Philippines - ReliefWeb News

Syndicate content
ReliefWeb - Updates
Updated: 1 hour 54 min ago

Philippines: Philippines Typhoon Haima: Houses Affected - Regions I, II, III and CAR - Official Count and Prediction (3 Nov 2016)

16 November 2016 - 12:23am
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies, Shelter Cluster Country: Philippines

Syrian Arab Republic: R2P monitor - 15 November 2016 issue 30

15 November 2016 - 5:16pm
Source: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Myanmar, Nigeria, Philippines, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen

R2P Monitor is a bimonthly bulletin applying the Responsibility to Protect lens to populations at risk of mass atrocities around the world. Issue 30 looks at developments in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, Burma/Myanmar, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Nigeria, Central African Republic and Philippines.

World: Mapping Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations in Asia and the Pacific: The ADB Experience

15 November 2016 - 6:52am
Source: Asian Development Bank Country: Afghanistan, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, World

This study maps out the major weaknesses of each fragile situation on the latest country performance assessment exercises and identifies overall common issues that need special attention.

While investments in transport, energy, education, health, private sector development, and other areas remain necessary, much more must be done to ensure that these investments are sustainable. Rethinking ADB’s engagement in fragile countries is critically important. This must be backed by a comprehensive understanding of the governance, institutional, political, and social issues that are behind each country’s exposure to conflict or fragility.

Findings show that the weakest areas in fragile and conflict-affected countries are policies for social inclusion/equity, followed by structural policies, and public sector management and institutions. Economic management has generally the highest ranking or is the strongest area in many such countries.

World: Last 50 Years Tropical Storms in Asia-Pacific: 1965 - 2016

15 November 2016 - 4:50am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Australia, Guam, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Northern Mariana Islands (The United States of America), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, World

Fifty years of tropical storms in Asia-Pacific

This map shows a consilidated history of tropical storm paths over the past 50 years in the Asia-Pacific region. The area of calm either side of the equator can be seen clearly, leaving Indonesia, Malaysia,
Singapore and Papua New Guinea largely unaffected by major storms.

In the northern Pacific, island nations such as Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau, as well as the territories of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam, lie in the path of many of the most destructive storms, which often reach their peak as they hit the Philippines and Japan.

Less frequent but occasionally damaging storms also strike in the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. South of the equator, Australia and more than a dozen pacific island nations and territories suffer from regular tropical storms.

Philippines: UNHCR lauds the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand among ASEAN States to address statelessness

15 November 2016 - 3:27am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand

JAKARTA, Indonesia – The UN Refugee Agency has welcomed the progress made by the Governments of Indonesia and the Philippines to confirm the nationality of nearly 3,000 people of Indonesian descent living in the southern Philippines. This is one of a series of positive steps taken by ASEAN States since the launch of a global campaign to end statelessness by 2024.

Volker Türk, UNHCR’s Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, made these comments at a Jakarta panel discussion on 14 November 2016 titled “The Right to Nationality and Ending Statelessness in ASEAN”.

“Since UNHCR launched the #IBelong campaign 2 years ago, ASEAN Member States have made real and quantifiable progress in addressing statelessness, with tens of thousands of stateless persons acquiring nationality and new policy commitments and initiatives made to further the goal of ending statelessness,” said Türk. “The cooperation between Indonesia and the Philippines is a good example of how States can work together to resolve this global problem.”

By definition, stateless people are not considered nationals by any State. As a result they often face problems accessing their basic rights and services and being fully integrated into society. Current statistics cover 3.7 million stateless people in 78 countries, while UNHCR estimates that at least 10 million people globally could be stateless.

According to reported statistics at the end of 2015, some 40 per cent of the world’s stateless people – more than 1.4 million – were living in South-East Asia. This included affected populations in Myanmar (an estimated 938,000, not counting those who are internally displaced), Thailand (443,862), Brunei (20,524), Malaysia (11,689), Viet Nam (an estimated 11,000) and the Philippines (7,138).

The causes of statelessness varies across countries. Gaps or conflicts in nationality laws is a key cause, often preventing children from realising their right to a nationality. In some States discrimination in nationality laws can cause statelessness, for example when women are unable to transmit their nationality to children. In other cases the lack of birth registration and resulting difficulties in acquiring identity documentation over generations prevents people and communities from being able to show that they are entitled to nationality under the law. However, as statelessness is a man-made problem, it can be solved.

In recent years, governments in the region have taken concrete steps to try and reduce and prevent statelessness. So far this year, a joint undertaking by Indonesia and the Philippines has confirmed the nationality of 2,957 people of Indonesian descent – including 1,226 children – living in Southern Mindanao. This means that they can finally enjoy the rights and benefits of having a nationality.

Thailand, which is part of the “Friends of the Campaign to end Statelessness” group of countries, has adopted the goal of attaining zero statelessness. Concerted efforts have helped more than 23,000 stateless people to acquire Thai nationality in the last four years.

In addition, the Royal Thai Government this year requested all districts in the country to identify and issue legal status to eligible stateless students in its database – a move that could benefit up to 65,000 students, alongside the clarification of procedures to facilitate processing of applications by stateless persons. In September the authorities also introduced a special regulation on the Immigration Act to extend stateless people’s freedom of movement from the district where they live to the entire province, which could improve their access to rights and services like health care and education, further facilitating their integration into Thai society.

UNHCR is supporting NGO Adventist Relief and Development Agency (ADRA) to open “service points” in different schools in northern Thailand’s Chiang Rai province where stateless students and their families can obtain nationality-related information and eventually lodge applications for birth registration, nationality, permanent residency and related civil status documentation.

The project helped Manee, 39, a single mother with two daughters from the Lahu “hill tribe”, to attain Thai nationality last month. “I have peace of mind and will keep my Thai nationality card with me from now on,” she said. “I can exercise more rights, and I will vote in every election I can. I can also move freely to see my cousins if I want to. And I can finally take advantage of the public services that will also be beneficial for my children.”

In Malaysia, civil society is playing a crucial role in engaging the affected community and resolving documentation issues. More than 700 stateless people have been granted Malaysian nationality so far this year with the help of UNHCR’s partner, the Development of Human Resources in Rural Areas (DHRRA). UNHCR is also working to raise awareness amongst children, teachers, students and lecturers through teaching toolkits and university workshops, and supporting NGO campaigns such as the “Journey to Belong” social media platform and the “Bring to Light/stateless children” campaign.

UNHCR welcomes the new partnerships that are being formed. Children will be the focus of the Coalition on Every Child’s Right to a Nationality, a joint UNHCR-UNICEF-civil society initiative to be launched on December 8 at the UNHCR High Commissioner’s Protection Dialogue on “Children on the Move” in Geneva.

“In our work across East Asia and the Pacific, we see that children who are denied a nationality are also denied their most basic rights,” said UNICEF Regional Child Protection Adviser Stephen Blight. “Statelessness pushes children into a lifetime of marginalization and vulnerability, which is perpetuated across generations. Birth registration is a vital tool to protect against this and close the equity gap – it is fundamental to address and challenge statelessness among children.”

The importance of preventing statelessness through birth registration was recognized in a Ministerial Declaration adopted by 44 States across the Asia Pacific in November 2014. States signed up to the goal of universal civil registration and vital statistics systems by 2024 and to address gaps in civil registration coverage for hard-to-reach and marginalized groups, including stateless persons. The Sustainable Development Goals, which provide the framework for global development, recognize the importance that no one is left behind, including in achieving legal identity for all, including birth registration by 2030.

At the regional level, the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) agreed in October to include a project on the right to a nationality for women and children and the building of the ASEAN Community in its 2016-2020 Workplan. This will build on a series of regional workshops and consultations co-hosted by Viet Nam’s Representatives to the Commission and UNHCR which began in 2013.

“The ACWC project will provide a new platform for ASEAN countries to identify and share good practices, learn from their peers and strengthen national and regional capacity to further realise the right to a nationality for ASEAN’s women and children. These efforts can contribute to realizing the ASEAN Community Vision 2025,” said Her Excellency, Madame Lily Purba, Indonesia’s Representative for Women’s Rights and the Chair of the ACWC.

Philippines: Quirino to prioritize nutrition in emergencies

14 November 2016 - 10:24pm
Source: Government of the Philippines Country: Philippines

By Thelma C. Bicarme

CABARROGUIS, Quirino, Nov. 15 (PIA)—Gov. Junie E. Cua here has assured full support to the evacuees during emergencies as he urged the Nutrition In Emergencies (NiEm) team here to work hard for the nutrition and health needs of the residents who will be evacuated due to disasters.

Cua said nutrition is one of the concerns in disaster risk reduction management because if the evacuees especially the marginalized groups are not taken care properly, they will be prone to illnesses caused by malnutrition.

He also assured the provincial government’s full support to the needs of the vulnerable groups such as the infants, children, elderly, lactating & pregnant women, persons with disabilities and others.

For her part, Provincial Nutrition Officer Luningning Pacudan Rhodes said the role of the nutrition cluster is crucial in emergencies in order to prevent death and protect the right to nutrition.

“Affected populations during emergencies are more likely to experience malnutrition because of lack or inadequate food and water, poor access to health services, civil insecurity and inadequate delivery of assistance. Population groups who are already malnourished even before the emergency are more vulnerable to illness and death during emergencies,” Rhodes said.

Rhodes added that emergencies can also result to three nutritional concerns such as acute malnutrition marked by muscle wasting; chronic malnutrition manifested by stunting or being short or having low height-for-age and impaired physical and mental development in children.

The components of Nutrition in Emergencies generally include these five interventions -nutrition assessment; infant and young child feeding protection, support and promotion; management of acute malnutrition; micronutrient supplementation and other interventions which can be food or non-food-based interventions.

The NiEm team is composed of the Provincial Technical Assistants or PTANs of the DENR, DSWD, DOLE, TESDA, DILG, DTI, PSWDO, DAR, DA-QES, DPST, NFA, PDRRMO, PNREO, DPWH, Q-LIFE, PIA, Population Office, DepEd, OPag, PVET, SP Office and the Nutrition Office as secretariat. (ALM/TCB/PIA 2-Quirino)

World: Le climat mondial 2011–2015

14 November 2016 - 2:34pm
Source: World Meteorological Organization Country: India, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Africa, Thailand, World

Le climat mondial 2011-2015: chaud et fantasque

L’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) vient de publier une analyse détaillée du climat mondial de 2011 à 2015 – période quinquennale la plus chaude jamais enregistrée – et de l’empreinte de plus en plus visible de l’être humain sur les phénomènes météorologiques et climatologiques extrêmes, dont les répercussions sont dangereuses et coûteuses.

Les températures record se sont accompagnées d’une élévation du niveau de la mer, du recul de la banquise de l’Arctique et des glaciers de haute montagne, et de la diminution du manteau neigeux de l’hémisphère Nord.

Tous ces indicateurs d’un changement climatique confirment la tendance au réchauffement sur le long terme due aux gaz à effet de serre. La teneur de l’atmosphère en dioxyde de carbone a atteint le seuil symbolique de 400 parties par million (ppm) pour la première fois en 2015, selon le rapport Climat mondial 2011-2015.

Le rapport aborde également la question des liens directs entre les changements climatiques d’origine humaine et des phénomènes extrêmes spécifiques. Sur les 79 études publiées de 2011 à 2014 dans le Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, plus de la moitié démontrent que les changements climatiques d’origine humaine (anthropiques) avaient contribué au phénomène extrême concerné. Certaines d’entre elles indiquent que la probabilité d’occurrence des vagues de chaleur a été multiplié par 10, voire plus.

«L’Accord de Paris vise à contenir l’élévation de la température de la planète nettement en dessous de 2 °C par rapport aux niveaux préindustriels et à poursuivre l’action menée pour limiter cette hausse à 1,5 °C. Le rapport de l’OMM confirme qu’en 2015, la température moyenne avait déjà atteint le seuil de 1 °C. La période de cinq ans qui vient de s’achever a été la plus chaude jamais enregistrée. De son côté, 2015 a été l’année la plus chaude jamais observée, or tout semble indiquer que ce record sera battu en 2016» a déclaré le Secrétaire général de l’OMM, Petteri Taalas.

«Les effets des changements climatiques n’ont cessé d’être visibles à l’échelle mondiale depuis les années 1980: hausse de la température au-dessus des terres émergées et de l’océan, élévation du niveau de la mer et fonte généralisée de la glace. Ils ont augmenté les risques de phénomènes extrêmes, comme les vagues de chaleur, la sécheresse, les précipitations record et les inondations dévastatrices» a souligné M. Taalas.

Le rapport souligne certains des phénomènes à fort impact, parmi lesquels: la sécheresse qui a sévi en Afrique de l’Est de 2010 à 2012 et qui a entraîné une surmortalité de 258 000 décès et la sécheresse de 2013-2015 en Afrique australe; les inondations qui ont fait 800 victimes et causé des pertes économiques de plus de 40 milliards de dollars des états-Unis dans le sud-est de l’Asie en 2011, les vagues de chaleur qui ont frappé l’Inde et le Pakistan en 2015 et qui se sont soldées par plus de 4 100 victimes; l’ouragan Sandy en 2012, qui a entraîné des pertes économiques de 67 milliards de dollars aux États-Unis d’Amérique, et le typhon Haiyan (Yolanda), qui a fait 7 800 victimes aux Philippines en 2013.

Le rapport Climat mondial 2011-2015 a été présenté à la Conférence des Parties à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques. L’échelle temporelle de cinq ans permet de mieux comprendre les tendances pluriannuelles du réchauffement et les phénomènes extrêmes, comme les sécheresses prolongées et les vagues de chaleur récurrentes, ce que ne permet pas un rapport annuel.

En vue d’étayer les négociations sur les changements climatiques qui se tiennent dans la ville marocaine de Marrakech, l’OMM publiera, le 14 novembre, une évaluation provisoire de l’état du climat en 2016.

Faits saillants

2011-2015 a été la période de cinq ans la plus chaude jamais enregistrée à l’échelle de la planète et pour tous les continents, à l’exception de l’Afrique (où elle figure au deuxième rang des cinq années les plus chaudes). La température était supérieure de 0,57 °C (1,03 °F) à la normale de la période de référence (1961–1990). Jusqu’à présent, l’année la plus chaude jamais observée est 2015, lors de laquelle la température a dépassé de 0,76 °C (1,37 °F) la normale de 1961–1990. 2014, quant à elle, figure au deuxième rang des années les plus chaudes. En outre, en 2015, pour la première fois, la température à l’échelle du globe a dépassé de plus de 1 °C la normale préindustrielle.

À l’échelle de la planète, la température de l’océan a également atteint des niveaux sans précédent. La température de surface de la mer, moyennée à l’échelle du globe sur une année, a été la plus élevée depuis le début des relevés en 2015, 2014 occupant la deuxième place. Cette température était supérieure à la normale dans la plupart des régions du monde, mais en dessous de la normale dans certains secteurs de l’océan Austral et de l’est du Pacifique Sud.

Des épisodes La Niña (2011) et El Niño (2015/2016), tous deux de forte intensité, ont eu une incidence sur la température de chaque année prise séparément, sans pour autant exercer d’influence sur la tendance au réchauffement sous-jacente.

Glace et neige

La banquise arctique a continué de reculer. Pendant la période 2011–2015, la superficie moyenne en septembre était de 4,70 millions de km2, soit 28 % de moins que la normale de la période 1981–2010. En 2012, l’étendue minimale de la glace de mer en été (3,39 millions de km2) a été la plus faible jamais observée.

En revanche, pendant une grande partie de ces cinq années, l’étendue de la banquise antarctique était supérieure à la normale de la période 1981–2010, en particulier pour ce qui est du maximum hivernal.

La fonte en surface estivale de l’inlandsis groenlandais a continué d’être au-dessus de la moyenne et la superficie touchée était, chacune des cinq années, supérieure à la moyenne de la période 1981–2010. Le recul des glaciers de montagne s’est également poursuivi.

L’étendue du manteau neigeux de l’hémisphère Nord était nettement inférieure à la normale pour chacune des cinq années considérées et pour chaque mois, de mai à août, ce qui s’inscrit dans la forte tendance à la baisse constatée.

Élévation du niveau de la mer

À mesure qu’il se réchauffe, l’océan se dilate, ce qui entraîne une élévation du niveau de la mer à l’échelle tant régionale que mondiale. L’augmentation du contenu thermique de l’océan est responsable d’environ 40 % de l’élévation observée à l’échelle mondiale ces 60 dernières années. Plusieurs études ont conclu que la contribution des nappes glaciaires continentales, en particulier du Groenland et de la partie occidentale de l’Antarctique, à l’élévation du niveau de la mer s’accélérait.

Pour l’ensemble des relevés par satellites de 1993 jusqu’à nos jours, l’élévation du niveau de la mer a été d’environ 3 mm par année. À titre de comparaison, la tendance moyenne de la période 1900–2010 (sur la base des marégraphes) est de 1,7 mm par an.

Changements climatiques et phénomènes extrêmes

Pendant la période 2011–2015, les changements climatiques anthropiques ont augmenté la probabilité d’occurrence de nombreux phénomènes météorologiques et climatiques extrêmes. Ils ont multiplié par 10, voire plus, celle des canicules.

On mentionnera dans ce contexte les températures annuelles et saisonnières record qu'ont connues les États-Unis en 2012 et l'Australie en 2013, l'été caniculaire de 2013 en Asie orientale et en Europe occidentale, les vagues de chaleur du printemps et de l'automne 2014 en Australie, la température annuelle record de 2014 en Europe et la vague de chaleur de décembre 2013 en Argentine.

Les signaux directs n’ont pas été aussi marqués pour les extrêmes pluviométriques (déficit et excès). Dans de nombreux cas, notamment les inondations de 2011 dans le sud-est de l’Asie, la sécheresse de 2013–2015 dans le sud du Brésil et l’hiver particulièrement pluvieux de 2013‑2014 au Royaume-Uni, la contribution des changements climatiques anthropiques n’a pu être déterminée avec certitude. En revanche, pour les précipitations extrêmes qui ont frappé le Royaume-Uni en décembre 2015, il a été déterminé qu’il y avait eu environ 40 % plus de risques que ce type de phénomène ait lieu en raison des changements climatiques.

Certaines incidences observées étaient liées à l’accentuation de la vulnérabilité. Une étude sur la sécheresse qui a sévi en 2014 dans le sud-est du Brésil a permis de montrer que des déficits pluviométriques de même ordre avaient été enregistrés à trois reprises depuis 1940, mais que les incidences de cette sécheresse avaient été exacerbées par une hausse nette de la demande en eau due à la croissance démographique.

Certains phénomènes observés sur de plus longues périodes, qui n'ont pas encore fait l'objet d'études officielles quant à leurs causes probables, concordent avec les projections à courte et longue échéance relatives au changement climatique. Il s’agit en particulier de la fréquence accrue de sécheresses pluriannuelles dans les régions subtropicales, comme on a pu le constater entre 2011 et 2015 dans le sud des États-Unis, dans certaines régions du sud de l'Australie et, en fin de période, en Afrique australe.

D’autres phénomènes, comme les saisons sèches inhabituellement longues et chaudes de 2014 et 2015 dans le bassin de l’Amazone au Brésil, sont préoccupants si l’on tient compte des «points de bascule» susceptibles d’être atteints par le système climatique.

Philippines: Stateless limbo ends as 3,000 'legal ghosts' in the Philippines get nationality

14 November 2016 - 9:45am
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation Country: Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand

Around 40 percent of the world's estimated 10 million stateless people live in southeast Asia

By Beh Lih Yi

KUALA LUMPUR, Nov 14 (Thomson Reuters Foundation)ind - After years of living in legal limbo, nearly 3,000 stateless people in the southern Philippines have been granted nationality by Manila and Jakarta this year, U.N. officials said on Monday.

The 2,957 people - including 1,226 children - are part of a group of some 9,000 people of Indonesian descent who have for generations lived in southern Mindanao in the Philippines.

Seafaring communities have crisscrossed the seas between the Indonesian part of Borneo island and the southern Philippines for centuries.

The group was given Philippine or Indonesian nationality this year in a move welcomed by the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR as a step toward an ambitious global goal to end statelessness by 2024.

"The cooperation between Indonesia and the Philippines is a good example of how states can work together to resolve this global problem," UNHCR's assistant high commissioner for protection Volker Türk said.

UNHCR estimates there are about 10 million stateless people worldwide, with large populations in Myanmar, Thailand, Zimbabwe and the Ivory Coast.

About 40 percent of them live in Southeast Asia, according to the U.N. agency.

Sometimes referred to as "legal ghosts", stateless people are not recognised as nationals by any country and as such, they are deprived of the basic rights most people take for granted.

Many of the stateless Indonesia descendants living in southern Mindanao interviewed in a 2014 UNHCR mapping study said they struggle with daily challenges including access to employment, livelihoods, education and clean water.

Under an old law, Indonesians would lose their citizenship if they lived abroad for over five years without registering with the Indonesian authorities.

Although the law was reformed later and Indonesians can reacquire their citizenship, many people do not formally apply for it and remain stateless, according to the UNHCR.

Meanwhile, in Thailand, which has one of the world's largest stateless populations, UNHCR said 23,000 people have been given Thai nationality over the last four years.

Many of Thailand's stateless are from hill tribes, with ancestral ties to their territory and are ethnically different from the Thai majority. Others are children of illegal migrants who fled to Thailand, particularly from Myanmar.

(Reporting by Beh Lih Yi @behlihyi, Editing by Ros Russell; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, property rights and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org)

Philippines: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (8 - 14 November 2016)

14 November 2016 - 4:15am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Indonesia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines

NEW ZEALAND

On 14 November, a 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Christchurch on South Island at a depth of 15 km. The media reported at least two people were killed. Following the earthquake, a two meter tsunami was recorded in Kaikoura. The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management (CDEM) immediately issued a tsunami land warning for the East Cape to Southland, including Wellington and the Chatham Islands but has since been cancelled. A state of emergency was declared in Kaikoura.

Evacuations were conducted along the coastal areas with local authorities leading the response. The National Crisis Management Centre is activated to provide support as required. To date, no international request for assistance has been made.

INDONESIA

Between 10 and 13 November, incessant rains across Java Island and in Aceh and Jambi provinces triggered floods and flash floods. It is estimated that tens of thousands people were affected, although some local governments were unable to provide data as the floods rapidly receded. In Jambi, one person was killed by flash floods. As the rainy season is expected to continue until March 2017, the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) warned that 41 million people across Indonesia are at moderate or high at risk of landslides.

41 Million people at risk of landslides

MYANMAR

From 8 to 10 November, WFP distributed 60 tons of food to about 7,200 people in four villages of northern Rakhine State which have been inaccessible since the 9 October armed attacks. While this limited access is welcome, thousands of people remain in need of humanitarian assistance with up to 15,000 people displaced in the area of security operations. In addition, 260 ethnic Rakhine IDPs remain displaced in Buthidaung and Maungdaw.

Humanitarian services, including food, cash and nutrition for more than 150,000 people, have now been suspended for more than a month. Advocacy continues for access to conduct assessments, deliver life-saving assistance and resume regular services. On 12 November, new clashes were reported in Rakhine State leading to an unconfirmed number of deaths arrests.

15,000 people displaced

PHILIPPINES

As of 10 November, about 31,000 people are displaced in Region III (Central Luzon) by Typhoon Haima, which hit the Philippines on 19 October. Of the total number of displaced people, 3,600 people remain inside evacuation centres in the provinces of Tarlac, Bulacan and Pampanga. Nearly 270,000 houses were destroyed, mostly in Cagayan and Isabela provinces. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) continues to lead the government’s transition to recovery, providing emergency shelter funds and cash-for-work programming to affected families.

Philippines: Monitoring conflicts in the southern Philippines

12 November 2016 - 6:08pm
Source: International Alert Country: Philippines

We have launched a new monitoring system called Conflict Alert that allows conflicts to be analysed and compared in different regions in the southern Philippines.

Conflict Alert tracks violent conflict in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and the Davao and Caraga regions, which are all part of the Mindanao island group.

The system is the only regional conflict tracker that exists in the Philippines. It is an upgrade from the Bangsamoro Conflict Monitoring System (BCMS) that covered the ARMM and the cities of Cotabato and Isabela, and the Southern and Eastern Mindanao Conflict Database (SEMCD) that tracked the Davao and Caraga regions. These lie along Mindanao's southern and eastern corridor.

Although the BCMS was hailed as a pioneer of conflict monitoring in the Philippines, its geographic scope was limited. The SEMCD expanded the analysis of conflicts from one to three regions.

By combining these databases, Conflict Alert will improve our understanding of violence in the southern Philippines, which is a major site of rebellion, criminal violence, and shadow economy-based conflicts.

“With this new system, we can generate the evidence to check the incidence, causes and costs, and trends and directions of violent conflict. It will greatly help in policy making, development planning and peacebuilding for the areas covered”, said Francisco J. Lara Jr., our Country Manager in the Philippines.

The ARMM, Davao and Caraga regions comprise of 15 provinces and nearly half the population of Mindanao. They also occupy over half of Mindanao's total land area. The ARMM, the Philippines’ poorest region, hosts Moro rebels while the Davao and Caraga regions host communist insurgents. The government, led by new President Rodrigo Duterte, is currently in peace negotiations with both of these groups.

“Conflict Alert findings highlight the need to retire these rebellions. Political conflict, specifically rebellion, results in the highest number of conflict deaths among other causes of conflict. It also discourages investments and stunts development”, said Nikki Philline de la Rosa from our Philippines team.

The full findings have been published in our new Conflict Alert report, which can be downloaded here.

Nearly a hundred representatives from government agencies, non-government organisations, universities, donors, embassies, and businesses attended the launch of Conflict Alert. Among those present was the World Bank’s Country Director for the Philippines Mara K. Warwick, who said the organisation remained strongly committed to peace and development in conflict-affected areas of the country.

Hernani A. Braganza, a member of the government panel negotiating with the National Democratic Front of the Philippines, also attended. He said the data will help to push for a bilateral ceasefire with communist rebels.

Conflict Alert is funded by the Korea Trust Fund for Economic and Peace-Building Transitions, the World Bank, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and the Royal Norwegian Government.