Yemen - ReliefWeb News
Djibouti: Djibouti: Inter-agency update for the response to the Yemeni situation #43 (1 - 20 June 2016)
- According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Djibouti government, 35,562 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 23 April 2016 (since 26 March 2015). Of those, 19,636 persons (56 per cent) are Yemeni nationals, 13,962 (38 per cent) are transiting migrants and 1,964 persons (6 per cent) are Djiboutian returnees.
- As at 20 June 2016, there are 3,523 refugees currently in Djibouti (pending forthcoming verification exercises in Obock town and Djibouti city). Markazi camp hosts approximately 1,365 refugees.
Refugees currently hosted in Djibouti pending further physical verification exercises
Registered children and adolescents.
- Ensure protection of refugees and asylum seekers and provide assistance.
- Provide documents to refugees.
- Work with the government to ensure access to territory and freedom of movement.
- Continue to develop the infrastructure at Markazi camp.
- Continue border monitoring
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
Operational Context and Migration
World Refugee Day is celebrated each year on 20 June to commemorate the strength, courage and resilience of millions of refugees around the world. With 65.3 million people forced to flee globally, that means one human in every 113 is displaced by conflict or persecution. UNHCR sees 2016 as a year to take collective responsibility and action to end the conflicts which force people to flee their homes and countries and also to help the millions of people whose lives have been destroyed by this violence. UNHCR has urged people around the world to stand #WithRefugees and to sign a petition which will be delivered to UN Headquarters in New York ahead of the UN General Assembly meeting on September 19.
The petition asks governments to: Ensure every child gets an education; Ensure every refugee family has somewhere safe to live; Ensure every refugee can work or learn new skills to make a positive contribution to their community. The Government of Djibouti has generously opened its doors to people fleeing their homes to escape violence, conflict and drought. Today Djibouti hosts over 19,000 refugees, the majority of whom are Somali refugees. This year, the Government of Djibouti will be celebrating World Refugee Day after the holy month of Ramadan and though celebrations will cover all refugees country-wide, an official ceremony will take place in Obock where Yemeni refugees are hosted.
Meanwhile, UNHCR continues to advise refugees in Markazi camp on the dangers of return to Yemen. The numbers of returns have significantly decreased. In February, March and April there were 846 returns, in May 158 returns and in June so far 30 returns.
Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response – Population movement out of Yemen (as of 15 June 2016)
Yemen: Yemen Situation: Regional Refugee and Migrant Response: Arrivals from Yemen into the Horn of Africa - as of 15 June 2016
Since conflict erupted in Yemen in March 2015, Yemenis, Somalis, national returnees and people of other nationalities have fled Yemen into the Horn of Africa, namely Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan.
In March 2015, conflict erupted in Yemen and thousands of refugees and migrants fled to neighbouring countries, including Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. While the number of new arrivals from Yemen remain low in 2016, the ongoing humanitarian crisis inside the country remains dire. At the same time, large numbers of refugees and migrants from the Horn of Africa make the journey into Yemen.
World: Aid Security Monthly Incident Statistics -Part Two, April 2016: 12 Months Trend Reporting, April 2015 to March 2016
Humanitarian responses to insecurity with impact on the delivery of aid - Part Two
12-month trends based on open source reported measures to protect humanitarian programmes, staff and assets.
When security deteriorates overall, when fellow humanitarian organisations experience a security incident or when an agency was directly affected, humanitarian organisations may introduce staff protection measures or they may decide to suspend or closure programmes. Such measures affect the delivery of aid. This document is part of a two month’s series that shows open source information on programme suspension and closures as well as staff protection measures (March 2016 - Part One).
Weapons involved that triggered both programme closure or suspension and staff protection measures, as reported in open sources (53 events)
Firearms were the most frequently reported weapon involved in events that triggered programme suspension or closure and staff protection measures (29 events). Programmes in South Sudan and staff in CAR were most affected by firearm use (7 and 3 respectively). On one occasion, Trócaire reported suspended activities in Upper Nile State due to fighting between government and rebel forces (South Sudan).
The use of explosives, by State and Non-State Actors, triggered more reported programme closures or suspension than staff protection measures. Programmes in Syria (3), Afghanistan, South Sudan and Yemen (2 each) were most affected by security measures. An MSF-supported hospital in Sa'ada Governorate sustained damages from a nearby double-tap air strike. Health staff and patients were subsequently evacuated (Yemen).
The Red Cross withdrew workers after arson attacks on Ebola facilities (Boké Region,
Guinea). Two out of three no weapon use events were reported from Greece.
World: Aid Security Monthly Incident Statistics -Part One, March 2016: 12 Months Trend Reporting, April 2015 to March 2016
Humanitarian responses to insecurity with impact on the delivery of aid - Part One
12-month trends based on open source reported measures to protect humanitarian programmes, staff and assets.
When security deteriorates overall, when fellow humanitarian organisations experience a security incident or when an agency was directly affected, humanitarian organisations often introduce staff protection measures, such as restriction of movement or relocation of staff, or they may decide to suspend or closure programmes. Such measures affect the delivery of aid.
Over the 12-month period, the media reported 39 times on programme suspensions or closures and 14 times on the introduction of staff protection measures. The reported events are clearly only a fraction of all security measures taken by agencies and by no means representative. They highlight, however, the contexts and types of programmes where aid protection measures are publicly discussed. There are probably manifold reasons why humanitarian agencies are prepared to discuss security measures in open sources or why they may want to keep such policies confidential.
Kuwait City, Kuwait | AFP | Thursday 6/23/2016 - 10:50 GMT
The Yemeni government said Thursday that Shiite rebels must withdraw from all territory they have seized since 2014 and hand back control of state institutions ahead of any political settlement.
The statement from the government delegation to peace talks in Kuwait is a new blow to proposals put forward by UN mediators in an effort to close the gap between the warring parties.
On Wednesday, the rebel delegation said it would not sign up to any deal on military and security issues until there was agreement on a consensus president and a national unity government to oversee the transition.
The peace roadmap put forward by UN envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed proposed the formation of a unity government in tandem with the withdrawal and disarmament of the rebels, although he acknowledged major differences between the two sides on their sequencing.
The government delegation said "nothing has been agreed" in two months of negotiations in Kuwait.
"There can be no talk of any political arrangements before the (rebel) militias completely withdraw and hand over their weapons, and state institutions and agencies are restored to the legitimate government," it said.
"Any political partnership in the future must be between political parties and groups that have no militias."
Despite a 15-month-old Saudi-led military intervention in support of the government of President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi, the rebels and their allies remain in control of swathes of territory they have overran since 2014, including the capital Sanaa.
More than 6,400 people have been killed since the intervention began, the majority of them civilians, and there has been growing international pressure for an end to the conflict.
But as the talks in Kuwait have dragged on, there have been a growing number of breaches of a UN-brokered ceasefire that went into effect on April 11.
© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse
By Saeed Al BatatiAbdul Aziz Mohammed Basaad knows the importance of getting children vaccinated, which is why he recently welcomed health workers into his home to inoculate his young grandchildren. The health workers were two among a total of 46,000 who are taking part in a nation-wide campaign in Yemen that aims to vaccinate five million children against polio.
AL MUKALLA, Yemen, 22 June, 2016 – When two young health workers knocked at his door to vaccinate his seven grandchildren, Abdul Aziz Mohammed Basaad welcomed them into his home. Many parents simply bring their children to the door to be vaccinated, but Basaad’s offer of a brief rest in an air-conditioned room and a glass of juice and cold water were his way of showing his appreciation.
These are angels of mercy. They move from one house to another to help people,” the 61-year-old retired teacher said.
These particular health workers were conducting a polio vaccination campaign. Once they had recharged their batteries, Mr. Basaad brought his grandchildren over one by one to be inoculated.
“I believe in vaccinating my grandchildren and advise other people to do the same because I saw many physically handicapped people whose parents neglected vaccination,” he said.Spreading the word
Mr. Basaad believes that many families resist vaccination because they are not fully aware of the dangers of leaving their children unvaccinated. He also knows that intensifying public awareness ahead of each new round of vaccination campaigns is crucial.
However, in April 2015, Mukalla’s radio station was burned and shut down after heavy fighting. Mr. Basaad says that the port city and many neighbouring regions have lost an important vehicle for spreading health awareness among people. He suggests speaking to people directly and putting up posters everywhere in the community to reach beneficiaries quickly.
“People should be educated about the importance of vaccination,” he said. “Health workers need to come to public gatherings to tell people why they should immunize their children."
Mr. Basaad has seen the harmful effects of not vaccinating children. “Ten years ago, a large number of people used to refuse vaccination. Now some of those children are paralysed,” he said. “Vaccination campaigns are part of relief efforts. Relief does not only mean bringing food baskets.”Reaching all children
In 2015, around 3.9 million children under the age of 5 were given the oral polio vaccination and 4.1 million children from 6-59 months were given Vitamin A supplements. From 10 to 12 April, Yemen launched a new countrywide polio campaign to reach even more children. The campaign covers Yemen’s 327 districts, using more than 19,000 mobile teams and 2,647 fixed health centres. Children in the previously unreachable cities of Taiz city, Sa’ada and Aden also benefited from the campaign.
As the largest contributor to immunization efforts in Yemen, UNICEF procured polio drops and other vaccines for the entire country. The agency also supported mass communication campaigns, provided technical expertise to the Ministry of Public Health and Population and covered the operational costs of the polio immunization campaign in seven governorates.Protecting lives, one drop at a time
Joma’a Ayedh lives with her husband and four children in a small house on the outskirts of Mukalla. The family fled the city of Aden in 2015 during the fierce fighting between government forces and Houthis.
Ms. Ayedh says that some people who moved from rural areas to Mukalla don’t want to vaccinate their children. “Those people who used to live in the countryside don’t take children to health centres or allow mobile health workers to vaccinate them.”
She learned about the polio vaccination campaign from an SMS on her mobile phone. She is another example of the many parents who welcome the vaccinators wholeheartedly.
“I have vaccinated all of my children,” she said. “When I was a child, my siblings and I used to contract measles. Now, my children are not suffering from this disease thanks to the vaccination.”
32,405 Arrivals from Yemen since 27 March 2015
14,069 Refugee returnees from Kenya since 8 December 2014
139,151 Evictions in Mogadishu since January 2015
568,656 New displacements since January 2015WORKING WITH PARTNERS
As part of the UN integrated mission to Somalia (UNSOM), UNHCR maintains close collaboration with UN agencies, local and international NGOs and Somali authorities at country and field levels in a joint effort to provide assistance and durable solutions to the people of Somalia.
As a lead agency of the Protection and Shelter/NFI Clusters, and the implementation of the Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN), UNHCR spearheads productive partnerships with over 60 national and international NGOs.
Since 2012, UNHCR leads the Somalia Return Consortium, a group of nine UN agencies and NGOs providing coordinated and standardized assistance to IDPs who opt to return and reintegrate in their areas of origin to end displacement.
To coordinate effective response to the Yemen crisis, UNHCR and IOM co-lead a country-level inter-agency Task Force on Yemen Situation.
What is protection mainstreaming?
Protection mainstreaming is the process of incorporating protection principles and promoting meaningful access, safety and dignity in humanitarian action. It is about “how” humanitarian action is performed. The following elements must be taken into account in all humanitarian action:
Prioritize safety & dignity, and avoid causing harm Identify the physical and psychological threats populations can face in accessing your services, and act to prevent, minimize, or mitigate their negative effects.
Meaningful Access Arrange for people’s access to assistance and services - in proportion to need and without any barriers (e.g. discrimination). Pay special attention to individuals and groups who may be particularly vulnerable or have difficulty accessing assistance and services.
Accountability Set-up appropriate mechanisms through which affected populations can measure the quality of interventions, and address concerns and complaints.
Participation and empowerment Support the development of self-protection capacities and assist people to obtain the knowledge, resources, and capacities necessary to claim their rights.
Why is the mainstreaming of protection important?
Humanitarian agencies increasingly recognise that it is not acceptable to focus on material needs without considering protection principles. Protection considerations include: safety and dignity, ensuring meaningful access, being accountable, and ensuring participation of all groups in the disaster-affected population. All humanitarian actors have an ethical responsibility to mainstream protection into humanitarian response programs.
The centrality of protection was affirmed in the IASC Principals Statement on Protection in 17 December 2013, which stated that “Protection of all persons affected and at risk must inform humanitarian decision-making and response… It must be central to our preparedness efforts, as part of immediate and life-saving activities, and throughout the duration of humanitarian response and beyond.”
World: ECHO Factsheet: Forced displacement - refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) - June 2016
Facts & Figures
65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide:
21.3 million refugees,
40.8 million internally displaced - 1.8 million seeking asylum.
Largest sources of refugees: Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan , Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.
The EU is a leading international donor for refugees. It gave €1.064 million for humanitarian assistance dedicated to refugees and IDPs financial year 2015, as well as €200 million in ongoing projects from development assistance. The funding covers projects that help in access to shelter, protection, food and other basic services such as health, nutrition, water, sanitation, hygiene and education.
Humanitarian aid aims at upholding basic human rights and protecting children and adults against violence, abuse and exploitation through protection and advocacy activities.
In April 2016, the European Commission, in association with the European External Action Service (EEAS), adopted a new development-led approach to forced displacement, aimed at harnessing and strengthening the resilience and self-reliance of both the forcibly displaced and their host communities. Political, economic, development and humanitarian actors should be engaged from the outset and throughout displacement crises to work with third partner countries towards gradual socio-economic inclusion of the forcibly displaced. The objective is to end forced displacement and make people's lives better and more dignified during displacement.
Yemen: All Parties Must Show Courage, Make Concessions for Yemen Peace Agreement, Special Envoy Tells Security Council
7721st Meeting* (AM)
The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen told the Security Council today that he would soon set out a proposal to advance the Yemeni peace talks, now entering their third month in Kuwait, as he called for concessions to be made against the backdrop of a potential humanitarian crisis.
Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, speaking by video teleconference from Kuwait City, said the talks — which began on 21 April — had been moving slowly, yet constructively, and while some difficulties remained to be addressed, he was reassured by the commitment of the two delegations.
“I will provide the Yemeni parties, in the next few days, with a written proposal for the upcoming period before we resume consultations after a short break aimed at allowing parties to consult with their respective leaderships,” he told the Council.
“We are working towards reaching a comprehensive and sustainable peace agreement that will create security and stability for Yemen and its people, and constitute a signal of hope for the Middle East,” he said, calling “on all parties to show political courage” and make the concessions necessary for a pact.
So far, the talks had been characterized by “an extraordinary openness”, Mr. Ould Cheikh Ahmed said, explaining how he listened carefully to both parties’ views and concerns before coming up with a road map leading to implementation of security arrangements specified in Security Council resolution 2216 (2015), the establishment of a Government of National Unity and the setting up of national and international monitoring mechanisms.
“The delegations have responded positively to the proposals, but have not yet reached agreement on the sequencing of the different steps provided for in the road map”, such as when a Government of National Unity would be created, he said.
Despite progress at the negotiating table, living conditions for Yemen’s people had declined severely, he said. The failure to provide basic services had had a devastating impact, while hot weather and a lack of electricity in Aden, Hodayya and elsewhere had exacerbated a health crisis, causing several preventable deaths.
At the same time, Yemen’s economy had deteriorated, with gross domestic product (GDP) shrinking by more than 30 per cent since January, he said. The Central Bank was ensuring the importation of basic commodities, such as rice, wheat and medicines, but such support would become more difficult in the weeks ahead.
“The humanitarian situation in Yemen is alarming and there are credible reports by humanitarian organizations warning of a humanitarian catastrophe should the situation not be addressed rapidly,” he said.
The cessation of hostilities declared on 10 April was providing relief from violence in many parts of Yemen, he said, with the De-escalation and Coordination Committee and local disengagement councils playing a key role. Nevertheless, serious violations had still occurred, including the shelling of a popular market in Taizz on 4 June that had resulted in civilian casualties, and violations in Marib, Al Jawf, Taiz and border areas with Saudi Arabia.
He welcomed the release of prisoners since the beginning of Ramadan, including 54 children returned to their families by the Government and more than 400 detainees, including prisoners of war, released by Ansar Allah. However, the limited release of prisoners had been accompanied by a systematic persecution of civilians, including journalists and civil society activists, he said, calling on all parties to halt such acts and fulfil their obligations under international human rights law.
Khaled Hussein Mohamed Alyemany (Yemen) said that, in spite of the difficult circumstances surrounding the negotiation process in Kuwait, his Government had committed itself to peace. Expressing faith in ability of the process to bring an end to the suffering of the Yemeni people — which was a direct result of the coup d’état by Houthi rebels — he said his Government had examined the ideas put forward by the Special Envoy. Nevertheless, there remained a “lack of seriousness” on the part of those who had carried out the coup, and those parties must renounce all unilateral measures.
The Government had proposed a plan for lasting peace, he said, noting that, among other things, the road map must include the release of heavy weapons and the withdrawal of the Houthi militias. Indeed, the success of the transitional period and the creation of a federal State hinged on those preconditions. From the first moments of the Kuwait negotiations, his Government had called for a full cessation of hostilities, but the other side had continued its acts of war without pause. In particular, the Houthi militias had continued their assaults against Yemen’s southern provinces. Those who committed such acts would be held accountable.
Since capturing Sana'a, he continued, the rebel forces had worked systematically to destroy Yemen’s national economy, including by wasting some $5 billion on their criminal activities and by trading oil on the black market. In addition, they had released some 52 Al-Qaida elements who had been imprisoned in Yemen, demonstrating their close ties to that terrorist group. In contrast, the Yemeni Government had coordinated with coalition forces in the fight against terrorism, conducting strikes against Al-Qaida, and it would continue to pursue both that group and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh).
Drawing attention to the plight of prisoners who had been unjustly detained by rebels in “flagrant violation” of humanitarian and human rights law, he called on the Council to continue to pressure the militias to release prisoners in line with resolution 2216 (2015), and reaffirmed his Government’s commitment to work towards a lasting peace in Yemen.
The meeting began at 11:05 a.m. and ended at 11:32 a.m.
* The 7720th Meeting was closed.
For information media. Not an official record.
Yemen: Despite constructive talks, differences over peace roadmap ‘needlessly extending Yemen’s agony’– UN envoy
21 June 2016 – The United Nations–supported Yemeni peace talks under way in Kuwait have progressed “slowly, yet constructively,” over the last two months, with agreement still to be reached on the sequencing of the various steps proposed, including the timing of establishing a national unity government, the UN envoy for the country said today.
“In short, the general atmosphere continues to be positive although difficulties remain which need to be addressed,” Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, UN Special Envoy for Yemen, told the Security Council via video link.
Over the previous period of the talks, the parties unanimously agreed on the necessity of reaching a peaceful solution to put an end to the conflict in Yemen, he noted. A number of prisoners and detainees, including children, have been released. The cessation of hostilities has allowed humanitarian aid to reach areas that were previously not accessible.
The participants have discussed the most delicate issues, including military withdrawals, security arrangements and the handover of weapons, sensitive political issues and ways to improve the economic and humanitarian situation, as well as the release of prisoners and detainees, he said.
After intense talks with both parties, the envoy has presented a roadmap outlining a practical plan to end the conflict in Yemen. It provides for implementation of the security arrangements specified in Security Council resolution 2216 (2015) and the establishment of a national unity government that would ensure the delivery of basic services and address the recovery of the Yemeni economy.
According to the proposed roadmap, the national unity government would also be responsible for preparing a political dialogue to define the remaining steps for a comprehensive political solution, including the electoral law, the mandate of the institutions, which would oversee the transition period and the completion of the draft constitution.
The delegations have responded positively to the proposals, but have not yet reached agreement on the sequencing of the different steps provided for in the roadmap. Questions need to be answered as to when the unity government would be created and what to do if particular provisions of the roadmap are implemented and others are not.
The cessation of hostilities declared on 10 April has continued to provide relief from violence in many parts of Yemen, but unfortunately, serious violations have occurred, such as the shelling of a popular market in Taiz on 4 June, which resulted in 18 civilian deaths and tens of injuries, he said. In addition, there were violations of the truce in Marib, al Jawf, Taiz and in the border areas with Saudi Arabia.
The failure to provide basic services over the last year has had a devastating impact, Mr. Ould Cheikh Ahmed noted. High temperatures and the lack of electricity in Aden, Hodayda and elsewhere have exacerbated the health crisis in these areas and caused a number of preventable deaths.
Since the beginning of 2016, Yemen’s gross domestic product (GDP) shrank by more than 30 per cent. To address this alarming situation, the Central Bank has continued to ensure the import of basic commodities such as rice, wheat and medicines.
Mr. Ould Cheikh Ahmed welcomed the release of prisoners that took place since the beginning of Ramadan, but tragically, that positive step had still been accompanied by continued and systematic persecution of civilians, including journalists and civil society activists in Yemen. These acts of intimidation and harassment are a clear violation of the international instruments on Human Rights, he said.
“Yemen is on the path to an agreement and each day of delay needlessly extends the country’s agony,” he said, stressing that the unwavering unity of this Council has been a key factor supporting progress in the talks.
World: Con uno de cada 113 seres humanos afectados, el desplazamiento forzoso en 2015 bate su cifra récord
GINEBRA, 20 de junio de 2016 (ACNUR) - El conflicto y la persecución provocaron que el desplazamiento forzado aumentase considerablemente en 2015, alcanzando el mayor nivel jamás registrado y provocando un sufrimiento humano tremendo, de acuerdo con el informe presentado hoy por ACNUR, la Agencia de la ONU para los Refugiados.
El informe anual de ACNUR Tendencias Globales original en inglés, que analiza el desplazamiento forzado en todo el mundo basándose en datos de gobiernos, agencias socias, incluyendo el Observatorio sobre Desplazamiento Interno y en los datos de la propia organización, arrojaba que 65,3 millones de personas se encontraban desplazadas a finales de 2015, en comparación con los 59,5 millones sólo 12 meses antes. Esta es la primera vez que se supera el umbral de los 60 millones.
El total de 65,3 millones comprende los 3,2 millones de personas en países industrializados que a finales de 2015 esperaban una resolución sobre sus solicitudes de asilo (el mayor número global registrado por ACNUR), los 21,3 millones de refugiados en todo el mundo (1,8 millones más que en 2014, y la cifra de refugiados más alta desde principios de los 90), y los 40,8 millones de personas que se habían visto forzadas a huir de sus hogares, pero que permanecían dentro de las fronteras de sus propios países (un incremento de 2,6 millones respecto a 2014, y el mayor número registrado).
Comparadas con los 7.349 millones de habitantes de la Tierra, estas cifras muestran que 1 de cada 113 personas en el mundo es actualmente solicitante de asilo, desplazada interna o refugiada –un nivel de riesgo del que ACNUR no tiene precedentes. En total, el número de desplazados forzosos hoy es mayor que la población de países como Reino Unido, Francia o Italia. 
El desplazamiento forzado ha ido en aumento en la mayoría de las regiones, por lo menos, desde la mitad de la década de los 90, pero en los últimos cinco años el ritmo de ascenso ha incrementado. Esto es debido principalmente a tres motivos: las situaciones que provocan los grandes flujos de refugiados están durando más (por ejemplo, los conflictos en Somalia o Afganistán están ahora en su tercera y cuarta década, respectivamente); con frecuencia surgen nuevos conflictos o se reactivan otros ya existentes (hoy el mayor es Siria, pero también en los últimos cinco años Sudán del Sur, Yemen, Burundi, Ucrania, República Centroafricana, etc.), y el ritmo al que se han encontrado soluciones para refugiados y desplazados internos ha mostrado una tendencia a la baja desde el final de la Guerra Fría. Tan solo hace 10 años, a finales de 2005, ACNUR registraba una media de 6 personas desplazadas cada minuto. Hoy el número es de 24 por minuto – casi el doble de la frecuencia habitual con la que un adulto respira.
“Cada vez hay más gente desplazada por la guerra y la persecución, y esto ya es preocupante, pero los factores que ponen en peligro a los refugiados también se están multiplicando”, dijo el Alto Comisionado de la ONU para los Refugiados, Filippo Grandi. “En el mar, un número escalofriante de refugiados e inmigrantes están muriendo cada año; en tierra, las personas que huyen de la guerra están encontrando su camino bloqueado por fronteras cerradas. Las políticas están gravitando hacia posturas contrarias al asilo en algunos países. La voluntad de las naciones para trabajar unidas, no sólo por los refugiados sino en pos del interés colectivo de la humanidad, se está poniendo a prueba hoy, y es precisamente este espíritu de unidad lo que se necesita con urgencia que prevalezca”, añadió Grandi.
3 países generan la mitad de los refugiados del mundo…
Entre los países analizados por el informe Tendencias Globales, algunos destacan: Siria con 4,9 millones, Afganistán con 2,7 millones y Somalia con 1,1 millones, en total sumaron más de la mitad de los refugiados bajo el mandato de ACNUR en todo el mundo. Por otro lado, Colombia con 6,9 millones, Siria con 6,6 millones e Irak con 4,4 millones, registraron las mayores cifras de desplazados internos. Yemen fue el mayor generador de nuevos desplazados internos en 2015, con 2,5 millones de personas, lo que equivaldría a un 9 por ciento de su población.
… Y la mayoría están en el Sur
La lucha de Europa por gestionar más de un millón de refugiados e inmigrantes que llegaron por Mediterráneo acaparó la atención de muchos en 2015, sin embargo, el informe muestra que la inmensa mayoría de los refugiados en el mundo estaban en otras zonas. En total, el 86 por ciento de los refugiados bajo el amparo de ACNUR en 2015 estaban en países de rentas bajas y medias, próximos a zonas de conflicto. Esta cifra sube a más del 90 por ciento del número total de refugiados en el mundo si se incluye a los refugiados palestinos bajo la responsabilidad de la organización hermana de ACNUR, la UNRWA. A nivel mundial, Turquía fue el mayor país de acogida con 2,5 millones de refugiados mientras que El Líbano acogió a más refugiados en comparación con su población que ningún otro país (183 refugiados por cada 1.000 habitantes). En relación al tamaño de su economía, la República Democrática del Congo fue el país que más acogió (471 refugiados por cada dólar de PIB per cápita, medidos en términos de paridad del poder adquisitivo).
Las solicitudes de asilo aumentan
Entre los países industrializados, 2015 fue también un año récord en nuevas solicitudes de asilo, con dos millones de peticiones (que hacen que el número de casos pendientes de resolución a finales de año lleguen a 3,2 millones). Alemania recibió más solicitudes de asilo que ningún otro país (441.900), reflejando ampliamente su disposición para recibir a las personas que huían a Europa a través del Mediterráneo. Estados Unidos tuvo el segundo mayor número de peticiones de asilo (172.700), muchas de ellas de personas que huían de la violencia de las pandillas en Centroamérica. Asimismo, se observaron cifras importantes de solicitudes en Suecia (156.000) y Rusia (152.500).
Alrededor de la mitad de los refugiados en todo el mundo son niños
Los niños y niñas constituyeron el 51 % de los refugiados en todo el mundo en 2015, de acuerdo con los datos que ACNUR ha podido recabar (los autores del informe no han podido acceder a la totalidad de los datos demográficos). Es alarmante ver que muchos eran menores separados de sus padres o que viajaban solos. En total, se presentaron 98.400 solicitudes de asilo por parte de menores no acompañados o separados de sus familias. Es la cantidad total más alta registrada por ACNUR y un trágico reflejo de cómo el desplazamiento forzado global está afectando de manera desproporcionada las vidas de los jóvenes.
No pueden volver a casa
Mientras las cifras de desplazamiento global han sido más altas que nunca, el número de personas que pudieron retornar a sus hogares o encontrar otra solución (integración local en un país de primera acogida, o reasentamiento en otro) fue bajo. 201.400 refugiados pudieron regresar a sus países de origen en 2015 (la mayoría a Afganistán, Sudán y Somalia). Esta cifra fue superior a la de 2014 (126.800), pero es todavía sustancialmente baja comparada con los picos registrados a principios de los 90. Alrededor de 107.100 refugiados fueron admitidos para su reasentamiento en 30 países en 2015, representando tan sólo el 0,66 % de los refugiados bajo el mandato de ACNUR (en comparación, 26 países admitieron 105.200 refugiados para su reasentamiento en 2014, representando un 0,73% de la población refugiada bajo el amparo de ACNUR). Al menos 32.000 refugiados obtuvieron la nacionalidad a lo largo del año, la mayoría en Canadá, y en menor número en Francia, Bélgica, Austria y otros países.
La situación del desplazamiento en 2016 por regiones (de mayor a menor):
1.- Oriente Medio y Norte de África
La guerra de Siria continuó siendo a nivel mundial la principal causa de desplazamiento y del sufrimiento que conlleva, que a finales de 2015 había conducido al menos a 4,9 millones de personas al exilio como refugiados, y había desplazado a 6,6 millones internamente, afectando casi a la mitad de la población de Siria antes de la guerra. El conflicto en Irak había desplazado a finales de año a 4,4 millones de personas internamente y generado casi un cuarto de millón de refugiados. La guerra civil en Yemen, que comenzó en 2015, contabilizaba a finales de diciembre 2,5 millones de desplazados; más nuevos desplazados que cualquier otro conflicto en el mundo. Incluyendo los 5,2 millones de palestinos refugiados bajo el mandato de la UNRWA, entorno a medio millón de libios forzados a huir de sus hogares y que permanecen en el país, más otros afectados por situaciones de menor envergadura, la región de Oriente Medio y Norte de África sumó más desplazamiento que ninguna otra.
2.- África Subsahariana
La región del África Subsahariana tuvo las mayores cifras de desplazamiento en 2015 tras Oriente Medio y Norte de África. El recrudecimiento del conflicto en Sudán del Sur en 2015, así como en la República Centroafricana y Somalia, sumados a nuevos o continuados desplazamientos masivos dentro o desde países como Nigeria, Burundi, Sudán, República Democrática del Congo, Mozambique y otros, generaron en total 18,4 millones de refugiados y desplazados internos, según datos de finales de año. Mientras tanto, África Subsahariana acogió a unos 4,4 millones de refugiados en total, más que ninguna otra región. Cinco de los 10 principales países de acogida de refugiados eran africanos, encabezados por Etiopía, seguida de Kenia, Uganda, República Democrática del Congo y Chad.
3.- Asia y Pacífico
La región de Asia y Pacífico tenía al menos uno de cada seis refugiados y desplazados internos en todo el mundo en 2015, convirtiéndose en la tercera región del mundo con mayor desplazamiento. Uno de cada seis refugiados bajo el mandato de ACNUR procedían de Afganistán (2,7 millones de personas), donde casi 1,2 millones de personas eran desplazadas internas. Myanmar fue el segundo país de origen de refugiados y desplazados internos de la región (451.800 y 451.000 respectivamente). Pakistán (1,5 millones) y la República Islámica de Irán (979.000) permanecen entre los principales países de acogida de refugiados en el mundo.
Un número creciente de personas que huyen de las maras y pandillas así como otro tipo de violencia en Centroamérica, contribuyeron a elevar hasta un 17% el desplazamiento en la región. Los refugiados y solicitantes de asilo procedentes de El Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras sumaron un total de 109.800 personas, la mayoría alcanzando México y Estados Unidos, quintuplicando las cifras en los últimos tres años. Colombia, con una crisis prolongada, continuó siendo el mayor país en desplazamiento interno (6,9 millones).
La situación en Ucrania, la proximidad de Europa a Siria e Irak, sumada a la llegada de más de un millón de refugiados e inmigrantes por el Mediterráneo, la mayoría procedentes de los 10 principales países de origen de refugiados, dominaron el escenario del desplazamiento en la región en 2015. En total, los países europeos generaron alrededor de 593.000 refugiados –en su mayoría desde Ucrania, y acogieron 4,4 millones, 2,5 millones de ellos en Turquía. Las cifras proporcionadas por el gobierno de Ucrania contabilizaron 1,6 millones de desplazados ucranianos dentro del país. El informe Tendencias Globales refleja que hubo 441.900 solicitudes de asilo en Alemania, donde la población refugiada aumentó en un 46% comparada con las cifras de l en 2014, con 316.000 personas.
El informe de ACNUR Tendencias Globales se lanza por el Día Mundial del Refugiado, 20 de junio. Está a disposición un paquete completo multimedia vinculado al Informe, incluyendo infografías, fotos, material audiovisual y otros productos. Todo disponible en: www.unhcr.org/media-global-trends-2015
 2015: población de Reino Unido: 64,7 millones; población de Francia: 64,4 millones; población de Italia 59,8 millones. Fuente: División de Población de la ONU, Perspectivas de Población Mundial, Revisión 2015 https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/
 Las cifras aquí principalmente derivan de las tablas en el informe Tendencias Globales, enumerando refugiados, solicitantes de asilo, desplazados internos y otras personas de interés de ACNUR por origen.
IRAQ 30,000 people fled Falluja in the three days up to 19 June: 85,000 people have left the area since 22 May. Six displacement camps are receiving the displaced, but all are overwhelmed: shelter, food, WASH and health concerns are paramount. Protection concerns are extremely high for those remaining in the city, and those who continue to flee along dangerous escape routes.
SYRIA Nearly 47,000 people have been displaced in Manbij, Aleppo governorate, since SDF launched an offensive in early June. Most are still in the district. Humanitarian organisations cannot access the area.
The number of severely insecure in Yemen has grown by more than 9%, to reach 14.1 million: seven million people are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 7.1 million are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), as fighting continues in spite of the ceasefire.
Updated: 21/06/2016. Next update: 28/06/2016.
The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid (KSRELIEF) distributed today 1,249 food baskets in the Salah Directorate of Yemen's Taiz Governorate. The food baskets are part of the 100,000 baskets scheduled for distribution six directorates under Houth siege in Taiz Governorate.
The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid (RELIEF) has been distributing 11,950 food baskets in the directorate of Muzaffar of Yemen's Taiz Governorate. The food baskets are part of the 100,000 baskets scheduled for distribution six directorates under Houth siege in Taiz Governorate.
La Niña in 2016 could suppress rainfall over the Horn of Africa in the latter half of the year
- Below-average rainfall between March and May is leading to the expectation for below normal agricultural production in some areas of southern Ethiopia, southern and central Somalia, northwestern and eastern Kenya, and northeastern Tanzania. Furthermore, reduced livestock production and early migration are expected. Additionally, the high likelihood of a La Niña in 2016 could contribute to well below-average rainfall in the latter half of the year in many of these same areas of the Horn of Africa.
- Although the June to September Kiremt rains have started, after mixed February to May Belg performance, large populations in central and eastern Ethiopia continue to require emergency food assistance. Worst-affected pastoral and agricultural households are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity as they face larger gaps in their basic food needs.
- Households in Greater Upper Nile, whose lives and livelihoods were significantly impacted by the protracted conflict, continue to face significant difficulty meeting their basic food needs. Market access also continues to remain severely restricted for many across the country due to persistently high staple food prices. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity is present in worst-affected areas of Greater Upper Nile and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
- Conflict in both Sudan and Yemen continues to severely restrict household food access. In addition to leading to the loss of lives and creating high levels of displacement, conflict in both countries is contributing to Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity for the many who face great difficulty meeting their basic food needs.