Consolidated Appeal for Burundi 2007
The past year witnessed important milestones in the country’s progress towards consolidation of peace and economic recovery. These include the signing of a ceasefire agreement by the last remaining rebel faction, the National Liberation Forces (Forces Nationales pour la Liberation [FNL]), on 7 September 2006, and the launch of long-term development planning frameworks such as the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). At the same time, the consequences of the decade-long conflict and the government’s weak delivery capacity warrant continued humanitarian attention.
Important humanitarian challenges remain in 2007, including the need to mitigate the negative side-effects of the expected return of approximately 100,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and more than 390,000 refugees in view of the already scarce resources, in particular land.
· Burundi ranks as the 8th poorest country in the world in the 2005 Human Development Index;
· 68% of the population lives under the poverty line;
· 41% of the population is chronically malnourished;
· More than one million people will require food aid in 2007;
· There are 100,000 IDPs and an estimated 395,000 Burundian refugees in countries of asylum, most of them in Tanzania.
The Burundi CAP 2006 included many early recovery and peace-building activities in addition to the more traditional humanitarian projects in order to support the new government’s momentous task of rebuilding a country emerging from a protracted crisis. Following the progress made in national planning for medium and long-term development activities however, the CAP 2007 will focus solely on core humanitarian concerns and is guided by the following three strategic priorities:
1. Surveillance of the humanitarian situation and early warning, with particular attention to the needs of displaced persons and returnees;
2. Rapid response to localised humanitarian emergencies;
3. Reduction of the vulnerability resulting from the lack of access to basic services.
The Burundi CAP 2007 requests an overall amount of US$131.6 million to implement its planned humanitarian activities.