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Myanmar: Myanmar: Humanitarian Bulletin, Issue 10 | 1 – 31 October 2014

3 hours 6 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Myanmar

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Need to scale-up shelter repairs and maintenance in Rakhine and Kachin;

  • Pilot citizenship verification exercise for IDPs in Myebon, Rakhine;

  • Most vulnerable displaced people in Meiktila need blankets, mats and other assistance for the winter;

  • Some 174,000 school children and their families are at risk of food ration cuts before the end of the school year.

Key FIGURES

People targeted for humanitarian assistance in Rakhine State

IDPs* 139,000

Food insecure people 70,000

People in host or surrounding villages 100,000

People targeted for humanitarian assistance in Kachin and northern Shan states

IDPs in camps 86,000

People in host families 13,000

FUNDING

192 million requested (US$)

50% funded

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Sudan: Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 47 | 17 – 23 November 2014

4 hours 13 min ago
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic, South Sudan, Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The Government of Sudan's Humanitarian Aid Commission says about 205,000 refugees from South Sudan have sought shelter in Sudan since December 2013

  • Eight people were killed and another 33 injured as a result of aerial bombings between 17 – 23 November in SPLM-N areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, says the SKBNCU

  • The North Darfur State Ministry of Health reports that the number of haemorrhagic fever cases in the state stands at 114

  • An estimated 17,000 refugees and returnees from the Central African Repounlic and displaced people from Central Darfur in Um Dafug, South Darfur need humanitarian assistance

  • Preparations are underway for an inter-agency assessment mission to East Darfur's Adila and Abu Karinka localities

FIGURES

People in need of humanitarian aid in Sudan 6.9 million

Displaced people in Sudan 2.9 million

IDPs in Darfur

in 2013 2 million

in 2014 (to date) 431,291

GAM caseload 2 million

Refugees in Sudan (UNHCR) 167,908

South Sudanese refugees in Sudan - since 15 Dec 2013 (UNHCR) 107,131

FUNDING

986 million requested in 2014 (US$)

51% reported funding

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occupied Palestinian territory: Monthly Report: Referral of Patients from the Gaza Strip, October 2014

26 November 2014 - 12:51pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Detentions at Erez

A patient remains in Israeli detention after being taken from Erez checkpoint enroute to his hospital treatment. Apatient’s companion was detained and interrogated for 11 days before being turned to Gaza; his father returned to Gaza without accessing medical treatment (page 7).

Access restrictions increase

  • Rafah border: Gaza’s main access to Egypt through Rafah border has been completely closed since October 25 followingan attack in north Sinai which killed 30 Egyptian soldiers. The terminal has been closed for 186 days (61% of days) since the beginning of the year.

  • Casualty patients: 9 patients with war-related injuries applied to exit Gaza via Erez checkpoint. Five were approved, 2 were denied permits and 2 were delayed.

  • Erez permit applications and approvals drop: 1,327 patients applied for Israeli permits to exit Gaza via Erez for medical treatment in October; only 78.22% of applicants were approved. 76 patients (27 females and 49 males, including 17 children and 4 elderly) were denied permits. 213 patients (77 females and 136 males, including 57 children and 26 elderly people over 60) received no response to their applications, and missed their medical treatment appointments.

  • Interrogations: 15 patients (including 1 female) were requested to attend Israeli security interviews after applying for a permit to cross Erez. Only one was approved.

Referrals decline

  • Casualty patients referred: 9 casualty patients were referred by the Ministry of Health during October. According to the MoH Referral Abroad department, an estimated additional 200 casualty patients have been waiting for referrals for 6 to 11 weeks.

  • Regular referrals declined 36%: the Ministry of Health Referral Abroad Department (RAD) in Gaza referred 1,188 patients in October to hospitals outside of (MoH) facilities, one third less than the monthly average for 2014.

  • Gender gap: the gender gap in referrals widened: 59.6% male patients versus 40.4% female patients. 27.25% of all referrals were for children aged 0-17 years and 17.93% were for patients aged over 60 years.

  • Patients protest delays: patients and families held a demonstration in front of the Gaza RAD offices to protest delays.

  • Estimated cost of referrals for October NIS 6,144,932

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Haiti: Haïti Bulletin humanitaire - Numéro 45, novembre 2014

25 November 2014 - 4:04pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Haiti

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • La mobilisation de toutes les ressources disponibles dans la lutte contre l’épidémie de choléra se poursuit pendant la saison des pluies.

  • 20 localités dans le département du Centre bénéficient d’un programme d’eau potable et d’assainissement dans le cadre de la lutte contre le choléra.

  • La journée du lavage des mains, une occasion d’attirer l’attention sur la sensibilisation et sur la prévention des maladies liées à l’eau.

  • Plus de 200 personnes ont bénéficié des retombées économiques des projets de réponse aux urgences financés par le Fonds de Réponse d’Urgence (ERRF).

  • Lancement du programme intégré de résilience financé par DfID dans le Département de la Grande-Anse.

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Colombia: Colombia - Informe Flash MIRA Municipio de Cumbal – Resguardos de Cumbal, Chiles, Mayasquer y Panán (Nariño) 14/11/2014 – 18/11/2014

25 November 2014 - 3:58pm
Source: UN Country Team in Colombia, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia, Ecuador

Los volcanes Chiles y Cerro Negro están ubicados en la frontera entre Colombia y Ecuador, en el municipio de Cumbal (Nariño), a distancias respectivas de 86 y 80 km al sur oeste de la ciudad de Pasto, capital del departamento. El edificio volcánico actual del Chiles está conformado fundamentalmente por varios episodios de flujos de lava y el volcán Cerro Negro por flujos de lava y piroclástos. Estos dos volcanes son clasificados como estrato-volcanes activos, dominantemente efusivos con evidencia de etapas altamente explosivas. Desde el 20 de octubre, ambos volcanes presentaron un cambio en la actividad, produciéndose un sismo de 5,8 en la escala de Richter, generando que el nivel de “alerta” cambiara de “amarillo” a “naranja”, que indica erupción probable en términos de días o semanas. El Municipio de Cumbal y la Gobernación de Nariño declararon la calamidad pública. La Unidad Nacional para la Gestión del Riesgo (UNGRD) ha entregado ayuda humanitaria a las comunidades afectadas. El 4 de noviembre se presentó un nuevo sismo con magnitud de 4,6, ante este último evento la administración local de Cumbal solicitó apoyo para elaboración de planes de contingencia y ayuda humanitaria en fase de mitigación. Si se llegara a presentar erupción, se prevé que 37.326 personas de cuatro resguardos indígenas resultarían afectados: Gran Cumbal, Chiles, Mayasquer y Panán.

Con el objetivo de identificar las necesidades de las comunidades de los resguardos de Chiles, Panán, Mayasquer y Cumbal, se realizó una evaluación de necesidades MIRA (Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment) 1 . Los resultados de las entrevistas evidencian que las necesidades humanitarias más críticas se relacionan con: 1) Agua, saneamiento e higiene: las estructuras de abastecimiento de agua y acueductos se encuentran en malas condiciones y se han visto afectadas por la frecuencia de los sismos. También se han presentado derrumbes que han contaminado las fuentes de agua. 2) Salud: se observan personas con necesidades especiales, que no están recibiendo atención diferencial. La atención en salud está cubierta en lo que a servicios básicos se refiere, no hay atención de cirugías ni hospitalización, hay déficit de personal para la atención en salud. 3) Seguridad alimentaria y nutrición: la principal fuente de ingresos es la ganadería de leche y especies menores. La presión que están ejerciendo los medios de comunicación locales ante una posible erupción está llevando a las familias a vender el ganado a bajo precio (único sustento de la mayoría de familias). Esto ha generado descapitalización de las familias y dependencia de fuentes externas para la consecución de alimentos. Hay pérdida de semillas tradicionales. No se ha presentado escasez de alimentos, debido a que la mayoría de alimentos proviene del Ecuador.

Intervenciones clave recomendadas:

  • Agua, saneamiento e higiene: Rehabilitación de sistemas de acueducto (bocatomas, desarenadores y conducción), manejo de filtros caseros. Cerramiento de estructuras para evitar contaminación. Protección de bocatomas. Mantenimiento de análisis de agua, especialmente para metales pesados. Durante una eventual erupción, se recomienda la entrega de agua en carro tanques. Estructuras de almacenamiento para sitios de encuentro y albergues temporales. Dotación de unidades sanitarias para los albergues. Posterior a una emergencia, se recomienda la instalación de pozos sépticos en las veredas afectadas, donde no existen redes de alcantarillado.

  • Salud: Presencia y fortalecimiento de un equipo de atención en salud, especialmente en salud emocional, y preparación del personal de salud para la respuesta a la eventual emergencia. Dotación de mascarillas, gafas y otros elementos necesarios para la emergencia. Dotación de sitios destinados para albergues temporales, de hospitales móviles y potabilizadores de agua. Capacitación en entornos saludables.

  • Seguridad alimentaria y nutrición: Reserva de alimentos o manejo de bonos para las familias que lleguen a los albergues. Procesos de formación en gestión de riesgo asociado a la consecución de alimentos. Capacitación y dotación de materiales e insumos para la elaboración de ensilajes, con el fin de disminuir la posible muerte de ganado frente a la eventual pérdida de pastos.

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Somalia: Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia October 2014 | Issued on 24 November 2014

25 November 2014 - 3:46pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Somalia

HIGHLIGHTS
- Humanitarianfunding shortfall jeopardizes aid to hundreds of thousands of Somalis in need.
- About 50,000 people have been affected by seasonal flooding while pockets of drought remain.
- Measles outbreak of great concern with over 9,000 suspected cases reported this year, doubling the number from 2013.

FIGURES
- # of people in 1m humanitarian emergency and crisis
- # of people 2.16m in stress
- # of acutely 218,000 malnourished children under age 5
Source: www.fsnau.org (Aug-Dec 2014 projection)
- # of internally 1.1m displaced people
- # of Somali 1m refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen
Source: UNHCR

FUNDING 933 million requested for 2014 (US$)
39% (365 million) (reflecting reported funding on FTS as of 21 November 2014)

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Colombia: REDLAC Nota Semanal sobre Emergencias - América Latina y el Caribe Año 7 - Volumen 381

25 November 2014 - 2:26am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua

Destacados

  • INUNDACIONES: Las inundaciones continúan afectando a Colombia. Unas 44 personas han muerto y más de 100,000 han sido afectadas en la presente temporada de lluvias.

  • MIGRACIÓN: Se estima que en Nuevo Laredo, estado de Tamaulipas - México, unos 1,390 menores han sido atendidos en 2014, 300 más que en el mismo periodo en 2013.

  • CHIKUNGUNYA: Los casos ya suman 1,021 en Nicaragua, 95 por ciento de estos han ocurrido en los últimos 25 días. Las autoridades intensifican las medidas de prevención.

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Colombia: REDLAC Weekly Note on Emergencies - Latin America & the Caribbean - Year 7 - Volume 381

25 November 2014 - 2:25am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua

Highlights

  • FLOODS: Floods continue to affect Colombia. Forty-four people have died and more than 100,000 are affected in the current rainy season.

  • MIGRATION: It is estimated that 1,390 unaccompanied children have been assisted in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas state - Mexico, 300 more than in the same period in 2013.

  • CHIKUNGUNYA: Nicaragua has registered 1,021 cases, 95 per cent of which have occurred in the last 25 days. Authorities are intensifying prevention measures.

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Syrian Arab Republic: Syria operations from Turkey, Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 07 | 08 - 21 Nov 2014

24 November 2014 - 12:07pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

HIGHLIGHTS

• Al-Nusra Front (ANF) and allies consolidated their control of the Zawiya Mountains in Idleb.

• Fighting between two factions of the Islamic Front controlling the Bab-al Hawa border prompted Turkish authorities to close the crossing on 16 November 2014.

• During the reporting period, UN cross-border shipments under the Security Council Resolution 2165 reach 107,500 individuals in Aleppo, Idleb and Hama Governorates

• During the reporting period, UN cross-border shipments under the Security Council Resolution 2139, 93 trucks with UN humanitarian supplies crossed the Nusaybin/Qamishli to Al-Hasakeh Governorate

• The Turkish Red Crescent facilitated 297 truckloads of humanitarian supplies crossing through seven border crossings during a ten day period

• FIGURES

Number of People in Need (PiN) 10.8 m

Number of IDPs 6.5 m

Number of reported camps in northern Syria144

Number of IDPs in reported settlements 168,689

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Iraq: Iraq Crisis Situation Report No. 21 (15 – 21 November 2014) [EN/AR/KU]

24 November 2014 - 10:31am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic

Highlights

  • The Government of Iraq has dispatched more than 3.3 million litres of fuel from Kirkuk to be distributed to displaced and vulnerable families in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

  • A three-vehicle UN convoy making its way from the airport to Baghdad’s international zone was targeted by an improvised explosive device on 17 November.

  • In the Kurdistan Region of Iraq capital of Erbil on 19 November six people, including the attacker, were killed and about 29 people injured in a suicide bombing attack in the city centre.

  • Family Food Parcels have been provided to 94,375 IDPs since 1 November.

Situation Overview

The Government of Iraq has dispatched more than 3.3 million litres of fuel from Kirkuk to be distributed to displaced and vulnerable families in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I) three governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah. The fuel for heating and cooking purposes is desperately needed as the winter weather begins to descend. Each selected family will receive 50 litres of fuel and it will be distributed under the aegis of the governorate’s governors. It is anticipated that in total 12 million litres of fuel will be made available to IDPs and vulnerable people in the KR-I by the government from Kirkuk stores. The Dahuk Governorate, which hosts 22 per cent of Iraq’s IDPs, has already received 1.474 million litres; Erbil 850,000; and Sulaymaniyah Governorate half million litres.

The dispatch of the fuel came a few days after Iraq Security Forces, broke the siege by ISIL and its affiliated armed groups of the country’s largest refinery in Baiji in Salah al-Din Governorate. The refinery has sustained severe damage and repairs could take up to a year. While Iraq is the world’s second largest oil exporting country holding the fifth largest known crude oil reserves, the 11 month conflict and the absence of a budget law have gravely impaired Iraq’s oil production and exports, development projects, and foreign investment.

The latest information from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) indicates insecurity continues to fuel displacement from the governorates of Kirkuk, Anbar, Salah al-Din, Diyala, and Ninewa. Since 1 September 203,652 individuals have been displaced following several localised conflicts affecting Iraq’s north central region. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is now using 2.1 million IDPs across Iraq as a planning figure for the humanitarian response. The fluid nature of the conflict between ISIL and its armed group affiliates and government security forces is expected to lead to further displacements during the winter months.

The freedom of movement of IDPs fleeing conflict zones remains a pressing concern. Approximately half of the 400 recently-arrived families seeking entry to the KR-I through the Sherawa (Kirkuk-Erbil) and Sheikh Abdul Qader (Mosul-Erbil) access points were reportedly refused entry to the region. A new procedure for entry to the KR-I is reportedly in operation after the sponsorship system was discontinued in early November. IDPs must now first present themselves to the police office in Kirkuk for screening and approval before being permitted to cross checkpoints into Erbil Governorate. One example of IDPs being denied humanitarian assistance because of the prevention of movement are 215 families who were displaced multiple times and are now living in Tal Naqar village, near the Diyala Governorate Kifri town. The IDPs were displaced from Salah al-Din Governorate in June 2014 to Khanaqin District in Diyala Governorate. They were refused entry to Khanaqin and Kifri by Kurdish Peshmerga forces and have been stranded, living in makeshift shelters, for the past four months without any humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian actors are now responding to their needs.

Currently 18 camps have either been established or are in the process of being completed out of a planned 26 camps in the KR-I. These camps have different standards and some are not yet winterised. In Dahuk, all residents of the informal settlement of Wargeha Delal have been relocated to Berseve II, with a capacity of 1,820 families (10,920 individuals), although the infrastructures in the camp are yet to be completed. The relocation from this settlement was deemed a priority because it was both prone to flooding and any installation of services to improve conditions would have been complicated by issues of land ownership. Winter rain is causing leakages in the Berseve II camp tents, and this is only prevented with an additional plastic sheeting being used as a fly-sheet.

The evacuation of schools in Dahuk Governorate against a 1 December target date for the start of the delayed 2014/2015 academic year is proceeding at a rapid pace. In about a 10 day period, about 80 per cent of the remaining occupied schools have been evacuated, many of which are now undergoing renovations. Many of the displaced have been relocated to IDP camps and local authorities have confirmed that the recently-opened camps of Chamishku (30,000 individuals) and Sharya (24,000 individuals) are full. All schools in the governorates Zakho District have been evacuated, and this is allowing for other displaced, initially those living in open areas such as parks and in sub-standard informal camp settlements, to be bought into the formal camp system and provided better shelter. About 100 schools are still occupied in Dahuk and Sumel districts. There are increasing concerns of space allocated for education purposes in camps, and funding shortages for education for IDPs are severely impacting the response. For example in Khanke Camp, only two schools are planned for 5,000 school children and in Sharya Camp tented schools will only be able to accommodate 10 per cent of school-age children.

Between 10 October and 17 November, 19,636 refugees have crossed into the territory after fleeing from Kobani in Syria, to join 217,000 refugees already in Iraq. Relief agencies initially expected a maximum of 15,000 Syrian refugees fleeing fighting in around Kobani to seek refuge in the region. The majority of the newly arrived Syrian refugees in KR-I, who are not staying with relatives or friends, are being settled in the Erbil Governorate camp of Qushtapa and the Sulaymaniyah Governorate camp of Arbat.

On 17 November a three-vehicle UN convoy making its way from the airport to Baghdad’s international zone was targeted by an improvised explosive device. There were no injuries or deaths from the attack. In Erbil on 19 November six people were killed, including the attacker, and about 20 people injured in a suicide bombing attack in the city centre.

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Iraq: Iraq Crisis Situation Report No. 21 (15 – 21 November 2014)

24 November 2014 - 10:31am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic

Highlights

  • The Government of Iraq has dispatched more than 3.3 million litres of fuel from Kirkuk to be distributed to displaced and vulnerable families in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

  • A three-vehicle UN convoy making its way from the airport to Baghdad’s international zone was targeted by an improvised explosive device on 17 November.

  • In the Kurdistan Region of Iraq capital of Erbil on 19 November six people, including the attacker, were killed and about 29 people injured in a suicide bombing attack in the city centre.

  • Family Food Parcels have been provided to 94,375 IDPs since 1 November.

Situation Overview

The Government of Iraq has dispatched more than 3.3 million litres of fuel from Kirkuk to be distributed to displaced and vulnerable families in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I) three governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah. The fuel for heating and cooking purposes is desperately needed as the winter weather begins to descend. Each selected family will receive 50 litres of fuel and it will be distributed under the aegis of the governorate’s governors. It is anticipated that in total 12 million litres of fuel will be made available to IDPs and vulnerable people in the KR-I by the government from Kirkuk stores. The Dahuk Governorate, which hosts 22 per cent of Iraq’s IDPs, has already received 1.474 million litres; Erbil 850,000; and Sulaymaniyah Governorate half million litres.

The dispatch of the fuel came a few days after Iraq Security Forces, broke the siege by ISIL and its affiliated armed groups of the country’s largest refinery in Baiji in Salah al-Din Governorate. The refinery has sustained severe damage and repairs could take up to a year. While Iraq is the world’s second largest oil exporting country holding the fifth largest known crude oil reserves, the 11 month conflict and the absence of a budget law have gravely impaired Iraq’s oil production and exports, development projects, and foreign investment.

The latest information from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) indicates insecurity continues to fuel displacement from the governorates of Kirkuk, Anbar, Salah al-Din, Diyala, and Ninewa. Since 1 September 203,652 individuals have been displaced following several localised conflicts affecting Iraq’s north central region. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is now using 2.1 million IDPs across Iraq as a planning figure for the humanitarian response. The fluid nature of the conflict between ISIL and its armed group affiliates and government security forces is expected to lead to further displacements during the winter months.

The freedom of movement of IDPs fleeing conflict zones remains a pressing concern. Approximately half of the 400 recently-arrived families seeking entry to the KR-I through the Sherawa (Kirkuk-Erbil) and Sheikh Abdul Qader (Mosul-Erbil) access points were reportedly refused entry to the region. A new procedure for entry to the KR-I is reportedly in operation after the sponsorship system was discontinued in early November. IDPs must now first present themselves to the police office in Kirkuk for screening and approval before being permitted to cross checkpoints into Erbil Governorate. One example of IDPs being denied humanitarian assistance because of the prevention of movement are 215 families who were displaced multiple times and are now living in Tal Naqar village, near the Diyala Governorate Kifri town. The IDPs were displaced from Salah al-Din Governorate in June 2014 to Khanaqin District in Diyala Governorate. They were refused entry to Khanaqin and Kifri by Kurdish Peshmerga forces and have been stranded, living in makeshift shelters, for the past four months without any humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian actors are now responding to their needs.

Currently 18 camps have either been established or are in the process of being completed out of a planned 26 camps in the KR-I. These camps have different standards and some are not yet winterised. In Dahuk, all residents of the informal settlement of Wargeha Delal have been relocated to Berseve II, with a capacity of 1,820 families (10,920 individuals), although the infrastructures in the camp are yet to be completed. The relocation from this settlement was deemed a priority because it was both prone to flooding and any installation of services to improve conditions would have been complicated by issues of land ownership. Winter rain is causing leakages in the Berseve II camp tents, and this is only prevented with an additional plastic sheeting being used as a fly-sheet.

The evacuation of schools in Dahuk Governorate against a 1 December target date for the start of the delayed 2014/2015 academic year is proceeding at a rapid pace. In about a 10 day period, about 80 per cent of the remaining occupied schools have been evacuated, many of which are now undergoing renovations. Many of the displaced have been relocated to IDP camps and local authorities have confirmed that the recently-opened camps of Chamishku (30,000 individuals) and Sharya (24,000 individuals) are full. All schools in the governorates Zakho District have been evacuated, and this is allowing for other displaced, initially those living in open areas such as parks and in sub-standard informal camp settlements, to be bought into the formal camp system and provided better shelter. About 100 schools are still occupied in Dahuk and Sumel districts. There are increasing concerns of space allocated for education purposes in camps, and funding shortages for education for IDPs are severely impacting the response. For example in Khanke Camp, only two schools are planned for 5,000 school children and in Sharya Camp tented schools will only be able to accommodate 10 per cent of school-age children.

Between 10 October and 17 November, 19,636 refugees have crossed into the territory after fleeing from Kobani in Syria, to join 217,000 refugees already in Iraq. Relief agencies initially expected a maximum of 15,000 Syrian refugees fleeing fighting in around Kobani to seek refuge in the region. The majority of the newly arrived Syrian refugees in KR-I, who are not staying with relatives or friends, are being settled in the Erbil Governorate camp of Qushtapa and the Sulaymaniyah Governorate camp of Arbat.

On 17 November a three-vehicle UN convoy making its way from the airport to Baghdad’s international zone was targeted by an improvised explosive device. There were no injuries or deaths from the attack. In Erbil on 19 November six people were killed, including the attacker, and about 20 people injured in a suicide bombing attack in the city centre.

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 24 November 2014

24 November 2014 - 10:19am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan

KEY EVENTS

  • Humanitarian partners continue to coordinate necessary response to floodaffected communities through the Gode, Jijiga (Somali region) and Amibara (Afar region) Incident Command Posts (ICP).

  • Eritrean refugees continue to arrive in northern Ethiopia in high numbers. 2,173 refugees arrived so far in November

  • Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, Kyung-wha Kang, is scheduled to visit Ethiopia from 21 to 25 November 2014. The aim of the mission is to discuss strategic priorities for humanitarian assistance in Ethiopia and the region. Ms.
    Kang will also discuss OCHA cooperation and engagement with the AU.

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South Sudan: South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 63 (as of 21 November 2014)

24 November 2014 - 8:26am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

HIGHLIGHTS

  • UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Kyung-wha Kang, concluded a three-day mission to South Sudan, calling on all parties to the conflict to respect their ceasefire commitments, and urged for more international support to enable humanitarians to scale-up and expand critical aid operations.

  • The security situation in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal remained relatively calm, as community elders engaged the warring youth in a bid to defuse the tensions.

  • Tensions remained high in the northern states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile where sporadic fighting continued to be reported.

3.8 million People to be assisted by the end of the year

3.5 million People reached with humanitarian assistance*

1.91 million People displaced by conflict since December 2013

1.44 million People internally displaced

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occupied Palestinian territory: Protection of Civilians Weekly Report | 11 - 17 November 2014

23 November 2014 - 3:27am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Key issues

● One Palestinian killed in clashes with Israeli forces; decline in Palestinian injuries.

● A Palestinian man found hanged in West Jerusalem in disputed circumstances.

● Two families in Jerusalem receive punitive orders.

● Two Palestinians injured by detonation of unexploded ordnance.

● Accidental explosion of fuel infrastructure kills two and temporarily halts fuel delivery to Gaza Power Plant.

● Five trucks of specific commercial goods allowed entry to West Bank from Gaza.

● Rafah Crossing remains closed with over 3,500 Palestinians stranded in Egypt.

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Colombia: Colombia - Informe Flash MIRA: Municipio San Calixto (Norte de Santander) 10/11/2014 – 14/11/2014

21 November 2014 - 4:10pm
Source: UN Country Team in Colombia, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Entre abril y octubre de 2014, se han presentado frecuentes enfrentamientos armados entre el Ejército y grupos armados no estatales en zona rural y urbana del municipio de San Calixto (Norte de Santander), en la región del Catatumbo. Las condiciones de seguridad en la zona, tras el evento más reciente -el día 5 de octubre-, limitaron el acceso de organizaciones del Equipo Humanitario Local (EHL) para realizar una evaluación MIRA para conocer las necesidades humanitarias de la población. El temor de la población ante la intensidad de las confrontaciones ha causado el desplazamiento masivo intermitente de más de 700 personas 12 veredas de San Calixto, la conformación de un Refugio Humanitario en el mes de julio en la vereda Mesitas (Hacarí), civiles heridos, limitaciones a la libre movilidad de la población (que además han causado inasistencia escolar), gran impacto en las condiciones de salud psicosocial de la población, y limitaciones de acceso humanitario que afectan acciones en los sectores de Protección, Seguridad alimentaria y nutrición, Agua, saneamiento e higiene. Las hostilidades han causado daños en la infraestructura, techos, paredes y mobiliario en viviendas, pequeños negocios y escuelas.

Basados en los resultados preliminares de la misión MIRA - Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment1 realizada en el municipio de San Calixto, se pudo evidenciar que el impacto humanitario de las acciones armadas en la zona, está generando necesidades humanitarias prioritarias en los siguientes sectores: i. Protección: Riesgo alto de nuevos desplazamientos en San Calixto, Hacarí y El Tarra, estigmatización de comunidades campesinas, infracciones al Principio de Distinción y Proporcionalidad del Derecho Internacional Humanitario, retenciones ilegales y limitaciones de acceso a medidas de protección. ii. Educación: Riesgo de deserción escolar por la continuidad de acciones armadas en la zona y presencia de MAP/MUSE y AEI en los entornos escolares, falta de alimentación escolar continua y de calidad, pérdida de motivación por enfoque de la población en cultivo de coca. iii. Salud / Agua, saneamiento e higiene: Afectación psicológica, en particular de madres cabeza de familia y niños/as. Limitación de acceso a agua potable y destrucción de las principales fuentes naturales de agua durante las acciones armadas.

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Colombia: Colombia – Limitaciones a la movilidad en comunidades indígenas y afrocolombianas en Medio Atrato (Chocó) Flash Update No. 1 (21/11/2014)

21 November 2014 - 2:40pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

**Flash Update No. 1 – Limitaciones a la movilidad en comunidades indígenas y afrocolombianas en Medio Atrato (Chocó) **

Desde el 18 de noviembre, las comunidades ubicadas en la cuenca del río Bebará, en zona rural de Medio Atrato (Chocó), han limitado su movilidad y actividades diarias por temor ante la presencia masiva de fuerza pública y el desarrollo de operativos militares que se adelantan en la zona para el rescate de un general, un suboficial y una funcionaria civil del Ejército, retenidos por las FARC-EP en zona rural de Quibdó desde el pasado 16 de noviembre.

La situación ha restringido el abastecimiento de alimentos y el acceso a servicios de salud –para lo que deben desplazarse a la cabecera municipal. También se han suspendido actividades escolares y la atención en los puestos de salud veredales.

Las comunidades afrocolombianas de Bocas de Bebará, El Llano, La Villa, La Peña y Pueblo Viejo; y las comunidades indígenas de Chagadó, Chaquenendó, Las Pavas, Pomparradó y Bebaracito son las más afectadas.

La Personería Municipal reporta que se están presentando desplazamientos individuales desde la desembocadura del río Bebará en el Atrato, hacia comunidades cercanas. Se desconoce el número y las necesidades actuales de estas personas.

Estas comunidades conviven con la presión constante de miembros de las FARC-EP que ejercen control territorial desde hace varios años. Desde inicio de 2014, líderes comunitarios han denunciado la débil presencia del Estado en este territorio más allá de los actuales y ocasionales operativos militares y la necesidad de garantizar condiciones de vida digna. Se espera que después de una posible liberación de los funcionarios, se garanticen condiciones de seguridad para que las comunidades restablezcan su movilidad y retornen a sus actividades cotidianas.

La Alcaldía del Medio Atrato convocó al Comité de Justicia Transicional Municipal el 21 de noviembre para analizar la situación y definir mecanismos de acompañamiento y respuesta humanitaria. La Unidad para la Atención y Reparación Integral para las Víctimas ha manifestado su capacidad para apoyar subsidiariamente al municipio en la atención de estas comunidades. El Equipo Humanitario Local de Chocó está haciendo seguimiento a la emergencia.

De mantenerse la situación, otras comunidades del Medio Atrato se verían en riesgo de restricciones a la movilidad y desplazamiento forzado, probablemente hacia Quibdó. En febrero de 2014, dos comunidades de esta zona se desplazaron y 4.000 habitantes sufrieron restricciones a la movilidad por riesgo ante combates entre la fuerza pública y miembros de las FARC-EP (ver Flash Update 13/02/2014).

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Central African Republic: Central African Republic (CAR) Situation Report N.42 (as of 20 November 2014)

20 November 2014 - 5:50pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic

HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

  • The security situation countrywide remains volatile. Ex-Seleka elements living in Bangui’s Beal camp threaten to detonate the site if their demands are not met.

  • An eruption of violence started on 5 November in Zémio, Haut Mbomou Province, an area affected by the LRA, but that had not been impacted by the crisis so far.

  • Fourteen cholera cases have been confirmed following a cholera outbreak on 1 November along the CAR-Cameroon border.

  • WHO reported six measles cases in Yongoro-Mbolaye, Bouar sub-province, in Nana Mambéré Province.

  • Humanitarian partners resumed activities in Ouham Province following the arrival of armed groups and the displacement of 20,000 people.

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Colombia: Colombia - Desplazamiento masivo en Francisco Pizarro (Nariño) Flash Update No. 1 (20/11/2014)

20 November 2014 - 4:59pm
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Colombia

Flash Update No. 1 - Desplazamiento masivo en Francisco Pizarro (Nariño)

Desde el pasado 12 de noviembre se adelantan operativos militares por parte de la Fuerza Aérea y la Infantería de Marina en contra de un grupo armado no identificado, en la vereda Yari en zona rural de Francisco Pizarro -costa Pacífica Nariñense. Como mecanismo de protección ante las hostilidades, 272 personas (92 familias), incluyendo 105 niños/as y 2 mujeres embarazadas, se desplazaron a la cabecera municipal.

Las 92 familias desplazadas se albergan en casas de familiares y amigos. Se reporta hacinamiento en las viviendas receptoras. Según información preliminar de la Gobernación de Nariño, hay necesidades urgentes en el sector de agua y saneamiento básico, y artículos no alimentarios. Se requieren tanques de almacenamiento con capacidad de 250 Lts, filtros para purificación de agua, toldillos, pañales y kits de aseo.

El 17 de noviembre, la Gobernación de Nariño entregó alimentos a la población desplazada con una duración de ocho días. La Unidad para la Atención y Reparación Integral a Victimas (UARIV) prevé realizar asistencia alimentaria el 24 de noviembre. A la fecha de elaboración de este informe, la psicóloga de la ESE Municipal y el equipo Programa de Atención Psicosocial y Salud Integral a Víctimas (PAPSIVI) están realizando atención psicosocial.

El 14 de noviembre se reunió el Comité Municipal de Justicia Transicional (CMJT) y se definieron próximas acciones de respuesta de instituciones municipales, no se conoce la fecha de inicio de estas actividades. El Hospital Municipal realizará brigadas de salud y diagnóstico de la población desplazada. Se evaluarán las condiciones de acceso agua segura en las viviendas receptoras. Se solicitará a la Gobernación de Nariño la disposición de un equipo de atención psicosocial de la unidad móvil del ICBF.

El Equipo Humanitario Local de Nariño está haciendo seguimiento a la situación y a los vacíos de atención que puedan permanecer luego de las acciones de respuesta que se están realizando. De ser necesario, se apoyarán evaluaciones de necesidades o asistencia humanitaria, complementando la respuesta estatal.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N°38/14, 19 novembre 2014

20 November 2014 - 11:41am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Faits saillants

  • Quatre personnes tuées dans une attaque à l’arme blanche à Manzati, dans le Territoire de Beni

  • Environ 6 000 écoliers du primaire et secondaires au nord de Beni risquent de perdre l’année scolaire 2014-2015 en raison de l’insécurité

  • Plus de 6 000 personnes déplacées et autres vulnérables assistées en vivres, articles ménagers essentiels et en eau, hygiène et assainissement au nord de Beni.

Contexte général

Le village de Manzati, près d’Eringeti dans le Territoire de Beni, s’est vidée de sa population à la suite d’une attaque dans la nuit du 14 au 15 novembre par des hommes munis d’armes blanches. L’attaque a causé quatre morts et un blessé. La population déplacée s’est dirigée vers Kaynama, au nord-ouest de Beni à la limite de la Province Orientale.

5 948 élèves des écoles primaires et secondaires des localités situées entre Oicha et Eringeti au nord de Beni ne peuvent plus suivre les cours depuis le début du mois d’octobre à la suite de l’insécurité dans la zone. Des massacres et tueries ont occasionné un déplacement de population. Actuellement, 677 ménages déplacés occupent certaines salles de classe dans ces localités. A la suite d’un compromis avec les autorités scolaires, les ménages déplacés vont chaque fois libérer les salles de classe le matin pour les réoccuper à la fin des cours. En outre, certains parents, en dépit de l’appel lancé par les autorités scolaires à la reprise des cours, hésitent d’envoyer leurs enfants à l’école du fait de leur état de vulnérabilité qui ne leur permet pas de s’acquitter de frais scolaires. La reprise des cours prévue pour le 10 novembre à Oïcha a été très timide, avec une moyenne de 10% d’élèves présents. Quant aux enfants déplacés, ils ne vont pas à l’école.

A Walikale, une trêve aurait été observée au nord de Kibua et au sud de Pinga après des affrontements qui ont opposé l’armée nationale (FARDC) au groupe armé Nduma Defence of Congo (NDC) d’une part, et entre des groupes armés d’autre part. Le dernier affrontement dans la zone de Kibua remonte au 6 novembre 2014 et avait opposé la coalition des Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR) – Patriotes résistants congolais (Pareco) de la Fontaine au NDC de Guidon dans les villages de Misao et Misoke. Suite à ces combats, la population a fui vers la brousse, vers Pinga et vers le sud Lubero (nombre non encore connu). La population risque de graves violations des Droits humains dans ces zones.

Dans le Territoire de Rutshuru, un mouvement massif de population est observé depuis le 13 novembre suite aux affrontements entre les FARDC et le groupe armé Nyatura FPC. Plus de 2 500 ménages (chiffres à confirmer) de la localité de Bukombo se sont dirigés vers les villages de Muhindo, Rusekera, Kitwayovu, Mulimbi et Kabizo les localités de Buchuli et Butalongola, dans le groupement de Tongo ainsi qu’à Katsiru. D’autres déplacés ont été signalés à la paroisse catholique de Birambizo.

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Chad: Revue de Presse Humanitaire au Tchad Du 13 au 20 novembre 2014 [EN/FR]

20 November 2014 - 10:43am
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Niger

LES TITRES

 Tchad : les personnes déplacées de Centrafrique vivent dans la précarité (CICR, 19/11/14)
 Tchad : le gouvernement veut éradiquer la maladie du sommeil d'ici 2015 (Xinhua, 20/11/14)
 Tchad: sur les traces du pétrole de contrebande (RFI, 18/11/14)
 Tchad : Le président réagit suite aux manifestations dues à la montée du prix de pétrole (Afriquinfos, 18/11/14)
 La guerre de Boko Haram se durcit (AFP, 19/11/14)
 Valls attendu au Tchad et au Niger en fin de semaine (Libération, 18/11/14)
 Chad puts former aides to ex-president Habre on trial for reign of terror (AFP, 14/11/14)

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