Coordination Activities in the Field
|Income from Voluntary Contributions||1,839,255|
|Consultant Fees and Travel||2,020|
|Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment||104,500|
|Fellowships, Grants and Contributions||5,000|
|Programme Support Costs||189,796|
|Total Expenditure (US$)||1,649,759|
2006 was a year of great political change in Nepal – authoritarian monarchy rule ended in April and a Comprehensive Peace Accord was signed between the seven mainstream political parties and the CPN-Maoist in November, formally ending the ten-year armed conflict. Following the ceasefire many of the displaced returned, although protection remained a key concern. Humanitarian access remained challenging, primarily because of frequent strikes and blockades by various political forces, and with the state’s inability to maintain law and order cases of intimidation, extortion and criminality rose.
The cumulative effects of the armed conflict and adverse climatic conditions resulted in serious humanitarian consequences. Three consecutive droughts led to almost a million people being food-insecure. Health indicators remained at a critical level, with acute malnutrition in children under five at 12 per cent. Civilian casualties due to IEDs (improvised explosive devices) numbered among the highest in the world. Nepal is an earthquake-prone country and experiences seasonal disasters like floods and landslides; in September, floods and landslides affected 14,000 families in the mid-west region.
A local IASC was formalized in April for common planning and advocacy for humanitarian action (including for IDPs) and contingency planning for complex emergencies and natural disasters. With the help of its two sub-offices in Biratnagar and Nepalgunj, OCHA led monitoring and advocacy efforts on operational space issues, coordinated common appealing and strategysetting mechanisms, and managed information for the wider humanitarian, protection and development communities.
In April 2006, OCHA organized an inter-agency contingency planning workshop, for both complex emergency and natural disaster scenarios. In May, OCHA supported a mid-year review of the Nepal CAP 2005–06. In October, OCHA helped the IASC initiate the process for a Common Appeal for Transition Support for Nepal for 2007.
OCHA continued to act as a secretariat to the Basic Operating Guidelines group. Throughout the year, OCHA led advocacy and negotiation efforts with the CPN-Maoist on adherence to Basic Operating Guidelines. Based on inter-agency missions, field visits, thematic surveys and collaboration with other agencies, OCHA produced maps on trends in operational space, the reach of the state and security incidents, and it collated data on ‘Who Does What Where’ and ‘Who Assesses What Where’. This information was used widely by the United Nations and the humanitarian and donor communities for planning and strategy-setting.
OCHA managed the Nepal Information Platform, the most comprehensive repository of humanitarian information in the country. It also developed and hosted several web pages for the United Nations Mission in Nepal, formally established in January 2007, and supported its IASC partners in designing databases, standardizing assessment formats and preparing thematic maps. In partnership with the IASC, OCHA produced monthly situation reports and periodic thematic reports which highlighted humanitarian needs and gaps in the country. Advocacy products were shared with the government’s Peace Secretariat, the Ministry of Home Affairs and the CPN-Maoist leadership.
In March, OCHA initiated the Contact Group forum, which brought together the United Nations, donors and INGOs every two weeks to discuss peace, security and humanitarian affairs. OCHA contributed to the communication sub-group under the United Nations Task Force on Avian and Human Pandemic Influenza for Nepal by developing its communication strategy. In support of the UNCT, OCHA also developed the United Nations humanitarian advocacy and communication strategy for Nepal.
OCHA supported OHCHR, UNHCR and the Norwegian Refugee Council in coordinating regular and systematic engagement with the government on IDP issues. It managed regional workshops on IDP protection, and within the framework of collaborative response OCHA was successful in negotiating agreement between organizations on standardized return assistance.
OCHA acted as a secretariat to the inter-agency Disaster Management Team, and during the September 2006 floods and landslides it played a pivotal role in supporting the Nepal Red Cross Society, United Nations agencies and international and national NGO partners in relief coordination, information management and resource mobilization.