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Yemen: Back to school after fighting in Yemen’s conflict

5 hours 55 min ago
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Yemen

By Ansar Rasheed

In May 2015, while hostilities escalated in Yemen, 16-year-old Ahmed was conscripted to fight with one of the parties to the conflict. After months of being on the frontlines, he fled and returned home. Now he’s resuming his education and working hard to catch up on the schooling he missed.

ADEN, Yemen, 20 July 2016 – The room was silent and dark except for the small dim light of a rechargeable lamp in the corner where 16-year-old Ahmed* was reading his books. Since Yemen plunged into a brutal conflict in March 2015, electricity has been severely affected throughout the country, including Crater district in the southern Governorate of Aden where Ahmed lives.

Ahmed sat quietly, bending over his books. He was studying for his end-of-year school exams. His mother bought the rechargeable lamp to help him catch up on lost school time during the conflict. Ahmed said he is determined to continue his studies.

Read the UNICEF report: Children on the Brink

Dodging bullets

The conflict threatened not only his education, but also his life. In May 2015, as the fighting intensified in Aden, Ahmed said a group of young men knocked on his door one night. When he opened, they threw a gun at him and told him to act like a man and follow them. Confused and angry, he had no option, for he was powerless at that moment. Instead of being in school, he found himself dodging bullets fighting a war not of his making.

Until now, Ahmed could not remember – or rather did not want to remember – the horrific events he witnessed while was fighting. The sound of heavy weapons, bullets flying all around him, and the long journeys he made on an empty stomach are some of the terrible experiences he reluctantly mentioned.

Back to school

All that time, Ahmed didn’t give up his dreams to return to normal life and back to school. In December of last year, he sneaked out of the military camp and returned to his family. As he made his journey back home, he recalls seeing other young boys who are still with the fighters.

“I came across several security checkpoints manned by skinny boys of my age and younger, all carrying weapons heavier than their own bodies”, he said. “I could see fear in their eyes. I know very well what fear means, and how it feels.”

His parents have been supportive. They welcomed him back home with open arms and are helping him with his education.

Ahmed’s mother said that when her son was conscripted and during the period he was gone, she cried and prayed for his return. Now that he is back home, she will do everything to help him continue his education and achieve his dreams.

Proudly presenting his previous school marks, Ahmed showed that he had done well in school so far. One of his teachers, who identified himself as Mr. Adel, confirmed Ahmed’s very good performance in his class. Mr. Adel said he was proud to have Ahmed back in school and described him as a “hardworking and polite student”.

Now settled back at his home, Ahmed could not imagine having to go back. “We have to say no to war”, he said. “Enough is enough.”

Since the conflict escalated in Yemen in March 2015, the UN has documented and verified more than 1,000 children who have been recruited by the parties to the conflict. UNICEF is working with the Ministry of Education to rehabilitate schools and provide learning and teaching materials across the country, so that children can resume and continue their schooling.

Learn more about the humanitarian needs of the children of Yemen

*name has been changed to protect his identity

Yemen: Yemen Teetering on Edge of Famine as Number of Malnourished Babies and Children Soars

22 July 2016 - 5:05pm
Source: Save the Children Country: Yemen

Media Contact
Media@savechildren.org

Fairfield, Conn. (July 22, 2016) —The humanitarian crisis in Yemen is worsening by the day, with the latest statistics revealing more than 14 million people are in desperate need of food.

One in three Yemeni children under five – approximately 1.3 million – are suffering from acute malnutrition.

Nine governorates are now in a state of emergency, just one step away from being declared a 'famine', including the besieged city of Taiz and the major port city of Al Hodeidah.

Malnourished babies

Footage gathered by Save the Children shows babies aged between three and twelve months fighting for life in intensive care units at Al-Sabeen Hospital in the capital Sana’a.

Edward Santiago, Save the Children’s Country Director in Yemen, said: "We’re particularly alarmed at spiraling malnutrition amongst babies and children. Every day, more and more families face an increased risk of being pushed into acute malnutrition as supplies dwindle, prices skyrocket and poverty rises.

"Even when Yemeni families can get their critically ill babies to a functioning hospital, the electricity supply is patchy and fuel to run back up generators is scarce, meaning lifesaving equipment does not always function properly.

"The catastrophic food crisis in Yemen is clearly getting worse, and as we have seen so many times, it’s babies and children who suffer the consequences most."

The conflict, between a Saudi Arabia-led coalition and armed opposition groups including Houthis, has killed more than 6,000 and cut off food, fuel, clean water and medical supplies.

While a de facto blockade on imports by the Saudi-led coalition has now eased, stocks of food and fuel remain perilously low. Food is 60% more expensive than before the conflict began in March 2015, and cooking gas is 76% more expensive.

The latest statistics reveal more than 2.7million people – out of a population of – have been displaced owing to the conflict, meaning they have lost their livelihoods and jobs. So even when people can find food to buy, many cannot afford it and their families go hungry.

Traumatized children

With more than 1,600 schools destroyed or shut, it is unsurprising that a third of school age children in Yemen do not have access to education.

Santiago said: "The psychological impact of the conflict has been devastating for children with many showing symptoms associated with distress and trauma including anxiety, low-self-esteem and lack of concentration.

"We support 300 children in our Child Friendly Spaces in Sana’a – giving them the opportunity to play, learn, create and spend time with their friends in a safe place where they can forget what they’ve been through. But ultimately their recovery requires an environment in which they are not in daily fear for their lives."

Save the Children gives children in the United States and around the world a healthy start, the opportunity to learn and protection from harm. We invest in childhood — every day, in times of crisis and for our future. Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.

Note to Editors:

The latest malnutrition statistics were published by the IPC in June 2016 to cover the period June through September 2016: http://www.ipcinfo.org/fileadmin/user_upload/ipcinfo/docs/1_IPC_Yemen_June2016_AcuteFoodInsecurityAnalysis_CommunicationBrief.pdf

According to the UN, 1.3 million children under five years old are suffering from acute malnutrition, with 320,000 suffering from severe acute malnutrition. This represents almost a third of around 4.5 million children under five in Yemen: http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/sites/default/files/documents/Briefing_Yemen_s_children_suffering_in_silence_March_2016.pdf

Alongside other parties to the conflict in Yemen, the Saudi Arabia-led Coalition was listed in the UN 'list of shame' for violations against children – for killing and maiming children, and attacking schools and hospitals – published on June 2nd. It was promptly removed following pressure from Saudi Arabia.

Save the Children has been working in Yemen since 1963.

World: ETC Activities January | June 2016

22 July 2016 - 9:27am
Source: Emergency Telecommunications Cluster Country: Central African Republic, Fiji, Iraq, Nepal, Philippines, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

Somalia: Somalia Factsheet June 2016

22 July 2016 - 7:02am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen

HIGHLIGHTS

32,624 Arrivals from Yemen since 27 March 2015

17,000 Refugee returnees from Kenya since 8 December 2014

120,809 Evictions in Mogadishu since January 2015

591,224 New displacements since January 2015

WORKING WITH PARTNERS

As part of the UN integrated mission to Somalia (UNSOM), UNHCR maintains close collaboration with UN agencies, local and international NGOs and Somali authorities at country and field levels in a joint effort to provide assistance and durable solutions to the people of Somalia.

As a lead agency of the Protection and Shelter/NFI Clusters, and the implementation of the Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN), UNHCR spearheads productive partnerships with over 60 national and international NGOs.

Since 2012, UNHCR leads the Somalia Return Consortium, a group of nine UN agencies and NGOs providing coordinated and standardized assistance to IDPs who opt to return and reintegrate in their areas of origin to end displacement.

To coordinate effective response to the Yemen crisis, UNHCR and IOM co-lead a country-level inter-agency Task Force on Yemen Situation.

Yemen: Yemen: Humanitarian Dashboard (January - June 2016)

22 July 2016 - 6:52am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Situation Overview

In the absence of a political solution, violations and abuses continue to occur in the context of widespread insecurity and in disregard of international humanitarian and human rights law. Yemen’s economy is now near collapse following 16 months of conflict and import and export restrictions.

Across Yemen’s 22 governorates, Humanitarians have reached close to 4 million people with some form of humanitarian protection or assistance since January 2016. The needs, however, are becoming more acute, particularly among the 2.8 million men, women, and children that have been displaced in search of safety, security and livelihoods.

The US$1.8 billion appeal has received a little over 26 per cent of funding.

Somalia: Somalia Task Force on Yemen Situation: Inter-Agency Update #13 (1 July - 15 July 2016)

22 July 2016 - 6:45am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen

KEY FIGURES

32,713 Arrivals from Yemen since 27 March 2015, at the early onset of the crisis

7,015 Yemenis registered in Somalia since 27 March 2015 (including Somalis with dual Yemeni-Somali citizenship)

20,575 Arrivals registered at Reception Centres in Berbera, Bossaso and Mogadishu since 27 March 2015

52% Registered arrivals expressing intention to return to Mogadishu

9,992 Somali returnees provided with onward transportation assistance since 27 March 2015

FUNDING

USD 39.3 million Requested for the Somalia Response Plan for Yemen Crisis (January - December 2016)

Highlights

  • During the reporting period, there has been three boat arrivals from Yemen to Somalia, in Puntland (14 Yemeni, 74 Somali and 1 Ethiopian) carrying a total of 89 individuals.

  • Of the new arrivals, 60 went to the Bossaso reception center and were registered by UNHCR in direct collaboration with local authorities and partners.

Yemen: Yemen: Overview of Field Hubs & Governorate Coverage (as of June 2016)

22 July 2016 - 3:54am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Yemen: Yemen: Collective Centers and Settlements hosting IDPs (as of 13 July 2016)

22 July 2016 - 2:44am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

Yemen: Yemen: Shelter/CCCM/NFI Cluster 3Ws (Who Does What Where) for June 2016

22 July 2016 - 2:40am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

Yemen: IOM voluntarily returns 150 vulnerable migrants from Yemen back to Ethiopia

21 July 2016 - 11:09pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Ethiopia, Yemen

Yemen - IOM evacuation operations out of Yemen resumed this week (13 July) with the voluntary return of 150 Ethiopian vulnerable migrants from Hodeidah, western Yemen, back to Ethiopia via Obock port, Djibouti.

The group, which was comprised of 61 children (7 girls and 54 boys), most of whom were unaccompanied children and 83 females in total, included six medical cases and a pregnant woman.

Of the group, 117 of the migrants been detained in Hodeidah Central prison under very bad conditions, while others were stranded in Yemen for more than five months. Most suffered from various diseases - such as skin infections, diarrhea and urinary tract infections and they also suffered from low nutrition as a result of food shortages due to the crisis in Yemen.

The migrants were welcomed in Obock by an IOM team and officials from the Ethiopian Embassy, who provided temporary travel documents to enable them to enter Ethiopia. IOM Djibouti arranged their transportation to the Ethiopian borders where the IOM Ethiopia team provided onwards transportation to their final destinations. All unaccompanied minors received special assistance, including family tracing, organized jointly by IOM and UNICEF.

In response to a noticeable increase in smugglers preying on desperate migrants, IOM Yemen had created safe havens where migrants could receive care, shelter and counselling within the IOM Migrant Resource Centre.

IOM started operating in Yemen in 1994 when the organization assisted in evacuating migrants from Aden stranded during the civil war. The government of Yemen has been a Member State of IOM since 1999 and a first status agreement with the government was signed in 2001. IOM has worked closely with the Ministry of Expatriate Affairs on Yemeni migrant communities abroad and/or returning to Yemen.

In addition, IOM Yemen has been providing transportation assistance to migrants stranded in Yemen and victims of trafficking in conjunction with the Yemeni Immigration authorities.

Since the beginning of 2016, IOM Yemen has been providing emergency voluntary returns, in close cooperation and coordination with the relevant governments and IOM missions in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and other countries.

The majority of the assisted cases have been Ethiopian nationals in addition to migrants from Niger, Nigeria and Sudan. The approximate number of migrants provided Assisted Voluntary return on 2016 to date is about 1,400. The operations had been halted for few months because of budget and other logistics constraints out of IOM control but resumed with this latest movement this week.

The evacuations will continue throughout 2016 and with IOM Yemen aiming to assist more than 2,000 migrants to return home safely.

For further information, please contact Rabih Sarieddine, Tel. +967 736 088 839; Email: rsarieddine@iom.int

Yemen: Yemen Crisis: IOM Regional Response - Situation Report, 1 - 30 June 2016

21 July 2016 - 10:50pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Highlights

  • Since the beginning of the crisis, IOM has assisted over 73,000 IDPs in Abyan, Aden, Al Dhale’e, Hadhramaut, Hajjah, Lahj, Al Mahrah, Sa’adah, Shabwah, Socotra and Taizz governorates with shelter and non-food item support.

  • In June, 773 migrants living with foster families or hosted at IOM’s Migrant Response Points in Al Hudaydah and Sana’a received daily food assistance from IOM. Since March 2015, IOM has provided nearly 8,000 migrants in Aden, Al Hudaydah, and Sana’a with daily food assistance.

  • Between 1 and 30 June, 214 individuals arrived from Yemen in Bosaso and Berbera, Somalia. As of 30 June 2016, 32,619 individuals fleeing the conflict in Yemen have arrived in Somalia.

Situation Overview

Peace talks continued in Kuwait throughout June 2016. The parties used the Eid holiday to return home for consultations and prepare for a new round of talks, which is scheduled to start in Kuwait on 15 July.

Despite the ongoing ceasefire, fighting continues. In late June, airstrikes were reported in Sana’a, Abyan, Shabwah, and Lahj. Main entrances leading to Taizz governorate remain blocked, preventing aid from entering the Taizz enclave in particular Salah, Mudhaffar, and Al Qahira districts.

The 9th Task Force on Population Movement (TFPM) Report was released on 31 May 2016. This report indicates an IDP population of over 2.8 million individuals, with a further 750,000 individuals identified as IDP returnees who were previously displaced due to conflict. The north western region of Yemen (Amanat Al Asimah, Hajjah, Sa’adah, Sana’a, and Taizz governorates) remains the area with the largest IDP population.

Djibouti: ECHO Factsheet – Djibouti – July 2016

21 July 2016 - 10:21pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen
Facts & Figures

Close to 40 000 people fleeing the Yemen conflict have taken refuge in Djibouti

55% of arrivals are Yemeni. Others are mainly Somali, Eritrean & Ethiopian nationals

Other facts
  • 74% of people live on less than $3 per day

  • Life expectancy: 58 years

  • 6% of children under 5 are severely acutely malnourished

Sources: WFP, IOM UNICEF, UNHCR.

European Commission Humanitarian Aid funding:

Total since 2012: over €6 million

2016: €1.5 million

Key messages
  • The priority of EU humanitarian aid in Djibouti is to provide life-saving assistance to refugees and look for durable solutions to their plight.

  • Djibouti hosts over 17 000 long-term refugees and asylum seekers mainly from Somalia* whose basic needs such as shelter, water and protection need to be catered for. Some 3 000 Yemeni refugees are still present in Djibouti following the 2015 crisis in Yemen.

  • Djibouti imports 95% of its food. The number of people at risk of hunger has increased since the 2011 drought, accelerating the rural exodus to urban areas. A combination of high food prices, water scarcity, climate change and reduced pasture has increased food insecurity. This year’s El Niño has led to even dryer weather.

  • Humanitarian funding from the European Commission provides refugees with access to clean water and sanitation as well as shelter, protection, nutrition and health care. Food assistance is given in the form of cash transfers as a way of promoting refugees’ self-reliance.

Yemen: Yemen Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 Fiscal Year (FY) 2016

21 July 2016 - 7:35pm
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Somalia, United States of America, Yemen
Highlights
  • Peace negotiations resume in Kuwait following two-week consultation phase.
  • Fuel imports decrease in June, fulfill only 25 percent of monthly needs.
  • Relief organizations continue to report security concerns, particularly in Aden and Ta’izz.
Key Developments
  • UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed and Yemeni delegates resumed Kuwait-based peace negotiations on July 16; the resumption follows a consultative period between July 1 and 15 that allowed delegations to meet with respective leaders and the UN Special Envoy to meet with key stakeholders.
  • During the two-week pause, the UN Special Envoy convened meetings with Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Secretary-General of the Gulf Cooperation Council Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani, and other government officials and stakeholders in Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen to discuss security, political, economic, and humanitarian issues and urge support for a comprehensive solution to the ongoing conflict. The UN Special Envoy reports the restarted peace talks will continue for two weeks, focusing on the consolidation of the cessation of hostilities (CoH) agreement, activation of the De-escalation and Coordination Committee (DCC), the formation of the military committees that will supervise the withdrawal and handing over of weapons, and the opening of secure humanitarian assistance corridors.
  • In June, Yemen imported only 25 percent of its monthly fuel requirement, a decrease from 30 percent in May, according to the Logistics Cluster—the coordinating body for humanitarian logistics activities, comprising UN agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other stakeholders. Despite humanitarian constraints between late June and mid-July, including insecurity and insufficient fuel imports, relief organizations continued delivering assistance to populations in need across Yemen. In recent weeks, USAID/OFDA partners provided emergency health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance across seven governorates, and USAID/FFP partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) reached more than 3.5 million people with general food distributions in June.

Yemen: Yemen Crisis Response: Movements and Arrival Assistance (As of 30 June 2016)

21 July 2016 - 1:33pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Yemen: Republic of Yemen Fact Sheet June 2016

21 July 2016 - 11:02am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster Country: Yemen

NEEDS ANALYSIS

Life before displacement was already hard for the people of Yemen, with major underdevelopment, financial crisis, and poverty. The escalation of the conflict, over one year ago however has forced 2.1 million people to leave behind the one place where they found peace and calm: home.

IDPs staying in collective centres (private buildings, schools, hospitals, etc.) and spontaneous settlements often do not have the option of staying with host families/friends and often face extremely poor living conditions and lack of access to social services. Additionally those staying in schools are under a lot of pressure from the host community to vacate the buildings so educational activities can be resumed. Basic amenities, primary health care and other services and support are often lacking in collective centres. IDPs often cite the challenges as feeling unsafe, lack of privacy, limited representation of their needs, limited freedom of movement and harassment from other IDPs or the host community.

Spontaneous sites are often very basic forms of informal camps where families have been provided with emergency shelters or have constructed rudimentary shelters which are not durable enough to withstand longer periods of displacement, multiple displacements, and climatic conditions.
IDPs have limited access to clean water and appropriate sanitation. The sites can present safety concerns and land disputes which are not uncommon. Displaced families have reported that they often face harassment from the local communities with whom they share already scarce resources, including often limited water supply

Yemen: Yemen damage and needs assessment: crisis impact on employment and labour market

21 July 2016 - 9:57am
Source: International Labour Organization, Government of Yemen Country: Yemen

Based on a request by the Government, the ILO, in collaboration with the Yemeni Central Statistical Organization (CSO), has conducted a rapid assessment survey to assess the impact of the crisis on employment in Sana'a, Aden and Al Hodeidah using samples extracted from the 2013–14 Labour Force Survey. The rapid assessment focuses specifically on (a) the impact of the crisis on employment status, (b) vulnerability profiles, and (c) the coping strategies of individuals and households.

The survey followed the same methodology as the original Labour Force Survey 2013–14, and used the same questionnaire so that the results could be compared. The questionnaire included some additional questions on school attendance, labour market participation, as well as employment in the informal sector. The questionnaire was administered to 704 households surveyed by the Labour Force Survey in the three governorates. Households that could notbe accessed (mainly because of security threats) were substituted with others of similar socio-demographic characteristics. The data were weighted, so as to provide valid estimates at the governorate level. Analyses of unemployment have generally been avoided, as they are of limited utility in view of the specific characteristics of the Yemeni labour market.

Yemen: Yemen Operation Overview - April to June 2016

21 July 2016 - 7:24am
Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Djibouti, Yemen

Background

The Logistics Cluster is supporting the humanitarian community in Yemen with logistics coordination, information management and common logistics services to improve the overall response operation. Activated in 2010, the Logistics Cluster scaled up its activities since the deteriorationof the situationin mid-March 2015.

Coordination and Information Management (IM)

  • Logistics Cluster coordination meetings are held forthnighly in Sana’a, and regularly attended by key humanitarian actors active in the country to discuss logistics bottlenecks and develop common solutions for improved humanitarian response.

  • Fuel steering committee meetings are held on a monthly basis to determine fuel requirements, foresee any potential shortages in the local market in order to ensure continuity of humanitarian operations in Yemen.

  • During the reporting period the Logistics Cluster shared 37 information products including maps, situation reports, infographics, and real-time flash logistics updates, on the dedicated Yemen Logistics Cluster webpage: http://www.logcluster.org/ops/yem10a

Yemen: Joint statement on Yemen, 20 July 2016

21 July 2016 - 1:46am
Source: Government of the United Kingdom, Government of the United States of America, Government of Saudi Arabia, Government of the United Arab Emirates Country: Yemen
A joint statement from the Governments of the UK, USA, Saudi Arabia and UAE following a meeting about the situation in Yemen

The Foreign Ministers of the United Kingdom, USA, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates met on 19 July in London to review the situation in Yemen, following the resumption of UN led-peace talks in Kuwait on 16 July.

The Ministers expressed their concern about the deteriorating humanitarian and economic situation in Yemen and reiterated their strong support for the UN Special Envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed and for the role of the UN in mediating a lasting political solution to the crisis, based on the agreed references for the UN talks, namely the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, including Resolution 2216, the GCC initiative and the outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference.

The Ministers expressed their strong appreciation to Kuwait for hosting the talks and providing political support to the UN Special Envoy.

The Ministers stressed that now was the time to reach an agreement in Kuwait.

The Ministers discussed the sequencing of a potential agreement and affirmed that a successful resolution would include arrangements that would require the withdrawal of armed groups from the capital and other areas, and a political agreement that would allow for the resumption of a peaceful, inclusive political transition.

The Ministers agreed that the conflict in Yemen should not threaten Yemen’s neighbours and reaffirmed that the re-establishment of an inclusive government was the only means to combat effectively terrorist groups like Al-Qaida and Da’esh and to address successfully the humanitarian and economic crisis. Ministers also called for the unconditional and immediate release of all political prisoners.

The Ministers agreed to remain in close touch over the coming weeks to support UN-led efforts to reach an agreement.

Yemen: Joint statement on Yemen

21 July 2016 - 1:46am
Source: Government of the United Kingdom, Government of the United States of America, Government of Saudi Arabia, Government of the United Arab Emirates Country: Yemen
A joint statement from the Governments of the UK, USA, Saudi Arabia and UAE following a meeting about the situation in Yemen

The Foreign Ministers of the United Kingdom, USA, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates met on 19 July in London to review the situation in Yemen, following the resumption of UN led-peace talks in Kuwait on 16 July.

The Ministers expressed their concern about the deteriorating humanitarian and economic situation in Yemen and reiterated their strong support for the UN Special Envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed and for the role of the UN in mediating a lasting political solution to the crisis, based on the agreed references for the UN talks, namely the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, including Resolution 2216, the GCC initiative and the outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference.

The Ministers expressed their strong appreciation to Kuwait for hosting the talks and providing political support to the UN Special Envoy.

The Ministers stressed that now was the time to reach an agreement in Kuwait.

The Ministers discussed the sequencing of a potential agreement and affirmed that a successful resolution would include arrangements that would require the withdrawal of armed groups from the capital and other areas, and a political agreement that would allow for the resumption of a peaceful, inclusive political transition.

The Ministers agreed that the conflict in Yemen should not threaten Yemen’s neighbours and reaffirmed that the re-establishment of an inclusive government was the only means to combat effectively terrorist groups like Al-Qaida and Da’esh and to address successfully the humanitarian and economic crisis. Ministers also called for the unconditional and immediate release of all political prisoners.

The Ministers agreed to remain in close touch over the coming weeks to support UN-led efforts to reach an agreement.

Djibouti: Djibouti: Inter-agency update for the response to the Yemeni situation #44 (21 June - 16 July 2016)

20 July 2016 - 1:08pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen

KEY FIGURES

3,568
Refugees currently hosted in Djibouti pending further physical verification exercises

1,616
Registered females.

1,283
Registered children and adolescents.

PRIORITIES

  • Ensure protection of refugees and asylum seekers and provide assistance.

  • Provide documents to refugees.

  • Work with the government to ensure access to territory and freedom of movement.

  • Continue to develop the infrastructure at Markazi camp.

  • Continue border monitoring activities.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Djibouti government, 35,862 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 16 July 2016 (since 26 March 2015). Of those, 19,936 persons (56 per cent) are Yemeni nationals, 13,962 (38 per cent) are transiting migrants and 1,964 persons (6 per cent) are Djiboutian returnees.

  • As at 16 July 2016, there are 3,568 refugees currently in Djibouti (pending forthcoming verification exercises in Obock town and Djibouti city). Markazi camp hosts over 1,400 refugees.

Operational Context and Migration

UNHCR carries out regular border monitoring in Djibouti by observing activities at Obock port as well as entry points along the villages north of Obock. UNHCR has observed a decrease in new arrivals compared to previous months; this may be due to the harsh weather conditions in Obock. Meanwhile, UNHCR continues to advise refugees in Markazi camp on the dangers of return to Yemen. The number of Yemeni refugees spontaneously returning to their places of origin, mainly Bab Al Mandab and Aden, has significantly decreased. Based on returned refugee cards and attestations, only 30 refugees returned in June compared to 158 in May, and 846 returns from February to April.

The conditions of return continue to be unsafe. Refugees have realized this and are heading back to Djibouti. In June, 44 refugees returned from Yemen and re-registered with ONARS and UNHCR. Those who returned to Djibouti informed UNHCR that they did so because of the insecurity persisting in their areas of return and the lack of access to basic services.

The Day of the African Child was celebrated across the three refugee camps of Djibouti including Markazi camp on 16 June. The central theme was “Conflict and Crisis in Africa: Protecting all Children’s Rights’’. The celebration was organised by the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) with the participation of UNHCR, ONARS and partners operating in the camps. Children from the various refugee communities sang songs, recited poems and performed short skits.