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South Sudan: South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 67 (as of 19 December 2014)

20 December 2014 - 10:47am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Around 1.4 million people are displaced within South Sudan. Another 448,500 have fled to neighboring countries.
  • Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people.
  • The conflict has caused unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle
    from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, altering disease patterns.

3.8 million People to be assisted by the end of the year

3.5 million People reached with humanitarian assistance *

1.91 million People displaced by conflict since December 2013

Situation Overview

Central and Eastern Equatoria

Two humanitarian organization contracted trucks were ambushed by unknown persons along Juba-Nimule road on 16 December. One person was reportedly wounded. The truck convoy had offloaded its cargo in Juba and was heading back to the Uganda border crossing. There were reports of insecurity along Juba-Rumbek road in recent weeks, though not during the reporting period. Partners continue to monitor movement through the Nimule border to Uganda with some 3139 people having arrived from 24 November to 16 December, and an average of 180 registering each day between 6 and 16 December - compared to an average of 12 persons per day in late October.

Jonglei

The security situation was generally calm, but with reported fighting in northern areas of Pigi/Canal and Fangak counties. Preliminary information on recent displacement in northern Jonglei indicates some 100,000 people could be on the move. On 16 December, inter-communal fighting was reported in Haat, Ayod County. The number of casualties was unknown. Partners remained on the ground, though some staff have been taken out on 16 December.

Unity

The situation was calm, including in Bentiu town. Up to 1,000 displaced persons, mainly women and children were sheltering at three collective centers in the town, according to findings of an inter-cluster assessment conducted on 16 December. An additional 2,000 have reportedly arrived to Bentiu PoC. Partners were mobilising for appropriate response.

Upper Nile

Security in Malakal has significantly improved over the previous few weeks. An estimated 28,623 displaced people are concentrated in different locations in Panyikang County, according to a team which visited the area on 5 December. An inter-agency assessment mission is expected to deploy to some of the reported displacement locations on 17 December to assess the humanitarian situation there. Reports were received of new displacement from Pigi County, Jonglei to Warjok, Malakal County. Partners are verifying this information.

Lakes

The security situation in Lakes is calm but unpredictable, with continued inter-communal violence, revenge killing, and cattle raids. A reported 68 people have been killed in such violence from 2-15 December, compared to 21 people in November.

Livestock

displaced by conflict The Food and Agriculture Organization reports an unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, challenging local power structures, affecting natural resource availability and increasing incidence of livestock disease. Millions of cattle have moved into the Equatorias, Bahr el-Ghazal, and north eastern Upper Nile State. This phenomenon has significantly disrupted the seasonal migration of livestock - a critical element of the pastoral production system. An up-tick in livestock disease has been noted. The full report is here: http://bit.ly/1C6v4Tm Disease Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people. The underfive and crude mortality rates in all displacement sites were below the emergency threshold in week 49.

During the week, perinatal deaths was the most common cause of death for children under 5, while TB/HIV/ AIDS was the most common causes of death adults. HIV remained a leading cause of mortality among displaced people, mainly due to disrupted treatment or limited access to treatment. Although the HIV prevalence in most crisis affected areas is unknown, UNAIDS estimates that at least 25,000 people living with HIV are directly affected by the conflict.

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Central African Republic: Central African Republic - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2015

19 December 2014 - 8:01pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic, United States of America

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Insecurity, including attacks targeting relief workers and logistical constraints, continue to hamper humanitarian efforts.

  • More than 1.5 million people in CAR are experiencing acute food insecurity and require emergency food assistance.

  • As of December 19, international donors had committed $374.4 million, or 67 percent, of the $555 million requested in the 2014 CAR Strategic Response Plan (SRP).

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • The international community continues to express concerns regarding insecurity—including attacks targeting humanitarian actors and organizations—and resultant displacement and humanitarian needs in CAR. Since January, the U.N. has registered nearly 125 security incidents against humanitarian workers, which resulted in the death of 18 humanitarian workers.

  • In early December, OCHA released the Global Humanitarian Overview 2015 requesting $16.4 billion to deliver humanitarian assistance to an estimated 57.5 million people worldwide. The appeal requests nearly $613 million to assist 2 million of the 2.7 million people in need in CAR through the 2015 SRP and $298 million to assist nearly 461,200 CAR refugees in Chad, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of the Congo through the CAR Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2015.

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Central African Republic: Central African Republic (CAR) Situation Report N.44 (as of 18 December 2014)

19 December 2014 - 7:24pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Sudan

Highlights

  • One year after the cycle of violence reached Bangui, more appropriate and immediate solutions are needed for CAR’s complex humanitarian crisis.

  • An outbreak of violence in Bambari caused many casualties.

  • A joint mission met with armed groups in the Boali region to discuss access issues and constraints. Groups were sensitized on humanitarian principles and the need for unhindered humanitarian access.

  • International NGO IEDA Relief reports new population movements due to the burning of houses in Nana Mambere Province.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Maniema N°35/14 , 18 décembre 2014

19 December 2014 - 2:15pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Fait saillant

  • Plus de 4 900 cas de violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre enregistrés en 11 mois dans le Maniema

  • Grâce à un financement du Fonds Mondial, une dizaine de zones de santé bénéficieront de trois années d’appui dans la lutte contre le paludisme

Contexte

Selon un rapport récent de la Division provinciale de genre, famille et enfant (DPGFE), plus de 4 900 cas de violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre (SGBV) ont été enregistrés de janvier à novembre 2014 dans la Province du Maniema, soit une moyenne d’environ 445 cas de SGBV chaque mois ou de près de 15 cas chaque jours. La DPGFE estime que ce nombre important de cas de violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre résulte de plusieurs facteurs, notamment la volatilité de la situation sécuritaire liée à l’activisme des groupes armés et aux opérations militaires consécutives, les pesanteurs socioculturelles sur les femmes et les enfants, ainsi que l’impunité des bourreaux du fait des arrangements à l’amiable entre parties sur les dossiers de viol et du fait du disfonctionnement du système judiciaire.

Par ailleurs, l’antenne provinciale du Programme national de la santé de reproduction (PNSR) a rapporté que plus de 9 000 cas de grossesses précoces (moins de 18 ans) ont été enregistrés dans la province, une indication qu’il y a, selon la loi, de nombreux cas de viol sur mineur.

Le Maniema est la province congolaise avec le taux le plus élevé de prévalence au VIH/Sida (4 %) selon l’EDS 2013-2014) et est confronté à plusieurs types de contraintes dont la rupture de kits PEP, l’insuffisance de financement, la faible capacité des acteurs opérationnels, etc.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin humanitaire provincial: Province du Sud-Kivu | RD Congo, novembre 2014

19 December 2014 - 2:10pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • Face à l’insécurité, les habitants du nord du Territoire de Shabunda se sont déplacés plusieurs fois

  • La catastrophe naturelle de Kalehe et le conflit intercommunautaire de Mutarule ont affecté les écoles : la communauté humanitaire se mobilise

  • Fizi : aider les ménages affectés par les mouvements de population à relancer leurs moyens de subsistance et lutter contre le choléra

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 9 - 15December 2014

18 December 2014 - 1:43pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Key issues

● Israeli forces injure 97 Palestinians; majority in clashes protesting death of Palestinian Minister.
● Rafah crossing between Gaza and Egypt remains closed in both directions.
● Israeli forces injure four Palestinians in Access Restricted Areas in Gaza.
● Six injured by UXO and three in explosions by unknown assailants in Gaza.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 9-15 December 2014

18 December 2014 - 1:43pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Key issues

● Israeli forces injure 97 Palestinians; majority in clashes protesting death of Palestinian Minister.
● Rafah crossing between Gaza and Egypt remains closed in both directions.
● Israeli forces injure four Palestinians in Access Restricted Areas in Gaza.
● Six injured by UXO and three in explosions by unknown assailants in Gaza.

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Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Hagupit Situation Report No. 7 (as of 18 December 2014)

18 December 2014 - 10:35am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

Highlights

  • More than 41,200 houses were destroyed; families whose houses need reconstruction will face prolonged displacement and require extended humanitarian aid.

  • Authorities to ensure worst-affected communities in Region VIII receive uninterrupted aid during the approaching holiday season.

  • No indication of disease outbreaks to date.

  • International assistance limited to localized and targeted support using in-country resources to complement government relief efforts.

3.9 million affected people

149,000 people in evacuation centres

458 evacuation centres

41,200 totally damaged houses

231,500 partially damaged houses

18 verified deaths

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Katanga N°36/14 , 17 décembre 2014

18 December 2014 - 5:35am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

• Des mouvements de population, à la suite de plusieurs attaques dans le « Triangle de la mort »

• Manono : Plus de 2 000 femmes en âge de procréer privées de vaccination contre le tétanos dans cinq aires de santé de la zone de santé de Kiambi, à cause de l’insécurité

• Une fille de 4 ans paralysée un mois après avoir été vaccinée contre la poliomyélite à Manono

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N°42/14, 16 décembre 2014

17 December 2014 - 6:15am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Environ 1 600 personnes nouvellement déplacées dans les territoires de Masisi et de Rutshuru.

  • Près de 23 000 personnes dont des déplacées et retournées ont bénéficié d’une assistance multisectorielle dans les territoires de Beni, Masisi et Walikale.

  • L’accès à plus de 80 000 personnes vulnérables risque d’être compromis suite à l’effondrement d’un pont dans la zone de Kitchanga

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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 50 | 8 – 14 December 2014

17 December 2014 - 1:47am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

• UNHCR has registered 115,572 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan.

• HAC estimates that 14,000 people are reportedly displaced and may require humanitarian aid in West Kordofan following intra-communal violence in late November.

• Dengue fever cases in North Darfur have reached 132, including three deaths.

• The People with Special Needs (PWSN) project is targeting an estimated 15,000 people in North Darfur with assistance in 2014.

FIGURES

Displaced people in Sudan 2.9 million

IDPs in Darfur (to date) 2.4 million

GAM burden 2 million

Refugees in Sudan (UNHCR) 167,908

South Sudanese refugees in Sudan - since 15 Dec 2013 (UNHCR) 115,572

FUNDING

986 million requested in 2014 (US$)

53.7 % reported funding

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Philippines: Communication with Communities Situation Report - Typhoon Hagupit as of 16 Dec 2014

16 December 2014 - 9:08pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

Needs:

  • Communities have less access to radio, TV, internet and even print media in most affected areas.

Response:

  • Far East Broadcasting Company-First Response Radio (FEBC-FRR) and PECOJON humanitarian radio (98.7 FM) started to broadcast in the municipality of Taft, Eastern Samar. The radio station is live on air from 5 am to 9 pm for public service announcements, humanitarian response updates and other life-saving information.

  • CwC/AAP working group of Tacloban and Borongan worked closely with the local government unit of Eastern Samar as well as Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and Philippine Information Agency (PIA) in strengthening the hotlines and information boards for community feedback on the ongoing humanitarian response.

  • IOM, World Vision, Plan International, Save the Children, Oxfam, PECOJON and Caritas-Philippines continue to use frontline SMS for humanitarian information in the affected areas of Eastern Samar.

  • The Shelter Cluster’s Information-Education-Communication (IEC) material on eight build back better safer key messages (reconstruction and repair of lightweight timber shelters) is now available online. To view, see this link:https://www.sheltercluster.org/Asia/Philippines/Typhoon%20Haiyan%202013/Pages/TechnicalResources.aspx. This is available in Waray-Waray, Tagalog, Hiligaynon, Cebuano, Akeanon and English.

Gaps & Constraints:

  • Assessments results on information needs and preferred communication channels in other areas are not available.

For additional information and queries, please contact:

Gil Francis G. Arevalo, Communications with Communities Officer, OCHA, Manila, arevalog@un.org, +63 917-515-3539
Catherine Alcaraz, Communications with Communities Officer, OCHA, Tacloban, alcarazc@un.org, +63 917-554-6155

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Pakistan: Pakistan: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 31 | October – December 2014

16 December 2014 - 7:21am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Pakistan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 98,700 families (638,699 individuals) fled to Peshawar District from insecurity in Khyber Agency. 20,822 families are newly displaced.

  • Urgent funding of US$5.7 million needed to continue life-saving activities.

  • Infant deaths in Sindh mostly due to malnutrition-related complications from prolonged dry spell, poverty and lack of health services.

FIGURES

Estimated IDPs in KP and FATA (UNHCR) 1.4m

Expected returnees to FATA in 2015 500,000

Estimated returnees to FATA since 2009 (FDMA) 1.4m

Registered Afghan refugees 1.6

Registered nonAfghan refugees 600,000

Food insecure nationally (National Nutrition Survey 2011) 58.1%

SP 2014 FUNDING

285 million requested for KP and FATA (US$)

60% funded

170 million Received as of December

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Myanmar: Myanmar: Humanitarian Bulletin, Issue 11 | 1 – 30 November 2014

16 December 2014 - 5:48am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Myanmar

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Thousands of vulnerable people are at risk in areas beyond Government control in Kachin as cross-line missions remain stalled

  • Mines continue to pose serious risks to civilians, including children, in Kachin and northern Shan states

  • Displaced women and girls in northern Shan are exposed to violence and trafficking

  • IDPs and isolated communities in Rakhine need safe access to fuel and energy

Key FIGURES

People displaced in Rakhine State 139,000

People displaced in Kachin and northern Shan States 98,000

People displaced in Meiktila, Mandalay region 3,300

FUNDING

192 million requested (US$)

51% funded

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Guatemala: REDLAC Nota Semanal sobre Emergencias - América Latina y el Caribe Año 7 - Volumen 384

16 December 2014 - 2:52am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Paraguay, United States of America, World

Destacados

  • LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Se registran fuertes lluvias en Ecuador que han ocasionado diversos accidentes de tránsito. Los pronósticos alertan además de intensas tormentas en Paraguay y Argentina, entre otros.

  • MIGRACIÓN: El Gobierno de EEUU anunció que otorgará un número limitado de 4,000 plazas como refugiados para niños y niñas de Honduras, Guatemala y El Salvador.

  • CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO: Delegados de 196 países presentes en la Cumbre sobre Cambio climático de Perú firmaron un acuerdo no vinculante para que todos los países participantes presenten a lo largo de 2015 sus compromisos en reducción de gases de efecto invernadero.

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Guatemala: REDLAC Weekly Note on Emergencies - Latin America & the Caribbean - Year 7 - Volume 384

16 December 2014 - 2:50am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Paraguay, United States of America, World

Highlights

  • INTENSE RAINS: Heavy rains in Ecuador have caused several traffic accidents, causing roadblocks and moderate damage. Intense storms are forecasted for Paraguay and Argentina.

  • MIGRATION: The US Government announced that it will grant refugee status to 4,000 migrant children coming from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.

  • CLIMATE CHANGE: 196 countries took part in the World Climate Summit in Peru.
    A non-binding document was drafted whereby all participating countries would present “quantifiable” commitments to cut their greenhouse gas emissions.

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Colombia: Colombia: Monthly Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 33 | 1 – 30 November 2014

16 December 2014 - 1:59am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

HIGHLIGHTS

  • HCT identifies 4.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and plans to attend 2 million in 2015.

  • After two years of peace talks, the impact of armed violence persists.

  • Almost 60,000 people affected by floods in November.

FIGURES

Number of IDPs in mass events Jan.-Nov. 2014 (OCHA) 16,957

Number of people affected by access / mobility constraints and confinement. Jan.-Nov 2014 (OCHA) 535,843

Number of people affected by natural disasters Jan.-Nov. 2014 (UNGRD) 1,238,584

FUNDING

US$70,422,135 2014 total humanitarian funding received as of 12 December 2014 (FTS)

US$67,692,480 2014 humanitarian funding being implemented as of 12 December 2014 (OCHA 4W)

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Philippines: Philippines: Typhoon Hagupit Situation Report No. 6 (as of 15 December 2014)

15 December 2014 - 9:23am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines

Highlights

  • About 90 per cent of the evacuees returned home with 156,900 people remaining in 463 evacuation centres, the majority of whom are in Region VIII.

  • The Government reports 38,100 houses destroyed and 203,600 partially damaged. Most of the destroyed homes are in Region VIII.

  • The authorities are finalizing the analysis of assessed needs and damages, which will be released around 17 December.

3.9 million affected people

156,900 people in evacuation centres

463 evacuation centres

38,100 totally damaged houses

203,600 partially damaged housesreported deaths

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 15 December 2014

15 December 2014 - 9:12am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia

KEY EVENTS

  • Deployed on 29 November, the meher humanitarian needs assessment team is expected to conclude the assessment on 21 December.

  • The Government’s DRMFSS and WFP are discussing loan arrangements to cover resource gaps for the sixth relief food round.

  • In October, the national Therapeutic Feeding Program (TFP) admissions decreased by 8.4 per cent with 21,233 acutely malnourished children admitted during the month, down from 23,180 children admitted in September. The decrease reflects improvements in the overall food security and nutritional situation in the country following the arrival of the meher harvest

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Afghanistan: Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 34 | 01 - 30 November 2014

15 December 2014 - 1:05am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Afghanistan, Pakistan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • $405 million needed for humanitarian action in Afghanistan in 2015

  • Winterization activities commenced in the Kabul Informal Settlements

  • Report provides new insight into urban poverty

  • $5 million contribution from Republic of Korea support air services and winterization to refugees

In this issue

2015 HRP launched P.1
Winter response in KIS sites P.3
Urban poverty report P.4
Humanitarian access P.6

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