Part III
Coordination Activities in the Field

Ethiopia

 

 

  Requirements 1,977,658  
  Income from Voluntary Contributions1 1,354,569  
  EXPENDITURE    
  Staff Costs 964,098  
  Consultant Fees and Travel 46,360  
  Travel 100,000  
  Operating Expenses 211,414  
  Contractual Services 10,530  
  Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment 238,735  
  Fellowships, Grants and Contributions 50,000  
  Programme Support Costs 210,748  
  Total Expenditure (US$) 1,831,885  

 

Context

In 2006 there were significant humanitarian challenges in Ethiopia, including drought and flooding, as well as continued high levels of chronic food insecurity for at least 10 million people. Severe drought was experienced in the first half of 2006, affecting approximately 2.7 million people particularly in the southern parts of Somali Region and the Borena zone of Oromiya Region. Unprecedented nationwide flooding occurred during the rainy season, affecting eight out of the country’s eleven regions. This caused mass displacement and considerable damage to property and infrastructure in all affected areas. In addition, the floods contributed to an increased incidence of water-borne diseases, including acute watery diarrhoea.

At the end of 2006, acute watery diarrhoea was reported across the country, affecting all regions except Dire Dawa, Harari and Beninshangul Gumuz.

There was increased inter-ethnic conflict during the year, particularly in Oromiya Region where several thousand people were displaced. Growing insecurity in Somali Region, particularly in the last six months of the year, hampered humanitarian interventions and had an adverse impact on livelihoods and access to vulnerable groups.

Objectives

Activities and Accomplishments

OCHA provided extensive assistance to the government’s Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency in the preparation of the 2006 Joint Government and Humanitarian Partners Appeal and the two subsequent Joint Flood Flash Appeals that were issued in response to emergency requirements for the year. The Joint Appeal requested US$ 166 million for emergency food and nonfood needs, and resulted in over 50 per cent funding. A total of US$ 22 million was contributed towards the two Joint Flood Flash Appeals that had requested US$ 34 million to meet relief and rehabilitation requirements also in food and non-food sectors.

OCHA advocated for and facilitated action to address the humanitarian needs of vulnerable populations and to provide effective and accountable coordination and assessment support in emergency situations at the central, regional and sub-regional levels. The CERF and the Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF), managed by the HC with OCHA support, were utilized in response to the appeals – playing a crucial role in filling gaps in rapid-onset emergencies and strengthening the HC’s role in ensuring the effective coordination of humanitarian resources and response.

The government’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) was expanded in 2006 to provide 7.3 million chronically food-insecure people in six regions with cash and/or food transfers. OCHA also worked to enhance its partnership with the World Bank and other donors to improve complementarities with the PSNP and other contingency financing mechanisms. Although key reviews of the PSNP’s progress in 2006 indicated improvement in many areas, cash transfers continued to be slow and targeting was still a challenge in some areas.

OCHA field Officers made frequent humanitarian assessment missions in response to emergencies throughout the country including malnutrition, flooding, acute watery diarrhoea, drought, conflict and displacement. They also facilitated joint multi-agency needs assessment missions in flood-affected areas to identify gaps and new humanitarian priorities, such as the need for logistics and communication in South Omo zone.

OCHA facilitated the establishment of emergency coordination structures at zonal and regional levels in Oromiya, Amhara, SNNPR (Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region), Afar and Dire Dawa Administrative Council. Zonal coordination structures were also activated in response to conflict and displacement in Oromiya Region and severe flooding in SNNPR. Existing emergency coordination mechanisms were supported in Jijiga, Gode, Semera, Addis Ababa, Yabello, Awassa, Bahir Dar and Dire Dawa.

OCHA established an Information Management Unit (IMU) to improve response monitoring and geo-spatial hazard and vulnerability mapping. The IMU provided key support in information management procedures and emergency information. Improved contacts with NGOs through the monthly United Nations/NGO forum at the federal level, and the production of national and regional ‘Who Does What Where’ databases of NGO activities, facilitated the development of predictable and collaborative emergency response, particularly by mapping out NGO interventions in the country. In addition to the weekly and monthly publications Humanitarian Bulletin and Focus on Ethiopia highlighting issues of humanitarian concern, OCHA prepared daily and weekly situation reports and information matrices during emergencies. OCHA was the primary source of information throughout the acute watery diarrhoea epidemic in 2006, widely disseminating a weekly comprehensive emergency intervention matrix by zone.

OCHA participated in UNDAF as a member of the Humanitarian Response, Recovery and Food Security working group, which aimed to ensure complementarities between humanitarian and longer-term programmes run by the United Nations and the Government of Ethiopia.

Performance Evaluation