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Somalia: Somalia Factsheet May 2016

22 June 2016 - 10:27pm
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen
HIGHLIGHTS

32,405 Arrivals from Yemen since 27 March 2015

14,069 Refugee returnees from Kenya since 8 December 2014

139,151 Evictions in Mogadishu since January 2015

568,656 New displacements since January 2015

WORKING WITH PARTNERS
  • As part of the UN integrated mission to Somalia (UNSOM), UNHCR maintains close collaboration with UN agencies, local and international NGOs and Somali authorities at country and field levels in a joint effort to provide assistance and durable solutions to the people of Somalia.

  • As a lead agency of the Protection and Shelter/NFI Clusters, and the implementation of the Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN), UNHCR spearheads productive partnerships with over 60 national and international NGOs.

  • Since 2012, UNHCR leads the Somalia Return Consortium, a group of nine UN agencies and NGOs providing coordinated and standardized assistance to IDPs who opt to return and reintegrate in their areas of origin to end displacement.

  • To coordinate effective response to the Yemen crisis, UNHCR and IOM co-lead a country-level inter-agency Task Force on Yemen Situation.

Yemen: Profile Comparison of Migrants, Yemen - IOM, April 2016 [EN/AR]

22 June 2016 - 12:17pm
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: World, Yemen

Yemen: Yemen: Protection Mainstreaming Guidance

22 June 2016 - 7:05am
Source: Protection Cluster Country: Yemen

What is protection mainstreaming?

Protection mainstreaming is the process of incorporating protection principles and promoting meaningful access, safety and dignity in humanitarian action. It is about “how” humanitarian action is performed. The following elements must be taken into account in all humanitarian action:

  1. Prioritize safety & dignity, and avoid causing harm Identify the physical and psychological threats populations can face in accessing your services, and act to prevent, minimize, or mitigate their negative effects.

  2. Meaningful Access Arrange for people’s access to assistance and services - in proportion to need and without any barriers (e.g. discrimination). Pay special attention to individuals and groups who may be particularly vulnerable or have difficulty accessing assistance and services.

  3. Accountability Set-up appropriate mechanisms through which affected populations can measure the quality of interventions, and address concerns and complaints.

  4. Participation and empowerment Support the development of self-protection capacities and assist people to obtain the knowledge, resources, and capacities necessary to claim their rights.

Why is the mainstreaming of protection important?

Humanitarian agencies increasingly recognise that it is not acceptable to focus on material needs without considering protection principles. Protection considerations include: safety and dignity, ensuring meaningful access, being accountable, and ensuring participation of all groups in the disaster-affected population. All humanitarian actors have an ethical responsibility to mainstream protection into humanitarian response programs.

The centrality of protection was affirmed in the IASC Principals Statement on Protection in 17 December 2013, which stated that “Protection of all persons affected and at risk must inform humanitarian decision-making and response… It must be central to our preparedness efforts, as part of immediate and life-saving activities, and throughout the duration of humanitarian response and beyond.”

World: ECHO Factsheet: Forced displacement - refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) - June 2016

21 June 2016 - 11:19pm
Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, World, Yemen
Facts & Figures
  • 65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide:

  • 21.3 million refugees,

  • 40.8 million internally displaced - 1.8 million seeking asylum.

  • Largest sources of refugees: Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan , Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Key messages
  • The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.

  • The EU is a leading international donor for refugees. It gave €1.064 million for humanitarian assistance dedicated to refugees and IDPs financial year 2015, as well as €200 million in ongoing projects from development assistance. The funding covers projects that help in access to shelter, protection, food and other basic services such as health, nutrition, water, sanitation, hygiene and education.

  • Humanitarian aid aims at upholding basic human rights and protecting children and adults against violence, abuse and exploitation through protection and advocacy activities.

  • In April 2016, the European Commission, in association with the European External Action Service (EEAS), adopted a new development-led approach to forced displacement, aimed at harnessing and strengthening the resilience and self-reliance of both the forcibly displaced and their host communities. Political, economic, development and humanitarian actors should be engaged from the outset and throughout displacement crises to work with third partner countries towards gradual socio-economic inclusion of the forcibly displaced. The objective is to end forced displacement and make people's lives better and more dignified during displacement.

Yemen: All Parties Must Show Courage, Make Concessions for Yemen Peace Agreement, Special Envoy Tells Security Council

21 June 2016 - 3:01pm
Source: UN Security Council Country: Yemen

SC/12410

7721st Meeting* (AM)
Security Council
Meetings Coverage

The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen told the Security Council today that he would soon set out a proposal to advance the Yemeni peace talks, now entering their third month in Kuwait, as he called for concessions to be made against the backdrop of a potential humanitarian crisis.

Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, speaking by video teleconference from Kuwait City, said the talks — which began on 21 April — had been moving slowly, yet constructively, and while some difficulties remained to be addressed, he was reassured by the commitment of the two delegations.

“I will provide the Yemeni parties, in the next few days, with a written proposal for the upcoming period before we resume consultations after a short break aimed at allowing parties to consult with their respective leaderships,” he told the Council.

“We are working towards reaching a comprehensive and sustainable peace agreement that will create security and stability for Yemen and its people, and constitute a signal of hope for the Middle East,” he said, calling “on all parties to show political courage” and make the concessions necessary for a pact.

So far, the talks had been characterized by “an extraordinary openness”, Mr. Ould Cheikh Ahmed said, explaining how he listened carefully to both parties’ views and concerns before coming up with a road map leading to implementation of security arrangements specified in Security Council resolution 2216 (2015), the establishment of a Government of National Unity and the setting up of national and international monitoring mechanisms.

“The delegations have responded positively to the proposals, but have not yet reached agreement on the sequencing of the different steps provided for in the road map”, such as when a Government of National Unity would be created, he said.

Despite progress at the negotiating table, living conditions for Yemen’s people had declined severely, he said. The failure to provide basic services had had a devastating impact, while hot weather and a lack of electricity in Aden, Hodayya and elsewhere had exacerbated a health crisis, causing several preventable deaths.

At the same time, Yemen’s economy had deteriorated, with gross domestic product (GDP) shrinking by more than 30 per cent since January, he said. The Central Bank was ensuring the importation of basic commodities, such as rice, wheat and medicines, but such support would become more difficult in the weeks ahead.

“The humanitarian situation in Yemen is alarming and there are credible reports by humanitarian organizations warning of a humanitarian catastrophe should the situation not be addressed rapidly,” he said.

The cessation of hostilities declared on 10 April was providing relief from violence in many parts of Yemen, he said, with the De-escalation and Coordination Committee and local disengagement councils playing a key role. Nevertheless, serious violations had still occurred, including the shelling of a popular market in Taizz on 4 June that had resulted in civilian casualties, and violations in Marib, Al Jawf, Taiz and border areas with Saudi Arabia.

He welcomed the release of prisoners since the beginning of Ramadan, including 54 children returned to their families by the Government and more than 400 detainees, including prisoners of war, released by Ansar Allah. However, the limited release of prisoners had been accompanied by a systematic persecution of civilians, including journalists and civil society activists, he said, calling on all parties to halt such acts and fulfil their obligations under international human rights law.

Khaled Hussein Mohamed Alyemany (Yemen) said that, in spite of the difficult circumstances surrounding the negotiation process in Kuwait, his Government had committed itself to peace. Expressing faith in ability of the process to bring an end to the suffering of the Yemeni people — which was a direct result of the coup d’état by Houthi rebels — he said his Government had examined the ideas put forward by the Special Envoy. Nevertheless, there remained a “lack of seriousness” on the part of those who had carried out the coup, and those parties must renounce all unilateral measures.

The Government had proposed a plan for lasting peace, he said, noting that, among other things, the road map must include the release of heavy weapons and the withdrawal of the Houthi militias. Indeed, the success of the transitional period and the creation of a federal State hinged on those preconditions. From the first moments of the Kuwait negotiations, his Government had called for a full cessation of hostilities, but the other side had continued its acts of war without pause. In particular, the Houthi militias had continued their assaults against Yemen’s southern provinces. Those who committed such acts would be held accountable.

Since capturing Sana'a, he continued, the rebel forces had worked systematically to destroy Yemen’s national economy, including by wasting some $5 billion on their criminal activities and by trading oil on the black market. In addition, they had released some 52 Al-Qaida elements who had been imprisoned in Yemen, demonstrating their close ties to that terrorist group. In contrast, the Yemeni Government had coordinated with coalition forces in the fight against terrorism, conducting strikes against Al-Qaida, and it would continue to pursue both that group and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh).

Drawing attention to the plight of prisoners who had been unjustly detained by rebels in “flagrant violation” of humanitarian and human rights law, he called on the Council to continue to pressure the militias to release prisoners in line with resolution 2216 (2015), and reaffirmed his Government’s commitment to work towards a lasting peace in Yemen.

The meeting began at 11:05 a.m. and ended at 11:32 a.m.

* The 7720th Meeting was closed.

For information media. Not an official record.

Yemen: Despite constructive talks, differences over peace roadmap ‘needlessly extending Yemen’s agony’– UN envoy

21 June 2016 - 3:01pm
Source: UN News Service Country: Yemen

21 June 2016 – The United Nations–supported Yemeni peace talks under way in Kuwait have progressed “slowly, yet constructively,” over the last two months, with agreement still to be reached on the sequencing of the various steps proposed, including the timing of establishing a national unity government, the UN envoy for the country said today.

“In short, the general atmosphere continues to be positive although difficulties remain which need to be addressed,” Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, UN Special Envoy for Yemen, told the Security Council via video link.

Over the previous period of the talks, the parties unanimously agreed on the necessity of reaching a peaceful solution to put an end to the conflict in Yemen, he noted. A number of prisoners and detainees, including children, have been released. The cessation of hostilities has allowed humanitarian aid to reach areas that were previously not accessible.

The participants have discussed the most delicate issues, including military withdrawals, security arrangements and the handover of weapons, sensitive political issues and ways to improve the economic and humanitarian situation, as well as the release of prisoners and detainees, he said.

After intense talks with both parties, the envoy has presented a roadmap outlining a practical plan to end the conflict in Yemen. It provides for implementation of the security arrangements specified in Security Council resolution 2216 (2015) and the establishment of a national unity government that would ensure the delivery of basic services and address the recovery of the Yemeni economy.

According to the proposed roadmap, the national unity government would also be responsible for preparing a political dialogue to define the remaining steps for a comprehensive political solution, including the electoral law, the mandate of the institutions, which would oversee the transition period and the completion of the draft constitution.

The delegations have responded positively to the proposals, but have not yet reached agreement on the sequencing of the different steps provided for in the roadmap. Questions need to be answered as to when the unity government would be created and what to do if particular provisions of the roadmap are implemented and others are not.

The cessation of hostilities declared on 10 April has continued to provide relief from violence in many parts of Yemen, but unfortunately, serious violations have occurred, such as the shelling of a popular market in Taiz on 4 June, which resulted in 18 civilian deaths and tens of injuries, he said. In addition, there were violations of the truce in Marib, al Jawf, Taiz and in the border areas with Saudi Arabia.

The failure to provide basic services over the last year has had a devastating impact, Mr. Ould Cheikh Ahmed noted. High temperatures and the lack of electricity in Aden, Hodayda and elsewhere have exacerbated the health crisis in these areas and caused a number of preventable deaths.

Since the beginning of 2016, Yemen’s gross domestic product (GDP) shrank by more than 30 per cent. To address this alarming situation, the Central Bank has continued to ensure the import of basic commodities such as rice, wheat and medicines.

Mr. Ould Cheikh Ahmed welcomed the release of prisoners that took place since the beginning of Ramadan, but tragically, that positive step had still been accompanied by continued and systematic persecution of civilians, including journalists and civil society activists in Yemen. These acts of intimidation and harassment are a clear violation of the international instruments on Human Rights, he said.

“Yemen is on the path to an agreement and each day of delay needlessly extends the country’s agony,” he said, stressing that the unwavering unity of this Council has been a key factor supporting progress in the talks.

Yemen: Yemen: Emergency Dashboard, May 2016

21 June 2016 - 11:52am
Source: World Food Programme Country: Yemen

World: Con uno de cada 113 seres humanos afectados, el desplazamiento forzoso en 2015 bate su cifra récord

21 June 2016 - 10:21am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Libya, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

GINEBRA, 20 de junio de 2016 (ACNUR) - El conflicto y la persecución provocaron que el desplazamiento forzado aumentase considerablemente en 2015, alcanzando el mayor nivel jamás registrado y provocando un sufrimiento humano tremendo, de acuerdo con el informe presentado hoy por ACNUR, la Agencia de la ONU para los Refugiados.

El informe anual de ACNUR Tendencias Globales original en inglés, que analiza el desplazamiento forzado en todo el mundo basándose en datos de gobiernos, agencias socias, incluyendo el Observatorio sobre Desplazamiento Interno y en los datos de la propia organización, arrojaba que 65,3 millones de personas se encontraban desplazadas a finales de 2015, en comparación con los 59,5 millones sólo 12 meses antes. Esta es la primera vez que se supera el umbral de los 60 millones.

El total de 65,3 millones comprende los 3,2 millones de personas en países industrializados que a finales de 2015 esperaban una resolución sobre sus solicitudes de asilo (el mayor número global registrado por ACNUR), los 21,3 millones de refugiados en todo el mundo (1,8 millones más que en 2014, y la cifra de refugiados más alta desde principios de los 90), y los 40,8 millones de personas que se habían visto forzadas a huir de sus hogares, pero que permanecían dentro de las fronteras de sus propios países (un incremento de 2,6 millones respecto a 2014, y el mayor número registrado).

Comparadas con los 7.349 millones de habitantes de la Tierra, estas cifras muestran que 1 de cada 113 personas en el mundo es actualmente solicitante de asilo, desplazada interna o refugiada –un nivel de riesgo del que ACNUR no tiene precedentes. En total, el número de desplazados forzosos hoy es mayor que la población de países como Reino Unido, Francia o Italia. [1]

El desplazamiento forzado ha ido en aumento en la mayoría de las regiones, por lo menos, desde la mitad de la década de los 90, pero en los últimos cinco años el ritmo de ascenso ha incrementado. Esto es debido principalmente a tres motivos: las situaciones que provocan los grandes flujos de refugiados están durando más (por ejemplo, los conflictos en Somalia o Afganistán están ahora en su tercera y cuarta década, respectivamente); con frecuencia surgen nuevos conflictos o se reactivan otros ya existentes (hoy el mayor es Siria, pero también en los últimos cinco años Sudán del Sur, Yemen, Burundi, Ucrania, República Centroafricana, etc.), y el ritmo al que se han encontrado soluciones para refugiados y desplazados internos ha mostrado una tendencia a la baja desde el final de la Guerra Fría. Tan solo hace 10 años, a finales de 2005, ACNUR registraba una media de 6 personas desplazadas cada minuto. Hoy el número es de 24 por minuto – casi el doble de la frecuencia habitual con la que un adulto respira.

“Cada vez hay más gente desplazada por la guerra y la persecución, y esto ya es preocupante, pero los factores que ponen en peligro a los refugiados también se están multiplicando”, dijo el Alto Comisionado de la ONU para los Refugiados, Filippo Grandi. “En el mar, un número escalofriante de refugiados e inmigrantes están muriendo cada año; en tierra, las personas que huyen de la guerra están encontrando su camino bloqueado por fronteras cerradas. Las políticas están gravitando hacia posturas contrarias al asilo en algunos países. La voluntad de las naciones para trabajar unidas, no sólo por los refugiados sino en pos del interés colectivo de la humanidad, se está poniendo a prueba hoy, y es precisamente este espíritu de unidad lo que se necesita con urgencia que prevalezca”, añadió Grandi.

3 países generan la mitad de los refugiados del mundo…

Entre los países analizados por el informe Tendencias Globales, algunos destacan: Siria con 4,9 millones, Afganistán con 2,7 millones y Somalia con 1,1 millones, en total sumaron más de la mitad de los refugiados bajo el mandato de ACNUR en todo el mundo. Por otro lado, Colombia con 6,9 millones, Siria con 6,6 millones e Irak con 4,4 millones, registraron las mayores cifras de desplazados internos. Yemen fue el mayor generador de nuevos desplazados internos en 2015, con 2,5 millones de personas, lo que equivaldría a un 9 por ciento de su población.

… Y la mayoría están en el Sur

La lucha de Europa por gestionar más de un millón de refugiados e inmigrantes que llegaron por Mediterráneo acaparó la atención de muchos en 2015, sin embargo, el informe muestra que la inmensa mayoría de los refugiados en el mundo estaban en otras zonas. En total, el 86 por ciento de los refugiados bajo el amparo de ACNUR en 2015 estaban en países de rentas bajas y medias, próximos a zonas de conflicto. Esta cifra sube a más del 90 por ciento del número total de refugiados en el mundo si se incluye a los refugiados palestinos bajo la responsabilidad de la organización hermana de ACNUR, la UNRWA. A nivel mundial, Turquía fue el mayor país de acogida con 2,5 millones de refugiados mientras que El Líbano acogió a más refugiados en comparación con su población que ningún otro país (183 refugiados por cada 1.000 habitantes). En relación al tamaño de su economía, la República Democrática del Congo fue el país que más acogió (471 refugiados por cada dólar de PIB per cápita, medidos en términos de paridad del poder adquisitivo).

Las solicitudes de asilo aumentan

Entre los países industrializados, 2015 fue también un año récord en nuevas solicitudes de asilo, con dos millones de peticiones (que hacen que el número de casos pendientes de resolución a finales de año lleguen a 3,2 millones). Alemania recibió más solicitudes de asilo que ningún otro país (441.900), reflejando ampliamente su disposición para recibir a las personas que huían a Europa a través del Mediterráneo. Estados Unidos tuvo el segundo mayor número de peticiones de asilo (172.700), muchas de ellas de personas que huían de la violencia de las pandillas en Centroamérica. Asimismo, se observaron cifras importantes de solicitudes en Suecia (156.000) y Rusia (152.500).

Alrededor de la mitad de los refugiados en todo el mundo son niños

Los niños y niñas constituyeron el 51 % de los refugiados en todo el mundo en 2015, de acuerdo con los datos que ACNUR ha podido recabar (los autores del informe no han podido acceder a la totalidad de los datos demográficos). Es alarmante ver que muchos eran menores separados de sus padres o que viajaban solos. En total, se presentaron 98.400 solicitudes de asilo por parte de menores no acompañados o separados de sus familias. Es la cantidad total más alta registrada por ACNUR y un trágico reflejo de cómo el desplazamiento forzado global está afectando de manera desproporcionada las vidas de los jóvenes.

No pueden volver a casa

Mientras las cifras de desplazamiento global han sido más altas que nunca, el número de personas que pudieron retornar a sus hogares o encontrar otra solución (integración local en un país de primera acogida, o reasentamiento en otro) fue bajo. 201.400 refugiados pudieron regresar a sus países de origen en 2015 (la mayoría a Afganistán, Sudán y Somalia). Esta cifra fue superior a la de 2014 (126.800), pero es todavía sustancialmente baja comparada con los picos registrados a principios de los 90. Alrededor de 107.100 refugiados fueron admitidos para su reasentamiento en 30 países en 2015, representando tan sólo el 0,66 % de los refugiados bajo el mandato de ACNUR (en comparación, 26 países admitieron 105.200 refugiados para su reasentamiento en 2014, representando un 0,73% de la población refugiada bajo el amparo de ACNUR). Al menos 32.000 refugiados obtuvieron la nacionalidad a lo largo del año, la mayoría en Canadá, y en menor número en Francia, Bélgica, Austria y otros países.

La situación del desplazamiento en 2016 por regiones (de mayor a menor)[2]:

1.- Oriente Medio y Norte de África

La guerra de Siria continuó siendo a nivel mundial la principal causa de desplazamiento y del sufrimiento que conlleva, que a finales de 2015 había conducido al menos a 4,9 millones de personas al exilio como refugiados, y había desplazado a 6,6 millones internamente, afectando casi a la mitad de la población de Siria antes de la guerra. El conflicto en Irak había desplazado a finales de año a 4,4 millones de personas internamente y generado casi un cuarto de millón de refugiados. La guerra civil en Yemen, que comenzó en 2015, contabilizaba a finales de diciembre 2,5 millones de desplazados; más nuevos desplazados que cualquier otro conflicto en el mundo. Incluyendo los 5,2 millones de palestinos refugiados bajo el mandato de la UNRWA, entorno a medio millón de libios forzados a huir de sus hogares y que permanecen en el país, más otros afectados por situaciones de menor envergadura, la región de Oriente Medio y Norte de África sumó más desplazamiento que ninguna otra.

2.- África Subsahariana

La región del África Subsahariana tuvo las mayores cifras de desplazamiento en 2015 tras Oriente Medio y Norte de África. El recrudecimiento del conflicto en Sudán del Sur en 2015, así como en la República Centroafricana y Somalia, sumados a nuevos o continuados desplazamientos masivos dentro o desde países como Nigeria, Burundi, Sudán, República Democrática del Congo, Mozambique y otros, generaron en total 18,4 millones de refugiados y desplazados internos, según datos de finales de año. Mientras tanto, África Subsahariana acogió a unos 4,4 millones de refugiados en total, más que ninguna otra región. Cinco de los 10 principales países de acogida de refugiados eran africanos, encabezados por Etiopía, seguida de Kenia, Uganda, República Democrática del Congo y Chad.

3.- Asia y Pacífico

La región de Asia y Pacífico tenía al menos uno de cada seis refugiados y desplazados internos en todo el mundo en 2015, convirtiéndose en la tercera región del mundo con mayor desplazamiento. Uno de cada seis refugiados bajo el mandato de ACNUR procedían de Afganistán (2,7 millones de personas), donde casi 1,2 millones de personas eran desplazadas internas. Myanmar fue el segundo país de origen de refugiados y desplazados internos de la región (451.800 y 451.000 respectivamente). Pakistán (1,5 millones) y la República Islámica de Irán (979.000) permanecen entre los principales países de acogida de refugiados en el mundo.

4.- América

Un número creciente de personas que huyen de las maras y pandillas así como otro tipo de violencia en Centroamérica, contribuyeron a elevar hasta un 17% el desplazamiento en la región. Los refugiados y solicitantes de asilo procedentes de El Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras sumaron un total de 109.800 personas, la mayoría alcanzando México y Estados Unidos, quintuplicando las cifras en los últimos tres años. Colombia, con una crisis prolongada, continuó siendo el mayor país en desplazamiento interno (6,9 millones).

5.- Europa

La situación en Ucrania, la proximidad de Europa a Siria e Irak, sumada a la llegada de más de un millón de refugiados e inmigrantes por el Mediterráneo, la mayoría procedentes de los 10 principales países de origen de refugiados, dominaron el escenario del desplazamiento en la región en 2015. En total, los países europeos generaron alrededor de 593.000 refugiados –en su mayoría desde Ucrania, y acogieron 4,4 millones, 2,5 millones de ellos en Turquía. Las cifras proporcionadas por el gobierno de Ucrania contabilizaron 1,6 millones de desplazados ucranianos dentro del país. El informe Tendencias Globales refleja que hubo 441.900 solicitudes de asilo en Alemania, donde la población refugiada aumentó en un 46% comparada con las cifras de l en 2014, con 316.000 personas.

Información Adicional

El informe de ACNUR Tendencias Globales se lanza por el Día Mundial del Refugiado, 20 de junio. Está a disposición un paquete completo multimedia vinculado al Informe, incluyendo infografías, fotos, material audiovisual y otros productos. Todo disponible en: www.unhcr.org/media-global-trends-2015

[1] 2015: población de Reino Unido: 64,7 millones; población de Francia: 64,4 millones; población de Italia 59,8 millones. Fuente: División de Población de la ONU, Perspectivas de Población Mundial, Revisión 2015 https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

[2] Las cifras aquí principalmente derivan de las tablas en el informe Tendencias Globales, enumerando refugiados, solicitantes de asilo, desplazados internos y otras personas de interés de ACNUR por origen.

ACNUR

World: Global Emergency Overview Weekly Picks, 21 June 2016

21 June 2016 - 8:44am
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

Weekly picks

IRAQ 30,000 people fled Falluja in the three days up to 19 June: 85,000 people have left the area since 22 May. Six displacement camps are receiving the displaced, but all are overwhelmed: shelter, food, WASH and health concerns are paramount. Protection concerns are extremely high for those remaining in the city, and those who continue to flee along dangerous escape routes.

SYRIA Nearly 47,000 people have been displaced in Manbij, Aleppo governorate, since SDF launched an offensive in early June. Most are still in the district. Humanitarian organisations cannot access the area.

YEMEN

The number of severely insecure in Yemen has grown by more than 9%, to reach 14.1 million: seven million people are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 7.1 million are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), as fighting continues in spite of the ceasefire.

Updated: 21/06/2016. Next update: 28/06/2016.

Yemen: KSRELIEF distributes meals Taiz

21 June 2016 - 8:36am
Source: Government of Saudi Arabia Country: Saudi Arabia, Yemen

The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid (KSRELIEF) distributed today 1,249 food baskets in the Salah Directorate of Yemen's Taiz Governorate. The food baskets are part of the 100,000 baskets scheduled for distribution six directorates under Houth siege in Taiz Governorate.

Yemen: KSRELIEF continues distributing food baskets in Yemen

21 June 2016 - 8:32am
Source: Government of Saudi Arabia Country: Saudi Arabia, Yemen

The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid (RELIEF) has been distributing 11,950 food baskets in the directorate of Muzaffar of Yemen's Taiz Governorate. The food baskets are part of the 100,000 baskets scheduled for distribution six directorates under Houth siege in Taiz Governorate.

South Sudan: East Africa: Key Message Update - June 2016

21 June 2016 - 5:20am
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen

La Niña in 2016 could suppress rainfall over the Horn of Africa in the latter half of the year

Key Messages

  • Below-average rainfall between March and May is leading to the expectation for below normal agricultural production in some areas of southern Ethiopia, southern and central Somalia, northwestern and eastern Kenya, and northeastern Tanzania. Furthermore, reduced livestock production and early migration are expected. Additionally, the high likelihood of a La Niña in 2016 could contribute to well below-average rainfall in the latter half of the year in many of these same areas of the Horn of Africa.
  • Although the June to September Kiremt rains have started, after mixed February to May Belg performance, large populations in central and eastern Ethiopia continue to require emergency food assistance. Worst-affected pastoral and agricultural households are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity as they face larger gaps in their basic food needs.
  • Households in Greater Upper Nile, whose lives and livelihoods were significantly impacted by the protracted conflict, continue to face significant difficulty meeting their basic food needs. Market access also continues to remain severely restricted for many across the country due to persistently high staple food prices. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity is present in worst-affected areas of Greater Upper Nile and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
  • Conflict in both Sudan and Yemen continues to severely restrict household food access. In addition to leading to the loss of lives and creating high levels of displacement, conflict in both countries is contributing to Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity for the many who face great difficulty meeting their basic food needs.

Yemen: Severe food insecurity widespread in Yemen

21 June 2016 - 5:18am
Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Yemen

Situation expected to deteriorate if fighting continues – over half of the population living in crisis

Joint FAO-WFP news release

21 June 2016, Rome/Sana'a - Vast swathes of Yemen - 19 out of 22 governorates - are facing severe food insecurity according to a new joint assessment by the UN and partners, which warns that the situation within affected areas is likely to deteriorate if conflict persists.

The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis confirms that over half the country's population is living in "crisis" or "emergency" levels of food insecurity, with some governorates seeing as much as 70 percent of their population struggling to feed themselves.

At least 7 million people - a quarter of the population - are living under _Emergency_ levels of food insecurity (Phase 4 on the five-tiered IPC scale). This reflects a 15-percent increase since June 2015. A further 7.1 million people are in a state of _Crisis_ (Phase 3).

"The IPC results clearly show the huge magnitude of the humanitarian crisis in Yemen," said Jamie McGoldrick, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen. "This is one of the worst crises in the world and is continuing to get worse. Conflict has taken a very heavy toll on the country and its people, exacerbated widespread vulnerability and virtually destroyed household coping mechanisms. As a result, food insecurity, remains unacceptably high._"_

Drivers of food insecurity 

Major drivers of food insecurity include fuel shortages and import restrictions that have reduced availability of essential food commodities in the country, which imports some 90 percent of its staple foods. Food and fuel imports in March 2016 were the lowest since October 2015 and satisfied only 12 percent of the country's fuel needs.

Domestic prices of wheat, meanwhile, were 12-15 percent higher in May 2016 compared with pre-crisis levels, even though global wheat prices have decreased in recent months.

Shortages of seeds and fertilizers have crippled crop production across Yemen, where around 50 percent of the labour force earns their living from the agriculture sector and related activities.

Two cyclones in November 2015, plus flash floods and locust swarms in April 2016 further plagued already struggling communities, limiting their ability to produce and access food.

"We managed to provide support across the most affected governorates under these challenging conditions, but ongoing conflict, displacement and limited access to farmland and fishing sites continue to cause significant losses to agriculture and threaten farmers' livelihoods," stressed FAO's Yemen Representative Salah El Hajj Hassan. "With access to many staple foods limited through import and transport restrictions, helping communities feed themselves through back-yard farming and small poultry production, among other interventions, is essential now."

"With the fluidity of the situation and until a political solution is in place, we will continue to see an increase in the number of people struggling to feed themselves and their families and further deterioration in food security across Yemen," said Purnima Kashyap, WFP Representative and Country Director. "We appeal to all parties to ensure unrestricted access for the delivery of humanitarian assistance to affected people."

Malnutrition 

Some 3 million children under the age of 5 and pregnant or nursing women require services to treat or prevent acute malnutrition, the report said citing UNICEF data.

Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) is at an alarming stage in most of the country's governorates, reaching levels of 25.1 percent in Taiz Lowland and 21.7 in Al Hodeidah.

The same areas have seen a significant decrease in traditional fishing -- by about 75 percent in Taiz and Al Hodeidah. In other governorates fishing operations have halved compared with 2014.

Under these circumstances, both food and agricultural assistance are critical to saving lives and livelihoods across Yemen.

"From January to 30 April 2016, about 3.6 million people received emergency food assistance, but the overall response is significantly underfunded," said McGoldrick. "I urgently appeal to donors to increase humanitarian funding so that more food assistance can be delivered to millions of other people in urgent need."

The joint IPC analysis is the result of weeks of information gathering by a partnership of UN agencies, including UNICEF and WFP, and NGOs under the leadership of the European Union-funded Food Security Information Systems (FSIS) programme and the Food Security Technical Secretariat of the Yemeni government's Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation.

About FAO

FAO leads international efforts to defeat hunger. It helps countries to modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices and ensure good nutrition for all. FAO focuses special attention on developing rural areas, home to 70 percent of the world's poor and hungry people. For more information visit: www.fao.org or follow FAO on Twitter @FAOnews.

 **About WFP**

WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists 80 million people in around 80 countries. For more information visit: www.wfp.org or follow WFP on Twitter @WFP_Media.    

read this story online |[2016/21en]

Contact
Kim-Jenna Jurriaans
FAO Media Relations (Rome)
(+39) 06 570 54277
KimJenna.Jurriaans@fao.org

Abeer Etefa
WFP/Cairo
(+202) 2528 1730 ext. 2600
Mob. +201066634352
Abeer.Etefa@wfp.org

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World: Global Displacement Snapshot 2015

20 June 2016 - 12:54pm
Source: US Department of State - Humanitarian Information Unit Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

By the end of 2015, more than 65 million people were forcibly displaced due to conflict: the highest number ever reported. Conflict had internally displaced 40.8 million persons and 21.3 million refugees had fled across borders because of war and persecution. An additional 3.2 million people in industrialized countries were awaiting decisions on asylum. In recent months, violence has sparked mass displacements both across and within borders in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Burundi, Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In addition, 19.2 million were internally displaced as a result of natural disasters in 2015.

South Sudan: Kenya: Kakuma Camp Population Statistics (as of 20 June 2016)

20 June 2016 - 4:35am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma New Arrival Registration Trends 2016 (as of 20 June 2016)

20 June 2016 - 4:20am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe

World: Un être humain sur 113 est déraciné ; le déplacement forcé atteint un niveau sans précédent

20 June 2016 - 3:30am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Libya, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Les conflits et la persécution ont causé des déplacements forcés à travers le monde ayant fortement augmenté en 2015 pour atteindre le plus haut niveau jamais enregistré, ce qui représente d’immenses souffrances, selon un rapport publié aujourd’hui par le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés.

Selon le rapport statistique annuel du HCR sur les Tendances mondiales (en anglais), analysant les déplacements forcés dans le monde entier sur la base des statistiques communiquées par les gouvernements, les organisations partenaires - y compris l'Observatoire des situations de déplacement interne (IDMC) - et les informations internes au HCR, quelque 65,3 millions de personnes étaient déracinées à la fin 2015, en comparaison de 59,5 millions seulement douze mois plus tôt. C’est la première fois que le seuil des 60 millions est franchi.

Le total de 65,3 millions comprend 3,2 millions de personnes dans les pays industrialisés qui, à la fin 2015, étaient en attente d’une décision en matière d’asile (c’est le plus grand nombre jamais enregistré par le HCR), 21,3 millions de réfugiés à travers le monde (soit 1,8 million de plus qu’en 2014 ; c’est par ailleurs le nombre total de réfugiés le plus important depuis le début des années 1990), et 40,8 millions de personnes contraintes de fuir leurs foyers, tout en restant au sein des frontières de leur propre pays (soit une augmentation de 2,6 millions par rapport à 2014 et le plus grand nombre jamais enregistré).

Par rapport à la population totale de la planète Terre comptant 7,349 milliards d’habitants, un être humain sur 113 est aujourd’hui déraciné ; il est demandeur d'asile, déplacé interne ou réfugié. Ce niveau de risque n’avait jamais été observé auparavant par le HCR. En tout, il y a davantage de personnes déracinées aujourd'hui que la population du Royaume-Uni, de la France ou de l’Italie. 

[1]

Le déplacement forcé est en hausse depuis au moins le milieu des années 1990 dans la plupart des régions mais, ces cinq dernières années, le rythme s’est accru. Il y a trois raisons : les situations provoquant d’importants flux de réfugiés durent plus longtemps (par exemple, les conflits en Somalie ou en Afghanistan durent désormais respectivement depuis trois et quatre décennies), de nouvelles situations dramatiques ou des reprises de conflits se produisent fréquemment (le plus important étant aujourd’hui en Syrie, mais aussi ces cinq dernières années au Soudan du Sud, au Yémen, au Burundi, en Ukraine, en République centrafricaine, etc.) et, enfin, le rythme auquel des solutions sont trouvées pour les réfugiés et les personnes déplacées internes est en baisse depuis la fin de la guerre froide. A la fin 2005, le HCR enregistrait en moyenne six personnes déracinées chaque minute. Aujourd’hui, ce nombre est de 24 par minute – soit presque le double de la fréquence habituelle de la respiration d’un adulte.

« Davantage de personnes sont déracinées par la guerre et la persécution, c’est déjà inquiétant en soi mais surtout les facteurs menaçant les réfugiés se multiplient également », a déclaré le Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés Filippo Grandi. « Un nombre terrifiant de réfugiés et de migrants décèdent en mer chaque année ; à terre, les personnes fuyant la guerre ne peuvent poursuivre leur voyage car les frontières sont fermées. Des politiques se dressent contre l’asile dans certains pays. La volonté des nations de travailler ensemble – non seulement au bénéfice des réfugiés mais aussi dans l’intérêt collectif de tous les êtres humains – est testée aujourd’hui et c’est ce type d’unité qui doit prévaloir à tout prix. »

3 pays génèrent la moitié des réfugiés dans le monde ...

Parmi les pays couverts par le Rapport statistique du HCR sur les Tendances mondiales, plusieurs se distinguent : la Syrie avec 4,9 millions, l’Afghanistan avec 2,7 millions et la Somalie avec 1,1 million représentaient à eux trois plus de la moitié des réfugiés relevant de la compétence du HCR à travers le monde. La Colombie avec 6,9 millions, la Syrie avec 6,6 millions et l’Iraq avec 4,4 millions comptaient quant à eux le plus grand nombre de personnes déplacées internes. Le Yémen génère le plus grand nombre de nouveaux déplacés internes en 2015 - 2,5 millions de personnes, soit neuf pour cent de sa population.

 ... Et ils sont pour la plupart dans le sud

La lutte de l’Europe pour gérer plus d’un million de réfugiés et de migrants arrivés via la Méditerranée a souvent fait la une en 2015. Néanmoins, le rapport montre que la grande majorité des réfugiés à travers le monde se trouvait ailleurs. Au total, 86 pour cent des réfugiés relevant de la compétence du HCR en 2015 se trouvaient dans des pays à faible et moyen revenu à proximité des situations de conflit. Ce chiffre augmente à plus de 90 pour cent du total des réfugiés dans le monde, si on inclut les réfugiés palestiniens sous la responsabilité de l’UNRWA (l’Office de secours et de travaux des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient), l’agence-sœur du HCR. A travers le monde, la Turquie est le plus important pays hôte avec 2,5 millions de réfugiés. Par ailleurs, le Liban a accueilli davantage de réfugiés - en comparaison de sa population - que tout autre pays (183 réfugiés pour 1000 habitants). Par rapport à sa capacité économique, la République démocratique du Congo accueillait le plus grand nombre de réfugiés (471 réfugiés pour un dollar de PIB/habitant, en parité de pouvoir d’achat).

Le plus grand nombre de demandes d’asile jamais observé

Parmi les pays industrialisés, l’année 2015 a également été une année record en termes de nouvelles demandes d’asile, avec deux millions de demandes d’asile déposées (contribuant aux 3,2 millions de cas encore en suspens à la fin de l’année). L’Allemagne a reçu davantage de demandes d’asile que tout autre pays (441 900), ce qui reflète en grande partie sa volonté de recevoir des personnes qui fuyaient vers l’Europe via la Méditerranée. Les États-Unis comptaient le deuxième plus grand nombre de demandes d’asile (172 700). Beaucoup des requérants avaient fui la violence liée aux gangs en Amérique centrale. Des nombres importants de demandes d’asile ont également été observés en Suède (156 000) et en Russie (152 500). 

Environ la moitié des réfugiés du monde sont des enfants

Les enfants constituaient 51 pour cent de la population des réfugiés dans le monde en 2015 selon les statistiques que le HCR a pu recueillir (les données démographiques n’ont pas toutes été mises à disposition des auteurs du rapport). De manière inquiétante, beaucoup ont été séparés de leurs parents ou voyagent seuls. En tout, on a compté 98 400 demandes d’asile émanant d’enfants qui étaient non accompagnés ou séparés de leur famille. C’est le total le plus élevé jamais observé par le HCR - et il pose une réflexion tragique sur la façon dont le déplacement forcé dans le monde affecte de façon disproportionnée la vie des jeunes.

Impossible de rentrer dans son pays d’origine

Alors que les totaux mondiaux de déplacements de populations étaient plus élevés que jamais, le nombre de personnes pouvant retourner dans leur pays ou trouver une autre solution (intégration locale dans le pays de premier refuge ou réinstallation dans un pays tiers) était faible. Quelque 201 400 réfugiés ont pu retourner dans leur pays d’origine en 2015 (principalement l’Afghanistan, le Soudan et la Somalie). Ce nombre est supérieur au total enregistré en 2014 (126 800), mais encore nettement en baisse par rapport au pic du début des années 1990. Quelque  107 100 réfugiés ont été admis à la réinstallation dans 30 pays en 2015 - soit seulement 0,66 pour cent des réfugiés pris en charge par le HCR (en comparaison, 26 pays avaient admis 105 200 réfugiés pour la réinstallation en 2014, ce qui représente 0,73 pour cent de la population réfugiée prise en charge par le HCR). Au moins 32 000 réfugiés ont été naturalisés au cours de l’année, la majorité au Canada et un plus petit nombre en France, en Belgique, en Autriche et ailleurs.

Les déplacements de populations en 2015, par région (par ordre décroissant) :

1. Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord

La guerre en Syrie demeure la principale cause à travers le monde des déplacements de populations et de la souffrance associée. A la fin 2015, le conflit avait généré au moins 4,9 millions de personnes qui ont fui en tant que réfugiés et 6,6 millions de personnes déplacées internes – soit environ la moitié de la population d’avant-guerre en Syrie. Le conflit en Iraq avait déraciné, à la fin de l’année, 4,4 millions de personnes déplacées internes et près de 250 000 réfugiés. La guerre civile au Yémen, qui a commencé en 2015, avait, à la fin décembre, déraciné 2,5 millions de personnes – soit davantage de nouveaux déplacements que tout autre conflit à travers le monde. Avec 5,2 millions de réfugiés palestiniens relevant de la compétence de l’UNRWA, près d’un demi-million de Libyens contraints de fuir ailleurs dans leur pays et un certain nombre d’autres situations plus limitées, la région du Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord a compté davantage de déplacements de populations que toute autre (19,9 millions).

2. Afrique subsaharienne

L’Afrique subsaharienne est le théâtre du plus grand nombre total de déplacements en 2015 après le Moyen-Orient et l’Afrique du Nord. La poursuite de violents conflits au Soudan du Sud en 2015 ainsi qu’en République centrafricaine et en Somalie, ainsi que des déplacements massifs nouveaux ou prolongés dans ou hors de pays comme le Nigéria, le Burundi, le Soudan, la République démocratique du Congo, le Mozambique et ailleurs ont généré ensemble 18,4 millions de réfugiés et de déplacés internes à la fin de l’année 2015. Parallèlement, l’Afrique sub-saharienne a accueilli quelque 4,4 millions de réfugiés au total – soit davantage que toute autre région. Cinq des 10 principaux pays hôtes au monde étaient des pays africains, avec l’Ethiopie en tête, suivie par le Kenya, l’Ouganda, la République démocratique du Congo et le Tchad.

3. Asie et Pacifique

La région Asie et Pacifique comptait près d’un réfugié et personnes déplacées sur six à travers le monde en 2015, ce qui en fait la troisième plus grande région pour les déplacements de populations. Un réfugié relevant de la compétence du HCR sur six était originaire de l’Afghanistan (2,7 millions de personnes) où près de 1,2 million de personnes sont des déplacés internes. Le Myanmar est le deuxième pays générateur de réfugiés et de personnes déplacées internes dans cette région (451 800 et 451 000 respectivement). Le Pakistan (1,5 million) et la République islamique d’Iran (979 000) demeurent parmi les principaux pays d’accueil de réfugiés au monde.

4. Amériques

Le nombre croissant de personnes fuyant les gangs et autres actes de violence en Amérique centrale a contribué à une hausse de 17 cent des déplacements de populations à travers la région. Le nombre de réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile originaires du Salvador, du Guatemala et du Honduras atteint 109 800. La plupart rejoignent le Mexique et les États-Unis et le nombre a été multiplié par cinq en trois ans. En proie à une situation prolongée, la Colombie demeurait le plus important pays au monde pour les déplacements internes (6,9 millions).

5. Europe

La situation en Ukraine, la proximité de l’Europe avec la Syrie et l’Iraq, ainsi que l’arrivée de plus d’un million de réfugiés et de migrants via la Méditerranée en provenance, pour la plupart, des dix principaux pays générateurs de réfugiés à travers le monde, ont dominé l’actualité des déplacements de populations pour la région en 2015. Les pays européens ont généré quelque 593 000 réfugiés – originaires de l’Ukraine pour la plupart ; et en ont accueilli 4,4 millions - dont 2,5 millions en Turquie. Les chiffres fournis par le gouvernement ukrainien font état de 1,6 million d’Ukrainiens déplacés internes. Le rapport du HCR sur les Tendances mondiales recense 441 900 demandes d’asile en Allemagne, où la population réfugiée a augmenté de 46 pour cent par rapport à son niveau de 2014 qui était de 316 000.

Information complémentaire :

Le Rapport statistique du HCR sur les Tendances mondiales est publié lors de la Journée mondiale du réfugié, le 20 juin parallèlement à notre campagne appelant à signer notre pétition #Aveclesréfugiés. Un dossier multimédia est également mis à disposition en même temps que ce rapport, y compris des infographies, des photos, des vidéos et autres contenus. Ce dossier multimédia ainsi que les contacts média du HCR à travers le monde sont disponiblesici.  

* La population du Royaume-Uni en 2015 : 64,7 millions ; France : 64.4 millions ; Italie : 59.8 millions. Source: UN Population Division, World Population Prospects, the 2015 Revisionhttps://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

World: UNHCR Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2015

20 June 2016 - 2:28am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Libya, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen
With 1 human in every 113 affected, forced displacement hits record high

Conflict and persecution caused global forced displacement to escalate sharply in 2015, reaching the highest level ever recorded and representing immense human suffering, according to a report released today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

UNHCR’s annual Global Trends report, which tracks forced displacement worldwide based on data from governments, partners including the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, and the organization’s own reporting, said 65.3 million people were displaced as of the end of 2015, compared to 59.5 million just 12 months earlier. This is the first time that the threshold of 60 million has been crossed.

The total of 65.3 million comprises 3.2 million people in industrialized countries who as of end 2015 were awaiting decisions on asylum (the largest total UNHCR has recorded), 21.3 million refugees worldwide (1.8 million more than in 2014 and the highest refugee total since the early 1990s), and 40.8 million people who had been forced to flee their homes but were within the confines of their own countries (an increase of 2.6 million from 2014 and the highest number on record).

Measured against Earth’s 7.349 billion population, these numbers mean that 1 in every 113 people globally is now either an asylum-seeker, internally displaced or a refugee – a level of risk for which UNHCR knows no precedent. In all, there are more forcibly displaced people today than the populations of the United Kingdom, France or Italy.*

Forced displacement has been on the rise since at least the mid-1990s in most regions, but over the past five years the rate of climb has increased. The reasons are threefold: Situations that cause large refugee outflows are lasting longer (for example, conflicts in Somalia or Afghanistan are now into their third and fourth decades, respectively), dramatic new or reignited situations are occurring frequently (today’s largest being Syria, but also in the space of the past five years South Sudan, Yemen, Burundi, Ukraine, Central African Republic, etc.), and the rate at which solutions are being found for refugees and internally displaced people has been on a falling trend since the end of the Cold War. As recently as 10 years ago, at the end of 2005, UNHCR recorded an average of six people displaced every minute. Today that number is 24 per minute – almost double the typical frequency at which adults breathe.

“More people are being displaced by war and persecution and that’s worrying in itself, but the factors that endanger refugees are multiplying too,” said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi. “At sea, a frightening number of refugees and migrants are dying each year; on land, people fleeing war are finding their way blocked by closed borders. Politics is gravitating against asylum in some countries. The willingness of nations to work together not just for refugees but for the collective human interest is what’s being tested today, and it’s this spirit of unity that badly needs to prevail.”

3 countries produce half the world’s refugees…

Among countries covered by the Global Trends report several stand out: Syria at 4.9 million, Afghanistan at 2.7 million and Somalia at 1.1 million together accounted for more than half the refugees under UNHCR’s mandate worldwide. Colombia at 6.9 million, Syria at 6.6 million, and Iraq at 4.4 million meanwhile had the largest numbers of internally displaced people. Yemen was the biggest producer of new internal displacement in 2015 – 2.5 million people, or 9 per cent of its population.

… And they’re mostly in the Global South

Europe’s struggles to manage the more than one million refugees and migrants who arrived via the Mediterranean dominated the attentions of many in 2015, nonetheless the report shows that the vast majority of the world’s refugees were elsewhere. In all, 86 per cent of refugees under UNHCR’s mandate in 2015 were in low and middle income countries close to situations of conflict. This figure rises to over 90 per cent of the world’s refugee total if the Palestinian refugees under the responsibility of UNHCR’s sister-organization UNRWA are included. Worldwide, Turkey was the biggest host country with 2.5 million refugees. Lebanon, meanwhile hosted more refugees compared to its population than any other country (183 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants). Relative to the size of its economy the Democratic Republic of the Congo hosted most (471 refugees for every dollar of per capita GDP, measured at price purchasing parity).

Asylum claims rise 

Among industrialized countries, 2015 was also a record year for new asylum claims, with two million requests (contributing to the 3.2 million cases still pending as of the end of the year). Germany received more asylum requests than any other country (441,900), largely reflecting its readiness to receive people who were fleeing to Europe via the Mediterranean. The United States had the second highest number of asylum claims (172,700), many of these individuals fleeing gang-related violence in Central America. Substantial asylum applications were also seen in Sweden (156,000) and Russia (152,500).

About half the world’s refugees are children

Children constituted 51 per cent of the world’s refugees in 2015 according to the data UNHCR was able to gather (complete demographic data was not available to the report authors). Worryingly, many were separated from their parents or travelling alone. In all there were 98,400 asylum requests from children who were unaccompanied or separated from their families. This is the highest total UNHCR has seen – and a tragic reflection of how global forced displacement is disproportionately affecting young lives.

Unable to go home 

While global displacement totals were higher than ever, the number of people able to return to their home or find another solution (local integration in a country of first refuge or resettlement elsewhere) was low. 201,400 refugees were able to return to their countries of origin in 2015 (mainly Afghanistan, Sudan and Somalia). This was higher than the total in 2014 (126,800), but still substantially down compared with the peaks of the early 1990s. Some 107,100 refugees were admitted for resettlement in 30 countries in 2015 – representing just 0.66 per cent of the refugees under UNHCR’s mandate (by comparison, 26 countries admitted 105,200 refugees for resettlement in 2014, representing 0.73 per cent of the refugee population under UNHCR care). At least 32,000 refugees became naturalized over the course of the year, the majority in Canada and with smaller numbers in France, Belgium, Austria and elsewhere.

Displacement in 2015, by region (from highest to lowest)

1. Middle East and North Africa 

Syria’s war remained the world’s leading cause of displacement and associated suffering. By the end of 2015 it had driven at least 4.9 million people into exile as refugees and displaced 6.6 million internally – amounting to around half Syria’s pre-war population. Iraq’s conflict had by year’s end displaced 4.4 million people internally and created more than a quarter of a million refugees. Yemen’s civil war, which began in 2015, had by the end of December displaced 2.5 million people – more new displacement than any other conflict globally. Including the 5.2 million Palestinian refugees under the mandate of UNRWA, the almost half a million Libyans forced to flee their homes and remaining in the country, plus a number of smaller situations, the Middle East and North Africa region accounted for more displacement than any other.

2. Sub-Saharan Africa 

Sub-Saharan Africa had the largest displacement totals in 2015 after the Middle East and North Africa. Continuing bitter conflict in South Sudan in 2015, as well as in Central African Republic and Somalia, plus new or continuing mass displacement in or from countries including Nigeria, Burundi, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique and elsewhere together produced 18.4 million refugees and internally displaced people as of year’s end. Sub-Saharan Africa meanwhile hosted some 4.4 million refugees in all – more than any other region. Five of the world’s top-10 hosting nations were African countries, led by Ethiopia, and followed by Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Chad.

3. Asia and Pacific 

The Asia and Pacific region accounted for almost a sixth of the world’s refugees and internally displaced people in 2015, making it the third largest region for displacement overall. One in six of the refugees under UNHCR’s mandate were from Afghanistan (2.7 million people) where almost 1.2 million people were internally displaced. Myanmar was the region’s second largest producer of both refugees and internally displaced people (451,800 and 451,000 respectively). Pakistan (1.5 million) and Islamic Republic of Iran (979,000) remain among the world’s leading refugee hosting countries.

4. Americas 

Rising numbers of people fleeing gang and other violence in Central America contributed to a 17 per cent rise in displacement across the wider region. Refugees and asylum seekers from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras together reached 109,800, most coming to Mexico and the United States and representing a more than five-fold increase over three years. Colombia, a longstanding situation, remained the world’s biggest country for internal displacement (6.9 million).

5. Europe 

The situation in Ukraine, Europe’s proximity to Syria and Iraq, plus the arrival of more than a million refugees and migrants via the Mediterranean mostly from the world’s top ten refugee-producing countries, together dominated the region’s displacement picture in 2015. European countries together produced some 593,000 refugees – most from Ukraine; and hosted 4.4 million – 2.5 million of these in Turkey. Figures provided by the Government of Ukraine list 1.6 million Ukrainians as being displaced there. The Global Trends report lists 441,900 asylum claims in Germany, where the refugee population increased by 46 per cent from its 2014 level to 316,000.

Additional Information

UNHCR’s Global Trends Report is being released on World Refugee Day, 20 June, in conjunction with our #WithRefugees petition campaign. A full multimedia package is available in connection with the Global Trends report, including infographics, photos, video materials and other products. The package, plus details of UNHCR’s global media contacts, can be found here.

 

* 2015 population of UK: 64.7 million; population of France: 64.4 million; population of Italy 59.8 million. Source: UN Population Division, World Population Prospects, the  2015 Revision

Yemen: World Refugee Day – We Stand Together #WithRefugees [EN/AR]

20 June 2016 - 2:19am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Yemen
World Refugee Day – We Stand Together #WithRefugees

PLACE: Sana’a, Yemen
DATE: 20 June 2016

We live in a world where conflict and persecution forces thousands of individuals and families to flee for their lives each day. According to UNHCR’s annual Global Trends report released today, 65.3 million people were displaced as of the end of 2015, including 21.3 million refugees, 3.2 million asylum seekers, and no fewer than 40.8 million people displaced within their own countries. This is the first time in the history of counting displacement that the threshold of 60 million displaced persons has been crossed. This means 1 in every 113 people globally is now either an asylum-seeker, internally displaced or a refugee – a level of risk for which UNHCR knows no precedent.

Yemen’s civil war, escalated in March 2015, has resulted in the displacement of 2.8 million Yemenis – this figure of new displacement within one year is higher than in any other conflict globally, and is also higher than the total number of the population of greater Sana’a. Also, Yemen continues to host some 270,000 refugees mainly from Somalia, while approximately 10,000 persons arrive at Yemen’s coast every month from the East and Horn of Africa to seek safety and livelihood opportunities in Yemen or the Gulf States. Yemen is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that has signed the 1951 UN refugee convention and its 1967 protocol.

UNHCR marks World Refugee Day each year on June 20, to commemorate the strength, courage and perseverance of more than 60 million people around the world. World Refugee Day is a key moment for everyone to show their support for all those forced to flee.

In Yemen, the UNHCR office and partners will celebrate the World Refugee Day with a series of special events. Aden kicked off the World Refugee Day celebration early on June 2. Under the theme “We Stand Together #WithRefugees”, the Refugee Youth Committee in Aden took a lead in organizing a cultural event with speeches, songs and dances prepared by various refugee groups where 400 people from the refugee and host communities, NGOs and youth groups joined. This was the first World Refugee Day event in the south of the country since the escalation of the conflict. “The world needs to renew its commitment to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its principles; to offer safe haven and to help refugees restore their lives. We must not fail,” said a member of the Refugee Youth Committee during the event.

On the World Refugee Day, a similar even will take place in the capital city, Sana’a. UNHCR will organize an Iftar, the traditional Islamic fast-breaking dinner, inviting refugee communities, partners and government counterparts. After the dinner, representatives from different refugee communities will share their personal stories tracing their journeys to and life in Yemen.

“Yemen has always stood out in the region for its generosity towards refugees. In the current dire humanitarian situation in the country, it is more than ever important that this tradition is upheld and that refugees can share in the use of scarce resources and contribute to peaceful co-existence” said UNHCR Representative Johannes van der Klaauw. “Refugees are people no different from Yemenis whose lives have been disrupted by war and persecution. UNHCR stands together #WithRefugees, on World Refugee Day and every day - and we want you to stand with us.”

Contacts: Soojin Hyung, External Relations Officer, hyung@unhcr.org

For more information, please follow us on Twitter at @UNHCRYemen and on Facebook at UNHCRYemen

Yemen: Some 13 million Yemenis need immediate help amid bleak conditions – senior UN relief official

19 June 2016 - 8:27am
Source: UN News Service Country: Yemen

16 June 2016 – The top United Nations relief official for Yemen has reported that more than 13 million Yemenis are in need of immediate life-saving assistance as a result of a bleak humanitarian situation in the country that continues to worsen.

“The humanitarian situation in Yemen is among the world’s worst crises. The scale and intensity of the humanitarian situation here is bleak – and by many measures it’s continuing to get worse,” Jamie McGoldrick, the UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen, said in a press briefing in Sana’a.

“The war has taken a very heavy toll on the country and its people. It is no exaggeration to say the economy is on the verge of total collapse,” he added.

Mr. McGoldrick noted that food and nutrition, insecurity, and access to health care are among the most critical areas of need. He added that people are dying of preventable illnesses, while, overall, access to health-care services for 14.1 million people has been disrupted.

Specifically, the humanitarian coordinator said that nearly 3 million people have fled their homes since the conflict escalated, most of whom – about 2.8 million – are displaced within Yemen.

The conflict has also had significant impact on the education system, with 1,600 schools closed and 560,000 children out of school, he said.

Up to 30 April, the UN has directly assisted 3.6 million people this year with some form of humanitarian assistance in all 22 governorates. This includes assisting 3.6 million people with emergency food assistance, 3.5 million people with essential and life-saving health assistance, and 1.2 million people with direct water, sanitation and hygiene services.

The UN provided assistance to more than 8 million people in 2015, and is aiming to support 13.6 million people in 2016, Mr. McGoldrick said.

The humanitarian coordinator emphasized that some areas are difficult to reach for security reasons.

“We try to reach those most in need but sometimes this is not possible. The parties to the conflict need to grant unfettered humanitarian access,” he said, adding that the UN response is significantly underfunded.