Coordination Activities in the Field
|Income from Voluntary Contributions1||1,224,245|
|Consultant Fees and Travel||6,040|
|Supplies, Materials, Furniture and Equipment||42,100|
|Fellowships, Grants and Contributions||29,400|
|Programme Support Costs||203,589|
|Total Expenditure (US$)||1,769,658|
|1 Includes allocations from the Field Coordination Reserve Fund of US$ 168,709|
The humanitarian situation in Central and East Africa during 2006 featured widespread conflict (Somalia and the Darfur–Chad–Central Africa Republic [CAR] triangle), a high incidence of natural disasters (drought in the Horn of Africa region from late 2005 throughout 2006, and heavy flooding in late 2006) and increased human vulnerability due to a cycle of climate-related shocks that allowed very little recovery time for large numbers of pastoralists and agro-pastoralist communities (north-eastern Kenya, southern Somalia, southern Ethiopia, Djibouti and Eritrea). There were also high malnutrition rates and increases in the incidence of communicable diseases including measles and polio. Poor infrastructure and insecurity hindered humanitarian access to affected populations, especially in Somalia, and the Darfur–Chad–CAR triangle. Thirty NGOs and United Nations compounds were targeted by armed bandits, resulting in the deaths of 12 relief workers in Darfur. The stalemate continued over the Ethiopia– Eritrea border issue and peace talks between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Government of Uganda stalled.
Challenges in the Great Lakes region included poor absorption capacity for returnees and IDPs (Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda), structural and financial deficiencies in public and private institutions, poor governance and corruption, a reported increase in human rights violations and residual incidents of physical insecurity and food insecurity in Burundi and Tanzania. However, the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the Government of Burundi and the remaining rebel group, the Palipehutu-FNL, added a glimmer of hope to political transition in the region – which featured the first historic democratic elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in more than 40 years.
In support of country offices and UNCTs in the region, the Regional Office for Central and East Africa (ROCEA) undertook surge and technical support missions both within the region and outside it (Sri Lanka, Côte d’Ivoire). Considerable support was provided to UNCTs in the region on humanitarian reform, advocacy, public information and the CERF. The Kenya Unit, established in mid April 2006, was integrated within the RO-CEA administrative structure in order to reinforce OCHA’s support to the UNCT in Kenya – especially in ensuring a coordinated inter-agency approach to planning and response to the increased humanitarian emergencies faced by Kenya and parts of the Horn of Africa region.
Following a training needs assessment conducted in early 2006, RO-CEA supported trainings on Field Information Management, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere), the Humanitarian Information Network, Early Warning – Early Action, and Humanitarian Reform. It also co-hosted and facilitated a Civil–Military Coordination Course, an inter-agency training session on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse and a Training of Trainers on IASC guidelines on sexual and gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS in emergencies organized by regional partners and OCHA headquarters. Training initiatives by partners in the region benefited from RO-CEA technical and organizational support, including the Second African Drought and Development Forum, World Vision Roundtable Meetings and WHO consultations.
RO-CEA undertook significant work on cross-border preparedness and planning, sectoral and thematic coordination and emergency response mechanisms. Surge and technical support to preparedness activities, contingency planning and emergency response in the Republic of Congo, Chad, DRC, Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Côte d’Ivoire was also provided. Regional working groups were organized to respond to issues such as the Rift Valley fever outbreak, flooding in the Horn of Africa and the cross-border impact of the Somalia conflict.
Scenario Development Workshops provided a forum for building awareness and consensus on vulnerabilities, livelihoods and response capacities, and to forecast possible scenarios for cross-border analysis and multi-country contingency plans. RO-CEA facilitated discussions on the implementation of the cluster approach at the regional level and the possible creation of a regional coordination body. Whilst the cluster approach was not implemented at the regional level, discussions on how best to apply humanitarian reform principles are expected to be formalized in 2007.
RO-CEA managed the regional CAP for the Great Lakes region and provided support to development of CAPs in Chad, DRC and Somalia. It also facilitated a regional CAP for the Horn of Africa to respond to the needs of droughtaffected people. These processes included: ongoing consultations with stakeholders at country, regional and headquarter levels; monitoring of context and response; and dissemination of relevant information and analysis.