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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 21 | 16 – 22 May 2016

26 May 2016 - 11:03am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

• A sub-national measles campaign is targeting more than 4 million children in five states of Sudan during 22-30 May 2016.
• South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan.
• UNHAS announces provisional direct flights between El Fasher and Sortony, North Darfur.
• An inter-agency mission to the Anka area in North Darfur has reported that 15,000 people in the area need assistance.

In this issue

Sub-national measles vaccination starts P.1
South Sudanese influx into Sudan P.2
UNHAS flights to Sortony, North Darfur P.3
Inter-agency mission to Anka, North Darfur P.4

Measles vaccination campaign starts in five states

On 22 May, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Sudan, the World Health Organizaton (WHO) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched a sub-national measles campaign in six states – Blue Nile, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, White Nile, and Sennar – targeting more than 4 million children aged from 6 months to 15 years. The campaign will run till 30 May and cover the new South Sudanese arrivals in these states as well. The campaign is complementary to the campaigns implemented in 2015 that covered ten states when 9.5 million children were vaccinated. The vaccination campaign has already been completed in West Kordofan State where 728,586 children were vaccinated against measles, indicating coverage of 99 per cent of the target.

The effect of the previous campaign is a reduction of measles cases compared to the same period of the last year. In 2015, up to week 19 there were 2,498 confirmed measles cases and 38 deaths compared to 1,073 confirmed cases and 10 deaths reported this year by the end of the week 19 (13 May 2016), according to the MoH. In addition, there has been reduction of case fatality, especially in Red Sea, Central Darfur and West Darfur states.

WHO supported the campaign by mobilising WHO technical staff at the state level to support the implementation of the campaign. WHO’s support entails efforts to ensure good quality campaign, meet the objectives whilst reaching the expected results; and financial support to fill the gap for the campaign. UNICEF procured vaccines and supplies for the campaign and supported social mobilisation to enhance the coverage.

South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan

South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan. As of 22 May 2016, about 69,000 people are estimated to have arrived in various states in Sudan since January. East Darfur is hosting close to 46,000 people representing 66 per cent of all the new arrivals in 2016. An additional 5,324 people have arrived in Bileil camp in South Darfur and have been registered by Sudan’s Commissioner of Refugees (COR). In West Kordofan, 7,241 arrivals have been reported by the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC); and in White Nile, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) have registered over 9,000 since the beginning of 2016 (please see the table on page 2 for details).

According to UNHCR’s latest update on 12 May, 226,950 South Sudanese arrived in Sudan since December 2013. While the number of new South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan in 2016 is 75 per cent more than 39,622 arrivals registered by UNHCR during the same period last year, the level of funding provided is significantly lower. UNHCR and parterns are updating the response plan for the new arrivals from South Sudan for 2016 and are revising the figures accordingly.

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Yemeni and Somali Arrivals from Yemen into the Horn of Africa - as of 02 May 2016

26 May 2016 - 8:22am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 02 May 2016)

26 May 2016 - 8:03am
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

World: Attacks on Health Care: Prevent • Protect • Provide

26 May 2016 - 7:03am
Source: World Health Organization Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Iraq, Liberia, Libya, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Attacks on Health Care

Attacks on health care in emergency situations disrupt the delivery of essential health services, endanger care providers, deprive people of urgently needed medical attention, and undermine our long term health development goals.

WHO collaborates closely with others to better understand the problem, bring attention to the issue, and find solutions that can prevent attacks; protect health facilities, workers, transport and supplies; and ensure the continued provision of health care despite such attacks.

WHO releases new report on attacks on health

Currently there is no publicly available source of consolidated information on attacks on health care in emergencies. This report is a first attempt to consolidate and analyse the data that is available from open sources. While the data are not comprehensive, the findings shed light on the severity and frequency of the problem.

Over the two-year period from January 2014 to December 2015, there were 594 reported attacks on health care that resulted in 959 deaths and 1561 injuries in 19 countries with emergencies. More than half of the attacks were against health care facilities and another quarter of the attacks were against health care workers. Sixty-two per cent of the attacks were reported to have intentionally targeted health care.

Read the full report

Greece: Operations Cell (Updated May 25, 2016 6:41 PM)

25 May 2016 - 11:36pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Austria, Comoros, Croatia, Egypt, Eritrea, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Libya, Pakistan, Serbia, Slovenia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, World

Arrivals and departures

An estimated number of 1,375 people lost their lives at sea while attempting to reach Europe this year, which is 25% lower than the number people who died during the same period of time in 2015 (1,828). As of 24 May, no such events took place in the Aegean Sea, where during the first months of the year (as of April), 376 people died. By contrast, nearly 95 refugees and migrants drowned in the Mediterranean Sea during May last year, and an estimated 330 died in May 2014. So far this year, 190,960 people reached Europe via the Mediterranean Sea (Spain: 903, Italy: 33,907, Greece: 156,150). As of 23 May, 190,057 people arrived to Italy and Greece.

On 24 May, five separate disembarkation operations of people rescued at sea took place in Augusta (508 people), Catania (395 people), Pozzallo (417 people), Reggio Calabria (290 people), and Crotone (395 people) totalling 2,005 people. People mainly originate from Sub-Saharan countries, Somalia, Eritrea, Egypt, Palestine, and Iraq. Reportedly, another 850 people were intercepted by Libyan authorities. Several hundred rescued refugees and migrants are due to arrive in Italian ports today following rescue operations.

Condition of People

In Greece, at Eidomeni, where thousands of refugees and migrants have been camping for the past two months in hopes that the border crossing would re-open and they would be able to continue their journey, decongestion efforts have been ongoing. People are transferred to several sites throughout mainland Greece. UNHCR has provided people with humanitarian assistance in formal sites and informal sites such as Eidomeni. On 23 May, the Greek Government announced the evacuation of approximately 9,000 people, informing refugees and migrants accordingly. The evacuation of the site began on 24 May and is ongoing.

Key Developments

At the UN World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras expressed his satisfaction with the implementation of the EU-Turkey Agreement so far, saying that refugee flows have significantly diminished. During a meeting with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Tsipras noted that people smuggling seems to have been deterred to a great extent, with NATO’s participation being a crucial element.

Planning, preparation and funding

The European Commission has awarded 25 million euros in emergency funding to the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) to enhance its capacity to further support Greek authorities. These additional resources will be used to support the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March and the EU emergency relocation scheme. The funding is provided under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) of EC DG Home and will allow for the deployment of additional member state experts and interpreters, as well as the setting up of mobile EASO offices in hotspots to assist with asylum application processing.

Sudan: Sudan and Eritrea crack down on migrants amid reports of EU incentives

25 May 2016 - 11:18pm
Source: IRIN Country: Eritrea, Libya, Sudan, World

By Kristy Siegfried

Authorities in Sudan have launched a crackdown on Eritrean migrants - arresting those living in the capital, Khartoum, and intercepting hundreds travelling north through the country towards Libya, the launching point for smugglers’ boats heading for Europe.

Read the full story here.

United Republic of Tanzania: Burundi Refugee Situation in Tanzania - Daily Statistical Report (Wednesday, 25-May-2016)

25 May 2016 - 10:37pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

The current Burundi refugee situation in Tanzania began late April 2015. The months that followed saw significantly high number of persons of concern arrivng in Tanzania, mainly through Kagunga, a tiny border village along Lake Tanganyika and other entry points in Kigoma region. The population was relocated to Nyarugusu camp, which was already host to 65,000 persons of concern, mainly DR Congolese. The camp quickly ran out of capacity to host the new population, prompting the opening of a new camp, Nduta, in Kibondo district on 07-Oct-2015. Nduta's capacity has been put at 60,000. Another camp, Mtendeli in Kakonko district, also began officially receiving refugees from Burundi on 14-Jan-2016. The two new camps will host Burundian refugees, while other nationals fleeing the Burundi situation, mostly DR Congolese will continue to be hosted in Nyarugusu.

South Sudan: South Sudan: Emergency Dashboard, April 2016

25 May 2016 - 12:46pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

World: Conflict Trends: Issue 1, 2016 - Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

25 May 2016 - 9:58am
Source: African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia

The Great Lakes Region highlights the interconnected nature of conflict. This is particularly true for the four focus countries of the Great Lakes Project (GLP), namely Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Uganda. This interconnectedness forms the basis of the GLP’s regional approach.

Introduction

While the name ‘Great Lakes Region’ was derived from the freshwater lakes and river basins within the central and eastern part of Africa,1 for the purposes of this article the Great Lakes Region is defined within the context of the regional entity known as the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR). In the ICGLR context, the area of focus is therefore the countries located in the east and central Africa – namely Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic (CAR), South Sudan, Kenya and Sudan. Thus, the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. It is also a region with interlinked conflicts and common fundamental problems that emanate from postcolonial challenges to state-building and nation-building. This article analyses the main conflict dynamics in the Great Lakes Region. The causes, dynamics and effects of conflicts are summarised, but the scope of the article does not allow for the exhaustive delineation of the conflict in each country. Rather, the purpose here is to provide an overview of the root causes of conflicts in Great Lakes Region countries, their maintenance factors, their interconnectivity and their consequences on people.

Greece: Operations Cell (Updated May 24, 2016 4:33 PM)

25 May 2016 - 2:37am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Austria, Comoros, Croatia, Egypt, Eritrea, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Libya, Pakistan, Serbia, Slovenia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, World
Arrivals and departures

In Greece, an estimated 126 people arrived over the weekend (21-22 May) in the northern Aegean (35 on Lesvos, 76 on Chios, and 15 on Samos).

Condition of People

A study carried out by Save the Children emphasized that child refugees stranded in Greece have been out of school for an average of 1.5 years. The study conducted ahead of the inaugural World Humanitarian Summit found that Syrian child refugees have been out of school for an average of 25.8 months, while Afghan child refugees spent an average of 10.7 months out of the classroom. Yesterday, 23 May, Save the Children, along with UNICEF and others, unveiled a new fund for schooling in emergencies called Education Cannot Wait to help provide schooling for displaced children. Save the Children said it has been providing non-formal lessons – including English and Greek classes – through child-friendly spaces established in several sites in Greece in partnership with UNHCR, and is currently scaling up its education activities in Greece to provide child refugees with access to basic education through temporary classrooms.

Key Developments

On 23 May, the Foreign Affairs Council discussed external aspects of migration, in particular, ways to further strengthen cooperation with countries of origin and countries of transit through a common EU approach. In its conclusions on the external aspects of migration, the Council reaffirmed its commitment to a comprehensive and geographically balanced approach, based on bilateral and multilateral cooperation, as well as building on all existing instruments. Ministers notably stressed the need to address the root causes of migration, combat smuggling and trafficking, and ensure cooperation on return and readmission. Focusing on the Eastern Mediterranean, the Council underlined the importance of further implementing the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March. Regarding the Central Mediterranean route, the Council highlighted the need to use the broad range of tools available to manage flows, in cooperation with third countries of origin and transit, and in close collaboration with UNHCR and IOM.

The Council also discussed and adopted conclusions on EUNAVFOR Med Operation Sophia, the EU naval operation to support the fight against smuggling and trafficking in the southern central Mediterranean.

Ministers agreed to extend the Operation’s mandate by one year and add two supporting tasks: ensuring capacity building of and information sharing with the Libyan Coastguard, and contributing to the implementation of the UN arms embargo on high seas off the coast of Libya. The Operation’s mandate will be formally amended once the necessary preparatory work is conducted.

Finally, the Council discussed and adopted conclusions on the EU regional strategy for Syria and Iraq, outlining priorities in working to achieve lasting peace, stability, security in Syria, Iraq and the wider region.

Sudan: Malnutrition growing among Sudanese children

25 May 2016 - 2:21am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

A growing number of children are malnourished in Sudan, according to the Ministry of Health.

The State Minster of Health announced in the Sudanese Parliament on Monday that there is an increased child malnutrition rate in the country. Sumaya Idris presented a report on the Ministry's performance for 2015 and the first quarter of this year.

Stunted growth has increased from 33 to 35 percent from 2006 to 2010, and again to 38 percent in 2014. Chronic malnutrition may result in stunted growth, making a child shorter than average for his or her age. Unlike acute malnutrition, it occurs over time.

Minister Sumaya pointed out that there is a relative stability in the number of children who are weakened by malnutrition. Their rate slightly increased from 15 percent in 2006 to 16 percent in 2010, and numbers remained stable in 2014.

She said there are 1.5 million verified cases of malaria in Sudan. 5.4 new cases of HIV/AIDS were discovered last year; an increase of 4 percent from 2014.

The Ministry of Health acknowledged that it faces many challenges. It highlighted the problem of staff shortages in the many smaller hospitals in Sudan. Doctor assistants and other medical staff often transfer from local hospitals to elsewhere.

According to the UN Children Fund (Unicef) last month, approximately 2 million children under the age of five suffer from acute malnutrition, of which 550,000 are severely acutely malnourished.

Sudan: Sudan: Students, Activists at Risk of Torture

25 May 2016 - 12:10am
Source: Human Rights Watch Country: Sudan
Free Detainees; Investigate Abuses

(Nairobi) – Sudanese national security officials have detained dozens of students and activists – many of whom are still in custody – without charge since mid-April 2016, during protests on university campuses.

Some have been held for more than a month. Others are held in locations that the government has not revealed, without access to lawyers or contact with family, putting them at increased risk of torture.

“Sudan is cracking down on activists, students, and even their lawyers, with abusive and thuggish tactics,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The government should put a stop to these tactics, immediately make the whereabouts of all detainees known, and release anyone being held without charge.”

The Sudanese government has repeatedly and violently cracked down on protests, including in September and October 2013, when security forces killed more than 170 protesters. Authorities have arbitrarily detained, tortured, and otherwise ill-treated detained protestors, including using sexual violence on female students.

Starting in mid-April 2016, government security forces, including national security and riot police, clamped down on student demonstrations against the sale of Khartoum University buildings, as well as earlier detention of protesters and a range of other issues at other campuses across Sudan.

Government forces have used tear gas, rubber bullets, and batons – and in some cases live ammunition – to break up protests and arrest scores of protesters. Reports that armed pro-government student groups are helping government security forces to break up protests, including with live ammunition, are of particular concern, Human Rights Watch said. Two students were killed and many more injured in El Obeid on April 19, and Omdurman on April 27.

The government accuses the protesters of using violence and has brought murder charges against one, Asim Omer, a 25-year-old student.

During the crackdowns, Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) have detained dozens of protesters, including young students and older graduates. Human Rights Watch received credible reports that many of those detained have been beaten and subjected to other forms of ill-treatment. Most have not been charged or had access to family or visits from their lawyers.

If the authorities have credible evidence that any of those detained have committed legitimate offenses, they should have already charged the detainees. Anyone not already charged should be released pending any potential charges the authorities intend to bring, Human Rights Watch said.

Among those held without charge for more than a month is Ahmed Zuhair, in his early 20s, who was arrested on April 13, from a hospital where he and others were being treated for injuries sustained during a protest. Murtada Habani, a civil engineer in his late 50s, and Mohammed Farouk, an engineer in his 40s, were among a group arrested on April 23, during a peaceful demonstration in front of Khartoum University.

Authorities have also detained lawyers and student activists during legal consultations. On the afternoon of May 5, a group of about 15 armed national security officials raided the Khartoum law offices of a prominent lawyer, Nabil Adeeb, and arrested a group of students, their family members, and office staff. The students were getting legal advice on appealing a May 3 university decision to suspend or dismiss the students.

The security officers separated the lawyers from their clients, forced most from both groups to squat on the floor, and beat many of them, before forcing about 16 people into police cars, witnesses told Human Rights Watch. The authorities also confiscated Adeeb’s laptop. Security officials also arrested several other students who were not at the meeting, but whom the university had previously dismissed or suspended. Most are held at unrevealed locations, without access to visitors.

All NISS detainees are at risk of ill-treatment and torture, Human Rights Watch said.

Badr Eldin Saleh, a 25-year-old first-year student who was detained on April 13 for 10 days, was beaten while in detention. Family members told Human Rights Watch that when they met him he told them he had been beaten and insulted, was unable to walk easily, and had marks of beating on his back. Saleh was rearrested on May 5 at Adeeb’s office and remains in detention at an undisclosed location.

Female students arrested in April, but since released, told Sudanese monitors that NISS staff sexually harassed them during interrogations. At least three women, including Mai Adil, a student leader in her early 20s and women’s rights activist, were arrested again recently and are being held by NISS at Omdurman Women’s Prison without charge or access to visitors.

Sudanese authorities have stifled reporting on the protests and restricted media freedoms. Editions of _Al Jareeda_, a daily newspaper, have been confiscated five times, most likely because of its reporting on the demonstrations. Zuhair, one of those arrested in April at a hospital, had been attempting to report on the demonstrations, credible sources said. In late May NISS confiscated another publication, _Al Mustaqila_, twice, without providing any reason or grounds.

Human Rights Watch is also concerned about other detainees in NISS custody, some of whom have been in detention for many months. Abdelmonim Abdelmowla, a Darfuri graduate, was arrested in December 2015 with a Darfuri student, Ali Omar Musa. While Musa was released in May 2016, Abdelmowla remains in NISS detention without charge, his lawyers told Human Rights Watch.

“There is no justification for Sudan using or condoning violence and abuse to silence protesters and activists, or arbitrarily detaining them and denying access to lawyers and other due process protections,” Bekele said. “Authorities should immediately put an end to these abuses and respond to public protest in a manner that respects basic freedoms of expression and assembly.”

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Market Price Monitoring Bulletin - 1-30 April 2016

24 May 2016 - 5:04pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

Market Highlights

  • The US$/SSP exchange rates exhibited daily fluctuations for the better part of April 2016. The local currency gained slight ground against the USD in the intervening period of signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in the last two weeks of April, only to resume loosing trends thereafter and was exchanging at SSP 36-39/1$ in third week of May in the black market. The persistent shortage of dollars continued to dis-incentivize imports into the country during the reporting month.

  • The fuel crisis, characterized by shortages, hoarding and informal sale on road sides at inflated costs, continued for the fifth straight month in 2016, disrupting road movements and trade. In the black market, diesel costed as high as SSP 150/litre in Bentiu, Bor and Malakal but was slightly lower in Juba (SSP 70-100).

  • The nominal prices of sorghum, maize, beans, cooking oil and wheat flour continued rising trends in most markets and are significantly higher than their levels a year ago and the long-term mean. The prices of white sorghum, for instance were highest in Wau and Kuajok, going for as much as SSP 88 and 95/malwa, respectively during the reporting month.

  • In the May-July period, prices of staple foods are expected to continue rising to peak in July while purchasing power will be reduced for many households in line with lean seasonal trends. The dollar and fuel crisis is likely to persist as most areas become inaccessible during the rainy season, further limiting trader’s stocking capacity. The formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) signals positive prospects for recovery of livelihoods, trade and market infrastructure but the economic gains are unlikely to be instant. The high food prices will limit household’s access to food and as a consequence heighten seasonal vulnerability to food insecurity among market-dependent populations especially the urban poor and those with huge consumption gaps in rural areas.

Sudan: Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Situation Overview (April - July 2016)

24 May 2016 - 4:51pm
Source: Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Country: Sudan

Key Outcomes for the Worst affected Area

Food consumption: South Kordofan: Most people meet their food needs by using some coping strategies such as reducing meals. Over 50% of the internally displaced people (IDPs) are receiving food aid.

North Kordofan: poor food consumption due to Poor production resulted from poor rains this year and the weak purchasing power, 41% of the population have poor access to food.

Central Darfur: 28% of the population suffer from food consumption shortage due to poor production.

North Darfur: 25 % of the population face poor food consumption due to poor staple food production.

Livelihood change: South Kordofan: As a result of the insecurity conditions and high cost of production farmers in affected areas shifted from agricultural production to marginal professions, such as bricks making, timber cutting and trade.

North Kordofan: The reduction in income from sale of crop by 65% due to poor production has resulted in significant change in livelihood towards selling of livestock and earlier than usual migration for labor.

Central Darfur: The increase in displacement ratio is a major change.

North Darfur: most of population in rain-fed agriculture and winter cultivation areas increased dependency on collection and sale of firewood, charcoal and traditional gold mining.

Nutritional status: South Kordofan: GAM rate; reached 14.17 %

North Kordofan: GAM rate was ranged between 2.6 - 15.5 %( according to localities).

Central Darfur: GAM ranged from 5.5 % - 25.3,

North Darfur: No Data available

Sudan: Food Security technical Secretariat - FSTS: Early Warning for Food Security - EWFS, Issue April 2016

24 May 2016 - 4:41pm
Source: Government of Sudan Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Highlights:

  • Estimated areas to be cultivated for season 2016/ 2017 is 42.1 million feddans .

  • The lean period for this season began in March, unusually due to the impact of El Nino .

  • Cereal prices curve was higher by 25 per cent compared to the same period of the previous year, while the prices of animals decreased by 20%.

  • The growing influx of refugees from South Sudan, their number reached 221.322

  • Nutrition situation: high incidence of malnutrition in some States.

  • An increasing pressure on the provision of humanitarian aid in a timely manner as a result of the influx of refugees from South Sudan.

Sudan: Mission Report: Return monitoring mission to Kornoi Locality, North Darfur, 9th - 12th May 2016

24 May 2016 - 4:02pm
Source: Government of Sudan, COOPI - Cooperazione Internazionale, International Organization for Migration, UN Development Programme, World Food Programme, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Chad, Sudan

Background

Kornoi is one of the three localities of Dar Zaghawa (Um Buru, Tina and Kornoi). Kornoi locality identified as the main return area and to assess the situation of the returnees, several return monitoring missions conducted during 2015 to the area and mission reports shared with all stakeholders, which helped a lot in planning of many interventions in Kornoi locality,

This mission came as recommendation of the previous missions to visit the remaining areas in the locality in special those can be reach from Um Buru.

In general, the area affected by Darfur conflict erupted in 2003, which drove the majority of the population to flight to other areas in Sudan or to cross the boarders to Chad.

The mission took place during the period from 9th -12th May 2016 under UNHCR lead.

The mission composed of WFP, UNHCR, IOM, UNDP, COOPI and NOHS

Mission objectives:

UNHCR El Fasher FO led return monitoring mission to four locations in Kornoi locality,(Boba, Forawia, Haramba and Miski) with objectives

  1. To visit the remaining reported return areas in Kornoi locality, assess the nature of the return in the reported return villages, assess the humanitarian situation, needs and gap for the returnees, and host communities.

  2. To better understanding the area and potential areas for intervention to sustain the return of refugees.

World: WFP El Niño 2015-2016: Preparedness and Response, Situation Report #4, 24 May 2016

24 May 2016 - 3:38pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: Chad, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Timor-Leste, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

IN NUMBERS

60 MILLION people affected globally at present.

32 MILLION people food insecure in Southern Africa.

10.2 MILLION people in Ethiopia need emergency food assistance.

50 PERCENT crop losses in Haiti due to El Niño-influenced drought.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • With its onset in early 2015, the current El Niño event is one of the strongest on record.
    At present, it has affected an estimated 60 million people globally and their food security is severely impacted.

  • Despite the weather phenomenon winding down in the second quarter of 2016, the number of people affected is expected to increase through to early 2017.

  • WFP is rapidly scaling up relief operations but resources are stretched.

SITUATION UPDATE

  • With its onset in early 2015, the current El Niño event is one of the strongest on record. At present, it has affected an estimated 60 million people globally. Despite the weather phenomenon winding down in the second quarter of 2016, the number of people affected is expected to increase through to early 2017.

  • Food security of vulnerable populations is severely impacted. Particular areas of concern include nearly all of Southern Africa which is the hardest hit region; Ethiopia and its neighbours Somalia and Sudan in East Africa; Central America’s ‘dry corridor’, nearby Haiti and the northern region of South America while floods affect the southern region; and many of Asia’s island nations including Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Philippines.

  • Countries will continue coping with the effects on harvests and livestock through the end of 2016, with the humanitarian impact expected to increase. In some locations, the current droughts and adverse weather conditions have only added to consecutive harvest failures, in some cases for the second or third successive time.

  • El Niño is expected to aggravate the already serious chronic malnutrition situation in particular for hardhit communities and for vulnerable groups such as young children and the elderly. Reduced food access, resulting from falling food production and food price increases, will reduce dietary diversity.
    This will impact the quality of infant and young child feeding and increase the risk of acute malnutrition. Access to essential protein and iron-rich foods may also be reduced, particularly in rural areas, as a result of drought impact on livestock.

Sudan: UNAMID Trains University Students on global Information System in South Darfur

24 May 2016 - 3:34pm
Source: UN-AU Mission in Darfur Country: Sudan

From 18 to 19 May, 2016, UNAMID’s Sector South Geospatial, Information & Telecommunications Technologies Section, in collaboration with the Mission’s Civil Affairs and Water and Environment Sections, organized a two-day special training course on Global Information, Positioning System and Global Geophysical Science for 20 students and scholars from the University of Nyala, south Darfur. The course was implemented in response to a request received by UNAMID from the Water Harvesting Centre at the Faculty of Engineering and Science in Nyala University to facilitate the running of the course due to the lack of Global Information System (GIS) equipment at the University.

Addressing guests at the closing ceremony, UNAMID Head of Office, Sector South Mr. Berhanemeskel Nega, encouraged the participants to use the introductory knowledge on GIS to facilitate the exploration of water in Darfur. “UNAMID stands ready to support such initiatives and to continue in its collaborative work with community institutions, especially the Universities to be able to build community capacity on such issues of importance to the people of Darfur,” Mr. Nega added.

On her part, the Director of Water Harvesting Centre in the Faculty, Dr. Wifag Hassan Mahmoud, expressed her appreciations to UNAMID for providing the training to the students and staff members of Nyala University.

Sudan: UNAMID Provides One Month Training in Fuel-Efficient Stove Making for Women IDPs in West Darfur

24 May 2016 - 3:31pm
Source: UN-AU Mission in Darfur Country: Sudan

On 18 May 2016, UNAMID’s Police component and Civil Affairs Section concluded a one-month training programme for 150 internally displaced women on the manufacturing of fuel-efficient stoves at Abuzer Camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in El Geneina, West Darfur. The project, which is part of the Mission’s Quick Impact Projects (QIPs) programme, is a joint effort with the Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS) and is aimed at protecting the environment as well as minimizing possible security risks which displaced women are exposed to while collecting firewood. The closing ceremony was attended by UNAMID staff, Government Officials, SRCS representatives as well as the Sheikh of Sheikhs (Community Leader) and the community from Abuzer IDP Camp.

Addressing guests gathered at the closing ceremony, UNAMID Sector West Officer-in-Charge, Mr. Oumar Kane, stated that the project will help women avoid harassment and assault when they go to the field to collect firewood. “The Mission is committed to providing support to IDPs, within the available resources, especially women, as part of its mandate of protection of civilians. For the next Quick Impact Project (QIP) cycle, we pledge to consider setting aside resources to enable us to spread this training throughout the IDPs camps, to ease the suffering of women IDPs in West Darfur,” added Mr. Kane.

UNAMID Sector West Police Commander, Col. Mohamed Obeidat explained that the project was designed to reduce the suffering of women having to travel long distances to collect firewood from the bush and the security risks involved in that activity. “I hope this project will serve to minimize the time and the risk of women IDPs having to go and collect firewood. As UNAMID Police, we are working hard ensure security is provided for the women in firewood collection activities and we look forward to achieving peace and security in El-Geneina city and West Darfur, in general “Mr. Obeidat stated.

In her remarks, Ms. Souad Mohamed, a trainee from Abuzer IDP Camp noted that during the training, they managed to produce two types of stoves: the first type is made of bricks, meaning it does not consume much firewood, and the second type which is reinforced with iron for charcoal use.” We were also trained on how to use both types of stoves. The project will definitely benefit women IDPs across Darfur, and firewood, which we previously used in one week, will now last for at least one full month, through the use of these fuel-efficient stoves,” said Ms. Mohamed.

Another lady from Abuzer IDP Camp, Ms. Gisma Abdulkarim, explained that women from their Camp feel that the training will greatly contribute to the reduction of purchases of charcoal and firewood from the market. She explained that the benefits of the training goes beyond alleviating the financial burdens and included the reduction in the possibility of burning down of huts in their villages and IDP Camps which is normally caused by open fire.

South Sudan: Sudanese refugees: 'We have no tents in Yida'

24 May 2016 - 9:29am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Refugees in Yida camp, South Sudan, continue to suffer from the lack of aid. The people who have fled from Sudan's Nuba Mountains are facing the start of the rainy season without shelter and plastic sheets.

On Monday, a number of refugees in Yida, close to the border with Sudan, told Radio Dabanga that the majority of the camp residents have been living in the open during the past days.

“They suffer from the torrential rains and the winds,” one refugee said. “The winds cause a lot of material losses. Most tents have collapsed.”

They said that the refugees have not received plastic sheets, usually provided by humanitarian organisations in the camp before the rainy season.

About 35,000 refugees from Sudan's Blue Nile are reportedly living in the open without cover from tents in Yusuf Batil camp in Upper Nile state in South Sudan. The rainy season lasts from approximately May to November. The muddy roads pose a problem for the food and relief transport of humanitarian organisations, sometimes cutting-off roads completely.

The refugee in Yida expressed fears that the situation will deteriorate in the coming days, and appealed to the humanitarian organisations to deliver plastic sheets.

Shutdown

The United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) has announced preparations to close-down Yida and relocate refugees to other camps, which is scheduled for June. On 14 April, hundreds of refugees rallied in front of the UNHCR in Unity state against the planned shutdown.

Camp residents said that food rations have been reduced for the more than 700,000 refugees, and humanitarian organisations are scaling-down their services. The measures exert pressure on the refugees to move to the other camps.