Coordination Activities in the Field
|Income from Voluntary Contributions||707,471|
|Consultant Fees and Travel||–|
|Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment||85,333|
|Fellowships, Grants and Contributions||10,000|
|Programme Support Costs||202,117|
|Total Expenditure (US$)||1,756,865|
The consolidation of security and stability in Burundi through 2006 enabled the new government to initiate a series of early recovery and development initiatives, boosted by the launch of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and the signing of a ceasefire agreement with the last active rebel movement (Palipehutu-FNL). The Peacebuilding Commission’s decision to select Burundi as one of its first two focus countries was a positive development, however the consequences of the decade-long conflict and the government’s limited delivery capacity required continued humanitarian action.
A prolonged drought in the northern and eastern parts of Burundi from September 2005 to January 2006 required a significant response in emergency agriculture and food aid, and sustained nutritional surveillance. This food deficit was compounded by considerable damage to crops during unusually heavy rains in November/December 2006 and January 2007.
Harsh economic conditions and political tensions in Burundi resulted in low repatriation figures: only 45,000 Burundian refugees chose to return in 2006 – leaving around 380,000 outside the country (mainly in Tanzania). IDPs were no more eager to return to their places of origin, with a status quo in the northern and central regions where consolidation of peace and trust among communities lagged.
• Improve coordination of joint rapid assessments and response, contingency planning and cross-border operations.
• Support the process of transition from relief to development with an emphasis on short- to medium-term programmes focusing on population reinsertion and community recovery.
• Continue harmonization of common databases and information systems in priority sectors to support planning.
• Monitor and evaluate impact of response plans.
• Continue advocacy on protection of civilians and victims of gender-based sexual violence, and support mainstreaming human rights-based approaches in humanitarian action.
OCHA also focused on bridging the gap between emergency response and humanitarian need, and the various strategies for reconstruction and development, by establishing much closer relationships with key actors such as UNDP and the World Bank.
OCHA engaged in sustained contacts with the newly created Comité National pour la Coordination des Aides (CNCA) and worked with the members to harmonize the government’s 2006 emergency programme with the CAP. OCHA and the CNCA presided over the development of the 2007 CHAP/CAP, which focused on key emergency response activities. This collaboration continued in the field with a three-week joint visit to 15 out of 17 provinces in late August/early September – aiming to ensure that through the CAP there would be only one international emergency programme for Burundi in 2007.
OCHA supported new coordination structures at the provincial level by assisting the new UNDP field offices while gradually handing over activities in the regions covered by the two OCHA sub-offices (Ruyigi and Makamba) which closed as planned at the end of December 2006. The IDP Action Plan was updated and discussed with the Ministry of National Solidarity in March. However its formal adoption by the authorities was not expected in the short term due to the lack of clear land policy and pending the commencement of the activities of the Land and Property Issues Commission. OCHA’s Information Management Unit updated its key‘Who Does What Where’ and GIS databases in June, and thematic and geographic maps were uploaded to the OCHA Burundi website. It took over most of the activities of ONUB’s GIS Unit on its departure in December.
Two CERF allocations were granted to Burundi in 2006 (one in June and another in September) totalling more than US$ 4 million. OCHA supported the HC in identifying and selecting CERF requests in consultation with the IASC-CT.