Sudan - ReliefWeb News
World: Afrique : deux millions de réfugiés durement touchés par de graves pénuries alimentaires, selon le HCR et le PAM
20 février 2017 – La Directrice exécutive du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), Ertharin Cousin, et le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, ont exprimé lundi leur préoccupation concernant les graves pénuries d'aide alimentaire qui affectent environ deux millions de réfugiés situés dans 10 pays africains notamment dans la Corne de l'Afrique.
Dans un communiqué conjoint, les deux agences humanitaires onusiennes ont annoncé que les rations alimentaires ont été considérablement réduites sur certains terrains d'opérations de l'ONU, notamment au Cameroun, au Tchad, au Kenya, en Mauritanie, au Soudan du Sud et en Ouganda. Des réfugiés se trouvant au Burkina Faso, à Djibouti, au Burundi et en Éthiopie ont vu leurs produits de subsistance, tels que des aliments mélangés enrichis en micronutriments nécessaires pour assurer un régime alimentaire de qualité adéquate, réduits.
Le nombre de réfugiés en Afrique a presque doublé ces cinq dernières années, passant de 2,6 millions en 2011 à près de 5 millions en 2016. Bien que le financement des donateurs pour l'assistance aux réfugiés ait augmenté au cours de cette période, il n'a pas suivi le rythme rapide des besoins. Par conséquent, la réponse humanitaire est nettement sous-financée, ce qui a entrainé une réduction de l'aide alimentaire pour certains groupes de réfugiés.
« Nous ne pouvons pas imaginer combien la vie est difficile pour des milliers de familles de réfugiés sans nourriture, et qui se voient souvent refusés la possibilité de travailler ou de s'offrir d'autres manières de survivre. Les réfugiés sont extrêmement résistants, mais les coupes dans l'aide alimentaire parfois aussi élevées que 50% ont un impact dévastateur sur la santé et la nutrition de milliers de familles », a déclaré M. Grandi. « Le droit à l'alimentation est un droit humain fondamental. Nous travaillons avec le PAM pour veiller à ce qu'aucun réfugié ne se couche la faim au ventre, mais le soutien doit venir rapidement », a ajouté le Haut-Commissaire.
Les réfugiés tentent de faire face à la situation critique en évitant les repas, en retirant leurs enfants des écoles pour rester à la maison ou travailler et vendre des biens familiaux.
Les chefs des deux agences humanitaires onusiennes ont prévenu que sans nouvelles ressources pour répondre à ces besoins, ces pénuries alimentaires pourraient empirer dans les mois à venir et avoir des conséquences désastreuses sur la santé et la protection des personnes vulnérables.
This is a report from the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan, a cross-party parliamentary group promoting the cause of peace, human rights, justice and development for the people of Sudan and South Sudan. The report collects over 40 pieces of written evidence and 10 hours of oral hearings to make constructive recommendations for the UK Government, seeking to influence and inform the UK Government’s engagement with its Sudanese counterpart.
South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 15 Jan 2017
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 15 January 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan 1.853 M Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 204,370 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
FUNDING (as of 27 Jan 2017)
USD 649.0 M
Requested by UNHCR in 2016 for the South Sudan situation
In South Sudan, UNHCR and partners Humanitarian Development Consortium (HDC), WFP and South Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC), conducted a rapid need assessment in Maban to the areas hosting IDPs after the December unrest.
In Sudan, UNHCR completed the compilation of refugee arrival figures in 2016 from relevant partners at the start of January. Over 130,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan in 2016, of a total of 297,468 refugees arriving in the country since the start of South Sudan’s conflict in December 2013.
In Uganda, community outreach and focus group discussions with women and girls in Bidibidi indicate that violence within families is often caused by a lack of secure shelter and the vulnerability of female-headed households following alcohol abuse, contributing to incidents of rape. Some 138 outreach and awareness raising activities were conducted in all zones of Bidibidi, reaching a total of 9,494 refugees, including 4,326 youth and adolescents.
South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 31 Jan
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 January 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 223,862 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
USD 781.8 M
Requested by UNHCR in 2017 for the South Sudan situation USD
Received by UNHCR as of 14 Feb 2017
The total number of South Sudanese refugees has now passed 1.5 million, with a further 1.85 million internally displaced people and 262,560 refugees inside South Sudan. With this large scale displacement, South Sudan is now Africa’s largest refugee crisis and the world’s third after Syria and Afghanistan - with less attention and chronic levels of underfunding.
The rate of arrival into Uganda has increased, with some 58,000 South Sudanese refugees crossing into the country in January. According to reports from refugees, the increased influx is partly attributable to an escalation in violence between armed forces in the areas around Kajo-Keji. Refugees report having been instructed to leave the area, skirmishes between armed groups, lootings, killing of civilians and sexual assault of women and girls.
Over 10,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan in January. Additional influxes of refugees are anticipated into South Kordofan and White Nile, amid reports of an upsurge in armed conflict and increased displacement in Wau Shilluk and Malakal, South Sudan, near the Sudan border.
5.6 million people will be in need of humanitarian assistance, under the 2017 Humanitarian Requirement Document. 2.7 million children, pregnant and breast-feeding women will be in need of specialized nutritious food.
The relief operation urgently need funding to provide critical food assistance to the drought affected population in the Somali Region.
The extra round of general food distributions in December 2016 under the relief operation (PRRO 200712) are close to completion. January 2017 relief assistance and specialized nutritious food to beneficiaries in the Somali region started dispatching food at the end of the month. WFP was planning to continue cash distribution in 2017, but due to the prevailing drought, affecting market supplies and food prices, WFP has decided to put cash assistance on hold until further in the Somali Region. In Amhara and Oromia, cash assistance will continue with Round 2 of relief assistance.
In light of the recent increased in need, due to the ongoing drought in the Somali region, the Logistics Cluster has finalised three local constructions in Halley. Darwanaje and Gilo, on behalf of the Somali Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (DPPB). These long term solutions have increase the regions storage capacity with 1,200 MT / 72,000 portions of relief food (16.59 kg).
In January, the average arrival rate of new South Sudanese refugees to Gambella decreased to 120 per day, from 1000 per day during September and October 2016 following the renewed fighting in the Upper Nile State. The operation is also registering new arrivals from Somalia to Dollo Ado, the Somali region. In January the average arrival rate reached 150 people per day. The Somalis are arriving because of the unstable security situation in the country and the deteriorating food insecurity.
655,732 Syrians registered with UNHCR in Jordan, half children growing up in exile
61,405 Iraqis registered with UNHCR in Jordan, half originating from the Baghdad Governorate
38,000 Work permits issued over the past year to Syrians in a livelihoods initiative supported
93 Percentage of Syrians living outside of camps and below the poverty line in Jordan
78 Percentage of Syrians registered with UNHCR in refugee camps who are women and children
40 Percentage of the registered refugee population receiving protection against the cold this winter from UNHCR
US $ 277 million requested for the Jordan Operation in 2017
UNHCR’s Helpline experienced a 19% increase in calls from refugees following the suspension of the United States resettlement programme on 27 January. Some were from families in the process of being resettled to the United States, including those who had sold their belongings or had withdrawn their children from school ahead of their imminent transfer. The Jordan operation was the largest resettlement operation in the world in 2016.
UNHCR conducted a series of nationwide consultations with refugees in January to discuss challenges and progress in the areas of education and livelihoods, two major commitments outlined in the Jordan Compact. Since the launch of the Compact a year ago at the London Syria Conference, over 38,000 Syrians have been issued with work permits and 15 per cent more Syrian children are attending school.
UNHCR and several other UN agencies completed a first round of humanitarian aid distributions in mid-January reaching over 46,000 vulnerable Syrians on the north-east border with food, water and items including blankets and plastic sheeting. The delivery of assistance to the population has been intermittent since a deadly attack in the area in June 2016.
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
The Government of Jordan (GoJ) and the international community approved the latest chapter of the Jordan Response Plan (JRP) for the Syria crisis on 12 January. The “JRP for the Syria Crisis 2017 – 2019” reinforces commitments made through the Jordan Compact presenting the refugee challenge as an opportunity rather than an encumbrance. Two priorities set out in the Compact are better and increased access to education and livelihoods for refugees, each sectors where UNHCR has noted progress over the past year.
The Ministry of Education estimates the enrolment of 167,000 Syrian children in formal education in the 2016/2017 school year, a 15 per cent increase on the previous year. One hundred additional schools also opened their doors and there are now 198 double-shift schools operating. The new JRP pledges to complement these achievements by constructing and maintaining more schools, as well as and training and investing in more teachers.
The number of Syrians accessing formal employment (all in sectors precluding competition with Jordanian workers) increased over the year with 38,000 Syrians granted work permits. One important factor behind the rise is the GoJ periodically extending grace periods for Syrians wishing to access free work permits. Other positive news for Jordan includes concessional World Bank funding and the European Union relaxing its rules of origin regulations to allow Jordanian products access to its markets.
To build on these achievements, and to help confront those factors preventing the fuller realization of the Compact, UNHCR has initiated a series of nationwide consultations to hear from refugees on the difficulties they encounter in their daily lives, as well as to hear their proposed solutions. The first round was held in mid-January at locations in Amman, Aqaba and Irbid, bringing together refugees and their representatives from each of the 12 governorates.
With an estimated 64,000 Syrian refugee children of school age out of school, refugees stated that the main obstacles to school attendance were economic hardship, the distances to school, and limited transport options. For children in rural areas, accessing school was reported to be especially difficult, particularly for families engaged in transient agricultural work. The same applies to refugees without the necessary documentation, such as refugees without “bail-outs” from camps, or a fixed address.
Refugees also repeated their worry that engaging in regularized work may result in the reduction or cessation of assistance from humanitarian agencies, despite UNHCR assurances to the contrary through various information channels. Others were reluctant to access work permits because, they believe, daily or seasonal informal work allows more flexibility in generating income and more scope for salary negotiation. One additional deterrence, similar to access to education, centres on documentation - a prominent UNHCR protection concern.
UNHCR is planning more refugee consultations in February, this time with Iraqis and other smaller refugee communities, to assist in the formulation of responses to overcoming barriers to opportunity for refugees. What already underpins each of the sessions are two fundamental asks: for the empowerment to reward the generosity of their hosts and for assistance in accessing skills that will one day help in the reconstruction of their countries - both critical aims of the Compact.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.
The number of refugees in Africa nearly doubled from 2.6 million in 2011 to nearly 5 million in 2016. While donor funding for refugee assistance increased during this period, it did not keep pace with rapidly rising needs. As a result, the humanitarian response is significantly underfunded. This has forced cuts in food assistance for some groups of refugees.
The two agency heads warn that food shortages will have dire consequences on the health and protection of such vulnerable people, unless more support is urgently made available.
“We can’t imagine how difficult life is for thousands of refugee families with no food, and often denied the possibility to work or provide for themselves in other ways. Refugees are extraordinarily resilient, but cuts in food assistance – sometimes as high as 50 percent – are having a devastating impact on the health and nutrition of thousands of families,” said UNHCR’s Grandi. “The right to food is a basic human right. We are working with WFP to ensure that no refugee goes to sleep hungry, but support has to come quickly.”
“Millions of refugees depend on WFP food and our work to treat and prevent malnutrition to stay alive. But in Africa they are in danger of being overshadowed by large humanitarian crises elsewhere,” said Cousin. “Donors have been very generous facing unprecedented global needs. But no refugee deserves to be abandoned and left behind.”
UNHCR and WFP recognize the very concerning food security and nutrition situation in the Horn of Africa and the unprecedented needs for assistance. Individuals are fleeing Somalia and South Sudan and arriving as refugees in critical condition. Over 75 percent of the Somali refugee children who have arrived in Dollo Ado in Ethiopia since January were acutely malnourished.
Ten refugee operations in Africa have experienced cuts affecting the quantity and quality of food assistance for approximately 2 million refugees. Food rations have been dramatically cut – in some cases by up to 50 percent – in large operations including Cameroon, Chad, Kenya, Mauritania, South Sudan and Uganda.
Refugees in Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Burundi and Ethiopia have had specific commodities cut including micronutrient fortified blended foods, needed to ensure an adequate quality diet.
UNHCR and WFP are concerned that sustained cuts to food assistance will have severe nutrition and protection-related consequences as refugees try to cope by skipping meals, pulling their children out of schools to stay at home or work and selling family assets.
The nutritional situation of these refugees before the cuts to food assistance was already worrying and is now worsening. Nutrition surveys in 2016 documented high levels of acute malnutrition, anaemia and stunting. In many refugee sites in Ethiopia, Chad, Sudan and Djibouti acute malnutrition is ‘critical’ and anaemia is greater than 40 percent, indicating a public health crisis.
For more information please contact:
Challiss McDonough, WFP/Nairobi, Tel. +254 207 622 179, Mob. +254 707 722 104.
Cecile Pouilly, UNHCR. Mob. +41 79 108 26 25. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Leo Dobbs, UNHCR. Mob. +41 79 883 63 47. Email: email@example.com
Jane Howard, WFP/Rome, Tel. +39 06 651 323 21, Mob. +39 346 760 05 21.
Gregory Barrow, WFP/London, Tel. +44 20 724 090 01, Mob. +44 7968 008 474.
Bettina Luescher, WFP/Geneva, Tel. +41 22 917 8564, Mob. + 41 79 842 8057.
Gerald Bourke, WFP/New York, Tel. +1 646 556 69 09, Mob. +1 646 525 9982.
14,162 Identified unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
86 Households provided with cash grants
1,288,598 NFIs distributed
1,671 Shelters distributed
Population of Concern
Total of people of concern 496,420
USD 214,400,000 requested
6289 Kenyan nationals who in the past registered as refugees, presented themselves to the GOK vetting process through the office of the Deputy County Commissioner (DCC). In addition about 200 refugees who previously applied for/ obtained Kenan identity cards, presented themselves to the GOK for the same vetting process.
5,052 returnees were facilitated to voluntarily return to Somalia by road convoys to Kismayo and Baidoa areas from Dadaab. As of 31st January 2017, about 44,366 Somali refugees had been facilitated to voluntarily rerun from the Dadaab camps.
During the cross border meeting the impact of drought on return and reintegration, peace building initiatives, and provision of country of origin information as well as monitoring returnees with specific needs were discussed.
A total of 455 families comprising of 1,468 non-Somali refugees were relocated from Dadaab to Kalobeyei in January 2017. The refugees were airlifted to Kakuma before being settled in Kalobeyei. Upon arrival, the relocates are provided with Shelter and NFIs.
For the coming 120 days all departures to the US have been cancelled and new cases can no longer be submitted. The cases currently in the pipeline will be put on hold, but will not be cancelled. The resettlement unit will focus on the ending caseload, ensuring that once/if the green light is given these cases will be ready for out-processing. The Resettlement Service in HQ is advocating with other resettlement countries to take over the cases pending with the US.
The medical director of the Dongola Specialist Hospital in northern Sudan reports that the hospital admitted 20 cases of watery diarrhoea last week.
On Thursday, Dr Moataz El Amin said in a press statement that the hospital received 20 people suffering from acute watery diarrhoea from the El Gaab valley, west of Dongola, where private miners are seeking for gold.
He said that the Dongola health authorities moved to El Gaab to curb the spread of the disease among the miners by water chlorination and distributing “protective pills”.
The hospital director added that he does not know the exact number of diarrhoea patients because of the deterioration of the telephone network in the area.
Over the past six months, reports about people suffering from “watery diarrhoea” have regularly reached Radio Dabanga, in particular from eastern Sudan and El Gezira in central Sudan. A number of patients have died.
The federal Health Ministry has acknowledged the spread of the “watery diarrhoea epidemic” in eastern Sudan and Khartoum. The Ministry reported in late January that 333 people were suffering from the deadly disease in El Gedaref, Red Sea, and Khartoum states. However, it did not announce clear measures to contain the disease.
According to the Doctors' Executive Committee in January, the results of laboratory tests on acute diarrhoea samples conducted in the Ahmed Gasim Hospital in Khartoum proved cholera. A specialist in infectious diseases as well as several doctors in Sudan “are convinced that it is cholera,” and not, as reported by federal and state governments, an outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea.
Medics have strongly criticised the government's disregard of the spread of cholera. One of them predicted earlier this month that “Infection rates will be growing in the coming rainy season if the Ministry continues to ignore its outbreak.”
Sudan: UN allocates $21 million to help thousands in need of humanitarian assistance in Sudan [EN/AR]
Khartoum, 20 February 2017. The United Nations, through the Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) – a multi-donor fund that responds to critical humanitarian needs in Sudan – has allocated $21 million to help thousands of people in need of humanitarian assistance across Sudan in 2017.
The humanitarian challenges in Sudan are diverse and complex, including in Darfur where over 3 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance. The SHF focuses on providing emergency assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, and also those returning home after a long period of displacement. Funds to the SHF for this allocation have been donated by the governments of Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
“The Sudan Humanitarian Fund will continue to support the frontline responders in Sudan, the organisations working to provide relief every day, especially to the most vulnerable, such as women and children,” said Ms. Marta Ruedas, the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan.
The SHF draws on alternative approaches to humanitarian assistance. For example, the SHF funds projects that provide cash to vulnerable people who have been displaced for long periods of time, instead of in-kind aid, thus allowing individuals to procure what they need themselves. The needs of people returning to their homes following displacement are also prioritised by the SHF. By focusing on protracted displacement and returnees, the fund aims to strengthen the link between humanitarian response and long-term development and peacebuilding initiatives. Over $5 million of this $21 million also represents multi-year contributions, which will facilitate multi-year planning.
The SHF plays a vital role in ensuring an effective, coordinated, prioritised and principled humanitarian response in Sudan. Since 2006, the SHF has received and granted over $1 billion to international and national NGOs, and UN agencies, funds and programmes, enabling these entities to provide relief to people in need. In 2016, the SHF allocated $38.8, which represented about 8 per cent of the overall funding available to humanitarian partners..
For further information, please contact Samantha Newport, Chief, Communication & Information Section, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Sudan (firstname.lastname@example.org / +249 912 174 454)
United Republic of Tanzania: Refugee Situation in Northwest Tanzania - Statistical Report (Sunday, 19 February 2017)
Sudan: Joint Troika Statement Supporting African Union High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) Peace Process in Sudan
Office of the Spokesperson
The text of the following statement was issued jointly by the Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Norway.
The Troika (Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States) expresses its continued support for the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) peace process, led by former South African President Thabo Mbeki. In support of the AUHIP-brokered Roadmap Agreement signed by both the Government of Sudan and the opposition, the Troika urges the signatories to honor the Agreement by concluding comprehensive cessations of hostilities and engaging in an inclusive political dialogue. The Government of Sudan must now create an environment that is conducive to freedom of expression and political participation by both armed and unarmed opposition in Sudan.
The Troika is also encouraged by the Government of Sudan’s decision to accept the United States’ proposal to support humanitarian assistance to South Kordofan and Blue Nile states (the “Two Areas”). The U.S. proposal is intended to facilitate humanitarian assistance to affected populations in the Two Areas, in line with AUHIP efforts for broader negotiated humanitarian access. The Troika urges the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North to swiftly accept this proposal and facilitate the delivery of life-saving assistance to those in need in the Two Areas.
The ongoing unilateral ceasefires are a significant step toward peace throughout Sudan. However, in order to realize sustainable peace, all parties must engage in a political process. The Troika also encourages continued engagement by the armed movements from Darfur with the AUHIP peace process. We call on the Sudan Liberation Movement - Abdul Wahid Al Nur to cease hostilities and immediately engage with the AUHIP peace process. The Troika also encourages the Government of Sudan to make progress on addressing the root causes of the conflict.
March to May usually constitutes the long rain and a very important cropping season for most countries in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) region. However, the regional consensus climate outlook for the March to May 2017 season indicates an increased likelihood of below normal to near normal rainfall over northern and eastern Tanzania; north, eastern and coastal Kenya; southern and north-western Somalia; north and western Djibouti; western and south-eastern Eritrea; north-eastern, eastern and southern Ethiopia; southern parts of South Sudan; north-eastern Uganda and southern parts of Sudan. On the other hand, the Central and western Tanzania, much of Burundi and Rwanda, western Uganda and south-western parts of South Sudan have increased probability for above to near normal rainfall. Likewise, the southern Tanzania, western, parts of South Rift and central Kenya; much of central Uganda, northern parts of South Sudan, extreme southern parts of Sudan, western Ethiopia, much of Eritrea and parts of central and north-eastern Somalia are likely to have probability of near normal to above normal rainfall.
The forecasted performance of the MAM 2017 rainfall is expected to have mixed implications for food security, livestock production and productivity, water, health in different parts of the region. The climate outlook is likely to lead to both drought and flood related disasters in different parts of the region. Some regions that are predicted to receive depressed rainfall during the MAM 2017 rainfall season also experienced poor rainfall performance during the OND 2016 rainfall season which has pushed areas like Somalia, parts of Kenya, Uganda and Southern Ethiopia into serious food insecurity. Poor performance of the MAM 2017 rainfall will only exacerbate the already deteriorating situation in these countries. On the other hand, there are risk of flooding in some parts of Tanzania; flooding and landslides in parts of Burundi and Rwanda, western Uganda and south-western parts of South Sudan due to the increased probability for above to near normal rainfall.
In order to address the likely impact and take advantage of the MAM 2017 seasonal forecast, the stakeholders are advised to implement the proposed mitigation and response measures across the different socio-economic sectors. In order reduce the impacts of the forecast in the region, there is need to strengthen disaster risk reduction strategies including response capacities, coordination, resource mobilization, communication and advocacy at the regional, national and sub-national levels. For people living in cities, landslide and flood prone zones, structural and non-structural mitigation measures are recommended to avoid damage and losses to lives and properties. For actors working in the Agriculture and food security sector, there is need to diversify livelihoods, plant early maturing and drought tolerant crops in areas with depressed rainfall, maximize the good rains to boost crop and forage production, and avoid planting crops in flood and landslide prone zones. Priorities for the livestock sector include massive livestock vaccination; promote livestock insurance, among others. In the water sector, there is need to close open river banks/dykes and strengthening weak ones; intensify rainwater harvesting; maintain strategic borehole for pastoralists; de-silt water pans and carry out construction of new ones; and carry out effective reservoir management as well as manage conflict in known hotspot zones.
12,381 arrivals by sea in 2017
363,401 arrivals in 2016
649.0 M required for 2016
216.2 M contributions received, representing 33% of requirements
432.8 M funding gap for the South Sudan Situation
386 Enrolled for nutritional rehabilitation in January 2017
9,543 Refugees and IDPs received non -food items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in January 2017.
7,642 Refugees relocated from Yida to Pamir camp as of 31 January 2017
1,857 Fuel Efficient Stoves (FES) distributed to refugees in January 2017.