Sudan - ReliefWeb News
In January 2017, renewed fighting in Upper Nile and the Equatorias displaced thousands of civilians. In all, over 58,000 South Sudanese sought refuge in neighbouring Uganda in January alone, mainly from Yei, Morobo, Lainya and Kajo-Keji. In Western Equatoria, about 4,000 people fled to Yambio town and another 3,000 displaced to Makpandu, Rimenze Church and Kasia Boma following attacks on Bazungua, Bazumburo, Bodo, Gitikiri and Rimenze villages, north of Yambio town. In Upper Nile, fighting broke out in the vicinity of Wau Shilluk and Malakal town on 25 January, displacing thousands civilians and disrupting humanitarian activities. Wau Shilluk, which had a population of around 20,400 prior to the fighting, was reportedly deserted by the end of January. Most civilians fled north to Padiet, Pathaw, Lul and Kodok, where partners have reported the arrival of more than 8,000 displaced people. Still in Upper Nile, fighting also erupted in Nasir, forcing over 30,000 people from Kueturenge, Madeng to flee their homes to Jikmir and areas along the Baro and Giro rivers bordering Ethiopia. During the month, Wau also received around 12,000 new arrivals, displaced from Jur River region where fighting and increasing insecurity also reported. In Unity, new cholera cases were confirmed in Mayendit County.
1.89 million Internally displaced people
223,994 IDPs in Protection of Civilians sites
262,560 Refugees in South Sudan
1.5 million South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries
Luk Riek Nyak
The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) has facilitated a unique two-day-long peace forum in Pariang, north of Bentiu. The dialogue was the first time that the peacekeeping mission brought together representatives of both the local community and Sudanese nomads, who seasonally move in to the area in search of pasture for their animals.
The dialogue was attended by a total of 57 people, including legislators, traditional chiefs, religious leaders, women, youths and representatives from the nomadic Falata and Misseriya communities.
The forum, organized by the UNMISS Civil Affairs Division, aimed to promote dialogue and peaceful coexistence during the seasonal migration of the nomadic groups from the north.
“We have had very interactive and candid discussions”, says Jackline Odero, an UNMISS Civil Affairs Officer.
She said the forum enabled the participants to identify gaps between the communities including a lack of collaboration and youths not participating in managing conflicts that have arisen because of a failure to “fully implement previous peace agreements reached between the nomads and the host community“.
The state minister of local government and law enforcement, Simon Nyok Deng, spoke during the opening of the forum and urged the host communities and the nomadic representatives to coexist peacefully, underlining the “disastrous” consequences of conflict.
Mr. Tom Elnar Bakiet, a representative from the nomadic Misseriya community, stressed that relations between his people and the host community have improved since an agreement was reached some time ago.
“Now there is not any problem (between Misseriya and Dinka Pariang), people are moving freely, before there were some issues but after the consultation there was no problem. Problems are caused by the issues of cattle raiding from both sides. Of course there was some random killing, but after the agreement on how people can live together peacefully, there is no issue”, Mr. Bakiet said.
Mr. Bol Buok, a youth representative from Pariang, was also satisfied with the unique dialogue forum, which included discussions about how to solve problems and the role of women and youth in society.
“The message we got from the workshop is that we are the ambassadors to preach peace within our communities, and this is what we have learned from the forum”, Mr. Bol Buok concluded.
A cholera outbreak is ongoing in eastern Sudan. In El Gedaref, the local hospital is admitting as many as five suspected cases per day, while in Red Sea state, over 500 suspected cases were reported at the beginning of February. In Port Sudan, Red Sea state, 38 cases of scabies have been detected, highlighting the lack of safe water provision. In the Two areas, the SPLM-N refuses to accept a plan proposed by the US government for delivering humanitarian assistance as they do not agree to the supply route that would be used.
In 2016, over 900,000 people were internally displaced, up from over 700,000 in 2015. In total, over 2.2 million IDPs have been recorded since 2009. Over 90% of the displacement is due to armed conflict. Inter-communal violence between Luba and Batwa communities in Tanganyika has resulted in over 234,000 people displaced in the province in 2016.
Food water, and fuel are primary concerns among returnees, particularlz in east Mosul neighbourhoods. Electricity has been cut by IS and over 80% of infrastructure damaged. Premature returns are also a major concern in areas without proper decontamination. Protection risks have been heightened by increased fighting and casualties across the country and violent protests in the capital, including in Baghdad's green zone where 180 casualties occurred. Recent IS attacks in Baghdad, Mosul, Diyala and Tal Afar have resulted in at least 10 deaths and 34 injuries, including the shooting of an Algerian journalist. Fighting in Tal Afar also continues.
Next GEO updated on Tuesday 21 February 2017.
Sudan: Joint NGO Statement: Urgent Concern for Rights Defender on Hunger Strike Over Unlawful Detention
(14 February 2017) Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam, a prominent Sudanese human rights defender, has been unlawfully detained for over two months, held by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) at Khartoum’s Kober Prison without charge or access to legal representation, 39 human rights groups and activists said.
Dr. Mudawi, who was arrested with his driver, Adam El-Sheikh Mukhtar, on December 7, 2016 at the University of Khartoum, has received three brief visits from family members, all of which have been supervised by the NISS. A public statement issued by the family after meeting him on January 27, 2017 stated that he appeared to be in poor health with visible weight loss. They said that the NISS have prevented Dr. Mudawi from receiving essential medication for a pre-existing heart condition. The latest visit, on February 9, followed a week-long hunger strike that continues to date. The family noted that Dr. Mudawi has lost further weight and is extremely fragile with decreasing blood pressure.
Released detainees also reported to Hurriyat and Radio Dabanga that they saw Dr. Mudawi being beaten by NISS officers following the declaration of his first hunger strike.
February 14, 2017 is 70 days since his arrest, and 13 days since Dr. Mudawi resumed a hunger strike to protest his detention without charge or access to legal representation. He originally went on hunger strike on January 22, but ended it on January 27 following a family visit. Dr. Mudawi resumed his hunger strike on February 2 to protest the continued unlawfulness of his detention. He has since been placed into a “punishment cell” with bad ventilation and very hot temperatures, thereby exacerbating his medical concerns. The NISS have furthermore opened proceedings against Dr. Mudawi under Article 133 (Attempted Suicide) as a result of his hunger strike.
The Government of Sudan, under law, is responsible and accountable for the mental and physical integrity of Dr. Mudawi, and over a dozen other detainees who are being held by NISS without charge or access to their families and lawyers. They include human rights defenders Tasneem Ahmed Taha Alzaki and Hafiz Idris. The NISS is known for ill-treatment and torture. Released detainees have reported harsh beatings by officials in Kober prison.
The undersigned organisations and individuals call on the Sudanese authorities to immediately release all detainees or to charge them with an internationally recognised offence, and to ensure their physical and psychological integrity in custody.
The prolonged detention, without access to counsel, of Dr. Mudawi and his colleagues constitutes a clear violation of international human rights norms, which prohibit arbitrary or unlawful detention. Sudan’s 2010 National Security Act allows NISS to hold detainees for up to four and a half months without judicial review, in violation of international human rights norms.
Moreover, the abuse of detainees – as documented by these organisations – violates Sudan’s obligations under international law and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which prohibit torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment and treatment.
The organisations condemn the silencing of political opposition members, activists, and human rights defenders through arbitrary detention, despite constitutional guarantees of the freedom of expression, association, and assembly. The criminalisation and arbitrary detention of human rights defenders is contrary to the protections guaranteed by the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders and Sudan’s obligations under international and regional human rights law.
The groups call upon the Government of Sudan to grant the aforementioned detainees immediate and unequivocal access to their lawyers and family members, and release them in the absence of valid legal charges consistent with international standards.
The groups also call on Sudan to reform the 2010 National Security Act which grants the NISS wide powers of arrest and detention for up to four and a half months without judicial review, as well as broad powers of search and seizure, permits incommunicado detention without prompt access to a lawyer, and grants immunity to officials.
The groups furthermore call for the investigation and prosecution of those found responsible for ill-treatment and torture. The organisations are unaware of any prosecution of NISS officers despite wide reporting of ill-treatment and torture in NISS facilities. Impunity for such violations remains the norm.
Dr. Mudawi was arrested by NISS on December 7, 2016 from the University of Khartoum with his long-time driver, Adam El Sheikh Mukhtar. NISS did not notify Dr. Mudawi’s family that he was in custody until one week after his arrest. Nora Abaid, an accountant at Dr. Mudawi’s engineering company, Lambda Engineering, is also detained. She was detained on December 12, 2016 by plain-clothes NISS officers in an unmarked car. She has received one family visit, following which there were concerns over her psychological well-being.
NISS officials interrogated the three detainees twice during the initial week of their respective detentions and have not questioned them since. The reason for their arrest and detention remains unclear.
On January 13, 2017, two of Dr. Mudawi’s brothers were allowed a very short meeting supervised by the NISS. Family again visited Dr. Mudawi on January 27 and persuaded him to temporarily abandon his hunger strike for the benefit of his health and to allow the family to make representations on his behalf to national institutions. Dr. Mudawi agreed, though stated he would commence an open-ended hunger strike on February 2 unless the authorities issued formal charges or released him. The deadline has passed and Dr. Mudawi has started his second hunger strike. Dr. Mudawi suffers from a long-standing heart condition thereby increasing the risks and dangers associated with a hunger strike. The family were allowed access again on February 9, one week after the commencement of his hunger strike. They noted he was incredibly weak and was consequently visited by a prison doctor on February 5. The doctor took his blood pressure, which was low and decreasing. The family have demanded that Dr. Mudawi be granted access to his own doctor.
Former detainees’ report that Dr. Mudawi has suffered torture at the hands of security officials. A source reports that Dr. Mudawi was chained to a cooling system in an isolated part of Kober Prison, his hands and feet bound together, and beaten by members of the security forces over several days. Individuals reported that Dr. Mudawi was beaten on January 22 and 23.
Please follow this link for further background: Prominent Human Rights Defender Detained Incommunicado.
Human Rights Watch (HRW): Jehanne Henry (English, French): +1 917 443 2724, email@example.com.
The African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS): Mossaad Mohamed Ali (English, Arabic, Swedish): +256 779584542; or Emily Cody, (English): +256 788695068, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Act for Sudan
African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS)
Al-Khatim Adlan Centre for Enlightenment and Human Development (KACE)
Arab Coalition for Sudan (ACS)
Association for Human Rights in Ethiopia (AHRE)
Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS)
Darfur Bar Association (DBA)
Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre (DRDC)
Defend Defenders (EHAHRDP)
Democratic Thought Project
Face Past for Future Foundation (FP4F)
FIDH, within the framework of the Observatory for Protection of Human Rights Defenders
Front Line Defenders (FLD)
Human Rights and Development Organization (HUDO)
Human Rights Watch (HRW)
Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (HART)
International Justice Project (ICJ)
International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI)
Investors Against Genocide
Journalists for Human Rights (JHR)
Massachusetts Coalition to Save Darfur
National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders Uganda
Pan African Human Rights Defenders Network
PAX for Peace
South Sudan Human Rights Defenders’ Network (SSHRDN)
Southern African Human Rights Defenders Network
Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG)
Sudan Human Rights Initiative (SHRI)
Sudan Rights Group (Huqooq)
World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), within the framework of the Observatory for Protection of Human Rights Defenders
Ahmed Isam Aldin – Visual Artist, Art Vs War Asha Khalil El-Karib, Women Rights Defender Baroness Caroline Cox, House of Lords Majid Maali, Human Rights Lawyer, East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project
A United Nations Integrated Assessment Team, led by UNAMID Deputy Joint Special Representative (DJSR)-Protection, Ms. Bintou Keita, travelled to Sortony, North Darfur from 29-31 January 2017 to conduct an on-the-ground assessment of the situation at the UNAMID Team Site, the adjacent IDP Gathering Site, and nearby Kube water point.
The Assessment Team comprised UNAMID staff from Civil Affairs, Protection of Civilians and Humanitarian Liaison, Gender, Legal Affairs, Rule of Law, Communications and Public Information Sections, as well as the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator for Darfur and staff from the United Nations Country Team (UNCT).
Extensive meetings were held with Team Site personnel, humanitarian personnel, IDP women, IDP leaders and Kube nomadic leaders.
The IDPs expressed appreciation to UNAMID and the humanitarian agencies for their provision of protection and humanitarian assistance to the population over the past one year. UNAMID peacekeepers provide protection through presence to the IDPs in the Gathering Site through short and long-range patrolling, including specifically for women undertaking livelihood activities such as firewood collection and farming. In addition, four observation posts have been constructed at strategic points inside the IDP Gathering Site in order to provide peacekeepers with clear long-range lines of sight into the camp and surrounding areas. UNAMID police also patrol within the IDP Gathering Site, including on foot, to ensure optimal interaction with the population.
The Assessment Team also engaged community leaders on the need to work with UNAMID Civil Affairs Section (CAS) to urgently address pending conflict related issues in the area which have the potential of degenerating into serious inter-community conflicts. Additionally, CAS is working with local opinion leaders, who have played a positive role in a number of the reconciliation efforts between the IDPs in Sortony, to support the local Native Administration bring the parties to the negotiating table.
The rate of cholera infection which is claimed by Sudan’s government to be acute watery diarrhoea has resumed rising in El Gedaref after it has seen a drop down over the past period.
A health source told Radio Dabanga that the isolation ward at El Gedaref hospital is overcrowded with cholera infected patients.
“The number of cases in El Gedaref Hospital isolation ward is more than 20, while the average daily visit to the hospital amounts to five cases,” he said.
Incidences of cholera in El Gallabat East locality continue with limited rates, while the districts of El Gedaref town have recorded an increase in the infection rates. The El Azaza Um Khanjar area in El Gedaref locality recorded three new cases of cholera on Wednesday.
The source strongly criticised the government's disregard of the spread of cholera and the El Gedaref Ministry of Health ignoring of the disease, despite its spread for several months.
“Infection rates will be growing in the coming rainy season if the Ministry continues to ignore its outbreak,” he predicted.
According to the Doctors' Executive Committee in January, the results of laboratory tests on acute diarrhoea samples conducted in the Ahmed Gasim Hospital in Khartoum proved cholera. A specialist in infectious diseases as well as several doctors in Sudan “are convinced that it is cholera,” and not, as reported by federal and state governments, an outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea.
United Republic of Tanzania: Refugee Situation in Northwest Tanzania - Statistical Report (Sunday, 12 February 2017)
The current Burundi refugee situation in Tanzania began late April 2015. The months that followed saw significantly high number of persons of concern arrivng in Tanzania, mainly through Kagunga, a tiny border village along Lake Tanganyika and other entry points in Kigoma region. The population was relocated to Nyarugusu camp, which was already host to 65,000 persons of concern, mainly DR Congolese. The camp quickly ran out of capacity to host the new population, prompting the opening of a new camp, Nduta, in Kibondo district on 07-Oct-2015. Nduta's capacity has been put at 50,000. Another camp, Mtendeli in Kakonko district, also began officially receiving refugees from Burundi on 14-Jan-2016. The two new camps will host Burundian refugees, while other nationals fleeing the Burundi situation, mostly DR Congolese will continue to be hosted in Nyarugusu.
South Sudan: South Sudan Situation: Regional overview of population of concern as of 31 January 2017
World: Mixed Migration Flows in the Mediterranean and Beyond: Compilation of available data and information - Reporting period 12 Jan - 8 Feb 2017
Until 31 January 2017, there were 4,480 cumulative arrivals to Italy, compared to 5,273 arrivals recorded in the same month in 2016 (a 15% decrease). Greece has seen a 97% lower number of arrivals in January 2017 when compared to the same period in 2016, 1,387 and 67,954 respectively.
According to available data, there have been 11,233 new arrivals to Greece, Italy and Bulgaria, as countries of first arrival to Europe since the beginning of 2017 till 8 of February 2017.
The total number of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece and in the Western Balkans is 74,909. Since the implementation of the EU-Turkey agreement on the 18th of March, the number of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece increased by 59%. For the rest of the coun-tries, please read page 5.
As of 8 February 2017, there have been 11,990 indi-viduals relocated to 24 European countries. Please see the new page on relocations for more information.
As of 31 January 2017, a total of 864 migrants and refugees were readmitted from Greece to Turkey as part of the EU-Turkey Agreement with last readmis-sion taking place on 31 January 2017. The majority of migrants and refugees were Pakistani, Syrian, Af-ghan, Algerian and Bangladeshi nationals. See Tur-key section.
Information about “contingency countries” in the Western Balkans (Albania, Kosovo (SCR 1244)*, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina) is on page 29.
For information on this report, including details on the sources of this report’s data and tallying method-ologies used, please see page 30.
For more updates on the Central Mediterranean route, please check IOM’s Mediterranean portal with most recent DTM report from Libya and Niger.
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed the announcement last week of a US$85.2 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan. The donation will enable WFP to provide vital food and nutrition assistance in 33 countries across Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
“This generous donation comes at a time when increasing numbers of vulnerable people around the globe are desperately seeking safety, food and hope for tomorrow,” said Kojiro Nakai, Officer-in-Charge of WFP Japan Office. “We are most grateful for Japan’s leadership in promoting the “humanitarian-development nexus” (the linking relief and development assistance) through sustainable solutions addressing both urgent hunger needs and underlying causes. Together with Japan, WFP will continue to work towards zero hunger.”
About half of the donation from Japan, or US$47 million, will support WFP’s operations in 23 African countries, particularly in response to slow-onset crises in Malawi, Lesotho and Swaziland, where the El Niño phenomenon has severely affected the food security of millions of people.
In Malawi, Japan’s funds will enable WFP to purchase maize, pulses and vegetable oil for nearly 420,000 food-insecure people to benefit from seamless relief, recovery and resilience-building activities in collaboration with partners including the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
About forty percent of the total contribution will be allocated to assist refugees and internally-displaced people in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Nigeria and neighbouring Cameroon. The largest portion of the contribution, totalling US$13 million, will provide life-saving food and vouchers to 340,000 people in Yemen, currently suffering one of the largest, yet least reported humanitarian crises.
WFP logistics operations will also benefit from Japan’s donation in Afghanistan, Sudan, and South Sudan, where the agency runs the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service, providing critical air transport and cargo services for the entire humanitarian community.
The contributions are broken down as follows:
Yemen (US$13 million), Iraq (US$7.1 million), Jordan (US$6 million), Niger (US$ 5.1 million), South Sudan (US$4.1 million), Turkey (US$4 million), Afghanistan (US$3.2 million), Mauritania (US$2.9 million), Somalia (US$2.9 million), Uganda (US$2.9 million), Malawi (US$2.6 million), Central African Republic (US$2.2 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (US$ 2.2 million), Guinea (US$2.2 million), Ethiopia (US$2.2 million), Kenya (US$2.2 million), Lebanon (US$2 million), Burundi (US$1.5 million), Cameroon (US$1.5 million), Chad (US$1.5 million), Sierra Leone (US$1.5 million), Zimbabwe (US$1.5 million), Rwanda (US$1.5 million), Lesotho (US$1.2 million), Djibouti (US$1.1 million), Burkina Faso (US$1 million), Sudan (US$1 million), Syria (US$1 million), Nigeria (US$1 million), Swaziland (US$1 million), Republic of Congo (US$0.9 million), Libya (US$0.7 million), Egypt (US$0.5 million).
Under the 2017 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan, humanitarian partners aim to respond to the most life-threatening needs of 5.8 million people out of an estimated 7.5 million in need of humanitarian protection and assistance across South Sudan.
In the face of rapidly growing needs, the plan represents the result of robust prioritization and difficult decision-making by humanitarian partners. It focuses on intervening in locations where the most lives are at risk and implementing activities with the greatest life-saving potential. Recognizing that South Sudan is first and foremost a protection crisis, a separate strategic objective on protection has been re-instated, and the centrality of protection has been reiterated throughout all aspects of the plan. The plan acknowledges that, given the expansion and deepening of the crisis, humanitarians will be able to meet only the most urgent and severe needs.
It is therefore circumspect in its ambitions and, rather than aiming to build resilience, focuses on responding in a way that bolsters the ability of those most at risk – particularly in hard-to-reach areas – to respond to the threats they face. The plan was developed in complement to the United Nations Country Team’s Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), which includes efforts to build resilience and strengthen basic services, with every effort made to eliminate duplication and ensure maximum synergies between the plans. As South Sudan is a uniquely challenging and costly operational environment, the plan endeavours to maximize efficiency, in line with the Grand Bargain signed at the World Humanitarian Summit, including through the use of common logistical services core pipelines. Throughout 2017, humanitarian partners will continue to urge relevant authorities to allocate resources for humanitarian action, in line with their responsibilities.
1 Save lives and alleviate the suffering of those most in need of assistance and protection Aims to reduce excess death, injury and disease in South Sudan through strictly prioritized response in areas where needs are most severe. This objective encapsulates humanitarian partners’ commitment to good programming, conflict sensitivity, and upholding the core principle of do no harm, including through meaningful two-way communication with communities affected by the crisis. It stresses the importance of people’s ability to access humanitarian assistance and protection in safety and dignity
2 Protect the rights and uphold the dignity of the most vulnerable Recognizes that South Sudan is first and foremost a protection crisis and underscores the centrality of protection of civilians to the response. This objective highlights the role of humanitarians in advocating to prevent further violence, calling on all parties to uphold their responsibilities under international humanitarian law, establishing effective and dignified services for survivors, and promoting programming that reduces the protection risks faced by different population groups, particularly women, girls and boys. It also calls for all elements of the humanitarian response to be informed by a more in-depth understanding of the unique needs and vulnerabilities of different population groups.
3 Support at-risk communities to sustain their capacity to cope with significant threats Focuses on supporting at-risk communities to prepare for and manage the threats they face as a result of the multiple and inter-locking crises in South Sudan. The objective is circumspect, finite and focused on promoting concrete actions that humanitarians can take to help communities cope, including through the use of innovative modalities in hard-to-reach areas and encouraging community-based contingency planning. Recognising that the humanitarian contribution is bounded, humanitarian partners will engage intensively with authorities and development actors to promote resilience-building and the restoration of basic services across South Sudan, particularly through the Interim Cooperation Framework.
Throughout December, escalating conflict in Syria and Iraq, coupled with worsening winter conditions saw thousands of people newly displaced and increasingly vulnerable. With at least 6,000 Iraqis fleeing to Syria from escalating conflict in Mosul and more than 40,000 newly internally displaced from this conflict, temperatures as cold as -5 degrees Celsius and winter conditions throughout the region are posing additional challenges for those displaced. The cold weather has also affected some 85,000 Syrians trapped at the berm outside Syria’s border with Jordan, as well as the estimated 41% of refugees and other migrants in Lebanon who live in substandard housing. Two Syrian refugees reportedly lost their lives trying to cross into Lebanon though snowy mountain passes in December. Between 24 November and 30 December some 110,000 people have been displaced from Eastern Aleppo, bringing the total number of IDPs in Syria to more than 6.3 million. Thousands of Syrians are attempting to flee this conflict by entering Turkey, though borders remain essentially closed. Turkish Land Forces apprehended more than 26,000 people trying to cross from Syria into Turkey by land, a significant number, though less than in recent months. Some 2,400 refugees and other migrants were also apprehended by Turkish authorities trying to exit the country via the Evros river at Turkey’s land border with Greece.
The following sections of this report describe monthly developments related to mixed migration by country, including reported arrivals, departures, internal displacement relevant to cross-border movement, and discussion of relevant policy changes.
UNICEF’s 2017 Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) appeal for Sudan launched in January amounted to US$ 110.25 million to respond to children’s humanitarian needs across the country. According to the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Sudan, an estimated 5.8 million people are in dire need of humanitarian assistance, including over 3 million children.
In December 2016, the Government of Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) issued amended directives regarding humanitarian work in the country. The new directives outline better acceptance of humanitarian partners by the Government.
Four States continued to experience a widespread outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) - Geizira, Khartoum, Gedarif and Red Sea. UNICEF responded through the provision of hygiene promotion material, water chlorination, rehabilitation of water sources, water trucking and provision of supplies such as medicines, soap, chlorine and jerry-canes.
UNICEF and partners continued to support the provision of life-saving improved water supply to 1.6 million people (around 581,551 girls, 556,008 boys, 245,056 women, 243,937 men) in AWD and conflict affected areas.
In December of 2016, UNICEF admitted nearly 14,000 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for treatment. The total number of children with SAM treated in 2016 was 223,318 (111,659 girls and 111,659 boys), representing 90% of the annual target.
A total of 5,641 conflict affected, displaced and host community children (2,700 girls and 2,941 boys) had access to quality basic education in south Darfur, Central Darfur and Blue Nile states.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
# of people affected (Source: Sudan HRP 2016)
# of people displaced in Darfur
(Source: Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016)
# of South Sudanese Refugees since outbreak of conflict on 15 December 2013
(Source: UNHCR Information Sharing Portal, 31 December 2016. Up to 70% of South Sudanese refugees are children)
UNICEF Appeal 2017
US$ 110.25 million
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
As of 31 December 2016, a total of 97,481 individuals were registered and verified as being internally displaced in the Darfur region in 2016, according to OCHA. Some 99,435 (approximately 59,661 children) are yet to be verified. There were 52,124 reported returnees (approximately 31,274 children) in Darfur in 2016. According to WFP, 25,564 (approximately 15,338 children) of these were displaced from the Jabel Marra conflict in early 2016, and whom returned from surrounding States to Golo town. According to an assessment in October 2016, with the Ministry of Education, an estimated 9,000 internally displaced children are still out of school in Golo due shortage of space.
The arrival of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan has continued. UNHCR reports showed that over 297,000 South Sudanese have fled to Sudan since December 2013, with 208,000 of these being children. Over 131,000 individuals (approximately 78,600 children) arrived in 2016 alone;the highest number of refugees to arrive in a single year. Biometric registration of South Sudanese refugees living at Kario refugee site in East Darfur began in early December 2016. This process will facilitate the rapid registration of all new arrivals, support the verification of refugees, and improve the tracking of refugee movements within the country. So far, a total of 2,797 refugees out of an estimated number of 13,500 people currently living at the site have been registered.
On 25 December 2016, the Government of Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) issued amended directives regarding humanitarian work in country. The new HAC directives present several changes in the following aspects of humanitarian work: technical agreements, movement of humanitarian aid workers, partnerships with NGOs, field teams and staffing, identification of humanitarian needs, interaction with affected populations and use of armed escorts. Many of the changes outline better acceptance of humanitarian partners by the Government.
According to findings of the recent inter-agency assessment in Kurmuk locality in Blue Nile State, patients with serious conditions are reportedly referred to Assosa in Ethiopia or Damazine in Blue Nile, with both referral locations requiring patients to travel about 80 km to reach them. A significant gap was also observed in WASH facilities, with the population using unsafe water, no chlorination, 50% of existing hand pumps and water yards found non-functional and 80% of the population practicing open defecation. In addition, none of the schools visited had functional latrines and drinking water facilities. The assessment mission also found that there are more than 600 out of school children in Kurmuk locality.
UNICEF participated in an inter-agency assessment mission to Umdukhun in Central Darfur from 19- 25 January 2017.
The mission assessed humanitarian needs in the area, where a significant number of returnees (from Chad and different parts of Sudan) as well as refugees have been reported to arrive. The findings are expected to be shared shortly.
During the month of January, the four States of Geizira, Khartoum, Gedarif and Red Sea have continued to experience widespread acute watery diarrhoea (AWD). UNICEF has continued to respond in these areas through hygiene promotion, water chlorination, rehabilitation of water sources, water trucking and provision of supplies such as medicines, soap, chlorine and jerry-canes etc.