Somalia - ReliefWeb News
Light to moderate rainfall in the South; northern and central regions remain dry
While most parts of the country remained dry, light to moderate rainfall was received in southern regions between November 20 and 30. Most areas of Gedo, Lower Juba, and Middle Juba and localized pockets of Bay, Awdal, and Togdheer received between 10 and 50 millimeters (mm) of rainfall (Figure 1). Conversely, Bakool, Hiiraan, Lower and Middle Shabelle, and central and northern regions remained dry. Rainfall was 10 to 50 mm above the 2005-to-2009 short-term mean (STM) in a few pockets of Bay, Gedo, and Middle Juba (Figure 2).
In the Northwest, little to no rainfall was received in Sool, Sanaag, or Togdheer from November 20-30. Although dryness is typical in these areas during this time, given limited Deyr rainfall in October and November, conditions are drier than normal. Water and pasture are in low supply, livestock body conditions are below average, and livestock morbidity and mortality have been reported. Livestock migration is taking place from these areas to Waqooyi Galbeed and other areas of Togdheer, where recent rainfall has partially replenished rangeland resources. Many livestock from pastoral livelihood zones in Bari and Nugaal have similarly migrated to Waqooyi Galbeed and Togdheer.
In the Northeast, no rainfall was reported from November 20-30 in Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug. Climatologically, little rainfall is received in the Northeast in December. As a result, atypically dry conditions are likely to continue and pasture and water resources will remain extremely limited through April. Livestock outmigration from these areas is ongoing with most livestock moving towards northwestern areas where rains were relatively better.
In central regions, dry conditions similarly persist, as no rainfall was received during this reporting period. Pasture and water resources in these areas continue to deteriorate and remain severely below average. As a result, large-scale outward migration of livestock is ongoing from these areas toward Hiiraan, most notably towards Maxaas and Moqokori Districts.
In the South, localized light to moderate rains fell from November 20-30 in Gedo, Lower and Middle Juba, and Bay. Recent rainfall has improved pasture and water resources in these areas. However, rangeland resources still remain low compared to the need, as high levels of livestock migration towards these areas as led to faster than normal resource depletion. Conversely, no rainfall was received in most parts of Bakool, Hiiraan, and Middle and Lower Shabelle where agricultural production and rangeland conditions remain very poor. River water levels in both the Juba and Shabelle Rivers continue to decline due to limited rainfall both in Somalia and in the Ethiopian highlands. In Beledweyn of Hiiran, water levels in the Shabelle River fell from 3.2 meters on November 20 to 2.55 meters on November 30.
The satellite-derived eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) shows that vegetation conditions remain significantly below average throughout Somalia, with the poorest conditions in southern Somalia (Figure 3). The seven-day rainfall forecast from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association’s Climate Prediction Center (NOAA/CPC) indicates that few areas of the country are likely to receive rainfall from December 3-10 (Figure 4). In Kismayo and Badhadhe of Middle Juba, 20-50 mm is forecast.
Batula is a traditional birth attendant and has been working for the past 25 years. Because of her reputation and medical skills, many families take girls to her and ask let her to carry out Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) on them. FGM is a deep-rooted cultural practice in Somalia with virtually every Somali girl and woman (98 per cent) having undergone it.
“When a girl was brought to me for circumcision, I would start preparing a mixture of charcoal and myrrh to stop the bleeding. I would tie one of her legs to a person and the other leg to another person. A third person would sit behind her and hold onto her back, while I would be seated right in front of her.
To stop her from crying and to hold back her screams, her family would start beating up drums to make her yelling disappear into the air.
Fathers believed their daughters won’t be married if they’re not cut. Mothers and grandmothers were the ones who brought the girls to me, so that they can check the virginity of their daughters.
In fact I did it myself to my eldest daughter. I used to inspect her every time she comes from school or from outside. If it wasn’t sewn, then I would know a man had an affair with her.
I believed that FGM was a big part of culture and tradition and that no man should marry a girl who did not go through FGM. Now I know what I did was wrong. I can confirm that there is nothing good in it.
As a mother, it really pains me to see women suffering because of my past mistakes of doing FGM. I will make sure that none of my granddaughters will go through such pain ever again. I sincerely repent to ALLAH and ask for His forgiveness for making the girls go through that hell.
It’s bad in every respect. It must stop!”
In Somalia, UNICEF, supported by partners, has been working with communities to help them prevent gender-based violence and respond to victims’ needs. One such project was the Community Care Programme in Mogadishu.
For 15 weeks, members of selected communities – led by trained community members – came together to build awareness and consciousness about human rights, fairness, tolerance and justice. Through dialogue and discussion, they were empowered to come up with solutions to the problems of violence against women and girls. UNICEF and partners then helped them translate these solutions into concrete action.
Find out more about the different types of violence against children and how to stop it.
Batula Sid Barakow, a former FGM practitioner is now activist against FGM
World: Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien Remarks to the press at the launch of the 2017 Global Humanitarian Overview, Geneva 5 December 2016
I am launching today, on behalf of the United Nations and hundreds of our humanitarian partners across the world, the Global Humanitarian Overview for 2017.
This appeal 2017, comprising strategic and coordinated response plans covering 33 countries, is calling for US$22.2 billion – the highest amount we have ever requested.
This is a reflection of a state of humanitarian need in the world not witnessed since the Second World War: more than 128 million people urgently need our support and solidarity to survive and live in safety and dignity. More than 80 per cent of the needs stem from man-made conflicts, many of which are now protracted and push up demand for relief year after year. These crises affect entire regions.
This international appeal maps out what humanitarian organisations plan to do to meet the needs of 93 million of the most acutely vulnerable people affected by crisis next year.
The collective plans are effective and efficient investments - the best way to help those who need help now. Funding to support the plans that we present today will make a vital difference in the lives of millions of people:
it will translate into life-saving food assistance to people on the brink of starvation in the Lake Chad Basin and South Sudan;
it will provide protection for the most vulnerable people in Syria, Iraq and Yemen;
and it will enable education for children whose schooling is disrupted by El Niño, among many other responses.
The humanitarian ecosystem – made up of many diverse partners - continues to grow in strength every day. This year, more local responders, national governments, the private sector, international organizations and others have saved, protected or supported more people than in any previous year since the founding of the United Nations.
Together we have raised this year $11.4 billion towards the coordinated appeals - more funds than ever before even though it only represents half of what was needed.
We are deeply grateful to the donors for their continuing and steadfast support and generosity – working together towards a common goal, leaving no-one behind, has never been more important.
So what is new in the appeal for 2017?
First, it incorporates key outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit which was held in May of this year. In Istanbul, we recognized that the only way to get people out of a perpetual cycle of crisis is to reduce need and vulnerability at its source.
This has translated into multi-year planning in several countries including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and Somalia, to promote a more predictable humanitarian response and ensure optimal coherence between development, peacebuilding and humanitarian frameworks.
Over time, we trust this new way of working will reduce the need for band-aid humanitarian relief and at the same time put national and local authorities in the driver’s seat.
Secondly, we committed to the Grand Bargain, in which aid agencies must step up efficiency and transparency, and donors must increase flexibility including through longer-term financing and increasingly fund local aid organisations on the frontline of any response.
Thirdly, some countries have significantly raised their appeal while other have reduced theirs.
For example Nigeria, where relief operations are pushing into formerly Boko Haram controlled areas, is in 2017 a billion-dollar-plus appeal and has nearly doubled.
On the other end, the requirements in Ethiopia have dropped from $1.6 billion this year to $895 million in 2017 reflecting a calibration and prioritisation of the response to the needs that still persist.
Representing the collective vision of hundreds of partners, this 2017 Global Humanitarian Overview offers effective strategies to tackle the most pressing humanitarian needs based on core humanitarian principles.
The appeal 2017 provides an actionable framework for reliable, value-for-money investment in humanity. Thank you.
A total of 84 cases of AWD/Cholera and zero death were reported
A total of 60 cases of bloody diarrhoea were reported in different areas
A state of emergency has been announced in Puntland following severe drought in the region
A mission to access the emergency response and surveillance activities was launched in Somalia and will be conducted in all regions
CSR officers have been trained in laboratory sample collection, packaging and shipment
Timelines of reporting
All zones submitted reports late to regional offices due to poor network and insecurity is some of the areas.
Completeness of reporting
Reports were received from 251 health facilities. The completeness rate decreased from 71% (260) in week 45 to 68.7% (251) in week 46 as shown in figure 1. Of the 251 reports received, 31 were received from South, 73 from Somali land 54 from Puntland while 93 from the central.
Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera (week 46)
A total of 194 AWD cases and 0 death were reported in Banadir (35) Hiraan (96) and Bari (62) as shown in table 2. Of these 56%(108) were children below 5 years.
In Hiraan region, the cases reported in Beletweyne are linked to cases reported in Ethiopia. The cases in Banadir are coming from Wadjir district while those in Bari are from Bosaso and linked to the severe drought in the area
Since the beginning of the year, a total of 14165 case of AWD and 497 deaths have been reported in different parts of Somalia. Of these 47.7% are female while 57.9% are children below 5 years
As shown in the curve there has been a gradual reduction in number of cases from the peak 1,853 cases and 187 deaths (CFR 10.0%) in week 15 to 194 cases and 0 death in week 46.
The regional Medical teams have been supported to collect stool samples and manage cases as recommended AWD/Cholera alerts received from Bar region in Bosasso district are attributed to the severe drought that has caused limited access to water and sanitation in these areas
Les appels et plans de réponse dans 33 pays visent à aider 93 millions de personnes
(Genève, 5 décembre 2016) : Le monde fait face aujourd’hui à une crise humanitaire sans précédent depuis la Deuxième Guerre mondiale: plus de 128 millions de personnes sont touchées par des conflits, des déplacements, des catastrophes naturelles et une profonde vulnérabilité. A travers une action stratégique et coordonnée, les organisations humanitaires visent en 2017 à fournir une aide d’urgence, de la protection et du soutien à près de 93 millions de personnes parmi les plus pauvres et marginalisées. Cela demandera un financement de $22,2 milliards de dollars américains – l’appel humanitaire le plus élevé jamais lancé.
« L’intensité des crises humanitaires aujourd’hui a atteint un niveau jamais vu depuis la création des Nations Unies. De mémoire vivante, jamais autant de personnes n’ont eu besoin de notre soutien et de notre solidarité pour survivre et vivre en sécurité et dans la dignité », a dit Stephen O’Brien, Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence, en lançant l’appel humanitaire global 2017 à Genève, Suisse.
« Nos plans collectifs pour répondre aux besoins de ces personnes sont prêts. Ce sont des investissements efficaces et performants – la meilleure manière de venir en aide à ceux qui en ont besoin maintenant. Le financement de ces plans se traduira par une aide alimentaire vitale aux personnes qui sont sur le point de mourir de faim dans le bassin du Lac Tchad et au Soudan du Sud ; il fournira une protection aux personnes les plus vulnérables en Syrie, Irak et au Yémen ; et cela permettra de fournir une éducation aux enfants dont la scolarité a été perturbée par El Niño », a dit le chef de l’aide internationale.
L’appel humanitaire est le point culminant d’un effort global dans lequel des centaines d’organisations qui fournissent aide alimentaire, abris, soins médicaux, protection, éducation d’urgence, et toute autre forme d’assistance de base aux populations dans les régions touchées par les conflits et catastrophes se rassemblent pour évaluer les besoins et décider des stratégies de réponse collective. Au début de l’année 2017, les plans présentés de manière collective aux bailleurs de fonds internationaux aujourd’hui soutiendront des opérations humanitaires vitales dans 33 pays.
Les conflits en Syrie, au Yémen, au Soudan du Sud et au Nigéria sont parmi ceux qui engendrent le plus de besoins humanitaires en entraînant des nouveaux déplacements de populations à l’intérieur des pays et à travers les frontières. En même temps, l’impact des sécheresses, des inondations et des phénomènes climatiques extrêmes dans le sillon d’El Niño poussent les communautés vulnérables à la limite de la survie. La réponse à ces crises de longues durées a incité la communauté humanitaire à avoir comme ambition une manière plus efficace, plus rapide de fournir de l’aide, comme souligné lors du Sommet humanitaire mondial en mai de cette année.
Jusqu’ici en 2016, les bailleurs de fonds internationaux ont généreusement financé l’appel global à hauteur de 11,4 milliards de dollars, qui au cours de l’année a passé de 20,1 milliards à 22,1 milliards. Toutefois, cela couvre seulement 52 pourcent des besoins et les organisations humanitaires approchent la fin de cette année avec un déficit record de financement de 10,7 milliards de dollars – le plus important déficit rencontré jusqu’à présent.
« Les vies de millions de femmes, de filles, de garçons et d’hommes sont entre nos mains », a dit M. O’Brien. « En répondant de manière généreuse à cet appel et en étant efficace nous leur prouverons que nous ne les laisserons pas tomber ».
La documentation de l’appel humanitaire global de 2017 est disponible ici:
Note à la rédaction:
L’appel humanitaire 2017 se base sur les plans de réponse humanitaire en Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroun, République centrafricaine, Tchad, République démocratique du Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopie, Haïti, Irak, Libye, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigéria, Territoire palestinien occupé, Somalie, Soudan du Sud, Soudan, Syrie, Ukraine and Yémen. D’autres appels couvrent le Burkina Faso, la Mauritanie et le Sénégal.
Le Burundi, le Nigéria, le Soudan du Sud et la Syrie sont des crises qui affectent des régions entières ainsi que leurs pays voisins et sont inclus dans des plans de réponses régionaux, ce qui ramène le nombre de pays compris dans l’appel à 33.
Response plans and appeals in 33 countries aim to reach 93 million people in need
(Geneva, 5 December 2016) - The world is facing a state of humanitarian crisis not seen since the Second World War: more than 128 million people are affected by conflict, displacement, natural disasters and profound vulnerability. Through strategic and coordinated action, aid organizations around the world aim to deliver urgent relief, protection and support to nearly 93 million of the most vulnerable and marginalized people in 2017. This will require US$22.2 billion in funding – the highest consolidated humanitarian appeal ever launched.
“The scale of humanitarian crises today is greater than at any time since the United Nations was founded. Not in living memory have so many people needed our support and solidarity to survive and live in safety and dignity,” said Stephen O’Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, launching the Global Humanitarian Overview 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland.
“Our collective plans to meet people’s needs are ready. They are effective and efficient investments - the best way to help those who need help now. Funding in support of the plans will translate into life-saving food assistance to people on the brink of starvation in the Lake Chad Basin and South Sudan; it will provide protection for the most vulnerable people in Syria, Iraq and Yemen; and it will enable education for children whose schooling is disrupted by El Niño,” said the international aid chief.
The humanitarian appeal is the culmination of a global effort to assess needs and decide collective response strategies by hundreds of organizations delivering food, shelter, health care, protection, emergency education and other basic assistance to people in conflict- and disaster-affected regions. At the start of 2017, the plans presented collectively to the international donor community today will support vital humanitarian operations in 33 countries.
Conflicts in Syria, Yemen, South Sudan and Nigeria are among the greatest drivers of humanitarian needs, fuelling new displacement within countries and across borders. At the same time, the impact of El Niño-triggered droughts, floods and extreme weather is pushing vulnerable communities to the brink of survival. Responding to these protracted crises has prompted the humanitarian community to strive for better, faster and more effective delivery of aid, as highlighted during the transformational World Humanitarian Summit in May this year.
So far in 2016, international donors have generously provided $11.4 billion to the current global appeal which, over the year, has risen from $20.1 billion to $22.1 billion. However, this represents only 52 per cent of the requirements and humanitarian organizations approach the end of this year with a funding gap of a record $10.7 billion - the largest gap ever.
“The lives of millions of women, girls, boys and men are in our hands,” Mr. O’Brien said. “By responding generously and delivering fully on this appeal we will prove to them that we will not let them down.”
The Global Humanitarian Overview 2017 documentation is available on www.unocha.org/stateofaid
Note to correspondents
The humanitarian appeal 2017 is based on Humanitarian Response Plans in Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen. Other appeals cover Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
Burundi, Nigeria, South Sudan and Syria are crises that affect entire regions and their neighbouring countries are included in regional response plans, bringing the number of countries included to 33.
For 2017, humanitarian partners will require $22.2 billion to meet the needs of 92.8 million people in 33 countries. The initial appeal for 2016 stood at $20.1 billion to meet the needs of 87.6 million people in 37 countries. This is in stark contrast to the $2.7 billion called for in the first six inter-agency humanitarian appeals launched in 1992. The last quarter century has seen an overwhelming shift in frequency, scale and magnitude of humanitarian emergencies. Crises in Afghanistan, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia and Sudan have issued appeals almost every year. This has also been the case since the turn of the millennium for CAR, Chad, Iraq and the occupied Palestinian territory.
As 2017 approaches, these same countries and many others are immersed in conflict and urgently require a multidimensional response. In Afghanistan for example, needs are increasing due to massive displacement and protracted conflict. In Burundi, the political crisis continues to deepen and the number of people in need of urgent support has tripled to 3 million. About 1.2 million people, 80 per cent of them women and children, have fled from South Sudan, making this the largest refugee movement in Africa.
Aid organizations in Syria expect protection and humanitarian needs to grow exponentially if hostilities continue and no political solution is found. In the Lake Chad Basin, Boko Haram violence is causing instability and insecurity and there is little evidence that a political solution is forthcoming.
Humanitarian access is severely constrained and has grown in complexity in countries including Iraq, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen, preventing humanitarians from carrying out their work and leaving affected people without basic services and protection.
Mines, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices impede humanitarian access and threaten the lives of vulnerable populations in conflict-affected regions. As Iraqis work to rebuild their lives as a result of the Mosul military campaign, mine clearance will be essential for their safe return, and to ensure that schools, hospitals and infrastructure function satisfactorily. Food insecurity and malnutrition will continue to drive humanitarian need. Across the Sahel, hundreds of thousands of households live in unacceptably precarious conditions. Food insecurity, acute malnutrition, disease and disasters are a reality for millions. Conflict in the region and in bordering countries has uprooted many people from their homes and livelihoods and forced them into dependency on external assistance. Where chronic vulnerabilities drive humanitarian needs, humanitarians are collaborating with development actors to bring about a “shift from delivering aid to ending needs”. In 2017, transitional Humanitarian Action Plans for Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal will be strategically aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
At the World Humanitarian Summit the humanitarian community resolved to change the way it works in order to adapt to the changing operational context to meet the needs of affected people. Six countries will develop multi-year response plans in 2017 to allow partners to address needs arising from protracted crises more effectively. Multi-year planning and the Humanitarian Response Plans are designed to increase the chances for greater collective impact and accountability.
United Nations agencies and partners are relying especially on un-earmarked and multi-year donor support to ensure timely response. Low, delayed and unpredictable funding with strict allocation criteria have dire consequences. In Ukraine, for example, inadequate funding has resulted in major delays, interruptions and discontinuation of critical activities such as mobile health clinics and services in hard-to-reach areas. Maintaining transport links for humanitarian relief for vulnerable people in Mali has been seriously challenging in 2016. In Yemen, under funding, outstanding pledges and bureaucratic impediments limit the reach of humanitarian partners to save countless children dying from hunger. If sufficient funds are not secured for DRC, 4.3 million people will face heightened risk of morbidity or death due to malnutrition, food shortage and epidemics.
In 2017 urgent humanitarian assistance will be required in Ethiopia, Somalia, Haiti and Southern Africa due to the El Niño event and its successor, La Niña. In Southern Africa El Niño caused a $9.3 million tons cereal production deficit and led to severe water shortages. Here and elsewhere, failure to act upon the alarming crises outlined in this Global Humanitarian Overview 2017 could lead to a far wider humanitarian crisis with devastating repercussions to life, livelihoods and security.
CLUSTER SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
Keeping in view the Cluster Objectives, UNHCR Somalia aims to contribute to the protection of displaced people, including those affected by natural hazards through the provision of NFIs and Emergency shelter and to Improve the living conditions of the protected internally displaced persons (T-shelters, permanent shelter and improved land tenures).
Conflict affected displaced communities in Galkayo,
Xudur, Marka, Afgoye, and Mogadishu in urgent need of shelter and NFI assistance.
There are still needs uncovered from the drought in Jubaland, Puntland and Somaliland
Protracted IDPs in most towns especially Mogadishu,
Baidoa and Dhobley in need of NFI and shelter support.
Advocacy for longer-term land tenure is key to ensuring adequate shelter support and reducing the risk of evictions especially in Mogadishu and Kismayo.
Shelter and NFI response for refugee returns from Yemen and Kenya GAPS / CHALLENGES
Lack of systematic data hampers shelter cluster response to the refugee returns situation.
Restricted humanitarian accessibility continues to affect the provision of assistance to affected people in some parts of south and central Somalia.
Decreasing funding of shelter activities has exceptionally affected the capacity of cluster partners.
The resulting gaps are aggravated by the sharp increase in emergency shelter needs.
43350 persons have received emergency assistance packages
2615 persons have received emergency shelter kits and tents
180 persons were supported with transitional shelter solutions
150 persons were supported with permanent shelter solutions
Somalia: Through the eyes of Suldan Warsame – a clan elder’s perspective on women’s participation in the electoral process
“Ultimately, I believe cultural change will favour women, especially when we move to party politics, where leaders are elected on the basis of their manifestos and not gender.”
These words by Suldan Warsame Suldan Alio Ibrow, an influential leader and clan elder from Somalia’s South West state, sum up his views about the prospects for women in Somalia’s political transition.
At the clan level, Suldan wields immense influence. The 49-year old from the Jiido sub-clan of Digil clan, was among 135 clan elders who took part in the selection of Electoral College delegates.
According to Suldan, the push for women’s greater political participation, presents an opportunity to build a more democratic and inclusive political system in Somalia.
“As traditional elders, we view the 2016 elections as a unique moment in our country’s history. It is a progressive step,” Suldan says.
With Somalia’s indirect electoral process almost complete, close to twenty percent of newly elected MP’s to the House of the People, as the lower chamber of parliament is known, are women.
This may be shy of the targeted 30-percent reserved quota for women in the Federal Parliament, as was stipulated by the country’s National Leadership Forum (NLF), but changing perceptions about women in Somalia, gives hope for greater opportunities for them in the future.
“Somali women held society’s together, after the country slid into civil strife 25 years ago,” explains Suldan adding that without that effort by women Somalia today would be in a “much more difficult place.”
Politically, Suldan does not believe the clan system has held back the election of more women condidates as some have suggested. He argues that this year’s polls have infact offered women a chance to fulfil their legislative agenda. “This is the reason I strongly support the quota allocated for Somali women in politics,” he adds.
“Although Somali culture does not expressly celebrate women in politics, perceptions have gradually changed especially after the 1991 collapse of the central government,” Suldan said.
Looking back, he says the push for women’s recognition gained momentum during the Somali National Peace Conference, held in Arta, Djibouti in 2000.
The conference, aimed at bringing together warring factions to end the civil war that had claimed 300,000 lives and led to the establishment of the Transitional National Government. At that conference crucial decisions were made which paved the way for greater visibility of Somalia’s marginalized groups such as the women.
Nominated an elder following the demise of his father in 2012, Suldan predicts a major shift in favour of women in 2020 elections.
Yemen: 2016 Yemen Situation - Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan - Funding snapshot as at 20 November 2016
The requirements presented in this funding snapshot refer to the 2016 Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan covering the period January to December 2016.
RRP requirements: $94,130,731
Funding received: $34,817,230
% funded: 37%
172.2 M required for 2016
75.0 M contributions received, representing 44% of requirements
97.2 M funding gap for the Yemen Situation
On 24 November Jubbaland became the first Federal State in Somalia to conclude selection of candidates for seats in the House of the People. Now the state's electoral officials are being invited by other Federal States to share their recipe for success.
Mohamud Hassan Elmi, Deputy Chair of the Jubbaland State Level Indirect Electoral Independent Team (SIEIT) says they benefited greatly from the support of the state authorities which gave them the independence to conduct their work unhindered.
“The President H.E. Ahmed Mohamed Islam Madobe, at the time we came to Kismaayo called his cabinet and informed them that we (SIEIT) are independent and no one from his government can be seen in the election venue during the election process. He told them that he will not be in the venue and they should not be there. The president also advised the speaker of Jubbaland Parliament to convey the same message to his fellow members of the parliament, so we were free and doing our job independently this helped us conclude the elections successfully in Kismaayo,” Elmi said.
Elmi said disagreements were handled amicably.
“What we did was we located the elders and hosted them in a hotel, and brought them into the pavilion hall in which we conducted the elections. Every time they used to come here to take part in reconciliation sessions, and they usually come up with an agreement,” Elmi said.
“If they cannot agree on the delegates, we would sit with them and listen to their concerns and grievances as well as points of agreements. This was a long process and we did not react or try to impose our views ...we just let the elders decide and we made sure that all the sub-clans who shared one seat were part of the 51 delegates. I think that long process and many hours spent with the elders made us unique from other states,” he said.
Jubbaland security forces also played a key role in tightening security measures beginning from the airport and including vehicle movements in and outside the town.
“We carried out cordon search operations within the town daily. We deployed one hundred police officers to the election venue to secure the delegates and electoral bodies. The police officers were given electoral training protection by the UNDP and AMISOM Police,” said Jubbaland Police Commissioner Col. Hassan Kheyre.
The efforts made by the Independent Electoral Disputes Resolution Mechanism (IEDRM), which is mandated to address complaints from the ongoing electoral process, has also been singled out as an important contributor to Jubbaland’s success.
The body took a unique approach to resolving disputes, combining consultations with local SIEITs, and traditional elders. Disputes which poured in from the first day the team arrived, were tackled head on, IEDRM chair Omar Mohamed said.
According to Mohamed, most disputes were divided into three categories - internal disputes between sub-clans on sharing of parliamentary seats, complaints about the women’s quota and delegate selection.
“Initially male candidates were tried to contest for seats that were reserved for female candidates. But they were disappointed. Once the mapping was done, each and every clan owning at least three seats was supposed to give one seat to a woman; and it was mandatory,” Mohamed said.
“The male candidate whose seats were allocated to women could not accept this reality initially, so they made a lot of noises, complaints, accusations, claims, but we told them clearly that there was nothing we could do for them,” he said.
The third category of complaints involved delegates selection, distribution and submission of the lists of delegates. Many candidates complained of slim chances of being elected by the 51 delegates.
“These kinds of disputes were quite difficult to resolve, so we tried to use different mechanisms, such as clan mechanisms, also we referred these kinds of disputes to the relevant clan elders,” Mohamed said.
Satisfied voters like Ijabo Adan Kheyre (No relation to Police Commissioner Col. Hassan Kheyre) say they are thankful for the smooth running of the ballot.
“The election was a very successful one, free and fair. I cast my vote for the Member of Parliament I wanted to win. I voted for her to empower women, build maternity homes and schools for girls within the community. If all this is done then we will achieve our goals as women in the future,” Khyere said.
As of 30 November 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $11.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $10.7 billion.
In November, the funding requirements for the initial Flash Appeal for Haiti to respond to the most urgent humanitarian needs caused by Hurricane Matthew increased by $19 million, bringing the total to $139 million. The Flash Appeal targets the 750,000 people most in need of assistance until the end of the year. In Somalia, needs continue to rise due to drought, conflict, displacement and lack of basic services. Partners require $471 million before the end of the year to provide life-saving assistance to vulnerable communities. Critical clusters such as food security, health, education and protection are all funded below 35 per cent.
The Libyan Humanitarian Response Plan remains underfunded at 30 per cent. Only four out of 98 hospitals in Libya work at full capacity and the severe lack of funding has meant critical needs in the health sector continue to be unmet. Meanwhile, the Libya Flash Appeal which requests $10.7 million by the end of the year, is only 5 per cent funded. The appeal seeks to provide urgent protection and life-saving assistance to 79,400 people in the Libyan city of Sirte. Please see icon overleaf for information on other urgent funding needs.
In 2016, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has disbursed $408 million to 47 countries. In November alone, almost $16 million was disbursed to four crises, including to assist 385,000 Afghan returnees from Pakistan, stranded Syrian refugees in the Berm, South Sudanese refugees in the CAR, and internally displaced persons in the Republic of Congo. CERF is currently projecting an income of nearly $425 million for 2016, which leaves a shortfall of $25 million on the $450 million funding target for this year. The CERF High-Level Pledging Conference for 2017 will be held on 13 December in New York and chaired by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
Country-based pooled fund (CBPF) allocations, including planned allocations, in 2016 total $531 million to 369 partners through 1,010 projects. Some 18 per cent ($98 million) have gone to national NGOs; 45 per cent ($241.5 million) to international NGOs; 36 per cent ($189 million) to UN agencies and 0.5 per cent ($2.7 million) to the Red Cross/Red Crescent. CBPFs have been instrumental in supporting some 32 million people with health services, 14.7 million people with water and sanitation interventions and some 14.5 million people with nutritional support. Since January 2016, 18 Member States have contributed a total of $549 million for operations in 17 countries.
World: Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights - CLTS in Post-Emergency and Fragile States Settings
This issue of Frontiers of CLTS explores the potential, and some of the recorded learning, on how CLTS, as a community-based, collaborative approach to sanitation behavioural change, can be applied successfully in contexts of fragility and displacement, leading to communities more convinced and prepared to maintain and develop safe sanitation practices.
Nairobi, 2 December 2016 — The Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Peter de Clercq, today made an urgent appeal for humanitarian assistance amid worsening drought conditions that have left hundreds of thousands of Somalis facing severe food and water shortages. He made the call during a briefing with the international community in Nairobi, highlighting the urgency of responding to the drought situation in Somalia. “Drought in Puntland and Somaliland has deepened and spread to southern and central regions of the country as well.
The situation has become increasingly desperate for vulnerable families in need. The drought situation is extremely worrying and could deteriorate rapidly if we don’t act now,” said de Clercq. “We are running against time.
Humanitarian organisations are stretched and require additional resources to tackle the growing needs from the drought situation and other crises. The 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan seeking US$885 million is only 47 per cent funded, four weeks before end of the year.” Some of the communities in the north had already endured four successive seasons of below average rainfall. Families are struggling, many already adopting desperate measures to survive. The current Deyr rainy season, which usually spans from October to December, could have provided a window of opportunity for affected families to recover, but it has so far been poor across most parts of Somalia. Significant crop and pasture losses are highly likely, with a total crop failure expected in several areas.
Overall, five million Somalis – more than 40 per cent of the country’s population – do not have sufficient food. More than one million of these are in ‘crisis’ and ‘emergency’. This figure is now projected to increase to over 1.3 million by May 2017, according to a recent Food Security Outlook. In addition, Over 320,000 children under age five are acutely malnourished, including more than 50,000 children who are severely malnourished. These children are the most vulnerable during the current drought. Surveys in rural and IDP settlements indicate an alarming Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) prevalence in a number of areas.
The President of the Federal Government of Somalia appealed for humanitarian assistance on 12 November for people affected by the drought. State authorities in Jubbaland, Puntland, Somaliland and Galmudug also issued appeals on 2 October, 5 October, 17 November and 30 November, respectively, highlighting the urgency of the situation. In addition to drought, an increase in displacement related to conflict and the withdrawal of international troops have presented additional humanitarian challenges. Almost 5,000 people have been displaced in Hiraan and Bakool regions, while another 29,000 people have been uprooted from their homes in Lower Shabelle.
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Asha Ali* lives next to the Shabelle river in Beletweyne, a location that can be both a blessing and a curse. Easy access to water is a blessing. But five months ago the river poured over its banks, flooding the region. Asha lost almost all her crops and her four goats were washed away. Her traditional mud house made from tree branches and a mixture of clay soil still shows the signs of flood damage.
The May flood was so big that it displaced 70,000 people from their homes. Farmers living near the river’s shores were hit the hardest.
Asha and her husband Hassan were busy harvesting bananas when the river burst its banks, damaging her entire farm. Asha rushed to gather her children and join the people moving to higher ground in Eljale, 10km from Beletweyne town.
“I still bear the shock,” Asha said. “I was planning to sell the bananas and sorghum and pay my debts and here I am in a displacement camp. I couldn’t imagine this would happen.”
Before the catastrophe, Asha and Hassan used to sell almost five sacks of sorghum in the main Beletweyne market every day, earning enough income to feed their family. Today, there is no farming income.
“I would sell a sack of sorghum for $2 and on a good day I would come back home with $10. This was enough to take care of my family, but later things turned upside down and we have nothing left with us for now,” explained Asha.
Asha is planning to use the $450 grant from the ICRC to pay off her debts and to expand her farm.
“Once I make enough profit, I will buy a piece at a higher elevation where I can stay away from floods and live with my family in peace,” she says.
*Not her real name
In West Africa, regional staple food production during the 2016/17 marketing year is expected to be similar to 2015/16 and well above average. International rice and wheat imports continue to support regional market supplies. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin and in parts of Central and Northern Mali. The recent depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria. High prices along with local policy measures created incentives for expanded grain production, but has also led to reduced purchasing power for Sahelian livestock and cash crops.
In East Africa, staple food prices were mixed, seasonally increasing or remaining stable in surplus-producing Uganda and Tanzania as the lean season started, while seasonally declining in Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, and Ethiopia with the start of harvests. Prices remain above average across the region, and are especially high in South Sudan. Markets remain disrupted by insecurity in Yemen.
In** Southern Africa**, regional maize availability is currently adequate, despite consecutive years of well-below average regional production. Maize prices are above their respective 2015 and five-year average levels region wide. Imports by South Africa and Zimbabwe from well-supplied international grain markets have offset a portion of the regional deficit, while maize export restrictions in Zambia remained in place. Prices remain high and variable in Mozambique, which is experiencing supply constraints and where other factors contribute to food trade and price dynamics.
In Central America, maize and bean supplies from the Primera harvest continued to supply markets across the region. Maize and bean prices seasonally declined or were stable. Hurricane Matthew destroyed crops and market infrastructure across much of southwestern Haiti. Market activities resumed in the major markets of Les Cayes and Jeremie, but varies considerably across smaller markets.
In Central Asia, average regional harvests and above-average stocks sustained adequate supplies. Prices are below 2015 levels in Kazakhstan and above-average in structurally-deficit Tajikistan. Prices continued to be near average in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
**International **staple food markets remain well supplied. Regional price indices reflect high prices in East Africa. Rice and soybean prices fell while wheat and maize prices stabilized in October. Crude oil prices remained well below-average.
Global Overview NOVEMBER 2016
November saw violence escalate again in Syria, Myanmar, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Cameroon. Attacks by pro-regime forces on rebel strongholds in Syria resumed, causing significant civilian casualties. In Myanmar’s Rakhine state intensifying violence displaced tens of thousands of Rohingya Muslims, while a major attack by armed groups near the Chinese border threatened to undermine the country’s fragile ethnic peace process. In DRC, violence rose in the east and the regime continued to repress dissent, underscoring the risk that renewed protests, likely in December when President Kabila’s second term officially ends, could turn violent. In Cameroon, Boko Haram stepped up its attacks in the Far North and minority English-speakers clashed with security forces in the North West region. The victory of Donald Trump in the U.S. presidential election on 8 November created uncertainty about possible shifts in future U.S. foreign policy priorities and positions, including on a number of conflicts and prominent geostrategic arenas – among them the future of the historic multilateral nuclear accord with Iran.
Conflict and drought to drive severe acute food insecurity through at least May 2017
A major food security emergency continues in Yemen as an estimated seven to 10 million people face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity. In Ta’izz and southern coastal areas of Al Hudaydah, conflict-related disruptions to livelihoods are causing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes, with elevated levels of acute malnutrition and excess mortality likely. Although data is limited, some populations could face Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) between October 2016 and May 2017 in areas where conflict has most restricted livelihoods and humanitarian access.
Despite the ongoing harvest, persistent insecurity continues to drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in much of South Sudan. Many internally displaced persons in parts of Western Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, and Greater Equatoria already in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) have limited access to their farms or humanitarian assistance. Poor households in Unity and Northern Bahr el Ghazal with little harvests could face Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) during the atypically long February to July lean season, in the absence of humanitarian assistance.
Poor performance of October to December rainfall in central and southern Somalia, southern and southeastern Ethiopia, and northern and northeastern Kenya is leading to a second consecutive below-average season. Poor pasture regeneration is leading to poor livestock body conditions, atypical livestock migration, and below-average food and income from livestock and livestock products. Harvests and labor income from agricultural activities are also expected to be well below average in some areas. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected between January and May 2017 in parts of these areas.
Although food security is expected to improve in most Kiremt-dependent areas in Ethiopia, below-average Meher harvests in eastern and central Oromia and SNNPR are expected to lead to limited improvements in food security, particularly in worst-affected areas such as East and West Hararghe. The early exhaustion of food stocks and reduced coping capacity following consecutively poor Meher seasons in these areas, combined with additional needs in pastoral areas, will lead to higher than normal assistance needs through at least mid-2017.
In Sudan, 2016/17 harvests are expected to be above average, which are already contributing to improvements in food security in many areas affected by drought in 2015. However, improvements in food security are likely to be limited by displacement and conflict-related restrictions on agricultural activities and trade in parts of South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and Jebel Marra areas of Darfur. In addition, recent austerity measures may lead to increased transportation costs that could impact staple food prices.