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Philippines: NDRRMC Sitrep No. 1 re Effects of the Tail-End of a Cold Front in Regions X, XII, and ARMM

11 March 2017 - 9:39pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

A. Situation Overview:

09 March 2017

The Tail-End of a Cold Front brought cloudy skies with moderate to occasionally heavy rains and thunderstorms over Mindanao. Residents in these areas are alerted against possible flashfloods and landslides.

10 March 2017

The effect of Tail-End of a Cold Front has weakened. However, Eastern Visayas and the Provinces of Surigao del Norte and Dinagat Island will continue to have cloudy skies with light to moderate rains and thunderstorms.

B. Effects:

  1. Affected Population

• A total of 1,758 families / 8,739 persons were affected in the following areas in Regions X, XII, and ARMM:

World: Zika virus, Microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome Situation Report, 10 March 2017

10 March 2017 - 7:40am
Source: World Health Organization Country: American Samoa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana (France), French Polynesia (France), Gabon, Grenada, Guadeloupe (France), Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Martinique (France), Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Myanmar, New Caledonia (France), Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (France), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Singapore, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Solomon Islands, Suriname, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States of America, United States Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World

Key updates

  • Countries, territories and subnational areas reporting vector-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) infections for the first time since 1 February: None

  • Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system malformations potentially associated with ZIKV infection for the first time since 1 February: Mexico, Saint Martin

  • Countries and territories reporting Guillain-Barré syndrome cases associated with ZIKV infection for the first time since 1 February: Curaçao, Trinidad and Tobago

  • WHO, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control have developed a new Zika virus classification scheme. The classification serves to categorize the presence of and potential for vector-borne ZIKV transmission and to inform public health recommendations. Based on the defined criteria and expert review, some countries, territories and subnational areas were reclassified and some were classified for the first time.

  • In line with WHO’s transition to a sustained programme to address the long-term nature of the disease and its consequences, this is the final WHO Zika situation report. WHO will continue to publish the Zika classification table (Table 1) on a regular basis as well as periodic situation analysis.

Philippines: NDRRMC SitRep No. 18 re Effects of Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake in Surigao City, Surigao del Norte

10 March 2017 - 2:49am
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

At 10:03 PM on 10 February 2017, Friday, a strong earthquake of magnitude 6.7 shook the island of Mindanao. The epicenter is located 16 km offshore northwest of Surigao City, Surigao Strait with a depth of 10 km. The earthquake was generated by the movement of Surigao segment of the Philippine Fault. Small-magnitude earthquakes followed afterwards, and as of 8:00 AM of 07 March 2017, 292 aftershocks have been recorded by the PHIVOLCS seismic monitoring network.

Based on preliminary intensity reports, the strongest ground shaking was felt at PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale (PEIS) VII (Destructive) in Surigao City. The municipalities of Pintuyan in Southern Leyte, and San Francisco and Malimono in Surigao del Norte experienced the ground shaking at PEIS VI (Very Strong), while the municipalities of Mainit and Placer in Surigao Del Norte, Libjo and San Jose in Dinagat Island, San Ricardo, Limasawa and San Francisco in Southern Leyte and Manduae City felt the shaking at PEIS V (Strong). This earthquake was felt PEIS IV to I as far as 250 km away (Butuan City, Ormoc City, Tacloban City, Catbalogan City, Bislig City, Cebu City, Cagayan De Oro City, Dumaguete City and Tagbilaran City) from the epicentral area. The strong ground shaking near the epicentral area resulted to damages to some buildings, roads and bridges.

On 05 March 2017, 08:08 AM, an earthquake was felt in Surigao City. PHIVOLCS reported the occurrence of a magnitude 5.9 tectonic earthquake at 9.77°N, 125.38°E - 012 km S 80°W of Surigao City with a depth of focus 010 km. The seismic event was an aftershock of the magnitude 6.7 earthquake on 10 February 2017.

  • Intensity VI in Surigao City

  • Intensity V in San Jose, Basilisa, and Cagdianao, Dinagat Islands; Malimono, Surigao del Norte

  • Intensity IV in Limasawa and San Ricardo, Southern Leyte; Alegria and Mainit, Surigao del Norte; Libjo, Dinagat Islands; Alegria and Jabonga, Agusan del Norte; Butuan City

  • Intensity III in San Juan and San Francisco, Southern Leyte; Claver, Surigao del Norte; Remedios T. Romualdez, Agusan del Norte; Gingoog City; and

  • Intensity II in General Luna, Surigao del Norte; Ormoc Ciity; Cagayan de Oro City

(Source: PHIVOLCS Earthquake Information No. 4 issued on 07 March 2017, 01:46 AM)

II. EFFECTS

A. AFFECTED POPULATION

  1. A total of 10,376 families / 51,880 persons were affected in 82 barangays in the Province of Surigao del Norte and a total of 1,567 families / 7,835 persons are served outside evacuation centers.

Philippines: Japan Provides Funding for the Japanese NGO Activities in the Philippines

8 March 2017 - 5:13am
Source: Government of Japan Country: Japan, Philippines

Japanese Ambassador Kazuhide Ishikawa signed 2 grant contracts at the Embassy of Japan on March 6, 2017 between each representative of Japanese NGOs which are conducting activities in the Philippines for its development. The total amount of US$ 1,019,051 (approximately 45.9 million pesos), is funded through the Grant Assistance for Japanese NGO Projects, a small-grant funding program of Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). The Grant Assistance for Japanese NGO Projects started in the Philippines in 2002. Since then, the Japanese Government has made contracts for 46 projects in the Philippines under the scheme amounting to approximately 1 billion yen in total. Japan believes that these projects described below will strengthen not only friendship between the peoples of Japan and the Philippines but also the existing strategic partnership between Japan and the Philippines.

1. Project for resilient Community protected by Forest = Restoration from Super typhoon “Haiyan”= (Phase 3)
By OISCA (Organization for Industrial, Spiritual and Cultural Advancement)
Amount of Grant : US$ 442,716 (approximately 19.9 million pesos)

This project aims to reduce disaster risks and improve the livelihood of indigenous people in Tacloban City, the Municipalities of Tanauan, Palo and Tolosa in Leyte Province and the Municipality of Ajuy in Iloilo Province. These areas were affected by typhoon Haiyan in 2013.

Under phases 1 and 2 of the project, OISCA, a Japanese NGO conducted afforestation, planting of vegetables, poultry breeding, beekeeping and capacity building for farmer-beneficiaries. This year, which is the final phase of this three-year-project, OISCA will expand its strategies and activities for afforestation, planting, poultry breeding, beekeeping, food processing and capacity building, and extend successful pilot experiments to other beneficiaries and the public sector.

2. Project on Capacity Building Project on Peace Education and Conflict Resolution in Bangsamoro Communities of Mindanao (Phase 3)
By ICAN(International Children’s Action Network)
Amount of Grant : US$ 576,335 (approximately 25.9 million pesos)

Mindanao has experienced about 40 years of conflict between the national government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The Municipality of Pikit where the MILF military camp exists has produced a lot of Internally Displaced People (IDP) as a result of the conflict. Many children who experienced the conflict in Mindanao suffer psychological damages. In addition, a lot of them have no access to schools due to the conflict and insufficient facilities of schools in the area. The lack of education in the area has negative impacts on building peace. This project aims to introduce peace education through the construction of classroom buildings at elementary schools and high schools. It is expected that this project will contribute to the peace and stability in the area.

For phases 1 and 2 of the project, in 2015 and 2016, ICAN conducted the construction of classrooms and trainings on peace education in the western and southern parts of the Municipality of Pikit. For this year, which is the final phase of the three-year-project, ICAN will produce teaching materials for peace education in the same parts of the municipality.

Philippines: NDRRMC SitRep No. 16 re Effects of Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake in Surigao City, Surigao del Norte

7 March 2017 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

At 10:03 PM on 10 February 2017, Friday, a strong earthquake of magnitude 6.7 shook the island of Mindanao. The epicenter is located 16 km offshore northwest of Surigao City, Surigao Strait with a depth of 10 km. The earthquake was generated by the movement of Surigao segment of the Philippine Fault. Small-magnitude earthquakes followed afterwards, and as of 8:00 AM of 07 March 2017, 292 aftershocks have been recorded by the PHIVOLCS seismic monitoring network.

Based on preliminary intensity reports, the strongest ground shaking was felt at PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale (PEIS) VII (Destructive) in Surigao City. The municipalities of Pintuyan in Southern Leyte, and San Francisco and Malimono in Surigao del Norte experienced the ground shaking at PEIS VI (Very Strong), while the municipalities of Mainit and Placer in Surigao Del Norte, Libjo and San Jose in Dinagat Island, San Ricardo, Limasawa and San Francisco in Southern Leyte and Manduae City felt the shaking at PEIS V (Strong). This earthquake was felt PEIS IV to I as far as 250 km away (Butuan City, Ormoc City, Tacloban City, Catbalogan City, Bislig City, Cebu City, Cagayan De Oro City, Dumaguete City and Tagbilaran City) from the epicentral area. The strong ground shaking near the epicentral area resulted to damages to some buildings, roads and bridges.

On 05 March 2017, 08:08 AM, an earthquake was felt in Surigao City. PHIVOLCS reported the occurrence of a magnitude 5.9 tectonic earthquake at 9.77°N, 125.38°E - 012 km S 80°W of Surigao City with a depth of focus 010 km. The seismic event was an aftershock of the magnitude 6.7 earthquake on 10 February 2017.

  • Intensity VI in Surigao City

  • Intensity V in San Jose, Basilisa, and Cagdianao, Dinagat Islands; Malimono, Surigao del Norte

  • Intensity IV in Limasawa and San Ricardo, Southern Leyte; Alegria and Mainit, Surigao del Norte; Libjo, Dinagat Islands; Alegria and Jabonga, Agusan del Norte; Butuan City

  • Intensity III in San Juan and San Francisco, Southern Leyte; Claver, Surigao del Norte; Remedios T. Romualdez, Agusan del Norte; Gingoog City; and

  • Intensity II in General Luna, Surigao del Norte; Ormoc Ciity; Cagayan de Oro City

(Source: PHIVOLCS Earthquake Information No. 4 issued on 07 March 2017, 01:46 AM)

II. EFFECTS

A. AFFECTED POPULATION

  1. A total of 7,649 families / 38,245 persons were affected in 82 barangays in the Province of Surigao del Norte and a total of 1,567 families / 7,835 persons are served outside evacuation centers.

World: Rapport annuel de la Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général pour le sort des enfants en temps de conflit armé (A/HRC/34/44)

7 March 2017 - 7:25pm
Source: UN Human Rights Council Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

Note du secrétariat

Le Secrétariat a l’honneur de transmettre au Conseil des droits de l’homme le rapport de la Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général pour le sort des enfants en temps de conflit armé, Leïla Zerrougui. Dans le présent rapport, qui couvre la période allant de décembre 2015 à décembre 2016, la Représentante spéciale décrit les activités qu’elle a menées en application de son mandat et les progrès réalisés en matière de lutte contre les violations graves commises à l’égard d’enfants. Elle y étudie également les difficultés liées au renforcement de la protection des enfants touchés par les conflits armés, et traite notamment des effets des conflits armés sur les filles, des difficultés nouvelles ou récurrentes posées par la privation de liberté des enfants en temps de conflit, et des progrès réalisés s’agissant de mettre fin aux violations graves commises à l’égard d’enfants, en particulier au moyen d’une action directe auprès des parties aux conflits. En dernier lieu, elle formule des recommandations à l’intention du Conseil des droits de l’homme et des États Membres pour améliorer encore la protection des droits de l’enfant.

I. Introduction

  1. Le présent rapport, qui couvre la période allant de décembre 2015 à décembre 2016, est soumis en application de la résolution 70/137 de l’Assemblée générale, par laquelle l’Assemblée a prié la Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général pour le sort des enfants en temps de conflit armé de présenter au Conseil des droits de l’homme un rapport sur les activités entreprises en application de son mandat, notamment sur les visites qu’elle effectue sur le terrain et sur les progrès réalisés et les obstacles restant à surmonter dans le cadre de l’action menée en faveur des enfants touchés par les conflits armés.

II. Progrès réalisés et difficultés rencontrées dans la lutte contre les violations graves commises à l’égard d’enfants en temps de conflit armé

  1. Le présent rapport est soumis au Conseil des droits de l’homme vingt ans après que Graça Machel a présenté ses conclusions sur les effets des conflits armés sur les enfants (A/51/306) à l’Assemblée générale qui, par la suite, a créé, par sa résolution 51/77, le mandat du Représentant spécial. L’Assemblée a également demandé, dans sa résolution, qu’un rapport annuel contenant des informations pertinentes relatives à la situation des enfants touchés par les conflits armés soit transmis à l’ancienne Commission des droits de l’homme. Cet anniversaire est donc l’occasion de faire le point sur les progrès réalisés à plus long terme depuis le premier rapport, et d’attirer l’attention sur les domaines relevant de la compétence du Conseil des droits de l’homme dans lesquels des progrès sont encore nécessaires pour améliorer la protection des enfants et de leurs droits durant les conflits armés.

  2. Malgré les avancées de ces deux dernières décennies, les droits fondamentaux des enfants ont été régulièrement bafoués pendant la période couverte par le rapport. Au Moyen-Orient, s’ajoutant aux effets directs des conflits en cours sur les enfants − dont des milliers étant tués, mutilés, enrôlés ou utilisés −, avaient lieu au moment de la rédaction du présent rapport, en décembre 2016, des crises humanitaires extrêmement préoccupantes qui se développaient et évoluaient rapidement. En Iraq, selon les estimations du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (UNICEF), plus d’un demi-million d’enfants, ainsi que leur famille, étaient piégés dans Mossoul, et leurs réserves de vivres, de médicaments et d’eau potable étaient presque épuisées. Dans un registre similaire, en République arabe syrienne, à la fin de la période à l’examen, on estimait à presque 500 000 le nombre d’enfants vivant dans des zones assiégées et n’ayant aucun accès à une aide humanitaire régulière. Au Yémen, un conflit intense a entraîné une pénurie d’eau et de nourriture, exposant un million et demi d’enfants à un risque de malnutrition aiguë.

  3. La situation de la République centrafricaine était aussi particulièrement préoccupante en 2016, et elle s’est considérablement détériorée à la fin de la période à l’examen. De nombreux civils, y compris des enfants, ont été tués ou blessés lors d’affrontements entre des factions ex-Séléka en novembre, à l’est du pays, et plus de 11 000 personnes auraient été déplacées. Ces affrontements ont ajouté à la tension et à la violence qui n’avaient pas cessé durant toute la période à l’examen. L’insécurité ambiante a entraîné la suspension des opérations humanitaires dans certaines zones du pays, ce qui a gravement compromis le droit des enfants à la santé et au bien-être.

  4. Les combats ont repris au Soudan du Sud entre l’Armée populaire de libération du Soudan (APLS) et l’Armée populaire de libération du Soudan dans l’opposition (APLS dans l’opposition), et les enfants sont toujours les plus durement touchés par ce conflit dévastateur. Au cours des trois années d’hostilités, les droits des enfants à la vie, à la survie et au développement ont été enfreints quotidiennement, et, au moment de la rédaction du présent rapport, la fin du conflit n’était pas en vue.

  5. Les opérations gouvernementales de sécurité ont eu des effets sur les droits des enfants à la liberté et à la sécurité de leur personne, et de nombreux enfants ont été détenus car leurs parents ou eux-mêmes étaient accusés d’avoir des liens avec les groupes armés. Si les activités de plaidoyer ont été efficaces et certains enfants ont été relâchés, beaucoup d’autres restent privés de liberté dans les situations de conflit armé. Durant la période à l’examen, dans un certain nombre de cas, le contrôle des civils pendant les opérations militaires a également été un sujet de préoccupation grandissante dans le domaine de la détention, du point de vue du sort des enfants en temps de conflit armé, ce que nous verrons plus en détail dans le présent rapport.

  6. En Afghanistan, en République arabe syrienne et au Yémen, les attaques contre des hôpitaux et des professionnels de santé ont gravement porté atteinte au droit des enfants à la santé. De nombreuses attaques très médiatisées ont eu lieu en 2016, et sont le reflet de l’augmentation du nombre d’attaques et de menaces visant les structures de santé ces dernières années. Le droit à l’éducation des filles a lui aussi continué de pâtir, puisque des attaques ou des menaces ont visé des écoles, des enseignants et des écolières en Iraq, au Nigéria, en République arabe syrienne, ou encore en Afghanistan et au Mali.

  7. Malgré ces problèmes urgents et leurs effets sur les enfants, des progrès, décrits en détail dans le présent rapport, ont été faits dans les douze derniers mois pour protéger les droits des enfants touchés par les conflits armés. On a notamment enregistré des améliorations du cadre normatif, la conclusion avec les belligérants de nouveaux accords visant à protéger les enfants, et l’adoption de mesures concrètes pour démobiliser et libérer les enfants qui auraient été associés à des parties au conflit.

World: Informe anual de la Representante Especial del Secretario General para la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados (A/HRC/34/44)

7 March 2017 - 7:19pm
Source: UN Human Rights Council Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

Nota de la Secretaría

La Secretaría tiene el honor de transmitir al Consejo de Derechos Humanos el informe de la Representante Especial del Secretario General para la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados, Leila Zerrougui. En el informe, que abarca el período comprendido entre diciembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2016, la Representante Especial resume las actividades emprendidas para cumplir su mandato y los avances realizados en la lucha contra las vulneraciones graves de los derechos del niño. La Representante Especial también examina las dificultades para reforzar la protección brindada a los niños afectados por los conflictos armados, entre otras cosas abordando la repercusión de los conflictos armados en las niñas, los problemas nuevos y recurrentes relativos a la privación de libertad de niños en situaciones de conflicto y los avances para poner fin a las violaciones graves de los derechos cometidas contra los niños, en particular mediante la comunicación directa con las partes en conflicto. Por último, la Representante Especial formula recomendaciones dirigidas al Consejo de Derechos Humanos y a los Estados Miembros a fin de reforzar la protección de los derechos del niño.

I. Introducción

  1. Este informe, que abarca el período comprendido entre diciembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2016, se presenta de conformidad con lo establecido en la resolución 70/137 de la Asamblea General, en la que se solicitaba a la Representante Especial del Secretario General para la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados que presentara un informe al Consejo de Derechos Humanos sobre las actividades emprendidas en cumplimiento de su mandato, con información de sus visitas sobre el terreno, y sobre los progresos realizados y los problemas que subsistían en relación con la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados.

II. Progresos y desafíos en la lucha contra las violaciones graves de los derechos del niño en los conflictos armados

  1. El presente informe se presenta al Consejo de Derechos Humanos 20 años después de que Graça Machel presentara sus conclusiones acerca de las repercusiones de los conflictos armados sobre los niños (A/51/306) a la Asamblea General, que, posteriormente, mediante su resolución 51/77, creó el mandato del Representante Especial. La Asamblea también pidió en su resolución que se transmitiese a la Comisión de Derechos Humanos un informe anual en que figurase información pertinente sobre la situación de los niños afectados por los conflictos armados. Así pues, el aniversario constituye una importante oportunidad para hacer balance de los logros a más largo plazo desde el primer informe y para destacar al Consejo de Derechos Humanos algunos aspectos en los que aún se requiere avanzar para mejorar la protección de los niños y de sus derechos durante los conflictos armados.

  2. A pesar de los avances que se han realizado en esos dos decenios, los derechos fundamentales de los niños se han vulnerado con frecuencia durante el período que abarca el informe. En el Oriente Medio, además de las consecuencias directas de los conflictos actuales sobre los niños, en los que miles de ellos han sido muertos, mutilados, reclutados y utilizados, se produjo rápidamente la aparición y evolución de varias crisis humanitarias que son motivo de grave preocupación en el momento de redactar el presente informe, en diciembre de 2016. En el Iraq, el Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (UNICEF) estimaba que más de medio millón de niños y sus familias estaban atrapados en Mosul, donde los alimentos y medicamentos se estaban agotando y el agua potable escaseaba. En el mismo sentido, se estimaba que en la República Árabe Siria, al final del período sobre el que se informa, casi 500.000 niños vivían en zonas asediadas en las que el acceso a la ayuda humanitaria sostenida estaba completamente cortado. En el Yemen, la intensidad del conflicto ha dado lugar a una falta de alimentos y de agua, que ha puesto a un millón y medio de niños en riesgo de malnutrición aguda.

  3. La República Centroafricana fue también motivo de preocupación especial en 2016 y en la última parte del período sobre el que se informa la situación empeoró considerablemente. Como consecuencia de los enfrentamientos entre facciones ex-Seleka en noviembre en la parte oriental del país, muchos civiles, incluidos niños, han resultado muertos o heridos y, según se informa, más de 11.000 personas se han visto desplazadas. Esos enfrentamientos se han sumado a la tensión y los estallidos de violencia que se han producido de forma continuada durante el período que abarca el informe. La situación de inseguridad imperante dio lugar a la suspensión de las actividades humanitarias en determinadas zonas del país, lo que amenazó gravemente el derecho de los niños a la salud y el bienestar.

  4. Con la reanudación en julio de 2016 de los combates entre el Ejército de Liberación del Pueblo del Sudán y el Ejército de Liberación del Pueblo del Sudán en la Oposición, los niños en Sudán del Sur también han seguido soportando la peor parte de un devastador conflicto en curso. En los tres años transcurridos desde el inicio de las hostilidades, los niños han visto vulnerados a diario su derecho a la vida, a la supervivencia y al desarrollo, y en el momento de redactar el presente informe apenas puede vislumbrarse el final del conflicto.

  5. Los derechos de los niños a la libertad y a la seguridad personales se vieron afectados por las respuestas gubernamentales en materia de seguridad y muchos niños fueron privados de su libertad por su presunta vinculación o la de sus padres con grupos armados. Si bien la labor de promoción ha tenido resultados positivos y se ha puesto en libertad a algunos niños, muchos más siguen privados de libertad en situaciones de conflicto armado. En el período que se examina, los procesos de examen para la detección de civiles durante las operaciones militares también fueron un nuevo motivo de preocupación en relación con la privación de libertad en varias situaciones relativas a la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados, que se detallan en el presente informe.

  6. En el Afganistán, la República Árabe Siria y el Yemen, el derecho del niño a la salud se ha visto gravemente perjudicado por los ataques contra hospitales y profesionales de la salud. En 2016 se han producido varios ataques a los que se dio amplia difusión, que son indicativos de las tendencias de los últimos años de aumentar el número de ataques y las amenazas de ataques a la atención de la salud. El derecho de las niñas a la educación también ha seguido viéndose afectado, y se han producido ataques o amenazas de ataques contra escuelas, docentes y alumnas en situaciones como las del Iraq, Nigeria y la República Árabe Siria, así como en el Afganistán y Malí.

  7. A pesar de estas preocupaciones acuciantes y sus repercusiones en los niños, en los últimos 12 meses se ha avanzado en la protección de los derechos de los niños afectados por conflictos armados, lo que se describe ampliamente en el informe. Entre esos progresos figuran las mejoras en el marco normativo, los acuerdos adicionales con las partes en conflicto a fin de proteger a los niños y las medidas concretas adoptadas para separar y liberar a los niños que presuntamente tuviesen vínculos con las partes en conflicto.

Philippines: Philippines: Cotabato Office: Facts and Figures 2016

7 March 2017 - 4:38am
Source: International Committee of the Red Cross Country: Philippines

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) first established a permanent presence in Mindanao in 1986 by opening a sub-delegation in Davao City. In 2008, the ICRC opened an office in Cotabato City due to the humanitarian needs in this area. At present, the ICRC Cotabato office covers Maguindanao, Sarangani, Sultan Kudarat, North Cotabato, Cotabato City, General Santos City, Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte.

Philippines: NDRRMC SitRep No. 15 re Effects of Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake in Surigao City, Surigao del Norte

6 March 2017 - 8:00pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

At 10:03 PM on 10 February 2017, Friday, a strong earthquake of magnitude 6.7 shook the island of Mindanao. The epicenter is located 16 km offshore northwest of Surigao City, Surigao Strait with a depth of 10 km. The earthquake was generated by the movement of Surigao segment of the Philippine Fault. Small-magnitude earthquakes followed afterwards, and as of 6:00 AM of 21 February 2017, 227 aftershocks have been recorded by the PHIVOLCS seismic monitoring network.

Based on preliminary intensity reports, the strongest ground shaking was felt at PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale (PEIS) VII (Destructive) in Surigao City. The municipalities of Pintuyan in Southern Leyte, and San Francisco and Malimono in Surigao del Norte experienced the ground shaking at PEIS VI (Very Strong), while the municipalities of Mainit and Placer in Surigao Del Norte, Libjo and San Jose in Dinagat Island, San Ricardo, Limasawa and San Francisco in Southern Leyte and Manduae City felt the shaking at PEIS V (Strong). This earthquake was felt PEIS IV to I as far as 250 km away (Butuan City, Ormoc City, Tacloban City, Catbalogan City, Bislig City, Cebu City, Cagayan De Oro City, Dumaguete City and Tagbilaran City) from the epicentral area. The strong ground shaking near the epicentral area resulted to damages to some buildings, roads and bridges.

On 05 March 2017, 08:08 AM, an earthquake was felt in Surigao City. PHIVOLCS reported the occurrence of a magnitude 5.9 tectonic earthquake at 9.77°N, 125.38°E - 012 km S 80°W of Surigao City with a depth of focus 010 km. The seismic event was an aftershock of the magnitude 6.7 earthquake on 10 February 2017. Reported intensities were as follows:

  • Intensity VI in Surigao City

  • Intensity V in San Jose, Basilisa, and Cagdianao, Dinagat Islands; Malimono, Surigao del Norte

  • Intensity IV in Limasawa and San Ricardo, Southern Leyte; Alegria and Mainit, Surigao del Norte; Libjo, Dinagat Islands; Alegria and Jabonga, Agusan del Norte; Butuan City

  • Intensity III in San Juan and San Francisco, Southern Leyte; Claver, Surigao del Norte; Remedios T. Romualdez, Agusan del Norte; Gingoog City; and

  • Intensity II in General Luna, Surigao del Norte; Ormoc Ciity; Cagayan de Oro City

(Source: PHIVOLCS Earthquake Information No. 4 issued on 07 March 2017, 01:46 AM)

II. EFFECTS

A. AFFECTED POPULATION

  1. A total of 7,502 families / 37,510 persons were affected in 82 barangays in the Province of Surigao del Norte and a total of 1,567 families / 7,835 persons are served outside evacuation centers.

World: Reviewing the Impact of Capacity Building in GFDRR

6 March 2017 - 5:53pm
Source: GFDRR Country: Bangladesh, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Malawi, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, World

The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) devotes a significant proportion of its resources—up to 24 percent—to capacity-building efforts. In line with its mission, this is aimed at boosting the capacity of developing countries to better understand emerging disaster risks, reduce their vulnerabilities to natural hazards, and adapt to climate change. Capacity-building activities are generally integrated into GFDRR projects to support the overall objectives, rather than standalone projects.

However, despite the level of investment, capacity building is often considered secondary to larger activities. To date, some of GFDRR’s capacity-building activities have been perceived as scattered by clients, partners, and colleagues at the World Bank. Moreover, there is little systemic knowledge about the effectiveness and long-term impact of capacity-building activities within GFDRR or, more generally, within the broader disaster risk management (DRM) community. It appears, even anecdotally from current practice, that GFDRR could better leverage the impact of capacity building.

In order to address this analysis and practice gap, this study assesses the effectiveness of capacity building across the GFDRR portfolio. The report evaluated projects active in fiscal years 2014 and 2015 (FY14 and FY15), focusing on “human capacity building – developing and sharing knowledge and skills, as well as consensus and network building. This study is composed of a stocktaking exercise and the development of in-depth case studies. This approach offers a baseline methodology to more strategically capture the role of capacity building in GFDRR, and more broadly, DRM operations.

This report is aimed at a two-fold audience: (i) the World Bank and GFDRR, to encourage better planning and strategic thinking about the value of capacity building; (ii) GFDRR’s Consultative Group and DRM community more generally, to highlight the critical role of capacity building in enhancing the effectiveness of operations.
At an operational level, three key questions underline the study and frame its recommendations:

  1. Planning. How can capacity building be effectively planned?

  2. Management. How can the impact of capacity building be identified and managed?

  3. Sustainability. How can capacity-building activities be designed to have a lasting impact?

After a summary of the analysis underpinning the report, these three questions are answered with operational recommendations. This section is of use both for program managers [e.g.
Task Team Leaders (TTLs)] and grant making facilities (e.g. GFDRR) in order to determine which operational steps and considerations can lead to the most effective and valuable activities.

Sri Lanka: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (28 Feb - 6 Mar 2017)

6 March 2017 - 5:08am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka

SRI LANKA

As of 3 March, an estimated 1.2 million people are affected by prolonged drought in 16 districts across Sri Lanka’s nine provinces. Kalutara District (Western Province) has the most people affected due to salinisation of the water supply. Harvests due in the coming months are expected to be significantly reduced, exacerbating food insecurity. The Government continues to distribute water in districts with low water supplies and will disburse cash payments to affected families. WASH, food security and nutrition, agricultural livelihoods and cash-for-work programmes have been identified as priority response activities.

1.2 million people affected

PHILIPPINES

On 5 March, a 5.9 magnitude tremor struck at a depth of 13 km near San Francisco municipality (population 14,500 people), Surigao del Norte province. One death was reported and local authorities are assessing the situation. This was reported as an aftershock of the 6.7 magnitude earthquake which struck Surigao del Norte on 10 February. As of 3 March, more than 7,800 people remain displaced following the larger earthquake, with most staying in open areas near their homes or with relatives or friends.

INDONESIA

On 2 and 3 March, floods and landslides in Limapuluh Kota District of West Sumatra province caused six deaths and affected an estimated 1,200 people. The landslides cut the main road connecting West Sumatra and Riau provinces. Authorities declared a local emergency response phase until 9 March. In addition, at least 11,000 people in Riau were also affected by other floods between 1 and 5 March.
Local governments provided basic relief assistance.

MYANMAR

Approximately 10,500 people remain displaced as a result of continued fighting in Kachin and northern Shan since November 2016. Access to displaced people in Non-Government Controlled Areas is severely restricted for international organizations.

10,500 people remain displaced

In northern Rakhine State, it is estimated that up to 20,000 people remain internally displaced following the 9 October attacks and subsequent security operations, Some 2,000 people have returned to their villages since 18 February. WFP has completed its second round of emergency distributions reaching 55,000 people with food and/or nutrition support in the north of Maungdaw Township. Shelter is among the priority humanitarian needs in the area. Access restrictions, particularly for international staff, are impeding the provision of life-saving humanitarian services.

20,000 people internally displaced

BANGLADESH

An estimated 74,550 people have crossed into Bangladesh from northern Rakhine state, Myanmar since October 2016. While the number of new arrivals has decreased in recent weeks, movement across the border remains fluid and partners are continuing to monitor the situation. In addition to pre-existing registered and makeshift camps, the Government of Bangladesh has allocated additional land for the new arrivals in Balukhali. Food, WASH, health, shelter, NFIs, protection and education services continue to be provided to the new arrivals.

74,500people crossed from Myanmar since Oct. 2016

Philippines: RDNA ongoing following magnitude-5.9 quake in Surigao City

5 March 2017 - 5:44pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

By Priam F. Nepomuceno

MANILA, March 5 (PNA) -- Field units of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) with their local government counterparts in Surigao Del Norte are now conducting rapid damage assessment and needs analysis (RDNA) following the magnitude 5.9 earthquake that struck Surigao City Sunday morning.

"At around 8 a.m. (Sunday) a magnitude 5.9 earthquake hit Surigao City. PHIVOLCS reported that this is an aftershock of the magnitude 6.7 earthquake in Surigao City which happened few weeks ago," NDRRMC executive director Eduardo Jalad said in statement.

Intensity 6 was recorded in Surigao City, Intensity 4 in Limasawa and San Ricardo in Southern Leyte, Intensity 3 in San Juan and San Francisco, Southern Leyte and Intensity 2 in General Luna, Surigao del Norte.

Based on initial reports, 83 houses were damaged in Surigao City and Sison, Surigao Del Norte due to the tremor.

Out of the said number, five were totally damaged while 78 were partially damaged.

Power was restored in Surigao del Norte as of 1 p.m.Sunday, the NDRRMC chief stressed.

"One was reported injured due to a collapsed wall of the IFI Chapel in Cabunga-an, Cagdiano, Dinagat Islands. The victim was referred to Surigao City Health Facility for further medical treatment," Jalad added.

He added Regional DRRM Council CARAGA is continuously coordinating with the local government units conducting RDNA to assess other effects incurred because of the strong earthquake.

The NDRMMC reminded the public to stay alert and be prepared for aftershocks. (PNA) BNB/PFN

Philippines: In pursuit of lasting peace, PRRD open to peace negotiations with CPP-NPA-NDF

4 March 2017 - 7:13pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

MANILA, March 5 - President Rodrigo Roa Duterte is once again open to the resumption of the peace talks with the CPP-NPA-NDF.

The President said this in an interview at Camp Edilberto Evangelista Chapel when he visited the wake of two soldiers who were killed in action in an encounter with NPA rebels on February 27 and 28 at Misamis Oriental.

Duterte said that in pursuit of peace, he is willing to talk once more with the NPAs. "I'm open to talk to the rebels, just not the killers. I'm ready to talk and I'm ready to stop this war. I would prefer for us to not have war, but we need to talk from the heart," he said.

The President also said that communication and good intention are vital steps towards peace.

"I'm ready as long as we communicate well. I'm ready to resume the ceasefire again, but this time I want it to be sincere. Back then, there was a ceasefire but my soldiers were killed. I'm ready to resume the ceasefire again as long as it is working towards peace," said Duterte

When asked, President Duterte said that his plans for peace negotiations with the NPAs would include three requests from the rebel group, including the release of hostages, and the halt to revolutionary taxes as well as asking for favors.

"They have to release all policemen, army, everyone from the government. They should release them all. Second, they should stop asking for revolutionary tax. Third, they should stop asking for things. They're burning a lot of things now and we'll never meet each other half way if that's the case."

President Duterte said he feels very deeply about the turmoil. "It pains me to see Filipinos fighting against fellow Filipinos. I just want peace."

He also said that no one wins in a war. "For me, no one will win. If we Filipinos fight against fellow Filipinos, nobody wins. The nation, the Philippines loses. (PND)

World: Science Technology Plan For Disaster Risk Reduction: Asian Perspectives

3 March 2017 - 3:27pm
Source: Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Country: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, World

Introduction The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 shifts the focus from managing disasters to managing risks. Such a shift requires a better understanding of risk in all its dimensions of hazards, exposure and vulnerability; a disaster risk governance that ensures disaster risk is factored into planning and development at all levels across all sectors as well as in disaster preparedness, rehabilitation, recovery and reconstruction; and cost-benefit analysis to support prioritization of investments in disaster risk reduction (DRR) for long-term resilience.

The Sendai Framework emphasizes the role of science and technology. It calls to prioritize the development and dissemination of science-based risk knowledge, methodologies and tools, science and technology work on DRR through existing networks and research institutions and strengthened interface between science and policy to support all four priority areas: understanding disaster risk; disaster risk governance; investing in DRR for resilience; and enhancing disaster preparedness for response and to build back better.

A ‘Science and Technology Roadmap to Support the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030’ has been agreed as the result of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) Science and Technology Conference in January 2016. The Roadmap includes expected outcomes, actions, and deliverables under each of the four priorities of the Sendai Framework.

Asia has been the world’s hotspot of economic development and innovation in terms of science and technology over recent decades. At the same time, the region continues to be highly exposed and vulnerable to disasters. Science and technology-based DRR was a priority in the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action in Asia. At the 6th Asia Ministerial Conference on DRR (AMCDRR) in 2014, the Science Technology Academia Stakeholder Group made a series of commitments to: promote a holistic, science-based approach towards community resilience; support the use of science and technology advancements through increased earth observation; develop course curriculum and promote higher education in DRR; and promote community- and problem-based implementation research.

The 1st Asian Science and Technology Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction was organized by the Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII) of the Royal Thai Government Ministry of Science and Technology and UNISDR, in collaboration with UNISDR’s Asian Science Technology and Academia Advisory Group (ASTAAG), Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR), Future Earth and other scientific organizations and networks.

The Conference brought together more than 300 senior policy-makers, practitioners, researchers and academics, civil society and the private sector in the realm of disaster risk reduction from across Asia, and more widely, to discuss how to strengthen science based DRR policy development in support of the implementation of the Sendai Framework in Asia.

Philippines: UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Philippines Office Newsletter, 2017 - Volume 1

3 March 2017 - 5:13am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Iraq, Philippines, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen

Rising to the challenge

What's inside

  • The World's Displacement Drivers

  • From Refugees to Filipinos

Philippines: Philippines: Mindanao Flooding (as of 02 March 2017)

2 March 2017 - 11:18pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

In January and February 2017, tail-end of a cold front brought cloudy skies with moderate to occasionally heavy rains and thunderstorms over eastern regions of Mindanao island. These heavy rains caused landslides and flooding especially on low lying areas currently affecting 151,500 people in Caraga and Davao regions.
Continous rains in central Mindanao also affected 183,000 people in Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao.

Philippines: Typhoon Yolanda survivors from Tacloban receive P5,000 cash aid

2 March 2017 - 10:10pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

Around 213 Typhoon Yolanda survivors received their P5,000 financial assistance from the Office of the President today. The cash assistance was distributed by Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)-Field Office VIII.

DSWD OIC-Undersecretary for Operations-Protective Services, Hope V. Hervilla, witnessed the distribution on behalf of DSWD Secretary Judy Taguiwalo.

It can be recalled that on November 8, 2016 on the 3rd year commemoration of Typhoon Yolanda, President Rodrigo Duterte vowed to provide cash assistance to Typhoon Yolanda survivors who were not included in the list of beneficiaries of the Emergency Shelter Assistance (ESA). They then raised their issue with Sec. Taguiwalo who subsequently relayed their appeals for help to Pres. Duterte. OIC-Usec Hervilla lauded those who stood up and fought for their rights.

“Ito ang administrasyong may tunay na malasakit sa mga mahihirap (This is the administration which has genuine compassion for the poor) Although this is just a small amount, this will compensate for the three long years that you have patiently waited for an answer, “OIC-Usec Hervilla stated.

“We are pleased that the government responded to your call. These funds come from no less than the Office of the President, ” she added.

However, she emphasized that the government cannot give the P10,000 (for partially damaged houses) and P30,000 (totally damaged houses) ESA since these are not included in the government’s budget for this year.

About 1,841 individuals from Tacloban City have been listed by an alliance of people’s organizations formed by the typhoon survivors, but the number was trimmed down after careful validation.

Meanwhile, DSWD-Field Office VIII Director Restituto Macuto explained that some of the survivors have already availed of government shelter assistance, while others were put into double entry in the list.

The 213 recipients of the financial aid come from Barangays 60-A, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, and Utap. Listed as eligible beneficiaries for the cash assistance under the Presidential Assistance guidelines are heads of qualified households, and those in the list endorsed by people’s organizations on or before the third year anniversary of Yolanda when Pres. Duterte announced the P5,000 aid.

Asked how long will it take for the remaining claimants from other areas of the region to receive the cash aid, Usec. Hervilla said that it will take three to six months, since the validation of households is ongoing.

She added that the P1B allotted by the Office of the President for the 200,000 claimants for the region and three other regions (Regions VI, VII and N.I.R.) do not include funds needed to hire additional workers to go around the different localities to facilitate speedy validation of all the affected households.

She pledged to do everything possible to hasten the process reiterating the Department’s “Maagap at Mapagkalingang Serbisyo” slogan.

Philippines: Simulation exercise builds emergency response capacity for DSWD, OCD and WFP

2 March 2017 - 9:47pm
Source: Government of the Philippines, World Food Programme Country: Philippines

CLARK, PAMPANGA – The Philippine Government’s Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and the Office of Civil Defense (OCD), together with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), has conducted a simulation exercise from 27 February to 3 March 2017 to practice emergency logistics response during disasters.

The “Field Logistics Emergency Exercise” or FLEX was developed by WFP in partnership with DSWD, OCD and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). FLEX provides hands-on training in humanitarian logistics in a realistic learning environment. Selected managers and key logistics staff from DWSD, OCD, UN agencies, international non-government organizations and the private sector, led by the Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF), worked together in the exercise to ensure better coordination and a more effective response during emergencies.

FLEX is set against a realistic backdrop, so that participants experience the actual conditions typical to an emergency such as living in makeshift housing, setting up mobile warehouses and working out of temporary offices. The objective of the exercise is to improve cluster and inter-agency coordination for logistics, as well as foster networks between the Philippine Government and humanitarian actors in the country. Participants had to manage multiple responsibilities in the exercise, including drafting a concept of operations, setting up distribution facilities, operating with air assets, working on problems in transport planning, cluster coordination and media management.

DSWD Secretary Judy M. Taguiwalo said: “We can never prepare enough for disasters and emergencies, especially now that we are experiencing the devastating effects of global warming. We all have to brace ourselves for the possibility of the “Big One” taking place — an earthquake of such intensity that the damage it can leave behind will be so tremendous. Given this, simulation trainings such as the ones led by the WFP and the OCD are timely and even urgent; they are highly necessary to assist concerned agencies in their efforts to improve their operations and contribute to a better overall disaster response.”

“We welcome this opportunity to enhance our capability in the area of disaster response- logistics management. This is a very important area in disaster response and improving our work in this would equate to better services to our people in times of emergency,” said National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council Executive Director and Civil Defense Administrator, Undersecretary Ricardo B. Jalad.

“This exercise is the first of its kind conducted in the Philippines, and WFP is proud to be working hand in hand with the Philippine Government and USAID in this initiative,” said WFP Philippines Representative and Country Director Praveen Agrawal. “Using this training methodology our aim is to improve how we collectively operate and coordinate during emergencies to ensure that the people affected by disasters will get the assistance they need immediately,” Agrawal added.

The simulation exercise was a recommendation from the 2015 Training Needs Assessment (TNA) of the Philippine Government’s Logistics Training Capacity.

FLEX is a continuation of the strategic partnership between DSWD, OCD and WFP to enhance emergency response capacity in the Philippines through the generous support of USAID. Private sector companies such as UPS, PDRF and its members, Smart Communications, PLDT, Globe Telecom, and Clark Development Corporation also supported the exercise by providing the transport support, venue, accommodation, and internet access.

The Philippines is considered as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world exacerbated by climate change, with various natural disasters affecting the country such as typhoons, droughts, earthquakes and volcanic activities.

About DSWD
The Department of Social Welfare and Development is the government institution responsible for the protection of social welfare rights and promotion of social development. It chairs the National Disaster Response of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council.
Website: http://www.dswd.gov.ph/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Department-of-Social-Welfare-and-Developm…
Twitter: https://twitter.com/dswdserves

About OCD
The Office of Civil Defense (OCD), as the implementing arm of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, shall have the primary mission of administering a comprehensive national civil defense and disaster risk reduction and management program by providing leadership in the continuous development of strategic and systematic approaches as well as measures to reduce the vulnerabilities and risks to hazards and manage the consequences of disasters.
Website: http://ocd.gov.ph/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/civildefensePH/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/civildefensePH

About WFP
WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.
Website: https://www.wfp.org/countries/philippines/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/WFP.Philippines
Twitter: https://twitter.com/wfp_philippines

For more information, please contact:
Department of Social Welfare and Development (Email: gdvfischer@dswd.gov.ph) Genalor DV Fischer, Information Officer IV
Tel. +63 (02) 951-7440, Mob. +63929-371-0593

Office of Civil Defense (Email: publicaffairs@ocd.gov.ph)
Mina B. Marasigan, Chief – Public Affairs
Tel. +63 (02) 961-6314, Mob. +63917-827-5591

World Food Programme – Philippines (Email: Mei.Nebreja@wfp.org) Mei Nebreja Santos, Head – Communications and Partnerships Tel. +63 (02) 833-6229 local 2440, Mob. +63917-571-3162