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Yemen: Joint oral statement by Save the Children, Action contre la Faim, CARE International, Oxfam and Première Urgence during Human Rights Council session on the humanitarian situation for vulnerable children and families in Yemen [EN/AR]

5 hours 14 min ago
Source: CARE, Action Contre la Faim, Oxfam, Première Urgence, Save the Children Country: Yemen

United Nations Human Rights Council
33rd session
28 September 2016
Item 10, General Debate, SG/HC report on Yemen

Joint oral statement by Save the Children, Action contre la Faim, CARE International, Oxfam and Premiere Urgence.

Mr President,

This statement is made on behalf of Save the Children and 4 INGOs that provide humanitarian assistance and support to vulnerable children and families in Yemen.

After eighteen months of conflict, ten million children are unable to access sufficient food, primary health care, education and other essential services. Over three million people have fled their homes because of ongoing conflict. Two out of three of those Yemenis forced to flee their homes have been displaced for 10 months or longer (1). The conflict has resulted in the deaths of over a thousand children, and at least another 1796 injured. Tens of thousands more live in fear of intensive ground fighting and airstrikes.

The armed conflict has resulted in an alarming increase in other grave violations against children by all parties to the armed conflict, including military recruitment and use of children and attacks on schools and hospitals as documented in the UN Secretary-General's 2016 Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict. Further child casualties, attacks on schools and hospitals and other grave violations against children have been recorded throughout 2016.

Numerous other allegations concerning possible violations of international law have been documented in the High Commissioner's recent report, as well by the UN's Panel of Experts to the Security Council Sanctions Committee, and by credible international human rights organisations.

We welcome continued efforts to secure peace but it is imperative that the international community uses its influence to ensure all parties to the armed conflict act in compliance with obligations under international law.

Therefore we urge the Council to adopt a new resolution mandating an international independent body under the auspices of the UN to carry out comprehensive investigations into allegations of violations of international law by all parties to the conflict as an urgently needed step to hold those responsible for violations to account, and to deter future violations.

Thank you.

(1) According to Oxfam's survey, "Picking Up the Piece", September 2016.

World: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster in 2015: Year in Review

5 hours 48 min ago
Source: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster Country: Central African Republic, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Liberia, Nepal, Philippines, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Vanuatu, World, Yemen
Foreword

2015 was a year of transformation for the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC). The adoption of the ETC2020 Strategy in the first half of the year, radically expanding the vision, scope and approach of the cluster, set the network on a much more impactful, but challenging, trajectory. 2015 was characterised by the adoption and commenced implementation of ETC2020 as well as the most concurrent emergencies ever responded to; and the invaluable contributions of its members and partners without which, the ETC would not exist.

In addition to operations in Central African Republic, Iraq, South Sudan, Syria and West Africa inherited from 2014, conflict raging in Yemen, Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu and the earthquakes in Nepal added additional connectivity demands on the already stretched cluster’s capacity. In all, the ETC responded to an unprecedented eight concurrent emergencies.

Across these operations, the ETC experienced a number of ‘firsts’, indicative of the evolving emergency landscape and which would influence the new strategy. Seeing that the community needing connectivity to respond to Ebola in West Africa was not ‘just’ humanitarians, the ETC expanded its scope, providing services to humanitarian, healthcare and government responders at 80+ facilities across the three affected countries. Responding at the direct requestof the government in Vanuatu, the ETC was “embedded” in the Office of the Chief Information Officer, working directly with the National Disaster Management Office. In Nepal, ETC preparedness efforts had established a solid network of humanitarian, privatesector and government entities which allowed a faster and more effective response after the quake.

The rapidly evolving humanitarian and technology environments shape the way the ETC responds.

April 2015 was the turning point. Developed in close collaboration with over 40 organisations, the ambitious ETC2020 strategy builds upon the cluster’s years of experience, its expertise and its network of dedicated partners. Through ETC2020, for the first time, the ETC is engaging in Communications with Communities(CwC), leveraging its network of partners and expertise to provide disaster-affected people with the ability to communicate. In recognition of communities’ role in first response, ETC2020 activities seek to improve and decentralise preparedness activities. Connectivity and energy solutions will be enhanced as the ETC will continue to deliver its current mandate of providing timely, predictable, and effective emergency communications services to the humanitarian community.

Achieving the ETC2020 vision will take strong engagement with an expanded and more connected network, from leading edge Information Technology (IT)companies and local telecommunications providers, to humanitarians, governments and affected communities. Partnership and collaboration are key to successful functioning of the ETC.

2015 was a year of change for the ETC, but in many ways it was not unique. More emergencies, across wider areas and affecting more people has become the new norm and one for which the entire response community must prepare.

While continuing to provide connectivity services to the response community, the ETC objective is very different now to what it was 12 months ago. And in just four years from now, through working with governments to build resilience, decentralising response readiness and strengthening the capacity of affected people to respond, the ETC will ensure that all those responding to humanitarian emergencies have access to vital communications services and digital aid.

World: Forced Migration Review No. 53: Local communities: first and last providers of protection

5 hours 56 min ago
Source: Forced Migration Review, University of Oxford Country: Australia, Brazil, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, India, Kenya, Myanmar, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda, World, Yemen

It is often people’s immediate community that provides the first, last and perhaps best tactical response for many people affected by or under threat of displacement. In the 23 feature theme articles in this issue of FMR, authors from around the world – including authors who are themselves displaced – explore the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community.

FMR 53 also includes eight ‘general’ articles on other aspects of forced migration.

Yemen: Yemen Hospitals Run Out of Medicine for Dangerously Malnourished Children

13 hours 36 min ago
Source: Save the Children Country: Yemen

Children Going Untreated in Yemen Hospitals Unless Parents Supply Own Medicine

Media Contact
Negin Janati 203.212.0044 (M)

Fairfield, Conn. (September 27, 2016) — Desperate parents are being asked to provide their own medicines to treat their malnourished children, as Yemen's hospitals run out of supplies and the health system has collapsed.

Yemeni families told Save the Children staff they are so poor they can barely afford fuel and transport costs to get to hospitals. Even when families are able to borrow cash to get to the hospital, they cannot afford essential medicines once they get there.

Dr. Abdullah Thabit who runs the Malnutrition Section of Al Sabeen mother and child hospital in the capital Sana'a said: "On Saturday two twins died because of a lack of medicine. The situation here is very critical, we see more than three cases of malnourished children every day from different cities.

"There are not enough rooms or doctors, and no medicine. The hospital cannot provide salaries to bring more doctors. The salary is not enough because the cost of currency is going up and food is expensive. Meanwhile, we ask the patients to buy medicine themselves from outside the hospital. Some cannot afford the medicine so they leave and they don't come back and we don't know what will happen next, especially to their children."

The hospital's manager Dr. Hilal AlBahri said: "Children are dying and we are out of medicine. The health system has already collapsed."

Two-year-old Amal was suffering from Kwashikor - a severe form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein and nutrients that traps fluid in body tissues. Her mother said: "Twenty days ago she got acute diarrhoea, we went immediately to the closest health centre in our village. But doctors asked us to go to the capital city Sana'a because they don't have medicine. When we arrived in Sana'a, we came to this hospital and they said she needs medicine. I was forced to sell my jewellery to afford it." Other parents have sold their possessions and taken out loans.

Yemeni families told Save the Children staff they have lost their jobs and livelihoods as a result of the war so cannot afford food and medicine. Many are eating just one meal a day.

Edward Santiago, Save the Children's Country Director in Yemen, said: "The horrifying images of starving-to-death children coming out of Yemen are reminiscent of what we saw in Ethiopia 30 years ago. The images galvanized global action back then, yet when it comes to Yemen's children today, the world seems to be looking the other way."

Alongside malnutrition and related illness, many children have died as a direct impact of the conflict and there have been multiple allegations of grave violations of children's rights by all fighting forces. At least 1,188 children have been killed and more than 1,796 wounded by airstrikes and ground fighting since the start of the conflict. Dozens of schools and hospitals have been attacked, and the military recruitment and use of children, including in front-line roles, is widespread. So far no one has been held to account for these actions.

Yemen: Yemen: Snapshot of WHO response in Yemen Crisis 2015-2016 (As of 31 August, 2016)

27 September 2016 - 9:55pm
Source: World Health Organization Country: Yemen

Impact of Crisis

Since March 2015, an es mated 21.1 million people have been affected in the ongoing conflict and are in need of humanitarian assistance (UNOCHA). 14.1 million people were expected to seek health services, with the Health Cluster targe ng to reach 10.5 million under the Yemen Humanitarian Response (YHRP-2016). The escala ng con-flict has put more pressure on the health system and the vulnerable popula on seeking health care, where less than 50% of health facili es are fully func onal and 17% stopped func oning (HeRAMS, 2016) . Skilled health workers have been forced to relocate, and inversely intense pressure has built on health facili es where large displaced popula ons have moved.

Yemen: Coalition prefers final Yemen settlement to 'short' truce

27 September 2016 - 4:15pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Yemen

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia | AFP | Monday 9/26/2016 - 12:48 GMT

The Saudi-led coalition fighting in support of Yemen's government would prefer a broad political settlement to a ceasefire, its spokesman said on Monday.

"I think now it's not a question of talking about a ceasefire," Major General Ahmed Assiri told AFP.

Late on Sunday a Huthi rebel leader, Saleh al-Sammad, proposed a truce on the country's border with Saudi Arabia in exchange for a halt to Saudi-led air strikes on his forces.

Assiri said the coalition welcomes "any effort to have a genuine political settlement" under a peace initiative proposed last month by US Secretary of State John Kerry.

This is preferable to a "short ceasefire without any control, without any observation", he said, adding that "the Saudi border is not and will not be the subject of any discussion".

Previous truces in the 18-month war collapsed.

After talks in Saudi Arabia with his Gulf counterparts, Kerry outlined a plan which offers the Huthis participation in government in exchange for an end to violence and a surrender of weapons.

The Huthis are allied with soldiers loyal to Yemen's former president Ali Abdullah Saleh.

"If they want to have a ceasefire they know what they have to do," Assiri said, referring to terms of the Kerry plan which were to be refined under United Nations mediation among the parties.

The initiative calls for a rebel withdrawal from seized areas including the capital Sanaa which they have held since late 2014.

Sammad heads a new council appointed in August by the rebels and their allies to run Yemen, a move which led to the suspension of UN-brokered peace talks.

His council is not recognised by the international community.

In a speech published on the sabanews website, Sammad called for an end to Saudi "aggression" and the lifting of a coalition blockade in exchange for "an end to combat operations on the border and to (rebel) missile launches into Saudi territory".

The United States and Saudi Arabia say Iran, Riyadh's regional rival, has supplied missiles and other weapons to the Huthis.

The coalition intervened in March last year after the rebels overran much of the country.

Riyadh faces mounting international scrutiny over civilian casualties in its Yemen air campaign.

it/lyn/srm

© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Yemen: Yemen deports 220 African migrants: officials

27 September 2016 - 4:13pm
Source: Agence France-Presse Country: Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen

Aden, Yemen | AFP | Monday 9/26/2016 - 17:33 GMT

Yemeni authorities on Monday deported at least 220 African illegal immigrants, mainly Ethiopians, from the southern port city of Aden, security officials said.

The migrants had been rounded up over the past two weeks and were put on a ship bound for Somalia, from where they apparently came, an official in Aden said.

The boat left from the port at Aden's refinery.

Hundreds of illegal migrants have arrived in south Yemen over the past few weeks despite the ongoing war that has ravaged the country.

In Shabwa province, east of Aden, authorities have arrested more than 500 African migrants over the past two weeks, security chief Awad al-Dahboul said.

Officials in south Yemen have claimed that some migrants are being recruited by Huthi rebels to fight against government forces, a claim that could not be independently verified.

Shabwa and Aden are two of Yemen's five southern provinces that government forces recaptured from the rebels over the summer.

faw/ak/srm

© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

Yemen: Member states must advance concrete measures to protect access to medical care in conflict zones

27 September 2016 - 8:36am
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières Country: Yemen

After conducting internal investigations, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is releasing two reports describing attacks on medical facilities it runs or supports in Yemen. The two attacks combined resulted in the death of 20 people, most of them patients, and wounded 32 others. Both attacks were acknowledged by the Saudi-led coalition (SLC). The attacks were on a hospital in Abs, Hajjah governorate on 15 August 2016, and on the MSF clinic in Taiz city on 2 December 2015. The reports detail the actions taken before, during and immediately after the airstrikes. MSF is engaged with the military leadership of the SLC and have raised our serious concerns about the attacks.

Beyond the immediate loss of life and destruction caused by the bombings, the attacks led to a suspension of activities that left an already very vulnerable population without access to healthcare. As a consequence of the bombing of Abs hospital, MSF withdrew from six hospitals in northern Yemen.

While there are significant differences in the circumstances surrounding each incident, in both cases, the bombings hit fully functioning health facilities and the protected nature of the medical mission was not respected. The internal investigations of the Abs and Taiz incidents also conclude that the neutrality and impartiality of the facilities had not been compromised before the attacks and therefore there was no legitimate reason to attack them. The details of the incidents documented in these two reports are unambiguous indicators of how war is being waged in Yemen, where there is an utter disregard for civilian life by all warring parties.

UN Security Council (UNSC) resolution 2286, passed last May, condemned attacks on medical facilities in conflict situations and demanded that all parties to armed conflict comply fully with their obligations under international law. However, there have been no concrete and visible steps to materialise the resolution’s underlying intention. MSF urges UNSC members to take bold and practical steps in tomorrow’s meeting to ensure that 2016 is the last year that hospitals are massively bombed while the world watches in silence. MSF reiterates its call for all warring parties to uphold the principles of humanitarian law, which protect civilians as well as medical facilities, patients and staff, and thus reduce the massive human cost that has characterised this conflict.

Yemen: MSF internal investigation of the 15 August attack on Abs hospital - Yemen, Summary of findings

27 September 2016 - 7:38am
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières Country: Yemen

About the investigation

This document summarises the findings from the internal investigation of the attack on the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)-supported Abs rural hospital in the Hajjah governorate in Yemen. A more detailed report will be released shortly. The objective of the investigation is to ascertain the facts surrounding the attack on the hospital and to establish whether the safety and security of staff and operations can be assured on the ground in Yemen. The investigation was carried out by an MSF humanitarian affairs adviser based at the organisation’s headquarters (HQ) in Barcelona, with critical support from past and present MSF staff involved in the Yemen operations at HQ and field level.
For the purpose of this internal review, 35 interviews were conducted with key MSF staff from the Yemen mission and the Abs hospital project, including direct eyewitnesses of the attack, and with patients who were at the hospital at the time of the airstrike. Additionally, relevant internal and external documentation, Yemen context analyses and photographic material were reviewed.

Introduction

On Monday 15 August at 3.40pm local time, the Abs rural hospital in Hajjah governorate in northwestern Yemen was hit by an airstrike killing 19 people, including one MSF staff member, and injuring 24 others. At the time of the attack, there were 23 patients in surgery, 25 in the maternity ward, 12 in paediatrics and 13 newborns at Abs hospital.

The airstrike constituted the fifth and deadliest attack on an MSF-supported medical service in Yemen in the past year, amidst countless attacks on other health facilities and services all over the country. The other four attacks on MSF-supported medical services were: Haydan hospital, in the Sa’ada governorate, on 26 October 2015; a mobile clinic in the al-Houban district in Taizz on 2 December 2015; Shiara hospital in Razeh, also in Sa’ada, on 10 January 2016; and an ambulance belonging to the Al Jamhoory hospital in Sa’ada town on 22 January 2016.

Yemen: MSF incident report: Airstrike on the Taiz Health Clinic, Houban District, Taiz City 2 December 2015

27 September 2016 - 7:35am
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières Country: Yemen

Background

In Taiz City, a MSF Mother and Child Hospital was opened in November 2015. The area surrounding the hospital was populated by a high number of internally displaced people living in poor conditions. To better address their health needs and in order not to overwhelm the outpatient department of the hospital, a separate basic health care clinic had been established in the vicinity of the hospital, on 1 December 2015. The tented clinic was set up in an empty field in a residential neighbourhood where many internally displaced people had gathered. MSF considered this location to be a safe and appropriate place for the clinic as there were no obvious potential military targets nearby. Moreover, there had been no airstrikes, nor any fighting in the area in the months before the clinic was established.

As is routine for MSF in settings of armed conflict, the GPS coordinates of the MSF medical facilities had been shared with all parties to the conflict. The coordinates of the clinic were shared with the Saudi-Led Coalition (SLC) on 29 November and once again on the morning of 2 December following airstrikes approximately two kilometres from the clinic. The 6 x 5 metre tent was white and the roof was marked with a 2 x 3 metre flag with the MSF logo. The MSF team had several meetings with the relevant community leaders in the area and notified the authorities regarding the clinic prior to its start-up.

MSF saw approximately 150 patients on the first day of the clinic. On the day of the airstrike, the clinic actually closed early because airstrikes in the surrounding area had deterred patients from coming to the clinic.

MSF operations in Taiz today:

The situation in Taiz remains extremely serious, with some of the heaviest fighting in the country. MSF is running lifesaving medical activities on both sides of the frontlines in Taiz, where most hospitals have closed due to the conflict. In Al Houban neighbourhood, MSF runs a Mother and Child hospital where in August 2016, 458 deliveries were recorded and over 400 severely malnourished children were admitted to the therapeutic feeding centre. MSF also runs a trauma centre for war-wounded and trauma cases and covers referrals. In the enclaved city centre, MSF supports Al Jomhouri hospital for maternity services, Yemeni Swedish hospital for paediatrics, and is supporting the Emergency Rooms for both Al Thawra and Al Rawdah hospital. MSF is also providing medical supplies forthe emergency room and emergency operating theatre supplies to Khalifa Hospital in Al-Turba.

In Taiz alone, MSF has treated over 10,000 war wounded cases since July 2015, including 934 war wounded in August 2016 alone. Most of the wounded are coming from the city centre, where many civilians are caught in the middle of intense fighting, struggling for food and survival. The patients MSF sees in Taiz mainly suffer from injuries due to airstrikes, bomb blasts, shelling, gunshots, snipers and more recently landmines. Movement in and out of the city remains restricted and dangerous for civilians and humanitarian actors.

Yemen: Yemen – Conflict (Health Cluster, media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 September 2016)

26 September 2016 - 11:05pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Yemen
  • On 23 September at the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) in Geneva, Slovakia submitted a proposal on behalf of the EU for an independent international inquiry to look into war crimes and civilian deaths in Yemen. Following discussion among Member States, it was replaced by a call to the office of the UN high commissioner for human rights (OHCHR) to dispatch a mission “with assistance from relevant experts, to monitor and report on the situation” in Yemen.

  • On Sunday 25 September, Salah al-Sammad, head of a new council appointed by the Houthi rebels and their allies to run Yemen, proposed a truce on the country's border with Saudi Arabia in an exchange for a halt in Saudi-led strikes on his forces.

  • Coalition air strikes reportedly killed nine people in Houthi-controlled Ibb city in central Yemen late on Saturday 24 September. Nine civilians were killed, and another nine were wounded, treated and discharged from the hospital according to the hospital staff. Over the week end, coalition war-planes heavily bombarded several military areas near the airport in Sana’a.

  • As per the initial findings of the ongoing health assessment (HeRAMS), 54% of the health facilities in the country are not functioning. Due to the current financial crisis, more facilities are expected to close with the immediate consequence of further limiting access to health services and increasing mortality among population.

World: Aide aux réfugiés, aux rapatriés et aux déplacés d’Afrique - Rapport du Secrétaire général (A/71/354)

26 September 2016 - 7:48pm
Source: UN General Assembly Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Résumé

Le présent rapport est présenté en application de la résolution 70/134 de l’Assemblée générale sur l’aide aux réfugiés, aux rapatriés et aux déplacés d’Afrique. Il actualise les informations contenues dans le rapport présenté par le Secrétaire général à l’Assemblée à sa soixante-dixième session (A/70/337) et couvre la période allant du 1er juillet 2015 au 30 juin 2016. Il a été élaboré sous la coordination du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés et se fonde sur les informations reçues du Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires du Secrétariat, de l’Organisation internationale du Travail, du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme, de l’Entité des Nations Unies pour l’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation des femmes, du Programme alimentaire mondial, de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé, du Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement, du Fonds des Nations Unies pour la population et du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance, ainsi que sur des rapports rendus publics par l’Observatoire des situations de déplacement interne.

I. Introduction

  1. Des conflits nouveaux et en cours ont provoqué de nouvelles vagues de déplacement dans la région de l’Afrique1 au cours de l’année passée. La violence au Burundi, en République centrafricaine, au Nigéria et au Soudan du Sud a déplacé des centaines de milliers de personnes dans leurs propres pays et à travers les frontières, alors que la dégradation de la situation au Yémen a poussé un grand nombre de personnes à fuir à travers la mer Rouge et le Golfe d’Aden pour chercher refuge dans différents pays de la région. Entre-temps, les conflits prolongés en République démocratique du Congo, au Mali, en Somalie et au Soudan ont empêché des millions de personnes de rentrer chez elles.

  2. À la fin de 2015, environ 12millions de personnes étaient en situation de déplacement interne en Afrique2. Les nombres les plus élevés étaient concentrés au Soudan (3,2 millions), au Nigéria (2,1 millions), au Soudan du Sud (1,7 million), en République démocratique du Congo (1,5 million) et en Somalie (1,2 million). L’Afrique subsaharienne comptait le plus grand nombre de réfugiés au monde (estimé à 4,4 millions). Les réfugiés provenant de la République centrafricaine, de la République démocratique du Congo, de la Somalie, du Soudan et du Soudan du Sud représentaient 80 % de ce chiffre.

  3. La majorité des pays en Afrique ont perpétué leur longue tradition d’hospitalité et de solidarité envers les réfugiés. Cinq pays africains figuraient parmi les 10 premiers pays d’accueil des réfugiés au monde, à savoir, l’Éthiopie, le Kenya, l’Ouganda, la République démocratique du Congo et le Tchad. Malgré cette générosité, on ne saurait sous-estimer les difficultés d’ordre économique, politique et en matière de sécurité liées à l’accueil d’un grand nombre de réfugiés pendant une longue période.

  4. Le fait de ne pas s’attaquer aux causes profondes du conflit, ainsi que l’insécurité et les violations généralisées des droits de l’homme expliquent pour l’essentiel le caractère chronique des déplacements dans la région et les progrès insuffisants enregistrés dans la recherche de solutions au problème des personnes déplacées. Entre-temps, l’insécurité alimentaire a touché de nombreux réfugiés et personnes déplacées dans leurs propres pays, entraînant une augmentation des cas de malnutrition aiguë, de retards de croissance et d’anémies. Les organismes d’aide avaient du mal à accéder aux populations touchées, ce qui a aggravé la situation humanitaire dans certaines opérations. Dans certaines des zones les plus touchées, l’insécurité alimentaire a entraîné le recours à des stratégies d’adaptation néfastes, notamment la prostitution de survie. D’autres difficultés étaient liées à l’incapacité de garantir le caractère civil de l’asile et des camps de réfugiés, aux cas de violence sexuelle et sexiste et au financement insuffisant pour les opérations humanitaires.

World: Assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced persons in Africa - Report of the Secretary-General (A/71/354) [EN/AR]

26 September 2016 - 7:45pm
Source: UN General Assembly Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Summary

The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/134 on assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced persons in Africa. It updates information contained in the report of the Secretary-General submitted to the Assembly at its seventieth session (A/70/337) and covers the period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016. The report has been coordinated by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and includes information provided by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat, the International Labour Organization, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, the World Food Programme, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Children’s Fund. It also includes information drawn from publicly available reports by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre.

I. Introduction

  1. New and ongoing conflicts have generated further displacement in the Africa region1 over the past year. Violence in Burundi, the Central African Republic, Nigeria and South Sudan displaced hundreds of thousands of people internally and across borders, while the deteriorating situation in Yemen caused significant numbers to flee across the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and seek safety in different countries in the region. Meanwhile, protracted conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Somalia and the Sudan prevented millions from returning home.

  2. As at the end of 2015, there were around 12 million internally displaced persons in Africa.2 Their largest numbers were concentrated in the Sudan (3.2 million), Nigeria (2.1 million), South Sudan (1.7 million), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1.5 million) and Somalia (1.2 million). Sub-Saharan Africa was home to the largest number of refugees in the world (an estimated 4.4 million). Refugees originating from the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, South Sudan and the Sudan accounted for 80 per cent of that figure.

  3. The majority of countries in Africa continued to uphold their long-standing tradition of hospitality towards and solidarity with refugees. Five African countries were among the world’s top 10 refugee-hosting countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Chad. Despite this generosity, the economic, political and security challenges associated with hosting large numbers of refugees for an extended period cannot be underestimated.

  4. The failure to address the root causes of conflict, together with insecurity and widespread human rights violations, were the main reasons behind the chronic nature of displacement in the region and the insufficient progress made with regard to the securing of solutions for displaced people. Meanwhile, food insecurity affected many refugees and internally displaced persons, with levels of acute malnutrition, stunting and anaemia on the rise. Aid agencies faced obstacles to gaining access to affected populations, which further exacerbated the humanitarian situation in some operations. In some of the most affected areas, food insecurity prompted negative coping strategies, including survival sex. Other challenges included the failure to ensure the civilian nature of asylum and of refugee camps, incidents of sexual and gender-based violence and insufficient funding for humanitarian operations.

Yemen: The United Arab Emirates Supports WFP In Fighting Hunger In Yemen

26 September 2016 - 4:10pm
Source: World Food Programme Country: United Arab Emirates, Yemen

NEW YORK – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed a contribution of US$6 million from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to provide vital food assistance to more than 100,000 people monthly for four months in Yemen.

Her Excellency Reem Ebrahim Al Hashimy, UAE Minister of State for International Cooperation, and WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin signed an agreement on Thursday on the side lines of UN General Assembly meetings in New York.

WFP will use the UAE contribution to buy 7,000 metric tons of staple food including wheat, pulses, vegetable oil and sugar as well as wheat soya blend – a special product to prevent and treat moderate acute malnutrition among children under the age of 5 and pregnant and nursing mothers.

“We appreciate this contribution from the United Arab Emirates because it will help us provide vital food assistance to families who struggle to feed themselves and their children in Yemen,” said Cousin. “Over the years, our partnership with the UAE has helped save millions of lives worldwide. We can always count on the generosity of the UAE and its people in these difficult times.”

Commenting on the agreement, Minister Al Hashimy said: “Providing such assistance is part of the pledge to support the humanitarian and relief efforts for those affected people, especially women and children, within the framework of the humanitarian approach that the UAE adopts.”

She added that “the UAE looks forward to achieve more effective work and strengthen the partnership with the WFP for the ultimate goal of providing relief to those who are suffering the most.”

The number of food insecure people in Yemen is estimated at close to 14 million, according to a WFP food security assessment in June. This includes 7 million people who are severely food insecure, with 70 percent of the population of some governorates unable to provide food for themselves.

WFP is providing food to six million people in Yemen every two months, rotating assistance between families in greatest need due to limited resources. WFP support has helped to stabilize the situation, though in the context of Yemen, this means that food insecurity remains persistently high.

WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media, @wfp_MENA, @ShareTheMealorg

For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):
Intisar AlQsar, WFP/Sana’a, Mob. +962791295742
Abeer Etefa, WFP/Cairo, Tel. +2010 66634352
Reem Nada, WFP/Cairo, Tel. +202 2528 1730 ext. 2610, Mob. +20 0166634522
Mohammed Amasha, WFP/Dubai Tel. +971 4 454 9560, Mob. +971 55 826 9371
Bettina Luescher, WFP/Geneva, Tel. +41 22 917 8564, Mob. + 41-79-842-8057
Gregory Barrow, WFP/London, Tel. +44 20 72409001, Mob. +44 7968 008474
Steve Taravella, WFP/Washington DC, Tel. +1 202 653 1149, Mob. +1 202 770 5993

Yemen: Millions at risk as Yemen’s displacement crisis continues

26 September 2016 - 12:46pm
Source: Norwegian Refugee Council, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

As the displacement crisis in Yemen continues, humanitarian organisations and UN agencies working with IDPs, returnees and host communities in Yemen call on the donor community to better respond to the ongoing shelter crisis. Currently the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster remains only 7% funded, which impacts upon the overall response capacity of the cluster and leaves countless vulnerable people without support. Host communities have so far been generous in accepting displaced people, but there are indications that tensions are rising as an increasingly severe financial crisis is felt across the country. Extra resources are urgently needed to ensure that those affected by displacement have access to adequate shelter and do not resort to more desperate coping mechanisms.

A crisis of displacement

Yemen is currently experiencing an unprecedented crisis of displacement. Since the conflict escalated in March 2015, more people fled their homes than in any other country in the world during the same period. Yemen hosts over one quarter of the world’s population of people internally displaced by conflict in 2015.

Figures from August 2016 indicate that there are currently 2.2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Yemen – around eight per cent of the country’s population. This figure represents a population larger than the entire city of Hamburg, twice the size of Birmingham, and almost three times the size of Amsterdam. More than four fifths of Yemen’s IDPs (approximately 1.8 million people) have been displaced for twelve months or more.

In addition, almost 1 million people are identified as ‘returnees’. However, returnees often face new challenges – some of them return to houses completely destroyed, or find that their homes are littered with unexploded ordinance or other explosive devices. Often, the only option they have is to move yet again.

Recently, severe flooding and landslides have presented new challenges and increased hardships for the Yemeni population, leading to the displacement of thousands of families in eight governorates. Preliminary assessments have revealed significant damage caused by the floods, including loss of livelihood (i.e. livestock) and destruction of farm lands and other household belongings (e.g. furniture).

Yemen: Press briefing note on Yemen, 23 September 2016

26 September 2016 - 9:41am
Source: UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Country: Yemen

Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Cécile Pouilly
Location: Geneva
Date: 23 September 2016
Subject: (1) Yemen

1) Yemen

We note with deep concern the sharp increase in civilian casualties since the suspension of peace talks, with 180 people killed and 268 injured in August. This represents a 40 per cent increase compared to the civilian casualties the previous month, with 60 killed and 123 injured.

There has been an increased number of attacks against protected civilian objects, with at least 41 incidents affecting educational and health facilities, markets, places of worship, airports and civilian homes in August.

The most recent incident took place two days ago, on Wednesday, 21 September, when an airstrike hit a residential area in the town of Hudaydah, killing 26 civilians, including seven children, and injuring 24 others, among them two children. The death toll could be much higher, as our team continues to collect information.

We are particularly concerned at the situation in the city of Taizz, where a blockade imposed by the Houthis-affiliated Popular Committees in 2016 has caused serious food, water and fuel shortages, and a near collapse of the health system.

In the light of the high civilian casualty numbers and the terrible suffering of the civilian population, we urge all parties to respect their obligations under international humanitarian law, including their obligation to respect the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution. We reiterate our call for the setting up of an international and independent investigative body.

In total, 3,980 civilians have been killed and 6,909 injured between 26 March 2015 and 22 September 2016.

ENDS

For more information and media requests, please contact Cécile Pouilly (+41 22 917 9310 / cpouilly@ohchr.org)

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Yemen: Yemen: In-Country Stocks and Pipeline (as of 19 September 2016)

26 September 2016 - 8:53am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

Yemen: Republic of Yemen Fact Sheet August 2016

26 September 2016 - 8:51am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIC AND TIME CRITICAL ACTIVITIES

The Shelter / NFI / CCCM Cluster remains only 8% funded till date even though Shelter is one of the top three needs expressed by internally displaced persons (IDPs) (Ref. Task Force Population Movement). Unfortunately donors’ attention for shelter, NFI and CCCM related issues remains extremely limited. The overview below aims to put forward strategic and time critical activities that will serve the most vulnerable, crisis‐affected, displaced population in immediate terms. The estimated cost of these critical activities is $11,528,300 USD and it will target 50,195 most vulnerable households (351,365 individuals).

1) Finding alternative shelter solutions for IDP currently living in schools and facing high pressure from the host community to vacate the premises. Financial requirements for piloting projects taking into account the most pressing cases are as follows: Rehabilitation / extension / renting 5 alternative buildings to relocate approximately 150 displaced households currently sheltered in schools : $150,000 USD. This activity is prioritised by Taizz (142 schools occupied by IDP) and Ibb (50 schools occupied by IDP)

Hub. These Governorates have the highest number of IDPs residing in schools.

2) Providing winterisation assistance to the most vulnerable affected population. The winterisation plan runs from October 2016 to March 2017 and aims at providing basic non‐food items (such as blankets and clothes) and upgrading / repair of shelter. 38,365 most vulnerable households are likely to be prone to cold weather and they need urgent winterisation assistance. The total cost for winterisation assistance is estimated at $8,440,300 USD. The top priority governorates for this activity are Dhamar,
Amran and Sana’a given the harsh weather condition during the winter season.

3) Developing decentralised contingency stocks for NFIs and Emergency Shelter (ES) rapid response in case of a natural disaster (flood, storms and hurricanes). Financial requirements to procure and warehouse a strategic contingency stock of NFI kits and Emergency Shelter kits to serve 10,000 most vulnerable households in case of emergency : $2,650,000 USD.

4) CCCM Monitoring of Collective Centres (CC) and Spontaneous Sites (SS) to determine and respond to urgent needs and gaps in assistance for some of the most vulnerable IDPs (related with activity 1). The total cost for monitoring of 120 CC over 12 months is estimated at $288,000 USD (including small repair and maintenance of the CC).This activity is prioritised by Taizz and Ibb Hub. Both governorates contain over 326 CC till date.

Yemen: Yemen: Collective Centers and Settlements hosting IDPs (as of 31 August 2016)

26 September 2016 - 8:45am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

Yemen: Yemen: Shelter/CCCM/NFI Cluster 3Ws (Who Does What Where) for August 2016

26 September 2016 - 8:19am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen