Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2008
Following a month of direct dialogue between the Government and the rebel Forces Nouvelles, the Ougadougou Peace Agreement for Côte d'Ivoire was signed on 4 March, 2007. Since then there have been several remarkable political developments. The Secretary-General of the Forces Nouvelles was appointed Prime Minister, and the new National Reconciliation Government includes representatives from nearly all factions. No one doubts that there has been progress on a range of sensitive issues, but much still remains to be done. An Integrated Command Centre for the military was established, but the disarmament, demobilisation and rehabilitation process has not moved forward as anticipated, nor has the creation of an integrated army. There have been the beginnings of the redeployment of local state authorities (notably Prefects and Sub-Prefects) back to the zones formerly controlled by the rebels, but the redeployment of Government officials has been slow and social services remain heavily overstretched.
Many of the persons displaced by the conflict are returning to their places of origin, but the social and economic infrastructure remains fragile, and land tenure and nationality disputes continue to pose a serious threat to social cohesion, stability and a still fragile peace process. Food security is not assured for large sectors of the population, particularly for the most vulnerable households. Not only is their production capacity limited, but their revenues do not allow them to buy what they are missing. A consequence of this is generalised child malnutrition, with pockets of high levels of acute malnutrition, particularly in the north of the country. The health system, which was devastated by the war and the loss of qualified staff, remains weak despite a wide range of projects by humanitarian and Government actors, such as infrastructural repairs, immunisations, and training of health workers. Health indicators are therefore still worrying: Côte d’Ivoire’s infant and under-five mortality rates are among the highest in the world, and rising. Acute malnutrition, or wasting, is also increasing.
Given the current humanitarian needs and the emerging requirements for recovery and development, humanitarian actors have to focus on flexible and complementary actions with both Government and development partners. The signing of the Agreement led to a thorough review of different scenarios and humanitarian priorities by key stakeholders, including Government representatives, NGOs, United Nations agencies, and the donor community. Against this background, a donors’ roundtable was organised on 18 July, 2007 by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Economy and Finance. This resulted in pledges of $80 million to a Special Emergency Programme to address the impact of the crisis, with $6 million coming from the Ivorian state budget. The overall objective is to establish conditions to allow for sustainable return and livelihoods of vulnerable populations in Côte d’Ivoire.
The Common Humanitarian Action Plan, drawn up in the Mid-Year Review of the Côte d’Ivoire 2007 CAP, placed a strong focus on the internally displaced and their return to their places of origin in the centre, north and west of the country (Central, Northern and Western zones), particularly in the former western buffer zone. This 2008 CAP maintains that focus on IDPs, as well as on other vulnerable communities such as refugees, returnees, and the communities hosting these populations. In addition, this CAP also includes two UNHCR submissions aimed at assisting Ivorian refugees in neighbouring countries. Needs related to early recovery and development will be addressed through relevant mechanisms. There is also provision for a flash appeal to be launched in the event of a new emergency which could lead to major population movements and new priorities. This should enable the maintenance of a certain degree of preparedness and capacity at country and regional level to respond rapidly to needs generated by a local emergency, or by crises in neighbouring countries.
Humanitarian partners submitted project proposals in line with the CAP’s strategic priorities as determined by the context of Agreement. Most of the projects in the health, water and sanitation, protection and education sectors were therefore designed to reflect current humanitarian needs of IDPs and host families. 39 projects have been included in the Côte d’Ivoire 2008 CAP. The total amount requested is $47,373,931. The WFP project in this CAP amounts to
$17,000,000. UNHCR has also included its regular resources into the CAP for a total amount of
$14,706,135 to cover the voluntary repatriation of Ivorian refugees in Guinea and Liberia, as well as urban refugees of various nationalities in Abidjan. The total amount of the 2008 CAP project proposals, excluding the WFP and UNHCR projects’, is $15,667,796.
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the FTS (email@example.com), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2008 page.
Due to late adjustments to projects in this CAP, the total amount appealed for in 2008 is $7 million less than the amount mentioned for Côte d'Ivoire in the Humanitarian Appeal 2008 summary document.