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Democratic Republic of the Congo: RD Congo: Provinces du Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, de l’Ituri et la Tshopo - Note d’informations humanitaires no 3 (11/2/2016)

12 February 2016 - 1:10pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

Faits saillants

  • Plus d’un million de personnes affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire dans les territoires de Djug, Irumu, Mambasa, Bafwasende et Wamba.

  • En 2016 le Cluster Nutrition est favorable aux projets ciblant la malnutrition aigüe et chronique.

  • La difficulté d’accès à l’eau potable est à la base de flambée de cas de choléra à Bunia.

Aperçu de la situation

L’appui de l’ONG MEDAIR aux formations sanitaires de Zunguluka, Sorodo et Bunga dans les zones de santé de Gety et Boga (Territoire d’Irumu en Ituri) arrive à son terme le 29 février alors que d’énormes besoins restent à couvrir. Il y a nécessité de positionner un autre acteur dans ces trois aires de santé. Toutefois, MEDAIR reste active dans d’autres localités de la région où elle continue à appuyer plusieurs autres structures sanitaires. Ce programme - commencé en mars 2013 et financé par OFDA - a permis à des milliers de personnes dans le besoin dont des femmes enceintes, des femmes allaitantes et des enfants de zéro à cinq ans d’accéder gratuitement aux soins de qualité ; il a aussi assuré la prise en charge gratuite des malades souffrant des infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST), des victimes de violences sexuelle. Pour rappel, plus de 7 000 personnes déplacées internes (PDI) vivent à Sorodo, Zunguluka et Bunga depuis le premier semestre 2015 à la suite des affrontements entre l’armée congolaise et les éléments réfractaires du groupe armé Force de résistance patriotique de l’Ituri (FRPI).

La Division provinciale de la santé a notifié 56 cas de choléra dont trois décès (deux décès survenus dans la communauté) entre le 21 janvier et le 9 février 2016. En plus du non respect des règles d'hygiène au niveau communautaire, cette flambée de cas est aussi due au problème d’accès à l'eau potable qui se pose dans la majeure partie de la ville de Bunia. Présentement le chef-lieu de la Province de l’Ituri est en pleine saison sèche, qui va de décembre à fin mars. L’approvisionnement en eau potable reste un véritable problème de santé publique dans cette ville de près de 800 000 habitants. Les deux réseaux d'approvisionnement, qui existent, n’arrivent pas à couvrir les 12 quartiers. Les gens recourent aux eaux de ruisseaux, rivières et autres sources non protégées, s’exposant aux maladies d'origine hydrique. L’ONG locale CIDRI est en train d’exécuter un projet d’amélioration d’accès en eau potable à travers la réhabilitation du réseau d’adduction de Ngongo afin de couvrir les besoins de la population du quartier Bankoko de Bunia, servant 15 000 personnes (sur financement de PROTOS, une ONG Belge).

Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), à travers son partenaire de suivi de protection, INTERSOS, a enregistré 752 incidents de protection, entre le 1er et 7 février. 476 incidents ont été enregistrés en Ituri, 122 dans le Bas-Uele et 154 dans le Haut-Uele.

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Chad: Chad: Situation in the Lake region and the impact of the Nigerian crisis – Situation Report n˚ 11 (11/02/2016)

12 February 2016 - 9:17am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Chad, Nigeria

Highlights

  • At least 8 people were killed and 50 injured in two suicide attacks which occured in Guité and Mitériné on the shores of lake Chad, in Hadjer-Lamis region.

  • Some 56,000 IDPs have been newly identified on 22 which recently became accessible in the north of Lac region of Chad (Liwa and Daboua subprefectures), according to the findings of a multisector assessment which took place on 14-18 January.

  • Urgent multisectoral assistance is needed for these particularly vulnerable displaced people who have not received any aid since the beginning of the crisis, particularly in five sites where the needs are considered to be most urgent.

  • The humanitarian response to internally displaced people in the south of Lac region is ongoing, notably food distributions, nutrition and medical care.

Background

The climate of insecurity continues to prevail along the shores of Lake Chad, and extends beyond the Lac region where a state of emergency has been declared, with two attacks on 31 January 2016 in the villages of Guité and Mitériné(Hadjer-Lamis region), which killed 8 people and injured some fifty others. The first suicide attack was perpetrated in the morning by a man who blew himself up at the entrance of Guité local market (120 km north of N’Djamena). The second, which occurred just a moment later in Mitériné (7km from Guité), was carried out by two kamikaze teenagers who blew themselves up near a mosque.

Despite security concerns, the humanitarian community is continuing its efforts to broaden the area of access to provide assistance to affected populations in remote areas in the north of the Lac region, which were inaccessible since June 2015 for security reasons. Over 56,639 newly internally displaced people have now been identified in the sub-prefectures of Daboua and Liwa, during a multisector assessment from 14-18 January.

These 56,639 newly displaced people are located on 22 sites, among which twelve sites are in the sub prefecture of Daboua, hosting 36,397 IDPs (64%), and ten sites are in the sub prefecture of Liwa, hosting 20,242 displaced (36%). Most of them arrived in November 2015 from the islands near the Niger border (including Kaiga, Kindjiria, Bogorkolia, Nguederom and Garna), and were displaced following the request of local authorities prior to military operations. Others were displaced in June and July 2015, following attacks by armed groups and in the context of the first large-scale military operations on Chadian soil. Some have been subjected to multiple displacements due to the volatility of the situation.

Two new departments have been created: Kaya (composed of the Ngouboua and Baga-Sola subprefectures) and Fouli (composed of Liwa, Daboua, and Kaiga subprefectures). These sub-prefectures were formerly included in the department of Mamdi, which now only has two sub-prefectures (Bol and Kangalom). The department of Kaya has received a donation- a vehicle and office furniture - from the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Needs and Humanitarian Response

Efforts are ongoing to meet the humanitarian needs of the displaced in the southern part of the Lac region. However, the humanitarian community is now concerned about the humanitarian situation of the estimated 56,000 newly displaced recently identified on 22 sites in the subprefectures of Liwa and Daboua.

In this area, multisector needs are reported (food security, health, nutrition, WASH, protection, Shelter / NFI/ CCCM, education), with different degrees of gravity on each site. These IDPs have received almost no assistance to date as the security situation since June 2015 rendered the area inaccessible.

Emergency assistance is needed on five sites identified as priorities based on the importance of the needs assessed and the size of the displaced population being hosted. These sites are: Magui (8,982 displaced), Bourora (9,000), Amma (4,000), Dilerom (1,677), and Digou 1 2 and 3(6,000). Five other sites also have significant needs in all sectors but not as urgent. These sites are: Tataverom (7,000 IDPs), Chebrey (3,000), Ndjalia (460), Ngarana (820), Kadoulou (2,000). Other sites display non-urgent humanitarian needs (their situation is acceptable).

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Chad: Tchad : impact de la crise nigériane dans la région du Lac - Rapport de situation n° 11 (11/02/2016)

12 February 2016 - 8:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Chad, Nigeria

Faits saillants

  • Au moins huit personnes ont été tuées et 50 blessées lors de deux attaques suicides survenues le 31 janvier à Guité et Mitériné sur les rives du lac, dans la région du Hadjer-Lamis.

  • Quelques 56 000 déplacés internes nouvellement identifiés sur 22 sites récemment accessibles au nord de la région du lac (sous-préfectures de Liwa et Daboua), selon les résultats d’une mission d’évaluation multisectorielle qui s’est rendue sur place du 14 au 18 janvier.

  • Une assistance multisectorielle d’urgence est nécessaire pour ces déplacés particulièrement vulnérables qui n’ont reçu aucune aide depuis le début de la crise, en particulier pour cinq sites jugés prioritaires.

  • La réponse humanitaire aux déplacés dans le sud de la région du Lac se poursuit, notamment les distributions de vivres, ainsi que la prise en charge nutritionnelle et médicale.

47 748* Déplacés internes enregistrés arrivés depuis juillet 2015, dont 38 738 enregistrés par le Cluster CCCM. Source: Cluster Abris/ AME/ CCCM (Matrice de suivi des déplacements du 20/01/2016) et enregistrements additionnels de la CNARR.

2 396 Nouveaux déplacés internes à Tchoukoutalia enregistrés par le Cluster CCCM. Source: Cluster Abris/ AME/CCCM (Matrice de suivi des déplacements du 04/01/2016 – OIM/CNARR)

56 639 Déplacés estimés dans les souspréfectures de Liwa et Daboua. Source: Mission d’évaluation multisectorielle du 14-18/01/2016.

11 066 Retournés Tchadiens du Nigéria arrivés depuis janvier 2015. Source: Cluster Abris / AME / CCCM (Matrice de suivi des déplacements du 20/01//2016)

6 252 Réfugiés, dont 4 584 dans le camp de Dares-Salam depuis janvier 2015. Source: HCR/CNARR (31/01/2016)

Aperçu de la situation

Le climat d’insécurité perdure autour des rives du Lac Tchad et s’étend hors de la région du Lac en état d’urgence, avec deux attentats survenus le 31 janvier 2016 dans les villages de Guité and Mitériné (région du Hadjer-Lamis), faisant huit morts et une cinquantaine de blessés. La première attaque-suicide a été perpétrée dans la matinée par un homme qui s’est fait exploser à l’entrée du marché local de Guité (à 120 km au nord de N’Djamena). La deuxième attaque, qui a eu lieu quelques minutes plus tard à Mitériné (à 7 km de Guité), est l’œuvre de deux adolescentes kamikazes qui se sont faites exploser près d’une mosquée.

Malgré l’insécurité, la communauté humanitaire maintient ses efforts pour étendre la zone de couverture de l’assistance aux populations affectées dans les zones reculées du nord de la région du lac, restées inaccessibles depuis juin 2015 pour des raisons sécuritaires. Ainsi plus de 56 639 nouveaux déplacés internes estimés ont été identifiés dans les sous-préfectures de Daboua et Liwa, au cours d’une mission d’évaluation multisectorielle du 14 au 18 janvier 2016.

Ces 56 639 nouveaux déplacés sont répartis sur 22 sites, dont douze sites dans la souspréfecture de Daboua accueillant 36 397 déplacés (64%) et dix sites dans la sous-préfecture de Liwa accueillant 20 242 déplacés (36%). La plupart sont arrivés en novembre 2015 en provenance d’îles proches de la frontière nigérienne (notamment Kaiga, Kindjiria, Bogorkolia, Nguederom et Garna) et se sont déplacés suite à la demande des autorités en amont d’opérations militaires. D’autres se sont déplacés en juin et juillet 2015, suite aux attaques de groupes armés et dans le contexte des premières opérations militaires de grande ampleur sur le sol tchadien. Parmi eux certains ont connu des déplacements multiples liés à la volatilité de la situation.

Par ailleurs, deux nouveaux départements ont été créés : Kaya (composé des sous-préfectures de Ngouboua et Baga-Sola) et Fouli (composé des sous-préfectures de Liwa, Daboua, et Kaiga). Ces sous-préfectures se trouvaient auparavant dans le département de Mamdi, qui ne contient désormais plus que deux sous-préfectures (Bol et Kangalom). Le département de Kaya a d’ailleurs reçu un don d’un véhicule et de mobilier de bureau de la part du Haut-commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (UNHCR).

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Haiti: Haïti Bulletin humanitaire - Numéro 57, Janvier 2016

11 February 2016 - 5:06pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Dominican Republic, Haiti

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • La CNSA alerte sur la situation de près de 4 millions de personnes vivant en d‟insécurité alimentaire ;

  • En 2016, la réponse à l‟épidémie de choléra constitue une priorité pour les agences des Nations et ses partenaires de la communauté humanitaire ;

  • Le Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires humanitaires a approuvé un montant total de près de 2 millions dollars dans le cadre du CERF pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires des personnes traversant la frontière entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine ;

  • Les pluies violentes qui se sont abattues sur la ville de Port de paix (Nord-Ouest) ont causé la mort de 8 personnes, endommagé des centaines de maisons et affecté plus d‟un millier de personnes ;

CHIFFRES CLES

Nb. de déplacés dans les camps Source: DTM, Janvier 2016 59 000
Nb. cumulatif de cas suspects de choléra (1er Janv. au 31 Décembre 2015) Source: MSPP 36 045
Nb. de décès dus au choléra (31 Décembre 2015) Source: MSPP 322

Haïti subit une situation d‟insécurité alimentaire sans précédent

Les producteurs ont perdu plus de la moitié de leur récoltes de printemps représentant 60% de la production annuelle du pays

Depuis le début de l‟année 2015, Haïti fait face à une sécheresse persistante au niveau de diverses zones agro écologiques du pays. Cette sécheresse a entrainé des pertes de récolte de plus de 50% par rapport à la normale sur la campagne de printemps de 2015 qui représente près de 60% de la production annuelle du pays. En effet, la sécheresse et le dérèglement climatique enregistrés a fait de l‟année 2015 la pire qu‟on ait enregistrée au cours de ces 35 dernières années, rapporte la CNSA. Ce qui a entrainé des pertes considérables de récoltes et la réduction de la disponibilité de produits alimentaires locaux sur les marchés combinées d‟une hausse vertigineuse des prix de ces derniers.
En outre, les pénuries d'eau importantes ont été signalées dans les départements les plus touchés (Nord-Ouest, du Centre, du Sud et du Sud-Est).

Par ailleurs, le prix des haricots rouges et noirs ont affiché la hausse la plus significative sur les cinq dernières années. Donc, les populations pauvres et vulnérables sont en train d‟expérimenter une situation des plus dégradantes de l‟insécurité alimentaire pour ces trois dernières décennies. Il est important de souligner que cette détérioration est due non seulement aux causes sous-jacentes relevant de variables climatiques mais aussi des facteurs structurels.

La situation risque de s’aggraver en 2016

Le phénomène "El Niño", qui pourrait persister en 2016, a eu des répercussions sur la sécurité alimentaire en Haïti. Selon la CNSA, 3,6 millions d‟Haïtiens sont actuellement en état d‟insécurité alimentaire, dont 1,5 millions en situation d‟insécurité alimentaire sévère et 200 000 (soit 40 mille familles) en situation d‟extrême urgence alimentaire. Avec la persistance du phénomène El Niño, et si rien n‟est fait, la CNSA prévoit que d‟ici juillet 2016, l‟insécurité alimentaire pourrait affecter environ 5 millions de personnes (soit la moitié de la population haïtienne).

En réponse au dernier message d‟alerte de la CNSA en octobre dernier, l'UNICEF et le ministère de la Santé publique et de la population (MSPP) ont mené une évaluation approfondie de la situation nutritionnelle chez les enfants de 6 à 59 mois au niveau des 20 communes sévèrement frappées la sécheresse. Les résultats de cette enquête ont montré qu‟environ 4 communes sont en situation d‟urgence (Phase 4) avec taux de malnutrition aiguë globale entre 16% et 27,7%. Deux autres communes sont en situation de crise (Phase 3), avec un taux de malnutrition aiguë globale entre 11 et 13%.
De plus, pour les 5 départements touchés par la sècheresse, il est attendu environ 76 000 enfants souffrant de malnutrition aiguë dont 37 500 atteint de malnutrition aiguë sévère. Une situation qui pourrait empirer si des mesures nécessaires ne sont pas prises à court et à long terme.

En guise de réponse à cette situation alarmante, la CNSA a élaboré un plan de réponse d‟urgence pour lutter contre la faim et sauver la campagne agricole de printemps 2016. Requérant un montant de 2 milliards de gourdes (équivalent à 35 millions de dollars), ce plan vise notamment à répondre aux besoins urgents des 40 000 familles au niveau des 20 communes vivant en situation d‟insécurité alimentaire aiguë et à assurer la prise en charge nutritionnelle des groupes cibles dans les zones affectes.

Ce document stratégique prévoit entre autres la distribution générale de vivre alimentaire ou de cash aux ménages les plus vulnérables, la prise en charge nutritionnelle des enfants en situation de malnutrition chronique et sévère et la réalisation des travaux à haute intensité de main d‟oeuvre dans les communes les plus affectées.

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Haiti: Haiti Humanitarian bulletin - Issue 57, January 2016

11 February 2016 - 4:55pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Dominican Republic, Haiti

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The National Food Security Coordination Committee (CNSA) alerts on the situation of nearly 4 million people affected by food insecurity ;

  • In 2016, the humanitarian response to the cholera outbreak remains a priority for the United Nations agencies and humanitarian partners;

  • The UN Under - Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs has allocated to Haiti nearly US $ 2 million from the CERF to meet the humanitarian and protection needs of people crossing the border bet ween Haiti and the Dominican Republic;

  • The heavy rain that fell on the town of Port de Paix (North-West) caused the death of 8 people, damaged hundreds of homes and affected more than a thousand families.

KEY FIGURES

Number of IDPs in camps Source: DTM, January 2016 59,000 Cumulative cholera cases (1st Jan. to 31 December 2015) Source: MSPP 36,045 Fatality cases (1 st Jan. to 31 December 2015 ) Source: MSPP 322

Haiti is facing unprecedented food insecurity

The producers have lost more than half of their spring crops, which represents 60% of annual production in the country

Since the beginning of 2015, Haiti has been facing a persistent drought in various agroecological zones. This drought has resulted in the loss of more than 50% of the 2015 spring campaign in comparison to a normal year. The spring campaign represents nearly 60% of the annual production of the country. Due to drought and climate change, the 2015 agricultural production was the worst registered in the last 35 years, according to CNSA (National Food Security Coordination entity). The considerable crop losses and reduced availability of local food in the markets elevated the prices of local products. Furthermore, significant water shortages were reported in the most affected departments (West, Central, South and Southeast).

Furthermore, the price of red and black beans presented the most significant increase over the last five years. Thus, the poorest populations are experiencing the most degrading food insecurity of the past three decades. It is important to note that this deterioration is not only due to the underlying causes related to climatic variables, but also to structural factors.

The situation is likely to worsen in 2016

"El Niño", which could persist in 2016, has had a strong impact on the food security in Haiti. According to CNSA, 3.6 million Haitians are currently food insecure, including 1.5 million in severe food security and 200,000 in extreme food emergency situations. With the persistence of El Niño, the CNSA estimates that, by July 2016, food insecurity could affect about 5 million people (half of the Haitian population) if no assistance is provided.

In response to the last CNSA alert, in October 2015, UNICEF and the Ministry of Public Health and Population have conducted a thorough assessment of the nutritional situation of children between 6 months and 5 years old in the 20 municipalities that are the most severely hit by the drought. The results of this survey showed that 4 municipalities are in an emergency situation (Phase 4), with global acute malnutrition rates between 16% and 27.7%. Other 2 municipalities are in crisis situation (Phase 3), with global acute malnutrition rates between 11% and 13%.

In response to this alarming situation, the CNSA has drawn up an emergency response plan aiming to fight hunger and to save the spring crop of 2016. For a total amount of 2 billion Gourdes (equivalent to US$ 35 million), the plan aims to meet urgent needs of 200 000 vulnerable people in situation of acute food insecurity. The plan will also ensure the required nutritional assistance to the targeted groups in the affected areas.

This strategy also includes the general food distribution or cash transfer to the most vulnerable households, nutritional support for children in chronic and severe malnutrition and high labor intensive works in the most affected municipalities.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 2 - 8 February 2016 [EN/AR/HE]

11 February 2016 - 2:49pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Weekly Highlights

Latest Developments (outside of the reporting period):

  • Between 9 and 11 February the Israeli authorities destroyed at least 80 homes and livelihood-related structures in seven Palestinian communities in Area C, all but one in the Jordan Valley, displacing approximately 60 people, half of them children.

  • On 10 February, Israeli forces shot and killed a 15 year old Palestinian boy during clashes at the entrance of Al Arrub refugee camp (Hebron).

  • On 3 February, three Palestinian men carried out a stabbing and shooting attack against Israeli forces near Damascus gate in East Jerusalem, killing an Israeli policewoman and injuring another one. The three perpetrators (19 and 21-years-old), all from Qabatiya village (Jenin), were shot and killed during the incident; none of them reportedly belonged to any faction. Despite the gravity of this incident, this week marked the lowest number of attacks against Israelis in the West Bank since October. This brings the total number of Palestinians killed in attacks against Israelis since the beginning of 2016 to 18, including five children.

  • Following the attack, Israeli forces blocked all the routes to and from Qabatiya village (population 23,300) for three consecutive days. Access of residents to services and workplaces outside the village was severely disrupted, and about 300 work permits given to residents employed in Israel were revoked. Several clashes and search and arrest operations were recorded during these days resulting in the injury of 61 Palestinians, including 28 children.

  • Three additional stabbings, reportedly linked to the conflict, took place during the week inside Israel, resulting in the injury of an Israeli woman and two soldiers. One of the assailants, a foreign national, was shot and killed; another two, both 13-year-old Palestinian girls with Israeli citizenship, were arrested; and a third assailant, whose identity remains unclear, fled.[1]

  • A 14-year-old Palestinian boy was shot with live ammunition and killed by Israeli forces next to the entrance of Halhul village (Hebron), allegedly after throwing a Molotov cocktail; a 13 years old boy was also shot and injured by live ammunition in the same incident.

  • Multiple clashes with Israeli forces across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) also resulted in the injury of 138 Palestinians, including 45 children. Eight of the injuries occurred next to the perimeter fence in the Gaza Strip and the rest in the West Bank. Most of the injuries in the West Bank were recorded in the context of clashes that erupted during the weekly demonstrations in Ni’lin (Ramallah) and Kafr Qaddum (Qalqiliya); and during search and arrest operations in Qabatiya (Jenin), Salfit city, Qabalan (Nablus) and Al Fawwar Refugee Camp (Hebron).

  • On 8 February, a Palestinian civilian man died as a result of the collapse of a smuggling tunnel under the border between Gaza and Egypt. Smuggling activities along the border with Egypt have largely come to halt since mid-2013, following the Egyptian authorities’ destruction or blockage of the vast majority of tunnels in this area. Reportedly, only a few tunnels have remained partially operational.

  • At least 13 incidents involving Israeli forces opening warning fire at Palestinian civilians in the Access Restricted Areas (ARA) at land and sea in the Gaza Strip were recorded, resulting in no casualties. Four fishermen were detained at sea, after Israeli forces reportedly forced them to take off their clothes and swim towards the navy’s boat, and two boats were confiscated. Additionally, Israeli forces entered Gaza on one occasion and levelled land East of Rafah city.

  • On 3 February, the Israeli authorities destroyed or dismantled and confiscated 31 structures in two herding communities in southern Hebron (Jinba and Halaweh), displacing 139 people. These and another ten communities (approx. 1,300 people) are at risk of forcible transfer due to the designation of the area in the 1980s as closed for military training. Some of the communities were established prior to the Israeli occupation and possess ownership documentation over the land. The incident follows the end without agreement of a mediation process in the context of petitions filed with the Israeli Supreme Court against the destruction and eviction of these communities.

  • Another 36 Palestinian-owned structures were also demolished, or dismantled and confiscated, during the week in the West Bank for lack of Israeli-issued building permits, including 29 donor-funded structures. As a result, 26 people were displaced, including 15 children, and 26 people were otherwise affected. Four of the targeted structures were located in East Jerusalem in areas designated by Israeli authorities as a national park. The number of structures destroyed or dismantled and confiscated from the start of 2016 until 8 February (157), constitutes 29 per cent of the structures targeted in the whole of 2015.

  • Also this week, the Israeli authorities issued nine demolition and seizure orders against the family homes of nine suspected perpetrators of attacks against Israelis, placing the families at risk of displacement. Punitive demolitions are a form of collective punishment and, as such, are illegal under international law.

  • A Palestinian man was physically assaulted and injured by Israeli settlers near the settlement of Kiryat Arba (Hebron). In another incident, farmers from Iraq burin (Nablus) reported the steeling of two donkeys by Israeli settlers from Bracha settlement. In addition, Israeli settlers from Ma’on farm outpost prevented Palestinian pupils from reaching their school in At Tuwani village (Hebron).

  • On 6 February, unknown assailants set on fire a tent erected by Israeli settlers and used as a synagogue next to Karmei Tzur settlement (Hebron), on land privately owned by Palestinians. A previous structure erected on the same site was demolished by the Israeli authorities in 2015, following a court petition by the land owners. The UN Secretary-General condemned the arson and called on all sides to respect the sanctity of holy sites.

  • Israeli media reported on five incidents of stone throwing by Palestinians on Israeli-plated vehicles, resulting in damages to three vehicles and to the Jerusalem light rail.

  • The Egyptian-controlled Rafah Crossing was closed in both directions during the reporting period. The crossing has been closed, including for humanitarian assistance, since 24 October 2014, except for 39 days of partial openings. Authorities in Gaza indicated that over 25,000 people with urgent needs, including around 3,500 medical cases, are registered and waiting to cross.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 2 - 8 February 2016

11 February 2016 - 2:49pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Weekly Highlights

Latest Developments (outside of the reporting period):

  • Between 9 and 11 February the Israeli authorities destroyed at least 80 homes and livelihood-related structures in seven Palestinian communities in Area C, all but one in the Jordan Valley, displacing approximately 60 people, half of them children.

  • On 10 February, Israeli forces shot and killed a 15 year old Palestinian boy during clashes at the entrance of Al Arrub refugee camp (Hebron).

  • On 3 February, three Palestinian men carried out a stabbing and shooting attack against Israeli forces near Damascus gate in East Jerusalem, killing an Israeli policewoman and injuring another one. The three perpetrators (19 and 21-years-old), all from Qabatiya village (Jenin), were shot and killed during the incident; none of them reportedly belonged to any faction. Despite the gravity of this incident, this week marked the lowest number of attacks against Israelis in the West Bank since October. This brings the total number of Palestinians killed in attacks against Israelis since the beginning of 2016 to 18, including five children.

  • Following the attack, Israeli forces blocked all the routes to and from Qabatiya village (population 23,300) for three consecutive days. Access of residents to services and workplaces outside the village was severely disrupted, and about 300 work permits given to residents employed in Israel were revoked. Several clashes and search and arrest operations were recorded during these days resulting in the injury of 61 Palestinians, including 28 children.

  • Three additional stabbings, reportedly linked to the conflict, took place during the week inside Israel, resulting in the injury of an Israeli woman and two soldiers. One of the assailants, a foreign national, was shot and killed; another two, both 13-year-old Palestinian girls with Israeli citizenship, were arrested; and a third assailant, whose identity remains unclear, fled.[1]

  • A 14-year-old Palestinian boy was shot with live ammunition and killed by Israeli forces next to the entrance of Halhul village (Hebron), allegedly after throwing a Molotov cocktail; a 13 years old boy was also shot and injured by live ammunition in the same incident.

  • Multiple clashes with Israeli forces across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) also resulted in the injury of 138 Palestinians, including 45 children. Eight of the injuries occurred next to the perimeter fence in the Gaza Strip and the rest in the West Bank. Most of the injuries in the West Bank were recorded in the context of clashes that erupted during the weekly demonstrations in Ni’lin (Ramallah) and Kafr Qaddum (Qalqiliya); and during search and arrest operations in Qabatiya (Jenin), Salfit city, Qabalan (Nablus) and Al Fawwar Refugee Camp (Hebron).

  • On 8 February, a Palestinian civilian man died as a result of the collapse of a smuggling tunnel under the border between Gaza and Egypt. Smuggling activities along the border with Egypt have largely come to halt since mid-2013, following the Egyptian authorities’ destruction or blockage of the vast majority of tunnels in this area. Reportedly, only a few tunnels have remained partially operational.

  • At least 13 incidents involving Israeli forces opening warning fire at Palestinian civilians in the Access Restricted Areas (ARA) at land and sea in the Gaza Strip were recorded, resulting in no casualties. Four fishermen were detained at sea, after Israeli forces reportedly forced them to take off their clothes and swim towards the navy’s boat, and two boats were confiscated. Additionally, Israeli forces entered Gaza on one occasion and levelled land East of Rafah city.

  • On 3 February, the Israeli authorities destroyed or dismantled and confiscated 31 structures in two herding communities in southern Hebron (Jinba and Halaweh), displacing 139 people. These and another ten communities (approx. 1,300 people) are at risk of forcible transfer due to the designation of the area in the 1980s as closed for military training. Some of the communities were established prior to the Israeli occupation and possess ownership documentation over the land. The incident follows the end without agreement of a mediation process in the context of petitions filed with the Israeli Supreme Court against the destruction and eviction of these communities.

  • Another 36 Palestinian-owned structures were also demolished, or dismantled and confiscated, during the week in the West Bank for lack of Israeli-issued building permits, including 29 donor-funded structures. As a result, 26 people were displaced, including 15 children, and 26 people were otherwise affected. Four of the targeted structures were located in East Jerusalem in areas designated by Israeli authorities as a national park. The number of structures destroyed or dismantled and confiscated from the start of 2016 until 8 February (157), constitutes 29 per cent of the structures targeted in the whole of 2015.

  • Also this week, the Israeli authorities issued nine demolition and seizure orders against the family homes of nine suspected perpetrators of attacks against Israelis, placing the families at risk of displacement. Punitive demolitions are a form of collective punishment and, as such, are illegal under international law.

  • A Palestinian man was physically assaulted and injured by Israeli settlers near the settlement of Kiryat Arba (Hebron). In another incident, farmers from Iraq burin (Nablus) reported the steeling of two donkeys by Israeli settlers from Bracha settlement. In addition, Israeli settlers from Ma’on farm outpost prevented Palestinian pupils from reaching their school in At Tuwani village (Hebron).

  • On 6 February, unknown assailants set on fire a tent erected by Israeli settlers and used as a synagogue next to Karmei Tzur settlement (Hebron), on land privately owned by Palestinians. A previous structure erected on the same site was demolished by the Israeli authorities in 2015, following a court petition by the land owners. The UN Secretary-General condemned the arson and called on all sides to respect the sanctity of holy sites.

  • Israeli media reported on five incidents of stone throwing by Palestinians on Israeli-plated vehicles, resulting in damages to three vehicles and to the Jerusalem light rail.

  • The Egyptian-controlled Rafah Crossing was closed in both directions during the reporting period. The crossing has been closed, including for humanitarian assistance, since 24 October 2014, except for 39 days of partial openings. Authorities in Gaza indicated that over 25,000 people with urgent needs, including around 3,500 medical cases, are registered and waiting to cross.

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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 06 | 01 – 07 February 2016

11 February 2016 - 8:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • About 37,000 new IDPs from Jebel Marra have sought shelter in North Darfur.

  • The number of newly displaced in Central Darfur is unknown due to lack of access.

  • Aid organisations have been unable to assess needs or assist 5,000 people from Mulli who arrived in El Geneina in early January.

  • By 1 February, about 200,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan, of whom 65 per cent received some form of aid - UNHCR.

New IDPs from Jebel Marra receive initial aid

The conflict between government security forces and the Sudan Liberation Movement – Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW) that started in mid-January in Jebel Marra, Darfur continues to affect and displace more civilians, according to humanitarian organisations.

Civilians bear the brunt of the fighting and humanitarian organisations call on all parties to the conflict to ensure civilians are protected and facilitate free and unfettered humanitarian access so that affected and displaced civilians can receive humanitarian assistance they urgently need.

By 7 February, 37,000 new internally displaced persons (IDPs) sought shelter in North Darfur State. In Central Darfur, there is a wide range of estimates on the number of newly displaced. The reported figures of newly displaced are yet to be verified and are likely to change. While aid agencies have provided initial assistance to new IDPs in Sortony and other locations in North Darfur, no assistance has been provided in Central Darfur due to lack of access.

About 37,000 new IDPs from Jebel Marra in North Darfur

The cumulative reported number of new IDPs from Jebel Marra in North Darfur is estimated at about 37,000 people, which is about 6,000 more compared to the figure reported during the previous week. This includes 21,690 people in Sortony, 14,000 in Tawila and 1,186 in Kebkabiya.

Aid organisations visited Sortony, North Darfur on 2-4 February and found that 21,690 IDPs (2,200 men, 5,991 women, 13,499 children) have gathered at the United Nations- African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) team site in the area. These new IDPs, of whom 90 per cent are women and children, have arrived from 59 villages. More people are on their way to Sortony, according to the displaced people. Meanwhile, some of the displaced people have moved to Kebkabiya town. A tracking team from the International Organization of Migration (IOM) arrived in Sortony to start IDP verification.

Along with assessing the needs, the mission distributed initial assistance to the displaced. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the government’s Water and Environmental Sanitation Department (WES) dispatched a water truck from Kebkabiya with a capacity of 26,000 litres. This truck will supply the IDPs with a total of 52,000 litres of water daily. Coupled with UNAMID’s capacity of 40,000 litres, the total available amount of water is 92,000 litres, which translates into 4.2 litres per person per day (l/p/d). The minimum required water quantity per person in such an emergency is 7.5-15 l/p/d, according to SPHERE standards. The mission also distributed nutritional supplies (140 cartons to cover the needs of 1,344 children aged between 6 – 12 months for one week), and hygiene supplies (9,000 bars of soap for 3,000 families).

On 6 February, a second convoy with additional assistance for new IDPs in Sortony was dispatched from El Fasher. The convoy will deliver food for 16,000 people for two months, as well as nutritional supplies for 3,800 children under the age of five and pregnant and nursing women for 15 days. It also includes a full set of emergency households items for 4,500 families (estimated 22,500 people), as well as medical, hygiene and other supplies.

In Tawila, the reported number of new IDPs reached about 14,000 people. This is an increase of almost 5,000 compared to the figure reported last week. Aid organisations and the Darfur Regional Authority (DRA) continue to provide the newly displaced with food, nutrition, emergency household supplies as well as health, water, sanitation and education assistance. So far, at least 10,000 people have received some form of initial assistance, mainly food.

In Kebkabiya, there are 1,186 new IDPs who are staying with extended family or host community. WFP plans to carry out a rapid food security assessment of this group on 7 February.

Challenges of verifying new IDPs in Central Darfur

National and international humanitarian organisations are currently not able to carry out any verification or assessment of newly displaced people who arrived in Central Darfur from the Jebel Marra. Local authorities stated that they are taking full responsibility on this matter and will provide any assistance required. However, humanitarian organisations are concerned about whether all displaced and other conflict-affected people are able to receive the assistance they need. Meanwhile, significant movement restrictions and the volatile security situation prevent aid organisations from ascertaining that. This leads to confusion regarding the numbers of new IDPs, with wide range of estimates complicating the understanding of the situation on the ground and potential response.

According to the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) in Zalingei, the reported number of new IDPs in Guldo, Thur and Daya has not changed over the past week (see the table below). These figures are not confirmed (not yet individually registered) and are very likely to change after registration and verification.

According to HAC and the Deputy Wali (Governor), local authorities provided or pre- positioned some food supplies and 3,000 blankets for the new IDPs in Thur and surrounding areas.

On 3 February, at a meeting with aid organisations the Deputy Wali stated that the authorities would create a conducive environment for humanitarian organisations to participate in verification and assessments to ensure that all conflict-affected people receive assistance.

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Syrian Arab Republic: Flash Update – Northern rural Homs– 11 February 2016

11 February 2016 - 4:17am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Syrian Arab Republic

Highlights

  • An estimated 120,000 people are trapped in northern rural Homs after supply roads were cut in mid-January.

  • Several cases of acute malnutrition among pregnant women and children have been reported, as well as deaths related to lack of medical care.

  • A deterioration of the situation is expected in the coming weeks unless assistance or commercial goods are allowed in.

  • Since October 2015, humanitarian actors were unable to deliver aid to northern Homs. They are still awaiting approval to deliver lifesaving supplies.

Situation Overview

Northern rural Homs is a predominantly agricultural area north of Homs city and south of Hama city. Two separate areas in northern rural Homs have been under Non-State Armed Groups (NSAG) control since January 2012:

Ar-Rastan and Tabliseh where an estimated 90,000 people live, and Al Houla, where around 30,000 people reside. An estimated 17,000 of the total 120,000 residing in northern rural Homs are IDPs. Since the end of October 2015, the area has been subject to airstrikes and ongoing shelling. In mid-January 2016, GoS and allied forces began to impose stricter controls on roads leading to the two enclaves. On 23 January, the only remaining supply route from Aqrab village in Hama into the Al Houla enclave was cut. The road had reportedly also been used to transport supplies to other areas in northern rural Homs. As a result, the flow of supplies, already insufficient to sustain the basic needs of those living inside the areas, has come to a stop. Movement between the two enclaves is still possible, albeit with some difficulties.

No UN aid delivery has been permitted into the area since October 2015 despite multiple requests. The United Nations designated the two enclaves in northern rural Homs a hard-to-reach area (HTR) in October 2012.

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South Sudan: South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 2 | 10 February 2016

10 February 2016 - 1:19pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Funds are urgently needed for top priority frontline projects, pipelines and prepositioning ahead of the rainy season.
  • Food insecurity increases at a time that is traditionally more food insecure.
  • A survey in Unity has found high levels of death.
  • Partners respond to the needs of new arrivals in Bentiu town as the population grows.

FIGURES

  • No. of Internally Displaced Persons: 1.69 million
  • No. of refugees in neighbouring countries (post 15 Dec 2013): 658,372
  • No. of severely food insecure people from Jan - Mar 2016: 2.8 million

Funds urgently needed to deliver vital supplies before the rainy season

Humanitarian partners urgently need about US$220 million to transport and preposition critical humanitarian supplies by the end of April 2016, before the rainy season begins.

More than 60 per cent of South Sudan is inaccessible by road during the rainy season. The dry season offers a critical window to preposition essential relief supplies, repair and improve infrastructure, and scale-up humanitarian assistance by road to previously hard-to-reach areas, including in southern Unity, parts of Upper Nile and Jonglei. About 150,000 metric tonnes of aid items need to be transported by road during the dry season, including food, seeds and tools, essential household items and emergency shelter for displaced families, and nutrition, health, education and water, sanitation and hygiene sup- plies.

If funding is not received immediately to enable supplies to be procured and moved during the dry season, humanitarian partners will be forced to resort to moving relief supplies by air during the rainy season, which is far more costly. Air transport costs up to six times more than delivery by road.

Partners have appealed for a total of US$1.3 billion to respond to the humanitarian needs of 5.1 million people across the country through the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). So far, the HRP is just 2 per cent funded at $27.9 million.

“I am deeply concerned that we are facing increasing needs with diminishing resources,” said Eugene Owusu, Humanitarian Coordinator for South Sudan. “Humanitarian partners are standing ready to respond, but they cannot do so without funding.”

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 8 February 2016

10 February 2016 - 8:13am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia

Key Issues

  • With the Meher approaching in a few months there is urgent need for funds for procurement. The Meher planting season accounts for more than 80% of the crop production in the country.

  • Humanitarian partners have commended steps taken by the Government to scale food assistance in light of impending short fall in funding for food assistance by end of April.

Ethiopia is responding to an El Niño-caused drought emergency: The El Niño global climactic event has wreaked havoc on Ethiopia’s summer rains. This comes on the heels of failed spring rains, and has driven food insecurity, malnutrition and water shortages in affected areas of the country. A well-coordinated response is already underway and expanding rapidly, although the scale of the developing emergency exceeds resources available to date. Given the lead times necessary for the procurement of relief items, the Government and its international partners have called for early action to this slow onset natural disaster.

Window for procurement closing; Urgent need to address funding gap for emergency seed distribution

The window for procurement of seeds for the Belg planting season closes by end of March; 30% of households have been assisted with seeds for the planting season. With the Meher approaching in a few months there is urgent need for funds for procurement. The Meher planting season accounts for more than 80% of the crop production in the country.

The number of household requiring seeds for the Belg planting season almost doubled since December when the Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) for 2016 was launched. The recent Government, Agriculture Task Force (ATF) and FAO data collection exercise reported an increase from 500,000 households to 900,000 households. The government will be able to respond to the 30% of this need which brings the total funding gap to $US52.2 million. If funds are not mobilized for the procurement of seeds by late March before the closing of Belg planting season, food production will continue to drop with implications for limited access to food and heightened malnutrition. Seed procurement and distribution is urgent now to protect livelihood assets, prevent further displacement and avoid increased Food aid needs that are already stretched. Humanitarian partners are concerned with reports about increasing indebtedness amongst vulnerable families in drought affected areas who were obliged to take on fertilizer credit last year.

Agriculture contributes 47% to Ethiopia’s economy; previous El Niños in 1998 and 2003 resulted in GDP reductions of 5 and 3 percent. 84 percent of Ethiopia’s estimated 100 million people are subsistence farmers and pastoralists. Failed and erratic rains reduced food harvests by 50-90 percent crop losses in 2015.

Humanitarian Partners Commend Government’s efforts to speed up food assistance to drought affected communities

Humanitarian partners have commended steps taken by the Government to scale up food response with the food it currently has available; food pipeline data reveals projected pipeline break by end of April. The Ministry of Transport's agreement to allow the United Nations World Food programme (WFP) to bring in additional trucks to aid in the massive logistics operation will also help to reduce delivery times from 6 to 4 weeks per round which signals a shift to monthly distributions, and ensures sufficient off take capacity from Djibouti port.

The Government of Ethiopia jointly with the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team through the Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) seeks US$1.4 billion for 10.2 Million people affected by the current drought. US$1.2 of this amount is urgently needed for food assistance.

Whilst over $680m has already been mobilized by the Government and international community, the current funding available for food aid will be exhausted by 1 May, and the risk of pipeline breaks on other sectors is deeply concerning.

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Central African Republic: Bulletin humanitaire République centrafricaine Numéro 7 | Janvier 2016

10 February 2016 - 6:39am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic, Uganda

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • Le nombre de personnes souffrant de la faim a doublé en un an.

  • Le système d’assistance téléphonique, dédié à la protection, aide les victimes d’abus et permet d’avoir une vue d’ensemble des violations des droits de l’homme.

  • Le conflit entre les éleveurs et les communautés locales s’intensifie en raison de l’aggravation de l’insécurité.

  • Une sérieuse insuffisance de financement mine les opérations humanitaires : seulement 52 % du financement sollicité reçu en 2015.

CHIFFRES

# de PDI 452 000

# de réfugiés à l’extérieur du pays 451 100

Personnes ayant besoin d’une aide 2,3 M

Personnes touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire

FINANCEMENT

613 millions Requis pour 2015 (dollars US) 52 % du PHU 2015 financé

La moitié de la population souffre de la faim

L’évaluation de la sécurité alimentaire en situation d’urgence, faite par le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations-Unies (PAM) et ses partenaires, a révélé que la moitié de la population de la RCA — presque 2,5 millions de personnes — souffrirait de la faim.

Ces chiffres indiquent que le nombre de personnes souffrant de la faim a doublé en une année. En effet, les conflits et l’insécurité ont contribué à rendre difficile l’accès aux denrées alimentaires et à limiter leur disponibilité. « Trois années de crise ont fait payer un lourd tribut à la population centrafricaine», a indiqué Guy Adoua, Directeur adjoint du PAM en RCA. « Les familles ont si souvent été forcées de vendre ce qu’ils ont, de retirer leurs enfants de l’école, voire de recourir à la mendicité, qu’elles sont à bout du souffle. Il ne s’agit pas d’une urgence ordinaire. Les gens n’ont plus rien », a-t-il ajouté.

Selon les résultats de l’évaluation, une personne sur six, femme, homme et enfant, fait face à une insécurité alimentaire sévère ou extrême, alors que plus d’une sur trois est en situation d’insécurité alimentaire modérée, sans savoir d’où viendra son prochain repas. « Le PAM est extrêmement préoccupé par ce niveau alarmant. La population ne manque pas seulement de nourriture, mais elle est aussi obligée de consommer des aliments moins coûteux, et à faible valeur nutritive, ce qui ne couvrent pas ses besoins nutritionnels », a précisé M. Adoua.

Le rapport indique que la récolte 2014-2015 a été mauvaise et que les prix des aliments restent élevés puisque les agriculteurs n’ont pas cultivé leurs champs, en raison de l’insécurité, et que des centaines de milliers d’entre eux sont obligés de fuir leurs foyers en abandonnant leurs terres et leurs moyens d’existence.

D’autres affrontements ont eu lieu fin septembre, sachant que la plupart des données de l’évaluation sur la sécurité alimentaire avaient été recueillies. Ces violences ont causé de nouveaux déplacements au moment où les habitants regagnaient progressivement leurs foyers. Près d’un million de personnes sont toujours déplacées à l’intérieur de la RCA ou cherchent à se réfugier dans les pays voisins.
Le rapport recommande la poursuite de l’assistance alimentaire d’urgence aux familles déplacées et aux rapatriés ; l’aide alimentaire et technique aux agriculteurs pour les aider à récupérer ; la mise en place de réseaux sociaux avec des programmes tels que les repas scolaires ; et l’appui à la réhabilitation des infrastructures par la mise en place de projets d’appui aux activités.

Entre-temps, le PAM fournit une assistance alimentaire d’urgence et un appui nutritionnel aux plus vulnérables et joue un rôle crucial en appuyant les activités de récupération. Les programmes de l’agence ciblent les transferts d’espèces et les achats de nourritures locales, destinées à fournir des repas scolaires pour des milliers d’enfants, ce qui stimule l’économie locale et les moyens de subsistance des habitants. « Nous devons aider les plus vulnérables, ceux qui ont besoin de l’aide alimentaire d’urgence pour survivre, cependant nous devons aussi concentrer nos efforts sur l’ensemble de la population de la RCA afin qu’elle puisse se rétablir et se reconstruire », a souligné M. Adoua.

En décembre 2015, le PAM a fourni de la nourriture à presque 400 000 personnes par le biais de distributions générales de denrées alimentaires, de transferts d’espèces, d’appui nutritionnel et de repas scolaires ainsi que de projets d’appui aux activités. Cependant 41 millions de dollars US sont nécessaires pour que le PAM puisse répondre aux besoins urgents jusqu’à la fin du mois de juin. À ce jour, l’opération du PAM est seulement financée à hauteur de 45 %.

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Afghanistan: Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 48 | 01 – 31 January 2016

10 February 2016 - 4:42am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Afghanistan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • ACF provides humanitarian lifeline during the Ghor winter.

  • A family story of life in the Kabul Informal Settlements.

  • Humanitarian community appeals for US$393 million, the absolute minimum to save lives in 2016.

  • Getting mines out of the ground in Afghanistan.

Surviving the Ghor winter: an ACF lifeline

Abdul Rahman yearns to return to his farm in the Nalenj area of Charsadra District in Ghor Province, where he managed to provide for his family of seven by harvesting wheat.
Ongoing armed skirmishes between the Taliban and Afghanistan National Security Forces forced the family to flee six months ago to the provincial capital of Chaghcharan and Rahman is not sure when his village will be safe enough to return. “Finding work in Chaghcharan is difficult. It is a very small city with limited opportunities for employment,” says the 50-year-old father of four sons and a daughter. The land around the city is not very fertile, yielding few prospects for the agricultural-related work to which Rahman is most accustomed. Competition is fierce for the few jobs that are available in Chaghcharan, which currently hosts hundreds of internally displaced families.

Family relies on humanitarian lifeline for survival

Most of Chaghcharan’s residents are poor and lack the income required for construction projects that would provide Rahman with an opportunity to work odd jobs as a day labourer. He has no funds to start his own business. “I am going through a very bad time. I am jobless now and rely on external assistance. I have no source of income to buy food for my family or to pay for medical treatment for my sick children,” he says.

Rahman, his wife, their sons Qurban, 10, Mubarak Sha, 7, Abdul Samad, 5, and Abdul Basit, 2 and daughter Sayera 3 managed to find shelter thanks to the kindness of a community elder, who allows the family to stay for free in a one-room house on his property on the northern outskirts of Chaghcharan.

Rahman is a stay-at-home father these days. He cares for his children while his wife attends a poultry farming training course. The couple hopes to establish a small homebased poultry farm once the course is completed that will provide a source of income for their family.

ACF distributes multi-purpose cash

Rahman was one of the beneficiaries deemed eligible for assistance under an Action contre la Faim (ACF) project. ACF received US$195,000 in funding from the Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) to address gaps in winterization assistance to 900 shockaffected and extremely vulnerable households in Chaghcharan city and the Allah Yar area, located on the outskirts of Chaghcharan.

As soon as Rahman received his grant of 7,000 Afghanis (approximately US$100) from ACF, he paid off the family’s 2,000 Afghanis debt at a local shop, where he had previously purchased food on credit.

During the winter, incidents of acute respiratory infection are high among vulnerable families eligible for ACF winterization assistance. Rahman spent a portion of the cash he received from ACF on medical treatment for two of his children who suffered from the infection. He also purchased a 10 kg can of vegetable oil and intends to use the remaining funds on food.

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Colombia: Colombia: Desplazamiento masivo en Puerto Libertador (Córdoba) Flash Update No. 1 (09/02/2016)

9 February 2016 - 5:44pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Desde el 13 de enero del presente año, aproximadamente 152 personas (49 familias) se encuentran en situación de desplazamiento en el casco urbano del corregimiento Santa Fe Las Claras del municipio de Puerto Libertador (Córdoba).

La población se desplazó por temor y como medida de protección, por los combates entre el ejército y el Clan Úsuga en las veredas Aguas Lindas y la Secadora, y retención de personas por parte del ejército en las veredas Altamira y Viernes Santo, de acuerdo a las declaraciones tomadas por la Personería Municipal.

La mayoría de personas desplazadas se encuentran albergadas en casas de amigos y familiares. Cuatro familias se encuentran en una casa que la Alcaldía arrendó para albergarlas.

Las principales necesidades y vacíos se focalizan en los sectores de educación, salud, particularmente en atención psicosocial y en atención a casos de diarrea, y zika especialmente en los niños y niñas; también se requiere kits de hábitat, kits de aseo y complemento en alimentos.

Desde el inicio de toma de declaraciones, la alcaldía respondió con alimentos en la modalidad de olla comunitaria mientras se coordinaba la respuesta por parte de otras instituciones y la Gobernación. La secretaría de salud municipal realizó una brigada de salud, y planea realizar fumigación en la zona donde están albergadas las personas.

La Gobernación apoyará con alimentos para 15 días, a partir del 25 de febrero. La UARIV ha realizado acompañamiento y complementará la respuesta a partir del 12 de marzo si es necesario. Adicionalmente tiene planeado hacer valoración de vulnerabilidad de las familias afectadas. El ICBF realizó valoración a niños y mujeres gestantes y entregará complemento nutricional. Desde el 8 de febrero la brigada móvil está realizando atención psicosocial en niños y niñas afectados. Igualmente, la Pastoral Social de Montelíbano acompañara la jornada interinstitucional y brindará acompañamiento psicosocial.

Como acciones complementarias y en el marco de una jornada interinstitucional acordada en el CMJT el 5 de febrero, Global Communities, por solicitud de la Alcaldía, entregará kits alimentarios (para 15 días) y no alimentarios, auxilio de alojamiento y atención psicosocial a partir del 10 de febrero. En caso de ser necesario y haya el requerimiento, el PMA complementará la respuesta.

A la fecha de elaboración de éste informe se han realizado dos CMJT, un consejo de seguridad y una misión de verificación por parte de los miembros del CMJT.

El Equipo Local de Coordinación (ELC) de Córdoba hace seguimiento de la situación para apoyar de manera complementaria los vacíos en la respuesta institucional en caso de ser requerido. OCHA planea realizar una misión de seguimiento a la situación e identificar vacíos que persistan entre el 9 y 10 de febrero.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Humanitarian Bulletin occupied Palestinian territory - January 2016

9 February 2016 - 5:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

HIGHLIGHTS

● Reconstruction or repair of the homes of 74 per cent of families displaced during the 2014 hostilities in the Gaza Strip is yet to start, exacerbating frustration and vulnerability.

● New movement obstacles across West Bank roads impede access to services and undermine economic activity, directly impacting on at least 850,000 Palestinians, the majority in Hebron governorate.

● Increase in the number of Palestinian children in Israeli custody, alongside concerns over their conditions of detention and allegations of violence against them.

Overview

“Security measures alone will not stop violence” - UN Secretary General

The impact of the 2014 Gaza-Israel hostilities continues into 2016; more than 16,000 families (approximately 90,000 individuals) in Gaza remain displaced due to their homes being destroyed or severely damaged. Despite progress in repairing some 160,000 homes that suffered minor to major damage, reconstruction has been at a slow pace. By the end of January 2016, only 15 per cent of displaced families had been able to return to repaired or reconstructed homes. Work is ongoing to an additional 2,000 homes, but the reconstruction or repair of the homes of 74 per cent of displaced families is yet to start.

In his monthly briefing to the Security Council, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned that: “The humanitarian situation in Gaza remains perilous ... chronic security and governance challenges and funding shortages have slowed the pace of reconstruction .... [which] cannot be accomplished without critical support from donors.” To meet humanitarian needs throughout the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is to be launched in February and includes 206 projects worth US$571 million. At least 65 per cent of the project requirements are for Gaza.

In the West Bank, Palestinian attacks against Israeli forces and settlers have continued.
In January 2016, these resulted in the killing of two Israeli women and 14 Palestinian perpetrators or suspected perpetrators, including one girl and five boys. The frequency and intensity of protests and clashes with Israeli forces declined sharply during the month, leading to 530 injuries (no deaths) compared with a monthly average of nine deaths and over 4,000 injuries in the previous three months.

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Syrian Arab Republic: Turkey | Syria: Flash Update - Developments in Aleppo Governorate (as of 08 February 2016)

8 February 2016 - 10:06pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

Highlights

  • Intensified fighting between the Government of Syria (GoS) and its allies and Non-State Armed Opposition Groups (NSAG) in Aleppo governorate cause displacements of tens of thousands of people

  • Humanitarian assistance affected by fighting and border closures; aid organisations are working to respond to the thousands of internally displaced and in need. According to initial assessments up to 80 percent of the displaced are women and children

  • OCHA launched a Humanitarian Pooled Fund (HPF) allocation for USD10 million to scale up assistance to areas with high IDP influx The map below illustrates areas of concentration of Government of Syria (GoS) and allied forces airstrikes on civilian infrastructure as of 08 February 2016 see map in attachment)*

Thousands Displaced in Aleppo Governorate as GoS Forces Advance

Last week GoS and allied forces launched a major military offensive against NSAG-held positions in the northern Aleppo countryside. A surprise offensive, started from the eastern flank of Aleppo city, linked GoS held territories to the NSAG-surrounded villages of Nubul and Zahra. This action severed main supply routes to NSAG-controlled eastern Aleppo City, and surrounding areas, from the Bab al Salam border crossing point.

According to sources in the area, while troops advanced on the ground, GoS and allied forces intensified airstrikes over key territory north of the city; thousands of households were displaced from Tel Rifaat, Hariyatan, and Azaz sub-districts.

Currently, the GoS and GoR air campaign is focusing on Haritan and Bayanoun, just south of the newly-established corridor linking western Aleppo city to government-held Nubul and Zahara. The campaign is expected to continue until the GoS take Haritan and the last remaining access route from NSAG-controlled areas into the city. The Al Nusra Front (ANF) and allies are launching a counter-offensive towards Aleppo prison in order to defend Haritan.

Current dynamics mean the conflict is difficult to predict but continued fighting between NSAG and GoS and its allies is expected over the next few weeks.

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Colombia: Colombia: Emergencia Resguardo de Aponte, Municipio de Tablón de Gómez (Nariño). Flash Update No.1 (08/02/2015)

8 February 2016 - 2:50pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Al menos 140 familias, 700 personas se encuentran afectadas por un movimiento en masa – agrietamiento- que se presenta en el Resguardo de Aponte, Municipio de Tablón de Gómez, habitado principalmente por indígenas de la etnia Inga. Producto del movimiento, 130 viviendas han resultado afectadas; 42 familias se encuentran albergadas en casas de vecinos y esperan recibir subsidio de arrendamiento; un número no determinado de familias se ha desplazado hacía otros lugares donde familiares (Pasto, Ipiales, entre otros).

Según información de la comunidad, la afectación se viene presentando desde hace siete meses; pese a haber comunicado los hechos ante las autoridades locales, solo hasta el mes de enero 2016 se ha valorado la situación como emergencia.

Según un informe de la Universidad Politécnica y Tecnológica de Colombia, recibido por el Comité Departamental de Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres - CDGRD el 14 de enero, es prioritario un estudio geológico para determinar la causa de la afectación. Así mismo se recomienda la señalización de las áreas de riesgo, considerar la posible reubicación del resguardo y prestar especial atención a las afectaciones sociales y culturales de las familias en tanto su relación con el territorio.

El 18 de enero, el gobernador y el CDGRD realizaron una visita al Resguardo, solicitando al CMGRD elaborar los censos respectivos y señalizar las zonas de alto riesgo. A la fecha de este flash se cuenta con un censo aproximado de 140 familias afectadas, cifra que, según el Cabildo tiende a aumentar cada día.

Un misión Interagencial llevada a cabo el 28 de enero evidenció necesidades relacionadas con: consolidación de censos; atención psicosocial; afectación a viviendas e infraestructura comunitaria (escuela y puesto de salud); contaminación de fuentes de agua, limitada infraestructura para posible albergue, pérdida de cultivos de azotea ubicados en los patios de las viviendas; acciones de gestión de riesgo comunitaria; limitados recursos financieros para realizar el estudio geológico; conflictos interétnicos;

La Unidad Nacional de Gestión de Riesgo y el CDGRD iniciaron acciones de respuesta, aprobaron subsidios de arriendo para 42 familias por tres meses. Se ha programado una visita, del Servicio Geológico Colombianao, para evaluar el origen del evento de remosión de masa. La secretaria de educación departamental, falcilitará un ejercicio de gestión del riesgo y el ICBF desplegará una unidad móvil de atención psicosocial.

El Equipo Humanitario Local de Nariño, continuará con acciones de coordinación con las autoridades locales y estará atento a las posibles brechas que permanezcan y a la visita del servicio geológico. Priorizará acciones relacionadas con gestión ambiental y atención psicosocial. 

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Syrian Arab Republic: Quarterly Humanitarian Overview: Syria Humanitarian response from Turkey - Issue 04, October - December 2015

8 February 2016 - 12:11pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

In this issue
- Cross-border Humanitarian Assistance P. 1
- Cluster Response Progression P. 2
- Cluster Response Overview P. 2
- Humanitarian Pooled Fund P. 7

Cross-border Humanitarian Assistance Overview

Hostilities between the Government of Syria (GoS), its allies and non-state armed groups (NSAGs) intensified over the last quarter of 2015, impeding many key access routes throughout Syria. GoS forces launched fresh offensives, as its allies renewed aerial and ground military efforts, in many areas where humanitarian agencies are present.

Aleppo, northern Homs, northern Hama, and northern Lattakia: Since October 2015, GoS and allied forces have carried out a sustained, intense aerial campaign, together with ground offensives, predominantly in northern Homs, northern Hama, northern Lattakia and around the city of Aleppo. Systematic airstrikes and regular shelling in these areas have affected humanitarian assistance. NGO supported health facilities, education centers, bakeries, mills and grain storage facilities have been severely degraded or destroyed beyond repair along with other civilian objects including residential areas and public markets. Rapid gains by GoS and allied forces throughout Lattakia,
Idleb, Aleppo and Homs governorates led to waves of displacements with almost 200,000 people being displaced during the reporting period. The escalation of fighting in southern Aleppo and northern Hama during October and November was of notable importance during the reporting period accounting for the majority of the displacements.

Raqqa, Deir-ez-Zor, Hassakeh, and eastern Aleppo: Meanwhile, in ISIL-held territories, international coalition forces (CF) continued their air campaign around Raqqa, Deir-ez-Zor, Hassakeh and Aleppo governorates prompting more displacement and degradation of infrastructure. In addition to the CF airstrikes, a high volume of air strikes were also conducted by GoS and its allies against military targets as well as civilian infrastructure in ISIL territories. This damaged electrical infrastructure, curbed the trade in fuel and contributed to severe water shortages across the country.

From 01 October to 31 December 2015, the UN and its partners have sent 36 cross-border consignments from Turkey (12 from Bab al-Salam, 24 from Bab al-Hawa) to the Syrian Arab Republic under the terms of the UN Security Council resolution 2258, requiring the use of 1319 trucks. 1182 of these trucks crossed into Syria through Bab al-Hawa border crossing while the remaining 137 crossed from Bab al-Salam border crossing. Shipped humanitarian assistance included health/medical supplies for almost 2,286,800 people;
FSL assistance for about 1,999,722 people; shelter and NFIs for 220,476 people; WASH for over 190,181 people. The governorates with the highest number of partners and highest number of beneficiaries are Aleppo and Idleb followed by Hama, and Lattakia.

Overall, from 01 January to 31 December 2015, the UN and its partners sent 124 consignments from Turkey (34 from Bab al-Salam, 90 from Bab al-Hawa) to the Syrian Arab Republic under UNSC resolution 2191, requiring 3,919 trucks. 3,626 of these trucks used the Bab alHawa border crossing while the remaining 293 crossed from the Bab al-Salam border crossing. Shipped assistance included health supplies for 4,265,045 people; food aid for about 6,067,715 people; NFIs and shelter items for 725,423 people; and WASH supplies for over 587,839 people.

During the same period, the Turkish Red Crescent facilitated the crossing of 9,982 truckloads of humanitarian supplies from 95 NGOs and other actors with a total value of approximately 418 million Turkish Lira (US$143 million) using eight border crossings along the Turkish-Syrian border.1 These supplies consisted of items for FSL (44%), Shelter (5%), NFI (28%), Health (16%), WASH (5%), Education (1%) and Logistics (0.5%).

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Nigeria: Humanitarian Bulletin Nigeria Issue 10 | January 2016

8 February 2016 - 2:50am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Thousands of people are being displaced in inaccessible areas of Borno State as the conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian Army continues.

  • Settlements in inaccessible parts of Borno have been completely destroyed.

  • Pilot relocations from schools due to take place on 4 February stalled following attack on Dalori village on 30 January.

  • Feedback from IDPs reveals complex attitudes towards relocations.

FIGURES

  • people in need 7 m

  • food insecure people 4 m

  • IDPs 2.2 m

  • malnourished children 1.5 m

  • Nigerian refugees 230,000

  • returned refugees from Cameroon (since 1 Aug) 21,799

FUNDING

248 million HRP requirement (US$) 4% funded (as of 29 January)

Behind the access lines in Borno State

While still complex, humanitarian access to and inside Borno State has increased over the course of the last 12 months: the survey teams for the Displacement Tracking Matrix, for example, increased their access in the state from zero in December 2014 to 10 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in December 2015. International humanitarian partners are tackling the access issue by increasing use of national and local partnerships.

As a result of these partnerships, information from these areas trickles in with increasing frequency, including information about population movements. Behind the access lines, people continue to move across borders in both directions, from inaccessible areas to Maiduguri, and within their own LGAs, largely as a result of Boko Haram activities and military clearance operations, or in search of resources.

Over the course of January, OCHA has been informed of over 50,000 more people being displaced in the northeast of Borno State: approximately 1,600 have fled Marte and Mafa LGAs for Maiduguri following military clearance operations, and 50,000 have crossed international borders to return to Gamboru town in Gamboru-Ngala LGA. Some of the former refugees were brought back by Cameroonian authorities, but the vast majority returned to Gamboru voluntarily to escape deplorable living conditions in their places of refuge, despite ongoing insecurity, following news that much of the LGA had been recaptured. Ngala has seen almost complete destruction. In Gamboru town there are no services at all, and eyewitness accounts describe it as a ghost town.

In Dikwa, the number of people taking refuge in a military camp in Dikwa town increased from 7,500 in September to 30,000 in November, according to humanitarian and government partners who have reached the LGA with ad-hoc assistance through national NGOs and local government partners. By mid-January, the figure had reached 80,000.
Ongoing insecurity means that assistance can only be provided sporadically and needs cannot be properly assessed, so with ongoing displacements within the LGA, each delivery of food and other sundry items falls far short of meeting the rapidly-increasing needs of the escalating numbers. Even within these camps people are not safe, as military encampments are regularly targeted by Boko Haram.

Internally displaced people (IDPs) from Dikwa have taken refuge in camps and host communities in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. Some have arrived in the capital in the last couple of months. Their stories paint a picture of life behind the access lines

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: République Démocratique du Congo : Lualaba, Haut – Katanga et Haut – Lomami, Note d’informations humanitaires du 04 février 2016

5 February 2016 - 5:53pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

• La lutte contre le choléra doit s’intensifier à Likasi

• Quand les pluies s’en mêlent pour rendre l’accès difficile

Épidémies

Choléra

Le choléra continu à gagner du terrain de semaine en semaine dans les provinces du Haut-Katanga et HautLomami.

Depuis le 01 janvier 2016, ces deux provinces ont notifié 209 cas dont sept décès et 175 cas dont quatre décès respectivement. Cette hausse est fortement influencée par des flambées dans les zones de santé endémiques telles que Bukama, Kinkondja et Likasi.

Selon les experts de la santé, cette situation est liée à la faiblesse dans la prise en charge ; la présence de plusieurs maladies associées au choléra telles que l’infection respiratoire aigue (IRA) et le paludisme.

Réponses

Dans la ZS de Kinkondja, l’ONG ALIMA travaille en collaboration avec les équipes de la zone de santé dans la sensibilisation, la désinfection des ménages et la chloration. A Likasi, l’ONG VIPATU continue à installer les points de chloration, via le financement du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (UNICEF). Cependant, le montant alloué à ces activités est insuffisant pour couvrir toutes les aires de santé affectées par le choléra.

Cependant, si l’épidémie de Likasi n’est pas maitrisée, il y a risque que cela aggrave celle de Lubumbashi, à cause de la proximité et du mouvement des populations entre ces deux villes. Des activités intensifiées dans la prévention s’avèrent aussi urgentes dans les zones de santé, foyers épidémiques.

Logistique

Plus de 10 000 personnes déplacées et retournées risquent d’être privées de leur assistance humanitaire dans les territoires de Malemba Nkulu (Province du Haut-Lomami) et de Manono (Province du Tanganyika). Le pont Mukoloji, situé dans la chefferie de Museka, Territoire Malemba Nkulu (Province du Haut-Lomami) reliant ces deux territoires est menacé d’effondrement, à cause de l’érosion provoquée par des fortes pluies qui se sont abattues entre les 15 et 16 janvier 2016.

L’écroulement de ce pont, long de 20 m -la seule voie d’accès à ces zones, en passant par le Territoire de Mitwaba- risque d’enclaver ces zones où plusieurs activités humanitaires sont en cours, dans les domaines de la sécurité alimentaire, de la santé et de la protection.

Ces zones ont été affectées, au cours du deuxième trimestre de l’année 2015, par les mouvements de populations dus à l’insécurité causée par des Mayi-Mayi Bakata Katanga et les conflits communautaires entre les Luba et Twa, l’épidémie de rougeole, et les catastrophes naturelles. Aucune évaluation de la part des autorités n’a été faite.

Plusieurs autres infrastructures routières de ces zones sont dans des mauvais états, en cette saison pluvieuse, et elles continuent à se dégrader. Si aucune réhabilitation plus approfondie n’est initiée, dans un bref délai, l’accès à la majeure partie de ces personnes vulnérables sera compromis.

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