Sudan - ReliefWeb News
KHARTOUM - The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today welcomed an additional contribution of €9.1 million (US$12.3 million) from the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO) to its operations in Sudan.
The funds will provide much-needed food assistance to displaced people and other vulnerable groups across the country. This donation brings ECHO’s total contribution this year to WFP Sudan to €13,994,000 (US$ 19.1 million).
“We are deeply grateful to ECHO for this added contribution coming at a time when Sudan is in the middle of the lean season, when food insecurity peaks among vulnerable people,” said WFP Sudan Country Director Adnan Khan.
In 2014, WFP plans to assist 4.1 million people across Sudan, of whom 3.2 million live in the conflict-affected region of Darfur. ECHO’s contribution will be used to support WFP’s operations in Darfur particularly through cash and vouchers that benefit half a million people. The contribution will also support WFP’s programmes to improve the poor nutritional status of more than 182,000 children, pregnant women and nursing mothers in Darfur.
Beyond the Darfur region, ECHO’s contribution will help to assist some 80,800 children, pregnant women and nursing mothers in Kassala, Red Sea and South Kordofan states. It will also support some 38,350 refugees in Kassala state, 149,500 vulnerable people in South Kordofan and another 35,000 internally displaced people in North Kordofan through food voucher programmes.
“We are deeply concerned with the rising insecurity across the Darfur region which has led to the displacement of more than 400,000 people in the first half of 2014, with 260,000 yet to return to their homes. Elevated malnutrition rates and the grim food security outlook in the months ahead remind us that Sudan, especially the conflict-affected region of Darfur and the states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan should not be forgotten,” said Claus Sorensen, Director General of the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department.
ECHO is the third largest donor to WFP in Sudan, one of the agency’s largest and most complex operations, providing food assistance to people suffering from conflict, displacement and chronic under-nourishment in Darfur, as well as in the east and border areas to the south.
WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food in emergencies and working with communities to build resilience. In 2013, WFP assisted more than 80 million people in 75 countries.
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For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@example.org):
Amor Almagro, WFP/Khartoum, Tel. +249 183248001 (ext. 2114), Mob. +249 912174853
Abdulaziz Abdulmomin, WFP/Khartoum, Tel. +249 183248001 (ext. 2123), Mob. +249 912167055
Snapshot 16–22 July
oPT: 583 have been reported killed and over 100,000 displaced since Operation Protective Edge began on 8 July. There are urgent needs for essential drugs, shelter, water, and food assistance in the Gaza Strip, requiring greater humanitarian space.
Syria: The recent UN Security Council resolution authorising UN cross-border and cross-line humanitarian aid is expected to enable assistance to reach 2.9 million more people. Currently, Al Hasakeh governorate remains inaccessible as internal displacement is ongoing and Iraqi refugees continue to arrive.
Iraq: Minority groups are being targeted, with Islamic State reportedly giving Christian residents of Mosul 24 hours to leave the city. Insecurity and population movements are leading to the breakdown of procurement and distribution systems, impacting on the provision of essential goods and services.
Philippines: Over 1.6 million people have been affected by Typhoon Rammasun, which hit the Philippines over 15-16 July, leaving 97 dead and 460 injured. Over 111,000 houses have been damaged and 518,700 people are staying in 1,264 evacuation centres.
KUTUM LOCALITY (22 Jul .) -
The Sudan Liberation Movement led by Abdel Wahid El Nur (SLM-AW) claims that government forces planted landmines in Kutum locality, North Darfur.
Mustafa Tambur, the military spokesman for the SLM-AW reported to Radio Dabanga that heavy rainfall exposed 23 landmines in the area of Fonu, near Kutum town.
“The mines were buried along a strip of two kilometers, to hamper the movement of the Darfur resistance forces”, Tambour explained.
He warned the citizens in the area, “especially children”, not to approach or touch suspicious objects, and demanded from the international community to pressure the Khartoum regime to stop planting landmines.
Years of conflict have left Darfur littered with potentially deadly explosives and munitions. Radio Dabanga appeals to listeners throughout Darfur (and elsewhere in our reception area) not to touch any ‘unexploded’ grenades or other ammunition found in the field. Mark its position clearly to alert others, and report it immediately to a camp sheikh, Unamid and/or the local police.
QC’s projects in Sudan focus on facilitating voluntary return in Darfur, through raising awareness and providing stability and rehabilitation of the villages of the displaced, providing basic services through income-generating projects that rebuild social cohesion and harmony.
Qatar Charity's most recent effort included a farming project to bring back to cultivation 1500 acres of land that has directly benefited more than 1,400 people in Darfur.
This project comes in light of the importance of agriculture in Darfur, where thousands of people depend on agricultural products as their sole source of income and their only chance to improve their standard of living.
The project also involves the training of farmers in different agricultural processes, providing them with ploughing equipment, seeds, sterilizers, hand tools and other associated items, in addition to pest control aids such as pesticides and spray pumps. The project aims to contribute to the economic and social development of rural areas through the alleviation of poverty and improvement of food security and stability for 200 poor families in South Darfur state. The project has contributed significantly to the voluntary return of a number of displaced people who had been forced to leave their villages and take refuge in camps.
Qatar Charity has also carried out other income generating projects, including organizing a fruit and vegetable market. Out of this project, a cooperative association was created by the beneficiaries themselves. The association came up with the idea of saving a daily amount of the net profits for the development of the project and addressing any problems that may occur to the owner of the project so that the project's capital is not affected. The project has helped to significantly improve the housing and education situation of those involved, as well as contributing to social and economic development.
Further projects included a clothes factory and a project for shipping, packaging and distribution of spices. The clothing project involved forty female head of households, who were left the main breadwinners after the death or incapacity of their husbands. The spice project involves more than thirty young graduates and unemployed young men, providing them with a regular income that enables them to live in dignity.
These latest woks are in addition to construction projects such as the rehabilitation of 26 kilometre Kasala – Laffa road that connects the city of Kasala of the eastern province with the village of Laffa on the Eritrean borders at a cost of USD 12 million. The road benefits around 200,000 people.
22 July 2014
Central African Republic: L’effet domino : où pourquoi une perspective plus ample est nécessaire pour traiter le déplacement en Afrique centrale
La République Centrafricaine, la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), le Soudan et le Soudan du Sud regroupent entre eux quatre des crises de déplacement interne les plus importantes, non seulement en Afrique, mais dans le monde. Une situation d’extrême pauvreté et des frontières relativement perméables sont des caractéristiques communes à chacun de ces pays que de nombreux autres aspects lient inextricablement les uns aux autres.
En dépit de l’ampleur qu’atteint le déplacement en Afrique centrale, ces quatre pays ne suscitent que relativement peu d’attention de la part des médias et des donateurs ou lors de discussions humanitaires ou politiques, ce qui est particulièrement frappant comparé à d’autres pays comme la Syrie, les Philippines ou l’Afghanistan.
On estime, en date de juillet 2014, qu’environ 7,15 millions de personnes déplacées à l’intérieur de leur propre pays (PDI) étaient réparties entre la République Centrafricaine, la RDC, le Soudan du Sud et le Soudan, après avoir été forcées de fuir leur zone de résidence pour échapper à des conflits, des violences ou des violations des droits de l’homme, et notamment des attaques intentionnellement dirigées contre les populations civiles ou dans certains cas des déplacements forcés utilisés comme tactique de guerre. Tant les forces gouvernementales que les groupes armés non étatiques se sont rendus coupables d’abus de ce type. Fin 2013, une PDI sur cinq dans le monde se trouvait dans l’un de ces quatre pays qui à ce jour réunissent à eux seuls 55 % des PDI d’Afrique subsaharienne.
Central African Republic: The domino effect: why a wide lens is needed to address displacement in central Africa
The Central African Republic (CAR), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), South Sudan and Sudan hosted together 7.15 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) as of July 2014 - 55 per cent of IDPs in sub-saharan Africa .
The briefing paper highlights the importance of taking regional dynamics into account when addressing internal displacement and its causes in these countries. Conflicts in this region characterised by poverty, low human development and porous borders often have spill-over effects on the political, socio-economic and humanitarian situation in neighbouring countries.
Further, the briefing paper highlights the need for stronger and more timely funding to the humanitarian response plans in CAR, DRC, South Sudan and Sudan. Low and un-timely funding, together with logistical problems and access restrictions hamper an effective and flexible response to IDPs' enormous needs in the region.
The paper concludes by exploring potential areas of cross-border learning which could help improve the national and international response to internal displacement in central Africa and strengthen the region as a whole.
South Sudan: IRRI submission to the APPG on Sudan and South Sudan: UK and International Engagement with South Sudan 2011-2014
The International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI) is responding to the call for information about the transitional period in South Sudan and the ways in which aid might have been targeted more effectively.
While mindful of the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan that deserves the attention of the international community with a staggering seven million estimated to be at risk of hunger and disease, this intervention urges the UK government to ensure that it simultaneously maintains its focus on the crucial demands of state-building in the world’s newest state. If there is only an emergency response to the current situation without sufficient attention being paid to longer-term reconstruction, cycles of violence and displacement will remain unbroken and humanitarian assistance will be palliative.
In light of that assertion, our intervention begins with an overview of general principles for engagement in South Sudan going forward. It then highlights three concerns – past and present – relating to our areas of expertise: first, the way in which the repatriation of South Sudanese refugees (post-2005) was organised by international humanitarian agencies emphasising the need for more flexible humanitarian policies; second, the issue of integration into South Sudanese society of Darfuri refugees highlighting the need for marginalised groups to be included in the future polity; and third, the need for more comprehensive solutions to the challenge of building civic trust, acknowledging the need to address the multiple layers of distrust that have built up not only over the past months but also over the past decades.
July 21, 2014 (Khartoum) -The United Nations World Food Program (WFP) in Sudan has expressed deep concern on the “bleak prospects” of the level of food security during the coming months.
The WFP media official and spokesperson in Khartoum, Amor Almagro, told Sudan Tribune on Monday that lack of security besides displacement and low-levels of rain and rising food prices adversely impact food security of vulnerable population in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile states.
Almagro dismissed that these areas could face “famine conditions” in the future, saying the situation does not qualify to that description. However, she underscored that the situation is not good.
On 11 July, the governor of South Darfur state, Adam Mahmoud Jar al-Nabi, acknowledged that his state is facing food shortage, predicting the situation could turn into a food gap.
He called upon residents to perform Istisga (rain prayer) following low-levels of rain, announcing agreement with the central government to provide strategic food stock.
The head of Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Comission (HAC) emergency department, Mutasim Abu al-Gasim, said in press statement on Friday that HAC is ready to intervene to cover any food gap in the country particularly in conflict areas.
He pointed that food gaps take place in areas affected by tribal conflicts, civil wars, lack of rain, and diminishing of cultivated lands, adding that several states witnessed low-levels of rain last year which lowered agricultural production.
Almagro said they initially predicted to reach around 3.9 million of the displaced and needy population in various conflicts areas in this year, pointing the number has reached 4.1 million in the last couple of months which necessitates the need to acquire additional aid.
She said the WFP planned to provide assistance for 1.9 million displaced persons in Darfur in the beginning of the year but the continuing conflicts raised the number to 2.2 million besides another 2 million of the food insecure people in various areas of the country.
The spokesperson further disclosed that donors responded to the WFP needs and helped it overcome various challenges, saying that a press statement will be issued on Tuesday to announce a €9 million fund provided by the European Union (EU) in support of the WFP activities.
The WFP’s food security official, Bakri Osman, told Sudan Tribune that Darfur states every year witness a “critical period” according to the standards the food security between May and December, saying families suffer during this period from shortage in food stocks.
He pointed that the WFP seeks to assist the needy population through providing a food basket which includes sorghum, oil and sugar, saying they also offer coupons for about 500.000 displaced persons allowing them to acquire other commodities.
Osman also added that rising prices besides low-levels of rain and deterioration in security situation hinder livelihoods and put additional burden on the world’s largest humanitarian agency.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Khartoum, last week said it was forced to amend its plan in Sudan in order to meet the growing needs during the first half of this year.
The total amount of money needed by the aid groups in Sudan is currently estimated at $982 million in order to assist 6.9 million people (around %20 of the population).
This map illustrates satellite-detected structures at the Shagarab 2 refugee camp in al Qadarif Province, Sudan as seen on 09 December 2013 by the WorldView-2 satellite. This camp lies about 76 km South-East of New Halfa and 100 km North-East of Al Qadarif city. UNOSAT analyzed a total of 4,606 structures in the 218 ha of the camp. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR / UNOSAT.
This map illustrates satellite-detected structures at the Shagarab 1 refugee camp in al Qadarif Province, Sudan as seen on 09 December 2013 by the WorldView-2 satellite. This camp lies about 70 km South-East of New Halfa and 105 km North-East of Al Qadarif city. UNOSAT analyzed a total of 6,242 structures in the 209 ha of the camp. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR / UNOSAT.
Local security arrangements in Greater Upper Nile
Since erupting in December 2013, the South Sudanese civil conflict has displaced nearly one million people and left more than 10,000 dead. Much of the fighting has been concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile region - including around the strategic state capitals of Bentiu (Unity state), Bor (Jonglei state), and Malakal (upper Nile state). RIch in oil, Greater Upper Nile is home to the Nuer supporters of the former vice president, Riek Machar, who currently leads the opposition and who hails from Unity.
The involvement of unofficial forces in the conflict appears significant. Both sides have recruited armed youths to supplement their fighting forces.2 In Jonglei, thousands of armed Lou Nuer youths took control of Bor alongside rebel forces loyal to Peter Gadet in late December. Meanwhile, President Salva Kiir authorized the recruitment and training of thousands of youths for a Juba-based auxiliary force under his command, with many of the recruits drawn from the predominantly Dinka areas of Greater Bahr el Ghazal.3 The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) has also taken on new recruits from the Equatorias and Western Bahr el Ghazal to fight on the front lines in Unity and Upper Nile.4
The rapid recruitment of armed youths into the conflict reflects a demand for fighting power and a recognition of their roles as community security providers, often where offiical state security is absent. Local security arrangements (LSAs) are a long-time feature in rural South Sudan, and they have a particularly strong presence in greater Upper Nile due to the marked security gap - the inability of official state security forces to respond to the security needs of civilians. Local security concerns include persistent cattle raiding and militia group activity, as well as the effects of the long0term proliferation of weapons and ammunition.
This Issue Brief discusses the organization of LZAs in Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region, drawing on original research conducted in Mayom county in Unity, Uror county in Jonglei, and Fashoda county in Upper Nile prior to the outbreak of widespread conflict in Greater Upper Nile. The tradition of LSAs in these areas was a factor leading to the rapid mobilization of armed youths at the outset of the recent crisis.
In particular, this Issue Brief focuses on the complex ways in which LSAs reflect local security dynamics and cultural norms surrounding the role of youths in providing protection for their own communities. It describes the security environments int he case study areas, LSA structures and functions, and the impacts of the LSAs on security levels. In doing so, it considers state security policies and practices— including civilian disarmament campaigns—that influence LSA formation, as well some of the security dilemmas associated with LSAs.
EL SALAM CAMP (20 Jul .) - The Saudi Shiryan El Hayah organisation on Saturday provided food and drinks for the breaking of the fast for 5,000 residents of El Salam camp in South Darfur. HAC officials told the newly displaced at the camp that the distribution of food rations will begin next week.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga from El Salam camp, Sheikh Mahjoub Adam Tabaldiya said that the Saudi Shiryan El Hayah started on Saturday with the provision of Ramadan breakfast to 3,000 women and 2,000 men at the camp. The organisation will continue providing breakfast until the end of Ramadan.
“They daily slaughter five oxen. Apart from the food and drinks, they also provide the displaced with dates and dishes of balila beans, special requirements for breaking the fast.” Tabaldiya stressed that the collective breakfast pleases the new and old displaced, “who barely have something to break the fast with”.
Sheikh Tabaldiya said that El Salam camp’s newly displaced, totaling 6,387, have not received aid since they arrived at the camp four months ago.
“On Wednesday, we asked officials of the Sudanese Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) about the reasons for the delay in the food rations' distribution, after the registration by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) of the newly displaced was finally completed.”
“The HAC officials told us that the IOM on Wednesday submitted the names of the newly displaced to the World Food Programme, which, they said, will start with the distribution of food next week.”
El MALHA (20 Jul .) - In El Malha locality, North Darfur, the number of newborn babies dying of an infection of the umbilical cord is increasing.
A medical source reported to Radio Dabanga that during the past four months, two to three newborn babies have died each week. “They die within one to three days after the start of the inflammation.”
A medical team from El Fasher, capital of North Darfur State, visited El Malha town last week, where they conducted tests, and took samples. “They returned to El Fasher without a diagnose,” the medical source said.
She appealed to the Sudanese and North Darfur State authorities to accelerate the issuance of the test results, “in order to find a treatment, and contain the number of deaths”.