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Sudan: Humanitarian Aid Commissioner Reviews Humanitarian File in Sudan

21 July 2016 - 10:44pm
Source: Sudan Tribune Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Khartoum, July.21 (SUNA) - The Humanitarian Aid Commissioner General, Ahmed Mohammed Adam has disclosed that the humanitarian in Sudan includes deep issues of displacement, reintegration , repatriation of the internally displaced people and other files that needs that need solutions , especially, the country is currently witnesses new influxes from the State of South Sudan following the recent incidents in that country.

The Commissioner ,speaking at press conference held, Thursday, at Taiba Press Hall, marking the National Volunteer Day, said the Sudan expects more influxes of refugees into its territories from South Sudan.

He there are 96 foreign organization registered in the commission besides 52 voluntary organization network but the country cannot accommodate these huge influxes of the displaced.

'Its our right, in the United Nations, to ask for help'. he said.

He called for supporting partnership relations with the humanitarian aid partners in humanitarian and youth organizations to back up voluntary work in Sudan.

He commended the support being extended by the Kuwaiti and Qatari humanitarian organizations in the fields of education and provision of water.

IF/IF

Sudan: IOM Sudan Provides Emergency Shelter/Non‐Food Items to Fifty Seven Flood Affected Families in El Koma Locality, North Darfur

21 July 2016 - 3:33pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Sudan

July 21st 2016‐ With the generous support of the Government of Canada, IOM Sudan has begun distributing Emergency Shelter/ Non‐Food items (ES/NFI) to 57 of the most vulnerable families whose homes have been completely destroyed in the recent heavy rains and flooding in El Koma locality, North Darfur State.

Heavy rainfall on June 19th and 20th caused flooding in various areas of El Koma locality and on June 22nd North Darfur’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) and the State Ministry of Social Welfare reported damage caused by flooding in El Koma to IOM as part of the Weekly Flood Updates initiative. Subsequently, upon their request and with the endorsement of the Area Humanitarian Country Team in El Fasher; an IOM‐Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) team, jointly with HAC was deployed to the area to assess and evaluate damage as well asto register the affected population. The assessment was done through door to door household assessments, observation of damaged infrastructure and registration of affected households. Assessment results have been shared with humanitarian partners in Sudan for further assistance.

The assessment shows that there is continued support needed in the locality; as the IOM DTM team registered a total of 581 households, with a total number of 3,327 individuals affected by the floods in El Koma locality. 579 houses were partially or fully destroyed (57 of which were fully destroyed and 522 partially destroyed), and a total of 10 schools were fully or partially destroyed (2 of which were fully destroyed and 8 partially destroyed). The standard Emergency Shelter/Non‐Food Items kits distributed consist of 5 items: plastic sheeting, 2 blankets, a jerry can, 1 kitchen set and 2 sleeping mats.

El Koma locality is situated 80km east of El Fasher town in North Darfur state. It is comprised of three administrative units (El Koma, Um Hejlij / Sari unit, and El Kebeer / Khebbeesh administrative units) and has an estimated population of 82,156 individuals (Source: Darfur census 2008).

IOM’s ES/NFI assistance targets the most vulnerable IDP and returnee households identified using data collected through the Displacement Tracking Matrix or inter‐agency assessment mission reports. Flood response beneficiaries are selected based on their level of vulnerability which in this case comprised of those households that were assessed to be fully destroyed.

For further information, please contact IOM Sudan. Lorena Dos Santos, Tel: +249 9224 06650, Email: ldossantos@iom.int

Yemen: Yemen Crisis Response: Movements and Arrival Assistance (As of 30 June 2016)

21 July 2016 - 1:33pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Kenya: UNHCR Kenya Factsheet - June 2016

21 July 2016 - 11:54am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda
Highlights
  • 14,960
    identified unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
  • 86
    households provided with cash grants since 1st January 2015
  • 1,288,598
    NFIs distributed since January 2015
  • 2,931
    shelters distributed since January 2015
Population of Concern

Total of people of concern 562,357

Funding

USD 226,880,884 requested

Highlights
  • UNHCR Chief Filippo Grandi visited Nairobi Office and Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps for the first time as the High Commissioner for refugees. He met with refugees, host community representatives, government officials, UNHCR staff and partners.
  • The Tripartite Technical Committee met in Nairobi on June 25 and came up with the joint communiqué for voluntary return and sustainable repatriation of Somali refugees: http://bit.ly/28VOfDF
  • In June, UNHCR inactivated refugees and asylum seekers who have not collected food rations or accessed other protection assistance in Kakuma for a long period of time, as it may be assumed that they are no longer present in the camps. As a result, the statistics for the Kakuma Refugee Camp population has decreased from 192,218 as at the end of May 2016, to the current figure of 156,923 at the end of June 2016. UNHCR will carry out a verification exercise in the near future to confirm the population of the camp and will report the updated figures as soon as possible.
  • On 14th June, UNHCR and partners organized a Market day in Dadaab as part of World Refugee Day commemoration themed “self-reliance/livelihoods, including the integration and enhancement of the economies of refugees and host communities”.
  • World Refugee Day, 20th June was marked in Dadaab, Kakuma and Nairobi jointly with refugees, Government representatives, host community, donors, partner agencies and UNHCR Staff.
  • On 16th June, the Day of the African Child was celebrated in the Dadaab, Kakuma and Nairobi.
  • ECHO mission visited Kakuma to check on the ECHO funded projects. The mission visited the Kalobeyei Settlement site and observed the relocation exercise at the reception centre, Bamba Chakula traders and met with partners.
  • A support mission from UNHCR Headquarters supported the roll-out of the Global Distribution Tool (GDT) process that is to be piloted in Kakuma in July Food distribution at Food Distribution Centre 4.
  • UNHCR continued to conduct border monitoring visits to Nadapal along the Kenya-South Sudan border.
  • Kenya National Commission of Human Rights, alongside Kituo cha Sheria and Amnesty International, have challenged the Government’s directive which disbanded the Department of Refugee Affairs and the government’s intention to close Dadaab Refugee camp. The case has also challenged the revocation of prima facie status for Somali refugees vide Gazette Notice 3017 of 2016.
  • Protection Delivery Unit facilitated travel to Geneva for four refugee youth to participate in the NGO annual Global Refugee Youth Consultations.

World: Rapport sur le Conseil de paix et de sécurité 82, juillet 2016

21 July 2016 - 11:23am
Source: Institute for Security Studies Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Mozambique, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Western Sahara, World

Dans ce numéro

■ Coup de projecteur sur le 27e Sommet de l’UA Les droits des femmes et les élections à la Commission de l’Union africaine (CUA) sont en tête de l’ordre du jour du prochain sommet de l’UA qui se tiendra du 10 au 18 juillet 2016 à Kigali.
Les candidats pour le poste de président de la CUA font campagne en vue des élections.
Le président de la CUA a assumé au cours des années un nombre croissant de responsabilités afi n d’impulser des changements en Afrique.
■ Analyse de situation L’UA a la lourde responsabilité de mettre fi n au fl éau que sont Joseph Kony et l’Armée de résistance du Seigneur.

Vues d’Addis
Au cours des six premiers mois de l’année 2016, le PSC a examiné les nombreux confl its qui continuent d’affl iger certains pays africains comme le Burundi, la Somalie, la Guinée Bissau et le Soudan du Sud.

Sudan: Sudan Human Rights Update – June 2016

21 July 2016 - 11:05am
Source: SUDO (UK) Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Overview

During the month of June 2016, SUDO (UK)’s network of human rights monitors have reported and verified 53 incidents relating to the abuse of human rights across Sudan involving seven Sudanese states.

Enclosed within the 53 reports, SUDO (UK) has assessed that various forces under the direct authority of the Government of Sudan2 were responsible, as individual entities, for 26 instances of human rights abuses. A further 20 abuses were carried out by groups categorised by monitors as Janjaweed, whilst five such abuses were recorded against “pro-government militias”3 . Four human rights abuses were perpetrated by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – North (SPLM-N), and two such abuses were registered against unknown actors.

The 53 reports detail the following: the death of 42 persons (inclusive of one policeman); the serious injury of 25 civilians; the rape of seven women including four minors; the arrest of seven persons (including one allegation of murder in relation to the aforementioned policeman and one member of a Janjaweed militia) and the death of another detainee within the Sudanese Armed Forces headquarters in Demazin; seven counts of kidnap (possibly another seven though whereabouts unknown following attack on Tor); one incident of aerial bombardment utilising seven barrel bombs; four direct attacks on civilian villages and/or towns; 16 incidents of looting; once incident of preventing the evacuation of injured civilians; and seven incidents pertaining to press freedom and freedom of expression including four court cases (one verdict levelling an SDG 10,000,000 fine) and the confiscation of all print editions of Akhir Lahza newspaper

Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 29 | 11 - 17 July 2016 [EN/AR]

21 July 2016 - 10:51am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Heavy rain and flash floods observed in many states.

  • New sites have been identified for South Sudanese refugees arriving in East Darfur.

  • Funding challenges for clinics reported in South Darfur.

  • 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for Sudan was launched.

FIGURES 2 0 1 6 HRP

Displaced people in Sudan (as of Dec 2015)
Up to 3.2 million

Displaced people in Darfur (as of Dec 2015)
Up to 2.6 million

GAM burden 2.1 million

South Sudanese refugee arrivals in Sudan - since 15 Dec 2013 (Registered by UNHCR) - as of 30 June 2016 : 232,250

Refugees of other nationalities (Registered by UNHCR) - as of 31 May 2016 : 131,816

FUNDING

211.2 million US$ received in 2016

Heavy rains and flooding across Sudan

Areas of Sudan affected by heavy rains and flash floods include parts of Blue Nile, Kassala, Khartoum, North Darfur, Northern, and South and West Kordofan states. According to the Sudan Meteorology Authority (SMA), above average and average rainfall is expected to continue. Although flooding occurs annually in Sudan, according to the Ministry of Water Resources, the level of the River Nile and its tributaries are already close to alarming levels at this early stage of the rainy season (June to October/ September). Often used as a flooding indicator, the level of the Blue Nile in Ed Deim locality, bordering Ethiopia, has reportedly already surpassed the alarming level.

The government-led National Flood Steering Committee is liaising with key actors to monitor flooding and response, and government authorities and local communities will respond to needs arising as a result of rains and flooding in Sudan. As in earlier years, the international community may need to respond and support flood preparedness and response measures in partnership with national actors.

Flooding affects over 7,000 people in North Darfur

Over 300 latrines and 500 houses were reportedly destroyed and more damaged in Shangil Tobaya locality, North Darfur, affecting over 2,750 people of an estimated 20,500 people in Nifasha camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs), 75 kilometres from El Fasher, the state capital. As an emergency measure, affected families and those at risk have been relocated to an area which is at a slightly higher elevation, 600 metres from the affected site. The affected families urgently need emergency shelter and household items, and lack of sanitation facilities is reportedly a problem. An inter-agency rapid needs assessment is planned for 18 July. According to the North Darfur Flood Contingency Plan, an estimated 25,000 people may be affected by floods in the state this year.

Local authorities flood response initiated in Khartoum and West Kordofan

Heavy rain in Khartoum State has destroyed 105 houses and damaged a further 124 houses, according to the Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS), affecting an estimated 1,145 people, and two people were reportedly killed. Ibrahim Malaik hospital, one of Khartoum's main hospitals, was flooded; emergency services were able to pump the water out, and the hospital is reportedly functional. SRCS and the governmental Commission for Voluntary and Humanitarian Work has mobilised 18 teams to respond to rains and flooding-related emergencies in Khartoum State.

In El Nuhud, West Kordofan State, severe flooding has reportedly killed one person, and a further seven are missing. El Nuhud is 220 kilometres west of El Fula town. The Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) reported that over 1,000 people have been affected. A local flood response committee established by the government is registering the affected people and assessing needs, and more information will be available soon.
Humanitarian partners plan to engage with HAC to facilitate the dispatch of 1,700 essential households item kits to Kadugli as part of the preparedness for the flood response in South and West Kordofan.

Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 29 | 11 - 17 July 2016

21 July 2016 - 10:51am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Heavy rain and flash floods observed in many states.

  • New sites have been identified for South Sudanese refugees arriving in East Darfur.

  • Funding challenges for clinics reported in South Darfur.

  • 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for Sudan was launched.

FIGURES 2 0 1 6 HRP

Displaced people in Sudan (as of Dec 2015)
Up to 3.2 million

Displaced people in Darfur (as of Dec 2015)
Up to 2.6 million

GAM burden 2.1 million

South Sudanese refugee arrivals in Sudan - since 15 Dec 2013 (Registered by UNHCR) - as of 30 June 2016 : 232,250

Refugees of other nationalities (Registered by UNHCR) - as of 31 May 2016 : 131,816

FUNDING

211.2 million US$ received in 2016

Heavy rains and flooding across Sudan

Areas of Sudan affected by heavy rains and flash floods include parts of Blue Nile, Kassala, Khartoum, North Darfur, Northern, and South and West Kordofan states. According to the Sudan Meteorology Authority (SMA), above average and average rainfall is expected to continue. Although flooding occurs annually in Sudan, according to the Ministry of Water Resources, the level of the River Nile and its tributaries are already close to alarming levels at this early stage of the rainy season (June to October/ September). Often used as a flooding indicator, the level of the Blue Nile in Ed Deim locality, bordering Ethiopia, has reportedly already surpassed the alarming level.

The government-led National Flood Steering Committee is liaising with key actors to monitor flooding and response, and government authorities and local communities will respond to needs arising as a result of rains and flooding in Sudan. As in earlier years, the international community may need to respond and support flood preparedness and response measures in partnership with national actors.

Flooding affects over 7,000 people in North Darfur

Over 300 latrines and 500 houses were reportedly destroyed and more damaged in Shangil Tobaya locality, North Darfur, affecting over 2,750 people of an estimated 20,500 people in Nifasha camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs), 75 kilometres from El Fasher, the state capital. As an emergency measure, affected families and those at risk have been relocated to an area which is at a slightly higher elevation, 600 metres from the affected site. The affected families urgently need emergency shelter and household items, and lack of sanitation facilities is reportedly a problem. An inter-agency rapid needs assessment is planned for 18 July. According to the North Darfur Flood Contingency Plan, an estimated 25,000 people may be affected by floods in the state this year.

Local authorities flood response initiated in Khartoum and West Kordofan

Heavy rain in Khartoum State has destroyed 105 houses and damaged a further 124 houses, according to the Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS), affecting an estimated 1,145 people, and two people were reportedly killed. Ibrahim Malaik hospital, one of Khartoum's main hospitals, was flooded; emergency services were able to pump the water out, and the hospital is reportedly functional. SRCS and the governmental Commission for Voluntary and Humanitarian Work has mobilised 18 teams to respond to rains and flooding-related emergencies in Khartoum State.

In El Nuhud, West Kordofan State, severe flooding has reportedly killed one person, and a further seven are missing. El Nuhud is 220 kilometres west of El Fula town. The Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) reported that over 1,000 people have been affected. A local flood response committee established by the government is registering the affected people and assessing needs, and more information will be available soon.
Humanitarian partners plan to engage with HAC to facilitate the dispatch of 1,700 essential households item kits to Kadugli as part of the preparedness for the flood response in South and West Kordofan.

Sudan: Government breaches ceasefire in Nuba Mountains

21 July 2016 - 10:15am
Source: Nuba Reports Country: Sudan

THE SUDAN GOVERNMENT HAS BREACHED A FOUR-MONTH CEASEFIRE WITH THE REBEL SUDAN PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY-NORTH (SPLA-N) AFTER CONDUCTING ATTACKS IN SOUTH KORDOFAN STATE.

President Omar Al Bashir **announced** a four-month ceasefire on June 18 that was **confirmed** by the Sudan Armed Forces spokesman Ahmed Khalifa Al-Shami.

But on July 11, SAF-aligned militias attacked a farming area in Lima, South Kordofan state and killed one woman, Fatima Ibrahim. Three days later, the same SAF-aligned militia along with SAF soldiers attacked the Lima area again but were repelled by SPLA-N forces, according to local sources in the area.

The SAF-aligned militia consists of Messiria tribesmen who attacked the SPLA-N in retaliation for an attack by an SPLA-N soldier against them earlier in the year, according to Tia Jambo, who runs a peace-building programme at the community-based organization, the Nuba Relief, Rehabilitation and Development Organization (**NRRDO**). Many Messiria in the region, however, refused to join the government-aligned militia, he added.

The rebel Chief of Staff, Gen. Gagod Mukwar **described**Bashir’s ceasefire declaration as a ploy to buy time to reorganize his troops, saying a genuine truce would involve a negotiated agreement between the two parties, monitored by the African Union. In late June, South Kordofan Governor Issa Adam portrayed the presidential declaration as “bold” since the armed forces were allegedly winning militarily. The governor further said the ceasefire would allow residents in the SPLA-N controlled territory an opportunity to farm, according to an interview on the state-run Radio Omdurman.

The European Union issued a cautious **statement** at the time of Bashir’s ceasefire declaration, affirming that the rebels had proposed a ceasefire earlier in April and calling on both sides to uphold a unilateral truce. “It is imperative now that both parties respect their commitments, an end to fighting would ease the suffering of the local populations,” the statement says.

Sudan’s July attack on Lima has curbed SPLA-N and civilian access to movement and trade in the area. SAF forces have targeted the area dozens of times during the five-year civil war, blocking a key trade access for the region.

SAF forces have remained in control of two key agricultural areas in the Nuba Mountains throughout the ceasefire period: **Al-Azrak** in Heiban County and Mardes in Delami County – denying the populace farming access. SAF forces may remain in these two areas throughout the rainy season when the conflict usually subsides due to lack of road access.

“Al-Azrak is what is feeding Heiban County,” said displaced farmer Haider Anur. “It’s so important to us and for them [SAF] to be there…some people might die of hunger.”

The inability to farm has induced many to rely on foodstuffs from markets, local sources said, where prices are on the rise.

Sudan: Sudanese security confiscates print runs of two newspapers

21 July 2016 - 12:26am
Source: Sudan Tribune Country: Sudan

July 20, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) on Wednesday has confiscated copies of Al-Jareeda and Al-Taghyeer daily newspapers from the printing house without stating any reasons.

Chief-Editor of Al-Jareeda Ashraf Abdel-Aziz told Sudan Tribune that NISS seized 11,000 copies of the newspaper on Wednesday resulting in huge financial losses.

He stressed that they didn’t receive any official notification from the NISS explaining reasons of the confiscation, ruling out the existence of a logical reason behind the move.

On the other hand, Chief-Editor of Al-Taghyeer Sumaia Sayed told Sudan Tribune that NISS didn’t explain the reasons of the seizure, saying the confiscation of the print runs inflicts huge financial losses on the newspaper.

“The confiscation exacerbates the [already] existing difficult economic conditions suffered by the press” she said.

Journalists working for Al-Taghyeer said the confiscation was likely due to a column written by Hayder al-Mukashfi on Tuesday in which he discussed several unsolved cases of mysterious disappearance of several persons.

He mentioned the case of Mohamed al-Khatim Musa Yaquob, a student leader from the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and son of prominent Islamist figure, who disappeared in suspicious circumstances in 2006 after he fell out with his party leadership.

Also, al-Mukashfi pointed to the case of Omer Haroun, psychology professor at the University of Khartoum, who disappeared in unclear circumstances in 2014.

The NISS routinely confiscates newspapers either to prevent circulation of certain stories or to punish them retroactively on previous issues.

It accuses the newspapers of crossing the red lines through publishing reports which adversely impact the national security.

Sudanese journalists say that NISS uses seizures of print copies of newspapers, not only to censor the media but also to weaken them economically.

Sudan’s constitution guarantees freedom of expression but laws subordinate to the constitution such as the National Security Forces Act of 2010 contains articles that can be potentially used to curtail press freedom and instigate legal proceedings against newspapers and individual journalists.

(ST)

Sudan: Malnutrition rife in Central Darfur camps

20 July 2016 - 8:16pm
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

July 20 - 2016

ZALINGEI

2016 is proving to the “the worst year since 2010” for malnutrition and disease in the five camps for the displaced at Zalingei in Central Darfur.

The coordinator of the camps of Central Darfur state, El Shafie Abdullah, told Radio Dabanga that this year’s death toll due to malnutrition among children and pregnant women has mounted to about 100 cases.

He attributed the causes of death to lack of health care in the camps, along with the lack of humanitarian aid provided by the organisations.

Regarding other humanitarian services, Abdullah said that about 110,000 displaced people of the five camps of Zalingei do not receive food rations after the classification conducted by the World Food Programme this year found 62,000 out of 172,000 displaced people ineligible.

He called via Radio Dabanga on the humanitarian organisations to undo this decision and provide humanitarian needs for the displaced people.

Greece: UNHCR Regional Bureau Europe: Weekly Report (Updated July 20, 2016 3:36 PM)

20 July 2016 - 4:27pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Croatia, Eritrea, Finland, Gambia, Greece, Hungary, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Netherlands, Nigeria, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

Trends of Sea Arrivals

Between 11 and 17 July, 453 refugees and migrants crossed the sea to Greece, a slight increase from the 258 that crossed the previous week. Thus far in 2016, 158,937 have arrived to Greece by sea, contributing to a total of 241,263 arrivals that crossed the Mediterranean.
The primary landing places of sea arrivals in Greece continues to be on the islands of Lesvos, Samos and Chios. However, during this reporting period there were spontaneous arrivals to Kos and Leros as well. Until 14 July, the countries of origin of those who arrived in Greece are mainly from the Syrian Arab Republic (48%), Afghanistan (25%) and Iraq (15%).

During the same period in Italy, 2,143 refugees and migrants reached the country by sea, which is a decrease in arrivals from the 6,437 who arrived the previous week. As of 17 July, 79,851 persons arrived by sea in Italy in 2016, compared to 93,540 persons whom disembarked at the end of July 2015. Overall, sea arrivals in 2016 are in line with 2014 and 2015 trends. The top nationalities of origin among arrivals include, Nigeria,
Eritrea, Gambia, and Sudan.

Key Developments

Situation in Greece

The pre-registration exercise conducted by the Greek Asylum Service, with support by UNHCR and EASO, continued smoothly. Since 8 June 2016, a total of 25,202 people have been pre-registered and 25,700 have been provided with a wristband to prepare for their pre-registration, seeing an increase from the previous week. In addition, a total of 571 unaccompanied children and 471 separated children were identified and directed to UNHCR along with other child protection partners. Best Interest Assessments (BIA) were then conducted and further referrals are made to the Greek Authorities. The pre-registration in all sites at Thessaloniki and Attica area have been completed, while it is ongoing for the sites in Western and Central Greece, and has begun for the refugee population living in urban settings. An information campaign on the registration exercise for those living in urban settings has been conducted through various NGOs and volunteer organizations.
In order to ensure registration access to those living in urban settings a shuttle bus has been made available for three days. Further information and data collected during the pre-registration exercise is available at the UNHCR data portal.

A tragic incident resulting in the death of an Afghan asylum-seeker in Elliniko site took place on the evening of 14 July. A fight broke out in the reception site, causing injuries to those involved among which was an Afghan man who was seriously injured and transferred to the hospital where he later died. UNHCR has previously raised concerns over security in reception centres on the mainland and Reception and Identification Centres (RIC) on the islands as tensions remain high. UNHCR and the authorities have held coordination meetings on security, most recently in Leros with an emphasis on safety issues as riots have occurred over the last few weeks. At the meeting it was agreed that the Hellenic Police, the Reception and Identification Service, and UNHCR will work on a joint security plan to address the security concerns for all those on site at the Lepida RIC in Leros, including refugees, migrants and humanitarian personnel. It was also agreed that the Police would regularly attend the inter-agency coordination meetings with humanitarian actors on the island. Their inclusion in coordination meetings will provide a platform to discuss security matters with the aim to improve safety measures and enhance regular surveillance in Lepida.

UNHCR continues to support the authorities’ efforts to ensure protection and assistance to unaccompanied and separated children (UASC), including by expanding the accommodation capacity for UASC and establishing safe spaces, which are areas in reception sites throughout the mainland where UASC are placed closer to services, site managers, and local authorities to ensure their safety. So far, UNHCR provided 221 accommodation places and is working in close collaboration with authorities and child protection partners towards establishing another 280 places. Currently, two safe spaces for UASC in open temporary sites are operational, located in the sites of Diavata and Lagkadikia.

Sudan: Germany Supports WFP Assistance To Migrants And Vulnerable Families In Eastern Sudan

20 July 2016 - 3:52pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Germany, Somalia, Sudan

KHARTOUM – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today welcomed a contribution of €10 million (approximately US$11.1 million) from the Government of Germany to support nearly 350,000 people in the eastern Sudan state of Kassala.

WFP will use the funds to provide food assistance to more than 88,400 refugees, migrants and asylum seekers from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia as well as members of their host communities, through general food distributions and food vouchers for one year.

“We are grateful to the German Government and people for this contribution which enables us to provide a package of assistance to vulnerable families in Kassala State,” said WFP Representative and Country Director Adnan Khan. “Refugees and asylum seekers have little to no means of securing their needs. Host communities have also been over-stretched and need support to improve their incomes through programmes that provide them with new skills to build community assets and contribute to the development of their areas.”

An additional 100,000 refugees and vulnerable Sudanese will receive monthly voucher assistance as part of WFP’s asset-creation and income-generating activities.

Germany’s contribution will additionally support school feeding for more than 46,500 school children. The grant will also help WFP purchase special nutrition supplements to treat and prevent moderate acute malnutrition among 112,000 pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under five for one year.

Since 2012, Germany has provided a total of US$24.6 million to WFP operations in Sudan, including contributions to the WFP-operated UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS). Germany continues to be among WFP Sudan’s top five donors.

“I am glad that Germany’s contribution can help towards improving the living conditions of refugees and asylum seekers and at the same time assist host communities and vulnerable Sudanese in eastern Sudan,” said Germany’s Ambassador to Sudan Rolf Welberts. “This is part of Germany’s continued commitment to address challenges caused by migration in Sudan and the Horn of Africa as a whole.”

WFP operations in Sudan remain among its largest and most complex, providing food assistance to vulnerable people in Darfur and other food insecure groups in the east and border areas to the south.

In 2016, WFP plans to assist 4.6 million vulnerable people in Sudan through a mix of activities which include general food distribution, school feeding, nutrition programmes and food assistance for assets and for training.

WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media @wfp_mena

For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):

Amor Almagro, WFP/Khartoum, Tel. +249 183248001 (ext. 2114), Mob. +249 912174853
Abdulaziz Abdulmomin, WFP/Khartoum, Tel. +249 183248001 (ext. 2123), Mob. +249 912167055

Central African Republic: LRA Crisis Tracker Semestriel 2016 Dossier de Sécurité

20 July 2016 - 1:58pm
Source: Invisible Children, Resolve Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Sommaire Exécutif

Le leader de l’Armée de Résistance du Seigneur (LRA) Joseph Kony a prouvé qu’il était capable de déjouer les rivalités internes et les menaces militaires depuis trois décennies, mais son contrôle sur la structure de commande du groupe s’avère ébranlé. Les groupes de la LRA sont dispersés sur un vaste territoire, et les combattants Ougandais s’échappe lentement mais régulièrement, démoralisés par les mesures disciplinaires strictes prises par Kony et son manque de vision pour le futur. Au moins un groupe de combattants de la LRA mené par Achaye Doctor s’est séparé de la commande de la commande de Kony et opère indépendemment.

En dépit des bouleversements internes, la LRA reste une menace persistante, et même renaissante, pour les civils, en particulier dans l'est de la République Centrafricaine (RCA). Le groupe a enlevé 344 personnes au cours des six premiers mois de 2016, plus que dans les six premiers mois de chaque année depuis 2010. La plupart des personnes enlevées étaient des adultes forcés de porter des biens pillés vers des camps de la LRA avant d’être relâchés, mais des défecteurs de la LRA rapportent qu’en Décembre 2015, Kony avait aussi ordonné à certains officiers en RCA d’enlever plusieurs dizaine d’enfants et de les intégrer dans le groupe rebelle. A la fin de Juin 2016, la LRA avait enlevé 65 enfants Centrafricain dont 39 sont toujours en captivité ou portés disparus.

La violence de la LRA dans le nord de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) était plus basse dans le Trimestre 1 de 2016 (Janvier-Mars) qu’elle ne l’était pour la même période des deux années précédentes. Cependant, les attaques et les enlèvements de la LRA en RDC ont plus que doublé dans le Trimestre 2 (Avril-Mai), en partie en rapport avec l’arrivée d’un groupe LRA dans le Parc National de la Garamba pour braconner les éléphants.

Au total, la LRA a enlevé 498 civils et en a tué 17 au cours de 122 attaques entre Janvier et Juin 2016, la plupart des attaques se déroulant dans l’est de la RCA et dans le nord de la RDC. Les exceptions étaient deux attaques dans l’enclave de Kafia Kingi, contrôlée par le Soudan. Ce sont les premières attaques de la LRA crédible signalées contre des civils dans la région depuis que le groupe y a établi une présence en 2010.

Central African Republic: LRA Crisis Tracker Midyear 2016 Security Brief

20 July 2016 - 1:56pm
Source: Invisible Children, Resolve Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Executive Summary

Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) leader Joseph Kony has proven capable of outmaneuvering internal rivals and external military threats for nearly three decades, but his once firm control over the group’s command structure is eroding. LRA groups are scattered across a vast territory, and Ugandan fighters are defecting at a slow but steady rate, demoralized by Kony’s harsh disciplinary measures and lack of vision for the future. At least one group of LRA officers led by Achaye Doctor has splintered and is operating independently of Kony’s command.

Regardless of its inner turmoil, the LRA remains a persistent, and even resurgent, threat to civilians, particularly in eastern Central African Republic (CAR). The group abducted 344 people there in the first six months of 2016, more than it has the first six months of any year since 2010.1 Most abductees were adults forced to porter looted goods towards LRA camps before being released, but LRA defectors report that in December 2015 Kony also ordered officers in CAR to abduct several dozen children and integrate them into the rebel group. By the end of June 2016, the LRA had abducted 65 Central African children, 39 of whom remain in captivity or are otherwise unaccounted for. However, at least 15 teenage boys abducted in previous years have defected so far in 2016, making it unclear if the overall number of child soldiers within the LRA is rising or falling.

LRA violence in northern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was lower in Quarter 1 of 2016 (January– March) than it was in comparable periods of the previous two years. However, LRA attacks and abductions in DRC more than doubled in Quarter 2 (April–May), in part due to the arrival of an LRA group in Garamba National Park tasked with poaching elephants.

In total, the LRA abducted 498 civilians and killed 17 others during 122 attacks from January–June 2016, with nearly all attacks in eastern CAR and northern DRC. The exceptions were two attacks in Sudanese-controlled areas of the Kafia Kingi enclave, the first credibly reported LRA attacks on civilians there since the group established a presence in the area in 2010.

World: Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale 2016 - Rapport d'étape de juin

20 July 2016 - 10:41am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

AVANT-PROPOS

Les appels coordonnés par les Nations Unies en 2016 nécessitent un montant sans précédent de $21,6 milliards pour répondre aux besoins de plus de 95,4 millions de personnes dans 40 pays. Depuis que j’ai lancé l’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale en décembre, le cyclone Winston a balayé les Iles Fidji et un tremblement de terre a dévasté l’Équateur. Les graves effets d’El Niño cette année nous ont amenés à réviser le Document sur les besoins humanitaires de l’Éthiopie et à élaborer un plan de réponse au Zimbabwe. Les besoins de nancement de nouveaux appels lancés depuis décembre (Burundi, Fidji, Haïti, Équateur et Zimbabwe) et des appels révisés sont énoncés dans le document détachable à l’intérieur de ce Rapport d’étape. Les besoins du plan pour le Soudan, en cours d’élaboration, sont également inclus.
Notre appel mondial est actuellement nancé à 25 pour cent. Le Sommet mondial sur l’action humanitaire a fait écho au fait que l’action humanitaire manque cruellement de ressources et nécessite une réponse ef cace et collective immédiate. Le manque de nancement compromet la vie des personnes affectées par les con its ou les catastrophes. Pour ne citer que quelques exemples : le manque de nancement signi e que les Nations Unies et leurs partenaires ne peuvent pas répondre de manière adéquate aux besoins des 13,5 millions de personnes dont la vie a été bouleversée par la crise en Syrie. Cela signi e que l’assistance humanitaire ne peut pas être assurée dans la phase post-électorale cruciale en République Centrafricaine alors que certains partenaires humanitaires cessent leurs opérations dans le pays. Cela signi e également la détérioration de la vie de la moitié de la population du Bassin du Lac Tchad, théâtre de l’une des crises les plus négligées dans le monde. Cela signi e aussi que les partenaires humanitaires au Myanmar ne pourront pas répondre aux besoins en sécurité alimentaire, en santé, en protection et en moyens de subsistance d’un million de personnes en 2016. Au moment où j’écris, j’apprends que les établissements médicaux en Irak sont en train de fermer en raison de l’épuisement du nancement international et de son non-renouvellement.
Nous sommes reconnaissants envers nos bailleurs de fonds pour leur engagement et leur soutien cette année et pour avoir reconnu que les appels coordonnés par les Nations Unies assurent une réponse cohérente, stratégique et bien plani ée aux crises. Nous sommes prêts et résolus à fournir une assistance humanitaire vitale dans le monde partout et à chaque fois que le besoin se manifeste et à tous ceux qui en ont besoin. Le soutien des bailleurs, au cours du premier semestre 2016, nous a permis de dispenser des secours vitaux et salvateurs. Il nous incombe à présent d’investir bien davantage dans la vie des millions de personnes qui portent le poids des crises dans le monde. Leurs besoins ne peuvent pas attendre. Ces nancements permettront à des millions de femmes, de lles, de garçons et d’hommes déplacés d’avoir une nourriture nutritive, de boire une eau saine et de béné cier d’une bonne santé, d’un abri, d’une éducation et d’une protection. L’investissement dans la survie et dans la dignité de millions de personnes dans le besoin est un investissement dans notre humanité commune et partagée.

Stephen O’Brien
Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonna- teur des secours d’urgence

World: Aperçue la situation humanitaire mondial 2016 - Rapport d'étape de juin

20 July 2016 - 10:41am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

AVANT-PROPOS

Les appels coordonnés par les Nations Unies en 2016 nécessitent un montant sans précédent de $21,6 milliards pour répondre aux besoins de plus de 95,4 millions de personnes dans 40 pays. Depuis que j’ai lancé l’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale en décembre, le cyclone Winston a balayé les Iles Fidji et un tremblement de terre a dévasté l’Équateur. Les graves effets d’El Niño cette année nous ont amenés à réviser le Document sur les besoins humanitaires de l’Éthiopie et à élaborer un plan de réponse au Zimbabwe. Les besoins de nancement de nouveaux appels lancés depuis décembre (Burundi, Fidji, Haïti, Équateur et Zimbabwe) et des appels révisés sont énoncés dans le document détachable à l’intérieur de ce Rapport d’étape. Les besoins du plan pour le Soudan, en cours d’élaboration, sont également inclus.
Notre appel mondial est actuellement nancé à 25 pour cent. Le Sommet mondial sur l’action humanitaire a fait écho au fait que l’action humanitaire manque cruellement de ressources et nécessite une réponse ef cace et collective immédiate. Le manque de nancement compromet la vie des personnes affectées par les con its ou les catastrophes. Pour ne citer que quelques exemples : le manque de nancement signi e que les Nations Unies et leurs partenaires ne peuvent pas répondre de manière adéquate aux besoins des 13,5 millions de personnes dont la vie a été bouleversée par la crise en Syrie. Cela signi e que l’assistance humanitaire ne peut pas être assurée dans la phase post-électorale cruciale en République Centrafricaine alors que certains partenaires humanitaires cessent leurs opérations dans le pays. Cela signi e également la détérioration de la vie de la moitié de la population du Bassin du Lac Tchad, théâtre de l’une des crises les plus négligées dans le monde. Cela signi e aussi que les partenaires humanitaires au Myanmar ne pourront pas répondre aux besoins en sécurité alimentaire, en santé, en protection et en moyens de subsistance d’un million de personnes en 2016. Au moment où j’écris, j’apprends que les établissements médicaux en Irak sont en train de fermer en raison de l’épuisement du nancement international et de son non-renouvellement.
Nous sommes reconnaissants envers nos bailleurs de fonds pour leur engagement et leur soutien cette année et pour avoir reconnu que les appels coordonnés par les Nations Unies assurent une réponse cohérente, stratégique et bien plani ée aux crises. Nous sommes prêts et résolus à fournir une assistance humanitaire vitale dans le monde partout et à chaque fois que le besoin se manifeste et à tous ceux qui en ont besoin. Le soutien des bailleurs, au cours du premier semestre 2016, nous a permis de dispenser des secours vitaux et salvateurs. Il nous incombe à présent d’investir bien davantage dans la vie des millions de personnes qui portent le poids des crises dans le monde. Leurs besoins ne peuvent pas attendre. Ces nancements permettront à des millions de femmes, de lles, de garçons et d’hommes déplacés d’avoir une nourriture nutritive, de boire une eau saine et de béné cier d’une bonne santé, d’un abri, d’une éducation et d’une protection. L’investissement dans la survie et dans la dignité de millions de personnes dans le besoin est un investissement dans notre humanité commune et partagée.

Stephen O’Brien
Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonna- teur des secours d’urgence

Sudan: Sudan: Refugees, asylum-seekers, IDPs and others of concern to UNHCR by State as of 30 June 2016

20 July 2016 - 8:36am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan

POPULATION OF CONCERN 3.58 MILLION
365,460 refugees, asylum-seekers and others of concern*
3.2 MILLION internally displaced persons

Sudan also hosts an estimated 350,000 South Sudanese individuals following the separation of South Sudan from Sudan

*This figure does not include an estimated 30,000 Chadians in a refugeelike situation in Darfur who are pending a verification exercise

Sudan: Schools demanded for Darfur’s Shangil Tobaya

19 July 2016 - 8:58pm
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

SHANGIL TOBAYA

Camp residents in Shangil Tobaya in North Darfur have urged the Ministry of Education to provide better school services for the children in the camp.

Following a meeting between the camp's administration and a delegation of state educators on Monday, the coordinator of Shangil Tobaya camps said that there is a significant increase in the number of school dropouts in Kabkabiya locality.

The coordinator reported that there are about 1,500 children in the camp, aged 8-10 years, that do not go to school. About 500 children aged 4-6 years to not attend kindergarten. He added there is a significant shortage of teachers.

“We asked the educational delegation to promise to provide care for these children, including pamphlets, books, and school uniforms.”

Last month an official in Shaddad camp in Shangil Tobaya reported that there are about 160 displaced orphans, mostly girls, who live in a poor humanitarian and psychological condition.

South Darfur

The Governor of South Darfur, Adam El Faki, announced that 2016 is the year of education in his state, on Monday when outstanding students of the Sudan School Certificate of Model were honoured.

“The most important reform of society tools is by means of education though school dropout reduction and to change the thinking of society for the better.”

El Faki announced his government's commitment to support the South Darfur Model School for Boys in order to continue its leading role in raising the name of the state in Sudan.

Sudan: Drowned bodies found in North Darfur river

19 July 2016 - 9:34am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

Three bodies, including a child’s, were found drifting in Shangil Tobaya in North Darfur on Monday. The flash floods from the heavy rains have displaced dozens of families in the area.

An activist in the area, Sadig El Mehdi, told Radio Dabanga about his discovery in the Shangil Tobaya valley while he was on his way to his farm.

Homes have been destroyed by the floods in Naivasha camp during the past few days, leaving dozens of displaced families homeless. El Mehdi reported that they live out in the open in a very bad humanitarian situation.

Around 700 homes were completely destroyed last week as the heavy annual rains set-in. On Saturday, nine people drowned in El Fasher locality in North Darfur, and the death toll has been rising in the rest of Sudan as well.

“These people in Naivasha have not yet received food or non-food items from the local authorities and organisations,” El Mehdi added.