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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin humanitaire provincial : Province du Sud-Kivu, RD Congo - Juin 2014

13 hours 30 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo preview

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • Les mouvements de population sont en augmentation au cours du deuxième trimestre.

  • La protection des civils demeure précaire dans la Plaine de la Ruzizi : 35 personnes tuées dans le conflit intercommunautaire dans la Plaine de la Ruzizi.

CHIFFRES CLÉS

Superficie: 64 719 km2

Population: 6 240 239 habitants (dénombrement sanitaire 2014)

Pop. déplacée : 554 981 au 30 juin 2014

Pop. retournée: 472 734 au 30 juin 2014 lors des 18 derniers mois

Nette croissance des déplacements

55 795 déplacés depuis le début de l’année dont 31 555 au deuxième trimestre et de fortes vulnérabilités

31 555 nouveaux déplacés ont été enregistrés au cours du deuxième trimestre (avril - juin 2014) suite aux conflits armés, contre 18 105 au trimestre précédent (janvier-mars 2014).

Au 30 juin, la Province du Sud-Kivu comptait un total de 554 981 personnes en situation de déplacement. 7 920 personnes ont été enregistrées comme retournées dans leurs milieux d’origine au cours de ce deuxième trimestre 2014. Le total cumulé des retournés lors des 18 derniers mois s’élève à 472 734 personnes.

Le contexte des six premiers mois de l’année a été particulièrement agité. Ainsi de janvier à avril uniquement, le Sud-Kivu a enregistré plus de 100 000 personnes nouvellement déplacées (46 115) ou retournées (54 234) dans les zones d’influence du groupe armé Raïya Mutomboki, engendrant des besoins multisectoriels prioritaires à couvrir à hauteur de US $ 4,9 millions.

Répartition des personnes nouvellement déplacées (mars-juin 2014).

Au cours du deuxième trimestre, l’activisme des Raïya Mutomboki et la crainte d’éventuelles opérations militaires contre les éléments de ce groupe armé ayant refusé d’adhérer au processus de démobilisation ont fait de Shabunda le territoire le plus affecté par les déplacements. Le regain de tensions autour du conflit intercommunautaire dans la Plaine de la Ruzizi (Territoire d’Uvira) en marge duquel 35 personnes ont été tuées (voir infra) ainsi que les affrontements en cours entre les Forces Armées de la RDC (FARDC) et le groupe Mayi-Mayi Yakutumba dans le Territoire de Fizi ont également été à la base d’importants déplacements.

La volatilité de la situation sécuritaire au Sud-Kivu force les populations à se déplacer plusieurs fois par an, ce qui fragilise leurs moyens de subsistance (principalement liés aux activités agricoles) tout en les exposant aux exactions par les hommes armés, notamment les pillages des biens. Ainsi, derrière les statistiques du déplacement se cachent des vulnérabilités importantes chez les communautés qui se déplacent comme chez celles qui les accueillent que les humanitaires doivent prendre en compte au-delà du statut. Au premier semestre 2014, la communauté humanitaire a apporté une aide multisectorielle à plus de 86 400 personnes déplacées.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza Emergency Situation Report (as of 29 July 2014, 1500 hrs)

29 July 2014 - 8:17pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview

Highlights

  • Last night witnessed one of the heaviest Israeli bombardments since the start of the emergency, including the targeting of many residential buildings, resulting in dozens of civilian casualties.

  • Gaza’s sole power plant shut down after being hit and damaged: the additional reduction in electricity supply is expected to have a pervasive impact on the availability of food and access of people to basic services.

  • The Israeli army warned all Palestinian civilians living within the Israeli imposed three kilometer wide ‘buffer zone’, to evacuate the area, except for three localities, ahead of further attacks.

  • The number of IDPs exceeds 240,000; UNRWA has exhausted its absorption capacity in Gaza City and northern Gaza, while overcrowding at its shelters raises concerns about the outbreak of epidemics.

1,118 Palestinians killed, including at least 827 civilians, of whom 243 are children and 131 are women.

56 Israelis killed, including two civilians and 53 soldiers, in addition to one foreign national

747 Residential buildings targeted and destroyed or damaged

2 Hours of electricity per day supplied in Gaza city and zero in the Middle Areas.

240,000 Displaced people hosted in UNRWA schools, and registered in government schools, informal shelters, or with host families.

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Guatemala: Central America and Mexico Unaccompanied Child Migration Situation Report No. 01 (as of 29 July 2014)

29 July 2014 - 4:13pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, United States of America preview

Highlights

  • 57,525 unaccompanied children have been taken into custody on the USA border since October 2013. This reflects the tip of the iceberg of a problem faced by millions fleeing social and economic hardships, violence and drug trafficking.

  • Rapid deportation could threaten the wellbeing of returnee children given that adequate humanitarian attention and protection is not guaranteed.

  • Poverty, violence and family reunification are the main reasons that children decide to migrate to USA.

  • During migration, children and adolescents are very vulnerable and are exposed to a high risk to their health, physical integrity, dignity and even their own lives.

57,525 Children have been taken into custody between October 1, 2013 and June 30, 2014

90,000 Children will enter the USA during 2014, according to estimates

48% of children said they experienced violence in their countries of origin

US$3.7 billion Requested by the U.S. from its budget to respond to crisis

Up to 70% Of women reported sexual violence during migration

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Guatemala: América Central y México Niñez migrante no acompañada Reporte de Situación No. 01 (al 29 de julio 2014)

29 July 2014 - 4:07pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, United States of America preview

Destacados

  • 57,525 niños, niñas y adolescentes no acompañados han sido detenidos en la frontera de EEUU desde octubre de 2013, lo que refleja la punta del iceberg de un problema que viven millones de personas debido a factores sociales, económicos, la violencia y el tráfico de drogas.

  • En caso de proceder con la deportación inmediata de estos menores, se pondría en peligro el bienestar de los niños y niñas repatriados, dado que no se garantiza su protección y atención humanitaria adecuada.

  • La pobreza, la violencia y la reunificación familiar son las principales causas por las cuales los niños y niñas deciden migrar hacia los EEUU.

  • Las niñas, niños y adolescentes son muy vulnerables en este contexto y están expuestos a una gran cantidad de riesgos para su salud, su integridad física, su dignidad e, incluso, sus propias vidas.

57,525 Niños y niñas detenidos en EEUU desde 1 de octubre 2013 a 30 de junio 2014

90,000 Niños y niñas se espera que sean detenidos en EEUU a lo largo de 2014

48% de estos niños migrantes fueron afectados por violencia en sus países de origen

US$3,700 millones Solicitados por EEUU de su presupuesto para responder a crisis

Hasta un 70% de mujeres son víctimas de abuso sexual durante la migración

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El Salvador: REDLAC Nota Semanal sobre Emergencias - América Latina y el Caribe Año 7 - Volumen 365

29 July 2014 - 3:58pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, United States of America preview

Destacados

  • AMÉRICA CENTRAL: Unos 52,000 niños han sido detenidos por las autoridades en Estados Unidos, intentando ingresar de forma ilegal al país. Ya iniciaron las repatriaciones hacia sus respectivos países de origen.

  • PERÚ: Unas 130 familias están en proceso de ser reubicadas debido a riesgos ya que viven cerca al Volcán Ubinas.

  • URUGUAY: Inundaciones repentinas en Uruguay obligaron a la evacuación de 230 personas.

Migrantes

América Central y México

Unos 52,000 niños, niñas y adolescentes no acompañados han sido detenidos en la frontera de los EEUU, lo que refleja la punta del iceberg de un problema que viven millones de personas debido a factores sociales, económicos, la violencia y el tráfico de drogas.

En caso de proceder con la deportación inmediata de estos menores, se pondría en peligro el bienestar de los niños y niñas repatriados, dado que no se garantiza su protección y atención humanitaria adecuada.

La pobreza, la violencia y la reunificación familiar son las principales causas por las cuales los niños y niñas deciden migrar hacia los Estados Unidos. Un informe reciente publicado por el Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados (ACNUR), Niños en fuga , tras realizar entrevistas a más de 400 niños y niñas de México y Centroamérica en situación migratoria irregular en los Estados Unidos identificó que el 48% habían sido afectados personalmente por el incremento de la violencia en la región por parte de actores criminales armados organizados, incluidos los carteles de droga y bandas o por actores estatales.
Fuente: Naciones Unidas

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El Salvador: REDLAC Weekly Note on Emergencies - Latin America & the Caribbean - Year 7 - Volume 365

29 July 2014 - 3:53pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, United States of America, Uruguay preview

Highlights

  • CENTRAL AMERICA: About 52,000 children have been detained by authorities in the United States, attempting to illegally enter the country. The process of deportation to home countries has begun.

  • PERU: About 130 families are being relocated due to the high risk presented by close proximity to the Urbinas Volcano.

  • URUGUAY: Flash floods in Uruguay forced 230 people to evacuate their homes.

Migrants

Central America and Mexico

More than 52,000 unaccompanied children and adolescents have been detained on the US-Mexico border. This situation reflects the tip of the iceberg of a problem that faces millions of people looking to escape social and economic factors as well as increasing violence, organized crime and drug trafficking.

Rapid deportation of these children and adolescents could threaten the wellbeing of returnee children given that adequate humanitarian attention and protection is not guaranteed.

Poverty, violence and reuniting with families are the main reasons that children and adolescents decide to migrate to the United States. A recent report from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Children on the Run, documents interviews with more than 400 children in irregular migratory situations in the United States from Mexico and Central America. This report reveals that 48% of interviewees were personally affected by the increasing violence in the region and had experienced or were threatened with harm by organized armed criminals, including drug cartels, gangs or state actors.
Source: United Nations

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 28 July 2014

29 July 2014 - 9:04am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan preview

KEY EVENTS

  • Faced with limited resources and growing needs, the WaSH Cluster called an extraordinary meeting on 22 July to prioritize needs. As of 23 July, the Cluster remained one of the least funded at 19.52 per cent

  • The performance of the kiremt rains is expected to improve, in intensity and coverage, in the coming months, increasing the risk of flooding in areas receiving above-average rainfall.

  • The relocation of South September) rains, the following areas are receiving average to above-average rainfall: eastern Sudanese asylum seekers from entry points to camps is temporarily suspended, pending the development temporary transit (Pamdong),

WaSH Update

Following poor seasonal rainfall performance in the first half of 2014, drought conditions are reported in parts of Afar, Amhara, Somali, Tigray and the lowlands of Oromia regions.

Communities in these areas are facing critical water shortages. The situation in Borena zone of Oromia region is particularly concerning, with more than 30,000 conflict-affected people internally displaced in Guji woreda. The WaSH Cluster re-activated the Borena zone WaSH Emergency Taskforce to closely monitor the situation. Of the 27 water trucks requested for Oromia region, 17 are operational. UNICEF is supporting the maintenance of 30 water schemes in Bale zone and 15 water schemes in Arsi zone. Faced with limited resources and growing needs, the Cluster called an extraordinary meeting on 22 July to prioritize needs. As of 23 July the WaSH Cluster remained one of the least funded, at 19.52 per cent. OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) pre-allocated up to US$2 million to respond to acute water shortages through a call for proposals. For more information, contact awesterbeek@unicef.org

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Tajikistan: Humanitarian Bulletin South Caucasus and Central Asia, Issue 03 | 1 January – 30 June 2014

29 July 2014 - 8:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan preview

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Multiple disasters hit Tajikistan

  • Tense situation on the Kyrgyz-Tajik border

  • Drought in Kyrgyzstan might drive up food prices

  • Floods in Kazakhstan

FIGURES

No. of Syrian Armenian refugees 16,000

Affected pop. in Tajikistan 7,400

No. of disasters in Tajikistan 21

No. of disasters in Kyrgyzstan 82

CAUCASUS

Total population 17 mln

Pop. below poverty line 2.6 mln

Average HDI 0.74

No. of disputed territories 3

Pop. living in disputed territories 435,862

No. of IDPs 282,396

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occupied Palestinian territory: Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza Emergency Situation Report (as of 28 July 2014, 1500 hrs)

28 July 2014 - 6:48pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview

Highlights

• Following a significant decline in hostilities overnight rocket firing from Gaza and Israeli strikes at targets in Gaza resumed today.

• 74 Palestinians, including 10 children and six women, are reported to have been killed, or their bodies identified, in the last 24 hours.

• Approximately 180,000 persons, almost ten per cent of the population of Gaza, are now taking shelter in UNRWA schools, compounding overcrowding and raising health concerns.

Latest developments: 17:00. Ten Palestinian children were reportedly killed when a missile struck a park in Beach Camp. Mortars fired from Gaza killed four Israelis, reportedly soldiers and wounded several others in southern Israel.

22:00. Notices were distributed to Beit Hanoun and all areas in northern Gaza to the east of the three km “buffer zone”, to evacuate to Gaza city. Evacuation notices were also distributed in eastern Gaza city earlier in the day.

24.00: It was also reported that evacuation notices were sent to Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza.

1,065
Palestinians killed, including at least 795 civilians, of whom 229 are children and 118 are women.

6,233
Palestinians injured, including 1,949 children and 1,160 women, as of 27 July.

47
Israelis killed, including two civilians and 44 soldiers, in addition to one foreign national.

22
Hospitals, clinics and medical centres hit and damaged by shelling.

215,000
Displaced people hosted in UNRWA schools, government schools and informal shelters, or with host families.

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Myanmar: Humanitarian Bulletin Myanmar, Issue 6 | 1 – 30 June

28 July 2014 - 7:26am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Myanmar preview

HIGHLIGHTS

Two years after inter-communal violence in Rakhine and the outbreak of conflict in Kachin, serious humanitarian needs remain.

Growing nutrition concerns for vulnerable children in Rakhine.

Major gaps in health coverage in Rakhine and risk of water borne diseases as rainy season starts.

Livelihood support programmes for vulnerable communities in Rakhine.

NGOs start innovative water and sanitation project in Sittwe IDP camps.

Key FIGURES

People targeted for humanitarian assistance in Rakhine State

IDPs* 137,000

Food insecure people 70,000

People in host communities and isolated villages 100,000

People targeted for humanitarian assistance in Kachin/northern Shan

IDPs* 99,000

People in host communities 20,000

FUNDING

192 million requested (US$) 44% funded Source: UNHCR, OCHA, CCCM * UNHCR (CCCM) figures on 31 May.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza Emergency Situation Report (as of 27 July 2014, 1500 hrs)

27 July 2014 - 7:56pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview

Highlights

  • Hostilities resumed on the night of 26 July, following a short humanitarian pause; efforts to extend the pause have so far failed.

  • The pause allowed for the recovery of over 100 bodies and the delivery of basic supplies to emergency shelters, in previously inaccessible areas.

  • Large areas in Gaza city outside of the three kilometre-wide ‘buffer zone’ received warnings from the Israeli army to evacuate their homes ahead of attacks, triggering further displacement.

  • Food shortages in the market are reported in some areas, along with sharp price increases in vegetables and dairy products.

  • Despite some repairs to damaged lines, electricity outages continue for about 20 hours a day, challenging the operation of WASH and health facilities

999 Palestinians killed, including at least 760 civilians, of whom 226 are children and 117 are women

6,233 Palestinians injured, including 1,949 children and 1,160 women.

46 Israelis killed, including two civilians and 43 soldiers, in addition to one foreign national.

22 Hospitals, clinics and medical centres hit and damaged by shelling.

215,000 Displaced people hosted in UNRWA, government schools and informal shelters, or with host families.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza Emergency Situation Report (as of 26 July 2014, 1500 hrs)

27 July 2014 - 3:29am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview

This report is produced by OCHA oPt in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 25 July (1500 hrs) to 26 July (1500 hrs). The next report will be issued on 27 July.

Highlights

• A 12-hour ceasefire was observed today in Gaza between 08:00 and 20:00.

• The pause in hostilities allowed for the recovery of bodies, with at least 90 Palestinian dead reportedly retrieved up to 14:00.

• 58 Palestinians, including 12 children and eight women, are reported to have been killed in the last 24 hours. This brings the fatality toll to 925, excluding the bodies recovered today.

• Early this morning, prior to the ceasefire, 20 members of the An Najjar family were killed in an Israeli airstrike.

Latest developments: 23:00: although reports suggest that the ceasefire has been extended beyond the 20:00 deadline, some rockets have been fired from Gaza at southern Israel.

924

Palestinians killed, including at least 676 civilians, of whom 206 are children and 109 are women.

20

Member of the An Najjar family killed by an Israeli airstrike.

42

Israelis killed, including two civilians and 40 soldiers, in addition to one foreign national.

18

Hospitals, clinics and medical centres hit and damaged by shelling.

200,000

Displaced people hosted in UNRWA and government schools and with host families.

Situation Overview

A 12-hour ceasefire was observed today, the most extensive since hostilities began on 7 July. The lull allowed for Gaza residents to leave their homes and shelters and stock up on basic food items and other necessities. Most population centres, with the exception of Rafah, were filled with people and vehicles and shops and markets opened. Banks and ATMs were also operational. The pause allowed for the removal of accumulated garbage and the clearing away of some rubble, and for utility workers to carry out basic maintenance and repairs.

The ceasefire also provided an opportunity for Gaza residents to reunite with separated relatives, to check up on missing family members and to visit the injured in hospitals. Many returned to inspect damage to their homes, and to retrieve belongings. Ambulance crews and rescue workers continued to sift through the rubble of destroyed buildings to retrieve bodies, particularly from Ash Shujai'iya, Beit Hanoun and around Khan Younis. However, Khuza’a where many are believed to have been killed, remains inaccessible.

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Iraq: Iraq IDP Crisis Situation Report No. 4 (19-26 July 2014)

25 July 2014 - 8:00pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq preview

Highlights

  • Attacks on civilian infrastructure, including hospitals and water networks, continue.

  • Hundreds of families fled Mosul after receiving ultimatums.

  • Access to populations living in active conflict zones and hard to reach areas remains a grave concern.

  • Thousands of IDPs remain on the move, particularly towards Kirkuk, northern Diyala, the Kurdistan Region and southern Iraq.

  • Critical shortages in medical supplies and medicines are reported in Mosul, areas of Salah al-Din and Anbar.

  • Cargo flights to the Kurdistan Region resume.

1.5million Affected people

1.2million Internally displaced (estimated)

1million Targeted for assistance

Situation Overview

Active areas of conflict continue to affect hundreds of thousands of Iraqis throughout the country, particularly in the area stretching from Baghdad to the Kurdistan Region, as well as Anbar. Humanitarian actors are increasingly concerned about the local communities and IDPs that remain in these areas, as well as areas where basic goods and services are increasingly inaccessible or targeted. A rough estimate indicates that up to 5 million people may be residing in these areas. Of particular concern are the Amerli and Al-Dululiyah areas in Salah al-Din governorate, as well as western areas in Anbar governorate. Reports indicate that civilians may be trapped in these areas, unable to move away from conflict or to access humanitarian assistance and basic goods, such as food and water. Humanitarian actors are working to identify options for how to access these hard to reach areas.

New displacement and secondary displacement continue to occur on a daily basis. Some 400 families fled Mosul on Saturday 19 July after receiving an edict from armed groups that they should convert, pay a tax, leave or be killed. A number of families reported that they were stripped of all valuables as they left Mosul, including identification documents and vehicles, and were forced to walk out of the city. The families went to nearby villages in the Ninewa Plains and are being assisted by local communities, NGOs and the UN. In Kirkuk, the Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) reports that up to 23,000 displaced families may now be displaced within Kirkuk city, marking an increase of 16,000 families in two weeks. Further verification of these figures is ongoing.

New displacement continues to be reported in Khanaqin, in northern Diyala, where some 6,000 families are currently residing in three settlement areas and within the local community. Chamchamal, in western Sulaymaniyah, also remains an area of high concern, due to the possibility of tensions between IDPs and the local community. The Garmawa IDP camp in the Shekhan district of Ninewa governorate has doubled in population in the last weeks, with the total population now at 349 families (estimated 2,094 individuals). Meanwhile, the Barharka IDP transit site located north of Erbil city is nearly empty, as at the time of reporting, with families having moved on to Baghdad and areas in southern Iraq. The number of IDPs in Sinjar has also decreased significantly in recent weeks, from up to 10,000 families to now 2,500 families.

Authorities in Baghdad have requested assistance from the UN to build an IDP camp in the city environs in order to host IDPs arriving from northern Iraq. Displacement to other areas in southern Iraq continues to grow. Humanitarian actors planned for aid distributions to 3,000 families in Najaf and found the number had increased to 6,000 families by the time of the distribution. Rapid assessments are being planned for Najaf, Kerbala and Wassit, in order to identify the needs of a growing IDP population.
Discussions on emergency shelter options, including camps, were held with various local authorities during the week, particularly with the Dahuk, Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk and Baghdad authorities. During the Humanitarian Coordinator’s visit to Sulaymaniyah, she emphasized that camps remain a last resort and that support to families living within the host community must be provided in equal measure as to camps. She elaborated that for international humanitarian assistance to be provided, camps should be located near to towns or cities in order to facilitate access to market and services; that residence within camps must be voluntary; and that IDPs residing in camps must be allowed to move freely.
The ban on cargo flights to Erbil and Sulaymaniyah imposed by the Government of Iraq was lifted on 21 July. New procedures have been put into place and communicated to humanitarian partners by the Logistics Cluster. A joint UN cargo flight successfully arrived in Erbil on 24 July.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza Emergency Situation Report (as of 25 July 2014, 1500 hrs)

25 July 2014 - 7:20pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview

  • 68 Palestinians, including ten children and nine women, are reported to have been killed or their bodies recovered in the last 24 hours.

  • Overcrowding in shelters intensifies, with some hosting over 80 people per classroom, adding stress to already traumatized families.

  • Several shelters in the north and middle areas became inaccessible due to the ongoing hostilities, impeding the distribution of basic supplies, water in particular.

  • The coping capacity of health professionals and facilities is increasingly overstretched. A rise in the relative number of miscarriages, premature births, and child mortality amongst pregnant women has been reported.

Latest developments: both Israel and Hamas have reportedly agreed to a 12 hour ceasefire, to begin at 7 am tomorrow

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Central African Republic: République Centrafricaine (RCA) Rapport de situation No.34 (au 16 juillet 2014)

25 July 2014 - 6:10pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic preview

Faits saillants

• Il reste environ 103 000 PDI à Bangui, soit une baisse de 2 300 comparée à la semaine passée.

• Le 9 juillet, une mission multi-agences de l'ONU voyageant dans le nord de la RCA, a été prise en otage pendant des heures par des éléments anti-Balaka à environ 90 km de Bangui.

• Suite aux affrontements de la semaine dernière à Bambari, plus de 20 000 PDI habitent dans trois sites de PDI. Depuis le 14 juillet, UNICEF et le PAM, en partenariat avec ACTED, ont distribué des articles non vivres à 2 000 ménages du site S à Bambari.

• Environ 300 PDI ont quitté Bambari pour Bangui afin de rejoindre leurs familles.

• Selon le HCR, environ 383 000 Centrafricains se sont réfugiés dans des pays voisins notamment au Cameroun (214 297 réfugiés), au Tchad (91 937 réfugiés), en RDC (60 269 réfugiés) et au Congo (16 750 réfugiés).

• En raison de l'insécurité à Bambari et des mouvements de population qui en découlent, les distributions prévues sur certains sites de PDI, sont reportées en début de semaine dernière. Elles ont repris avant le week-end.

• A Ndélé, les autorités locales empêchent les partenaires d’exécution du PAM de commencer les distributions aux personnes dans le besoin.

• À ce jour, le projet d’argent-contre-travail de l’OIM a employé 2050 personnes. Le programme embauche des gens de différentes communautés à travailler dans le 3ème arrondissement.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of civilians weekly report | 15-21 July 2014 [EN/AR/HE]

25 July 2014 - 3:37pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview



Key issues

● One Palestinian killed and 464 injured in clashes during protests of Israeli military operations in Gaza.

● Three families served with punitive demolition orders.

● Gaza Crisis: Click here for the daily reports and updates on the Gaza emergency

WEST BANK

Escalation in clashes during protests against Israeli military operations in Gaza

Clashes between Palestinian civilians and Israeli forces in the context of protests against the ongoing Israeli military operation in the Gaza Strip escalated during the week. An upward trend in clashes and casualties has been ongoing since 13 June: first in the context of the massive search and arrest operations that followed the abduction and killing of three Israelis (2 children and one youth), which the Israeli authorities attributed to Hamas, and then in the context of protests in the aftermath of the abduction and killing of a Palestinian child by Israelis.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of civilians weekly report | 15-21 July 2014 [EN/HE]

25 July 2014 - 3:37pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory preview


Key issues

● One Palestinian killed and 464 injured in clashes during protests of Israeli military operations in Gaza.

● Three families served with punitive demolition orders.

● Gaza Crisis: Click here for the daily reports and updates on the Gaza emergency

WEST BANK

Escalation in clashes during protests against Israeli military operations in Gaza

Clashes between Palestinian civilians and Israeli forces in the context of protests against the ongoing Israeli military operation in the Gaza Strip escalated during the week. An upward trend in clashes and casualties has been ongoing since 13 June: first in the context of the massive search and arrest operations that followed the abduction and killing of three Israelis (2 children and one youth), which the Israeli authorities attributed to Hamas, and then in the context of protests in the aftermath of the abduction and killing of a Palestinian child by Israelis.

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Ukraine: Ukraine Situation report No.4 as of 25 July 2014

25 July 2014 - 2:36pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ukraine preview

Highlights

  • All sides to the conflict are called upon to respect international humanitarian law.

  • Fatalities surpass 1,000 and humanitarian needs are on the rise.

  • Military activities intensifying in Donetsk and Luhansk sub-urban and urban areas.

  • Continuing reports of displacement from Donetsk towards the west (Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk), also south (Mariupol) and east (Russian Federation); and from Luhansk to the east (Russian Federation) and areas north of Donetsk.

  • Essential services mostly restored in the areas retaken by the Government, with initial reports of 20,000 IDPs returning to Sloviansk from within Donetsk oblast.

  • Continued administrative difficulties and customs hurdles faced by partners preparing for or supporting humanitarian response.

101,617 internally displaced
Source: UNHCR

141,972 fled to Russia (Jan-Jul)
Source: Russian FMS

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Ukraine: Situation report No.4 as of 25 July 2014

25 July 2014 - 2:36pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ukraine preview

Highlights

  • All sides to the conflict are called upon to respect international humanitarian law.

  • Fatalities surpass 1,000 and humanitarian needs are on the rise.

  • Military activities intensifying in Donetsk and Luhansk sub-urban and urban areas.

  • Continuing reports of displacement from Donetsk towards the west (Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk), also south (Mariupol) and east (Russian Federation); and from Luhansk to the east (Russian Federation) and areas north of Donetsk.

  • Essential services mostly restored in the areas retaken by the Government, with initial reports of 20,000 IDPs returning to Sloviansk from within Donetsk oblast.

  • Continued administrative difficulties and customs hurdles faced by partners preparing for or supporting humanitarian response.

101,617 internally displaced
Source: UNHCR

141,972 fled to Russia (Jan-Jul)
Source: Russian FMS

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Somalia: Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia June 2014 | Issued on 24 July 2014

25 July 2014 - 2:24pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Somalia preview

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The food security situation has worsened as early warnings highlight drought conditions in parts of Somalia.

  • Alarming malnutrition rates above threshold levels have been recorded among displaced communities in Mogadishu.

  • UN Central Emergency Response Fund allocates over US$20 million in emergency funding to Somalia.

FIGURES
- # of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 857,000
- # of people in stress 2m
- # of acutely 203,000 malnourished children under age 5 Source: www.fsnau.org (January-June 2014 projection)
- # of internally displaced people 1.1m
- # of Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen 1m Source: UNHCR Consolidated Appeal

FUNDING
933 million requested for 2014 (US$)
29% (268 million) (reported as of 22 July 2014)

Food crisis set to deteriorate warn analysts

Alert highlights looming drought in Somalia, worsening already acute crisis

The food security situation is expected to deteriorate in the months ahead due to reduced crop production resulting from poor seasonal Gu rains (April to June), a surge in prices of basic commod- ities and reduced livestock prod- uction, according to an alert releas- ed in early July by the Food Sec- urity and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU), managed by the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). This projection comes on the back of multiple early warnings over the past months by the humanitarian community. On 21 July, the Federal Government of Somalia described the humanitar- ian situation “as a precursor to the situation in 2011 in its intensity” and established a Ministerial Emerg- ency Response Committee to lead the development of a drought and emergency response plan.

According to the Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), the rains started a month late and ended early this year, by the last week in May. Rainfall was recorded at less than half of normal levels during the seasonal rains. As a result, drought conditions are being observed in southern, central and north-eastern parts of Somalia. The negative trend is not expected to reverse until the next rains, which are due in October. The worst affected areas where the food security situation is expected to deteriorate in the coming months include parts of Bakool, Gedo, Hiraan, Lower Shabelle and Middle Juba regions, according to FSNAU. Bari and Nugaal regions of north eastern Somalia are also facing drought due to poor Gu rains.

In addition to poor Gu rainfall, continued conflict, the restricted flow of commercial goods in areas affected by recent military operations and increasing malnutrition mainly among internally displaced people are all factors, which could tip the crisis in Somalia back into an emergency.
For more information see: http://bit.ly/1ujtQBj and http://bit.ly/1jXKmlW

Climate outlook for the next three months until September

Although the period between July and September is regarded as a dry season, significant rainfall usually occurs during this period along the southern coast and parts of the north western regions. However, the forecast is that most parts of Somalia will not receive these normal rains, a factor which will compound the worsening food security situation, according to FAO. However, the southern coastal regions are expected to continue to receive light rains, which are normal in these areas during this period. This may improve availability of water and curb the current water shortages in these regions.

Alarming malnutrition rates observed in capital

Acute malnutrition and mortality levels surpass emergency thresholds. Alarming rates of malnutrition have been observed among displaced communities in Mogadishu, according to FSNAU data. Nutrition assessments in May and June show above emergency levels of malnutrition seven urban towns (Dhobley, Doolow, Dhuusamarreeb, Garowe, Gaalkacyo and Kismayo) with the highest deterioration reported in Somalia’s capital city, Mogadishu.

Global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels among the displaced communities in Mogadishu were reported at an alarming 18.9 per cent (the emergency threshold is 15 per cent). Thesevere acute malnutrition (SAM) rates increased to 5.5 per cent (the emergency threshold is 4.5 per cent). Of the 14 sampled districts in Mogadishu, the highest number of malnutrition cases was recorded in displacement settlements in Wadajir, Hodan district. The nutrition situation is equally alarming in Doolow, where GAM rates are 18.9 per cent and SAM is 4.4 per cent.

Disease, conflict and resource gaps contribute to malnutrition

A number of factors have reportedly caused the deteriorating mal- nutrition situation in Mogadishu: acute watery diarrhoea and meas- les outbreaks in April and May; a high influx of displaced people due to recent conflicts in Lower Shab- elle and other parts of southern and central Somalia; poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in displacement settlements; and limited food and nutrition interventions in Banadir Region.

Aid organizations have been unable to meet the needs of over 350,000 estimated displaced people in Mogadishu due to funding shortages, and a volatile security situation, which has at times restricted aid delivery into the settlements. A rise in food prices and limited livelihood opportunities have also contributed to the worsening food security situation. Host communities in the capital have also been affected, with an increase in GAM from 8.1 per cent in May/June 2013 to 10.1 per cent in May/June this year. The humanitarian community is mobilizing resources to address the serious situation, but the significant shortfall in funding for humanitarian activities has undermined the capacity to respond.

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