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Myanmar: OCHA Flash Update No 1: Myanmar Floods Emergency, 01 August 2015

1 August 2015 - 4:45pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Myanmar

Heavy monsoon rains during the month of July, have caused flooding, flash floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar, including in the Sagaing Region and Kachin State. Cyclone Komen, that made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 July, brought strong winds and heavy rains resulting in further floods, landslides and wind damage in several states and regions across the country. On 31 July, President U Thein Sein issued a statement declaring natural disaster zones in Chin and Rakhine states and in the Sagaing and Magway regions.

According to initial figures from the Government’s Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD), over 156,000 people have been affected across Sagaing, Kachin, Shan, Mandalay, Chin, Rakhine, Kayin, Mon, Bago, Magway, Ayeyarwady and Yangon as of 1 August. However, there are many areas that have still not been reached or reported on by assessment teams and information that is still coming in from the Government indicates that the total figure may be significantly higher. According to Government sources, at least 27 people have been killed by floods in July. As further information becomes available, this figure is also expected to increase.

In Rakhine, eight townships across the state are reported to be affected by floods and wind damage: Minbya, Mrauk U, Kyauk Taw, Myebon, Ann, Paletwa, Buthidaung and Maungdaw. Floods and damage are reported to be particularly bad in Mrauk-U, Kyaktaw, Minbya and Buthidaung. Initial reports indicate that there is extensive damage to shelters and other infrastructure in camps around Sittwe, where some 100,000 displaced people are staying. Villages in the area are also reported to have been affected. Reports of damage to camps and villages in other areas, including in Pauktaw Township, are also coming in. No overall figure for the number of people affected across Rakhine State is yet available and some areas, including Mrauk-U and Kyaktaw, are not yet accessible except for via air, due to disruption of transportation systems. The Rakhine State Government and international organizations are carrying out assessments in affected areas and more information will become available in the coming days.

Limited information is available at this this stage on the situation in Magway Region and Chin States. In Magway, two of the worst affected townships are Pwintbyu and Sidoktaya, according to humanitarian organizations in the area. In Pwintbyu Township alone, around 70 villages are reported to be affected by floods and people in the area being relocated to schools, monasteries and other safe locations.

In Chin State, heavy rains and landslides are reported to have occurred in Haka town, with at least 100 houses reported have been destroyed by landslides. Haka Town is reportedly inaccessible at the moment due to roads washed away.

The Sagaing Region was severely affected by floods throughout the last two weeks of July, with 13 townships affected. Initial reports indicate that Kalay Town has been critically affected by the strong winds and heavy rainfall in the wake of Cyclone Komen and is reportedly reachable only via air at the moment.

Local authorities, the Union Government, the military, as well as the Myanmar Red Cross Society and local civil society organizations, with support from the UN and international organizations, are responding to the floods in different parts of the country, carrying out rescue operations and providing food, water, blankets, medical and other basic necessities to those affected.

According to the Myanmar Department of Meteorology and Hydrology update on 1 August, rain or thundershowers will be widespread in Kachin State with likelihood of heavy rainfall in Bago, Magway Sagaingm Taninthayi and Yangon regions, and Chin, Rakhine and Mon states the next two days.

On 1 August, the Global New Light of Myanmar reported that national disaster preparedness committees are making evacuation and resettlement efforts in Ayeyawady and Bago regions, as well as Kayin and Mon states, which are also experiencing floods.

The next OCHA Flash Update on the floods emergency will be issued on or around 3 August.

For more information please contact:
Pierre Péron | Public Information and Advocacy Officer, Myanmar
Tel: +95 9250 198 997 | E-mail: peronp@un.org | Twitter: @pierre_peron

Eva Modvig | Humanitarian Reports and Communications Officer, Myanmar
Tel: +95 (0) 9420 275 877 | E-mail: modvig@un.org | Twitter: @evamodvig

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Colombia: Colombia - Informe Flash MIRA Municipio San José del Guaviare - Vereda Guacamayas 28/07/2015

31 July 2015 - 9:18pm
Source: UN Country Team in Colombia, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

La vereda Guacamayas, perteneciente al municipio de San José de Guaviare, se encuentra ubicada a 27 kilómetros desde el centro de la capital del departamento del Guaviare Esta vereda cuenta con una población campesina aproximada de 200 personas. Cuenta con una la Institución educativa Guacamayas, que con cerca de 80 estudiantes, del grado primero a once, sirve de núcleo educativo para veredas vecinas y como internado para alumnos con poca facilidad de desplazarse diariamente a estudiar. La vereda basa su economía local en estrategias agropecuarias de subsistencia con énfasis especial en cultivos de yuca, maíz, arroz, piña y plátano. Desde la caída en el número de hectáreas de cultivos de coca en la región, que garantizaba oportunidades de ingreso a gran parte de la población, el pastoreo y la comercialización de lácteos, especialmente de leche, se han convertido en la principal fuente de ingreso. Esta vereda ha atravesado diferentes dinámicas y etapas del conflicto armado que ha vivido el departamento del Guaviare. En el año 2014, a través del CERF-UF, se priorizó la implementación de proyectos enfocados en protección con el fin de crear estrategias para evitar la inclusión de menores de edad en situaciones de conflicto.
Actualmente en Guacamayas se puede evidenciar la difícil situación que atraviesa la comunidad por el alto índice de necesidades básicas insatisfechas.

OCHA y ACNUR realizaron una visita a la vereda Guacamayas con el objetivo de evidenciar a través de una evaluación rápida de necesidades MIRA- Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment, y en observación in situ, los sectores con mayores necesidades humanitarias que aquejan a esta comunidad. Esta vereda, ubicada en el municipio de San José del Guaviare y priorizado en el SRP del año 2015, es una de las comunidades objeto en el plan de trabajo del Equipo Humanitario Local. De acuerdo a los resultados arrojados por la evaluación de necesidades, se priorizaron los siguientes sectores: i) Salud: La existencia de un puesto de salud sin dotación ni personal médico para atender las necesidades de la comunidad y la gran cantidad de menores de 5 años de edad con enfermedades crónicas relacionadas con la mala calidad del agua que se consume, son indicadores de la grave situación en este sector. ii) Agua, saneamiento básico e higiene: Guacamayas no cuenta con acueducto, el agua que consume la comunidad proviene de “reservorios” o pozos desprotegidos y de aguas lluvias, por lo que no son aptas para consumo humano. No se cuenta con pozos sépticos y las viviendas en su mayoría no tienen baterías sanitarias limpias y en buen estado; el tratamiento de aguas es casi nulo y la única solución para tomar el líquido es hervirla antes de consumirla. iii) Educación en emergencias: A pesar de que esta vereda cuenta con una de las Instituciones educativas más grandes de esta zona del municipio, la deserción de estudiantes empieza a acarrear problemas al internado para su operación normal. Del año 2010 al 2015 se ha pasado a tener 110 estudiantes a 77, situación que preocupa debido a que las intervenciones en estas instituciones se realizan con base en la cobertura que se mide por estudiantes matriculados.

Intervenciones claves recomendadas:

Salud: Garantizar la reactivación del funcionamiento del puesto de salud ubicado en la vereda. Proporcionar a la comunidad la posibilidad de contar con un promotor/a de salud permanente que atienda las emergencias y periódicamente con las visitas de médicos; además que se pueda garantizar la dotación del puesto de salud y brigadas de atención por parte de la ESE departamental. Se debe tener en cuenta que la vereda tiene una Institución educativa que funciona como internado con más de 80 estudiantes y no hay actualmente ningún protocolo de atención en casos de emergencias médicas.

Agua y saneamiento básico e higiene: Hacer incidencia frente a instituciones locales para garantizar la implementación en la comunidad de sistemas alternativos para poder obtener agua de calidad para consumo humano y que reemplace los pozos desprotegidos que se utiliza en la vereda para obtener el líquido. Con el fin de disminuir las enfermedades asociadas a la baja calidad del agua, impulsar iniciativas de potabilización de agua. Aprovechando la presencia de la Institución educativa y la numerosa presencia de menores de edad, iniciar estrategias que enseñen buenas prácticas de higiene para cortar enfermedades potenciales. Impulsar proyectos para garantizar que cada vivienda cuente con baterías sanitarias para el uso familiar.

Educación en emergencias: Realizar a través de la Institución educativa estrategias con los padres de familia y estudiantes para evitar que continúe la deserción escolar que se presenta por diversas causas. Es necesario motivar a los estudiantes para que finalicen sus estudios; se debe explorar con la Secretaría de educación diferentes alternativas para que los estudiantes puedan continuar con la educación superior en universidades departamentales o regionales, al igual que continuar con los proyectos de acompañamiento que adelanta el ACNUR con este internado. Iniciar trabajos con la Junta de acción comunal (JAC) para fortalecerla y que sea más incidente frente a la comunidad que representa, esto puede ayudar a lograr en la parte de educación que se pueda combatir más fuertemente el fenómeno de deserción que sufre el internado. Fortalecer la planta docente con el fin de mejorar los diversos aprendizajes en secundaria básica.

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Burundi: OCHA Eastern Africa/Flash Update 19: 31 July 2015 - Elections Crisis in Burundi and Regional Impact

31 July 2015 - 9:21am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

General developments

Following the announcements of the presidential elections on 24 July, there has been a general atmosphere of uncertainty and fear in Bujumbura and around the country. Sporadic gunshots were reported in Bujumbura during the reporting period and subsequent police operations in some sections of the town sometimes resulted in blockade of traffic, disrupting normal operations. In the southern Province of Makamba, heavy fighting was reported by media on 25 July between the Burundian army and unidentified armed group. The Burundi Red Cross Society (BRCS) confirmed there was no humanitarian impact, but unverified numbers of people displaced returned to their homes following calm in the area.

The United Nations Electoral Observation Mission in Burundi (MENUB) issued a preliminary statement on 27 July, concluding that while the Election Day was relatively peaceful and conducted adequately, the overall environment was not conducive for free and credible elections. MENUB also reiterated the UN Secretary-General’s call for the cessation of all forms of violence, respect of basic human rights and the resumption of dialogue. The President of the United States of America, Barack Obama added his voice in condemning African leaders who refuse to give up power as he made the first address to the African Union in Addis Ababa on 28 July. Obama singled out Burundi’s President Nkurunziza whose re-election to a third term provoked weeks of unrest. Meanwhile, despite having withdrawn from the elections, the main opposition leader Agathon Rwasa was elected first vice president of the national assembly on 30 July while the ruling party CNDD-FDD was confirmed president of the assembly. Mr. Rwasa earlier won a seat in parliament during the legislative elections on 29 June. Rwasa was quoted saying he would take part in the new government as a legislator to try and force change from within the system.

A parliamentary session held on 28 July adopted the suppression of point 2 of article 19 of the constitution which stipulates for ethnic and gender balance. This violates parts of the Arusha Agreement. The adoption by the House of Parliament means that there would be no need to alternate leadership between ethnic groups which could have serious implications moving forward. There have been tensions primarily between the two main tribes, Hutu and Tutsi.

In other developments, Reporters Without Borders called for the rapid and unconditional reopening of the media in Burundi and guarantees for the safe return of all journalists who fled abroad. The organization, which advocates for freedom of information, pointed out that Burundi’s five privately owned radio stations are still silent, since destruction in May during the attempted coup.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Humanitarian Bulletin Monthly Report - July 2015

31 July 2015 - 4:04am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Significant decline in Israeli-Palestinian violence and resulting casualties across the oPt during the first half of 2015, compared with the previous six months

  • Heightened threats of demolition and forcible displacement in two herding communities in Area C of the West Bank.

  • Over 275,000 Palestinians allowed into East Jerusalem for the Friday Prayers of Ramadan; some restrictions reinstated following Palestinian attacks.

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Nepal: Nepal Earthquake: Weekly Situation Update, 31 July 2015

31 July 2015 - 2:36am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Nepal, Assessment Capacities Project Country: Nepal

Key Figures

8,898 deaths
602,257 houses fully damaged

285,099 houses partially damaged (NEOC/MoHA 29/07/2015)

15,176 households planned for Government evacuation (GoN 14/07/2015)

Weekly highlights

  • In the past week, evacuations due to landslide risks took place in Chitwan, Dhading, Kabhrepalanchok, Makawanpur and Sindhupalchok. The reports did not specify the level of Government support to the evacuation process. Reports also suggest that the process has been delayed because of residents’ unwillingness to move.

  • Outside the 14 most affected districts, media reported that at least 19 people were killed and 32 missing following two landslides in the western district of Kaski on 30 July. On a separate event, at least six people have been reported dead in landslides that struck various VDCs in Myagdi district.

  • Floods triggered by incessant rainfall in Dolakha swept away a bridge over Charangekhola along the Lamosanghu-Jiri road on 25 July. Consequently, this obstructed traffic between Chautara, Sindhupalchok, and Charikot, Dolakha, as well as between Charikot and the capital. The Nepal Army, in coordination with WFP and logistic cluster, are responding to repair the bridge.

  • The District Public Health Office (DPHO) in Nuwakot reported that cases of malnutrition have risen following the earthquake. According to the DPHO, 89 children with chronic malnutrition were identified in a recent survey and pregnant and lactating women were also experiencing malnutrition.

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Colombia: Colombia – Desplazamientos masivos y afectación por violencia armada Tibú y El Tarra (Norte de Santander) Flash Update No. 2 (30/07/2015)

30 July 2015 - 10:56pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Por combates entre Fuerza Pública y ELN / EPL en el corregimiento de Orú, zona rural de El Tarra (Norte de Santander), aproximadamente 289 personas (73 familias) se desplazaron desde el 25 de julio a otras veredas cercanas. Según información preliminar, parte de la población habría retornado de forma temporal, pero por la reanudación de acciones bélicas, se habrían desplazado nuevamente. La continuidad de hostilidades ha dificultado el acceso a la zona y la recopilación de información sobre la situación de la población.

Por el temor ante los enfrentamientos, al menos 230 de los 270 alumnos del colegio del corregimiento, dejaron de asistir a clases. Las hostilidades causaron daños a la infraestructura de alumbrado público (cinco lámparas) y daños en algunas viviendas.

Según reportes de la comunidad no verificados, los combates iniciaron luego que el Ejército se resguardara en la iglesia y algunas casas del corregimiento. En misión de evaluación, la Personería municipal pudo constatar denuncias de abusos físicos a dos personas, uso indebido de bienes civiles (dos establecimientos comerciales) y daños en el puesto de internet. De confirmarse, estos hechos configurarían graves infracciones a los principios de distinción y proporcionalidad del Derecho Internacional Humanitario.

Tras una primera evaluación de necesidades realizada por la Personería municipal, se resolvió el despliegue de un equipo interdisciplinario en coordinación con Alcaldía y el Consejo Noruego para los Refugiados (NRC), para la tomar declaración por el desplazamiento masivo, recibir denuncias por afectación y daños, y atención psicosocial a la comunidad, en especial a niños, niñas, adolescentes y jóvenes. La misión humanitaria se desplegó el 29 de julio, sin embargo no pudo llegar hasta Orú debido a combates que se presentaban en el corregimiento Filo Gringo. Esta situación se informó a la Defensoría del Pueblo. La escuela del corregimiento estaría cerrada.

La zona afectada es cercana al corregimiento de Versalles, municipio de Tibú, donde se reportó un desplazamiento masivo el 23 de julio por enfrentamientos entre EPL y Ejército (ver Flash Update No. 1). En relación a esta situación, el 28 de julio la Personería realizó evaluación de necesidades, censo y toma de declaración con apoyo de ACNUR. El censo final registró 400 personas desplazadas (110 familias). Parte de la población ya habría retornado, no se conoce este dato al momento de elaboración de este informe. En la zona se mantienen restricciones de movilidad por temor a nuevos enfrentamientos, esto ha causado que de 111 niños/as sólo 44 asistan a clase y que se afecten actividades agropecuarias.

Mientras se mantiene la tensión en la zona, son urgentes acciones en los sectores de seguridad alimentaria, educación en emergencias y atención en salud mental. Estas necesidades pueden agravarse ante las dificultades para el acceso humanitario a la zona. La Alcaldía evaluará su capacidad de respuesta y se analizará la posibilidad de complementar la misma subsidiariamente por parte de UARIV3 y organizaciones de cooperación internacional.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 14 - 27 July 2015

30 July 2015 - 9:01am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Weekly Highlights

  • Three Palestinian civilians were shot with live ammunition and killed in the context of search and arrest operations in the West Bank: On 22 July, a 21-year-old man was shot in the chest in Birqin village (Jenin); on 23 July, a 53-year-old man was shot while reportedly trying to protect his son, who had been shot and injured moments earlier in their home in Beit Ummar village (Hebron); and on 27 July, a 20-year-old man fell from a roof after being shot multiple times while attempting to escape from Israeli soldiers in Qalandiya Refugee Camp (Jerusalem). The immediate cause of the latter death remains unconfirmed. This brings the number of Palestinian fatalities in the West Bank since the start of the year to 17, compared to 19 in the equivalent period of 2014.

  • Israeli forces injured a total of 66 Palestinians, including five children and five women in multiple incidents across the West Bank. Nearly a third of the injuries (21) took place in the context of search and arrest operations, including those operations noted above resulting in fatalities. Another 12 Palestinians were injured in clashes triggered by the announced entry of an Israeli Minister into Al Aqsa Mosque Compound on the annual Jewish fast day of Tisha B’Av; this is the first such entry since November 2014.

  • In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces shot and injured two fishermen, reportedly sailing at 6NM from shore, and a 14-year-old child, who had been playing with other children within 50 meters from the fence. Overall, Israeli forces opened fire towards civilians in the Access Restricted Areas (ARA) on land and at sea on at least 23 occasions during the two-week period. On two occasions, Israeli forces entered and leveled land near the fence inside the Gaza Strip.

  • Also in Gaza, a 67-year-old woman was injured in her house east of Al Bureij Camp, during an Israeli airstrike targeting a nearby military training site. The airstrike was reportedly launched in response to a Palestinian rocket fire. The Palestinian rockets landed in open area in southern Israel resulting in no injuries or damage.

  • Seven Israeli settler attacks resulting in injury or damage to Palestinian property were recorded, including the physical assault of a shepherd from Qwawis (Hebron) and a 4-year-old girl near Al Ibrahimi Mosque in the Israeli-controlled area of Hebron city; a Palestinian bus driver sprayed with pepper spray in East Jerusalem; a water well vandalized in Deir Istya village (Salfit); five dunums of cropped land damaged in Al Khadr (Bethlehem); and 200 olive saplings uprooted in Turmus’ayya (Ramallah).

  • Five Palestinian attacks against settlers and other Israelis and their property were recorded. According to Israeli media, the attacks involved stone throwing, and in one case, the hurling of a Molotov cocktail and fireworks at Israeli settlers, their houses and vehicles, injuring four Israeli settlers. All attacks were recorded in the Jerusalem governorate, except one recorded in the Ramallah governorate.

  • In Area C, Israeli authorities demolished three commercial structures in Idhna village and a water cistern under construction in Beit Ula, both in Hebron governorate, due to lack of building permits; in the latter village the authorities also uprooted and confiscated around 350 olive trees and leveled around 30 dunums of cultivated land on grounds of their location in land designated by Israel as “state land”. In East Jerusalem one Palestinian family sealed their home, and another family demolished their home pursuant to order issued by the Israeli authorities on grounds of lack of Israeli-issued building permits.

  • On 22 July, the Israeli Supreme Court rejected the petition filed by the widow of one of the perpetrators of the 18 November 2014 synagogue attack against the Ministry of Interior’s revocation of her permit to stay in East Jerusalem. This ruling paves the way for the forcible displacement of the woman and her three children from the city.

  • The Rafah crossing was closed in both directions by the Egyptian authorities during the two week period. So far in 2015, 7,504 Palestinians have exited Gaza via Rafah compared with 19,806 Palestinians in the equivalent period in 2014. This measure directly affects at least 12,000 people registered to cross in both sides.

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Nepal: Protection Thematic Report (as of 30.07.2015)

30 July 2015 - 4:13am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, MapAction, Protection Cluster, Assessment Capacities Project Country: Nepal

Protection concerns are widespread in Nepal, including trafficking, child marriage, gender-based violence, lack of civil documentation and discrimination based on caste, indigenous ethnicity and gender. This report provides a topic-wise snapshot of pre-existing protection concerns prior to the 25 April earthquake as well as an analysis based on the limited information available of the impact of the 25 April and 12 May earthquakes on the protection situation. As this is a crosscutting issue that should be integrated throughout the humanitarian response, this report aims to inform everyone responding to humanitarian needs.

KEY FINDINGS

Main pre-crisis protection concerns

  • Indigenous ethnic groups and low-caste groups such as Dalits tend to live away from easy-to-access settlements, and are traditionally marginalised.

  • Trafficking of women and children for sexual or labour exploitation is a long-standing problem.

  • Nepali society is patriarchal, so gender discrimination is present – and often accepted as the norm – in many aspects of life. Women from marginalised caste and ethnic groups face even greater challenges.

Current risks

  • Dalits are not members of District Disaster Risk Reduction Committees (DDRCs) in any of the 14 most affected districts, possibly leading to greater neglect of this group’s evacuation and relief needs. Access to assistance for many other marginalised groups is also a concern.

  • Female representation is lacking on decision-making committees at the community and site level.

  • Access to relief for people with limited mobility, including the elderly and people with disabilities.

  • Approximately 24% of the population does not possess a citizenship certificate, which presents a barrier to accessing government relief services and benefits. Women, low-caste, and indigenous ethnic groups in particular, face challenges acquiring citizenship documents.

  • Widespread damage to WASH infrastructure and displacement of communities has resulted in a lack of adequate segregated sanitation facilities for men, women, and third-gender, increasing the risk of gender-based violence, particularly in spontaneous settlement sites.

  • Pressure on household resources may lead to adoption of negative coping mechanisms, including GBV and increased alcohol use, and heightened risk of child labour and trafficking.

  • Access during monsoon is further impeding already limited systematic monitoring of protection issues.

Recommendations for humanitarian response

  • Mainstream gender, child protection and GBV throughout clusters, particularly in needs assessments, and coordinate with protection cluster to enhance prevention and response to protection issues that arise in various sector activities.

  • Collect data disaggregated by gender (male, female and, where relevant, third), disability, caste, and age across sectors to ensure needs of vulnerable groups are measurable and addressed at VDC level.

  • Consult with protection cluster and relevant sub-clusters (GBV and child protection) prior to conducting assessments for assistance with formulating appropriate questions.

  • Encourage more representation of women, Dalits and indigenous ethnic groups on community-level committees to ensure equitable allocation of relief resources and monitoring of humanitarian response.

  • Distribute relief equitably for vulnerable groups, based on need with targeted assistance to persons with specific needs. Establish mechanisms for assessing whether distribution is equitable and need-based.

  • Monitor civil documentation issues impacting relief access, including replacement/issuance of civil documentation where necessary.

  • Map out district-level government criteria for allocation of relief based on housing and land ownership status and provide assistance to fill gaps exist for those who are landless/lack ownership documents.

  • Ensure adherence to Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement for communities being evacuated.

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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 30 | 20 – 26 July 2015 [EN/AR]

30 July 2015 - 3:52am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

• WHO has secured funding for emergency response missions and the establishment of 10 temporary emergency clinics in areas at risk of cholera.

• The number of new South Sudanese refugees in Sudan has exceeded the response planning figure of 196,000.

• An estimated 3,350 people in Mellit town, North Darfur, are in need of assistance.

• Some 780 families have been affected by heavy rains and floods in Kalma camp, South Darfur.

• People affected by inter-tribal conflict in Abu Karinka and Al Gidamia towns, East Darfur, receive assistance.

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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 30 | 20 – 26 July 2015

30 July 2015 - 3:52am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

• WHO has secured funding for emergency response missions and the establishment of 10 temporary emergency clinics in areas at risk of cholera.

• The number of new South Sudanese refugees in Sudan has exceeded the response planning figure of 196,000.

• An estimated 3,350 people in Mellit town, North Darfur, are in need of assistance.

• Some 780 families have been affected by heavy rains and floods in Kalma camp, South Darfur.

• People affected by inter-tribal conflict in Abu Karinka and Al Gidamia towns, East Darfur, receive assistance.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: République Démocratique du Congo : Katanga Rapport hebdomadaire du 29 juillet 2015

29 July 2015 - 8:58am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Plus de 45 130 personnes se sont déplacées dans la province du Katanga entre avril et juin 2015.
  • 10 000 incidents de protection enregistrés au premier semestre 2015 dans la province.
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Dominican Republic: REDLAC Weekly Note on Emergencies - Latin America & the Caribbean - Year 8 - Volume 414

28 July 2015 - 5:43am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti

Highlights

  • DROUGHT AND FOOD SECURITY:
    Authorities activated the emergency mechanisms in Dominican Republic, while in Haiti authorities are concerned about a worsening of health issues due to lack of water.

  • FLOODS: River San Miguel in Colombia overflowed affecting about 8,000 people.
    Authorities are responding to the emergency by delivering foods and toiletry kits.

  • COLD WEATHER: In Bolivia about 9,330 families, 4,306 hectares of crops, 6,868 cattle and 207 houses are affected in 26 municipalities, in 6 departments

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Dominican Republic: REDLAC Nota Semanal sobre Emergencias - América Latina y el Caribe - Año 8 - Volumen 414

28 July 2015 - 5:29am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti

Destacados

  • SEQUÍA e INSEGURIDAD ALIMENTARIA: Autoridades activaron mecanismos de emergencia en República Dominicana, mientras en Haití las autoridades muestran preocupación porque la situación de salud puede agravar debido a la falta de agua.

  • INUNDACIONES: El desbordamiento del Río San Miguel en Colombia, afectó a cerca de 8,000 personas. Las autoridades responden a la emergencia a través de la entrega de alimentos y kits de aseo.

  • HELADAS: En Bolivia se han registrado 26 municipios afectados en 6 departamentos del país. Se estima que unas 9,330 familias están afectadas, además de 4,306 hectáreas de cultivos, 6,868 cabezas de ganado y 207 viviendas

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: République Démocratique du Congo : Katanga Rapport hebdomadaire du 24 juillet 2015

28 July 2015 - 5:11am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • L’épidémie de rougeole connait un recul à Malemba Nkulu

  • Plus de 17 000 personnes retournées sont sans abris dans le Territoire de Nyunzu

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N°23, 21 juillet 2015

28 July 2015 - 5:06am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • La protection de la population menacée par des tensions intercommunautaires dans la zone de Katwe

  • L’aide humanitaire s’organise pour près de 6400 ménages déplacés dans l’ouest du Territoire de Rutshuru

  • 5 000 ménages bénéficient de foires aux articles ménagers essentiels à Luofu, Kataro et Miriki

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Yemen: Yemen: Taizz airstrikes - Crisis Update 42 | 26 July 2015 (1000hrs)

27 July 2015 - 5:12pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Airstrikes hit a residential complex of Al Mukha Power Station in Al Mukha District, Taizz Governorate on 24 July. By noon on 26 July, health facilities had reported 55 deaths and 91 injuries (Source: World Health Organization).

  • Media reports suggest that the death toll could be as high as 120. The number is likely to increase as more bodies are recovered from the rubble, where an unknown number of people were trapped 36 hours after the attacks.

  • This attack is being characterized as the deadliest since the escalation of the conflict on 26 March, and it is thought the casualties are all civilians. The attack targeted workers’ housing near the local power plant in Al Mukha. Around 120 houses out of the 200 houses in the Power Station staff compound were badly damaged.

  • According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, nearly 20,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) were residing in Al Mukha District, some of whom were in or were staying close to the destroyed complex.

  • The Director of the Taizz Health Office reported that local hospitals were overwhelmed by admission of mass casualties. Roughly 100 injured people were taken to hospitals in Al Hudaydah Governorate around 184 km from Al Mukha.

  • This attack came a day after the conclusion of the Eid holiday in Yemen and a day prior to a planned humanitarian pause.

  • Medical emergency kits were dispatched today to local hospitals and mobilization of mobile health clinics is also planned.

  • Official figures point to over 23,300 deaths and injuries since the conflict escalated on 26 March.

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Nepal: Landslides and displacement in earthquake affected areas - Bi-weekly update, 27 July 2015

27 July 2015 - 12:21pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Assessment Capacities Project Country: Nepal

This bi-weekly report provides an update of the main movement patterns in Nepal since 25 April. There are currently two main movement flows within Nepal; earthquake and monsoon hazard-related movements and internal and external migration. This paper focuses on the first type of movement, including people displaced as a result of damaged, destroyed houses, and from areas at risk of landslides. For more information on external migration and remittances see the Note on Migration and Remittances. The main information sources feeding into this report include the CCCM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), Flowminder, ICIMOD, Durham University and media articles.

KEY FINDINGS

  • The most recently available data from mid-May indicates that over two million people are not living in their original houses. Around 2.5%, or 60,000 people, are residing in sites with 20 or more HH. The majority of those displaced reside in close proximity to their house. Between 2-6% of the pre-earthquake population of many districts left their home district after the earthquake. Currently, at least 117,000 people are residing outside of their district of normal residence, either because of economic migration or in search of safe shelter.

  • Movement due to landslides and the risk of landslides is increasing. Over 50,000 people live in areas that have experienced a large number of landslides in the two months after the earthquake. On 30 June, the Government issued a directive to district-level authorities to evacuate an estimated 50,000 HHs in 200 settlements considered at high-risk of landslides; planning figures were revised down to about 15,000 HHs in mid-July. According to various media reports, fewer than 800 HHs had been evacuated by district authorities since the directive was issued, while about 8,000 HHs have reportedly self-relocated without Government support.

  • The available data on displacement shows that overall movement between districts has decreased since the earthquake. For instance, the majority of districts outside of the Kathmandu Valley experienced large inflows of persons from other districts directly after the earthquake. However, since mid-June these numbers have mostly stabilised at a slightly higher level than normal. A comparison of the CCCM DTM results round II and III shows that across the affected districts, the number of sites and people residing in spontaneous settlements have decreased. However, the larger sites are growing in population. Access to basic services in the larger sites has slightly improved.

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Pakistan: Pakistan: Monsoon 2015 Update No. 2 (as of 27 July 2015)

27 July 2015 - 11:34am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Pakistan

Heavy monsoon rains, the rapid melting of snow and outbursts from glacial lakes have led to flash floods and the flooding of the Indus River in various locations across Pakistan. The floods have affected 23 Districts across Pakistan with 55 reported fatalities and 14 people injured. Chitral District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and six Districts of Punjab province have been hit the hardest, with a high risk of floods in Sindh province in coming days. The Pakistan Army and Government authorities are providing immediate response. OCHA is in contact with national and provincial disaster management authorities, and continues to monitor the situation. NDMA continues to monitor the situation, and issue early warnings/alerts on weather and flood advisories to relevant disaster management authorities.

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 27 July 2015

27 July 2015 - 10:44am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan

Key Issues:

  • The on-going El Niño phenomenon will continue to negatively affect rainfall patterns until the first quarter of 2016.

  • The relief food beneficiary figure is expected to increase for the remainder of 2015. The HRD midyear review is tentatively scheduled to be launched in mid-August.

  • Following the cholera outbreak in South Sudan, health partners in Gambella are working with the Government to implement preventive and control measures, including awareness raising and drug pre-positioning by UNICEF.

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Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Humanitarian Bulletin, Issue 1 | July 2015

27 July 2015 - 9:15am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic

Highlights

  • Humanitarian needs continue to exceed available resources
  • Population continues to face serious food access constraints
  • A tough homecoming in Bangui
  • New coordination structure to deliver humanitarian assistance
  • Insecurity persists although violence has abated
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