Consolidated Appeal for the Central African Republic 2007
Some facts about the Central African Republic (CAR):
- Almost one million struck by hostilities in the north; at least 100 villages burnt in the last year;
- Over 220,000 forced to flee their homes: 150,000 internally displaced; 70,000 left the CAR;
- Acute malnutrition at 4% and chronic malnutrition at 30% among children under five;
- Life expectancy is estimated at 41 years in 2007 (down from 48.7 in 1988);
- Maternal mortality stands at 1,355/100,000 in 2003 compared to 590/100,000 in Sudan;
- More than one child in five does not reach her/his fifth birthday;
- 17,150 infants died in 2006 due to lack of vaccination, proper nutrition, or safe drinking water;
- HIV prevalence of 10.7%: over 250,000 infected; over 140,000 orphans.
The CAR hovers: pinched between Darfur and Chad on the one hand, with an armed rebellion and a bankrupt government on the other. A quarter of the country’s four million people are struck directly; a further million stand at the edge of risk. Regional dynamics and the success or failure of democratic consolidation and socio-economic recovery make the CAR one of the world’s most fragile yet unknown crises, and potentially a hotspot threatening international peace and security in Central Africa.
Until 2005, the humanitarian drama in the CAR was one of the world’s most neglected emergencies. International attention rose in 2006 but the situation deteriorated severely in the north, leading to greater suffering there. Unless pressing humanitarian need in the north is addressed, it risks seeping south endangering current attempts at recovery. 2007 is critical for helping both those struck by waves of violence in the north and the most destitute working to re-establish their livelihoods elsewhere. It is also the year when the democratically elected government should prove its resilience. The international community therefore has an enormous role to play.
This Coordinated Aid Programme, first and foremost, a joint attempt by non-governmental organisations and United Nations agencies (most recently referred to as the Humanitarian Community Partnership Team or HCPT) to alleviate suffering and address dire human need. At the same time it aims to address the link between suffering and survival; it engages the hopes of people for a brighter future as espoused by the Millennium Development Goals. Aid agencies working in the Coordinated Aid Programme are accountable to people, and sensitive to the need to reinforce local and national capacities and reduce risk.
The Government and the aid community have agreed on four strategic priorities: improving human security by alleviating suffering; providing assistance and protection to internally displaced persons; enhancing local capacities with particular attention to risk reduction; and improving coordination. Humanitarian organisations plan to give life-saving assistance for up to one million people in the CAR: food; drinking water; health services and supplies; shelter; and non-food items. A further one million people can benefit from programmes aimed at self-sufficiency, such as basic education and the re-establishment of rule of law. Humanitarian organisations will work with the national Government to achieve this, and will draw on the advice of the international community, including the Bretton Woods institutions. Results will be measured, publicised, analysed, and used to improve future response. In sum, this Coordinated Aid Programme offers a results-based investment in the present and in the future.
Non-governmental organisations and United Nations agencies participating in this Coordinated Aid Programme now require $49.5 million for 59 projects, and donors are asked to provide funding as soon as possible .