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Yemen: Monthly Market Monitoring Bulletin (December 2016)

15 January 2017 - 6:25am
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Government of Yemen Country: Yemen

Key Highlights

  • Globally: Wheat export prices showed mixed trends in November but remained below their year-earlier levels. The benchmark US wheat (No.2 Hard Red Winter, f.o.b.) price averaged USD 191 per tonne, slightly down from October and nearly 10 percent below the corresponding month last year.
    Imported commodities: The increasing prices of key imported food commodities in December are attributable to various socioeconomic factors including the recent shortage of hard currency to import. In the FSIS targeted governorates, average prices increased by 7.19% for Vegetable cooking oil, 4.31% for Faba beans, 3.38% for Wheat and 2% for Rice. The December prices are higher than pre-crisis era by 45.14% for rice, 43.88% for sugar and least 24.66% for Wheat flour.

  • Locally produced cereals: As a result of November 2016 harvesting season in almost all targeted governorates, the December prices of all locally produced cereals declined nominally. Nevertheless, the prices remained higher than the pre crises prices by 49.13% for sorghum, by 44.90% for millets, by 60.47% for maize and by 69.23% for barley.

  • Fuel Commodities: Diesel prices in all governorates remained stable while petrol prices declined with highest decline of 20.9% recorded in Hodeida followed by Taiz and Lahej Governorates by 16.23% and 13.47% respectively when compared to November 2016. Despite the decline of Petrol prices, when compared to pre-crisis period the prices are higher ranging from 16.67% in Hadramout to 72.0% in Taiz. December cooking gas prices in Taiz Governorate are higher by132.68% when compared to pre crisis era prices.

  • Importation: Traders have reportedly stopped or in a process of stopping wheat imports due to financing problems resulting from the Central Bank crisis and local banks difficulties to convert the local currency into US dollars, needed to make purchases, due to limited supplies of foreign currency. The impact of the stoppage may be witnessed in coming months with possibility of highly priced imported food commodities or unavailability in some markets if no mitigation measures are undertaken.

  • Availability of food commodities in the markets: Monitoring data from Sana’a City, Dhamar, Hajjah, Hodeida, Hadramout and Lahej markets generally shows availability of basic food and non-food commodities apart from unavailability due to seasonality factors. However, Taiz City in particular the physical and economic access to basic food and non-food commodities is a big challenge either due to higher prices, limited quantities and in some cases total unavailability of food commodities eg some types of fish.

World: Rapport mondial 2017: Événements de 2016 - Version abrégée

14 January 2017 - 10:15pm
Source: Human Rights Watch Country: Algeria, Burundi, Canada, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Haiti, Hungary, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Italy, Latvia, Lebanon, Mali, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Poland, Rwanda, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, World, Yemen

Rapport mondial 2017 : Les démagogues menacent les droits humains

Donald Trump ainsi que des démagogues européens favorisent l’intolérance et les discriminations

(Washington, le 12 janvier 2017) – La montée en puissance de dirigeants populistes aux États-Unis et en Europe représente une sérieuse menace pour la protection des droits humains fondamentaux, tout en encourageant les abus de la part des autocrates à travers le monde, a déclaré aujourd'hui Human Rights Watch, à l'occasion de la publication de son Rapport mondial 2017 (version abrégée en français). L'élection de Donald Trump à la présidence des États-Unis, à l'issue d'une campagne ayant alimenté la haine et l'intolérance, ainsi que l'influence croissante en Europe de partis politiques rejetant les droits universels, mettent en danger le système des droits humains mis en place après la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

Entretemps, des dirigeants se présentant comme des « hommes forts » en Russie, en Turquie, aux Philippines et en Chine ont imposé leur propre autorité en lieu et place de celle d’un gouvernement responsable et de l’État de droit, comme garantie de prospérité et de sécurité. Ces tendances convergentes, soutenues par des opérations de propagande dénigrant les normes de droit et méprisant toute analyse factuelle, constituent une menace directe pour les lois et les institutions qui promeuvent la dignité, la tolérance et l'égalité, a affirmé Human Rights Watch.

Dans cette 27e édition annuelle de son Rapport mondial (version intégrale en anglais web - PDF 687 pages, version abrégée en français webPDF 247 pages), Human Rights Watch passe en revue les pratiques en matière de droits humains dans plus de 90 pays. Dans son essai introductif, le Directeur exécutif, Kenneth Roth, écrit qu'une nouvelle génération de populistes autoritaires cherche à anéantir le concept de protection basée sur les droits humains, en considérant ces droits non comme un contrôle essentiel du pouvoir établi mais comme une entrave à la volonté de la majorité.

« La montée du populisme constitue une grave menace pour les droits humains », a déclaré Kenneth Roth. « Donald Trump et diverses personnalités politiques en Europe cherchent à renforcer leur pouvoir en misant sur le racisme, la xénophobie, la misogynie et le nativisme, mouvement qui s’oppose à l’immigration. Tous prétendent que le public accepte les violations des droits humains en tant que mesures prétendument nécessaires afin d’assurer la pérennité de l'emploi, d’éviter les évolutions culturelles ou d’empêcher les attentats terroristes. Mais en réalité, le mépris des droits humains constitue la voie la plus susceptible de mener à la tyrannie. »

Kenneth Roth cite la campagne présidentielle de Donald Trump aux États-Unis comme un exemple frappant de politique de l'intolérance. Il indique que Trump a répondu au mécontentement d’Américains face à la situation économique et au caractère de plus en plus multiculturel de la société par une rhétorique rejetant les principes fondamentaux de dignité et d'égalité. Sa campagne a avancé des propositions qui risquent de nuire à des millions de personnes, notamment les projets d’expulsions massives d'immigrés, de restriction des droits des femmes et de la liberté de la presse, et d’autorisation du recours à la torture. Si Trump ne revient pas sur ces propositions, son administration risque de commettre des violations massives des droits humains aux États-Unis et de renoncer à l’attachement de longue date et bipartite -bien qu’imparfaitement mis en œuvre - à un programme de politique étrangère en matière de droits humains.

En Europe, un populisme de même nature cherche à faire porter aux migrants la responsabilité des désordres économiques. La campagne en faveur du « Brexit » en a sans doute été l'illustration la plus évidente, observe Kenneth Roth.

Au lieu de désigner comme boucs émissaires les personnes qui fuient la persécution, la torture et la guerre, les gouvernements devraient investir dans des programmes visant à aider les communautés immigrées à s'intégrer dans leurs sociétés et à y participer pleinement, a souligné Kenneth Roth. Les responsables publics ont également le devoir de rejeter la haine et l'intolérance exprimée par les populistes, tout en soutenant une justice indépendante et impartiale contre toutes discriminations visant des minorités vulnérables, ajoute-t-il.

Les passions alimentées en ce moment par les populistes tendent à masquer les dangers à plus long terme que représentent les régimes autocratiques, poursuit Kenneth Roth. En Russie, Vladimir Poutine a répondu à une vague de mécontentement populaire en 2011 par la répression, notamment des restrictions draconiennes aux libertés d'expression et de réunion, des sanctions sans précédent contre les critiques exprimées sur internet, et des lois restreignant sévèrement l'activité des organisations indépendantes. Le dirigeant chinois, Xi Jinping, préoccupé par le ralentissement de la croissance économique, a lancé contre toute forme de dissidence la plus dure campagne de répression depuis l'époque du soulèvement de la place Tiananmen.

En Syrie, le président Bachar al-Assad, appuyé par la Russie, l'Iran et le Hezbollah, a perfectionné une stratégie de crimes de guerre ciblant les civils dans les zones tenues par l'opposition, foulant aux pieds les principes les plus fondamentaux des lois de la guerre. Les forces de l’autoproclamé État islamique (EI), ont également régulièrement attaqué des civils et exécuté des détenus, tout en encourageant et en commettant des attentats contre des populations civiles dans le monde entier.

Plus de cinq millions de Syriens ayant fui le conflit dans leur pays ont fait face à d'énormes obstacles dans leur quête de sécurité. La Jordanie, la Turquie et le Liban ont accueilli des millions de réfugiés syriens, mais ont fermé dans une large mesure leurs frontières à de nouvelles arrivées. Les dirigeants de l'Union européenne ont échoué à se partager équitablement les responsabilités liées à l’arrivée de demandeurs d'asile ou à créer des itinéraires sûrs pour les réfugiés. En dépit de nombreuses années de leadership américain en matière de réinstallation de réfugiés, les États-Unis n'ont accueilli que 12 000 réfugiés syriens l'année dernière et Donald Trump a menacé de mettre fin au programme.

En Afrique, un nombre préoccupant de dirigeants ont supprimé ou prolongé les limites de leurs mandats – par des « coups d'État constitutionnels » – afin de se maintenir au pouvoir, tandis que d'autres ont eu recours à des répressions violentes pour réduire au silence les protestations contre des élections inéquitables ou des régimes corrompus ou prédateurs. Plusieurs dirigeants africains, se sentant vulnérables face à de possibles poursuites, ont vivement critiqué la Cour pénale internationale (CPI), et trois pays ont annoncé leur retrait de la CPI.

Cette offensive à l’échelle mondiale nécessite une réaffirmation et une défense vigoureuses des valeurs des droits humains qui étayent le système international, affirme Kenneth Roth. Et pourtant, trop de responsables publics semblent s’être mis la tête dans le sable, espérant que les vents du populisme finiront par retomber. D'autres, espérant préempter leur message, se font les émules des populistes et, de fait, les renforcent, a-t-il ajouté. Les gouvernements qui se prévalent ostensiblement des droits humains devraient défendre ces principes de manière beaucoup plus vigoureuse et constante, selon Kenneth Roth, notamment les démocraties d'Amérique latine, d'Afrique et d'Asie qui soutiennent des initiatives générales aux Nations Unies mais prennent rarement la tête de propositions visant à répondre spécifiquement à des crises dans des pays particuliers.

En fin de compte, la responsabilité est entre les mains de la population, affirme Kenneth Roth. Les démagogues obtiennent un soutien populaire en proférant de fausses explications et des solutions bon marché à des maux qui, eux, sont réels. Le remède réside dans l'exigence par les électeurs de politiques basées sur la vérité et sur les valeurs qui fondent la démocratie respectueuse des droits. Une forte réaction populaire, utilisant tous les moyens disponibles – organisations civiques, partis politiques, médias traditionnels et sociaux – constitue la meilleure défense en faveur de valeurs auxquelles d'innombrables personnes sont encore profondément attachées.

« C'est à nos risques et périls que nous oublions les démagogues du passé : les fascistes, les communistes et leurs semblables, qui prétendaient savoir mieux que quiconque quel était l'intérêt de la majorité mais ont en fin de compte écrasé l'individu », a conclu Kenneth Roth. « Quand les populistes considèrent les droits humains comme des obstacles à leur conception de la volonté de la majorité, ils ne tardent généralement pas à s'en prendre à quiconque n'est pas d'accord avec leurs objectifs. »

Autres communiqués relatifs à des régions ou pays :

Afrique de l’Est Bahreïn Birmanie Chine Corée du Nord Égypte

Émirats arabes unis États-Unis Iran Liban Libye Maroc

Nigeria Qatar Yémen Ukraine Union européenne

Dans les médias :

TV5Monde.com Le Parisien Libération itélé.fr (réf Brésil) DW

RTBF.be Le Soleil (Can.) Ici.radio-canada.ca Alternatives.ca ArmeNews

Yabiladi (réf Maroc) TelQuel.ma APS.dz TSA (réf Algérie) Iloubnan.info (réf Yémen)

World: Food Assistance Outlook Brief, January 2017

14 January 2017 - 7:03am
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2017

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries, denoted by “RM”. Visit www.fews.net for detailed country reports.

Yemen: Yemen 2017 YHRP Accountability Framework [EN/AR]

13 January 2017 - 4:41pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Objective

To support Clusters, agencies and organizations attain and monitor collective commitments to accountability to affected people and communities.

Overview

Accountability to affected people (AAP) is an active commitment of humanitarian workers to use power responsibly by taking account of, giving account to, and being held to account by the people humanitarian organizations seek to assist. It is the responsibility of each humanitarian agency to engage communities and be accountable to the population is serves.

This framework operationalizes accountability through community engagement, particularly information provision, participation and feedback components. The framework provides different options for humanitarian organizations to adhere to in their work.

While the text targets projects, the Cluster role is to ensure that the Cluster partners are operationalizing accountability throughout the HPC. The Cluster supports projects to achieve/maintain the highest level in the framework, with support from the common services of the Community Engagement Working group and the Assessment/Monitoring Working Group.

Yemen: Yemen: No Accountability for War Crimes

13 January 2017 - 3:51pm
Source: Human Rights Watch Country: Yemen

Saudi-Led Coalition, Houthi-Saleh Forces Abuses Persist

(Beirut) – Parties to Yemen’s armed conflict violated the laws of war with impunity in 2016, Human Rights Watch said today in its World Report 2017. Concerned governments should seek accountability for past and ongoing violations and immediately suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia.

The Saudi Arabia-led coalition has carried out military operations, supported by the United States and United Kingdom, against Houthi forces and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh since March 2015. The coalition has unlawfully attacked homes, markets, hospitals, schools, civilian businesses, and mosques. As of October 10, 2016, at least 4,125 civilians had been killed and 6,711 wounded, the majority by coalition airstrikes, according to the United Nations human rights office.

"None of the forces in Yemen’s conflict seem to fear being held to account for violating the laws of war,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “UN members need to press the parties to end the slaughter and the suffering of civilians.”

In the 687-page World Report, its 27th edition, Human Rights Watch reviews human rights practices in more than 90 countries. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth writes that a new generation of authoritarian populists seeks to overturn the concept of human rights protections, treating rights as an impediment to the majority will. For those who feel left behind by the global economy and increasingly fear violent crime, civil society groups, the media, and the public have key roles to play in reaffirming the values on which rights-respecting democracy has been built.

Both sides to the conflict have repeatedly violated the laws of war. Human Rights Watch has documented 61 apparently unlawful Saudi-led coalition airstrikes, some of which may amount to war crimes. The coalition has also used internationally banned cluster munitions. Neither the US nor the UK have suspended arms sales to Saudi Arabia despite increasing evidence of their use in the conflict and the coalition’s failure to credibly investigate alleged violations. In 2015, the US approved more than US$20 billion worth of weapons sales to Saudi Arabia, and the UK approved arms sales worth $4 billion.

Since taking control of the capital, Sanaa, in September 2014, the Houthis and their allies have carried out a campaign of arbitrary detentions and enforced disappearances against perceived opponents. They have launched artillery rockets in indiscriminate attacks into southern Saudi Arabia and in Yemen, killing 475 civilians and wounding 1,121 between July1, 2015, and June 30, 2016, according to the UN. Houthi and allied forces have also laid banned anti-personnel landmines that have killed and wounded dozens of civilians.

None of the warring parties credibly investigated their forces’ alleged laws-of-war violations in Yemen. The coalition-appointed Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) released findings that differed drastically from those of the UN and others. The US, a party to the conflict by providing targeting intelligence and in-air refueling for coalition attacks, is not known to have investigated any alleged unlawful strikes in which its forces may have taken part.

As of November, the US reported it had conducted 28 drone strikes in Yemen in 2016, killing dozens of people described as Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) operatives. Both AQAP and armed groups linked to the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, claimed responsibility for numerous suicide and other bombings that have unlawfully killed dozens.

Parties to the conflict block or restrict critical relief supplies from reaching civilians, deepening the country’s crisis. The coalition has imposed an air and naval blockade on Yemen, limiting the importation of vital goods, and Houthi and allied forces have confiscated food and medical supplies from civilians entering Taizz and blocked aid from reaching the city, contributing to the near collapse of its health system.

Yemen: Yemen Assessment and Monitoring Working Group Assessment: Approach Overview - Briefing note | September 2016

13 January 2017 - 12:41pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

The context in Yemen requires a harmonized assessment approach. The diverse information needs spread across the humanitarian community cannot be addressed by a promoting a single joint assessment (i.e. MIRA), which is more appropriate in early phases of crisis.

The harmonised approach promotes the flexibility organizations need to address their own information needs, while promoting the use of common assessment tools to ensure assessments can be collated and compared to develop a common understanding of needs. Several components have been developed to improve the contribution of assessments to planning and to increase the efficiency, quality and usefulness of assessments, as well as accountability. This work is completed under the four key outputs in the 2016 Assessment Work Plan that is being implemented by the Assessment/Monitoring Working Group (AM WG), a technical working group of the ICCM, coordinated by OCHA. The following is an update against each output of the work plan.

Yemen: Yemen Market Watch Report, Issue No. 8, December 2016

13 January 2017 - 7:43am
Source: World Food Programme Country: Yemen

Highlights

  • Prices of food and fuel commodities continued to stabilize in December 2016, but remained significantly higher than the pre-crisis levels.

  • The cost of the minimum food basket further declined slightly in December, but 22% higher than the level estimated during the pre-crisis period.

  • Availability of food and fuel commodities have deteriorated in December 2016 due to reduced level of informal cross border overland imports and hoarding of essential commodities by opportunistic traders in anticipation of increased prices.

  • According to Alert for Price Spikes (ALPS) methodology, in December 2016, normal situation prevailed for vegetable oil and red beans, while wheat flour was on alert status and that for sugar continued to be at crisis level. The ALPS indicator for the cost of the minimum food basket persistently maintained normal status.

Macroeconomic Situation

The widespread conflict in Yemen which has been ongoing for the past twentytwo months has led to a multitude of consequences that include destruction of basic infrastructure, loss of livelihoods, disruption of social services and near-collapse socio-economic situation. Salary payments for public sector employees have been suspended since September 2016 affecting nearly 7 million people who are depending on that livelihood.

The liquidity crisis coupled with lack of foreign currency is pushing the country to catastrophic emergency situation. While the most recent positive emerging developments regarding substantial amount of new notes of the Yemeni Riyals printed in Russia has arrived at the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY) in Aden would likely ease the ongoing tension, its impact on the overall desperate situation is yet to be seen.

Imports of essential commodities including food items are gravely affected by the lack of foreign currencies and continued depreciation of Yemen Riyal (YER) against US Dollar (USD) – with the average exchange rate in December 2016 reaching as high as YER315/USD in parallel markets compared to the official rate of YER250/USD.

Yemen: Enhancing Social Cohesion and Resilience through Insider Mediators in Al-Hodeidah

13 January 2017 - 5:02am
Source: UN Development Programme Country: Yemen

In partnership with Search for Common Ground and during the period 22 December 2016 - 9 January 2017, two conflict scans have been conducted in the districts of Zabeed and Bait Al-Faqeeh in Al-Hodeidah.

The objective of the conflict scans is to identify the main local-level conflict issues, and identify conflict drivers, impacts, conflict dynamics, potential solutions and resources for peace. The conflict scans are conducted by Insider Mediators (IMs) who used the conflict scan data collection tool to collect information from the conflict scans. Seventeen community meetings were held in Bait Al-Faqeeh while thirteen meetings were held in Zabeed. 591 community members, 25% were female, have attended the meetings.

Conflict scans have targeted areas that are heavily populated, areas characterized to have conflicts and areas relatively accessible and safe.

Insider Mediators have had an advanced training on dialogue design, mediation and conflict analysis. Moreover, direct support was given to IMs during the implementation of the conflict scans whose findings would be compiled to develop a comprehensive Conflict Scan Report. Based on the analysis, insider mediators will convene a number of informal dialogue sessions at local level to assess drivers of conflicts, the level of community capacity available and the measures required to address causes of conflicts.

The conflict scans are part of the Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen Programme (ERRY), a three-year joint programme funded by the European Union and implemented by FAO, ILO, UNDP and WFP, to enhance the resilience and self-reliance of crisis-affected rural communities of Yemen.

The project aims to equip the communities with the necessary skills and tools to raise awareness of local sources of tension and conflict in rural areas, and empower local communities to establish sustainable system for both short- and long-term conflict management in the targeted areas.

To read more about UNDP Yemen’s work during the ongoing conflict, click here.

Programme Officer For additional information, please contact Khaled Magead Mobile: 00967-712222320 Email: Khaled.magead@undp.org

or Abdulkareem Alsabri, Communication Officer Mobile: +967 712222308, Email: Abdulkareem.alsabri@undp.org

World: 2016 in review: UNICEF’s impact in five of the most dangerous crises

13 January 2017 - 12:27am
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Iraq, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

2016 was a year of challenges and upheaval across the globe. The ongoing migration and refugee crisis has uprooted nearly 50 million children worldwide, leaving them vulnerable to violence and exploitation. Conflict and natural hazards continue to take a toll on children, with nearly 1 in 4 living in areas affected by crisis. In Haiti, the destruction caused by Hurricane Matthew has left 2.7 million people in need of life-saving assistance. In the aftermath of the conflict in Central African Republic, 1 in 2 children is affected by stunting.

As the first year that the world worked towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, 2016 also marked the beginning of a renewed effort to end poverty and promote equity for all children. Despite the tremendous progress driven by the Millennium Development Goals, there is still much room for improvement. Today, undernutrition contributes to nearly half of all deaths in children under 5. There are pronounced disparities between the both the rich and the poor and urban and rural populations in access to improved water and sanitation. As of 2014, 25 million children of primary school age are expected to never attend school. Two thirds of them are girls. And every five minutes, a child dies as a result of violence.

Yet, in 2016 there were also great accomplishments. By the start of the year, the Ebola crisis in West Africa had come to an end, though UNICEF continued to support children in the wake of the epidemic. In April, world leaders gathered in New York to sign the Paris Climate Agreement, an important step towards addressing the risks and effects of climate change.

And in December, UNICEF marked its 70th anniversary of serving as a defender of children around the world, regardless of their gender, religion, race or economic background.

Our work in 2016 spanned all regions, across all sectors of international development and disaster relief. Read on to see what has been accomplished for children living in five of the world’s most complex and dangerous crises.

Syrian crisis

The Syrian Arab Republic is one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a child. After almost six years of conflict, the country is now facing the largest humanitarian crisis in the world, with grave protection and human rights violations occurring daily. An estimated 13.5 million people are affected by the crisis, including 6 million children. More than 2 million Syrian children are now living as refugees in neighbouring countries. In 2016, UNICEF and partners scaled up their provision of essential services and supplies to affected communities and displaced populations, particularly the most vulnerable.

Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of November 2016:

  • More than 1.5 million people given hygiene promotion session and/or a hygiene kit

  • About 895,000 children enrolled in formal education

  • Nearly 370,000 children enrolled in non-formal or informal education

  • More than 21 million children under 5 vaccinated against polio

  • More than 900,000 children and adults participating in child protection and psychosocial support programmes

Meet the Syrian children affected by the crisis:

Mohammed
When UNICEF first met Mohammed, he was malnourished and extremely weak. See how he is doing now.

Malak
A seven-year-old Syrian girl with an old soul recounts her journey from the Syrian Arab Republic to Greece.

Judy
Nine-year-old Judy is excited to return to school, but going to class in eastern Aleppo is not always easy.

Nigeria regional crisis

In 2016, security returned to some areas of north-east Nigeria, allowing aid workers to visit sites that were previously under Boko Haram control. But this new access revealed an acute humanitarian situation, with alarming rates of malnutrition among children and an outbreak of wild poliovirus. In the three most directly affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, an estimated 8.5 million people will require humanitarian assistance in 2017, including 1.63 million internally displaced persons, more than half of whom are children.

Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 31 December 2016:

  • About 745,000 conflict-affected people provided with access to safe water

  • Nearly 160,000 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes

  • More than 4.2 million conflict-affected people reached with emergency primary healthcare services

  • More than 185,000 conflict-affected children reached with psychosocial support

  • Nearly 107,000 conflict-affected children given access to education in a protective and safe learning environment

Meet the children affected by the Nigeria regional crisis:

Umara
At just 7 month old, Umara is severely malnourished. He is one of over 100,000 children UNICEF is treating for malnutrition.

Fatime
Walk a mile in seven-year-old Fatime's shoes as she escapes Boko Haram violence and returns to Chad from Niger.

'Aminata'
'Aminata', 17, was taken by Boko Haram and forced to marry an insurgent. She lived with him until she finally managed to escape.

Yemen

With the escalation of conflict in March 2015, Yemen is facing a major humanitarian crisis. Some 18.8 million people – 70 per cent of the population – are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 9.6 million children. Child rights violations have increased dramatically and children are facing significant psychological stress. The status of health, nutrition and sanitation in the country is dire, with a recent cholera crisis putting 7.6 million people at risk.

Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 23 November 2016:

  • Nearly 4.5 million people provided with improved water sources and sanitation services

  • More than 347,000 children given access to basic learning supplies

  • More than 4.8 million children under 5 vaccinated against polio

  • More than 4 million children under 5 given micronutrient interventions

  • About 434,000 children receiving psychosocial support

Meet the children and families affected by the crisis in Yemen:

Arafat
Already chronically malnourished, six-year-old Arafat is now suffering from cholera.

Rania
A member of Yemen's marginalized community, Rania overcomes multiple obstacles to stay at the top of her class.

Miryam
A grieving mother, Miryam lost her son to a conflict he should never have been a part of.

South Sudan

The situation in South Sudan has deteriorated significantly since the start of 2016 and is compounded by the worsening economy and fragile political situation. By the end of 2016, an estimated 31 per cent of the population was experiencing severe food insecurity, and the situation is only expected to worsen in 2017. Children are the most vulnerable, and make up 70 per cent of those seeking refuge in neighbouring countries.

Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 31 December 2016:

  • More than 203,000 children aged six to 59 months with severe acute malnutrition admitted for treatment

  • Nearly 610,000 children aged six months to 15 years in conflict-affected areas vaccinated against measles

  • More than 742,000 people provided with access to safe water

  • More than 693,000 children and adolescents reached with critical child protection services

  • About 314,000 children and adolescents aged 3 to 18 years provided with access to education in emergencies

Meet the children and families affected by the crisis in South Sudan:

Athill
Athill's twins are among an estimated 360,000 children under 5 suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

Nyaneada
Nyaneada hadn't seen her parents in nearly two years before she and her siblings were reunited with them.

Malual
Malual fled to Juba after an outbreak of fighting. He now attends school at UN protection of civilians site.

Iraq

Violence in Iraq intensified in 2016, with one in five children at risk of death, injury, sexual violence, recruitment into armed conflict or abduction. As many as 11 million people require humanitarian assistance and more than 1.4 million children are displaced, the majority of whom have lost an entire year of school. In Mosul, following a military operation to retake the city in October, more than 100,000 people remain displaced, half of them children.

Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 30 November 2016:

  • More than 1 million people provided with access to a sufficient safe water supply

  • About 57,000 school-aged children reached through temporary learning spaces

  • More than 88,000 children participating in structured, sustained, resilience or psychosocial support programmes

  • More than 5.6 million children 0–59 months vaccinated against polio in crisis-affected areas (among internally displaced persons and host communities)

  • More than 1.2 million vulnerable people newly displaced by conflict receiving rapid response mechanism kits within 72 hours of trigger for response

Meet the children affected by the crisis in Iraq:

'Ahmed'
Displaced and orphaned, 'Ahmed' goes to a youth centre to recover from the experience of being caught up in conflict.

Noor
Noor fled her home in Haji Ali and is now taking shelter with her family in Debaga Camp.

Hamed
Hamed, 13, lost his father and his leg in a mortar attack. He is now back in school in Falljah.

Looking ahead

Yet throughout 2016, in the midst of what could often seem like a bleak humanitarian landscape, we bore witness to everyday [acts of kindness)](https://www.unicef.org/emergencies/childrenonthemove/90514_90528.html and humanity. A Syrian refugee who volunteered to assist refugees and migrants as they arrived on the Greek island Lesbos. A Norwegian man who welcomed a Syrian family to his hometown with open arms. A barber in Greece who gives free haircuts to young refugees. Villagers in Niger who carried benches and tables to temporary classrooms set up for displaced children.

We received hundreds of Tiny Stories from famous and amateur authors, expressing their dreams for every child. We heard from aid workers, recalling their toughest and most rewarding moments on the front lines. We met and supported loving caregivers worldwide, who work tirelessly to provide comfort and safety for our children.

As we enter 2017, we are working with the same determination to offer help and hope all over the world, for every child.

Yemen: Note to Correspondents: Special Envoy for Yemen Concludes Visit to Riyadh

11 January 2017 - 9:23pm
Source: United Nations Country: Yemen

The UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, today concluded a three-day visit to Riyadh, where he met with Saudi and Yemeni officials.

The Envoy briefed the diplomatic corps on the latest developments in the Yemeni peace process and the steps towards a new Cessation of Hostilities. During the visit, he also met with the Governor of the Central Bank in Yemen, Monasser Al-Quaiti, to discuss the economic situation and the urgent measures which are necessary to avoid further economic deterioration.

Newly printed Yemeni Riyals have started to arrive in Yemen. The Envoy is encouraging the Yemeni Government, other Yemen actors and the international community to take measures which will allow the resumption of salary payments in all parts of Yemen as the liquidity crisis is overcome. "We do hope that the funds received will help the country overcome the financial pressure and improve the situation. The humanitarian situation is very dire and urgent actions must be taken to alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni people," he said.

"In addition to mobilizing forces to improve the economic situation, we are working with the Yemeni parties and the states in the region to ensure a rapid restoration of the cessation of hostilities and the resumption of dialogue to find political solution to the conflict. The recent tragic events and loss of lives of children and civilians are yet another reminder of the need for the parties to find a political solution to the conflict," he added.

In the coming days, the Special Envoy will intensify his efforts to find a peaceful to the conflict and will be traveling to Doha, Muscat, Amman, Aden and Sana'a.

Yemen: Yemen - Emergency Livelihoods Assistance: Total number of Beneficiaries Targeted/Reached by the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster Partners - November 2016

11 January 2017 - 12:06pm
Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food Security Cluster Country: Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan - Funding Status (As of 10 January 2017) [EN/AR]

11 January 2017 - 11:23am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Yemen: Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan - Funding Status (As of 10 January 2017)

11 January 2017 - 11:23am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Yemen: 2016 Yemen Situation - Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan - Funding snapshot as at 01 January 2017

11 January 2017 - 1:13am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

The requirements presented in this funding snapshot refer to the 2016 Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan covering the period January to December 2016.

Funding level

RRP requirements: $94,130,731

Funding received: $34,817,523

% funded: 37%

Yemen: Yemen Situation - 2016 Funding Update as of 10 January 2017

11 January 2017 - 1:05am
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

172.2 M required for 2016
79.5 M contributions received, representing 44% of requirements
92.7 M funding gap for the Yemen Situation

Yemen: Yemen Assessment and Monitoring Working Group Assessment: Approach Overview - Briefing note | June 2016

10 January 2017 - 7:01pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Background

Coordinating assessments is an important element in saving lives and restoring people's livelihoods. Along with emergency preparedness, the timeliness and quality of assessments help determine an effective humanitarian response. Credible and accurate assessment results are the basis for needs-based strategic planning and systemwide monitoring. This discussion note provides an overview of Yemen’s assessment approach and assessment components to support this approach.

Coordinating Assessments in Yemen: Harmonised Assessments

The context in Yemen requires a harmonized assessment approach. The diverse information needs spread across the humanitarian community cannot be addressed by a promoting a single joint assessment (i.e. MIRA), which is more appropriate in early phases of crises.

The harmonised approach promotes the flexibility organizations need to address their own information needs, while promoting the use of common assessment tools to ensure assessments can be collated and compared to develop a common understanding of needs.

Components

The following components aim to support the AM WG implementation of the 2016 Action plan, specifically the achievement of the four AM WG Outputs.

  • ActivityInfo Assessment Database: This online database captures information from planned, ongoing and completed assessments. It is the repository for all assessments and will be updated to include indicators, severity scales and quality rating information – essentially the needs database. (AM WG Output #1)

  • Assessment Mapping: This template coordinates the reporting of planned, ongoing and completed assessments - Clusters report quarterly and AHCTs report monthly. The excel file is linked to the ActivityInfo Database and all reported assessments are uploaded onto the ActivityInfo Database.(AM WG Output #1)

  • Common Assessment Indicators: These ICCM defined indicators are the information needs across sectors to ensure that humanitarian response planning is informed by assessment findings. These indicators should be incorporated into multi-sector assessments and will be used to synthesize findings to provide a common understanding of needs. (AM WG Output #2)

  • Severity Scales: These inter-sectoral scales provide a framework for sectors to determine the severity of sectoral needs in a defined geographic area. The framework is standard across sectors; however, each sector defines sector specific scales. While, the sources of information may be broader than assessments, the definitions of the scales and the related verbal qualifiers will be adapted for use in assessments (i.e. Initial Situation Tool). (AM WG Output #2)

  • Initial Situation Tool: This joint assessment tool was developed to support emergency preparedness. Designed for use up to 72 hours after a sudden onset emergency (i.e. flooding), this tool provides the minimum information needed for emergency programming and assessment planning. It will be conducted by emergency assessment teams at the hub level. (AM WG Output #2 & Output #3)

  • Quality Rating Checklist: This checklist helps organizations to conduct assessments that are implemented in accordance with humanitarian principles. Based on minimum standards for assessment quality, organizations will complete the checklist, which can translate into a quality score. (AM WG Output #3)

Yemen: Yemen Humanitarian Assessment and Monitoring Working Group: Monitoring Information Note

10 January 2017 - 6:37pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

In August 2016, the Assessment and Monitoring Working Group (AM WG), a Technical Working Group of the Yemen Inter-Cluster Coordination Mechanism (ICCM), launched an online scoping survey to understand monitoring mechanisms that are currently functioning in the Yemen Humanitarian Response. This note builds upon discussions with monitoring focal points, in addition to the 25 responses received from INGOs (56%), national NGOs (24%), United Nations Agencies (16%) and a donor (4%).

Why are we monitoring?

Monitoring is crucial in demonstrating that programme and project performance is progressing towards intended results and remains relevant to the operating context. It’s not only “are we taking the actions we said we would take” but also “are we making progress against achieving the results we said we wanted to achieve?”1 When we say we need to “strengthen monitoring” we need to be clear that ‘monitoring’ refers to context, process and results2, where results refers to outputs, outcomes and impact (figure 1).

Process monitoring indicates the coverage and efficient the intervention is, but does not provide information on appropriateness or effect on beneficiaries/affected communities. Results monitoring is concerned with the influence of response/assistance on beneficiaries and affected population, particularly considering changes in indicators that relate directly to the project/programme3. Context monitoring, serves to provide an understanding the operating environment4, such as security/risks, coping strategies and markets, to ensure relevance and appropriateness of interventions.

Further it is imperative to understand that monitoring occurs at different levels of the results chain, emphasizing the importance of drafting monitoring frameworks during planning phase as the first step of monitoring. This way, there is a clear understanding of how interventions contribute to cluster objectives and the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) over time as well as adherence to quality and accountability standards.

What are we monitoring in Yemen?

Overwhelmingly partners are engaged in process monitoring – particularly, monitoring implementation status, postdistribution monitoring and monitoring during distribution. The focus of this type of monitoring is largely on comparing the number planned and reached; there is little indication of verifying targeting or efficiency, as well as beneficiaries’ satisfaction and quality of interventions.

Of the few partners engaged in context monitoring, the main focus is access and impact/outcome of interventions. Notably, there are limited monitoring interventions that seek to understand coping strategies, but this is largely due to the limited number of household level initiatives. Additionally it should be recognized that context monitoring is challenging; however, there are ongoing initiatives that monitor key indicators, such the Protection Cluster’s Taskforce on Population Movement and the FSTS – FSIS Market and Price monitoring.

Recommendations

  • Determine post-distribution monitoring as a minimum standard across the clusters, that includes process and results

  • Establish better results monitoring mechanisms that focuses on people/communities and how humanitarian response contributes to their well-being

  • Establish and synthesize key context indicators and incorporate in ActivityInfo database for ease of reference

  • Define possible ongoing interventions that could absorb key indicators

Yemen: Statement attributable to Meritxell Relaño, UNICEF Representative in Yemen on attacks near a school [EN/AR]

10 January 2017 - 5:05pm
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Yemen

SANA’A, 11 January 2017 – “One child was confirmed killed and four others were injured when two attacks hit near the al-Falah school in the Nihm district outside the capital, Sana’a.

“Attacks on civilian areas continue to kill and injure scores of children in Yemen. Instead of learning, children are witnessing death, war, and destruction.

"Since the escalation of the conflict in March 2015, the United Nations verified that nearly 1,400 children were killed and over 2,140 were injured. The actual numbers are likely to be much higher. Nearly 2,000 schools in Yemen can no longer be used because they are destroyed, damaged, shelter displaced families or are being used for military purposes.

“Schools have to be zones of peace at all times, a sanctuary where children can learn, grow, play and be safe. Children should never risk their lives only to attend school.

“UNICEF renews its call on all parties to the conflict in Yemen and those who have influence over them to protect children and stop attacks on civilian infrastructure including schools and education facilities, in accordance with their obligations under international humanitarian law”.

ENDs

For more information

Mohammad Al-Asaadi, UNICEF Yemen, malasaadi@unicef.org, +967-711-760-002

Tamara Kummer, UNICEF Regional Office Amman, tkummer@unicef.org, +962-79-758-8550

Yemen: Global Communities in Yemen

10 January 2017 - 2:10pm
Source: Global Communities Country: Yemen

Global Communities has been working in Yemen since 2004 implementing humanitarian and development programs across a broad range of sectors and has continued to provide on-the-ground assistance throughout the current conflict. Programs have included providing emergency aid to communities affected by conflict; empowering young people through job skills development; improving the educational system by rehabilitating schools, training teachers and providing teaching tools; building the capacity of media and civil society organizations; and combatting child labor by reducing the number of children engaged in exploitative practices.

Emergency Assistance to Support Yemeni Communities (EASE)

With funding from USAID’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA), Global Communities has provided emergency assistance to vulnerable conflict-affected populations since 2011. EASE helps meet emergency needs and addresses early recovery needs of vulnerable and conflict-affected populations living in the Aden and Lahj governorates in southern Yemen. Utilizing a holistic approach, EASE bolsters food security and livelihoods, improves WASH outcomes and promotes economic recovery activities to increase purchasing power for displaced populations as well as host communities.

Yemen Early Recovery Support (YERS)

With funding from USAID/OFDA, YERS addresses the post-conflict, early recovery needs of vulnerable populations in the Aden and Lahj governorates. The project focuses on food security through the distribution of livestock, economic recovery activities including the provision of market-driven vocational trainings and the establishment of Asset Building Groups. The project also promotes water, sanitation and hygiene awareness at the community and school levels. All activities are implemented through local partnerships to ensure community ownership and promote sustainability.

Yemen Food for Asset Development (YFAD)

With funding from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), Global Communities is employing an integrated strategy to promote food security among vulnerable households. YFAD relies on an integrated strategy involving the use of food aid to vulnerable households, labor-based methods to re-engage actors in their own recovery and participatory decision-making approaches focused on women in order to develop productive assets that are owned, managed and maintained by target households and the community. Asset building activities include household and institutional rainwater harvesting, agriculture infrastructure rehabilitation and kitchen gardens. These activities are integrated with behavior change communication training on hygiene and nutrition as well. YFAD is assisting more than 24,000 food insecure households across eight districts in the three governorates of Raymah, Taiz and Ibb.

Yemen: Yemen: Task Force on Population Movement (TFPM) - 12th Report - Governorate Profiles - November 2016 [EN/AR]

10 January 2017 - 1:39pm
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Protection Cluster Country: Yemen