Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2012 (English version)
Six months after the post-election crisis, the security and socio-political situation has gradually improved in most parts of Côte d'Ivoire. This has enabled hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) and Ivorian refugees in countries of the region to return to their places of origin. However, security issues persist. They include armed attacks and abuse against civilians, as well as communal tensions particularly in the west and south-west. Côte d'Ivoire remains in a fragile recovery phase, strongly affected by the legacy of several crises that have taken place over the past decade or more. The latest crisis has severely exacerbated the situation. The process of reconstruction, peace-building and reconciliation will likely be long and difficult, as numerous challenges face President Ouattara’s Government. They include restoring a secure environment throughout the territory and along the borders; restoring the rule of law and justice; consolidating State services; reconciling and strengthening social cohesion; economic recovery; and the fight against poverty.
In this context of transition, humanitarian aid to vulnerable populations remains a top priority. This includes the protection of civilians, the restoration of livelihoods, and the voluntary return and reintegration of IDPs and refugees. Hundreds of thousands of people are still in profound vulnerability—mainly in the west and south-west. This is because they are still internally displaced (more than 186,000 according to humanitarian actors), or because they have not recovered their livelihoods or are exposed to abuses committed by armed men. Important needs persist in all areas: protection, health, access to water, shelter, education, food security, nutrition and early recovery. In addition, according to UNHCR almost 182,000 Ivorians are still refugees in countries of the region, including over 156,000 in Liberia.
In 2012, humanitarian action will prioritize the most problematic regions in the west and south-west, where significant efforts must still be made. Interventions in areas such as food security, health and nutrition will also be pursued in other regions in the centre and north.
Humanitarian partners have identified the following strategic objectives:
- improve the living conditions and protection of affected populations, including IDPs, host families, host communities and other vulnerable people, by ensuring the access to basic services according to SPHERE standards;
- facilitate voluntary return to secure areas by identifying and supporting sustainable solutions;
- reduce risk and mitigate the effects of possible future crises.
The objectives defined at the sectoral level are closely linked to the strategic objectives. A reinforced monitoring mechanism will be set up to measure, based on defined quantifiable indicators, progress vis-à-vis these objectives and, by extension, the implementation of the overall humanitarian strategy.
The projects will seek the active participation of local communities and authorities concerned. This will help to ensure the sustainability of actions undertaken to allow a gradual withdrawal of humanitarian actors, and to facilitate a smooth transition with development programmes. In the same spirit, coordination with the authorities will be strengthened and the CAP with its humanitarian action plan will be integrated into the Government’s National Development Plan, which is being prepared.
This humanitarian aid will likely continue beyond 2012 in some areas. A premature withdrawal of humanitarian agencies could cause the humanitarian situation to deteriorate, or even be an indirect cause of tensions. Therefore, it is essential that financial resources be available to carry out the strategic actions planned in this appeal.