Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Some stories can’t be left out. They need to be told; and they need to be listened to. Many, if not all, among the millions of Bangsamoro men and women have storiesto tell abouttheir experiences of injustice, exploitation, human rights violations and discrimination during the Mindanao conflict.
And they need mechanisms to address these grievances.
This publication brings the stories of almost 300 of these men and women in the provinces of Maguindanao, Cotabato Province, Sultan Kudarat, Lanao del Sur, Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur, Basilan,
Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, and the cities of Marawi, Iligan, Cotabato and Isabela1 .
Stories of the past, of life before conflict.
Stories of suffering, pain, dispossession and dislocation.
Stories of resilience and resistance.
Stories of the reaction to the events around them.
Stories of hope, generosity and longing for peace.
In this book ordinary men and women share their experiencesfrom the last decades of conflict in Southern Philippines. They also voice their hopes for a peaceful, better and more harmonious future.
This publication uses a “PeaceHistory” approach. Thismethodology looks at the intersections between personal experiences and collective accounts. By weaving together individualstories, we aim to present a complex, nuanced, rich description of shared experiences. We also aim to share the diversity of opinions and sentiments in regards to the future of this part of the world following the signing of the peace agreement between the MILF and the Government of the Philippines in 2014.
By reading this book, we hope that you will accompany the Bangsamoro people in their journey through the past decades; in their journey to peace. And in journeying with them in the following pages, we ask you to pay attention to what they have to say to all of us.
Be with them.
By David Doyle
ZAMBOANGA/PHILIPPINES, 30 September 2016
At dusk, the blue-grey peaks of Basilan look serene, rising out of the tranquil sea that separates them from the Philippine city of Zamboanga on the southernmost tip of the large main island of Mindanao.
Read the full story here
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center (DROMIC) reports that the 532 families or 2,555 persons affected by the relentless Southwest Monsoon rains or ‘Habagat’ in three municipalities in Bulacan are now back in their homes following improvements in the weather.
However, the DSWD Field Office-III maintains its coordination with the provincial government of Bulacan for additional assistance and augmentation support.
The DSWD Central Office (CO) and the DSWD Field Office (FO) III have a total Stockpile and Standby Funds amounting to P569,096,334.58. Of the said amount, P3,084,016.32 is the available Standby Funds at DSWD-FO III whereas P566,012,318.26 is the available Quick Response Fund (QRF) at the DSWD CO.
The available Family Food Packs (FFPs) at the National Relief Operations Center (NROC) and the DSWD-FO III, on the other hand, amount to P59,342,660.22 and the total Food and Non-food Items (FNIs) at NROC and DSWD-FO III amount to P177,074,320.39. All in all, there is a total of P805,513,315.19 at ready for any augmentation support that may be necessary.
Meanwhile, DSWD Secretary Judy M. Taguiwalo said that “DSWD field offices and disaster response teams are still on standby since PAGASA is monitoring a new tropical storm near the Philippine Area of Responsibility.” ###
By David Doyle
When Typhoon Haiyan smashed into this city in the central Philippines almost three years ago, Arsenio was one of the lucky ones – he survived by swimming a kilometre to safety.
“Every time there is a storm, I get scared, even after three years,” he said. “I don’t want to go through the same thing again.”
Read the full article on IRIN
Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:
None - Mosquito-borne Zika infections acquired by travelers returning from the Maldives were reported by Germany and Spain in the past week. Prior Zika cases were reported in January 2016.
Countries in the Western Pacific Region continue to report new cases as seen in Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia and Viet Nam. Thailand, in the South-East Asia Region, has also recently reported Zika cases. Key areas of the response as identified by members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are disease surveillance and risk assessment, relevant and timely sharing of data, regional surveillance and response, vector control, diagnostic testing, laboratory networks and risk communications, and sharing knowledge and best practices. The Ministry of Public Health of Thailand is investigating cases of microcephaly to determine if they may be linked to Zika infection.
Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
None - Countries and territories reporting Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) cases associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
Despite all storm signals in the Philippines being lifted, the country continues to experience inclement weather due to the Southwest monsoon or ‘Habagat’ which is further intensified by severe tropical storm ‘Helen’ (international name Megi) now battering mainland China.
Based on the 12MN 29 September report of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), 522 families in three municipalities in Bulacan were originally affected by the relentless monsoon rains. However, only 374 families or 1,870 persons remain in four evacuation centers in the province.
As of the moment, affected local government units (LGUs) are able to provide relief assistance to displaced families, but the DSWD Field Office-III remains on standby for request of resource augmentation from concerned LGUs.
“Sa ngayon po, kaya pang tugunan ng mga LGU ang mga pangangailangan ng ating mga kababayang apektado ng masamang panahon. Gayunpaman, ipinapaalam namin sa publiko na nakahanda ang DSWD kung sakaling mangailangan sila ng tulong. Tuloy-tuloy ang repacking at prepositioning ng food packs sa mga DSWD regional warehouse at provincial and municipal centers (Right now, the LGUs in the affected regions can still provide assistance to families suffering the impact of the inclement weather. However, the agency remains prepared in case they ask for additional help. We are continuously repacking and prepositioning food packs in DSWD warehouses and provincial and municipal centers),” assured DSWD Secretary Judy M. Taguiwalo.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) announced that through its Field Office II in Carig Sur, Tuguegarao City, it has been able to provide assistance to Filipinos affected by the El Nino phenomenon in the region.
DSWD Sec. Judy M. Taguiwalo said that the department was prepared for contingencies such as this and has standby funds that can be immediately utilized to ensure that affected Filipinos are given means of income and livelihood during emergencies.
The DSWD through its FO II gave assistance to 31,838 families affected by El Nino through the cash- for- work program.
Of the P1, 652, 890.00 funds downloaded to the Field Office, P61, 651, 398.68 were utilized. The said funds were allocated to the following provinces in the region:
Cagayan – P24, 425,080.00
Isabela – P21, 726, 250.00
Nueva Vizcaya – P9, 299, 790.00
Quirino – P6, 201,770.00 with the following number of beneficiaries and breakdown of funds per municipality: 4.1 Aglipay – P1,019,940.00 with 534 beneficiaries 4.2 Cabarroguis – P977, 920.00 with 512 beneficiaries 4.3 Saguday – P420,200.00 with 220 beneficiaries 4.4 Diffun – P1,720, 910 with 901 beneficiaries 4.5 Maddela – P716, 250.00 with 375 beneficiaries 4.6 Nagtipunan – P1,346,550.00 with 705 beneficiaries In the meantime, the FO2 through the Provincial/Municipal Action Teams, provided other support services to the beneficiaries in collaboration with the Provincial/Municipal government units. These support services include the following: Provision of seedlings resilient to climate change. These were provided by the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Food packs given by the Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office in Quirino; and, Cash for Building Livelihood Assets through the Sustainable Livelihood Program. “We want to assure our kababayans in Quirino that the DSWD is monitoring the drought in the region and that we are prepared to provide augmentation assistance to the LGU whenever needed. We are also ready to coordinate with other government agencies to determine what other forms and types of assistance they can also provide to families affected by the drought,” said Sec. Taguiwalo. #
By Huma Haider
Is there evidence that the degree of respect for international humanitarian law (IHL) during an armed conflict affects peace processes (improves the prospects for peace-making)?
There is limited research and no empirical evidence exploring links between the degree to which IHL is respected (or ignored) and the success (or failure) of peace processes. The literature focuses on various related issues, including negotiating with non-state armed groups, the question of why conflict groups may comply with international humanitarian norms, and the need to address violations of IHL and human rights (e.g. through accountability initiatives). This report looks at issues of compliance and engagement with humanitarian norms – and any general links, cited in the literature and by experts, to peace processes.
Armed actors are more likely to adhere to international humanitarian norms if it aligns with their self-interest and political aims. Groups seeking to gain legitimacy and to improve their reputation domestically and internationally are likely to be more motivated to demonstrate respect for IHL. In addition, they may expect that this will prompt reciprocity on the part of other conflict actors.
It is unclear whether commitment to respect of IHL actually amounts to changes in behaviour. Current research does not extend beyond the focus on motivations to explore whether compliance and reciprocal commitments, and potential improvements in legitimacy, improve prospects for peace-making. There is a lack of empirical evidence that shows adherence to IHL could help to facilitate peace efforts and the chance of lasting peace.
Engagement on humanitarian issues is both an important end in itself and offers a possible entry point that can help to open up dialogue between conflict groups. For example, discussions on land mine bans in Colombia. The release of political prisoners can also be a critical positive development in peace processes (e.g. Nelson Mandela in South Africa).
World: IASC Task Team on Accountability to Affected Populations, and Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (AAP/PSEA) - Progress Report January 2016-Sept 2016
Foster a culture of accountability and protection from sexual exploitation and abuse at all levels of the humanitarian system.
Encourage institutionalization of AAP and PSEA within humanitarian organizations, including local and national NGOs, INGOs, Red Cross Red Crescent movement and UN Agencies.
Support operationalization of AAP and PSEA at collective level as well as individual agency level.
Support Humanitarian Country Teams operationalise accountability and PSEA, including provision of technical support (both remotely and on site), capturing and sharing good practice on AAP and PSEA, and dissemination of practical guidance for cluster and the intercluster coordination groups on strengthening AAP and Protection throughout the Humanitarian Program Cycle;
AAP/PSEA placement within humanitarian procedures and processes in the field: Mapping of current initiatives, interagency projects and key reports related to AAP and PSEA in 2016; Support the reinforcement of the responsibilities on AAP and PSEA for the Humanitarian Coordinator role
Ensure the PSEA workstream complements other PSEA-related initiatives and addresses gaps at the field and global levels, strengthen investigation and protection responses to SEA allegations, Support issues raised following the CBCM pilots and during the discussion on global SOPs
QUEZON CITY, Sept. 28 - The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is now fast-tracking the release of the P48,881,875 fund for the implementation of activities under the Early Recovery and Rehabilitation Plan for Typhoon Ferdie survivors in Batanes.
The plan includes cash-for-work (CFW) for 4,549 individuals amounting to P18,331,875 and Emergency Shelter Assistance (ESA) for 2,241 families with damaged houses amounting to P30,550,000.
“Our goal is to really release the funds as soon as possible so that the affected families can start rebuilding and regaining their normal functioning. Their fast recovery from one disaster will serve as their leverage to be more capable of dealing with the next one,” DSWD Secretary Judy Taguiwalo said
Typhoon Ferdie has left a total of 2,241 houses in shambles in Region II, mostly in Batanes Group of Islands. It also displaced 4,588 families in Regions I and II during its onslaught.
Meanwhile, the Department remains on standby for possible augmentation support and release of additional assistance in Northern Cagayan, Batanes and Babuyan Group of Islands due to the inclement weather brought by new Typhoon Helen.
DSWD Field Office-II has already prepositioned 17,869 family food packs in strategic locations in the region and is currently repacking additional food packs for possible distribution.
“We are exerting our full efforts to ensure that adequate response and the timely delivery of relief assistance and augmentation support for typhoon survivors are handled well in the local, provincial and regional levels. However, we cannot do this alone without the involvement of citizens who are considered as the government’s partner for change. During these trying times, we need to act in solidarity for the immediate recovery of those hit by the typhoons,” Sec. Taguiwalo said.
Covering the Period of 8:00 AM, 27 September 2016 to 8:00 AM, 28 September 2016
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
The Severe Tropical Storm (STS) with International Name "MEGI" entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (FAR) at 5:00 PM, 24 September 2016 and was named "HELEN".
At 5:00 PM, 27 September 2016, Typhoon "HELEN" made landfall over Taiwan,. Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS) in Northern Cagayan including Babuyan Group of Islands were lifted while TCWS No. 1 was still raised on Batanes Group of Islands.
PAGASA issued the Final Severe Weather Bulletin for Typhoon "HELEN" at 5:00 AM, 28 September 2016. Typhoon "HELEN" exited the PAR at 2:00 AM today and TCWS on Batanes Group of Islands is now lifted, however, the Southwest Monsoon enhanced by Typhoon "HELEN" still affects the country.
2015 was a year of transformation for the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC). The adoption of the ETC2020 Strategy in the first half of the year, radically expanding the vision, scope and approach of the cluster, set the network on a much more impactful, but challenging, trajectory. 2015 was characterised by the adoption and commenced implementation of ETC2020 as well as the most concurrent emergencies ever responded to; and the invaluable contributions of its members and partners without which, the ETC would not exist.
In addition to operations in Central African Republic, Iraq, South Sudan, Syria and West Africa inherited from 2014, conflict raging in Yemen, Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu and the earthquakes in Nepal added additional connectivity demands on the already stretched cluster’s capacity. In all, the ETC responded to an unprecedented eight concurrent emergencies.
Across these operations, the ETC experienced a number of ‘firsts’, indicative of the evolving emergency landscape and which would influence the new strategy. Seeing that the community needing connectivity to respond to Ebola in West Africa was not ‘just’ humanitarians, the ETC expanded its scope, providing services to humanitarian, healthcare and government responders at 80+ facilities across the three affected countries. Responding at the direct requestof the government in Vanuatu, the ETC was “embedded” in the Office of the Chief Information Officer, working directly with the National Disaster Management Office. In Nepal, ETC preparedness efforts had established a solid network of humanitarian, privatesector and government entities which allowed a faster and more effective response after the quake.
The rapidly evolving humanitarian and technology environments shape the way the ETC responds.
April 2015 was the turning point. Developed in close collaboration with over 40 organisations, the ambitious ETC2020 strategy builds upon the cluster’s years of experience, its expertise and its network of dedicated partners. Through ETC2020, for the first time, the ETC is engaging in Communications with Communities(CwC), leveraging its network of partners and expertise to provide disaster-affected people with the ability to communicate. In recognition of communities’ role in first response, ETC2020 activities seek to improve and decentralise preparedness activities. Connectivity and energy solutions will be enhanced as the ETC will continue to deliver its current mandate of providing timely, predictable, and effective emergency communications services to the humanitarian community.
Achieving the ETC2020 vision will take strong engagement with an expanded and more connected network, from leading edge Information Technology (IT)companies and local telecommunications providers, to humanitarians, governments and affected communities. Partnership and collaboration are key to successful functioning of the ETC.
2015 was a year of change for the ETC, but in many ways it was not unique. More emergencies, across wider areas and affecting more people has become the new norm and one for which the entire response community must prepare.
While continuing to provide connectivity services to the response community, the ETC objective is very different now to what it was 12 months ago. And in just four years from now, through working with governments to build resilience, decentralising response readiness and strengthening the capacity of affected people to respond, the ETC will ensure that all those responding to humanitarian emergencies have access to vital communications services and digital aid.
China - Taiwan Province: China, Philippines, Japan – Tropical Cyclone MEGI - ECHO Daily Map | 27/09/2016
- TC MEGI continued moving north-west and made landfall over Hualien county (Taiwan) on 27 September early morning (UTC), as a Typhoon. On 27 September at 6.00 UTC its centre was located over eastern Taichung county (Taiwan) and it had max. sustained wind speed of 213 km/h (Typhoon).
- Over the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west weakening. Its centre may move over Fujian province (China) on 27 September afternoon (UTC) possibly as a Typhoon. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge may affect the areas along its path. JRC calculations estimate a storm surge of the order of 1.5 m in Shih-shih (Fujian province) on 28 September at 0.00 UTC.
- As of 27 September early afternoon (UTC), a Sea and Land Typhoon Warning and an Extremely Heavy Rain Advisory for most counties of Taiwan (CWB) and a Red Warning for storm and high waves for Okinawa prefecture (JMA). As of the same date, a Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal #2 is in effect for the Batanes islands and #1 for the northern Cagayan Valley including also the Babuyan islands (PAGASA).
- Local media, as of 27 September early afternoon (UTC), reported that over 20 people have been injured, over 5 000 have been evacuated and 203 000 homes have been left without power in several counties of Taiwan. They also reported traffic and transport disruptions throughout Taiwan.
China - Taiwan Province: China, Philippines, Japan - Tropical Cyclone MEGI UPDATE (GDACS, JTWC, CWB, JMA, PAGASA, CMA, Local Media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 27 September 2016)
TC MEGI continued moving north-west strengthening. On 27 September at 0.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 180 km south-east of Hualien county (Taiwan) and it had max. sustained wind speed of 185 km/h.
Over the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west as an intense Typhoon. Its centre may move over Hualien county on 27 September morning (UTC) as a Typhoon. It may then make a second landfall over Fujian province (China) on 28 September morning (UTC) possibly as a Tropical Storm. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge may affect the areas along its path. JRC calculations estimate a storm surge of the order of 1.5 m in Shih-shih (Fujian province) on 28 September at 0.00 UTC.
As of 27 September early morning (UTC), the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan has issued a Sea and Land Typhoon Warning and an Extremely Heavy Rain Advisory for most counties of Taiwan and the Japan Meteorological Administration a Red Warning for storm and high waves for the prefecture of Okinawa. As of the same date, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration has issued Tropical Cyclone Warning Signals #2 for the Batanes group of islands and #1 for the northern Cagayan Valley including also the Babuyan group of islands.
Local media, as of 27 September early morning (UTC), reported that strong winds have already been affecting several areas of Taiwan causing traffic and transport disruptions, as well as several schools closed.
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
The Severe Tropical Storm (STS) with International Name "MEGI" entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) at 5:00 PM, 24 September 2016 and was named "HELEN".
Typhoon "HELEN" has slightly intensified as it continues to move closer to Taiwan.
At 4:00 AM, 27 September 2016, the eye of Typhoon "HELEN" was estimated at 320 km Northeast of Basco, Batanes with maximum sustained winds of up to 160 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 195 kph. "HELEN" continues to move in a west-northwest direction at 20 kph and forecasted to exit the PAR on Wednesday morning, 28 September 2016.
The estimated rainfall amount due to Typhoon "HELEN" is from moderate to heavy rains within its 800 km diameter. Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS) No. 2 is raised on Batanes Group of Islands and TCWS No. 1 in Northern Cagayan including Babuyan Group of Islands.
Southeast Asia has a complex history of migration within and outside the region, linked to uneven economic development and income disparity, demographic and social change, urbanization, transnational and civil conflict, and persecution. Migration flows within the region are often driven by mixed motivations, and many such movements are unregulated or unauthorized. Countries within the region must often simultaneously contend with irregular labor migration, asylum and refugee flows, and populations at risk of displacement as a result of persecution, exclusion, or a limited ability to generate basic livelihoods.
The May 2015 humanitarian crisis stemming from irregular maritime flows of Rohingya (a persecuted minority in Myanmar) and Bengalis in the Bay of Bengal brought these issues into sharp focus. Long-term systematic persecution and interethnic violence in Myanmar (also known as Burma), and a lack of livelihood opportunities in Bangladesh (where many displaced Rohingya have fled) led to a surge in maritime migration to Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia.
This report examines the key features of migration in and through Southeast Asia and assesses the policy challenges and responses to the May 2015 maritime flows of Rohingya and Bengalis in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. The humanitarian crisis highlighted that the present array of policies and practices in Southeast Asia are not meeting the needs of policymakers, migrants, or the public—and fall short of balancing the need to prevent displacement and protect those who are displaced. The report concludes with a series of recommendations as policymakers recognize the further development of protection infrastructure must be a priority.
China - Taiwan Province: China, Philippines, Japan– Tropical Cyclone MEGI - ECHO Daily Map | 26/09/2016
• TC MEGI continued moving north-west over the Philippine Sea, as a Typhoon. On 26 September at 6.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 540 km south-east of Taitung county (Taiwan) and it had max. sustained wind speed of 176 km/h (Typhoon).
• Over the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west, strengthening. It may move over Taitung and/or Hualien counties (Taiwan) on 27 September morning (UTC) as an intense Typhoon. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge may affect the areas along its path.
• As of 26 September early afternoon (UTC), the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan (CWB) has issued an Extremely Heavy Rain Advisory for the central, eastern, northern and southern counties as well as a Sea and Land Typhoon Warning for the whole of Taiwan. As of the same date, a Red Warning for high waves has been issued for Okinawa prefecture (Japan) (JMA) and Tropical Cyclone Warning Signals #2 for the Batanes group of islands and #1 for the northern Cagayan Valley including also the Babuyan group of islands (PAGASA).
Sources: GDACS, JTWC, JMA, CWB Taiwan, PAGASA, Local Media
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
The Severe Tropical Storm (STS) with International Name "MEGI" entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) at 5:00 PM, 24 September 2016 and was named "HELEN".
Typhoon "Helen" has intensified slightly as it continues its west northwest direction.
At 4:00 AM, 26 September 2016, the eye of Typhoon "HELEN" was estimated at 610 km East Basco, Batanes with maximum sustained winds of up to 150 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 185 kph. "HELEN" continues to move in a west-northwest direction at 22 kph and forecasted to exit the PAR on Wednesday morning, 28 September 2016.
The estimated rainfall amount due to Typhoon "HELEN" is from moderate to heavy rains within its 800 km diameter. Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS) No 2 is raised on Batanes Group of Islands and TCWS No. 1 in Babuyan Group of Istalnds.
Since 18 September, torrential rainfall has caused flooding, mud flows and landslides in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces. As of 22 September (09:00, UTC+8), 14 deaths were confirmed and nine people were reported missing while an additional 5,400 people were temporarily relocated. 81,000 people across 28 counties and 13 cities in the two provinces have been affected, including over 8,000 people who need immediate assistance. Local disaster management authorities have provided relief assistance to the affected communities.81,000 people affected
Flash floods in Garut, West Java on 21 September caused 33 deaths, with 20 people still missing and over 6,000 people temporarily displaced. Government agencies, the Red Cross, NGOs and the private sector are providing clean water, food, NFIs, shelter and rehabilitating critical infrastructure. Flooding was also reported in West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara and Sampang, East Java on 24 and 25 September which left 2,000 houses under water. Local authorities provided relief to the affected people.6,000 people displaced
An estimated 4,000 people have been relocated to Hlaingbwe Township, Kayin State due to fighting between the Myanmar Army and the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army splinter group. The State Government is leading the humanitarian response and has indicated that most needs including food, NFIs, education and health, are currently being met with the support of partners.4,000 people relocated
CHINA / PHILIPPINES
Typhoon Megi is projected to make landfall in Taiwan Province of China during the early hours of 27 September as a Category 3 storm, after which it is anticipated to track towards southeast mainland China as a weaker storm bringing significant rainfall. As of 26 September (11:00, UTC+8), the eye of Typhoon Megi (locally known as Helen) was located about 500 km east of the municipality of Basco, Batanes, Philippines with maximum sustained winds up to 150 km/h near the centre and gusts up to 185 km/h. It continues to move towards the Batanes Group of Islands and Taiwan Province of China at 20 km/h. The outer bands of the typhoon are expected to bring heavy rains over Batanes. The Government has raised the tropical cyclone warning signal for the Batanes Group of Islands to no. 2 (anticipating 61 to 120 km/h winds in the next 24 hours with light damage possible for medium- to high-risk structures). Megi is forecasted to affect areas that were recently hit by Typhoon Meranti.