- Regular civil-military cooperation and training on humanitarian issues, with Chadian and United Nations military personnel.
- Strengthened humanitarian coordination through clusters at national and local level.
- Effective, broad-based resource mobilization efforts for the CAP, Mid-Year Review (MYR) and CERF requests.
Chad still hosts large refugee populations from Sudan (248,850) and CAR (65,834). There are also around 170,000 IDPs, while some 150,000 people in host communities remain affected by insecurity and displacement. Several parts of the country continue to experience acute malnutrition rates, notably in the Kanem region, north-west of N’Djamena.
OCHA has five offices in Chad. Delays in recruiting staff have seriously weakened operations. However, redeploying and refocusing staff in place and using standby partners have enabled OCHA to pursue its main priorities. These include advocacy for wider and safer humanitarian space, improving civil-military coordination mechanisms and coordinating resource mobilization efforts. The 2009 CAP mobilized some $361 million, representing 90 per cent of revised requirements. In real terms, this amounted to an increase of more than $100 million from 2008, and in terms of overall requirements a 10 per cent increase from 2008. CERF allocations in 2009 amounted to approximately $7.46 million.
Strong emphasis has been placed on strengthening inter-cluster coordination, with monthly inter-cluster meetings now established and a clear commitment to encourage NGO input as co-facilitators. There are now seven clusters in N’Djamena, with others in the major humanitarian hub in the east, Abéché, and in the deep-field locations of Farchana, Goz Beida and Koukou. Cluster priorities include keeping the contingency plan up to date, revising response plans for the CAP and the MYR, and defining CERF projects and advocacy strategies.
A civil-military coordination forum was established, with regular meetings between humanitarian and military actors. OCHA organized civil-military workshops for newly deployed troops from the MINURCAT peacekeeping force, along with DIS elements and UNPOL, to sensitize them on humanitarian principles and IHL. OCHA also supported the strategic partnership between MINURCAT and the UNCT through participation in the integrated coordination mechanisms.
OCHA Chad continued to advocate humanitarian concerns using a variety of approaches. Issues such as the use of armed escorts, respect for humanitarian principles and access to vulnerable populations were raised with the Government and addressed at press conferences. Preliminary work has been undertaken to review humanitarian space to prepare for a potential round-table discussion on the issue. This should help open a dialogue with the Government on the protection of civilians and the safety and security of humanitarian staff in the wake of the possible withdrawal of MINURCAT, which has a POC mandate.
OCHA elected two gender focal points (female and male) during the reporting period. In humanitarian operations, UNFPA leads the response to SGBV. The second half of 2009 saw the active involvement of United Nations agencies in supporting the Government’s launch of the Secretary-General’s campaign to end violence against women and children. Appealing agencies were required to provide data on beneficiaries by sex and age for CAP and CERF processes.
Transition activities have commenced and UNDP’s Early Recovery Adviser supports the mainstreaming of early recovery mechanisms into the clusters. But in-country capacity has to be strengthened, particularly for work on IDP issues. IDPs face three possibilities: return to their villages of origin; be properly integrated into the areas where they have been displaced; or relocate to other areas. Despite the continuing insecurity hampering the implementation of identified transition activities, an early recovery cluster in Goz Beida has been established. It focuses on durable solutions and intercommunity dialogue, in collaboration with existing programmes funded by the EU and Agence Française de Développement.