PART Iii: performance in 2007
Performance of the Field
Field Offices - europe
In 2007, relative stability of the North Caucasus region allowed agencies to increasingly engage in recovery and development activities. The 2007 Update to the Transitional Work Plan for the North Caucasus concluded the emergency and transitional appeals process, and the year saw a number of programmes handed over to authorities, notably in the provision of basic services including clean water, solid waste removal, schools and early childhood education centres.
The two major constraints in the North Caucasus continued to be security (United Nations Phase IV stands in Chechnya and Ingushetia) and access (United Nations travel throughout the region was restricted by Government authorities). Despite the United Nations’ downgrading of Chechnya’s security, the Russian Federation Government did not allow the United Nations to open offices in Chechnya, and while daily missions increased (146 compared to 133 in 2006), the number of visits to Chechnya remained limited by military escort approval.
Given the near completion of the transition from humanitarian to recovery activities and the fact that assistance to vulnerable populations is now largely framed in the context of development initiatives, OCHA phased out of the Russian Federation at the end of the year.
Strengthened in-country coordination
OCHA prepared proposals on ensuring continuity in coordination following the closure of its Russian Federation office. The Office’s initiative in drafting terms of reference, making proposals for staff support, and discussing transition options with agencies active in the North Caucasus was instrumental in the timely establishment of the North Caucasus Theme Group, the primary mechanism for coordination of activities in the North Caucasus for 2008.
Improved, and publicly profiled, analyses of global and country humanitarian trends and issues
With the transition from relief to recovery programming, the identification of vulnerable populations shifted from a focus on conflicted-affected populations to broader socioeconomic vulnerability, calling for longer-term social welfare and income generating programmes.
Proactive action on United Nations humanitarian reform, including appeals processes
The Russian Federation Government declared the 2007 Transitional Work Plan to be the last for the United Nations and that there will be no other joint United Nations appeal document for 2008.