Sudan - ReliefWeb News
A new wave of insecurity and violence across Darfur that started in early 2014 has generated enormous additional humanitarian needs. Fighting, tensions and insecurity involved Government forces supported by the Rapid Support Forces, a Government-affiliated militia, as well as armed movements and armed tribal militia. Hostilities and violence spread across much of North and South Darfur, with spillover effects to West, Central and East Darfur. Since the beginning of 2014, the cumulative number of people who have been displaced stands at 397,057. This includes both the number of people who are still displaced as of today and those who have returned to their areas of origin. The number is in addition to some 2 million people in Darfur who have been facing long-term displacement since 2003-2005, having fled their homes during the height of the conflict.
As of 15 July 2014, the net number of people who remain displaced in Darfur by recent violence stands at 265,760. Meanwhile, close to 131,300 people have returned to their areas of origin. The returns have been mainly taking place in relation to the Saraf Omra and Eastern North Darfur crises, with IDPs returning to Saraf Omra (76,788 people) and El Lait and El Taweisha localities (52,259 people), with small number of people returning to the villages in the rural El Fasher locality. In May, some 7,600 people had returned to Um Gunya, Hijer and other villages in Bielel locality from Saniya Deleiba and various camps around Nyala. While some returned permanently, others returned to cultivate their land.
These returns are yet to be verified.
During the early stages of these crises, aid agencies were unable to access many affected areas due to violence and insecurity, as well as denials of access by the authorities. As of 15 July, aid agencies have access to 253,260 people out of the 266,000 who remain displaced. This accounts for 95 per cent of all those who are still displaced. In the past couple of months, humanitarians have been able to reach most of the affected areas. Access has yet to be obtained to Hashaba North, Kutum locality in North Darfur, the eastern Jebel Mara region in North, Central and South Darfur, and Adila and Abu Karinka localities in East Darfur. However, even though humanitarian access has opened up, the situation does remain fluid due to both the high mobility of armed forces and opposition groups and a significant increase in criminality.
Some 363,000 newly displaced people have been reached with varying degrees of humanitarian assistance. The assistance provided can be in just one sector or in a combination of sectors. Therefore, the needs of the displaced people are not comprehensively met. Significantly limited space for protection activities, constrained operating conditions, lack of funding and implementation capacity remain key concerns of the aid community.
The Health Sector estimates that about 206,000 people in Darfur are unable to access health services due to the suspension of ICRC activities and withdrawal of support to health facilities by NGOs.
Thousands of farmers in Central Darfur are left without agricultural support this year following the suspension of ICRC activities.
The Governments of Sudan and South Sudan signed a MoU on the delivery of humanitarian aid to South Sudan via Sudan.
NFI stock levels are alarmingly low in El Obeid and Darfur, while NFI supplies procured by UNHCR are being held by Sudanese customs authorities.
Healthcare systems in Darfur overstretched
According to the Health Sector in Sudan, the health delivery systems in Darfur are severely overstretched. This is due to an additional caseload of newly displaced people in camps across Darfur. The quality of healthcare provided is suffering due to a decrease in the number of implementing partners, inadequate resources and insufficient capacities of State Ministries of Health (SMoH), the Health Sector reported. By 13 July, about 266,000 people in Darfur remain displaced following a wave of violence that started earlier this year, with the majority of people fleeing to established camps in Darfur.
At least 206,000 people in Darfur have no access to healthcare services
The Health Sector estimates that, in total, about 206,000 affected people have been unable to access healthcare services due to the suspension of the International Committee of the Red Cross’ (ICRC) operations and NGOs (mentioned below) withdrawing their health services due to funding and other issues.
The suspension of ICRC activities has led to the disruption of support provided to two health centres in South Darfur (Sania Deleiba and Yara) and five health centres in Central Darfur (Gorni, Guldo, Galol, Abata and Fasi), affecting about 138,000 people. In addition, the disruption of returnee health services at four locations in Bileil locality in South Darfur (Um Gunya, Marla, Magarin and Hijair) after the withdrawal of the international NGO MERLIN in February 2014 has affected an estimated 20,000 people.
The withdrawal of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) – Belgium (MSF-B) from Shaeria locality in East Darfur has affected the delivery of health services in Khazan Jadid, where more than 20,000 people now have no access to healthcare. The national NGO Patient Helping Fund has announced that it is to close its health facility in Alsalam camp in North Darfur due to insufficient funding, affecting 28,000 people, according to the health sector.
This comes at a time when the health sector is seeking an additional US $4 million from donors to ensure the delivery of primary healthcare services in Darfur’s more remote areas. Under the revised 2014 Strategic Response Plan for Sudan (Work Plan), the overall funding needs of the Health Sector are estimated at $65.2 million.
MUKJAR (16 Jul .) - Security forces have detained a teacher in Mukjar town, Central Darfur.
“Sheikh Suleiman Ibrahim Hussein, a basic school teacher in Mukjar, was detained at 9am on Tuesday. They took him to one of their detention centres in the town,” a parent of school pupils told Radio Dabanga.
“The reason for his detention is entirely unclear,” he said.
“We are concerned about the sheikh’s health, as he may be exposed to torture. His relatives and lawyer were not allowed to visit him on Wednesday.”
“Residents and displaced in Mukjar strongly condemn the detention. The sheikh is well known here in the town, as teacher, and as the former head of the Mukjar Council of the Displaced. We all demand his immediate release.”
68,720 health consultations have been provided to date
43,431 households provided with Shelter and NFI assistance since January 2014
Over 1.1 million people remain internally displaced across the country and over 399,000 people have fled the violence to neighbouring countries (Uganda 118,400, Kenya 41,100, Ethiopia 158,200 and Sudan 82,000). There are currently 97,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in seven UN bases across South Sudan.
The onset of the peak rainy season has complicated the delivery of humanitarian aid to many areas in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states. Humanitarian actors are increasingly relying on air transportion to deliver lifesaving supplies. The threat of cholera and waterborne diseases is a growing concern in displacement sites, especially in remote locations where thousands remain vulnerable without access to basic services.
As of 11 July, a total of 3,332 cholera cases and 80 deaths have been recorded (representing a case fatality rate of 2.4 per cent). In Wau Shilluk, Upper Nile, the number of suspected cholera cases reached 246 with seven deaths reported. The number of suspected cases in Wau (West Bahr el Ghazal State) increased to 716, with 18 deaths reported. In Malakal (Upper Nile), 30 suspected cholera cases and two deaths were reported; and in Bentiu (Unity), 15 suspected cases were reported – figures from both locations were reported in Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites. The emergence of hepatitis E at the Mingkaman displacement site is a growing concern for health actors, with 11 new cases recorded this reporting period.
Abraham Agoth Last updated on: July 16, 2014 4:02 PM
AWEIL — At least 29 people have been killed in clashes between pro- and anti-government forces in Northern Bahr el Ghazal in South Sudan, shattering the fragile peace in a state that has been largely unaffected by seven months of fighting in the country, officials said Wednesday.
Aweil West County Commissioner Garang Kuach Ariath said all of the dead were on the opposition side. Two were officers and the rest were soldiers, he said.
Four government soldiers were wounded in the fighting, which started Monday and lasted nearly 24 hours, Ariath said.
Defense Minister Kuol Manyang Juuk blamed soldiers who deserted two weeks ago from the SPLA’s Fifth Division in neighboring Western Bahr al Ghazal state for the unrest.
“They have just been roaming around, trying to go to Sudan from the northwestern part of South Sudan," he said.
"They attacked the population with the intention of getting food," he said.
Manyang and army spokesman Philip Aguer said government forces are pursuing the rebels as they head toward Sudan.
Santino Mayuat Ngong who represents Aweil Centre County in the state legislature, said the deserters also looted a medical clinic in the area last week, killing one person and taking two others hostage.
"They looted 5,000 South Sudanese Pounds, captured two and killed one person," he said.
SPLM-in-Opposition military spokesman Lul Ruai Koang said he has not received any reports of fighting in Northern Bahr al Ghazal state, and expressed doubt that opposition forces were responsible for looting the clinic or for the alleged abductions.
"Looting and abducting people is not part of our culture," he said.
"If there were any abductions, then this must be Arab nomads, the Misseriya and the rest who normally come to Northern Aweil. We do not have this culture of abducting people. Abducting them and taking them where?" he said.
Looting has been widely documented during the seven-month conflict, particularly in states that have been hard hit by the conflict.
Abductions are not unheard of either, and have in the past been blamed on now disbanded rebel groups, the Lord's Resistance Army, and cattle raiders.
Sudan: Emergency Relief Coordinator and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Valerie Amos, Statement to the Press, Security Council Briefing on Sudan/ South Sudan, 16 July 2014
I have just briefed the Security Council on the humanitarian situation in Sudan and South Sudan, which continues to deteriorate for hundreds of thousands of people in both countries.
It is more than two years since the Council adopted resolution 2046 in May 2012, expressing deep concern at the humanitarian impact of fighting between the Government of Sudan and the SPLM-North in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Hundreds of thousands of innocent people in South Kordofan and Blue Nile continue to be affected by war, and no progress has been made in ensuring that they have access to even the most basic humanitarian assistance.
I told Council members that this suffering is taking place in an increasingly complex environment.
Reputable sources cite estimates of some 170,000 people displaced within SPLM-North areas in the first half of this year.
Humanitarian premises, including hospitals, have been bombed. Attacks on medical facilities, whether deliberate or indiscriminate, are clearly unacceptable and in direct contravention of resolution 2046 and international humanitarian law.
I noted my deep concern that intensified bombing and fighting during the planting season – May, June and July – is likely to have an impact on the harvest and families’ ability to feed themselves.
The consequences of this conflict include failure to vaccinate children against polio in SPLM-North controlled areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, humanitarian workers in Sudan have continued to appeal to the parties to allow basic assistance to be provided to people who most need it.
- Below-average rains were observed across much of West Africa during the past week.
- Locally heavy rains continued across saturated areas in South Sudan and southern Sudan.
1) Above-average rain during the past thirty-days has resulted in saturated grounds and localized flooding in parts of South Sudan and southern Sudan. With above-average rain forecast during the next week, the risk for localized flash flooding is elevated.
Central African Republic: Central African Crisis: Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (as of 10 July 2014) [EN/FR]
The events of December 2013 in the Central African Republic (CAR) has seen of an unprecedented rise of violence and chaos, and has led to the internal displacement of over 1 million people. More than 380,000 people have crossed the borders to neighboring countries and more than 187,251 people have been evacuated to their countries of origin (Chad, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, etc.). The closing of the Chad/CAR border has had a considerable impact on the exchanges between the two countries.
Khartoum 16 July 2014: A significant increase in humanitarian needs in Sudan during the first six months of 2014 has necessitated a revision of the Sudan Response Plan. Aid agencies in Sudan now urgently require $982 million to assist 6.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance (roughly 20% of Sudan’s population). Humanitarian needs vary to include shelter, protection, nutrition, health, and potable water.
The first half of 2014 saw more people displaced in Darfur than in any single year since the height of the crisis in 2004. Conflict in South Sudan has driven over 85,000 people across the border to seek refuge in Sudan, particularly in White Nile State. And, following a comprehensive Sudan-wide survey, revised the planning figures for malnutrition showed an increase in people suffering from acute malnutrition especially children.
Given these new needs, aid agencies in Sudan have reassessed their priorities and refocused primarily on the immediate delivery of life saving assistance. Although many of the conflicts generating humanitarian needs in Sudan are protracted, the vulnerabilities faced by affected communities are acute. For example, the water and sanitation services for newly displaced people who have fled to Darfur’s camps are now severely overstretched, giving rise to the spread of diseases such as jaundice and hepatitis E.
“Saving lives is a priority. The humanitarian needs generated by new displacement in Darfur come in addition to the needs of some 2.2 million people in Darfur who live in camps, displaced by a conflict that has gone on for over 11 years. Due to the scale of this new displacement and the declining capacity of relief agencies, the delivery of basic humanitarian services in Darfur is inadequate. This revised appeal pivots on ensuring people at immediate risk are prioritized for assistance,” said the Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan, Ali Al-Za’tari.
“The Sudan humanitarian response plan has been revised to reflect the deteriorating situation in Darfur, the influx of new refugees from South Sudan, and Sudan’s acute malnutrition crisis,” said Mr. Al-Za’tari. “To ensure that people made vulnerable by these crises get the assistance they need, I call on the donor community to support the Plan and help aid agencies obtain the humanitarian space needed to deliver relief where it is needed most”.
For a PDF version of the Revised Strategic Response Plan, click here.
July 15, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese government is stepping up its efforts to meet pledges made by president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir to end tribal conflicts in the country by the end of the year.
A reconciliation conference between Hamar and Ma’alia tribes will be held on July 23 in Al Foula town in West Kordofan state. The presidency also called for making arrangements to hold a similar conference between Ma’alia and Rizeigat tribes on August 10.
Tribal fighting has intensified during the last two years in Darfur and Kordofan regions in western Sudan leading to thousands of dead and injured and forcing over 300,000 people to flee their homes.
Intermittent clashes have been going on between Hamar tribe which dwells in West Kordofan state and Ma’alia tribe which inhabits in East Darfur. The fighting was triggered by land dispute between the two tribes.
The governor of West Kordofan state, Ahmed Khamees, acknowledged in 2013 that clashes between the two tribes erupted following discovery of oil in the region.
The head of the parliamentary follow-up committee on reconciliation, Salim al-Safi Higair, said the meeting is scheduled for July 23 and will continue for four days, stressing that Hamar chief, Abdel-Gadir Muni’m Mansur, and Ma’alia chief, Mohahed Ahmed Al-Safi, agreed to hold the conference.
He pointed in press statements on Tuesday that the government of West Kordofan state started making arrangements for holding the reconciliation conference.
Higair noted his committee is coordinating between the state government and traditional administration, saying they will travel to Al Foula next Sunday to meet both sides to arrange for the conference.
He disclosed ongoing arrangements for the participation of the Sudanese parliament speaker, al-Fatih Izz al-Din, in the conference, acknowledging that security problem could not be resolved overnight.
“We want a lasting solution for the problem in order to spare the region from outlaws”, he added.
Last week, the Hamar and Ma’alia tribes signed an agreement in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum aimed at ending the bloody fighting which has been continuing for two years between them.
Earlier this month, authorities in West Kordofan and East Darfur states have ordered deployment of joint military troops to secure the dividing line between areas of Hamar and Ma’alia tribes following renewed fighting between the two ethnic groups which claimed lives of 75 people.
Last May, 28 people were killed in battles between the two tribes in East Darfur and West Kordofan according to tribal leaders at the time.
The United Nations confirmed that 38 people were killed last December in West Kordofan as a result of clashes between the two groups because of a dispute over the right to pasture.
RIZEIGAT AND MA’ALIA … THE OLDEST CONFLICT
The Sudanese first vice-president, Bakri Hassan Salih, has directed perfecting arrangements of reconciliation conflict between Ma’alia and Rizeigat tribes which is scheduled for August 10 in East Darfur state.
Salih, who met with the governor of East Darfur state, al-Tayeb Abdel-Karim, called for implementing recommendations of reconciliation conferences in order to achieve peace and security.
Earlier this month, renewed clashes between the two tribes led to the death of 31 people and 30 injured. Fighting between the two Arab tribes led to the killing of more than 500 people last year.
Both the Rizeigat and the Ma’alia are pastoralist tribes, based in East Darfur. The centre of Rizeigat territory is in Ed Daein town, the capital of East Darfur, while the Maalia centre is in Adila, the second largest town after Ed Daein.
Clashes between the two tribes tribal generally erupt over land ownership.
Meanwhile, Awlad Omran and al-Zyoud clans of the Misseriya tribe have reached a truce following recent clashes which led to the death of more than 44 people.
The head of the reconciliation and peaceful coexistence mechanism in West Kordofan state, Mohamed Jaber, said the joint committee of the traditional administration reached an agreement to stop armed fighting until holding the reconciliation conference.
The government-sponsored Sudan Media Center (SMC) pointed the committee made efforts over the past ten days leading to agreement of the parties to accept truce.
It stressed the state’s keenness to achieve reconciliation among conflicting tribes, underscoring the need to resolve the conflicts in order to focus on development and reconstruction.
CRIMES AND LOOTING IN SOUTH DARFUR
The governor of South Darfur state, Adam Mahmoud Jar Al-Nabi, on Tuesday has declared an indefinite emergency situation in South Darfur state including a curfew from 7 pm to 7 am in the capital Nyala.
The decision also included banning riding of motorcycles by more than one person, banning holding weapons while wearing civilian clothes, banning of vehicles driving around without license plates, and banning wearing Kadamool [turban which covers the face].
It also banned driving of shaded cars in Nyala even for government officials unless permission is being obtained from the traffic police. The decision further prevented firing of gunshots in social events in Nyala.
After the tribal clashes of last year, Darfur now is the scene of attacks by militiamen, armed banditry and criminal activities which became a major source of instability during the recent months.
The head of Darfur joint peacekeeping mission, Mohamed Ibn Shambas, last week told the Peace and Security Council of the African Union that “the proliferation of militia groups and attendant criminality and banditry” continues to be a source of concern.
Armed gangs, regularly carry out attacks on businessmen and commercial convoys in South Darfur which known by the criminal activities of these bandits.
Last week, unidentified gunmen killed the commissioner of Katila county in South Darfur, Abdallah Yassin, who was returning to his county from the state capital Nyala.
Robbers last week also stormed a mall in Nyala and stole a large sum of money before escaping on a four-wheel-drive vehicle.
The commissioner of Nyala North, Al-Hadi Issa, said in a press conference on Tuesday that crime became unbearable; pointing that security authorities would not tolerate presence of thieves inside the town.
He said that wearing of Kadamool is a new phenomenon in South Darfur, underscoring determination to carry out the governor’s decisions immediately.
The commissioner of Nyala locality, Abdel-Rahman Hussein Gardod, for his part, stressed government ability to implement the decisions, saying they are currently working towards promoting police services.
He disclosed that they would set up a special tribunal for crimes of violating emergency laws, promising to supply residents with phone numbers to contact authorities to report crimes and violations.
The deputy governor of South Darfur, Mahdi Bosch, told the SMC that authorities obtained precise information regarding the kidnapping of the International Organization of Migration (IOM) official, stressing he will be released soon.
Meanwhile, the first vice president discussed with the governor of Central Darfur state, Ga’afar Abdel-Hakam, on Tuesday the possibility for increasing the number of localities of Jebel Merra in order to broaden participation and strengthen political administration to achieve security and stability.
Abdel-Hakam told reporters following the meeting that he affirmed to the vice president that security problems which took place at Um Dukhun locality recently have been overcome, saying he briefed him on the procedures being made in this regard and solutions provided by the security committee.
Dozens of people were killed last month in renewed clashes between Salamat and Misseriya tribes at Um Dukhun county near the Chadian border.
According to government reports, more than 1000 people were killed and over 500 wounded in a series of attacks and revenge attacks between the two Arab tribes over cattle theft .
The clashes also displaced thousands of people who fled into Chad, the state capital Zalingei, and the capital of South Darfur, Nyala.
Tribal clashes are now seen as the first source of violence in the western Sudan region and displaced thousands of civilians in Darfur five states.
R2P Monitor is a bi-monthly bulletin applying the Responsibility to Protect lens to populations at risk of mass atrocities around the world. Issue 16 looks at developments in Syria, Sudan, South Sudan, DR Congo, Nigeria, Burma/Myanmar, Central African Republic, and Iraq.
Philip Aleu Last updated on: July 15, 2014 6:28 PM
JUBA —U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees and Migration, Anne Richard, on Tuesday called the violence in South Sudan a tragic chapter in the country's short history and pleaded with the warring sides to make peace.
Speaking in Juba on the last day of a week-long visit that took her to camps for internally displaced persons and refugees inside South Sudan and in neighboring Ethiopia, Richard said she and other Americans share the despair of the hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese who have been forced from their homes by months of fighting.
“For those of us who have followed the situation here for many years, for many Americans who care about South Sudan, is a very, very sad chapter in the history of this young nation," she said.
Richard said that although the United States and the rest of the international community have given generously to South Sudan, the aid funds are not limitless and will be of little use if the fighting continues.
“There is a limit to how much aid can be provided in a year with so many crises around the world," Richard said.
"So the best thing ... will be to restore peace to South Sudan, to stop the hostilities and get back to the business of developing this nation into the great nation we all hope it will become,” she said.
At a conference in Norway in May, international donors pledged more than $600 million in aid for South Sudan, half of it from the United States. But the donors warned then that the funds would be of no help to the people in need of assistance if the warring sides in the country continue to fight and obstruct aid deliveries. Richard repeated that warning and said responsibility for ending the conflict lies with South Sudan’s leaders.
Refugees in Ethiopia
During her week-long visit, Richard traveled to a refugee camp in the Gambella region in Ethiopia, and to U.N. camps within South Sudan, which are hosting tens of thousands of internally displaced persons.
Ethiopia is hosting more than 158,000 South Sudanese refugees, the largest number of any of South Sudan's neighbors.
Richard also visited refugees from Sudan who fled violence at home and are now trapped by the fighting in South Sudan.
She said aid agencies are encountering difficulties reaching Sudanese refugees, particularly as most of the camps housing them are in volatile parts of South Sudan.
U.S. Ambassador to South Sudan, Susan Page, agreed with Richard that the only way to improve the situation for South Sudanese is to end the fighting. She said the United States and the international community are pressing both parties to resume peace talks in Addis Ababa, which were suspended indefinitely last month.
“We are supporting the peace process. We believe that this is the only game in town and we are going to do everything we can to support it," Page said.
As the two women spoke, there were reports of fresh fighting in parts of Unity state.
At least 10,000 people have been killed since South Sudan erupted in violence in December and over 1.1 million have been forced from their homes, according to the United Nations.
Humanitarian agencies have warned that the ongoing fighting has prevented farmers from planting crops, and that could push the country to the brink of famine. There is also a shortfall in humanitarian funding, in spite of the United States pledging another $21.6 million to South Sudan last week.
KALMA CAMP (15 Jul.) - More than 70 people have died in less than a month the Kalma camp for the displaced in Nyala locality, South Darfur, owing to the bad humanitarian situation in the camp, and the rampant insecurity.
Saleh Eisa, the Secretary-General of Kalma camp, reported to Radio Dabanga, that the 163,000 residents of the camp are living in extremely dire humanitarian conditions.
“People are starving because the food rations were cut. Because they are weak already, they are prone to all kinds of diseases. There is a lack of clean drinking water. Health services are lacking, and the overall insecurity in the locality worsens the situation.”
He explained that the World Food Programme provides each camp resident with one malwa (3,145 kg) of sorghum a month. “This is far from sufficient, as the displaced do not have any source of income. The continuing insecurity has forced them to become consumers rather than producers.”
“The last month, more than 70 Kalma camp residents died, because of insecurity, hunger, diseases, and the deterioration of services in the camp.”
Eisa called upon the UN Security Council and Unamid to provide security in Darfur, “to protect the displaced, and enable them to rely on themselves”.
The Annual Report meets DFID’s obligation to report on its activities and progress toward the Millennium Development Goals under the International Development (Reporting and Transparency) Act 2006. It includes information on DFID’s results achieved, spending, performance and efficiency. The audited statutory accounts include spend against Parliamentary Estimate, and a statement of DFID’s assets and liabilities.
DFID’s Accounts are prepared in accordance with the 2013-14 Government Financial Reporting Manual (FReM), issued by HM Treasury. The accounting policies contained in the FReM apply International Financial Reporting Standards as adapted or interpreted for the public sector context. DFID’s Accounts are similar in many respects to the annual accounts prepared by private sector businesses. They contain the primary financial statements recording the full costs of activities, DFID’s assets and liabilities as well as providing information on how resources have been used to meet objectives. The format is tailored to central government accounting including, for example, financial comparisons against the Department’s resource-based estimates. Those not familiar with the format of the accounts might like to focus on the Financial Review within the Strategic Report to the Accounts, which summarises the key areas of performance. The accounts are audited by the National Audit Office before they are presented to Parliament.
By 2013–14, DFID had achieved the following results:*
provided 43.1 million people with access to clean water, better sanitation or improved hygiene conditions
supported 10.2 million children – 4.9 million girls – to go to primary and lower secondary school
ensured that 3.6 million bir ths took place safely with the help of nurses, midwives or doctors
prevented 19.3 million children under 5 and pregnant women from going hungry
reached 11.4 million people with emergency food assistance
provided 54.4 million people, including 26.9 million women, with access to ﬁnancial services to help them work their way out of poverty
reached 6.7 million people with cash transfers programmes
helped 85.8 million people to hold their authorities to account and have a say in their community’s development
In 2013, the multilateral organisations that DFID supported:
provided food assistance to 80.9 million people in 75 countries; of these 67.9 million were women and children (World Food Programme)
immunised 48 million children against preventable diseases (GAVI Alliance)
detected and treated 1.5 million cases of tuberculosis (The Global Fund to Fight AIDS,
TB and Malaria)
gave 1.0 million new households a water supply (Asian Development Bank)
provided 9.7 million people with new or improved electricity connections (African Development Bank)
supported over 4.5 million children in primary education, including 2.2 million girls (Global Par tnership for Education)
enabled 11.5 million people to beneﬁt from healthcare facilities (International Committee of the Red Cross)
generated 6.5 million jobs and livelihoods in 113 countries, of which 58% were for women (United Nations Development Programme)
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on humanitarian access signed. The MoU on cross-border humanitarian access has been signed by both South Sudan and Sudan. This will allow WFP to transport life-saving food through the border and reach population affected by the conflict in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states.
Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) currently ongoing. Data collection, including nutritional status data, is ongoing in 100 sites, covering all ten states. The first results are expected by mid- August and will feed into the next IPC analysis.
Barge convoy departure delayed by technical problems. The pusher used to retrieve one of the barge from the river sand has been damaged and it’s currently in Juba for repair. As of 11 July, two barges are still in Juba waiting for the pusher to be repaired, before reaching the other two barges positioned in Mongalla and proceed to Malakal and Melut. The estimated date of departure is on 13 July.
Over 1.1 million IDPs (OCHA estimates)
401,800 displaced outside South Sudan
97,136 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS estimates)
3.9 million projected in emergency or crisis level of food insecurity between June and August (IPC, May 2014).
Snapshot 9–15 July
oPT: 178 Palestinians have been killed since the launch of Israel’s Operation Protective Edge on 8 July. Around 17,000 people have sought shelter in UNRWA schools. Rockets from Syria and Lebanon have hit the north of Israel, raising fears of the conflict spreading.
Democratic Republic of Congo: More than 30,000 people are estimated to have been displaced in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Katanga in June, due to FARDC military operations and fighting between armed groups.
Syria: Host populations are struggling to cope with growing camp populations, and people in informal settlements are receiving very little assistance. The population of Lattakia and Tartous has grown by 50%. The conflict death toll has passed 170,000.
Updated: 15/07/2014. Next update: 22/07/2014
Substantial humanitarian action is urgently required in Sudan in 2014.Overall, a total of 6.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance including life-saving interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and, where conditions permit, supporting longer-term solutions to the plight of internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees.
The UN and partners have agreed on the following strategic objectives for 2014:
Saving Lives: Reduction of morbidity and mortality rates to below emergency thresholds and improvement in well-being.
Protection: Conflict-affected and displaced persons are more effectively protected from violence and exploitation.
Resilience: The most vulnerable households, groups and communities are better able to mitigate risk and withstand shocks and stresses.
Durable Solutions: Progress towards durable solutions is achieved for IDPs and affected communities in targeted localities.
As outlined in the individual sector response plans, the eleven sectors in Sudan have planned a set of complementary activities under each of the strategic objectives. Key priority actions for 2014 remain:
• Improving emergency preparedness and responding promptly to new crises of displacement.
• Addressing the extremely high levels of malnutrition and tackling the underlying public health issues driving these.
• Enhancing the security of conflict-affected populations.
• Facilitating better access to essential services in camps and host communities.
• Reducing food insecurity and increasing household economic autonomy.
• Re-establishing humanitarian presence in currently inaccessible areas of South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and the Darfur region initially to achieve comprehensive vaccination coverage.
MUKJAR (15 Jul.) - Mukjar locality in Central Darfur is devoid of any form of basic health care services. Within the past four months, 15 people died of an unknown liver disease.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga from Mukjar town, an activist said that the about 90,000 people living in the locality, do not have access to any medical care. “There are not even medical assistants anymore, since the last one left in March.”
He appealed to the Central Darfur State government to “immediately send a doctor to Mukjar”. He also called on the authorities to urgently dispatch a medical team to diagnose a “mysterious liver disease that caused the death of 15 people so far” in Mukjar locality.
The activist reported too that four militiamen on Sunday evening pillaged the shop of Adam Ismail Adam in the eastern part of Mukjar town. “The gunmen first secured the street, before they emptied the entire shop, loaded the goods in their vehicle, and fled.”
ZALINGEI LOCALITY (15 Jul.) - Torrential rains on Saturday destroyed more than 1,000 shelters at the Hamidiya, Khamsa Degaig, Hassahissa, and Teiba camps for the displaced in Zalingei locality, Central Darfur.
“We have not witnessed rains like this for more than 20 years. Between 4 and 7 pm on Saturday, heavy downpours accompanied by strong winds and hail washed away the possessions of more than 1,000 families,” the coordinator of the Central Darfur camps told Radio Dabanga.
“A large number of toilets were destroyed too. Four school classes of Sultan Teirab and Abu Ateem basic schools collapsed. Many trees broke down.”
The camps coordinator said that those affected are now living in the open, “bereft of everything they owned”. He urged the UN Office for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), and the Norwegian and Canadian aid organisations operating in the camps, to “quickly conduct a survey in cooperation with the camp elders, and provide plastic sheets, blankets, and mosquito nets for the affected”.