Somalia - ReliefWeb News
Somalia: IGAD hails the action of the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia regarding the drought
Djibouti, Thursdsay 11 September 2014: IGAD has hailed the urgent action by the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia to mitigate the devastating effects of the current drought in the country.
The government has not only established a Special Committee to tackle the drought and its effects, but also follows and addresses the needs of those who are affected as much as its capacity allows.
In a Press Statement dated August 05, 2014, the Somalia Government has recognised that drought has already reached Gedo, Bakool, Galgudud and Mudugand regions. It is expected that many other areas of Somalia will be in the same category soon. The government has declared the urgency of making food, water, medication and shelter available to the victims of the current drought which has occurred within a very short span of time since the last devastating drought of 2011. It has also allocated 500,000 USD to the victims; this assistance is to reach intended recipients as soon as possible in the form of the items mentioned above.
In the same Press Statement, the government of Somalia has also mentioned that there are many challenges that should be addressed as soon as possible.
IGAD would like to add its voice to that of the government of Somalia in stressing the need for international assistance in the form not only of food, water and medication, but also vehicles and other technical support that would assist in moving the supplies to where they are most needed.
It should be clear to all that though the Al Shabab is defeated, it does not mean that it cannot impede the movement of supplies in some of the drought affected areas, and that is why all those who are trying to support the government of the Federal Republic of Somalia should be ready for any eventuality and be equipped to deal with it in the interest of the victims of the drought.
The people of Somalia have established a viable government after two decades of unspeakable devastation and suffering bearing witness to the indestructible quality of the human spirit. IGAD is confident that this spirit will prevail even in the face of the current drought but assistance should reach the affected areas without delay.
IGAD hereby places an appeal to the International Community to promptly assist the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia in its effort to overcome the challenges of drought before it becomes famine.
Central African Republic: The crisis in the Central African Republic - Humanitarian Exchange Magazine Issue 62, September 2014
This edition of Humanitarian Exchange focuses on the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR), where spiralling violence has left thousands dead and more than a million displaced.
In her lead article, Enrica Picco highlights the slow and inadequate response to the crisis, and questions whether the humanitarian system has the will and capacity to respond in such contexts.
Alison Giffen and Marla Keenan argue that protecting civilians should be the top priority of MINUSCA, the new peacekeeping mission.
Emma Fanning emphasises the need for the mission to safeguard the distinction between humanitarian and political and military decision-making.
Josep Zapater explores strategies to protect Muslims besieged in Bangui.
Anthony Neal reports on efforts to promote reconciliation and enhance social cohesion.
David Loquercio reflects on his temporary deployment to CAR as an interagency coordinator responsible for promoting accountability.
Keith Chibafa reports on a pilot of a digital system to manage relief distributions.
Jacobo Quintanilla and Jonathan Pedneault discuss the role of the local media in enhancing dialogue and reconciliation.
Sean Maguire outlines the International Committee of the Red Cross’ support for health services
Diana Trimiño Mora and her co-authors describe the International Rescue Committee’s efforts to address violence against women and girls.
Lola Wilhelm presents the key findings from the Assessment Capacities Project’s recent analysis of humanitarian needs assessments.
Articles in the Practice and Policy Notes examine:
- UNMISS’ experience of protection of civilians sites in South Sudan
- The use of social protection systems to implement emergency cash transfers in Lesotho
- Lessons on engagement with armed groups in Afghanistan and Somalia.
Somalia: Deputy UN Special Representative for Somalia welcomes Kismayo Reconciliation Conference [EN/SOM]
Kismayo, 17 September 2014 – The Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (DSRSG) for Somalia, Fatiha Serour, welcomed the start of a reconciliation conference in Kismayo as a positive step towards consolidating peace in the region and furthering Somalia's state-building process.
The conference, officially opened on 16 September by President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, aims to build on the gains made at the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in August 2013 and at the Jubba Reconciliation Conference in Mogadishu in November 2013.
"The people and leaders of the Interim Jubba Administration clearly desire peace, and this reconciliation process is a manifestation of those wishes," DSRSG Serour said at the opening ceremony. "I urge participants to create an environment that allows the conference to develop resolutions that are inclusive of all stakeholders - particularly women, youth and elders, regardless of social or economic status - and contribute to Somalia's wider peace- and state-building processes.
"This reconciliation process is also important as an avenue to develop a roadmap for the Interim Jubba Administration to continue to build its capacity - there are milestones that must be achieved in order to move forward with the state formation process," she added.
DSRSG Serour thanked the Federal Government of Somalia, the Leader of the Interim Jubba Administration, Sheikh Ahmed Islam Madobe and his administration, as well as international partners, including the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Japan, the European Union, Turkey and Italy, for making the reconciliation conference possible and for supporting Somalia's peace-building goals.
Ku-xigeenka Ergayga-Gaarka ah ee Xog-hayaha Guud ee Qaramada Midoobay u qaabilsan Soomaaliya oo soo dhowaysay Shirka dib-uheshiisiinta Kismayo
Kismayo, 17 Sebtember 2014 – Ku-xigeenka Ergayga-Gaarka ah ee Xoghayaha-Guud ee Qaramada Midoobay u qaabilsan Soomaaliya (DSRSG), Fatiha Serour, ayaa soo dhowaysay Shirka dib-uheshiisiinta ee ka bilowday Kismayo, maadaama uu shirka yahay talaabo loo qaaday dhinaca wanaagan laguna adkaynayo nabadda gobolka, sidoo-kalena lagu horumarinayo habka qaran dhiska Soomaaliya.
Shirka, oo uu Madaxwayne Xasan Sheikh Maxamud, u furay si rasmi ah, 16 Sebtember, ayaa lagu wadaa in lagu horumariyo guuliyii ka dhashay Heshiiskii lagu saxiixay Addis Ababa bishii Agoosto 2013 iyo heshiiskii lagu saxiixay Shirkii dib-u heshiisinta Jubba, saxiixaas oo ka dhacay Muqdisho bishii Nofember 2013.
“Dadka iyo Madaxda Maamulka ku-meelgaarka ah ee Jubba waxay si cad u doonayaan nabad, shirkan dib-uheshiisiintuna wuxuu ka turjumayaa rabitaankaas,” ayay tiri Ku –xigeenka Ergayga Gaarka ah, Fatiha, furitaankii shirka. “ Waxaan ku guubaabinayaa dhamaan ka qayb-galayaasha shirka in ay abuuraan jawi u suurta gelinaya shirka in ay ka soo baxaan qaraaro ay u wada dhanyihiin dhamaan dadka ay arrintu khusayso- sida haweenka, dhalinyaradda, odayaasha dhaqanka, ayada oo aan loo eegaynin sida ay tahay xaladooda bulsho amaba dhaqaale-- waana in ay ka qayb-qaataan habka nabad soo celinta iyo qaran dhiska guud ee ummadda Soomaaliya.
“Habkan dib-uheshiisiinta ahi wuxuu kale oo uu muhiim u yahay sidii Maamulka ku- meelgaarka ah ee Jubba uu u samaysan lahaa qorsho-howleed uu kor oogu qaadayo wacyigiisa ama awoodiisa waxqabad- waxaana loo baahan yahay in la gaaro guulo waxtar leh si horay loo gu mariyo habka maamul dhisidda”, ayay tiri.
DSRSG, Serour, waxay u mahad celisay Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed, Hogaamiyaha Maamulka ku meel-gaarka ah ee Jubba, Sheikh Axmed Islan Madobe, iyo Maamulkiisa, iyo jaalayaasha kale ee ka socday bulshada caalamka, sida Urur Goboleedka IGAD, Jabaan, Ururka Midowgga Yurub, Turki, Italy, ku waas oo suurta geliyay in uu qabsoomo Shirka dib uheshiisiinta iyo taageeridda ay taageerayaan himilooyinka dadka Soomaaliyeed ee ku aadan naba samaynta.
Operational highlights and situation updates
Number of Syrian new arrivals has been steadily decreasing since April 2014
Number of Iraqi new arrivals slowly increased; approximately 100 people are being registered on a daily basis. From 17 – 21 August alone, there were over 550 newly registered Iraqis. Iraqis can still access Jordan through legal borders, and 66 per cent of these newly registered had arrived one month earlier. The new arrivals mainly hail from Baghdad, Ninewa, Anbar and Salahedine.
As of 15 July, UNHCR urban registration centres can no longer register refugees who have left the camps without officially being bailed out by a Jordanian sponsor, which will increase the number of refugees unable to access government health services.
IMC will extend mental health services for Syrian refugees in the south, in Ma’an, Tafilah and Karak within MoH primary health care facilities.
Over 30 health sector participants attended a two-day workshop on 19–20 August to field test the Guidelines for Integrating Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action.
A sub-national polio immunization campaign for hard-to-reach areas was successfully conducted in August and reached 68,274 Syrian children inside and outside the camps; two further national campaigns will be conducted before the end of the year.
UNFPA will have to close a number of their JHAS Reproductive health clinics in the urban areas as of 1st September due to funding constraints.
Princess Badea hospital in Irbid will no longer be able to provide health services to Syrians referred to them from UNHCR and other health partners (regardless of the availability of cost coverage) as the hospital has reached full capacity.
Ebola in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea: Transmission remains high, and case numbers doubled between the last week of August and the first of September in Liberia; in Sierra Leone 150 cases were reported for each of the last two weeks. Fewer cases have been reported in Guinea – 49 between 5 and 7 September – but the case fatality rate has been extremely high, at 65%. Currently, the secondary impact of the epidemic will potentially leave 500,000 in dire need of humanitarian assistance in Sierra Leone, while WFP has targeted 449,000 people for food assistance in Liberia.
Pakistan: Monsoon rains have affected almost 2.5 million people in Azad Kashmir, Punjab, and Gilgit Baltistan. 140,330 evacuations had been made. In Sialkot, Punjab, waterborne diseases have been recorded in Bajwat, Head Marala, Chaprar, and Pasrur (DAWN, 11/09/2014). The flood waters are now moving towards Sindh province, with warnings for Guddu and Sukkur.
Updated: 16/09/2014. Next update: 23/09/2014
Somalia: Over 130,000 people displaced in Somalia so far this year as IDPs bear brunt of food insecurity crisis
This is a summary of what was said by the UNHCR spokesperson at today’s Palais des Nations press briefing in Geneva. Further information can be found on the UNHCR websites, www.unhcr.org and www.unhcr.fr, which should also be checked for regular media updates on non-briefing days.
Forced displacement within Somalia and across its borders shows no signs of easing, as forced evictions, drought, conflict and lack of livelihoods have forced over 130,000 people from their homes since the start of the year. The vast majority – some 107,000 – are internally displaced in Somalia; a total of 23,000 newly arrived Somali refugees have registered in Yemen, Kenya and Ethiopia during the first eight months of the year.
Insecurity was the main cause of internal displacement, with some 38,000 people fleeing their homes because of military conflict. It is estimated that in the last eight month, approximately 7,000 people have fled the ongoing military offensive in South Central Somalia. While displacement is likely to be temporary, with people returning to their homes once it is safe to do so, many still require assistance when displaced. These efforts are however hampered by limited access to towns affected by military activity, with expensive airlifts often the only way to get supplies to people in need.
The forced evictions of IDPs from both private and government owned land and buildings is estimated to have uprooted almost 33,000 people. Some 15,600 were affected in the port city of Kismayo earlier this year and some 18,300 people were evicted in the capital Mogadishu in recent weeks alone. UNHCR is engaged in dialogue with its counterparts in the Somali authorities to ensure that such evictions do not violate basic human rights. UNHCR distributed basic relief items to 3,000 displaced families in Kismayo in recent weeks, but additional distributions are required. Many people are living in sites lacking basic services in shelters made of sticks, grass and empty cardboard boxes and incidents of gender based violence (GBV) and rape of young girls and women by militias operating outside the settlements have been reported.
In 2014, Yemen has received 11,000 new arrivals by boat across the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, practically matching the figures recorded for the whole of 2013. Most of the new arrivals come from the six regions in South Central Somalia mostly affected by drought, food insecurity and poverty. Almost 9,000 Somalis have arrived in Kenya while Ethiopia has registered more than 3,000 Somali refugees arriving this year. The total number of Somali refugees in the region stands at 957,000.
This continued displacement comes at a time when the internally displaced are bearing the brunt of the current food insecurity crisis in the country. IDPs spend proportionately more – up to 75% – of their available income on food compared to Somalis in rural and urban communities.
According to the recent assessment by FAO’s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU), IDPs have the highest rates of severe acute malnutrition while malnutrition rates are critical in in seven of the 13 IDP sites surveyed. The under-five death rate among Mogadishu IDPs is six times the average. While UNHCR and other agencies are scaling up response, our Somalia operation requires more than USD 40 million, and remains underfunded at 38 per cent.
For more information, please contact:
In Somalia, Andy Needham on mobile +254 (0) 733 120 931 In Nairobi, Teresa Ongaro on mobile +254 735 337 608 In Geneva, Babar Baloch on mobile +41 79 557 91 06 In Geneva, Karin de Gruijl on mobile +41 79 255 92 13
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MARCH 2015
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion.
Madagascar: Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for August with a Forecast till Mid-October, 2014
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained calm in winter, spring and summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region in August and only low density adults were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad, and a similar situation is highly likely in northern Mali where the ongoing security situation continuous undermining survey operations. No locusts were reported in Algeria, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia during this month.
In the central outbreak areas, hatching was reported in northeastern Ethiopia where a few mature copulating small swarms and 1st and 2nd instar hoppers were detected and controlled during August. Survey and control operations are in progress in Ethiopia. In Sudan, scattered low density solitary mature adults were detected in the summer breeding areas in Northern, River Nile, Khartoum, Kassla and Kordofan States. Breeding adults and 3rd instar hoppers were also reported in Wadi Half in northern Sudan, but control operations were not warranted during this period. No locusts were reported in Oman in August and adult groups and immature swarms were reported in northern Red Sea coast in Yemen, but could not be confirmed due to the absence of surveys.
The SGR situation remained calm in the eastern outbreak region and only a few scattered adults were reported along the Indo-Pakistan borders (DPPQS/India,
Forecast: Breeding will likely continue in northeastern/northern Ethiopia. Limited breeding is also likely in Sudan, and Sahel West Africa where good to heavy rains fell recently. Small-scale breeding is likely along the Indo-Pakistan borders and slightly increase locust numbers during the forecast period, but significant developments are not likely.
SAACID, in partnership with UNICEF, operates a health and nutrition network across Mogadishu City; treating severely malnourished children under 5 years of age, providing counselling and micro-nutrient supplementation to pregnant and lactating women, immunization services, TB treatment, and hygiene promotion. This bulletin provides figures and highlights from this month’s activities.
A major logistics operation is underway in Somalia to bring urgent aid to areas cut off from international help.
By Athanas Makundi
Cargo flights to previously cut-off areas of Somalia have enabled UNICEF to provide essential vaccines, therapeutic food and medicine for malnutrition, and school supplies for thousands of children.
HUDUR, Somalia, 15 September 2014 – Habiba Ahmed Mohamed has walked more than 7 km to reach the Maternal and Child health clinic in Hudur, capital of the Bakool region of south-western Somalia. As she arrives, she shades her sick baby from the scorching heat.
Her 7-month-old daughter, Suleeqa Mohamed is pale, breathing heavily, and her face is covered with a spotty rash.
“My child is sick. I don’t know the problem,” Habiba says softly, still recovering from the long walk from her village. “For ten days, she has had a high fever, has been sick with diahorrea, then spots appeared and spread everywhere.”
A quick examination by the clinical officer, Mr Abdullahi Abdul, leads him to suspect that Suleeqa has measles, which has affected some 7,000 Somali children this year.
The only option
The town of Hudur was controlled by armed groups for a year until this March, and the clinic was closed down. As the security situation in Somalia has shifted, however, UNICEF and other United Nations agencies have made a determined effort to bring life-saving supplies to families who have been isolated and cut off from outside help.
But with the roads to many towns still blocked, airlifts have been the only option for transporting essential supplies to newly accessible areas.
Funding from the Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) supports several flights a week from Mogadishu to towns such as Baidoa, Hudur and Wajid for UN agencies. UNICEF has made full use of the flights, bringing in more than 100 tons of urgent nutrition, health, education supplies on 24 flights. The supplies include polio and measles vaccines to combat outbreaks, high-energy peanut-based paste and medicines for malnourished children and exercise books and pencils for pupils.
The arrival of UNICEF medical kits, along with polio and measles vaccines, enabled the Hudur clinic to reopen. The population of the town has more than doubled over the past six months.
“In the current circumstances, this is the best option to deliver the most needed supplies, due to the insecurity and the need to keep the required temperature for the vaccines,” says UNICEF Supply and Logistics Specialist Giorgio Figus
Today boxes of vaccines and nutritious peanut paste are offloaded onto vehicles at the dusty runway airstrip in Hudur town. The supplies are driven to the clinic now run by UNICEF’s local partner MARDO, where the refrigerators for storing the delicate vaccines are up and running.
“Now that we have the vaccines in place, we are going to do door-to-door campaigning to let everyone know they should bring their children,” says Mr. Abdul. “We will also ask mothers to bring children for malnutrition screening, since we have a supply of the peanut paste.”
As the emergency supplies are being unloaded at the clinic, Habiba arrives with her baby.
“Luckily her immune system has been fighting off the infection,” Mr. Abdul says. “That’s why she has survived. Otherwise, in severe cases of measles, the child could die, become deaf or blind.”
Next in line is Aden Mohamed, who has brought her 9-month-old son, Hamza Hussein, to be vaccinated against measles – the first in his family.
“We used to be scared to come out because of the armed fighters,” Aden says as she looks around to see if anyone is listening. “Four of my children contracted measles because there were no health services, so they could not be immunized.”
This year UNICEF has managed to bring in 87,000 vaccinations by road and air to newly accessible areas to protect children against such diseases. This is part of a larger programme of immunization in which UNICEF has delivered more than a million vaccines across all of Somalia this year.
“Measles is one of the main killer diseases for children, especially those who are under five years old,” says Dr. Abdinor Hussein, UNICEF Health Officer in Somalia.
“Somalia has had very difficult insecurity issues, and many communities were cut off from health services, but UNICEF is keen to support no matter where the location is.”
The CHF-funded flights have meant that UNICEF has been able to to treat more than 2,000 acutely malnourished children and has provided school kits for 10,000 children.
“The security situation is improving, and we hope this will pave the way for more assistance,” said Hudur District Commissioner Mohamed Moallem Misir. “We see good efforts – the children are being treated and mothers are receiving care – but the needs are more.”
Somalia: Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia, Bahame Tom Nyanduga (A/HRC/27/71) - Advance Edited Version
The Independent Expert on the human rights situation in Somalia assumed his mandate in early June 2014, following his appointment by the Human Rights Council on 8 May 2014. As soon as he was appointed, the Independent Expert undertook extensive background research on the prevailing socioeconomic, political, security, humanitarian and human rights situation in Somalia. He also held meetings in Geneva and Nairobi with various stakeholders, including United Nations agencies, permanent missions, international organizations, donor countries, non-governmental organizations and civil society organizations, with whom he exchanged a broad range of ideas and views on his mandate and the human rights situation in Somalia. The present report contains a summary of the meetings held, a brief analysis of the human rights situation and of the emerging issues in Somalia as well as some recommendations.
On 9 September, the Federal Flood Task Force revised the Flood Alert which was first issued on 18 August to urge Government and humanitarian actors to implement flood prevention and preparedness measures in at-risk communities.
Despite on-going reports of a deteriorating food security in Somalia, there was no major change in the Somali refugee arrival trend in eastern Ethiopia so far.
DRMFSS and partners established a National Early Warning Taskforce to streamline the fragmented early warning activities in the country
Total number of refugees hosted by Ethiopia: 630,000
South Sudanese refugee arrivals (since mid-December 2013): 188,875
Kenya: Drought, famine and food insecurity solutions for East Africa to be revealed at Nairobi conference
Innovative ways to prevent and respond to major humanitarian crises top of the agenda at #HPC2014
Nairobi, 14 September 2014
Innovative solutions to prevent and tackle drought, famine and other major humanitarian crises will be top of the agenda at this week’s Humanitarian Partnership Conference 2014 (#HPC2014), which comes as food insecurity grips Kenya and the wider East and Horn of Africa region in general.
The high-level conference brings together humanitarian experts and leading academics from across the region for three days of intensive debate, discussion and presentations on how best to deal with recurring and new environmental and humanitarian challenges under the banner of “Addressing Humanitarian Crisis in Africa Through Partnerships”.
The conference’s findings and decisions will be put into practice to help end humanitarian crises in Africa over the next two years through stronger partnerships and will also be presented at the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in 2016. The WHS, to be led by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon, will address humanitarian challenges related to natural hazards and conflicts.
“Effective humanitarian response can only be achieved through effective partnerships. HPC 2014 will expand networks between universities and the humanitarian world to better tackle Africa’s humanitarian crises though those partnerships,” said Sheila Waruhiu, People Development Manager at Save the Children’s Capacity Building Centre in Nairobi and the conference organiser. “At a time of increasing needs and costs, it is critical that humanitarians work in ways that reduce and manage the risks of humanitarian crises as well as responding to their impact,” she added.
Key speakers at the event, which takes place at the Boma Inn, South C, Nairobi, from 16 to 18 September, include James Oduor-CEO of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Kenya Red Cross CEO-Dr Abbas Gullet, Head of ICRC Regional Delegation Thierry Meyrat and representatives of regional body IGAD.
A total of five parallel discussions will be held over three days that will review the role that partnerships play in mitigating drought and preventing famine; reducing vulnerability to climactic shocks; serving the needs of people in conflict; humanitarian effectiveness; humanitarian education and sustainable pastoralism development. Presentations include the ground-breaking use of GIS to reduce drought, innovative approaches to education in emergencies and using the latest technology to make education accessible to children in pastoral and nomadic communities. The last day of the gathering will provide a unique opportunity for participants to informally interact to cement ideas arising from debate.
Follow the conference on twitter: #HPC2014, #ReShapeAid, #Humanitarian #Partnership #WHS2016
Further info/ interview opps : Sheila Waruhiu +254 (0)733716452 firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Reuters - Sun, 14 Sep 2014 18:42 GMT
By Elias Biryabarema
KAMPALA, Sept 14 (Reuters) - Police in the Ugandan capital Kampala seized "substantial amounts of explosives" and suicide vests in raids on a suspected al Shabaab cell that was planning an imminent attack, a Ugandan official said in an interview on Sunday.
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