Part III
Coordination Activities in the Field

Central African Republic

  Requirements 763,631  
  Income from Voluntary Contributions1 744,490  
  EXPENDITURE    
  Staff Costs 346,600  
  Consultant Fees and Travel 3,727  
  Travel 38,000  
  Operating Expenses 80,885  
  Contractual Services 18,675  
  Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment 54,742  
  Programme Support Costs 70,542  
  Total Expenditure (US$) 613 ,171  

 

Context

Growing political and ethnic tensions continued to fuel instability and insecurity in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2006. Increased military activity by government forces and armed groups in the north of the country, as well as the ongoing lack of basic social services outside Bangui, resulted in a further deterioration of the humanitarian situation. Needs in the agriculture, education, food, health and water/sanitation sectors continued to grow. However, protection and human rights raised the most concern. In the north of the country, warring parties deliberately set hundreds of villages alight. Arbitrary executions, torture, rape and looting took place in a climate of impunity. Tens of thousands of Central Africans sought refuge in the bush where they did not have access to adequate food, shelter, water and sanitation amenities, nor health and education services. Humanitarian organizations estimated that by the end of 2006 about 1 million Central Africans were in need of humanitarian assistance, including 150,000 IDPs and 70,000 refugees in neighbouring Chad and Sudan.

Despite substantial efforts by aid organizations, humanitarian needs in CAR during 2006 were not covered. The lack of financial resources, the lack of a humanitarian presence in the most affected areas, and the lack of implementing partners and emergency expertise in the country were all major obstacles to a comprehensive humanitarian response.

By the end of 2006, the aid community had grasped the urgency of the situation: NGOs increased their presence in the country and United Nations agencies stepped up their emergency capacity and changed the way they operated (for example, no longer using armed escorts). Media attention increased. New opportunities also emerged for the country: with the support of the international community, political and military actors engaged in genuine dialogue, and donors and Bretton Woods institutions started re-engaging with the country.

Following a review of its capacity in CAR in April, OCHA decided to strengthen its presence in the country to better support the RC/HC and the humanitarian CT in their efforts to address growing challenges.

Objectives

Furthermore, OCHA endeavoured to increase the presence of NGOs in the country. It also advocated for United Nations agencies to increase their presence and response capacity in the most affected provinces.

Activities and Accomplishments

In 2006, OCHA coordinated numerous assessment missions and led the contingency planning process. OCHA supported the HC in coordinating humanitarian response through, among other activities, the CAP/CHAP and the contingency planning processes. In 2006, CAR benefited from US$ 5.9 million from the CERF, and the CAP was 64 per cent funded at US$ 38 million (which does not include the CERF).

OCHA ensured that coordination mechanisms worked regularly and that clusters were formed, promoting a more inclusive approach towards NGOs and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It coordinated various assessment missions to the most affected areas. Advocacy efforts were increased, and humanitarian organizations and the media were provided with more information and products. specific events, such as a local CAP launch, were organized. Contacts with authorities and armed groups improved humanitarian access.

Performance Evaluation