Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2006
The political-military crisis in Côte d’Ivoire has persisted for the past three years leaving the country divided with the South controlled by the Government, the North controlled by the FN, and a buffer zone known as the “Zone of Confidence” where United Nations (UN) Peacekeeping forces and French soldiers of the Licorne operation are responsible for maintaining peace. The security situation however remains tense. The ceasefire is not fully respected and militia are wreaking havoc on the civilian population. International organisations and other partners have reported that since the outbreak of the conflict numerous violations of human rights and breaches of International Humanitarian Law have been committed and obstacles to law enforcement are prevalent nationwide. This human rights’ situation is detrimental to the protection of individuals and limits the scope and impact of the humanitarian response.
Côte d’Ivoire used to be the economic powerhouse of Francophone West Africa but during the past three years, it has experienced a decline of all its key economic indicators. It is this lost relative prosperity, which gives Côte d’Ivoire its specificity and explains why its statistical data are misleading. While macro-economic figures and data are fairly solid, they however mask the growing vulnerabilities of the population as well as the steady and sharp decline in standards of living. The humanitarian indicators point to a significant decrease in access to health, education, food security, administrative and judicial management of the territory, protection and respect of human rights.
In December 2004, the African Union designated, South African President Mr. Thabo Mbeki as its mediator to help resolve the crisis. Following a series of consultations with key Ivorian political leaders and the FNs, a Peace Accord known as “Pretoria I” was signed on 6 April 2005, in which the signatory parties pledged to work towards the return of peace. A second agreement was subsequently signed in South Africa to persuade the parties to fulfil their commitments. Despite these efforts the deadlines were ignored and both the dismantlement of militia and the DDR process never truly began contributing to the postponement of presidential elections originally scheduled for 30 October 2005.
The existing climate of violence and permanent insecurity, partly related to the proliferation and illegal circulation of light weapons and small arms as well as petty crime have both limited the free movement of people and prompted forced displacement of populations within the country. Displacement is a serious security problem with serious implications for humanitarian actors and their actions. Internally Displaced Persons (estimated at 500,000) as well as other vulnerable groups are exposed to risks of rape, and other forms of violence and sexual exploitation, repeated displacements, destruction of fixed assets and other property.
Moreover, the weak presence of local public administration and basic social services in areas under FN control and the zone of confidence have resulted in growing vulnerability. A critical example of this decline is the lack of access to education for children, particularly young girls, who are increasingly bound to household duties. In addition, in areas controlled by the Government, the health and education systems are overburdened by the continued presence of displaced populations who arrived in significant numbers during the early stages of the crisis.
In 2006, humanitarian actions will aim at meeting urgent needs like access to safe water and to healthcare, including measures to prevent or treat the spread of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Humanitarian action will also support the reintegration, reinsertion and rehabilitation of displaced populations and host families, the repatriation of refugees, and place a particular emphasis on enhancing protection, should the political transition process be conductive to their return.
This Appeal seeks a total of US$ 40,534,324 to enable the humanitarian community to adequately address the urgent humanitarian needs of more than 3.5 million vulnerable persons in Côte d’Ivoire.
For detailed information, refer to the Pretoria Agreement on the peace process in Côte d’Ivoire attached as annex II