Somalia - ReliefWeb News
- 736,317 Total number of refugees
- 37,859 Number of Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
- 52.8% Percentage of women and girls 60.1% Percentage of Children
United Republic of Tanzania: Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook November 26 – December 2, 2015
Despite some increase in precipitation, several regions experience strengthening dryness in southern Africa.
Heavy rains sustain the risk of flooding throughout parts of Kenya and northern Tanzania.
1) Above-average seasonal rainfall has led to above normal river levels along the Shabelle and Jubba River basins. Although a reduction of precipitation has been observed during the middle of November, additional rains are expected to sustain the risk for flooding in the region.
2) Very low and infrequent precipitation across many states in South Africa and neighboring countries has resulted in significant early season moisture deficits, particularly in the KwaZulu-Natal region, and in parts of Swaziland, and southern Mozambique. The continuation of low rainfall in late November and early December is expected rapidly worsen ground conditions and impede cropping activities due higher than normal temperatures, and due to poor rains from last year’s monsoon, which has already depleted water resources.
3) Poorly distributed rainfall since September and delayed rains in the south has resulted in a strengthening of early season moisture deficits and degraded ground conditions throughout Angola and northern Namibia.
4) Despite an increase in rains during late-November, below-average precipitation over the past several weeks has led to developing dryness and strong moisture deficits in northern Zimbabwe.
5) Significantly heavy rains since early November have triggered numerous floods, river inundation, thousands of displaced people and fatalities throughout several provinces in Kenya. Forecasts suggest a continuation of above-average rains in late November.
6) Despite the recent increase in rainfall across Kenya, Poorly distributed rainfall since the beginning of October has resulted in pockets of strong seasonal moisture deficits throughout parts of northcentral Kenya.
Djibouti: Djibouti: Inter-agency update for the response to the Yemeni situation #29 (24 November 2015)
6,000 Refugees registered since the outbreak of the crisis
2,612 Registered females.
2,277 Registered children and adolescents.
- Ensure protection of refugees and asylum seekers and provide assistance.
- Provide documents to refugees.
- Work with the government to ensure access to territory and freedom of movement.
- Continue to develop the infrastructure at Markazi camp.
- Continue border monitoring activities.
- According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Djibouti government, 30,242 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 18 November (since 26 March). Of those, 16,382 persons (54 per cent) are Yemeni nationals, 11,948 (40 per cent) are transiting migrants and 1,912 persons (6 per cent) are Djiboutian returnees.
- As of 22 November, UNHCR and ONARS registered 6,000 refugees of which 5,801 are Yemeni nationals; the majority was registered in Obock. There are a total of 2,727 refugees sheltered in Markazi refugee camp. The remaining refugees live in Obock and Djibouti city.
This bulletin provides summary of 10 days (Dekadal) observed rainfall in Somalia
During the second dekad of November, (11th – 20th November 2015), there was a general reduction of rainfall activities across the country with most stations recording little or no rains. However, a few stations recorded moderate rains especially in Middle and Lower Shabelle Regions and a few places in central parts of Somaliland. Figure (1) shows the rainfall observational network and monthly rainfall distribution for selected stations across the country. This update will be issued every 10-days throughout the Deyr rainy season.
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
While the country has made modest gains, high levels of humanitarian needs persist. About 4.9 million people are in need of life-saving and livelihoods support and 1.1 million remain internally displaced.
Cyclical climatic impacts, armed conflict, clan violence, widespread human rights violations, political instability and insecurity, and low levels of basic development indicators persist in the country. This is exacerbated by high malnutrition rates, extensive food insecurity, vulnerable livelihoods, poor health infrastructure, recurrent disease outbreaks, a lack of clean and safe water, poor provision of basic services, including education, and pervasive protection violations. Internally displaced persons are particularly vulnerable, and in urgent need of protection, including durable solutions. The El Niño phenomenon is expected to prompt heavy rains and cause flooding along the Juba and Shabelle rivers, flash floods in central Somalia and Puntland, and exacerbated drought conditions in coastal areas of Somaliland. This could severely compound the already fragile humanitarian situation in Somalia.
1. Persistent food insecurity: According to the the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU), the number of people who face acute food security crisis or emergency has exceeded 1 million. Another 3.9 million people are at risk of slipping into acute food insecurity. In total, 4.9 million people require humanitarian assistance.
2. Continued high levels of acute malnutrition: High levels of acute malnutrition persist. Based on prevalence estimates, about 308,000 children under the age of 5, or one in eight, are estimated to be acutely malnourished. Hereof, 56,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of death if they do not receive urgent medical treatment and therapeutic food. In internally displaced persons settlements, global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates are frequently above the emergency threshold of 15 per cent.
**3. Poor access to basic services **: Poor basic services continue to undermine the resilience of vulnerable people. About 3.2 million women, girls, boys and men in Somalia need emergency health services, while 2.8 million women and men require improved access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). The impact of this lack of basic services is felt strongly among internally displaced persons who continue to be affected by cyclical disease outbreaks and suffer from high levels of acute malnutrition. Around 1.7 million schoolaged children are still out of school.
4.Civilian protection challenges persist: Many of the over 1.1 million protracted internally displaced persons continue to face high risk of forced evictions, discrimination, violation of children’s rights and pervasive gender-based violence (GBV). These vulnerable communities need land tenure and property rights, adequate and safe shelter, whether permanent or transitional, as well as household items, protection services, local integration and durable solutions. More than 116,000 internally displaced persons were forcibly evicted in Mogadishu, Baidoa, Bossaso, Gaalkacyo, Hargeysa, and Kismayo during the first half of 2015. The ongoing military operations that started in July 2015 in southern and central Somalia displaced over 42,000 people by late August.
The Missing Migrants Project is the only global database sharing key data on deceased and missing migrants around the world. This infographic focuses on migrant arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean region. #MissingMigrants
World: Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict
Chair’s Summary – Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict
The Chair of the G7 has the honour to present the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict.
The Declaration was made in April 2013 to address the prevalence of systematic and widespread sexual violence in situations of armed conflict. We set out to work together, in a concerted campaign, to strengthen prevention and response. Better support needed to be provided to victims, more capacity needed to be built for prevention. We sought to remove barriers that prevent effective monitoring and reporting of sexual violence and improve accountability and access to justice.
This report illustrates the progress that has been made by providing a selection of concrete actions by G7 members and highlighting other major international efforts with G7 participation. It represents an intermediate step and serves as a symbol of renewed commitment by the G7 to the Declaration.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Nigeria: Over 50 people were killed and more than 140 injured in bombings in Maiduguri, Kano, and Yola in the past week. Despite continued insecurity in the northeast, the government has announced plans to start closing IDP camps in Adamawa at the end of the year, and in Borno state in January 2016.
Ukraine: Both warring sides have moved some military equipment that had been withdrawn back to the contact line, and the President of Ukraine has threatened to return all withdrawn weapons if separatist forces continue to violate the ceasefire. The truce has been broken in a number of locations. In Crimea, more than 1.6 million people are without power and water supplies to high-rise buildings have stopped after main electricity lines from Ukraine were blown up.
Updated: 24/11/2015. Next update: 01/12/2015
During the week that ended on 23rd November 2015, there was a reduction of rainfall activities in most areas of Juba and Shabelle basins inside Somalia as well as the Ethiopian highlands compared to the previous week. However, a few stations recorded moderate rains as seen in the table below. Map ‐ 1 shows the total satellite Rainfall Estimates (RFE) for the same reporting period while Map –2 shows the rainfall forecast for coming week.
Somalia: AMISOM commends partners for continued support, highlights achievements made in the implementation of its mandate
Mogadishu, 20 November 2015-; The African Union Mission in Somalia has expressed appreciation for the continued support from the European Union towards the implementation of its mandate.
AMISOM made the remarks during a special breakfast meeting, held in Mogadishu for editors from Somali media organizations on Tuesday, 17 November 2015.
During the meeting, AMISOM briefed the Somali editors on support by the European Union (EU). So far EU support to AMISOM through the African Peace Facility (APF) has reached close to one billion Euros covering allowances for all AMISOM troops, salaries/allowances for the police component, international and local civilian staff, as well as operational costs of the mission’s civilian office in Nairobi.
The APF is the key EU financial instrument, supporting cooperation with Africa in the area of Peace and Security (Africa – EU Partnership).The EU decided to establish the Africa Peace Facility (APF) in December 2003 in order to respond to an African request to support it’s peace and security agenda, based on the recognition that peace is a necessary precondition for sustainable development.
The breakfast meeting also provided an opportunity for AMISOM to discuss with Somali editors the achievements that the mission has made over the years with support from the European Union and other key partners.
The achievements include gains on the security front where AU troops in conjunction with the Somali National Army have liberated several areas from the terror group Al-Shabaab, thereby enabling economic activities to flourish ; the political front where AMISOM has supported the Somali people during the political process that led to the ending of the Transitional Federal Government in 2012 ; and currently, activities towards the implementation of the 2016 political Roadmap, which will culminate in elections next year. AMISOM also continues with capacity building for the Somali Police Force through training and mentoring.
Notes to Editors:
The APF’s financial support to AMISOM is an integral part of the EU’s comprehensive and long-term approach to support security and development efforts in Somalia. Last year alone, the EU through the APF supported AMISOM with up to 225 million Euros. This EU approach contains political, diplomatic, civilian, military, humanitarian and development dimensions. The APF is the key EU financial instrument to support cooperation with Africa in the area of Peace and Security (Africa – EU Partnership). The EU plays an active and important role through the African Peace Facility, among other international and national actors – like the UN and the US – in supporting the AUC in its efforts to bring security and stability in different regions in Africa. The AU has received significant support for AMISOM through the APF.
For more information; Lt Col Paul Njuguna – Spokesperson, Gaffel Nkolokosa – Public Information Officer (Somalia) +252 699 563 476 / +252 617 682 175 / +252 699 240 948 / +252 616 982 416; (Nairobi) +254 728 701 222 / +254 700 333 415 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Humanitarian actors involved in the response to the outflow of civilians from Yemen due to the current conflict are committed to providing life-saving assistance and protection to those fleeing Yemen, pending durable solutions.
KEY FIGURES AS OF 29 OCTOBER 2015
166,658 Total out of Yemen
75,778 Arrivals in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan.
23,594 Total evacuated (as of 29 October, IOM)
More than 165 000 people have left Yemen since the beginning of hostilities, including 44% third country nationals, 31% Yemenis and 17% Somalis
Somalia: Secretary-General Appoints Michael Keating of United Kingdom Special Representative for Somalia
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today announced the appointment of Michael Keating of the United Kingdom as his new Special Representative for Somalia and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM).
Mr. Keating will succeed Nicholas Kay of the United Kingdom who will complete his assignment at the end of the year. The Secretary-General is grateful for Mr. Kay’s dedication, courage and excellent leadership of UNSOM over the past two and a half years, a critical period for Somalia’s political transformation.
Mr. Keating brings to this position extensive experience in supporting political and peacebuilding transitions, as well as leading complex humanitarian and recovery programmes in Afghanistan, the Middle East and Africa. While Associate Director of Chatham House since 2012, he concurrently served as Senior Adviser to the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Syria. He was Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General and United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Afghanistan from 2010 until 2012.
Having served as Executive Director of the Africa Progress Panel, a policy group chaired by former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, his earlier career was divided between assignments with the United Nations, serving in Malawi, Gaza/Jerusalem, New York, Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the private sector, working with companies and public sector bodies engaged in environmental, human rights and development issues.
Mr. Keating holds a Master of Arts in history from the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Born in 1959, he is married and has four children.
- This supersedes Press Release SG/A/1298-AFG/371-BIO/4298 of 5 July 2011
ADDIS ABABA – A major contribution of 140 million Swedish kronor (US$16 million) from the Government of Sweden is allowing the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to provide relief food assistance this month for more than 1.5 million people in the Somali region of Ethiopia.
The contribution from the Swedish International Development Agency, or Sida, is one of the first international responses to the crisis amidst rising food needs across the country and increased efforts to support the Government of Ethiopia in the response.
Intense drought caused a dramatic increase in the number of people in need of relief assistance – from 2.5 million people at the beginning of the year to 8.2 million in October – which in turn led to a serious funding gap for WFP in Ethiopia. The agency was concerned that it would have to stop relief distributions entirely at the end of November. But Sweden’s generous and timely contribution is allowing the November distributions to go ahead as planned, providing a vital lifeline to drought-affected people in the Somali region.
“We know how important it is to act quickly and early to save lives in these types of crises. Paying early will mean saving later. Ethiopia finds itself in an extraordinarily dire situation with increasing numbers of people needing food assistance. We are happy that the joint and intensive collaboration between the Embassy, Sida HQ and WFP have now materialized in this contribution. One important key factor has been that the Africa Department in Sida HQ realized the need for flexibility and could reallocate development funds for humanitarian needs,” said Anneka Knutsson, Head of Development Cooperation and Deputy Head of the Embassy of Sweden.
More than 1.5 million people in the Somali region will receive cereals, pulses and vegetable oil, helping to stabilize malnutrition rates, which have risen sharply in recent months since the drought took hold. The Somali region was among the first to face the impact of this crisis, starting with the failure of the short rains, which dried out pasture earlier this year, affecting livestock and pastoral livelihoods in particular.
“Sweden is among the very first to step forward and respond to the current crisis. Families across the Somali region, whose lives have been turned upside down by what is said to be one of the worst El Niño events in recorded history, will feed themselves and their children for the next month thanks to the generosity of Sweden,” said John Aylieff, WFP Representative and Country Director in Ethiopia.
Sweden’s contribution will complement government distributions in other regions following the Government of Ethiopia’s allocation of 4 billion birr (US$192 million) to relief efforts. Humanitarian needs still remain extremely high in the first six months of 2016, and WFP, together with the Government of Ethiopia, is gearing up to provide assistance to more than six million people.
The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, SIDA, is a government agency working on behalf of the Swedish parliament and government, with the mission to reduce poverty in the world.
WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.
Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media @wfp_ethiopia @wfp_africa
For more information please contact (email address: email@example.com):
Stephanie Savariaud, WFP/Addis Ababa, Mob. +251 911 201 976
Melese Awoke, WFP/Addis Ababa, Mob. +251 911 201 981
Inga-Lill Hagberg, Press Officer for Sida in Stockholm, Sweden: mob.+4686985437
Pastoralists long accustomed to a harsh environment are reeling as drought and cyclones lay waste to their herds and leave families weak from thirst and hunger
Clár Ní Chonghaile in Lughaya
Monday 23 November 2015 07.59 EST Last modified on Monday 23 November 2015 08.05 EST
If you drive north from the Somaliland village of Gargara – where women speak of their heartache at losing goats in this year’s drought – and ford the fractured beds of dry rivers, passing the sun-bleached bones of dead animals, you eventually arrive in Lughaya, where open-mouthed fish lie on the white sands by the Red Sea after a wave “like a mountain” smashed into the coast this month.
This is what a changing climate looks like.
Read the story on the Guardian