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Philippines: Feature: Farmers save rainwater for dry seasons

4 August 2016 - 3:10am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

QUEZON CITY, Aug. 4 - Farmers in Brgy. Biclat, San Miguel, Bulacan are taking advantage of the rainy season by saving rainwater for their rice farms’ use during dry months. Small farm reservoirs (SFR) help them do so.

SFR, according to Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM), is a water impounding structure with a maximum height of embankment of 4 meter and average pond area of 1,500 square meters. Farmers with areas no more than 2 ha of rainfed farms find the tool convenient to use.

“Almost every farm here has SFR since we have limited water resources and irrigation can’t reach us,” said Rodelio B. Viola, chairman of Biclat Farmers Field School Marketing Cooperative.

Farmers use SFRs as fishponds to give them extra income during the first cropping season. They use the water from SFR for rice production in the second cropping season, particularly before or during summer.

For farmers who want to start their own SFR, they would have to spend more than P10,000.

“We rent digging equipment such as bulldozer or backhoe. In our area, the rent costs P2,000/hour,” said Florentino B. Salvador, a farmer and owner of three SFRs.

“Diggings are made every five years to maintain the depth of the structure as it becomes shallow with soil erosion. If the farmer has resources, he can dig it every year,” he added.

Experts at the Rice Engineering and Mechanization Division of the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) said that SFR is just one of the water harvesting techniques farmers can use during the rainy season.

Other technologies include small water impounding project (SWIP), diversion dam, dug-out pond, open ditch, and rain interceptor ponds and ditches.

According to Engr. Kristine S. Pascual, water harvesting techniques such as SFR, are important as there is a negative effect when rice is submerged in the water for a long time.

“Aeration will be an issue, resulting in poor tillering of the rice plant,” she said. Pascual also gave tips on managing water in the rice field during the rainy season.

“Dikes and irrigation canals must be fixed to make sure that the water flows to the drainage or any impounding structure,” she explained.

She added that farmers can avoid the onslaught of typhoons and floods by following a cropping calendar to guide them on the proper timing of planting rice.

PhilRice breeders also suggest that farmers can plant flood-tolerant varieties such as NSIC Rc194 (Submarino 1) which has an average yield of 3.5 t/ha and matures in 112 days.

For more information on water harvesting techniques, farmers may contact the PhilRice Text Center at 0920 911 1398. (PhilRice)

Pakistan: Pakistan taking the lead in respectful handling of the dead

3 August 2016 - 9:47pm
Source: International Committee of the Red Cross Country: Afghanistan, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Lebanon, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, World

Islamabad (ICRC) – Handling dead bodies with respect and dignity in emergencies is the theme of a five-day course currently being run by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Islamabad, Pakistan. The course has attracted emergency responders from Afghanistan, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Lebanon, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam who will benefit from national expertise.

The course covers the core principles of dead body management. It focuses on the new techniques and technologies of identifying and handling the dead with respect and dignity, and minimizing the trauma of bereaved families. The course also reflects on the challenges that commonly hamper communications and coordination in the aftermath of complex emergencies.

The event was inaugurated by the Member Operations National Disaster Management Authority, Brig. Ishtiaq Ahmed and head of ICRC delegation in Pakistan, Reto Stocker.

Brig. Ishtiaq Ahmed highlighted the steps taken by the government of Pakistan to improve in this area: "After a disaster, large or small, all victims should be recovered and identified for a number of reasons, ranging from the needs of the family to paying compensation or sorting out legal formalities."

Reto Stocker acknowledged how much Pakistan had improved its handling of the dead in recent emergencies. "We face frequent disasters in Pakistan and in the region. We need to prepare for disasters, and that includes how to handle the bodies of victims with respect," said Reto Stocker. He also reiterated the ICRC's support for establishing a centre of excellence for dead body management in Pakistan and the organization's willingness to provide technical expertise to help government institutions and private organizations improve even further.

Since 2010, the ICRC has organized 12 courses in Pakistan, training more than 340 emergency responders and forensic specialists.

For more information, please contact:
Najum Abbasi, ICRC Islamabad, tel. +92 300 852 91 08

Philippines: Amid a bloody drug war, hopes for peace in the Philippines

3 August 2016 - 9:46pm
Source: IRIN Country: Philippines

By Simone Orendain

In just over a month in power, the tough-talking new president of the Philippines has started one war and made moves to end two others.

Rodrigo Duterte rode to victory on campaign promises to crack down on drug crime nationwide and resolve conflicts in the southern island of Mindanao, where more than 150,000 people have died in decades of fighting as government forces tackled separate insurgencies by communists and Islamist rebels.

Read the full article on IRIN

China: China, Philippines - Tropical Cyclone NIDA - ECHO Daily Map | 02/08/2016

2 August 2016 - 10:36pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: China, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), Philippines

Situation

• TC NIDA first made landfall over northeastern Cagayan province (Philippines) on 31 July as a Typhoon. It later made a second landfall over Dapeng Peninsula (Shenzhen city, Guangdong province, China) on 1 August at 19:35 UTC as a Typhoon. On 2 August at 0.00 UTC its centre was located over Guangdong province approx. 45 km south-east of Foshan city and it had max. sustained wind speed of 120 km/h (Typhoon).

• Over the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west over land, weakening and dissipating over the province of Guangxi. Heavy rain and strong winds may affect the provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, southern Hunan, south-eastern Fujian and Guizhou.

• Heavy rain and strong winds affected Hong Kong (China) and northern Philippines, causing damage. Local authorities in Hong Kong (China), as of 2 August, reported three people injured, 218 evacuated, several flights cancelled and schools closed throughout the city. The Philippine national authorities also reported, as of 1 August, over 1 000 people evacuated and over 8 300 affected in the regions of Ilocos Norte and Cagayan Valley.

Philippines: IPPF-SPRINT provides humanitarian assistance in conflict affected areas of North Cotabato, Philippines

2 August 2016 - 1:36am
Source: International Planned Parenthood Federation Country: Philippines

Aug 2, 2016: New Delhi: Manila: The International Planned Parenthood Federation through its humanitarian wing, the SPRINT Initiative, is providing humanitarian assistance in the conflict-affected areas of Cotabato in the Philippines.

The armed conflict between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the secessionist Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) has lasted for more than five decades and has displaced around a million people in central Mindanao, Philippines. According to reports dated April 2016, the armed conflict has escalated, creating concerns over a protracted crisis and the vulnerability of women and girls.

The conflict has internally displaced farmers who are living in the hinterland communities of the province of North Cotabato, namely in the municipalities of Makilala, Magpet, Kabacan and Tulunan. The SPRINT Initiative project will reach out to 25 affected villages or barangays located in geographically isolated and depressed areas, thereby making access to healthcare an extremely rare thing. As per the assessments done by IPPF’s East and South East Asia and Oceania Region office’s (ESEAOR) Member Association, the Family Planning Association of Philippines (FPOP), access to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services in these villages is very limited.

“IPPF-SPRINT and FPOP will coordinate the implementation of this project with (the) UNFPA centre in Mindanao throughout the 4-month period from August to November, 2016. The Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) will be implemented on-the-ground. IPPF-SPRINT will reach out to around 15,000 beneficiaries in the area and will provide crucial and life-saving SRH services. An amount of AUD 50,000 has been mobilised for the response,” said Aditi Ghosh, Director, IPPF-SPRINT.

This humanitarian response is being funded by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) under the Australian government.

“FPOP is a part of the UN cluster system, particularly Health and Protection clusters in the national level. FPOP will also coordinate the humanitarian response with UN regional centres covering affected areas. The North Cotabato Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (DRRMC) will also play a key role in implementing the MISP,” said Nora Murat, Regional Director, IPPF-ESEAOR.

IPPF-SPRINT will work on prevention and management of the consequences of sexual violence, reduction of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV transmission, prevention of excess maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, plan for the provision of comprehensive SRH services and integrate into primary health care as the situation permits.

Apart from the above, orientation on MISP and Risk Management for implementing partners and project staff/volunteers will be undertaken.

Contact info: Murali Kunduru: MMKunduru@ippfsar.org

Jayamalar Samuel: JSamuel@ippfeseaor.org

Media Contact: Rhea Chawla: RChawla@ippfsar.org

www.ippf-sprint.org

The SPRINT Initiative is a Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Programme in Crisis and Post-Crisis Situations. SPRINT ensures access to essential lifesaving SRH services for women, men and children in times of crises, a time when services are most needed yet are not prioritised or recognised by key humanitarian responders.

The SPRINT Initiative saves lives and delivers on behalf of the Australian Government aid program (DFAT: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade), which aims to provide more effective preparedness for and response to disasters and crises.

The Initiative is managed by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) and represents its commitment to increasing access to SRH services for crisis-affected populations. The International Planned Parenthood Federation is a global service provider and a leading advocate of sexual and reproductive health and rights for all. It is a worldwide movement of national organisations working with and for communities and individuals.

Bangladesh: Asia – Severe weather events – ECHO Daily Map | 01/08/2016

1 August 2016 - 8:36pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Bangladesh, China, India, Nepal, Philippines

NEPAL

• Heavy rain has been affecting over the past week several parts of the country causing floods.

• According to OCHA reports, as of 31 July, 120 people have died, 18 have gone missing, 51 have been injured, over 6 280 families have been evacuated and over 2 100 homes have been partially or fully damaged.

OCHA, NRC

INDIA

• Heavy has been affecting several parts of the country over the past month causing floods and landslides.

• As of 31 July, reports mention more than 134 people dead, over 700 000 evacuated and over 23 000 homes partially or fully damaged.

ECHO, ASDMA, IMD, Media, IAG

BANGLADESH

• Severe flooding continues to inundate new areas in the country’s central and southern districts. The situation in the north remains unchanged.

• Over 1.9 million people have so far been affected, over 180 000 houses have been fully/partially damaged and 16 people have been so far killed by flood water. At least 61 000 hectares of crop fields are inundated.

ECHO, FFWC, Media, NDRCC

CHINA, PHILIPPINES – TROPICAL CYCLONE NIDA

• TC NIDA made landfall over north-eastern Cagayan province (Philippines) on 31 July morning (UTC) as a Typhoon. It then continued moving north-west, exiting the Philippine Area of Responsibility. On 1 August at 6.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 340 km south-east of Hong Kong (China) and it had. max. sustained wind speed of 130 km/h (Typhoon).

• Over the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west over the South China Sea, strengthening. It may reach Hong Kong on 1 August evening (UTC), as a Typhoon. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge may affect the south-eastern parts of China, which were previously affected by floods. JRC calculations estimate a storm surge of the order of 2.3 m in Aotou (Guangdong province, China) on 1 August at 20.00 UTC.

• Heavy rain and strong winds previously affected several regions of northern Philippines causing thousands to evacuate, as well as traffic and transport disruptions.

GDACS, JTWC, CMA, PAGASA, NDRRMC, WMO, Local Media

Ecuador: Volcano Disaster Assistance Program: Celebrating 30 Years of Saving Lives

1 August 2016 - 4:54pm
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Colombia, Ecuador, Indonesia, Philippines

Viet Nam: Việt Nam gears up for storm Nida

1 August 2016 - 9:20am
Source: Viet Nam News Country: Philippines, Viet Nam

Viet Nam News HÀ NỘI — Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc requested ministries, agencies and localities to prepare for tropical storm Nida, given the likelihood of it hitting northern Việt Nam.

Storm Nida, which entered the East Sea on Sunday night, is forecast to cause torrential rain from tonight, according to the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting.

To prepare for the storm, PM Phúc asked for a close watch on the storm’s development from the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting. The forecasts must be provided timely and publicly to relevant agencies and media sources.

The Ministry of Information and Communications, Việt Nam Television, the Voice of Việt Nam, and all media agencies were asked to increase the frequency of broadcasting information about forecasts, warnings and instructions.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development was asked to maintain regular contact with ships at sea, provide them information on the storm, and instruct them to not to enter dangerous areas.

The ministry will direct localities to take measures to ensure the safety of dykes, dams and other irrigation systems.

The PM requested the National Committee on Search and Rescue and the Ministry of Defence to be ready to help localities in search and rescue missions if needed.

Also yesterday, the National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control held an urgent meeting to discuss Nida.

Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development and deputy head of the committee, Hoàng Văn Thắng, requested all coastal localities to guide boats out of dangerous areas. Mountain areas were urged to prepare for landslides and flash floods.

He asked the forecast agency to provide timely information to the committee and local authorities.

Thắng suggested the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Electricity of Việt Nam to ensure electric power.

At 6am yesterday, the High Command of Border Guard announced guidelines for the anchoring of 53,000 ships and boats and provided information about the storm to 234,000 people.

Nida, the second storm to hit the East Sea this year, is forecast to be moving towards Hong Kong’s shore with wind speeds up to 120km per hour, and make landfall in the southern part of China.

The first storm of this year, Mirinae, killed three people in Hà Nội, Hà Giang and Hà Nam, and injured 21 others in Hà Nội, Thái Nguyên, Hòa Bình, Nam Định, and Thái Bình. It blew off the roofs of more than 24,700 houses, and uprooted over 44,000 trees in northern provinces, reported the National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control on Saturday. — VNS

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 05 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Severe Tropical Storm "Carina" (I.N. Nida)

1 August 2016 - 8:10am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

01 August 2016, 5:00 PM

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Borongan City, Eastern Samar has developed into a Tropical Depression and was named "CARINA" on 29 July 2016 morning.

At 2:00 PM of 30 July 2016, "CARINA" intensified into a Tropical Storm (TS) and intensified further into a Severe Tropical Storm (STS) at 11:00 AM, 31 July 2016 as it traverse the Northern Cagayan Area.

STS "CARINA" made a landfall over the Cabutunan Point, Cagayan at 1:20 PM, 31 July 2016 and continues to traverse the Northern Cagayan area.

At 2:00 AM, 01 August 2016, STS "CARINA" traverses the Balintang Channel and slightly intensified at 5:00 AM as it exit the coast of (locos Norte

At 10:00 AM, 01 August 2016. Tropical Storm "CARINA" is already outside the Philippine Area of the Responsibility (PAR) and no longer has any direct effect to any part of the country.

Philippines: Philippines Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 7 | 1 to 31 July 2016

1 August 2016 - 6:52am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The Philippines is actively working towards fulfillment of WHS core commitments.

  • Farmers are just beginning to recover from the effects of El Niño as La Niña begins.

  • Typhoon Koppu in October 2015 displaced over one million people. The Central Emergency Response Fund was a key tool for the international humanitarian community to support the Government.

  • July is National Disaster Consciousness Month to raise awareness of the country’s disaster awareness programmes.

FIGURES

Basilan Displacement

# of IDPs in municipalities of AlBarka, Tipo-Tipo and Ungkaya Pukan 15,220

Source: Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office-Basilan (as of 29 July 2016)

Butig, Lanao del Sur Displacement

# of IDPs hosted by friends and relatives 10,990

Source: ARMM-HEART (as of 28 July 2016)

Zamboanga Crisis

  • IDPs in transitional sites 13,989

  • “Home-based” IDPs hosted by friends and relatives or renting temporary homes 7,700*

  • IDPs who transferred to permanent housing 7,640

Source: Zamboanga City Social Welfare and Development Office (CSWD) (as of 25 July 2016

Protection Cluster (as of 4 December 2015)

Zamboanga CSWD )as of 1 August 2016)

World Humanitarian Summit: Update on Philippine core commitments

The upcoming World Humanitarian Day on 19 August is an opportunity to take the discussion of core commitments made during the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul, and turn them into concrete action. At the Summit. the Philippines pledged to sustain political engagement to address the root causes of conflict by investing in inclusive and peaceful societies. The Philippine delegation also committed to uphold international laws and norms on human rights, armed conflicts and refugees and to work for the passage of the Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) Bill. In terms of disaster risk reduction, they stated that the country would accelerate the reduction of disaster and climate-related risks by: open sharing of risk information and common and fundamental operational data sets among Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) actors across the emergency cycle; capacitating local actors, governments and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and continuing to engage the private sector in disaster risk reduction initiatives. Lastly, the delegation pledged to enhance financing and social support to vulnerable communities by implementing disaster risk financing and increasing investment for risk resilience.

Mindanao peace process

The current administration’s efforts toward continuing the peace process in Mindanao is a positive step towards finding political solutions to end conflict. President Rodrigo Duterte reiterated during his 25 July State of the Nation Address (SONA) his desire to end the decades-long struggle in the southern Philippines, and to strengthen the government’s counterterrorism programmes. Nonstate armed groups Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) recently signed a joint agreement aimed at coordinating their separate peace plans with the government.

China: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (25 July - 1 August 2016)

1 August 2016 - 5:39am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines

China

Since the end of June, floods - triggered by heavy rains, Typhoon Nepartak and other severe weather – have affected 243 million people across 20 provinces. As of 28 July, 417 flood-related deaths had been recorded, with 162 people still missing. The China National Commission for Disaster Management and the Ministry of Civil Affairs have launched 16 Level IV national responses and deployed 17 teams across the affected areas. No international support has been requested. On 1 August, Tropical Storm Nida developed into a Category 1 typhoon. Forecast models indicate that the storm is likely to hit Hong Kong or the southern coast of Guangdong province. The HKO has issued a strong winds advisory and warned that the storm may trigger storm surges or flooding in low-lying areas.

India

Torrential monsoon rains over the past week have caused severe flooding in the states of Assam,
Bihar and West Bengal. As of 29 July, over 3 million people have been affected across the three states. Assam, with 1.7 million people affected, is the worst hit, with 310 relief camps hosting 147,000 people. While flood waters are beginning to recede, some areas of Sapaul District in Bihar remain at risk of secondary flooding due to rain water coming downstream from Nepal. Local authorities supported by the National Disaster Response Force continue to lead the response operation. No international request for assistance has been made.

Philippines

On 31 July, Tropical Storm Nida made landfall in northern Cagayan province. As of 1 August, nearly 4 million people were affected and 8,300 people displaced, with 460 people sheltering inside 11 evacuation centres. No casualties have been reported. The DSWD provided relief assistance to the displaced families.

Nepal

Since the beginning of the monsoon season around mid-June, nearly 8,600 families across 49 districts have been affected by floods or landslides. As of 28 July, floods and landslides have killed 88 people, displaced about 5,300 families and destroyed 530 houses. As the weather improves, people have started returning to their homes. Local authorities supported by the Nepal Red Cross and local organizations are responding to the immediate needs of affected communities.

Bangladesh

As of 31 July, about 1.5 million people across 18 districts have been affected by floods. Authorities confirmed 14 deaths and nearly 7,400 people are in 69 cyclone shelters. The Government allocated food and cash grants as immediate support.

Mynmar

As of 29 July, 15,000 people were displaced due to monsoon flooding in Sagaing, Mandalay, Magway,
Kachin and Chin. The Relief and Resettlement Department is providing assistance to affected communities but is facing logistical challenges due to limited road access and flooded rivers in some areas.

Bhutan

Since 21 July, monsoon rains and flooding across Bhutan have affected 125 households across 18 districts. Four deaths (including one child) were confirmed by authorities. The floods damaged major road networks isolating villages and disrupting the flow of essential supplies. On 30 July, traffic along the Thimphu-Phuentsholing Highway (the country’s main supply route) was restored.

Philippines: Philippines: La Niña Watch Infographic (as of 29 July 2016)

1 August 2016 - 4:56am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

The Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) reported that El Niño ended in June. Tropical Pacific surface temperatures have returned to neutral condition. Meanwhile a weak La Niña is favoured to develop (55-60% chance) towards the end of 2016 (Sep-Oct-Nov). The monthly forecast for August indicates that most of the country will have near normal rainfall while September to December will have above normal rainfall. Prolonged wet conditions may cause flooding and rain-induced landslides.

Potential Impacts of La Niña

  • Loss of agricultural and fishing livelihoods due to flooding

  • Displacement from homes due to flooding and landslides

  • Prevalence of water-borne disease

  • Isolation of communities due to damaged infrastructure

World: WMO update: Weak La Niña may develop

1 August 2016 - 12:57am
Source: World Meteorological Organization Country: Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uruguay, World

A La Niña event may develop in the third quarter of this year, but it is likely to be weak. It is not expected to match up to the moderate to strong La Niña of 2010-2011 and will not compare to the intensity of the El Niño event which just ended and which was one of the strongest on record, according to a new Update from the World Meteorological Organization.

El Niño and La Niña are opposite phases of atmosphere-ocean interplay over the tropical Pacific, collectively referred to as the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). They have opposite effects on weather and climate in different parts of the world. Areas which receive below average rainfall during an El Niño tend to receive above average rainfall during a La Niña and vice versa.

The strong 2015-16 El Niño ended in May 2016. Since then, ENSO indicators have remained at neutral levels. There is a 50-65% probability that La Niña will develop in the third quarter of 2016, lasting through the remainder of 2016. Historically, La Niña has followed several – but not all – El Niño events.

There is virtually no chance of El Niño re-development in 2016, according to the WMO ENSO Update, which is based on expert opinion and models from all around the world.

The 2015-2016 El Niño was one of the strongest on record and, with its warming effect, contributed a prolonged spell of record global temperatures.

The first six months of 2016 were the hottest such period on record, shattering the 2015 records by considerable margins.

It is important to note that El Niño and La Niña are not the only factors that drive global climate patterns. For example, the sea surface temperatures of the Indian Ocean, the southeastern Pacific Ocean and the Tropical Atlantic Ocean are also known to influence the climate in the adjacent land areas.

Regionally and locally applicable information is available via regional and national seasonal climate outlooks, such as those produced by WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs), Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs) and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs).

Notes for Editors

La Niña refers to the large-scale cooling of the ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific, coupled with changes in the tropical atmospheric circulation.

The outcomes of La Niña are generally opposite to those of El Niño, but depend on the intensity of the event, the time of year it develops and the interaction with other climate patterns.

In terms of the uncertainties associated with the present outlook, 50-65% probability for a La Niña indicates an enhanced risk, as it is close to double the climatological probability (25-35%) for a La Niña event to occur.

La Niña is often associated with wet conditions in eastern Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and South Asia.

It usually leads to increased rainfall in North Eastern Brazil, Colombia and other northern parts of South America, and drier than normal conditions in Uruguay, parts of Argentina, coastal Ecuador and northwestern Peru.

La Niña episodes feature a wave-like jet stream flow over the USA and Canada in the northern winter, with colder and stormier than average conditions across the North and warmer and less stormy conditions across the South.

La Niña events are generally associated with increased rainfall in southern Africa, and rainfall deficiency in equatorial eastern Africa – for instance eastern Kenya and Somalia.

La Niña tends to suppress tropical cyclone activity in the central and eastern Pacific basins, and enhances it across the Atlantic basin.

Viet Nam: Tropical storm Nida appears near E Sea

1 August 2016 - 12:46am
Source: Viet Nam News Country: Philippines, Viet Nam

HÀ NỘI — Tropical storm Nida, which featured wind speeds up to 135km per hour yesterday morning, is very close to the East Sea.

Nida is predicted to have stronger winds than the first tropical storm of the season, Mirinae, which made landfall in the northern provinces, including Nam Ðịnh and Thái Bình, last Wednesday. The new storm was forecast to cause rough seas in the north-eastern East Sea since yesterday morning, with wind gusts up to 183km per hour, the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting warned.

Nida comes only two days after Mirinae hit Việt Nam. Mirinae killed 3 people in Hà Nội, Hà Giang and Hà Nam, injured 21 others in Hà Nội, Thái Nguyên, Hòa Bình, Nam Ðịnh and Thái Bình, blew roofs off more than 24,700 houses, and uprooted over 44,000 trees in the northern provinces, according to statistics announced Saturday morning by the National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control.

To prepare for the upcoming storm, Nida, the committee’s deputy chief Hoàng Văn Thắng sent an urgent message yesterday morning to coastal provinces from Quảng Ninh to Bình Ðịnh, ordering them to mobilise all forces to cope with the storm.

Thắng asked the localities’ administrations to work with relevant agencies to inform sea vessels about storm developments, to help them find safe anchorage.

He assigned the Border Guard Command to instruct vessels not to move into dangerous areas, depending on the direction of the storm.

Northern mountainous provinces and cities were told to make plans to prevent floods and flash floods which might be triggered by the storm.

The latest update from the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorology Forecasting said that at 2pm yesterday, the storm was located in the northern part of the Philippines’ Luzon Island, with wind speeds of up to 100km per hour. The storm is moving west at 20km per hour and is expected to gain strength. — VNS

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 04 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Severe Tropical Storm "Carina" (I.N. Nida)

31 July 2016 - 11:52pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Borongan City, Eastern Samar has developed into a Tropical Depression and was named "CARINA" on 29 July 2016 morning.

At 2:00 PM of 30 July 2016, "CARINA" intensified into a Tropical Storm (TS) and intensified further into a Severe Tropical Storm (STS) at 11:00 AM, 31 July 2016 as it traverse the Northern Cagayan Area.

STS "CARINA" made a landfall over the Cabutunan Point, Cagayan at 1:20 PM, 31 July 2016 and continues to traverse the Northern Cagayan area.

At 2:00 AM, 01 August 2016, STS "CARINA" traverses the Balintang Channel and slightly intensified at 5:00 AM as it exit the coast of (locos Norte.

"CARINA" is estimated at 145 km North-Northeast of Laoag City, Ilocos Norte at 4:00 AM with maximum sustained winds of up to 105 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 135 kph. It is forecasted to move Northwest at 20 kph. The estimated rainfall amount is from moderate to heavy within the 500 km diameter of the STS.

Tropical Storm Warning Signal (TCWS) No. 2 is hoisted over the Provinces of !locos Norte, Apayao, Abra, and Northern part of Cagayan including Babuyan Group of Islands. Meanwhile, TCWS No. 1 is raised over the Batanes Group of Islands, Ilocos Sur, rest of Cagayan, Isabela, Kalinga, Mt. Province, Benguet, Ifugao, La Union, and Pangasinan.

"CARINA" is expected to exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) by Monday morning, 01 August 2016.

China: Tropical Storm Nida - Estimated Impacts Warning 11, 01 August 2016 0300 UTC

31 July 2016 - 11:28pm
Source: Pacific Disaster Center Country: China, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), Philippines

TYPHOON 06W (NIDA), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 294 NM EAST-SOUTHEAST OF HONG KONG, HAS TRACKED WESTNORTHWESTWARD AT 14 KNOTS OVER THE PAST SIX HOURS. MAXIMUM SIGNIFICANT WAVE HEIGHT AT 010000Z IS 23 FEET. NEXT WARNINGS AT 010900Z, 011500Z, 012100Z AND 020300Z.

Philippines: Tzu Chi's continuously medical care for the earthquake survivors in Bohol Island, Philippines

31 July 2016 - 1:06am
Source: Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation Country: Philippines

A magnitude 7.2-earthquake hit the island of Bohol in October 15, 2013. The quake is considered the deadliest earthquake in the Philippines in the last 23 years. After providing emergency relief aid and semi-permanent housing for the earthquake survivors, Taiwan Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation continuously operates free medical care for them.

On Bohol Island of Philippines, the survivors have no access to convenient and affordable eye care, if someone suffers from eyesight problems, they will be unable to work. The Tzu Chi Philippines chapter recently held an eye free clinic to help some of the residents regain their sight, and recover their livelihoods.

After losing sight in both eyes, Virgilio has been forced to leave his work in agriculture. Along with his eyesight, his world has also turned dark. Virgilio's sister Melodia Sawayan said that: “After my brother lost his eyesight, it had a huge impact on our family because he was the only economics support that we had.”

Several years ago when Melodia’s father died of Dengue Fever, Melodia has also been shown physically weak after her giving birth. Therefore she was unable to work. Eventually the responsibility of taking care of both his mother and sister is upon Virgilio’s shoulders. Virgilio Cahigao said that: “I hope I can receive the treatment, and regain my vision. I'm extremely hopeful that I will be able to see again. That's the only way I'll be able to go back to work.”

Tzu Chi foundation conducted an eye free clinic to offer treatment to the poor survivors. At beginning they are nervous but hopeful as they prepare for the procedure. After the surgery completed, they are both able to walk home on their own. Anabelle said that “Being able to see again is wonderful. It means so much to me. Now I'll be able to take care for my parents.” Anabelle has once again regained her confidence, smiling as she leaves the hospital. Now that these residents can move on with their lives, they are full of gratitude to Tzu Chi for helping them from suffering of eyesight related problems, especially after the earthquake.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 03 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Severe Tropical Storm Carina (I.N. Nida)

30 July 2016 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Borongan City, Eastern Samar has developed into a Tropical Depression and was named "CARINA" on 29 July 2016 morning.

At 2:00 PM of 30 July 2016, "CARINA" intensified into a Tropical Storm (TS) and intensified further into a Severe Tropical Storm (STS) at 11:00 AM, 31 July 2016 as it traverse the Northern Cagayan Area.

STS "CARINA" made a landfall over the Cabutunan Point, Cagayan at 1:20 PM, 31 July 2016 and continues to traverse the Northern Cagayan area.

At 7:00 PM, 31 July 2016, STS "CARINA" was estimated at 20 km Northeast of Aparri, Cagayan with maximum sustained winds of up to 95 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 120 kph. It is forecasted to move Northwest at 20 kph. The estimated rainfall amount is from moderate to heavy within the 500 km diameter of the STS.

Tropical Storm Warning Signal (TCWS) No. 2 is hoisted over the Provinces of llocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Cagayan including Babuyan Group of Islands, Apayao, Kalinga, and Abra. Meanwhile, TCWS No. 1 is raised over the Batanes Group of Islands, La Union, Pangasinan, Benguet, Ifugao, Mt. Province, Nueva Vizcaya, and Isabela.

"CARINA" is expected to exit the North-western part of Cagayan in the evening of 31 July 2016 and exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) by Monday afternoon, 01 August 2016.

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: SitRep No. 02 Preparedness Measures for Tropical Depression "CARINA"

30 July 2016 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

The Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Borongan City, Eastern Samar has developed into a Tropical Depression and was named "CARINA on 29 July 2016 morning.

At 2:00 PM, 30 July 2016, "CARINA" intensified into a Tropical Storm (TS).

At 4:00 AM, 31 July 2016, TS "CARINA" slightly intensified and poses a threat to Isabela-Cagayan area. TS "CARINA" was estimated at 205 km East of Casiguran, Aurora with maximum sustained winds of up to 85 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 100 kph. It is forcested to move Northwest at 20 kph. The estimated rainfanfalla cmount is from moderate to heavy within the 400 km disaster of the Tropical Storm.

Tropical Storm Warning Signal (TCWS) No. 2 is hoisted over the Provinces of Isabela, Illocos Norte, Apayao, Kalinga, Abra, and Cagayan including Babuyan Group of Islands. Meanwhile, TCWS No. 1 is raised over the Provinces of Ifugao, Benguet, Illocos Sur, L Union, Mt. Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino and Aurora.

Areas under TCWS No. 1 and 2 are alerted against moderate to heavy rains which may trigger flash floods and landslides. Fisherfolks are alerted against rought to very rough seas over the northern and eastern seaboards of Luzon.

Based on 30 July 206 PAGASA assessment, TS "CARINA" is expected to make landfall over Cagayan by Sunday afternoon and may intensify further. It will enhance the Southwest Monsoon starting today and may bring moderate to heavy rains over MIMAROPA.