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World: Right to food and nutrition watch 2014

9 October 2014 - 4:54am
Source: Interchurch Organisation for Development Co-operation Country: Colombia, Guatemala, Mali, Mexico, occupied Palestinian territory, Philippines, United Republic of Tanzania, World preview

Ten Years of the Right to Food Guidelines: Gains, Concerns and Struggles

NEW REPORT CALLS FOR MORE DEMOCRATIC FOOD SYSTEMS

Rome, Utrecht, Heidelberg, Geneva, Berlin, 8 October 2014 - Food security and human rights remain deeply threatened by concentration of land ownership, corporate domination of food systems and policy incoherence, reports the Right to Food and Nutrition Watch 2014, officially launched today with the participation of the new UN Special Rapporteur for the Right to Food, Dr. Hilal Elver, at the FAO in Rome.

"As we celebrate the progress made over the past decade, it is important to keep in mind that we will have to work even harder to realize the right to food in order that hunger and malnutrition no longer afflict humanity", Dr. Elver cautioned on the occasion of the ten-year anniversary of the Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security.

The Watch 2014 - titled Ten Years of the Right to Food Guidelines: Gains, Concerns and Struggles - discusses key policy processes and highlights the increasing influence of companies in international food and nutrition governance as a growing challenge in the global struggle for the right to adequate food.

On one hand, increased power of multinational food and beverage corporations over what ends up on the consumer's plate has led to a higher consumption of unhealthy ultra-processed foods, thereby contributing to obesity and malnutrition in both developed and developing countries.

Between 40 and 50 per cent of the adult population in Belgium and Colombia are overweight, reports the Watch 2014.

On the other hand, agribusiness and financial investors are taking control of natural resources and undermining the rights and food sovereignty of local communities and small-scale food producers. Such practices are promoted and condoned by governments in the name of 'development'.

An estimated one million hectares of land have been appropriated in Mali in recent years, depriving peasant communities of their livelihoods. The expansion of mining in Sweden and its impact on peasant and indigenous populations illustrate that land grabbing is a worldwide phenomenon.

The Watch calls on governments to exercise political will in addressing the inequities in food systems, demanding the right to food be 'mainstreamed' in coherent food, nutrition, energy and trade policies.

Democratic institutions and mechanisms that engage those most affected by hunger in policy-making are among the goals of ongoing social mobilization and resistance worldwide - from Guatemala to India and Norway, as revealed in the Watch 2014.

As stressed by Olivier De Schutter, former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, "[t]here are major actors who are able to block change as a result of the dominant position they have acquired in the food and political systems. That is why food democracy is really the key to achieving more sustainable [and accountable] food systems."

Contact M. Alejandra Morena, Coordinator - Right to Food and Nutrition Watch

FURTHER INFORMATION

More background information

Articles of the Watch in separated pdfs

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Read the civil society report 'Ten Years of the Right to Food Guidelines: Progress, Obstacles and the Way Ahead'

Watch the video 'The Right to Food - A People's Struggle'

World: Food Outlook - Biannual Report on Global Food Markets, October 2014

9 October 2014 - 4:39am
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Bangladesh, Benin, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, China, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World preview

Biannual FAO Food Outlook report and new Food Price Index released

9 October 2014, Rome - Food markets are more stable and prices for most agricultural commodities are sharply lower than they have been in recent years, according to the latest edition of FAO's biannual Food Outlook report and a new update to the Organization's monthly Food Price Index, both out today.

Bumper harvests and abundant stockpiles are key factors helping drive down international cereal prices, according to the report.

World wheat production in 2014 is forecast to reach a new record, it says.

For coarse grains, prospects for near-record production levels, combined with already-high inventories point to a very comfortable world supply and demand balance in 2014/15, especially for maize.

While rice outputs could decline slightly this year, stockpiles remain "huge" and are sufficient to cover over one-third of projected consumption during the 2015-16 period.

All told, world cereal production in 2014 is anticipated to reach 2 523 million tonnes (2.5 billion tonnes) — an upward revision of 65 million tonnes from FAO's initial forecast in May. World cereal stocks should hit their highest level in 15 years by the end of the cropping season in 2015.

Global output of oilseeds is also forecast to exceed last season's record due to further expansion of soybean production.

Meanwhile, world production of cassava looks to be on track to achieving another record high, driven by sustained growth in Africa, where the tuber is a strategic crop for food security and poverty alleviation.

Today's Food Outlook anticipates that world sugar production will increase in 2015-16, as well.

Meat production is set to grow moderately in 2014, but not enough to ease prices from their current high levels, while milk production continues to grow steadily in many countries.

Production of fish is also on the rise, driven largely by aquaculture and less-than-expected El Niño impacts.

Price drops across the board - almost

The FAO Food Price Index (FPI), also released today, has registered its sixth consecutive monthly drop — the longest period of continuous decline in the value of the index since the late 1990s — averaging 191.5 points in September 2014.

Among the FPI sub-indices, sugar and dairy fell most sharply, followed by cereals and oils, while meat remained firm (more).

Although meat prices remain high they could be stabilizing: the September Meat Price index remains 22 points up versus the same time last year, a historic high, but registered only a slight increase over August (0.3 of a point) after months of steady hikes.

High meat prices and large trade volumes for products in the animal protein category, including meat, dairy and fish, mean that the global food import bill — that is, the aggregate amount that all countries spend on imported foodstuffs — will surpass $1 trillion again this year, for the fifth year in a row.

The FAO FPI is a trade-weighted index that measures prices of five major food commodities on international markets.

While price trends for these commodities at the macro level are a useful indicator of global trends and can signal when consumer food prices might be at risk, they are not always directly mirrored in national, regional and local markets.

Regional differences highlighted in second report

To help spot food price spikes affecting consumers in the developing world, particularly in low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs), FAO recently launched a new website that reports abnormally high prices of staple foods in markets in 85 different countries.

Additionally, the Organization produces a quarterly report, Crop Prospects and Food Situation, that focuses on developments affecting food security in developing countries and LIFDCs.

The latest edition, published today alongside Food Outlook and the October FPI, highlights a number of hot-spots of particular concern.

The Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone has disrupted markets, farming activities and livelihoods, seriously affecting the food security of large numbers of people, it says. And irregular rains in several areas of the Sahelian belt will result in mixed production prospects.

Food crop production in the Central African Republic is up from 2013's sharply reduced output, but still remains well below average due to the impact of widespread civil insecurity, the report adds.

In Eastern Africa, the overall food security situation is improving as harvesting has started in several countries. But while food prices in the region are generally stable or declining, they are at record high levels in Somalia and the Sudan.

Meanwhile, drought conditions in Central America have significantly reduced the 2014 main first season harvest in key producing countries.

Drought conditions have also been a problem in the Near East, leading to a below-average cereal harvest for the region, while the conflicts in Syria and Iraq continue to significantly degrade food security.

Philippines: Two killed in southern Philippines church blast

8 October 2014 - 11:00pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Philippines

10/9/2014 - 01:42 GMT

Two people were killed while three others were wounded in a grenade attack on a church in the southern Philippines, police said Thursday.

Church goers at the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, in the farming town of Pikit, were in the middle of a prayer service early Wednesday evening when the explosion occurred, police said.

A nurse, 54, and a teacher, 39, died from shrapnel injuries, municipal police chief Senior Inspector Mautin Pangandigan said.

The grenade exploded close to where the two women were seated at the back, Pangandigan said.

Two businessmen and a teacher were wounded and were brought to the hospital for treatment, he said.

Police have yet to determine the motive for the attack, Senior Superintendent Aldrin Gonzales, regional police spokesman told AFP.

Pikit, in North Cotabato province, is a known hotbed of criminal gangs and Muslim insurgents.

strs-jfg/kma/jah

© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 22 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

8 October 2014 - 10:19pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 08 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network detected one (1) rockfall event during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. Weak emission of white steam plumes drifting Northwest was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 444 tonnes/day on 07 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed continuous inflation at the base of the edifice from August 2014 to October 2014 precise leveling surveys. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 23 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

8 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 08 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network detected five (5) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. Moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting south-southwest and southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 387 tonnes/day on 08 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed continuous inflation at the base of the edifice from August 2014 to October 2014 precise leveling surveys. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Philippines: U.S. Helps Families Near Mayon Volcano in Albay province, Philippines

8 October 2014 - 7:57pm
Source: Government of the United States of America Country: Philippines, United States of America

ALBAY PROVINCE, Philippines, October 08, 2014 — The U.S. government has provided Php4.4 million to assist displaced families affected by the Mayon Volcano in Albay province.

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology placed Mayon Volcano under Alert Level 3, which prompted the Provincial Government of Albay to evacuate more than 12,000 families living within the six-kilometer radius permanent danger zone.

U.S. Embassy Ambassador Philip Goldberg said, "The United States stands ready to help families cope with the challenges posed by the temporary displacement.”

U.S. Embassy Manila’s United States Agency for International Development (USAID) will provide emergency sanitation, hygiene and non-food items to families seeking temporary refuge in evacuation centers located in the municipalities of Guinobatan, Camalig and Daraga. The humanitarian assistance, which will be distributed by World Vision for USAID, will focus on improving access to safe drinking water, functioning latrines, and temporary classrooms.

Ambassador Goldberg also expressed support to Albay Governor Joey Salceda’s “zero casualty objective” and commended all the brave families that participated in an orderly and successful pre-emptive evacuation: “The U.S. government will continue to monitor the Mayon situation and work with Philippine authorities to help the affected families.”

The United States is always ready to lend a hand to the Philippines, especially during times of disaster. U.S. government disaster-assistance funding over the last ten years amounts to Php8.1 billion. Beyond immediate disaster relief, the U.S. government also supports the Philippines in strengthening the capacity of communities to mitigate, prepare for and respond to natural disasters and the effects of climate change.

Philippines: WHO and RID 2650 work together in child immunization and dengue control and prevention in Region 8 - Philippines

8 October 2014 - 9:01am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Philippines

Since forming in 1905, Rotary International has been committed to creating positive and lasting change in communities worldwide. For over 100 years it has taken on various humanitarian, environmental and development challenges around the world, and has aided a wide range of international organizations.

One of its member clubs, Rotary International District 2650 has been particularly passionate in the elimination of polio around the world. Through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative and in close cooperation with the World Health Organization, RID 2650 has focused efforts in the Western Pacific and has time and again visited the Philippines to give their support.

RID 2650 visits Tacloban and Eastern Samar

On September 22 and 23, RID 2650 along with the Rotary Club of Tacloban and the WHO, visited immunization activities in Eastern Samar. As support for the September ‘Ligtas sa Tigdas at Polio’ nationwide child immunization campaign, the RID 2650 has donated 27 heavy-duty cold boxes to Eastern Samar, and 2 ice pack freezers to both Tacloban and Borongan.

“When Typhoon Yolanda hit the Philippines last year, we knew we had to do something,” said Kingo Iwamoto, RID 2650 International Service Committee Chairperson. “This is our second time in the Philippines and we’re working hand in hand with the Rotary of Tacloban and WHO to help rebuild these affected communities.”

The 29 delegates from Japan were accompanied by Dr Go Tanaka of the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region, Dr Sigrun Roesel of WHO Philippines and the members of the Rotary Club of Tacloban. They visited health centers in the municipalities of Lawaan and Balangiga, Eastern Samar, and the Motocross bunkhouse in Tacloban, where all delegates gave OPV (oral polio vaccine) in a ceremonial event to the children in the said areas.

Apart from the donations for the immunization campaign, RID 2650 also has offered support through the WHO to strengthen existing dengue awareness and control actions in schools including at the Marasbaras National High School in Tacloban City.

The plan is to re-activate/establish the ‘little dengue brigade’ in schools wherein children will be trained / educated on adopting key behaviours and practices on dengue prevention, and use them as agents of behaviour change in their families, communities, barangays and cities.

Philippines: Field Report: Rebuilding schools in the Philippines after Yolanda

8 October 2014 - 12:40am
Source: Give2Asia Country: Philippines

It has been almost a year ago since Super Typhoon Haiyan, known as Typhoon Yolanda locally, left its trail of destruction in the Philippines. Tacloban City was one of the cities that directly felt the impact of the typhoon, leaving about 95% of the city in ruins and displacing approximately 12,000 households.

Give2Asia partnered with various organizations in order to develop the necessary response needed in order to facilitate community rebuilding in the different disaster-stricken areas.

This September, Alexie Mercado, Give2Asia’s Field Advisor in the Philippines, went to Tacloban and Guian wherein Give2Asia helped to support the rebuilding of different schools. This was made possible through our individual donor, Mona Lisa Yuchengco, as well as partnerships with Philippine International Aid and Seagate Technology, to the PhilAm Foundation.

To celebrate the re-opening and turnover of the one-storey, two-classroom building, there was a program created by the students and faculty at San Jose Central School in Tacloban City. There were prayers and songs performed by the students themselves.

However, it was the hand-written thank-you notes of the students that really made an impact. “It was hard to hold back tears after reading the note and watching the heartfelt performances of the children,” Alexie said.

Give2Asia emphasizes on funding long-term recovery projects and collaborating at the grassroots level. One year after the disaster, the people of Tacloban and Guian are still in the process of regaining what they lost. However, it is uplifting to see projects like this come to fruition and be instruments to people slowly rebuilding their lives after a disaster.

Give2Asia has recently launched a fund to support communities in South Asia devastated by recent monsoon floods. To learn more and donate, please visit give2asia.org/2014monsoons.

Philippines: DOH launches Inactivated Polio Vaccine to expand immunization for children

7 October 2014 - 9:28pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

MANILA, 8 Oct. (PIA)--The Department of Health (DOH) today introduced the Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) as part of the expanded program on immunization for children in ceremonies held in Parañaque City.

The IPV protects against polio type 1 and 3 and outbreaks of wild or vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 while the OPV is effective only against the wild poliovirus.

The IPV (injected intramuscularly) will be given in health centers in addition to the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) drop when a child is fourteen (14) weeks old.

In a news release, Health Secretary Enrique T. Ona said the introduction of inactivated polio vaccines will allow us to improve the protection of Filipino children against polio and maintain our polio-free status in the country.

“The DOH recognizes immunization as a key element in reducing the burden of childhood mortality and morbidity and the inclusion of the IPV boosts our children’s health and immunization programs,” the health chief concluded.

The inclusion of IPV is part of the country’s response to the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 that was drawn up after the May 2012 World Health Assembly declaration that the completion of poliovirus eradication is a programmatic emergency for global public health.

Globally as of September this year, there were 171 wild Polio Virus type 1 cases (152 from endemic countries and 19 from non-endemic countries) and 37 Polio Virus type 2 cases reported.

In the Philippines, the last recorded wild Polio virus case was in 1993. In 2000, the World Health Organization certified the Western Pacific Region, of which the country is part of, polio-free.

However, the Philippines is still a high-risk country for polio importation because of its highly mobile population, the presence of numerous airports, seaports, and other ports of entry, the presence of areas with low immunization coverage, and inadequate reporting of cases.

The country began its Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in 1979, five years after the World Health Organization launched its EPI in 1974. At present, the Program includes the administration of BCG (anti-tuberculosis), Hepatitis B, DPT (anti-diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus), OPV, HiB (anti-influenza type B), and MMR (anti-measles, mumps and rubella) vaccines. (DOH/RJB/SDL/PIA-NCR)

Philippines: One year after Typhoon Haiyan: stakeholders discuss global humanitarian challenges

7 October 2014 - 9:05pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department Country: Philippines

As the one year anniversary of Typhoon Haiyan is approaching next month, members of the European Parliament's Committee on Development (DEVE) held today a panel discussion on the future challenges of humanitarian aid. The event was co-organised by the UN, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC), and the Voluntary Organisations in Cooperation in Emergencies network (VOICE).

Claus Sørensen, Director General, European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) opened the event:

"Despite the enormous damage caused by Typhoon Haiyan, the transition from emergency to rehabilitation was quick. This was possible thanks to combined efforts by aid agencies, donors, the concerned governments, including civil protection authorities, NGOs and budgetary authorities," said Mr Sørensen. "Only through such joint efforts will we be able to make a difference for those most in need when disasters as devastating as Haiyan strike."

Background

Typhoon Haiyan (locally named Yolanda) was the strongest cyclone ever recorded. It struck the Philippines on 8 November 2013, causing massive devastation in the central regions. Over 6 200 people were officially reported dead, 4 million were displaced and 14-16 million affected, out of which 6 million were children.

The humanitarian assistance and early recovery interventions provided by the EU institutions to the survivors amounts to over €40 million (ca. PHP 2.3 billion). This contribution has made a difference for around 1.2 million people. The overall EU's humanitarian assistance for Haiyan, including the funding coming from the Member States, amounts to over €180 million (ca. PHP 10.2 billion).

In addition to humanitarian assistance deployed in the immediate aftermath of Haiyan, the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) carries out disaster preparedness programmes (DIPECHO) in Asia and other areas of the world prone to recurrent catastrophes. DIPECHO aims to increase the capacities of the local populations to face disaster consequences. Since 1998, €7.7 million (ca. PHP 436 million) have been released by the European Commission to the Philippines for such disaster preparedness measures.

Philippines: U.S. Continues Relief and Reconstruction Work in Yolanda-Hit Areas

7 October 2014 - 8:24pm
Source: Government of the United States of America Country: Philippines, United States of America

TACLOBAN CITY, Philippines, October 07, 2014 — Nearly 11 months after Typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan) devastated the Philippines, the U.S. government continues to partner with the Philippines on recovery and rebuilding efforts. Last week, U.S. Embassy Manila’s United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission Director Gloria D. Steele led the turnover of two school buildings at the Tacloban National Agricultural School (TNAS). The schools—containing ten of the more than 165 classrooms to be built by the U.S. government in the Philippines—are designed to withstand winds up to 360 kilometers per hour and an 8.5 earthquake.

Tacloban City Mayor Alfred S. Romualdez joined the ceremonies and thanked the American people for their on-going support. Angelica Dupa, an 8th grade student at TNAS, also expressed gratitude: “We will no longer be scared of typhoons and other calamities because the new classrooms are stronger than the ones we occupied.”

All of these continued reconstruction and recovery efforts are part of the USAID Rebuild project. Under the Rebuild project, the U.S. government is also working with Coca Cola and Procter & Gamble to reconstruct and restock 1,000 sari-sari stores. Store owners will be trained in basic store management and microcredit. Director Steele also gave assistance to the Barangay Basper Farmers Association, the TNAS General Parent-Teacher Association, the Tagpuro Women’s Seaweed Association, and the Old Kawayan Fisherfolks Association. Overall, the U.S. government’s support to the Philippines for Typhoon Yolanda recovery is estimated at $142.5 million.

“The projects we see today are born from the strong partnership between the U.S. and Philippine governments. As we work together in planting the seeds of recovery, we also direct our efforts toward ensuring that you will be stronger and better equipped to face future disasters,” Director Steele said.

Director Steele concluded her visit to the city by inspecting the ongoing construction of a USAID-funded school building with eight classrooms at the San Fernando Central School and a tuberculosis clinic at the City Health Office. She also went to Ormoc, Leyte to launch the U.S. government’s project, called “Preventing Trafficking in Persons through Sustainable Livelihood Recovery for Typhoon Affected People.” The project aims to reduce the vulnerability of typhoon-affected populations to trafficking-in-persons.

World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 01–07 October

7 October 2014 - 8:50am
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, South Sudan preview

Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone: At 1 October, the total cumulative number of reported Ebola cases across the three countries had reached 7,470, including 3,431 deaths. However, the Centers for Disease Control estimates that only 40% of cases are being reported in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Social tensions and insecurity are growing. Many of the 3,700 children who have lost parents to Ebola are being rejected out of fear of infection.

Nigeria: The national emergency agency estimates 1.5 million people are displaced in the northeast, almost triple the 647,000 estimated in a May assessment. IDPs are in urgent need of assistance. More than 150,000 have fled to neighbouring countries, with 27,000 people crossing into Niger over August and September alone.

Afghanistan: 200,000 people have crossed into Afghanistan from Pakistan since June. September saw more refugees arriving at remote locations, where communities are stretched beyond capacity. Food, health, WASH, and shelter are all urgently needed. In addition, the number of IDPs is rising: 702,000 people are estimated displaced across Afghanistan.

Updated: 07/10/2014. Next update: 14/10/2014

Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

India: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (30 Sep - 7 Oct 2014)

7 October 2014 - 6:07am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Sri Lanka preview

INDIA
Floods in Assam and Meghalaya States in north eastern India which commenced on 20 Sep have claimed 95 lives and left tens of thousands of people homeless. The worst affected areas are the districts of Goalpara, Kamrup and Boko in Assam and the areas of Tura and Garo Hills area in Meghalaya. At least 130,000 houses have been destroyed and over 87,000 hectares of crops are damaged.

95 dead
130,000 houses destroyed

The Armed Forces as well as National and State Disaster Response Forces have been deployed to undertake rescue and relief operations. An additional three National Disaster Response Force battalions have been requested to support relief efforts. NGOs are supporting numerous relief camps and distributing essential items including clothes, rice, bottled water and candles. Authorities have announced compensation for the families of those killed and committed to further assistance as further rain and flooding is expected over the coming weeks.1

SRI LANKA
According to the Disaster Management Centre, seven people died and 400 people were affected by landslides and collapsed buildings that were caused by high winds and heavy rainfall in the southern regions of Sri Lanka on 2 Oct. A total of nine houses were destroyed and 93 houses partially damaged. The National Building Research Organization is issuing daily landslide warnings to weather affected and risk prone areas.2

7 dead
50 evacuation centres

INDONESIA
Mt. Sinabung in North Sumatra erupted four times on 5 Oct spewing volcanic ash up to 3,000 meters into the sky with pyroclastic lava flow and avalanches hitting non-residential areas to the south of the crater. The eruption did not trigger an evacuation. Mt. Sinabung remains active and alert status remains at Level 3 (second-highest level).3

JAPAN
According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, Typhoon Phanfone has moved northeastward off the coast of Tohoku, after making landfall near the city of Hamamatsu and continuing to Tokyo metropolitan area. Three people are missing after being swept away by waves and about ten people have been injured due to storm-related incidents. Close to 200,000 households in eastern Japan were urged to evacuate due to fears of landslides or flooding as rivers threatened to burst their banks. This includes 20,000 in Tokyo.4

3 missing
200,000 urged to evacuate

Meanwhile Typhoon Phanfone forced authorities to suspend the search for those still missing at Mt Ontake. Search activities resumed earlier today, 7 Oct.
More than 50 people are confirmed dead and at least a dozen others are still missing when the popular hiking destination erupted without warning on 27 Sep.5

50 dead

Typhoon Vongfong moved across Guam and the Mariana Islands causing minor damage to buildings and no injuries. The typhoon is expected to turn northeast by Wed, 11 Oct and move roughly across the same path as Typhoon Panfone. Preliminary weather reports suggest that Vongfong will continue to intensify over the next several days as it approaches Japan.6

PHILIPPINES
Mount Mayon remains at alert level three, on a five-level alert system. According to PHIVOLCS This alert refers to the presence of magma at the crater and a hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. According to the NDRRMC over 57,500 people have been evacuated to 48 evacuation centres. Humanitarian partners will provide bi-lateral support to local support as required.7

70,000 people affected

Indonesia: Updates on Disaster Situation in the Region in the Period of 29 Sept - 05 Oct 2014

7 October 2014 - 5:48am
Source: Association of Southeast Asian Nations Country: Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand preview

The following information issued by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) is a compilation and synthesis of reports and data received from National Disaster Management Office of ASEAN Member States, partner agencies of the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM), and News agencies in the period of 29 Sept - 05 Oct 2014. ​

INDONESIA

1 meter flood inundated 300 houses in Binjai North Sumatera. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/722)

PHILIPPINES

More than 69 families were affected by flood in Misamis Oriental Province. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/723)

THAILAND

100 families were affected by flood in Chantaburi (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/721)
More than 94 houses were affected in Chiang Mai and Chai Nat flood. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/720)

World: Study aims to price social, cultural costs of climate damage

6 October 2014 - 10:53pm
Source: AlertNet Country: Bangladesh, India, Japan, Philippines, Thailand, World

Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 6 Oct 2014 10:20 GMT
Author: Thin Lei Win

KUALA LUMPUR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - How do you price a life lost to floods or cultural heritage destroyed by a storm? What are the costs when an ecosystem or territory is no longer habitable due to prolonged drought, sea-level rise or salt intrusion?

Read the full article on AlertNet

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 21 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

6 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 07 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network detected three volcanic earthquakes and two (2) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. The summit was covred by clouds during the day and no crater glow was observed at night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 148 tonnes/day on 05 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed continuous inflation at the base of the edifice from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling surveys. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.