Sudan - ReliefWeb News
Djibouti: Djibouti: Inter-agency update for the response to the Yemeni situation #41 (25 April - 09 May 2016)
- According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Djibouti government, 35,562 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 31 March 2016 (since 26 March 2015). Of those, 19,636 persons (56 per cent) are Yemeni nationals, 13,962 (38 per cent) are transiting migrants and 1,964 persons (6 per cent) are Djiboutian returnees.
- As of 09 May 2016, UNHCR and ONARS registered 6,260 refugees of whom 6,008 are Yemeni nationals. Most refugees are sheltered in Markazi refugee camp; the remaining refugees live in Obock and Djibouti city.
- As at 09 May, a total of 873 refugees returned spontaneously home from Obock (Markazi camp and Obock town).
- 6,260 Refugees registered since the outbreak of the crisis
- 2,551 Registered females.
- 2,327 Registered children and adolescents.
- Ensure protection of refugees and asylum seekers and provide assistance.
- Provide documents to refugees.
- Work with the government to ensure access to territory and feedom of movement.
- Continue to develop the infrastructure at Markazi camp.
- Continue border monitoring activities.
- 3,201,633 People affected by the conflict (in Yemen and adjacent countries), including refugees and internally displaced persons prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
- 2,755,916 Persons internally displaced prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
- 177,620 Arrivals to Djibouti, Ethiopia Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Sudan mainly by sea or overland since late March 2015.
- 268,097 Refugees in Yemen assisted with protection assistance and life sustaining interventions and items.
- 457,224 Internally displaced Yemenis reached in Yemen with emergency relief items since the onset of the crisis by UNHCR and partners.
USD 172.2 Million Requested by UNHCR for the situation
- From 10 to 13 April 2016, UNDSS and UNHCR conducted a security assessment in Aden. In mid-April 2016, floods and landslides affected over 49,000 individuals across Yemen, damaging houses, crops and vital infrastructure. UNHCR coordinated the shelter and relief items response for nearly 15,000 persons.
- Almost 830 Yemeni refugees, originating mainly from Bab Al Mandab, spontaneously returned from Obock (Djibouti) to Yemen as of the end of April 2016.
- The seventh relocation of Somali refugees from Jijiga to Melkadida camps was completed on 15 April 2016. A total of 672 Somali refugees have now been relocated.
- UNHCR monitors spontaneous returns of Yemenis from the port of Berbera and learned of 40 individuals who returned to Yemen on 23 March, despite unsafe conditions.
New Arrivals to Yemen
In April 2016, 11,245 people arrived in Yemen, representing an eight per cent increase compared to March 2016. Most of the new arrivals, about 9,300 individuals, occurred along the Arabian Sea coast. Ethiopians continue to represent the majority of new arrivals, 10,227 individuals, followed by 1,016 Somalis and two Djiboutian nationals. The 2016 yearly total of new arrivals so far is 39,962 persons, compared to 44,098 over the last four months of 2015.
Despite the high arrival figures, the sea journey remains dangerous. Five individuals drowned in deep water off the Yemeni coast in April (three in the Arabian Sea and two in the Red Sea). So far in 2016, 32 individuals went missing or have died at sea in Yemeni waters.
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
The cessation of hostilities in Yemen took effect on 11 April 2016 and the UN-led peace talks began in Kuwait on 21 April following the delayed arrival of delegates representing the Houthis and former President Saleh. By late April, the talks’ most tangible result was the creation of a De-escalation and Coordination Committee and Local Committees to work on compliance with the cessation of hostilities, leading to improvements despite reported occasional clashes (e.g. in Al Jawf, Marib, Hajjah, Al Bayda and Taizz). On 25 April, a UN Security Council Presidential Statement supported the peace talks, urged all parties to comply fully with the truce and called on Yemeni parties to restore state institutions and political dialogue.
In mid-April, floods and landslides affected over 49,000 individuals across Yemen, damaging houses, crops, vital infrastructure and killing 24 persons. UNHCR coordinated the shelter and relief items response reaching about 15,000 persons.
Meanwhile, Coalition-affiliated forces continued an offensive against extremist elements in the southern governorates. Reportedly suffering many losses, Al-Qaeda militants left the port city of Mukalla on 24 April and moved west into Shabwah. Against this background, a UNDSS-UNHCR security assessment was conducted in Aden between 10 and 13 April. The aim was to ensure security mitigating measures at office premises in the UN enclave, at accommodations and mobile security support are in line with an effort to re-launch a scheme of short duration missions by international staff.
On 6 April 2016, UNHCR in Djibouti received a delegation of officials headed by Mr. Abdul Raqeb Saif Fateh, Chairman of the High Relief Committee (HRC) and Yemeni Minister of Local Administration. They were accompanied by the Executive Secretary of the Djiboutian Office national d’assistance aux réfugiés et sinistrés (ONARS). The mission aimed at visiting the camp facilities, discussing urgent needs and return options to Yemen with refugees.
According to immigration police in Obock, Djibouti, over 500 Yemeni nationals originating from Aden arrived in Djibouti from 11 to 24 April 2016. Rather than seeking asylum, they transited through Djibouti before travelling onwards to other countries. Moreover, some spontaneous returns of Yemeni refugees to Yemen continue to be observed. Almost 830 Yemeni refugees originating mainly from Bab Al Mandab spontaneously returned from Obock as of late April 2016. The conditions of return continue to be assessed as unsafe, both at the departure point because of rough seas and upon arrival in Yemen because of insecurity. In early April 2016, a few vessels were not allowed to leave Obock port by the Djiboutian coast guard. Refugees waited for two days before making the trip to Bab Al Mandab and Al Mokha in Yemen.
On 25 May, the Greek Alternate Minister of Migration Policy, Yannis Mouzalas, met the Regional Governor of Central Macedonia, Apostolos Tzitzikostas, and agreed that the refugee population present in Greece will be distributed fairly across the country by September. The Minister stressed that many current hosting centres in the Greek region of Macedonia will be closed and replaced by new sites across Greece, where refugees will be transferred to.
In Athens on Tuesday 24 May, the Vice Commandant of the US Coast Guard met with the Chief of the Greek Armed Forces to discuss Washington’s intention to contribute to patrols in the Aegean aimed at curbing irregular migration. This discussion comes after the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, expressed Washington’s interest in contributing naval forces to NATO’s mission in the Aegean. The US vessel is to join four NATO ships currently patrolling the Aegean, including the British Cardigan Bay, the Turkish Bodrum, the German Bonn, and the Dutch Van Amstel.
On the occasion of the G7 Summit to be held in Japan on 26 and 27 May, EU leaders are expected to focus their discussions on migration and refugee issues, among other topics. In particular, the G7 is expected to call for a global response to the current challenges, and to commit to increased global assistance. In a joint statement ahead of the Summit, the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, and the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, called on G7 Leaders to meet such expectations.
However, they also stated that “because of geography, the most responsibility is and will continue to be placed on Europe”. Tusk also called on G7 Leaders to encourage other donors to also increase their efforts and, as well as to foster the establishment of resettlement schemes and other legal pathways around the world.
Death at Sea
The Italian Navy reported that a shipwreck occurred on Wednesday, 25 May, off the coast of Libya.
During routine surveillance in the Strait of Sicily, the Navy vessel Bettica identified a boat in precarious conditions with approximately 500 people on board.
The boat capsized due to overcrowding and instability.
Rescue operations began immediately after, while the nearby Navy ship Bergamini sent a helicopter and naval rescue vessels. Over 500 people were rescued and seven bodies were recovered. Both the survivors as well as the bodies of the seven drowned people were taken aboard the Bettica.
Calais, France | AFP | Thursday 5/26/2016 - 17:35 GMT
Some 20 people living in the "Jungle" refugee camp in the northern French port of Calais were injured in a brawl between around 200 Afghans and Sudanese on Thursday, local officials said.
Police said one person had been shot, and officials confirmed that several people received knife and baton injuries.
"Around 20 migrants, three volunteers and a police officer were injured in a brawl between Afghans and Sudanese. The reason for the fight has not yet been determined," the regional authority said in a statement.
The fight broke out as food was being distributed at the Jules-Ferry aid centre, the authority said.
An AFP reporter at the scene said several makeshift shelters were been burned down and that 15 fire trucks had been called to the site.
Around 20 police cars also arrived to break up the fight, and tear gas was deployed, the AFP reporter added.
The situation had calmed down by early evening.
Fights have previously broken out in the tense and desperate atmosphere of the camp, which is roughly divided between the main communities -- primarily Afghans, Sudanese, Kurdish and Syrian.
A fight between Afghans and Sudanese in March left 19 people injured.
Although the government says the number is vastly inflated, French and British charities say nearly 5,000 people remain in the Jungle despite efforts to clear the camp and demolish shelters earlier this year.
Thousands of migrants and refugees have camped out there, hoping to smuggle themselves aboard lorries that are crossing the Channel to Britain.
© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse
Authorities in Sudan have launched a crackdown on Eritrean migrants - arresting those living in the capital, Khartoum, and intercepting hundreds travelling north through the country towards Libya, the launching point for smugglers’ boats heading for Europe.
Read the full article on IRIN
• A sub-national measles campaign is targeting more than 4 million children in five states of Sudan during 22-30 May 2016.
• South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan.
• UNHAS announces provisional direct flights between El Fasher and Sortony, North Darfur.
• An inter-agency mission to the Anka area in North Darfur has reported that 15,000 people in the area need assistance.
In this issue
Sub-national measles vaccination starts P.1
South Sudanese influx into Sudan P.2
UNHAS flights to Sortony, North Darfur P.3
Inter-agency mission to Anka, North Darfur P.4
Measles vaccination campaign starts in five states
On 22 May, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Sudan, the World Health Organizaton (WHO) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched a sub-national measles campaign in six states – Blue Nile, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, White Nile, and Sennar – targeting more than 4 million children aged from 6 months to 15 years. The campaign will run till 30 May and cover the new South Sudanese arrivals in these states as well. The campaign is complementary to the campaigns implemented in 2015 that covered ten states when 9.5 million children were vaccinated. The vaccination campaign has already been completed in West Kordofan State where 728,586 children were vaccinated against measles, indicating coverage of 99 per cent of the target.
The effect of the previous campaign is a reduction of measles cases compared to the same period of the last year. In 2015, up to week 19 there were 2,498 confirmed measles cases and 38 deaths compared to 1,073 confirmed cases and 10 deaths reported this year by the end of the week 19 (13 May 2016), according to the MoH. In addition, there has been reduction of case fatality, especially in Red Sea, Central Darfur and West Darfur states.
WHO supported the campaign by mobilising WHO technical staff at the state level to support the implementation of the campaign. WHO’s support entails efforts to ensure good quality campaign, meet the objectives whilst reaching the expected results; and financial support to fill the gap for the campaign. UNICEF procured vaccines and supplies for the campaign and supported social mobilisation to enhance the coverage.
South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan
South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan. As of 22 May 2016, about 69,000 people are estimated to have arrived in various states in Sudan since January. East Darfur is hosting close to 46,000 people representing 66 per cent of all the new arrivals in 2016. An additional 5,324 people have arrived in Bileil camp in South Darfur and have been registered by Sudan’s Commissioner of Refugees (COR). In West Kordofan, 7,241 arrivals have been reported by the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC); and in White Nile, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) have registered over 9,000 since the beginning of 2016 (please see the table on page 2 for details).
According to UNHCR’s latest update on 12 May, 226,950 South Sudanese arrived in Sudan since December 2013. While the number of new South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan in 2016 is 75 per cent more than 39,622 arrivals registered by UNHCR during the same period last year, the level of funding provided is significantly lower. UNHCR and parterns are updating the response plan for the new arrivals from South Sudan for 2016 and are revising the figures accordingly.
Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)
Attacks on Health Care
Attacks on health care in emergency situations disrupt the delivery of essential health services, endanger care providers, deprive people of urgently needed medical attention, and undermine our long term health development goals.
WHO collaborates closely with others to better understand the problem, bring attention to the issue, and find solutions that can prevent attacks; protect health facilities, workers, transport and supplies; and ensure the continued provision of health care despite such attacks.
WHO releases new report on attacks on health
Currently there is no publicly available source of consolidated information on attacks on health care in emergencies. This report is a first attempt to consolidate and analyse the data that is available from open sources. While the data are not comprehensive, the findings shed light on the severity and frequency of the problem.
Over the two-year period from January 2014 to December 2015, there were 594 reported attacks on health care that resulted in 959 deaths and 1561 injuries in 19 countries with emergencies. More than half of the attacks were against health care facilities and another quarter of the attacks were against health care workers. Sixty-two per cent of the attacks were reported to have intentionally targeted health care.
Arrivals and departures
An estimated number of 1,375 people lost their lives at sea while attempting to reach Europe this year, which is 25% lower than the number people who died during the same period of time in 2015 (1,828). As of 24 May, no such events took place in the Aegean Sea, where during the first months of the year (as of April), 376 people died. By contrast, nearly 95 refugees and migrants drowned in the Mediterranean Sea during May last year, and an estimated 330 died in May 2014. So far this year, 190,960 people reached Europe via the Mediterranean Sea (Spain: 903, Italy: 33,907, Greece: 156,150). As of 23 May, 190,057 people arrived to Italy and Greece.
On 24 May, five separate disembarkation operations of people rescued at sea took place in Augusta (508 people), Catania (395 people), Pozzallo (417 people), Reggio Calabria (290 people), and Crotone (395 people) totalling 2,005 people. People mainly originate from Sub-Saharan countries, Somalia, Eritrea, Egypt, Palestine, and Iraq. Reportedly, another 850 people were intercepted by Libyan authorities. Several hundred rescued refugees and migrants are due to arrive in Italian ports today following rescue operations.
Condition of People
In Greece, at Eidomeni, where thousands of refugees and migrants have been camping for the past two months in hopes that the border crossing would re-open and they would be able to continue their journey, decongestion efforts have been ongoing. People are transferred to several sites throughout mainland Greece. UNHCR has provided people with humanitarian assistance in formal sites and informal sites such as Eidomeni. On 23 May, the Greek Government announced the evacuation of approximately 9,000 people, informing refugees and migrants accordingly. The evacuation of the site began on 24 May and is ongoing.
At the UN World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras expressed his satisfaction with the implementation of the EU-Turkey Agreement so far, saying that refugee flows have significantly diminished. During a meeting with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Tsipras noted that people smuggling seems to have been deterred to a great extent, with NATO’s participation being a crucial element.
Planning, preparation and funding
The European Commission has awarded 25 million euros in emergency funding to the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) to enhance its capacity to further support Greek authorities. These additional resources will be used to support the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March and the EU emergency relocation scheme. The funding is provided under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) of EC DG Home and will allow for the deployment of additional member state experts and interpreters, as well as the setting up of mobile EASO offices in hotspots to assist with asylum application processing.
By Kristy Siegfried
Authorities in Sudan have launched a crackdown on Eritrean migrants - arresting those living in the capital, Khartoum, and intercepting hundreds travelling north through the country towards Libya, the launching point for smugglers’ boats heading for Europe.
United Republic of Tanzania: Burundi Refugee Situation in Tanzania - Daily Statistical Report (Wednesday, 25-May-2016)
The current Burundi refugee situation in Tanzania began late April 2015. The months that followed saw significantly high number of persons of concern arrivng in Tanzania, mainly through Kagunga, a tiny border village along Lake Tanganyika and other entry points in Kigoma region. The population was relocated to Nyarugusu camp, which was already host to 65,000 persons of concern, mainly DR Congolese. The camp quickly ran out of capacity to host the new population, prompting the opening of a new camp, Nduta, in Kibondo district on 07-Oct-2015. Nduta's capacity has been put at 60,000. Another camp, Mtendeli in Kakonko district, also began officially receiving refugees from Burundi on 14-Jan-2016. The two new camps will host Burundian refugees, while other nationals fleeing the Burundi situation, mostly DR Congolese will continue to be hosted in Nyarugusu.
The Great Lakes Region highlights the interconnected nature of conflict. This is particularly true for the four focus countries of the Great Lakes Project (GLP), namely Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Uganda. This interconnectedness forms the basis of the GLP’s regional approach.
While the name ‘Great Lakes Region’ was derived from the freshwater lakes and river basins within the central and eastern part of Africa,1 for the purposes of this article the Great Lakes Region is defined within the context of the regional entity known as the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR). In the ICGLR context, the area of focus is therefore the countries located in the east and central Africa – namely Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic (CAR), South Sudan, Kenya and Sudan. Thus, the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. It is also a region with interlinked conflicts and common fundamental problems that emanate from postcolonial challenges to state-building and nation-building. This article analyses the main conflict dynamics in the Great Lakes Region. The causes, dynamics and effects of conflicts are summarised, but the scope of the article does not allow for the exhaustive delineation of the conflict in each country. Rather, the purpose here is to provide an overview of the root causes of conflicts in Great Lakes Region countries, their maintenance factors, their interconnectivity and their consequences on people.
Arrivals and departures
In Greece, an estimated 126 people arrived over the weekend (21-22 May) in the northern Aegean (35 on Lesvos, 76 on Chios, and 15 on Samos).Condition of People
A study carried out by Save the Children emphasized that child refugees stranded in Greece have been out of school for an average of 1.5 years. The study conducted ahead of the inaugural World Humanitarian Summit found that Syrian child refugees have been out of school for an average of 25.8 months, while Afghan child refugees spent an average of 10.7 months out of the classroom. Yesterday, 23 May, Save the Children, along with UNICEF and others, unveiled a new fund for schooling in emergencies called Education Cannot Wait to help provide schooling for displaced children. Save the Children said it has been providing non-formal lessons – including English and Greek classes – through child-friendly spaces established in several sites in Greece in partnership with UNHCR, and is currently scaling up its education activities in Greece to provide child refugees with access to basic education through temporary classrooms.Key Developments
On 23 May, the Foreign Affairs Council discussed external aspects of migration, in particular, ways to further strengthen cooperation with countries of origin and countries of transit through a common EU approach. In its conclusions on the external aspects of migration, the Council reaffirmed its commitment to a comprehensive and geographically balanced approach, based on bilateral and multilateral cooperation, as well as building on all existing instruments. Ministers notably stressed the need to address the root causes of migration, combat smuggling and trafficking, and ensure cooperation on return and readmission. Focusing on the Eastern Mediterranean, the Council underlined the importance of further implementing the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March. Regarding the Central Mediterranean route, the Council highlighted the need to use the broad range of tools available to manage flows, in cooperation with third countries of origin and transit, and in close collaboration with UNHCR and IOM.
The Council also discussed and adopted conclusions on EUNAVFOR Med Operation Sophia, the EU naval operation to support the fight against smuggling and trafficking in the southern central Mediterranean.
Ministers agreed to extend the Operation’s mandate by one year and add two supporting tasks: ensuring capacity building of and information sharing with the Libyan Coastguard, and contributing to the implementation of the UN arms embargo on high seas off the coast of Libya. The Operation’s mandate will be formally amended once the necessary preparatory work is conducted.
Finally, the Council discussed and adopted conclusions on the EU regional strategy for Syria and Iraq, outlining priorities in working to achieve lasting peace, stability, security in Syria, Iraq and the wider region.
A growing number of children are malnourished in Sudan, according to the Ministry of Health.
The State Minster of Health announced in the Sudanese Parliament on Monday that there is an increased child malnutrition rate in the country. Sumaya Idris presented a report on the Ministry's performance for 2015 and the first quarter of this year.
Stunted growth has increased from 33 to 35 percent from 2006 to 2010, and again to 38 percent in 2014. Chronic malnutrition may result in stunted growth, making a child shorter than average for his or her age. Unlike acute malnutrition, it occurs over time.
Minister Sumaya pointed out that there is a relative stability in the number of children who are weakened by malnutrition. Their rate slightly increased from 15 percent in 2006 to 16 percent in 2010, and numbers remained stable in 2014.
She said there are 1.5 million verified cases of malaria in Sudan. 5.4 new cases of HIV/AIDS were discovered last year; an increase of 4 percent from 2014.
The Ministry of Health acknowledged that it faces many challenges. It highlighted the problem of staff shortages in the many smaller hospitals in Sudan. Doctor assistants and other medical staff often transfer from local hospitals to elsewhere.
According to the UN Children Fund (Unicef) last month, approximately 2 million children under the age of five suffer from acute malnutrition, of which 550,000 are severely acutely malnourished.
Free Detainees; Investigate Abuses
(Nairobi) – Sudanese national security officials have detained dozens of students and activists – many of whom are still in custody – without charge since mid-April 2016, during protests on university campuses.
Some have been held for more than a month. Others are held in locations that the government has not revealed, without access to lawyers or contact with family, putting them at increased risk of torture.
“Sudan is cracking down on activists, students, and even their lawyers, with abusive and thuggish tactics,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The government should put a stop to these tactics, immediately make the whereabouts of all detainees known, and release anyone being held without charge.”
The Sudanese government has repeatedly and violently cracked down on protests, including in September and October 2013, when security forces killed more than 170 protesters. Authorities have arbitrarily detained, tortured, and otherwise ill-treated detained protestors, including using sexual violence on female students.
Starting in mid-April 2016, government security forces, including national security and riot police, clamped down on student demonstrations against the sale of Khartoum University buildings, as well as earlier detention of protesters and a range of other issues at other campuses across Sudan.
Government forces have used tear gas, rubber bullets, and batons – and in some cases live ammunition – to break up protests and arrest scores of protesters. Reports that armed pro-government student groups are helping government security forces to break up protests, including with live ammunition, are of particular concern, Human Rights Watch said. Two students were killed and many more injured in El Obeid on April 19, and Omdurman on April 27.
The government accuses the protesters of using violence and has brought murder charges against one, Asim Omer, a 25-year-old student.
During the crackdowns, Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) have detained dozens of protesters, including young students and older graduates. Human Rights Watch received credible reports that many of those detained have been beaten and subjected to other forms of ill-treatment. Most have not been charged or had access to family or visits from their lawyers.
If the authorities have credible evidence that any of those detained have committed legitimate offenses, they should have already charged the detainees. Anyone not already charged should be released pending any potential charges the authorities intend to bring, Human Rights Watch said.
Among those held without charge for more than a month is Ahmed Zuhair, in his early 20s, who was arrested on April 13, from a hospital where he and others were being treated for injuries sustained during a protest. Murtada Habani, a civil engineer in his late 50s, and Mohammed Farouk, an engineer in his 40s, were among a group arrested on April 23, during a peaceful demonstration in front of Khartoum University.
Authorities have also detained lawyers and student activists during legal consultations. On the afternoon of May 5, a group of about 15 armed national security officials raided the Khartoum law offices of a prominent lawyer, Nabil Adeeb, and arrested a group of students, their family members, and office staff. The students were getting legal advice on appealing a May 3 university decision to suspend or dismiss the students.
The security officers separated the lawyers from their clients, forced most from both groups to squat on the floor, and beat many of them, before forcing about 16 people into police cars, witnesses told Human Rights Watch. The authorities also confiscated Adeeb’s laptop. Security officials also arrested several other students who were not at the meeting, but whom the university had previously dismissed or suspended. Most are held at unrevealed locations, without access to visitors.
All NISS detainees are at risk of ill-treatment and torture, Human Rights Watch said.
Badr Eldin Saleh, a 25-year-old first-year student who was detained on April 13 for 10 days, was beaten while in detention. Family members told Human Rights Watch that when they met him he told them he had been beaten and insulted, was unable to walk easily, and had marks of beating on his back. Saleh was rearrested on May 5 at Adeeb’s office and remains in detention at an undisclosed location.
Female students arrested in April, but since released, told Sudanese monitors that NISS staff sexually harassed them during interrogations. At least three women, including Mai Adil, a student leader in her early 20s and women’s rights activist, were arrested again recently and are being held by NISS at Omdurman Women’s Prison without charge or access to visitors.
Sudanese authorities have stifled reporting on the protests and restricted media freedoms. Editions of _Al Jareeda_, a daily newspaper, have been confiscated five times, most likely because of its reporting on the demonstrations. Zuhair, one of those arrested in April at a hospital, had been attempting to report on the demonstrations, credible sources said. In late May NISS confiscated another publication, _Al Mustaqila_, twice, without providing any reason or grounds.
Human Rights Watch is also concerned about other detainees in NISS custody, some of whom have been in detention for many months. Abdelmonim Abdelmowla, a Darfuri graduate, was arrested in December 2015 with a Darfuri student, Ali Omar Musa. While Musa was released in May 2016, Abdelmowla remains in NISS detention without charge, his lawyers told Human Rights Watch.
“There is no justification for Sudan using or condoning violence and abuse to silence protesters and activists, or arbitrarily detaining them and denying access to lawyers and other due process protections,” Bekele said. “Authorities should immediately put an end to these abuses and respond to public protest in a manner that respects basic freedoms of expression and assembly.”
The US$/SSP exchange rates exhibited daily fluctuations for the better part of April 2016. The local currency gained slight ground against the USD in the intervening period of signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in the last two weeks of April, only to resume loosing trends thereafter and was exchanging at SSP 36-39/1$ in third week of May in the black market. The persistent shortage of dollars continued to dis-incentivize imports into the country during the reporting month.
The fuel crisis, characterized by shortages, hoarding and informal sale on road sides at inflated costs, continued for the fifth straight month in 2016, disrupting road movements and trade. In the black market, diesel costed as high as SSP 150/litre in Bentiu, Bor and Malakal but was slightly lower in Juba (SSP 70-100).
The nominal prices of sorghum, maize, beans, cooking oil and wheat flour continued rising trends in most markets and are significantly higher than their levels a year ago and the long-term mean. The prices of white sorghum, for instance were highest in Wau and Kuajok, going for as much as SSP 88 and 95/malwa, respectively during the reporting month.
In the May-July period, prices of staple foods are expected to continue rising to peak in July while purchasing power will be reduced for many households in line with lean seasonal trends. The dollar and fuel crisis is likely to persist as most areas become inaccessible during the rainy season, further limiting trader’s stocking capacity. The formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) signals positive prospects for recovery of livelihoods, trade and market infrastructure but the economic gains are unlikely to be instant. The high food prices will limit household’s access to food and as a consequence heighten seasonal vulnerability to food insecurity among market-dependent populations especially the urban poor and those with huge consumption gaps in rural areas.
Key Outcomes for the Worst affected Area
Food consumption: South Kordofan: Most people meet their food needs by using some coping strategies such as reducing meals. Over 50% of the internally displaced people (IDPs) are receiving food aid.
North Kordofan: poor food consumption due to Poor production resulted from poor rains this year and the weak purchasing power, 41% of the population have poor access to food.
Central Darfur: 28% of the population suffer from food consumption shortage due to poor production.
North Darfur: 25 % of the population face poor food consumption due to poor staple food production.
Livelihood change: South Kordofan: As a result of the insecurity conditions and high cost of production farmers in affected areas shifted from agricultural production to marginal professions, such as bricks making, timber cutting and trade.
North Kordofan: The reduction in income from sale of crop by 65% due to poor production has resulted in significant change in livelihood towards selling of livestock and earlier than usual migration for labor.
Central Darfur: The increase in displacement ratio is a major change.
North Darfur: most of population in rain-fed agriculture and winter cultivation areas increased dependency on collection and sale of firewood, charcoal and traditional gold mining.
Nutritional status: South Kordofan: GAM rate; reached 14.17 %
North Kordofan: GAM rate was ranged between 2.6 - 15.5 %( according to localities).
Central Darfur: GAM ranged from 5.5 % - 25.3,
North Darfur: No Data available
Sudan: Food Security technical Secretariat - FSTS: Early Warning for Food Security - EWFS, Issue April 2016
Estimated areas to be cultivated for season 2016/ 2017 is 42.1 million feddans .
The lean period for this season began in March, unusually due to the impact of El Nino .
Cereal prices curve was higher by 25 per cent compared to the same period of the previous year, while the prices of animals decreased by 20%.
The growing influx of refugees from South Sudan, their number reached 221.322
Nutrition situation: high incidence of malnutrition in some States.
An increasing pressure on the provision of humanitarian aid in a timely manner as a result of the influx of refugees from South Sudan.