Philippines - ReliefWeb News

Syndicate content
ReliefWeb - Updates
Updated: 1 min 36 sec ago

Philippines: AFP: Situation updates for Zambales, Bulacan, La Union, Tarlac on July 16 (2:00 p.m.)

16 July 2014 - 7:50am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

From the Armed Forces of the Philippines

The Armed Forces of the Philippines has released the following situation updates for Zambales, Bulacan, La Union, and Tarlac (as of 2:00 p.m.) as a result of typhoon Glenda.

Zambales (as of 2:30 p.m.)

Casualty:

1 casualty

Evacuation areas:

Subic – 10 families / 40 persons at Wawandue Covered Courts

Cabangan – 12 families / 50 persons at Dolores Courts

Masinloc – 107 families / 144 persons at Baloganon Elementary School

San Antonio – 3 families / 10 persons at Antipolo Barangay Hall

Total affected barangays: 15

Total affected families: 354

Total affected persons: 1078

Bulacan

Situation has subsided, troops of 18SFC shifting efforts to Pampanga.

Evacuated the following to evacuation centers in the schools and chapels of their respective areas:

Salambao, Obando – 48 families, 227 individuals

Calero, Obando – 20 families, 60 individuals

Atlag, Malolos – 13 families, 46 individuals

Taliptip, Malolos – 80 families, 400 individuals

Pampanga

18SFC and DRRO trained with Cafgu with local PNP conducting mass evacuation in Masantol Town proper, barangay Sapang Kawayan, Macabebe.

Water is rising, people are being transferred to higher grounds.

Winds have subsided, but several trees have fallen, particularly in Florida blanca.

No electricity in some parts.

La Union

Cloudy skies, scattered rains, DRTUs on standby if needed.

Tarlac

Occasional rains, electricity cut off twice but returned at 2:00 p.m.

Bataan (as of 2:30 p.m.)

Evacuation areas:

Dinalupihan – 101 families / 514 persons at Dinalupihan Center

Morong – 180 families / 600 persons

Limay – 40 families / 146 persons

Balanga – 188 families / 744 persons

Abucay – 1750 families / 8500 persons

Samal – 390 families / 1950 persons

Hermosa – 2 families / 8 persons

Mariveles – 3 families / 8 persons

Total affected barangays: 17

Total affected families: 2634

Total affected persons: 11,956

Philippines: As another typhoon hits Philippines, Oxfam warns there are not enough evacuation centres to keep people safe

16 July 2014 - 1:34am
Source: Oxfam Country: Philippines

Tacloban City, Leyte – International agency Oxfam said today as another typhoon hits the Philippines there are insufficient evacuation centres available to keep people safe.

“This typhoon is powerful but not the same strength as last year’s super typhoon. With people still living in vulnerable areas and makeshift shelters there is an urgency to help them get away from danger and into safe areas,” said Justin Morgan, country director of international aid agency Oxfam who is currently in Tacloban.

Typhoon Rammasun bore down on the Philippines Monday evening. Strong winds destroyed some tents, while rain and flood water began to seep into makeshift homes in and around Tacloban one of the worse hit areas by typhoon Haiyan.

The typhoon is expected to intensify Tuesday afternoon, with a maximum speed of 101-185 kilometers per hour. Eastern Samar and Northern Leyte also devastated by last year’s super typhoon are among those areas that are expected to be affected by the latest typhoon.

Eight months after super typhoon Haiyan hit many survivors continue to live in tents or damaged houses which are not strong enough to withstand even small storms. An estimated 40 per cent of disaster-affected households are currently living in temporary shelters, increasing their vulnerability to future storms.

Thousands of families in Tacloban have been evacuated to safer areas, with the majority going to the Astrodome.

Many evacuation centres were damaged or destroyed by Haiyan. In some areas, only 8 per cent of evacuation centres pre-Haiyan are still standing. This means that people living in coastal areas and other high risk zones will not have anywhere to go for safety as the typhoon season hits again.

“Governments need to prioritize the construction of safe evacuation centres, update their contingency plans, if we are to be better prepared for this year’s typhoon season. The relocation process must begin immediately, accompanied by proper consultations with affected communities,” said Morgan.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 08 re Effects for Typhoon 'GLENDA" (RAMMASUN)

15 July 2014 - 10:21pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

l. SITUATION OVERVIEW (Severe Weather Bulletin No. 11 issued at 5:00 AM, 16 July 2014)

Typhoon "Glenda" has accelerated while maintaining its strength.

1st landfall at 5:00PM over Rapu-Rapu, Albay

2nd landfall at 6:30pm over Tabaco City, Albay

3rd landfall at 12:00MN over Catanauan, Quezon

Philippines: Millions without power after typhoon hits Philippines

15 July 2014 - 9:01pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Philippines

07/17/2014 11:33 GMT

by Cecil MORELLA

MANILA, July 17, 2014 (AFP) - Millions of people in the Philippines endured a second sweltering day without power on Thursday after a ferocious typhoon paralysed the capital and wrecked flimsy rural homes, claiming at least 40 lives.

Utility crews scrambled to repair thousands of toppled power pylons as well as transmission lines as the death toll from Typhoon Rammasun, the first major storm of the Southeast Asian archipelago's rainy season, inched up.

"It will take two weeks for power to normalise to pre-typhoon level for everyone," Energy Secretary Jericho Petilla told reporters, conceding that progress in restoration work was slow.

Meanwhile the authorities expressed frustration amid signs many of those who died had ignored government warnings about the dangers posed by the typhoon, one of 20 forecast to hit the Asian archipelago this year.

"We still have to find out what exactly are the reasons a lot of our countrymen refuse to heed the warnings," National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council chief Alexander Pama told reporters.

As part of a "zero casualty" effort, the government evacuated nearly 400,000 people from the path of Rammasun and warned others to stay indoors.

But most of the people who died were outdoors, killed by falling trees, collapsing buildings and flying debris, according to the council's data.

Pama said the death toll could rise further, with mobile phone and other forms of communication still cut to some rural areas. He said at least eight people remained missing.

The latest two people reported to have died were a woman whose shanty home was blown away, while a man earlier reported as missing had been found dead, Pama's department said.

Rammasun, a Thai word for "Thunder God", swept in off the Pacific Ocean on Tuesday night, bringing wind gusts of up to 160 kilometres (100 miles) an hour across land to Manila and other heavily populated northern regions.

The Philippines is often the first major landmass to be struck after storms build above the warm Pacific waters.

"It really scrambled whole towns, blowing down houses and toppling power lines," the chairman of the Philippine Red Cross, Richard Gordon, told AFP.

The typhoon destroyed or damaged 26,000 homes, while cutting electricity supplies to nearly all of Manila, a megacity of more than 12 million people, and surrounding urban areas.

The stock exchange and government offices re-opened on Thursday, a day after being shut down by high winds, but many schools remained closed partly because of the power problems.

Misery without power

Utility officials said 1.8 million households in Manila and nearby areas still did not have power on Thursday afternoon as temperatures hit 33 degrees Celsius (91 degrees Fahrenheit), with repair crews hampered by fallen trees, branches and electrical posts.

Manila's power distributor said it did not expect to have power fully restored to the humid capital and surrounding areas until late Friday.

Manila office worker Karen Luna said her family spent a miserable night at home in Bacoor town adjacent to the capital with no power or tap water.

"At first light I ordered my child to fetch water, so I was able to bathe before going off to work, using half a pail," Luna told AFP.

The neighbourhood used candles overnight Wednesday while food was eaten quickly so it would not go off in the warming refrigerator, she added.

Rammasun was the first typhoon to make landfall since this year's rainy season began in June, and the first major storm since Super Typhoon Haiyan devastated the eastern islands of Samar and Leyte in November last year.

Haiyan killed up to 7,300 people in one of the Philippines' worst natural disasters, but this week's typhoon followed a different track.

Rammasun was on Thursday in the South China Sea and tracking towards the southern Chinese island of Hainan, according to the Japan Meteorological Agency.

It forecast Rammasun to build strength again and hit Hainan with wind gusts of 222 kilometres an hour on Friday afternoon.

mm-cgm/jvg/jah

© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse

Philippines: Typhoon Glenda: Affected Population (as of 16 July 2014)

15 July 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Readying response as typhoon Glenda hits the Philippines

15 July 2014 - 4:58pm
Source: Direct Relief Country: Philippines

Direct Relief staff are on the ground in the Philippines as Typhoon Glenda (also known as Typhoon Rammasun) is tearing through the central Philippine islands on its way toward the country’s capital, Manila.

Packing winds of up to 93 miles per hour and gusts of up to 115 mph, the typhoon has prompted the evacuations of thousands of coastal residents in the Bicol, Eastern Visayas, and Calabarzon regions. Already in the field conducting relief efforts following Typhoon Haiyan in November, staff are now monitoring the damage in Bicol and surrounding affected areas.

Working closely with local, regional, and national government agencies, Direct Relief is assessing health facilities in the affected areas and determining if there is a need for medical material support. Massive stocks of critical medicines and supplies are on standby – both at Direct Relief’s headquarters as well as its warehouse in Cebu, Philippines – and are ready to deploy, if requested.

Since Typhoon Haiyan, Direct Relief has been working with local organizations to implement Palantir technology for utilizing data intelligence in emergency response situations. The data preparedness effort will aid responders’ ability to draw insights from this storm and future emergencies.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 07 re Effects for Typhoon 'GLENDA" (RAMMASUN)

15 July 2014 - 4:07pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

Typhoon "Glenda" intensified further as it traverses Ragay Gulf and moves towards Southern Quezon.

1st landfall at 5:00PM over Rapu-Rapu, Albay

2nd landfall at 6:30pm over Tabaco City, Albay

3rd landfall at 12:00MN over Catanauan, Quezon

Philippines: Typhoon Rammasun - Estimated Impacts Advisory 22, 15 July, 2014 2100 UTC

15 July 2014 - 3:49pm
Source: Pacific Disaster Center Country: Philippines preview

Philippines: Ploumen: Appreciation for relief work in the Philippines

15 July 2014 - 2:34pm
Source: Government of the Netherlands Country: Philippines

Aid organisations are working hard to rebuild the Philippines in the wake of the devastation caused by Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013, in which 6,000 people died and millions were made homeless. This was the conclusion drawn by the Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation Lilianne Ploumen following her visit to the affected area with the President of the World Bank Jim Yong Kim.

‘It is wonderful to see how hard people on the island of Leyte are working to rebuild homes and schools, with the support of aid organisations,’ Ms Ploumen said. ‘The worst typhoon in living memory caused immeasurable damage and the scars are still raw. But little by little, the people worst affected are beginning to see a more promising future.’

Shortly after the disaster the Dutch government earmarked six million euros in emergency aid. A Ministry of Defence aeroplane made two trips to fly relief supplies to the affected area, as did a KLM plane. And the joint Dutch aid agencies collected 36 million euros in donations for emergency aid and reconstruction through the Giro 555 appeal.

Relief work is in full swing. Since the typhoon struck, 4.6 million people have received food aid and accommodation has been provided for 570,000 families. Schools, hospitals and public buildings are being rebuilt.

Almost 6 million people lost their source of income as a result of the disaster. Aid organisations have set up cash-for-work initiatives and are providing vocational courses so that people can retrain in professions such as carpentry. Support for small businesses is available in the form of financing and loans. The Filipino government has also launched the FAITH programme, a public website which shows how aid is being used.

‘Much has been achieved over the last eight months, but there is still a long way to go,’ Ms Ploumen said. ‘The Filipino government is investing in better housing and wants to make the country more resistant to natural disasters, which are affecting this region with increasing frequency. There is little sense in building poor-quality housing or using the same unsafe locations as before. This is now being taken into account.’

Aid organisations say that the scale of the disaster area (approximately the size of Portugal) poses a real challenge. The aid effort is also being slowed down by the lack of clarity about land ownership rights.

‘To maximise efficiency, organisations like the World Bank are working together to ensure that aid efforts are as well-coordinated as possible. I’ve been able to see that with my own eyes here in the disaster area, together with President Kim of the World Bank. There is still a lot of human suffering, but fortunately aid activities are well coordinated and are being carried out efficiently,’ Ms Ploumen said.

Dutch Risk Reduction Team

Since 6 July five experts from the Dutch Risk Reduction (DRR) Team have been in the Philippines to identify how to make the country more resistant to future natural disasters. They presented their initial findings and recommendations during Ms Ploumen’s visit.

In recent days the team, consisting of experts from Royal HaskoningDHV, Deltares, the Red Cross, Wetlands and Cordaid, has met with the authorities in Manila, spoken to local experts and authorities in Tacloban and made field visits to the affected area. They are examining the option of strengthening the coastline by creating barriers, planting mangrove trees and reclaiming land.

‘The Filipino authorities I have spoken to are enthusiastic about Dutch expertise,’ said Ms Ploumen. ‘Our water sector has a great deal of experience that can be used to prevent the next hurricane claiming so many victims.’ The team is expected to publish an advisory report at the end of this week.

The DRR Team, a joint initiative of Ms Ploumen and the Minister of Infrastructure and the Environment, Melanie Schultz van Haegen, is a pool of experts representing businesses, knowledge institutions, NGOs and government in the Dutch water sector who can be deployed at short notice in the event of floods, drought and water pollution. The team focuses on reconstruction and prevention rather than emergency aid. While the main focus is on advising on solutions, the teams can also identify or help create opportunities for Dutch companies to get involved.

Philippines: 15 July 2014: The Philippines - Tropical Cyclone RAMMASUN

15 July 2014 - 2:12pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department Country: Philippines preview

• Typhoon RAMMASUN (known as “GLENDA“ in the Philippines) had already approached the bay of Albay on 15 July, at 9am UTC. Earlier on the same day, it was located east of Bicol Region, with maximum sustained winds of 185km/h, and it was moving north-west.

• RAMMASUN was expected to make landfall over Sorsogon and Albay, near Legazpi City, and then cross Calabarzon, Central Luzon and the National Capital Region (NCR), losing some of its intensity. On 16 July it is forecast to exit into the sea west of Luzon, continuing its path over the East China Sea. Its direction is estimated to remain north-westward, towards southeastern China and Vietnam. It may approach land again on 18 July (refer also to inset map).

• As at 15 July, PAGASA has Public Storm Warning Signals #3, 2 and 1 in effect for several areas of Visayas and Luzon. Heavy rainfall and strong winds, as well as storm surge of the order of 2.5-3m (north-west Manila Bay, 16 July early morning UTC, according to JRC calculations) are expected to affect the areas along RAMMASUN’s path. Flash floods and landslides are also probable in lowlying areas.

• As at 15 July afternoon (UTC), hundreds of thousands of people have evacuated Bicol Region, as well as Northern and Eastern Samar.
Floods have been reported in five municipalities of Northern Samar, while air and sea traffic has been largely disrupted throughout Visayas and Luzon.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 06 re Effects for Typhoon 'GLENDA" (RAMMASUN)

15 July 2014 - 1:43pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

Typhoon "Glenda" is now over Albay gulf as it approaches Legazapi City.

1st landfall at 5:00PM over Rapu-Rapu, Albay

2nd landfall at 6:30pm over Tabaco City, Albay

World: Annual Report and Accounts 2013–14

15 July 2014 - 1:12pm
Source: Department for International Development Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Sudan preview

Annual Report

The Annual Report meets DFID’s obligation to report on its activities and progress toward the Millennium Development Goals under the International Development (Reporting and Transparency) Act 2006. It includes information on DFID’s results achieved, spending, performance and efficiency. The audited statutory accounts include spend against Parliamentary Estimate, and a statement of DFID’s assets and liabilities.

Accounts

DFID’s Accounts are prepared in accordance with the 2013-14 Government Financial Reporting Manual (FReM), issued by HM Treasury. The accounting policies contained in the FReM apply International Financial Reporting Standards as adapted or interpreted for the public sector context. DFID’s Accounts are similar in many respects to the annual accounts prepared by private sector businesses. They contain the primary financial statements recording the full costs of activities, DFID’s assets and liabilities as well as providing information on how resources have been used to meet objectives. The format is tailored to central government accounting including, for example, financial comparisons against the Department’s resource-based estimates. Those not familiar with the format of the accounts might like to focus on the Financial Review within the Strategic Report to the Accounts, which summarises the key areas of performance. The accounts are audited by the National Audit Office before they are presented to Parliament.

Headline results

By 2013–14, DFID had achieved the following results:*

  • provided 43.1 million people with access to clean water, better sanitation or improved hygiene conditions

  • supported 10.2 million children – 4.9 million girls – to go to primary and lower secondary school

  • ensured that 3.6 million bir ths took place safely with the help of nurses, midwives or doctors

  • prevented 19.3 million children under 5 and pregnant women from going hungry

  • reached 11.4 million people with emergency food assistance

  • provided 54.4 million people, including 26.9 million women, with access to financial services to help them work their way out of poverty

  • reached 6.7 million people with cash transfers programmes

  • helped 85.8 million people to hold their authorities to account and have a say in their community’s development

In 2013, the multilateral organisations that DFID supported:

  • provided food assistance to 80.9 million people in 75 countries; of these 67.9 million were women and children (World Food Programme)

  • immunised 48 million children against preventable diseases (GAVI Alliance)

  • detected and treated 1.5 million cases of tuberculosis (The Global Fund to Fight AIDS,
    TB and Malaria)

  • gave 1.0 million new households a water supply (Asian Development Bank)

  • provided 9.7 million people with new or improved electricity connections (African Development Bank)

  • supported over 4.5 million children in primary education, including 2.2 million girls (Global Par tnership for Education)

  • enabled 11.5 million people to benefit from healthcare facilities (International Committee of the Red Cross)

  • generated 6.5 million jobs and livelihoods in 113 countries, of which 58% were for women (United Nations Development Programme)

World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 9 - 15 July

15 July 2014 - 10:29am
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, World, Yemen, South Sudan preview

Snapshot 9–15 July

oPT: 178 Palestinians have been killed since the launch of Israel’s Operation Protective Edge on 8 July. Around 17,000 people have sought shelter in UNRWA schools. Rockets from Syria and Lebanon have hit the north of Israel, raising fears of the conflict spreading.

Democratic Republic of Congo: More than 30,000 people are estimated to have been displaced in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Katanga in June, due to FARDC military operations and fighting between armed groups.

Syria: Host populations are struggling to cope with growing camp populations, and people in informal settlements are receiving very little assistance. The population of Lattakia and Tartous has grown by 50%. The conflict death toll has passed 170,000.

Updated: 15/07/2014. Next update: 22/07/2014

Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

Philippines: OCHA Philippines Flash Update No. 1: Typhoon Rammasun (Glenda), 15 July 2014

15 July 2014 - 8:18am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

On 15 July, Tropical Storm Rammasun (known locally as Glenda) intensified into a typhoon as it moved across the Philippine Sea. As of 4 p.m. (local time), the centre of Typhoon Rammasun was located about 60 kilometres east of Legazpi City, Albay province with maximum sustained winds of 130 kilometres per hour (km/h) and gusts of up to 160 km/h according to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA).

Flooding, flash flood and landslides are expected in the affected areas. According to PAGASA, Rammasun could generate storm surges of up to three metres in coastal areas. An estimated 43 million people may be affected including 11.5 million people in Metro Manila according to the Office of the Secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development-Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center. Among the estimated affected people, about 136,000 households (68,000 households are below the poverty line) are considered to be highly susceptible to landslides and storm surges as identified by PAGASA.

The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has issued regular advisories and alerted local authorities and residents along southern and central Luzon and northern Visayas, particularly coastal areas to implement preparedness measures. School classes have been suspended in seven regions (III, IV-A, IV-B, V, VII, National Capital Region and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). As early as 13 July, the NDRRMC convened a pre-disaster risk assessment meeting to prepare for the typhoon and relief supplies and personnel have been pre-positioned for emergency response. About 31,600 households were preemptively evacuated in Regions V and VIII.

The Humanitarian Country Team is monitoring the effects of the typhoon in collaboration with the Office of Civil Defense. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are also on alert with non-food items and hygiene kits for 20,000 families and 10,000 tarpaulins mobilized. .
The next update will be issued around 16 July.

For further information, please contact:
Joseph Tabago, Humanitarian Affairs Officer, tabago@un.org, Mobile: +63-917-810-9033

To be added or deleted from the OCHA Philippines mailing list, please email manipol@un.org.

Philippines: As another typhoon hits Philippines Oxfam warns there are not enough evacuation centres to keep people safe

15 July 2014 - 8:10am
Source: Oxfam Country: Philippines

Tacloban City, Leyte – International agency Oxfam said today as another typhoon hits the Philippines there are insufficient evacuation centres available to keep people safe.

“This typhoon is powerful but not the same strength as last year’s super typhoon. With people still living in vulnerable areas and makeshift shelters there is an urgency to help them get away from danger and into safe areas,” said Justin Morgan, country director of international aid agency Oxfam who is currently in Tacloban.

Typhoon Rammasun bore down on the Philippines Monday evening. Strong winds destroyed some tents, while rain and flood water began to seep into makeshift homes in and around Tacloban one of the worse hit areas by typhoon Haiyan.

The typhoon is expected to intensify Tuesday afternoon, with a maximum speed of 101-185 kilometers per hour. Eastern Samar and Northern Leyte also devastated by last year’s super typhoon are among those areas that are expected to be affected by the latest typhoon.

Eight months after super typhoon Haiyan hit many survivors continue to live in tents or damaged houses which are not strong enough to withstand even small storms. An estimated 40 per cent of disaster-affected households are currently living in temporary shelters, increasing their vulnerability to future storms.

Thousands of families in Tacloban have been evacuated to safer areas, with the majority going to the Astrodome.

Many evacuation centres were damaged or destroyed by Haiyan. In some areas, only 8 per cent of evacuation centres pre-Haiyan are still standing. This means that people living in coastal areas and other high risk zones will not have anywhere to go for safety as the typhoon season hits again.

“Governments need to prioritise the construction of safe evacuation centres, update their contingency plans, if we are to be better prepared for this year’s typhoon season. The relocation process must begin immediately, accompanied by proper consultations with affected communities,” said Morgan.

Contact: In Philippines : Rhea Catada, Media Manager, +639173654649 rcatada@oxfam.org.uk ;
In UK: Ian Bray 01865 472289, 07721 461339

Oxfam has been operating in the Philippines since 1978. It is responding to the typhoon Haiyan disaster in Leyte, Eastern Samar and Cebu provinces and has supported 650,000 people. Oxfam has provided clean drinking water and sanitation products and facilities, as well as emergency food security and shelter assistance. It is also supporting poor families to make a living through cash for work initiatives such as debris and coconut tree clearing, rice seed distributions and fishing boat repairs and rebuilding.

World: Les bailleurs de fonds donnent plus, mais les besoins restent plus importants que jamais

15 July 2014 - 7:58am
Source: IRIN Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Philippines, Syrian Arab Republic, World

DAKAR, 15 juillet 2014 (IRIN) - Le financement de l’aide humanitaire a atteint un record de 22 milliards de dollars en 2013. Pourtant, près d’un tiers des besoins ne sont toujours pas satisfaits, selon les données publiées récemment par Global Humanitarian Assistance, un groupe de réflexion basé au Royaume-Uni et faisant partie de Development Initiatives.

« [2013] a été une année plutôt exceptionnelle, très différente et très en contraste avec les années précédentes », a dit Daniel Coppard, directeur de recherche et d’analyse à Development Initiatives.

En réponse aux besoins humanitaires sans précédent – particulièrement à cause de trois grandes crises, en Syrie, en République centrafricaine (RCA) et aux Philippines - les gouvernements et les bailleurs de fonds privés ont redoublé d’efforts en 2013 et offert plus de financements que jamais.

« On espère bien sûr que la réponse de la communauté internationale de l’année dernière n’est pas un évènement ponctuel et qu’elle va se poursuivre et se maintenir au cours des prochaines années », a dit M. Coppard à IRIN.

Les pays donateurs, sources d’environ trois quarts du total de l’aide en 2013, ont donné environ 16,4 milliards de dollars, soit un quart de plus qu’en 2012. Les bailleurs de fonds privés, dont les individus, les œuvres de bienfaisance, les fondations et les sociétés, ont augmenté leurs contributions de 35 pour cent, atteignant près de 5,6 milliards de dollars.

Si cette hausse est une bonne nouvelle, elle n’est pas suffisante, selon M. Coppard.

« Nous ne pouvons pas nous reposer sur nos lauriers, car plus d’un tiers des besoins [humanitaires] ne sont toujours pas satisfaits », a-t-il dit. « Et avec la Syrie, en particulier, il est clair que les demandes vont augmenter cette année, en 2014, et au-delà. »

L’appel humanitaire 2014 pour la Syrie n’a été financé qu’à hauteur de 26 pour cent, celui de la RCA à 37 pour cent et ceux des Philippines à 53 pour cent, selon le service de surveillance financière du Bureau de la Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires des Nations Unies (OCHA).

Les appels coordonnés des Nations Unies, par exemple, ont levé 13,2 milliards de dollars en 2013. En juin 2014, les appels avaient déjà dépassé ce montant, atteignant 16,9 milliards de dollars. Selon M. Coppard, ce chiffre devrait augmenter encore plus d’ici la fin de l’année et devrait se maintenir à des niveaux similaires dans les prochaines années.

Selon Cyprien Fabre, chef du bureau d’appui régional d’Afrique de l’Ouest de l’office humanitaire de la Communauté européenne (ECHO), il est illusoire de croire que tous les besoins dans le monde pourront être couverts par le financement de l’aide humanitaire si les crises continuent de se multiplier.

« La communauté humanitaire en général a beaucoup de mal en 2014 à financer toutes les actions liées aux besoins humanitaires en Afrique de l’Ouest », a-t-il dit. « L’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, qui persistent et augmentent constamment au Sahel, s’accompagnent de besoins liés aux déplacements, au Mali, au Nigeria et en RCA, et d’épidémies comme le choléra et le virus Ebola. »

Selon les analystes, la croissance démographique à elle seule se traduit par une hausse d’année en année du nombre de personnes en situation d’insécurité alimentaire et souffrant de malnutrition.

L’ECHO a de nouveau débloqué de grandes sommes pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest – environ 184,2 millions d’euros (250,6 millions de dollars) à la date d’aujourd’hui - mais l’office « atteint ses limites », car il doit répondre à plusieurs crises de grande ampleur à travers le monde, comme celles du Soudan du Sud, de la Syrie et maintenant de l’Irak.

M. Coppard convient qu’il n’est pas aisé de répondre aux besoins toujours croissants, mais il estime qu’il est possible de combler ces demandes non satisfaites et qu’apporter aux bailleurs de fonds la preuve des besoins constituerait déjà un pas dans la bonne direction.

« Je pense que nous avons besoin de trois choses : premièrement, évaluer et comprendre comment nous mesurons les besoins et comment nous les faisons connaître. Deuxièmement, augmenter la participation d’acteurs divers et variés et, troisièmement, responsabiliser tous les bailleurs de fonds pour résoudre ces problèmes internationaux. »

Selon M. Coppard, il est également important de comprendre pourquoi les réponses varient selon les crises.

En Mauritanie, par exemple, 83 pour cent des besoins de financement étaient comblés en 2013, tandis que les appels pour Djibouti n’étaient financés qu’à hauteur de 36 pour cent.

« C’est en partie politique », a dit M. Coppard, expliquant que les bailleurs de fonds avaient des préférences quant aux pays dans lesquels ils opéraient et aux types de crise auxquels ils répondaient. « Et, une fois encore, c’est aussi en partie une question d’information et de quantité d’information prouvant la réalité des besoins. »

Une réponse plus lente pour les crises chroniques

Le type de crise ou de catastrophe a également un effet sur l’ampleur et la rapidité des contributions aux appels à financement.

Les bailleurs de fonds répondent bien plus rapidement à des catastrophes soudaines, telles que des ouragans, qu’à des crises complexes ou à évolution lente, comme des sécheresses ou des conflits.

En RCA, par exemple, dix mois se sont écoulés entre le lancement de l’appel et le moment où 50 pour cent du total des fonds demandés ont été atteints. Tandis que lors du séisme de 2010 en Haïti, la moitié de l’appel avait été financé en tout juste un mois.

Si les crises persistantes voient parfois une plus faible proportion de leurs besoins comblés, elles absorbent cependant la plus grande partie de l’aide humanitaire chaque année. En 2012, Development Initiatives a remarqué qu’environ deux tiers du financement total du Comité d’aide au développement (CAD) de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économique (OCDE) avaient été destinés à des crises persistantes.

Selon M. Coppard, pour maximiser l’impact de l’ensemble de l’aide humanitaire, il faut comprendre comment les financements des bailleurs de fonds sont associés aux autres ressources d’un pays. D’après Development Initiatives, l’aide humanitaire ne représente qu’un pour cent de l’ensemble des ressources nationales et internationales perçues par un pays.

« Il faut donc vraiment se faire une idée du rôle de l’aide humanitaire et comprendre comment cela s’inscrit dans un cadre financier plus large [...] car même si l’aide humanitaire ne représente qu’un très faible pourcentage [du total des ressources], elle conserve cependant un rôle très important. »

Selon M. Fabre, de l’ECHO, tant que les besoins de financement ne sont pas atteints, il est important de se concentrer sur une stratégie de résilience, notamment au Sahel, où les besoins ne vont qu’augmenter.

« L’agenda de la résilience est une manière de redonner les commandes aux gouvernements et à leurs partenaires de développement, mais en ciblant en priorité les populations les plus vulnérables », a-t-il dit. « Ce n’est qu’avec cette différence d’orientation que le développement d’un pays [...] peut se traduire en une vie meilleure pour sa population. »

aj/cb-ld/azm

Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Rammasun - Information Bulletin n° 1

15 July 2014 - 7:39am
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies Country: Philippines preview

This bulletin is being issued for information only and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The Philippine Red Cross has placed its disaster response teams on standby for rapid deployment and preparedness stocks ready for dispatch, as required.

Summary

The first typhoon expected to make landfall since the beginning of the Philippines’ annual rainy season this year, Typhoon Rammasun is currently advancing from the east towards the country with maximum sustained winds of 120 kph near its centre and wind gusts of up to 150 kph. It is expected to first strike the Albay-Sorsogon area in the Bicol region in eastern Luzon on the evening of Tuesday, 15 July, and maintains its path across the northern Philippines before exiting into the sea northwest of Zambales. At its worst, Rammasun is expected to bring widespread torrential rain and destructive winds, triggering flash floods and landslides in mountainous areas, flooding in lower-lying areas, and possible storm surges along the coastline.

The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) has been on high alert since the typhoon was sighted approaching the Philippines. The national society remains in close coordination with the national disaster management authorities both at headquarters and chapter levels, especially in the Bicol, MIMAROPA1 , CALABARZON and Central Luzon regions. At its operations centre in the national headquarters, PRC maintains 24/7 monitoring of the typhoon, keeping the chapters likely to be affected on constant alert with the latest information available. Relief supplies, equipment and personnel to be deployed for immediate response as necessary, are already in place. The Red Cross 143 volunteers are also on alert, with PRC volunteers across the country on standby for deployment should more assistance be needed in the areas likely to be affected.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 05 re Effects for Typhoon 'GLENDA" (RAMMASUN)

15 July 2014 - 7:32am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines preview

Typhoon "GLENDA" has maintained its strength and pass very close to Catarman, Northern Samar.

Philippines: Sixteen dead in Philippines as communists, tribe clash

15 July 2014 - 6:05am
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Philippines

07/15/2014 09:42 GMT

MANILA, July 15, 2014 (AFP) - Sixteen people were killed in the Philippines on Tuesday when communist rebels clashed with armed tribesmen in one of the deadliest flare-ups of a decades-old insurgency in years, the military said.

New People's Army (NPA) guerrillas attacked the home of Calpito Egua in a remote area of the southern island of Mindanao but the tribal leader and his followers fought back, said local military spokesman Major Christian Uy.

"The datu (tribal chief) did not give in to their extortion demands," he told reporters.

Thirteen guerrillas, two tribesmen and a soldier from a military unit that went to help Egua's men were killed, Uy added.

Egua, the local leader of the Manobo mountain tribe, and a soldier were also slightly wounded in two hours of fighting, Uy said.

The NPA is the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines, which has been waging an insurgency since 1969 that has left tens of thousands of people dead.

They are believed to have about 4,000 fighters, down from more than 26,000 in the 1980s.

Small clashes and raids frequently leave small numbers of people dead, but Tuesday's fighting was among the deadliest of the past decade.

In 2012, 11 rebels were killed in a firefight with security forces near Manila.

The military spokesman for the region where Tuesday's fighting occurred, Captain Albert Caber, said the rebels were notorious extorters.

"They (rebels) extort and harass banana, pineapple and rubber plantations, as well as poultry farms and mining outfits. That's where they get their supplies," Caber told AFP.

He said Egua and his tribe ran a small-scale gold mining operation, but they had refused to pay money to the rebels.

NPA guerrillas also killed two Mindanao mayors in ambushes over the past two months.

President Benigno Aquino had aimed to reach a peace deal with the communists by the end of his term in 2016.

But the government last year said talks had collapsed due to rebel demands that detained comrades be freed.

strs-mm/cgm/kma/jg

© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse