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South Sudan: South Sudan Crisis Report 46 January 2017 – ECHO Daily Map | 20/01/2017

21 January 2017 - 4:02am
Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

South Sudan: South Sudan situation: Regional update 1 – 31 December 2016

20 January 2017 - 7:37am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

KEY FIGURES

761,550 South Sudanese arrivals in 2016, based on field reports (as of 31 Dec)

1,434,742 Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 Dec (both pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)

261,541 Refugees in South Sudan

1.8 M Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 204,370 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site

FUNDING (as of 3 January)

USD 649.0 M Requested by UNHCR in 2016 for the South Sudan situation

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Uganda received high numbers of new arrivals from South Sudan in the first half of December, peaking on 13 December when over 7,000 refugees crossed into Uganda, the third highest daily arrival in 2016. However the rate of arrival decreased significantly towards the end of the month, with just 59 arrivals recorded on Christmas Day.

  • In South Sudan, UNHCR provided assistance in Maban after inter-community conflict which broke out between 25 and 28 December between refugees from Doro refugee camp and host community in Bunj, Maban County. The conflict was triggered by the detention and death of a male refugee in custody on 23 December 2016.

  • In Kenya, the ongoing verification exercise in Kakuma was completed in late December, confirming 84,983 South Sudanese refugees in Kakuma and Kalobeyei. The total South Sudanese refugee population in Kenya stands at 87,378, including individuals registered in Nairobi and Dadaab.

Slovakia: Slovakia Centre Sees Over 1,000 Refugees Resettled to USA, Canada, Norway

20 January 2017 - 6:04am
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Afghanistan, Canada, Eritrea, Iraq, Norway, occupied Palestinian territory, Slovakia, Somalia, Sudan, United States of America, World

Slovakia - IOM announced today that over 1,000 refugees have been resettled through Slovakia’s emergency transit facility to the USA, Canada and Norway since 2009.

On Tuesday (17/01), 23 refugees departed from Slovakia and arrived safely in the US, bringing the number of refugees resettled from Slovakia’s Emergency Transit Centre (ETC) in Humenne in other countries to 1,019, with 978 resettled in the United States.

Following successful negotiations between UNHCR/IOM and host countries to provide more timely and effective protection for refugees in emergency situations, two Emergency Transit Centres were set up in Europe to temporarily house evacuated refugees and facilitate their resettlement in safety – one in Timisoara, Romania (2008) and the other in Humenne, Slovakia (2009).

Between 2009 and January 2017, the Slovak Republic provided 1,043 refugees with temporary accommodation in the ETC Humenne to enable officials from resettlement countries and UNHCR to conduct interviews in a secure environment.

Refugees stay at the ETC for a maximum of six months, during which they prepare for resettlement by completing IOM health assessments and pre-departure orientation courses. IOM also arranges international transport to their resettlement destinations.

UNHCR provides travel documents, health care and social services for the refugees. The Slovak Republic grants visas before their arrival in Slovakia and provides them with accommodation, meals and basic hygiene items during their stay at the centre.

More than half of the refugees transferred to the Centre since its opening have been Somalis, followed by Afghans, Ethiopians, Eritreans, Iraqis, Palestinians and Sudanese. Most were families with small children in need of urgent protection and unable to return to their home country or stay in their country of first asylum.

Mahmoud, a refugee from Somalia, told IOM that he appreciated the Centre’s safe environment, health care and special attention paid to malnourished children, who come from refugee camps all over the world. “The word ‘happy’ doesn’t adequately describe how I feel now,” said Mahmoud before his resettlement to the United States.

The ETC organizes activities for the refugees through a Slovak NGO, ETP Slovakia, a UNHCR implementing partner. Small children go to kindergarten and older children attend school, where they learn mathematics, geography and English. Parents can take part in literacy and computer courses or English language classes.

“These activities are important because they not only enable the refugees to gain new knowledge and skills, but also help them forget the traumas they suffered, if only for a while,” said Zuzana Vatráľová, head of IOM Slovakia.

IOM’s activities under the project are funded by the United States through the United States Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) or by similar programmes in other resettlement countries. IOM vaccination activities are funded by the US Department of State and US Department of Health and Human Services.

For more information on the humanitarian transfer of refugees and persons of concern to UNHCR through Slovakia, please visit: http://www.iom.sk/en/activities/resettlement-of-refugees

For further information, please contact Zuzana Vatráľová at IOM Bratislava, Tel: + 42 12 5273 3791, Email: zvatralova@iom.int.

World: Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 20 January 2017, Vol. 92, No. 03, pp. 21-36 [EN/FR]

20 January 2017 - 5:11am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Chad, Kenya, Mali, Pakistan, South Sudan, Sudan, World

21 Maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination: validation in Punjab Province, Pakistan, November 2016

35 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January–November 2016

Sudan: Diarrhoea death toll rising in eastern Sudan

20 January 2017 - 4:58am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

Two more people have reportedly died and dozens more infected with acute watery diarrhoea at Tahamem, east of Haya in Red Sea State.

Journalist Osman Hashim, who specialises in coverage of health conditions in the eastern states, says that the Tahamem health centre recently saw the death of a basic school student, as well as a man in his 50s.

Hashim expressed concern at the rise of deaths and pointed to the lack of health care in the hospital.

He attributed the cases to the environmental degradation and lack of health care.

Eight people have died and more than 160 others have also been infected with acute watery diarrhoea at Jebeit area.

Last week, the Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors reported that more than 300 people have been infected with acute watery diarrhoea in the states Red Sea, Khartoum and El Gezira during the past few days. The doctors suspect the infections to be cholera.

World: Mediterranean Update, Migration Flows Europe: Arrivals and Fatalities: 20 January 2017

20 January 2017 - 4:30am
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Afghanistan, Côte d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Eritrea, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Mali, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Spain, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

3,156 arrivals by sea in 2017
234 dead/missing
published 09:00 CET 20 January
387,487 arrivals in 2016

Italy: North Africa Mixed Migration Hub - Survey Snapshot - Italy | December 2016

20 January 2017 - 1:33am
Source: Mixed Migration Hub Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Italy, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, World

ABOUT

  • MHub is undertaking field surveys with migrants, refugees and asylum seekers along key migratory routes to build up a body of data over time and to map country and regional level mixed migration trends.

  • This snapshot presents early survey findings of the profiles, intentions and experiences of those moving in mixed migration flows who have recently arrived in Italy in the last year.

  • Though these findings cannot be considered statistically representative of the migration population, they do provide key insights into the migration process.

KEY FINDINGS

Findings are based on 341 interviews conducted between 3 March and 22 December in Asti, Bologna, Castellammare del Golfo, Milan, Modena, Palermo, Rome, Trapani, and Turin.

  • 85% of respondents (91% of female and 83% of male) began their migration journey without feeling fully aware of the risks and conditions on their chosen route. For those from West Africa, this represented 90% of male and 97% of female respondents. For those from East Africa, this decreased to 43% for males and 74% for females.

  • The majority of respondents from Cameroon (100%), Guinea (100%), Senegal (96%), Nigeria (96%), Cote d'Ivoire (88%) and Gambia (83%) reported not having enough information on the risks and conditions present on their journey. Nigerian respondents mainly came from Edo State (59%).

  • Available data indicates a strong inverse relationship between awareness of potential difficulties and risk factors and the number of abuses actually experienced by respondents.

  • 57% of all respondents felt regret about their journey due to conditions encountered en route. 45% reported that they would not have travelled at all, and 12% would have taken a different route.

  • The journey through Libya was reported to be the most dangerous segment for respondents traveling from and through North Africa to Italy with 78% of all abuses recorded as occurring in Libya. This is followed by abuses reported as occurring in the Sahara Desert (10%), Niger and Sudan (2%).

  • Respondents that travelled through Libya reported forced labour (95%), arbitrary detention (88%), physical abuse (83%) and sexual abuse (76%) as the most frequent abuses witnessed or experienced.

  • The majority of sexual abuses reported happened in Libya (76%), followed by the Sahara Desert (15%), Niger (3%), Sudan (2%) and other transit countries such as Burkina Faso, Algeria, Egypt and Togo (4%).

  • 65% of sexual abuse cases reported in the Sahara Desert were perpetrated by the smugglers or those affiliated to the smugglers such as drivers. Some respondents claimed that smugglers often offered migrants to their drivers for rape as part payment. The remainder were perpetrated by rebels (11%), desert tribes (8%), bandits (8%) and militia/soldiers/police (8%).

South Sudan: South Sudan situation: Regional Emergency update 16 - 30 November 2016

19 January 2017 - 7:00pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

KEY FIGURES

462,069 South Sudanese arrivals since 8 July 2016, based on field reports (as of 27 Nov, except for Ethiopia as of 29 Nov)

1,346,617 Total South Sudanese refugees as of 27 Nov (both pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals) 260,453 Refugees in South Sudan

1.8 M Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 204,370 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site

FUNDING (as of 29 November) USD 649.0 M Requested by UNHCR for the situation

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Operations responding to the South Sudan situation commenced their 16 Days of Activism against Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), organizing various events in refugee camps, settlements and IDP sites as part of ongoing SGBV prevention and response. The 16 Days of Activism campaign runs from 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to Human Rights Day on 10 December.

  • Large numbers of South Sudanese refugees continue to arrive into neighbouring countries. Uganda continues to receive the highest number of arrivals, with most refugees arriving by informal border points and citing various security concerns as their major reason for flight.

Italy: Italy – Sea Arrivals UNHCR Update #10 December 2016

19 January 2017 - 4:19pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Bangladesh, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Italy, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, World

KEY FIGURES
8,428
Persons arriving by sea in December 2016.
181,436
Persons arriving by sea in 2016.
25,846
Unaccompanied and Separated Children (UASC) arrived by sea in 2016.
5,096
Dead and missing at sea in 2016.
123,482
Asylum applications in 2016, including from sea and other arrivals.
45%
Average EU protection rate of top nationalities arriving by sea in Italy.
176,554
Persons accommodated in reception centres.
2,654
Asylum-seekers relocated from Italy under the EU relocation scheme.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 8,428 refugees and migrants arrived to Italy by sea in December 2016, compared to 9,637 sea arrivals in December 2015. Main nationalities among sea arrivals are Nigerian, Eritrean, Guinean, Ivoirian and Gambian.  In 2016, the total number of sea arrivals reached 181,436, an 18% increase compared with 2015 (153,842).

  • In 2016, 25,846 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) arrived to Italy by sea. This corresponds to 14% of all sea arrivals in 2016, up from last year’s 7%.

  • At the end of December 2016, 176,554 asylum-seekers were accommodated in reception centres across Italy, 78% of whom were accommodated in temporary facilities.

  • In December 2016, 737 asylum-seekers departed within the intra-European relocation scheme to Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland. Since the adoption of the September 2015 EU Council decisions on relocation, 2,654 persons (6.7% of the 39,600 target) have been relocated from Italy.

South Sudan: South Sudan Situation Supplementary Appeal January - December 2017

19 January 2017 - 3:48pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

A total of $781.8 million * requested for the period January ‐ December 2017, including:

  • $**9.8 million** for CAR
  • $**30.3 million** for the DRC
  • $**157.7 million** for Ethiopia
  • $**40.5 million** for Kenya
  • $**171.7 million** for South Sudan
  • $**68 million** for Sudan
  • $**283.8 million** for Uganda
  • $**476,251** for HQ & Regional Coordination

* All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. This total includes support costs (7%)

INTRODUCTION

The South Sudan situation is Africa’s largest displacement crisis today. With the conflict in South Sudan now entering its fourth year, its people are facing dire humanitarian challenges. By the end of October 2016, more than 1.2 million South Sudanese had fled as refugees to CAR, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda, while within the country almost 1.8 million people had become internally displaced and 6.1 million were estimated to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Disease, protracted instability, the escalation of violence, and wide-spread destruction have triggered unprecedented levels of food insecurity. More than 4.8 million people, half the population, became severely food insecure due to simply being unable to bring in the harvest. The economic situation continues to worsen with hyper-inflation at record levels of more than 800%. With a paucity of national infrastructure such as roads or viable airfields, as well as the long rainy season of up to eight months per year, South Sudan is one of the most logistically challenging countries in the world in which to operate, and thus in which to bring assistance to those in need.

An Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan was signed in August 2015 with, after months of delay, the formation in April 2016 of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU). Despite the Agreement, localized conflicts continued, and humanitarian access and delivery remained an enormous challenge in many locations. Less than three months after the formation of the TGoNU, the humanitarian situation deteriorated drastically when fresh fighting erupted in the capital, Juba, on 8 July 2016. Fighting, rampant looting and human rights abuses reportedly caused the deaths of over 300 people, led to the displacement of thousands of civilians, and to the incremental spread of the conflict across Greater Equatoria State and beyond.

A ceasefire was called on 11 July, and United Nations Security Council Resolution 2304, adopted on 12 August 2016, authorized inter alia, the deployment of Regional Protection Forces in the country, as additional support to the existing United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). On 16 December 2016, UNMISS’s mandate was extended to 15 December 2017 under Security Council Resolution 2327. This included an authorisation to use “all necessary means” to protect civilians under threat of physical violence, bringing the number of peacekeepers to 17,000, including a 4,000 strong Regional Protection Force, and increasing the number of international police to 2,101.

The escalation of the crises triggered an unanticipated surge in the refugee outflows. More than 360,000 people fled the country in the four months following July 2016, 70 per cent of whom have fled to Uganda. Large numbers have also fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sudan (where beneficiaries quickly exceeded 2016 planning figures) to Central African Republic (CAR), and later in September, to Ethiopia.

With regional displacement figures from South Sudan in the first half of 2016 much higher than original projections even prior to the upheavals in July, both the 2016 Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) and the UNHCR Supplementary Budget for the South Sudan Situation had to be revised in July 2016, including chapters for DRC and CAR for the first time. Less than a month after that initial revision, Uganda’s country chapter had to be revised again to meet further urgent requirements, such as the opening of a new settlement in Bidibidi, Yumbe District, with capacity for 100,000 people. This had become vital in order to decongest transit and reception centres and thereby reduce the risk of the spread of diseases.

Sudan: Sudanese government says rebel group to sign Darfur peace pact

19 January 2017 - 2:48pm
Source: Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation Country: Sudan

"We are optimistic that the coming period will see major developments in the peace process in Darfur"

KHARTOUM, Jan 19 (Reuters) - Sudan is ready to sign a peace agreement with a major rebel group in the longstanding Darfur conflict, a government official said on Thursday, just days after President Omar Hassan al-Bashir extended a unilateral ceasefire.

The development follows a U.S. decision to review a lifting of sanctions that have crippled the country's economy for two decades.

Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation

Libya: Libya: Rescue at Sea - Overview 2016

19 January 2017 - 12:05pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, World

Libya continues to be the main departure and transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. Between 1 January and 31 December 2016, the Libyan Coast Guard rescued/intercepted a total of 14,332 people in different locations along the Libyan coast, mainly Az Zawiyah, Tripoli and Tajurah. In 2016, Libyan local authorities recovered 1,225 bodies of people who drowned while attempting to cross the Mediterranean towards Europe. UNHCR is present in five health posts at disembarkation points, at Az Zawiyah, Tripoli (2), Tajurah (Al Hamidiyah) and Al Khums, where it provides medical and hygiene assistance.

Libya: Libya: Registration - fact sheet 2016

19 January 2017 - 11:39am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Liberia, Libya, Morocco, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic

South Sudan: UNHCR South Sudan Factsheet - December 2016

19 January 2017 - 7:20am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan

Highlights

  • 6,544 refugees relocated from Yida to Pamir camp as of 31 December 2016
  • 16,791 refugees and IDPs received non-food items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in December
  • 1,792 asylum seekers hosted in South Sudan as of 31 December 2016
  • 3,164 refugee ID cards including renewals issued in 2016 across South Sudan

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary January 19 -26, 2017

19 January 2017 - 6:27am
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Belize, Botswana, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, Panama, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Western Sahara, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

  2. Below-average and erratic rainfall over the past several weeks has sustained moisture deficits and resulted in degraded ground conditions across many parts of Uganda, Kenya, bimodal and unimodal areas of Tanzania, northern Malawi, and northern Mozambique.

  3. Poor early season rainfall has negatively affected cropping activities over parts of the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, and Free State provinces of South Africa. However, rainfall has improved in parts of the Eastern Cape and Free State in recent weeks.

  4. Several consecutive weeks of poor rainfall has strengthened moisture deficits, resulting in abnormal dryness and drought conditions in eastern and northern Madagascar.

  5. Since late December, enhanced seasonal rainfall has resulted in several localized floods, excess ground moisture and is likely to trigger additional floods throughout Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and the Caprivi Strip region. Rapidly rising river levels have been reported along the Limpopo, Save, Buzi, Pungue, and Zambezi Rivers due to heavy rains upstream and downstream.

  6. A prolonged mid-season dry spell since late December has led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions across many parts of southwestern Angola and northwestern Namibia.

Sudan: Sudan: Diarrhoea leaves six dead in three days

19 January 2017 - 4:22am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

At Sawakin hospital in Sudan’s Red Sea State, at least six people have died, including a child, as a result of acute watery diarrhoea within three days.

Medical sources have attributed the outbreak of watery diarrhoea in Red Sea State to the environmental degradation and contamination of water and food.

The sources told Radio Dabanga that medical suppliers in Port Sudan are reluctant to enforce of the Ministry of Health’s directives of sending medicines and perfusion salts to the rural hospitals. The give no reasons for the lack of supply.

The medical sources warn of a worsening in the disease cases resulting in more deaths.

A medic appealed called for “the health officers overcrowded in Port Sudan to be distributed to the various localities of the state.

As reported yesterday by Radio Dabanga, the Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors say that more than 300 people have been infected with acute watery diarrhoea in the states Red Sea, Khartoum and El Gezira during the past few days. The doctors suspect the infections to be cholera.

Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 2 | 9 – 15 January 2017 [EN/AR]

19 January 2017 - 3:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Highlights

  • UNHCR and inter-agency partners are seeking US$166.6 million to meet the needs of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan.

• So far, 1,500 people have returned to Tamar village in Central Darfur State.

• In Central Darfur, the Wali issued a decree to form a high committee for humanitarian coordination to oversee humanitarian work in the state.

• WFP launched a cash voucher programme assisting 75,000 IDPs in Otash camp, South Darfur.

Funding

557.6 million US$ received in 2016

57% reported funding (as of 15 January 2017)

US$166.6 million needed for South Sudanese refugees in Sudan in 2017

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) released the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2017 outlining the inter-agency response strategy and financial requirements for the South Sudanese refugee emergency across Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.

The conflict in South Sudan has intensified since July 2016 and has generated Africa’s largest refugee crisis. Over 130,000 South Sudanese refugees, including an estimated 85,000 children, fled to Sudan in 2016. This brings the total number of South Sudanese refugees arriving in Sudan since December 2013 to over 297,000.

Despite Sudan’s significant response needs, the 2016 RRRP was only 24 per cent funded. The funding shortfall has stretched the capacity of inter-agency partners to respond while putting additional pressure on host communities, many of whom are already struggling. The steady yet significant flow of new refugee arrivals seeking safety in Sudan is expected to continue into 2017, following the continuation of localised fighting, critical food insecurity and limited humanitarian assistance in South Sudan.

Under the RRRP 2017, UNHCR and inter-agency partners are seeking US$166.6 million to meet the protection and assistance needs of South Sudanese refugees currently living in Sudan and over 60,000 new arrivals anticipated in 2017. The Sudan response plan aims to:

i) maintain an emergency response capacity to ensure immediate protection responses, including legal protection, and address the urgent needs of new arrivals in 2017;

ii) stabilise the existing programme by aiming to achieve at least minimum emergency standards across sectors, particularly by enhancing further integration with national response mechanisms;

iii) promote solutions with a particular emphasis on enhancing protection through self-reliance and host community support, as well as on creating links to other national development plans. The response is coordinated by UNHCR and the Commission for Refugees (COR) in collaboration with UN agencies, local and international NGOs, as well as with refugee and host communities.

Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 2 | 9 – 15 January 2017

19 January 2017 - 3:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Highlights

  • UNHCR and inter-agency partners are seeking US$166.6 million to meet the needs of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan.

• So far, 1,500 people have returned to Tamar village in Central Darfur State.

• In Central Darfur, the Wali issued a decree to form a high committee for humanitarian coordination to oversee humanitarian work in the state.

• WFP launched a cash voucher programme assisting 75,000 IDPs in Otash camp, South Darfur.

Funding

557.6 million US$ received in 2016

57% reported funding (as of 15 January 2017)

US$166.6 million needed for South Sudanese refugees in Sudan in 2017

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) released the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2017 outlining the inter-agency response strategy and financial requirements for the South Sudanese refugee emergency across Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.

The conflict in South Sudan has intensified since July 2016 and has generated Africa’s largest refugee crisis. Over 130,000 South Sudanese refugees, including an estimated 85,000 children, fled to Sudan in 2016. This brings the total number of South Sudanese refugees arriving in Sudan since December 2013 to over 297,000.

Despite Sudan’s significant response needs, the 2016 RRRP was only 24 per cent funded. The funding shortfall has stretched the capacity of inter-agency partners to respond while putting additional pressure on host communities, many of whom are already struggling. The steady yet significant flow of new refugee arrivals seeking safety in Sudan is expected to continue into 2017, following the continuation of localised fighting, critical food insecurity and limited humanitarian assistance in South Sudan.

Under the RRRP 2017, UNHCR and inter-agency partners are seeking US$166.6 million to meet the protection and assistance needs of South Sudanese refugees currently living in Sudan and over 60,000 new arrivals anticipated in 2017. The Sudan response plan aims to:

i) maintain an emergency response capacity to ensure immediate protection responses, including legal protection, and address the urgent needs of new arrivals in 2017;

ii) stabilise the existing programme by aiming to achieve at least minimum emergency standards across sectors, particularly by enhancing further integration with national response mechanisms;

iii) promote solutions with a particular emphasis on enhancing protection through self-reliance and host community support, as well as on creating links to other national development plans. The response is coordinated by UNHCR and the Commission for Refugees (COR) in collaboration with UN agencies, local and international NGOs, as well as with refugee and host communities.

Chad: Chad: Humanitarian Dashboard (As of 30 November 2016)

18 January 2017 - 1:57pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey, Uganda

SITUATION OVERVIEW

In 2016, the HRP estimates that 4.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance of whom 1.5 million are targeted to receive assistance, which highlights the acute vulnerability in the country.
Chad continues to feel the impact of the Nigerian crisis in the Lac region as well as conflicts in neighboring countries (Libya, Sudan and CAR). The country hosts 391,745 refugees, including 311,470 Sudanese refugees who have been in the country for over 10 years, 70,310 refugees from CAR and 8,598 Nigerian refugees. The Lac region, affected by the Nigerian crisis, currently hosts 121,720 displaced people including 108,476 internally displaced, 12,920 Chadian returnees and 324 third country nationals. In addition, the country hosts 101,724 Chadian returnees from CAR settled mainly in the Southern regions and in N'Djamena, in several sites or host villages.

Food insecurity and malnutrition remain a chronic problem in the country, particularly in the Sahel belt. Food insecurity affects about 2.9 million people (21% of the total population), of whom approximatly 500,000 are severely food insecure (source: Harmonized Framework Nov 2016, current situation Nov-Dec 2016), to whom are also added refugees and returnees (not included in the Harmonized Framework). The nutrition situation is also of concern, with global acute malnutrition rates above 15% (emergency threshold) in 6 regions out of 23 and severe acute malnutrition rates above 2% (emergency threshold) in 11 regions.

The high prevalence of epidemic diseases such as cholera and measles, as well as malaria, combined with a weak health system, are causes of high morbidity and mortality among the population, especially among children under five. Chad ranks 185th according to the human development index (HDI 2015), with some of the most alarming social indicators (life expectancy of 51 years, maternal mortality rate of 860 deaths per 100,000 births, report EDS-MICS-2014-2015).

Sudan: Sudan: 2016 New Displacements and Affected People in Darfur as of 31 December 2016

18 January 2017 - 2:43am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Sudan