Yemen - ReliefWeb News
Regional mixed migration summary for September 2016 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Puntland, Somalia, Somaliland and Yemen.
Terminology: Throughout this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in the mixed migration flows (including asylum seekers, trafficked persons, smuggled economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.
The conflict in Yemen entered its eighteenth month with shelling and fighting putting civilians at risk. As previously reported, due to the conflict, monitoring and data collection activities along the Red Sea and Arabian sea coasts continued to be affected, with a majority of monitoring exercises suspended. The data presented in this report on arrivals in Yemen is therefore not conclusive of the actual number of arrivals during this period.
Internal displacement: At the end of September 2016, there were an approximate 2.2 million internally displaced persons in Yemen, around 8% of the country’s population. More than 1.8 million of these people have been displaced for twelve months or more.
Continued arrivals from the Horn of Africa: A total of at least 10,600 migrants and asylum seekers (77% Ethiopians and 23% Somalis) arrived from the Horn of Africa to Yemen via the Red Sea, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden in September 2016. For the second time this year, the proportion of Somali migrants and asylum seekers travelling to Yemen was sustained above the 20% mark, a trend not witnessed since 2014.
An estimated 1,662 (1,632 Ethiopians and 30 Somalis) migrants and asylum seekers arrived on the Red Sea coast of Yemen in September 2016, a 30% drop from the spike witnessed in August, but on par with average arrivals so far in 2016. Despite the overall decrease, the number of female Ethiopians increased by over 40%. The migrants arrived aboard 28 boats which departed from Obock, Djibouti landing in various towns in Ta’iz and Lahj governorates. Due to the reduction of monitoring missions along Yemen’s coast, it is likely that the actual number of arrivals from the Horn of Africa to Yemen was higher during the period.
In keeping with recent trends, the majority (98%) of Ethiopian nationals were of Oromo ethnicity. Migrants cited a variety of reasons for migration, including a lack of livelihood opportunities, unemployment, and drought. Some migrants seeking asylum reported being detained following student demonstrations or because they were believed to have been a member of the outlawed Oromo Liberation Front. Several migrants mentioned that they could not apply for asylum in Djibouti because they believed that the diplomatic relationship between Djibouti and Ethiopia would prevent them from accessing asylum. All interviewed Ethiopian migrants reported that they had had relied on the assistance of smugglers to cross into Djibouti and paid between 6,000-9,000 Ethiopian Birr (approx. USD 270 – 405). All except one Ethiopian migrant expressed and intention to travel onwards to Saudi Arabia to look for work.
Somali nationals largely originated from Wooqoy Galbeed and Banadir, with others coming from other regions in Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Somalia. Although the majority of Somalis left Somalia in the hopes of securing better economic opportunities, there were a number of reasons given for migrating including, the unstable government and the presence of Al Shabaab. Somalis paid between USD 30-200 for the trip to Djibouti, relying on a smuggler once they crossed the border from Somalia via the border town of Loya Ade. Some chose to fly directly to Loya Ade from Mogadishu and Hargeisa before making the crossing on foot or in a car. Both Somalis and Ethiopians paid between USD 100-150 per person for the sea crossing from Obock to Yemen.
An additional 8,938 migrants and asylum seekers (73% Ethiopian, 27% Somali) arrived on Arabian Sea coasts of Yemen in September 2016.
Migrant vulnerability: This month, the majority of migrants reported an uneventful sea crossing to Yemen from Djibouti. Migrants did however report that the boats used were small and overcrowded. In one report, a smuggler was heard contacting a suspected group of human traffickers on the shore who directed the boatman to land at a specific location on the coast.
Upon arrival in Yemen, migrants continued to report attempts by armed smugglers and/or traffickers stationed along the coastline to abduct newly arrived migrants. Based on interviews with 619 new arrivals in Yemen in September, migrants reported a total of 1,749 violations were reported in September. Of these, migrants reported 592 cases of abduction and 372 instances of interception, accounting for 34% and 21% of all violations respectively. Interviewed migrants reported that criminal groups hold abducted migrants in “dens” where they are mistreated until they can raise enough money to secure their release. Two men reported that they, along with 83 others, including 5 women, had been abducted from the coast in mid-August and had only been released after their families had paid 4,000 Ethiopian Birr each (approximately USD 180). Over 50 women and girls were reported to have been abducted by gangs immediately after landing in Yemen; their whereabouts are unknown.
Protection issues reported by migrants transiting through Djibouti on their way to Yemen are reported in the Djibouti country section below.
Irregular migrants detained in Yemen: Dozens of African migrants, mostly from Ethiopia, are being detained in Yemen on the suspicion that they might be recruited to join militant groups in the country. According to the head of security in Aden, “We noticed that many are coming here, especially Ethiopians. They are all young men. We had some doubts and to be careful, we have put them in detention because we believe our enemies Houthis and (former President) Ali Abdullah Saleh are recruiting them to fight in the war against our sons in the south”.
Deportations from Yemen: According to IOM, hundreds of migrants are being deported to Djibouti from Yemen, with projections that another 3,000 migrants may be deported in a number of days. The Migration Response Centre (MRC) in Obock, managed by IOM in collaboration with the Ministry of Interior, is currently hosting over 600 Ethiopian migrants who were deported from Southern Yemen. Another 314 migrants are being housed in tents outside the facility. There are concerns thousands of Ethiopian migrants might become stranded in Djibouti if efforts to close this route – used by more than 10,000 migrants and asylum seekers every month – are continued.
Departures from Yemen: As of 30th September 2016, the number of people fleeing Yemen to the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan) had totalled 89,621 persons (36,162 in Djibouti, 33,579 in Somalia, 13,299 in Ethiopia, and 6,581 in Sudan). Yemenis and Somalis continue to represent the largest proportion of people moving out of Yemen, accounting for 30% and 35% of movements respectively. Djibouti is the primary destination for Yemeni nationals, with 73% of those moving opting to travel to Djibouti.
N.B. The figures for Djibouti arrivals between May and September were not received in time to update this report. The figures for Djibouti therefore reflect arrivals at the end of April 2016. The latest statistics and overview of the displacement situation arising out of the Yemen crisis can be found on the UNHCR data sharing and information portal.
Yemen: Cholera outbreak – WHO and partners urgently require US$22.35 million to save lives and reduce suffering
18 October 2016 – The World Health Organization and health partners urgently require support from the international donor community to contain the spread of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera in Yemen. A total of US$ 22.35 million is required by the Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene clusters, of which US$ 16.6 million is immediately required.
As of 17 October, a total of 340 suspected cases have been reported, of which 18 have tested positive forVibrio cholerae in Taiz, Al-Hudaydah, Aden, Al Bayda, Lahj, and Sana’a governorates. Patients are currently receiving treatment. No deaths have been reported.
More than 7.6 million people are living in the affected areas, and more than 3 million internally displaced persons are especially vulnerable to the outbreak. The health of these populations is already compromised as a result of food shortages, increased malnutrition and lack of adequate health services. Without a sustained multisector response, cases of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera are likely to increase, with up to 76 000 additional cases across 15 governorates, including 15 200 severe cases requiring admission for cholera treatment.
As a result of the ongoing conflict, two thirds of Yemenis do not have access to clean water and sanitation services are limited, especially in cities, further increasing the risk of catching cholera. This is further aggravated by a decline in the national health system’s capacity to respond to the cholera outbreak due to critical shortages in resources. As of October 2016, only 45% of all health facilities in Yemen remain functional due to shortages in health staff, medicines and medical supplies. With the overall goal of reducing mortality and morbidity related to acute watery diarrhoea/cholera, health cluster partners aim to reach 3.8 million at-risk people through:
Strengthening surveillance system; Providing access to health care services; Providing support for central public health laboratories; and Improving knowledge of people at risk.
Since the beginning of the outbreak, WHO has provided 10 diarrhoeal disease kits for Sana'a, Al-Baidha, Aden, Taiz, and Al-Hudaydah governorates, sufficient to meet the needs of approximately 1000 patients with severe acute watery diarrhoea/cholera and 4000 mild cases of acute watery diarrhoea. WHO has also distributed chlorine tablets to disinfect water sufficient to meet the needs of 23 000 households for one month.
To strengthen surveillance case detection and response to the current outbreak, WHO has trained epidemiological and laboratory surveillance coordinators in 16 out of Yemen's 23 governorates on notification, reporting, control and prevention of cholera. Ongoing efforts by WHO and partners to respond to the outbreak must be urgently scaled up to respond to the outbreak, and this is only possible if additional funding is available.
For more information, contact:
Senior Communication Officer
Mobile: +20 1099756506
World Health Organization
Tel: +967 1 409099
Fax: +967 1 212102
+967 733096603 +967 777755281
Yemen - Yemen’s Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) has officially announced eight cholera cases in Sana'a city. Three more confirmed cases of cholera were reported on 9 October 2016, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 11.
IOM Yemen’s health team has drawn up plans to control such an outbreak. It targets migrants in the three main cities (Sana’a, Aden and Hodeidah) where they commonly stranded and where IOM has facilities to provide the most vulnerable with humanitarian assistance, including emergency health care.
Staff responsibilities have been identified. Medicines, medical supplies, and WASH supplies have been procured and are ready to be distributed. Three cholera treatment centers have been set up in the three governorates for the isolation and management of infected cases.
Referral of severe cases to the public hospitals has been arranged with the health authority. An awareness raising plan has been prepared and promotional materials in different languages have been prepared, translated and printed.
During the last few days, surveillance and response efforts have been underway, led by a team from the surveillance programme of the Ministry of Health for early reporting of any suspected cases.
On 13 October 2016, more suspected cases of acute watery diarrhea were reported from other locations in the country, including Lahj and Aden in the South and Hodeidah in the West. Those new cases need be verified through laboratory tests before being confirmed.
MoPHP and partners including IOM through the health and WASH clusters are working to establish the exact scale of the response. If not treated, severe cases of cholera can kill up to 15 percent of people affected in just a few hours. Migrants are particularly vulnerable.
In collaboration with Ministry of Public Health, WHO, UNICEF, and other partners, IOM will take part in controlling the outbreak among the migrants and the local community.
UNOCHA has called for interagency coordination to explore ways to support and amplify UNICEF/WHO efforts to formulate and implement an integrated cholera response plan. IOM has attended similar meetings in Sana’a, Hodeidah and Aden governorates.
During the past week, the IOM health team has started the cholera awareness campaign to teach all non-health IOM staff how to protect themselves and their families from becoming infected.
For more information please contact Laurent De Boeck at IOM Yemen, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel. + 967 736 777 915.
The World Health Organization ( WHO) and health partners urgently require support from the international donor community to contain the spread of Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera in Yemen. A total of US$22.35 million is required, of which US$16.6 million is required for an immediate response.
As of 17 October, a total of 340 suspected cases have been reported, of which 18 have tested positive for Vibrio cholerae in Taiz, Al-Hudaydah, Aden, Al Bayda, Lahj, and Sana’a governorates. Patients are currently receiving treatment in Al-Sabeen hospital in Sana'a and other referral hospitals. No deaths have been reported.
Only 45% of all health facilities in Yemen remain functional due to shortages in health staff, medicines and medical supplies. With the overall goal of reducing mortality and morbidity related to Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera, health cluster partners aim to reach 3.8 million at-risk people with health interventions.
More than 7.6 million people are living in areas affected by Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera, and more than 3 million internally displaced persons are especially vulnerable to the outbreak. The health of these populations is already compromised as a result of food shortages, increased malnutrition and lack of adequate health services. Without an urgent response, cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera are likely to increase.
As a result of the ongoing conflict, two thirds of Yemenis do not have access to clean water and sanitation services are limited, especially in cities, further increasing the risk of catching cholera. This is further aggravated by a decline in the national health system’s capacity to respond to the cholera outbreak due to critical shortages in resources.
What can WHO do?
• Strengthen the surveillance system established for early detection and response to diseases outbreaks , including those hosting displaced population;
• Provide access to health care services, including provision of essential medicines for Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera case management;
• Provide support for central public health laboratories on capacity building, and laboratory equipment, and;
• Provide public health information about Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera.
Since the beginning of the outbreak, WHO has provided 10 diarrheal disease kits for Sana'a, Al-Baidha, Aden, Taiz, and Al-Hudaydah governorates, sufficient to meet the needs of approximately 7000 patients with Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera. WHO has also distributed chlorine tablets to disinfect water sufficient to meet the needs of 23,000 households for one month.
WHO has also trained epidemiological and laboratory surveillance coordinators in 16 out of Yemen's 23 governorates on notification, reporting, control and prevention of cholera.
More information here: http://www.emrowho.int/countries/yem/index.html
The Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) has issued an appeal to donors for $9 million to carry out response operations in Haiti after Hurricane Matthew devastated the southwestern part of the country.
Acute diarrheal diseases including cholera threaten parts of the population, and 75% of the cholera treatment facilities in Sud and Grand’Anse departments have been destroyed, while water distribution systems in the main cities of Jeremie and Les Cayes have almost entirely collapsed.
Over half of the health facilities evaluated by the experts have sustained severe damage, with loss of equipment for cold chain refrigeration and emergency maternal and newborn care. Vaccines and medications have been lost, including stocks of HIV medication, and must be quickly replaced.
Haiti already had serious problems of access to health care, water and sanitation before the hurricane, and cases of cholera were already on the rise. Water supply interruptions will increase diarrheal disease including cholera, and unofficial field sources indicate that as of 15 October, 1116 suspected cholera cases were reported in the Southern Peninsula PAHO/WHO teams performed field assessments of the health situation in Haiti and identified five main priority areas of action for the health sector in the first three months.
These priorities are: 1) Restore health care delivery capacity and access to health services in the most affected areas; 2) Increase epidemiological surveillance to support early detection and timely management of disease outbreaks; 3) Intensify vector-control and protective environmental health measures in impacted areas; 4) Ensure rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks in affected communities; and 5) Support efficient coordination of humanitarian assistance and management of information to effectively address the most urgent humanitarian needs.
The funding requirements include $3.55 million for the flash appeal for three months and an additional $5.5 million to implement an emergency cholera vaccination campaign.
PAHO’s response has been substantial, with 80 experts deployed in Haiti supporting the Ministry of Health in hurricane operations.
More information here: http://who.int/emergencies/haiti/en/
New pledges totaling more than $116 million have been committed by donors to the Yemen operation.
UNICEF supports 600,000 children to take final year school exams.
Child marriage increases as result of the economic crisis.
Humanitarian assistance delivered to 4.6 m people.
700,000 people assisted in Al Hudaydah hub since January 2016
Total population 26 m
# of people targeted by assistance 12.6 m
# of people targeted by health care assistance 10.7 m
# of people targeted by food assistance 8.0 m
# of people displaced (IDPs & returnees) 3.1 m
# of deaths (WHO) 6,885
# of injuries (WHO) 35,022
Source: HRP and HNO-WHO
$1.6 billion requested
$751 million funding against HRP 46% funded (30 September 2016)
Civilians continue to bear the brunt of the conflict
The month of September was marked by continued conflict, with Yemeni civilians bearing the brunt of the failure to reach a political solution. Large numbers of airstrikes were recorded, mainly in central and northern governorates such as Al Jawf, Amran, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Taizz, Sa’ada and Sana’a. Ground clashes continued in Al Jawf, Lahj, Hajjah, Marib, Sana’a, Sa’ada and Taizz governorates.
On 11 September 2016, an airstrike hit a drilling rig which was constructing a water well in Sa’ada. A follow-up airstrike in the same location killed and injured many other additional people who came to rescue those insured in the initial attack. Reports from local hospitals indicated that 30 people were killed and 17 wounded. On 12 September, the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen issued a statement to register the humanitarian community’s on-going concern at the unrelenting attacks on civilians and on civilian infrastructure throughout Yemen by all parties to the conflict. He called on all parties to uphold their obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law, to protect civilians and to recommit to the April 10th Cessation of Hostilities agreement.
However, on 21 September 2016, an airstrike hit a residential area of Al Hudaydah city killing 24 people and wounding over 100. The UN Secretary-General condemned the multiple air strikes on the Red Sea port city and expressed his sincere condolences and sympathies to the families of the victims. In Taizz, indiscriminate shelling of urban areas continued.
While United Nations and Non-Governmental Organization officials continue to highlight the need for a political solution and the necessity by all parties to recommit to peace, warring parties and political leaders continue to demonstrate an unwillingness to negotiate a lasting peace and to reach a settlement. Calls to hold the responsible parties accountable for alleged human rights violations are growing.
Yemen: Note to Correspondents: UN Envoy announces the restoration of a nationwide cessation of hostilities in Yemen
The United Nations Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, announced a plan for the resumption of a comprehensive Cessation of Hostilities in Yemen. The Special Envoy has received assurances from all Yemeni parties of their recommitment to the Terms and Conditions of the Cessation of Hostilities of 10 April 2016, which will re-enter into force at 23:59 Yemen time on 19 October 2016, for an initial period of 72 hours, subject to renewal.
The Special Envoy welcomes the restoration of the Cessation of Hostilities, which will spare the Yemeni people further bloodshed and will allow for the expanded delivery of humanitarian assistance. He calls upon all Yemeni parties, the region and the international community to encourage full respect for the Cessation of Hostilities and to ensure that it leads to a permanent and lasting end to the conflict. The Special Envoy calls for the immediate reactivation of the De-escalation and Coordination Committee (DCC) and the deployment of its members to Dhahran Al Janoub as agreed during the Kuwait talks.
The Special Envoy reminds all Yemeni parties that the Terms and Conditions of the Cessation of Hostilities include an obligation to allow free and unhindered access for humanitarian supplies and personnel to all parts of Yemen, in addition to a full and comprehensive halt to military activities of any kind.
Revised Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP): The YHRP was revised down from 1.8B $ to 1.63B $ to reach 12.6M people with lifesaving assistance. The revised YHRP figures represent a 7% decrease in the number of people targeted and 9.3% decrease in financial requirements.
Despite this, humanitarian agencies hold that the scale of needs in Yemen remains enormous, and these changes do not reflect a change in context. Rather, they are guided by programme consolidation as a result of funding shortages, demonstrated performance to date and more precise needs information.
Natural disasters and political conflict across the Eastern Mediterranean Region have increased the need for mental health services, especially for those who have been exposed to or witnessed acts of violence, or those have been forcibly displaced. In total, more than 62 million people in the region are affected by emergencies, including 5 million refugees who remain in the region, and more than 21 million internally displaced persons. A number of these people are expected to be suffering from mental health conditions. Those with pre-existing mental disorders often need more help than before.
Yet in many emergency countries, there is a gap between the mental health needs of populations and the provision of mental health services and psychosocial interventions. People experiencing psychological distress and other mental health disorders place more demand on already overstretched health staff. Disrupted health systems, limited availability of mental health specialists, and shortages in psychotropic medicines are additional barriers preventing the delivery of mental health services in emergency settings.
Food Security Situation continues worsening due to the escalation of the conflict, high price of food commodities and depreciation of the Yemeni Rial despite the above average rainfall in all governorates, which offers good prospects of agricultural production!
The food insecurity situation has further worsened since the last IPC analysis conducted in June 2016. More than half (51%) of the population (14 million Yemenis) are food insecure either in crisis (Phase 3) or Emergency (Phase 4) according to Yemen June 2016 IPC analysis results.
The ongoing conflict is worsening food security situation by dwindling employment opportunities, deteriorating the economy and exchange rate of Yemeni Rial against the US dollar. In the past 4 months, Yemeni Rial exchange dropped from 250 YR/USD (official exchange rate) up to 300YR/USD in the parallel market.
Despite above average rainfall reported in nearly all governorates since June 2016, prospects of good agricultural production is not as expected due to the escalation of conflicts in August 2016 affecting especially cereal growing areas of Taiz, Sa’ada and Sanaa rural Governorates.
The agriculture production performance in 2016 is expected to be similar to the 2015. Local cereal production estimates of 2015 as compared to the good year of 2012 production season have decreased around by 50%. Similarly, when compared to 2014 production season has decreased by 30 - 35% (MAI Statistics).
Nearly 3 million people (74% children under 5 and 26% pregnant and lactating women) require humanitarian nutrition assistance. Almost 1.3 million children are acutely malnourished.
Prices of imported food commodities - Wheat, Wheat flour, Sugar and Rice have remained stable; however, prices remained very high above pre - crisis levels by 25.7%, 21.6%, 46.2%, and 48.4% respectively. The trend is similar to locally produced foods commodities - Sorghum, Millet, Maize, and Barley with September prices higher than pre-crisis by 58.2%, 51.7%, 63.8%, and 69.2% respectively
Prices of food and fuel commodities generally remained unchanged between August and September 2016, but continued to be significantly higher than the pre-crisis levels.
The cost of the minimum food basket also stabilized at YER 2,380 similar to that recorded in August 2016 but still 20% higher than the pre-crisis estimate.
Low level of imports and poor supply of commodities persistently led to scarcity of food and fuel commodities in most markets of the country.
According to Alert for Price Spikes (ALPS) methodology, in September 2016, normal situation prevailed for wheat flour, vegetable oil and red beans while sugar was on a crisis status. The ALPS indicator for the cost of the minimum food basket stabilized at normal level.
The economic impact of the ongoing conflict-induced crisis has been devastating for Yemen, aggravating an already deteriorating pre-conflict economic performance. Salary payments are now irregular due to funding constraints of the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY). The unprecedented liquidity crisis coupled with the recent relocation of the Central Bank of Yemen from Sana’a to Aden is feared to further worsen humanitarian crisis due to its impacts on imports and further disruption of public sector salary payments. The parallel market exchange rate of the Yemen Riyal (YER) in September 2016 ranged from 270 to 320 per one US Dollar, which is muchhigher than the official rate (YER250/USD), which is also complicating the ongoing humanitarian crisis towards the highest catastrophic level ever.
The market data and information is collected from seven FSIS Programme target Governorates through the Governorate Focal Units (GFU) and FSTS in Sanaa city. The prices are collected from Hodeidah, Hajjah, Dhamar, Hadramout, Lahej, Tazi and Sanaa city markets. The prices collected from at least 3 representative market centers and average is calculated for each location. The Market monitoring bulletin provides tables and charts that show the monthly prices in the targeted Governorate markets. It also provides and allows the users to compare the current prices with the previous month and the pre-crisis average.
The market price data and information is collected from seven FSIS Programme target Governorates through the Governorate Focal Units (GFU) and FSTS in Sanaa city. The prices are collected from Hodeidah, Hajjah, Dhamar, Hadramout, Lahej, Taiz and Sanaa city markets. The prices are collected from at least 3 representative market centers and average is calculated for each location. The Market monitoring bulletin provides tables and charts that show the monthly prices in the targeted Governorate markets. It also provides and allows the users to compare the current prices with the previous month and the pre-crisis average.
Situation Générale en septembre 2016
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-novembre 2016
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée très préoccupante au Yémen en septembre et il y avait des signes de développement d’une résurgence en Mauritanie. Au Yémen, des groupes et des bandes larvaires, ainsi que des groupes d’ailés ont continué à se former. On s’attend à l’apparition de davantage de groupes d’ailés et peut-être de quelques petits essaims, qui déplaceront vers la côte de la mer Rouge, dans les zones adjacentes de l’Arabie saoudite et peut- être la Corne de l’Afrique où une reproduction entraînera une nouvelle augmentation des effectifs acridiens. Des opérations de lutte aérienne et terrestre contre des groupes et bandes larvaires et des groupes d’ailés ont été réalisées dans les zones côtières adjacentes d’Arabie saoudite. En Mauritanie, il y a eu une brusque augmentation des densités acridiennes dans les aires de reproduction estivale, entraînant la formation de groupes d’ailés. Par la suite, des adultes et des groupes en nombre croissant sont apparus dans le nord-ouest et y ont pondu. On s’attend à ce que cela conduise à une résurgence d’ici mi- octobre. Avec le dessèchement de la végétation, quelques groupes se sont également formés dans l’ouest du Mali, le nord-est du Tchad et l’intérieur du Soudan. D’importants effectifs de sauteriaux étaient présents dans plusieurs pays. Ailleurs, la situation est restée calme.
• Since mid-September, Uganda, eastern DRC, and southeastern South Sudan received above normal rainfall amounts, which helped ease prolonged dryness.
• In central and southern Ethiopia, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia, below-average seasonal rains have persisted.
This has resulted in poor cropping conditions in these areas.
• The Intertropical Front (ITF) has shifted southward faster than normal over East Africa. This has led to a slightly early to timely start of the October to December rainy season in DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, and bimodal areas of Uganda
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries, denoted by “RM”. Visit www.fews.net for detailed country reports.
Switzerland - IOM is preparing an urgent appeal to donors in response to a migration/refugee emergency unfolding in Yemen and Djibouti, impacting across the Horn of Africa region, including Ethiopia. The initial amount of the appeal will be in excess of USD 10 million, according to IOM Director for Operations and Emergencies Mohammed Abdiker.
“We are currently getting hundreds of migrants deported to Djibouti. Our Obock (Djibouti) centre cannot cope with the numbers. Nor can our voluntary return programme. We believe that another 3,000 migrants may be deported to Djibouti in the coming days,” said Abdiker.
“Djibouti has become the epicentre of these relatively unknown, but yet complex, bi-directional migratory flows across the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, with around 500 migrants crossing daily,” observed IOM Director for East and Horn of Africa Jeffrey Labovitz, during a visit to Djibouti this week.
According to Labovitz, the migrants include men, women and children, many of whom are vulnerable on a journey that expose them to extreme climate conditions and unsafe land and sea transport. The largest group are from Ethiopia’s Oromia and Tigray regions. They include unaccompanied child migrants, who account for almost 30 percent of the migratory flow into Djibouti.
The Migration Response Center (MRC) in Obock managed by IOM in collaboration with the Ministry of Interior is currently hosting over 600 stranded Ethiopian migrants (among them 86 unaccompanied migrant children and five women). They were deported from Southern Yemen to Geherre and Khor Angar, 30 km from Obock, Djibouti. They suffered badly in Yemen and on the journey to Obock and have asked IOM for voluntary return assistance to Ethiopia.
The MRC is now filled to capacity. Following the arrival of a boat on 5 October, another 314 migrants are now being housed in tents outside the facility. In recent weeks IOM supported the Ministry of Health in containing a severe diarrhoea outbreak among migrant communities in Obock.
“The situation is very worrying for a small country like Djibouti, which has always responded to humanitarian crises in the region. But it could soon be facing a massive surge of migrants, given the current context,” added IOM Djibouti Chief of Mission Lalini Veerassamy.
IOM Yemen Chief of Mission Laurent De Boeck also expects large numbers of migrants to continue to leave Yemen for Djibouti as the conflict between the government and Houthi rebels continues. He said, “We are seeing a massive influx of migrants in Yemen, mostly young Ethiopians, while at the same time constantly receiving requests from other Ethiopians willing to be evacuated and return home.”
IOM also has been monitoring conditions of migrants in detention in Yemen, including a recent outbreak of cholera. It believes that over 4,000 mainly Ethiopian migrants are being held in overcrowded facilities with inadequate care.
Deportations have swelled the number of new arrivals in Djibouti, against a backdrop of an estimated 10,000 migrants, mostly Ethiopians, arriving in Djibouti every month.
IOM Regional Director for the East and Horn of Africa Jeffrey Labovitz will brief media on the emergency at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Salle III, at noon CET today.
For further information please contact Joel Millman at IOM HQ, Tel: + 41 79 103 87 20, Email: email@example.com
Djibouti: Djibouti: Inter-agency update for the response to the Yemeni situation #47 (1 – 30 September 2016)
- 3,732 Refugees currently hosted in Djibouti pending further physical verification exercises
- 1,634 Registered females
- 1,339 Registered children and adolescents
- According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Government of Djibouti, a total of 36,162 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of end of July 2016 (since 26 March 2015). Of those, 19,636 persons (54 per cent) are Yemeni nationals, 14,562 (40 per cent) are transiting migrants and 1,964 persons (6 per cent) are Djiboutian returnees.
- As at 30 September 2016, there are 3,732 refugees currently in Djibouti (pending forthcoming verification exercises in Obock town and Djibouti city). Markazi camp hosts around 1,400 refugees.
- On 26 September, Japanese Ambassador to Djibouti visits Markazi camp to observe the child-friendly activities of ICAN.
- On 26 September, Canadian Ambassador to Djibouti based in Addis Ababa also visits Markazi camp and observes the monthly dry food distribution.
World: Threat of Islamic State Could Increasingly Threaten International Peace, Security, Under-Secretary-General Warns in Briefing to Security Council
7791ST MEETING (PM)
The threat posed by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) might become a growing challenge to international peace and security as the military operations against the group continued to make progress, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs told the Security Council today.
Under-Secretary-General Jeffrey Feltman, presenting the third report of the Secretary-General “the threat posed by ISIL to international peace and security and the range of United Nations efforts in support of Member States in countering the threat” (document S/2016/830), said the group and its affiliates continued to experience significant military setbacks, which had undermined their ability to hold territory, generate assets and maintain “governmental structures”. However, the military pressure had resulted in the return home of greater numbers of foreign terrorist fighters, as well as the emergence of increasingly complex and nearly simultaneous attacks in different countries. The group also continued to assert itself in cyberspace.
He said ISIL’s propaganda had re-energized pre-existing terrorist networks in South-East Asia. And even though it had intensified its attacks in Yemen, ISIL had not yet managed to gain significant local support. Its new cells had emerged in Somalia, but they had faced strong resistance from Al-Shabaab. While several Member States had addressed the potential threat posed by returnees through a broad range of criminal justice, administrative and rehabilitation and reintegration measures, remaining challenges included generating and converting intelligence information into admissible evidence. Progress in developing and implementing rehabilitation and reintegration strategies remained more limited.
The United Nations Counter-Terrorism Task Force had further developed a capacity-building implementation plan for countering the flow of foreign terrorist fighters, he continued, going on to describe the work of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute and the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL).
Despite international efforts, international counter-terrorism measures were still not up to the level of the danger, he noted. Military, security and law enforcement measures must be complemented by preventive actions to address the drivers of violent extremism. Underscoring the importance of political will in that regard, he asked the Council to consider the need to mobilize the necessary financial and technical resources to meet the growing counter-terrorism demands.
Following the briefing, Uruguay’s representative said that, despite encouraging developments, the ability of Da’esh to adapt and spread to new areas was of grave concern. “We must ask ourselves: Why we are failing?”, he said, noting that, among other problems, countries could not always play their part because they lacked resources, technical capacity or political will. It was the duty of all Member States to act in solidarity to fight violent extremism, with the United Nations as the main link between Member States and international, as well as regional, organizations, he stressed.
The meeting began at 3:38 p.m. and was ended at 3:53 p.m.
For information media. Not an official record.