HOW OCHA IS FUNDED
OCHA is funded from the United Nations regular budget and from voluntary contributions, supplemented by income generated from programme support costs. Viewed against the revised requirements of OCHA in 2005, the regular budget share comes to seven percent, while 83 percent is derived from donor contributions and the remaining 10 percent from programme support income.
The regular budget appropriation for OCHA for the biennium 2004-2005, under Section 27: Humanitarian Assistance was US$ 23.9 million, of which US$ 11.7 million was approved for 2004, while the remaining US$ 12.2 million related to the year 2005.
OCHA’s share of the regular budget represents 0.6 percent of the total United Nations budget of US$ 3.7 billion, one of the lowest proportions among Secretariat bodies.
In 2005, total voluntary contributions towards planned activities outlined in OCHA in 2005 reached US$ 94.9 million, against requirements that were initially projected at US$ 99.4 million and subsequently revised to US$ 122.6 million. The revised requirements can be attributed to new and supplementary emergency needs arising in the course of the year, particularly in Sudan and DRC, Pakistan and Nepal. Total donor contributions in 2005 represented an increase of US$ 14.3 million or 18 percent compared to the previous year. An additional US$ 8.7 million was received to implement various additional headquarters and field activities not included in OCHA in 2005.
In addition, contributions to the tsunami disaster totalled US$ 72.7 million, of which US$ 20.2 million was earmarked for OCHA response activities, while US$ 49.7 million was allocated to operational agencies, based on needs, and US$ 2.7 million was used for HRF in Somalia and other grants. There is a special section on the tsunami response, with detailed information on overall contributions, activities and funding requirements, in Part IV.
Financial support for activities that were not reflected in OCHA in 2005 but were nevertheless funded through OCHA, such as grants for natural disasters, and humanitarian funds and other activities consisting of country humanitarian response funds, as well as funds earmarked for other implementing Agencies and NGOs but channeled through OCHA, came to US$ 25.6 million.
Thus, total voluntary contributions received by OCHA in 2005, as described above, amounted to US$ 201.9 million including the Trust Fund for Tsunami Relief. For the total funds received for OCHA in 2005, 51 percent was earmarked and 49 percent was unearmarked.
Supplementary funding totalling US$ 16.2 million was provided for administrative costs from the Special Account for Programme Support.
In addition, OCHA received contributions in-kind, primarily in the context of response to natural disasters and complex emergencies, comprising stand-by emergency arrangements, technical expertise, training facilities and communications equipment.
Voluntary contributions to OCHA are managed primarily through the following:
- Trust Fund for Disaster Relief (DMA), which finances humanitarian coordination activities in all countries affected by conflicts, natural disasters and industrial, environmental and technological accidents;
- Trust Fund for Strengthening of the Office of the Coordinator (DDA), which supports OCHA’s core mandate for activities undertaken by headquarters that are not funded by the regular budget;
- Trust Fund for the Tsunami Disaster (TKB), which provides funding for the coordination of humanitarian assistance to victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami and other immediate recovery-related activities;
- Special Account for Programme Support (ODA), which supplements funding from the aforementioned trust funds. Resources from the special account are derived from the programme support costs applied to all trust funds administered by OCHA, normally ranging from 3 to 13 percent of annual final expenditures of the funds; and
- In-kind contributions through stand-by emergency arrangements, technical expertise, training facilities and emergency equipment.