Consolidated Appeal for Afghanistan 2011
Duration: January to December 2011
Key milestones: Planting seasons: March, October; Winter: October-November; Spring: March; Harvest: June-September
Target beneficiaries: 7.8 million food assistance beneficiaries; 440,647 IDPs; 515,000 refugee returnees; 1,000,000 farmers; Vulnerable populations
Funding request per beneficiary: $87
Total funding request: $679 million
As a result of the violent conflict, humanitarian needs in Afghanistan remain high, in particular for the chronically vulnerable rural population with low coping capacities. Humanitarian needs include food and nutrition security, forced displacement, access to water, sanitation and hygiene, livelihood assistance, and social protection, in particular for women and children. In addition, natural disasters and extreme weather combined with limited infrastructure further hamper effective recovery and development.
This complex combination of violent conflict and natural disasters will leave an estimated 7.8 million people in need of food assistance in 2011, and a further one million in need of emergency agricultural assistance. An estimated 68% of the Afghan population has no access to safe water and sanitation facilities. Humanitarian actors must also ensure emergency assistance and protection for the estimated 440,647 internally displaced people (IDPs), 60% of whom fled due to conflict.
Natural disasters have similar impacts. For example, summer flash floods in July and August 2010 left some 200,000 homeless, adding to the number requiring emergency humanitarian and recovery assistance in 2011. According to a UNIFEM report issued in April 2010, an estimated 60.7% of Afghan women are exposed to physical and psychological violence, while an estimated 25% suffer from sexual violence. Sexual violence and other protection concerns increase in situations of displacement.
The safety and security of both civilians and humanitarian aid workers is of high concern in Afghanistan. From January 2010 to September 2010, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) Human Rights office recorded a total of 2,412 civilian casualties, an increase of 14% from the same period in 2009. According to the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS), security incidents that affected the UN directly were 133% higher in September 2010 compared to the same period last year. While attacks predominantly occur in or near anti-government strongholds in the southern, northern, and eastern regions of the country, the 28 October 2009 attack on the Baktar guesthouse in Kabul and the 26 October 2010 assault on the UNAMA compound in Herat indicate no area is immune to violence. In fact, trend analysis indicates that in 2010 violent attacks affecting civilians and the aid community have spread to areas that traditionally were relatively calm.
The 2011 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) focuses on life-saving and livelihood-saving activities, strengthened with emergency preparedness and contingency planning to ensure common strategies. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) identified the following strategic objectives:
• To provide humanitarian assistance and protection to populations affected by conflict and natural disaster
• To respond to humanitarian needs resulting from situations of chronic vulnerability
• To develop contingency planning on recognized hazards (with reference to Hyogo Framework Priority 5)