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China: Typhoons in the Western Pacific Ocean, Jul 09, 2015

9 July 2015 - 9:57pm
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Country: China, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), China - Macau (Special Administrative Region), Guam, Philippines

Two typhoons in the Philippine Sea and a tropical storm near the China coast near Hong Kong and Macau have the region on alert. From left to right: Tropical Storm Linfa is tracking westward parallel to the coast of China, losing steam as the storm interacts with land. Typhoon Chan-hom is over the Ryukyu Trench south of Okinawa on a track heading northwest toward the China coast north of Wenzhou. A sharp northward turn forecast after landfall could take the center of the storm very near Shanghai. Super Typhoon Nangka, with winds near 135 knots, is currently north of Guam heading west and slowing down. A turn toward the northwest is expected to begin around July 11. This image was taken by JMA MTSAT at 0530Z on July 9, 2015.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 02 re Effects of enhanced Southwest Monsoon

9 July 2015 - 10:07am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 03 re Effects of enhanced Southwest Monsoon

9 July 2015 - 10:03am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

World: El Niño: Implications and Scenarios for 2015

9 July 2015 - 8:56am
Source: World Food Programme Country: Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, World, Zimbabwe

An El Nino event active since March 2015 will almost certainly last through 2015 and is likely to extend into early 2016.

The intensity of this event is increasing with a peak expected in the last quarter of 2015 and there is a significant chance that it may become one of the strongest events of the past 30 years.

The timing of the event means that it will influence all growing seasons of the northern hemisphere (broadly from May to October) as well as those of equatorial regions (Horn of Africa, Indonesia) of late 2015 and of southern Africa and South America from late 2015 to early 2016.

The possible impacts are wide ranging and mostly negative for WFP beneficiaries.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 01 re Effects of Enhanced Southwest Monsoon

9 July 2015 - 12:04am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

SITUATION OVERVIEW

At 4:00 PM today, the eye of typhoon "FALCON" was located based on all available data at 1,065 km east of Basco, Batanes (20.6°N, 132.2°E) with maximum sustained winds of 130 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 160 kph. It is forecast to move West Northwest at 20 kph. Southwest Monsoon affecting Luzon and Western Visayas.

Monsoon rains which may trigger flashfloods and landslides will be experienced over the regions of Ilocos, Central Luzon, Metro Manila, CALABARZON and MIMAROPA. Occasional rains are expected over Western Visayas. Partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated thunderstorms will prevail over the rest of the country.

Moderate to strong winds blowing from the southwest will prevail over the entire archipelago with moderate to rough seas.

Philippines: The Netherlands and Philippines to step up cooperation against human trafficking

8 July 2015 - 1:35pm
Source: Government of the Netherlands Country: Netherlands, Philippines

The Netherlands and the Philippines are to work more closely together in the fight against human trafficking. This was announced today by foreign minister Bert Koenders following talks with his Philippine counterpart, Albert del Rosario. The two ministers also discussed existing cooperation on maritime affairs and in the field of water management.

Mr Koenders and Mr Rosario agreed that the two countries will step up their efforts to combat human trafficking. ‘Philippine nationals are regularly lured to richer countries, only to be exploited there as cheap labour,’ said Mr Koenders, who, like his Philippine colleague, attaches great importance to tackling this issue. ‘To combat human trafficking in other parts of the world, close international cooperation is essential,’ Mr Koenders added.

The ministers also discussed the risks posed by climate change and the need for effective water management. Mr Koenders commented, ‘Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of natural disasters, including flooding. Like the Netherlands, the Philippines has a great deal of water to contend with. We both have an interest in protecting our coastlines,’ Mr Koenders said. ‘So it makes sense for us to team up on this issue, too.’

Maritime cooperation was another topic of discussion. ‘There are many Philippine officers and sailors working on Dutch ships. This is important to both countries, ensuring personnel for Dutch shipping companies and an income for Philippine seafarers,’ said Mr Koenders. He also identified a challenge for the Philippines in this area. ‘In 2012, the Netherlands introduced new maritime training standards. Many Philippine officers and sailors do not yet meet the requirements,’ he pointed out. The Netherlands continues to provide support in this area, notably through training courses.

In Mr Koenders’ view, the Netherlands and the Philippines enjoy good economic relations. ‘With about 130 Dutch companies working in the Philippines, the Netherlands is well represented there. We are also one of the top three investors in the Philippine economy,’ he explained. Queen Máxima recently visited the Philippines in her capacity as the UNSG's Special Advocate for Inclusive Finance for Development.

Philippines: Countdown to Zero Open Defecation in Masbate

8 July 2015 - 4:30am
Source: Action Contre la Faim Country: Philippines

With report from the provincial information of Masbate

MASBATE CITY--The provincial government and its partner agencies have set their sights on helping all barangays achieve zero open defecation by holding the First Provincial Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Summit last June 16, 2015 at Café Cristina. “This goal of zero open defecation can be achieved if we put all our efforts together through ordinances, project implementation, performance monitoring and aggressive goal setting,” acting Vice Governor Kaye Revil, who represented acting Governor Vince Revil said.

Revil said the summit on WASH project is acting governor’s brainchild because he recognizes the rights of children and their families to clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities.

With the theme, “Masbate : Countdown to Zero”, the summit aims to challenge an urgent, time bound action to promote the goals of eliminating the practice of open defecation in rural communities and reducing the prevalence of water-borne diseases.

Together with development partners like United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Bank, the local government of Masbate is putting its homegrown resources to full use by implementing a holistic approach to WASH. UNICEF implementing partners ACF International and the Center for Health Solutions and Innovations Philippines, Inc. have been providing technical assistance to Masbate in the municipalities of Aroroy, Cawayan, Milagros and Monreal since June 2014.

“We call upon each other to actively campaign with us. Together with development, we are putting our homegrown resources to full use by implementing a holistic approach,” Revil added.

Participants to the summit included local chief executives, municipal health officers, sanitary engineers and sanitation inspectors from all municipalities of Masbate. Milagros Mayor Natividad Magbalon and Vice Mayor Manuel Valera of Aroroy and the representatives of two other pilot municipalities, Monreal and Cawayan were present to share their best practices. Barangays Guinluthangan and Poblacion East in Milagros, Taberna in Cawayan, Cantorna in Monreal, Matalang-talang, Talib, Malubi and Cabangcalan in Aroroy have successfully achieved the grade one level which means all the households in these have their own toilets.

To encourage more LGUs, Revil announced that incentives will be given to the first barangay in other municipalities that can achieve zero open defecation.

“For ACF, it is hard to think of a more powerful reason to increase our efforts than the harsh reality that nearly a million children or 7.3 % of the Philippines population will not live to see their fifth birthday. Safe water is critical for a good nutritional standing. Today, water-related diseases are the second major reason of infant death in the world. Globally, 52 million children under five are acutely malnourished, or wasted; 19 million are severely malnourished—this is the worst type of hunger. If not properly managed, children with severe acute malnutrition are 9.4 times more likely to die compared to normal children,” Faramarz Hashtarkhani, operations director for ACF, emphasized in his message.

“Open defecation is not a hopeless condition; many stories exist proving that it can be tackled successfully. We have the knowledge, skills, resources and experience to bring an end to open defecation. But it needs political will, inspiring leadership and continued commitment to go beyond words and our good objectives, and to deliver brighter future for Masbatenos,” Hashtarkhani said.

ACF has been implementing the project Scaling up Sustainable and Resilience Basic Sanitation, Safe Water and Improved Hygiene Behavior with funds from the UNICEF. The project aims to deliver clean water and improve practice on WASH to households, schools and day care centers in Cawayan, Milgaros, Aroroy and Monreal. The project employs the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), a participatory strategy that facilitates the community's desire to stop open defecation.

A total of 10 barangays in Masbate have been declared zero open defecation (ZOD) or open defecation free (ODF). A barangay is declared ZOD when no one in the community defecates in the open anymore. Families have learned to use a toilet for defecation and wash their hands after toilet use. "Our experience in Masbate have shown that active involvement of communities contributed to achieving a clean, healthy, dignified and child-friendly environment," said Eleanor Pena, head of office in ACF Masbate.

"It made every people in the barangay and municipality proud. We are now safe from diarrhea and other life-threatening diseases. This is only the beginning and I commit to maintain and improve what our partners and our community have accomplished so far, says Maritess Agaon, 48, the barangay chief of Malubi, Aroroy, recently declared as zero open defecation. Before having a toilet, Agaon recalled how her neighbors practiced open defecation at night or during rainy season or walk in distances for bush cover which posed risks to the health and safety of the family. "The toilet installed to nearly 350 households allowed for more peace of mind in our day to day life," she shared.

A UNICEF study revealed that one out of two people in Masbate defecate in the open. Open defecation has various effect to a family and individuals health, finances, education and protection. In ZOD-declared barangays there are fewer cases of diarrhea among children. The use of toilets have resulted in comfort, security, and protection particularly for women and children as well as dignity for the whole community.

ACF International, with funds from the UNICEF, is carrying out the Philippine Approach to Total Sanitation (PHaTS) program in the three vulnerable municipalities including schools in Masbate. The PHATS initiative promotes universal access to improved sanitation and hygiene behavior. It foresees an end to the practice of open defecation by facilitating change in behavior and build resiliency. #

About ACF

ACF international | Action Against Hunger is a global humanitarian organization committed to ending world hunger and malnutrition. ACF responds to help vulnerable populations around the world through programs that empower communities to overcome the barriers standing in their way.

In the Philippines, ACF tackles the root causes of hunger, prevents outbreaks of life-threatening acute malnutrition, and helps the most vulnerable communities regain self- sufficiency through integrated programs in health and nutrition, care practices and psychosocial and care practices, food security and livelihoods; water, sanitation and hygiene; disaster risk management; good governance and advocacy while incorporating crosscutting issues such as gender, care for the environment, climate change adaptation and cultural sensitivity.

Our programs save lives and provide communities with long-term solutions to hunger and its underlying causes. We work in more than 45 countries and reach approximately eight million people annually.

To learn more about our work in the Philippines, check us out on Facebook and Twitter accounts.

To arrange for interview, please contact:

Rosa May de Guzman Maitem
Communications Manager

ACF International - Philippine Mission
Email: rmaitem@ph.acfspain.org
Cellular: + 63-999-673-9099

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 09 re Effects of Severe Tropical Storm "Egay"

8 July 2015 - 4:20am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS

02 July 2015

The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Luzon has developed into a Tropical Depression (TD) and was named "EGAY." At about 11:00 PM, TD "EGAY" has intensified into a Tropical Storm (TS) as it continues to move in a northwest direction.

03 July 2015

TS "EGAY" has intensified and slowed down and continues to move closer to Northern Luzon.

04 July 2015

At 11:00 AM, TS "EGAY" slightly accelerated at 13kph. As it continues to traverse towards Northern Luzon, "EGAY" has slowed down and further intensified into a Severe Tropical Storm (STS) with maximum sustained winds of 95 kph. STS "EGAY" has made landfall over Palanan, Isabela at about 11:00 PM.

05 July 2015

At 5:00 AM, STS "EGAY" has remained almost stationary since its landfall moving West Northwest at 7kph. After STS "EGAY" traversed over Cagayan, it weakened slightly into a Tropical Storm and continues to move towards Luzon Sea.

06 July 2015

TS "EGAY" remained almost stationary over Luzon Sea. It slightly weakened and continues to move northward slowly.

07 July 2015

"EGAY" slightly intensified before exiting the Philippine Area of Responsibility at around 9:00 AM.

Philippines: Displaced Families in Zamboanga Journey towards Recovery: Nearly Two Years after Conflict

8 July 2015 - 3:49am
Source: Action Contre la Faim Country: Philippines

ZAMBOANGA CITY – A global humanitarian agency in the Philippines have stepped up their program by providing cash-based interventions to over a thousand families displaced by urban conflict in 2013 in this southern city of Zamboanga.

Victor Haliddan, who was among the thousands of people affected when armed men stormed the city on September 2013, shared that his family was thankful they were included in the life-saving scheme.
Haliddan is currently staying in the Buggoc transitory site along with his wife and children. "The conflict was harsh, but surviving it inspired us to dream again. I'm really thankful help came. With ACF's assistance we promise to improve our living conditions in any way we can. It's very important to build back better," he said.

Suresh Murugesu, technical coordinator for ACF International | Action Against Hunger, said to better respond to the needs of vulnerable people affected by conflict, ACF launched a customized cash transfer program in Zamboanga, with the generous support from the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada (DFATD) and European Commission Humanitarian Aid (ECHO). The cash-based intervention currently provide support to over 1035 families staying at different transitory sites for displaced families affected by the conflict.

With funds from DFATD the project covers 550 beneficiaries, ECHO with 375, and AECID with 110 beneficiaries from among households who have pregnant and lactating mother, single parent, with malnourished children, or with disabled and older persons and chronic illnesses were consciously prioritized. The program has facilitated responses covering basic needs through conditional vouchers or grants. ACF has also been conscious the program's impacts on men and women by assessing the effect of cash transfer intervention on gender power relations.

"Cash transfer programming forms a significant part of ACF's work in fighting under nutrition, and is an emerging response mechanism in food security and livelihoods, nutrition and health, water, sanitation and hygiene sectors," Murugesu said. “Capacity building support was provided to ensure appropriate skills needed to sustain their livelihoods. Partner beneficiaries were encouraged to lead income generating activities to meet their basic needs,” he added.

Since the 1990's, cash transfer programs have become an essential core element of ACF’s integrated approach in fighting hunger and malnutrition, mostly facilitating food security and livelihoods, and water and sanitation activities for and with the community and participating households, with increased coverage and scale since 2003 globally.

In its range of support to Zamboanga, ACF is closely working with the City Government of Zamboanga, the Philippines Health Insurance (PhilHealth), JABU-JABU, Ateneo de Zamboanga University, Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Social Welfare and Development for its educational social and economic services designed for displaced families who benefited from the cash transfer program.

The organization received the Judges Choice at the 2013 Paybefore Awards, an annual awards program which honors excellence in the worldwide prepaid and emerging payments industry. In aftermath of Typhoon Sendong, ACF and Citi came up "Citi ACF International: Action Against Hunger Prepaid Card” which followed ACF’s high standards of accountability and transparency. #

About ACF

ACF international | Action Against Hunger is a global humanitarian organization committed to ending world hunger and malnutrition. ACF responds to help vulnerable populations around the world through programs that empower communities to overcome the barriers standing in their way.

In the Philippines, ACF tackles the root causes of hunger, prevents outbreaks of life-threatening acute malnutrition, and helps the most vulnerable communities regain self- sufficiency through integrated programs in health and nutrition, care practices and psychosocial and care practices, food security and livelihoods; water, sanitation and hygiene; disaster risk management; good governance and advocacy while incorporating crosscutting issues such as gender, care for the environment, climate change adaptation and cultural sensitivity.

Our programs save lives and provide communities with long-term solutions to hunger and its underlying causes. We work in more than 45 countries and reach approximately eight million people annually.

To learn more about our work in the Philippines, check us out on Facebook and Twitter accounts.

To arrange for interview, please contact:

Rosa May de Guzman Maitem
Communications Manager

ACF International - Philippine Mission
Email: rmaitem@ph.acfspain.org
Cellular: + 63-999-673-9099

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 08 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Severe Tropical Storm "Egay"

7 July 2015 - 12:22pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines
  1. SITUATION OVERVIEW

Tropical Storm "Egay" has exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) at 9:30 AM, 07 July 2015.

Meanwhile at 4:00 PM, today, the eye of typhoon "CHAN-HOM" (International Name) outside the PAR was located at 1495 km East of Luzon with maximum sustained winds of 130kph near the center and gustiness of up to 160kph. It is forecast to move West Northwest at 20 kph.

Southwest monsoon is affecting Luzon.

World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 1–7 July 2015

7 July 2015 - 8:26am
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Snapshot 1–7 July 2015

Syria: Civilian deaths made up 81% of the total death toll in June, which was 2,137, bringing the total number of people killed so far in 2015 to 11,000. 705,000 people have been displaced in the first five months of this year: 439,000 were internally displaced, and the vast majority of the rest fled to Turkey.

Liberia: Two confirmed cases and one suspected case of Ebola have been reported since 29 June. Nearly 200 contacts are being traced from the first case. Liberia had been declared Ebola-free on 9 May. Sierra Leone and Guinea continue to report several cases each week.

Iraq: IS has intensified attacks in northern and western Iraq since June, especially in Anbar, Kirkuk, and Salah al Din. More than 20,400 people were displaced in Salah al Din 14–27 June. Measles cases in Iraq have almost doubled in 2015 compared to the same period in 2014, to reach 949 cases.

Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks on villages in Borno state killed around 200 people in the first three days of July. Another 50 people were killed in Jos. Humanitarian access in the northeast is deteriorating and 27% of registered IDPs are not receiving any assistance.

Updated: 07/07/2015. Next update 14/07/2015.

Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

Philippines: Relief ops in ‘Egay’-hit areas continue

7 July 2015 - 3:38am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

A total of ₱1,493,649.50 worth of relief supplies has been provided as of July 7, 4 am, to families affected by Tropical Storm Egay.

This came from the combined resources of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) which provided ₱812,512.50 worth of disaster relief while local government units (LGUs) extended ₱681,137.

As of press time, a total of 11,751 families or 48,307 persons coming from 243 barangays in 30 cities and municipalities were affected. Of this number, some 139 families or 414 persons are still staying in three evacuation centers.

In Region I which was the hardest hit, a total of 11,509 families or 47,359 persons were affected by the tropical storm. A total of 109 families or 354 persons are still staying in the lone evacuation center in the region.

Based on initial reports gathered by DSWD disaster teams at the regional level, a total of 94 houses were totally damaged and 90 were partially damaged in Region I and in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR).

DSWD disaster teams continue to assist LGUs in relief operations and management of evacuation centers. They will also start their rapid assessment to determine the extent of the disaster and to identify other social services that may be needed by the affected families.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: Update on Alert Status and Activity of Mayon, Bulusan and Taal Volcanoes, 07 July 2015

7 July 2015 - 12:03am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

A. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

Alert Level 2 is maintained over Mayon Volcano, indicating moderate level of magmatic unrest. Although the volcano is currently exhibiting low level of seismic activity, ground deformation data indicates that eruptible magma had already accumulated the previous year beneath the edifice. Current conditions may still change and eventually lead to hazardous eruption.

Mayon Volcano's seismic monitoring network detected one (1) volcanic earthquake during the past 24 hours. Steaming activity and crater glow was not observed due to thick clouds covering the summit area. Precise levelling surveys on 30 April to 04 May 2015 indicated slight deflation of the edifice relative to the March 2015 surveys, although the edifice remains inflated relative to baseline levels.

Precautionary Measures

The public is still reminded to avoid entry into the 6 km Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) due to perennial hazards of rockfalls, avalanche, ash puffs and sudden steam-driven or phreatic eruptions at the summit area. Furthermore, people living in valleys and active river channels are cautioned to remain vigilant against sediment-laden streamflows and lahars in the event of prolonged and heavy rainfall.

B.ALERT STATUS OF BULUSAN VOLCANO

Alert Level 1 (abnormal) remains in effect over Bulusan Volcano, indicating that hydrothermal processes are underway beneath the volcano that may lead to more steam-driven eruptions. Bulusan volcano's seismic monitoring network recorded two (2) volcanic earthquakes during the past 24 hours. Steaming activity was not observed due to thick rain clouds covering the summit area. Precise levelling surveys on 23-28 June 2015 indicate very slight inflation of the volcano's edifice relative to May 2015.

Precautionary Measures

The local government units and the public are reminded that entry to the 4-kilometer radius Permanent Danger Zone (POZ) is strictly prohibited due to the possibility of sudden and hazardous steam-driven or phreatic eruptions. Civil aviation authorities must also advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano's summit as ash from any sudden phreatic eruption can be hazardous to aircraft. Furthermore, people living within valleys and along river/stream channels especially on the southwest and northwest sector of the edifice should be vigilant against sediment-laden stream flows and lahars in the event of heavy and prolonged rainfall.

C.ALERT STATUS OF TAAL VOLCANO

Alert Level 1 remains in effect over Taal Volcano, indicating that hazardous eruption is not imminent. The volcano's seismic network detected five (5) volcanic earthquakes during the past 24 hours. Field measurements conducted on 02 July 2015 at the western sector of the Main Crater Lake yielded an increase in water temperature from 33.1°C to 33.6°C, an increase in water level from 0.34 to 0.36 meter, and an increase in acidity from pH 3.17 to 3.02. Ground deformation measurements through precise levelling surveys on 25 May to 03 June 2015 indicated slight inflation of the edifice compared to February-March 2015. Ground deformation measurements from GPS data also indicate and inflationary trend since May 2014, with the edifice being slightly inflated compared to February 2011 baseline data. Carbon dioxide (C02) emission at the Main Crater Lake decreased from 1980 tonnes/day in January 2015 to 1634 tonnes/day in April 2015.

Precautionary Measures

The public is reminded that the Main Crater should be strictly off-limits because sudden steam explosions may occur and high concentrations of toxic gases may accumulate. The northern portion of the Main Crater rim, in the vicinity of Daang-Kastila Trail, may also become hazardous when steam emission along existing fissures suddenly increases. Furthermore, the public is reminded that the entire Volcano Island is a Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ), and permanent settlement in the island is strongly not recommended.

II. ACTIONS TAKEN

  1. NDRRMC OpCen prepared reports and disseminated the same through facsimile and posted the reports in the NDRRMC website.

  2. Concerned NDRRMC member-agencies were provided with a copy of the Memorandum for the SND.

  3. NDRRMC Advisory and Update were disseminated to OCD Regional Centers IV-A and V in order to closely monitor the situation and take appropriate actions for any new development.

  4. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring the activities of Mayon, Taal and Bulusan Volcanoes and any new development will be relayed to all concerned.

Philippines: Philippines: Mindanao 3W (who does what where) (as of 01 July 2015)

6 July 2015 - 11:08pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

Philippines: Philippines: Zamboanga City Crisis 3W (Who does What Where) (as of 02 July 2015)

6 July 2015 - 11:07pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

Philippines: Pacific Ocean - Tropical Cyclones Chan-hom, Nangka and Linfa - ECHO Daily Map | 06/07/2015

6 July 2015 - 10:00pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department Country: China, China - Taiwan Province, Guam, Japan, Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands (The United States of America), Philippines

Marshall Islands - Tropical Cyclone NANGKA
NANGKA formed over the northern Pacific Ocean on 3 July. On 6 July, at 6.00 UTC, its centre was located 360km west of Enewetak atoll and it was a Typhoon.
• Over the next 48h, NANGKA is forecast to continue moving north-west towards the Northern Mariana Islands, intensifying further. According to the data of 6 July (6.00 UTC), its track will approach only scarcely populated or uninhabited places.

China, Japan - Tropical Cyclone CHAN-HOM
• After having passed Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, CHAN-HOM continued moving north-west over open water, intensifying. On 6 July, at 6.00 UTC, it was a Tropical Storm and its centre was 570km north-west of Saipan.
• Over the next 72h, CHAN-HOM is forecast to continue moving north-west over the northern Pacific Ocean, significantly intensifying. It may approach the central and southern Ryukyu Islands (**Okinawa, Miyako and Yaeyama**) on 9-10 July, as an intense Typhoon. It will subsequently continue moving towards eastern China.

The Philippines - Tropical Cyclone LINFA
• LINFA (named "EGAY“ in the Philippines) crossed northern Luzon over 4-5 July and exited into the South China Sea. On 6 July, at 6.00 UTC, it was a Tropical Storm and its centre was 165km north-west of Ilocos Norte province.
Heavy rain and strong winds affected several areas of Luzon, causing floods, landslides and power cuts and forcing evacuations (over 8 700 evacuees, as of 6 July).
• Over the next 48h, LINFA is forecast to move north, roughly keeping its strength. It may approach the south-western coast of Taiwan on 8 July.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 05 re Effects of Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)

6 July 2015 - 9:33pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

Since 22 June 20151 the lntertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) has been affecting Mindanao. Moderate to occasionally heavy rainshowers and thunderstorms were experienced in Regions IX, XII and ARMM, resulting to flashfloods and flooding especially in the low-lying areas.

II. EFFECTS

A. Affected Population (Tab A)
1. As of 05 July 2015, a total of 25,876 families I 126,338 persons were affected in 199 barangays of 25 municipalities and 2 cities in 6 provinces of Region XII and ARMM.
2. Population served inside and outside evacuation centers: 19,895 families I 99.421 persons:
- Inside ten (10) evacuation centers:76 families/ 377 persons
- Outside evacuation centers:19,819 families/ 99,044 persons

B. Suspension/Resumption of Classes

  1. In ARMM, as of 04 July 2015, DepEd reported that 32 public schools were affected by flooding. About 9,970 students and 200 teachers were affected, resulting to the suspension of classes in thirty-two (32) public schools in ten(10) Municipalities of Maguindanao. Classes had returned to its normal operation and schedule as of 06 July 2015.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 07 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Severe Tropical Storm "Egay"

6 July 2015 - 9:27pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

1. SITUATION OVERVIEW

Tropical Storm "Egay" has slightly intensified as it continues to move northward.

At 4:00 AM, 07 July 2015, the center of Tropical Storm (TS) 11EGAY" was located at 260 km Northwest of Laoag City, llocos Norte or at 280 km West of Basco, Batanes with maximum sustained winds of 85 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 100kph. It is forecasted to move North at 7 kph.

Public Storm Warning Signal (PSWS) #1 Is raised in llocosNorte, Batanes, Calayan and Babuyan group of Islands, Northwest of Cagayan, and Apayao.

Tropical Storm ''EGAY" is expected to exit PAR this morning (07 July 2015).

World: OCHA Regional Office for Asia-Pacific: Countries and Territories (as of July 2015)

6 July 2015 - 8:00pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Christmas Island (Australia), Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Japan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Norfolk Island (Australia), Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Viet Nam, World

Philippines: Missing in Mindanao: the plight of internally displaced people in the Philippines

6 July 2015 - 11:24am
Source: Peace Direct Country: Philippines

With rates of internal displacement in South Asia reaching over 3 million, Sara Woodward discusses the plight of IDPs in the Philippines and efforts to tackle their problems.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) defines internal displacement as the movement of individuals seeking sanctuary within the confines of their own home countries.

Because of natural disasters and armed conflict, the global number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has been increasing. As of the end of 2013, the UNHCR estimated the worldwide population of IDPs to be 33.3 million. These people are unique to migration studies in that – unlike refugees who cross state borders to seek safety – IDPs remain under the nominal legal protection of their own government. This is crucial, in light of the fact that governments sometimes cause their flight in the first place.

The Philippines in context: under-development and independence movements

In South Asia in particular, there were an estimated 3.2 million IDPs by the end of 2013. Their displacement tends to be caused by conflict between governments and religious, ethnic, or clan-affiliated non-state rebel groups. They are often competing for political power, resources, land, and economic opportunity.

The conflict in the southern portion of the Philippines – where some groups have been struggling for autonomy for the past 30 years – is the catalyst for much of the displacement in the archipelago. General under-development in the region, and an unequal distribution of wealth, have helped fuel the fighting. In September 2013, Human Rights Watch reported that militants had attacked Zamboanga, a mostly Christian city in the south. The resulting encounter between the militants and government forces resulted in 120,000 people, mostly Muslims, to be displaced.

At least 71,800 people were newly displaced in the Philippines during 2014. As in previous years, they were largely concentrated in Mindanao and the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. In late 2014, many of these IDPs remained in evacuation camps, and by March of this year, armed clashes in central Mindanao were reported to have displaced almost another 100,000 people.

They are unable to return home because of continuing violence and insecurity. Some have been displaced more than once, and the ethnic minorities caught in the middle of the conflict can be denied access to funds and government support.

Counting the cost: no exact figures on Filipino displacement

While there is no exact number of IDPs in the Philippines, which is telling on its own, estimates suggest that most of these people remain displaced. This is nonetheless down from the height of the conflict, in 2008-2009, when the number was around 700,000.

Some IDPs began to return home in 2011, largely because of a fledgling peace process. But natural disasters and a resurgence of violence have recently led to a new wave of displacement. This displacement caused by conflict often affects the same communities repeatedly, undermining societal resilience and pushing already poor people into poverty.

While the media often highlights the conflict and displacement of Muslim citizens, there is less focus on the effects of conflict on the indigenous Lumad people. Lumads, a term used by the indigenous peoples of Mindanao to describe themselves, are regularly displaced not only by the violence itself, but also because of the politics related to it.

Reports have highlighted the devastating social and economic impact of the conflict on indigenous communities, and noted that the Lumads often refuse to join local defence militias, which leads to suspicions of them being communist sympathisers. This leads to arrests, more persecution and greater violence and abuse.

Progress in sight? Taking account of IDPs

Efforts to address these issues within the Philippines have been set in motion. In August 2014, the Philippines House of Representatives approved the ‘Internal Displacement Act of 2014’, which seeks to recognise the rights of all IDPs and provide protection and assistance, no matter the cause of their displacement.

Crucially, the bill recognises the importance of preventing displacement and, where possible, attempting to stop activities responsible for it and providing compensation for those who are displaced. While this is a positive step, questions arise when considering responses to possible state-generated displacement. The Senate was still discussing the bill in early 2015. Once both chambers agree on a draft, it will be sent to the president to sign into law.

In addition, since the end of 2010, the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process has overseen a programme intended to address peacebuilding and reconstruction, that incorporates IDP assistance.The Programme for Communities in Conflict-Affected Areas (known by the Tagalog acronym, PAMANA) is intended to support community-based development and provide a method of bottom-up as well as top-down post-conflict reconstruction.

While efforts have been made towards promoting peace and reconstruction in the Philippines, dealing with the displacement and exclusion of minorities must be addressed. Research on the relationship between underdevelopment, conflict and migration, as well as focused, continued action on the part of policymakers, indigenous advocates and local governments, can help support peacebuilding and assist in creating the structures necessary to provide for those affected by conflict.