Coordination Activities in the Field
|Income from Voluntary Contributions1||1,150,933|
|Consultant Fees and Travel||26,654|
|Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment||106,800|
|Fellowships, Grants and Contributions||15,000|
|Programme Support Costs||127,228|
|Total Expenditure (US$)||1,105,893|
In 2006, as OCHA was developing its strategy to hand over coordination support for tsunami recovery activities to UNDP, Indonesia was hit by a number of major natural disasters which required its action. In May 2006, a major earthquake shook Yogyakarta and Central Java provinces, destroying more than 240,000 houses and killing more than 5,700 people. Another large-scale earthquake struck Central Java and West Java provinces in July 2006, triggering a tsunami that killed over 600 people and destroyed coastal communities and infrastructure. A number of natural disaster events – including the eruption of Mt Merapi in Central Java in April, a mudflow in Sidoarjo since May, and flash floods in Aceh in December– also affected the humanitarian situation in Indonesia. The Avian and Human Infl uenza death toll in Indonesia reached 60 in 2006, making it the country with the highest number of fatalities worldwide.
The humanitarian situation in post conflict-affected areas of Indonesia showed significant improvement in 2006. Indonesia had recovered from years of communal conflicts that had displaced 1.4 million people and caused widespread destruction, and it made considerable progress in organizing its national humanitarian response system. In Aceh, implementation of the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding led to the successful conclusion of the European Union-led Aceh Monitoring Mission, culminating in the first democratic local elections in December.
The response to the earthquake in Yogyakarta and
Central Java provinces attracted significant international
assistance for which OCHA spearheaded the drafting
of a strategic Earthquake Response Plan and the
establishment of a coordination centre in Yogyakarta, in
a common United Nations premises, under the overall
leadership of the HC. For only the second time in the world following a
natural disaster, the IASC-CT in
Jakarta agreed to implement the cluster approach, and
clusters were established on the ground within 72 hours
of the earthquake. Participation in the cluster approach
was high, especially during the first two months of the
emergency response. There was general consensus,
particularly among those individuals and organizations involved in the tsunami response in Aceh, that the approach provided a more structured coordination mechanism than had been previously experienced.
During 2006, OCHA management of the United Nations Office of the Recovery Coordinator for Aceh and Nias (UNORC) continued, but was progressively handed over to UNDP. UNORC shifted its focus from relief to recovery coordination support for local government and the United Nations team in Aceh and Nias. By mid 2006, the organizations involved in the Temporary Shelter Plan of Action successfully assisted IDPs in moving out of tents to more durable transitional shelters. To promote cohesion and coordination among United Nations agencies for the mid-term recovery and reconstruction efforts, UNORC led the formulation of the United Nations Recovery Framework for Aceh and Nias (2006–09). At the end of 2006, OCHA handed over the management of UNORC to UNDP.
The mud volcano which erupted at the end of May in Sidoarjo, East Java, had covered an area of 440 hectares by the end of 2006, displacing more than 10,000 people. At the request of the Indonesian Ministry of Environment, OCHA deployed an UNDAC team of environmental experts to identify the mudflow’s environmental impact, supported by the Policy Support Team for Environmental Incidents of the Netherlands. Following a second request made by the Ministry of Environment at the end of that mission, an environmental expert was redeployed to Indonesia. A comprehensive report was produced by the team, which was then used by the Indonesian National Team for Mudflow Mitigation to develop a workplan.
From 2003–06, a total of 28 projects were funded by the United Kingdom and another 14 by Australia under the OCHA-managed Emergency Response Fund (available to NGOs). These projects addressed humanitarian needs in conflict and natural disaster-affected areas during emergency situations, and supported rehabilitation and reconciliation efforts during early recovery periods. A new contribution from the OPEC Funds for International Development was received and earmarked for emergency projects in Java coastal areas affected by the July 2006 tsunami.
OCHA supported disaster management and preparedness efforts during 2006 by working with United Nations agencies, NGOs, donors and the Indonesian Government. In conjunction with the International Day for Disaster Reduction, OCHA organized a series of activities and trainings in cooperation with the National Coordination Board for Disaster Management, including a Contingency Planning Exercise in West Sumatra Province and the United Nations Emergency Management Training. It also conducted a series of disaster education awarenessraising events to schools and organized the second United Nations/NGO/Donor Convergence Workshop.
In Indonesia, resources from OCHA, the RC’s Office, UNDP’s Communication Unit and other United Nations agencies were brought together under the RC/HC’s Office, in a trial of United Nations system reform. OCHA served with UNDP as the secretariat of the United Nations Technical Working Group (UNTWG) on Disaster Preparedness and Management. The UNTWG supports the government in the promotion of disaster awareness, and it has increased its capacities at central and provincial levels – particularly in areas highly prone to natural disasters. The UNTWG and other international and local organizations have established a Disaster Education Consortium, which is now a member of the Coalition of Global School Safety.