Part III
Coordination Activities in the Field

Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

  Requirements 2,773,338  
  Income from Voluntary Contributions1 1,473,776  
  EXPENDITURE    
  Staff Costs 1,308,259  
  Consultant Fees and Travel 24,402  
  Travel 215,500  
  Operating Expenses 106,696  
  Contractual Services 23,714  
  Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment 88,825  
  Fellowships, Grants and Contributions 15,000  
  Programme Support Costs 238,404  
  Total Expenditure (US$) 2,020,800  
1 Includes allocations from the Field Coordination Reserve Fund of US$ 725,826

 

Context

The Asia and Pacific region confirmed its status as the world’s most disaster-prone region in 2006. A series of natural disasters tested national capacities for disaster reduction and response in Indonesia, the Philippines and elsewhere, exposing the levels of vulnerability and risk faced by communities. Alongside new situations such as Timor-Leste, a number of existing conflicts also re-emerged. Humanitarian consequences and protection needs continued to be of great concern.

In 2006, RO-AP took the lead in implementing the humanitarian reform process in the region, and taking advantage of regional partnerships and working closely with UN/IASC-CTs and RCs/HCs, RO-AP made significant progress in improving disaster response and emergency preparedness by supporting contingency planning processes.

Objectives

Activities and Accomplishments

In 2006 OCHA RO-AP continued to develop its relationships with government institutions to enhance national capacity for disaster response and management. RO-AP represents OCHA in the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning Consortium, established in March to assist governments with developing national plans and implementing tsunami early warning systems. It also worked with the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific to consider proposals submitted to the Multi-Donor Voluntary Trust Fund on Tsunami Early Warning Arrangements.

RO-AP improved existing mechanisms for rapid response and promoted regional participation in the UNDAC system. RO-AP staff were deployed as part of UNDAC missions in response to the landslides in the Philippines (February) and the Yogyakarta earthquake in Indonesia (May). Discussions with governments in the region to encourage participation in the UNDAC system continued. RO-AP was involved in preparations for the UNDAC Disaster Response Preparedness Mission in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) (scheduled for February 2007) and participated in the 2006 regional UNDAC Induction Course in the Republic of Korea, the Training of Trainers course in Germany and the Pacific Retreat in New Zealand.

Simultaneous (non-UNDAC) emergency deployments were made in response to the Yogyakarta earthquake and the Timor-Leste crisis in May, demonstrating that RO-AP is capable of responding to multiple emergencies while continuing its core functions. RO-AP also provided backstopping and surge capacity to support OCHA country offices and United Nations RCs/HCs in Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and the Philippines. Technical expertise was provided in information management and mapping, public information, advocacy, preparation of appeals, civil–military coordination and administration. In exceptional cases emergency surge support was provided outside the region, such as in response to the Lebanon crisis in July.

RO-AP played an active part in early implementation of the cluster approach in the field during deployments in Pakistan, Indonesia and the Philippines. Assistance with the preparation of CERF applications was provided during surge deployments to Timor-Leste and the Philippines. ROAP facilitated the formation of an IASC group (including cluster lead agencies and NGO partners) at the end of 2006 to drive the humanitarian reform process in the region and plan a major regional Humanitarian Reform Workshop. This group has since evolved into the IASC Humanitarian Network Asia-Pacific.

RO-AP continued to work with governments and UN/ IASC-CTs to develop contingency plans and natural disaster response preparedness and management plans. Missions to support national response preparedness and contingency planning for natural and conflict-related threats (including data preparedness) took place in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Maldives, Nepal and Papua New Guinea in 2006.

RO-AP played a key role in Avian and Human Influenza preparedness in the region. A Pandemic Planning Officer for Asia and the Pacific was appointed at the end of 2006, complementing the functions of the Regional Coordinator of the United Nations System Influenza Coordinator, who has been based at RO-AP since the beginning of 2006.

RO-AP appointed a Civil–Military Coordination Officer in mid 2006 to develop working relationships with armed forces, provide humanitarian guidance at military exercises in the region and improve the coordination of military resources in emergency response. Partnerships were established with regional entities, including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the United States Pacific Command (PACOM).

During the last quarter of 2006, RO-AP initiated an exercise to map humanitarian concerns in Asia and the Pacific. Quantitative data sources were used to analyse vulnerability and response capacity across the region, with a view to using the findings as a basis for RO-AP’s 2007 work planning process.

RO-AP launched its website in 2006, focusing on humanitarian issues in the region and providing maps, situation reports, country profiles, photographs, press releases and resources (including an overview of the humanitarian reform process). It published a series of regional maps detailing natural hazard risks such as earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding and tropical storms, as well as general information on the region.

Performance Evaluation