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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 27 April 2015

1 hour 28 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia

Key Issues:

  • There is a 93 per cent resource shortfall (US$25.4 million) for the third round relief food ration expected to be distributed in June-July, which is the height of the hunger season.

  • Severe water and pasture shortages, deteriorating livestock body condition and livestock deaths were reported in areas that received inadequate seasonal rains.

  • Aside from a contribution from the Federal Ministry of Health, no funds were committed and/or received from donors for the planned measles vaccination campaign in October 2015.

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Burundi: OCHA Eastern Africa/Flash Update 1 - Elections Crisis in Burundi and Regional Impacts

1 hour 35 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, United Republic of Tanzania

Civil unrest erupted on Sunday 26 April in Bujumbura, capital of Burundi, after the ruling CNDD-FDD party overwhelmingly (88%) elected President Pierre Nkurunziza on Saturday 25 April as its candidate for the 26 June presidential election. Nkurunziza has been in office for two terms since 2005, and a broad array of actors (including the UN) has warned that an attempt to seek a third term is unconstitutional and contrary to the spirit of the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi that ended a decade of civil war in the country.

Public protests resumed today, with various media outlets reporting that five people had been killed since yesterday. There has been widespread intimidation and efforts to shut down media outlets, as well as intimidation and arrests of rights activists, notably Pierre Claver Mbonimpa.

UNHCR-Rwanda reports that as of 26 April, 20,408 Burundians had sought refuge in Rwanda over the past two weeks. UNHCR reports that together with the Government of Rwanda and partners, they are working to relocate a total of 16,000 refugees from the two reception centers, Bugesera and Nyanza, to the new Mahama refugee camp by Friday 1 May. The number of refugees being relocated on a daily basis to the new camp is increasing due to the sharply rising rate of new arrivals (almost 3,000 individuals arriving daily as of 25 April, up from an average of 500 daily arrivals between 16-21 April), overwhelming the two reception centers. UNHCR, the Government and partners are planning for a continued high rate of influx.

Meanwhile, UNHCR in Uvira, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, reports that 4,000 Burundians have sought refuge in the DRC, while UNHCR in Tanzania – which has historically hosted hundreds of thousands of Burundian refugees – reports only 100 arrivals from Burundi thus far.

No urgent humanitarian needs have yet emerged in Burundi. However, the newly re-established Burundi Humanitarian Country Team has endorsed an inter-agency contingency plan for the upcoming elections. They are urgently requesting US$11.6 million for priority preparedness and response to the needs of up to 50,000 people most likely to be affected within the first eight weeks of violence due to elections. In a worst case scenario, 350,000 people could be in need of humanitarian assistance within six months.

The next Flash Update will be issued within the next 48 hours. In the meantime, for further information, contact Matthew Conway, Public Information Officer, OCHA Eastern Africa, at conwaym@un.org.

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Colombia: Impacto humanitario de los ataques contra la industria petrolera en Putumayo - Abril de 2015

4 hours 41 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

DATOS CLAVES

  • En 2014, en Putumayo se presentaron 30 ataques contra la industria petrolera (incluyendo ataques contra la infraestructura con explosivos, ataques en contra del personal -incluyendo secuestros, robo e incineración de vehículos, y derrame de crudo forzado por el grupo armado). Es decir que este departamento concentró dos de cada tres ataques reportados en Colombia. El número de ataques registrados en Putumayo en 2014 representa un incremento del 67% frente a 2013.

  • Los municipios de San Miguel, Valle del Guamuez, Orito y Puerto Asís fueron los más afectados por los ataques contra la infraestructura petrolera que se presentaron en Putumayo en 2014. Según datos de Monitor, las FARC-EP son responsables del 73% de los ataques registrados en Putumayo en 2014.

  • Los ataques a la infraestructura petrolera han tenido como consecuencia la contaminación de fuentes de agua, ríos y quebradas usados por las comunidades para su abastecimiento y consumo. Aunque en algunos casos las empresas petroleras han asumido la distribución de agua potable a la población, esta distribución oscila entre los 20 y 40 litros de agua por familia a la semana, muy por debajo de los estándares internacionales (ESFERA) que sugieren un mínimo de 15 litros por día por persona. La ubicación de los puntos de distribución genera una barrera de acceso para la población de veredas alejadas, que deben asumir altos costos en tiempo y dinero para poder beneficiarse de las distribuciones

  • En Putumayo no existe un solo carro-tanque con las disposiciones mínimas para el transporte de agua potable por lo que en la actualidad se usan los mismos vehículos en los que se transporta combustible.

  • Acción Contra el Hambre (ACF/ACH), a través de un proyecto ERF en curso, está atendiendo las necesidades de acceso a agua segura de 352 personas afectadas por derrames de hidrocarburos tras ataques a infraestructura petrolera en 2014, en Puerto Asís.

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Somalia: Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia March 2015 | Issued on 24 April 2015

6 hours 49 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Somalia, Yemen

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Attack on UN aid workers in Puntland underscores the dangerous and difficult operating environment aid workers face in Somalia.

  • Onset of principal rainy season brings relief to dry conditions, but heightens the risk of flooding and disease outbreaks.

  • More money transfers organizations shut down further jeopardizing Somali remittance lifeline

FIGURES

-# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 7 731,000

-# of people in food security stress 2.3m

-# of acutely 203,000 malnourished children under age 5 Source: www.fsnau.org (Feb-June 2015 projection)

-# of internally displaced people 1.1m

-# of Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen 1m Source: UNHCR

FUNDING

  • 863 million requested for 2015 (US$)

  • 11% (94 million)

  • 122 million Total humanitarian funding received for Somalia (reflects reported funding on FTS as of 23 April 2015)

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Iraq: OCHA Flash Update Iraq Crisis – Anbar Displacement No. 6 | 26 April 2015

26 April 2015 - 4:20pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq
  1. The Government reports just over 19,000 families (about 114,000 people) have been displaced from Ramadi District since the beginning of the crisis. Humanitarian partners put the figure at about 12,400 families, spread across Anbar, Baghdad, Babylon, Erbil, Diyala, Kerbala, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah and Wassit governorates.

  2. ISIL took partial control of the Tharthar dam in Anbar Governorate and the military barracks guarding it, prompting concern over the possibility of deliberate flooding by ISIL as witnessed in Abu Ghraib District in 2014.

  3. The maternity hospital and general hospital in Ramadi remains out of service. The latter is currently controlled by ISF and is being used as a military base. Two primary health care centres (PHCC) in Ramadi (Al Tal and Al Malaab) have resumed partial services.

  4. The Anbar Provincial Council reported continued returns to Ramadi City over the last few days.

  5. According to field reports, 109 families (567 individuals) from Ramadi fled to Darbandikhan Sub-District (Khanaqin District in Diyala Governorate). Most are living in rented houses or with relatives.

  6. The Wassit Provincial Council voted to receive IDPs from Anbar with the required sponsorship, with the exception of males aged 18-50. Wassit local authorities are responsible to accommodate the IDPs, according to reports.

  7. Heavy fighting occurred over the weekend in northern Fallujah (Al Karma region) between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Iraqi Security Forces (ISF). The commander of the 1st Division (Hassan Abbas) and a brigade commander were reportedly killed. There are reports a significant number of ISF soldiers were killed. A further escalation of fighting could trigger large-scale displacement out of Falluja.

  8. Due to an ISIL attack in the area of Trebil, close to the frontier with Jordan, borders with Jordan and Syria were closed as a precautionary measure. This could have severe food insecurity implications, particularly for west Anbar where supplies originate from Jordan. In al-Baghdadi Sub-district and Haditha District, where there are already food shortages, this could be critical.

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Iraq: OCHA Flash Update Iraq Crisis – Ramadi Displacement No. 6 | 26 April 2015

26 April 2015 - 4:20pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq
  1. The Government reports just over 19,000 families (about 114,000 people) have been displaced from Ramadi District since the beginning of the crisis. Humanitarian partners put the figure at about 12,400 families, spread across Anbar, Baghdad, Babylon, Erbil, Diyala, Kerbala, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah and Wassit governorates.

  2. ISIL took partial control of the Tharthar dam in Anbar Governorate and the military barracks guarding it, prompting concern over the possibility of deliberate flooding by ISIL as witnessed in Abu Ghraib District in 2014.

  3. The maternity hospital and general hospital in Ramadi remains out of service. The latter is currently controlled by ISF and is being used as a military base. Two primary health care centres (PHCC) in Ramadi (Al Tal and Al Malaab) have resumed partial services.

  4. The Anbar Provincial Council reported continued returns to Ramadi City over the last few days.

  5. According to field reports, 109 families (567 individuals) from Ramadi fled to Darbandikhan Sub-District (Khanaqin District in Diyala Governorate). Most are living in rented houses or with relatives.

  6. The Wassit Provincial Council voted to receive IDPs from Anbar with the required sponsorship, with the exception of males aged 18-50. Wassit local authorities are responsible to accommodate the IDPs, according to reports.

  7. Heavy fighting occurred over the weekend in northern Fallujah (Al Karma region) between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Iraqi Security Forces (ISF). The commander of the 1st Division (Hassan Abbas) and a brigade commander were reportedly killed. There are reports a significant number of ISF soldiers were killed. A further escalation of fighting could trigger large-scale displacement out of Falluja.

  8. Due to an ISIL attack in the area of Trebil, close to the frontier with Jordan, borders with Jordan and Syria were closed as a precautionary measure. This could have severe food insecurity implications, particularly for west Anbar where supplies originate from Jordan. In al-Baghdadi Sub-district and Haditha District, where there are already food shortages, this could be critical.

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Syrian Arab Republic: Humanitarian Bulletin Syria Issue 54 | 18 March - 21 April 2015

26 April 2015 - 5:26am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory, Syrian Arab Republic

HIGHLIGHTS

  • International community concerned over lack of access to civilians in Yarmouk.

  • At least 195,000 people fled escalating or imminent violence during reporting period.

  • Number of people living in besieged areas more than doubled

  • Vulnerable populations benefit from Syria Emergency Response Fund

  • 14 projects approved by Central Emergency Relief Fund

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Syrian Arab Republic: Syrian Arab Republic: Idleb Situation Report No. 3 (15-22 April 2015)

26 April 2015 - 3:10am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Syrian Arab Republic

Highlights

  • Ishan hospital in Saraqab was damaged during an airstrike on 18 April, rendering it non-functional.

  • The SARC Idleb facilities at Carlton Hotel in Idleb city were extensively damaged in an airstrike on 17 April, with key assets, including nine SARC ambulances and vehicles damaged or destroyed. No SARC personnel were injured.

  • Non-state armed groups announced on 22 April the launch of new military campaigns along the route connecting Idleb city to Hama.

Situation Overview

Non-state armed groups (NSAGs) announced on 22 April the launch of new military campaigns along the route connecting Idleb city to Hama, including targeting of Jisr-Ash-Shugur, Al-Qarmid factory in rural Idleb and rural Hama. As a result, movement of civilians and commercial vehicles on the road linking Jisr-Ash-Shugur with Al Ghab and Lattakia was restricted. If restrictions continue, there may be implications for the supplies and prices of commodities.

Intense fighting, shelling and aerial bombardment reportedly continue on Idleb city and surrounding areas. Towns and villages in close proximity to the east and north of the city, such as Ma’arrat An Nu’man, Saraqab and Sarmin, have reportedly been badly affected by airstrikes, with many civilian casualties reported, including women and children.

The prevailing security situation has created large displacement from Idleb city to rural areas. Many people are displaced for a second or third time, often further away from Idleb city and environs. At least 101,800 people have been displaced as a result of the fighting in the last three weeks, including over 20,0001 to Government-controlled areas and almost 81,8002 into areas controlled by NSAGs, with some sources reporting higher figures.3 Camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Atmeh and Qah have seen increased arrivals over the past week, and 1,160 IDPs from Idleb city have arrived in Saida Zainab, Rural Damascus. Many of the IDPs in Saida Zainab have arrived from locations in Hama, Lattakia and Tartous, to where they were initially displaced.

Physical safety and security concerns may present a serious challenge to any future IDP movement. The Hama highway has reportedly been heavily shelled near Ziyara, making the route very dangerous for civilian movement.

The damage and destruction of civilian infrastructure, including apparent targeting of it, remains a severe concern and a violation of International Humanitarian Law. During the past week alone, Ishan hospital in Saraqab was damaged, a bakery operated by a humanitarian agency was destroyed and an employee killed during airstrikes. On 19 April two person-borne improvised explosive devices (PBIEDs) exploded at a school in Ariha which reportedly is not being used for education or shelter purposes.

Risks for humanitarian workers continue. The Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) main branch offices in the Carlton hotel in Idleb city were severely damaged by an airstrike on 17 April. No SARC personnel were injured but critical assets, including nine vehicles and ambulances, 6,000 liters of gasoline, several generators and water equipment, were destroyed or damaged.

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Iraq: Iraq Crisis Situation Report No. 40 (15 – 21 April 2015) [EN/AR/KU]

25 April 2015 - 8:24am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq

Highlights

  • More than 100,000 people flee fighting in Ramadi

  • Baghdad hosts 13,251 newly displaced families

  • Humanitarian agencies step up response efforts

  • WFP providing Immediate Response Rations to 60,000 people

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Iraq: Iraq Crisis Situation Report No. 40 (15 – 21 April 2015)

25 April 2015 - 8:24am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq

Highlights

  • More than 100,000 people flee fighting in Ramadi

  • Baghdad hosts 13,251 newly displaced families

  • Humanitarian agencies step up response efforts

  • WFP providing Immediate Response Rations to 60,000 people

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Yemen: Yemen: Escalating Conflict Flash Update 18 | 24 April 2015 (10:00)

24 April 2015 - 3:37pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Daily Key messages

Conflict and insecurity continue to hinder the delivery of urgently needed assistance to displaced families and other vulnerable, conflict-affected communities. All parties to conflict have obligations to facilitate the safe passage of aid and unimpeded access for humanitarians to people in need.

Overview

The Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) has called for humanitarian pauses to allow for aid workers and supplies to be urgently delivered into Yemen. In a statement on 23 April, Mr. Johannes Van Der Klaauw called on all parties to the conflict to facilitate the safe passage of aid and unimpeded access for humanitarians to affected areas in accordance with IHL. The HC expressed gratitude to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for its US$274 million donation towards the recently issued Flash Appeal, but noted that the overall humanitarian response goes far beyond the bare-minimum requirements of the Flash Appeal.
In the last 24 hours, airstrikes reportedly hit the airport and coast guard building in Al Hudaydah Governorate, two schools and a local sports club in Al Dhale'e Governorate, a vocational institute in Khwlan District of Sana'a Governorate and a governmental complex in Qatabir District of Sa'ada Governorate. Also hit were locations in Midi District in Hajjah governorate, Khur Maksar and Crater districts in Aden governorate, Bayhan District in Shabwah governorate and Al Dhaher District in Sa'ada governorate. More targets were hit in Taizz and Marib governorates.

In a letter sent to humanitarian agencies, the governor of Sa’ada has declared Sa'ada City as ‘a disaster city’ following damages caused by conflict. The letter states that all lifesaving services and supplies are no longer available for the people in Sa’ada and the government is unable to provide any relief assistance. The governor has appealed to humanitarian agencies to provide assistance.

Displacement and casualties

According to OHCHR, an estimated 551 civilians were killed between 26 March and 22 April including 31 women and 100 children. Another 1,185 civilians were also estimated to be injured during this period, 35 women and 67 children. At least 64 public buildings have been either partially or completely destroyed.. Also today, UNICEF reports that at least 115 children have been killed and 172 maimed since 26 March.

IOM reported today that total arrivals from Yemen to the Horn of Africa, including to Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland, have increased by 8,344 people this week. This brings the total since conflict escalated in mid-March to an estimated 10,263 people. Over 60 per cent are third country nationals who need assistance to return home.

The Protection Cluster convened a meeting on 23 April to discuss a system of tracking displacement in Yemen. This discussion will be finalised next week to better report the number of people displaced by the recent escalation in conflict.

Access and humanitarian response

Response

Southern governorates: Partners provided water trucking to cover the needs of 500 persons residing in Al Dola Mosque in Al Hawtah District in Lahj Governorate. Water trucking continued for 670 IDP families residing in schools in Zinjibar, Khanfar and Lawder. Trucking of clean water also reached IDPs and host communities in Al Dhubayiat area in Al Dhale'e, providing a total of 20,000 litres. However, intensified clashes constrained partners’ efforts to deliver safe drinking water around Aden city and in parts of Lahj yesterday. Water trucking could not reach 10 schools, hosting IDPs that were displaced in the last two days. All the schools are in Mansoura, Dar Saad and Sheikh Othman Districts. Partners could not provide water trucking to Al What School in Lahj as families in that school were further displaced by conflict in the area since yesterday.

Western governorates: An NGO partner distributed 20 water tanks to displaced families in Abs District of Hajjah Governorate. A UN agency provided additional tanks to be distributed to 1,024 families in the same governorate. One hospital and four health units in Abs District and 391 displaced families in Hayran District in Hajjah received trucked water. Another 479 water filters were distributed to 263 displaced families in Az Zhurah district in Hudaydah and 216 displaced families in Abs District in Hajjah.

Yesterday, port authorities in Al Hudaydah informed OCHA that four vessels carrying wheat grains arrived at As Salif port during the week. The vessels belonged to three commercial companies operating in Yemen. A fuel vessel carrying petrol reportedly reached Yemen’s territorial waters, but was stopped by coalition forces for inspection. According to Hudaydah port control room, the vessel is expected to be released by tomorrow. Unavailability of transportation in Al Hudaydah ports due to acute shortage of fuel is one of the major concerns of local importers.

Northern governorates: A three-day multi-cluster rapid needs assessment was completed on 23 April in the districts of Sahar, As Safra and Majz in Sa’ada Governorate. The assessment was carried out by international and local NGOs and in coordination with the Executive Council. Data analysis is ongoing and the findings will be shared next week.

Some 500 IDP households have received water jerry cans in Bani Swaid and Hijrat Salim in Majz District. Water is also being trucked twice a day to IDPs and host community in the same areas. The households also received chlorination tablets.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N°13, 23 avril 2015

24 April 2015 - 8:48am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Nouveau massacre des civils dans la zone de Beni: 28 personnes tuées, plus de 300 personnes tuées depuis octobre 2014.
  • Présence de plus de 34 000 personnes déplacées au sud Lubero.
  • Environ 58 500 personnes vulnérables assistées en articles ménagers essentiels et kits wash dans les territoires de Lubero et de Rutshuru.

Aperçu de la situation
Les territoires de Beni et de Rutshuru sont confrontés à une nouvelle série de tueries et d’enlèvements, ainsi qu’aux affrontements intergroupes armés et entre ces derniers et l’arnée congolaise (FARDC). Prises au piège de cette nième violence, les populations des zones affectées ont désespérement besoin de renforcement des mesures de protection des civils.

Dans le Territoire de Beni, 28 personnes ont été tuées et sept autres blessées dans la nuit du 14 au 15 avril par des membres présumés du groupe armé Allied Democratic Forces (ADF). Selon les autorités territoriales, des hommes armés ont surgi à Ambingi, Matiba, Masulukwede et à 12 km de la route Mbau-Kamango, villages situés au nord-est de la ville de Beni et ont attaquées la population à coups de machettes. Entre octobre 2014 et janvier 2015, environ 300 personnes avaient été tuées par des hommes armés dans plusieurs localités du nord de Beni. La menace de massacres des civils demeure forte dans la zone poussant la population à l’errance pour se protéger .

Dans le Territoire de Rutshuru, des hommes armés ont enlevé environ 60 personnes à 5 km de la localité de Rwindi et à Nyamitare, les 15 et 16 avril. Selon des sources locales, les preneurs d’otages auraient demandé des rançons aux familles de personnes enlevées. Suite à la montée de violences, la population a manifesté les 1 et 2 avril à Rutshuru centre et à Kiwanja pour reclamer plus de sécurité. Selon un bilan établi par les organisations de la société civile de Rutshuru, plus de 60 personnes auraient été assassinées entre janvier et mars 2015, une vingtaine d’autres ont été blessées par balles et environ 80 personnes ont été enlevées à travers ce territoire.

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Iraq: OCHA Flash Update Iraq Crisis – Ramadi Displacement No. 5 | 23 April 2015

23 April 2015 - 1:43pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq
  1. The Iraqi Government estimates that 19,058 families (about 114,000 individuals) have been displaced from Ramadi District and surrounding areas in Anbar Governorate as of 23 April (10 :0). Of these , approximately 2,000 families have been displaced within Anbar Governorate, 13,251 families to Baghdad Governorate , 1,000 families to Babylon Governorate , and 2,807 families to Sulaymaniyah Governorate.

  2. Currently assess ed figures by humanitarian partners suggest 17,489 families (about 104,934 people) displaced from Ramadi District and surrounding areas in Anbar Governorate. This figure also includes some 230 families in Diyala Governorate , 54 families in Wassit Governorate, 34 in Najaf Governorate and about 400 families in Erbil Governorate.

  3. Approximately 1,800 families have returned to the town of Ramadi, the Anbar Provincial Council announced. They have situated themselves mainly in the residential sector of Ramadi , known as Soccer Field.

  4. The two main hospitals in Ramadi remain closed, with resulting implications on the referral and treatment of serious cases from clinic s and health centres which are currently providing services.

  5. Humanitarian partners have assisted almost 80,000 people with Immediate Response Rations ( IRRs) and Rapid Response Mechanism ( RRM) kits as of 22 April.

  6. More than 16,000 people have benefitted from the distribution of over 2,600 core relief item (CRI) and non - food i tem (NFI) kits .

  7. Mobile medical units are positioned at IDP locations and in transit areas to provide primary health care services .

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Iraq: OCHA Flash Update Iraq Crisis – Ramadi Displacement No. 4 | 23 April 2015

23 April 2015 - 1:43pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq
  1. The Iraqi Government estimates that 19,058 families (about 114,000 individuals) have been displaced from Ramadi District and surrounding areas in Anbar Governorate as of 23 April (10 :0). Of these , approximately 2,000 families have been displaced within Anbar Governorate, 13,251 families to Baghdad Governorate , 1,000 families to Babylon Governorate , and 2,807 families to Sulaymaniyah Governorate.

  2. Currently assess ed figures by humanitarian partners suggest 17,489 families (about 104,934 people) displaced from Ramadi District and surrounding areas in Anbar Governorate. This figure also includes some 230 families in Diyala Governorate , 54 families in Wassit Governorate, 34 in Najaf Governorate and about 400 families in Erbil Governorate.

  3. Approximately 1,800 families have returned to the town of Ramadi, the Anbar Provincial Council announced. They have situated themselves mainly in the residential sector of Ramadi , known as Soccer Field.

  4. The two main hospitals in Ramadi remain closed, with resulting implications on the referral and treatment of serious cases from clinic s and health centres which are currently providing services.

  5. Humanitarian partners have assisted almost 80,000 people with Immediate Response Rations ( IRRs) and Rapid Response Mechanism ( RRM) kits as of 22 April.

  6. More than 16,000 people have benefitted from the distribution of over 2,600 core relief item (CRI) and non - food i tem (NFI) kits .

  7. Mobile medical units are positioned at IDP locations and in transit areas to provide primary health care services .

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Yemen: Yemen: Escalating Conflict Flash Update 17 | 23 April 2015 (10.00)

23 April 2015 - 10:26am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Yemen

Daily Key messages

The main hospital in Aden has no water after storage tanks were damaged during fighting last night. Parties to conflict in Yemen must ensure health facilities and other civilian infrastructure are protected at all times from harm.

Overview

A day after the coalition’s announcement ending airstrikes on Yemen, several governorates were hit. This morning, airstrikes hit Noqum and nearby areas in Sana’a City. In the last 24 hours, airstrikes have also been reported in Sana'a, Taizz, Aden, Lahj, Sa'ada and Al Dhale’e governorates. In Aden, the airport was also reportedly targeted.

The water tanks in Al Jumhouria Hospital and Al Maala Health Complex in Aden were damaged by fighting last night, and both health facilities have no water today. Plans by partners to replace the tanks were unsuccessful today because of insecurity. Meanwhile, one employee from the local electricity company was reportedly shot dead by a sniper, and four other employees injured as they carried out repairs in Al Maala District. An employee of the water company was also injured. In Aden, militants used tanks to fire at residential houses in Al Ahmadi Residential area as well as Crater and Mualla districts. Al Ahmadi area was previously targeted and houses burnt down. Some families were displaced. Around the city, street fighting between militants continued today. The Ministry of Health said 95 per cent of the foreign medical workforce has evacuated the country since 26 March.

Access and humanitarian response

Response

WFP’s emergency food distribution to affected populations, which started on 15 April, is ongoing in Aden, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, and Sana’a through partners. Yesterday, about 13,000 people received full food rations making the total population assisted since the start of emergency response to be around 20,000 beneficiaries. Distributions are proceeding at much slower rates than originally planned due to conflict, insecurity and fuel shortages.

Al Thawrah public hospital in Sana’a has received 60,000 litres of fuel and oxygen from an individual donor. The hospital was due to shut down operations due to a critical shortage of fuel and oxygen. It is the largest hospital in Yemen, and its referral facility provides ambulatory care for about 4,000 outpatients a day.

For further information, please see:

http://www.humanitarianresponse.info/operations/yemen,
http://www.unocha.org/yemen

Or contact: Ogoso Erich, Public Information Officer, OCHA Yemen, Tel - +962 795 203 158, Email – ogoso@un.org Yemen: Escalating Conflict Flash Update 17 | 23 April 2015 (10.00)

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 07/15, (23/04/2015)

23 April 2015 - 9:12am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Plus de 2 700 réfugiés burundais sont arrivés à Uvira fuyant les tensions politiques liées aux prochaines élections

  • Les catastrophes naturelles nécessitent une réponse durable Kalehe : plus de 3 800 familles déplacées assistées en rations alimentaires.

Aperçu de la situation

Au 21 avril, 2 740 réfugiés burundais sont arrivés dans les territoire de Fizi et Uvira fuyant les tensions politiques liées aux élections présidentielles de juin prochain. Ces réfugiés sont principalement hebergés dans des familles d’autres réfugiés burundais arrivés précédemment dans les territoires d’Uvira et de Fizi qui comptent déjà 8 000 réfugiés enregistrés. Aussi, 325 congolais anciennement réfugiés au Burundi sont retournés spontanément à Uvira. Environ 50 000 réfugiés congolais vivent dans des camps au Burundi. Actuellement, le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) suit quotidiennement les mouvements des réfugiés entre les deux frontières et a préparé un plan de contingence pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires qui pourraient en résulter.

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Colombia: Colombia - Informe Flash MIRA - Municipio: Pasto (Nariño) Fechas: Abril 10-13 2015

23 April 2015 - 6:39am
Source: UN Country Team in Colombia, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Según informe de la Diócesis de Tumaco, el 18 de enero de 2015, 69 personas (19 familias) fueron desplazadas de zona rural del municipio de Barbacoas.
Posteriormente, la Personería Municipal de Pasto informó que el día 26 de enero, 63 personas fueron desplazadas de zona rural del municipio de Cumbitara. La totalidad de las personas víctimas de los desplazamiento llegaron al municipio de Pasto, La población proveniente de Barbacoas fue atendida principalmente en el albergue Hogar de Paso de la Diócesis de Pasto y la de Cumbitara se vió abocada a alojarse en casas de familiares y/o amigos.
Es importante aclarar que aunque los desplazamientos masivos fueron registrados, también se presentaron desplazamientos “gota a gota” desde los municipios de El Charco, Tumaco, Roberto Payan, entre otros hasta la ciudad de Pasto. Esta situación generó un desbordamiento de la capacidad de atención del albergue Hogar de Paso.
Según los resultados de las entrevistas MIRA realizadas tanto con personas en situación de desplazamiento alojadas en el albergue Hogar de Paso provenientes de Barbacoas como con las alojadas en casas de familiares provenientes del municipio de Cumbitara, los hallazgos generales son: i) Salud – Salud emocional, El estrés post traumático y los efectos de mediano y largo plazo en la salud emocional y mental de la población desplazada se hacen evidentes. Adicionalmente se presenta un alto riesgo de aumento de la conflictividad y alteración de la convivencia en el albergue debido las condiciones de la salud emocional y al alto número de personas conviviendo en periodos promedio de 18 a 28 días. ii). Albergues (Gestión de alojamientos temporales): El alto número de personas desplazadas que se presentó en Pasto generó una situación crítica para el albergue ya que se sobrepasó en un 130% su capacidad, por lo cual se debió recurrir a la contratación de un hotel para el alojamiento y la alimentación de las personas que no alcanzaron a ser atendidas en el albergue. iii) Protección: Un número significativo de personas en situación de desplazamiento manifiesta no querer regresar a sus comunidades principalmente por motivos de seguridad, contaminación del territorio por MAP/MUSE y por la presencia del actor generador del desplazamiento por lo que es importante considerar alternativas que les garanticen condiciones de dignidad y seguridad. Se evidencia inseguridad de los entornos, afectando principalmente a mujeres, jóvenes, niñas y niños. Adicionalmente se pueden presentar nuevos desplazamientos intraurbanos desde el barrio periurbano de San Luis hacia otros barrios de la ciudad de Pasto

Intervenciones Recomendada:

Salud (Salud emocional): Identificar la relación existente entre las condiciones del alojamiento temporal, en cuanto a infraestructura física y distribución de espacios, con el ambiente social y la convivencia durante la estadía de las personas, por tanto es importante desarrollar una estrategia para la atención inmediata y tratamiento adecuado de los efectos y secuelas emocionales y mentales posteriores al hecho victimizante y durante su convivencia en el hogar de paso. Promover la reconstrucción del tejido social y el fortalecimiento de los lazos familiares durante la fase de alojamiento temporal priorizando el acompañamiento permanente de niños y niñas por parte de su núcleo familiar Albergue (Gestión del Alojamiento Temporal): Mejorar la infraestructura de saneamiento básico. Ampliar zonas de uso común y de espacios para la utilización adecuada del tiempo libre. Asegurar la entrega adecuada, a tiempo y en condiciones óptimas de alimentos y asegurar medios de vida para la población que reside en la zona de Altos de San Luis. De igual manera es clave asegurar la ampliación en el suministro de alimentos en caso de que se amplíe la capacidad de alojamiento en el hogar de paso.
Protección: Fortalecer la identificación y activación de las rutas de atención diferencial ante afectaciones humanitarias y riesgos presentados. Promover actividades lúdicas, formativas y de aprovechamiento del tiempo libre, para niños/as y adolescentes, y mujeres que minimicen el riesgo de acciones de VBG. Promover mecanismos de protección de los grupos familiares en relación con la convivencia en los albergues y otras modalidades de alojamiento temporal. Acompañar y fortalecer procesos de reconstrucción del tejido comunitario y explorar alternativas que promuevan medios de vida sostenibles

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: République Démocratique du Congo : Province du Katanga - Rapport hebdomadaire du 22 avril 2015

23 April 2015 - 5:57am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Katanga : Plus de 8 500 incidents de protection rapportés au premier trimestre

  • US$ 2 millions à mobiliser pour prendre en charge les survivantes de violences sexuelles et sexistes (SGBV).

Aperçu de la situation

Plus de 8 500 incidents de protection ont été rapportés au cours du premier trimestre 2015 dans les territoires de Kalemie, Malemba Nkulu, Manono, Mitwaba, Nyunzu et Pweto. Selon le Haut-commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), près de 70% de ces incidents ont été enregistrés dans trois territoires : Kalemie, Manono et Nyunzu, dans le District de Tanganyika.. Les violences intercommunautaires depuis janvier entre les Twa et les Luba seraient à la base de la hausse du nombre d’incidents de protection.

Dans ces trois territoires, plus de 1 400 maisons et cases ont été incendiées au cours d’une vingtaine d’attaques liées au conflit communautaire ; de nombreuses personnes ont été assassinées et plusieurs autres exactions ont été commises.
D’une manière générale, les violations enregistrées dans ces six territoires sont attribuées à toutes les parties en conflits : Mayi-Mayi, éléments de l’armée congolaise et de la police, bandits armés et des civils membres des groupes d’auto-défense. Dans ce rapport, le HCR fait mention des viols, tortures, traitements inhumains, mariages forcés, extorsion des biens commis à l’endroit des civils dans des zones en conflits. En 2014, le Katanga avait notifié plus 14 000 incidents de protection.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale N°11, 21 avril 2015

23 April 2015 - 5:53am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • La communauté humanitaire continue d’apporter l’assistance aux personnes vulnérables dans le Sud Irumu, malgré la situation sécuritaire préoccupante.

  • Le choléra continue dans la zone de santé de Geti ; la réponse se poursuit avec l’appui de la communauté humanitaire.

Aperçu de la situation

La situation demeure préoccupante dans le sud du Territoire d’Irumu. Les populations civiles subissent des représailles (viols collectifs, tortures, pillages voire tueries, etc.) perpétrées par des présumés éléments de la Force de résistance patriotique de l’Ituri (FRPI).

Dans la localité de Kinyomubhaya (située à 12 km au nord de Geti, groupement zadhu, chefferie des Walendu Bindi, en territoire d’Irumu), une femme retournée a été attaquée et violée le 19 avril dans la nuit par quatre présumés membres de la FRPI. La victime est actuellement prise en charge à l’hôpital général de référence de Geti-mission. La même nuit, dans la localité de Musana, située à 7 km à l’est de Geti, une femme qui s’opposait au viol de sa fille a été tuée (apparemment) par le même groupe.

Des discussions sont en cours avec les autorités civile et militaire pour une prise en compte de la protection et la sécurité des civils. On estime à plus de 200 000 le nombre de personnes vulnérables, actuellement en déplacement dans le Sud Irumu, depuis août 2013, à cause des affrontements entre l’armée nationale et les groupes armés illégaux.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Maniema N°09 du 21 avril 2015

23 April 2015 - 5:49am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Plus de 3 000 hectares des cultures du riz ravagées par une mouche blanche dans le Territoire de Kibombo.

  • Plus de 300 cas de diarrhée sanglante dont six décès ont été enregistrés dans la zone de santé de Kabambare.

Aperçu de la situation

Une dizaine d’abris des personnes déplacées internes (PDI) ont été incendiés dans le camp de Mutupeke par des inconnus, selon une source locale. Ces personnes déplacées sont récemment arrivées dans le Territoire de Kabambare, en provenance du Territoire de Fizi au Sud-Kivu. Selon la Caritas Kasongo, au moins 140 abris de PDI avaient déjà été incendiés à Lukolo (Territoire de Kabambare) en juillet 2014 par des personnes inconnues. L’affluence de PDI dans cette zone où existerait une tension permanente entre les Babuyu (communauté locale) et les Babembe (déplacés venus du Sud-Kivu) risque d’aggraver la situation socioéconomique.

Aussi, plusieurs cas de diarrhées sont identifiés dans le camp de Mutupeke et les personnes malades sont sans assistance, rapporte la même source.

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