando, continue to recede. Among those affected are hundreds of thousands of women and girls of childbearing age and tens of thousands of pregnant women, UNFPA estimates.
In areas severely affected by the floods, there have been reports of women giving birth in evacuation centres.
In coordination with the Department of Health, UNFPA has deployed hygiene supplies to pregnant women and new mothers and has delivered medical equipment to health workers to support safe childbirth.
Childbirth in emergencies
The typhoon was unusually large and slow-moving, unleashing flash floods and landslides when it made landfall over the municipality of Casiguran, in Aurora Province on 18 October. The health department later reported 60 deaths and 90 injuries.
As of 6 November, some 713,600 people were still displaced, according to information from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, and an estimated 9,000 survivors were currently crowded into evacuation centres.
Health facilities have been badly affected. At Casiguran District Hospital, much of the roof was blown off the building, and staff were forced to attend to childbirths in the emergency room because of extensive damage to the maternity ward.
UNFPA has provided the hospital with clean delivery kits, which contain the medicines and sterile supplies required to safely perform deliveries.
“Pregnant women deliver even in emergencies. We must ensure that they continue to have access to safe and clean delivery despite the situation,” said Klaus Beck, UNFPA’s Representative in the Philippines. “It is a matter of life and death for the woman and the baby.”
Meeting the needs of new mothers
UNFPA has also distributed thousands of dignity kits – which contain hygiene supplies, including soap, sanitary napkins, underwear and other essential items – for pregnant and breastfeeding women in affected provinces.
These and other emergency supplies had been prepositioned in the country to facilitate faster deployment to typhoon-hit areas upon government request. Further supplies and support are ready to be distributed should they become necessary.
Some 297 Yolanda survivors received P70,000 each for the construction of their new homes under the Core Shelter Assistance Project (CSAP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) in partnership with local government units (LGUs) and with funding support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The beneficiaries come from Barangays San Agustin, Baliw, San Antonio, Utanan, and San Juan in Leyte.
During the recent turn-over ceremony, Hilongos Mayor Albert Villahermosa explained to the beneficiaries that they could no longer be eligible for the DSWD’s Emergency Shelter Assistance since they already received aid under CSAP. Leyte Governor Dominic Petilla and Vice-Governor Carlo Loreto were also present at the ceremony.
CSAP provides disaster affected families with permanent shelter units that can withstand typhoons with wind velocity of up to 220 kilometers per hour and earthquakes up to intensity 4. The houses are also constructed in safe relocation areas.
Under the CSAP, beneficiaries have to group themselves into five or 10 and help each other finish their houses. They will be paid P195 per day for 10 days, through the Cash-for-work program, to ensure that they will meet their daily needs while constructing their houses.
DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman said that despite other disasters that the government is attending to, rehabilitation in Yolanda-affected areas are in full swing.
TUBLAY, Benguet, Nov. 9(PIA) – More than 200 typhoon -affected farmers in this town and La Trinidad received various planting materials from the Greenpeace Philippines and its partners during a seminar for farmers here..
The farmers mostly organic practioners received supplies of temperate organic vegetable seeds of sweet peas, lettuce, carrots, pechay, and cucumber plus vermicast, bokashi fertilizer and organic concoctions to help them replant crops hit by the recent typhoons.
The turn over was made last week when Greenpeace conducted a seminar on organic farming to bring the new information and knowledge on organic and ecological farming to the typhoon- affected farmers of the two towns. It was witnessed by the municipal officials led by Mayor Ruben Paoad and Vice Mayor Armando Lauro.
Tublay Municipal Agriculturist Jeffrey Sotero said that the assistance provided by the Greenpeace emanated from the recent partnership forged by the municipality with the environmental group during the launching of the “I am Hampaslupa” campaign last month in Baguio City.
The “I am Hampaslupa” campaign seeks to change the perception of society on agriculture. It seeks to make everyone acknowledge the important role farmers play, and the power each one of us wield in shaping the future of our food and agriculture.
“Our nation’s farmers face many problems, from poverty issues, non-existent health benefits, to a lack of government support. Climate change has also taken a toll, rendering farmers even more vulnerable as we have seen with Lando and other previous typhoons,” said Greenpeace Food and Ecological Agriculture Campaigner Virginia Llorin.
Typhoon Lando has caused a total of P9.8 billion in damage to central, northern and southern Luzon, with P8.6 billion damage attributed to agriculture, according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
In Tublay, the Municipal Agricultural Office reported more than P27 million in agricultural damages including agricultural facilities and crops.
Llorin explained that they choose the organic farmers as the beneficiaries for the assistance since Greenpeace is campaigning for agriculture that is good for the planet and people. Healthy food grown with the environment, not against it and farming that helps cope with climate change. (JDP/RMC-PIA CAR)
Philippines: Social Protection and Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines: The Case of Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan)
This paper evaluates how the Philippines utilize social protection systems and programs to help households better manage disaster risk. Exposure and vulnerability to natural disasters and the effects of climate change are particularly high in the Philippines. At the same time, the Philippines has developed one of the most advanced social protection systems in the East Asia Pacific region. The Department of Social Welfare and Development is prominently integrated into the national disaster risk management framework of the Philippines, taking the lead coordinating role in disaster response activities. Consequently, social protection programs are on the frontlines of disaster response in the Philippines. This paper focuses specifically on the devastating impact of Typhoon Yolanda, which struck the country in November 2013, as a case study against which the Philippines’ social protection response can be assessed.
Posted on 10 November 2015
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) through its Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) has released P154,160,000 to fund the livelihood projects of some 21,462 survivors of Typhoon Yolanda in Northern Cebu.
SLP is a community-based capacity building effort that seeks to improve the program participants’ socio-economic status. Under the SLP, the Cash for Building Livelihood Assets (CBLA) and Livelihood Assistance Grant (LAG) was implemented.
The CBLA provides immediate cash assistance to affected families in exchange for community-based labor to repair, rehabilitate, and/or develop physical and natural resources that will be used for productive and profitable microenterprises.
For this project, each worker (one qualified worker per family) is provided with a daily allowance equivalent to the existing regional daily wage for a maximum of 15 days.
The following are examples of projects funded under the CBLA:
Development, rebuilding, or rehabilitation of agriculture and coastal resources
Development and/or rehabilitation of common service facilities such as trading posts, milling centers, solar dryers, etc.
Development or rehabilitation of physical assets to open up access to natural assets where the former is necessary to bring out the products of poor families to the market.
Protection of productive livelihood assets such as mangrove planting/rehabilitation, tree planting, etc.
In Northern Cebu, beneficiaries were engaged in the rehabilitation of mangroves, maintenance of communal gardens and pig pens, set-up of sugar mill (muscovado), and construction of small fishing boats.
On the other hand, the LAG aims to strengthen the resiliency of affected communities in managing disaster-resilient, market-driven, and resource-based livelihood through the provision of livelihood grants. These grants could be used to establish common livelihood facilities, conduct livelihood skills training, and provide start-up capital, and will be managed by SLP Associations or other accredited organizations. Under LAG, the funds were transferred to the local government units.
Projects undertaken by beneficiaries under LAG included Bigasan ng Barangay, Farming and Trading, Hog Production, General Merchandise and Basic Hardware Supply, and skills training for swine fattening.
DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman said that the provision of livelihood assistance was among the priority recovery and rehabilitation efforts undertaken by the Department to ensure that ‘Yolanda’ survivors will regain economic stability.
10 November 2015, MANILA – The newly launched UNISDR Private Sector Alliance for Disaster Resilient Societies, ARISE, received a major boost today as 12 leading companies in the Philippines joined the global effort to ensure the private sector puts disaster risk information at the heart of investment strategies.
The pledges of support came during the 2015 Top Leaders Forum at the SMX Mall of Asia in Pasay City. Some 200 CEOs and executives from industries such as food, retail, manufacturing, banking and finance, media, consultancy, outsourcing, energy, water, education and real estate were present. It was the first time ARISE was introduced in Southeast Asia.
The following companies have now joined over 100 other companies around the world in backing the ARISE initiative: GMA Network, Union Bank, Double Dragon Properties, Philippine Business for the Environment, DHL Supply Chain Philippines, Build Change, Nestle Philippines, Jollibee Foundation, The Net Group, Aboitiz Ventures, Weather Philippines Foundation and Pricewater Cooper Philippines.
The President of SM Prime and ARISE international board member, Mr. Hans Sy, said today: “The Philippines is still recovering from Typhoon Haiyan which claimed over 6,000 lives, left many homeless and severely damaged the national economy.
“Our country is one of the most disaster exposed in the world and this is why so many leading companies here are keen to join ARISE. Risk-informed private sector investment is more cost-effective than relying on post-disaster response and recovery.”
The head of UNISDR, Ms. Margareta Wahlström, said: “The successful launch today of ARISE in the Philippines sends an encouraging message to the private sector across Asia and the globe that the business community is well placed to make an important contribution towards building resilience to disasters.
“Private investment largely determines disaster risk. In most economies 70% to 85% of overall investment is made by the private sector. If this money is well-spent it will help reduce disaster losses which are now estimated at about $300 billion per year.”
ARISE was launched to support implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction which was adopted in March, 2015, at a UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan. The Sendai Framework seeks a substantial reduction in disaster losses over the next 15 years and promotes the full involvement of the private sector in initiatives at local and national level to reduce disaster risk and to promote investment in resilient infrastructure capable of withstanding floods, storms, earthquakes and other natural and man-made hazards.
Also in attendance during the pledge to action today were Ms. Sandra Wu, ARISE board member, and Sen. Loren Legarda, UNISDR Champion, Mr. Mario G. Montejo, Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Ms. Corazon Jimenez, General Manager of the Metro Manila Development Authority, and Mr. Alexander Pama, Executive Director of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).
On the 8th of November 2013 super typhoon Haiyan, known in the Philippines as Yolanda, made landfall in the Philippines. It proceeded as a category 5 typhoon across the central Philippines, causing widespread devastation. The typhoon severely damaged or destroyed over one million houses. Over 16 million people were affected by the storm.
CARE Philippines responded with emergency food, shelter and livelihoods programmes. This report presents the findings from CARE’s Emergency Shelter Team’s internal evaluation of the early recovery shelter programme undertaken by CARE Philippines and its partners.
The evaluation’s key findings were that:
The programme correctly identified and assisted the most vulnerable and beneficiaries are well on their way to recovery:
They have mostly achieved dignified and safe shelter after the typhoon
Beneficiary ownership of the recovery process and of their houses is very high
Most are confident that they will complete their houses to meet their household’s requirements, although the time this will take varies considerably
Houses are stronger and safer than the houses people had before:
There is a high level of awareness of build-back-safer principles
All houses have some build-back-safer principles incorporated
The majority of houses have high levels of incorporation of build-back-safer principles The approach met the urgent needs of the population while catalysing the recovery. Self-recovery support is a good way to empower communities to take charge of their own recovery, if justified by a rigorous analysis. A model where materials and cash are provided based on an analysis of needs, capacities and local markets, and coupled with strong community engagement and technical assistance which continues throughout the recovery process, allowed cost-effective reconstruction of shelter at a significant scale.
While programmes of this type do not provide fully engineered buildings built to western standards, they provide sufficient support for households to build houses which are stronger than they had before and will offer more resistance to future hazards. In doing so, they provide support to far more people than expensive fully engineered building programmes can and allow buildings which are tailored to meet the housing and other needs of households. There are no unoccupied buildings as a result, and waste is minimal. Ownership of and pride in the process and the product of the programme, by the beneficiaries, was exceptionally high.
Prime Town Phase 1 in barangay Pago, Tanauan, Leyte looks like a new community bustling with life. There are sari-sari stores and barbecue stalls in every corner. Several pedicabs as well as bicycles are parked outside the houses. In the playground, children are enjoying the colorful slide, seesaw, and swings. Right next to the playground is a hall with a veranda—the livelihood center. The center is run by Gawad Kalinga and several private sector partners.
Several women are hard at work in the vegetable gardens behind the center. There they grow rows of pinakbet and chopsuey vegetables as well as lettuce and peppers. The women look forward to their gardening work every morning and afternoon. They regard call it a “relaxing time.” The husbands, most of whom are fishermen, leave the gardening work to the women, though they can be relied on to help out when needed (such as putting up trellises for climbing vegetables).
“When Typhoon Ruby passed by Leyte (in December 2014), we were already living here and were not worried at all,” says Emelda Navarro, a fish vendor who now lives in the resettlement site.
The local government units (provincial and municipal) helped to organize 17 residents as active members of Prime Town Phase 1 into the Seasider Integrated Compact Farmers’ Association (SICFA), which is now registered with the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). The association was trained by the Department of Agriculture on vegetable farming. In February 2015, they were given vegetable seeds to start planting. The local goverments provided them with fertilizer and mulching materials to prevent weeds.
The association sold their first harvest to the community for P14,700. Since then, the gardens’ produce of fresh and organically grown vegetables have always sold out. Five percent of the harvest also takes care of the land lease, an agreement they entered into for three years.
“We did not know anything about gardening before. We have always lived on the seaside. But now we have a vegetable garden that provides sustenance for our families,” says Marissa Solidad, treasurer of SICFA. The gardens’ earnings give the association a revolving fund they can borrow from for their urgent needs and emergencies. The women also plan to develop proposals for improving their vegetable gardens as well as exploring other livelihood opportunities in the coming days.
– From the National Economic and Development Authority