Somalia - ReliefWeb News
28 March 2015 – With a raft of ills plaguing the Arab world – from the “shameful” conflict in Syria to the “tinderbox” that is Gaza and the steadily unraveling situation in Yemen – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called upon leaders gathered in Egypt to work with each other and the United Nations to “strengthen our bonds for the people of this region and the security of our world.”
“Today, war and violence in the region, reprehensible acts of terrorism and the seemingly endless Israeli occupation of Palestine, are causing enormous suffering,” said Mr. Ban in remarks to the League of Arab States Summit, taking place in Sharm el-Sheik, Egypt, stressing that the impact of all these threats transcends the Arab world and poses “a direct challenge to international peace and security.”
“To counter these trends, we must address the root causes that fuel extremism and violence. Even when security measures are needed, reliance on military approaches alone will not solve these problems,” the UN chief declared, adding that security responses must respect human rights.
Indeed, fighting extremism while committing abuses is not only wrong, it is counter-productive, he continued, noting that whenever this has been tried, the appeal for extremism actually increases. Without good governance, the rule of law, respect for women's rights and all human rights, long-term political stability will remain a mirage.
Nowhere are the problems of governance and radicalism more pressing than in Syria. The Syrian people have now entered the fifth year of a war that has ripped their country to shreds, said Mr. Ban.
“Speaking today to the distinguished leadership of the Arab world, I confess to you my anger and my shame. Anger at observing the Syrian Government, extremist and terrorist groups and terrorists relentlessly destroy their country,” the Secretary-General said, and that he felt shame at sharing in the collective failure of international and regional communities to decisively act to “stop the carnage that has afflicted the Arab brothers and sisters of Syria.”
“The crisis risks spreading as fast as our credibility risks shrinking. The Syrian people are being betrayed and this cannot continue,” he said, telling the Summit that he is instructing his Special Envoy, Staffan de Mistura, to intensify UN-backed political efforts and to consult widely with Security Council members as well as throughout the region, including with the Syrian parties themselves. Specifically, he and his team will work to operationalize and flesh out elements in the Geneva communiqué.
Following this Summit, Mr. Ban said that will head to the Third International Humanitarian Pledging Conference for Syria and he thanked the Amir of Kuwait for convening that vital gathering. “I also thank you for your generous contributions. I urge you to do even more to respond to the suffering and misery resulting from the worst humanitarian crisis in the world today.”
He went on to note that Lebanon remains unique in the face of the continuing impact of the Syrian conflict, including the growing threat by Da'esh (the Arab acronym for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL) and others, as it stands as an example of co-existence. “I urge Lebanese political leaders to overcome their political differences and elect a President to fill the leadership vacuum which has stretched for over a year.”
Turning next to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he said seven months after the end of yet another war with Israel, Gaza remains a tinderbox – and the situation is getting worse by the day. “Neither blockade nor military action has made either side safer. I call on donors to make good on the pledges they made in Cairo last October. Help bring Gaza back to life.”
The Arab-Israeli peace process is further threatened by calls to discard or undermine the two-state solution endorsed by the international community and outlined in the visionary Arab Peace Initiative adopted at the Arab League's 2002 Summit.
“Once again, I urge Israel to end what is now nearly half a century of occupation. I urge the Palestinians to overcome their divisions. And I call upon the friends and supporters of both to push for a just and lasting solution based on international law,” the Secretary-General said.
As for the “unraveling” situation in Yemen and the tremendous toll it is taking on an already suffering population, the UN chief said that earlier in the programme he had listened very carefully to the statements by King Salman of Saudi Arabia and President Hadi of Yemen.
“I share those deep concerns. I have repeatedly condemned the attempts by the Houthis and former President Saleh to undermine political agreements by military force. I take note that military action has been undertaken at the request of Yemen's sovereign and legitimate leader, President Hadi” the Secretary-General said, also recalling the recent Presidential Statement adopted by the Security Council that encourages Yemenis to return as quickly as possible to an inclusive political process, conducted in good faith.
Negotiations facilitated by UN Special Envoy Jamal Benomar, as endorsed by the Security Council, remain the only chance to prevent a long drawn out conflict. “It is my fervent hope that at this League of Arab States summit, Arab leaders will lay-down clear guidelines to peacefully resolve the crisis in Yemen,” he added.
Looking further to the west, Mr. Ban said it is crucial that the international community continue to encourage dialogue among the Libyan people. UN-facilitated talks between Libyan actors are continuing along multiple tracks, facilitated by UN Special Representative Bernardino Leon. The preservation of Libya's unity and territorial integrity is essential.
“In Iraq, I encourage leaders to continue and deepen national reconciliation efforts. I appreciate the League's support to the people and Government of Iraq in their fight against Daesh. This support also benefits regional stability.”
As for Somalia, the UN chief urged all partners to fully support the political progress in the country, while stepping up efforts to stabilize the areas recovered from Al-Shabaab control. On Sudan, he said that national dialogue is also critical and he urged that the process take place in a credible and conducive environment. “The Doha Document for Peace in Darfur provides a good framework to address the root causes of the conflict. Implementation efforts must continue.”
In closing, The Secretary-General said he is pleased by the ever-strengthening cooperation between the UN and the League of Arab States.
“This must be a year of global action for sustainable development and dignity for all. We will reach the target date of the Millennium Development Goals and have the chance to adopt a new generation of sustainable development goals in September and a meaningful, global climate agreement in December in Paris.”
He also noted that next month, he and the President of the UN General Assembly would bring together leaders from different faith communities to a special event at the United Nations to promote mutual understanding and reconciliation.
Further, the UN Counter-Terrorism Center will submit to the General Assembly in September a comprehensive plan to address extremism and terrorism, and M.r Ban thanked King Salman of Saudi Arabia for his generous support for this initiative.
“As we advance on the post-2015 development agenda, and work for peaceful resolutions to conflict,” said the Secretary-General.
Mogadishu, 28 March 2015 – The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia (SRSG), Nicholas Kay, condemned in the strongest terms yesterday's terrorist attack on a hotel in Mogadishu city that resulted in the death of many civilians, including the Federal Government's Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office in Geneva, H.E. Ambassador Yusuf Bari-Bari.
"I condemn yesterday's terrorist attack in Mogadishu in the strongest terms and am appalled by the complete disregard for the lives of innocent civilians shown by the attackers. I was saddened to learn that Somalia's Permanent Representative to the UN Office in Geneva, H.E. Ambassador Yusuf Bari-Bari was one of the victims who succumbed to his injuries last night. He will be remembered for his strong personal commitment to protecting and promoting human rights for all."
"At this difficult time, I would like to offer my sincere condolences to the Federal Government, the family and friends of all those who died or were injured."
Ergayga Qaramada Middobay oo Cambaareeyay weerarka lagu qaaday Hoteel ku yaala Muqdisho
Muqdisho: 28 Maarso - Ergayga Gaarka ah ee Xog-hayaha Guud ee Qaramada Middobay u Qaabilsan Soomaaliya SRSG Nikolas Kay ayaa aad u cambaareeyay weerarkii argagixisinimo ee shalay lagu qaaday Hoteel ku yaala caasimada Mugdisho, weerarkaas oo sababay in ay dad badan oo rayidah ku dhintaan sida Xog-hayihii Joogtida ahaa ee Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed u fadhiyay Xarunta Qaramada Midoobay ee Jeneva, Mudane Yusuf Bari- Bari.
“Waxaan si adag u cambaaraynayaa weerarkii argagixisinimo ee shalay ka dhacay Muqdisho. Waxaa aad iiga yaabiyay sida argagixisada ay u qiima daraynayso nafta bani-aadanka ee aan waxba gaysanin. Waxaa kale ee aan ka xumaaday in aan ogaado in Xog-hayihii Joogtada ahaa ee Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed u fadhiyay Xarunta Qaramada Midobay ee Jeneva, Mudane Yusuf Bari- Bar iuu ka mid ahaa dadkii ku dhaawacmay weeraka, kadibna u dhintay dhaawicii soo gaaray xalay. Waxaa (marxuumka) aad loogu xasuusanaan doonaa sidii ay ooga go’aneed in uu u difaaco una horumariyo Xuquuqul Insaanka Guud- ee baniaadamka.”
“Wakhtigan murugada leh, waxaan doonayaa in aan tacsi kal iyo lab ah u diro Dowlada Federaalka Soomaaliyeed, Qaysaskii iyo Saaxiibaddii dadkii ku dhintay amaba ku dhaawacmay weerarkan.”
Democratic Republic of the Congo: Insights from Eastern Africa and Sahel: Protection and (In)security Beyond the State
Non-state security actors are growing increasingly important in fragile and conflict-affected states in Africa. This has led to a multiplication of informal security arrangements between security providers, such as vigilantes, local militias, faith-based organisation and private security companies, individual army units, and citizens.
By their very constitution such situations of multi-layered security provision is highly complex and fluctuating. The rise of non-state armed actors in fragile states is in most cases linked to the decreasing legitimacy of the state in large segments of its populations due to for instance to its inability or unwillingness to provide basic public services to its citizenry, the brutal behaviour of its security forces, or its politics of exclusion.
Constructive engagement in such contexts by partner states requires a sound analysis of the current situation, and thorough understanding of the underlying causes of the rise of non-state security actors. Moreover, it should be acknowledged that multi-layered security is a reality to be reckoned with, and that security provision is part and parcel of the political processes and power struggles taking place in various contexts. Understanding the this multi-layered security is key for realistically assessing possibilities and challenges for international support.
The report recommends that contributing to the stabilisation of fragile – or conflict-affected states should go beyond capacity building, especially if this is done by strengthening the capacities of armed forces which have limited legitimacy. Crucial to the stabilisation of fragile states is the linking of security goals with domestic political processes of local reconciliation, inclusion and reconstruction.
Mogadishu, Somalia | | Saturday 3/28/2015 - 18:51 GMT
Somali forces brought an end to an hours-long gun and bomb siege on a Mogadishu hotel by Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab militants on Saturday, with the government giving a final toll of 14 dead.
The war-torn country's ambassador to Switzerland Yusuf Bari-Bari was among those killed in the dramatic attack that began on Friday at the Maka al Mukarama hotel, used by politicians, diplomats and businessmen.
Members of Somalia's Western-backed government were meeting at the venue at the time, located on an arterial road linking the presidential palace to the airport, a Shebab spokesman said.
Police said the last of five rebels who had barricaded themselves in on the first floor of the hotel, where security is extremely tight, were killed early on Saturday.
"Fourteen people were killed and 13 others wounded in the attack," Somali Information Minister Mohamed Abdi Heyr Mareye told reporters at the scene.
"The terrorists attacked the hotel with a car filled with explosives and five to six rebels got into where the leaders and diplomats were," he added.
The United States "strongly" condemned the attack and said it stood with the people of Somalia and their government.
"We will not be swayed by cowardly terrorist attacks," State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said in a statement.
The Shebab rebels, who stage regular attacks in the capital as part of their fight against the country's internationally-backed government and African Union forces supporting it, claimed responsibility for the hotel attack.
"The mujahedeen fighters are conducting an operation targeting the heads of the apostates in Mogadishu," Shebab spokesman Abdulaziz Abu Musab told AFP on Friday, adding that the militants were able to quickly seize the hotel.
- 'No safe haven' -
Another Shebab spokesman Ali Mohamed Rage added that the Islamists would fight on until they defeated "infidels" in the Horn of Africa nation.
"The operation, which lasted almost 20 hours, resulted in the perishing of dozens of apostates and their allies," he said.
"We reiterate again that there will be no safe haven for the crusaders and apostates in Somalia, and that our attacks on them will continue until the enemies of Allah are defeated and His law is implemented fully in Somalia," Rage added.
Police later claimed to have the situation under control, although spokesman Kassim Ahmed Roble said Saturday that fighting had gone on all night.
He said the militants had cut off the hotel's power supply at night to make the counter-attack by Somali soldiers, backed by members of an African Union force, more difficult.
Local residents reported heavy gunfire overnight. One of them, Mohamed Sheikh Ibrahim, said: "The Somali forces sealed off the area this morning."
A car bombing followed by an armed raid has become a trademark tactic of the hardline Islamists.
Somalia has been unstable since the collapse of Siad Barre's hardline regime in 1991, and the country's new government is being supported by a 22,000-strong African Union force that includes troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.
The African force, known as AMISOM, said it was undaunted by the attack.
"Our message to the perpetrators of this inhuman act is that their action will not dampen our spirit for the common good of Somalia, but will further strengthen us to work even harder to defeat the enemy of peace and development," said a statement.
Despite losing significant territory in recent months the Shebab group, whose name means "youth" in Arabic, still manages to launch frequent attacks as part of its fight to overthrow the government.
The group has also carried out a string of revenge attacks in neighbouring countries -- including the September 2013 attack on the Westgate shopping mall in the Kenyan capital Nairobi which left at least 67 dead.
© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse
Mogadishu, Somalia | | Friday 3/27/2015 - 18:07 GMT
At least 10 people have died in an attack by Somalia's Al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab militants on a hotel in the capital Mogadishu, Somali security officials said Friday.
A car bomb explosion went off outside the Maka al Mukarama hotel, considered a high security facility and frequented by politicians, diplomats and businessmen, before around five heavily-armed gunmen stormed inside. Somalia's ambassador to Switzerland was among the dead, officials said.
"There are at least 10 people killed," a security source told AFP. He said Somali government special forces had entered the city centre hotel and were in the process of securing it after three hours of fierce fighting.
"All the attackers were killed and the situation is under control. The government's special forces have managed to penetrate the building and are now in full control," said another official, Mohamed Hassan.
He said at least nine bodies had been counted -- mostly members of hotel security and civilian guests -- but said security forces were still in the process of confirming the overall toll.
"Most of the dead are security guards who fought the attackers," a third official said.
The Shebab's spokesman, Abdulaziz Abu Musab, confirmed that the militants were behind the attack and said they had managed to quickly seize control of the hotel.
"The Mujahedeen fighters are conducting an operation targeting the heads of the apostates in Mogadishu," he told AFP, adding that members of Somalia's internationally-backed government were meeting inside at the time of the raid.
A car bombing followed by an armed raid has become a trademark tactic of the hardline Islamists, who are fighting to overthrown the Mogadishu government and eject African Union forces supporting it.
- Region on alert -
The Shebab, meaning "youth" in Arabic, emerged out of bitter insurgency against Ethiopia, whose troops entered Somalia in a 2006 US-backed invasion to topple the Islamic Courts Union that was then controlling the capital Mogadishu.
Shebab rebels continue to stage frequent attacks, seeking to counter claims that they are close to defeat due to the loss of territory in the face of an AU and Somali government offensive, regular US drone strikes against their leaders and defections.
The group have also carried out a string of revenge attacks in neighbouring countries -- including the September 2013 attack on the Westgate shopping mall in the Kenyan capital Nairobi which left at least 67 dead.
The Ugandan capital Kampala, where a twin bombing by the Shebab in 2010 killed 76 people, was also on high alert this week after the US embassy there warned of an imminent attack against Westerners. Ugandan troops make up the backbone of the AU's AMISOM force in Somalia.
Britain on Friday also issued a fresh travel warning covering the Kenyan coast including the port city of Mombasa, where the Shebab have been actively recruiting disaffected Kenyan youth.
Somalia has been unstable since the collapse of Siad Barre's hardline regime in 1991, and the country's new government is being supported by a 22,000-strong African Union force that includes troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.
© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse
KAKUMA REFUGEE CAMP, Kenya, March 27 (UNHCR) – Naomi Chol studied at a school funded and supported by Oscar-winning actress Angelina Jolie Pitt, but the 16-year-old from South Sudan has become a celebrity herself in a Kenyan refugee camp.
"Everywhere I go, people call me and come to shake my hand," she tells visitors to Kakuma camp where she studied in a school known locally as the Angelina Jolie Primary School. It was set up by the UNHCR Special Envoy in 2002 to cater for girls with special protection needs.
The reason for all the attention is Naomi's excellent performance in the annual Kenya Certificate of Primary Education exams, which took place last November. More than 880,000 students sat the exam nationwide this year and Naomi scored 418 out of a possible 500 marks – the highest mark in the district in which Kakuma is located.
That's not the only good news: the school, which opened with an initial enrolment of 150 girls, recorded an 86 percent pass rate. Today, some 250 girls study there, including refugees from Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Burundi and Uganda as well as some girls from the host community.
Naomi's achievement is a tribute to the quality of education provided at the boarding school and to the policy, promoted by Jolie Pitt and UNHCR, of trying to ensure that all refugees get at least a primary education. Many of the 1,500 girls at the school who sat this year's exams will hope to move on to secondary school.
"The school has consistently performed well since its inception," noted UNHCR education officer, Mohamud Hure, who added that Naomi's achievement "further cements the importance and impact of providing a safe learning environment for refugees." She's also become an inspiration to others. "We are proud of what she has achieved," says Anyuak, a Class 5 student.
Naomi knows that she was lucky with her education and that the conditions at some other schools in Kakuma and elsewhere are tough. Problems include overcrowding, lack of qualified teachers, and shortage of school equipment and supplies. "I am lucky to have studied in a boarding school as it gave me more time to focus on studies. My parents also encouraged me a lot and reminded me of the great opportunity I have to be in school," she says.
Things did not look so rosy in 2008, when her family fled conflict in their home area of South Sudan's Upper Nile state and made their way to Kenya's capital Nairobi. Her parents wanted her to get a good education but could not afford it. They decided to send her to stay with an aunt in Kakuma, where she was enrolled in 2012 as a boarder at the primary school.
Many other girls in the camp had given up on their studies, Naomi noted. "Most of my friends were just staying at home and some were even getting married. I didn't want that for myself," she adds.
Naomi has a goal: "I want to be a neurosurgeon. I love science and I know there aren't many female neurosurgeons in the region, but I believe in myself," she explains. And she hopes her next school, the respected Loreto Matunda Boarding School in Lodwar (a national school that is one of the top schools in the district) will bring her closer to that goal.
She also dreams of lasting peace in South Sudan so that she can help rebuild the country after so many years of conflict, both before and after independence in 2011. "Excelling in my education is the best gift I can offer to my country because, with education, one can achieve anything in life."
Her message is a welcome one and shared by many other students. But UNHCR struggles to find places for all those primary students wishing to continue their studies in one of the four secondary schools in Kakuma.
Naomi's teachers in Kakuma acknowledge this challenge and admit that deserving students like her need to be enrolled in good schools where they can continue to excel. "Chol is an obedient and bright girl," says Isabella Muthoni, head teacher of the school. "She has made us all very proud and what she has achieved is not only a major boost for all the girls, but it is also proof that any girl under any circumstances can achieve success."
By Cathy Wachiaya and Mohamud Hure in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya
During the month of February, FSC partners delivered a total of 859,391 responses* aimed at improving food access and restoring/protecting livelihoods through asset creation and seasonal inputs.
This included 439,544 beneficiaries reached with Improved Access to Food and Safety Nets, 320,045 with Livelihood Investments and 99,802 with Livelihood Seasonal Inputs for Gu 2015.
By Drazen Jorgic and Edmund Blair
NAIROBI, March 25 (Reuters) - A Somali businessman is betting on a biometric fingerprint system to keep alive vital money transfer firms which face closure after Western banks cut ties due to fears remittance cash may be channelled to militant groups.
Somalia's leaders say the closure of money transfer companies would be disastrous for a nation where millions depend on remittances from family members abroad to buy food, pay for schools and set up businesses.
On 24 March 2015, the Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia (DSRSG), Raisedon Zenenga, paid a visit to Baidoa, where he renewed UNSOM’s commitment and continued support to the on-going regional assembly formation and reconciliation processes, as well as for building the capacity of the Interim South West Administration (ISWA) institutions.
During his visit, DSRSG Zenenga held meetings with members of the UN country team working in Baidoa, including UNSOM, UNICEF, UNDP, UNMAS, UNHCR, IOM and OCHA. He also met with ISWA ministers led by acting President Sheikh Hassan Ibrahim Lugbur, where he offered his heartfelt condolences for the attack on 12 March 2015, aimed at ISWA authorities, and commended the security forces for their brave actions in repelling the attack.
The DSRSG later met with the AMISOM’s Sector 3 Force Commander who provided a briefing of the security progress being made in the Sector and the support currently being provided by AMISOM to the Somali National Army (SNA) and the Somali Police Force (SPF). DSRSG Zenenga also visited a Disengaged Combatants Centre where he met with former fighters and was briefed on their skills training and rehabilitation program.
Mogadishu, 25 March 2015 - At least 27 representatives from civil society organizations and human rights activists in Somalia concluded a two-day consultative workshop in Mogadishu on Tuesday, to review the human rights situation in Somalia and draft a report for the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland.
Somali civil society groups will submit their Universal Periodic Review (UPR) to the Council in June this year while the Federal Government will make their own submission in October 2015. The UPR process periodically assesses the human rights situation in the 193 UN member states. During the review process, the State parties are mandated to present human rights reports for review before the UN Human Rights Council.
The United Nations Human Rights Council is set to review Somalia’s human rights situation in early 2016. The Council is responsible for the global promotion and protection of human rights.
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) is supporting Somali civil society prepare their report, which covers six thematic areas namely; women and children’s rights, rights of persons with disabilities, media rights and freedom of expression, civil and political rights, youth rights and humanitarian and development rights.
UNSOM’s Human Rights Officer Muna Abuagla says that at the end of the consultative process, the civil society and human rights activists will put together a report that will be submitted to the UN Human Rights Council on 22 June, 2015.
Abuagla said, “The UNSOM human rights section facilitates the consultation; but the consultation process is a Somali-led initiative by the Somali civil society organizations.”
Mama Amina Hajj Elmi, the Executive Director of the non-governmental organization, Save Somali Women and Children (SSWC), described the civil society’s participation in the upcoming periodic review as important. She noted that the organizations play an important role in securing the rights of the war-affected populations in Somalia.
“It is very important because we want to share our concerns and our human rights evaluation with the rest of the world. It is where we can reach as civil society organizations, who are on the ground, we organized ourselves into six clusters, then went to the ground level, shared and collected the information. So we want to share the Somali situation with the rest of the world, in order to get support and intervention and in order to update the Somali situation concerning the human rights is. So it’s very important for us and the rest of the world,” she added.
The chairperson of the Horn Africa Disability Forum (HADF) Abdullahi Hassan Husse also added his voice to the initiative saying, “We have drafted a report that we collected amongst the disabled people, the service providers, institutions, organizations and schools. We have combined all issues deeply concerning the rights of the persons with disability, socially and politically. These were eleven articles that we have compiled.”
The Somali Sexual Offenses Bill, due to go before the Somali federal government in early April, aims to address the narrow scope of existing legislation on sexualized violence in the country. The bill is being seen as a model for Muslim majority countries emerging from conflict. After all, according to Somalia’s provisional constitution, all laws must be in compliance with Islamic law.
SOMALIA – Forced evictions
• The number of forced evictions in Mogadishu are again on the rise, as an estimated 2 700 - 5 000 households have been evicted from their houses during the first week of March and more are expected. Overall, in the months of January and February, more than 25 700 internally displaced persons have been evicted from public and private buildings in Mogadishu by the Federal Government. Forced evictions have also been reported in other areas of the country, notably Kismayo, Bosasso and Luuq.
• ECHO partners and the Protection and Shelter Clusters are responding to the immediate needs.
Sources: ECHO, UN
VANUATU – Tropical Cyclone PAM
• Needs assessments and interviews with affected people, confirm that investments made in Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness in recent years significantly contributed to protect lives, despite the destructive power of Cyclone PAM.
• As of 25 March, there are 11 dead and 1 060 evacuees in 19 evacuation centres. All the evacuation centres are expected to close by 27 March. Initial emergency food assistance is reported to have now reached close to 180 000 people.
SYRIA – Conflict
• Population displacements continue in the north-western governorate of Idleb on the border with Turkey. Since the weekend, shelling and bombardment in areas surrounding Idleb city have taken place daily.
• Estimates of the number of displaced vary as families are seeking refuge in many dispersed villages, mostly north and west of Idleb. Humanitarian organizations are scaling up arrangements to assist the displaced and affected communities.
• Deliveries of humanitarian assistance across the border from Turkey continue despite border restrictions adopted by Turkish authorities since early March.
PERU – Landslides
• In Lima region: eight dead, 25 people injured, six missing, 150 houses destroyed due to a landslide in Lurigacho-Chosica on 23 March. Another landslide injured 30 people and destroyed 110 houses in Huarochiri on the same day.
• In Cajamarca region: three dead in Cutervo, 22 houses destroyed in Cutervo and Chota.
• In the next 48 h more rain could affect northern and southern Peru.
1. Executive Summary
The Kenya refugee operation is often cited as an example of a protracted refugee situation with traditional refugee camps in place for the past 20 or so years. In the last four years, however, the operation has been anything but static in responding to two major influxes from neighbouring countries while undergoing a transition in terms of partnerships and innovations in assistance delivery.
Some of the changes have been brought about by external factors, including increasing difficulties in mobilizing resources for the traditional camp model, and a greater realization by all actors of the unsustainable nature of the approach used so far.The complex security climate in Kenya as a result of the situation in Somalia has also contributed to the shrinking of humanitarian space in the country.
Still, the devolution to counties by the new Constitution has created new opportunities. For example, dialogue has begun with representatives of hosting communities in Garissa and Turkana counties which have benefited from and also struggled with the impact of the presence of refugees.
The second Kenya Comprehensive Refugee Programme (KCRP) document aims to present a consolidated view of all refugee related programmes being implemented in Kenya by UNHCR, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), United Nations Agencies and government entities in 2015. It summarises all programming that has been planned and budgeted, thus far, by all partners in the operation in 2015. It complements the recently published Inter-agency Appeal for South Sudan Response from December 2014, which focuses exclusively on the South Sudan situation and hence the Kakuma part of the Kenya operation, as well as UNHCR Global Appeal 2015 and other agencies’ appeals and programme documents.
The KCRP is the result of an inclusive planning process and complementary programming with the resources known to be available for refugee protection and assistance to all actors in the operation.
The allocation of resources is a result of the joint prioritisation process undertaken by all partners in the three programmes in November 2014, before the detailed budgeting by UNHCR and partners commenced at the end of 2014.
Compared with the first KCRP document, the emphasis is on planned activities and interventions for which resources have been already secured and allocated. Readers should be able to get a clear picture of the sectors and results prioritised by the partners in the refugee operation within the overall reduced envelope as compared to 2014. In a balancing act, allocations for solutions programming, including livelihoods as well as host community projects and environmental protection, within and outside the camps, have increased by some 13%. Voluntary repatriation together with other durable solutions is also coming to the fore as an acknowledgement that the operation needs to be more proactive in this regard. Meanwhile, sufficient allocations had to be made for ongoing provision of basic services within acceptable (or at least not declining) standards, as well as for necessary recurrent costs for security, fuel and logistical support for the operation. The main sectors with reduced allocations were nutrition, shelter and infrastructure, but operations support and logistics also faced a decline in available resources.
The 2015 programme includes further steps to promote the integration of the host community and the refugee economies in Turkana West. The planned activities are in line with the wider Turkana development focus by key development players including the World Bank, other UN agencies under the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and the UN Joint Turkana Programme as well as private partners.
Similarly, in Dadaab while taking into consideration the ongoing spontaneous return of Somali refugees, the November 2014 Garissa Consultations spearheaded by the County and supported by UNHCR, were geared to supporting existing and emerging economic opportunities by acknowledging the presence of refugees in the County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP). Although Kenya’s official encampment policy poses a significant obstacle to formal livelihood and economic activities by refugees in and outside camps, this is an important step forward.
The 2015 food assistance programme requirement is US $126 million (70% Dadaab and 30% Kakuma). The World Food Programme (WFP) will provide food assistance through general food distribution, complementary feeding and school meals for refugees, food assistance for assets for host communities and food for training, targeted supplementary feeding, institutional feeding, support to people living with HIV, tuberculosis and other chronic diseases amongst refugees and to some extent host communities. WFP’s general food rations for all in-camp refugees will be distributed fortnightly as a combination of food and vouchers. WFP and UNHCR will continue to use biometric data to ensure that only eligible refugees and asylum seekers residing in camps collect food or vouchers. The vouchers will replace a 10% proportion of the general food ration to begin with, then gradually be scaled up to allow markets to adjust, with the goal of achieving a 20% substitution by 2016. UNHCR is meanwhile working on adding at least three key non-food items to the voucher system and possibly some complementary food commodities in the course of the year.
The overall resources currently programmed in the Kenya refugee operation amount to $111.1 million for protection and basic services. In addition, $126 million is required for the food aid, of which WFP has so far secured some 35% ($42.2 million). A further $34.6 million is required for UNHCR protection and programme staff and administrative support. The total funding expected to be secured for the operation at the beginning of the year amounts to some $187.9 million which represents a decline of 18% compared to 2014.
Through improved prioritisation and strategic resource allocation the operation will hopefully be able to demonstrate that with the available resources it is possible to continue delivery of protection and basic services at acceptable standards, and also make some very important investments for the future and sustainability of Kenya’s refugee camps and their host communities.
A Preliminary Emergency Appeal was launched on 19 October 2011 for CHF 27,618,017 (plus an estimated CHF 3,050,000 for emergency response units) to assist 60,000 beneficiaries for 12 months.
Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 500,000 was initially allocated from the Federation’s DREF to support the national society set up the operations in Dadaab.
An Emergency Appeal was launched on 29 November 2011 for CHF 26,154,197 to assist 76,000 beneficiaries for 12 months.
Operations update no. 1 was issued 25 January 2012 to inform of progress and donor response.
An eight-month summary update was issued on 2 September 2012, to update on operational progress.
A Revised Emergency Appeal was launched on 2 January 2013, seeking to reduce budget to CHF 10,439 107 and extending the operation for a further 12 months to October 2013.
A 12-month update was posted 14 January 2013, and provided the yearly progress report.
Operations update no. 2 was issued on 15 January 2013.
Operations update no. 3 was posted on 27 May 2013 with a progress report against the planned outcomes.
A Revised Emergency Appeal no. 2 was launched on the 11 July 2013. The revision recognised that the previous Emergency Appeals only catered for the 2012 proposed budget, while the revised budget combined both 2012 and 2013 budgets, to a total of CHF 21,427,140.
It also extended the operation until the end of 2013.
A Revised Emergency Appeal no.3 was launched on the 11 February by a further 12 months to cover the sectors of health and care, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, camp management and community services, shelter (for staff based in the camps), and livelihood support. The budget was slightly increased to CHF 23,173,011 to assist 100,000 beneficiaries Emergency appeal operations update Kenya/Dadaab: Population Movement P a g e | 2 and to enable Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) to carry out the planned activities during 2014.
This fourth operation update informs the appeal extension for six months starting from January 2015 to July 2015. With this extension, the Emergency Appeal will be moving into its fourth (4) year of emergency response.
During the last 3 years the Emergency Appeal focused on urgent needs, which are provision of food, shelter and non-food items (NFIs), primary, secondary and tertiary health care services, nutrition interventions, supply of potable water, hygiene and sanitation facilities and infrastructure development in the newly established Ifo 2 camp. Considering that, this operation is now moving into addressing longer term issues mainly focusing around camp management and running the services in the camp, discussions have started with KRCS and other partners about moving this appeal into a longer term program. The six months extension will be used to have discussions and agreements with partners about the longer term intervention strategy.
Based on agreement with the partners this period will also be used to finalize the current emergency appeal reporting.
The Kenya Red Cross Society continued to deliver humanitarian services for the Somali refugees in Ifo2 camp in Dadaab for the fourth year, covering service delivery in areas of health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WatSan), camp management, and Sexual and GenderBased Violence (SGBV) programming.
In November 2013, a tripartite agreement was signed in Nairobi by the Government of Kenya, the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) initiating the planning process of voluntary repatriation of refugees of Somali origin. Towards the end of 2014, 92 refugees were repatriated to Somalia. At the moment approximately 1,000 refugees have been repatriated. KRCS is currently working on scenario planning and, with the involved partners, developing a phase-out strategy that will be shared with movement and external partners. A programme review during the initial months of the year will further inform the development of a phase-out /exit strategy.
From 1 January 2014, the Government of Kenya took over the administrative aspect of the camp management sector in all five camps in Dadaab. The community services and livelihood activities that were being provided under the camp management sector were provided by KRCS to the beneficiaries under the appeal during 2014.
Despite these developments, the humanitarian needs, especially lifesaving interventions, remain well pronounced in Ifo 2 camp. This results from the limited opportunities for refugees to participate in meaningful economic and livelihood activities both within as well as outside the camp environment. The identified needs include provision of food, shelter and non-food items (NFIs), primary, secondary and tertiary health care services, nutrition interventions, supply of potable water, as well as hygiene and sanitation facilities and services, education including vocational trainings and protection services among others. KRCS and other involved partners will respond to the needs.
KRCS, through this revised appeal, intends to cater for the needs of the refugees in Ifo 2 and host communities in regards to health, nutrition and WatSan interventions, camp management, community services, and livelihood support towards the most vulnerable groups in the refugee camps. The appeal also has a strong component of responding to and preventing sexual and gender based violence (SGBV).
On behalf of KRCS, IFRC would like to extend thanks to the partners that contributed to the appeal, including Australian Red Cross and government, British Red Cross and the Disaster Emergency Committee (DEC), Mellon Bank, Canadian Red Cross, China Red Cross Hong Kong branch, DG ECHO, Japanese Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross and government, New Zealand Red Cross,
Norwegian Red Cross and government, Red Crescent Society of Islamic Republic of Iran, Red Cross of Monaco, Swedish Red Cross and government and Taiwan Red Cross organisation.