Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Snapshot 30 July–5 August
OPt: As a 72-hour truce begins, 1,179 civilians have been reported killed since Operation Protective Edge started. A third of the population of the Gaza Strip – 485,000 people – have been displaced, an increase of 270,000 since last week. Most IDPs are staying in schools, which are severely overcrowded. The health system is overwhelmed.
Syria: Attacks on Douma and Kfar Bata, east of Damascus, have killed more than 50 people, while opposition forces have advanced in Hama. Deliveries of humanitarian aid to hard-to-reach areas dropped in July; only 49 of 287 such locations were reached.
Sudan: Further heavy rains and flooding have affected 6,100 households, half in River Nile and North Kordofan states. More than 3,000 homes are reported destroyed, and South Sudanese refugee camps flooded. Khartoum state has declared a high alert.
Updated: 05/08/2014. Next update: 12/08/2014
Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 1 Effects of southwest monsoon (Habagat) enhanced by Typhoon "Jose" (Halong)
Typhoon "Jose" has maintained its strength and continues to move in a north northwest direction
A. Flooded Areas
A total of 8 barangays in 3 municipalities were flooded in the provinces of Bataan and Zambales.
By: Charmaine Suzette Leonore P. Tadlas
CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, August 4 (PIA) -- A reporting system has been created by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to improve its data collection and dissemination during disasters.
Being the lead in disaster response, particularly on relief, early recovery, and rehabilitation, the DSWD’s staff from Visayas and Mindanao underwent a re-orientation on the disaster reporting system, last July 29-31, 2014, here to familiarize themselves on the system and be prepared for any disasters that may hit the country in the future.
Various applications, which has been developed by its internal information and communications staff, are now being introduced to its workforce, particularly those compatible for the web, non-android and android phones.
DSWD Assistant Secretary Javier Jimenez said that the reporting system enables the Department to collect and process data from the fields and enables it to provide a more accurate and real-time information to its partners and to the public. “We are proactively creating this so that we can now be more efficient in our disaster response whenever calamity strikes our country,” he added.
With the past challenges the country has faced on disaster response in the last four years until present, DSWD is strengthening its services to internally displaced persons and affected communities by applying the new disaster reporting system.(CSLPT/RTP/PIA10)
From the Department of Agriculture
Barely two weeks after Typhoon Glenda devastated Bicol and several other areas in Luzon and Visayas, the Department of Agriculture (DA) launched on Friday (August 1) its rehabilitation blueprint for the agri-fishery sector in the region, starting with the distribution of initial assistance valued at nearly P6 million to affected farmers and fisherfolk in Sorsogon.
Secretary of Agriculture Proceso Alcala led the turnover of the first batch of livelihood and production support to beneficiaries and local officials, who thanked the agriculture chief and the DA family in Bicol for their swift and timely delivery of aid to the devastated farmers and fishers.
“Maraming salamat po sa inyong mabilis na tulong, Mr. Secretary,” said 1st District Rep. Evelina Escudero.
Other local officials present during the event were 2nd District Rep. Deogracias Ramos, Ako Bikol Party List Rep. Rodel Batocabe, Vice Governor and concurrent acting Governor Antonio Escudero, Sorsogon Provincial Administrator Roberto Lee. Sorsogon City Mayor Sally Lee and six other mayors of Districts 1 and 2 municipalities were likewise in attendance.
Dubbed as Bicol Rehabilitation Assistance for Glenda – Agriculture Sector, the rebuilding plan entails the provision of production support—composed of various machineries, fishing boats and gears, replacement seeds of rice and corn and other planting materials, and new stocks of animals—to agri-fishery stakeholders in Bicol’s six provinces so that they could replant or resume fishing at the soonest possible time.
For Sorsogon, the first batch of assistance included the following: five (5) units of handtractors; various garden tools; 10 units of motorized bancas; 1,000 bags of palay seeds; 200 bags of OPV and hybrid corn seeds; nearly 8,000 sachets of assorted vegetables; three (3) modules of goats and sheep; 8,000 pieces of pili nut seedlings; and eight heads of carabao with implements.
Two trucks full of vegetables from Benguet such as potatoes, carrots, sayote and cabbage were also delivered to barangay food terminals and other accredited outlets across the province as part of DA’s market infusion initiative to help maintain sufficient and affordable supply of basic food items locally.
In addition, Alcala instructed Dir. Abelardo Bragas of DA Regional Field Unit 5 to coordinate with the mayors of affected municipalities in Sorsogon for his commitment of additional bags of rice and corn seeds.
“Makakaasa po kayo na patuloy pong nandito ang ating Kagawaran—ang ating regional office ng DA at Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources—para po makipagtulungan sa inyo,” Alcala told an audience of around 200 farmers and fishers in a turnover ceremony at a DA-operated dairy farm in Barangay Cabid-an in Sorsogon City.
He said such quick response was made possible through the strong collaboration between local government units (LGUs) and DA officials in the region, which he said should be sustained.
“… Hindi po puwedeng LGUs lang, hind po puwedeng DA lang,” he said. “Kailangan pong tayo’y magsasama-sama upang labanan ang problema sa ating harapan. This time, walang kulay pulika, lahat ay kulay agrikultura.”
Philippine Rural Development Program
Alcala also urged local governments to take advantage of the upcoming Philippine Rural Development Program, in which Bicol is a pilot site, to help modernize its farming and fishing sector.
To be bankrolled largely (80%) from World Bank loan proceeds along with counterpart funds from LGUs (10%) and the Department (10%), the P27.5-billion PRDP will be implemented over six years as the agency’s platform for inclusive growth and value-chain development and help create a climate-resilient farming and fishery industries.
Aside from LGU leaders, regional agriculture and fishery officials also came in full force. They included Dir. Dennis Del Socorro of BFAR, Dir. Ernesto Tabing of the National Meat Inspection Service, Dir. Mary Anne Molina of Philippine Fiber Industry Development Authority and Regional Agri-Fishery Council chair Jose Cordero.
Sorsogon is one of the provinces in Bicol hardest hit by typhoon Glenda. Latest available data from DA RFU 5 shows total estimated losses in crops, livestock, fisheries and infrastructure in the province stood at P318.7 million. In rice alone, some 3,700 Sorsogueño palay farmers lost an estimated 8,935 metric tons of palay worth P50 million.
In sum, the agri-fishery sector in the entire region suffered damages valued at P3.9 billion, with Camarines Sur and Albay reporting the biggest losses, at P2.43 billion and P940.1 million, respectively. An estimated 80,435 farmers and fishers were affected by the typhoon across Bicol.
Alcala is also scheduled to visit other typhoon-battered areas in the region on Thursday and Friday to personally oversee the turnover of assistance and to meet with local officials on how to fast-track the rebuilding efforts.
Meanwhile, DA continues to ensure the recovery of agri-fishery stakeholders who lost their sources of livelihood and income to typhoon Yolanda that ravaged Central Philippines late last year. In fact, a day before flying to Bicol, Alcala was in Samar Island with Senate Committee on Food and Agriculture chairperson Cynthia Villar to distribute various livelihood and food production assistance worth P7.65 million to the affected food producers.
These included replacement seeds, farm equipment and machineries and several modules of goats and other livestock for affected farmers and fishers in Mercedes, Giporlos, Balangiga, Lawaan in Eastern Samar, and Marabut and Basey on the mainland).
Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Rammasun DREF operation n° MDRPH015 - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA)
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Rammasun (locally known as Glenda) made landfall over Lapu-Lapu in Albay province in the east of the Philippines in the late afternoon of Tuesday, 15 July. It crossed the Northern Capital Region (NCR) area on Wednesday morning of 16 July, pounding the Metro Manila area with strong winds and heavy rain, causing power outages and interrupting telecommunication lines in its path. Rammasun left the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 17 July 2014 through the sea west of the country.
As of 24 July 2014, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC),
Rammasun reports that four million people are affected in Ilocos Region, Central Luzon, Southern Luzon, Bicol Region, Western Visayas and Eastern Visayas. The typhoon has displaced half a million people with more than 27,000 people currently being housed in 108 evacuation centres, according to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD).
The strongest typhoon to hit Philippines this year to date, Rammasun is reported to have killed some 100 people injured 630 others, and left five people missing. It is also reported to have destroyed more than 100,000 houses and damaged almost 400,000 others. The force of Rammasun uprooted trees and toppled electric posts, resulting in the interruption of power supply throughout the affected regions. Power has since been restored in most of the areas, though some parts of Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Quezon Province are still suffering power outages. As of 24 July, damages to agriculture, infrastructure and school facilities total an estimated PHP 10.8 billion (CHF 225 million or USD 250 million.)
The CFSI Annual Report for 2013 gives a sketch of CFSI’s accomplishments and ongoing efforts in rebuilding lives in the Philippines, Myanmar, and Viet Nam. Throughout the succession of emergencies in 2013, CFSI carried out relief, early recovery, and reconstruction, as well as capacity strengthening with local partners and policy advocacy at the regional and global levels.
Increasing Israeli-Palestinian tensions culminated in Israel launching "Operation Protective Edge" in Gaza in early July (see our latest report and commentary). The assault, which started as an aerial campaign and was later extended to include ground operations, reportedly killed more than 1,400 Palestinians throughout the month while 64 Israelis were killed in clashes inside the Gaza Strip and by Hamas rocket fire. Several attempts at reaching a ceasefire agreement failed in July. Israel backed proposals demanding a cessation of hostilities as a prerequisite for negotiating a long-term truce, while Hamas insisted that ceasefire modalities not agreed to during the fighting would never be addressed. As CrisisWatch goes to press there are reports that a three-day humanitarian ceasefire announced 1 August has already collapsed.
Iraq’s army and political leadership has made no tangible progress in responding to June’s territorial gains by jihadi and other rebel groups across the country’s north-west. A poorly-planned 15 July assault to recapture Tikrit failed while the jihadis leading the takeover, the Islamic State (formerly ISIL), moved to consolidate control in captured areas, eliminate Sunni rivals and destroy religious sites. Politicians in Baghdad continued jockeying for positions following April’s parliamentary elections, with Prime Minister Maliki showing no sign of wavering in his demand to retain his post. Unprecedented tensions also arose between Maliki and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) over Kurdish territorial gains, boycotts of cabinet sessions and increasing calls for independence. (See our latest report and commentary.)
Syria’s northern armed opposition looks increasingly precarious. In the past month, opposition fighters were defeated by rival rebels from the jihadi group the Islamic State (formerly ISIL) in the eastern province Deir al-Zour while regime forces made progress in encircling rebels in Aleppo. Setbacks faced by the increasingly disorganised and poorly armed moderate opposition factions in Aleppo could provide an opportunity for IS to push further west (see our latest commentary). Meanwhile, IS and regime forces were increasingly drawn into direct confrontation as a consequence of their respective gains. IS reportedly seized a gas field east of Homs in mid-July and later took control of regime bases in Raqqa and Hassakeh provinces.
In Libya security units affiliated with Islamist-leaning Libya Revolutionaries’ Operation Room (LROR) clashed with Zintan militias over control of Tripoli airport, leaving scores dead. Many were also reported killed in ongoing violence between various government forces and militias in Benghazi during the second half of the month. The UN and most embassies evacuated their staff throughout the month citing security concerns. A newly-elected parliament faces challenges convening due to the ongoing violence: even if it does convene, its ability to find consensus on a way to tackle the country's escalating insecurity is uncertain.
South Sudan’s conflict escalated further as fighting broke out in new areas of Greater Bahr el Ghazal and both the government and SPLM in Opposition (SPLM-IO) launched offensives that displaced thousands, including a government attack on a World Food Programme distribution site. Tensions grew in the three Equatorian states, taking the form of demands for a federal government structure and frustrations over the perceived Dinka monopoly on state power. The EU imposed its first sanctions and renewed its arms embargo amid calls for the UN Security Council to follow suit. (See our recent Conflict Alert and commentary on civil society.)
Al-Shabaab stepped up its attacks across Somalia during the holy month of Ramadan, killing dozens of government and security officials. The Somali Federal Government fired its police and intelligence chiefs after an attack on the presidential palace in early July. Tribal violence and tensions over the creation of a new federal state continued in south central.
In Afghanistan, Abdullah Abdullah, one of the two candidates in the presidential run-off elections, rejected preliminary results of the second round of voting showing his opponent, former Finance Minister Ashraf Ghani, to be in the lead (see our latest commentary). With tensions rising and Abdullah’s supporters urging him to declare a parallel government, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry intervened in mid-July and brokered an agreement between the candidates requiring an audit of all ballot boxes. The audit began on 17 July but was quickly complicated by delays and procedural disagreements between the two camps, ultimately leading to its postponement until early August. Meanwhile, violence across the country continued to increase, with numerous attacks reported including in the capital Kabul.
Army operations against tribal militants in Pakistan’s North Waziristan region caused mass displacement and left residents without adequate humanitarian assistance. The FATA Disaster Management Authority registered nearly one million IDPs fleeing operations by 22 July. The military restricted the work of foreign aid organisations and local NGOs, leaving people to rely on the charity fronts of jihadi organisations.
World: The Market Monitor - Trends and impacts of staple food prices in vulnerable countries, Issue 24 - July 2014
• During the first quarter of 2014, the global cereal price index decreased by 12% year-on-year, and slightly increased by 2% compared to the previous quarter.
• Real prices of maize were relatively stable and only 2% higher than the previous quarter of 2014.
Compared to the same period of the previous year, maize prices are low (-28%).
• Real prices of wheat increased significantly by 9% from Q1 to Q2-2014. More recently, for June, prices are down due to an increase in global supply and production.
• For rice, real prices are down by 7% since Q1-2014 and firmly below Q2-2013 (-27%) following record projections of global rice production early in the quarter.
• During the second quarter, the cost of the minimum food basket increased severely (>10%) in El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua particularly due to price increases for red beans. High changes (5-10%) occurred in 8 monitored countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Palestine, Sudan, Tanzania, the Philippines, and Yemen. In the remaining 56 of 67 monitored countries, the impact of the commodity price changes was low or moderate (<5%).
• Price spikes, as monitored by ALPS (ALert for Price Spikes) are evident in India, Mali, Pakistan,
Palestine, Sudan, and Zambia as highlighted on the map below. The spikes indicate crisis levels for the most important staple sold in the monitored market.
Typhoon Rammasun, known locally as Typhoon Glenda, swept through the north of the Philippines on 16 July with winds of 180km and torrential rains. As the typhoon passed through the region it flattened thousands of homes, built largely of fragile materials like bamboo and thatch, as well as felling many of the region’s coconut trees. Coconut trees are the primary source of income for many of the region’s inhabitants who harvest them for copra, the raw material used to make coconut oil.
Whilst highland regions suffered at the mercy of their exposure to the Typhoon’s strong winds, the additional barrage of a storm surge also struck coastal regions. However as a result of years of exposure to such storms and increasingly advanced storm warning measures, the death toll in the region was thankfully zero. The effect on the community was severe though with building damage and lost livelihoods resulting in many families not only losing their homes, but not having the means to rebuild.
As reported at the time, a ShelterBox Response Team was deployed immediately to assess the damage in the region with the decision to send further aid and teams resulting in Chris Alderson (UK) and Owen Smith (NZ) arriving in Legazpi last week.
The team was impressed by the community spirit that greeted them upon arrival, as Chris Alderson explains.
‘The exposure to previous storms has imbued great resilience in the people of Legazpi, who had already begun some reconstruction of homes and clearing of fallen trees when we arrived. Sadly though it quickly became clear that not all families were going to be in a position to rebuild their homes.’
‘In the township of Mabinit in the Legazpi municipality we met one family who had taken refuge in a bus shelter. Their own house had been completely demolished by the typhoon to the extent that where once stood a family household now only a few timbers and scattered household items remained.’
When Owen and Chris first met the Alaurin family all eight members, including six children ranging from two months old to 11 years of age, were sheltering in the bus shelter that measured no more than two metres by three metres. As a result of the storm both parents are currently unemployed and before the ShelterBox team arrived stood little chance of receiving support to provide shelter for their family.
Working with the local authorities, Rotarians and local community volunteers, Chris and Owen were able to erect a ShelterBox tent at the site of the Alaurin’s former family home.
‘The Alaurin family now have a warm, dry and secure place to live whilst they begin the longer term task of rebuilding their home and in turn their lives. They are one of the tens of families who ShelterBox has been able to help within these first few days of aid distribution, and that is thanks to the generous support of our donors worldwide.’
ShelterBox continues to deliver aid to assist families made homeless by Typhoon Rammsun. You can view a collection of photographs from this deployment on Flickr here.
Source: Reuters - Fri, 1 Aug 2014 11:17 GMT
MANILA, Aug 1 (Reuters) - The Philippines will spend 170 billion pesos ($3.89 billion) to rehouse some 200,000 families displaced by last year's super typhoon Haiyan that killed 6,100 people, the government said in a masterplan released on Friday.
Read the full article
Nearly a year since the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched an emergency appeal to support Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in assisting people affected by typhoons and floods during the third quarter of 2013, the operation came to a close on April 2014, having assisted 16,400 families (82,000 people). The consecutive disasters, brought about by severe weather disturbances exacerbated by southwest monsoons, left at least 73 people dead, damaged or destroyed 126,000 homes and affected more than 5 million people. In general, the activities outlined in the emergency appeal have been achieved.
In summary, the following assistance was provided:
Non-food items (blankets, jerry cans and sleeping mats) to 3,500 families and mosquito nets to 2,000 families
Unconditional cash grants (worth PHP2,000) to 3,536 families
Hygiene promotion sessions conducted for 16,425 families
Shelter repair assistance (through provision of cash grant worth PHP10,000) to 274 families
Skeleton shelter to 55 families
Livelihoods assistance to 1,180 families
Rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities for three schools
Water search and rescue and Red Cross Action Team equipment for three chapters
During the emergency phase that started in August 2013, PRC immediately swung into action by deploying response teams equipped with ambulances, amphibious vehicles, rubber boats and trucks among others to evacuate and transport people to safety. A total of 200 persons in Aurora province were evacuated and 3,600 were rescued to safety. A total of 10,562 families (52,810 persons) were provided with food packages consisting of five kilogrammes of rice, four packets of noodles and four cans of sardines. During the emergency phase, 5,000 families (25,000 persons) in evacuation centres were also given ready-to-eat meals through this appeal, distributed simultaneously as rapid assessments were conducted. The appeal also provided 6,500 families with hygiene kits, 2,000 families with mosquito nets and 3,618 others with blankets, jerry cans and sleeping mats, while 3,536 families were provided with unconditional cash grants worth PHP 2,000 (CHF 43).
Aside from the impact on shelter and livelihood activities, the weather disturbances increased the health risks of the population to diseases such as dengue, malaria, chikungunya, leptospirosis and other respiratory and waterborne diseases. The appeal allowed the PRC, mobilizing 300 community health volunteers, to reach 16,425 families with health and hygiene promotion activities using the health and hygiene promotion in emergencies (HHPER) approach.
As regards to early recovery, 274 families received shelter repair assistance while 55 families were supported in the construction of skeleton shelters. A total of 1,180 families received livelihoods assistance.
Three schools in Aurora province were supported in the rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities, as they were damaged by the consecutive typhoons and flooding. Two latrines and one urinal were constructed in each school, with one school also provided with a hand-pumped water facility.
Further enhancing the capacity of Philippine Red Cross to prepare for and respond to disasters, three chapters of PRC – Aurora, Bataan and Nueva Ecija – as well as the National Headquarters were provided with equipment for their Red Cross Action Teams (RCAT) and water search and rescue (WASAR) teams.
The training for the teams was not undertaken within the timeframe due to the disruption by Typhoon Haiyan – which demanded re-deployment of key facilitators. The training will be undertaken during the second half of 2014 within the context of the Philippine Long-Term Planning Framework (LTPF) 2012-2015.. Each of the three chapters received essential IT equipment such as a desktop computer, a printer set, a projector set and a camera.
A total of CHF 1,272,583 was received for the appeal, of which CHF 1,131,728 was spent. The unspent balance of CHF 140,855 or 11 per cent of total contribution received will be allocated to the LTPF 2012-2015. The following figure showed the breakdown of the expenditures.
On behalf of the PRC, the IFRC would like to thank all partners for their generous contribution to this appeal. Donors who have any queries or clarification about the reallocation of the unspent balance are requested to contact the IFRC Asia Pacific Zone Office within the next 30 days.