Philippines - ReliefWeb News
Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 02 re Preparedness Measures and Monitoring Activities for Tropical Storm "Glenda" (Rammasun)
Tropical Storm "Glenda" has intensified further as it continues to move westward threatening Bicol Region.
• RAMMASUN ("GLENDA" in the Philippines), formed in the Pacific Ocean, near Guam, on 10 July and started moving west (see map below). On 14 July at 6.00 UTC, it had max. sust. winds of 120 km/h and its centre was located over the Philippine Sea, approx. 240 km east of Sorsogon and Albay provinces (Bicol Region, southern Luzon,
• In the next 24 h, it is forecast to continue moving west, towards Bicol Region, slightly intensifying. It is expected to reach the coast of eastern Bicol Region (Catanduanes, Albay,
Sorsogon, Camarines Norte and Sur) in the morning of 15 July (UTC) as a Typhoon; then it is forecast to move north-west, crossing Calabarzon and Central Luzon Regions, slightly weakening.
• RAMMASUN is expected to affect areas of Luzon and Visayas with moderate to intense rainfall, as well as strong winds and storm surge. Flashfloods and landslides may also occur in low-lying areas. As of 14 July morning (UTC, PAGASA), a Public Storm Warning Signal (PSWS) #3 was in effect for Catanduanes and a PSWS #2 for a number of provinces of Luzon, as well as for Northern Samar in Visayas (see PSWS in the map). A PSWS #1 is also in effect for several other provinces of Luzon, including Metro Manila, and Visayas.
• After crossing the Philippines, RAMMASUN is forecast to continue moving north-west over the South China Sea, towards China and Vietnam, strenghtening (see inset map).
Protect Teachers from Wartime Attacks: New Report Shows Educators Are Targeted in Armed Conflict
New York, July 14, 2014 – Attacks on teachers and other educators are a disturbingly common tactic of war and a serious threat to education, the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA) said in a new study released today, Protecting Education Personnel from Targeted Attack in Conflict-Affected Countries. The report describes how teachers have been targeted around the world and documents various ways communities have tried to keep them safe.
“On Malala Day, we should also remember the courage of teachers like Malala’s father, who too often place their lives at risk simply by going to work and doing their job,” said Diya Nijhowne, GCPEA’s director. “Attacks on teachers strike at the very heart of a community, and more must be done to protect them.”
Malala Day – July 14 – celebrates the courage of Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani schoolgirl and education activist shot by the Taliban in 2012 for her work to promote girls’ education.
The 50-page report draws from interviews with global practitioners, documents from international and local organizations, and field research in the Philippines. It highlights the devastating impact of violence against educators on the education system. Attacks can deplete the teaching force, as teachers and professors are intimidated, injured, killed, or forced to flee. In the longer term, they can exacerbate teacher shortages, disrupt education and employment cycles, and impact a country’s development.
“In many places, there is already a significant gap between the number of trained teachers and the demand for education,” said Nijhowne. “When low pay is compounded with the risk of attacks, there is little incentive to enter and stay in the teaching profession, weakening the education system even further.”
Teachers Targeted in at least 23 Countries since 2009
Over the last five years, teachers and other education staff have been targeted for assassination, killed, injured, tortured, detained, extorted, and harassed in areas of conflict and instability in at least 23 countries, according to Education under Attack 2014. In Nigeria, where the militant group Boko Haram abducted almost 300 schoolgirls exactly three months ago, the President of the National Union of Teachers reported that the group had also killed 171 teachers since 2009.
The motives for attacks vary. Some educators face threats because of their classroom activities: they refuse to allow armed parties to recruit children from schools, they teach girls, or their lessons include particular topics and not others. Others are targeted because of their ethnicity, their association with the government or a warring party, their political activities, or because they engage in education-related advocacy.
In the Philippines, for example, education personnel are required to serve as poll workers during elections, resulting in an upsurge in attacks on teachers during voting periods. Ahead of 2010 elections in Maguindanao, unidentified gunmen assassinated a principal and a teacher at an elementary school that is regularly used as a polling station. Teachers in the Philippines also experienced harassment and attacks when schools were used by armed parties for military purposes, such as barracks and camps, despite national laws prohibiting this practice.
Protecting Teachers from Attack
Educators who face attacks require more protection, GCPEA said. The new report examines measures taken to protect teachers, including: arming teachers, using armed and unarmed civilian guards, setting up community protection committees, relocating and transferring teachers, negotiating with belligerent parties to keep schools and teachers off-limits, and monitoring and reporting attacks. Some of these measures bring their own risks. Armed guards in southern Thailand, for example, themselves became the targets of attack, putting in the line of fire the very teachers they were hired to protect.
The report also assesses strategies to prevent attacks in the long term, including increasing accountability and ending impunity for attacks, enacting protective legislation and policy, and developing conflict-sensitive education programs and policies. Teachers’ unions and human rights groups in Colombia and Zimbabwe, for example, have taken perpetrators to court for attacks against teachers, with some successes in Colombia.
Finally, the report offers guidance to practitioners and policymakers on what they can do to help improve teachers’ security.
“Teachers play a crucial role in enlightening and inspiring the next generation of leaders like Malala,” said Nijhowne. “For the sake of their children, their societies, and their future, it is imperative that States galvanize efforts and resources to keep teachers safe.”
By: Sally Atento-Altea
LEGAZPI CITY, July 14 (PIA) – Governor Joey Salceda has placed the province of Albay under preparedness status as of 12:00 pm today after the government weather bureau declared the province under public storm warning signal number 2 as tropical storm Glenda intensifies.
In the latest advisory of the Provinical Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council in Albay, Salceda has likewise suspended classes at all levels for both public and private schools.
The same advisory has directed all local DRRMCs to activate their respective Operation Centers for preparedness meeting and close monitoring of weather bulletins and PDRRMC advisories through infoboard and for timely application of countermeasures for disaster avoidance in their respective jurisdiction.
Salceda further reiterated his call for residents along river system and steep slope are advised to pre identify safer grounds and facilities for possible evacuation in case of flood and landslide for disaster avoidance.
They are also advised to monitor Albay PDRRMC Smart Infoboard and local broadcast stations for regular and periodic issuances of further emergency advisories.
No sailing policy has likewise been declared for all fishing vessels and passenger sea crafts.
In the latest Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or Pagasa weather advisory, TS Glenda has intensified further as it continue to move in a westward direction at 28 kph threatening the Bicol region.
As of 10:00 am today, the center of TS Glenda is estimated at 620 km East of Virac Catanduanes with a maximum sustained winds of 95 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 120kph.
The province of Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Sorsogon and Albay have been placed under Signal number 2 with winds of 61-100 kph expected in at least 24 hours. (MAL/SAA-PIA5/Albay)
By: Maria Teresa B. Benas
BANGUED, Abra, July 14(PIA) -- The Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) has intensified its program on disaster preparedness in line with the theme of this year’s observance of the National Disaster Consciousness Month, “Kahandaan at Kaligtasan ng Pamayanan, Pundasyon ng Kaunlaran”.
Governor Eustaquio P. Bersamin directed the working committees in the PDRRMC to carry out all their planned activities that promote disaster preparedness starting with the conduct of trainings on Basic Life Support and Emergency Response to the volunteer brigades of the local government units of Lagangilang and Licuan-Baay last July 2.
This event and a fun walk were the back-to-back kick-off activities with the National Nutrition Month celebration also this July.
The trainings are conducted simultaneously by the volunteer trainers of the Philippine Red Cross (PRC)-Abra Chapter and the Health Emergency Management Staff (HEMS) of the Provincial Health Office with the help of the trained responders of the Bureau of Fire Protection and the Philippine Army. Also being conducted are series of Earthquake and Fire Drills in the various schools in Abra through the PDRRMC.
An earthquake drill was conducted at the Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology (ASIST) – Bangued Campus on July 2, while the second drill was done at the Divine Word College of Bangued (DWCB) on July 11.
Based on the evaluation of the drills carried out in the two major colleges in the province, the school administrators have expressed need for more intensified support from the PDRRMC in terms of organizational aspect and trainings of their people that would be assigned as mainstay of the program and be adopted by their schools as regular program.
School administrators particularly that of the DWCB have expressed the need for IEC materials that they could use and integrate in their classes to constantly remind the faculty, staff and students of the do’s and don’ts in times of calamities in order to lessen the impact of disasters especially so because they need to protect not only their people, but also their resources and very important documents.
The PDRRMC members have agreed to provide all their requests for training as well as IEC materials. (JDP/MTBB – PIA CAR, Abra)
With Tropical Storm Glenda already within the Philippine Area of Responsibility, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has readied food and non-food relief assistance to augment resources of local government units (LGUs) along the storm path.
DSWD-Field Offices in Northern and Central Luzon which are along Glenda’s path have prepositioned 78,608 family food packs for immediate distribution to LGUs.
These Field Offices also have a total of 209,875 assorted food items and 101,326 non-food items.
Secretary of Social Welfare Corazon Juliano-Soliman has directed all concerned Field Offices to continue to coordinate with the LGUs in their respective areas to ensure that the needs of the affected families will be immediately addressed.
Social Welfare and Development (SWAD) Teams at the municipal level are now on field to monitor the extent of the typhoon.
For its part, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has also issued “blue alert” status where half of the personnel of all regional and municipal disaster risk reduction management offices, the regional offices of Civil Defense and other concerned government agencies should be at their posts to monitor the situation.
Intermittent heavy rains that started in early June caused flooding in low-lying areas of Maguindanao province, which declared a state of calamity. The Regional, Provincial and Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils have provided food packs to 160,000 people.
160,000 people affected
Agencies from the Mindanao Humanitarian Team have pre-positioned relief items as a preparedness measure should government counterparts request bilateral assistance.
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration,
Tropical Storm Rammasun is expected to intensify as it moves westward across the Pacific and in to the Philippine Area of Responsibility over the next 24-48 hours. Residents in Northern Visayas and Luzon have been advised to closely monitor developments.
Heavy rain from early Jul caused flooding in Petir Urban Village of Cipondoh District in Tangerang City,
230 houses inundated
Houses were inundated and roads were blocked. The Tangerang PMI (Indonesian Red Cross) evacuated the affected people who have since returned to their houses.
Four children have died out of five suspected cases of meningococcal disease in the village of Goge (population 100), Makira. Ministry of Health officials and WHO visited the area on 8 Jul to further investigate the outbreak.
4 young children dead
Antibiotics are being provided, along with community education at the local market.
Tropical Storm Neoguri dumped heavy rain and caused strong winds, high tides, heavy rains and cut power as it swept across Japan on 8-11 Jul.
On 11 Jul, Neoguri was downgraded to a tropical cyclone after passing the north-east coast of Japan.
A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck on 11 Jul off the coast of north-east Japan, triggering a small tsunami.
The Japan Meteorological Agency issued a tsunami warning for Fukushina, Iwate and Miyagi Prefectures, which it later amended to tsunami advisories for coastal regions. There have been no reports of major damage.
FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA
As of 10 Jul, health officials confirmed suspected measles cases in Pohnpei.
33 people hospitalised
Vaccinations and transmission awareness campaigns are being conducted in affected municipalities, however there are fears that cases will increase.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
In response to landslides that occurred in Hela and Southern Highland Provinces at the beginning of the month, the provincial government released PGK 500,000 (US$205,000) for emergency relief and maintenance of government infrastructure.
In PNG, a measles outbreak has been reported in 21 provinces. The National Department of Health disease surveillance has reported over 43 deaths since the outbreak and has increased its vaccination efforts.
07/14/2014 09:17 GMT
MANILA, July 14, 2014 (AFP) - Thousands of people living in coastal areas of the Philippines were preparing on Monday to evacuate as the first major storm of the rainy season barrelled towards the archipelago.
Tropical Storm Rammasun is expected to hit fishing communities in the eastern Philippines late Tuesday and then bring heavy rain to Manila and other heavily populated northern areas, civil defence officials said.
The Philippines is hit by about 20 major storms a year, many of them deadly, and Rammasun will be the first to make landfall since the rainy season began last month.
Authorities said they were taking every precaution to avoid fatalities, after Super Typhoon Haiyan left about 7,300 people dead or missing when it tore across the central Philippines in November last year.
"We are already warning the public to be on alert for possible effects of the weather disturbance: landslides, flash floods, strong rains and winds," said Alexander Pama, head of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council.
Miguel Villafuerte, governor of Camarines Sur province in southern Luzon which is expected to be hit hard by the storm, said many people in vulnerable areas were already being urged to flee.
"We are extra-cautious because of what happened with Yolanda last year," he said, using the local name for Haiyan.
The disaster management council said it had already alerted over 1,300 villages susceptible to floods or landslides they were in Ramassun's direct path and residents should be prepared to shelter in evacuation centres.
The second level of a three-step storm alert has been raised over the Bicol archipelago southeast of Manila, where the storm is expected to first hit. Classes on all levels have already been suspended.
Heavy rain is also expected to fall over the central islands that bore the brunt of Haiyan and where thousands of people are still living in tents or other makeshift evacuation centres.
Storm alerts have also been hoisted for the more than 12 million people in Manila, with some classes having already been suspended.
The new storm is expected to bring 7.5 to 15 millimetres (0.3 to 0.6 inches) of rainfall per hour, the disaster council said.
Council spokeswoman Mina Marasigan warned that the storm could become even more powerful as it moves across the sea.
She said there were concerns it might bring rainfall comparable to Typhoon Xangsane in 2006, which killed more than 200 people and displaced nearly two million due largely to widespread and heavy flooding.
© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse
Period covered by this Operation Update: November 2013 to May 2014. This update represents a summary of the operation over the first six months with cumulative financial and operational outcomes.
Appeal target (current): CHF126,156,616
Appeal coverage: The current Appeal budget of CHF126.2 million includes the contribution of the emergency response units (ERUs), budgeted at CHF3.5 million. Cash and in-kind contributions to the appeal currently cover for 60 per cent of the budget of CHF 122.6 million . The appeal now seeks additional funding of CHF49.5 million to cover the funding gap.
- 16 January 2014: A revision of this emergency appeal was launched for CHF 126,156,616 to support 100,000 families (500,000 people) over 24 months.
- 12 November 2013: An emergency appeal was launched on a preliminary basis for CHF 72,323,259 to support 100,000 families (500,000 people) over 18 months.
- 8 November 2013: CHF 475,495 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Philippine Red Cross in delivering assistance to those affected and undertake initial needs assessments in the affected areas.
Now six months since Typhoon Haiyan first made landfall in the Philippines, the relief phase of this operation has been fully completed and tangible progress in the recovery phase can be clearly seen. Many of the initial emergency phase targets have been achieved, while others have been adjusted in order to meet real-time existing needs on the ground. The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and its Partner National Societies (PNSs), continues to lead the operation in meeting the immediate and longer-term needs of families affected by Typhoon Haiyan.
Supported by the deployment of more than 8,235 volunteers, the delivery of essential non-food items has reached 160,730 households in Panay, Leyte, Cebu and Palawan, while 49,844 beneficiary households have received unconditional cash grants through the PRC/IFRC cash grant programme. Up to 158,727 emergency shelter items were distributed to more than 119,314 typhoon-affected households, including 119,314 tarpaulins, 2,158 tents and 37,255 shelter tool kits. Clean water of up to 6.3 million litres was produced and provided to affected households in Tacloban, Tolosa and Tabontabon in Leyte.
DAKAR, 14 July 2014 (IRIN) - Humanitarian funding reached a record US$22 billion in 2013, yet almost a third of needs remained unmet, according to data recently released by the UK-based think tank Global Humanitarian Assistance Programme’s Development Initiatives.
“ was quite an extraordinary year and very different and very much in contrast to previous years,” said Daniel Coppard, director of research and analysis at Development Initiatives.
In response to the unprecedented levels of humanitarian need - particularly in light of three major crises in Syria, the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Philippines - both governments and private donors stepped up their response efforts in 2013 with unprecedented levels of funding.
“One certainly hopes that this response by the international community last year isn’t a one off and that it continues and is sustained in the coming years,” Coppard told IRIN.
Government donors, who accounted for around three-quarters of total aid in 2013, gave an estimated $16.4 billion, up by one quarter in 2012. Private donors, including individuals, trusts, foundations and corporations, increased their contributions by 35 percent, to around $5.6 billion.
While this increase is good news, Coppard said it still is not good enough.
“There’s no room for complacency because still over a third of [humanitarian] needs aren’t being met,” he said. “And with Syria, in particular, it’s quite clear that demands are set to rise both this year, 2014, and beyond.”
Syria’s 2014 humanitarian appeal is 26 percent funded, CAR’s is 37 percent funded while the Philippines appeals are 53 percent funded, according to OCHA’s financial tracking service.
The UN coordinated appeals, for example, totalled $13.2 billion in 2013. As of June 2014, appeals had already exceeded this, reaching $16.9 billion. Coppard said this figure is expected to rise even higher by the end of the year, and will likely stay at comparable levels in the next few years.
Cyprien Fabre, head of the West Africa regional support office for the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO), said it is unrealistic to believe that all the needs everywhere will be covered by humanitarian funding if crises continue to multiply.
“The overall humanitarian community is really struggling in 2014 to fund all the action in relation with the humanitarian needs in West Africa,” he said. “Persistent and continually increasing food insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel is challenged by large displacement-related needs, in Mali, Nigeria and CAR, and epidemics such as cholera and Ebola.”
Population growth alone will mean the number of food insecure and malnourished will grow across the region, year on year, say analysts.
While ECHO has once again secured large funds for West Africa - around 184.2 million euros ($250.6 million) so far this year - they are “reaching their limits” due to competing large-scale crises around the globe, such as South Sudan, Syria and now Iraq.
Coppard agreed that meeting ever-growing needs is not easy, but said that it is possible to fulfil those unmet demands, and one step forward is to provide donors with good evidence of needs.
“I think we need three things: First, improved assessments and understanding of how we measure needs and how we promote those needs. Second, we need increased participation from a variety of actors, and, finally, we need to hold all donors accountable to addressing these internationals challenges.”
He said it was also important to understand why different crises are being met to varying degrees.
In Mauritania, for example, 83 percent of funding needs were met in 2013, while only 36 percent of appeals were funded for Djibouti.
“It’s partly political,” Coppard said, explaining that donors often have preferred countries they choose to work in and preferred types of crises they choose to respond to. “And it’s also partly, again, an issue of information and the quantity of information of what the needs actually are.”
Slower response for chronic crises
The type of crisis or disaster also affects how much of the funding appeal is met and how quickly it is met.
Donors respond much more quickly to sudden onset disasters, such as hurricanes, than they do to complex or slow-onset crises, such as drought or conflict.
In CAR, for example, it took 10 months from the launch of the appeal to reach just 50 percent of total required funds. This is compared to the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, when donors fulfilled half the appeal after just one month.
While ongoing crises may sometimes have a lower proportion of their needs met, they do account for the majority of humanitarian assistance each year. In 2012, Development Initiatives found that around two-thirds of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OEDC) Development Assistance Committee’s (DAC) total funding went to ongoing crises.
In order to maximize the impact of all humanitarian aid, Coppard said it must be understood how the donor funds are used in conjunction with a country’s other resources. According to Development Initiatives, humanitarian assistance accounts for just about 1 percent of overall national and international resources that a country receives.
“So one really needs to conceptualize what role humanitarian assistance plays and to understand how that sits within a wider financial picture… because even though humanitarian assistance is a very small percentage [of total incoming resources], it clearly still plays a very important role.”
ECHO’s Fabre said that until funding needs can be met, it is important to focus on a strategy of resilience, particularly in the Sahel, where needs are only going to continue to increase.
“The resilience agenda is a way to bring back governments and their development partners into the driving seat, but with the most vulnerable population as a primary target,” he said. “Only this difference in focus will make possible that a country’s development… is translated into a better life for the population.”
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 14 Jul 2014 07:00 GMT
Author: Alisa Tang
After disasters strike, communities sometimes have no choice but to build a new life in a new place.
Individual families may weigh the risks and decide to uproot. A government may bar rebuilding in a disaster-hit community – as happened after Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, where 200,000 families are targeted for resettlement – and assist people to move to safer ground. Or in some places – like communities near a destructive river in Assam, India – the land may have disappeared altogether.
Read the full article on AlertNet
Philippines: NDRRMC Update SitRep No. 01 re Preparedness Measures and Monitoring Activities for Tropical Storm "Glenda" (Rammasun)
l. SITUATION OVERVIEW
Tropical Storm "Glenda" has intensifies as it continues to move in a westward direction towards Bicol-Quezon area.
From the director
I had the pleasure of joining the IDMC team in 2013, taking the helm from Kate Halff, who after four years of the excellent work and dedicated service, left the organisation in May.
2013 was another year of turmoil for many. Conflicts and disasters worldwide forced millions of people to flee their homes, leaving many stuck in limbo within the borders of their own country.
Relatively new crises, such as those in Syria and the Central African Republic, raged alongside long-standing conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria and Sudan, and innocent men, women and children continued to bear the brunt of the violence. We reported the highest ever number of people displaced as a consequence of conflict and violence - a staggering 33.3 million as of the end of year (reported in 2014).
In terms of disasters induced by natural hazards, we closely monitored the displacement fall-out from typhoon Haiyan, which forced more than four million people to flee their homes in the Philippines. We have increasingly been exploring the impact of both conflict and disasters, and the many issues those displaced in such complex situations face, particularly in the Philippines and flood-and-drought-prone African countries.
2013 marked our 15th year of monitoring internal displacement worldwide. Set up in 1998 to provide an information database, today we use our unique depth of knowledge on the issue to provide more analytical, innovative and advanced information, not only on internally displaced peoples’ needs at the local level, but also about how displacement patterns and trends can tell us something wider about the world we live in.
During the year, we continued to develop our cutting-edge work with systems dynamics modelling, a methodology which looks at a wide variety of factors that influence displacement - such as the interrelated effects of conflict, natural hazards, poverty, food and livelihood insecurity - and capacities to manage them. It also allows practitioners to simulate adjustments to these variables with the aim of preventing displacement from happening in the first place.
Our close collaboration with our parent organisation, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), has allowed us invaluable access to the field, and with their support we sent our analysts on 17 fact-finding and three training missions in 2013. We also conducted a further 27 fact-finding and seven training missions with partners such as the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in countries where NRC was not present.
IDMC’s flagship reports, the Global Overview and Global Estimates, analyse displacement caused by conflict and disasters worldwide, providing key statistics and analysis of trends. As the world’s leading sources of information on internal displacement, they are widely cited by UN bodies and receive significant media coverage.
We publish a significant amount of other new research each year, such as country overviews, briefing papers and blog posts, and we also use our information to influence positive change for people affected by or at risk of displacement, though much of this work takes place behind closed doors.
In 2013 it included ongoing engagement with, and the provision of expert advice to, national authorities; giving training on legal issues surrounding displacement; reviewing draft laws and policies; submitting recommendations via human rights mechanisms; and providing an expert voice at numerous roundtables and other events. As a result of our sustained efforts at the country level, often over many years, we saw positive steps in Afghanistan, Somalia and the Philippines, which all adopted policies, or initiated processes towards such policies, on internal displacement during the year.
At the global policy level, IDMC has taken part in wider debates to ensure that areas such as humanitarian reform and the international cluster system, the ratification and implementation of the Kampala Convention, climate change and disaster risk reduction are viewed through a displacement lens. In 2013, for example, our evidence and advocacy positioned displacement issues in the chair’s summary of the Fourth Session of the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction, and for consideration in the development of a post-2015 global policy framework on disasters, or Hyogo Framework for Action 2, a process that we continue to be involved in.
We also engaged on a global level on housing, land and property issues, including via the integration of a displacement perspective into work on tenure security led by the special rapporteur on adequate housing.
That IDMC is able to carry out its work, research and analysis at so many different levels is down to the incredibly generous support of our funding partners. Your commitment, and the fact that you share our vision of ending the suffering of people living in, or at risk of displacement, has helped to ensure that we are able to strive ever further in our efforts to ensure that the voices of the world’s 33.3 million internally placed people are raised to the people who need to hear them. Thank you.
Alfredo Zamudio, Director of IDMC
In June Nutrition Cluster Partners
Launched Nutrition Month 2014
Participated in Nutrition Cluster Coordination Training
Counseled 3,561PLWs on IYCF
Screened 13,358 children,
Admitted 30 children to OTP
Geneva, 11 July 2014 (WMO) - Weather, climate and water-related disasters are on the rise worldwide, causing loss of life and setting back economic and social development by years, if not decades. From 1970 to 2012, 8 835 disasters, 1.94 million deaths, and US$ 2.4 trillion of economic losses were reported globally as a result of hazards such as droughts, extreme temperatures, floods, tropical cyclones and related health epidemics, according to a new report.
The Atlas of Mortality and Economic Losses from Weather, Climate and Water Extremes 1970-2012 describes the distribution and impacts of weather, climate, and water-related disasters and highlights measures to increase resilience. It is a joint publication of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) of the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) in Belgium.
The Atlas aims to provide decision-makers with actionable information for protecting life and property.
It is also highlights the need for stronger efforts to report, standardize and analyze data on weather, climate, and water-related hazards to improve understanding of disasters and reinforce the platform for prevention.
The report was published ahead of the First Session of the Preparatory Committee Meeting (Geneva 14-15 July) for the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction. It seeks to inform debate on the post-2015 framework both for disaster risk reduction and sustainable development.
Storms and floods accounted for 79 per cent of the total number of disasters due to weather, climate and water extremes and caused 55 per cent of lives lost and 86 per cent of economic losses between 1970 and 2012, according to the Atlas. Droughts caused 35 per cent of lives lost, mainly due to the severe African droughts of 1975 and 1983–1984.
The 1983 drought in Ethiopia ranked top of the list of human casualties, claiming 300 000 lives, as did Cyclone Bhola in Bangladesh in 1970. Drought in Sudan in 1984 killed 150 000 people, whilst the Cyclone locally known as Gorky killed 138 866 people in Bangladesh in 1991.
Hurricane Katrina in the United States of America in 2005 caused the worst economic losses, at US$ 146.89 billion, followed by Sandy in 2012 with a cost of $ 50 billion.
The worst ten reported disasters in terms of lives lost occurred primarily in least developed and developing countries, whereas the economic losses were mainly in more developed countries.
“Disasters caused by weather, climate, and water-related hazards are on the rise worldwide. Both industrialized and non-industrialized countries are bearing the burden of repeated floods, droughts, temperature extremes and storms,” said WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud.
“Improved early warning systems and disaster management are helping to prevent loss of life. But the socio-economic impact of disasters is escalating because of their increasing frequency and severity and the growing vulnerability of human societies.”
The report highlighted the importance of historical, geo-referenced information about deaths and damages to estimate risks before the next disaster occurs. This information can support practical decisions on reducing potential impacts by, for example, improved early warning systems, retrofitting critical infrastructure, or enforcing new building codes.
“Collecting global loss data that are comparable and complete is a major challenge. Climate and weather services are working with disaster-impact researchers and data centers to meet this challenge. This partnership is producing analyses that support practical decisions on reducing the human consequences of disasters, for example by investing in early warning systems or targeting the most vulnerable communities,” said CRED Director, Prof. Debarati Sapir.
The United Nation’s Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2013 concluded that direct and indirect losses from natural hazards of all kinds have been underestimated by at least 50 per cent because of the data collection challenges. Because better reporting of disaster impacts is vital for strengthening disaster risk reduction, the international community should help vulnerable countries improve their capacity for developing and maintaining high-quality damage and loss databases.
Another challenge for users of risk information is the changing characteristics (frequency, location, severity) of weather-, climate- and water-related hazards. Natural climate variability is now exacerbated by long-term, human-induced climate change, so that yesterday’s norms will not be the same as tomorrow’s.
The WMO-CRED-Louvain report seeks to raise awareness of these and other challenges to collecting and analyzing disaster risk information. It presents a worldwide analysis of extreme weather, climate and water events drawing on the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT), compiled by CRED. The Atlas compares the reported impacts of meteorological, climatic and hydrological extremes (as categorized by CRED) on people and economies at both the global and regional levels.
In addition to global statistics and maps, the Atlas also provides details on disasters at the regional level.
Africa: From 1970 to 2012, there were 1 319 reported disasters caused the loss of 698 380 lives and economic damages of US$ 26.6 billion. Although floods were the most prevalent type of disaster (61 per cent), droughts led to the highest number of deaths. The severe droughts in Ethiopia in 1975 and in Mozambique and Sudan in 1983–1984 caused the majority of deaths. Storms and floods, however, caused the highest economic losses (79 per cent).
Asia: Some 2 681 disasters were reported in the 1970–2012 period, causing the loss of 915 389 lives and economic damages of US$ 789.8 billion. Most of these disasters were attributed to floods (45 per cent) and storms (35 per cent). Storms had the highest impact on life, causing 76 per cent of the lives lost, while floods caused the greatest economic loss (60 per cent). Three tropical cyclones were the most significant events, striking Bangladesh and Myanmar and leading to over 500 000 deaths. The largest economic losses were caused primarily by disasters in China, most notably by the 1998 floods.
South America: From 1970 to 2012, South America experienced 696 reported disasters that resulted in 54 995 lives lost and US$ 71.8 billion in economic damages. With regard to impacts, floods caused the greatest loss of life (80 per cent) and the most economic loss (64 per cent). The most significant event during the period was a flood and land and mudslide that occurred in Venezuela in late 1999 and caused 30 000 deaths. This single event skews the loss of life statistics significantly for the entire region.
North America, Central America and the Caribbean reported 1 631 disasters that caused the loss of 71,246 lives and economic damages of US$ 1 008.5 billion. The majority of the reported disasters in this region were attributed to storms (55 per cent) and floods (30 per cent). Storms were reported to be the greatest cause of lives lost (72 per cent) and of economic loss (79 per cent).
The South-West Pacific region experienced 1 156 reported disasters in 1970–2012 that resulted in 54684 deaths and US$ 118.4 billion in economic loss. The majority were caused by storms (46 per cent) and floods (38 per cent). The most significant reported disasters with regard to lives lost were tropical cyclones, mainly in the Philippines, including the event of 1991, which killed 5956 people. The 1981 drought in Australia caused US$ 15.2 billion in economic losses and the 1997 wildfires in Indonesia caused nearly US$ 11.4 billion in losses.
In Europe, 1 352 reported disasters claimed 149 959 lives and caused US$ 375.7 billion in economic damages. Floods (38 per cent) and storms (30 per cent) were the most reported cause of disasters, but extreme temperatures led to the highest proportion of deaths (94 per cent), with 72 210 lives lost during the 2003 western European heat wave and 55 736 during the 2010 heat wave in the Russian Federation. In contrast, floods and storms accounted for most of the economic losses during the period.
Weather, Climate and Water
For more information: Clare Nullis, Media Officer, Communications and Public Affairs, Tel: +(41 22) 730 8478; (41-79) 7091397, email: cnullis (at) wmo.int
Philippines: Agencies seek help for 40,000 displaced in S Philippines, monsoon rains threaten shelters
BANGKOK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – At least 40,000 people remain displaced in the southern Philippines, 10 months after fighting between the army and Muslim guerrillas caused 100,000 to flee and destroyed more than 10,000 homes, aid agencies said on Thursday.
Super typhoon Haiyan, which hit the central Philippines in November, overshadowed the plight of Zamboanga’s displaced people, and aid agencies are now urging donors to help the tens of thousands still stuck in crowded evacuation centres, in temporary shelters remote from their jobs or staying with friends and relatives.
Read the full article here here
On July 1 and 2, WHO Philippines joined the Department of Health (DOH) at the ‘Kalusugan Pangkalahatan’ or KP Roadshow in the typhoon-affected communities of Tanauan, Palo and Tacloban City. The roadshow is led by DOH Undersecretary Janet Garin, and with local government units (LGUs) in the front line. The campaign is part of an effort to improve the health of the nation across the country.
The roadshow includes a number of activities to showcase the wide range of health services available for men, women and children. Special health packages for adolescents and the elderly are also highlighted. A main focus is on preventive health care; encouraging people to get regular check ups at local health facilities.
“We want the public to be aware of Kalusugan Pangkalahatan or universal healthcare services. The targets are indigents and near poor families. They have to know that they have to demand for services,” says DOH Regional Director Dr Jose Llacuna.
WHO Philippines fully supports the Kalusugan Pangkalahatan campaign and is working with the DOH to distribute health information throughout the Yolanda affected areas and encourage people to seek treatment and advice. Areas of work that WHO is highlighting include the importance of breastfeeding to improve the health of babies.
The KP Roadshow is rolling out across the Philippines and is expected to be held in Antique and Caticlan in August 2014.
LAS PINAS CITY, 10 July (PIA)--Las Pi?as recently launched its earthquake resiliency tests in strategic areas of the city as part of priority action measures to cushion the impact in the event of calamity or disaster.
Conducted in collaboration with Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PhiVolcs), the City Engineering Office aims to determine the capability and resiliency of certain areas with medium to high rise structures.
Mayor Vergel Aguilar pointed out that the ground tremor analysis will make part of the city’s disaster preparedness plan to mitigate possible damage and casualties in case of earthquake or storm surge, particularly in some low-lying and coastal barangays.
“We have enjoined the communities and mobilized our barangays in putting into action our measures to make our city resilient to disaster so that no life or property would be compromised,” Aguilar said.
While there is no extremely high rise building in the city, considering its proximity to NAIA runway, a comprehensive data is necessary to update Las Pinas’ disaster resiliency template. This, he added, is compounded by Phivolcs’ warning of possible massive destructions in case a 7.2 magnitude earthquake occur that could destroy roads and collapse structures.
The city’s disaster risk reduction management team headed by the mayor has laid down the groundwork for calamity mitigation and emergency response in 20 barangays in coordination with over 250 private subdivisions and villages.
Meanwhile, City engineer Rose Bantog reported that dredging and diselting works have been completed last May to clear drainage, waterways and creeks of solid waste and other obstructions being part of preparations with the onset of the rainy season.
Strict implementation of city ordinance on ban of plastic carry-bag use is also in place in line with the city’s zero-plastic and environment protection and preservation program. (PIO Las Pi?as/RJB/SDL/PIA-NCR)
By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Karolina A. Oseguera
TACLOBAN, Philippines, July 09, 2014 —
Medical specialists from Pacific Partnership 2014 fixed ventilators for infants in the neonatal intensive care unit at the Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center (EVMC) in Tacloban, July 9.
“We are working on getting their ventilators setup so they can use them on the pediatric patients,” said Lt. Cmdr. Luke Zabrocki.
Family members were ventilating a two-and-a-half month old patient in the NICU suffering from meningitis with a hand pump. Once a family member needed to take a break, they switched over to another family member who took over pumping, this cycle continued 24 hours a day.
“We are trying to get the ventilators working and hooked up to the patients so it will save the family from having to hand pump them and it more effectively ventilates the babies,” said Zabrocki.
After an hour of troubleshooting, Zabrocki and his counterpart Hospital Corpsman 2nd Class Nicholas Beck were able to fix a ventilator and hooked it up to the patient in the NICU, beginning constant ventilation and allowing the family rest from hand pumping.
“It is amazing to see the hosts nations ability to be able to adapt to what they have,” said Zabrocki. “Watching the family members take over and work with what little they have is pretty amazing. This is definitely a great experience to see what an impact we have made here.”
Pacific Partnership is in its ninth iteration and is the largest annual multilateral humanitarian assistance and disaster relief preparedness mission conducted in the Asia-Pacific region.
UNICEF and partners continue to provide life-saving and recovery assistance for children affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Eight months after the Typhoon, more is being done to restore lives back to normal and to build resilience against future disasters.
In June, the first three villages were verified free of open defecation. These communities have collectively changed their sanitation practices, using toilets and managing solid waste appropriately to prevent the spread of disease.
Thank you to our donors UNICEF’s humanitarian response and early recovery needs for children affected by Typhoon Haiyan are now fully funded to November 2014. $11 million in additional funding is required for UNICEF’s humanitarian responses for victims of conflict in Mindanao, including Zamboanga.
Children affected out of 14.1 million people affected (OCHA, 28 January 2014)
Children displaced out of 4.1 million displaced people (OCHA, 28 January 2014)
UNICEF Haiyan Appeal