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World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 01–07 October

7 October 2014 - 8:50am
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, South Sudan preview

Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone: At 1 October, the total cumulative number of reported Ebola cases across the three countries had reached 7,470, including 3,431 deaths. However, the Centers for Disease Control estimates that only 40% of cases are being reported in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Social tensions and insecurity are growing. Many of the 3,700 children who have lost parents to Ebola are being rejected out of fear of infection.

Nigeria: The national emergency agency estimates 1.5 million people are displaced in the northeast, almost triple the 647,000 estimated in a May assessment. IDPs are in urgent need of assistance. More than 150,000 have fled to neighbouring countries, with 27,000 people crossing into Niger over August and September alone.

Afghanistan: 200,000 people have crossed into Afghanistan from Pakistan since June. September saw more refugees arriving at remote locations, where communities are stretched beyond capacity. Food, health, WASH, and shelter are all urgently needed. In addition, the number of IDPs is rising: 702,000 people are estimated displaced across Afghanistan.

Updated: 07/10/2014. Next update: 14/10/2014

Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

India: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (30 Sep - 7 Oct 2014)

7 October 2014 - 6:07am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Sri Lanka preview

INDIA
Floods in Assam and Meghalaya States in north eastern India which commenced on 20 Sep have claimed 95 lives and left tens of thousands of people homeless. The worst affected areas are the districts of Goalpara, Kamrup and Boko in Assam and the areas of Tura and Garo Hills area in Meghalaya. At least 130,000 houses have been destroyed and over 87,000 hectares of crops are damaged.

95 dead
130,000 houses destroyed

The Armed Forces as well as National and State Disaster Response Forces have been deployed to undertake rescue and relief operations. An additional three National Disaster Response Force battalions have been requested to support relief efforts. NGOs are supporting numerous relief camps and distributing essential items including clothes, rice, bottled water and candles. Authorities have announced compensation for the families of those killed and committed to further assistance as further rain and flooding is expected over the coming weeks.1

SRI LANKA
According to the Disaster Management Centre, seven people died and 400 people were affected by landslides and collapsed buildings that were caused by high winds and heavy rainfall in the southern regions of Sri Lanka on 2 Oct. A total of nine houses were destroyed and 93 houses partially damaged. The National Building Research Organization is issuing daily landslide warnings to weather affected and risk prone areas.2

7 dead
50 evacuation centres

INDONESIA
Mt. Sinabung in North Sumatra erupted four times on 5 Oct spewing volcanic ash up to 3,000 meters into the sky with pyroclastic lava flow and avalanches hitting non-residential areas to the south of the crater. The eruption did not trigger an evacuation. Mt. Sinabung remains active and alert status remains at Level 3 (second-highest level).3

JAPAN
According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, Typhoon Phanfone has moved northeastward off the coast of Tohoku, after making landfall near the city of Hamamatsu and continuing to Tokyo metropolitan area. Three people are missing after being swept away by waves and about ten people have been injured due to storm-related incidents. Close to 200,000 households in eastern Japan were urged to evacuate due to fears of landslides or flooding as rivers threatened to burst their banks. This includes 20,000 in Tokyo.4

3 missing
200,000 urged to evacuate

Meanwhile Typhoon Phanfone forced authorities to suspend the search for those still missing at Mt Ontake. Search activities resumed earlier today, 7 Oct.
More than 50 people are confirmed dead and at least a dozen others are still missing when the popular hiking destination erupted without warning on 27 Sep.5

50 dead

Typhoon Vongfong moved across Guam and the Mariana Islands causing minor damage to buildings and no injuries. The typhoon is expected to turn northeast by Wed, 11 Oct and move roughly across the same path as Typhoon Panfone. Preliminary weather reports suggest that Vongfong will continue to intensify over the next several days as it approaches Japan.6

PHILIPPINES
Mount Mayon remains at alert level three, on a five-level alert system. According to PHIVOLCS This alert refers to the presence of magma at the crater and a hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. According to the NDRRMC over 57,500 people have been evacuated to 48 evacuation centres. Humanitarian partners will provide bi-lateral support to local support as required.7

70,000 people affected

Indonesia: Updates on Disaster Situation in the Region in the Period of 29 Sept - 05 Oct 2014

7 October 2014 - 5:48am
Source: Association of Southeast Asian Nations Country: Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand preview

The following information issued by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) is a compilation and synthesis of reports and data received from National Disaster Management Office of ASEAN Member States, partner agencies of the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM), and News agencies in the period of 29 Sept - 05 Oct 2014. ​

INDONESIA

1 meter flood inundated 300 houses in Binjai North Sumatera. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/722)

PHILIPPINES

More than 69 families were affected by flood in Misamis Oriental Province. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/723)

THAILAND

100 families were affected by flood in Chantaburi (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/721)
More than 94 houses were affected in Chiang Mai and Chai Nat flood. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/720)

World: Study aims to price social, cultural costs of climate damage

6 October 2014 - 10:53pm
Source: AlertNet Country: Bangladesh, India, Japan, Philippines, Thailand, World

Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 6 Oct 2014 10:20 GMT
Author: Thin Lei Win

KUALA LUMPUR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - How do you price a life lost to floods or cultural heritage destroyed by a storm? What are the costs when an ecosystem or territory is no longer habitable due to prolonged drought, sea-level rise or salt intrusion?

Read the full article on AlertNet

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 21 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

6 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 07 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network detected three volcanic earthquakes and two (2) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. The summit was covred by clouds during the day and no crater glow was observed at night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 148 tonnes/day on 05 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed continuous inflation at the base of the edifice from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling surveys. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

World: Experience saves fisherman from wrath of Haiyan

6 October 2014 - 9:29am
Source: UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Country: Philippines, World

By Andy McElroy

The 2014 International Day for Disaster Reduction this 13 October carries the theme ‘Resilience is for Life’. Unfortunately the knowledge and skill of older people are often ignored despite such wisdom and expertise being invaluable to reduce disaster risk. Help Age International is UNISDR’s main partner for International Day. This week we feature a series of articles profiling impressive older people from around the world who are living examples that Resilience is indeed for Life.

6 September 2014 - Seventy-year-old Ely combines resilience and vulnerability in the face of disaster that is typical of older people around the world.

He remembers well the howling wind of Typhoon Haiyan (known as Yolanda in the Philippines) in November 2013. It was, after all, one of the most powerful storms ever recorded.

However, the experience of several typhoons in the past had taught him some key survival skills and the importance of not panicking.

“I was having difficulty breathing, but endured the wind and rain as the typhoon pummelled my house. When I could no longer stand it and the walls of my house had caved in, I crawled out to the nearby market,” Ely said.

“I eventually managed to join other people from the village; we were all wet and freezing. After the typhoon, it was hard because I had nothing to eat and everything was very expensive."

Despite his fortitude Ely’s health is poor after several bouts of illness. The former coordinator for the local fishing association in Old Sagay Village, Negros Occidental, also struggles to pay for food and medicine after having sold his boat to pay previous hospital bills.

The Coalition of Services of the Elderly (COSE) recognized this and gave Ely a USD45 cash transfer that enabled him to buy medicine and food and start to recover after such an extreme disaster.

People aged over 60 constitute 11 percent of the global population. By 2050 this proportion would have doubled. In many cases – just like Ely – they combine both resilience and vulnerability to disasters.

To mark the 2014 International Day for Disaster Reduction on 13 October, people from around the world are participating in a survey of older persons and disasters. A special component is also included to receive the views of disaster risk planners and government officials

Have Your Say!

If you are an older person or government representative, take our survey and share your thoughts on living with disasters. The survey is available here.

This year’s International Day for Disaster Reduction is the final pillar of the ‘Step-Up’ campaign, which advocated for inclusive disaster risk reduction for Children and Young People (2011), Women and Girls (2012), and Persons Living with Disability (2013).

Philippines: Aid worker diary: Witnessing people’s strength in a crisis

6 October 2014 - 1:22am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

When a disaster strikes in the Philippines, OCHA’s Agnes Placio is one of the first responders to arrive. Agnes, a Filipino, understands the challenges faced by her people, and she uses her knowledge of her country to help OCHA Philippines respond. Agnes recently visited the Mayon volcano, which is threatening to erupt. Here is her report.

Read the full story

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 20 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

5 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 06 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network did not detect any volcanic event during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. During good visibility, moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards East-Southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 148 tonnes/day on 05 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 19 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

4 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 05 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded one (1) rockfall event during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. During good visibility, moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards East-Southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 138 tonnes/day on 03 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 18 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

3 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 04 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded one (1) volcanic earthquake and five (5) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. During good visibility, weak emission of white steam plumes drifting towards northwest was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (302) flux was measured at an average of 308 tonnes/day on 2 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Philippines: Red Cross Ships Crates of GI Sheets for Shelter Projects in Typhoon Yolanda Affected Areas

3 October 2014 - 3:23am
Source: Philippine National Red Cross Country: Philippines

Philippine Red Cross chairman Richard Gordon supervises the loading of 185 crates of GI sheets, each one containing 350 sheets, which is going to be shipped to the province of Iloilo.

Chairman Gordon said that '' these GI sheets will benefit thousands of families in the areas devastated by typhoon Yolanda. We are committed to helping the people of Eastern Visayas to get back on their feet. Shelter is a big part of that, so is livelihood, and that is our top priority."

Gordon said that the particular shipment is in partnership with the British Red Cross, and is part of the housing initiative in partnership with the International Federation of the Red Cross.

The sheets, which were made by Jacinto Steel, is the first big shipment of the Red Cross' shelter project that's part of 100,000 units to be constructed and repaired in tyhoon Yolanda affected areas.

Philippine Red Cross Secretary General Gwendolyn Pang said that “So far, the Red Cross has already built thousands of houses in Central Philippines, and is on track to reaching its target.”

She said that this shipment to Iloilo will benefit 4,182 families.

The GI sheets are specially painted red to indicate that the eventual houses built or repaired is part of the Red Cross movement's shelter project, she added.

Philippines: DOH extends measles rubella-polio campaign until October 10

3 October 2014 - 12:36am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

MANILA, Oct 3 -- The Department of Health (DOH) today announced that children who did not receive the supplemental dose of measles, rubella (MR) and oral polio vaccine (OPV) can still go to health centers and vaccination posts until October 10, 2014.

“We are appealing to parents and caregivers who know that children aged 0-5 years old under their care have not received the vaccines to go to the nearest health center to have them immunized,” Health Secretary Enrique Ona said.

As of September 30, the country’s national coverage status reached 84% (or 9.6M) of the 11 million eligibles for MR and 81% (10.9M) of the 13 million eligibles for OPV.

Among the regions, the top achievers for both MR and OPV vaccinations are Caraga region with 91%, Region 9 (Zamboanga Peninsula) with 90%, Region 11 (Davao) and Region 12 (SOCCKSARGEN) both with 87%, and Region 5 (Bicol) with 86%.

Among the provinces, the local chief executives reported the following achievements for MR: Lanao del Sur – 112%, Agusan del Sur – 100%, Saranggani – 100%, Surigao del Sur – 96%, and Nueva Vizcaya – 96%. For OPV, the provinces reported the following: Lanao del Sur – 110%, Agusan del Sur – 98%, Saranggani – 95%, Surigao del Sur – 94%, and Davao Oriental – 93%.

The top cities, on the other hand, reported that for MR the top performers are: Cebu City – 128%, Dapitan City – 119%, Tandag City – 117%, Calamba City – 107%, and San Fernando City – 103%.

For OPV, the top cities are Cebu City – 126%, Tandag City – 117%, Dapitan City – 107%, Lapu-lapu City – 102%, and Calamba City – 101%.

Subsequently, the DOH together with private volunteers, World Health Organization, the US Centers for Disease Control, and the Church of the Latter-Day Saints will be continuing the rapid coverage assessment and door to door surveillance and mop-up activities to verify whether the target of reaching every purok strategy has been reached.

Fifty one percent of those who have not brought their children to vaccination posts claim that the mothers are busy.

“We are appealing to these mothers to give priority to vaccination. Nakamamatay kapag kulang ang bakuna. Magtulungan tayo upang protektahan ang buong sambayanang Pilipino. There are still pockets of areas where there are children who have not yet been vaccinated, therefore, we are urging the mothers and caregivers of these to have them vaccinated at the nearest health center even as we conduct mop up vaccinations,” the health chief concluded. (DOH)

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 17 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

2 October 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 03 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded seven (7) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. During good visibility, weak to moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards south-southeast and northwest was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 308 tonnes/day on 2 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey although the edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Sierra Leone: Defeating Ebola conference in London: International community pledges more health workers, funding and supplies

2 October 2014 - 4:45pm
Source: Department for International Development Country: Australia, Canada, Cuba, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Norway, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sierra Leone, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland preview

Britain has rallied decisive international support for Sierra Leone in its hour of need, International Development Secretary Justine Greening said following the Defeating Ebola conference today in London.

The conference, co-hosted by the Foreign Secretary and the International Development Secretary, brought together more than 20 governments, a dozen charities and NGOs, the UN, World Bank, health experts and the private sector to pledge funds, equipment and health workers.

The UK government has already committed £125 million to tackle the disease, this includes supporting 700 treatment beds to help up to 8,800 patients over 6 months as well as shoring up the country’s stretched public health services to help contain the disease.

Pledges have been received from across the world including Australia, Cuba, Canada and even the Philippines, which are still recovering from last year’s devastating Typhoon Haiyan. The Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, a leading charity, also pledged £12.4 million ($20 million) for the Ebola effort, £9.3 million ($15 million) of which will go to Sierra Leone.

Justine Greening said:

The international community gathering in London has made it clear it will take decisive steps to help Sierra Leone tackle this Ebola outbreak.

Representatives from more than 20 governments, a dozen NGOs, the UN and a number of multinational companies have pledged emergency medical facilities, health workers to provide care and training to local staff, funding, equipment and logistics.

The conference also heard from Sierra Leonean health minister Dr Abubakarr Fofanah, British nurse and Ebola survivor Will Pooley, and actor Idris Elba, who urged the world to get behind the people of Sierra Leone at this incredibly difficult time.

Mr Pooley, who contracted Ebola while working in Sierra Leone and recovered in the UK, spoke to the conference about his experience. Mr Elba took part in a session with representatives from the Sierra Leonean diaspora community alongside Ms Greening.

During the conference Ms Greening announced how Britain is taking further steps to reduce the spread of Ebola across Sierra Leone by undertaking rapid trials of community care units designed to isolate Ebola cases more quickly and highlighting the risk of infection during traditional burial rites.

The UK will set up a series of pilot Sierra Leone community care units to give people who suspect they might be suffering from the disease somewhere to seek swift and accurate diagnosis and appropriate care. Any individual with Ebola will be isolated immediately until they can be safely transferred to a full Ebola treatment centre. The pilot scheme will be evaluated for effectiveness before the UK considers a full roll out across the country.

Alongside this, the Department for International Development (DFID) will work with Sierra Leone’s Ministry of Health to help people reduce the risk of infection from the deceased. Traditional burials in West Africa can involve washing bodies and close skin to skin contact, meaning the disease can spread to friends and family members. With DFID support, charities on the ground will work with people to develop new rituals and other practices to honour their friends and relatives, while ensuring bodies are safely buried.

Current estimates suggest that the rate of infection stands at 1.7, meaning that for every 10 people who contract Ebola, 17 more will become infected. However, if infected people are isolated quickly after they contract the disease it is much less likely they will infect others in their families and communities. Early isolation of 70% of people infected will mean the infection rate will begin to fall and the numbers of people infected will eventually decline.

Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 16 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano

2 October 2014 - 2:41am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO

A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 02 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded three (3) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.

B. During good visibility, moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards south-southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 1,421 tonnes/ day on 29 September 2014. Ground deformation data showed no significant change from August 2014 based on September 2014 precise levelling survey although the edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 17 re Effects of Tropical Storm Mario (Fung-Wong)

2 October 2014 - 2:38am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Visayas has developed into a Tropical Depression and was named "Mario" on 17 September 2014 and exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 22 September 2014.