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Updated: 5 hours 54 min ago

Somalia: Somalia: FSC Monthly Update - August 2015

7 hours 46 min ago
Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food Security Cluster Country: Somalia

Key Messages

The Somalia FSC cluster partners have delivered about 866,965 responses in August 2015. About 320,162 beneficiaries were reached through various activities related to improved access to food and safety net (IASN) across Somalia by cluster partners. Similarly about 442,668 and 104,126 beneficiaries were reached in livelihoods assets and livelihoods seasonal input respectively by partners.

FSNAU-FEWS NET released the technical report on post “Gu” food and nutrition security assessment in Somalia to wider humanitarian community. About 855, 000 populations estimated to be facing acute food insecurity until end of the year. The predicted El Nino phenomena will likely affect about 500,000-900,000 aggravatiing the situation. The FSC was engaged in contingency plan development at the cluster and inter cluster level to address the undesirable impact of the phenomena.

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary, October 9 - 15, 2015

9 hours 55 min ago
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, World

Heavy rainfall may trigger flooding in Central America and West Africa


The strong El Niño of 2015 has contributed to suppressed rainfall over northern East Africa and Central America and the Caribbean (Figure 1), significantly limiting agricultural and pastoral potential, and straining local livelihoods. These impacts are contributing to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity for approximately four million people in these regions. With El Niño forecast to continue into the first quarter of 2016, suppressed rainfall is likely over many regions during the coming rainy seasons, including in Southern Africa, Central America, and the Caribbean (Figure 2). Over the Horn of Africa and Central Asia, as well as parts of North and South America, the forecast strong El Niño is expected to result in above-average precipitation (Figure 2). Close monitoring of seasonal rainfall performance is needed in areas where El Niño is known to drive regional climate variability. Humanitarian agencies should prepare for high levels of assistance needs across many regions due to El Niño-related impacts on agricultural and pastoral production.

Niger: Vows of Poverty: 26 countries where child marriage eclipses girls' education

11 hours 35 min ago
Source: CARE Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

Out of school and into marriage: 39,000 girls forced to marry every day

Girls in 26 countries are more likely to be forced into marriage than to enroll in secondary school, research from CARE has found.

The report, Vows of Poverty, has been released to mark the International Day of the Girl on 11 October and provides a snapshot of the forces that drive girls into marriage and out of school.

The report found:

  • 39,000 girls around the world are forced to marry each day. That equates to a new child marriage every two seconds.
  • 62 million girls are not in school. Half of them are adolescents.

“Girls should not be forced to walk down the aisle in greater numbers than into secondary school classrooms,” said CARE Australia chief executive Dr Julia Newton-Howes.

“Every time a girl under 18 is forced into a marriage or prevented from attending school, it’s a missed opportunity to improve that girl’s life and strike at the roots of poverty.

“A girl’s income-earning potential increases by 20 per cent for every school year she completes beyond year four.”

The situation is worst in Niger, with 76 per cent of girls marrying before age 18 and only 10 per cent enrolling in secondary school.

Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan and Somalia follow, each with at least a 40 per cent gap between their rates of child marriage and of secondary school enrollment for girls. Sub-Saharan Africa has by far the highest rates of child marriage; this at a time when Australia’s foreign aid to the region was cut by 70 per cent in this year’s budget.

Many of the underlying causes of child marriage – including social norms that devalue women and girls – apply across all the countries.

Other forces are localised, from the trafficking of girls in Mauritania to dowry considerations in Bangladesh or civil wars in countries such as Afghanistan, Mali and Syria.

Vows of Poverty also highlights solutions to child marriage, including CARE programs and steps taken by national governments to enforce existing laws against the practice; in some instances, police and girls’ advocates have set up phone hotlines and safe houses for at-risk girls.

To support CARE’s work lifting women, girls ‎and whole communities out of poverty, please visit, call 1800 DONATE (1800 020 046). A donation of $69 can send a girl to school and $100 can help a woman start a small business.

Somalia: Somalia: New Deal to Improve Federal and State Service Delivery

8 October 2015 - 11:31pm
Source: World Bank Country: Italy, Somalia

NAIROBI, October 2, 2015—The Government of Somalia has launched the second phase of a project designed to improve the reliability and transparency of financing for critical civil service operations and service delivery.

The second Recurrent Cost and Reform Financing (RCRF) Project, which was launched in Nairobi today, will use a $24 million World Bank-administered grant to enable the government to develop a more credible, sustainable payroll system for civil servants, with special focus on expanding service delivery in the health and education sectors. The financing, provided by development partners through the Bank-administered Multi-Partner Fund (MPF), will lay the foundation for an inter-governmental fiscal framework with eligible administrations and federal member states.

“This project has and continues to be instrumental in supporting the Federal Government of Somalia and our regional member states,” said H.E. Mohamed Adan Ibrahim, Somalia’s Minister of Finance. “With the continued support of our development partners, we will continue making major strides to strengthen our federal and regional institutions and their fiscal relations, thus advancing our state and peace building goals.”

The Ministers of Finance from the Federal Government, Puntland and Jubbaland State of Somalia were meeting in Nairobi with development partners to review progress achieved during the first phase of the RCRF and initiate the second phase.

The new project will support eligible civil service salaries in non-security sectors and operational costs for the core government functions of selected ministries, departments and agencies. It will finance salary costs on a declining scale with the objective that the government will ultimately finance all civil service salary payments from its domestic revenues.

“The RCRF is designed to support the federal and regional governments to achieve performance benchmarks and improve service delivery for citizens,” said Bella Bird, World Bank Country Director for Somalia. “It will play an important role in supporting the development of intergovernmental fiscal relations and represents an essential part of Somalia’s state- and peace-building process.”

The MPF under which the RCRF is funded was established for New Deal implementation in Somalia. Six donors have pledged approximately $165 million, which includes new contributions from the European Union and Italy signed at the project launch. The EU’s additional €19.5 million increased its total contribution to the MPF to €41.25 million.

“The RCRF is also about building trust between the donors, the Federal Government and the regional administrations. It contributes to building coherent and collaborative systems to channel funds to the regions,” said Daria Fane, Head of EU’s Development Cooperation. “Without such agreement, donor support would be very fragmented.”

The donors supporting the initiative include the EU, Italy’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Royal Norwegian Embassy, the Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA), the Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation (SDC), the United Kingodom’s Department for International Development (DfID), and the World Bank State- and Peacebuilding Fund (SPF).

The RCRF made the first fiscal transfers from the Federal Government to the Interim Juba Administration under this program in September. It builds on the work of the Special Financing Facility (SFF) funded by Norway. Established in September 2013, the SFF was a temporary bridging mechanism, and has helped to jump-start the public financial management reform process by initiating transparent accounting and accountability systems and procedures.

“The SFF has been phased successfully to the World Bank’s Recurrent Cost Program. It is timely that the coverage is now expanded to also include intergovernmental fiscal transfers, to the regions as well to teachers and health workers,” said Conrad Rønneber, Norwegian Ambassador to Somalia.

About the New Deal:

The New Deal is a 2011 global policy agreement between fragile and conflict-affected states, development partners and civil society to better manage risks, increase the use of country systems and improve the predictability of aid. The Peacebuilding and State-building Goals for New Deal implementation in Somalia are laid out in the Somali Compact, along with a set of principles for partnership.

Somalia: Effects of El Niño on Communities in Southern and Central Somalia

8 October 2015 - 4:07am
Source: Somalia NGO Consortium Country: Somalia

― October 8th 2015 ― El Niño conditions are expected to severely hit Somalia during this year’s September to December rainy season (Deyr rainfall). This is likely to lead to a wetter than normal season with a very high risk of flooding in parts of the country. Members of the Somalia NGO Consortium have today warned that the effects of the increased rains will further deteriorate an already desperate humanitarian situation in Somalia. Between 500,000 - 900,000 people living alongside the Shabelle and Juba rivers are at risk of being affected by flooding. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has warned that this year's El Niño could mirror the 1997-98 weather patterns that left large parts of southern Somalia underwater and killed an estimated 2,000 people.

“Thousands of people in Somalia are already feeling the effects of this super El Niño, seeing their crops fail, livestock stressed and the price of staple foods soar because of shortages,” said Enzo Vecchio, Oxfam’s Somalia Country Director. “Such extreme weather events are only going to increase as climate change ramps up. We are likely to see floods in the coming weeks which risk devastating communities reliant on food aid for survival and pushing many more into crisis.”

The effects of the El Niño phenomenon could further aggravate the humanitarian crisis the country is currently facing by causing major population displacement, loss of lives, increased human rights risks, disruption and reduced access to basic goods and social services, destruction of means of livelihoods and shelter, food insecurity, increased malnutrition, contamination of the natural environment and hindrance to humanitarian access.

There is a high likelihood of towns and villages being cut off from main supply routes, making it difficult for communities to access basic services and delivery of relief supplies. People living in semi-permanent or poorly constructed shelters, children, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly and people living with disabilities are most vulnerable to the effects of heavy flooding. Additionally, internally displaced and other vulnerable persons have a reduced or no means to cope with the consequences of this natural disaster. Furthermore, there are heightened risks of possible outbreaks of water-borne diseases and lack of clean water, as most of the shallow wells on which people depend on for clean water will be destroyed or contaminated. Most household food supplies could also be lost in the floods.

An El Niño Contingency Plan has been developed by the humanitarian community in consultation with authorities at Federal and Regional levels taking into account lessons learned and needs identified from previous responses to El Niño related emergencies in Somalia. The Plan prepares for an effective, integrated and timely response when needed. This entails both preventive and assistance measures including early warning, pre-positioning of stocks and emergency assistance programs on food, nutrition, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter, non-food items and protection in order to save lives and alleviate human suffering. The main gaps and constraints to the effective delivery of response as identified by humanitarian actors in Somalia are access constraints and funding shortfalls, with the contingency plan requesting USD 30 million to support preparedness and response.

Nonetheless, more is needed for disaster preparedness in Somalia. Working with communities, there is a strong emphasis on supporting and strengthening early warning and risk reduction mechanisms that will allow them to effectively deal with the diverse effects of flooding. These include river flow monitoring, fortifying river banks and pre-positioning of vital stocks. Such initiatives aimed at prevention, mitigation and emergency management should be scaled up and well-resourced in order to manage the challenges associated with El Nino.

“As resilience actors, we are supporting communities to protect their livelihood gains and prevent a slide back in to chronic vulnerability. Communities are pro-actively mitigating the flood risks while having contingency plans and resources to respond to flood warning. The best-case scenario is community mitigation measures are sufficient to prevent damage; the worst-case scenario is the floods are much greater than the measures in place, requiring a full-scale humanitarian response.” said Andrew Lanyon, Chief of Party, Somalia Resilience Program (SomRep).


Nauru: Concerns for Somali woman on Nauru

7 October 2015 - 11:33pm
Source: Radio New Zealand International Country: Australia, Nauru, Somalia

Australia is refusing to grant an abortion to the Somali woman who was raped after Canberra sent her to Nauru.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International.

Germany: Jump in and get things done: how to integrate refugees in the job market

7 October 2015 - 11:09pm
Source: Deutsche Welle Country: Eritrea, Germany, Pakistan, Somalia, World

Author Thomas Kohlmann

If Germany is to integrate large numbers of low-skilled Middle Eastern, African and Asian refugees into its domestic job market it is going to need new concepts. Many fundamental changes are essential.

Baker Markus Staib is someone that looks ahead. And someone who says that he is determined to make the best of the fact that so many refugees are coming to Germany. Since September 1, he has three apprentices - from Somalia, Eritrea and Pakistan. And so far, the master baker from Ulm is very happy: "They've done great, in part, because with the youngest being 25, they are a bit older than most of our trainees. Generally, trainees are between the ages of 16 and 18, so these three have a whole different level of maturity."

For the last several years, Staib, whose large bakery has 400 employees, has had trouble filling all of his apprenticeship positions. His idea of bringing trainees from Mediterranean EU countries with high youth unemployment to Swabia, never worked out - despite close cooperation with the Chamber of Commerce in Ulm. Then they came up with the idea of filling apprenticeships with refugees. Five weeks after the start of the experiment, Staib thinks it was a good idea."It sounds almost too good to be true. But it has been a positive surprise, and it is fun working with them."

However, while one can communicate in the bakery using hand signals and a little English if need be, the challenges presented in vocational school are of a different magnitude - and Staib knows it: "We can see the problems on the horizon. School is about theoretical knowledge, about paying attention and listening, and above all, about understanding. I think that will be more difficult than praxis in the bakery." That is why it has been arranged that the Somalian, Eritrean and Pakistani trainees sit next to German students that can help them in class.

3 + 2 solution for refugee apprentices

The thing that impresses the master baker from Ulm most is the motivation of the refugees, all of whom have been in Germany for a year, and so far, have not been allowed to work: "German youths don't often appreciate what it is that you are offering them. But since the refugees are coming from countries in which training is not a given, they tend to appreciate it that much more. In that sense we are both doing each other a favor."

Ever more master craftsmen, like Markus Staib are entering uncharted waters when they offer apprenticeships to asylum seekers. Staib says that the refugees that are training in his shop all have a document in their passport stating that they are in a three-year apprenticeship. They are also required to report to the aliens registration office every six months to verify that they are still apprenticing with him.

Meanwhile, politicians have also realized that more legal security is needed for both trainees and employers. A so-called 3 + 2 solution is designed to guarantee that after their apprenticeship, trainees cannot be deported for at least two years after they have passed their certification, or journeyman's exam. "From my point of view, it makes sense that we not only train these people but that we also get something out of training them. That we not only have apprentices, but later also journeymen," emphasizes Staib.

Many trade businesses in the Ulm area are desperately seeking trainees. Ulm's Chamber of Commerce, responsible for a region of some 200,000 people, is one of 54 chambers in Germany. Staib says that 1,000 apprenticeships in the Ulm area went unfilled this year. "If we add up all of the chambers in Germany and look at how many slots that comes to, then there may not be 1.5 million," as Staib calculates, "but those are still opportunities, so why shouldn't we take advantage of them?"

The difficult path from refugee to skilled employee

Political scientist Dietrich Tränhardt has been studying the integration of immigrants for years. Like Staib, he too, has a pragmatic outlook: "The people that are coming here are all very willing to work. They want to lend a hand, but it will be a while before they actually can. One reason is their lack of German language skills, the other is German bureaucracy," says Tränhardt.

For him, the most important thing is that people find jobs as soon as possible - and not just because it relieves the rest of society financially: "Work produces self-esteem, a place in society and helps foster integration. For those reasons, work bans should be done away with - they are utterly counterproductive."

Add to that the excessive waiting periods in which people are held in limbo, not knowing whether their asylum application will be accepted, and therefore whether they have any longterm perspectives. Further, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, which Tränhardt says has "totally failed," must be reorganized with a central focus on job market integration. Tränhardt says that new agency boss Frank-Jürgen Weise's plan to transfer thousands of Federal Employment Agency workers to the Office Migration and Refugees is a big step in the right direction.

Yet immigration experts know that there are very few specialized workers among the hundreds of thousands of refugees coming to Germany. "Generally, those immigrants that are seeking shelter in Germany are among the lowest earners on the German job market," says a current report from the Institute for Employment Research (IAB). Dietrich Tränhardt emphasizes that in order to change that in the long run, large investments must be made to education and to speedy job market integration. "We need more teachers, we need more childcare workers in kindergartens - those are purely quantitative issues. We need a major offensive for German language classes, a lot has to happen on that front. And the federal authorities have to fulfill their duties."

Ethiopia: WFP East Africa: The 2015 Season (Sudan/Ethiopia) Seasonal Monitor: No. 6, October 2015

7 October 2015 - 12:49pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda


  • The current growing season (May-October 2015) in East Africa (Sudan and Ethiopia region) which is ending now has developed under a strengthening El Nino event.

  • In Ethiopia, the Belg season (February to May) was affected by a severe drought resulting in poor crop and pasture production. This situation put further stress on households at the start of the following main season (Meher).

Guinea: Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook October 8 – October 14, 2015

7 October 2015 - 12:05pm
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda
  • Continuation of suppressed rainfall along coastal Gulf of Guinea regions and enhanced rain across the Sahel and far western Gulf of Guinea.
  • Dryness persists throughout parts of Ethiopia.

1) Poorly distributed rainfall has resulted in drought, which has severely impacted ground conditions and already led to livestock death across parts of north-central and eastern Ethiopia.
2) Below-average rainfall since August has led to a strengthening of moisture deficits throughout several provinces in southern South Sudan and northern Uganda. Below-average rainfall is expected in the region for the upcoming outlook period.
3) Below-average rainfall over several bimodal areas of Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria has led to a rapid strengthening of moisture deficits and a degradation of ground conditions.
4) High moisture levels resulting from heavy rains last week and a wetter than average season overall have led to a heightened risk of flooding. Flooding has been reported in northern Senegal. Increased chances of heavy rain for western Gulf of Guinea nations during the upcoming outlook period may trigger flooding in these regions.

Somalia: Somalia Rainfall Forecast - Issued: 7 October 2015

7 October 2015 - 8:45am
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Somalia

The Deyr 2015 rains have started in some parts of Somalia. The upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands, Lower Juba region and north eastern parts of Somalia are expected to receive light to moderate rains within the next three days. Other parts of Somalia and the lower parts of the Ethiopian highland will receive little or no rains during the same period.

Somalia: Somalia Rainfall Forecast - Issued: 7 October 2015

7 October 2015 - 8:36am
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Somalia

The Deyr 2015 rains have started in some parts of Somalia. The upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands, Lower Juba region and north eastern parts of Somalia are expected to receive light to moderate rains within the next three days. Other parts of Somalia and the lower parts of the Ethiopian highland will receive little or no rains during the same period.

Somalia: Somali elections in 2016 - five key challenges in Somalia's game of throne

6 October 2015 - 4:38pm
Source: Danish Institute for International Studies Country: Somalia


  • Develop better models to engage productively with questions of clans.

  • Maintain pressure on the offices of the President and the Prime Minister to clarify and consolidate roles and responsibilities.

  • Maintain a strong focus on existing and emerging interim administrations, including Puntland.

  • Establish a better understanding of how to engage in security matters beyond al-Shabaab.

  • Ensure that the humanitarian situation does not turn into a crisis, which would undermine progress made.

World: Mediterranean Update, Global Overview - Missing Migrants Project: 6 October 2015

6 October 2015 - 3:24pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Eritrea, Greece, Iraq, Italy, Malta, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Somalia: Government arrests two journalists, closes TV station

6 October 2015 - 1:49pm
Source: Reporters sans Frontières Country: Somalia

Reporters Without Borders condemns the indefinite closure of London-based Universal TV’s East Africa offices in Mogadishu and the arbitrary detention of East Africa director Abdullahi Hersi Kulmiye and programme presenter Ali Dahir Salad.

Abdullahi Hersi Kulmiye and Ali Dahir Salad were arrested without a warrant when they responded to a summons to report to the Mogadishu headquarters of the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) on 2 October. NISA officers raided Universal TV’s offices later the same day and shut them down.

According to the information obtained by local NGOs that defend journalists, the attorney-general’s office has given NISA 21 days to conduct an investigation, during which time the two journalists are to remain in prison without being brought before a judge.

Local analysts attribute the arrests and raid to the comments of two parliamentarians during a broadcast of the very popular programme “Doodwadaag” (Debate) on 30 September.

The parliamentarians referred to a parliamentary motion challenging the government and to the presence of Ethiopian troops within the African Union military presence in Somalia – comments likely to have angered the government, which rarely tolerates media coverage of sensitive subjects including anything liable to exacerbate old disputes between Ethiopia and Somalia.

On Saturday the State minister for information Maxamuud Cabdi Xasan said that, "The Universal TV has been repeatedly warned by the security forces to stop the anti government propaganda which they ignored. They have been arrested and will be taken to court shortly.”

For Reporters Without Borders, “The detention of these two journalists is an absolutely illegal measure that violates the principles of freedom of information and expression enshrined in Somalia’s constitution.”

“Such arbitrary actions send a very disturbing message to all the Somali media, which have a key role to play in the democratic debate before the 2016 elections. We call on the Somali government to free these two journalists and to reopen the Universal TV studios”, Reporters Without Borders said.

The Somali government often closes down media outlets that irritate it.

In August 2014, the authorities evicted Radio Shabelle from its premises because they wanted to take them over. After Radio Shabelle found a new location, several of its employees were jailed in April 2015 when the radio station broadcast statements by a spokesman for the armed Islamist militia Al Shabaab.

A total of 37 journalists have been killed since 2010 without any credible investigations being carried out. This makes Somalia one of Africa’s most dangerous countries for media personnel.

Universal TV investigative reporter Mohamed Mohamud was fatally shot six times at close range in October 2013.

Somalia is ranked 172nd out of 180 countries in the 2015 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index.

Syrian Arab Republic: Grade 3 and Grade 2 Emergencies, and ERM Priority Countries: Contributions and Firm Pledges - 30 September 2015

6 October 2015 - 12:05pm
Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Vanuatu, Yemen

WHO has an essential role to play in supporting Member States to prepare for, respond to and recover from emergencies with public health consequences. An Emergency Response Framework (ERF) was developed to clarify WHO’s roles and responsibilities in this regard and to provide a common approach for its work in emergencies. Ultimately, the ERF requires WHO to act with urgency and predictability to best serve and be accountable to populations affected by emergencies. ERF describes WHO’s internal grading process for emergencies.