Sudan - ReliefWeb News
The Ministry of Agriculture of Sudan’s Northern State has confiscated 400 acres of land at the Alar agricultural project in Merowe locality, to offer them to foreign investors.
“Most of the investors are Turks and Saudis,” an affected farmer told Radio Dabanga. “We have attempted to use all legal means to stop the confiscation. The authorities, however, have obstructed us on various occasions.”
He said that in April the Ministry issued a list of 80 people whose farmlands were to be expropriated, under the pretext that they were lying fallow. “Yet, we have not been able to cultivate our lands because the government failed to provide the canals required for irrigation.”
The fallow lands lie in Part II of the Alar project, extending from El Dom in Merowe locality to El Debab and Fitna. The farmer expressed his fear that the investors will not plant wheat and beans, “which will adversely affect the people in the area”.
The farmer further warned for new waves of displacement, as the Northern State Ministry of Agriculture has decided to expropriate all uncultivated lands in the state.
He therefore called on the Sudanese Presidency to “urgently intervene, and resolve the problem”.
A slight decrease in rainfall was observed over West Africa during the past week.
Parts of Eastern Africa have received below-average rain since the beginning of the season.
1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria, The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
June 2015 – Trends
Afghanistan, Chad, Kuwait, Myanmar, Tunisia
July 2015 – Watchlist
Conflict risk alerts
Conflict resolution opportunities
Land preparation is underway despite below-average rainfall in parts of eastern and western Sudan
June rainfall was 10 to 25 percent below average in the extreme west and across the sorghum belt in central and eastern Sudan.
Staple food prices remained stable in May reflecting adequate supplies from above-average 2014/15 production. On average, sorghum and millet price levels are 20 percent lower than last year, but remain 50 percent above the five-year average.
Nearly 30,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in White Nile and West Kordofan states since late May due to intensified conflict in the Greater Upper Nile region of South Sudan, according to the UNCHR. The South Sudanese refugee population reached 180,500 in June.
El Fasher, 29 June 2015 - UNAMID is concerned about recent media reports that the Mission has deliberately delayed assisting the Sudan Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Commission (SDDRC).
UNAMID’s role in the ongoing disarmament, demobilisation, reintegration process in Darfur is guided by the provisions set out in the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD). The DDPD provides for UNAMID supporting the SDDRC in its endeavour to disarm and demobilise former combatants from Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM-Sudan/Dabajo).
The SDDRC requested the Mission to extend its cooperation to the demobilisation of troops from the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), the Popular Defense Forces (PDF) as well as those earmarked by the 2006 Abuja Agreement. While the Mission declined to support the proposed demilitarization of the SAF and PDF, on the grounds that this is a demilitarization as opposed to a DDR exercise, which falls outside the remit of the DDPD; UNAMID has nevertheless agreed, in principle, to help with the ex-combatants identified by the Abuja Agreement provided that the Commission presents a complete master list of potential combatants to be demobilised. However, up to the present time, the Mission has not received this list and hence the delay in processing Abuja Agreement caseloads.
There were also several delays in the timelines for the DDR process of the signatory movements on account of the movements not being forthcoming with necessary details. Despite such operational hurdles, UNAMID has managed to successfully complete the demobilisation of 534 ex-combatants in 2014 and is currently working with the Commission to demobilise the LJM caseload.
UNAMID continues to take its DDR mandate in full earnest and exerts every possible effort to expedite as well as swiftly execute the DDR tasks assigned to it within its capability and in the framework of the DDPD; it calls on the SDDRC to engage positively with the Mission to successfully conclude outstanding DDR activities. UNAMID has encouraged the SDDRC on several occasions to seek bilateral support for the demilitarization of the SAF and PDF.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.
Nigeria: 3.5 million people are expected to be in need of food assistance in the northeast between July and September. Eastern Yobe, central and eastern Borno, northern Adamawa and IDP settlements are worst affected. More than 250 people have been killed in violence in the northeast since 29 May, with at least 77 killed between 22 and 29 June. Displacement continues.
Updated: 30/06/2015. Next update 07/07/2015.
On 30th June 2015, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-Sudan (SPLM (Sudan)) signed Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment for the Protection of Children from the Effects of Armed Conflict, and became the first African armed non-State actor (ANSA) to commit to child protection through this tool.
The signing ceremony took place in Geneva, following several meetings and work sessions between representatives of the ANSA and Geneva Call’s staff to discuss the concrete implementation of the obligations under this Deed. The SPLM (Sudan) is committed to prohibit the use of children in hostilities, ensure that children are not recruited into or forcibly associated with armed forces, release or disassociate children in safety and security, protect children from the effects of military operations, and do their best to provide children with the aid and care they need, in cooperation with specialized child protection agencies.
The delegation of the SPLM (Sudan), composed of Mr Yasir Arman, Secretary General, Mr. Orwa Hamdan Zaid, Head of Political Training, Mr Mohamed Yassin, SPLM Representative to Italy, and Mrs. Nagwa Konda, from the Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Agency (SRRA), will also train their troops towards the respect of child protection norms, an endeavour in which they will be supported by Geneva Call.
Yasir Arman, Secretary General of the SPLM stated that “The SPLM (Sudan) is a mature national liberation movement with a very clear objective and mission. We are honoured to be the first African armed non-State actor to sign with Geneva Call on child protection issue which is part of our mission and vision. The SPLM (Sudan) has already established, two years ago, a Commission on child, women and civilian protection, as well as a Special Court for Human Rights. We will be delighted to receive a United Nations’ Team into our area to ensure and reaffirm the child protection status and to verify our efforts.”
Recruitment and use of children in the armed conflicts in Sudan have been widely reported and all armed actors active in Sudan, including the SPLM (Sudan) have been accused in the UN Secretary General report to the Security Council of using and recruiting children.
“We are very pleased to have received this commitment today towards a better protection of children in conflict. After several months of preparation and discussions we trust that the SPLM (Sudan) will be able to respect its engagement and protect children in areas where the group is active. We call international organizations to bring the necessary support to the children in need in these regions and to contribute to a transparent and fair monitoring which is important in this process”, said Elisabeth Decrey Warner, Executive President of Geneva Call.
The SPLM (Sudan) is militarily active in the Sudanese provinces of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. These two areas have been highly affected by the armed conflict that erupted in 2011 between the SPLM (Sudan) and the Sudanese armed forces. Children are one of the most vulnerable groups in this conflict.
SPLM-N had already signed the Deed of Commitment banning anti-personnel mines in August 2013 and is also in dialogue with Geneva Call on other humanitarian issues.
World: Humanitarian Scenario for the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region (June - October 2015)
The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.
There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.
While economic growth and progress in achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been recorded in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region, the region is home to some of the most vulnerable populations who are exposed to recurrent cycles of conflict and climatic shocks. There are five dynamics that could increase humanitarian needs and undo development progress. Combined they could overwhelm the humanitarian system and potentially threaten the stability of the region.
1. Proliferation and intensification of violence and conflict triggering new waves of population displacement: In Burundi, political unrest and the failed coup have to date displaced more than 96,000 people to neighbouring states. The situation will most likely remain restive for the foreseeable future. If instability intensifies and disrupts the upcoming harvest, humanitarian needs will increase, as some 90 per cent of the population in Burundi relies exclusively on agriculture, and there could be more accelerated population displacements both inside and outside of the country. Following the failure of peace talks, the conflict in South Sudan has intensified, with heavy fighting in Unity and Upper Nile States. While the conflict in Yemen has not yet resulted in large outflows of people a shortage of fuel or food could trigger Yemenis seeking protection and the return of some of the estimated 883,000 vulnerable refugees and migrants in Yemen, including 258,0000 Somali refugees and some of the 80,000 Ethiopian migrants who have on average of entered Yemen annually, not all of whom have transited through to Saudi Arabia.
2. Threat to stability of buffer states: Al-Shabaab’s ability to operate in Somalia and to launch asymmetric attacks inside Kenya remains undiminished. Al-Shabaab has recently expressed its intent to carry out attacks in Uganda and Burundi. Kenya has also witnessed a sharp increase in inter-communal conflict in some counties of the North Rift. While individually these developments are of concern, combined they challenge the stability of the state, may facilitate the spread of extremist ideology; and increase the proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALWs) in the region.
3. Economic shocks affect the most vulnerable and reduce their capacity to cope: South Sudan’s oil revenue has collapsed due to a fall in the global crude price, decline in oil production, and a fixed transportation fee structure. The resulting shortage of foreign currency has led to a sharp depreciation of the South Sudanese pound, inflation and shortages of fuel and flour are now being reported. The threat of capture and disorderly shutdown of the oil fields in Upper Nile State by rebel groups would deprive current and future governments of oil revenue and cause a severe economic and political crisis. Remittances are a lifeline for an estimated 40 per cent of the Somali population, but financial anti-terrorism regulation has led to the closure of bank accounts of an increasing number of money transfer organizations that had facilitated the transfer of an estimated $ 1.2 - $1.5 billion in remittances.
4. Increase in food insecurity and malnutrition outlook. Coming into the lean season and with humanitarian access limited, food insecurity and malnutrition could deteriorate, especially in parts of South Sudan (with GAM rates already at double the emergency threshold in the north of the country and some 7.9 million people will be food insecure), Burundi (which ranks top in the Global Hunger Index), eastern DRC and southern Somalia Currently 12.3 million people in Yemen are food insecure and some could seek refuge in the Horn.
5. Increase in communicable diseases. An increase in population movements into overcrowded settlements combined with poor sanitation, shortage of safe potable water could lead to the spread of diseases in the region. In South Sudan, outbreaks of cholera and Kalazar affected thousands of people in 2014 and the pattern is likely to continue in 2015. A gap in the supply of medicine in South Sudan in the last quarter of the year is of great concern. A cholera outbreak has been reported in the Burundi/Tanzania border among people fleeing the political tensions in Burundi. Cholera and Measles outbreaks have also increased in Somalia.
The ability of the humanitarian community to meet these growing needs is constraint by two factors:
• Potential reduction in humanitarian space due to restrictive legislation and violence. Following the Al Shabaab attack on Garissa, the Government of Kenya has threatened to close down the Dadaab refugee camp. Whilst there has since been a recommitment to the November 2013 Tripartite Agreement between the Governments of Kenya and Somalia and UNHCR, on voluntary returns, concerns about the rise of extremism are increasingly influencing policy, which can have serious humanitarian consequences. Humanitarian space is shrinking across the region, as part of longer-term trend Sudan, or newly adopted legislation in South Sudan. Concerns about the rise of violent extremism and the stability of states, combined with domestic elections have the potential to override international obligations and humanitarian principles. High levels of violence are also preventing aid workers from carrying out their work. For instance, since late April, some 151 staff members from 22 organizations have been relocated from southern Unity State in South Sudan due to the insecurity. The killing of 4 UN staff in an Al Shabaab attack in Garowe, Puntland, on 20 April was another devastating reminder of the dangerous operating environment in Somalia, and likely tocause long term implications for its management for operational agencies in Somalia.
• Underfunding: Global humanitarian requirements have also continued to rise. In 2015, a record $19.1 billion will be required to assist over 114 million people in 35 countries. Humanitarian requirements for the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa exceed $5 billion. However this requirement is increasingly unlikely to be funded at acceptable levels. Globally, $3.38 billion have been committed so far (18%), leaving a shortfall of $15.7 billion. In 2013 the Syria response plans received the largest amount of overall funding: 38 per cent of appeal funding ($3.1 billion). This amount was larger than the combined funding received by DRC, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan.
Borderlands throughout the region are particularly at risk and the compound effects of these eight dynamics could in particular affect the following areas:
• Greater Upper Nile in South Sudan: Highest multi-dimensional poverty level, intensifying conflict, economic collapse and shrinking humanitarian space.
• South–Central Somalia: continuing insecurity and underfunding of the appeal, with potential closure of Dadaab and inflow from Yemen, and cutting off of remittances.
• Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) – High level of food insecurity, existing caseload of IDP’s, inflow from Burundi and upsurge in conflict.
• Northern Kenya: Conduit and corridor for proliferation for small arms, heavily marginalised areas in the North, at risk of terrorist attack.
• Djibouti: A dramatic increase in the mixed migrants coming across the Gulf of Aden into the most vulnerable regions like Obock. Humanitarian appeals traditionally underfunded due to middle-income status of the country.
• Western Tanzania will be a country of concern if Dadaab closes and outflows from Burundi continue.
• Ethiopia has witnessed failing rains, receiving insufficient levels of humanitarian funding and is hosting increasing numbers of refugees from neighbouring states.
Sudan: Human Rights Update: May 2015 - Over 7,000 civilians displaced and 347 homes destroyed in 65 attacks
Over 7,000 civilians displaced and 347 homes destroyed in 65 attacks
The government of Sudan’s (GoS) military offensive against opposition forces of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan intensified significantly during May 2015, as the government attempted to gain ground ahead the coming rainy season. This follows the same pattern seen in previous years, our monitors recorded 65 attacks in SPLM-N controlled areas in May. This represented a 14% increase over last month, and a 25% increase over May 2014. Of particular concern in this month has been a significant increase in ground attacks, which often cause significant displacement. In total from January to May 2015, 200 verified incidents were registered, killing 39 civilians and injuring 148 persons.
During the month of May, there were 56 verified bombing and shelling incidents, seven verified ground attacks and two verified incidents of looting – all against civilians. The attacks led by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) caused nine deaths, including one child, and 19 civilians were injured. The attacks also caused significant destruction to civilian infrastructure and property, with about 347 civilian homes burned and at least 56 livestock killed. Of particular concern has been the increase in ground attacks. In the month of May, there were seven ground attacks recorded, claiming five lives and leaving eight injured, 45 homes and two entire villages burned and 7,000 displaced. These included particularly serious attacks on 1 May, Kululu village (Sofaiyia Payam – and on 5 May in Damam village in Tobo (Al Buram) County and on 10 May in Hadara village in Delami County which displaced more than 7,000 civilians and led to the capture of eight civilians by the Rapid Support Forces.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) employs more than 2,800 South Sudanese staff and more than 300 international staff to respond to a wide range of medical emergencies and provide free and high quality healthcare to people in need.
MSF teams are currently running medical projects in six of South Sudan’s ten states and the Abyei Administrative Area. MSF also provides life-saving medical assistance to South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries.
MSF calls on all parties to the conflict to respect medical facilities and staff, to allow aid organisations access to affected communities and to allow patients and populations to reach assistance and receive medical treatment irrespective of their origin or ethnicity.
MSF IN NUMBERS
1 January – 31 May 2015
•271,341 outpatient consultations, (of which 107,115 children under 5 years old)
•16,769 patients hospitalised, (of which 7,694 children under 5 years old)
•6,769 surgical operations, of which 6,077 were deliveries
•6,784 children treated for malnutrition, of which 1,896 were hospitalised
•1,429 patients being treated for kala azar
MSF Staff – May 2015
In the month of May, MSF employed 2,852 South Sudanese staff to work alongside 315 international staff to work in 16 projects across South Sudan.
Scope of Activities
In 2014, MSF raised private funds from 5.7 million individual donors and private funders around the world for its medical work in more than 60 countries. South Sudan was MSF’s biggest programme in 2014, with 936,000 outpatient consultations and funding of 110 million US dollars.
Khartoum, June.25 (SUNA) - Khartoum State has allocated 9.5 million to solve problems of drinking water supplies.
This came in comprehensive meeting held, Thursday, including Wali (governor) of Khartum State, Gen.Abdul Rahim Mohammed Hussein and the officials of Khartoum Water Corporation in the presence of Ministers of Infrastructure and Finance besides the Commissioners of the localities of the state.
The meeting decided to set up an operations room including the ministries of infrastructure, finance and Khartoum Water Corporation to take urgent action to determine the areas that suffer water shortages, directing the Commission to carry out emergency plan for the next summer season.
29 June 2015 – Over six years since the issuance of the first warrant of arrest against Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) today said that her Office's determination to bring “independent and impartial justice” to the people of Sudan remains “unshaken”.
“The question we need to ask of ourselves today is whether the people of Darfur, who continue to endure the suffering widely recognized by, amongst others, the African Union (AU), will ever receive the justice they deserve? Will their plight be finally answered through independent and impartial justice, or will their cries continue to face silent inaction?”
Ms. Bensouda’s comments led off her briefing to the Security Council and come amid a worsening security climate and dire humanitarian crisis in the western Sudanese region, with ramped-up hostilities between Government forces and armed movements, deadly inter-communal conflicts and a precipitous rise in criminality and banditry.
Dismissing “those who have chosen to deliberately distort facts by alleging that the ICC imposed itself on Sudan,” Ms. Bensouda said that efforts of “detractors and naysayers” only serve to strengthen her Office’s resolve.
“Omar Bashir's rapid departure from South Africa proves that the warrants of arrest against him are as valid as they were when issued; that they remain in full force and effect, and that my Office is committed to ensure they are executed”, she went on to say.
While the Sudanese President may have escaped the law in South Africa through an unanticipated and premature departure from the 24th AU Summit, “the swift judicial action by South African courts we have witnessed is a shining precedent that must be emulated in other States,” the Prosecutor continued.
“More generally, the High Court's ruling in South Africa has also underlined a growing recognition by domestic courts of states' obligations to uphold their commitments under international law - in this case, the ICC’s Rome Statute.”
It is “past time” for the Security Council and UN Member States to join forces with the Court and civil society in devising concrete and effective strategies for the arrest of accused persons wanted by the Court, and to give the ICC the full support it requires, Ms. Bensouda stressed.
“I encourage States Parties to plan – ahead – for the arrest of each individual wanted by the Court in a targeted and efficient manner.”
Reminding the Council of the “frequency” and “brutality” of the targeting of civilians, women in particular, the Prosecutor claimed that the people alleged to be most responsible for these ongoing atrocities are “the same people against who warrants of arrest have already been issued.”
She repeated to the Council what she said during her last briefing about the situation in Darfur in December 2014 : that her Office has finite resources and a heavy caseload, and is therefore struggling to commit to full, active investigations of the on-going crimes in Darfur.
“This however, should not in any-way be misconstrued or interpreted to mean that investigations have been closed or that we have abandoned the victims of mass atrocities in Darfur. Far from it”, she insisted.
The ICC Prosecutor called “once again” on the Council to ensure Sudan's compliance with its resolution 1593) , as well as on States Parties to the Rome Statute to promote cooperation and affect the arrest of individuals wanted by the Court in the Darfur situation.
“If there is no follow-up action on the part of the Security Council, any referral by the Council to the ICC…would never achieve its ultimate goal, namely, to put an end to impunity. Accordingly, any such referral would become futile."
“There is more that we can and must all do to achieve peace and justice in Darfur. It must be stressed that this Council also has a vital role to play and must do its part.”
Sudan: Prioritizing Civilian Protection, Drawdown Benchmarks, Security Council Adopts Resolution 2228 (2015) Renewing Mandate of Darfur Mission until 30 June 2016
7475th Meeting (AM)
The Security Council this morning renewed the mandate of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) in Sudan until 30 June 2016, maintaining current authorized strength and the priority of civilian protection along with benchmarks for eventual completion of the mission.
Through the unanimous adoption of resolution 2228 (2015), the Council decided that UNAMID shall maintain deployment of up to 15,845 military personnel, 1,583 police personnel and 13 formed police units of up to 140 personnel each.
Describing a deteriorating security and humanitarian situation, the Council said that in that context it reaffirmed UNAMID’s strategic priorities of protection of civilians, facilitation of humanitarian assistance and safety of humanitarian personnel and peace mediation between the Government of Sudan and non-signatories to the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, while taking into account wider factors in conjunction with the United Nations Country Team.
In a 10 June meeting on UNAMID (see Press Release SC/11924), Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Edmond Mulet described a very worrying security situation, with some 78,000 people newly displaced this year and little progress in the peace process, and stressed that any exit strategy for UNAMID must be tied to concrete improvements in the situation on the ground.
Following the adoption of the resolution today, the representative of the Russian Federation, Petr Ilichev, and of China, Liu Jieyi, welcomed the inclusion in the text of a mediation role for UNAMID, but urged the Council to take a stronger stance on groups that refused to join the Doha process.
In addition, they called for progress on an exit strategy for UNAMID, through intensified efforts by the Tripartite Working Group among other mechanisms. Similarly, Mahamat Zene Cherif of Chad and Wilmer Alfonzo Mendez Graterol of Venezuela expressed hope that the resolution marked the beginning of a new era of cooperation between UNAMID and the Government of Sudan.
Also welcoming the mandate extension, the representative of the United States, Samantha Power, and of the United Kingdom, Matthew Rycroft, stressed the deterioration of the humanitarian situation due to continued fighting by the Government and armed groups, and said that in that context an accelerated exit strategy was not appropriate. While agreeing with the need for all parties to sign onto the Doha process, they emphasized at the same time the need for recommitment to protection of the population. Ms. Power called on the Government and other groups to cooperate completely with the Mission.
“The need for the Mission is greater than ever,” Mr. Rycroft said, urging that differences be put aside in favour of improving conditions on the ground and calling for priority monitoring by UNAMID of the human rights situation.
Finally, Sudan’s representative, Hassan Hamid Hassan, took the floor, expressing gratitude to those delegations that had worked for a balanced text, which addressed a clear message to the outlying rebel groups to join the Doha process. Supporting a periodic review of peacekeeping operations, he said that a clear withdrawal strategy was indeed part of such endeavours.
Welcoming support for the peace process while rejecting any efforts to embrace regime change, he also objected to paragraphs in the resolution that represented an overall deterioration in security. There were tribal clashes in eastern Darfur that had led to a refugee crisis, but that must be put in context. He also rejected the paragraph expressing concern over the use of cluster munitions, which in the Secretary-General’s report was presented as a matter still being investigated. He countered concerns that his Government was not cooperating with UNAMID.
Finally, he said that pursuit of an exit strategy should be moved forward, with a handover of roles in the provinces that had been deemed stable. He called on the Council to play its rightful role regarding those parties that refused to join the Doha peace process and send the right messages to ensure that an end was put to violence.
The meeting started at 10:10 a.m. and adjourned at 10:37 a.m.
The full text of resolution 2228 (2015) reads as follows:
“The Security Council,
“Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and presidential statements concerning the situation in Sudan and underlining the importance of full compliance with these,
“Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence and territorial integrity of Sudan and its determination to work with the Government of Sudan, in full respect of its sovereignty, to assist in tackling the various challenges in Sudan,
“Recalling the importance of the principles of the peaceful settlement of international disputes, good neighbourliness, non-interference and cooperation in the relations among States in the region,
“Reaffirming the basic principles of peacekeeping, including consent of the parties, impartiality and non-use of force, except in self-defence and defence of the mandate, and recognizing that the mandate of each peacekeeping mission is specific to the country concerned,
“Recalling all its relevant resolutions on women, peace and security, on children and armed conflicts, on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations personnel, and on the protection of civilians in armed conflicts,
“Expressing deep concern at the serious deterioration in the security situation in Darfur overall so far in 2015, and the profound negative impact of this on civilians, in particular women and children, in particular through a marked escalation of hostilities between Government forces and rebel armed groups, as well as an escalation of inter-communal conflicts over land, access to resources, migration issues and tribal rivalries, including with the involvement of paramilitary units and tribal militias, and a rise in criminality and banditry targeting the local population; further expressing deep concern that the deteriorating security situation, as characterised by attacks by rebel groups and Government forces, aerial bombardment, by the Government of Sudan, inter-tribal fighting, banditry and criminality, continues to threaten civilians; and reiterating its demand that all parties to the conflict in Darfur immediately end violence, including attacks on civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarian personnel,
“In this regard, expressing concern at evidence, collected by AU-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), of two air-delivered cluster bombs near Kirigiyati, North Darfur, taking note that UNAMID disposed of them safely, and reiterating the Secretary-General’s call on the Government of Sudan to immediately investigate the use of cluster munitions,
“Emphasizing that those responsible for violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights must be held accountable and that the Government of Sudan bears the primary responsibility to protect civilians within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction, including protection from crimes against humanity and war crimes,
“Recalling its resolution 2117 (2013) and expressing concern at the threat to peace and security in Darfur arising from the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation and misuse of small arms and light weapons, and the continued threats to civilians posed by unexploded ordnance,
“Expressing deep concern at the significant increase in population displacements in 2014 and so far in 2015 and the consequent increase in humanitarian assistance and protection needs, with 430,000 newly displaced in 2014, around 300,000 of whom have been unable to return to their homes, a total number of long-term Internally-Displaced Persons (IDPs) of 2.5 million and a total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance of 4.4 million,
“Recalling the commitments made by the Government of Sudan and other signatories to the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) to ensure the unimpeded access of humanitarian assistance to the population in need and the protection of humanitarian workers and their operations in areas under their control, as well as to guarantee UNAMID unimpeded freedom of movement in all areas and at all times in Darfur in the exercise of its mandate, and further recalling the role of the Implementation Follow-up Commission (IFC) in assessing the implementation of the DDPD,
“Expressing concern that the continued denial of access and restrictions imposed on humanitarian actors have left significant gaps in the delivery of humanitarian assistance, calling on the Government of Sudan to ensure humanitarian actors can operate in support of addressing basic needs,
“Calling on donors, the Darfur Regional Authority and the Government of Sudan to provide the financial resources necessary to reach those in need,
“Reiterating that there can be no military solution to the conflict in Darfur, and that an inclusive political settlement is essential to re-establishing peace, and underscoring the importance of fully addressing the root causes of the conflict in the search for a sustainable peace, which should rapidly deliver real benefits for the Darfuri people, in this regard reiterating its support for the DDPD as a viable framework for the peace process in Darfur, and for its accelerated implementation, as well as the AU High-Level Implementation Panel (AU-HIP) mediated peace talks, and any credible moves to lay the groundwork for an inclusive, comprehensive and nationally-owned National Dialogue in Sudan,
“Deploring the fact that some armed groups are impeding the peace process and have continued to resort to violence, reiterating its demand for the release of members of the former movement of Mohamed Bashar, taken captive in May 2013 by JEM-Gibril forces, and condemning any actions by any armed group aimed at forced overthrow of the Government of Sudan,
“Noting that UNAMID’s ability to facilitate progress in implementation of the DDPD is hampered by delays and the absence of an inclusive political settlement between the government and non-signatory movements, urging the signatory parties to take the necessary remaining steps to implement the DDPD fully, expressing concern that the humanitarian and security situation, as well as the lack of capacity of the Darfur Regional Authority, hinder the transition from relief to stabilization and development activities, urging donors and the Government of Sudan to honour their pledges and fulfil their obligations in a timely manner, including those commitments made at the conference in Doha in April 2013, and affirming that development can support a lasting peace in Darfur,
“Noting that local dispute resolution mechanisms play an important role in preventing and resolving inter-communal conflict, including conflict over natural resources, urging an intensification of effective efforts to prevent local disputes leading to violence, with its corresponding impact on the local civilian populations, acknowledging the efforts of Sudanese authorities and local mediators to mediate in inter-tribal fighting, with support from UNAMID and the UN Country Team (UNCT), and urging their continued work,
“Welcoming regional and other initiatives, undertaken in close interaction with the Government of Sudan, to address the root causes of the conflict in Darfur and to promote a sustainable peace, including the convening by the President of Chad, Idriss Deby Itno, of two mediation fora, encouraging the full coordination of such initiatives with the efforts of the Joint Special Representative (JSR), and commending the efforts of the JSR to secure peace, stability and security in Darfur, including through support to international, regional and national efforts to revitalise the peace process and increase its inclusiveness,
“Underlining, without prejudice to the Security Council’s primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, the importance of the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union (AU), consistent with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations, with regard to the maintenance of peace and security in Africa, particularly in Sudan,
“Calling on all parties to comply with their obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian law, stressing the importance that the Council attaches to ending impunity including through ensuring accountability and bringing to justice the perpetrators of crimes committed by all parties in Darfur, urging the Government of Sudan to comply with its obligations in this respect, welcoming the ongoing investigations by the Special Prosecutor for Darfur appointed by the Government of Sudan and stressing the need for further progress in this regard, reiterating the call for swift progress on the draft Memorandum of Understanding providing for UNAMID and African Union observation of the proceedings of the Special Court, and calling on the Government of Sudan swiftly to investigate attacks against UNAMID, and to bring the perpetrators to justice,
“Reaffirming its concern over the negative effect of ongoing violence in Darfur on the stability of Sudan as a whole as well as the region, welcoming the ongoing good relations between Sudan and Chad, including on border control, and encouraging Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic to continue to cooperate in order to achieve peace and stability in Darfur and the wider region,
“Commending the efforts of UNAMID towards promoting peace and stability in Darfur, and reiterating its full support for UNAMID,
“Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 26 May 2015(S/2015/378) on UNAMID as well as his special report of 13 March 2015 (S/2015/163),
“Taking note of the completion of the review commissioned by the Secretary-General on 2 July 2014 into the issue of under-reporting, and allegations of manipulation of reporting, by UNAMID, and welcoming the recommendations and conclusions contained in the review and the continued implementation of measures to address this issue,
“Determining that the situation in Sudan constitutes a threat to international peace and security,
“1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNAMID, as set out in resolution 1769, until 30 June 2016, and further decides that UNAMID shall consist of up to 15,845 military personnel, 1,583 police personnel and 13 formed police units of up to 140 personnel each;
“2. Reiterates, in the context of the lack of progress on the benchmarks and the significant deterioration of the security situation, its endorsement of UNAMID’s revised strategic priorities as set out in paragraph 4 of resolution 2148 (2014), namely: the protection of civilians, the facilitation of the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel; mediation between the Government of Sudan and non-signatory armed movements on the basis of the DDPD, while taking into account ongoing democratic transformation at the national level; and support to the mediation of community conflict, including through measures to address its root causes, in conjunction with UN Country Team; welcomes the steps taken so far by UNAMID to implement the review of UNAMID conducted pursuant to resolution 2113 (2014), and requests that UNAMID continue to align all its activity and direct the use of its resources to the achievement of these priorities, discontinue all other tasks not aligned to these priorities and continue to streamline the mission accordingly, and stresses the importance of the appropriate distribution of tasks and coordination between UNAMID and the UNCT in order to implement the review of UNAMID;
“3. Notes that certain elements of UNAMID’s mandate and tasks, as authorized in resolution 1769 (2007), which decided that the mandate of UNAMID shall be as set out in paragraphs 54 and 55 of the report of the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission of 5 June 2007 (S/2007/307/Rev.1), are no longer relevant, or are either being undertaken by or will soon transition to other entities with comparative advantage, namely those enumerated in paragraphs 54 (g) and (h), 55 (a) (v), 55 (b) (ii-iii), 55 (b) (v) , 55 (b) (x) and 55 (c) (iii-iv) of that report;
“4. Underlines that UNAMID must continue to give priority in decisions about the use of available capacity and resources to: (a) the protection of civilians across Darfur, including women and children, through, and without prejudice to the basic principles of peacekeeping, inter alia, continuing to move to a more preventive and pre-emptive posture in pursuit of its priorities and in active defence of its mandate; enhanced early warning; proactive military deployment and active and effective patrolling in areas at high risk of conflict and high concentration of IDPs; more prompt and effective responses to threats of violence against civilians, including through regular reviews of the geographic deployment of UNAMID’s force; securing IDP camps, adjacent areas and areas of return, including development and training of community policing; and (b) ensuring safe, timely and unhindered humanitarian access, and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and activities, in accordance with relevant provisions of international law and the UN guiding principles on humanitarian assistance; and requests UNAMID to maximize the use of its capabilities, in cooperation with the UNCT and other international and non-governmental actors, in the implementation of its mission-wide comprehensive strategy for the achievement of these objectives;
“5. Emphasizes UNAMID’s Chapter VII mandate, as defined in resolution 1769 (2007), to deliver its core tasks to protect civilians without prejudice to the primary responsibility of the Government of Sudan and to ensure the freedom of movement and security of UNAMID’s own personnel and humanitarian workers; recalls that UNAMID is authorized to take all the necessary action in fulfilment of this mandate; and urges UNAMID to deter any threats against itself and its mandate;
“6. Stresses that, in the context of the evolving security situation, any refinement of the mission should be based on progress against the benchmarks and the conditions on the ground, and implemented in a gradual, phased, flexible and reversible manner;
“7. Commends the efforts of the Joint Special Representative (JSR) to revitalise the peace process and to increase its inclusiveness, guided by the Framework for AU and United Nations facilitation of the Darfur Peace Process, including through renewed engagement of the non-signatory movements; emphasizes the importance of the JSR’s strengthened coordination with the AU High-level Implementation Panel and the United Nations Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan in synchronising their mediation efforts and in generating progress on direct negotiations between the Government of Sudan and the Darfur armed movements;
“8. Welcomes that progress has been made in implementation of some elements of the DDPD, including the completion of security arrangements for Liberation and Justice Movement and Justice and Equality Movement-Sudan combatants and the conversion of the Liberation and Justice Movement into two political parties, the integration of former rebels into power structures of Sudan but deplores continuing serious delays in overall implementation of the DDPD; urges the signatory parties to implement the DDPD in full, including by ensuring that the institutions established under it are resourced and empowered to carry out their mandates; demands that the non-signatory armed groups refrain from impeding the implementation of the DDPD; and encourages UNAMID, in accordance with its revised strategic priorities, and the UNCT to continue to engage fully in support of implementation of the DDPD;
“9. Demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur, including in particular all the non-signatory armed groups, and other groups immediately cease all acts of violence, and commit themselves to a sustained and permanent ceasefire, in order to bring a stable and durable peace to the region;
“10. Reaffirms its support for a Darfur-based internal dialogue that takes place in an inclusive environment with full respect for the civil and political rights of participants, including the full and effective participation of women and IDPs; welcomes the successful completion of the first phase of the Darfur Internal Dialogue and Consultation (DIDC) on 26 May; further welcomes the release of USD 2.5 million by the Government of Sudan as part of its contribution to the funding of the DIDC; expresses concern that prevailing insecurity, and lack of adequate funding, could undermine effective implementation of future phases of the DIDC; calls on the Government of Sudan and the armed groups to ensure the necessary enabling environment; and requests UNAMID to continue to support, monitor and report on the development of the DIDC and the overall environment for it;
“11. Calls for an urgent end to inter-tribal clashes, criminality and banditry that affect civilians; further calls for reconciliation and dialogue; and requests UNAMID to continue to support local conflict resolution mechanisms, including with civil society mechanisms;
“12. Expresses deep concern over the proliferation of arms, in particular small arms and light weapons and requests UNAMID to continue to cooperate in this context with the Panel of Experts established by resolution 1591 (2005) in order to facilitate their work;
“13. Commends UNAMID troop- and police-contributing countries; welcomes that some progress has been made in addressing contingent-owned equipment and self-sustainment shortfalls, but expresses concern that shortfalls remain; and calls for continued efforts by UNAMID, the Secretariat and troop- and police-contributing countries to address such shortfalls, including by providing appropriate training and resources to fulfil priority protection functions, especially in areas necessary for contingents’ temporary deployment capability and ability to conduct long-range patrols;
“14. Strongly condemns all attacks on UNAMID; underlines that any attack or threat of attack on UNAMID is unacceptable; demands that there be no recurrence of such attacks and that those responsible be held to account following prompt and thorough investigation; urges UNAMID to take all necessary measures within its rules of engagement to protect UN personnel and equipment; condemns the ongoing impunity for those who attack peacekeepers, and in this regard urges the Government of Sudan to do its utmost to bring all perpetrators of any such crimes to justice and to cooperate with UNAMID to this end;
“15. Reiterates its deep concern that hindrances remain to UNAMID in the implementation of its mandate, including movement and access restrictions, caused by insecurity, acts of criminality and significant movement restrictions by Government forces, armed movements and militia groups; calls on all parties in Darfur to remove all obstacles to UNAMID’s full and proper discharge of its mandate, including by ensuring its security and freedom of movement; and in this regard, demands that the Government of Sudan comply with the Status of Forces Agreement fully and without delay, particularly provisions relevant to the movement of patrols in conflict-affected areas and flight clearances, as well as those provisions relevant to the removal of obstacles to the use of UNAMID aerial assets, and the timely processing of UNAMID’s equipment at the port of entry to Sudan;
“16. Demands that all parties in Darfur immediately end attacks targeting civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarian personnel, and comply with their obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law; and affirms the Council’s condemnation of all violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights;
“17. Expresses serious concern at the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Darfur, and at the threats to and attacks on humanitarian personnel and facilities; expresses concern that access to some conflict areas where vulnerable populations reside remains restricted and that some conflict areas are inaccessible, including in North and Central Darfur and eastern Jebel Marra, due to insecurity, acts of criminality and movement restrictions by Government forces, armed movements and militia groups; welcomes that humanitarian organizations are able to deliver some aid to most people in need of assistance in Darfur; deplores the continued restrictions on humanitarian access in Darfur resulting from increased insecurity, attacks against humanitarian workers, denial of access by the parties to the conflict and bureaucratic impediments imposed by the Government of Sudan; further expresses concern over the insufficient availability of funding for humanitarian actors; stresses the need for the timely issuance of visas and travel permits for humanitarian organizations; and demands that the Government of Sudan, all militias, armed groups and all other stakeholders ensure the safe, timely and unhindered access of humanitarian organizations and relief personnel, and the delivery of humanitarian assistance to populations in need, in accordance with the relevant provisions of international law and United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, including humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence;
“18. Condemns increased human rights violations and abuses in, and relating to, Darfur, including those involving extrajudicial killings, the excessive use of force, abduction of civilians, acts of sexual- and gender-based violence, violations and abuses against children, and arbitrary arrests and detentions; calls on the Government of Sudan to investigate allegations of such violations and abuses and bring those responsible to justice; expresses deep concern about the situation of all those so detained, including civil society members and IDPs; emphasizes the importance of ensuring, within its current mandate, UNAMID’s and other relevant organizations’ ability to monitor such cases; and in this regard urges the Government of Sudan to extend even greater cooperation with UNAMID towards fulfilment of this goal and to provide accountability and access to justice for victims; calls on the Government of Sudan fully to respect its obligations, including by fulfilling its commitment to lift the state of emergency in Darfur, releasing all political prisoners and allowing free expression;
“19. Requests UNAMID to monitor, verify, and draw to the attention of the authorities abuses and violations of human rights, including those committed against women and children, and violations of international humanitarian law, and further requests enhanced, detailed, full and public reporting by the Secretary-General to the Council on this issue, as part of his regular 90-day reports;
“20. Requests UNAMID to ensure that any support provided to non-United Nations security forces is provided in strict compliance with the Human Rights Due Diligence Policy on United Nations support to non-United Nations security forces (HRDDP), and requests the Secretary-General to include progress made in implementing the policy in his reports to the Security Council;
“21. Urges close coordination among UN missions in the region, including UNAMID, the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) and the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), and requests the Secretary-General to ensure effective inter-mission cooperation;
“22. Emphasizes the importance of cooperation and information-sharing between UNAMID, UNMISS, MONUSCO, MINUSCA and relevant regional and international partners in addressing the regional threat including of the Lord’s Resistance Army, and recalls its encouragement to UNAMID, within existing capacities and consistent with its mandate, to cooperate and share information in this regard;
“23. Stresses the importance of achieving dignified and durable solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons, and of ensuring their full participation in the planning and management of these solutions; demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur create the conditions conducive to allowing the voluntary, informed, safe, dignified and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons, or, where appropriate, their local integration; in this regard stresses the need for the establishment of a mechanism in order to verify the extent to which these returns are voluntary and informed in nature, and underlines the importance of addressing land issues for the realization of durable solutions in Darfur;
“24. Demands that the parties to the conflict immediately cease all acts of sexual and gender-based violence and make and implement specific and time-bound commitments to combat sexual violence, in accordance with resolution 2106 (2013); urges the Government, with the support of the United Nations and African Union, to develop a structured framework through which conflict related sexual violence will be comprehensively addressed, and to allow access for service provision for sexual violence survivors; requests UNAMID to strengthen its reporting on sexual and gender-based violence and actions taken to combat it, including through the swift deployment of Women Protection Advisers; requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the relevant provisions of resolution 1325 (2000), and subsequent resolutions on women, peace and security, are implemented, including supporting the full and effective participation of women during all stages of peace processes, particularly in conflict resolution, post-conflict planning and peacebuilding, including women’s civil society organizations, and to include information on this in his reporting to the Council; and further requests UNAMID to monitor and assess the implementation of these tasks and requests the Secretary-General to include information on this in his reporting to the Council;
“25. Demands that the parties to the conflict immediately cease all violations and abuses against children, and develop and implement concrete and time-bound action plans to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children in violation of applicable international law, and requests the Secretary-General to ensure:
(a) continued monitoring and reporting of the situation of children in Darfur; and
(b) continued dialogue with the parties to the conflict towards the development and implementation of the aforementioned action plans, in accordance with resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict;
“26. Underscores the importance of regular review by the Security Council of each UN peacekeeping mission's progress in implementing its mandate, and recalls its request to the Secretary-General, in close consultation with the AU, and seeking perspectives from all relevant parties, to conduct an analysis of implementation of the review of UNAMID; in this regard, takes note of the Secretary-General's efforts to make recommendations on the future of UNAMID, including its exit strategy, as requested by the Security Council in paragraph 7 of resolution 2173; concurs that UNAMID’s long-term planning should be based upon progress towards the mission’s benchmarks as set out in the Secretary-General’s report of 16 October 2012 (S/2012/771) and subsequently refined in his report of 25 February 2014 (S/2014/138) and 15 April 2014 (S/2014/279) (Annex A); takes note that the Secretary General, in his report of 26 May 2015(S/2015/378), emphasizes that a political settlement in Darfur and direct talks between Government and the non-signatory armed movements, starting with a cessation of hostilities in Darfur, is essential to re-establishing peace in Darfur and is primary to the achievement of these benchmarks;
“27. Takes note of the consultations between the UN, the AU and the Government of Sudan, notably in the framework of the Joint Working Group to develop an exit strategy in accordance with the mission’s benchmarks and in response to paragraph 7 of resolution 2173; calls for early resumption of consultations between the AU, the UN and the Government of Sudan in this regard; looks forward to the Secretary-General’s recommendations, including by building on any agreed recommendations of the Joint Working Group; and undertakes to consider the Secretary-General’s recommendations in due course;
“28. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every 90 days following adoption of this resolution on UNAMID, including:
(i) information on the political, humanitarian and security situation in Darfur, including detailed reporting on incidents of violence and attacks against civilians, by whomsoever perpetrated;
(ii) information on violations of the Status of Forces Agreement, including those involving attacks or threats of attack on UNAMID, as well as violations of international humanitarian law perpetrated by any party to the conflict;
(iii) developments and progress towards achievement of UNAMID’s strategic priorities and benchmarks;
(iv) developments and progress in addressing the challenges facing UNAMID as identified in the review of UNAMID; and
(v) on the implementation of this resolution;
“29. Decides to remain seized of the matter.
“Annex A: UNAMID benchmarks as set out in Annex 1 of the Secretary-General report of 15 April 2014 (S/2014/279)
“Benchmark 1: inclusive peace process through mediation between the Government and non-signatory armed movements on the basis of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur
“Requirements for progress would include a commitment on the part of the Government of the Sudan and non-signatory movements to reach a comprehensive negotiated political settlement to the conflict and adhere to its full and timely implementation; and credible Darfur-based internal dialogue and consultations that seek to reflect the views of the civilian population, including women, on Darfur in the peace process.
• The Government and the non-signatory movements enter into direct negotiations brokered by the Joint African Union-United Nations Chief Mediator for Darfur over an all-inclusive comprehensive settlement to the Darfur conflict within the context of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur.
• The signatory parties, with the support of international partners, implement the provisions of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, which remain essential in addressing the root causes of conflict in Darfur.
• The Government and the non-signatory movements conclude and observe a comprehensive and inclusive cessation of hostilities.
• The outcomes of the Darfur peace process are reflected in a national constitutional process supported by the African Union High-level Implementation Panel for the Sudan, as provided for in the framework for African Union and United Nations facilitation of the Darfur peace process.
“Darfur-based internal dialogue and consultations;
• Darfur-based internal dialogue and consultations take place in an inclusive and transparent environment that ensures the proportional representation of Darfuris and respect for the human rights of participants, as monitored by African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID).
• The outcomes of the Darfur-based internal dialogue and consultations are widely disseminated and implemented in a manner that promotes and consolidates peace and stability in Darfur.
• A functioning Darfur Regional Authority that oversees the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, in conjunction with the Government of the Sudan.
“Benchmark 2: protection of civilians and unhindered humanitarian access and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel
“Requirements for progress would include the demonstrated commitment of the parties to the conflict, including Government forces, non-signatory movements and other armed groups, to cease hostilities and respect and implement ceasefire and security arrangements; the demonstrated commitment of the parties to the conflict to implement measures to protect civilians (or promote/respect human rights); the demonstrated commitment of the parties to the conflict to allow unrestricted humanitarian access; the willingness of local actors to facilitate the safe, voluntary and sustainable return, reintegration or resettlement of internally displaced persons and refugees; improvement of TCC/PCC performance and equipment; support by the international donor community for humanitarian activities and, where appropriate, early recovery and rehabilitation; the improved coordination between UNAMID and humanitarian actors with regard to the facilitation of the deli very of humanitarian assistance and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel; and the commitment of the Government of the Sudan at the national and local levels to improve the capacity of its security, judicial and penal institutions to promote and protect human rights.
“Protection of civilians from imminent threats of physical violence;
• Civilians facing imminent threats of physical violence are protected by UNAMID.
• Civilians at risk of physical attack, in particular women and children, carry out livelihood activities safely and securely under UNAMID protection.
• Civilians receive emergency medical assistance from UNAMID, including through evacuation to medical facilities, in extreme circumstances (i.e., when humanitarian actors are unable to assist).
• Security and stability (as indicated by an absence of serious crime or violent conflict) for civilians within camps for internally displaced persons and temporary settlements.
• Security and stability (as indicated by an absence of serious crime or violent conflict) for civilians in areas outside of camps for internally displaced persons and temporary settlements, including in particular in areas adjacent to camps.
• Reduction in the number of violent crimes against civilians.
• Reduction in human rights violations, including incidents of sexual and gender-based violence, as recorded by UNAMID.
• Reduction in the recruitment of child soldiers by the parties to the conflict.
• Improved environment for the protection of civil and political rights, including through the development of sustainable foundations for professional, democratic policing and law enforcement.
• Trials monitored by UNAMID are fair and in accordance with international legal standards and practices.
• The prevalence of arms and armed actors is reduced through the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of combatants in accordance with the provisions of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur.
• Threats to civilians posed by unexploded ordnance are addressed through, inter alia, the safe disposal of such materials and through risk-awareness training.
“Safe, timely and unhindered humanitarian access and safety and security for humanitarian personnel;
• Humanitarian actors requesting UNAMID protection and other support are able to conduct operations (e.g., inter alia aid delivery and distribution and needs assessments) in a safe, timely and unhindered manner.
• Humanitarian actors and their property are safe and secure, in particular when UNAMID protection is provided.
• Parties to the conflict honour their commitments and international obligations to combat all acts of sexual violence against women, men and children and put an end to the recruitment and use of child soldiers.
“Benchmark 3: prevention or mitigation of community conflict through mediation and, in conjunction with the United Nations country team, measures to address its root causes
“Requirements for progress would include willingness on the part of the authorities and traditional community leaders to play a constructive role in resolving intercommunal conflict peacefully; the provision of access to UNAMID to facilitate mediation efforts; strengthened traditional conflict resolution mechanisms and greater respect thereof; the inclusion of measures in reconciliation agreements to address the root causes of intercommunal conflict; a willingness on the part of the authorities and other parties to the conflict to fulfil their responsibilities in regard to preventing or resolving intercommunal clashes; and the provision of access to the United Nations Country Team to enable measures that address root causes related to natural resources, recovery and reconstruction.
• Dialogue between pastoralist and agriculturalist communities over peaceful coexistence and shared access to natural resources, in particular prior to and during the migration season.
• Interventions by the authorities and traditional community mediators, facilitated by UNAMID, that prevent or resolve violent intercommunal conflict.
• Dialogue between conflicting parties over local settlements to violent intercommunal conflict.
• Conflicting parties enter into and adhere to local agreements that settle violent intercommunal conflict.
• Reduction in the number of incidents of and new displacement resulting from intercommunal conflict.
• Transitional justice mechanisms, including the National Human Rights Commission, the Special Court for Darfur and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, are established and operating in accordance with international human rights standards and best practice.
• Improved access to justice through the adoption of measures aimed at enhancing victims’ rights to truth, justice and remedy.”
For information media. Not an official record.
Ces dernières années ont été marquées par des crises humanitaires majeures en République Centrafricaine, au Sud Soudan, en Syrie, en Irak, et dans les régions touchées par le virus Ebola. Plus près de chez nous, l’est de l’Ukraine est en proie au chaos, suspendu à un fragile cessez-le-feu. Ces crises mobilisent comme jamais jusqu’alors l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire qui doit faire face à de multiples conflits inscrits dans la durée.
Les ressources humaines et financières de nos organisations sont durement éprouvées alors même que les besoins grandissent.
En 2014, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (UNHCR) estime que le nombre de personnes réfugiées, déplacées ou en demande d’asile dans le monde a dépassé les 50 millions, pour la première fois depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Autrement dit, plus de 50 millions de personnes déracinées ont besoin d’assistance à travers le monde. Toujours selon la même agence, plus de 207 000 personnes ont tenté de traverser la Méditerranée à destination de l’Europe, 3 419 migrants au moins ont perdu la vie en quête d’un avenir meilleur. Un chiffre trois fois supérieur au précédent record de 2011. Les prévisions 2015 sont alarmantes, puisque selon l’OMI1, 500 000 migrants tenteront la traversée.
En République Centrafricaine, la crise politique et les violences entre la coalition Séléka et les milices anti-Balakas se sont intensifiées, et affectent lourdement l’ensemble de la population du pays. Des centaines de milliers de personnes ont fui leur région d’origine, déplacées à l’intérieur du pays ou réfugiées dans les pays voisins. Triangle G H a débuté son action dans le pays en 2007, en venant en aide aux Soudanais du Darfour réfugiés dans les préfectures du nord-est. Nous sommes aujourd’hui présents dans plusieurs régions du pays. Nos équipes (une centaine de personnes) déploient leurs savoir-faire dans un contexte sécuritaire éprouvant.
En 2014 toujours, plus d’un million d’Irakiens fuyant les djihadistes de l’EI se sont réfugiés au Kurdistan irakien. Ils sont venus s’ajouter aux 225 000 réfugiés syriens, et ont augmenté considérablement la population de cette région autonome d’Irak, avec des conséquences économiques et sociales désastreuses pour les plus vulnérables. Présent et opérationnel au Kurdistan irakien depuis 2013 dans le cadre d’un premier projet d’assistance à la population syrienne, Triangle G H s’est mobilisé dès le mois d’août 2014 pour faire face à cette nouvelle urgence sanitaire, et pour offrir aux familles nouvellement déplacées des conditions de vie décentes.
Alors que nous terminons ce rapport annuel 2014, nous projetons d’intervenir auprès des populations déplacées en Ukraine, ce pays voisin dans lequel, selon l’ONU, près de cinq millions de personnes ont besoin d’aide humanitaire en raison du conflit.
Face aux enjeux liés à la multiplication et à la longévité des crises, nous devons rester fortement mobilisés, être à la hauteur des exigences morales et matérielles d’une situation qui nous impose toujours plus de solidarité et de convergence. n Christian Lombard & Patrick Verbruggen / directeurs
A total of US $1.04 billion is required to meet the needs of some 5.4 million most vulnerable people as identified in the 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview. As of June 18, 2015, funding available stands at $342 million, approximately 34 per cent of total requirements needed, with unmet requirements standing at $662 million.
On 5 June 2015, UNAMID peacekeepers from South Africa rescued the driver of a World Food Programme (WFP) truck which was ambushed by unknown armed men aboard a gun-mounted vehicle 55 kilometers south-west of the Mission’s Team Site in Kutum, North Darfur, a day earlier. The truck was part of a UNAMID and WFP convoy which was travelling in two groups. One of the groups pursued the assailants immediately but was unable to apprehend them, at the time. However, the dedicated and professional intervention of the Mission’s leadership and troops on the ground ensured that both the driver and the vehicle were recovered the following day, though some of the truck’s contents were looted. UNAMID and the Government of Sudan continue to investigate the incident.
The World Food Programme expressed its gratitude to UNAMID’s Acting Joint Special Representative, Abiodun Bashua, and commended the Mission’s South African troops who executed the successful search-and-rescue operation on the ground.
Facilitating the United Nations Country Team in the provision of humanitarian assistance to people in need is a core aspect of UNAMID’s mandated priorities in Darfur.