INTER-AGENCY INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT DIVISION
In spring 2005, the division’s analysis of efforts to strengthen the collaborative response in eight priority countries concluded that HCs could not lead an effective inter-agency response to internal displacement without predictable ‘collaborative partners’ on the ground who had both the capacity and the willingness to lead and be accountable to the HC for critical aspects of the operational response. This finding was fed into and complemented by the Humanitarian Response Review (HRR) report issued in August 2005. As a consequence, the work plan for the division was substantially amended to focus on developing and promoting system-level solutions, in line with the demands of the General Assembly.
The resulting concept of assigned sectoral accountability for particularly weak areas of the displacement response represented an effort to improve predictability and accountability, as well as overall response capacity. After July 2005, IDD expended particular energy in supporting the elaboration of what became known as the cluster leadership approach. The second major focus for IDD in 2005 was the development of the Protection Standby Capacity roster (ProCap), a flexible deployment mechanism aimed at increasing the number of experienced, pre-selected and pre-trained protection staff to meet urgent short-term protection needs.
IDD’s key objectives for 2005, adjusted in line with a major work plan reorientation, were:
- more predictable, effective and accountable response to internal displacement through development and implementation of concrete strategies for improving the collaborative response at the systemic level
- heightened stakeholder awareness on internal displacement, aiming to secure enhanced institutional, political and financial support from all concerned stakeholders towards improved IDP protection and assistance in key countries
- enhanced operational policy and capacity on internal displacement, particularly on protection, through technical support, capacity building and policy development activities
- improved inter-agency response to internal displacement at the field level, with a focus on eight priority countries
IDD submitted a proposal to OCHA’s senior management, the IASC Working Group and, subsequently, the HRR team and donors aimed at securing a more predictable and accountable division of labour in four areas of IDP response (camp coordination and management, emergency shelter, protection and early recovery). This division supported the ERC and AERC in elaborating and securing buy-in for the cluster leadership approach concept. IDD also supported UNHCR by acting as secretariat and principal drafter in the Protection cluster working group, and engaged proactively in the Emergency Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management working groups, as well as the UNDP-led Early Recovery working group.
Following IDD-led inter-agency support missions, the IASC agreed that three priority countries would be the first ongoing emergencies where the cluster leadership approach would be implemented in an effort to substantially strengthen the interagency response.
IDD led consultations with the Africa Group, GRULAC and host authorities in priority countries to raise awareness of displacement concerns. It mobilised donors to improve financial and political support, both at the systemic level and in certain country-specific situations, and held two informal all day donor-hosted consultations. The implementation of IDD’s media and public information strategy generated over 40 media pieces on internal displacement.
IDD developed and secured financing for the Protection Standby Capacity. The first ProCap pre deployment mission was to Somalia in December 2005. IDD co-convened a workshop bringing together OCHA heads of office in Africa on internal displacement and protection, and co-facilitated two WFP field workshops on protection.
IDD was an active member of the Representative of the Secretary General on the Human Rights of IDPs’ steering group to produce a manual for legislators on developing national law and policy on IDPs, and supported the development of common policy approaches on the response to natural disaster-induced displacement. IDD commissioned, with UNHCR, a review on HIV/AIDS among IDPs, which made 10 major recommendations. In the framework of OCHA's Gender Mainstreaming Action Plan, IDD incorporated gender-sensitive indicators in its priority country criteria, developed a gender mainstreaming action plan and advocated on women’s issues and sexual and gender-based violence.
IDD led missions to support HCs and country teams in the priority countries on the response to internal displacement. Structured follow-through with agencies translated into greater buy-in to IDD’s suggestions and improved implementation. IDP/protection advisors were deployed to support HCs/OCHA offices in six countries. IDD also facilitated three consultations with groups of RC/HCs on the collaborative response. IDD supported non-priority country displacement responses, including through deployments to Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Pakistan and Côte d’Ivoire. IDD coordinated the inter-agency support missions to DRC, Liberia and Uganda to consult on the possible implementation of the cluster leadership approach.
IDD’s analysis and policy proposals on enhancing sectoral accountability were fully incorporated into the heart of the humanitarian reform agenda. IDD was subsequently a key actor in developing and securing stakeholder buy-in for the ‘cluster leadership approach’, which substantially strengthens the collaborative response to internal displacement, as acknowledged by donors and IASC partners.
Over 40 media pieces (press, radio, television and wire services) were generated by IDD, leading to heightened awareness of the IDP issue in decision-making capitals and displacement-affected countries. IDD recorded a substantial increase in Geneva-based donor awareness of the link between lack of sectoral accountability at field level and weakness in IDP response on the ground.
IDD staff provided policy guidance and technical advice (on return planning, protection frameworks, shelter, for example) to country teams in the priority countries on over 20 separate mission deployments. The majority of these interventions resulted in adoption by UNCTs teams of advice given. In some instances, however, follow-through on the ground was less than optimal, due to lack of capacity among country teams.
Implementation of a systematic tracking system, coupled with close liaison between IDD and country teams on follow-up to IDD recommendations, resulted in over 70 percent of IDD’s recommendations on the eight priority countries being implemented.
IDD recorded improvements against nine of 14 country indicators in the last six months of 2005. The division noted particular progress in securing enhanced HC leadership and OCHA support on IDP issues, greater engagement from country teams, and enhanced division of labour and strategic engagement on protection issues. Progress was mixed on securing better planning on return, reintegration and durable solutions, and galvanising the development of national plans on IDPs.