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Indonesia

Highlights

  • Coordinated emergency response to earthquakes in West Java and West Sumatra with timely cluster activation, launching of HRP and production of IM products.
  • Coordinated allocation of ERF and CERF grants, which were critical in supporting humanitarian action, particularly in areas with funding gaps.
ochaonline.un.org/indonesia

While the recovery phase of the 2004 tsunami is over, many humanitarian agencies continue to support other regions of Indonesia that are susceptible to natural disasters. The national disaster management structure in Indonesia is evolving significantly. While the Government of this medium-income country has improved its overall capacity to respond to large-scale disasters, limited funding and operational capacity continue to challenge local government’s ability to react effectively. In this context, at the national level, OCHA shifted its focus of support from response to preparedness, while continuing to work with local authorities to reinforce capacity in response and preparedness. The shift of focus also involved working with United Nations agencies under the Technical Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (UNTWG-DRR) on mainstreaming DRR into UNDAF and developing the United Nations Joint Strategic Programme on Disaster Risk Reduction.

OCHA liaised effectively with national, provincial and local authorities in response to disasters of different scales, providing appropriate capacity-building and IM support, helping the Government develop its sub-national disaster management agencies.

The availability of CERF and ERF funding was crucial in filling funding gaps during emergencies. Access to the ERF, managed by OCHA, allowed NGOs to respond rapidly to disasters, particularly during the West Sumatra earthquake response. The West Sumatra experience highlighted the need for stronger engagement with national actors. OCHA will continue its efforts to involve Government counterparts in coordination structures and activities, including in clusters and the inter-agency contingency planning process, while also looking to engage other actors, including representatives from the private sector and academia. Contingency planning also looked to address the increasing need for local language services, which are vital in engaging Government agencies and other national actors capable of responding within existing coordinating structures.

The cluster approach proved increasingly important. OCHA continued to lead inter-cluster coordination at national and local levels. At the local level, the OCHA Head of Office served as the Inter-Cluster Coordinator for localized emergencies. The Government clearly acknowledged the importance of the cluster approach mechanism, particularly in response to large-scale disasters (for example in the West Java earthquake response). OCHA used its membership of existing coordination fora, including the DDR and the community-based Disaster Risk Management and Consortium for Disaster Education to advocate broader humanitarian issues. OCHA continued to monitor potential unfolding natural disasters and conflict situations, making timely responses as emergency needs unfolded.

OCHA Indonesia has a Gender Action Plan that includes the appointment of focal points on gender and sexual exploitation and abuse. Gender considerations are mainstreamed in project documents including ERF, HRP and the Inter-Agency Contingency Plan. Sex- and age-aggregated data have been applied in ERF reports where possible. OCHA also facilitated the deployment of a GenCap Adviser from standby partners to the UNTWG-DRR. The GenCap Adviser will support the preparation of the regional South-East Asia networking trainings and gender mainstreaming within the UNDAF.