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Ecuador: Ecuador: Earthquake Situation Report No. 11 (as of 23 May 2016)

26 May 2016 - 10:27pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ecuador
Highlights
  • On 18 May, two aftershocks shook the country with epicenters between the cantons of Quinindé and Muisne in the Province of Esmeraldas, and Pedernales in the Province of Manabí. The first aftershock occurred at 2:57am and another one at 11:36am with a magnitude of 6.7 and 6.8, respectively. The aftershocks resulted in additional damages in Esmeraldas Province. In response, the Government opened new camps in the affected areas.

  • According to Secretary of Risk Management (Secretaría de Gestión de Riesgos o SGR), 58 houses were affected by the aftershocks in the following cantons: 14 in Esmeraldas, 14 in Muisne, 10 in Quinindé, 4 in Portoviejo, 5 in Ibarra and 11 in other cantons (SGR Situation Report No.70,19/05/2016 (17:00)).

  • Following the aftershocks, displaced persons located in damaged shelters were relocated to Camp 1 and Camp 2 in Muisne, which as of 25 May hosts around 640 people. An additional 1,080 people are residing in a camp in Chamanga. In Pedernales, around 750 displaced persons were relocated to the Divino Niño camp. Authorities acted quickly to prepare the camps although some services were not ready when people arrived. International humanitarian organizations offered technical advice, and monitored the relocation and reception of displaced persons to the new camps.

  • A reassessment of various structures and humanitarian needs is required following the aftershocks. The SGR deployed 25 staff members to assess the impact of the aftershocks.

28,775 people in temporary shelters and displacement sites
663 people died
166 schools moderately or severely affected
15% of the Flash Appeal has been funded. Humanitarian needs persist.

Overview

Five weeks after the earthquake, the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) is conducting several surveys to identify and register affected people in the six provinces declared in a state of emergency.

Due to the two strong aftershocks the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (MIDUVI) began a reassessment of infrastructure. Additionally, the Ministry of Education suspended classes in the affected areas from 18 to 23 May.

The Emergency Operations Centers (COE) were briefly re-activated at a national level, in the provinces and in the cantons affected to assess the damages of the aftershocks and take action. The international humanitarian community has participated actively in the COE meetings in Portoviejo, Pedernales and Esmeraldas.

Starting on 11 May, in the affected areas of Manabí and Esmeraldas, the Ministry of Social and Economic Inclusion (MIES) started registering the people affected by the earthquake in the Sole Registry of Affected Population, in Spanish known as the Registro Único de Damnificados (RUD). This week, MIES provided information in affected areas concerning the access to several state-provided grants and subsidies.

In the first phase, the RUD was only going to register displaced persons in camps. Now, the system is registering displaced persons living with host families and the most severely damaged areas. Following the registration, MIES determines the eligibility of people for access to the different grants and assistance offered by the Government.

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Chad: Tchad: situation humanitaire des retournés Tchadiens du site de Gaoui (au 26/05/2016)

26 May 2016 - 3:45pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic, Chad

Aperçu de la situation

Le site de Gaoui, situé à 15 km de N’Djamena, a été ouvert en janvier 2014 afin d’accueillir les retournés tchadiens fuyant les violences en République Centrafricaine (RCA). Il compte actuellement quelque 5 200 retournés, en majorité des femmes et des enfants, principalement venus de Bangui.

La situation humanitaire sur place est préoccupante car le manque de financement a entrainé le retrait presque total des acteurs humanitaires. Cela s’est traduit par une dégradation des conditions de vie des retournés, mettant à mal les efforts réalisés depuis deux ans. Les partenaires qui intervenaient sur le site (OIM, UNFPA, UNICEF, OMS, ACF, SID, Alerte Santé, INTERSOS, et ADES) se sont retirés. L’ONG nationale ADES qui avait été nommée en avril 2014 comme gestionnaire du site par le Gouvernement a également arrêté ses activités depuis le 31 décembre 2015 – après un an et demi d’arriérés de paiements par le Gouvernement – laissant la gestion du site aux retournés.

Parallèlement, le retard dans l’adoption du « Plan de Réponse Globale en faveur des retournés tchadiens de la RCA » 2015-2019 (Ministère du Plan) et du Plan spécifique de réintégration socio-économique des retournés de Gaoui (Ministère de la Femme) ne permet pas aux acteurs de développement de s’engager dans la mise en place de solutions durables pour l’intégration et l’autonomisation des retournés. En attendant l’opérationnalisation de ce Plan, il est essentiel de poursuivre une assistance humanitaire minimum afin de soulager les besoins les plus urgents et d’éviter une détérioration trop importante des conditions de vie des retournés qui mettrait leur vie en danger, tout particulièrement à l’approche de la saison des pluies.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 17 - 23 May 2016

26 May 2016 - 11:46am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory
Weekly Highlights
  • A 17-year-old Palestinian girl was shot dead by the Israeli Border Police while approaching the Beit Iksa checkpoint, to the north of Jerusalem. According to Israeli media reports, the girl raised a knife and did not adhere to orders to stop before being shot. No injuries to Israeli forces were reported**. **Since the beginning of 2016, 52 Palestinian suspected perpetrators were killed by Israeli forces in attacks and alleged attacks, compared to 89 in the last quarter of 2015. The circumstances of many incidents have given rise to concerns over excessive use of force.
  • The Israeli authorities handed over the corpses of five Palestinians, suspected of perpetrating attacks against Israelis**, to their families**. The corpses of another nine Palestinians are still being held**.** On 24 May, the Israeli authorities indicated that they would suspend the handover of corpses, following an alleged violation of the conditions for holding the funerals in one of the cases.
  • At least 49 Palestinians, including four children and one woman, were injured by Israeli forces, mostly during clashes across the West Bank. The majority of the clashes occurred during demonstrations commemorating the 68th anniversary of what Palestinians refer to as the 1948 “An Nakba”, mainly in Al ‘Eizariya and Silwan (Jerusalem) and Ni’lin (Ramallah); in the weekly demonstrations in Kafr Qaddum (Qalqiliya); in a protest in Deir Isitya (Salfit) against the fencing of a main road impeding access to land; and during **search and arrest operations. Overall, there were 82 such operations during the week**. The firing of tear gas canisters in one of the clashes in Al Fawwar refugee camp (Hebron) set on fire and burnt 45 olive and grape trees.  In Gaza, two Palestinians were shot and injured by live ammunition during demonstrations near the fence.
  • In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces opened fire in the Access Restricted Areas (ARA) along the perimeter fence and in the sea on at least 13 occasions. A farmer was injured in one of the cases and ten fishermen, including a child, were forced to take off their clothes and swim towards Israeli naval forces boats, where they were taken into custody. Despite the lack of an official announcement or demarcation, areas up to 300 metres from the perimeter fence are considered to be a “no-go” area, except for farmers who may access up to 100 metres, while areas up to 1,000 meters are considered high-risk, discouraging cultivation.
  • On 22 May, the Israeli authorities announced the lifting of the ban on the import of cement to the Gaza Strip for the private sector. The ban has been in place since 3 April 2016, following Israeli concerns about the diversion of building materials to armed groups and the discovery of an underground tunnel running from Gaza into Israel.
  • Israeli forces temporarily blocked two of the main routes to Hizma village (Jerusalem), impeding vehicular access for some 7,000 people.  This followed the detonation of an improvised device at the Hizma checkpoint (controlling access to East Jerusalem) the previous week, which injured a soldier.
  • In East Jerusalem, the Israeli authorities demolished three Palestinians homes and one praying room for lack of  Israeli-issued building permits, displacing 26 people including nine children, and affecting eight  Since the beginning of 2016, a total of 72 structures were demolished in East Jerusalem (including three on punitive grounds) compared to 79 in the entire 2015.
  • On 18 May, an **Israeli court ruled in favour of a settler organization claiming ownership over three apartments and two shops in the Sheikh Jarrah area of East Jerusalem**, **and ordered their evacuation by 10 June 2016. **Four families are at imminent risk of displacement. The establishment of Israeli settlements in the heart of Palestinian neighbourhoods in East Jerusalem has resulted in increased tensions and undermined the living conditions of Palestinian residents.  
  • In the Israeli-controlled H2 area of Hebron city, a group of Israeli settlers entered a Palestinian house and physically assaulted and injured a 16-year-old Palestinian child and his father; Israeli forces intervened and arrested the boy and his father pursuant to Israeli settler allegations that the two had previously attacked them.
  • An Israeli bus travelling near Tuqu’ village (Bethlehem) and the Jerusalem light train sustained damage as a result of gunfire and bottle-throwing, respectively, by suspected Palestinians, according to Israeli media reports.
  • The Egyptian-controlled Rafah Crossing was closed during the reporting period. The crossing last opened on 11 and 12 May, following 85 consecutive days of closure. At least 30,000 people, including around 9,500 medical cases, and 2,700 students, are registered and waiting to cross according to the Palestinian authorities. Since the beginning of 2016, Egyptian Authorities have opened Rafah Crossing on only five out of 144 calendar days.
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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 21 | 16 – 22 May 2016

26 May 2016 - 11:03am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

• A sub-national measles campaign is targeting more than 4 million children in five states of Sudan during 22-30 May 2016.
• South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan.
• UNHAS announces provisional direct flights between El Fasher and Sortony, North Darfur.
• An inter-agency mission to the Anka area in North Darfur has reported that 15,000 people in the area need assistance.

In this issue

Sub-national measles vaccination starts P.1
South Sudanese influx into Sudan P.2
UNHAS flights to Sortony, North Darfur P.3
Inter-agency mission to Anka, North Darfur P.4

Measles vaccination campaign starts in five states

On 22 May, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Sudan, the World Health Organizaton (WHO) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched a sub-national measles campaign in six states – Blue Nile, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, White Nile, and Sennar – targeting more than 4 million children aged from 6 months to 15 years. The campaign will run till 30 May and cover the new South Sudanese arrivals in these states as well. The campaign is complementary to the campaigns implemented in 2015 that covered ten states when 9.5 million children were vaccinated. The vaccination campaign has already been completed in West Kordofan State where 728,586 children were vaccinated against measles, indicating coverage of 99 per cent of the target.

The effect of the previous campaign is a reduction of measles cases compared to the same period of the last year. In 2015, up to week 19 there were 2,498 confirmed measles cases and 38 deaths compared to 1,073 confirmed cases and 10 deaths reported this year by the end of the week 19 (13 May 2016), according to the MoH. In addition, there has been reduction of case fatality, especially in Red Sea, Central Darfur and West Darfur states.

WHO supported the campaign by mobilising WHO technical staff at the state level to support the implementation of the campaign. WHO’s support entails efforts to ensure good quality campaign, meet the objectives whilst reaching the expected results; and financial support to fill the gap for the campaign. UNICEF procured vaccines and supplies for the campaign and supported social mobilisation to enhance the coverage.

South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan

South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan. As of 22 May 2016, about 69,000 people are estimated to have arrived in various states in Sudan since January. East Darfur is hosting close to 46,000 people representing 66 per cent of all the new arrivals in 2016. An additional 5,324 people have arrived in Bileil camp in South Darfur and have been registered by Sudan’s Commissioner of Refugees (COR). In West Kordofan, 7,241 arrivals have been reported by the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC); and in White Nile, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) have registered over 9,000 since the beginning of 2016 (please see the table on page 2 for details).

According to UNHCR’s latest update on 12 May, 226,950 South Sudanese arrived in Sudan since December 2013. While the number of new South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan in 2016 is 75 per cent more than 39,622 arrivals registered by UNHCR during the same period last year, the level of funding provided is significantly lower. UNHCR and parterns are updating the response plan for the new arrivals from South Sudan for 2016 and are revising the figures accordingly.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: RD Congo - Sud-Kivu : Note d’informations humanitaires no 10/16 (25/5/2016)

26 May 2016 - 4:40am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Pas de répit pour les habitants de Nindja qui passent de déplacement en déplacement

  • Kalehe : plus de 2 500 familles retournées se procurent des vivres et articles ménagers essentiels

Aperçu de la situation

Depuis le mois de mars, des mouvements de population ne cessent d’être enrgistrés dans la Chefferie de Nindja à l’ouest de Kabare suite au conflit de succession au pouvoir coutumier ayant impliqué des miliciens Raiya Mutomboki. Plus de 1 400 personnes se sont déplacées vers les localités voisines de Lwizi, Mudaka et le Territoire voisin de Kalehe dans le Groupement de Kalonge suite à une incurision des Raiya Mutomboki dans le village de Chikundushe le 16 mai. Lors de cette incursion, du bétail a été extorqué et 4 personnes ont été enlevées puis relâchées cinq jours plus tard. Entre mars et avril, plus de 11 400 personnes s’étaient déjà déplacées de Nindja vers Kalonge dans les localités de Bisisi, Chaminunu, Chibinda et Mule suite à l’activisme des Raiya Mutomboki. Selon la Fondation AVSI qui avait évalué leur situation du 17 au 25 avril, leurs besoins les plus urgents s’expriment en termes de vivres et articles ménagers essentiels.

Dans le Territoire de Kalehe, plus de 2 400 personnes se sont déplacées des localités de Mikonzi vers Hembe, et de Kisha vers Batayo, Bunje et Kusisa suite aux affrontements successifs entre des bandes armées et l’armée les 21 et 23 mai. A l’absence d’une évaluation, la situation de ces déplacés n’est pas connue.

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Ecuador: Ecuador: Terremoto - Reporte de Situación No. 11 (al 23 de mayo de 2016)

25 May 2016 - 9:45pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ecuador

Destacados

  • El 18 de mayo se registraron dos fuertes réplicas con epicentros localizados entre los cantones de Quinindé, Muisne en la Provincia de Esmeraldas y el cantón de Pedernales en la Provincia de Manabí. El primero ocurrió a las 2:57am de 6.7 grados en escala de Richter y otro a las 11:36 am de 6,8 grados. Las réplicas generaron daños principalmente en la Provincia de Esmeraldas. Consecuentemente, el Gobierno abrió nuevos albergues/ campamentos en las zonas afectadas.

  • 58 viviendas fueron afectadas por las réplicas en los siguientes cantones: 14 en Esmeraldas, 14 en Muisne, 10 en Quinindé, 4 en Portoviejo, 5 en Ibarra y 11 en otros cantones (Secretaría de Gestión de Riesgos- SGR - Informe de Situación No.70,19/05/2016 (17:00).

  • Después de las réplicas, se realizó una reubicación de las personas alojadas en albergues y refugios con daños a dos albergues/campamentos en Muisne que al momento cuenta con 640 personas. En el albergue de Chamanga se cuenta con 1,080 personas con corte mayo 25 a las 7am. En Pedernales, se reubicaron alrededor de 750 personas desplazadas que se encontraban en varios sitios al albergue/campamento llamado Divino Niño. Las autoridades ecuatorianas adecuaron de manera precipitada los nuevos albergues/campamentos para recibir a las personas de inmediato. Los organismos humanitarios internacionales acompañaron a las autoridades con asesoría técnica y a las personas con suministros básicos y monitoreo durante el traslado y arribo.

  • A las evaluaciones de hogares hechas inicialmente se suman otros daños en las provincias de Esmeraldas y el norte de Manabí, por lo que será necesario reevaluar las infraestructuras.

  • La SGR desplegó 25 funcionarios para evaluación de los daños post-réplicas.

28,775 Personas albergadas en algún tipo de solución de vivienda

663 Personas fallecidas

166 centros educativos con afectación media y grave

Únicamente el 15% del llamamiento de asistencia ha sido cubierto hasta el momento. Las necesidades humanitarias continúan.

Panorama de la Situación

A la quinta semana del terremoto, sumadas las dos fuertes réplicas del 18 de mayo, se encuentran en marcha las encuestas desarrolladas por el INEC (Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos) para identificar los afectados y damnificados en la zona. Así como también el proceso de reevaluación de infraestructuras en las zonas de parte del MIDUVI (Ministerio de Desarrollo Urbano y Vivienda).
Como resultado de las réplicas, desde el 18 de mayo al 23 del mismo mes, el Ministerio de Educación suspendió clases en las zonas afectadas.

A nivel nacional, provincial y cantonal, por las réplicas se han activado los centros de operaciones de emergencia (COEs) para evaluar daños y tomar acciones para la respuesta a éstos. La comunidad humanitaria internacional está participando activamente en las reuniones de COE en Portoviejo, Pedernales y Esmeraldas.

Desde el 11 de mayo, tanto en las zonas afectadas de Manabí como de Esmeraldas, el Ministerio de Inclusión Económica y Social (MIES) inició el proceso de registro de damnificados en el sistema Registro Único de Damnificados (RUD). Además, en esta misma semana el MIES empezó a habilitar puntos de información y procesos de socialización sobre el acceso a bonos de alimentación, acogida y alquiler.

Inicialmente el registro único de damnificados (RUD) estaba previsto para las personas ubicadas en albergues (5.000). Posteriormente este sistema registra también a personas en familias acogientes y población en general ubicada en la zona del desastre y que se auto identifica como damnificada. Tras el levantamiento de información por INEC y MIES, se inicia la verificación de elegibilidad a los distintos bonos de asistencia del gobierno.

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 25 May 2016

25 May 2016 - 9:59am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia

Key Issues

  • Ethiopia showcases best practices in drought response at World Humanitarian Summit (WHS).

  • Joint Government and humanitarian partners’ assessment on the impact of the belg rains.

  • National Meteorological Agency (NMA) forecasts normal to above normal performance for the kiremt rains.

Ethiopia showcases best practices in drought response at WHS

Ethiopia’s Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Demeke Mekonnen chaired a side event at the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) showcasing the country’s best practices in the drought response.
Participating keynote speakers at the WHS side event “Bridging the divide: humanitarian and development collaboration in Ethiopia”, include: Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator and Assistant Secretary General of UNOCHA, Ms. Kyung-Wha Kang, WFP Executive Director, Ms. Ertharin Cousin, Executive Director of UNICEF, Mr. Anthony Lake, and Senior Adviser for Resilience, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, European Political Strategy Centre (EPSC), Mr. Claus Sorensen.
Deputy Prime Minister Mekonnen noted that in the past, droughts of this magnitude killed many and caused profound suffering. “The impact of this drought in 2016 has been different. Our preparation and priorities over the past decade has meant that our collective response prevented famine,” said Deputy Prime Minister Mekonnen, adding, “We have been focusing on pro-poor policies, introducing disaster response management into all aspects of governance, strengthening government ministries, introducing satellite imagery and evidence-based analysis, and intensifying support to the agriculture sector.”

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Costa Rica: REDLAC Nota Semanal sobre Emergencias - América Latina y el Caribe - Año 9 - Volumen 453

24 May 2016 - 4:51pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Costa Rica, Ecuador

Destacados

  • CUMBRE MUNDIAL HUMANITARIA: La Cumbre inició hoy en Turquía. El Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas apela a invertir más en la humanidad. La cumbre concluirá mañana, 24 de mayo, con una propuesta para la nueva agenda humanitaria mundial.

  • ACTIVIDAD VOLCÁNICA: Las autoridades de Costa Rica monitorean el volcán Turrialba. Se ha restringido el acceso a las comunidades cercanas y se registra afectación en el centro del país debido a las cenizas.

  • AH1N1: El Ministerio de Salud Pública de Ecuador reportó 51 muertes por AH1N1 en lo que va de 2016. Pichincha continúa siendo la provincia con mayor número de muertes, con 24 casos.

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Costa Rica: REDLAC Weekly Note on Emergencies Latin America & The Caribbean - Year 9 - Volume 453

24 May 2016 - 4:49pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Costa Rica, Ecuador

Highlights

  • WORLD HUMANITARIAN SUMMIT: The summit began today in Turkey. The Secretary General of the United Nations appeals to invest more in humanity. The summit will conclude tomorrow, 24 May, with a proposal for the new global humanitarian agenda.

  • VOLCANIC ACTIVITY: Costa Rican authorities monitor the Turrialba volcano.
    It has restricted access to nearby communities. The center of the country is affected by ashes from the volcano.

  • AH1N1: The Ministry of Health in Ecuador reported 51 deaths from H1N1. So far Pichincha remains the province with the highest number of deaths, with 24 cases.

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Central African Republic: République centrafricaine: Aperçu humanitaire (au 23 mai 2016)

24 May 2016 - 11:09am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic

Zone Centre:
Du 23 au 25 mai, analyse sensible au conflit pour la préparation d’un dialogue intercommunautaire dans les villages de Mbali et Katier.

Zone Est:
Mission d’évaluation pour constater le mouvement de retour de PDI dans le quartier Akpé de Bambari

Zone Ouest:
Suivi de la problématique de cohésion sociale entre les communautés de Potopoto à Berberati

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World: Boletín Humanitario América Latina y el Caribe Volumen 26 | Marzo – Abril 2016

23 May 2016 - 1:22pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Paraguay, World

DESTACADOS

  • Pasado el primer mes después del terremoto de magnitud 7,8 en la escala Richter que devastó las provincias centrales y costeras de Ecuador, cientos de miles de personas continúan afectadas.

  • Naciones Unidas busca recaudar US$ 72.8 millones para asistir a unas 350,000 personas en Ecuador y aliviar así sus necesidades más inmediatas.

  • La evaluación elaborada por el equipo UNDAC en Paraguay arroja nuevos hallazgos en cuanto a consecuencias humanitarias tras las inundaciones en el país.

  • En preparación a la Cumbre Mundial Humanitaria, a realizarse el 23 y 24 de mayo en Turquía, se celebró en Panamá el Conversatorio WHS: Prioridades Regionales ante la Cumbre.

Las necesidades de Ecuador tras el terremoto

Pasado el primer mes después de que un fuerte terremoto de magnitud 7,8 en la escala Richter devastara las provincias centrales y costeras de Ecuador, cientos de miles de personas continúan afectadas. El terremoto del pasado 16 de abril causó 661 muertes, 6,274 heridos, cerca de 240,000 personas afectadas, 18,663 edificios destruidos, 35 centros de salud con daños, 600 escuelas impactadas, además de carreteras e infraestructura dañada.

El Gobierno de Ecuador y los equipos locales de respuesta han apoyado a las familias afectadas asistiendo con alimentos, agua, refugio temporal, además de atención médica de emergencia y otras necesidades. Asimismo, organismos regionales e internacionales de ayuda humanitaria han estado trabajando juntos para fortalecer la operación humanitaria nacional, ofreciendo personal técnico experto, suministros, logística y equipos.

Más de un mes después, las réplicas continúan. El 18 de mayo ocurrieron dos réplicas importantes, una de ellas de 6.8 y la otra de 6.9, con epicentro en la provincia de Esmeraldas. A pesar de ello, las comunidades continúan luchando para volver a la vida diaria normal.

El Presidente de Ecuador ha señalado que la futura reconstrucción de las zonas afectadas “tomará meses, incluso años, y costará centenas, probablemente miles de millones de dólares”. Cálculos iniciales indicaban la necesidad de US$ 3,000 millones, pero se espera que el Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos presente un informe de los daños por sectores el próximo 4 de junio para conocer una cifra más exacta.

La comunidad internacional debe seguir apoyando al Gobierno y al pueblo ecuatoriano quienes enfrentan las consecuencias de este desastre. El llamamiento internacional lanzado el pasado 22 de abril tiene todavía una baja cobertura del 15% por lo que OCHA insta a los donantes a ser generosos en sus contribuciones.

Durante la Cumbre Mundial Humanitaria se espera que los líderes mundiales se comprometan a prevenir que los desastres se conviertan en tragedias como la que se vive en Ecuador.

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World: Humanitarian Bulletin Latin America and Caribbean Volume 26 | March – April 2016

23 May 2016 - 1:17pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Paraguay, World

HIGHLIGHTS

  • One month after the earthquake, humanitarian needs persist in most of the affected areas, particularly in vulnerable rural communities.

  • United Nations launched an appeal for US$ 72.8 million to assist 350,000 people affected for the next three months.

  • The assessment prepared by the UNDAC team in Paraguay highlights new humanitarian needs after major floods in the country.

  • As part of the preparations for the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) held on 23-24 May 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey, the WHS Dialogue: Regional Priorities for the Summit took place in Panama.

Needs of Ecuador after the earthquake

One month after an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter scale devastated the central and coastal provinces of Ecuador, hundreds of thousands of people remain affected. As of 16 April, the earthquake and its aftershocks have caused 661 deaths, 6,274 injured, 240,000 affected people, 18,663 buildings destroyed, 35 damaged health centers, and 600 affected schools. Furthermore, roads and infrastructure present significant damages.

The Government of Ecuador and local response teams have provided support to earthquakeaffected families, assisting them with food, water, temporary shelter, emergency medical care, and other needs. In addition, regional and international aid agencies have been working together to strengthen national humanitarian operations, offering technical expertise, supplies, logistics and equipment.
More than a month later, aftershocks continue. On 18 May, two aftershocks shook the country resulting in evacuations of buildings and widespread fear in people. The magnitude of the aftershocks was 6.8 and 6.9 with the epicenter in Esmeraldas Province. In spite of that, communities struggle to return to their normal daily lives.

The President of Ecuador indicated that reconstruction efforts “will take months, even years, and cost hundreds, probably billions of dollars.” Initial estimates indicate the need for US$ 3 billion, but the National Institute of Statistics and Census is expected to present a more accurate report of damages by sector next June 4th.

The international community should continue to support the Government and the people of Ecuador. The coverage of the international appeal launched on 22 April is only covering 15% of the needs of the earthquake-affected population. OCHA urges donors to contribute to the Appeal to enable humanitarian partners to meet unmet needs.

The World Humanitarian Summit, seeks to strengthen collective action to better prepare for and respond to disasters such as this.

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Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides Situation Report No. 1 (as of 22 May 2016)

22 May 2016 - 11:50am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Sri Lanka

Highlights

  • Floods and landslides in Sri Lanka have affected 340,150 people according to information from the Government of Sri Lanka Disaster Management Centre, 84 people are known to have died and 116 people are still missing.

  • As a result of the floods, 237,240 people have been displaced from their homes and have moved to 376 ‘safe locations’, including camps as well as schools, temples, community centres, with host families or in other temporary accommodation.

  • At least 503 houses are reported to have been destroyed with a further 3,793 partially damaged, although extent of damage is likely to be higher.

  • Flood waters are not likely to recede for several days and landslides warnings remain in place in nine locations.

  • These are reportedly the worst floods in 25 years, with further heavy rains and flooding likely as the monsoon continues.

Situation Overview

On 15 May 2016 Sri Lanka was hit by a severe tropical storm that caused widespread flooding and landslides in 22 districts of the country destroying homes and submerging entire villages. At least 84 people are known to have died as a result of Tropical Storm Roanu and a further 116 people are still missing, many as the result of a landslide that struck Aranayake, Kegalle district on 17 May 2016; this was followed by a second landslide in the same area four days later and landslides warning remain in place in nine areas of the country.

Currently 237,240 people are displaced from their homes and living in a variety of safe locations including camps, schools, temples, with host families and in other temporary accommodation. The majority of these displaced people are in Colombo and Gampaha districts in the south-west of the country where floodwaters still remain high. As a result of heavy rains, several major reservoirs overflowed and flood gates were fully opened to avoid a dam breach, causing flooding downstream. Areas downstream of two large rivers to the north and south of the capital city Colombo, the Kelani river and the Kalu river, remain flooded with the possibility of further floodwaters flowing from upstream areas should heavy rains persist.

It is expected to take several days for floodwaters to recede and in some areas water levels remain as high as the roofs of people’s houses with access only possible by boat or by air. Many of the affected population, particularly in the rural areas, were already amongst the most vulnerable in the country and have now lost everything, including their homes, possessions, agricultural land and means of making a living. In the urban areas there are growing health concerns related to the quantity of so much standing water in highly populated areas and the destruction of much of the water and sanitation infrastructure, which could lead to serious public health issues.

While Tropical Storm Roanu has now passed over Sri Lanka, the Department of Meteorology predicts more rain over the island in the coming days as normal south-west monsoonal rains settle in. This could cause additional flooding and landslides in many of the same areas which are still waterlogged, with those who have lost their homes and who are living in temporary shelters the most vulnerable to the potential impacts.

The Government of Sri Lanka is leading the response to the floods; Tri Forces are fully engaged in search and rescue, and evacuation missions as well as distributing relief items to those people still trapped by the flood waters, and the Sri Lankan Army are working to recover the bodies of those missing in the Aranayake landslide. Local organisations, faith groups, youth groups and businesses are actively involved in the provision of aid. Priority needs are for WASH, health, shelter and food assistance, and current requests include the provision of emergency items including clothing, water purification tablets, temporary latrines, hygiene and cooking equipment, and boats. UN agencies and NGOs are providing items from existing stocks.

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Myanmar: OCHA Flash Update No 2: Cyclone Roanu Response, 22 May 2016 [EN/MY]

22 May 2016 - 8:52am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bangladesh, Myanmar

According to the Government Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), Cyclone Roanu made landfall in Bangladesh on 21 May and has finally dissipated after passing Chin State and Sagaing Region in Myanmar on 21-22 May. The status of the cyclone in Myanmar has now been reduced to “Green”.

According to the Government Relief and Resettlement Department, so far there have been no reports of deaths or of any significant displacement caused by the rains or landslides. In Chin State, a few bridges were reportedly damaged due to landslides and some houses were damaged, although in most cases there was only minor damage. The Chin State Government set up an Emergency Management Centre for coordinating the response. In Sagaing Region, according to local authorities, no significant damage has been reported. In Rakhine State, according to local authorities and the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS), no significant damage in towns and villages has been reported as of 22 May, although some temporary IDP shelters in some camps collapsed due to the strong wind and heavy rain.

The Government deactivated its Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) in Nay Pyi Taw on the afternoon of 22 May. However, the EOC will continue monitoring the weather and its impact during the monsoon season.

This is the last OCHA update Cyclone Roanu.

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Myanmar: OCHA Flash Update No 1: Cyclone Roanu Response, 21 May 2016 [EN/MY]

21 May 2016 - 10:03am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Myanmar

According to the Government Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), Cyclone Roanu is moving north-eastward. It started to make landfall at about 3pm today near Cox’s Bazar Town and Chittagong Town in southern Bangladesh.

Myanmar is now on “red alert” for storm risk in the colour-coded warning system as the cyclone is expected to pass Chin State, northern part of Rakhine State and Sagaing Region as a depression according to DMH. Maungdaw and Sittwe are identified as the townships likely facing the most damaging effects of cyclone, followed by Kyaukphyu. While the wind speeds are not particularly high (50-60mph in the northern part of Rakhine and Chin), large amounts of rainfall are expected to trigger landslides in various parts, particularly in Chin State where some landslides are already being reported earlier today. Heavy showers are expected in Chin and Rakhine states as well as Ayeyarwady, Magway and Sagaing regions with widespread rain all over the country from 21 May to 23 May.

Preparedness efforts are focused on four states and regions: Chin, Rakhine, Magway and Sagaing while reviewing pre-positioning relief items. Relevant government departments and the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) are all on standby for search and rescue activities. MRCS has mobilised over 100 Emergency Response Team Members and volunteers and also disseminating early warning alerts to the communities in Chin, Rakhine, Magway and Sagaing. On 20 May, the government’s Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) in Nay Pyi Taw was activated. UN agencies and MRCS have deployed staff to Nay Pyi Taw to support government preparedness and response activities.

Humanitarian organizations have been identifying available relief stocks and resources in-country to support government efforts where required. In Rakhine, humanitarian partners have put together assessment teams involving over 75 staff, ready to deploy if needed. At the same time, humanitarian partners are in close contact with the Rakhine State government to identify the areas most affected and requiring immediate support.

For more information please contact:
Pierre Péron | Public Information and Advocacy Officer, Myanmar
Tel: +95 979 700 7815, 9250 198 997 | E-mail: peronp@un.org | Twitter: @pierre_peron www.unocha.org

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: République Démocratique du Congo : Lualaba, Haut – Katanga et Haut – Lomami - Note d’informations humanitaires du 19 mai 2016

20 May 2016 - 4:25pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Mukabe-Kazadi accueille une troisième vague de déplacés en deux mois

  • La cantine scolaire, un stimulus pour les enfants vulnérables butés à des problèmes

  • Le secteur de l’éducation manque d’acteur à Pweto

Besoins et Réponses humanitaires

Education

Plus de 6 770 enfants dont plus de la moitié composée des filles bénéficient d’un repas chaud dans 25 écoles primaires de Mitwaba. L’ONG Action contre la pauvreté (ACP) a repris, en début de ce mois de mai, ce programme alimentaire scolaire pour l’année 2016, suspendu, depuis décembre 2015, à cause de l’accès difficile pour acheminer les vivres vers ces écoles pendant la saison pluvieuse. Le PAM et des experts de l’éducation affirment que ce programme scolaire a contribué à améliorer les taux de fréquentation dans certaines écoles de l’ancienne province du Katanga au cours des années précédentes.

Plus de 23 200 élèves avaient bénéficié de la cantine scolaire d’urgence pour l’année scolaire 2014-2015, dans les territoires de Mitwaba et Pweto, Province du Haut-Katanga. Pour l’année 2015-2016, le programme a ciblé les mêmes zones, avec un effectif réduit de 17 740 enfants, à travers 54 écoles. Cette diminution est non négligeable quand on sait que pour la plupart des cas, la cantine scolaire représente une garantie alimentaire pour ces enfants et un stimulus pour leur scolarité.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: RD Congo - Nord-Kivu : Note d’informations humanitaires no 10/16 (19/5/2016)

20 May 2016 - 4:19pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

• Les problèmes d’accès humanitaire persistent dans plusieurs territoires du Nord-Kivu.

• Distribution de vivres d’urgence pour les déplacés et retournés dans le groupement d’Ikobo.

• Près de 109 000 personnes bénéficient d’un projet eau, hygiène et assainissement à l’ouest de Beni et au sud du territoire de Mambasa.

Aperçu de la situation

Les problèmes d’accès humanitaires persistent dans plusieurs territoires du Nord-Kivu. Trois organisations humanitaires ont suspendu leurs opérations dans le territoire de Rutshuru et plusieurs autres sont en « sandby » dans les territoires de Masisi et Beni.

La dégradation du contexte sécuritaire dans la collectivité de Bwito, territoire de Rutshuru, a forcé trois organisations humanitaires à suspendre leurs opérations, privant d’assistance plus de 26 000 bénéficiaires. Cette décision fait suite aux deux incidents d’enlèvement d’agents humanitaires survenus dans la zone à la mi-avril et au début du mois de mai. Ainsi, Mercy Corps, qui était en fin de projet en sécurité alimentaire, a annoncé son retrait temporaire de la zone. Dans un communiqué publié le 12 mai, l’organisation a indiqué que « la reprise de ses activités ne sera possible que si les axes du territoire sont sécurisés ». Une deuxième organisation internationale avait aussi suspendu ses mouvements dans la province après avoir été victime d’un enlèvement. L’organisation Catholic Relief Service (CRS), qui n’a pas été touchée par les incidents, a tout de même décidé de transférer un de ses projets initialement prévu à Nyanzale à une autre zone.

Dans la zone de Mpati en territoire de Masisi, 45 000 personnes déguerpies des sites de déplacement sont privés d’assistance en raison de l’insécurité et des problèmes d’accessibilité physique. Les camions avec l’assistance ne sont pas en mesure de se rendre jusqu’à Mpati en raison du mauvais état des routes. Une évaluation du Cluster logistique réalisée du 3 au 9 mai constate que pratiquement tous les tronçons menant à Mpati, Kalengera, Goriba entre autres, sont impraticables. Des solutions alternatives sont présentent en discussion. Par ailleurs, un mouvement timide de retour des déplacés a été rapporté dans les sites de Bweru, Bibwe et Kitso. Ces sites avaient presqu’entièrement été vidés à la fin mars lors des opérations militaires contre les groupes armés dans la zone. Malgré ce faible retour, la situation demeure tendue dans cette zone qui reste le théâtre des opérations militaires contre les groupes armés. Les organisations positionnées pour la réponse dans la zone restent en « stand-by » en attendant l’amélioration de la situation sécuritaire.

Dans le territoire de Beni, plus de 4 600 ménages sont dans l’attente d’une assistance humanitaire dans le secteur d’Eringeti et Luna (province Ituri). Cette assistance avait dû être retardée après l’attaque du 3 mai dans la cité d’Eringeti. La situation sécuritaire est calme à Eringeti et ses environs immédiats. Selon le Président de la société civile d'Eringeti, au moins 75% de population seraient de retour. Les cours ont repris dans les écoles primaires et secondaires. Les organisations humanitaires sont donc en train de considérer une reprise des activités dans cette localité.

Toujours dans le territoire de Beni, la présence de près de 1 630 ménages déplacés et 1 590 ménages retournés a été confirmée à Mayimoya et Samboko lors d’une évaluation réalisée du 10 au 12 mai dans le cadre de la Réponse rapide aux mouvements de population (RRMP). Les déplacés sont arrivés en mars 2016 et le 4 mai suite aux attaques d’Eringeti. Ils ont fui sans articles ménagers essentiels et les retournés de Mayimoya ont été plusieurs fois victimes de pillages. Cependant la zone reste inaccessible pour plusieurs organisations qui jugent le niveau de la sécurité insuffisant pour lancer la réponse humanitaire.

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Haiti: Haiti Humanitarian Bulletin - Issue 60, April 2016

20 May 2016 - 4:11pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Haiti

HIGHLIGHTS

• Recurrent floods have been recorded during the month of May especially in the West, North, Center, and Nippes department. More than 9,000 families have been affected and thousands of homes were damaged.

• The humanitarian community and the Haitian government are determined to eradicate the cholera epidemic and launched a vaccination campaign in this context.

• An assessment conducted by the CNSA and WFP shows that drought was the major shock experienced during 2015 by more than half (60%) of households in the areas affected by drought.

• More than 26 million of the 194 million requested in the humanitarian response plan for the year 2016 have been received, a month after the launch of the plan.

April’s rains are of concern to the humanitarian community

More than 9000 families have been affected and thousands of homes damaged by floods According to the Directorate of Civil Protection (DPC), the rains that occurred during the month of April have caused flooding in several parts of the country, particularly in the West, North, Central and Nippes departments. The rains left a balance of more than 9,000 homes flooded, 6 people dead and 6 others wounded. It also caused the loss of livestock and the destruction of plantations and agricultural areas.

The 6 dead and 6 wounded were reported in Port-au-Prince and Delmas (Floods of April 23 to 24) in the West Department. In this department, more than 9,500 families have been affected, particularly in Port-auPrince (112), Cité Soleil (5,700) Arcahaie (485), Gressier (200) Ganthier (325), Cabaret (1,800) and Leogane (950). Rainfalls also caused flooding of several houses and losses in livestock and plantations in Leogane (Floods of 12 to 13 April). Other communes in the Center (Lascahobas Savanette) and Nippes (Barradères) departments experienced heavy flooding during the month that damaged several homes and affected dozens of families.

The response of the authorities and some recommendations

Through the mobilization of decentralized structures and brigadiers’ civil protection, the Haitian government and humanitarian partners have evacuated dozens of families living in risk areas to evacuation shelters. They also proceeded to the distribution of non-food items. The Ministry of Public Works, Transport, Communication and Energy conducted the collection of sludge and waste from several neighborhoods in the metropolitan area, the dredging of some channels and restored the traffic in some places.

In general, the National Management System for Risks and Disasters recommend among others to continue awareness actions especially in areas at risk, to clean channels and to mobilize resources for the implementation of shelters for populations in areas at risk of new flooding.

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Ecuador: Ecuador: Terremoto - Reporte de Situación No. 10 (al 16 de mayo de 2016)

19 May 2016 - 3:14pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ecuador

Destacados

  • A un mes del terremoto que impactó las zonas costeras del noreste de Ecuador, las necesidades humanitarias persisten en la mayor parte de las zonas afectadas, en particular en áreas rurales y en comunidades con altos índices de vulnerabilidad.

  • El 18 de mayo ocurrieron 2 réplicas importantes, una de ellas de 6.8 y la otra de 6.9, con epicentro en la provincia de Esmeraldas.

  • El Centro de Operaciones de Emergencia Nacional sesiona nuevamente, evaluando los daños ocasionados por las réplicas.

  • El Gobierno de Ecuador estima que la población directamente afectada es de 240,704 personas, por el sismo del 16 de abril1

  • Un estimado de 28,678 personas continúan viviendo en albergues formales, sitios espontáneos, así como en familias de acogida.

  • Cifras oficiales reportan un total de 661 personas fallecidas.

  • El Ministerio de Desarrollo Urbano y Vivienda reporta 10,506 edificaciones afectadas o destruidas en el área urbana de Esmeraldas y Manabí. El Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado de Manabí reporta 8,157 edificaciones afectadas en el área rural. Las evaluaciones de daños continúan.

Panorama de la Situación

Cuatro semanas después del terremoto aún se trabaja en la evaluación de daños, perdidas y afectaciones.

Hasta el momento, el número de personas muertas reportadas es de 661 y 12 personas desaparecidas.

La Asamblea Nacional aprobó un proyecto de ley para el ordenamiento territorial y fortalecer así las estrategias de reconstrucción en las zonas afectadas.

Al 14 de mayo, la asistencia alimentaria proporcionada por el gobierno alcanza los 696,666 kits de alimentos con el aporte de la comunidad internacional y las organizaciones de la sociedad civil.

La cobertura de agua por red pública en Manabí antes del sismo era del 52%. De este total, se ha logrado el restablecimiento del 60% del servicio a través de cobertura fija, plantas potabilizadoras y tanques distribuidores de agua.

Las Fuerzas Armadas y el Ministerio de Inclusión Económica y Social han identificado 250 albergues temporales y centros colectivos que alojan a unas 1,705 familias.

Han sido identificadas al menos 808 instituciones educativas con algún tipo de daño, afectando a un total de 249,598 estudiantes, de los cuales 121,000 se encuentran en las provincias de Manabí y Esperanzas, teniendo necesidades de espacios temporales de educación y protección.

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Ecuador: Ecuador: Earthquake Situation Report No. 10 (as of 18 May 2016)

19 May 2016 - 3:12pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ecuador

Highlights

  • One month after the earthquake, humanitarian needs persist in most of the affected areas, particularly in rural areas and vulnerable communities.

  • On 18 May, two aftershocks shook the country resulting in evacuations of buildings and widespread fear in people. The magnitude of the aftershocks were 6.8 and 6.9 with the epicentre in Esmeraldas Province. Two people were confirmed dead with the replicas, and 28 houses affected in the same province.

  • The national Emergency Operations Center (EOC) has re-activated and is assessing the damages of these replicas.

  • The Government of Ecuador estimates that 240,704 people have been directly affected by the 16 April earthquake.

  • An estimated 28,678 people are still living in collective centres, spontaneous sites and with host families.

  • The death toll is 661.

  • The Ministry of Housing reports 10,506 damaged or destroyed buildings in urban areas of Esmeraldas and Manabí. Provincial Government of Manabi reports 8,157 damaged or destroyed buildings in rural areas. Building-to-building assessments are on-going.

Overview

Four weeks after the earthquake, assessments on damages and losses are still ongoing.

So far 661 people are dead and 12 remain missing.

The National Assembly approved a project for a law for land use planning and strengthening reconstruction strategies in affected areas.

As of 14 May, the Government, international community and civil society have distributed 696,666 food kits.

Coverage of public water services in the province of Manabí before the earthquake was 52 per cent. To date, 60 per cent of this – or approximately 30 per cent overall -- has been re-established through repairs, mobile and water tanks.

The Armed Forces and Ministry of Social and Economic Inclusion have identified 250 temporary shelters and collective centers that are hosting 1,705 families.

At least 808 educational facilities have been damaged in the six affected provinces. A total of 249,598 students, of whom 121,500 in the provinces of Manabi and Esmeraldas are in need of temporary education and protection spaces

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