Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for Liberia 2007
The Government of Liberia, with help from its partners, has made significant achievements over the past 12 months, moving the nation along a path of recovery and rehabilitation. However, given the extent of destruction from 14 years of civil strife, far too many Liberians remain in a state of high vulnerability. Though enshrined as basic rights for all, healthcare, safe water and appropriate sanitation, shelter and education remain out of reach for the majority of Liberians. Until rule of law institutions become fully functional, protection issues also remain a serious humanitarian concern.
The Government is leading efforts to make major improvements in social services for all Liberians through a recovery and development agenda defined in the interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (iPRSP). Within the overall context of the iPRSP, urgent humanitarian needs must be highlighted. Government and the international community in Liberia are of the view that current levels of basic social services, achieved largely through the support of humanitarian actors, must at least be maintained in the near future as a foundation for recovery and development. This is highlighted in the Government’s paper on ‘Challenges of Transition from Relief to Development: Health, Education and Food Security.’
This Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) reflects these challenges and includes additional actions to minimise the gap between humanitarian action and development, as prioritised by Clusters of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Country Team. Under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, clusters are a partnership of all stakeholders at the field level including government line ministries.
Humanitarian support required for Liberia for 2007 is estimated by the clusters at US$ 117 million – a first instalment towards addressing needs identified within the broader iPRSP context. In some clusters, the cluster lead agency is shown as the appealing agency for all projects in that cluster or sector. These may represent consolidated projects where the cluster lead agency is seeking funds on behalf of a number of partners, as agreed locally. As the situation evolves, clusters and the IASC will continue to review whether it is preferable for cluster leads to receive and distribute funds, or for donors to fund implementing cluster partners directly, using the overall cluster response plan as a guide.
Highlighted in this CHAP is the critical juncture that Liberia faces today. The democratically elected Government of President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf has embarked on an ambitious plan to improve governance and to strengthen national institutions. However, peace and stability remain threatened by a persistent lack of economic opportunities for numerous disaffected youth and demobilised ex-combatants. The regional security situation also has the potential to affect this nation’s humanitarian, recovery, and development context.
In 2007, humanitarian support in Liberia must continue in areas of high return for refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), namely in Bomi, Lofa and Nimba counties. Needs are also highlighted for the largely neglected counties in Liberia’s south-east: Grand Kru, River Cess, River Gee and Sinoe. Efforts will be made to ensure a rapid development of national capacity to monitor and address humanitarian issues and to support overall government-led aid coordination as envisaged in the iPRSP. Such sector coordination, under government leadership, is increasingly occurring and will subsume the work of the humanitarian clusters.
The robust engagement of Liberia’s Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) community has helped ensure the breadth of geographical coverage of essential services and protection in Liberia to date. Access to health services is a key example, as more than 70% of health facilities currently rely on NGOs. The assisted refugee return process is expected to conclude in 2007 and a number of emergency NGOs will reduce activities. The projected gap resulting from the withdrawal of these agencies in 2007 is a serious concern across the humanitarian spectrum.
For 2007, strategic humanitarian priorities remain broadly the same as in 2006. These are:
- The provision of basic social services to vulnerable populations;
- Revitalisation of returnee communities for security and productive livelihoods;
- Strengthening the capacity of civil society and local authorities.
The humanitarian community in Liberia expresses thanks to donors for more than $70 million provided for urgent humanitarian needs through the 2006 Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP).
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, email@example.com), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2007 page.