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Updated: 5 hours 10 min ago

Sudan: Sudan: WFP Monthly Agricultural Update, July 2016

9 hours 19 min ago
Source: World Food Programme Country: Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The main 2016/17 agricultural season started in June/July and main crops were currently in the vegetative/growing phase, with weeding taking place in most areas.

  • To date, the rainy season had been good in most states, the rainfall during July was above average, and the NDVI was close to average (see the chart below).

  • Flooding was reported in many parts of the country, including Kassala, South Darfur, North Darfur, Sinnar and White Nile. In some areas, like Hamash Koreib, floods were reported to have damaged agricultural lands.

  • The total area to be cultivated in this season was expected to be higher than the previous season, since most rainfed areas received early and sufficient amount of rain in July.

  • The pasture condition in 2016 is good in most states compared to the previous year

Sudan: Over 100 ex-armed groups surrender in W. Equatoria

11 hours 19 min ago
Source: Sudan Tribune Country: Sudan

August 29, 2016 (YAMBIO) – Over 160 members of the armed group initially lined to the armed opposition movement (SPLM-IO) in South Sudan’s Western Equatoria have reportedly surrendered to government as part of the amnesty pardon from the president.

Speaking to reporters on Monday, Yambio town mayor, Daniel Badagbu said the armed youth were surrendering to the army and other security organs in large numbers.

“We have been receiving members of the armed group in Gbudue state who are abandoning the bush to come home to benefit from the amnesty the president gave to all armed groups in the country,” said Badagbu.

According to the mayor, a committee comprising of government officials, members of the organized forces and the security organs to receive those surrendering as they wait for directives from government on reintegration plans.

Directives were also given to all commissioners to receive those surrendering peacefully and hand them to authorities.

The inter-faith based council for peace and civil society groups have been encouraged to organise a reconciliation workshop and trauma healing sessions in communities to assist the armed groups who surrender to the government.

Hundreds of people died and thousands displaced during the conflict, which also led to the destruction of properties.

The mayor, however, said the state was relatively calm in the past few weeks without gunshots and killings except for a few cases of night theft, which could not be avoided.

He appealed to all armed youth to surrender in order to benefit from the amnesty pardon.

(ST)

Sudan: ‘Discrimination against women on the rise in Sudan’: activists

11 hours 21 min ago
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

Gender activists in Sudan have expressed their concerns about the decline in the gains that women have achieved during the past years.

Speaking to Radio Dabanga, lawyer Amal El Zein, the control of extremist religious groups over the media and educational curricula has led to confining women again to a reproductive role.

“These groups are pressuring the authorities to lay-out discriminatory measures against women, and to send women back home to serve their husbands and children. This is causing a significant setback in the social gains won by women in the past,” she said in an interview that was aired on Monday.

Yesterday, the United Nations Development Programme published an investigative report on gender inequality in Africa, claiming that discriminatory norms for women in Sudan and their restricted civil liberties are considered to be among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. This restricts the economic growth of the region.

El Zein pointed out that the Personal Status Act affects the women's rights most. “This law contains articles that blatantly discriminate against women.”

Personal status laws in Sudan govern legal procedures that pertain to familial relations, including marriage, and are based on the Shari'a, the divine law of Islam.

Work

She added that the failure of the government’s economic policies has exacerbated the problem of poverty, especially among women, “who now need work more than ever’.

Recently, the work of women tea sellers on the streets in Khartoum and Omdurman has suffered from the withdrawal of permits by the state Commissioner. Starting this month the security service has confiscated the women's equipment and harrassed them, one tea seller reported, if they did not pay them a fee.

The activist lawyer demanded the abolition of “all legislation, decrees, and measures that violate women's right to work, restrict their movement, and hinder their communication abilities”. She further stressed the need to eliminate illiteracy among women, and bridge the gender gap in the education sector.

Sudan: UNAMID provides free medical services to IDPs at Krinding Camp, West Darfur

11 hours 44 min ago
Source: UN-AU Mission in Darfur Country: Sudan

On 18 August 2016, UNAMID’s Bangladesh Military component in Sector West, in collaboration with the state Ministry of Health and Government of Sudan (GoS) Military Hospital, provided free medical services to the local inhabitants at Krinding (2) IDPs camp in El-Geneina, West Darfur. More than 350 IDPs, comprising men, women and children received this medical support, which included primary health care, tutorials on general health issues, blood grouping for children, malaria screening and treatment and distribution of antibiotics and vitamins. Additionally, a number of wheelchairs and footballs were distributed to the IDPs.

In his remarks, UNAMID Bangladesh Contingent Commander, Colonel Mezan, said he was touched by the impressive turnout of patients to the medical camp and appealed for similar joint efforts to be held in the future to help the local communities who are in desperate need for this kind of support. “This medical Camp Day initiative comes from the Bangladesh Contingent, who felt the need to complement the Government of Sudan efforts in protecting civilians through the delivery of medical services to disadvantaged local communities who do not have access to the basic health services,” Colonel Mezan added.

In his response, the Commander of the West Darfur state Military Hospital, Lt Col Abdurrahim Ali, acknowledged UNAMID efforts in organizing such critical medical services for internally displaced persons. He urged all the Sheiks in the IDP Camps in the state to register all people with chronic diseases in order to provide them with diagnosis and treatment services at El-Geneina Hospital. “I appeal to all relevant parties in this joint medical services Camp, to mobilize all medical doctors at the local level to support such medical initiatives to facilitate access to basic health services for the needy,” Lt. Col Ali said.

Mr.Yusuf Abdurrahman, Deputy Sheik of Sheiks of El-Sultan IDPs camp, commended the joint cooperation and coordination exhibited in the conduct of the free medical campaign in the area, stating that this support has brought a smile to many sick people. He urged organisers to consider the importance of extending such medical support from one day to at least one week to allow for many more IDPs to access this kind of free medical assistance. Mr. Abdurrahman indicated that the most prevalent diseases in the IDP Camps are malaria, diarrhea and pain related to bone issues. He further expressed the readiness of the IDPs to support the ongoing efforts to organise cleaning campaigns across the IDPs camps to combat the spread of potential epidemic diseases.

Sudan: IDP Children in Sudan Creatively Commemorate World Humanitarian Day

13 hours 5 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Sudan

A record 65.3 million people are now forcibly displaced, over 60% of who remain within their own country making them Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).

Darfur marked World Humanitarian Day 2016 by holding a drawing competition at Abu Shouk camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs).

Read the full story here.

Sudan: 40,000 Sudanese families affected by rains and floods: SRCS

13 hours 5 min ago
Source: Sudan Tribune Country: Sudan

August 29, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) on Monday revealed that 40,620 families have been affected by the heavy rains and floods that hit the country recently.

At a press conference held on Monday, SRCS secretary general Osman Gaafar said his organization provides assistance to the affected population directly and not through any government agency, pointing the aid is being distributed with high level of transparency.

He added that aid was so far distributed to 48,6% of the affected, expecting the current ratio would increase to 76% the during this week.

Gaafar pointed they received significant assistance from the Arab nations, saying that a Saudi air cargo plane carrying aid for the affected has arrived this week.

He stressed that more than 21,000 houses have been completely destroyed by the rains and flood, saying about 1400 SRCS volunteers are helping to distribute the assistance.

The Sudanese authorities had earlier said more than 100 people were killed by rain and flash floods.

Earlier this month, the United Nation Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) cited Sudanese government and humanitarian partners as saying that heavy rain and flooding since early June have affected over 122,000 people and destroyed over 13,000 houses in many parts of Sudan.

The most affected states are Kassala, Sennar, South Kordofan, West Kordofan and North Darfur.

(ST)

Sudan: Three babies die in Sudan’s Kordofan

15 hours 31 min ago
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

August 29 - 2016 EN NAHUD

Four pairs of twins were born in Kordofan at the end of last week. Three of the babies died.

A nurse working at En Nahud Hospital in West Kordofan told Radio Dabanga that the twins were all born in their seventh month a few days ago.

One pair of twins, two boys, was born at the En Nahud Hospital. The three other pairs were born in a hospital in El Obeid, capital of North Kordofan, where their mothers were transferred to as facilities in En Nahud Hospital are lacking.

The first-born of the twins in the En Nahud Hospital died of a lack of oxygen, the nurse said. Two other babies born in El Obeid died as well.

The nurse expressed her concern about the shortage of equipment in En Nahud Hospital, and urged the health authorities to provide the hospital in the West Kordofan capital En Nahud with a fully equipped emergency room with incubators.

Sudan: East Darfur Rizeigat, Ma’aliya sign peace accord

15 hours 34 min ago
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

August 29 - 2016 EL MUGLAD

Leaders of the Ma’aliya and Rizeigat tribes signed a comprehensive peace document in El Muglad in West Kordofan on Saturday.

On Wednesday, a long-awaited reconciliation conference began in El Muglad, aiming to settle the ongoing conflict between the Agarba branch of the Ma’aliya and the southern Rizeigat in East Darfur.

Assistant to the President, Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamid, said during the signing ceremony that the Sudanese government “is ready to support all measures that will support stability in the area”.

He stressed the need to collect all weapons from civilians, and called on all the parties to cooperate with the government in restoring the rule of law.

El Amin Baraka, the Governor of West Kordofan, said that the peace accord between the two tribes needs to be guarded by all, “to prevent rumours that may lead to renewed clashes”.

The Governor of East Darfur, Anas Fadlelmoula, welcomed the outcome of the conference, and called on all parties to stay committed to the reconciliation agreement.

He further expressed his confidence that “Sudan will have solved all its problems at sunset on the last day of this year, and we will move towards development and a comprehensive peace”.

Sudan: KRCS continues distribution of aid to flood-stricken victims in Sudan

15 hours 57 min ago
Source: Kuwait News Agency Country: Sudan

KHARTOUM, Aug 29 (KUNA) -- Kuwait Red Crescent Society continued on Monday distributing relief aid to floods victims in Khartoum through handing 650 parcels to affected families. Head of the Kuwaiti Delegation Ahmad Abduallah Al-Fagaan said in remarks to KUNA that the distribution operations were conducted in Salha region in Omm Durman city for a total of 150 families, and to 500 families in Nefasha region, which is one of the most affected areas from the floods and heavy rains. He expressed hope that the aid would contribute to the alleviation of sufferings of the affected families. Meanwhile, Sudanese people expressed their thanks and appreciation to the KSCS for its generous and continuous help in offering aid amid such disasters. More than 76 people were killed by the floods that hit the country in the past few months.(end) hha.lb

Libya: DTM Libya Flow Monitoring Report 1 (July – August 2016)

17 hours 1 min ago
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Egypt, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, World

IOM Libya presents the first publication of its Flow Monitoring initiative. Libya’s Flow Monitoring statistical and analytical reports build on IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Mobility Tracking Packages towards better articulating Libya’s human mobility profile. Each report presented in this document can be read independently or as part of DTM’s comprehensive Flow Monitoring monthly report.

Flow Monitoring is part of DTM. It captures information on migrants to monitor and understand the trend of movements and population flows in specific locations within a particular time period. DTM Libya’s Flow Monitoring aims to collect and update information on the movement of migrants in Libya, to provide an accurate and timely overview of the migration flows in the country, in particular with regard to:

•Routes used by the migrants who reach and/or transit through Libya

•Identify and monitor the locations where migration flows are most significant

•Provide granulated data on nationalities, sex and age of migrants and specific vulnerabilities

•Develop migration profiles including drivers of migration and migratory trends

The information and analysis provided by DTM Libya complements IOM’s established exercises in the region and in Southern Europe. Considering the scale and complexity of the current migration flows in Libya, the purpose of the DTM is to offer a dynamic approach in relation to the developments of the different routes and the evolving situation in the countries of origin, transit and destination.

This report contains an overview of the findings collected at flow monitoring points in Libya during the period of July – August 2016.

South Sudan: South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan Funding snapshot as of 15 August 2016

29 August 2016 - 5:26pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

World: Les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique - Rapport du Secrétaire général (A/71/211–S/2016/655)

29 August 2016 - 11:50am
Source: UN Security Council, UN General Assembly Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, World

Résumé

Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 70/292 de l’Assemblée générale et fait le point sur les progrès réalisés dans la mise en oeuvre des recommandations figurant dans le rapport du Secrétaire général sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique (A/65/152-S/2010/526).

En application du mandat énoncé dans la résolution 70/292 de l’Assemblée générale, qui prévoit l’élaboration de propositions de politiques sur les obstacles persistants et défis naissants auxquels l’Afrique doit faire face, le présent rapport se penche sur la question des droits fondamentaux des femmes en tant que fondement d’une paix et d’une sécurité durables en Afrique. La mise en exergue de cette problématique concorde avec les projets de l’Union africaine, qui a déclaré 2016 « Année africaine des droits de l’homme, en particulier des droits des femmes ». Le rapport formule également des recommandations concrètes pour, entre autres, défendre et renforcer les droits et rôles des femmes en tant que principaux moteurs et partenaires dans la réalisation, notamment, de l’objectif de l’Agenda 2063 consistant à faire taire les armes d’ici 2020 pour mettre fin à toutes les guerres en Afrique d’ici là, mais aussi de l’objectif 5 du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030 sur l’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation des femmes et des filles, et de l’objectif 16 sur l’avènement de sociétés pacifiques et ouvertes à tous, l’accès à la justice et la mise en place d’institutions efficaces et responsables.

I. Introduction

  1. En 1998, à la demande du Conseil de sécurité (S/PRST/1997/46), mon prédécesseur avait procédé à une analyse approfondie portant sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique. Un rapport rédigé à ce sujet évoquait un ensemble de mesures visant à désamorcer les conflits, instaurer la paix et promouvoir un développement inclusif en Afrique (voir A/52/871-S/1998/318).

  2. Dans sa résolution 63/304, l’Assemblée générale m’a prié de lui soumettre un rapport faisant le point sur l’application des recommandations formulées dans le rapport de 1998. Au terme de consultations ouvertes, notamment avec le système des Nations Unies par l’intermédiaire de l’Équipe spéciale interdépartementale chargée des questions relatives à l’Afrique, coordonnées par le Bureau du Conseiller spécial pour l’Afrique, j’ai publié un rapport d’examen décrivant les progrès accomplis et présentant des recommandations et des propositions en faveur d’un engagement renouvelé des Nations Unies en Afrique (voir A/65/152-S/2010/526).

  3. En réponse aux autres demandes que l’Assemblée générale m’adresse dans ses résolutions successives sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique, je lui présente tous les ans un rapport d’activité dans lequel je mets notamment l’accent sur les problèmes persistants et défis naissants auxquels le continent fait face et les solutions et mesures novatrices qui pourraient être adoptées pour s’y attaquer. Dans ce contexte, et à l’appui de la décision de la Conférence des chefs d’État et de gouvernement de l’Union africaine de proclamer 2016 « Année africaine des droits de l’homme, en particulier des droits des femmes », le présent rapport met l’accent sur le rôle important des droits fondamentaux des femmes dans la promotion d’une paix et d’une sécurité durables en Afrique.

  4. Le rapport met en lumière les complémentarités et synergies entre les objectifs et aspirations à l’égalité des sexes et à l’autonomisation des femmes énoncés dans l’Agenda 2063 et son premier Plan décennal de mise en oeuvre d’une part, et ceux du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030 d’autre part. Il souligne qu’il importe de garantir pleinement les droits des femmes et des filles africaines en matière de paix et de sécurité, notamment dans la mise en oeuvre des conclusions des examens des opérations de paix des Nations Unies en 2015, du dispositif de consolidation de la paix des Nations Unies, de l’étude mondiale et l’examen de haut niveau sur l’application de la résolution 1325 (2000) du Conseil de sécurité concernant les femmes, la paix et la sécurité, et du Sommet mondial sur l’action humanitaire de 2016.

Burundi: Les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique - Rapport du Secrétaire général (A/71/211–S/2016/655)

29 August 2016 - 11:50am
Source: UN Security Council, UN General Assembly Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda

Résumé

Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 70/292 de l’Assemblée générale et fait le point sur les progrès réalisés dans la mise en oeuvre des recommandations figurant dans le rapport du Secrétaire général sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique (A/65/152-S/2010/526).

En application du mandat énoncé dans la résolution 70/292 de l’Assemblée générale, qui prévoit l’élaboration de propositions de politiques sur les obstacles persistants et défis naissants auxquels l’Afrique doit faire face, le présent rapport se penche sur la question des droits fondamentaux des femmes en tant que fondement d’une paix et d’une sécurité durables en Afrique. La mise en exergue de cette problématique concorde avec les projets de l’Union africaine, qui a déclaré 2016 « Année africaine des droits de l’homme, en particulier des droits des femmes ». Le rapport formule également des recommandations concrètes pour, entre autres, défendre et renforcer les droits et rôles des femmes en tant que principaux moteurs et partenaires dans la réalisation, notamment, de l’objectif de l’Agenda 2063 consistant à faire taire les armes d’ici 2020 pour mettre fin à toutes les guerres en Afrique d’ici là, mais aussi de l’objectif 5 du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030 sur l’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation des femmes et des filles, et de l’objectif 16 sur l’avènement de sociétés pacifiques et ouvertes à tous, l’accès à la justice et la mise en place d’institutions efficaces et responsables.

I. Introduction

  1. En 1998, à la demande du Conseil de sécurité (S/PRST/1997/46), mon prédécesseur avait procédé à une analyse approfondie portant sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique. Un rapport rédigé à ce sujet évoquait un ensemble de mesures visant à désamorcer les conflits, instaurer la paix et promouvoir un développement inclusif en Afrique (voir A/52/871-S/1998/318).

  2. Dans sa résolution 63/304, l’Assemblée générale m’a prié de lui soumettre un rapport faisant le point sur l’application des recommandations formulées dans le rapport de 1998. Au terme de consultations ouvertes, notamment avec le système des Nations Unies par l’intermédiaire de l’Équipe spéciale interdépartementale chargée des questions relatives à l’Afrique, coordonnées par le Bureau du Conseiller spécial pour l’Afrique, j’ai publié un rapport d’examen décrivant les progrès accomplis et présentant des recommandations et des propositions en faveur d’un engagement renouvelé des Nations Unies en Afrique (voir A/65/152-S/2010/526).

  3. En réponse aux autres demandes que l’Assemblée générale m’adresse dans ses résolutions successives sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique, je lui présente tous les ans un rapport d’activité dans lequel je mets notamment l’accent sur les problèmes persistants et défis naissants auxquels le continent fait face et les solutions et mesures novatrices qui pourraient être adoptées pour s’y attaquer. Dans ce contexte, et à l’appui de la décision de la Conférence des chefs d’État et de gouvernement de l’Union africaine de proclamer 2016 « Année africaine des droits de l’homme, en particulier des droits des femmes », le présent rapport met l’accent sur le rôle important des droits fondamentaux des femmes dans la promotion d’une paix et d’une sécurité durables en Afrique.

  4. Le rapport met en lumière les complémentarités et synergies entre les objectifs et aspirations à l’égalité des sexes et à l’autonomisation des femmes énoncés dans l’Agenda 2063 et son premier Plan décennal de mise en oeuvre d’une part, et ceux du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030 d’autre part. Il souligne qu’il importe de garantir pleinement les droits des femmes et des filles africaines en matière de paix et de sécurité, notamment dans la mise en oeuvre des conclusions des examens des opérations de paix des Nations Unies en 2015, du dispositif de consolidation de la paix des Nations Unies, de l’étude mondiale et l’examen de haut niveau sur l’application de la résolution 1325 (2000) du Conseil de sécurité concernant les femmes, la paix et la sécurité, et du Sommet mondial sur l’action humanitaire de 2016.

World: Causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa - Report of the Secretary-General (A/71/211–S/2016/655)

29 August 2016 - 11:33am
Source: UN Security Council, UN General Assembly Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, World

Summary

The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/292, reviews progress made in the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/65/152-S/2010/526).

The present report covers the period from July 2015 to June 2016 and highlights major developments regarding peace and security and its interaction with socioeconomic development in Africa. It examines the progress made by the United Nations system in implementing key priority areas identified in the review report, as well as the support the Organization has been providing in the implementation of the peace and security priorities contained in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063 of the African Union and its first 10-year implementation plan (2014-2023).

Consistent with the mandate of General Assembly resolution 70/292 to develop policy proposals on persistent and emerging challenges confronting Africa, the present report addresses the issue of women’s human rights as the basis for sustainable peace and security in Africa. That thematic focus aligns with the African Union’s declared theme for 2016, the “African Year of Human Rights with Particular Focus on the Rights of Women”. The report also presents concrete recommendations to, inter alia, uphold and enhance the rights and roles of women as key drivers and partners in the quest to achieve, in particular, the Agenda 2063 goal of “silencing the guns by 2020” to end all wars in Africa by 2020, as well as Goal 5, on gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, and Goal 16, on peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice and effective and accountable institutions, of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

I. Introduction

  1. Following a request from the Security Council (S/PRST/1997/46), my predecessor undertook, in 1998, a comprehensive analysis of the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa. The subsequent report proposed specific measures to significantly reduce conflict, build peace and promote inclusive development in Africa (see A/52/871-S/1998/318).

  2. In its resolution 63/304, the General Assembly requested me to submit a report reviewing the status of implementation of the recommendations contained in the 1998 report. Following broad-based consultations, including with the United Nations system through the Interdepartmental Task Force on African Affairs, coordinated by the Office of the Special Adviser on Africa, I issued a review report outlining progress, recommendations and proposals for a renewed engagement with Africa (see A/65/152-S/2010/526).

  3. Pursuant to additional requests of the General Assembly, in its successive resolutions on the subject, I continue to submit annually a progress report on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa, focusing, inter alia, on persistent and emerging challenges and innovative solutions and measures for their redress. In that context and in support of the decision of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union to declare 2016 the “African Year of Human Rights with Particular Focus on the Rights of Women”, the present report focuses on the important role of women’s human rights in advancing sustainable peace and security in Africa.

  4. The report highlights the complementarities and synergies between the gender equality and women’s empowerment aspirations and goals contained in Agenda 2063 and its first 10-year implementation plan, and those of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It underscores the importance of ensuring the full rights of African women and girls in peace and security, including in the implementation of the outcomes of the 2015 reviews of United Nations peace operations and the United Nations peacebuilding architecture and the Global Study and High-level review of the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, as well as the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit.

Nigeria: Causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa - Report of the Secretary-General (A/71/211–S/2016/655)

29 August 2016 - 11:33am
Source: UN Security Council, UN General Assembly Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda

Summary

The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/292, reviews progress made in the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/65/152-S/2010/526).

The present report covers the period from July 2015 to June 2016 and highlights major developments regarding peace and security and its interaction with socioeconomic development in Africa. It examines the progress made by the United Nations system in implementing key priority areas identified in the review report, as well as the support the Organization has been providing in the implementation of the peace and security priorities contained in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063 of the African Union and its first 10-year implementation plan (2014-2023).

Consistent with the mandate of General Assembly resolution 70/292 to develop policy proposals on persistent and emerging challenges confronting Africa, the present report addresses the issue of women’s human rights as the basis for sustainable peace and security in Africa. That thematic focus aligns with the African Union’s declared theme for 2016, the “African Year of Human Rights with Particular Focus on the Rights of Women”. The report also presents concrete recommendations to, inter alia, uphold and enhance the rights and roles of women as key drivers and partners in the quest to achieve, in particular, the Agenda 2063 goal of “silencing the guns by 2020” to end all wars in Africa by 2020, as well as Goal 5, on gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, and Goal 16, on peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice and effective and accountable institutions, of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

I. Introduction

  1. Following a request from the Security Council (S/PRST/1997/46), my predecessor undertook, in 1998, a comprehensive analysis of the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa. The subsequent report proposed specific measures to significantly reduce conflict, build peace and promote inclusive development in Africa (see A/52/871-S/1998/318).

  2. In its resolution 63/304, the General Assembly requested me to submit a report reviewing the status of implementation of the recommendations contained in the 1998 report. Following broad-based consultations, including with the United Nations system through the Interdepartmental Task Force on African Affairs, coordinated by the Office of the Special Adviser on Africa, I issued a review report outlining progress, recommendations and proposals for a renewed engagement with Africa (see A/65/152-S/2010/526).

  3. Pursuant to additional requests of the General Assembly, in its successive resolutions on the subject, I continue to submit annually a progress report on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa, focusing, inter alia, on persistent and emerging challenges and innovative solutions and measures for their redress. In that context and in support of the decision of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union to declare 2016 the “African Year of Human Rights with Particular Focus on the Rights of Women”, the present report focuses on the important role of women’s human rights in advancing sustainable peace and security in Africa.

  4. The report highlights the complementarities and synergies between the gender equality and women’s empowerment aspirations and goals contained in Agenda 2063 and its first 10-year implementation plan, and those of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It underscores the importance of ensuring the full rights of African women and girls in peace and security, including in the implementation of the outcomes of the 2015 reviews of United Nations peace operations and the United Nations peacebuilding architecture and the Global Study and High-level review of the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, as well as the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit.

Sudan: Human Rights Update: May 2016 - Children again the unacceptable victims of the conflict

29 August 2016 - 10:53am
Source: Sudan Consortium Country: Sudan

The Sudan Consortium has been working with a group of trusted local Sudanese partners who have been monitoring human rights violations committed against the civilian population in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile since the current conflict began in 2011.

We believe that this information provides strong evidence that civilians are being directly and deliberately targeted by the Sudanese government in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile as all the attacks referred to in this report were launched against areas that were clearly identifiable as civilian in character.

Attacks against civilians in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile (also known as the “Two Areas”) continued in May, albeit at a reduced rate compared to incidents reported during the previous two months. Our monitors recorded a total of 29 incidents in the two areas with the majority of them (20 out of the 29) taking place in Southern Kordofan's Heiban County resulting in the deaths of six children from a single incident, which garnered significant coverage including a petition signed by over 650 organisations and individuals.

One rocket attack was reported in Umdorein County, a looting incident in Tobo (Alburam) County and another looting incident in Delami County of Southern Kordofan. In Blue Nile, monitors documented six incidents of aerial bombing in Kurmuk County. Our monitors reported a total of 52 bombs dropped by the government of Sudan (GoS) planes in civilian areas of Southern Kordofan and 39 dropped in civilian areas of Blue Nile. In addition, there were two incidents of artillery shelling in Southern Kordofan.

The monitors recorded a total of 13 people killed in the two areas, three of them from Blue Nile. In Southern Kordofan, six of the 10 civilians killed were children. These children were killed in Heiban County in a single incident following aerial bombardment by GoS. Three were from one family, aged between four and 15 years old. In addition, our monitors reported 34 animals (cows, donkeys and goats) and five chickens killed in Southern Kordofan, in addition to 155 cows looted by Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) soldiers and associated government militias. The consistent looting and killing of animals during this war has had a strongly negative impact on the communities as the animals are a crucial source of milk and meat, as well as a source of money when sold.

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma New Arrival Registration Trends 2016 (as of 29 August 2016)

29 August 2016 - 9:08am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Sudan: More than 300 shelters destroyed by rains in Central Darfur camps

29 August 2016 - 8:08am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

Heavy rainfall in Central Darfur on Friday and Saturday destroyed at least 316 shelters in the Nierteti camps for the displaced.

Speaking to Radio Dabanga from the Southern Nierteti camp, a camp sheikh reported that 112 homes collapsed in Khor Ramla, Garsila, and the Northern and Southern Nierteti camps. At least 204 homes in the other camps fell-down as well.

The sheikh said that inventory is still ongoing. The affected families are now living in the open.

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma Camp Population Statistics (as of 29 August 2016)

29 August 2016 - 7:01am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Sudan: IFAD and WFP Team Up to Promote Food Security in Sudan

29 August 2016 - 6:05am
Source: International Fund for Agricultural Development, World Food Programme Country: Sudan

KHARTOUM - The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today signed a Memorandum of Understanding to promote food security through improvement of agricultural production among smallholder farmers in Sudan.

Through this agreement, the two agencies will work to enhance quality and access to agricultural resources for smallholder farmers. This includes providing them with improved seeds, training on agricultural credit and on methods to reduce post-harvest losses. Both agencies will also work to improve availability of market services for produce. The agreement will also enable the two agencies to strengthen cooperation on climate analysis including policy and monitoring of climate impact on agricultural activities, the aim being to help communities adapt to changing climate patterns.

The agreement was signed by IFAD Country Programme Officer Ahmed Subahi and the then WFP Sudan Representative and Country Director Adnan Khan at the WFP Country Office in Khartoum.

"IFAD Country Office is pleased to sign this agreement with WFP today, which is an excellent example of extended collaboration between the Rome-based agencies here in Sudan,” said Ahmed Subahi, IFAD Country Programme Officer in Sudan. “We are looking forward to working closer with WFP in the framework of this agreement to achieve our common objective in supporting poor rural people."

While IFAD and WFP have been promoting food security in Sudan for decades, this is the first time that both organizations have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to formalize their partnership in the country.

“WFP is pleased to partner with our sister agency, IFAD, to boost our efforts with smallholder farmers in Sudan through our Farmers to Market programme,” said WFP Sudan Head of Programme Marco Cavalcante. “We fully expect that this collaboration will strengthen our ongoing efforts to promote resilience and self-reliance among the vulnerable communities that we support.”

In its efforts to promote food security and build resilience among vulnerable communities, WFP implemented its innovative Farmers to Market (F2M) Programme in 2010 to assist smallholder farmers. Through this effort, WFP partnered with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and the Central Bank of Sudan to enable smallholder farmers to access markets for training, insurance, and credit. As a result, WFP is assisting 45,000 smallholder farmers across Sudan to improve production and become self-sufficient. WFP is seeking to expand the Farmers to Market Programme to reach more than 80,000 smallholder farmers by next year.

Among the 80 countries that WFP supports, its operations in Sudan remain among its largest and most complex. WFP provides food assistance to vulnerable people in Darfur and other food insecure groups in the east and border areas to the south. This year, WFP plans to assist 4.6 million vulnerable people in Sudan through a mix of activities, including food distribution, school feeding, nutrition programmes and food assistance for assets and training.

Since inception of its activities in Sudan in 1979, IFAD has invested US$257 million to finance 20 programmes and projects. By the end of 2015, IFAD had been implementing eight projects that stretched over 11 states in 50 localities, encompassing areas with a high concentration of the rural poor. Currently, IFAD projects extend to 731 communities and more than 400,000 direct beneficiaries.