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Updated: 4 hours 51 min ago

Somalia: Between Somaliland and Puntland: Marginalization, militarization and conflicting political visions

5 hours 20 min ago
Source: Rift Valley Institute Country: Somalia

Between Somaliland and Puntland analyses the political evolution of the Republic of Somaliland (created in 1991), and the federalist Puntland State of Somalia (established in 1998). Based on extensive ethnographic research, it describes the efforts by those living in between the two polities to create their own autonomously governed states. Markus Hoehne provides an account of the political history of the region, the actors, the grievances and the aspirations that lie behind their competing political visions. It is here, he argues, that “the future political order of the Somali states will take shape”.

Markus Hoehne is a lecturer in social anthropology at the University of Leipzig. Between Somaliland and Puntland is based on work he conducted while at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, Germany. His other publications include Somalia zwischen Krieg und Frieden: Strategien der friedlichen Koniliktaustragung auf intemationaler und lokaler Ebene (2002) and a volume co-edited with Dereje Feyissa, Borders and Borderlands as Resources in the Horn of Africa (2010).

World: Migration linked to poverty and development

7 hours 8 min ago
Source: Institute for Security Studies Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Africa, World, Yemen

On Friday 29 May 2015, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) is scheduled to discuss the issue of migration, under the theme of ‘poverty and security in Africa'. The African Union (AU) has several instruments that deal with migration and is cooperating closely with the European Union (EU) regarding the current migration crisis in the Mediterranean.

The dramatic increase in the number of migrants who have died this year while trying to cross the Mediterranean from Libya has cast the crisis of African migration in a new light. April 2015 has been the worst month thus far for African migrants attempting to cross to Europe via the Mediterranean. Close to 1 400 migrants, mostly from Africa, died in less than two weeks in April. This brought the death toll at sea close to 2 000 since the beginning of 2015. The growing number of deaths of immigrants from West, East and North Africa trying to get to Europe has led to calls for a more effective mechanism to deal with this crisis.

African migrants prey to human traffickers

The migrant situation has become so serious that the Italian Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, referred to the traffickers of humans as ‘the slave traders of the 21st century’. Thousands of Somalis, Ethiopians and Eritreans have also died in the past seven years in the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea while attempting to cross to Yemen.

Additionally, the xenophobic attacks in South Africa against African migrants grabbed the attention of the AU and the international community in April 2015. The attacks, which started in Durban, in the country’s KwaZulu-Natal province, resulted in the displacement of thousands of African immigrants and in the death of at least six people. The attacks were widely condemned and raised serious questions about the integration project of the AU, which has as one of its cornerstones the freedom of movement of all Africans. The PSC held a meeting to discuss xenophobia on 30 April.

The plight of African immigrants in Yemen was also highlighted on 21 April when an air strike by Saudi Arabian forces hit an aid office, killing five Ethiopians. The incident happened while the government of Ethiopia was working to repatriate tens of thousands of Ethiopians from the conflict-ridden Yemen. Days before the attack, hundreds of Ethiopians had been evacuated from the country.

Beyond the above examples, the issue of migration within Africa and outside the continent is topping the political and security agenda in countries across the continent and in the regional economic communities.

AU instruments on migration

The AU has numerous legal documents and instruments that deal with migration. The most prominent of these include the 1969 Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, also known as the OAU Refugee Convention, which has been ratified by 45 of the 54 member states. Other examples are the Ouagadougou Declaration on Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons of 2006, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region’s Protocol on the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons, the 2006 AU Migration Policy Framework for Africa, the 2006 African Common Position on Migration and Development, the Joint Africa–EU Declaration on Migration and Development, and the Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children.

The 2009 AU Special Summit on Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons in Africa, in Kampala, Uganda also adopted the AU Convention for Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa. This is the latest addition to the AU’s normative framework on migration.

The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the AU Policy on Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development both deal with broader issues linked to the root causes of migration.

Cooperation with partners

Migration is one of the major issues that mark Africa–Europe relations. Many European countries are reluctant to increase quotas for African immigrants and are concerned about the influx of illegals from Africa and elsewhere.

Developments in North Africa in 2011 and the subsequent deterioration in the security and stability of the region have led to an increase in illegal immigration across the Mediterranean. The situation is exploited by terrorist groups and networks of human traffickers.

The meeting between leaders of the EU and the AU in Brussels on 22 April 2015 mostly focused on migration from Africa to Europe. The meeting, which was co-chaired by the European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and chairperson of the AU Commission Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, discussed the crisis.

This is not the first time that the EU and the AU have addressed this issue. The Africa–EU Migration, Mobility and Employment Partnership was launched at the second Africa–EU Summit of Heads of State and Government in December 2007 in Lisbon. The 2007 meeting saw the adoption of the Joint EU–Africa Strategy and the First Action Plan (2008–2010). The new strategy agreed upon at the EU–Africa Summit in Brussels last year is aimed at combating and preventing illegal migration. An action plan for 2014–2017 was also drawn up at the summit.

The root causes of migration

Beyond the forced migration of people due to conflict and natural disasters, people leave their country of origin for political and economic reasons. Bad governance contributes to poverty and conflict, which contributes to unemployment, migration and refugee flows.

At the last AU–EU meeting in April, Dlamini-Zuma noted that the efforts of a single country or region could never stop human trafficking or irregular migration. She noted that resolving the crisis requires an urgent coordinated regional and global response and called for more dialogue and cooperation between the countries of migration origin, transit and destination. She emphasised the need to focus on eradicating poverty and creating job opportunities for young Africans.

Expected outcomes of the PSC meeting

The PSC meeting is expected to discuss the socio-economic causes of migration and decide on short-term responses, which will include cooperation on effective border and migration management and the security and safety of migrants in and outside the continent. Ensuring migration is safe and secure through making it voluntary and legal requires serious commitment from AU member states in adopting the various instruments on democracy, governance and migration and monitoring their proper implementation.

Respect for human rights in the countries of origin and the creation of appropriate conditions for young people are also expected to feature on the agenda of the scheduled meeting of the Council. The current crisis also requires an urgent response against illicit trafficking and transnational organised crime.

Angola: Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook May 28 – June 04, 2015

7 hours 43 min ago
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Country: Angola, Botswana, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe
  • Beneficial rainfall in the driest regions of Ethiopia and Djibouti; little rainfall for eastern areas of the Horn of Africa.

  • Moisture surpluses emerge in far western portions of the Western Africa region, while deficits remain to the east.

  1. Very poor rainfall since February combined with extremely sporadic rainfall since mid-March has led to large moisture deficits and very poor ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti and eastern Eritrea. The extended absence of precipitation through the season has likely adversely affected cropping activities for several “Belg” producing areas of the country.

2) Untimely rains and prolonged dry spells have resulted in failed crops over unimodal areas in the Dodoma, Singida, Shinyanga, Tabora, and Kigoma provinces of central Tanzania.

Somalia: EU contributes to governance and peacebuilding in Somalia by joining the Somalia Stability Fund

8 hours 41 sec ago
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department Country: Somalia

The EU Delegation to Somalia is pleased to announce EU’s first contribution of €5 million ($6.2 million) to the Somalia Stability fund. This contribution will be used to support the Federal Government of Somalia and regional authorities rebuilding local governance, infrastructure and livelihoods in newly accessible districts in South Central Somalia.

Michele Cervone d'Urso, Head of the EU Delegation to Somalia, said: "Local governance and socio economic recovery are key for achieving sustainable peace and stability in Somalia. The partnership between the Somali Government and SSF is crucial in progressing towards this common goal. The effectiveness of the joint efforts depends on the collaborative environment in which it is implemented. And this is precisely the reason why the cooperation with other key players like AMISOM, IGAD, UN will be decisive for the success."

The EU contribution supports peacebuilding and stabilisation activities for Somalia’s emerging interim administrations such as the Interim Jubba Administration (IJA), the Interim South West Administration (ISWA) and possibly the Interim Central Regions Administration. The precise use of the fund will be determined with the communities and authorities concerned, but is likely to include road rehabilitations, airstrips, water points and markets; building government buildings and institutions including management of public finances; and state formation and reconciliation processes.

The European Union is Somalia’s main development partner and a major donor to Somalia, more than half of the EU’s total assistance focuses on development aid and more particularly on governance, education and economic development. Through its set of instruments that constitutes a wide and comprehensive approach, the European Union is actively engaged in diplomacy and support to the political process, security support, development assistance and humanitarian aid.

Somalia: Somalia: WASH Vulnerability Analysis, May 2015

11 hours 4 min ago
Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster Country: Somalia

Somalia: Somalia Flood Watch Issued: 26th May 2015

11 hours 8 min ago
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Ethiopia, Somalia

During the week ending on 25th May 2015, there was minimal rainfall activities within the Juba and Shabelle river basins both in Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands. Most stations within the basins did not record any rainfall as seen in the table below. Map ‐ 1 shows the total satellite Rainfall Estimates (RFE) for the same reporting period while Map –2 shows the rainfall forecast for coming week.

World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 20–27 May 2015

11 hours 44 min ago
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Uganda, Ukraine, Vanuatu, World, Yemen

Mali: Gao and Timbutku regions have been the scene of multiple clashes between the Azawad Movement Coalition and Malian forces, as well as the pro-government Gatia militia. At least 12 people have been killed, including nine civilians. About 31,500 people have been displaced from three districts in Timbuktu region. They are in urgent needs of water, food, NFIs, and shelter support, but access is limited.

Yemen: Violence increased after the ceasefire ended 17 May, and surged again after the postponement of peace talks on 25 May. Casualty numbers since the escalation of conflict in March have reached 1,870 dead and 7,580 injured. 490,000 people in Sa’ada can no longer be reached, and food items are no longer available in a number of governorates. The fuel crisis is making it even more difficult to meet basic needs.

DRC: A surge in ADF attacks in Beni territory, North Kivu, has displaced more than 15,000 people. In Orientale, 4,000 people have been displaced by an FARDC offensive. In Katanga, 400 cases of measles are being recorded per week in Malemba Nkulu territory.

Updated: 27/05/2015. Next update: 02/06/2015

Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

Somalia: Somalia Dekadal Rainfall Update 2nd Dekad of May 2015 Issued on 26/05/2015

16 hours 42 min ago
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization Country: Somalia

This bulletin provides summary of 10 days (Dekadal) observed rainfall in Somalia

During the second Dekad of May 2015 (11th – 20th), there was a reduction of rainfall activities across the country. Figure (1) shows the rainfall observational network and monthly rainfall distribution for selected stations across the country. The table below is a brief summary of the rainfall situation by region for this dekad. This update will be issued every 10‐days throughout the Gu rainy season.

Djibouti: AFAD Assists Yemeni Refugees in Djibouti

17 hours 46 min ago
Source: Government of Turkey Country: Djibouti, Somalia, Turkey, Yemen

AFAD delivers four tons of medical supplies to Djibouti, which hosts thousands of refugees from Yemen.

Ankara, 26 May 2015 – The Disaster and Emergency Management Authority of Turkey (AFAD) continues its humanitarian relief efforts in Djibouti, where more than 150.000 displaced Yemenis are grappling with harsh living conditions. Later today, the agency will deliver four tons of medical supplies to refugee camps in the Obock area.

Once delivered, the supplies will be stored at a centrally located hospital in the capital, AFAD relief workers on the ground reported on Tuesday. Upon completing necessary medical inspections at the camps, Djiboutian authorities will deliver medications to individuals in need.

Making a statement about the humanitarian crisis, Djibouti’s Minister of Health, Dr. Kassim Issack Osman, welcomed Turkey’s ongoing efforts in the region. “A number of countries, including Arab governments, promised to assist our country, but Turkey has been the only country to take concrete steps [to address the situation],” Dr. Osman said on Tuesday. “The Turks visited the refugee camps even before myself.”

In addition to ongoing humanitarian efforts in Djibouti, AFAD relief workers have taken necessary steps to deliver 2400 food boxes to displaced Yemenis stranded in nearby countries including Somalia.

According to reports from the region, a significant part of the Yemeni population suffers from food insecurity due to additional restrictions on air and sea travel caused by military operations and violent conflict.

World: UE: No debe poner en peligro las vidas en el mar ni denegar protección

26 May 2015 - 11:26pm
Source: Human Rights Watch Country: Afghanistan, Eritrea, Greece, Italy, Libya, Malta, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World

Los operativos contra traficantes de inmigrantes deben respetar las leyes de derechos humanos

26 DE MAYO DE 2015

(Bruselas) – Las acciones militares de la Unión Europea (UE) contra las redes de tráfico de personas no deben poner en peligro las vidas y los derechos de los migrantes y solicitantes de asilo en peligro, dijo hoy Human Rights Watch. El 18 de mayo de 2015, el Consejo de la Unión Europea acordó crear una operación naval, EUNAVFOR Med, para identificar, capturar y destruir los barcos usados por los traficantes de inmigrantes en el Mediterráneo.

“Los contrabandistas y traficantes a menudo muestran un total desprecio por la vida humana y la dignidad, y deben rendir cuentas por ello, pero la acción militar podría exponer a los migrantes y los solicitantes de asilo a graves riesgos”, advirtió Judith Sunderland, subdirectora en funciones para Europa y Asia Central de Human Rights Watch. “La prioridad máxima debería ser salvar vidas en el mar y llevar a las personas que están en peligro en el Mediterráneo de forma segura a las costas de la UE”.

La UE debe evaluar cuidadosamente las consecuencias a corto y largo plazo que cualquier operación pueda tener para los derechos humanos, incluyendo el riesgo de que aumente el peligro que corren los migrantes que tratan de cruzar el Mediterráneo en barco, dijo Human Rights Watch. La UE también debe evaluar los riesgos de atrapar a los migrantes y los solicitantes de asilo en Libia, donde a menudo son víctimas de violencia y abuso y no tienen posibilidad de presentar solicitudes de asilo.

Los buques de la UE en el Mediterráneo, incluidos los que participan en la operación EUNAVFOR Med, deben llevar a los migrantes interceptados a puertos seguros en la UE. Allí, aquellos que pidan protección o den muestras de tener miedo a volver a su país de origen deberán ser sometidos a una evaluación de asilo. La UE no debe, bajo ninguna circunstancia, transferir a los migrantes interceptados en el mar a la guardia costera libia ni dejarlos en Libia, dijo Human Rights Watch.

La decisión del Consejo prevé comenzar la operación con vigilancia y patrullaje. Si a continuación los Estados miembros de la UE estuvieran de acuerdo con proceder, la segunda fase incluiría el abordaje, el registro, la incautación y el desvío de las embarcaciones sospechosas de estar destinadas a traficar con personas. La tercera y última fase consistiría en la “inutilización” de estos barcos.

El gobierno reconocido por la comunidad internacional en Libia ha dicho que se opone a la acción militar de la UE en su territorio o aguas territoriales. Dos gobiernos se disputan la legitimidad en Libia: el gobierno reconocido internacionalmente basado en Tobruk y Al-Bayda, en el este, y otra autoridad autoproclamada con sede en Trípoli, en el oeste, desde donde zarpa la gran mayoría de los barcos.

Independientemente de dónde operen, los buques de la UE que participen en la planificada operación naval están sujetos a la jurisdicción de la Convención Europea de Derechos Humanos, que exige diseñar, planificar y ejecutar todas las operaciones con un pleno respeto por los derechos, entre ellos el derecho a la vida, la libertad y la seguridad, un recurso efectivo y la prohibición de la tortura. Los requisitos prohíben que alguien sea enviado a un país donde corra el riesgo de ser torturado o maltratado, o donde su vida o libertad corran peligro: el principio de no devolución.

La misión es parte de la respuesta de la UE a la crisis en el Mediterráneo. Desde principios de 2015, al menos 1.780 migrantes y solicitantes de asilo han muerto intentando la travesía marítima. La UE ha intensificado las operaciones de búsqueda y rescate y, en lo que va de año, más de 62.000 personas han llegado por mar a la UE, cruzando el Mediterráneo central, principalmente desde Libia a Italia y Malta, y el mar Egeo desde Turquía a Grecia. Estadísticas de la Agencia de Refugiados de Naciones Unidas (ACNUR) muestran que el 60 por ciento de los que llegaron por mar en lo que va de año eran de Siria, Eritrea, Afganistán y Somalia - todos ellos países que sufren violencia política generalizada o represión.

El 13 de mayo, la Comisión Europea, el órgano ejecutivo de la UE, presentó sus propuestas para una “Agenda Europea de Migración”. Las propuestas incluyen medidas positivas, como la creación de un plan de reasentamiento de refugiados en toda la UE y un mecanismo de reubicación para distribuir más equitativamente la responsabilidad por los solicitantes de asilo entre los Estados miembros de la UE, dijo Human Rights Watch. Varios Estados miembros de la UE, entre ellos el Reino Unido, Francia, Hungría y Polonia, ya han expresado su renuencia a participar en estas propuestas de responsabilidad compartida.

La mayoría de las propuestas, sin embargo, se centran en medidas para limitar las llegadas, incluso mediante la mejora de los controles de inmigración en los países de origen y de tránsito, el desarrollo regional y la creación de un “centro multiusos” piloto en Níger para proporcionar información, protección local y oportunidades de reasentamiento. Estas medidas deben ser cuidadosamente diseñadas para fortalecer el respeto por los derechos humanos y fomentar la resolución de conflictos en los países de origen, dijo Human Rights Watch.

También deben mejorar la capacidad de los países de tránsito para proteger e integrar a los refugiados, en particular mediante la creación de sistemas de asilo justos y eficientes que garanticen que las solicitudes de asilo sean debidamente examinadas e incluyan el derecho a apelar las denegaciones. Estas medidas deberían garantizar escrupulosamente que los refugiados y solicitantes de asilo no sean devueltos forzosamente a países donde vayan a ser perseguidos o sufrir otro perjuicio grave y que a nadie se le impida huir de amenazas a su vida o a su libertad.

Muchos migrantes y solicitantes de asilo, si no la mayoría, que entran en la UE de manera irregular pagan voluntariamente a contrabandistas para que les faciliten el viaje, a pesar de que estos a menudo les engañan sobre el contexto o las condiciones en las que serán transportados, como por ejemplo en embarcaciones atestadas o que no son aptas para navegar. Entre los que llegan por mar o por tierra también hay víctimas de los traficantes que han sido engañadas u obligadas a viajar y que son rehenes en espera de un rescate o si no sufren abusos y son explotados.

Los migrantes y solicitantes de asilo entrevistados en Italia en mayo describieron a Human Rights Watch los abusos que sufrieron a lo largo de las rutas migratorias desde el Cuerno de África y en Libia. Entre ellos cabe destacar: haber sido mantenidos como rehenes durante meses en el desierto del Sáhara en condiciones violentas y agotadoras hasta que los familiares transferían dinero a los traficantes; palizas con tubos de madera y de hierro, mangueras de goma y látigos; muertes a balazos ante los intentos de fuga; trabajos forzados; y la detención virtual antes de la salida para Europa en “casas de seguridad” insalubres y hacinadas en Libia y gestionadas por los traficantes. Los contrabandistas sobrecargan rutinariamente embarcaciones no aptas para navegar y proporcionan insuficiente alimentación, agua y combustible para el viaje.

Libia ha sido durante mucho tiempo tanto un país de destino como un país de tránsito para los africanos subsaharianos, los sirios y otros que buscan llegar a la UE. Human Rights Watch ha documentado la tortura –incluyendo latigazos, palizas y descargas eléctricas—, así como el hacinamiento, las condiciones sanitarias insalubres y la falta de acceso a la atención médica en los centros de detención de migrantes en Libia entre mediados de 2014 y mayo de 2015.

Las entrevistas de mayo en Italia indicaron que el aumento de la anarquía y la violencia generalizada en Libia debido a las hostilidades están obligando a algunos migrantes a marcharse. Algunos dijeron que habrían permanecido en Libia y no intentado la peligrosa travesía marítima hacia la UE si Libia no fuera tan peligrosa. Livinus, un nigeriano de 20 años que había ido a Libia en busca de trabajo en el 2013, dijo a Human Rights Watch: “Los ves inflar el barco y subir en él a un centenar de personas, y sabes que es arriesgado. Yo no hubiera corrido ese riesgo si no fuera por los problemas en Libia”.

No hay soluciones fáciles a corto plazo, pero la UE tiene que aumentar los canales seguros y legales en la región como una solución más eficaz a largo plazo que la mera destrucción de barcos, dijo Human Rights Watch.

“La destrucción de barcos sospechosos de ser utilizados por traficantes de inmigrantes podría impedir temporalmente que una persona se suba a un barco que no está en condiciones de navegar, pero las consecuencias no terminan ahí”, señaló Sunderland. “La UE tiene que hacer una evaluación honesta de la forma en que su intervención empujará a la gente desesperada a emprender viajes incluso más peligrosos, qué pasará con las personas que necesitan protección y que buscan salir de una Libia cada vez más caótica y violenta, y cómo esto encaja con las obligaciones internacionales”.

Somalia: Security Council Extends Mandate of United Nations Mission in Somalia, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2221 (2015)

26 May 2015 - 2:55pm
Source: UN Security Council Country: Somalia

SC/11907

7449th Meeting (PM)
Security Council
Meetings Coverage

The Security Council this morning renewed the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) for just over 10 weeks, until 7 August, pending consideration of a review of regional and international efforts in the country.

Through the unanimous adoption of resolution 2221 (2015), the Council stated that the short extension of the mandate, set to expire on 28 May, would allow stakeholders to consider fully the recommendations of the joint African Union-United Nations review of the temporary surge in deployment of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), including recommendations connected to the mandate of UNSOM.

The review, the surge in AMISON deployment and the activities of UNSOM were the subject of an open briefing to the Council on 19 May (see Press Release SC/11899) by Nicholas Kay, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNSOM and Maman Sidikou, Special Representative of the African Union Chairperson for Somalia and Head of AMISOM.

Today’s meeting began at 12:24 p.m. and adjourned at 12:27 p.m.

Resolution

The full text of resolution 2221 (2015) reads as follows:

“The Security Council,

“Recalling all its previous resolutions and statements of its President on the situation in Somalia,

“Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity and unity of Somalia,

“Recalling the ongoing joint United Nations and African Union review, requested in resolution 2182 (2014), into the temporary surge for AMISOM authorized in resolution 2124 (2013), and further recalling its request for the United Nations and African Union to set out recommendations for the next steps in the military campaign in Somalia, taking into due consideration the political situation,

“1. Decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), as set out in Paragraph 1 of resolution 2158 (2014), until 7 August 2015, in order to consider fully the recommendations of the joint United Nations and African Union review of the temporary surge for AMISOM, including any relevant recommendations connected to UNSOM’s mandate;

“2. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”

For information media. Not an official record.

Uganda: UGANDA: UNHCR Presence and refugee locations | April 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:59am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

Uganda: Uganda: Refugees and asylum-seekers | 01 April 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:57am
Source: Government of Uganda Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

Somalia: Areas of origin of registered Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in Uganda | As of 01 March 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:52am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Somalia, Uganda

Somalia: Areas of origin of registered Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in Ethiopia | As of 01 May 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:47am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Ethiopia, Somalia

Somalia: Areas of origin of registered Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in Kenya | As of 01 May 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:45am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Kenya, Somalia

Somalia: Areas of origin of registered Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in Eritrea | As of 01 May 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:29am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Eritrea, Somalia

Somalia: Areas of origin (regions) of registered Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in the East and Horn of Africa | As of 01 May 2015

26 May 2015 - 5:21am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Uganda

Kenya: Food Security & Nutrition Working Group, May 2015

26 May 2015 - 1:57am
Source: Food Security and Nutrition Working Group Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen

Current Conditions: Regional Highlight

• Minimal food insecurity (IPC Phase 1) in parts of Sudan, western & central Ethiopia, agricultural areas of Uganda, western Kenya, southwest South Sudan, northern Somalia, Rwanda and Burundi but stressed (IPC Phase 2) in most pastoral areas;

• Crisis and emergency food insecurity remains a concern mostly in DRC, CAR and conflict-affected states of South Sudan, parts of NE Kenya, NE Ethiopia, some districts in Karamoja, Darfur in Sudan, IDP sites in Somalia;

• Conflicts/political tension in South Sudan, Burundi, CAR and eastern DRC; and rebel insurgency in southern Somalia may pose challenges to food security improvement.

• Favourable March-May rains have been received in several areas across the region and will be beneficial to agricultural production in south/central Somalia, Uganda, South Sudan, Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda. However, Belg production in Ethiopia and vegetable production in Djibouti could be affected by below-average rains.

• The rains will further support rangeland regeneration and livestock condition in pastoral areas of south/central Somalia, Karamoja and Kenya. The situation will however remain precarious in pastoral areas of Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea and northern Somalia.

Food security situation remains a concern in DRC, CAR, parts of South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan with an estimated 19M people in need of humanitarian assistance. The March-May rains is likely to alleviate the situation in some areas.

World: Concluding Ireland visit, UN chief tells refugee community world must provide 'safe avenues of migration'

25 May 2015 - 6:35pm
Source: UN News Service Country: Afghanistan, Eritrea, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, World

25 May 2015 – The international community must intensify efforts to provide regular and safe avenues of migration and access to protection, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon declared today as he wrapped up his trip to Ireland with a visit to a community of resettled refugees.

Addressing a gathering of people hailing from Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Myanmar, Sudan and Syria, Mr. Ban recalled his time as a child during the Korean War when he fled, along with his family, into the hills surrounding his village.

“As we climbed in the rain, I looked back on the only world I knew: where I had played, where I had gone to school, where I had lived with my family; all of it was in flames. Our lives went up in smoke,” he remembered.

“Despite the hardships, despite the darkness, I came through it. Today, I carry a simple message: The world is with you, and I am with you.”

The Secretary-General drew attention to the recent tragedies in the Mediterranean and in Southeast Asia where thousands of migrants and refugees have perished after falling victim to human trafficking as they sought better lives elsewhere.

According to the UN, in the Mediterranean alone, the 1,800 deaths in the first month of the year represent a 20-fold increase over the same period last year – and at this pace, between 10,000 and 20,000 migrants would perish by autumn. About one third of those crossing the Mediterranean are Syrian refugees. Thousands more are from Eritrea, Somalia, Afghanistan and other nations.

In a single weekend in April, 900 people died attempting to cross the Mediterranean.

This “grievous loss of life,” Mr. Ban added, could be prevented through a more accessible and transparent system of migration facilitated by the creation of additional safe and regular avenues and access to protection.

In addition, he said, private sponsorship schemes, enhanced family reunification and flexible visa arrangements, including for humanitarian, study and work purposes, can help reunite families separated by tragedy.

“When we consider how to prevent such tragedies, it is important to think of the individuals who have been forced to flee, and ensure that the response reflects our common values and principles of humanity, solidarity, and respect for human rights,” the Secretary-General continued.

“I welcome the proposals in the European Commission's “Agenda on Migration”, and particularly its focus on saving lives and ensuring the protection of those in need,” he added.

“The United Nations and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees are ready to work with the EU, its Member States and relevant third countries in supporting and further developing the measures included in the Agenda.”