Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2007
Côte d’Ivoire remains one of the most complex protection crises in the region, reflecting the adverse impact of a political-military crisis that erupted in September 2002 following the failed coup attempt against President Laurent Gbagbo. Despite reconciliation-based governing arrangements, the country is still split into a rebel-held landlocked North, a Government-controlled South and a buffer zone known as the Zone of Confidence manned by the United Nations forces and the French Licorne forces.
Against this backdrop of political uncertainty, the humanitarian situation in the country continues to deteriorate, with devastating effects particularly for approximately 700,000 displaced and other vulnerable groups in the volatile West and an increasingly impoverished North. Côte d’Ivoire experiences serious challenges within the social and health sectors, with saturated and inadequate health infrastructure, an upcoming shortage of stocks of essential drugs and resources, shortages of potable water, poor sanitary conditions, and weak epidemiological surveillance systems. This environment poses serious challenges to humanitarian efforts to overcome the deterioration of basic health services as well as the resurgence of diseases like yellow fever, cholera and meningitis. This situation was further exacerbated this summer by the recent dumping of 500 tonnes of toxic waste in the economic capital, Abidjan, which led to seven deaths and necessitated treatment for several thousand patients.
United Nations Resolution 1633, dated 13 October 2005, outlined a roadmap for peace for Côte d’Ivoire and extended the mandate of President Laurent Gbagbo by one year until 31st October 2006; it also allowed for the appointment of Mr. Charles Konan Banny as the new consensus Prime Minister. The Transition Government raised great hopes of imminent improvements in the political situation in the country during the first quarter of 2006. However, this optimism was short-lived due to the rebels’ failure to disarm, violent attacks by militia against international personnel in-country, the proliferation of hate speech, the Government’s decision to halt the identification of undocumented Ivorians, and the slow progress in the re-establishment of state administration, all of great importance for the peaceful succession including elections that were scheduled to take place before the end of October 2006. The UN Security Council approved on 1 November a new resolution extending the current governing arrangements in Cote d’Ivoire by one year and empowering the Prime Minister with sufficient authority to ensure that all critical elements of the road map are implemented, including elections, disarmament and identification, by 31 October 2007. Concerns remain about the commitment of all parties to actually implement the provisions of various peace agreements to date as well as the latest Resolution by the Council, particularly in light of their diverging views on the modalities and operating environment for identification and disarmament, as well as their growing reliance on public demonstrations by youth movements to voice their discontent or reluctance to abide by agreements.
In such a fragile socio-political context, persistent violations of human rights and humanitarian law, inter-community tensions and widespread impunity continue to aggravate the social fracture. These abuses and the impunity that fuels them raise serious concerns about the potential for sudden violence whenever the peace process is stalled. The protection of displaced populations and host families, especially in Government-controlled areas in the West and in the Zone of Confidence, remains one of the most urgent humanitarian challenges, as well as that of children associated with armed forces and children victims of violence and sexual abuse, or deprived of access to education.
It is therefore crucial that US$ 56,380,453be made available to consolidate the achievements of humanitarian action in this volatile environmentfor more than four million vulnerable people, while supporting inter-community and social cohesion initiatives as well as contributing to peace and stability.
Resolution 1633 places the emphasis on the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) process, redeployment of the administration in zones controlled by the Forces Nouvelles (FN), reunification of the country and holding of elections in October 2006.
For full information, refer to the content of Resolution 1633 of the UN Security Council on Côte d’Ivoire of 13 October 2005 in Annex III.