Part III
Coordination Activities in the Field

Chad

  Requirements 1,558,981  
  Income from Voluntary Contributions 1,132,516  
  EXPENDITURE    
  Staff Costs 397,010  
  Consultant Fees and Travel 3,931  
  Travel 107,765  
  Operating Expenses 185,193  
  Contractual Services 19,965  
  Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment 216,623  
  Fellowships, Grants and Contributions 6,600  
  Programme Support Costs 120,821  
  Total Expenditure (US$) 1,057,908  

 

Context

Lack of political dialogue, mounting inter-ethnic tensions and the spillover of the Darfur crisis saw instability in Chad continue throughout 2006. In 2006, President Deby’s government came under increased military pressure, and throughout the year the Chadian military was engaged in intermittent but often fierce fighting with armed rebel groups. While Chadian authorities focused on military objectives, vast areas of eastern Chad were left either in a security vacuum or under the control of pro-government armed groups and militias. Agreements between Chad and Sudan to stop ‘hostile activities’ were never implemented, and tensions between the two countries remained high – impacting on the humanitarian agencies’ operating environment. Concerned about the situation in eastern Chad, the Security Council requested the Secretary-General to establish a multidimensional peacekeeping presence in eastern Chad to protect civilians and monitor the borders with Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR).

The deterioration of the political, security and military environments exacerbated an already serious humanitarian situation. In 2006, repeated Janjaweed attacks on border villages and violent inter-ethnic clashes triggered the internal displacement of an estimated 100,000 Chadians, while military build-up and the increased circulation of weapons put the civilian character of refugee camps and IDPs settlements at risk. After a sharp deterioration in the humanitarian situation and additional movements of the population, OCHA was asked to coordinate relief operations for IDPs. At the end of the year, to support the RC/HC and the humanitarian CT in addressing new coordination challenges, OCHA began to increase its presence in Chad.

Objectives

Activities and Accomplishments

OCHA supported the HC’s Office and monitored the implementation of humanitarian strategies through field, inter-agency and cross-border missions, through the CHAP/CAP process, and through situation reports, background papers and notes.

NGOs and donors were regularly included in coordination activities, including CHAP/CAP processes and contingency planning. International organizations and Chadian authorities agreed on a joint humanitarian approach, however the implementation of national coordination mechanisms was hampered by the prevailing political and security situation. In July, in light of growing humanitarian challenges, OCHA stepped up its information management capacity, enabling it to provide better support to the RC/HC and the humanitarian CT in the collection, management and dissemination of humanitarian data. Contact lists and detailed ‘Who does What Where’ databases were kept updated, maps were produced, a website was launched and a humanitarian documentation centre was established.

Chad was among the first countries to benefit from CERF allocations, under both its rapid response and underfunded windows. In total, United Nations agencies were given US$ 9.4 million from the CERF. In July, an OCHA mission was dispatched to the country in order to advise the RC/HC on best ways to implement the cluster approach. The mission noted lack of clarity among agencies regarding coordination mechanisms in general, and the cluster approach in particular. It recommended that OCHA’s presence be strengthened and training provided to staff on the humanitarian reform process before considering the full implementation of the cluster approach.

In July, OCHA decided to strengthen its presence in the country to better support the humanitarian community (contrary to earlier plans to phase OCHA’s presence out by the end of 2006). Following the agreement to open two sub-offices (Abeche and Gore) and the provision of additional capacity for the N’Djamena Office, only the Abeche office was opened in 2006. Due to the changing context in Gore, resources will be shifted to Goz Beida and Farchana in 2007.

Cross-border monitoring missions were held with Sudan in Chadian IDP areas in February, and in November with the CAR UNCT in Gore. This enabled the respective humanitarian CTs to share information and analysis and to better understand interaction between the three countries.

Performance Evaluation