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World: The Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians and the Responsibility to Protect

21 September 2016 - 7:16pm
Source: Government of Rwanda, Government of Italy, Government of the Netherlands, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Country: Central African Republic, South Sudan, Sudan, World

On 21 September, the Republic of Rwanda, Italy and the Kingdom of the Netherlands co-hosted the 9th Annual Ministerial Roundtable Discussion on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), “The Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians and the Responsibility to Protect,” in association with the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect.

A cross-regional group of ministers representing seven governments contributed to the discussion. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Republic of Rwanda, H.E. Ms. Louise Mushikiwabo, the Undersecretary of State for Foreign Affairs of Italy, H.E. Mr. Vincenzo Amendola, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, H.E. Mr. Bert Koenders, and the Executive Director of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Dr. Simon Adams, opened the meeting before an interactive discussion among participants.

The event served as a platform for participants to reaffirm their support for the Kigali Principles, to announce and encourage new endorsements, and to discuss how the application of the Kigali Principles in current mass atrocity situations can help improve the response to populations at risk. H.E. Mr. Bert Koenders, emphasized the importance of the Kigali Principles, noting, “The increase in civilian casualties, displacement, and human suffering we see in today’s conflicts cannot become the new normal. We need to take action to improve UN peacekeeping. The Kigali Principles bring together political commitment to protect civilians from atrocities including the use of force, accountable and well-prepared military and civilian leadership, well-trained and disciplined troops, and a zero tolerance approach to sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers.

H.E. Ms. Louise Mushikiwabo, noting the difficult decisions that were made regarding sending troops into situations experiencing ongoing mass atrocity crimes, including Darfur, South Sudan and Central African Republic, asserted that "we decided to act so we could make a difference" and commended the Kigali Principles as providing "practical and prudent ways to protect civilians today."

H.E. Mr. Vincenzo Amendola discussed the significance of R2P in addressing the causes of the refugee crisis in Italy’s region, noting, “Italy has supported since its initial formulation the principle that Governments in the first place must answer to a Responsibility to Protect their own civilian population, that the international community must commit to internationally mandated efforts to supplant Governments when they are unable or unwilling to step in. This is what Italy is doing on a daily basis in the Mediterranean. Since the beginning of 2016, we have rescued over 60.000 desperate women, children and men from near-certain death as they were fleeing from war and truly unfathomable sufferance and desperation.”

Dr. Simon Adams, Executive Director of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, remarked: “Peacekeepers are often at the frontlines of protecting civilians and stabilizing conflicts in the world today, sometimes paying the greatest sacrifice as they do so. However, despite the presence of sizeable peacekeeping operations, the UN continues to struggle to protect civilians from mass atrocity crimes in the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and South Sudan.”

The main objective of the discussion was for UN Member States to identify concrete ways of implementing the Kigali Principles, both individually and jointly, and to exchange best practices and identify challenges in improving Protection of Civilians by UN peacekeeping missions. Participants were also encouraged to examine the role of the Kigali Principles in effectively upholding the responsibility of the international community to protect populations from mass atrocity crimes.

The UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, the UN Assistant Secretary-General for the Rule of Law and Security Institutions, the Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, and the President of International Crisis Group also participated in the discussion.

Background on the Kigali Principles:

The Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians are a set of eighteen pledges for the effective implementation of the protection of civilians in UN peacekeeping. The principles emanated from the High-level International Conference on the Protection of Civilians held in Rwanda on 28 and 29 May 2015. The Kigali Principles address the most relevant aspects of peacekeeping, including assessment and planning, force generation, training and equipping personnel, performance and accountability. While they are framed around the protection of civilians, the principles address broader deficiencies that undermine the effectiveness of peacekeeping operations conducted in volatile situations, including peacekeeper abuse.

South Sudan: South Sudan Country Profile, Updated August 2016

21 September 2016 - 12:45pm
Source: Danish Refugee Council, Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan

Key mixed migration characteristics

  • South Sudan is a major refugee producing country and ranks among the countries with the highest levels of conflict-induced population displacement globally.

  • UNHCR estimates that nearly one in four South Sudanese citizens are displaced within its borders or to neighbouring countries

  • More than 930,000 South Sudanese are displaced in neighbouring countries (both pre and post December 2013), with the majority being hosted in Uganda (299,238) followed by Ethiopia (280,221), Sudan (246,809), Kenya (88,032), Democratic Republic of Congo (15,103), and Central Africa Republic (4,103) as of 7 August 2016.

  • More than 1.61 million South Sudanese were displaced in various parts of the country as of 31 July 2016, of which 170,000 were sheltered in UN Protection of Civilians sites.

  • South Sudan is also destination country for migrants, asylum seeker and refugees from neighbouring countries despite frequent conflict and instability that is affecting the country.

  • There were a total of 259,796 refugees and asylum seekers in South Sudan as of July 2016 with the majority of refugees coming from Sudan and lesser numbers from Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia and Central African Republic.

  • The US Department of State’s 2016 Trafficking in Persons report places South Sudan on Tier 3. According to the report, South Sudan is a source and destination country for men, women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking

As a mixed migration origin country

South Sudan is predominantly a country of origin for refugees and asylum seekers who seek refuge in neighbouring countries in Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya. The Republic of South Sudan, the world’s newest nation, gained independence from Sudan on July 09, 2011, after a referendum held in January 2011 in which the majority voted in favour of secession. Prior to this, Sudan experienced long civil conflict and war from 1955 to 2005, between the Arab Khartoum government and southern Sudan in which more than 2.5 million people lost their lives, mostly civilians, due to starvation and hunger

As a new nation, South Sudan faces the dual challenge of dealing with the legacy of more than 50 years of conflict and continued instability and fighting. In December 15, 2013, a power struggle between President Salva Kiir and his deputy Riek Machar took place. The independence political party, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), divided into two main factions and conflict broke out between government and opposition forces. The conflict led to a humanitarian crisis in the country including loss of lives and displacement of more than 2.2 million people. An internationally mediated peace agreement was signed in August 2015, based on a power-sharing principle and in April 2016, the leader of the SPLM opposition faction, Riek Machar, returned to Juba to form a transitional government of national unity and was sworn in as the first Vice- President with Salva Kiir as the president However on the eve of South Sudan’s fifth anniversary of independence on July 08, 2016, heavy fighting erupted in the capital Juba between the two SPLM factions resulting in loss of lives and further displacement of people.

According to the UNHCR, about 4,000 South Sudanese refugees and asylum seekers were recorded entering Uganda on a daily basis immediately after conflict erupted in Juba and nearly 54,000 fled to Uganda in July 2016 , a higher figure than total arrivals reported in the first six months of 2016 (or 33,838)

Yemen: Mixed Migration in the Horn of Africa and Yemen Region, August 2016

21 September 2016 - 12:35pm
Source: Danish Refugee Council, Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Country: Burundi, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen

Yemen: Mixed Migration in the Horn of Africa and Yemen Region

21 September 2016 - 12:35pm
Source: Danish Refugee Council, Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Country: Burundi, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen

Sudan: WFP Sudan: Country Brief, August 2016

21 September 2016 - 10:47am
Source: World Food Programme Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Highlights

  • In 2016, WFP Sudan plans to assist 4.6 million affected people, of which 3.9 million reside in Darfur. Thus far, WFP has reached 2.7 million people (58 percent) of the people in need - distributing 125,700 mt of food across Sudan.

  • In August, WFP Sudan assisted 1.9 million people with general food assistance and 85,600 children under five and pregnant and nursing women with nutrition assistance.

  • The Government of Sudan launched a nutrition investment case, in collaboration with WFP and UNICEF, to protect and promote healthy children and maternal nutrition, and prevent acute, chronic and micronutrient malnutrition.

Operational Updates

  • Since fighting erupted in South Sudan in December 2013, 240,975 South Sudanese refugees have entered Sudan, according to UNHCR. In 2016, WFP has reached 176,840 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan with 20,700 mt of emergency food and nutrition assistance. Since the opening of the Sudan-South Sudan humanitarian corridor in July 2014, WFP Sudan has successfully transported 50,660 mt of food commodities to South Sudan thus far, of which 24,800 mt were delivered in 2016.

  • On 10 August 2016, the Government of Sudan, with the support of WFP and UNICEF, launched a joint investment case for nutrition to scale up high impact, cost-effective nutrition interventions to reduce the malnutrition burden on Sudanese children, adolescents and women. With an integrated multi-sectoral approach, the project will roll-out a five year package focusing on reducing child mortality, stunting and wasting, and improving maternal nutrition.

  • WFP Sudan’s El Niño response is ongoing across Darfur, Red Sea, Kassala and West Kordofan states.
    Thus far, WFP has provided 8,820 mt of mixed commodities through a combination of extended lean season food assistance and asset-creating activities for 387,900 people.

Sudan: Sudan says hosting 400,000 S.Sudan refugees

21 September 2016 - 8:26am
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: South Sudan, Sudan

Khartoum, Sudan | AFP | Wednesday 9/21/2016 - 12:13 GMT |

Sudan said Wednesday it is hosting about 400,000 South Sudanese refugees who fled a brutal civil war that erupted in the world's youngest country after it broke away in 2011.

Tens of thousands of people have been killed and more than 2.5 million driven from their homes since a new conflict gripped South Sudan in late 2013 following its split from Sudan under a landmark peace deal.

"The number of South Sudanese refugees registered by Sudanese authorities is 400,000," Sudan's Minister of State for Interior Babiker Digna told reporters in Khartoum.

"The influx of South Sudanese continues until now... and the process of registering them is also ongoing."

On Friday, the United Nations refugee agency said that the overall number of refugees from South Sudan had crossed the one million mark.

The UN said that as of August 31 the total number of South Sudanese in Sudan had exceeded 247,000, of which about 90,000 had arrived since January this year.

When asked about the discrepancy, Digna said: "Many times we don't agree on the numbers" with the UN.

The UN refugee agency representative for Sudan, Noriko Yoshida, appealed for more global aid to help address the South Sudanese refugee crisis.

"If we don't have sufficient resources, it is also difficult to protect and assist these refugees," Yoshida told reporters at the same news conference.

Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic are the other countries hosting tens of thousands of South Sudanese refugees.

South Sudan fell into civil war in December 2013 when fighting erupted between supporters of President Salva Kiir and former vice president Riek Machar, after Kiir accused his deputy of plotting a coup.

Machar is now in Khartoum where he arrived last month for what the Sudanese authorities said was medical treatment.

He was replaced by Taban Deng Gai as South Sudan's first vice president after hundreds of people died in Juba in July in renewed fighting between Machar's forces and government troops.

jds-ab/dr

© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Sudan: Eight diarrhoea deaths in Sudan's Sennar

21 September 2016 - 12:35am
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: Sudan

Eight people died of acute watery diarrhoea in El Suki, Sennar state, over the weekend, according to medical sources. Blue Nile state has the highest mortality rate of Sudan.

The hospital in Sinja, the state capital, has received 18 new cases from around the city. The total number of cases number 260, a medical source reported in yesterday's news.

The Sudanese parliament's Health Committee chairwoman, Imtithal El Rayah, said that there has been a rise in the mortality rate from acute watery diarrhoea infections, to 27 people. These include 26 cases from Blue Nile and one in Sennar.

On Sunday, the death toll of diarrhoeal cases in Blue Nile rose to 23.

Speaking in parliament, El Rayah denied the outbreak of cholera in the states, but stressed there is an increase in the number of diarrhoea infections in Blue Nile's El Roseires, and a decrease in Ed Damazin.

A doctor of El Roseires hospital reported last week that there were no new diarrhoea cases reported.

There are cases of watery diarrhoea among the elderly in Kassala, Nile and Sennar, the chairwoman said.

Warnings

Meanwhile the Health Ministry in Khartoum has warned people against drinking water from unsafe sources and eating food that may be contaminated by the parasite from street vendors.

In neighbouring South Sudan, Unicef reports that as of 25 July, a total of 294 suspected cholera cases including 17 deaths have been reported nationwide.

Diarrhoeal infections are spread through contaminated food or drinking-water, or person-to-person as a result of poor hygiene. The spread can be prevented through early detection and confirmation of cases.

World: Mixed Migration Hub Trend Bulletin, August 2016 [EN]

20 September 2016 - 11:50pm
Source: Mixed Migration Hub Country: Algeria, Egypt, Greece, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, World

France: Voices From Calais: An introduction

20 September 2016 - 2:20pm
Source: Radio Dabanga Country: France, Sudan

The deteriorating situation in and around the refugee camp in Calais has not deterred the refugees and migrants fleeing from conflict areas in Africa and the Middle-East, to take shelter near the French port city. Amongst them are many Sudanese migrants. The encampment remains the most popular site to continue their long journey to the United Kingdom. Reporting from the 'Jungle', Radio Dabanga will release stories, interviews and photos over the coming period. Sudanese refugees tell about the journey they have endured so far, the challenges of camp life, and their deep desire to reach the UK.

Sitting in a quiet courtyard between makeshift tents of plastic sheets and blankets, Abbas Mohamed (32) from Nyala tells about his journey from Darfur. He faced dangers in Libya and almost drowned in the Mediterranean Sea, which he crossed in a container vessel.

Mohamed decided to flee because of the difficult security and economic situation in Darfur, in search of a better future. He is not alone: about 2,000 Sudanese live in the Calais camp. Most of them have fled from the war in the western region of Darfur.

Their large number may be explained by the desire they share to illegally enter the United Kingdom, and start a life there. “Many hope to escape to the UK,” Mohamed explains. “The difficult humanitarian conditions in the Jungle do not hold them back.”

When speaking about Calais, camp residents invariably call it the 'Jungle', a nickname they have given the crowded camp because they feel they are treated like animals.

But Mohamed is in the Jungle to stay, for the moment, awaiting the decision on his request for asylum in France. “Those in this camp who have applied for asylum in France, have not been given a place to stay by the authorities. They're homeless, so they come to Calais to await the decision on their application.”

A Sudanese man emerges from one of the tents, carrying a tin plate to serve coffee and tea. He travelled from El Gezira in central Sudan. Speaking in a soft voice, the 28-year-old says he prefers not to give his name, concerned that it will get him into trouble.

He confirms that refugee life in Calais is difficult. “We live in huts built ourselves, of wood and plastic sheets, which do not protect us from the cold, hail, and rain during the winter.”

‘I don't want asylum in France.’

In contrast to Mohamed, he decided not to apply for asylum in France. “Firstly, it takes a long time to apply for asylum in France. Secondly, the authorities refuse a lot of applications, what I've heard from other asylum seekers. That's why I want to cross to the UK.”

Life in the Jungle starts late in the morning for most refugees, because each night, they attempt to cross to the UK illegally. They stow away on trucks, ferries, cars or trains. Much media attention has been focused at the violence during this commotion, and to refugees who have been run-over, hit by trains, and drowned in attempts to swim to England.

Still, the migrant from El Gezira believes that Calais camp is the best chance to succeed in illegally entering the UK. There is another refugee camp in northern France at Dunkirk, and some planned in Paris, but Calais is the biggest in terms of size.

7,000-9,000 refugees

In May, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) found that the largest group in Calais was from Sudan, at around a third, followed by Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Eritrea and Pakistan. Most of the migrants are young males.

No exact numbers of the population exist because there is no official registration process in Calais camp. The United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) put the number at 4,000 in February this year, just before the French authorities demolished the southern half of the camp.

But the move did not reduce their numbers: last month local authorities said that 6,900 migrants and refugees live in the Jungle. Humanitarian NGOs such as Help Refugees and Auberge des Migrants place that figure much higher, nearing 9,000.

On 5 September, French truck drivers and farmers began a massive demonstration on Calais’ roadways, threatening to block the northern French port until the camp is dismantled. Residents of Calais joined in, worried about a growing insecurity in their city, and fed-up with the failure of French, British and European politicians to solve the migrant and humanitarian problem.

South Sudan: UNHCR South Sudan Situation 2016 Funding Update as of 19 September 2016

20 September 2016 - 1:58pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

643.0 M required for 2016
127.6 M contributions received, representing 20% of requirements
515.4 M funding gap for the South Sudan Situation

World: EU Annual Report on Human Rights and Democracy in the World in 2015 – Country and Regional Issues

20 September 2016 - 1:57pm
Source: European Union Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Western Sahara, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

I. Candidate countries and potential candidates

The values on which the EU is founded, as set out in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union, are reflected in the accession criteria. These essential conditions, which all candidate countries must satisfy to become a Member State, include the stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, respect for the rule of law, human rights and the protection of minorities. The current enlargement agenda covers the countries of the Western Balkans and Turkey. The progress towards meeting these criteria is covered in depth in the European Commission's 2015 Enlargement Package1 . This year the Commission introduced a strengthened approach to its assessments in the annual reports on enlargement countries, which not only covered progress but also reported on the state of play and the countries' level of preparedness to take on the obligations of membership. The reports also provide clearer guidance on what the countries are expected to do.

The EU's enlargement policy remains focused on the 'fundamentals first' principle. Reflecting the core EU values and policy priorities, the enlargement process continues to prioritise reforms in the areas of the rule of law, fundamental rights, the strengthening of democratic institutions, including public administration reform, and economic development and competitiveness.

The 2015 EU Enlargement Strategy highlights the main challenges for candidate countries and potential candidates. Regarding fundamental rights, in the Western Balkans and Turkey the Commission continues to underline that while these are often largely enshrined in law, further efforts are needed to ensure implementation in practice. Freedom of expression presents a particular challenge, with ongoing negative developments in a number of countries. The Commission continues to prioritise work on freedom of expression and the media in the EU accession process.
There continues to be a need to better protect minorities, in particular Roma, who continue to suffer from discrimination and difficult living conditions. Discrimination and hostility towards other vulnerable groups, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons, is a serious concern. Additional work is also required to promote equality between women and men, fight domestic violence, ensure respect for the rights of the child and support persons with disabilities.

The functioning of democratic institutions also requires attention. The role of national parliaments in the reform process to ensure democratic accountability still needs to be strengthened.
Enlargement countries need to ensure the effective functioning of the institutional framework for the protection of fundamental rights and a much more supportive and enabling environment to foster the development of civil society as it will contribute to enhancing political accountability and a better understanding of accession-related reforms. The Commission continues to promote and support candidate countries' participation, and that of countries with which a Stabilisation and Association Agreement has been concluded, as observers in the work of the EU's Fundamental Rights Agency. Positive developments were registered in 2015 regarding The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania and Serbia.

http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2015/20151110_strategy_paper_en.pdf

World: Aid Security Incident Statistics: 18-month trends based on open source reported events affectng aid infrastructure (December 2014 to May 2016)

20 September 2016 - 12:02pm
Source: Insecurity Insight Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Guinea, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

In Africa and Asia, more events were atributed to Non-State Actors (NSA's) than to State Actors (SA's) (77 and 16 respectvely). In Africa, 97% of events affectng aid infrastructure were atributed to NSA’s (77/79). Of these 77 events, the highest number of incidents were reported in South Sudan (24), followed by Mali (19) and CAR (14). In Asia, 80% of events affecting aid infrastructure were atributed to NSA’s in Afghanistan (11/20).

In the Middle East, 75% of events were atributed to SA's (51/68). Of these 51 events, the highest number of incidents atributed to SA's were reported in Syria (35), followed by Yemen (14).

Reported incidents affectng aid infrastructure in the Middle East by SA's increased between June 15 and November 15(Q3 and Q4 from 6 to 13) and remained at similar levels throughout December 15 to May 16 (Q5 and Q6, 14 and 11). The rise was led by an increase in the number of reported atacks atributed to the Syrian and/or Russian military forces in Syria (Q3 and Q4 from 3 to 9).

Reported incidents affectng aid infrastructure by NSA’s decreased between September 15 and May 16 (Q4 and Q6) in select African and Asian Countries. The decrease in the number of reported events was led by a reducton in the number of reported events by NSA’s in Afghanistan and in South Sudan (see graphs, right).

South Sudan: South Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot (August 2016)

20 September 2016 - 11:42am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

In August 2016, thousands more civilians in South Sudan were forced to flee their homes due to fighting, mainly in the Equatorias and Unity. In all, about 60,000 people fled South Sudan as refugees to neighbouring countries during August, including nearly 50,000 to Uganda. In Central Equatoria, about 12,100 people were displaced in different locations according to partners' estimates. In Western Bahr El Ghazal, more than 2,500 people newly arrived at collective sites in Wau town, while access outside of the town remained restricted. In central Unity, intermittent fighting and tensions caused thousands of people to flee from Thonyor, Adok and Pilleny to neighbouring islands and swampy areas. Others attempted the long and strenuous journeys to Nyal in Panyijiar County or to the UN Protection of Civilians site in Bentiu. In addition, some people from Thonyor and Thakker (Mayendit) reportedly took refuge in Dablual, which was already hosting about 34,000 IDPs. In Jonglei, nearly 8,000 IDPs arrived in Poktap, Payuel and Padiet payams in Duk County following fighting in Pajut. In Northern Bahr El Ghazal, food insecurity and malnutrition remained a major concern and partners scaled-up response operations to stem the growing hunger. Communicable diseases continued to cause death and illness, with ongoing outbreaks of cholera, malaria and kala-azar.

Greece: Over 300,000 refugees and migrants cross Med so far in 2016

20 September 2016 - 8:09am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Numbers crossing sea to Europe in first nine months of 2016 are down on last year, but higher than whole of 2014.

By: Jonathan Clayton

GENEVA – Over 300,000 refugees and migrants have made the dangerous Mediterranean sea crossing so far this year, according to figures released by UNCR, the UN Refugee Agency today.

“This is considerably lower than the 520,000 registered sea arrivals during the first nine months of 2015, but higher than the 216,054 arrivals during the whole of 2014,” UNHCR spokesperson William Spindler told a press briefing in Geneva.

He added that there were important differences between the two main countries of arrival, Greece and Italy. Overall however it remains a deadly route.

Despite the number of crossings this year being 42 per cent lower than during the same period last year, the number of people reported dead or missing so far this year (3,211) is only 15 per cent lower than the total number of casualties for the whole of 2015 (3,771).

“At this rate, 2016 will be the deadliest year on record in the Mediterranean Sea,” Spindler warned.

He explained that a detailed analysis of the figures showed that arrivals in Italy this year followed the same pattern as last year, with 130,411 refugees and migrants entering in 2016, compared with 132,071 during the first nine months of last year.

“In both years, arrivals increased during May and peaked in July. However, more people arriving in Italy are staying there. As of today, asylum claims have more than doubled in Italy, in comparison to the same period last year,” he added. Over 158,000 people are currently accommodated in reception facilities in Italy.

In contrast, though he said Greece saw a massive rise in the number of arrivals by sea last year, with 385,069 by the end of September. The surge began in August, with 107,843 arrivals, and peaked in October, with highest number of arrivals (211,663).

“This year, there has been a sharp drop from 67,415 arrivals during the month of January to just over 2,000 so far this month, bringing the total this year to 165,750, a 57 per cent drop from the 385,069 arrivals registered in Greece during the first nine months of last year,” Spindler said.

The main nationalities arriving in Greece are Syria (48 per cent) and Afghanistan (25 per cent) with Iraq, Pakistan and Iran largely accounting for the balance. Those reaching Italy come primarily from Africa (Nigeria 20 per cent, Eritrea 12 per cent, Gambia/ Guinea/Sudan/Ivory Coast 7 per cent each).

In the Mediterranean as a whole, five nationalities — Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria and Eritrea — account for 68 per cent of all arrivals.

This situation highlights the urgent need for States to increase pathways for admission of refugees, such as resettlement, private sponsorship, family reunification and student scholarship schemes, among others, so they do not have to resort to dangerous journeys and the use of smugglers.

At the same time, the plan agreed by the European Union (EU) and Member States a year ago to relocate 160,000 asylum-seekers mainly from Greece and Italy to other European countries need to be fully implemented. So far, less than 5,000 asylum-seekers have been relocated from Greece (3,791) and Italy (1,156) – a mere three per cent of the original target.

“We have been calling on EU Member States to increase pledges, including for unaccompanied and separated children, speed up the registration and transfers of candidates, and for more nationalities fleeing war and persecution to have access to the scheme,” Spindler explained.

Meanwhile, in a separate development a fire broke out at the Moria reception centre on the Greek island of Lesvos on Monday evening following clashes between residents.

A large number of refugees and migrants were forced to leave the government-run site. Some 4,400 people were accommodated in the facility at the time. Around 95 unaccompanied children were transferred to the Pikpa reception site nearby.

Based on initial reports, the fire did not cause any casualties but at least 30 people are reported to have light injuries and have been taken to hospital. Over 50 UNHCR Refugee Housing Units, accommodating some 800 people, were completely destroyed. There were other material damages to the site, including the destruction of tents.

UNHCR is present in Moria and the other reception centres on the Greek islands.

“We have a team assessing the damage and will put up family tents today as an emergency accommodation measure for those affected. Non-governmental organizations will provide tents, mattresses, blankets and water,” Spindler declared.

Poor living conditions, combined with a prevailing feeling of uncertainty, regularly fuel despair and frustration among asylum-seekers in Greece. On islands like Lesvos, the capacities for hosting refugees and migrants are overstretched. Lesvos hosts over 5,300 people and has a capacity of only 3,500.

To reduce tension and overcrowding, UNHCR is working with the authorities and calls for the urgent transfer of unaccompanied and separated children, one of the most vulnerable groups, to the mainland, shorter waiting periods for asylum claims, particularly on the islands, faster registration and processing of cases for all nationalities and speedier return of those who are not in need of international protection.

World: Mediterranean Update, Migration Flows Europe: Arrivals and Fatalities: 20 September 2016

20 September 2016 - 2:55am
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Afghanistan, Chile, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Eritrea, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Mali, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Serbia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United States of America, World

298.474 arrivals by sea in 2016
3.213 dead/missing
published 09:00 CET 20 September
1,011,712 arrivals in 2015

Sudan: Sudan: Operation Overview - September 2016

20 September 2016 - 2:47am
Source: World Food Programme Country: Sudan

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma Camp Population Statistics (as of 18 September 2016)

19 September 2016 - 4:37pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe

France: Migrant numbers in Calais 'Jungle' up 12%: NGOs

19 September 2016 - 4:31pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Afghanistan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Iraq, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Lille, France | AFP | Monday 9/19/2016 - 20:06 GMT

The squalid migrant camp known as the "Jungle" in France's northern port of Calais has become home to nearly 1,000 more people since August, bringing the total to more than 10,000, two charities working there said Monday.

"The total number of people is 10,088. The previous count was 9,106, making it an increase of 12 percent in a month," according to the French association L'Auberge des Migrants and the British non-governmental organisation Help Refugees.

The latest figures include migrants sleeping in tents and those staying at provisional welcome centres, the charities said.

The figures from the groups working at the Jungle are disputed by French authorities, who according to the last official count on August 19 put the number of migrants at 6,900.

Most of the people in the Jungle are men trying to find a way to cross the Channel and clandestinely enter Britain.

The charities said their count was conducted from September 10 to 12, and included the nationalities of the migrants.

Forty-three percent were Sudanese, 33 percent Afghans, 9.0 percent Eritreans, 7.0 percent Pakistanis, 3.5 percent Ethiopians, and Iraqis and Syrians were at 1.0 percent each.

They counted 1,179 minors, over 300 more than in August, and most of them were unaccompanied minors, with the youngest just eight years old.

French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve has pledged to dismantle the Jungle camp in stages and rehouse the inhabitants elsewhere.

The British government meanwhile has announced plans to build a wall in Calais to stop migrants from jumping on lorries heading to Britain.

zl/boc/adp

© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Sudan: Sudan: North Darfur - Al Salam IDP Camp Prole 2015

19 September 2016 - 3:23pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Sudan

Camp Overview

Al Salam Camp was established in 2005 in response to the influx of internally displaced people from El Fasher, Kabkabiya, Kutum and Mallit areas in North Darfur and a few from Shearia in South Darfur. The camp is approximately 5 square km in size and is located 2 km south of El Fasher town.

Sudan: NFI Common Pipeline Darfur Distributions, 1 to 30 June 2016

19 September 2016 - 3:08pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Sudan

During the reporting period, 9,155 households in North, South, East, West and central Darfur was provided with ES & NFI items from the NFI Common Pipeline through implementing partners.