Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for Sri Lanka 2007
By December 2006, upheavals of violence and periods of intense confrontation at local level became a recurring reality. The Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) is under severe strain. As none of the signatories have formally renounced their commitment, the CFA is technically still valid and exists as an agreement albeit frequently violated. But the future outlook gives further reason for serious concern, with the non-state actor publicly stating (November 27) that the peace process was defunct.
Fighting in the North and East continued to cause humanitarian consequences exacerbating the plight of populations affected by past fighting and by the tsunami. As of 20 December 2006 the figure of fatalities in the conflict reached 3,671 (Ministry of Defence/National Security Media Centre statistics) including increasing number of civilian casualties.
New displacements since April 2006 have reached 212,759 (as of 18 December 2006) as verified by the Government Agents (GAs) of respective districts and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). Besides the registered internally displaced persons (IDPs), an increasing proportion of the general population across a number of areas in the North and East is affected by the conflict.
Access to the North through both the main supply route A9 and by sea has been restricted thus impeding supply of essential humanitarian aid to the affected population. Uncleared areas in Batticaloa and Trincomalee are also faced with access considerations leaving thousands vulnerable. The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), donors, and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are in regular contact with the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) for the shipment of relief supplies and facilitating humanitarian access. The GAs, the Ministry of Disaster Management and Human Rights (MDMHR), and the Consultative Committee on Humanitarian Assistance (CCHA) are key institutions engaged in the process.
This Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) builds on the projects first presented in August 2006. Reflecting on developments thereafter related to the security and humanitarian situation, this CHAP was developed by the IASC members in Sri Lanka in consultation with relevant government agencies to jointly assist affected populations. The platform intends to address established and evolving emergency humanitarian needs in order to complement the on-going efforts of the GoSL throughout 2007.
At the time of the launch the present plan includes 72 projects (with durations varying from 6 to 12 months) totalling US$ 66 million. Required adjustments including possible extensions will be discussed within the Mid-Term Review process.
Organisations in the IASC Country Team are shown in Annex III.