Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Floods in Assam and Meghalaya States in north eastern India which commenced on 20 Sep have claimed 95 lives and left tens of thousands of people homeless. The worst affected areas are the districts of Goalpara, Kamrup and Boko in Assam and the areas of Tura and Garo Hills area in Meghalaya. At least 130,000 houses have been destroyed and over 87,000 hectares of crops are damaged.
130,000 houses destroyed
The Armed Forces as well as National and State Disaster Response Forces have been deployed to undertake rescue and relief operations. An additional three National Disaster Response Force battalions have been requested to support relief efforts. NGOs are supporting numerous relief camps and distributing essential items including clothes, rice, bottled water and candles. Authorities have announced compensation for the families of those killed and committed to further assistance as further rain and flooding is expected over the coming weeks.1
According to the Disaster Management Centre, seven people died and 400 people were affected by landslides and collapsed buildings that were caused by high winds and heavy rainfall in the southern regions of Sri Lanka on 2 Oct. A total of nine houses were destroyed and 93 houses partially damaged. The National Building Research Organization is issuing daily landslide warnings to weather affected and risk prone areas.2
50 evacuation centres
Mt. Sinabung in North Sumatra erupted four times on 5 Oct spewing volcanic ash up to 3,000 meters into the sky with pyroclastic lava flow and avalanches hitting non-residential areas to the south of the crater. The eruption did not trigger an evacuation. Mt. Sinabung remains active and alert status remains at Level 3 (second-highest level).3
According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, Typhoon Phanfone has moved northeastward off the coast of Tohoku, after making landfall near the city of Hamamatsu and continuing to Tokyo metropolitan area. Three people are missing after being swept away by waves and about ten people have been injured due to storm-related incidents. Close to 200,000 households in eastern Japan were urged to evacuate due to fears of landslides or flooding as rivers threatened to burst their banks. This includes 20,000 in Tokyo.4
200,000 urged to evacuate
Meanwhile Typhoon Phanfone forced authorities to suspend the search for those still missing at Mt Ontake. Search activities resumed earlier today, 7 Oct.
More than 50 people are confirmed dead and at least a dozen others are still missing when the popular hiking destination erupted without warning on 27 Sep.5
Typhoon Vongfong moved across Guam and the Mariana Islands causing minor damage to buildings and no injuries. The typhoon is expected to turn northeast by Wed, 11 Oct and move roughly across the same path as Typhoon Panfone. Preliminary weather reports suggest that Vongfong will continue to intensify over the next several days as it approaches Japan.6
Mount Mayon remains at alert level three, on a five-level alert system. According to PHIVOLCS This alert refers to the presence of magma at the crater and a hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. According to the NDRRMC over 57,500 people have been evacuated to 48 evacuation centres. Humanitarian partners will provide bi-lateral support to local support as required.7
70,000 people affected
The following information issued by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) is a compilation and synthesis of reports and data received from National Disaster Management Office of ASEAN Member States, partner agencies of the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM), and News agencies in the period of 29 Sept - 05 Oct 2014.
1 meter flood inundated 300 houses in Binjai North Sumatera. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/722)
More than 69 families were affected by flood in Misamis Oriental Province. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/723)
100 families were affected by flood in Chantaburi (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/721)
More than 94 houses were affected in Chiang Mai and Chai Nat flood. (http://adinet.ahacentre.org/reports/view/720)
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 6 Oct 2014 10:20 GMT
Author: Thin Lei Win
KUALA LUMPUR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - How do you price a life lost to floods or cultural heritage destroyed by a storm? What are the costs when an ecosystem or territory is no longer habitable due to prolonged drought, sea-level rise or salt intrusion?
Read the full article on AlertNet
Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 21 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano
I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO
A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 07 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network detected three volcanic earthquakes and two (2) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.
B. The summit was covred by clouds during the day and no crater glow was observed at night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 148 tonnes/day on 05 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed continuous inflation at the base of the edifice from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling surveys. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.
By Andy McElroy
The 2014 International Day for Disaster Reduction this 13 October carries the theme ‘Resilience is for Life’. Unfortunately the knowledge and skill of older people are often ignored despite such wisdom and expertise being invaluable to reduce disaster risk. Help Age International is UNISDR’s main partner for International Day. This week we feature a series of articles profiling impressive older people from around the world who are living examples that Resilience is indeed for Life.
6 September 2014 - Seventy-year-old Ely combines resilience and vulnerability in the face of disaster that is typical of older people around the world.
He remembers well the howling wind of Typhoon Haiyan (known as Yolanda in the Philippines) in November 2013. It was, after all, one of the most powerful storms ever recorded.
However, the experience of several typhoons in the past had taught him some key survival skills and the importance of not panicking.
“I was having difficulty breathing, but endured the wind and rain as the typhoon pummelled my house. When I could no longer stand it and the walls of my house had caved in, I crawled out to the nearby market,” Ely said.
“I eventually managed to join other people from the village; we were all wet and freezing. After the typhoon, it was hard because I had nothing to eat and everything was very expensive."
Despite his fortitude Ely’s health is poor after several bouts of illness. The former coordinator for the local fishing association in Old Sagay Village, Negros Occidental, also struggles to pay for food and medicine after having sold his boat to pay previous hospital bills.
The Coalition of Services of the Elderly (COSE) recognized this and gave Ely a USD45 cash transfer that enabled him to buy medicine and food and start to recover after such an extreme disaster.
People aged over 60 constitute 11 percent of the global population. By 2050 this proportion would have doubled. In many cases – just like Ely – they combine both resilience and vulnerability to disasters.
To mark the 2014 International Day for Disaster Reduction on 13 October, people from around the world are participating in a survey of older persons and disasters. A special component is also included to receive the views of disaster risk planners and government officials
Have Your Say!
If you are an older person or government representative, take our survey and share your thoughts on living with disasters. The survey is available here.
This year’s International Day for Disaster Reduction is the final pillar of the ‘Step-Up’ campaign, which advocated for inclusive disaster risk reduction for Children and Young People (2011), Women and Girls (2012), and Persons Living with Disability (2013).
When a disaster strikes in the Philippines, OCHA’s Agnes Placio is one of the first responders to arrive. Agnes, a Filipino, understands the challenges faced by her people, and she uses her knowledge of her country to help OCHA Philippines respond. Agnes recently visited the Mayon volcano, which is threatening to erupt. Here is her report.
Read the full story
Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 20 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano
I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO
A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 06 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network did not detect any volcanic event during the past 24-hour observation period.
B. During good visibility, moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards East-Southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 148 tonnes/day on 05 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.
Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 19 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano
I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO
A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 05 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded one (1) rockfall event during the past 24-hour observation period.
B. During good visibility, moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards East-Southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 138 tonnes/day on 03 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.
Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 18 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano
I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO
A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 04 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded one (1) volcanic earthquake and five (5) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.
B. During good visibility, weak emission of white steam plumes drifting towards northwest was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (302) flux was measured at an average of 308 tonnes/day on 2 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey. The edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.
Philippines: Red Cross Ships Crates of GI Sheets for Shelter Projects in Typhoon Yolanda Affected Areas
Philippine Red Cross chairman Richard Gordon supervises the loading of 185 crates of GI sheets, each one containing 350 sheets, which is going to be shipped to the province of Iloilo.
Chairman Gordon said that '' these GI sheets will benefit thousands of families in the areas devastated by typhoon Yolanda. We are committed to helping the people of Eastern Visayas to get back on their feet. Shelter is a big part of that, so is livelihood, and that is our top priority."
Gordon said that the particular shipment is in partnership with the British Red Cross, and is part of the housing initiative in partnership with the International Federation of the Red Cross.
The sheets, which were made by Jacinto Steel, is the first big shipment of the Red Cross' shelter project that's part of 100,000 units to be constructed and repaired in tyhoon Yolanda affected areas.
Philippine Red Cross Secretary General Gwendolyn Pang said that “So far, the Red Cross has already built thousands of houses in Central Philippines, and is on track to reaching its target.”
She said that this shipment to Iloilo will benefit 4,182 families.
The GI sheets are specially painted red to indicate that the eventual houses built or repaired is part of the Red Cross movement's shelter project, she added.
MANILA, Oct 3 -- The Department of Health (DOH) today announced that children who did not receive the supplemental dose of measles, rubella (MR) and oral polio vaccine (OPV) can still go to health centers and vaccination posts until October 10, 2014.
“We are appealing to parents and caregivers who know that children aged 0-5 years old under their care have not received the vaccines to go to the nearest health center to have them immunized,” Health Secretary Enrique Ona said.
As of September 30, the country’s national coverage status reached 84% (or 9.6M) of the 11 million eligibles for MR and 81% (10.9M) of the 13 million eligibles for OPV.
Among the regions, the top achievers for both MR and OPV vaccinations are Caraga region with 91%, Region 9 (Zamboanga Peninsula) with 90%, Region 11 (Davao) and Region 12 (SOCCKSARGEN) both with 87%, and Region 5 (Bicol) with 86%.
Among the provinces, the local chief executives reported the following achievements for MR: Lanao del Sur – 112%, Agusan del Sur – 100%, Saranggani – 100%, Surigao del Sur – 96%, and Nueva Vizcaya – 96%. For OPV, the provinces reported the following: Lanao del Sur – 110%, Agusan del Sur – 98%, Saranggani – 95%, Surigao del Sur – 94%, and Davao Oriental – 93%.
The top cities, on the other hand, reported that for MR the top performers are: Cebu City – 128%, Dapitan City – 119%, Tandag City – 117%, Calamba City – 107%, and San Fernando City – 103%.
For OPV, the top cities are Cebu City – 126%, Tandag City – 117%, Dapitan City – 107%, Lapu-lapu City – 102%, and Calamba City – 101%.
Subsequently, the DOH together with private volunteers, World Health Organization, the US Centers for Disease Control, and the Church of the Latter-Day Saints will be continuing the rapid coverage assessment and door to door surveillance and mop-up activities to verify whether the target of reaching every purok strategy has been reached.
Fifty one percent of those who have not brought their children to vaccination posts claim that the mothers are busy.
“We are appealing to these mothers to give priority to vaccination. Nakamamatay kapag kulang ang bakuna. Magtulungan tayo upang protektahan ang buong sambayanang Pilipino. There are still pockets of areas where there are children who have not yet been vaccinated, therefore, we are urging the mothers and caregivers of these to have them vaccinated at the nearest health center even as we conduct mop up vaccinations,” the health chief concluded. (DOH)
Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 17 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano
I. ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO
A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 03 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded seven (7) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.
B. During good visibility, weak to moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards south-southeast and northwest was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 308 tonnes/day on 2 October 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary change from August 2014 based on October 2014 precise leveling survey although the edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.
Sierra Leone: Defeating Ebola conference in London: International community pledges more health workers, funding and supplies
Britain has rallied decisive international support for Sierra Leone in its hour of need, International Development Secretary Justine Greening said following the Defeating Ebola conference today in London.
The conference, co-hosted by the Foreign Secretary and the International Development Secretary, brought together more than 20 governments, a dozen charities and NGOs, the UN, World Bank, health experts and the private sector to pledge funds, equipment and health workers.
The UK government has already committed £125 million to tackle the disease, this includes supporting 700 treatment beds to help up to 8,800 patients over 6 months as well as shoring up the country’s stretched public health services to help contain the disease.
Pledges have been received from across the world including Australia, Cuba, Canada and even the Philippines, which are still recovering from last year’s devastating Typhoon Haiyan. The Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, a leading charity, also pledged £12.4 million ($20 million) for the Ebola effort, £9.3 million ($15 million) of which will go to Sierra Leone.
Justine Greening said:
The international community gathering in London has made it clear it will take decisive steps to help Sierra Leone tackle this Ebola outbreak.
Representatives from more than 20 governments, a dozen NGOs, the UN and a number of multinational companies have pledged emergency medical facilities, health workers to provide care and training to local staff, funding, equipment and logistics.
The conference also heard from Sierra Leonean health minister Dr Abubakarr Fofanah, British nurse and Ebola survivor Will Pooley, and actor Idris Elba, who urged the world to get behind the people of Sierra Leone at this incredibly difficult time.
Mr Pooley, who contracted Ebola while working in Sierra Leone and recovered in the UK, spoke to the conference about his experience. Mr Elba took part in a session with representatives from the Sierra Leonean diaspora community alongside Ms Greening.
During the conference Ms Greening announced how Britain is taking further steps to reduce the spread of Ebola across Sierra Leone by undertaking rapid trials of community care units designed to isolate Ebola cases more quickly and highlighting the risk of infection during traditional burial rites.
The UK will set up a series of pilot Sierra Leone community care units to give people who suspect they might be suffering from the disease somewhere to seek swift and accurate diagnosis and appropriate care. Any individual with Ebola will be isolated immediately until they can be safely transferred to a full Ebola treatment centre. The pilot scheme will be evaluated for effectiveness before the UK considers a full roll out across the country.
Alongside this, the Department for International Development (DFID) will work with Sierra Leone’s Ministry of Health to help people reduce the risk of infection from the deceased. Traditional burials in West Africa can involve washing bodies and close skin to skin contact, meaning the disease can spread to friends and family members. With DFID support, charities on the ground will work with people to develop new rituals and other practices to honour their friends and relatives, while ensuring bodies are safely buried.
Current estimates suggest that the rate of infection stands at 1.7, meaning that for every 10 people who contract Ebola, 17 more will become infected. However, if infected people are isolated quickly after they contract the disease it is much less likely they will infect others in their families and communities. Early isolation of 70% of people infected will mean the infection rate will begin to fall and the numbers of people infected will eventually decline.
Philippines: NDDRMC Update Sitrep No. 16 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano
ALERT STATUS OF MAYON VOLCANO
A. Alert Level 3 is still in effect as of 8:00 AM, 02 October 2014, which means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. Mayon Volcano's seismic network recorded three (3) rockfall events during the past 24-hour observation period.
B. During good visibility, moderate emission of white steam plumes drifting towards south-southeast was observed. No crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 1,421 tonnes/ day on 29 September 2014. Ground deformation data showed no significant change from August 2014 based on September 2014 precise levelling survey although the edifice remains inflated compared to baseline measurements. Tilt data also indicate continuous inflation at the base of the edifice since August 2014. All the above data indicate that the volcano is still in a state of unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Visayas has developed into a Tropical Depression and was named "Mario" on 17 September 2014 and exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 22 September 2014.
The U.S. expanded its aerial campaign against Islamic State (IS) militants in late September with strikes in Syria’s north and east. The operation, which targets both IS and fighters linked to al-Qaeda’s central leadership and the affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra, risks alienating other rebel groups in Syria and strengthening support for IS. The mainstream armed opposition faced another serious blow when most of the senior leadership of the influential group Ahrar as-Sham was killed in an unexplained bomb blast in early September. Meanwhile, IS continued its advance on the ground, including around the predominantly Kurdish city Kobani near the Turkish border causing some 160,000 Kurds to flee. (See our recent report and commentary on the possible fall of greater Aleppo and the impact this could have on the wider Syrian rebellion).
In Iraq, the beheading of captive U.S. journalists and a British aid worker by IS militants drew strong condemnations. U.S. President Obama vowed to dismantle the group’s “network of death” and several countries, including France and the UK, joined the U.S.-led aerial campaign against IS. Adding to the sectarian divides that aided IS’s initial rise, Iran continued to support Shiite militias in central Iraq, while Western and Iranian support for the Kurdish Regional Government provoked additional tensions by bypassing Baghdad. (See our recent commentary on the rise of the Islamic State, alternatively known as ISIL, ISIS or Daesh.)
The Syrian conflict continued to spill over into Lebanon. In September jihadi groups executed three Lebanese soldiers captured the previous month in the eastern city of Arsal, exacerbating ethnic and communal tensions, and sparking attacks on Syrian refugees. Clashes between the Lebanese army and Syrian rebels also continued in the east leaving several soldiers, Sunni militants and Hizbollah members dead.
Weeks of anti-government protests led by Yemen’s Huthis degenerated into several days of fighting in the capital Sanaa in mid-September. Over two hundred were killed as the Huthis clashed with rival forces loyal to General Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar and, to a much lesser extent, Sunni Islamist fighters around Iman University. Large parts of the security forces sided with the Huthis who seized key parts of Sanaa, including government buildings, and were allowed to control security in the city. A new peace deal and power sharing agreement signed on 21 September called for the implementation of national dialogue outcomes and the government to be replaced, but the balance of power on the ground has shifted solidly towards the Huthis. Prospects for a Huthi withdrawal from the capital remain uncertain: a new prime minister has yet to be appointed, and since the agreement Huthis have surrounded and entered the homes of political enemies as well as attacking the home of Yemen’s national security chief Ali al-Ahmadi in late September. (See our most recent report on Yemen’s Huthis.)
After months of deadlock, Sudan’s armed and political oppositions signed a statement on principles for a national dialogue process that would include them both. The government, the SPLM-N and Darfur rebels agreed to meet in October – under the auspices of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel – to discuss a possible cessation of hostilities in all conflict areas. The African Union Peace and Security Council welcomed the planned talks.
September 2014 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen
- Improved situations
October 2014 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts Syria
- Conflict resolution opportunities Sudan
Philippines: Switzerland asked to chair the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission in the Philippines under the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro
Bern, 01.10.2014 - From 27 to 29 September the two parties to the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro, the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), convened in Kuala Lumpur to discuss the normalisation process and the implementation of a number of mechanisms envisaged in the peace agreement. Having accepted the invitation of both parties to chair the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission, Switzerland will be fully involved in the normalisation process through the Special Envoy, Ms Mô Bleeker, who will serve as Commission Chair.
The Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) was signed on 27 March 2014 by the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), putting an end to a conflict that began in the 1970s and has cost the lives of more than 150,000 people. The CAB foresees the creation of an autonomous Bangsamoro political entity. Facilitated by Malaysia, the Agreement has given rise to the draft Bangsamoro Basic Law that is currently being debated in parliament.
The peace agreement also provides for a number of mechanisms in the framework of the normalisation process. One of these mechanisms, the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC). will be chaired by Swiss Special Envoy, Ms Mô Bleeker, Head of the FDFA Task Force for Dealing with the Past and Prevention of Atrocities. She will work with Ms Cecilia Jimenez Damary, representative of the Government of the Philippines and Mr Ishak Mastura, representative of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Mr Jonathan Sisson, also from the FDFA, has been appointed special adviser to the Commission.
The Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission has one year to present a report to the parties to the Agreement that includes recommendations for transitional justice and reconciliation measures. The TJRC, which has its own rules of operation, will be presented to the public for the first time at an official event in Cotobato on 4 October followed by a second public event in Manila on 11 October.
The TJRC is holding intensive consultations as part of its work. It has been asked to "undertake a study and recommend the appropriate mechanisms to address legitimate grievances of the Bangsamoro people, correct historical injustices, and address human rights violations through land dispossession, towards healing and reconciliation" and to "recommend programmes and measures that will bring about the reconciliation of the different communities that have been affected by the conflict". The TJRC will examine the root causes of the conflict and propose appropriate measures aimed at preventing a recurrence.
The Task Force for Dealing with the Past and Prevention of Atrocities was created by the FDFA in 2011 and involves several FDFA agencies – the Human Security Division, the International Organisations Division, the Directorate of International Law and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. For several years the FDFA Task Force has advocated a Swiss approach to tackling impunity and the prevention of atrocities, operating at both the multilateral and the bilateral levels. The Task Force has received many requests for assistance, including the official request from the parties to the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro to assume the chair of the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission.
Alert levels raised for Mayon Volcano
Flashfloods and landslides caused by Typhoon Kalmaegi
Sphere standards lacking in Masempla Transition Site
Reaching historical milestones with Bangsomoro
Simulation in Region VIII
Accountability mainstreamed in OCHA Philippines
Mayon Volcano alert levels raised
Mayon Volcano was declared Alert Level 3 (critical status), rising from Level 2 (alarming status) on 15 September 2014. A 6 kilometre (km) permanent danger zone prevents people from living too close to the volcano and with the increased risk there is now an extended high-risk zone (HRZ) in a 6 to 8 km radius, affecting Legazpi, Ligao and Tabaco cities.
More than 12,500 families evacuated from 39 barangays (lowest administrative unit in the Philippines) within the HRZ, according to the Albay Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (30 September 2014).
Members of the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) including ACF, IOM, Plan International, UNICEF,
WFP, WHO and OCHA joined the Government for a one-day field visit to jointly survey three evacuation centres.
It is not known when the volcano will erupt or what type of eruption will occur. For instance in a vulcanian eruption, hot gas and rocks could reach a radius of 6 km while ash fall could stretch over 10 km. A strombolian blast however, is a low-level eruption that could spew lava quietly or produce a lava fountain 1 to 2 km from the crater.
While waiting for the volcano to erupt, schools are used as evacuation shelters for the displaced, and the government and humanitarian community are responding to the needs of the people. UNICEF provided 155 tents as temporary schools with an additional 20 temporary learning spaces provided by UNICEF and Plan International. UNICEF and Solidarite provided 400 tarpaulins to the Albay local government unit (LGU) and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD).
WFP provided a total of 245 metric tonnes of rice to the Albay LGU and the DSWD, as well as non-food items including mosquito nets and dust masks.
Relatively minor volcanic activity was reported from Mayon between 2008 and 2010, however in 2006, 40,000 people were evacuated from the 8 km danger zone on the southeast flank of the volcano. No loss of life was recorded during the actual eruption period, but lahar (volcanic deposits) flow caused by the rains of Typhoon Durian (locally known as Reming) on 30 November 2006, buried several barangays and killed thousands.
Mayon is the most active volcano in the Philippines and erupted over 48 times in the past 400 years.
Introduction to the Guide
This guide explains the rationale behind the creation of the Humanitarian Communications Unit and how timely, accurate and appropriately contextualized information reaches communities affected by disaster, as well as how feedback on such information is solicited to inform other stakeholders involved in a humanitarian response. It also features tools and lessons shaped from experiences gathered during the roll-out and expansion of the humanitarian communications initiative in Pakistan, which was a component of the response to the complex emergencies and floods. Lessons learned from the response to later crises, particularly those in Haiti and the Philippines, have also been integrated into the handbook.
Objectives of the guide
This guide aims to:
(a) Showcase good practices through case studies;
(b) Provide guidance to agencies, staff and other humanitarian stakeholders working in emergencies on how to strengthen communication with crisis affected communities;
(c) Highlight the importance of ensuring that an appropriate beneficiary communications strategy is created during the design of an overall humanitarian response or the individual activities within it.
Based on the efforts and practices specifically tested in Pakistan, as well as lessons learned from other contexts, this guide discusses the following matters:
(a) What humanitarian communications is;
(b) Who implements humanitarian communications;
(c) How to run humanitarian communications;
(d) Who the target audience(s) is/are;
(e) How to develop messages for affected and beneficiary populations;
(f) How to monitor and evaluate a campaign by measuring its impact on affected communities.
The guide is divided into four chapters, each described below, and features annexes. Case studies, tips and examples are provided throughout the handbook